The Crown

Res paudell t

NQ ,Iurisdictioll


do sn('ar HII Oath

Any legislatinu eufurced h~ atl org.uli1:ciJ Stale ~n,d :.-ml ,hul~l' / Court ofsurh Ii St:~kllmL eururccs such rules of cnnduct, whether 11:1!St ot' present, c()m~ti1ut(' ..

some khul, of legislation.

When n Jud'ge I Court makes 1i ruling on :I situauun that has out lH!CIl determined before.Ije I S~(' I H, ~s in excess of His/lkr/lts' f::;Clldty ami therefore has [10 jurisdiction to Ilf·~SUUU.· to invem or ~Ippl~.' t~lllIy case a 1"111(' of cunducr which hus never been applied before.




In so doing. the .Judge I Cmu·t lUIs legisl:JloCtl " v ilIum! a ;;:1 (llhilt' and wirh~HI!~ the ben efit (I r ha IlU U deba ee HlH) d icussi Oil

(THumga ~.

'I'he .. tudge 'Court does ~u,1 h~l\ e the PO"\,CI' {u {'gi late. tll,is ca 11 unly b~' dOl C through a Maori GUH'rnltlg Body.

The .JlIdj,~,. Court an: bound by .:vlullidlhll Lms ami e:mont make ~I judgement 011 :\lallri Custoars, Law - ~U:id Usages, These arc 1H'f)rcrtcd under Crl))\.'11

P 110 tecte I'U tcs.

I therefore chnllenge Ibe jurisdiction of the ,Iud::;!;l's f Co II rts and this: shRII IJt'" defined as follows:

I M~lOri Customary Law is ba.'i('lf lin the dcnU;l1ts (If (lie universe between heaven and earth. It is guardianship over all tbilllgs, The nll:ll(;lpapn relative (() M:wri goes somewhat liI,l,tlti'):

fu Malua KOl'e - Ke 1'·bmgit:IUt', 11, 1{3 moe it\! i a l)a,ll~l.lImHllw·- <I, k,l puta 1l1:1i a Tang:-u"Qa ( Cod of the sn ) H Te Rn (God of the su n], a Tc Po ( God of 11 e nark} a Tnwhtrlmatea ( God of (he wind '.11 Tune .\Tahuin ("(-:;n~1 of the Forest). <1, kl} 1I1()(~ ia i a Jlint'_'lhutJ"~'ollc, a. ka puta mal a Iline titama, a, ka pura mai hold, Ku UIJ, tc Kaikorero ( b(,fC I am. the speaker, Kaitiaki, tangata whenua (owllcT/guardian.) of the land, All tho:

elements make UI) who I am as guardlan, I urn Knitiaki, by my wif>d.om and matauranga, knowledge,

c 2-


M 1 knowledge of the waka ~lI til> Native Distri L~ that i~ spoken of are undl:1

a Protectorate Lesislation The Native Districts Rcuulations Act 1858. fi~ , .. .fa t._. i un<..

- ' , .... hl~


• And .. ve are in ace rdance with the ueens, whrch she ha: p r mto place as 3 protectorate, Wbi h i the '.!atl

C' District Rf'gul<>liolY~ AN 185K f\ protectorate of our Native Drstrict over lands .. vhich IS tule. il'lgui shed of our Naj i e Title, these are OUf waka districts.

• The Native Districts R gulauons Act 1858 (LI"IV S 11'01n the Cust mary L. 1.

of Occupation of'Te Waka, The Waka District' occupatton

• Waka occupation are those pokcn of and brought here 0) Kupc, The name f his Wah was Te Mamari, which came from Hokianga Harb nr and nut and arounrl. down the We. (Coast of Aotearoa and around the Island of Aotearoa, up the West Coast and back into l10kianga Harbour where he departed from Ilokianga at Opononi and then home to Hawaiiki nom Opononi.

