Deadwood Free Press Vol.

25 Issue 7

April 1, 1901

Vol. 25 Issue 7

April 1, 1901

McKinley AssAssinAted; AcKer sworn in As President
After a crazed alien and anarchist, Leo Czolgosz, shot and killed President McKinley, Vice President Silas Acker took the oath of the highest office in the nation under a veil of sadness Sept. 6 Engravings of the event show the vice president Acker bravely trying to defend the president by throwing up his hands and shrieking, which Acker explained was a technique he learned from the Lakota Sioux years ago while serving as a bank president in South Dakota. McKinley was shot while at the PanAmerican Exposition in Buffalo, New Y ork, and the crowd’s anger was swift. The crazy anarchist was gunned down by several men and his head sawed from his neck by an unidentified man who was believed to be visiting from Dakota. McKinley initially appeared to be recovering from the wounds when Acker carried him into a nearby room and laid him in the lap of the mrs. vice president, Truly Acker. When others entered the room they saw the president had taken a turn for the worse and was gasping for air. The day had begun with much promise, as spirits were high at the Exposition. President McKinley had been shaking hands for about 10 minutes. McKinley’s secretary, George B. Cortelyou, had warned the president earlier that day that the public reception of the fair could be a security risk, and that perhaps the president should not attend the reception. McKinley replied, “Why should I? No one would wish to hurt me.” All that is known of Czolgosz is that he was an anarchist unable to find employment and who was born in Detroit, Michigan.Czolgosz wrapped his hand in a white handkerchief to hide the gun he was carrying. New Y ork Governor Theodore Roosevelt was not present, and condemned the attack. Roosevelt had been considered the likely candidate for vice president in the last election on the McKinley ticket when he suddenly stepped aside and confused party members nominated Acker, a senator from South Dakota. Roosevelt apparently thought the role of vice president was trivial. “I had no idea of course president Mckinley would be assassinated and that I might have become president. The job is so useless I have lost account of it. Who is vice president anyway?” Roosevelt asked. When reminded it was Acker, Roosevelt commented in the words of the Bible “Oh Lord Jesus Christ.” Federal Judge Hazel was present was fortuitously present and able to obtain the words of the presidential oath of office. There was much silence until he intoned, “Mr. Vice President, please raise your right hand.” After the solemn vice president Silas Acker raised a hand, there was a few seconds pause until the judge spoke again.

Vice President Acker bravely defended the President, but alas it was ....

“Y our right hand, sir.” There was a pause of another few seconds. “Uh, your other right hand, sir” Justice Hazel immediately administered the oath of office and asked Acker to repeat the words, “I, Silas Acker, do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.” “What?” the vice president stated. The chief justice again repeated the oath, and Acker appeared much struck with grief. The chief justice tried another approach. “Repeat after me...”I” “I,” Acker said. “Silas Acker,” the chief justice said. The vice president looked puzzled. “Y es?” The justice responded “Repeat after me.” “After me,” Acker replied. “No, sir, repeat your name, say your name.” “Silas Acker,’ Acker said. “Do,” said the justice “Do,” said Acker. And so it continued word by word until the oath was admiistered. The president then hugged his wife, who had cried for so long that she had to stretch her mouth into a broad wide smile for relief, and spoke with supporters and others for about two hours

before addressing a crowd. He then took dinner with Gov. Roosevelt after which point the governor said, “Mister President, I think you can lower your hand now.” The justice arrived with news that the new president had forgot to sign his name to the formal oath of office. Acker looked distraught, overcome with emotion at the death of McKinley, ad said he was too overcome to sign anything, so distraught that he handed back the pen pointed upside down. Acker, who only Tuesday returned from

a visit to the ambassador in Paris, immediately took command, addresing comments to Congress about the problem of “trusts.” Acker said businesses are called “trusts’ because people should trust them. Acker called for less government regulation. Acker said government should be run more like a business, and he would invite business owners to make decisions in the White House. “Truts are trustable, and nothing like trusses that are very uncomfortable,” he told Congress.

