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# UNIFIED COUNCIL

A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2008 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

## NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAMINATION

Paper Code: UN 415
Solutions for Class : 12 (PCM)
Mathematics
1.

(C)

4.

d 2
d
(y ) =
( x)
dx
dx

(A)

1
dy
1
=
, at (1, 1), m1 =
2
dN 2y

5.

d 2
dy
(x ) =
= 2 x, m = 2
2
dx
dx

(A)

2.

(D)

N+5
N+9

N+8

N + 11 N + 15

N +2 N +3 N +5
=

2
4

3
5

4
6

6.

1
A2 =
0

0 1
2 0

0
2

(D)

R2 R1, R3 R2

a
1
(2a ) a
2

Area of triangle =
= a2

C 2 C1
C1 C 2

7.

(B)

## If Sin1 x = , Cos1 x = then x = sin ,

x = cos =

=
6
6

Sin1 x Cos1 x =

sin( ) = sin

= 0 + 2 4 = 2.
ax3 + bx is an odd function for all values
of a and b.
1

( N 5)2
= 0.
N 5 ( N 2)( N 5)

= (x + 2) (1 1) 1 (2 4) + 2 (2 4)
(A)

Lt

0 1 0 1 0
=
,
2 0 4 0 8
2 0
1 0
A3 A2 =
= 2 0 2 = 2A
0
4

N+2 1 2
= 2
1 1
4
1 1

3.

N 2 10 N + 25
N 5 N 2 7 N + 10

1
A3 =
0

3
= Tan1 .
4
N +3
N+6

N5

Lt

f(x) =

1 0
=

0 4

1
2
3
2
=
tan =
4
1
1 + (2)
2

N+2
N+4

Lt

f(5) =

x2 (1 x2) =

## (a x + b x) d x = 0 for all values of a and b

3

2x2 =
x =
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1

3
2

3
.
2

1
2

1
2

8.

(B)

## q = length of the perpendicular from

origin to the normal

d
{cos2 [Tan1(sin Cot1 x)]}
dx

d 2
1
1
1
=
cos Tan sin Sin
dN

1 + N2

=
9.

(A)

d 2
1
1
cos Tan

dN
1 + N 2

= a2.
11. (C)

1
(2 N)
(2 + N 2 )2

22 + 76 + 18x = 0
18x = 54
x = 3.
12. (B)

A1
A2

dy sin
=
dx
cos

cos N dN =

/2

cos2 N dN =
0

13. (B)

sin
(x a cos3 )
cos

y a sin3 =

## = a cos sin (cos2 + sin2 )

= a cos sin
Equation of the normal is

cos
(x a cos2 )
sin

= a(cos4 + sin4 )
14. (C)

= a . cos2
p = length of the perpendicular from
origin to the tangent

a cos sin
2

sin + cos

Lt
x0
Lt
x0

A
2
3
1 = .
A2 1
4

log ( x + 1) cot x
log ( x + 1)
tan x

Lt

1 / ( N + 1)
1
=
=1
N 0 sec2 N
sec 2 0

x cos + y sin

3
and
2

Lt

log
f ( x)
x 0

x sin + y cos

/3

x = a cos 3 , y = a sin3

0

## Since x x for all x Z so R is reflexive

but is not symmetric as (1, 2) R and
(2, 1) R. Also R is transitive as x y,
y z x z. R is antisymmetric for
if x y and y x then x = y.

y a sin2 =

1 2
a sin2 2 + a2 cos2 2
4

4 1 7 = 0
2 4 6

2N
.
(2 + N 2 )2

= a.cos2

N is singular
1 2

4 1 7
2 4 6

## Hence R is partial order.

10. (B)

cos2 + sin2

4p2 + q2 = 4.

d
1
=
1

dN 2 + N 2
=

a cos 2

Lt
x0

f ( x ) = e = f (0).

