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Study Guide for Exam 2, Psy 3711

Lectures
• Lecture notes (powerpoint outlines, your own notes) should be the focus of your studying.
Start here and know that any of this material could appear on the exam.
• Under ‘lectures’ I have only highlighted below those topics and empirical studies that you
should review that are not covered in the text in some fashion (or are especially important
to review). However, any of the material from lecture may appear on the exam.
Text
• Textbook material is considered supplemental to the topics I present in class; where there
is overlap between class and the book, this should direct your study.
• As you are aware, the text is more extensive in its coverage and therefore I have outlined
below those topics I think are most important to cover in preparation for the exam.
• I’ve also omitted some textbook topics you do NOT need to review for the exam. Please
note that these are still important topics that you should know by the end of this course;
however, I will not test you on them.

The Motivation to Work (Chapter 9)

Text:

• Motivation and performance


• Motivation and attitudes
• Motivation and personality
• Reinforcement theory You should know the
• Vroom’s VIE theory material covered under the
• Equity theory text headings in this study
• Goal-setting theory guide
• Self-regulation theory
• Self-efficacy and motivation
• Common themes in modern approaches
• Job enrichment

Lectures 14 & 15:

• Three facets of motivation


• Stajkovic and Luthans (1997) meta-analysis
• Job Characteristics Model
• Growth need strength
• Lumberjack study and goal-setting
• Latham, Erez, and Locke (1988) study

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Attitudes, Emotions, & Work (Chapter 10)

Text:

• Job satisfaction and the Hawthorne effect (The Early Period of JS Research)
• Antecedents and consequences of job satisfaction
• Measurement of job satisfaction
• Dispositions and affectivity
• Genetics and job satisfaction
• Core self evaluations
• Forms of commitment and associated individual difference variables
• Withdrawal behaviors
• Note: Module 10.3 was not assigned

Lecture 18:

• Outcomes predicted by job satisfaction


• Is a happy worker a productive worker?
• Models of the relation between JS and JP
• In predicting overall job satisfaction, which facets matter? (and general application of JDI
survey results)
• Person vs. situation (Staw and Ross, 1985, Arvey et al., 1994)
• Individual & environmental antecedents of job satisfaction
• Calculation of percentage shared variance between two variables (and interpretation)

Fairness and Diversity in the workplace (Chapter 11)

Text:

• The concept of justice


• Distributive justice
• Procedural justice
• Interactional justice
• Application of justice principles to personnel selection
• Note: Module 11.3 was not assigned

Lecture 16:

• Applications of organizational justice


• Colquitt et al. (2001) meta-analysis
• Greenberg justice studies (lab and field)

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Leadership (Chapter 12)

Text:

• Leader emergence vs. leader effectiveness


• Attempted, successful, and effective leadership
• Leader vs. leadership development
• Theories of leadership:
o Trait approach
o Power approach
o Behavioral approach: Ohio State & Michigan Studies
o Contingency approach: Hersey & Blanchard & House’s Path-Goal Theory
o LMX
o Transformational leadership
o Charismatic leaders
• Male & female leaders: Are the different?
• Personality and leadership
• Cross-Cultural studies of leadership: GLOBE project

Lectures 20 & 21:

• Defining leadership
• Situational/contingency approach
• Big Five personality traits and leadership
• Leadership as a process
• Influence tactics
• Substitutes for leadership – substitutes & neutralizers
• Does leadership matter: Boeing study study

Teams in Organizations (Chapter 13)

Text:

• Be familiar with types of teams, although you will not need to know too many details
• Team inputs
• Team processes
• Team roles
• Team Appraisal and Feedback
• Team Roles
• Team development

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Lecture 19:

• Effects of group diversity (including 2006 meta-analysis)


• Interpretation of Himalaya activity results
• Process losses
• Groupthink
• Gigone & Hastie (1993) study
• How to increase group cohesiveness

Stress and Workplace Health (Chapter 15)

Text:

• Studying workplace stress


• What is a stressor?
• Common stressors at work
• Consequences of stress
• Deman-control model
• Person-Environment fit model
• Individual differences in resistance to stress
• Primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention strategies

Lecture 17:

• What is stress?
• A model of stress
• Perceptions and cognitions related to stress
• Consequences of stress
• Individual & situational moderators
• Studies using the demand-control model (job characteristics and symptoms)
• Hoobler & Brass (2006) study
• Stress interventions