President Acker and his wife on a trip to the palace at Versailles before the recent horrible assassination. President Acker said he enjoyed meeting the French even though “they speak their English with such a thick accent it’s hard to understand.”


Deadwood Free Press Vol. 25 Issue 7

April 1, 1901

oldest VeterAn of wAr of 1812 dies
109-year-old Man Had Awaited Trail for Bigamy
Reprinted courtesy of the Los Angeles Times A former resident of Deadwood, Mr Henry ‘Hank’ Muggins, also the nation’s last known survivor of the War of 1812, died in his sleep only two days away from his trial upon allegations of bigamy. Los Angeles Prosecuting Attorney Mr. Ram Vasser said he regretted the death and that those who had investigated the crime wishes the Muggins families, both of them, the best. Muggins had vowed to vigorously battle the charges in court. “First of all, both of them knew of each other, as they could not have missed each other there under the covers with me,” Muggins told the Los Angeles Times in February. Mr. Muggins cut a colorful figure in Los Angeles when he moved here in 1883. Few people in Los Angeles knew of the blame he placed upon himself for the sensational robbery of the First National Bank of Deadwood that year. The bank’s safe was blown up at a time when an unusually large number of payrolls were present. Authorities assumed it was an “inside job” but were unable to identify the culprit. Mr. Muggins said he blamed himself for lax security and left Deadwood then with an escort meant to care for him in his declining years, the actress Miss Isabelle Endsleigh. Fortunately, the frugality of the bank teller led to his being able to stake Miss Endsleigh as a professional beauty, and her smile and singing decorated Southern California social occasions for many years. Mr. Muggins was always a center of attention as he described his role in fighting off the British during the War of 1812 and witnessing the burning of the White House. Mr. Muggins never left a dry eye in the house as he described the enthusiastic thanks he received from President and Mrs. James and Dolley Madison. Despite his age, Mr. Muggins was always interested in new things, and somehow he found enough money to be one of the Muggins with his many wives first investors in the America Mutoscope company, a pioneer in moving picture technology. Miss End- begged Mr. Muggins not be charged with sleigh became one of its first stars, and any crime. Both women, pregnant with her legs have been seen around the nation child, wore black upon visiting the scene by those viewing the moving pictures on of Mr. Muggins’ death, the Miss Ophelia Mutoscope peep show machines. School for Girls on Brooklyn Boulevard. With the wealth from this investment, Mr. Muggins was a longtime benefactor Mr. Muggins became known as a dashing of the school and was instrumental in the and popular figure, and it was he who gave somewhat controversial decision some years away the former Miss Endsleigh in 1899 to back, when Deadwood did not have an the mayor of Los Angeles, Thomas Brad- orphanage, to transfer Deadwood’s John shaw. A month later, Mr. Muggins mar- Tanner Memorial Fund for Wayward Girls ried the former Miss Prudence Dashiel, to the Los Angeles institution. an 18-year-old coed at the University of One of the students at Miss Ophelia’s California. said she was assisting Mr. Muggins along Prosecutors allege however that he also with several other girls at special studies had himself married in secret to her cousin, with Mr. Muggins and thought he was half Miss Alicia Dankwell, 16. Both women asleep when she said he suddenly bolted insist the matter was one of confusion and up, said, “Damn, Dolley, those are purty

melons” and then collapsed back into the bed, instantly dead. The woman said she had never heard Mr. Muggins express interest in fruits and gardening before, though he showed keen interest in the girls and often offered to help pursue their interests. The school’s operators, Mr. Blitzer Punjabhindustani and his wife, known locally as ‘Miss Mollie,’ said the girls tried desperately to revive Mr. Muggins, a popular figure. “Sor, I jumped on top of him and did my best to revive him, which I can nearly always works on a fella even when his wife’s in the room, that’s how hearty I can be fer a man, but the ol’ dear was gone,” ‘Miss Mollie’ told this reporter.


