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Vocabulary

(  ,


 )  

prophet

nabiyyun (anbiyaau, nabiyyuuna) 

()  

he knew

alima (ya⊂lamu) ⊂ilman

knowledge; science

ilmun (⊂uluumun)

( )  "# $!

teacher (m)

mu⊂allimun (uuna)

(' 
() &%  "# $!

teacher (f)

mu⊂allimatun (mu⊂allimaatun)

he went

dhahaba (yadhhabu) dhahaaban

going

dhahaabun

difficult

Sa⊂bun (Si⊂aabun)

he attended

HaDara (yaHDuru) HuDuuran

attendance

HuDuurun

two (m/f)

ithnaani / ithnataani

&% 47 
4

three

thalaathatun

&% # ,2 

four

arba⊂atun

&% 8 
 9

five

khamsatun

six

sittatun

&% #  ;

seven

sab⊂atun

&%

 4

eight

thamaaniyatun

&% # 8
<

nine

tis⊂atun

=%/ > 


ten

(' 
@$ ) &% ? $

one hundred

mi’atun (mi’aatun)

(C 
D E) A 
B

one thousand

alfun (aalaafun)

( !)    

, *+ () ) 
* + 
*+
( #. 
) ) 
# . 

(2!01! ( ) / 0 
1
2 !01! 
634( /  34(

&% 6:;

12

asharatun

(G .

UT *) S% *  people. aatun) (  . sending ba⊂thun (O (I ) O I  number ⊂ counted 2. land. ground arDun (araaDin. K  !3. folk ahlun (ahaalin . sound saalimun (uuna. araDuuna) (Y! ? XO ) &% Q . miyaahun) very jiddan world ⊂ ('  (3. year sanat (sinuuna. aatun) only faqaT ('  ( . ) &% 3. uuna) earth. G ($ ) F $ water maa’un (amwaahun.  )  B .$ . sanawaatun) 0 L also ayDan he sent ba⊂atha (yab⊂athu) ba⊂than M % # . limited ma⊂duudun (uuna.

XO minute daqeeqatun (daqaa’iqu) ('  ( .  ) Y .

hour saa⊂atun (saa⊂aatun) ([! .XO precise daqeequn (uuna. aatun) ('  () &%  .

 ('  ( .  week usbuu⊂un (asaabee⊂u) month shahrun (shuhuurun) (IH J (  . V T (2) V  2  (2 !\]! ) / \ ] 1.. . () M  # .) Z  !.  ) O !I# $ P  Q R ( !W2  . ! B( )  B  N #. ⊂alamuuna) adadun (a⊂daadun) . 13 aalamun (⊂awaalimu.

      (^ ! 2 (I$ ) &% . 2 I $ ( :L)   L madrasatun (madaarisu) school day yawmun (ayyaamun)   .

ikhwatun) brother-in-law Hamun (aHmaa’un) mouth famun (afwaahun) possessor of (m) dhuu B . affair sha’nun (shu’uunun) important dhuu sha’nin leaders uuluu al-amri possessor of (f) dhaatu possessor of (f. one day dhaata yawmin companion SaaHibun (aSHaabun.) dhawuu . Y > $ O R '  (fgB . pl.  . ' ! (+ '  (fgB .E)   ( F 1 )  1 (G(R )  R + e c ] + / $ ` ( B ' ! (+ ' ! D  .B( today al-yawma  _( now al-aana father abun (aabaaun)  (. h. pl. !+ possessor of (m. 14 .` ( parents al-abawaani (=% 9 b K % (9 b) a   brother akhun (ikhwaanun. affair amrun (umuurun) (% !d]! ) % c ] matter. uulaatu ('  (+ ) '  (+ essence dhaatun (dhawaatun) '  (fgB .) dhawaatu.  * / *! T  L '  (+ ()  h . SaHbun) ( F . ) )  1 . uuluu (2 !$) / $  matter. in itself bidh-dhaati in Damascus itself fi dimashqa bidh-dhaati he himself / she herself huwa/hiya bidh-dhaati once upon a time.

