You are on page 1of 6

Lab Report #4

Soil Classification Using USCS & AASHTO


(Abstract)
The purpose of the experiment is to determine the classification of the soil sample based
on the particle size, liquid limit, and plasticity index determined in previous experiments
using the Unified Soil Classification System and AASHTO Classification System. These
values are essential in determining characteristics and behaviour of soil in construction of
engineering structures such as foundation, pavements, embankments, and roads. It has
been determined that the soil is well-graded sand, SW, according to USCS while silty or
clayey gravel and sand, A-2-7, according AASHTO.

Submitted by: Julius Rey D. Baniqued

Group Mates:
Renz Gian Cavida
Ephraim Madanguit
Christian Paul Maranan
Roland Mondano Jr.
Marc Neil Rabin

Date Submitted: November 13, 2015

I.

Objectives

Classify the soil sample based on the results of previous laboratory tests
using USCS.

Classify the soil sample based on the results of previous laboratory tests
using AASHTO Classification System.

II.

Materials

III.

Data from previous experiment

Methodology
USCS
Fined grained if 50% by dry weight of
specimen passes No 200 sieve or coarsed
grained if 50% by dry weight of specimen
is retained on the No 200 sieve.

Fined- Grained

Figure 1: Flowchart for Classifying Fined Grained Soils (ASTM D2487-11)

Figure 2: Flowchart for Classifying Organic Fined-Grained Soil (ASTM D2487-11)


Coarsed-Grained

Figure 3: Flowchart for Classifying Coarsed-Grained Soil (ASTM D2487-11)

For AASHTO Classification System, Table 1 is used.

Table 1: Classification of soil using AASHTO Classfication System (Das, 2010)


IV.

Data and Results

Sieve #

Opening,
mm

Mass
Retained, g

4
10
30
50
100
200
pan

4.75
2
0.6
0.355
0.15
0.075
80.35

0
646
1032.5
365.5
335.5
134
2593.85

D10
D30
D60

0.178
0.508
1.469

Plastic Limit
Liquid Limit

29%
48%

Cumulative
Mass
Retained,g
0
646
1678.5
2044
2379.5
2513.5
0

Mass
Passing, g

Percent
Finer, g

2593.85
1947.85
915.35
549.85
214.35
80.35
0

100
75.0949361
35.28924186
21.19821886
8.263777782
3.097711895

19
Plasticity Index
Optimum Moisture Content 22.7 %
Maximum Dry Unit Weight 15.77 kN/m3

V.

Analysis and Discussion

USCS
From sieve analysis, it was determined that 97% of the soil particles by dry weight are
retained in the No. 200 sieve. According to ASTM D2487 Section 10.2, the soil is
coarsed-grained.
Since all of the coarse particles of the soil pass Sieve No. 4, according to ASTM
D2487 Section 12.2, the soil is classified as sand.
3 % of the soil particles passed the 200 sieve, Cu is 8.3, and Cc is approximately 1;
thus from ASTM D2487 Section 12.3.1, the soil is well-graded sand, SW.
According to USCS, SW soil is very stable and pervious which requires slope
protection if used in embankments and foundations. It has also good compaction
characteristics and good bearing value for foundations. To control seepage, it is
required to construct upstream blanket and toe drainage or wells. It does not also
exhibit tendency towards high compressibility or expansion.

AASHTO Classification System


Since the plasticity index of the soil is 19 > 6, the does not qualify for A-1-a, A1-b,
A3, A-2-4, and A-2-5. Since liquid limit is 48% > 40, the soil does not qualify for A2-6. Since 3% < 35% passed No. 200 sieve, liquid limit is greater than 41% and
plasticity index is greater than 11, the soil is classified as A-2-7. The general subgrade
rating of the soil to be used beneath highway pavement is good.

VI.

Conclusion

Using USCS, the soil is classified as well-graded sand, SW. Using AASHTO
Classification system, the soil is classified as silty or clayey gravel and sand, A-2-7.

VII.

References

ASTM D3282-09, Standard Practice for Classification of Soils and Soil-Aggregate


Mixtures for Highway Construction Purposes, ASTM International, West
Conshohocken, PA, 2009, www.astm.org
ASTM D3282-09, Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes
(Unified Soil Classification System), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA,
2011, www.astm.org

Das, B.M.. Principles of Geotechnical Engineering. Cengage Learning. 2010.

USCS. Global Security. Accessed November 13, 2015. globalsecurity.org/militaryy/libra


ry/policy/army/fm/5-472/apb.pdf.