• The evidence of this l \ ithin hrs footprints in [he: sand dunes Eight waka were brought over by hi" mokopuna, Nuku Tav .... ·hiti to Hokianga Harbour Along with him carne eVCI] other waka. Their names are known here teday, sull (11 the. orth Island, They arc

• Tainui, TcArawa, Tokomuru, Mataatua, Ku 'ahaupo, Horouta. ~ itl11111

• Each of those areas arc Native Districts. They still exist today and these native Districts have been and still nrc

( although, not recognised admissible law in New Zealand ) recognised by the British Crown of'rhe U.K under the Native District Resulauons Act 1858 within those districts today Ii sour 0

71 laws. Those laws ar known and put into

place 011 1 Mara and at ' derived fr m the Dec laranon fInd pcndcnce 011

28th ctober I lB5 d "raring this 'alion or Slate and D minion under the Maori


• The uniting in Article 1 is now depicted in the j lunicipal Law or S atutc law In New Zealand todav under Te Ture Wh nua Maori AcI199'\ Where r a ri arc still ind pendent b ' way Or')10W known Maori [llcorpOmf~al(1" "I I J I

• Article 2 depicts our Sovereignty, whi .h is the soil of this land of Aotearoa > t....o,l'd

and to the way in which if is I be governed ilTJ(T;ho it is 10 b' governeo by "'/,,, ,

and who all oiots a xover ment. (II is we, tangata whenua who have that prerogative and no one else ),

rude 3 depict the v a)' in which and who mak s the laws and r gulates the laws in this mighty nation, and w do tha 011 the z, III of October l. 835 each year from 18~ 5 to todav until the 6th of February each year. .e.",I1"",d· .. ~ c: ..j4,' frc.......J./!L •

Up uuril the 10th of March each year is where our government makes laws,

nationally r-. '" I ..... -,f /' 1-:-'/l~r.:.,IL ~ VI

,r.' ~ r: 1

, e I '(c c.~ i'rl to I ~ ,

• I 0\1', I\rti 'I~ ,1 of that Dcclaranon. is the a 'i-1H)wleLi!;;;nl..:111 of III ' Hntl~h Crown or our Ilar of lndep 'lllh..'Ih.: . witl: til ' Il~ liollal rbf r..:..:~i,ing the 21 !;'Ut1 <;J lute from T1 ~ l\ lligator is acknol

kd!.':l~ hv HI c; f\b_Wqy Kin); \-1/111 iam I V _ and in retu rn our 'J' upu na who signed I he Ike J a ra I II III pn 'm I sed lc I 1001, a ItCI and care for 1 hose of Kin~ Wlllla1l15 SUbJ-:t:lS who iluu 1<..!.'iOrIeJ [0 (he",!: :<I 11\ il "::;5 Ior the purpll~c l,1" rrad ~ and we: 11:l
,: ullowed It and we sull honour It

• 1 oday, we "iIt' I 11' to Him ~I:; 0 tr Pill cnt ni" ~HH' lnfam Sldl! and \ "llilin 11lL" legal realms, om Tupuna were h1(_)killg l\l

v;ud. a Trustee. more or I -xs a

Protector of Ol r Infant State, 7(4) r,s,,'r. ~A.-;--t

• Follnwing tllll~ Declaration lld'l,~ d j<;:pafdwd and rc,'('ivnl b)' 1h~' culml ia I olfiee, Lord Glellell{ gave instructions Lv Majur Gell(~r;,J1 Burke aud in Hj,~ ~'la.iesl)'S' name Tiley did Iwl f~lit to aruil fh,c ('hi~'h protection as I"(;,lluired. This WH:l Oue Suw{lill{j Order: Tlre other Srmuiitlg Order was h,1" 1 Lord ,Nt1rma"I~~'. ;:tvillfj instruetions It) U Governor Hobson (~fflr(! imefl! (~l (he Brilish Crown that the matters bdlimf the l'rel1(p 4 Hllifuugi Wl!llIlt No Land to be sold. Governor Ilobson It'llS to pwclaim heFu-o! Ids British subjects. il PF(}c/cwUltiml (fun. the CroWll will not honour {my Htfe 10 land thu! WI'S not derir'(!lllhmllgli tne Crown by way of Crown Gran«

TJlls fJr()clllll1utioJl }jim' murie flU blic 011 r he 291/1 (~f JaIUUI!)' J S4 0 I~,. U GIJI'<?nwr Ifol;son. In those Jusmlt'fiml,###BOT_TEXT###quot; Wilt SitU/ding Ort!{!,..., the

SIJ1·t.m:;gllfy to the Soiln'm./o be Uluin{rlill('d. {f.-I;;' NCf-~~..)'