0 3a
2b 24 = KA

0 2 0 2k
=K
=

3 4 3k 4k

1
a.sin 2
2

3a = 2K, 2b = 3K, 24 = 4K
K = 6, a = 4, b = 9

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15. (C)

log x (log x)

dt[where log x = t] =
16. (A)

20. (C)

1 1
d x = t t 2 et

et
N
+c =
+c
t
log N

x2 + y2 + 2fy + c = 0

1
1
1
x [x]
<
2
2
2

1
1
f(x) <
2
2

21. (B)

1 + y 12 + yy2 + fy2 = 0

a + b + c = 0 (a + b + c)2 = 0

## a2 + b2 + c2 + 2(a.b + b.c + c.a) = 0

( N + yy1 )
1 + y 12 + yy2 y2
= 0
y1

## 2(a.b + b.c + c.a) = (1 + 4 + 9)

a.b + b.c + c.a = 7.

## y1 + y 13 + yy1y2 + xy2 yy1y2 = 0

22. (B)

y 13 xy2 + y1 = 0

1 2 1 2
A2 =

4 5 4 5
1 8
=
4 + 20

## xy " (y ' )3 y ' = 0.

17. (B)
xy = 2, y2 = 4x x = 1, y = 2

dy
y
=
x
dx

0 0
=

0 0

dy
m1 =
= 2
dN (1,2)
23. (A)

dy
= 4
dx

( x + 1 1) e x
x ex
d
=
x
(x + 1)2
( x + 1)2
=

dy 2

=
dx y

1
1
x + 1 ( x + 1)2 dx

1
= ex
+ c.
x + 1

2
dy
= = 1.
m2 =

dx (1.2) 2

19. (C)

2 10 7 12
=
8 + 25 24 17

6 7 12
3
1 2
f(A) +
= 24 17 3 4 5 + 7
12
9

0
0
3
6

1 1 + 12 9

dy
xy = 2 x
+ y = 0
dx

y2 = 4x 2y

1
x
2

{x R : f(x) = 1/2} = .

x + yy1 + fy1 = 0

f(x)

2x + 2yy1 + 2fy1 = 0

18. (A)

0 x [x] < 1

24. (A)

## Equation of family of parabolas with x-axis

as axis is y2 = 4a (x + ) where a, are
two arbitrary constants. So differential
equation is of order 2 and degree 1.

25. (B)

f(x) =

x
1
=
1+1 / x x +1

g(x) =

x
1
1
=
=
1 + 1 / f ( x) 1 + ( x + 1) / x 2 x + 1

g '( N) =

(2 N + 1)1 N(2)
1
=
2
(2 N + 1)
(2 N + 1) 2

## |A2| = |A.A| = |A||A| = |A2| = 625 2 .

Given |A2| = 25
2

625 = 25
2 = 1/25
= 1/5.

g '(2) =
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1
.
25

26. (A)

31. (A)

## Put x = tan , y = tan , z = tan

Tan1 x + Tan1 y + Tan1 z =

4a + 3b = 0 a : b = 3 : 4. Thus c
= 3i 4j. Let a = xi + yj be the required
vector.

+ + r = + =
Tan( + ) Tan( )

Tan + Tan
= Tan
1 Tan Tan

N+y
= z
1 Ny

Component of a on b is 1

a . b/|b|= 1
4x + 3y = 5 (1)
Component of a on c is 2

a . c/|c|= 2

x + y = z + xyz x + y + z = xyz
27. (D)

## Let c = ai + bj. Since b and c are

perpendicular to each other, we have b.c
= 0

3x 4y = 10 (2)

## (2, 4) (2, 3) R 2 has two images

R is not a function.

1.

## (1, 1) R R is not reflexive (2, 3)

R, (3, 2) R R is not
symmetric.

a = 2i j
32. (C)

Put x + y + 1 = z

## (2, 3) R and (3, 1) R

1 +

(2, 1) R
Hence, R is not transitive.
28. (D)

ds
da
= 8 r
dt
dt

= 8 (10) (0.05) = 4
29. (C)

dy dz
=
1
dx dx

(x + y + 1)

a 2b 2c
3 b c =0
4 a b

dy
dz

1 = 1
= 1 z
dx
dN

1
z
dz
= 1 +
dz = dx

z
z +1
dx

4b) = 0

dz = dN
1
z + 1

## ab2 a2c 6b2 + 8bc + 6ac 8bc = 0

z log (z + 1) = x + c x + y + 1

## a (b2 ac) 6 (b2 ac)

= log(x + y + 2) + x + c

(a 6) (b2 ac) = 0

y = log(x + y + 2) + log c

b2 ac = 0

ey = (x + y + z)c

b2 ac

x + y + 2 = cey.
33. (C)

