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Wind power in India
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search The development of wind power in India began in the 1990s, and has significantly increased in the last few years. The "Indian Wind Turbine Manufacturers Association (IWTMA)" has played a leading role in promoting wind energy in India. Although a relative newcomer to the wind industry compared with Denmark or the US, a combination of domestic policy support for wind power and the rise of Suzlon (a leading global wind turbine manufacturer) have led India to become the country with the fifth largest installed wind power capacity in the world.[1] As of 31, October 2009 the installed capacity of wind power in India was 10,925 MW, mainly spread across Tamil Nadu (4301.63 MW), Maharashtra (1942.25 MW), Gujarat (1565.61 MW), Karnataka (1340.23 MW), Rajasthan (738.5 MW), Madhya Pradesh (212.8 MW), Andhra Pradesh (122.45 MW), Kerala (26.5 MW), West Bengal (1.1 MW) and other states (3.20 MW) [2] It is estimated that 6,000 MW of additional wind power capacity will be installed in India by 2012.[3] Wind power accounts for 6% of India's total installed power capacity, and it generates 1.6% of the country's power.[4]

Contents
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1 Overview 2 State-level wind power o 2.1 Tamil Nadu (4301.63 MW) o 2.2 Maharashtra (1942.25 MW) o 2.3 Gujarat (1565.61 MW) o 2.4 Karnataka (1340.23 MW) o 2.5 Rajasthan (738.5 MW) o 2.6 Madhya Pradesh (212.8 MW) o 2.7 Kerala (26.5 MW) o 2.8 West Bengal (1.10 MW) o 2.9 Others (3.20 MW) 3 Barriers 4 Utilization 5 Future 6 See also

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7 External Links 8 References 9 External links

[edit] Overview

India is the world's fifth largest wind power producer, with an annual power production of 8,896 MW.[5] Shown here is a wind farm in Kayathar, Tamil Nadu. The worldwide installed capacity of wind power reached 157,899 MW by the end of 2009. USA (35,159 MW), Germany (25,777 MW), Spain (19,149 MW) and China (25,104 MW) are ahead of India in fifth position.[6] The short gestation periods for installing wind turbines, and the increasing reliability and performance of wind energy machines has made wind power a favored choice for capacity addition in India.[7] Suzlon, an Indian-owned company, emerged on the global scene in the past decade, and by 2006 had captured almost 8 percent of market share in global wind turbine sales. Suzlon is currently the leading manufacturer of wind turbines for the Indian market, holding some 52.4 percent of market share in India. Suzlon¶s success has made India the developing country leader in advanced wind turbine technology.[8]

[edit] State-level wind power
There are growing wind energy installations in a number of states across India.

[edit] Tamil Nadu (4301.63 MW)

India is keen to decrease its reliance on fossil fuels to meet its energy demand. Shown here is a wind farm in Muppandal, Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu is the state with most wind generating capacity: 4301.63 MW at the end of March 2009.[2] Not far from Aralvaimozhi, the Muppandal wind farm which the largest in Asia is located near the once impoverished village of Muppandal, supplying the villagers with electricity for work.[9][10] The village had been selected as the showcase for India's $2 billion clean energy program which provides foreign companies with tax breaks for establishing fields of wind turbines in the area. In february 2009, Shriram EPC bagged INR 700 million contract for setting up of 60 units of 250 KW (totaling 15 MW) wind turbines in Tirunelveli district by Cape Energy.[11] Enercon is also playing a major role in development of wind energy in India.

[edit] Maharashtra (1942.25 MW)
Maharashtra is second only to Tamil Nadu in terms of generating capacity. Suzlon has been heavily involved.[7] Suzlon operates what was once Asia's largest wind farm, the Vankusawade Wind Park (201 MW), near the Koyna reservoir in Satara district of Maharashtra.[12]

[edit] Gujarat (1565.61 MW)
Samana in Rajkot district is set to host energy companies like China Light Power (CLP) and Tata Power have pledged to invest up to Rs.8.15 billion ($189.5 million) in different projects in the area. CLP, through its India subsidiary CLP India, is investing close to Rs.5 billion for installing 126 wind turbines in Samana that will generate 100.8 MW power. Tata Power has installed wind turbines in the same area for generating 50 MW power at a cost of Rs.3.15 billion. Both projects are expected to become operational by early next year, according to government sources. The Gujarat government, which is banking heavily on wind power, has identified Samana as an ideal location for installation of 450 turbines that can generate a total of 360 MW. To encourage investment in wind energy development in the state, the government has introduced a raft of incentives including a higher wind energy tariff. Samana has a high tension transmission grid and electricity generated by wind turbines can be fed into it. For this purpose, a substation at Sadodar has been installed. Both projects are being executed by Enercon Ltd, a joint venture between Enercon of Germany and Mumbai-based Mehra group.[13] ONGC Ltd has commissioned its first wind power project. The 51 MW project is located at Motisindholi in Kutch district of Gujarat. ONGC had placed the EPC order on Suzlon Energy in

