This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
The first five years of Minnesota’s Lake superior coastal program 1999 -2004
Minnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal Program Minnesota Department of Natural Resources 1568 Highway 2 Two Harbors, MN 55616 1-218-834-6625 www.dnr.state.mn.us/waters/lakesuperior This project was funded in part under the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, pursuant to Award #NA17OZ2340 and Minnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal Program.
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Waters 500 Lafayette Road St. Paul, MN 55155-4032 651-296-4800 DNR Information Center Twin Cities: 651-296-6157 MN Toll Free: 1-888-646-6367 Telecommunications Device for the Deaf: 651-296-5484 MN Toll Free: 1-800-657-3929
Equal opportunity to participate in and benefit from programs of the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources is available to all individuals regardless of race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, status with regard to public assistance, age, sexual orientation or disability. Discrimination inquiries should be sent to MN DNR, 500 Lafayette Road, St. Paul, MN 55155-4031, or the Equal Opportunity Office, Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C. 20240. An electronic copy of this report can be found at www.dnr.state.mn.us/waters/lakesuperior. This information is available in an alternative format upon request.
Cover Photo – Carol Reschke Additional Photos – Carol Reschke and Pat Collins Maps – Clint Little Editors – Pat Collins, Dave Easter, Tricia Ryan, Ginger Sisco, Karla Sundberg
In July of 1999, Minnesota became the 33rd state to participate in the national Coastal Zone Management Program. This was the culmination of twenty-five years of effort to establish a state coastal program supported by the communities along the North Shore of Lake Superior. Learning from the mistakes of the past, with a new citizen-led direction for the future, Minnesota developed an innovative approach to implementing its coastal program, blending local, state, and federal interests. The creation of Minnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal Program (MLSCP or Coastal Program) provides the opportunity to funnel federal dollars to the North Shore. Dozens of local units of government, educational institutions, state and regional agencies, and nonprofit organizations have applied for project funds to protect and preserve the coastal resources of Lake Superior. I am pleased to report that the MLSCP has awarded $4.86 million for 160 projects since its inception in 1999. A key factor in the program’s success is its ability to fund a variety of projects in a variety of areas. Construction, restoration and engineering projects are eligible for funding along with those focusing on administration, planning, research and education and interpretation. Many of the early projects described in this report have laid the groundwork for future projects, for example the creation of Geographic Information System (GIS) databases. I have been fortunate to work with a dedicated group of individuals appointed by the Governor to assist in implementing the program. The Governor’s Council on Minnesota’s Coastal Program is responsible for setting policy and making funding recommendations on pass-through grants administered by the program. In an acknowledgement of the vital role local communities play in ensuring that the MLSCP is successful, the Council members represent the geographic and ideological diversity of the North Shore. While MLSCP benefits all Minnesotans, it is worth noting that this program for the North Shore is administered from the North Shore. It has been important to gain the trust of the residents of the communities who are eligible to request MLSCP funding. I believe the program’s five-year record of accomplishment demonstrates that a well-run program, funding worthwhile projects can improve the lives of the people, the businesses, the communities, and the natural environment of this area. The Lake Superior shoreline and coastal waters are valuable natural resources appreciated by Minnesotans and visitors alike. This federal matching fund grant program works to preserve and protect Lake Superior’s assets. We look forward to continuing to work with Lake Superior communities on many future projects. Tricia Ryan Coastal Program Manager Minnesota Department of Natural Resources
Stories from the coast - 1
The Coastal Zone Management Act
In response to intense pressure on coastal resources, and because of the importance of coastal areas of the United States, Congress passed the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (CZMA). The CZMA authorized a state-federal program designed to encourage coastal states and territories to develop comprehensive coastal management programs “to preserve, protect, develop and where possible, to restore or enhance resources of the Nation’s coastal zone for this and succeeding generations.” The CZMA affirms a national commitment to the effective protection and rational development of coastal areas by providing assistance and encouragement to coastal states to voluntarily develop and implement management programs for their coastal areas. States are encouraged to participate through two incentives, funding for a matching grant program through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and federal consistency. By participating in the national program, Minnesota can use federal funds to offer technical assistance on coastal issues and provide financial assistance to local communities, organizations, and agencies via a pass-through grant program. Federal consistency encourages cooperation between state and federal agencies and provides Minnesota with an important management tool by allowing the state to review federal actions that affect coastal resources to ensure they are consistent with state policies. The North Shore Minnesota is the land of 10,000 lakes and one Great Lake, Lake Superior. Cold and deep, Lake Superior is the largest of the Great Lakes, containing 10% of the world’s fresh water. The lake has long served the North Shore of Minnesota as an important economic, recreational and cultural resource. The North Shore itself remains a relatively undeveloped landscape characterized by Lake Superior’s rugged shoreline, dramatic coastal rivers, spectacular waterfalls, and extensive forests. There are many reasons for actively supporting the management of North Shore resources. It is these resources that make the area interesting and unique. In the Lake Superior watershed, greater than 80 percent of the pre-settlement wetlands remain, providing important public benefits such as improved water quality and providing habitat for wildlife. The northeastern portion of Minnesota is the most heavily forested in the state, contributing to the economy through the timber industry and tourism. Among the most valuable
Stories from the coast - 2
resources is Lake Superior, both as an important commercial waterway, opening up the resources of the Iron Range to the world, and an opportunity to fish, sail, or explore the coastline. The North Shore is valued for its natural character and beauty; maintaining the character of the area while providing a sustainable way of life is essential. The very qualities that make the North Shore attractive also contribute to significant development pressures. The North Shore is home to eight state parks, including some with the highest use rates in the state park system. Tourism and second home development play an increasing role in the economy of the area. Townhouses and condominiums, multi-unit commercial enterprises, traditional recreational developments and greater demand for land and water based recreational facilities all present economic development opportunities and resource management challenges. With these pressures come increased traffic, need for adequate wastewater treatment, storm water runoff controls, erosion and sediment control, wetland protection, and habitat and water quality concerns. With clay soils over bedrock along steep slopes, the impact to water resources from human activity becomes significant.