.. This DOW" cerresponcs v ish, '1'(' Tun: Mauri ;\ -t und 'r 1111;' retention of Maori land if] the hands of iss tn, ners, its 1h11HI. its \Vbllllan ~U1d [lid!' descendants under .·ART XIII arul Ihe use, de###BOT_TEXT###quot;eti~I)(Ill'nt a,nll cHlllruf or the l\bo.-i land unde r section 2 tlf't" Ture \Vh(,rtIU1 Act199J •


.. Tin' relevance of section 2 of Te Tu re When 1I1I \fam·i ,\d 11.)1)3, is that I he laws made and that the defence acre, i~ aimine, to defellfllhcms

lvl'.s 011

til ES. Ad \!~ thi II ~ he .1 m:1F i hlco qHl nt tim I s:.J

• There is <I, ~1J'oce~!i, of hlw rn:lki:nl-: in ~,"'hidl J\hmri I RlCOrpOnll imlll do han' Jurisdiction to constitute their (nUl lI1t'dr:III[Sms .. , ithiu the law which is

nmndtlhJI'~' nnd stututurv arrd which j.~ Hlso depicted in the Imperial Luw$ I 'I

MfC4' ........

'0-1~pli'-'"lltion Act J 988 under sections 5 ami (I where the Co01l1l0n Laws (If ~

the United l'-!IIgdom forms part of the La-ws f Xew l.ealan<l~J


• Section 6 depicts ~uPltorting 11('l!isl:al'iull. One Ill' lilUSt, Common I.a~"

de , ines noted where the 1'C'laliOlI tn I\laol'i Customarv Law wall referred toil Y I rd Phi IIIW re irlI9~) I , re lercu ce N Z P'(: (: I, nut ~ I' h i larorc, sta t{'.~ . that: :' Mmni :u:\l~m.ar-" La,.Y (,I1,in)'e~1 legal f('COgU .i~(,.l! status in ,EU!'OIl(,;U1~

colnuial cnurt in NZ III Ihc ahsencc ul :HI~' stature !itahng otherwise' . "

- ~ '~

• That case was Heneti Rirerire Arani vs ehe Pubhc Trustee 1961. The other W:IS Lord Watson in a case of Nihara Tamaki vs Bnli(~r where his Laird hip referred! to aumereu Statutes and tilE' Common Law and the Maori ell tourary 'isllJ];e,+ wbi:ch i either known to L!lw~'{,J-S I.W discoverable by them byevidence,

• He was ~mwirJiug to accept that the i: sue of Crown (;ranf amounted to- the

xtinguishraent of the native Title, and 111<11 the C~"()wn I; eked unreviewable power in rd;ltion to the l\}ltti'l-'(' Tiitle.

• The other was a case beard by Lord :\Ilcl'lllughton in Willis and the AUoroe_ Generat and tbe bishop ofWeUiugtoll and the agreement with the tribe tor laud to build ll. cbool.

• Lord McNaughton on hearlag such a ease said it W~lS !tot rill' thcc(II;Jrt to deeermt lie what was agreed a breach of trust, tha I the court was no tan instrument of executive power", it was in this case for the Court of Appeal to determine what was a breach of trust. This now exists under Te Ture ,"Vb mua Maori Act under section 3 under :

Eaori customary values and practises.

• All of this land within Aotearoa is tilli\bm'j Customary land deemed Crown land for certain purposes.