January 2008, for setting up the wind farm comprising 34 turbines of 1.5-mw each. Work on the project had begun in February 2008, and it is learnt that the first three turbines had begun production within 43 days of starting construction work. Power from this Rs 308 crore captive wind farm will be wheeled to the Gujarat state grid for onward use by ONGC at its Ankleshwar, Ahmedabad, Mehsana and Vadodara centres. ONGC has targeted to develop a captive wind power capacity of around 200 MW in the next two years.[14]

[edit] Karnataka (1340.23 MW)
There are many small wind farms in Karnataka, making it one of the states in India which has a high number of wind mill farms. Chitradurga, Gadag are some of the districts where there are a large number of Windmills. Chitradurga alone has over 200 wind turbines.[citation needed]

[edit] Rajasthan (738.5 MW)
[clarification needed][citation needed]

[edit] Madhya Pradesh (212.8 MW)
Present Rs.3.97p/kwh coming down to Rs 3.30 from the 5th year to 20th year.[citation needed] In consideration of unique concept, Govt. of Madhya Pradesh has sanctioned another 15 MW project to MPWL at Nagda Hills near Dewas. All the 25 WEGs have been commissioned on 31.03.2008 and under successful operation. (http://www.windpowerindia.com/generation.htm).

[edit] Kerala (26.5 MW)
The first wind farm of the state was set up at Kanjikode in Palakkad district. It has a generating capacity of 23.00 MW.[citation needed] A new wind farm project was launched with private participation at Ramakkalmedu in Idukki district. The project, which was inaugurated by chief minister V. S. Achuthanandan in April 2008, aims at generating 10.5 MW of electricity.[citation
needed]

[edit] West Bengal (1.10 MW)
The total installation in West Bengal is just 1.10 MW as there was only 0.5 MW addition in 2006-2007 and none between 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 (till Nov 2008)[citation needed]

[edit] Others (3.20 MW)
3.20 MW is installed in other states.[citation needed]

[edit] Barriers

Initial cost for wind turbines is greater than that of conventional fossil fuel generators. Noise produced by the rotor blades. There is interference on television signals.It causes significant bird and other avian deaths. Wind resources might not be available near cities and, even so, the space might be used for other purposes that can generate larger profits. Wind cannot be stored (unless batteries are used) Not all winds can be harnessed to meet the timing of electricity demands.
[citation needed]

[edit] Utilization
Despite the high installed capacity, the actual utilization of wind power in India is low because policy incentives are geared towards installation rather than operation of the plants. This is why only 1.6% of actual power production in India comes from wind although the installed capacity is 6%. The government is considering the addition of incentives for ongoing operation of installed wind power plants.[4]

[edit] Future
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has fixed a target of 10,500 MW between 2007-12, but an additional generation capacity of only about 6,000 MW might be available for commercial use by 2012.[3]

[edit] See also
India portal

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Energy policy of India Solar power in India List of large wind farms

[edit] External Links
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Official website of Indian Wind Turbine Manufacturers' Association IWTMA Official website of Pioneer Wind Turbine Manufacturer in India

[edit] References
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. ^ "World Wind Energy Report 2008". Report. "World Wind Energy Report 2008" ^ a b http://www.indianwindpower.com/installed_wind_capacity.php ^ a b India to add 6,000 mw wind power by 2012; but below target ^ a b http://www.peopleandplanet.net/doc.php?id=3357 ^ http://www.business-standard.com/india/storypage.php?tp=on&autono=44562 ^ Global Wind 2008 Report

7. ^ a b Suzlon partners with Maharashtra in record year for wind power 8. ^ Lewis, Joanna I. (2007). A Comparison of Wind Power Industry Development Strategies in Spain, India and China 9. ^ "Tapping the Wind - India". February 2005. http://www.tve.org/ho/doc.cfm?aid=1678&lang=English. Retrieved 2006-10-28. 10. ^ Watts, Himangshu (November 11 2003). "Clean Energy Brings Windfall to Indian Village". Reuters News Service. http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/22758/story.htm. Retrieved 200610-28. 11. ^ http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/News/News-By-Industry/Energy/Power/ShriramEPC-bags-70-cr-contract/articleshow/4199499.cms 12. ^ [1] 13. ^ Gujarat's Samana set to become wind power hub 14. ^ ONGC starts maiden wind farm project

[edit] External links
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How winds of change could be an alternative to coal Energy-hungry India eyes role as "wind superpower" State government incentives for private sector wind power projects India specific forum on Clean Technologies India specific site on new wind power projects and news India Wind Energy [show]

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