Adding to these pressures are the North Shore’s unique land ownership patterns. Private ownership dominates the shoreline adjacent to Lake Superior, while the majority of land inland from the coast is county, state, or federal lands. With most of the region’s population located within six miles of Lake Superior, this dynamic sets up an ongoing debate over how to balance the need for increased public access to Lake Superior, with the need of local governments to generate revenues and provide jobs by developing the shoreline. Participation in the national Coastal Zone Management Program provides an opportunity for Minnesota to address issues of development, resource protection, and public access along the North Shore. The access to additional financial and technical resources certainly provide motivation to participate, but benefits also include opportunities to share information, technology, training, and staff through the network of coastal states and related organizations, with the potential to effect change on a national scale.
Stories from the coast - 3
Creating a Coastal Program
Initial Resistance In June of 1974, the State Planning Agency began the development of a coastal management program for Minnesota’s Lake Superior shoreline under the guidelines established in the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (CZMA). This occurred at a time when the northeastern region of the state was experiencing dramatic change due to the expansion of the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness and the listing of the Although efforts to involve local citizens and elected officials continued throughout this process, there was an overwhelming distrust of any further actions by the federal government and planning efforts by the state. Residents along the coast were concerned about the loss of local control over land use decisions, the distribution of funds, and adding another layer of government. In these early days of
“We have feared the DNR. We fear State Planning as much, or more. We may get a slight hold on the DNR through this program, but would be held tighter by State Planning. In other words, we may be jumping from the frying pan into the fire.” – Federal hearing testimony February 1978 “The vast majority of people of Lake County do not want the Coastal Zone Management program and if there is to be a vestige of democracy left in this state, they should not have it forced upon them.”- Federal hearing testimony April 1978
Lake County News-Chronicle – April, 1978
gray wolf as an endangered species. Both these federal actions had the potential to limit the traditional ways in which residents in northeast Minnesota used the surrounding resources. In addition, a large mining company that was dumping taconite tailings into Lake Superior closed, causing economic hardship for many small communities along the shore.
shoreland planning, there were few measures to address the concerns raised by the implementation of a coastal program under the authority of the CZMA. Eventually, the decision was made by the state to withdraw from the national program entirely.
Stories from the coast - 4
The new effort In the early 1990’s, the North Shore Management Board (NSMB), a joint powers board consisting of county, city, and township governments with jurisdiction over land use along the North Shore of Lake Superior, revived discussion about developing a Coastal Zone Management Program in Minnesota. Although the NSMB could not reach a consensus to proceed, there was enough support to continue program development with the Department of Natural Resources-Waters as the lead agency. In April 1996, the Boundary and Organization and Implementation work groups were formed to examine the potential for establishing a state coastal program. After careful study of the failed attempt eighteen years prior, it was deemed important to ensure that these groups represented local citizens and their concerns, both past and future, and that they had the authority to design the program within the broad parameters established in the CZMA. Without this level of participation and involvement, the effort to establish a coastal program would again have fallen to skepticism and mistrust. The work groups provided opportunities to understand issues, build trust, and debate the advantages and disadvantages of all aspects of the prospective program.
Many of the most important design components of Minnesota’s program resulted from the efforts undertaken by the two work groups. These components include: • The formation of a Coastal Council to set policy and make funding recommendations for the pass• Requiring that the Coastal Council provide equal representation for local units of government • Stipulating that the majority of program funds will be used to pass money through to local communities and organizations for projects selected by the Coastal Council • Providing a termination clause that allows Minnesota to withdraw from the program if any new laws become unacceptable • Locating the Coastal Program office within the coastal area • Creating a program boundary of all areas that may have a significant impact on coastal issues, while maintaining the flexibility to respond to needs in adjacent areas After three years of work and more than a hundred public meetings, Minnesota presented its Final Environmental Impact Statement and Coastal Program for approval as the 33rd state coastal program. The lack of trust that tempered the early years of the program have essentially dissolved due to a commitment from the Coastal Council and the Department of Natural Resources to work through differences and accept each others guidance on what is best for the North Shore of Lake Superior. Since its inception, Minnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal Program has proven to be an important asset, for residents along the North Shore and the throughout the state, as a valuable source of funding and assistance.