) ⊂ you are right ma⊂aka Haqqun / al-Haqqu ma⊂aka you are wrong al-Haqqu ⊂alayka daybreak fajrun way sabeelun (subulun) n j ( S . /W  (j)  / W  he hit Daraba (yaDribu) Darban hitting Darbun world (f) dunya [ $ with (treat as prep.) ma⊂a I 3  with (treat as prep. possessor of SaaHibu (aSHaabu) landlord SaaHibu al-bayti those of knowledge ahl al-⊂ilmi justice ⊂ city madeenatun (mudunun) Medina (prop. ) ) ! 1 . name) al-madeenatu he took akhadha (ya’khudhu) akhdhan g% 9  taking akhdhun .(! h.

) ka ('  X ) i  X  time waqtun (awqaatun) (&% 3$ s ) % $s time zamaanun (azminatun) by way of..  / I B( o! .) Dameerun muttaSilun / munfaSilun i  . ( a local / fellow countryman ibnu al-baladi / abnaa’u al-bilaadi Abu Bakr abu bakrin like (prep. via ⊂ attached/detached pronoun (gram. R in the way of Allah fi sabeeli allahi O 7  B( 3.

  # B( S * U% I  (% I! $! ) &% 3LI$ &3LI B( (g 9 ( ) g 9   / W  . B( ) ! 1 .

 O! k  # $ Yl h  B( / Y 1 k  # $ k  .

 Yl h  B( / m R (S% !.! ) S% .

 qr v . !. /T p ..

Bb C  0$! + Y L/t o  S% x  y 3 $! / S% x  6:$! w  W  15 adlun inda an Tareeqi .

  U% !. immediately Haalan night laylun (UT .! waSala (yaSilu) wuSuulan he arrived at arrival wuSuulun at once.! (SxL) S .      D !.

B) &% .

B a night laylatun (layaalin) & .

B( tonight al-laylata 7  .

o.! (o! * / !L) o * / .th) barhana (yubarhinu) burhaanan. called (on G s. B at night laylan 2 \ day nahaarun (2 \ by day nahaaran he wrote night and day kataba layla nahaara $ L one day yawman 7   X before.) dakhala (yadkhulu) dukhuulan (⊂alaa) entry dukhuulun emphatic particle qad / laqad (| ) & 3* / . being.o.). after. . presence wujuudun he went out (of) kharaja (yakhruju) khuruujan (min) exit. author kaatibun (kuttaabun) he found wajada (yajidu) wujuudan existence. barhanatan (⊂ala) &% 3* / . previously qablan (I #. proof.  */ . later ba⊂dan z  $  yesterday amsi writer. going out khuruujun (R) / D !9O! ( ) S 9 O he entered dakhala (yadkhulu) dukhuulan (| ) D !9O! ( ) S 9 O he entered (upon G s. to prove (s. proving barhanatun to recite ‘bismillah’ basmala (yubasmilu) basmalatan the utterance of ‘bismillah’ basmalatun D 1 S% .

B 2 \ S .

th. consider G s. 2. &%  8 . 3H} (ol ~L) o: } (% !3}) o } q./ * s.o. to think. to be * s.th.) bi 16 . 1. 1. (S8 !L) S  8 . 2. B )  6r ( :6r) )  < r (O!J! (j) I J  O !J! (o $ ) J!/9! ( ) {  / 9 {  !/9! U% !9O! I Q B / I X &  8 . to doubt opinion doubt Dhanna (yaDhunnu) Dhannan Dhannun (Dhunuunun) with (prep.