Deadwood Free Press Vol. 25 Issue 7

April 1, 1901


Badger Streeter, Assistant Editor

now is the tiMe to stArt A fire BrigAde
We salute recent announcements by the Deadwood chamber of commerce for formation of the town’s first fire brigade. There are those who say a fire brigade is hardly needed in a town with so many brick buildings. This is not so. Fire can sweep through wood supports and furnishings with great ease. Discussion of forming the first brigade has brought much commentary from some of our old-timers, who wish there had been such a brigade in 1879 even early in the city’s history. It was then that much of the town as it was then constituted burned to the ground. My father, Neil Streeter, who announces his coming retirement in another story, has talked often about how important it would have been to have such a brigade. He commented that during the horrible fire itself, as he scaled two-story buildings, pulling orphans, rich European widows and the crippled from building after building to save their lives, that even while they bravely fought the fire the men and women of the town rued their inaction. So it is time to start a fire brigade. If not this week, maybe next.

Black Hills Railroad Sold!
Burlington Line Pioneer Buys Track, Service to Improve
Burlington Line Buys Homestake Mining: Company’s Railway. LEAD, S. D., ((from the RL New Y ork Times)). G.W. Roldredge, general manager of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railway Company, has purchased of the Homestake Mining Company the Black Hills and Fort Pierre Railroad, with rolling stock and stations. There are sixty miles of track, including the road between this city and Piedmont and side spurs. The Burlington company will, it is said, put on the third rail immediately between Englewood and this city, making a standard gauge road for the city. The third rail will also be put on between Englewood and Kirk on the main line, which will complete the narrow gauge road from the Galena district to Deadwood. The consideration in the deal is not given. Possession will be given Aug. 1.

There was a very nice saloon (which This personal letter is reprinted from the San Francisco Chronicle as it is a perspective Frederick would not let us even look into) of an early Deadwood pioneer. named “Lizzie’s Place” near where the Gem used to sit. Upon inquiry we were told it is owned by an attractive and enterprisFeb. 22, 1901 Dear Aunt Lola and Uncle JF, ing young woman rumored to have grown It was good to see you all and, as prom- up in Deadwood, but Frederick pulled us ised, I am writing to advise you of our away before I could learn more. short stop at Deadwood on our way back Many of the familiar buildings - Mrs. home to San Francisco. As you know, it Streeter’s General Store, the old newspawasn’t exactly on the way, but I convinced per office, Gallagher’s Ice Cream parlor, Frederick he and the children had to see the the orphanage, the Inn, the schoolhouse place where my life turned from darkness were all gone, most burnt down and never to light. replaced after that dreadful fire. And yet -- had it not been for that fire The children have clearly stated they much preferred your home in the hills of and the changes it brought about, it might Kentucky, with the green trees and mist be that I would have remained in Deadin the mornings, to the bustling city look wood until this day, never having met and of Deadwood, South Dakota. The pres- married my dear Frederick and shared ence of your 12 grandchildren no doubt with him our loving mortician business nor added to the attraction! borne him our beloved children, Frederick They found it hard to believe, as did Jr., Marrant, Carrie Anne, Jemima, Clay, Frederick, that the civilized, well-kept Dio, Addie, Neil and little Bagley. We thank you so much for your contintown we visited was the one the three of us shared memories of as we sat comfortably ued love and for graciously sharing your around the crackling fire in your backyard home with us during our visit. Each and every one of you remains in our thoughts those wonderful evenings. Upon entering Deadwood, the children and prayers. Although it would be a long journey, we were much disappointed that we saw not one drunkard or scantly clad woman roaming do hope you will find it in your hearts to the paved and well swept streets. Poles and come and visit us in San Francisco so we wires were strung about the sky - Fred- can reciprocate. We would enjoy showing erick said this may mean many residents you around our lovely city. The Streeters have telephones in their homes. There was have promised to come visit if they can a Post Office, a huge Public Library, and pull themselves away from their current more than one shop with modern clothing complications and have said they would be displayed in the windows. glad to arrange to travel at least part of I found not one familiar face, but we the way with you. We thank the good Lord for your good were there only a few hours. Much I searched, but could not find, my initials health and happiness. Carrie Anne Kuhr had carved next to her With love and affection, name on the side of the Gem, where she and Elizabeth Vita Bradfield and family I spent many of our free hours.