Stories from the coast - 5
Minnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal Program
Program Details The MLSCP is a networked program that uses existing state policies and authorities that are implemented by a number of different state agencies and local units of government. MLSCP does not create any new permits nor does it require any new regulations, zoning ordinances or enforceable mechanisms. Instead, it relies on the combined resources, organization, and implementation abilities of federal, state, and local governments that manage land and water resources in the state. This approach encourages greater cooperation and encourages simplification of governmental processes within Minnesota’s coastal area. The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR) administers the program out of an office on the North Shore of Lake Superior at Two Harbors. With the management aspect of the program already administered through the existing network of state agencies and local units of government, the primary role of the MLSCP is to administer the grants program and perform consistency reviews. Minnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal Program is not another plan to implement. It is instead, a new tool to implement existing programs and to provide funding for unique or underfunded opportunities. Governor’s Council on Minnesota’s Coastal Program A key component of the MLSCP is the Governor’s Council on Minnesota’s Coastal Program (the Coastal Council). The Coastal Council is the decision-making mechanism through which the MLSCP implements the grant program. The Coastal Council establishes the program priorities, selects projects for funding, reviews the budget, and conducts a biennial review of the Coastal Program. The Coastal Council consists of fifteen members, with three persons representing each of the four counties that are located within the coastal boundary, and the remaining three members selected from an At-Large pool. The Governor appoints all Council members after their nomination by the 31 eligible local units of government within the coastal boundary or in the case of the three unaffiliated members, the public at-large.
Stories from the coast - 6
Helping Support the North Shore
Grant Program Structure The Coastal Zone Management Program, administered by NOAA, offers $68 million annually in federal matching funds to eligible states for coastal projects. NOAA uses a funding formula based on shoreline miles and coastal population to allocate each state’s share of the available federal funds. With its 190 miles of Lake Superior shoreline and 220,000 residents, the Coastal Program receives about $1.2 million annually in federal funding. The Coastal Program offers grants on a competitive basis, and participation in the program has been high. In the first five years, the MLSCP has made grants totaling $4.86 million, including $3.06 million in the annual grants program and $1.8 million through the one time appropriation for the Great Lakes Coastal Restoration Grants program. MLSCP grants have been an important source of funding for a variety of North Shore projects, helping to increase the availability of GIS data and imagery for use in future planning and development projects. Work has been undertaken to restore and rehabilitate valuable natural resources, and water resources education has been added to school curriculums. These are just a few of the results of Coastal Program funding. Who is eligible? Local units of government, state and regional agencies, educational institutions and school districts, conservation districts and port authorities, sanitary sewer districts, tribal governments, joint power boards and nonprofit organizations located within the Coastal Program boundary may apply for a grant. The Coastal Council has established a list of focus areas for the grant program. These priority categories are: • • • • • • • Coastal Outreach and Education Coastal Land Use, Planning, and Development Public Access and Recreation Enhancement, Protection, and Management of Natural Resources Protection, Preservation, and Enhancement of Cultural and Historic Coastal Resources Economic Implications of Managing Coastal Resources Coastal Partnerships, Collaboration, and Inter-Organizational Cooperation
Projects that include large-scale, hard structure erosion control, large-scale beach renourishment, infrastructure projects related to water, and sewer line and road construction, and improvements to private property or for other private enterprises are ineligible for funding.
Grant proposal guidelines are available at www.dnr.state.mn.us/waters/lakesuperior or by calling 218-834-6625.
Stories from the coast - 7
These are our stories from the coast:
Grants awarded by Minnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal Program Community and Land Use Planning
City of Cloquet $40,245 Cloquet Riverfront Park – Phase I Development To assist in implementing part of the first phase of construction recommended in the concept development plan. City of Cloquet $11,888 Cloquet Comprehensive Wetland Protection and Management Plan To complete a comprehensive wetland protection and management plan for the future protection, planning, and management of wetland resources within Cloquet. Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District $26,250 Stormwater Management Plan for Grand Marais Watershed To create a comprehensive watershed plan with a prioritized list of recommended projects and to develop a computer model to examine runoff characteristics under current and future conditions. Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District $17,000 Stormwater Management Plan for Grand Marais Watershed, Phase II, GIS Database To create a GIS database for the approximately 3,000 acres of Cook County in the Grand Marais area and develop the plan for infrastructure improvements and their management.
City of Grand Marais $27,500 Grand Marais Harbor Park Phase 1 To plan, conduct a public participation process, and design Harbor Park, a city and county community asset.
Cook County Planning and Zoning $32,742 Watershed, Soils, Terrain and Stormwater Management Survey for the Lutsen Township Development Plan To create GIS overlays to analyze Lutsen Township’s rugged watershed terrain – all in relation to physical and cultural information overlays, such as parcels, plats, structures and wetlands. Lake County Highway Department $9,600 Larsmont Drainage Survey To assist Lake County in sizing culverts and proving for outlet controls to reduce tailwater velocities in the flood prove area Lake County R.J. Houle Visitor Center $4,300 Development, Preparation and Presentations of a Feasibility Study for Lake County R. J. Houle Visitor Center Expansion To determine the feasibility of an expansion of the visitor center at the current location or move it to an adjacent site with a focus on waterfront revitalization and economic development.
Stories from the coast - 8
Laurentian Resource Conservation and Development Council, Inc. $25,500 Knife River Watershed Landscape-Level Planning Initiative To provide concise and integrated GIS compilation and digitization to encourage cooperative and continuing landscape-level planning among watershed private and public landowners, to preserve the health and biodiversity in a unique river system, and to promote sustainable economic growth.