th.o. =% / y € $ (q.) . ja⊂ala (yaj⊂alu) ja⊂lan making ja⊂lun yes indeed (after negative question) balaa he said * s.) mana⊂a (yamna⊂u) manan (min) prevention man⊂un to ask G s. [  . ('   2 ) &%  2 (qB) (/y  .) to do (* s.) * s. sa’ala (yas’alu) su’aalan question su’aalun (as’ilatun) 1. (to G s. with Allah’s permission) bi-idhni Allah to take.o. to be * s.o. take away dhahaba (yadhhabu) dhahaaban (bi) sin dhanbun (dhunuubun) now al-aana pronoun iyyaa in my opinion ⊂ adverbs of place/time maf⊂uulun fiihi Dharfu makaanin/zamaanin situation Dharfun (Dhuruufun) |. (Z  . * s. () [  .) adhina (ya’dhanu) idhnan (li) (bi) permission idhnun God willing (lit. refuse G s. * s.th. by/in word and deed bi-l-qawli wa-l-fi⊂li he trusted wathiqa (yathiqu) thiqatan (bi) trust thiqatun to hear sami⊂a (yasma⊂u) sam⊂an to hear (about) sami⊂a (yasma⊂u) sam⊂an (bi) hearing. (&% @.th. to make 2.) # .th. (from * s. ) U% (d. ) [  . sense of hearing.th. ghufraanan (li) forgiveness maghfiratun. ghafara (yaghfiru) maghfiratan. (q.th. = / y € $ (j) / y  % (/y  .th.) qaala (yaquulu) qawlan (li) (U% (X ) U%  X statement qawlun (aqwaalun) S # y B( U  Q B . to consider G s. (qB) D  X (UQL) U X (q. ghufraanun to permit (G s.th.) & Q 4 (Y! NL) Y 4 &% Q 4 # .) (qB) +b ()  +  % + b n j (  + .o. () [  . audition sam⊂un ear sam⊂un (asmaa⊂un) (R) &  2 () )   2 to desire raghiba (yarghabu) raghbatan (fi) (o  ) &  2 () )   2 not to desire raghiba (yarghabu) raghbatan (⊂an) desire raghbatun (raghabaatun) to forgive (G s. mana⊂a (yamna⊂u) manan to prevent G s./ * s. (q.o. # 3$ () [ 3$ (o $ ) # 3$ () [ 3$ [ 3 $ D (d.o.! () U c.o. *+ () )  * + ( !+) )   +  _( :Lb ‚I3  e $s /e p$ C ! / } v .! 7  # J () S # J S% # J to deny.

R U% !#y $ (C  !/}) C  / } 17 indii .

      S  X before qabla I # . about Hawla U t throughout Tuula direction. without duuna M . after ba⊂daa ƒ   R over fawqa i  h < under taHta U  1 around. among bayna so so bayna bayna from among them min baynihim below. grammar naHwun (anHaa’un) approximately naHwun min  h  toward naHwa o  W  among Dimna between.

1 where Haythu „  1 when Hiina once/twice/more than twice marratan / marratayni / marraatin = w Nr ' e (:/$ many times (adv. ayaadin) at your disposal taHta yadika in front of him bayna yadayhi subject mawDuu⊂un (mawaaDii⊂u) ( . west maghribun (maghaaribu) Maghrib.2 €$  V  2 ` ( ƒ  2 >$ R throughout the world fi mashaariqi al-arDi wa maghaaribihaa ( F h )  h  o $  h  o . northwest Africa al-maghribu / bilaadu al-maghribi (ƒ ! 2 >$ ) ƒ  / > $ place of sunrise.) thalaatha marraatin Friday al-jum(u)⊂atu / yawmu al-jum(u)⊂ati on Friday (adv.) yawma al-jum(u)⊂ati Ramadan ramaDaanu / shahru ramaDaana hand yadun (aydin. era. ) )  . age. cause sababun (asbaabun) (2 !x! ) / x  afternoon. epoch ⊂ place or time of sunset. reason.) marraatin katheeratan ' e (:/$ …  7  4 three times (adv. east mashriqun (mashaariqu) \.

 o . .

. o .

.  \ 3.

. o $  !O ' e (:/$ / o .

</: $ / = /: $ & #  m ! B( !  L / &# m ! B( & #  m ! B(   L  0$ 2 /! \ ] /  0$ 2 (Oe L . Ie L) I L † I L i  h < v LI L o .

. ([! .

 / ! / €  B( 18 aSrun (⊂uSuurun) .W($ ) Z  !W $ (! 2 €$ )  / € $  / €  B( O! 7  .

( F .

