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ROAD SLOPE

To calculate a percent slope simply you apply the following formula:

If I cover one meter and I rise 30 cm the percentage of slope is 30%.

In
practice
how
to
do?
Just take a one meter shaft, a spirit level and a plumb line. Put the rule horizontally checking
with the level, and then write down how long is the plumb wire, this distance will be the
searched percentage.
Make attention don't confuse percentage and degrees. A 100% slope is a 45 slope... (try with the
just explained method!)
WARNING: Gradeability for vehicles is measured in percentage, and it differs from the slope in
degrees, for example, a 100% slope is a 45 degrees slope. The slope in percent and the slope in
degrees are DIFFERENT.

Table of correspondence between percentages slope and degrees slope.

Slope in percentages
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
50%
55%
up to 60%

Slope in degrees
2,86 degrees
5,71 degrees
8,53 degrees
11,31 degrees
14,04 degrees
16,70 degrees
19,29 degrees
21,80 degrees
24,23 degrees
26,57 degrees
28,81 degrees
up to 30,96 degrees

Vehicle type
all electric vehicles
all electric vehicles
all electric vehicles
Alke' electric vehicle
Alke' electric vehicle
Alke' electric vehicle
Alke' electric vehicle HT
Alke' electric vehicle HT
4wd XT electric vehicle
4wd XT electric vehicle
4wd XT electric vehicle
Off road 4x4 vehicles

Is maximum

slope the

only

important parameter?

No, we must also consider how long it's such an uphill climb to overcome a 10-15 meter such as a ramp to the
garage or in hospitals is very different from facing a climb of a hill.

Vehicles and slopes: very often our customer ask us what is the best vehicle that best fits depending on the terrain
and
climbs
to
be
tackled,
we
here
a
brief
summary:

slope - electric vehicles test - ALKE ATX 200E - waste collection vehicles

Parameters
Garage ramp
Slope of an embankment
Dunes slope
Hilly paths uphill 400mt.

Dirt up and down

Dirt track - up to 60% gradient


Off Road - up to 100% gradient

Description
All Alk ATX200E and ATX 100E electric vehicleshave
no problem, because they are optimized for that situation.
An electric vehicle is able to deal with departures from
standstill uphill smoothly
For sandy soils must have an electric vehicle or 100E
ATX ATX200E with trim and off road kit "Alk sand."
In this case it becomes necessary to have an electric
vehicle ATX 100E or ATX 200E with HP25 power kit,
and we must analyze the length and terrain characteristics.
For the dirt road you must have an electric vehicle ATX
ATX 100E or 200E with SUV attitude and you have to go
and analyze the slope of the most insidious that should not
be above 30% if it is between 30% and 40% becomes
need the kit HP25.
In this case you need the vehicles Alk Kubota Atx
100Dk or 200Dk.
In this case the best vehicles is Alk 4x4

Table: Recommendations to better tackle the slope with different road surfaces. Do not underestimate these
parameters.

Slope
Slope asphalt
Slope on dirt with holes
Ascent steps

Ascent steps with hairpin

Description
This slope is the easiest to address because the power required
is constant.
The presence of holes increases the slope so if you stop inside
a hole is required in the event missed departure to go back.
The steps increase the slope of the hill so if you are greater
than 7 cm. necessary to construct the tracks so that the slope is
constant.
The hairpin is the critical point of a climb as it is missing a run
and also it has the maximum slope, so it is here that we must
calculate the slope of the hill.