Silver Creek Township $3,500 Stewart River Wastewater Improvements To evaluate wastewater alternatives for the Stewart River area of Silver Creek Township, comparing previous recommendations with the possibility of a wastewater system consisting of cluster systems serving commercial and residential connections in the area. City of Two Harbors $21,994 Stormwater Management Plan To develop a plan allowing the city to evaluate and manage stormwater quantity and quality resulting from development or other modifications in the sub-watersheds within the city limits. City of Two Harbors $13,396 Detention Pond Design/Bid Specifications – Two Harbors Stormwater Management Plan To design and construct a series of stormwater detention basins as part of the stormwater plan. Canosia Township $13,950 Comprehensive Plan Update for Canosia Township To update the l995 Comprehensive Land Use Plan City of Two Harbors $56,920 Two Harbors Urban Forest Restoration To develop an overall urban forest management plan for the city. City of Duluth – Planning and Development Department $18,000 Park Point Urban Impact Study To study the impacts of commercial and residential growth and tourism recreation use on the ecosystem of Lake Superior at Park Point, an urban environment in transition. Town of Duluth $5,000 Updating and Community-Wide Review of Zoning Regulations for Duluth Township Duluth Township completed a comprehensive land use plan in 2002. Funds will complete Phase 2, the updating of zoning regulations, which involves community-wide input.
Duluth/North Shore Sanitary District $36,000 North Shore Sewered Area Land Use Plan To develop a land use plan for the area where a sewer system is being designed to solve the problem of wastewater treatment along the North Shore
Stories from the coast - 9
Lake Superior Water Trail Association of Minnesota (LSWTA) $18,000 Lake Superior Water Trail Master Plan To create a master plan for developing the remaining portions of Minnesota’s Lake Superior Water Trail. North Shore Management Board $15,000 Land Use Inventory for the North Shore To complete a land use inventory for the North Shore planning area by hiring a GIS consultant to conduct an inventory and analysis of land use within the planning area. North Shore Management Board $15,000 North Shore Management Plan Update (Phase 1) To complete Phase I of the North Shore Management Plan Update, the document governing the shoreland adjacent to Lake Superior. North Shore Management Board $10,000 North Shore Management Plan Update and Program Enhancements To assist in funding the revision of Phase II of the North Shore Management Plan. Crystal Bay Township $5,000 Crystal Bay Township Land Use Management Plan The land use plan would be developed through a series of steps, including gathering community data and maps, conducting a series of focus groups, and hosting a charrette. City of Hermantown $ 26,445 Hermantown Comprehensive Wetland Plan To develop the Comprehensive Wetland Protection and Management Plan in two phases: Phase I - Comprehensive Wetlands Inventory and Phase II - Site Preparation - Establishment of wetland types and functions and identification of high value wetlands.
Outreach and Education
Lake County Soil and Water Conservation District $5,000 Arrowhead Currents To continue publishing two issues this year, this newsletter informs property owners how to protet and improve water quality in lakes, streams, and wetlands. Carlton County SWCD $3,350 School Forest/Outdoor Classroom Development Plan To complete a plan for an outdoor classroom facility. The 40 acres is owned by Carlton County and lies completely within the coastal boundary. Preliminary investigation reveals a wide diversity of ecosystems on the property making it ideal for an outdoor classroom facility.
Cook County Historical Society $3,665 Cook County Passport To create the Historical Passport, aimed at Cook County school children grades 1-5 and families and adults, to encourage visits to county historical and cultural sites along the coast.
Stories from the coast - 10
City of Grand Marais and Cook County Historical Society $12,300 Cook County Historical Society Fish House Project To build a historically accurate fish house to display the historical society’s existing commercial fishing artifacts. North House Folk House $35,000 North House Folk School’s Freshwater Studies To develop a Middle School Freshwater Studies Program for students in Cook County that includes “on-board” experiences for one of the most unique educational opportunities in the state. Grand Marais Playhouse $13,000 Education of Coastal Resource Preservation and Enhancement through the Performing Arts Workshops for elementary children through elementary and preschool environmental theater classes, performing the play "The Lorax" and parade; Cook County Fair displays, and Climb Theater. Tofte Historical Society $5,000 North Shore Commercial Fishing Museum Interpretive Lake Walk Design To determine what artifacts should be displayed in educational outdoor exhibits on the lake walk, where they should be displayed and protected, and how they should be explained to people using the walkway. MN Department of Natural Resources- Gooseberry Falls State Park $29,932 Lake Superior Video Production To develop and present a video production that creates a better understanding of the unique qualities of Lake Superior and its watershed. Lake County Historical Society $17,767 Agate Bay Coastal Interpretative Exhibit To develop three interpretative exhibits which include educational programming and materials about the development of Agate Bay as a harbor and its impact on Lake Superior.
Lake County Historical Society $7,115 Coastal Interpretative Exhibits Phase II To interpret the historic uses of Lake Superior and Agate Bay and to collect oral histories. Lake County Land Use Department and the Natural Resources Research Institute $13,766 Head of the Watersheds “Decentralized” Wastewater Conference To organize the first Head of the Watersheds Decentralized Wastewater Conference to address why we treat wastewater and how it can be done to protect public health and environment. Lake County Sheriff’s Department $34,400 North Shore Water and Ice Safety/Rescue Program To purchase swift water rescue safety equipment and “train the trainers” by sending four members from local emergency response agencies to an intensive training program and develop a training program for emergency response personnel in Lake and Cook counties
Stories from the coast - 11
MN Department of Natural Resources - Split Rock Lighthouse State Park $4,200 Gold Rock Point Interpretation Kiosk To research, produce and install an interpretive kiosk with signs for the Gold Rock Point addition at the diver access parking area/trailhead to the beach and Point.