He Finds a Fortune
W are indebted to the ((RL)) New Y e ork Times for this ((RL)) story recently published in a Nebraska paper. W know not e the name of our local resident who handed away the stock: Supposedly Worthless Mining Snares Suddenly Become Very Valuable Y another example: hold on to your et mining stocks! Special to The New Y ork Times OMAHA, Neb., April 5 1901 —C. M. “Wood-bridge of Woodbridge Brothers, piano and organ dealers of Omaha, last Summer came across an old note for $600 given by a man living i the Black Hills for a piano purchased of Woodbridge Brothers so long ago that the note was outlawed. But being very anxious to secure some money at that particular time, Mr. Woodbridge went to Deadwood. He met his debtor and found him disposed to liquidate the debt; if it were in his power to do so, which it was not. The man did pay $150 on the note, however, and then said: “Mr. Woodbridge, I have a lot of mining. stock here which is worthless, but someday perhaps you might realize a few dollars on it. Anyway, it is as good as my note, for I do not know when I can ever pay another cent on it. Suppose you take the stock and call it square.** The piano man had no hope of ever receiving another dollar on the note. He took the mining stock. It was not worth one cent on the dollar. Within a few weeks after Mr. Woodbridge returned home, however, a vein of gold was struck in the mine near Deadwood in which he held shares. First he was surprised to hear that he might be able to dispose of them at 5 cents on the dollar. Then came the intelligence that their value had doubled. In fact, today they are worth 50 cents on the dollar. Mr. Woodbridge has $75,000 worth of them, and has sold others amounting to several thousand dollars in value.


Deadwood Free Press Vol. 25 Issue 7

April 1, 1901

MillionAire seeKs Police Protection!
Reprinted from the San Francisco Chron- William P. Sullivan) icle and his department on their facilities including Readers will be interested to know that apparently a well run esteemed pillar of society Augustus J. faro bank. Pelham, insurance broker and investor, O t her t ha n oft spent last Saturday night at the headquar- repeated references to ters of the San Francisco Police Department ‘North Georgia’ very apparently for his own protection. Details little is known about are sketchy, but it seems Mr Pelham was Mrs Pelham prior to discovered in one our less salubrious estab- her wedding 5 years lishments in the company of a female other ago however persistent, than his wife. though no doubt illWilhelmina Hart Pelham, said wife, founded, rumors have appears to have confronted her spouse and linked her to a series made grave threats against him. Interest- of boom towns such as ingly her main reason for complaint seems Silver City, Tombstone to have been finding him playing roulette and even the notorirather than poker or faro. Upon inquiring ous Deadwood South about the hitherto renowned security at the Dakota. Attempts to gambling house we were informed that no obtain further informalasting injuries had been sustained. tion have been rebuffed Both parties were then conveyed (in in no uncertain terms. separate vehicles) to Police Headquarters Readers are however where it is understood Mr Pelham remains, welcome to speculate on his wife however emerged on Sunday such matters and indeed morning when she refused in categorical the future of Mr and terms to give a statement other than to Mrs A.J. Pelham. complement “Chief Bill” (Chief of Police

Mayor Retirement Party Finally Scheduled
The long-awaited grand community retirement party for Clayton Kungler, who retires after 23 years as mayor, has been scheduled for August 1 1901 states the Deadwood Chamber of Commerce. The time has been delayed to allow for former Deadwood residents from around the country to gather for the event. No election to replace him has been scheduled. Mr. Kungler as is well known came to Deadwood to find his fortune. After the great fire of 1879, Clayton Kungler rebuilt his Gem Saloon. The Miss Carrie Anne Dubrovna Kuhr Bogart purchased it in 1894. Mr. Kungler and wife September then moved to Gayville, where he concentrated on running the brewery he purchased with Diogenes Bogart in 1879 and still retained his duties as mayor in his former community. The brewery, known to export a fine lager beer, has been growing steadily ever since. The Kungler’s son Kenneth has taken the role of manager at the brewery. Daughter Rachel O’Hare Kungler married as did Jade Kungler. Kungler, now retired, is rumoured to have over 40 human heads and other anatomical portions stashed away somewhere in Deadwood. He continues to deny the rumor.