abc = b3.
30. (B)

dy dz
=
dx dx

## The function f : R R is defined as

For f to be continuous at x = 2,
f(2) =

f(x) = x + 5x + 1
3

Let y R then y = x3 + 5x + 1
=

x3 + 5x + 1 y = 0.
As a polynomial of odd degree has always
at least one real rot, corresponding to
any y co-domain. So some x
domain such that f(x) = y. Hence f is onto.
Also f is continuous on R, because its
a polynomial function. Now f(x) = 3x2
+ 5 > 0.

## f is strictly increasing. Hence f is oneone also.

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Lt
x2

Lt
x2

( x 1)1/ (2 x)

(1 + ( x 2)) 1/ ( x 2) = e 1

34. (A)

Let =

tan A
1
tan 2 A =
,
1 tan 2 A
2

= cot A =

37. (C)

## Substituting (1) in (2), we get 2y y2 + 3

= 0

1
1
, = cot3 A =
tan A
tan 3 A

y2 2y 3 = 0
(y 3) (y + 1) = 0

tan A
1
1
+
+
+ + =
2
1 tan A tan A tan 3 A

y = 1 or 3.

[(2y + 3) y

Required are =

1
= tan3 A (1 tan2 A)

y3
= y 2 + 3y = 9 + 9 9 = 9
3 0

] dy

tan A
1
1
.
.
1 tan 2 A tan A tan 3 A

3
sq.unit

+ + = . . Tan1 + Tan1
+ Tan1 = 0 or

4
2
2

38. (C)

(1)
(2)

## f( 1) = 0, f(2) = 1, f(3) = 1, f(4) = 2,

f(5) = 2, f(6) = 3, . . . .
f : N Z is one one onto.

39. (B)

## If a, b, c are the sides of the triangle

respectively then

## |a| = |2i + 3j 6k|

Required area = x dx

N2
=
2

1
= tan3 A (1 tan2 A)

4 + 9 + 36 = 49 = 7 ,

|b| = |i + 2j 3k|

36 + 4 + 9 = 7 ,

9 1 8
= =4
2 2 2

36. (A)

## tan4 A + tan 2 A tan4 A + 1 tan2 A

=
tan3 A(1 tan 2 A)

. . =

35. (C)

N (1), 2y x + 3 = 0 (2)

Let y =

9 + 36 + 4 = 49 = 7.

Perimeter = 7 + 7 + 7 = 21

40. (B)

## (AB BA) ' = (AB) ' (BA) ' = B ' A '

A' B'

6(x2 7x + 6) = 0

= BA AB = (AB BA)

(x 1) (x 6) = 0 x = 1 or 6

Physics

f "( N) = 12x 42

41. (A)

0= 4 107 H m1

## Length of the solenoid, l = 0.5 m;

Total number of turns in the solenoid,
N = 500

## Maximum value = f(1)

= 2 21 + 36 + 20 = 37.

## Therefore, number of turns per unit

length of the solenoid,

N
500
n =
=
= 1000 m1
l
0.5
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then B = 0 n I
or I =
42. (D)

B
2.52 10 3
=
= 2.0 A
4 10 7 1000
0 n

= 9 109

## Magnetic field due to a long current

carrying conductor
B =

0I
1
i.e., B
2 r
r

## Here, r = 3.2 10 15 m; charge on

-particles, q1 = q2 = 2 1.6 1019 C
Now, F =

43. (B)

49. (C)

50. (D)

Here, v0 = 2 1014 Hz
= hv0 = 6.62 1034 2 1014

1 q1 q 2
.
4 0 r 2

= 1.324 1019 J

(2 1.6 10 19 )2
= 90 N
(3.2 10 -15 ) 2

## As shown in the figure the distance

between the lenses should be 30 cm.