City of Duluth – Stormwater Utility $6,810 Care and Feeding of Your Sewer – A Public Education Program To develop an education program for residential and commercial customers about blockages in sewers and materials people put in drains that are not removed in sewage treatment or impact the cleaning capacity of the treatment plant. City of Duluth – Stormwater Utility and Harriet Beecher Stowe Elementary School $26,918 Watershed Educational Program for Primary (preK-6) School Children To develop a Watershed Education Program for children in the primary grades through a partnership with Stowe Environmental School, Great Lakes Aquarium, and the University of Minnesota Duluth Center for Environmental Education.
City of Duluth – Stormwater Utility $5,725 Collectible Informational Cards on Duluth Creeks To increase citywide awareness and knowledge of the creeks that flow through Duluth to the St. Louis River and Lake Superior, develop collectible trading cards about creeks and streams and their protection for distribution at schools, fairs and public events.
City of Duluth - Public Works $27,650 Regional Surface Water Pollution Prevention Education Outreach Program To support development of a recognizable logo for surface water protection in Northeastern Minnesota/Northwestern Wisconsin: development and airing of a series of public service announcements for television and radio; and development of a brochure and mailing flyer to promote positive community and individual activities to protect the waters of the region. Park Point Community Club $11,133 Minnesota Point Natural Resources Education To educate and inform the public about Minnesota Point’s unique ecology and recreational environment. Harriet Beecher Stowe Elementary School $25,783 Environ Mentors To establish a program that allows Stowe Environmental School students to expand their understanding of the watershed and establish a mentoring relationship with Lakewood and Lester Park elementary schools. Minnesota Pollution Control Agency $26,023 Preparing for Growth on the North Shore To provide hands-on tools, education, and resources for Duluth Township to understand and implement appropriate protective measures when developing land use plans.
Stories from the coast - 12
University of Minnesota Extension Service $22,117 Restoring the St. Louis River Estuary: Pilot Service Learning and Curriculum Project for High School Youth To create a pilot project combining environmental restoration, youth in-service work, graduate training, and curriculum development to improve stewardship of Lake Superior coastal resources.
University of Minnesota Extension Service, South St. Louis County $9,848 Restoring Sugarloaf Cove: Environmental Restoration Field Trips To provide Sugarloaf Cove as an outdoor classroom for high school field experiences that includes pre and post materials.
Arrowhead Regional Development Commission $988 State of the Coast 2002 Sharing the Northland Conference To fund facilities, food, speakers and promotion items for the conference. The College of St. Scholastica $27,610 Outdoor PURSUIT! Kayak Edventure: An Educational Adventure on Lake Superior To buy equipment, develop instructional courses and interpretive workshops, and organize outings by kayak to increase access to recreation activities and understanding and appreciation of Lake Superior. Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources $11,000 Wetland Delineation Certification To produce a full certification wetland delineation training course specifically for the unique “red” soils found in Minnesota’s coastal area. Wetland delineation training covers the “three parameter approach” of soils, hydrology, and vegetation. Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources $15,000 Coastal Area Wetland Plant ID Shore Course (Certified) To conduct a Coastal Wetland Plant ID Short Course (Certified) for local wetland delineation practioners. The Course will consist of classroom and field exercises, and subsequent testing to assess knowledge and document certification to the Board and Water and Soil Resources (BWSR). Minnesota Shows $11,944 Lake Superior Multi-Media Performance Piece To create two original songs, historical narrative and the collection of historic photographs of Lake Superior and surrounding area by famed performer, poet and historian Warren Nelson. The Lake Superior segment will be part of the Minnesota Show, an educational, live documentary that will tour in the state. University of Minnesota Sea Grant Program $27,816 “Superior Science for You” Speaker Series To organize, promote and host eight speakers delivering 16 talks covering the latest scientific research on Lake Superior to resident and visitors in Minnesota’s coastal communities. Carlton County Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) $7,620 Education-Outreach Program for Carlton and South St. Louis SWCDs To research and develop an environmental education program with schools in Carlton and S. St. Louis SWCDs.
Stories from the coast - 13
North Shore Community School $4,200 Environment as an Integrating Context: Enhancing Student Learning in the North Shore Community School Forest To enhance student learning opportunities in North Shore Community School's forest by developing seasonal environmentally integrated curriculum for K-6 students. North House Folk School $3,400 Historic Fishing Skiff Educational Initiative The initiative will utilize the construction of a historic fishing skiff as the backdrop for multiple educational programs. The project will culminate during the Wooden Boat Show and Midsummer Festival, an annual event that takes place at the North House Folk School. St. Louis River Citizen’s Action Committee $2,400 Lower St. Louis River Habitat Plan To print additional copies of the Plan to help defray the cost of effective distribution of the Plan. Duluth Community Sailing Association $16,317 Lake Superior Coastal Exploration Sailing Adventure Provide environmental education, access to the Duluth Superior Harbor and outreach to low income youth with a low cost, low impact recreation opportunity.
