- Science Program RULES AND GUIDELINES

Table of Contents

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Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

II. Eligibility ........................................................................................................................................................................................................4 III. Nature and Content of Writing ............................................................................................................................................................... 5 IV. Format .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6 V. Finale ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 15 VI. Registration and Submission Guidelines ............................................................................................................................................ 16 VII. Judging ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 18 VIII. Judging Criteria ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 19 IX. Activities...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 21 X. Prizes .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 22 XI. Further Information ................................................................................................................................................................................ 23

 

I. OVERVIEW

Liga Medika 2010 Science Program is an event themed "Endocrinology and Metabolism" that holds a seminar, a literature review competition and a research paper competition. The competition focuses on writing, presenting and publicizing (in a form of a poster) the scientific paper.

I.1 Background
Metabolic and endocrine disorders, ranging broadly from mere malnutrition to diabetes mellitus, were actually ones of most debilitating disorders for humans. Unfortunately, they are often underestimated in current medical practice and research. Let us take example of coronary heart disease, the number one leading cause of death worldwide. It accounts for with 7.2 millions of deaths in 2004 alone. Despite the fact that it contributes to 12.2% of death cases, people often pay no heed to the true perpetrators which forge the disease: high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes mellitus, and many other metabolic disorders. Diabetes mellitus itself has become an epidemic nowadays. No less than 171 million people worldwide are afflicted, and the number is likely to more than double by 2030. Researchers in China, Canada, USA and several European countries have revealed that achievable lifestyle interventions are effective in preventing the onset of diabetes in people at high risk. Recognizing all facts above, medical students are relentlessly challenged to enhance knowledge and understanding in the field of endocrinology and metabolism, in order to keep up with the progression of the diseases and to prevent their life-threatening consequences. Liga Medika 2010 –Science Program- is an event tailored to improve our awareness and concern as medical students regarding the endocrine and metabolic disorders. Consisting of competitions and seminars, we are more than honored to give all medical students chances to lead our war against these cataclysmic, but preventable, diseases. 
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II. ELIGIBILITY

Entry is open to both local and international medical and dental students enrolled in the Diploma or Bachelor program. Participants may enter as individuals or teams. Members are limited to five people each team for research paper competition and three people each team for literature review competition. Each team can only submit one scientific paper for each competition (one for research paper competition and/or one for literature review competition). Participants should register their team before the due date (May 15th, 2010) by filling and submitting the registration form as well as attaching the participant(s)’s student identification card to www.ligamedika.co.nr. (more details about the registration at section VI. Registration and Submission Guidelines). There is no limit on the number of delegations per institution.

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III. NATURE AND CONTENT OF WRITING

Writing should not place emphasis on subjective matters nor contain writer’s personal sentiments. Writing should be supported by valid research data and references. All entries should be original works devoid of plagiarism. Each step of scientific writing, including data synthesis, analysis and discussion should be done systematically according to the scientific writing guidelines. The paper should have never been published or put in a competition before. .Every team should fill and sign the originality form and include it along with the writing materials submission (the form can be downloaded in www.ligamedika.co.nr).

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IV. FORMAT

IV.1 General Principles
These regulations hereinafter are legitimate for both literature review competition and research paper competition. The title and content must be relevant with the theme Writing is written in English. The use of inappropriate or uncommon abbreviations is prohibited The amount of pages from introduction to conclusion is at least 20 and at most 30.The writing format should comply to the following requirements: ¤ Using Times New Roman font, size 12, and black-colored ¤ Using 1,5 line spacing except for the abstract (single line spacing) ¤ Having a left margin of 4 cm, a top margin of 3 cm, a right margin of 3 cm, and a bottom margin of 3 cm. ¤ Having the page numbers placed on the bottom right corner ¤ Printed on a A4 sized paper ¤ Having the alignment justified Format for tables included should comply to the following requirements: ¤ They are titled and numbered consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text ¤ They do not have internal horizontal or vertical lines ¤ Each column is given a short or abbreviated heading ¤ Explanatory matter is placed in footnotes, not in the heading ¤ All nonstandard abbreviations are explained in footnotes ¤ Explanations regarding the table are written in a subtitle-like manner below the table ¤ Statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean is identified. ¤ The source of each published table is listed in the bibliography.
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Format for Illustration (figures) included should comply to the following requirements: ¤ They are titled and numbered consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text. If a figure has been published, acknowledge the original source. ¤ Letters, numbers, and symbols on figures is clear and even throughout. ¤ Photomicrograph should have internal scale markers ¤ If photographs of people are used, either the subjects must not be recognized or their picture must be accompanied by a written permission. ¤ The source of each published illustration is listed in the bibliography. Format for legends of illustrations (figures) included should comply to the following requirements: ¤ When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend ¤ Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in photomicrograph Format for abbreviations and symbols included should comply to the following requirements: ¤ Use only standard abbreviations. ¤ Avoid abbreviation in the title ¤ The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement. ¤ All symbols and non-standard abbreviations are explained in the List of Abbreviations and Symbols.

