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A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2008 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

Paper Code: UN415

Solutions for Class : 9

Mathematics

1.

+

3.

h

A

Given, BC = 10 cm

OB = BC2 OC2

1

a b = (a + b)h

2

2

= 100 64 = 36 = 6 cm

1

( a + b ) (a b ) = ( a + b )h

2

h = 2(a b)

OB = OD = 6 cm

BD = OD + OB

= 6 cm + 6 cm = 12 cm

lines is 2(a b).

4.

,

)

r

A

r

O

OA = OC = 8 cm

1

Area of ABCD = (a + b) h

2

2

O

16 cm

B

2.

+

always greater than the third size.

Given length of side = 12 cm

(B) (3.2 + 6.5) cm = 9.7 cm

AL : LB = 1 : 2 and AB = 2r

x + 2x = 2r or x =

sides are 4.8 cm and 8.2 cm

LO = AO AL = r

r

3

r=

r

3

In CLO, OC = CL + LO2

2

or CL =

+

through three non-collinear points.

6.

,

Given x = 2, y = 2

x yx y = 2 (2)2 (2)

1

or CL = OC LO = r r2

9

2

5.

= 2 (2)(2 + 2) = 2 (2)4

= 2 16

4 2

8 2 2 2

r

r =

r CD = 2CL =

3

9

3

= 14

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1

7.

*

(5, 4)

13. *

4 units

Congruence A = D

B = E

5 units

C = F [Corresponding parts of

congruent triangles.]

14. )

8.

)

10x > 6

6

10

15. +

FSQ = 120o

N2 =

PQRS are perpendicular.

The quadrilateral, formed by joining

the mid-points of its sides, is a

rectangle.

=x

x

2

!N

2

1

N (N)2 =

3N

2

9

3

N= =

4

2

points R and T is the length of the

diameter of the circle.

3

x2

also equal.

16. )

PQ = 4 units

1

x9x4

2

= 18 sq. units

2 units

Area of PQR =

T

17. )

12. *

[Corresponding angles since EF 2 QS ]

11. ,

= x x

N N( N) = N(N)2

10. +

xx

1

2

3

x>

5

*

6x + 1 > 7 4x

x>

9.

of interior opposite angles.

= 2(r)

= 2 2 units

35o + x = 115o

= 4 units

x = 80o

5

= 13 cm.

each side of the rhombus =

4

triangle)

Area of rhombus

18. +

5 ( 5 4 )( 5 13)( 5 13)

= 120 sq.cm.

Area =

120 =

= DC DL.

product of diagonals

1

4 d d = 10 cm

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2

form a square and the origin lies at the

point where the diagonals of the square

intersect.

19. *

o

24. )

OAC =

OAB =

180o 110o

o

180 90

= 45o

2

20. +

AB = 4 cm = BC

AC2 = AB2 + BC2

+ z2 + x2 2xz]

AC2 = (16 + 16) cm2

2xz]

AC =

= 2K (x + y + z) (x2 + y2 + z2 xy yz xz)

21. ,

25. ,

1

Hence, K must be equal to .

2

3x 5 + p = qx + 1 (3 b) x + p = 6

Comparing the cofficients on both the

sides 3 q = 0 and p = 6 q = 3

mercury being the densest will settle first

at the bottom of the measuring cylinder

followed by glycerine. Ice and wood

being lighter float in the measuring

cylinder.

27. *

travels through the railing and the air. It

travels through the railing (solid) much

faster than through the air (gas).

28. )

greater the mass of the object (or the

heavier is the object), the more is its

inertia. As object P has more mass than

object Q, object P has more inertia than

Q.

29. ,

80 N 30 N = 50 N.

1 o

(90 ) = 45o = PUM

2

Given points are A(a, a), B(a, a),

C(a, a) and D(a, a)

JUP =

23. ,

Y

D (a, a)

C (a, a)

of triangles ADE and DCF) will give the

area of the quadrilateral.