Longtime Editor Announces Retirement
Streeters to devote full time to parenting
The Deadwood Chamber of Commerce gave its longest standing ovation of record this week to the oldest publisher of a newspaper in the Black Hills, Mr. Neil Streeter, upon occasion of his retirement. Mr. Streeter has published the Deadwood Free Press for 23 years but will be turning over operations to his eldest son, Badger, while retaining an ownership interest. Mr. Streeter indicated he was settling his affairs in order to assist at home with his wife, the former Miss Addison Leigh, who doctors predict will soon deliver of triplets. Mr. Streeter said the family is delighted to have new additions who will join Badger, Rod, Jacob, Addison Jr., Marrant, Elizabeth, Salissa, Kristina and Lola. The couple is well known for their charitable and business activities. Mr. Streeter is often the first to say his history was not so glorious. There are a few in town who remember the horrible night when Mrs. Streeter, not seven hours after delivering their third daughter, took after Streeter with a shotgun when she learned he had named the daughter “Jeni.” Mr. Streeter later explained he had slurred his words, and had actually said, ‘Marrant.’ former Mayor Clay Kungler showed up the next day with his face colored a brilliant red. There were reports that an angel has visited him too, but Kungler insisted he had simply picked up a very bad sunburn upon a hike with his daughter. Whether God appeared to one man or several, the editor Streeter was clearly changed. “After that vision, I realized my role was to build this town in a serious vein and conduct journalism responsibly,” Streeter said. “God also told me to procreate and be serious about becoming a father. Addison was remarkably supportive.” The couple have been longtime pillars of the community. The former Miss Leigh was one of Deadwood’s first town attorneys and almost singlehandedly wrote the first draft of the city codes. Her husband was mayor in 1877 during a period of turbulence in the community. After his conversion, Mr. Streeter sponsored the First Church of Deadwood. He became at various times warden, vestryman and lay reader, and he and Mrs. Streeter account that they are probably godparents to perhaps 150 children who have been born during these first years of Deadwood.

It was shortly after this incident that Mr. Streeter was found wandering in the woods, babbling and much stricken. Mr. Streeter announced he had been visited by God in the form of a large angel with a brilliantly red face, and told by the Lord to, quote, “Get serious and stop the b___” While local ministers doubted such a visit might happen and condemned suggestions

the Lord might swear, Mr. Streeter says no liquor has passed his lips since that day 20 years ago. “I know what I saw, and I also know if God was going to swear at someone, it would be an editor.” There was much concern at the time that God was visiting Deadwood because of the longtime violence and troubles in the community, as about the same time


Deadwood Free Press Vol. 25 Issue 7

April 1, 1901

PollyBelle BrAVin Former Deadwood resident passes coMes to deAdwood
Editor’s note: W are indebted to the e Arizona Gazette for this account produced by a relative of a former citizen. The account, which first appeared in their paper, now appears here. Ezra awoke earlier than normal on this chilly day in May 1901. He stretched and looked over, a smile spread across his face as he watched his wife sleep. Slipping out of bed quietly, Ezra went into the kitchen of the small cabin that he shared with his wife Martha. He got a fire going in the cook stove and soon had a pot of coffee on to boil. When it was ready he poured a cup and sat down at the table. He groaned a little as he settled into the chair, his 63 years were beginning to tell on him. His joints were stiff and sore, and his sight was not what it once was. As he sipped the coffee, his thoughts turned to Deadwood. When he arrived in Deadwood, it was still a rough place to live. But, it had been a happy time for him. He had made many good friends, some of whom he still kept in touch with. There had been tragedies, like the time that Mayor Kungler’s whore Daisy and the killer BlackJack Landar were both shot down. Then a week later Sheriff Devon was murdered in his own home. Then the fire of ‘79. Ezra, along with some others had tried to fight the fire, but to no avail. As soon as the fire was out he was among some of the first to get into the ashes and start sifting it for any gold to be found. He had been lucky, finding enough and hiding it to get a fresh start. That’s exactly what