IV.2 Literature Review
Literature review discourses the latest published information in a particular subject area, which is beneficial for everyone to improve their health. It has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. It may give a new interpretation of old materials or combine new materials with old interpretations. It may also trace the intellectual progression of the field, including major debates. Most importantly, it evaluates the sources and advises the readers on the most pertinent references.

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Here is the general guideline for literature review writing applied in The Liga Medika Science Program 2010: Title Page ¤ Title is clear and concise ¤ Names of writer(s) and presenter(s) • Separate with commas • No full stops after initials ¤ The crest or symbol of the writer(s)’s institution ¤ Name and city of writer’s institution ¤ Year of writing Validation page Signed by the supervisor and vice dean on academic or student affairs. This page includes the statement that the writing was done by the author under the supervision of a supervisor and by the acknowledgement of the vice dean on academic or student affairs to represent the university. Table of Content Abstract and Keywords ¤ Abstract length should be less than 250 words ¤ Abstract comprises one paragraph ¤ Abstract reflects the content of the article accurately ¤ Use 3-6 keywords Introduction ¤ State the context or background of the literature review ¤ State the specific purposes or objectives of the writing ¤ The writing objectives may be stated as a question ¤ Both goals and objectives should be made clear ¤ Give only strictly pertinent references and do not include conclusions

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Body contains your data synthesis from sources, which are organized either chronologically or thematically or methodologically, and discussion, which is an analysis of primary studies results based on current medical principles. ¤ Participants may use tables, figures and illustration Conclusion. Discuss what you have drawn from reviewing the literature(s) so far and link it to your goals of the literature review, but avoid giving statements or conclusions not adequately supported by the data. Bibliography ¤ The references in the bibliography must be set out in Vancouver style guidelines (see Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. International Committee of Medical Journals Editors. Med Educ. 1999; 33(1): 66-78). Participants may get uniform

requirements for manuscript submitted to biomedical journals at:
http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/products/journals/freepdf/med339.pdf ¤ Adding references not used in work submitted is not allowed ¤ Avoid using abstracts as references ¤ Avoid citing a “personal communication” unless it provides essential information not available from a public source ¤ References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text ¤ Identify references in text, tables, and captions by Arabic numerals in superscript Appendix (if necessary) Curriculum Vitae ¤ Include personal data of the writer(s), listings of scientific writings made, achievements in science competitions, and scientific conferences attended