St. Louis River Citizens Action Committee $24,749 Enhancing the St. Louis River It is a comprehensive watershed outreach effort to educate watershed inhabitants about the Lower St. Louis River Habitat Plan
Public Access and Recreation
City of Cloquet $24,500 Cloquet Riverfront Park/trailhead plan To create an outdoor recreation development plan including a trailhead site for a planned riverfront trail system within the City of Cloquet. MN Department of Natural Resources - Cascade River State Park $10,881 Cascade River Hiking Trail Improvement To construct stairways and an elevated boardwalk on a hiking trail.
Cook County $5,000
Hovland Dock Restoration – Phase 1 – Community Planning and Adaptive Reuse Visioning Study To pursue a combination of recreation, interpretive, and site restoration to the historic Hovland Dock.
Stories from the coast - 14
Cook County Grand Marais Economic Development Authority $11,322 Grand Marais Trail Access To create a system of public trails (snowmobiling, biking and possibly cross country skiing) through a business park corridor connecting the City of Grand Marais to public lands, including the North Shore State Trail, Superior Hiking Trail and the Pincushion Mountain trails. Schroeder Township $22,500 Handicapped Accessible Elevator for the Cross River/Stickney Heritage Center To assist in the purchase and installation of a handicapped accessible elevator for the unique, three-story, historic landmark and heritage/community center in Schroeder. City of Beaver Bay $17,000 Beaver Bay History Center To provide a foundation, plumbing, heating system, city sewer and water, parking lot, electrical hookup, doors and entry with handicap access for a log building donated to the city for an interpretive center, museum, visitor center and trailhead for the Gitchi-Gami State Trail. City of Beaver Bay $5,000 Grounds Improvement for Beaver Bay History Center To complete projects to make the building and grounds an attractive place to stop for visitors including driveway and parking lot improvements.
MN Department of Natural Resource - Gooseberry Falls State Park $22,710 Lower Falls Hiking Trail Boardwalk To build a 430-foot railed boardwalk along the Gooseberry River to minimize the impact of heavy visitation on the river, area wildlife, the herbaceous vegetation and a significant White Cedar tree community.
MN Department of Natural Resources - Trails and Waterways $23,750 Silver Bay Marina – Fish Cleaning Station To construct a fish cleaning facility at the Silver Bay Marina to provide a resource for environmentally sound disposal of fish cleaning waste. MN Department of Natural Resources - Trails and Waterways $57,269 Gitchi-Gami State Trail (Beaver Bay Section) To design and construct a section of the Gitchi-Gami State Trail, a non-motorized paved trail for bicyclists, inline skaters and pedestrians, being developed from Two Harbors to Grand Marais. City of Duluth with Hartley Nature Center $24,140 Hartley Nature Center Pervious Surface Demonstration Project To build a wheelchair accessible pathway and add 10 parking spaces to the existing Hartley Center parking area using a model surface that is relatively pervious to water. City of Duluth $56,294 Land Acquisition of the Former U.S. Naval Reserve Site To acquire the former U.S. Naval Reserve Site, located within the City of Duluth on Park Point with access to the Duluth Harbor, St. Louis River Estuary, and Lake Superior. Future development includes construction of a boat launch and aquatic facilities.
Stories from the coast - 15
City of Grand Marais with North House Folk School $70,000 North House Renovation and Wastewater Connection To complete the renovation of one building and the partial renovation of another historic classroom building and the hook-up of the North House Folk Schools to city services. St. Louis County Public Works Department $46,132 North Shore Scenic Drive Vistas and Activity Parking To repair and enhance three roadside public parking areas along North Shore Scenic Drive.
Superior Hiking Trail Association $15,100 Extending the Superior Hiking Trail through Duluth Phase II will involve obtaining trail construction and maintenance authorization and permits for the trail. This phase will also continue with the community outreach efforts to keep the community informed about the process and to continue to promote community support for the project.
City of Duluth $32,000 Lincoln Park Miller Creek Wall Restoration Project To restore and preserve the creek walls of Miller Creek in Lincoln Park which were built in the l930s.
St. Louis County Public Works $35,007 Buchanan Town Site and Stony Point Historical Site - Assessment and Rehabilitation Plans To investigate, conduct a site assessment and prepare plans for repairs at two scenic road vistas along North Shore Scenic Drive that are eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places. MN Department of Natural Resources - Caribou Falls $50,000 Caribou Falls Hiking Trail
Natural Resource Protection and Enhancement
City of Carlton $13,976 2002 Wetland Inventory and Evaluation Plan To create a detailed and accurate wetland inventory and delineation map for the City of Carlton using multitemporal infrared and monochrome aerial photography that is both more recent and more detailed City of Cloquet $4,948 Cloquet Comprehensive Wetland Management Plan Implementation Project To locate, analyze and produce survey plan drawings for three 2 to 5-acre city wetland mitigation banking areas for future strategic enhancement of water resources; to produce offsite wetland delineation map of the city; and to do field investigation of 100 additional wetlands. Lake County Forestry with The Nature Conservancy $35,225 Conifer Restoration to Benefit Lake Superior’s Water Quality To develop methods of selective harvest for sub-watersheds with the greatest opportunity for improvement of water quality in nearby streams through forest management activities. Lake County Forestry with The Nature Conservancy $49,190 Northern Hardwoods Management to Benefit Lake Superior’s Water Quality To develop methods of selective timber harvest that can maintain or improve the water quality in nearby streams.