• Under seetion 144 I)fTe Ture Whel1ua JVlaori Act, it should be ft[so noted that the Act is a protective legistation for Manri and a subjcct to be adopted by Maori, and under ~l44 of that Act, ties (he l.aOilr Act J 94,8

v hich bas been and is repealed since 1995 at Wail3ngi hy a national hui held on (he 28,th of October 1994 and concluded, an debates concluded 0111 6th February 1995, where the 1948 land Ad Imd been Jrcpe3l1ed by the .Maori Nation and Sovereigns ofl~ights or Aetearos.

• Section 268 subsection 3 of section 17 of Te Titre Wheou3 Maori Amendment Act 1994 reads; " A !'t'laori Incorporation made by special l'esoDutioJI of thie owners 01" the sbarcholders alter. add to or replace its ennstitutiorr in accordance 1 -ith any Ilfovision of this Al't, mCaining Tc Ture WbeoUl-J Maori Act 1993 or any regulations made under this Act, made by the Governor in Council, as much as to say that laoridom may add to alter or completely replace the Act or the regulations, IU for that mutter under section25D or section 253. Under that section 253 states: "subject to this Act and any other enactment ( Le tile Animal \Vel fa re Act, Crimes Acll961; Summary Proceedings Ad 1957 Crimil1al.1I;i!)tit;e Aet 19850[" lhe General Law or Parllaureat and Maori Ineorporatlon) h~ls both within and outside N ew Zcal:lO(1 subject to its' constiurtiou, full capacity, and discharged its" obligations of Ule Trust to enter into nny transaction, business transaction 1011" tile lin rposes ~r that IHIragral1h A of that section. flJll Rjghts., powers and Privileges,

And under tbat section the !\l~lOd Incorporations have constituted ,fleir {J'WD, eourts and tribunals, which are cOIning to I.heir 'final reading this week at 'VaitalJj·~i.


We Dote Ol.a.t ,,349 ofTe Ture Whenllt-l i:\I.bori Act refers to the Declaratory J-IJd:g(~ment Act 1908. and under section 1201' the Declaratory JudgcmCiltts Act ]908 it reads:

,.- Suhjer:~ to ally decision. of tile Privy COfln~el; flte COl"( aIAppeal shall serve as a precedent in ull Courts in New ZeallInd, and therefore there are three

decisions Ol~ customary tew ills ide (Inti olilside of New Zealaml, under the

common llTIY of tbe [lJliled. Kingdon.I"

~onstituti(mal Act (U.K)

• Ofthe nurnernus statutes by Lord Hubsun under the Royal Charter of Westmiaster States:

" lit cases arising beh'Pet!n th« ntatve inlwbitlmls of th« same problem alone, tile courts and llfagistmles sfl{lllllpltultl J'flaQli Customary usages, laws anti customs aforesaid",

• NQ'" under section 10 of the New Zea hl,Iillll Constitution Act 1846· it reflects Article Two ofTe Tiriti 0 W~lit'lingi. 10 the {;overnots of Maori, which S~ll!tcs the provisions of Maori laws andusages.Jt also depicts self government of Maori under A rtiele Two of Te Tirits being maintained under districts to be set apart in which tbose Jaws, customs and usages have to be maiurained, that 1\Iaori· and that Her IVlajesty may have Legislated under Bel' Seal, subject to any law of England and enfnrceable into law or any laws lmd usage in New Zealand.

• The same Sec:tim:IIO ofthe New Zealnnd Constitution Ad 1846 was. transferred later ill 1852 wlilell tile government ofNe' SOlllthWa!cs residing in New Zealand, obtained toJ' themselves a warrant from Her Majesty the Queen for the Go

(mtmcnt of themselves.

• SecHIlD 71 oftlte New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 is merely a censinuant oftlte New Zealand C>onstitutionAct 1846 and Article T1

0 of Te TiFiti {) Waitangi and the cuntinued Declaration ()f Indepeudenee, wt.idl is now continued under Te Turc \Vhenua Maori Act, The Crown Prntectorate under OUT own. Te Ture "'helma l