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IV.3 Research Paper
Research paper discourses a research report which has not been published or competed before. The Liga Medika Science Program 2010 research paper competition’s format adapts the uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals issued by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors in October 2007 with some adjustments. Title Page The title page should carry the following information: ¤ The title of the article. Concise titles are easier to read than long, convoluted ones. Titles that are too short may, however, lack important information, such as study design (which is particularly important in identifying randomized controlled trials) ¤ Author(s)’s and presenter(s)’s name(s) and institutional affiliation ¤ The crest or symbol of the author(s)’s institution ¤ Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these, if any ¤ Type with uppercase concisely Validation page This validation page consists of validation from the research supervisor and vice dean on academic or student affairs. This includes the statement that the research was done by the author under the supervision of a research supervisor and by the acknowledgement of the vice dean on academic or student affairs to represent the university. Table of Content Abstract and Keywords An abstract should follow the title page. The abstract should provide the context or background for the study and should state the study’s purposes, basic procedures (selection of study subjects or laboratory animals, observational and analytical methods), main findings (giving specific effect sizes and their statistical significance, if possible), and principal conclusions. It should emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observation. The font format is Times New Roman, black-colored, and size 10. The abstract should be no longer than 250 words. Write no more than 6 keywords.
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Introduction Provide context or background for the study (i.e., the nature of the problem and its significance). State the specific purpose or research objective of, or hypothesis tested by, the study or observation; the research objective is often more sharply focused when stated as a question. Both the main and secondary objectives should be made clear, and any pre-specified subgroup analyses should be described. Give only strictly pertinent references and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported. Methods The Methods section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was written; all information obtained during the conduct of the study belongs in the Results section. ¤ Description and Selection of Sample Describe your selection of the research sample (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly, including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. Because the relevance of such variables as age and sex to the sample/subjects of research is not always clear, authors should explain their use when they are included in a study report; for example, authors should explain why only subjects of certain ages were included or why women were excluded. The guiding principle should be clarity about how and why a study was done in a particular way. When authors use variables such as race or ethnicity, they should define how they measure the variables and justify their relevance. ¤ Technical information Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods (see below); provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration. Authors submitting review manuscripts should include
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a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract. ¤ Statistics Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as the use of P values, which fails to convey important information about effect size. References for the design of the study and statistical methods should be to standard works when possible (with pages stated). Define all statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Specify the computer software used. Results ¤ Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations; only emphasize or summarize important observations. Extra or supplementary materials and technical detail can be placed in an appendix. ¤ When data are summarized in the Results section, give numeric results not only as derivatives (for example, percentages) but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated, and specify the statistical methods used to analyze them. Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess its support. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid nontechnical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as “random” (which implies a randomizing device), “normal,” “significant,” “correlations,” and “sample.” ¤ Where scientifically appropriate, analyses of the data by variables such as age and sex should be included Discussion ¤ Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or the Results
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section. For experimental studies it is useful to begin the discussion by summarizing briefly the main findings, then explore possible mechanism or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice. ¤ Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. In particular, authors should avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless their manuscript includes the appropriate economic data and analyses. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but clearly label them as such. References ¤ General Considerations Related to References • Although references to review articles can be an efficient way of guiding readers to a body of literature, review articles do not always reflect original work accurately. Readers should therefore be provided with direct references to original research sources whenever possible. On the other hand, extensive lists of references to original work on a topic can use excessive space on the printed page. Small numbers of references to key original papers will often serve as well as more exhaustive lists, particularly since references can now be added to the electronic version of published papers, and since electronic literature searching allows readers to retrieve published literature efficiently. • Avoid using abstracts as references. References to papers accepted but not yet published should be designated as “in press” or “forthcoming”; authors should obtain written permission to cite such papers as well as verification that they have been accepted for publication. Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as “unpublished observations” with written permission from the source. • Avoid citing a text from “personal communication” unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text. For scientific articles, authors

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should obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication. ¤ Reference Style and Format • References must be set out in Vancouver style (see uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. International Committee of Medical Journals Editors. Med Educ. 1999; 33(1): 66-78). Participants may get uniform requirements for manuscript submitted to biomedical journals at: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/products/journals/freepdf/med339.pdf Appendix (if necessary) Curriculum Vitae Include personal data of the writer(s), listings of scientific writings made, achievements in science competitions, and scientific conferences attended.

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V. FINALE

The finale will be done on August 2nd, 2010 (for 6 finalists of literature review competition) and August 3rd, 2010 (for 6 finalists of research paper competition) at the Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia. The finalists present their paper in front of the audiences. Presentation must be conducted in English. Each presentation is allocated 15 minutes talking time and additional 10 minutes for a questions and answers session with the panel of juries. Every participant should come on time and dress in an appropriate manner. The order of the presentations is randomized. Finalist is allowed to use an LCD projector (provided by the committee) and Microsoft PowerPoint software for the presentation. During the presentation, finalists are allowed to use aiding equipments or gimmick. Every participant is expected to display good sportsmanship. Further rules will be sent to finalists’ email on August 1st 2010.

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VI. REGISTRATION AND SUBMISSION GUIDELINES

VI.1 Registration
Participants must register themselves before the due date at May 15th, 2010 by: Filling and submitting the registration form as well as attaching the participant(s)’s student identification card. The registration form is available at: Literature review competition: http://literaturereviewregistrationligamedika.co.nr. Research paper competition: http://researchpaperregistrationligamedika.co.nr. Paying the registration fee and sending the transfer receipt (scanned) via e-mail to litview.science@gmail.com (for literature review competition) or researchp.science@gmail.com (for research paper competition) not later than a week after the registration form has been submitted. The e-mail title should follow this format: [Name of contact person of the team]_[University & Faculty]. The registration fee for each team is: Literature review competition | IDR 150.000,- (before April 1st, 2010) | IDR 200.000,- (April 1st – May 15th, 2010) Research paper competition | IDR 350.000,- (before April 1st, 2010) | IDR 400.000,- (April 1st – May 15th, 2010) Registration fee is sent to: Name Bank Account No. Or Name Bank Account No. : Azzahrazade : BCA : 3422914401
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: Azzahrazade : BNI : 0159205214

Please write “Liga Medika 2010 –Science Program- at the receipt

 