] ) F  ] thing shay’un (ashyaa’un) people naasun lord rabbun (arbaabun) excellent. not ghayru not good ghayru jayyidin did anyone else attend? hal HaDara aHadun ghayruhu / . good jayyidun (jiyaadun. uuna / aatun) other than.

 without bighayri /! . € .

€ B( other people al-ghayru /! .

a number of ⊂ SŠ r all. in every case ⊂ „ T 1 / i e X  S" r R always fi kulli waqtin / Hiinin  B #B( j h  S" r R all over the world fi kulli anHaa’i al-⊂aalami both … and … Kullun min … wa… all jamee⊂un [! . one person ba⊂Du an-naasi =%I:  several. one ba⊂Dun some people. every kullun everything kullu shay’in in any case. some.  D nothing else laa ghayru non-existence. lack ⊂ something similar mithlun (amthaalun) like mithlu v N r like him kamithlihi ‰  # .

O .2 )  2 ('  E /   .m  B( / SŒ pB( everybody al-kullu / al-jamee⊂u &% $:  generality ⊂ aammatun ^  :3B( &:$  the common people / masses ⊂ aammatu an-naasi 6 r / 7  r both of (m/f) kilaa / kiltaa both x and y kilaa / kiltaa which. any ayyun anything ayyu shay’in ^   ( .

J ) I .

‡J /! .

 Ie .

‡J /! .

 ˆ G! /! .

..  I 1  / 0  1 S *  I  (U% N$ ) S% N$ SN$ ^  :3B( ‰ ! # . ‹  ] SŒ r UT 1 S" r | ... . o $ SŠ r [ .

. o $ SŠ r ‚   ‹  ] ‚ l  19 adamun iddatun ala kulli Haalin . .J ....

       .

r .  r (pL)  r (% (r ) %  r % .

r :B $I 3  z  .

B = 2 !/.

=% 2 !/.  (w! x  L) 2 . .

 (i ! .  (Ž! x !L) Ž . .

k  .L) '  .

] p.

 !6h $ $!6h $ '  .] '  . U(L D / U (s $ D (s (i ! Bs! ) (U!L) U (s U% (s U (: B( k ! .

to become 3. being kawnun (akwaanun) existence kiyaanun when (before perfect verb) lammaa when (before any verb) ⊂ not (before noun sentence) laysa to become 2. 2. 1.] he was kaana (yakuunu) kawnan. disappearance noon zawaalun doomed to early ruin washeeku az-zawaali  (O $ so long as maa daama $ O ( )  (O To persist Daama (yaduumu) dauman ( F . 1. 2. to become to come to indamaa aSbaHa (yuSbiHu) to spend the night 2. to come to baata (yabeetu) imminent washeekun it has become imminent baata washeekan certain maHtuumun it has become certain baata maHtuuman still maa zaala / laa yazaalu to disappear zaala (yazuulu) (zultu) zawaalan 1. kiyaanan universe. to come to Saara (yaSeeru) Sayruuratan becoming Sayruuratun 1.

1 )  1 alive hayyun (aHyaaun) .

 () I .H1 i ! $ O! $ so long as I am alive maa dumtu Hayyan  I . to begin bada’a (yabda’u) bad’an 20 .

since a month ago.) ghadan g 3$! since. ago (prep. a month ago mundhu shahrin  _( g 3$! from now onwards mundhu al-aana  . F I . for.) mundhu for a month (past). verb) beginning bad’un to begin Ja⊂ala / akhadha almost. 3. (imperf. 2. about to kaada (yakaadu) (could) hardly maa kaada / laa yakaadu ‘hardly … when’ ‘no sooner … than’ maa kaada / laa yakaadu + perfect verb + Hatta + perfect verb (I tomorrow (adv.