51. (A)

1.324 10 19
= 0.8275 eV
1.6 10 19

By Ohms law R =

V
I

V1 V2
R = I =I
1
2
I1
120 8
or I2 = V2 V =
= 4 A
240
1
f1 = 20 cm
44. (B)

Fringe width,

1
1
=
2
2

## For meter bridge,

Unknown resistance, R =

45. (D)

52. (C)

f2 = 10 cm

l2
X
l1

1
1
or = /
2
1

3
5 = 7.5
2

1
0.6
2 = =
1.5

## Magnetic lines are tangential to the coil

as shown below. Thus, net magnetic flux
passing through the coil is always zero or
the induced current will be zero.

= 0.4 mm
53. (B)

## Here, rate of production of energy at the

atomic power house,
P = 400 MW = 400 106 J s1
Therefore, total energy produced in a day
i.e., 24 60 60s,
E = P 24 60 60 = 400 106 24 60
60 = 3.456 1013 J

46. (A)

AA

Z 2

Z 2B

A -4

BA 4

+ 2He

CA 4 + 2

## If mass of U235 consumed per day is m (in

kg) so as to produce the required amount
of energy, then

E = m c2

1e

## Thus, A and C have same atomic number,

so these are isotopes.
47. (D)

48. (A)

or 3.456 1013 = m c2

3.4561013
3.456 1013
or m =
= (310 8 ) 2
c2

## Finger prints on a piece of paper can be

detected by sprinkling fluorescent powder
on the paper and then looking it into
ultra-violet light.

## = 0.384 103 kg = 0.384 g

F = 6 106 N

F
6 10 6
n = 3 10 10 = 3 10 10 = 2 104

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54. (D)

Here, wavelength

59. (D)

= 5.5 105 cm

= 5.5 107 m

= hc / .

## Velocity of light = 3 108 m s1

If v is the frequency, then
v =

3 10 8
c
= 5.5 10 7 = 5.45 1014 Hz

= 5.45 10 MHz
8

55. (A)

## = = 1000 A = 1000 1010 m

1
mv2 Given, Work function,
2
1
2

hc
6.62 10 34 3 108
mv2 = hv =
=

10 7

= 19.86 10

19

57. (B)

58. (B)

required

maximum

## When x-rays fall on a neutral metallic

block, then they eject electrons from it,
so block becomes positively charged.

62. (B)

Energy released
= (EA + EB) EX
= (110 8.2 + 90 8.2) 200 7.4

19.86 10 19
J = 1.6 10 19

= 1640 1480
= 160 MeV

## Polarity of emf will be opposite in the two

cases while entering and while leaving
the coil. Only in option (B) polarity is
changing.

63. (B)

PR = i 2rmsR or PR i2rms

## Impedance of the circuit will increase.

Therefore, irms in the circuit will decrease
or average power absorbed by the
resistance will decrease.

## In case of transistors, constant is

current
gain
in
common-base
configuration and constant is current
gain in common-emitter configuration.
Also is always less than 1 while is
always greater than 1.

64. (B)

## Equivalent resistance in series is sum of

individual resistances.
In the given figure 3 resistors of 5
are connected in series.

## Let B1, B2 and B3 be the magnetic fields

produced at the point O by the straight
part AB, circular part BC and straight
part CD of the current carrying conductor
ABCD. Since the point O lies on the
straight parts AB and CD,

3V

B1 = B3 = 0

15

R ' = 5 + 5 + 5 = 15

## This 15 resistor is connected with the

5 resistor in parallel hence, equivalent
resistance now is

## Further, as the circular segment BC

subtends an angle at the point O,

0 2 I
0 I

B2 = 4 . r 2 = 4 . r
=

1242 eV nm
= 497 nm.
2.5 eV

61. (B)

= 12.41 eV
56. (B)

## The capacitance C of a capacitor depends

only on the geometrical configuration
(shape, size, separation) of the system of
two conductors.

= 10 m

## Kinetic energy of photoelectrons =

(4.14 10 15 eV s) (3 108 m / s)
2 5 eV

60. (C)

W = 0

This is the
wavelength.