Stories from the coast - 16
Lake County Land Use Department $20,402 GIS Startup Program for Lake County Land Use Office and Soil and Water Conservation District To start a GIS program for the Lake County Land Use Office to address concerns about the increased development pressure along Lake Superior and the management needed to allow for new development. Lake County Land Use Department $9,600 Lake County Wetland Creation to Enhance Migratory Bird Habitat To construct county-owned gravel pit rehabilitation and closure a model for the creation of wetlands for migratory birds with other public and private gravel pits. City of Duluth – Planning and Development Department $12,632 Duluth Forest Inventory Project To inventory forested land in the city and show the important relationship between forests and the quality of wetlands, streams, the St. Louis River, and Lake Superior as a part of the city’s Natural Resources Inventory. City of Duluth – Stormwater Utility $43,000 Pilot Watercourse Study for Oregon Creek To study Oregon Creek as a model for understanding the effects of development on urban creeks and the remediation steps that could be applied to developed watersheds. City of Duluth $17,000 Field Identification and Mapping of Duluth Trout Stream Tributaries To survey all trout streams within the City of Duluth using Global Positioning Systems units and photography and to digitize data and place it on maps as a part of the city’s Natural Resources Inventory. City of Duluth with Bayfront Visions $16,955 Living Water Garden Feasibility Study To determine the suitability of using stormwater from Slip Number 2 and from the Great Lakes Aquarium, parking areas, and proposed greenhouse and visitor center buildings for treatment with the Living Water Garden. City of Duluth with Park Point Community Club $8,600 Minnesota Point Restoration and Protection To plant grass, trees, and shrubs and enclose them with fencing to protect and restore dunes on Minnesota Point on the western end of Lake Superior.
South St. Louis County Soil and Water Conservation District $16,600 Oblique Aerial Photos of St. Louis County’s Lake Superior Coast to Enhance GIS Systems Obtain oblique aerial photographs of St. Louis County’s entire Lake Superior Coast
City of Duluth - Planning and Development Department $31,500 Wetland Inventory and Evaluation for the City of Duluth To create a more detailed and accurate wetland inventory for the City of Duluth, entered into the GIS and distributed on CDs and through a web site as a part of the Natural Resources Inventory.
Stories from the coast - 17
City of Duluth - Planning and Development Department $13,543 Duluth Public Parcel Delineation and Preservation Project To describe publicly owned parcels in a GIS data layer to be merged with existing natural resources GIS data in order to identify ecologically significant parcels for legal protection. Minnesota Pollution Control Agency $28,421 Nonpoint Source Pollution Rates from Four North Shore Streams of Varying Development Pressures To initiate a thorough monitoring program incorporating continuous stream flow monitoring and routine sample collection in partnership with the DNR, the City of Duluth, and Cook County. South St. Louis County Soil and Water Conservation District $7,560 Local Implementation of Nonpoint Source Pollution Reduction Programs To package sources of natural resource management assistance available in St. Louis County’s Coastal area so that nonpoint source pollution reduction programs are accessible and can be implemented locally. St. Louis County Planning Department $50,000 Parcel Layer Development for Duluth Township To develop parcel layers for Duluth township as part of a long-range goal of developing a unified database containing all information relating to real property in St. Louis County. St. Louis County Planning Department $43,670 Parcel Layer Development for Midway Township To develop parcel layers for Midway Township as part of a long-range goal of developing a unified database containing all information relating to real property in St. Louis County. MN Department of Natural Resources – Ecological Services $14,601 Lake Superior Drainage Mussel Survey To inventory mussels, the sentinels of river health, in rivers and streams throughout Minnesota’s Lake Superior Drainage. MN Department of Natural Resources – Lake Superior Area Fisheries $23,000 Identification of Potential Coaster Brook Trout Spawning Areas along the Minnesota Shore of Lake Superior To identify and map groundwater sources along the Minnesota shore of Lake Superior and its tributaries below the first barrier, which provide critical spawning habitat for resident and coaster brook trout. MN Department of Natural Resources – Parks and Recreation $25,000 State Park Vegetation Mapping To produce digital maps showing the location of native plant communities and rare plants and to prepare natural history information and management recommendations for three parks along the along the Lake Superior shore. MN Department of Natural Resources – Parks and Recreation $26,476 North Shore State Parks Spruce Beetle Study To determine the extent of the spruce beetle infestation in state parks along the North Shore and determine beetle population trends. MN Department of Natural Resources – Parks and Recreation $30,000 Shoreline Plant Communities Survey To evaluate the impacts of high visitor use on native plant communities on public lands, by comparing areas of high use in state parks to areas of moderate and low use on public and private lands.
Stories from the coast - 18
Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources $31,000 Environmental Ordinances and Implementation in the Coastal Area To assess the current level of environmental ordinance implementation in the coastal area in collaboration with the Lake Superior Association of Soil and Water Conservation Districts. Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources $9,800 Best Management Practices Implementation in the Minnesota Lake Superior Drainage Basin To fund a lakeshore engineering technician to work with the lakeshore engineer and local government units educating landowners, designing best management practices, and providing construction oversight for erosion control and water quality. MN Department of Natural Resources – Ecological Services $6,428 Wetland/Upland Restoration Trail and Educational Materials Development Program at Sugarloaf Cove To construct two sections of trail extending a boardwalk on an existing portion of the trail on the Scientific and Natural Area at Sugarloaf Cove and to build a spur from the existing trail into the recently restored wetland.