( subject of kaana ismu kaana  r /! 9 predicate of kaana khabaru kaana + g 9  / S # J (O! pL) O r O! pL D / O r $ V T $ S% # R + O! pL D / O r $ V T $ S% # R + |:61 + /T \ ] g 3$! (w€.B( g 3$! from today onwards mundhu al-yawmi j I B( g 3$! since the beginning mundhu al-bad’i since I was young mundhu kuntu Sagheeran period muddatun /T \ ] = I: ! B for a month limuddati shahrin C !  J  S% # R hollow verb fi⊂lun ajwafu  < S% # R proper verb fi⊂lun taammun deficient verb fi⊂lun naaqiSun the past (tense) al-maaDii last month/year (adv.  i ! 3 r g 3$! =% I: $! ‘  X  S% # R W B( & .) ash-shahra al-maaDiya / as-sanata al-maaDiyata the present (tense) al-Haalu SQ 68 ! B( the future (tense) al-mustaqbalu  r ! .

21 .W   B( & 38 : B( /  W  B( / \ > : B( U hB( 1.

affair amrun (umuurun) (/! $ () / $  order.aatun) (2 !$) / $  matter. noble kareemun (kiraamun. kuramaa’u) muslim muslimun (uuna. command amrun (awaamiru) ( ~ ! )  .      f b emphatic particle inna he said that … qaala inna generous.

morality khuluqun (akhlaaqun) ƒ 7  9 ` ( / Y !“B( ’! / r noble of character kareemu al-khuluqi /al-akhlaaqi Y !“B( Y! .~ mighty. great ⊂ (/pB( ~ #! B( the high and mighty al-⊂uDhamaa’u wa al-kubaraa’u (ƒ 7  9 ) Y !9 character.

restless Dayyiqu al-khuluqi ethics ⊂ he died maata (yamuutu) mautan death mautun ill mareeDun (marDaa) he reached balagha (yablughu) buluughan reaching buluughun friend Sadeequn (aSdiqaa’u) @.‡W  impatient.

remembrance dhikrun (adhkaarun) to fear khaafa (yakhaafu) khawfan fear khawfun out of fear of … khawfan min . f b U X ( $/ r K  (/r ) ’ / r ('  ( . ( ) ” ..  (qB) )  1! (f ) (/r+ ( ) / r + (2 r+ ) / r + R 9 (C ! “L) C  9 C   9 . o $ R 9 X! ([! Q L) [ X 1. 2.. befall 22 aDheemun (⊂uDhamaa’u) ilmu al-akhlaaqi waqa⊂a (yaqa⊂a) wuquu⊂an . ('  ( / XI .. )  8 $! ƒ 7  9 ` ( !   < $ (' ! !L) '  $ '   $ (|W/ $ ) ‰  L/$ !. ) Y LI. to fall to happen. • % !. remembered (that) dhakara (yadhkuru) dhikran (anna) mention..m$ (i ! @J ) ( mL)  J he came jaa’a (yajee’u) (ji’tu) majee’an F m$ coming majee’un love (for) Hubbun qB H1! out of love for Hubban li v fB H1! for the sake of Allah Hubban lillahi he mentioned.

. f  [! X(B( the fact is that … al-waaqi⊂u anna Z  X!B( & .. happening wuquu⊂un .Z  X! falling.

it’s all right laa ba’sa k  .> 9 out of fear of falling khashyata al-wuquu⊂i clear waaDiHun (uuna. aatun) hW( clearly waaDiHan ('  ( . detriment ba’sun never mind.  ) ƒ  O . aatun) but laakinna / walaakinna f `j because li’anna Sf # B perhaps la⊂alla f cr as if / as though ka’anna if only layta / yaa layta if only I knew yaa layta shi⊂ri however. it doesn’t matter. even though ma⊂a anna / raghma anna (considered) as ⊂ since bimaa anna / Haythu anna life Hayaatun (Hayawaatun) biology ⊂ doubt shakkun (shukuukun) there is no doubt about that laa shakka fi dhaalika there is no doubt that … laa shakka anna harm. but ghayra anna despite. truthful Saadiqun (uuna.

inevitable laa budda min equal.! D … is necessary. o $ I: . don’t be afraid laa ba’sa ⊂alaika . (a)like siyyun they are both the same to me huma siyyaani ⊂indi .. D don’t worry..  ^  c.

 D  especially walaa siyyamaa ('  () =% 2 ]b indication ishaaratun (aatun) = 2 ]–j ( ! . ( demonstrative noun ismuu al-ishaarati I .:.