Please write “Liga Medika 2010 –Science Program-“ at the receipt

VI.2 Submission
Submissions in the form of research papers or literature reviews are valid only if: the participant has submit the registration form before the due date it is written in English submissions are provided in 4 (four) copies the soft copy format of the paper and the presentation are enclosed the submissions arrive at the address of submission, indicated below, before the deadline (15th June 2010). The writing is submitted via post and fulfills the following requirements: encloses 4 (four) hard copies of the papers, properly bound, as well as soft copy of the paper in CD format, and the form of originality. You can download the form of originality here. these should be sent in a sealed envelope/package addressed to the “Liga Medika 2010 -Science Program-” on the upper left corner with the participant(s)’s and university name and address on the back sent to: Senat Mahasiswa Ikatan Keluarga Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia Jalan Salemba 6, Jakarta Pusat, 10430, Indonesia

The deadline (the date of materials arrival to the address indicated above) for literature review and research paper competition is June 15th, 2010. The committee has the right to publish the winners’ papers with the writers’ names.

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VII. JUDGING

Judging is done by 3 (three) expert judges. During the judging, correspondence is prohibited. Therefore, the decision of the jury panel is binding , final, and not negotiable. All submitted papers will be selected beforehand to decide 6 (six) finalists for each competition. The finalists will be announced on July 16th, 2010 at http://www.ligamedika.co.nr and will receive individual emails containing further information on the competition. The finale will be held at August 2nd, 2010 (for literature review competition) and on August 3rd, 2010 (for research paper competition) in Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia (Jalan Salemba 6, Jakarta Pusat, Indonesia).
 

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VIII. JUDGING CRITERIA

Judging is based on point system. These are the criteria: Paper (60% for the finale stage) Originality and creativity of the idea ....................................................................................................................5% Beneficiality for government and society............................................................................................................5% Relevance between data (and information) and the discussion .................................................................. 10% Synthesis and analysis of the problem ............................................................................................................. 40% Ability to conclude and give appropriate recommendation ......................................................................... 20% Writing accuracy and grammar ........................................................................................................................... 10% Format and compliance to the writing guideline ............................................................................................. 10% 100% Presentation (40% for the finale stage) Ability to communicate important concepts and to convince audiences ................................................. 45% Presentation techniques (voice, proper language, enthusiasm, etc) ......................................................... 10% Performance (nonverbal language, eye contact, proper clothing, etc)..................................................... 10% The validity and accuracy of the answers ........................................................................................................ 20% Effort to maintain the argumentation ................................................................................................................. 10% Time control ................................................................................................................................................................5% 100% Penalty will be given toward error in facts and analysis (as minus points).

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Overall judging will be given as indicated below: Score form each jury for every team will be summed up from the score of writing (plus the score of presentation for the finalists). If the submission arrives late, the paper score will be reduced by 4 points for each day of delay. All participants will be ranked based on the sum of score achieved.

Disqualifications
All writings which are proven to have a sense of plagiarism will be disqualified immediately. If the winner is proven to have done plagiarism by 28 days after the announcement, the victory will be cancelled and the awards (money, trophy, and certificate) will be withdrawn and given to the onerank-below. Participants will be disqualified if proven to have made deceptions or have defied the rules of this competition.  
 

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IX. ACTIVITIES

Participants will have an opportunity to join our special seminars (for free) and participate in other Liga Medika Programs. Presentation will be done on August 2nd, 2010 (for 6 finalists of literature review competition) and on August 3rd, 2010 (for 6 finalists of research paper competition). Along with the other Liga Medika participants, Liga Medika Science Program participants will also get the chance to take part in our welcoming party, and music concert (for further information, see Liga Medika Programs Timetable)

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X. PRIZES

Winners of the literature review competition will get: 1st winner : IDR 3.000.000,- + certificate 2nd winner : IDR 2.000.000,- + certificate 3rd winner : IDR 1.000.000,- + certificate Winners of the research paper competition will get: 1st winner : IDR 6.000.000,- + certificate 2nd winner : IDR 4.000.000,- + certificate 3rd winner : IDR 2.000.000,- + certificate

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XI. FURTHER INFORMATION

Secretariat: Senat Mahasiswa Ikatan Keluarga Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia Jalan Salemba 6, Jakarta Pusat, 10430, Indonesia Further information regarding the competition can be seen at the website

http://www.ligamedika.co.nr If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us at: +62 888 200 7790 or +62 81909554379 (Devi Felicia) +62 813 567 26119 (Kevin Kurnia) or send your questions via email to either litview.science@gmail.com (regarding literature review competition) or researchp.science@gmail.com (regarding research paper competition)

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