Minnesota County Biological Survey – DNR Ecological Services $33,180 Rare Herpetofauna and Important Seasonal Ponds within the Minnesota Lake Superior Coastal Region To conduct baseline surveys for rare and undocumented amphibians and reptiles along the North Shore (targeting federal and state-listed species lacking documentation in this region) and to identify important seasonal ponds for amphibians. MN Department of Natural Resources –Ecological Services $22,130 The Importance of the North Shore of Lake Superior to the Distribution and Abundance of Bats To complete surveys that evaluates the importance of the MN Lake Superior Coastal Area to bats. MN Department of Natural Resources –Lake Superior Area Fisheries $14,250 Development of a Hydroacoustic Survey Design for the MN Waters of Lake Superior Design a viable hydroacoustic survey using the present MNDNR vessel and gear to generate annual biomass estimates of prey in Minnesota's portion of Lake Superior. State Climatology Office, MN Department of Natural Resources – Waters $17,840 Enhanced Snow and Precipitation Monitoring within Minnesota Portions of Watersheds Draining to Lake Superior To expand the networks of precipitation and snowfall observers by identifying, recruiting and training additional observers particularly in the watersheds north of MN Highway 61, and to buy needed equipment. Natural Resources Research Institute, University of Minnesota Duluth $38,830 Geographic Information and Decision Support Tools for Land Use Planning in the Minnesota Lake Superior Coastal Zone To assemble spatial data, develop decision support tools for the aquatic and terrestrial resources within the coastal zone, and deliver these data and tools to end users via the internet, CD-ROMS, and institutional outreach efforts. City of Hermantown $5,000 City of Hermantown Comprehensive Wetland Protection and Management Plan – Aerial photography Aerial photography to assist with comprehensive planning effort
Stories from the coast - 19
Fond du Lac Reservation $25,000 Low-level leaf off aerial photography and Parcel Mapping This project will create georeferenced ortho low-level leaf off aerial photography for the Fond du Lac Reservtation. Lake County SWCD and Cook County SWCD $10,000 Environmental Ordinance Implementation along the Coastal Zone of Lake Superior-Lake and Cook County To develop a system to track projects from the pre-construction (planning) phase through completion, provide consistent site visits by the SWCD in partnership with the Land Use Department, and provide documentation that erosion and sediment control practices were implemented.
Great Lakes Coastal Restoration Grant Projects – 2001
Contaminated site cleanup, stormwater controls, wetland restoration, acquisition of greenways and buffers, and other projects designed to control polluted run-off and protect and restore coastal resources Stormwater controls Cook County 213,120
Grand Marais Stormwater Management – Erosion Control Restoration in Creechville Area To complete flooding and erosion control projects in the Creechville area, above Grand Marais and below the Gunflint Trail.
Cook County $127,335 Grand Marais Stormwater Management – Erosion Control Restoration on Village Creek To complete flooding and erosion control projects on Village Creek, a wooded stream and potential habitat area within Grand Marais. City of Grand Marais $18,800 Grand Marais Stormwater Management – Downtown Grand Marais Flooding To improve the performance of the detention pond behind a parking lot by City Hall, a recommendation of the Stormwater Management Plan. City of Two Harbors $144,000 Detention Basin Construction – Two Harbors Stormwater Management Plan To construct up to three stormwater basins and one diversion channel as part of the implementation of the stormwater management plan.
Contaminated site cleanup City of Two Harbors $118,980 Two Harbors Old City Dump Site Restoration To restore the old dump site along with a tributary stream to Lake Superior by following the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency’s Dump Assessment Program.
City of Duluth $445,492 Remediation of Sargent’s Creek Dump Site To provide remediation of the dump site by following a standard process of evaluation and assessment operations as developed by the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency.
Stories from the coast - 20
acquisition of greenways and buffers S. St. Louis County Soil and Water Conservation District and Miller Creek Joint Powers Board $262,000 Miller Creek Restoration:Easement Acquisition and Wetland Protection To protect Miller Creek, which has a naturally reproducing trout population, by implementing restoration proposals to reduce pollutants and protect critical habitat and hydrologic reserve areas.
Department of Natural Resources – Trails and Waterways $195,750 Carriere Property Acquisition and Restoration To purchase a two-acre parcel of the former Split Rock Restaurant (Carriere property) to restore it to a stabilized, natural state along with the North American Lakes and Lands property, a oneacre adjacent parcel that was donated.
City of Two Harbors $104,230 Acquisition of Lighthouse Point Assist the community in acquiring Lighthouse Point to preserve the trails and public access from development.
protection and restoration of coastal resources University of MN - Natural Resources Research Institute (NRRI) $32,253 Managed Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems in the Lake Superior Basin: Outreach and Education To provide wastewater education for the general public, local officials, contractors, designers. S. St. Louis County Soil and Water Conservation District and Miller Creek Joint Powers Board $60,000 Miller Creek Restoration: Sediment Trap Placement of a sediment trap into Miller Creek at Miller Hill mall to reduce sediment loading to Creek. City of Grand Marais $10,310 Grand Marais Streambank Stabilization and Naturalization Stabilization and placing natural materials in a small stream that runs through the city owned campground and into Lake Superior. Minnesota Pollution Control Agency $104,230 Reserve Mining Groundwater and Surface Water Contamination Control This project will focus on the investigation of groundwater and surface water impacts for the restoration and protection of Lake Superior waters.
Stories from the coast - 21
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.