 ) Ž W  ( o: p B / o: p B i  .rc 6:B( ! D the laam of emphasis laamu at-ta’keedi ('  ( .

B L / i  .

B ‚/# ] i  .

B ( L) f  / .

 f    2 / f  [ $ f  | f  M .

 ('  (.1 / f  .

1 ) =% .

1 = .

^  c. D  ..h  B( !   († p!]) k  ] k  B+ R k : ] D .. ‚I3   :. f  k : ] D ^  c.

. *! 23 alaa anna ilmu al-Hayaati .

) (2!/$! (' ! 2 / $ ) ( ) /: $ to pass 2 !/$! passing $ < (i !   <) (j) : < to be complete  < completion D } (i !  } ) () Sf } to continue to be U% } continuing to be # W ([! 0  L) [ W   To put down [ W  putting down (Z  W ) [ W  circumstance =  W K  !W! (d! W !  L) d W !  to be pure F !W! purity .      (q. ablution =%  W purity & ~ Q L (—Q.

L) —  Q L to wake up & ~ Q L wakefulness (|Bb)  O! . =   O ( ) O to call (to) ('  (  O ) =%   O call (&% .

 O ) F O! prayer  Q. remaining L /J K  L/ J (j) ˜/J to flow % L/ J flow ‚  / J running  .b refusal & L™ 2! K L2 (˜/L) ˜2 to see 24 . ()  Q . to refuse F . to remain F Q.b () |.

( F (2E) ‚  2 opinion (˜š™2! ) &% L™ 2! seeing. dream & L X (QL) |X to protect &% L X protection (‚3 L) ˜ to intend ( L  K '  () &% . vision.

 originally (wNr much S% 9 (O inside 7  9 (O inside (adv.  root.) v .) S% . origin 7 .: intention (U% !.

Bb C  0$! + S 9 (O inside (adv. abroad J2 9 outside (adv. apart from (adv.) o  J2 9 outside of.) S 9 (I: B( o $ from within {  2 9 outside.) v .

) v . Bb C  0$! + {  2 9 outside (adv.

) v . Bb C  0$! +  $ in front of (adv.

Bb C  0$! + U 7  9 v .

) ƒ  /] east X/] eastward (adv.)  /  west U% ] north  !3J south „   L right 3. Bb C  0$! + during (adv.)  (2 behind (adv.

) 25 .L toward the right (adv.

ask for ('  t ) )  t request ('  (. without (prep.2 8L left 7  .) t ( ) )  t to seek.

1 ) % (.

1 animal (2 LO K 2 !O) 2 (O home (land) (&%  # t )  #t food #L/. quickly A  #: 0  $! S% # R doubled verb (gram.) 26 .) SŠ 6# $! S% # R weak verb (gram.

      (V  !.

!) ‰  ..

) / Q . aatun) &% :L/ x  Modernism ⊂ aSriyyatun Arab ⊂ arabiyyun (⊂arabun) Arabic ⊂ arabiyyun Army jundun (junuudun) Soldier jundiyyun ('  () &% 0  . Cow (coll) baqarun (abqaarun) ('  () =%/ Q . A cow baqaratun (baqaraatun) ‚  / Q . stone (adj) Hajariyyun Age. epoch ⊂ aSrun (⊂uSuurun) ‚  / x  Modern ⊂ aSriyyun (uuna. Egg (coll) bayDun (buyuuDun) An egg bayDatun (bayDaatun) Tree (coll) shajarun (ashjaarun) A tree shajaratun (shajaraatun) (2 Q. . Bovine baqariyyun Stone (coll) Hajarun (aHjaarun) A stone Hajaratun (Hajaraatun) Stony.

 (2 m] ) / m  ] ('  () =% / m  ] (2 m1 ) / m  1 ('  () =% / m  1 ‚  / m  1 (2 !x! ) / x  ( /  )  ./  (O !3J! ) I 3 J! ‚  I 3 J! 27 ./   . .

The following are relative adjectives and their corresponding adverbs that may be produced from the vocabulary we have already encountered: .

