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ARAULLO UNIVERSITY-PHINMA

College of Education

Lesson Plan No. 1


February 10, 2014
Monday

SEMI-DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN SCIENCE 8


I.

OBJECTIVES:

At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to be able

to:
1.
2.
3.
4.

II.

Define waste.
Compare and contrast the different types of waste.
Enumerate some tips to minimize waste in the environment
Evaluate the effects of waste mismanagement.

SUBJECT MATTER:
Topic/Concept:
References:

Waste Management
A Study Guide in Ecology by Jolaflor E.

Cabildo
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waste
http://www.epa.com/waste_management/home
Materials:
Charts, Diagram, Pictures, Game Program,
Laptop, Prezi
Presentation, Projector.

III.

PROCEDURE:

A. Preparation:
Greeting the class.
Checking of attendance.
Inspection of uniform and ID.
Review of the previous lesson.
Motivation (Game App: Lets Learn about Waste)
B. Presentation:
Waste (rubbish, trash, refuse, garbage, junk, and litter)
is unwanted or useless materials. Waste is directly
linked to human development, both technological
and social. Waste is an unavoidable by-product of
most human activity. The compositions of different
wastes have varied over time and location, with
industrial development and innovation being directly
linked to waste materials.
Types of Waste:
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ARAULLO UNIVERSITY-PHINMA
College of Education
1. Solid Wastes- are waste materials that contain less
than 70% water. This class includes such materials as
household garbage, some industrial wastes, some
mining wastes, and oilfield wastes such as drill
cuttings.
2. Liquid Wastes- are usually wastewaters that contain
less than 1% solids. Such wastes may contain high
concentrations of dissolved salts and metals (from
mines, and toxic chemical waste).
3. Sludge- is a class between liquid and solid. They
usually contain between 3% and 25% solids, while
the rest of the material is water dissolved materials
(pozo negro).
4. Special Wastes- are very dangerous in nature. They
are regulated with specific guidelines. Some
examples would be radioactive wastes and medical
wastes from hospitals.
5. E-Wastes- include computers, entertainment
electronics, mobile phones and other electronic
items.
Recycling Loop
it is a cycle of processing recyclable wastes into
similar or other materials to be use again.
Steps of Recycling Loop
Step 1. Collection- In the first steps of the recycling process,
the recyclables materials are collected. After collection, the
recyclables are then sent to a materials-recovery facility to be
sorted and prepared into marketable commodities to be sold to
processing companies.
Step 2. Processing-In the second step of the recycling
process, the recyclables are processed. Once cleaned
and sorted, the recyclables are processed to retrieve the raw
materials, and the raw materials are then used in
manufacturing recycled-content products
Step 3. Purchasing Recycled Products- The third step
involves purchasing recycled products. This third step
completes the recycling loop. Whether you are just an
individual consumer, or are a part of a government or business

ARAULLO UNIVERSITY-PHINMA
College of Education
organization, you have an important role in making recycling a
success by buying recycled.

Some Tips to Minimize Waste


A. At Home
Food waste can be composted in your backyard.
Reuse margarine tubs to freeze foods or pack
lunches to reduce the need for foil or plastic wrap.
Repair/restore used items before replacing them with
new ones.

B. At the Store
Buy items you can locally through recycling centers
(recycle bags).
Avoid excess packaging, especially if you can handcarry it
Carry a canvass or other reusable tote bag when you
shop.

C. At School
Use both sides of a sheet of paper before recycling it.
Use scrap paper for art project
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ARAULLO UNIVERSITY-PHINMA
College of Education
Re-use paper bags, wrapping paper, or newsprint for
book cover.
Set-up a reuse box in the classroom for used pencils
pens, folders and other items that are still usable.

C. Generalization:
Guide Questions:
What is waste again?
Once more, what are the types of waste?
Cite a plastic-type based on resin identification
coding system and give examples of plastic products
under that particular type.
What are the stages in recycling loop?
As a student, how can you help to minimize wastes in
our environment?

IV.

Evaluation:
A. Jumbled Words
Direction: Arrange the jumbled words and rewrite it on the
underline before the number.

STEWSA
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ARAULLO UNIVERSITY-PHINMA
College of Education
_________________ 1. rubbish, trash, refuse, garbage, junk, and litter
GELUDS
_________________ 2. Melting pot of solid and liquid wastes.
DIVERCIAOTI
_________________ 3. Wastes that result from nuclear disintegration.
LINERYGCC POOL
_________________ 4. Collection, Processing, Purchasing.
SOLEPRYM
_________________ 5. Main substance present in plastics.

B. Fill-in the Blanks


Direction: Identify the types of wastes in each item. Write A if the
wastes mentioned is solid, B if it is liquid, C if it is sludge, D if it is
under special wastes, E if it is under E-waste. Write your answer on
the space provided below.

_______________ 1. Biscuit wrappers, old rags, corn cob, banana peels


_______________ 2. Oil tilling, unused paints, discarded agricultural
pesticide.
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ARAULLO UNIVERSITY-PHINMA
College of Education
_______________ 3. Spent plutonium, uranium salts in nuclear plants.
_______________ 4. Malfunctioning transistors, resistors and radios.
_______________ 5. Pozo Negro waste

V.

Agreement:
Download a copy of RA. No. 9003. Write a brief reflection
about it to be written in whole sheet of paper.
(http://www.senate.gov.ph/home/environment/RA_9003.pdf/do
wnload)
Research about E-waste and its harmful effects to
environment.
Construct your own personalized reuse box. It should be as
big as a zesto box.

Prepared By:

Teacher Jonah D. Reyes


College of Education, Araullo University