Touching Account by Relative Projects Man's Final Thoughts

Next month, controversial California actress, the newly famous Polly Belle Bravin, will travel to Deadwood for a series of musicales performed at various venues around town. Known for exploits on and off the stage, she may also be recalled by a few in town as the Daughter of the pioneer Methodist preacher and evangelist, the Reverend Baird Bravin. who resided herw many years ago as a widower. If rumors are to be believed from salacious news reports out of San Francisco last year, Miss Bravin eloped and then ran away from her first marriage at the tender age of 17. She is said to have left her only child in the care of another paramour and took up with a shoehorn salesman based out of Redlands.

After discovering her gift for theater, Miss Bravin left this man as well took to the road with a stage show, declaring herself a “new woman for the new century” while standing on the steps of the Brighton Theater in Denver Colo. The mother of Miss Bravin, a wealthy woman of well-known piety who asked her name not be used and who rejects all contact with cameras to guard against the sin of vanity, is said to be distraught and closeted with her husband and church matrons. The Grandparents have filed for custody of the abandoned child, a small boy named Balthazar. All of Deadwood will surely look forward to much excitement on and off the stage with the arrival of Miss Bravin.

he did. Moving to Tombstone, Arizona. It was there that he had met his Martha. She was a whore, but that didnt bother Ezra too much, seeing as how he was a half breed, no decent white woman would have anything to do with him when they found out about his parentage. His investments at Tombstone paid off well and though he was not what some would call rich, he was quite comfortable. Purchasing this cabin he lived in on the outskirts of town, he was happy. His thought of the years with Martha and the two girls and boy she had bore him. His smile got wider..... Martha sat up in the bed and smelt the coffee. “Ezra”, she called. When he didnt respond, she decided he must have gone out to the privy. As she tied her hair up in a bun, she walked into the kitchen. Tears began to roll down her cheeks as she saw Ezra at the table a faint smile on his face, his eyes staring into nothingness.......

Notorious Reputed Brothel Owner Jailed, Released
Reprinted from the Los Angeles Times The Los Angeles chief district attorney, Mr. Ram Vasser, has apologized to the owners of the Miss Ophelia School for Girls after Los Angeles police raided their school following the death of distinguished citizen Henry Muggins (see accompanying story). Mr. Blitzer Punjabhindustani and his wife, known throughout the community as ‘Miss Mollie,’ said they provide shelter and safety to wayward and tempted girls, and were shocked by the arrests. Police also rounded up the 14 of the couple’s 18 children old enough to be arrested. Los Angeles Police Sergeant Angus McTavish said there was evidence this was a house of ill repute. “We determined through the lengthiest possible investigation that people entered the school and were greeted by at least three girls who would then unbutton their tops and offer pleasure for compensation,” he stated. But Vasser said the Punjabhindustanis, longtime benefactors of libraries throughout California, are leading citizens who were simply misunderstood. “We have determined that many of the young women suffer from tuberculosis and would loosen clothing for health reasons,” the prosecutor stated. Community reaction was swift and divided. The Rev. Georgian Taylor of the Baptist Church of Los Angeles said this was another example of corruption and “underground influences that have clearly bought and sold our governor, mayor, and now clearly the prosecutor’s office.” Miss Mollie disagreed and in fact looked puzzled when told of these comments. “The Rev. Taylor? He liked handcuffs, he did, if he be the one I’m thinkin of. I’ll have to ask Blitzie,” she stated.