H  selfishly    selfish .

of the book) royally  p $ royal .(in compounds) - ‚  / h .). for men - ‚  / \  river. 6r Jew. naval -  . Christian (lit.HR/ 1 literally  R/ 1 literal - ‚  /  X lunar -  B J2 men’s. sea (adj.

Hp $ .

H 8 b .

H$‡  .

HW  2    8 b humanly. humanitarian motherly. maternal - ‚  / x $ Egyptian -  Q > $ O Damascene -  pf $ -  X(/ Iraqi -  3. humane. humanely  $‡  maternally human (adj.).

 ocular  W  2  terrestrially  8 j  ] - Meccan terrestrial solar .

HB 1 at present. current . currently  B 1 present.

H"h  $ locally  "h  $ local .

H 6J ( .

HB $   6J ( socially  B $ financially  >  9 - .

intellectual .HQ   Q  rationally. intellectually 28 social financial wooden rational.

.

H\ J  .

H   .

of knowledge actually  # R actual. verbal -   r canine .H# R  \ J  facially     scientifically facial scientific.

H B  world-wide (adv). universally   B  world-wide (adj). universal .

Hx R seasonally  x R seasonal .

H"r completely  "r complete .

) .)  $  L daily (adj.H$  L daily (Adv.

H.

B nocturnally  .

B HL2 \ .

HB X .

( .H .

HX7  9  / .

HQ !9 nocturnal diurnally ‚  2 \ diurnal. day-time (adj) -  (.

zoologic(al).1 animal (adj). bestial -  < .

1  B X verbally life. ( nominal.(in compound) verbal. oral -   r universal nominally   . noun (adj)  X7  9  /  Q !9 ethically ethical .

 auditorily  #  . auditory .H#  .

 latter. following . preceding - ‚  I # .H# X( realistically  # X( realistic -   X prior.

H9 (O internally  9 (O internal .

HJ 2 9 externally  J 2 9 external 29 .

writer ('  ( . 7  Q ! ) S% X  intelligent &% \ J ( façade.      (  . sitting ^  7 f J! participants in a social gathering (  . understanding i  ? . lowly ('  ( . mosque ('  () &% # $ J university († 7 f $! ) k  B $ owner (ƒ  (:/t) ƒ  2 t one who knocks.  ) /  . elevation S%  R doer ( F (:/X) ›  2 X reciter ('  ( .  ) 2 s ( carrier (of a burden) (  .  ) )  ?  absent ([! $ (J ) [ $ J comprehensive.  ) I J ( one who finds (^  7 f J! . stale ('  ( .) 30 .  !IX)  O X one who arrives ! O QB( /! \ > : B( next month  O QB( / \ > : B( R /  O QB( / \ > : B( next month (adv. ^  !J) z  B J one who sits.  :6r) )  < r scribe. nocturnal visitor (S?( 1 ) S% ? 1 barrier ('  ( .  )  * R one who understands.

incentive (to).  ( one who arrives ( ) S% ? X speaker ('  () o ? r being. ready for /! W  hB( the present time /! W  hB( /! x # B( the present age / W  hB( i  X  B( R / / W  hB( R at present (|Bb) (M(. 2 0 ! 1! ) / W  1 present. not called for) k  Bg B   (O D there is no need for that &% . truthful (=%2: $ .e..('  ( . one who sends g% 9 E taker  2 W one who hits S% .) M %  . adult ƒ  O .  ) 2 $ one who passes  < complete Z T (O caller . attending qB / W  1 prepared..  ) )  * (+ one who goes (  . creature ' ! 3? pB( created things ”% B . qB   (O D there is no need for (i.