1

3 1.5) = 4.5 cm2

9 (2

2

26. *

vanish. Thus, for unique solution q 3.

a

A (a, a)

32 cm

Physics

22. )

1

AB BC = 8 cm2

2

x + y + z 3xyz = K (x + y + z) [(x y)

+ (y z)2 + (z x)2]

3

= 35o

B (a, a)

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3

30. +

0 km/h, i.e. from a stationary position. He

accelerated until he reached a speed of

30 km/h at 9 am, then he travelled at a

constant speed of 30 km/h from 9 am to

9.30 am. After that, he decelerated until

he reached 0 km/h at 10 am. Constant

speed is indicated by a horizontal line on

the speed-time graph.

31. )

depends on gravity. Even though the mass

of the astronaut in option (A) is much

bigger than the boy in options (B) and (C),

but in outer space there is no gravity.

Hence, the astronaut weighs the lightest.

32. *

= 30 metres from the ground floor. The lift

travels this distance in 20 seconds. As

speed =

distance

time

30 m

20 s

34. *

When a guitar string is plucked, potential

energy is converted into kinetic energy

(vibration) and sound energy.

35. +

because there is no material medium to

propagate the sound. Sound travels

through a medium that is continuous and

elastic.

36. )

possesses gravitational potential energy.

When she falls down due to the

gravitational pull, her speed increases

constantly. During the process,

gravitational potential energy is

converted into kinetic energy.

37. *

density-distance graph as shown below.

The horizontal line OX represents the

normal density of air. All the points above

this line represent greater density. In a

compression of a longitudinal wave, the

density of the particles is high. So, here

A and C represent compressions. All the

points below the line OX represent less

density (than normal). In a rarefaction,

the density of the particles is less than

that in the normal. So, here B and D

represent rarefactions.

1.5 m/s.

33. *

Density greater

than normal

around the earth

= 2r = 2

22

7

Normal

density

Density less

than normal

42250

Compression

C

B

Rarefac on

Rarefac on

Y'

= 24 h

38. )

= 24 60 60 s

We know, Speed =

Compression

matter will not change as they do not

depend on gravity.

The relation between the mass, volume,

and density, is given by:

Distance travelled

Time taken

22

2

42250

22

42250

7

=

= 2

24 60 60

7 24 60 60

= 3.07 km/s

volume = 79 7.9

which gives us the volume of the rock to

be 10 cm3.

revolving around the earth is 3.07 km/s.

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4

39. +

40. *

41. )

opposite directions to each other

(whether they are pulling or pushing),

the total force is zero, and hence the box

will not move. Option (D) is also

impossible since the question has

already stated that the two forces are

equally strong, which implies that the

total force is also zero.

43. ,

pressure and rarefraction is the region of

low pressure. Pressure is related to the

number of particles of a medium in a

given volume. More density of the

particles in the medium gives more

pressure and vice versa. Thus,

propagation of sound is based on density

or pressure variations in the medium.

long as they do not act in opposite

directions to each other, the box will

move.

44. *

to the weight of the cup of tea, which is

0.5 kg 10 m/s2 = 5 Newton.

45. +

motion and cover equal distances in

equal intervals of time however small

the time intervals may be.

46. +

air, the paper has an initial speed of

0 m s1 and an acceleration of 10 m s2.

As it travels through air due to the

gravitational acceleration, the air

resistance will go against the paper ball

and the acceleration decreases. Although

the acceleration decreases, the paper

ball is still increasing its speed but at a

lower rate as before (decreasing

acceleration)

47. ,

while waiting for a bus, i.e. he is in

stationary position. As there is no

displacement, no work is done by him.

48. ,

frequency and therefore has the lowest

pitch. The other options have a higher

pitch than this.

49. *

bubbles is less than that of water having

a density of 1 g cm3. Hence, they float.

Pebbles have more density than water, so

they sink in water.

50. +

Work done = 30 J

force and the distance moved by the

object in the direction of the force. When

the object is at rest, there is no distance

covered and therefore there is no work

done.

Being light, the momentum of the tennis

ball is very small as compared to that of

a cricket ball and a basket ball. Hence, the

force required to catch the tennis ball is

very small. So, it is easier to catch it in

motion.

42. )

system is governed by Keplers laws. The

third Keplers law states that the time

taken for a planet to orbit the Sun (which

is called the period), depends on the

distance between the planet and the Sun

(or the radius); the longer the distance,

the longer the period, and vice versa.