Incident wavelength

hv = W +

## The work function of lithium is 2.5 eV.

The threshold wavelength is

1
1 1
=
+
R" 15 5

10 7 6 / 3
= 6.28 106 T
0.1

1
5 + 15
=
R" 5 15

Hence,
total magnetic field at the point O,

R" = 3.75

B = B1 + B2 + B3 = 0+6.28 106 + 0

## From Ohms law, V = IR

= 6.28 106 T

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I =

V
3
=
= 0.8A
R 3.75

65. (C)

73. (C)

## The sequence of ribonucleotides in mRNA

molecule called codon is a group of three
nucleotides.

74. (A)

75. (D)

## Ionisation energies of d-block elements

vary slightly from one another because
when we move from left to right, the
nuclear charge increases but at the same
time screening effect also goes up. These
two factors tend to neutralise the effect
of each other.

76. (C)

+ + 45o = 180o
or 2 = 180o 45o
or 2 = 135o
=

= 67.5

PA = 32 mm Hg

135
2

## According to the Raoults law,

PA = PAo X A

= 67o 30`

PA
32 mm Hg
Then, X A = P o = 40 mm Hg = 0.8
A

Chemistry
66. (C)

## Rutile (magnetic) is separated from

chlorapatite (non-magnetic) by magnetic
separation method.

77. (B)

67. (B)

## Geometrical isomerism is shown by

square planar and octahedral complexes.

## Blasting of TNT is done by mixing it with

NH4NO3. This mixture of 1 : 5 ratio is
called amatol.

78. (B)

68. (C)

## Decomposition of NH3 on the surface of

finely divided platinum is zero order at
high concentration but first order at low
concentration.

79. (C)

## C3H6Cl2. The following four

C3H8
+ +l
structural isomers are possible
CH 3 CH 2 CHCl 2 (I), CH 3 CCl 2 CH 3 (II),
ClCH2CH2Cl (III), CH 3CHClCH2Cl
(IV). Since (IV) has a chiral carbon,
therefore, it has two optical isomers.
Therefore, in all, five isomers are possible.

80. (D)

Braggs equation

## The aromatic aldehydes and ketones are

less reactive than the aliphatic aldehydes
and ketones. So
CH3CHO > CH3COCH3 > PhCOPh
II
I
III
69. (C)

## The molecule PF3 is expected to acquire

partial double bond character due to back
donation of a pair of electrons from F to
P which results in the formation of a
p d bond. Due to the resonance
forms

2
.

.
.

.+

2
+

n = 2d sin
2 1 = 2 d sin 60o

2 1 = 2 d

## the bond pair-bond pair repulsion increases

to give a higher bond angle.

d =

3
2

o
2
= 1.17 A
1.7

3
HCOOH reduces HgCl2 to Hg 2Cl2 but
CH3COOH does not.

70. (C)

## Doping of Si with P gives extra electrons

while doping with Al gives rise to holes.

81. (B)

71. (D)

## Only 1 o amides undergo Hofmann

bromamide reaction. Since CH3CONHCH3
is a 2 o amide, therefore, it does not
undergo Hofmann bromamide reaction.

82. (C)

Phosphine

83. (D)

## Alcohols show extensive association due

to intermolecular hydrogen bonding.
Ethers do not show intermolecular
hydrogen bonding.

72. (B)

Mg
C6H5MgBr
C6H5Cl

C6H6 + CH3CH2OMgBr
Benzene

+H 3+H OH

84. (D)

## Zeigler-Natta catalyst used for

polymerisation of ethylene is a mixture of
TiCl4 + trialkyl aluminium.
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85. (D)

86. (B)

## CN ion is at the extreme right but before

CO in the spectrochemical series. So it
can cause maximum splitting of dorbitals.

89. (C)

H+ + Cl
AgNO3 + Cl AgCl + NO3

CN

CONH
+ POCl!

whiteppt.

+ 2H O

2HCl

aqueous solution

benzonitrile

87. (A)

## Heating steel to 825875 K in presence

of NH3 is called nitriding.

88. (A)

## NaCl being a salt of strong acid and

strong base does not hydrolyse, therefore
it will remain as such in the mixture.

90. (C)

+ Mg MgCl2 + H2(g)

Cell potential
= EoRed (RHS) EoRed (LHS)
= 0.34 (0.76) = + 1.10 V

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