Time taken = 5 s

orbital radius, they have longer period as

well. The period is not affected by the

mass of the planet.

Power =

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5

Work done

Time taken

30 J

5s

= 6 J/s = 6 W

Chemistry

51. )

60. *

The number of protons of every atom is

equal to the number of electrons.

Therefore, initially, magnesium has 12

protons and 12 electrons. However,

positively charged magnesium indicates

the loss of electrons. The formation of

ions only involves the releasing or

gaining of electrons by the atom. To have

a +2 charge, magnesium will need to lose

two electrons. Positively charged

magnesium ions will therefore have 10

electrons in total.

52. *

as it has passed its freezing point.

At 600o C, Substance Z is at its gaseous

state as it has possed its boiling point.

53. ,

is 13, indicating it is aluminium. There is

a net charge of +3, hence it is an Al3+ ion.

54. ,

colloidal solution.

55. *

56. )

57. ,

58. )

59. +

to mass = 44 g

3.011 1023 molecules of CO2 correspond

to mass = 22 g

61. )

The 3 electrons are arranged in 2 shells,

indicating the two different energy levels

they are in.

62. +

ammonium chloride is heated in a china

dish by covering an inverted glass funnel

on it. Ammonium chloride changes into

white vapours which rise up and on

cooling get converted into solid

ammonium chloride. Salt and sand are

added to water. Salt is soluble and sand

is insoluble. The salt solution is separated

by filtration and sand is obtained as

residue on the filter paper. The salt

solution is evaporated in a china dish.

Water evaporates leaving behind salt

crystals.

63. +

Charge of X = 0

K+ and Cl ions of 2.8.8 electronic

configuration, which is similar to that

of argon (proton number 18).

Number of protons = 8

solvent (water) varies with temperature.

Generally, the higher the temperature

the more soluble the salt is.

number of protons = 17 8 = 9

protons = 8

64. ,

of water and alcohol. When they are

mixed together, the water and alcohol

particles move into these spaces. This

causes the final volume to be less than

100 ml.

Electronic

configuration

No. of shells

occupied

2, 8, 8

3+

2, 8

2, 8

Ion

S

Al

N

Be

number (same atomic number means

same element), but with different

number of neutrons. X and Y have the

same atomic number of 17, but their

neutrons are(35 17 =) 18 and

(37 17 =)20 respectively.

Distillation: To separate two soluble/

miscible liquids with different boiling

points. The liquid with lower boiling

point distils over first and the liquid

having higher boiling point distils later.

65. *

difference between the nucleon number

and the proton number. In this case, all

of them have 20 neutrons.

66. +

oxygen, 16, and carbon, 12.

67. ,

test the purity of a substance.

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6

2+

68. +

69. )

70. )

due to presence of carbon dioxide

dissolved in the drink. When the cap is

still closed, the pressure inside the bottle

is higher, keeping the carbon dioxide

dissolved in the drink. However, when

the cap is opened, the pressure in the

bottle decreases, allowing the carbon

dioxide to slowly escape from the drink.

Eventhough a part of the ice-cube floats

above the surface, the water level in the

glass is exactly the same before and after

the ice has melted. This shows that when

ice melts, the water formed takes up less

space than the ice, and that is exactly the

amount of space taken by the submerged

ice.

The can is a solid. The fizz of the fizzy

(carbonated) drink is a gas. The drink is

a liquid.

Biology

71. +

72. *

for a particular species.

73. *

74. *

stem and root tips, internodes of stem

and cork cambium.

75. ,

destruction of habitats and mineral salts

in the soil are washed away.

76. ,

R - nucleus.

77. ,

disposal system of the cell.

78. )

system as a distinctive feature.

79. )

80. +

81. )

concentration of water molecules to

lower concentration is called osmosis.

82. )

83. +

without seeds. Gymnosperm and

angiosperm are the vascularised plants

with seeds.

84. +

that every organism has one scientific

name and one species name.

85. +

86. *

place.

87. *

88. +

89. +

of higher plants is called Mycorhiza

90. +

shape of a red blood cell. It is disc shaped.

Due to its shape it is able to roll or move

easily in blood vessels and help in

exchange of gases.

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7

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