 (O propagandist ('  .

one who remains 31 .) ƒ T .  X . .X .

after (that) ( F œ9 ) c%œ 9 mistake . one that flows ‚2 mB( /! \ > : B( the current month (= .) T E one who refuses ‹ (2 one who sees qB S% ...X B( The Everlasting (God) ('  L2 J . X -able  \ y  B S% . X understandable  ?(O persisting ?(O always + b when (&% p ?7  $ ) k  $ angel 7  Q  (j) S Q  to reason : 4 then.  !2 J) 2T J current. f  ol ~L he thinks that … 32 .

        that / to Df  that not / not to qB in order to  `j in order to 7 f @B in order not to  r in order to 7  .

r in order not to  p B in order to 7  .

p B in order not to |:61 so that. until D |:61 so that not o B will never Df  /   () ! m  L) )  J  it is necessary/obligatory that … it is necessary/obligatory that you go / )  * g <   ) ! m  L you must go )  * g < Df  ) ! m  L it is necessary that you don’t go )  * g <   ) ! m  L D you mustn’t go 33 .

Df  /   (Yl h  L) Y: 1 it is rightful that … )  * g <   Yl h  L it is rightful that you go )  * g < Df  Yl h  L it is rightful that you do not go )  * g <   Yl h  L D it is not rightful that you go   (o! p  !L) o p $  it is possible that …   .

B( )  * g L   o! p  !L it is possible that he will go today   .

B( )  * g L Df  o! p  !L it is possible that he will not go today   .

should (/ $ () / $  to order (/! $ () / $  order. previously  6p B( (g* '  / X   Y . S * have you read this book previously?  B did not :B did not (but will soon) qB let. previous Q.B( )  * g L   o! p  !L D it is not possible that he will go today ('  ( . .  ) Y . . previously Q. formerly. command 34 . formerly. . former.  6p B( (g* '  / X S * have you read this book previously?   Y .

 dwelling & . easy (U% !\.      3p. bad Y !“B( ‡ .! ) S% \ .) D !! (j) U   to come down.) D !1 ( ) Sf 1 to stay. ( ) o p . truthful 7  6 X ( ) S 6X to kill S% 6 X killing (q. reside (at a place) U% !1 residence (q. level soft ground 35 . language  8B( ƒ ! O . ill natured ('  E) &% LE sign ('  E) &% € B language ‚   € B linguistic ( 7  X )  X pen (o 8 ! B K &% 38 j B) % 8B tongue. stay (at a place) U% !! descending S% \ . (2O study ('  E K  ) F ‡ . 2O ( ) ^  2 O to study (^  !2O! ) ^  2 O lesson ('  () &% . (2O K . to live o p .

(| ) (/ .  (j) / .  patience /  x : B( S.  to be patient /  .

 D I can’t bear it! (lit. difficulty RX! (A ! Q L) A  X to stop C  X! stopping  0X (j) |0X to judge F 0X judgement (=% 0X) V T X judge z  $ ` .X impatient B /  . recently Y œ $! U% !#y $ absolute object 36 . no patience for me) I! ?(I] hardship.

 .      ('  ( K  ) U% !\m $ unknown & .

 . represent &% . ( )   to deputise.

. representation . o  & . ..

representative  (:3lB( z ! m $ parliament (lit. in place of ( (:!) )  ?  deputy. council of representatives) (C  !.

! ) A  ..

 sword . ‚I L / I L | at the hand(s) of . ... . . # .

to sell (Z  !.. (j) Z  .

!) [ ..

 selling ('  E) [ . .

) [ .$ sale(s) (verbal noun) (s.) sold (passive part.th.

) (O !O2! ) O 2 return S # y B( Ol 2 reaction v # R Ol 2 his reaction | (OH 2 in reply to  .th.$ (OH 2 ( ) O: 2 to return (s.

8  ()  8 j  to forget % .

8  forgetfulness ('  ()  8 j 3 $ forgotten '  :.

8 j 3 $ things forgotten 37 .

& L $2 K .

   W  2 whether he likes it or not |šW2 o  gladly  0X (j) |0X to judge. the die is cast v . easy to please |. $2 (j) |$2 to throw  $ 2 throwing &% L $2 (art of) shooting (=% $2! ) T (2 marksman  !6p $ written ('  ()  !6p $ letter ('  ( K  ) O !O/ $ returned ('  ( K  )  ! I $ invited ('  ( K  ) 2 rg$ mentioned K (W 2 K W2 K |š W2 ()  W  2 = W/ $ to be pleased =% W/ $ K % (W 2 K W2 K |š W2 pleasure |W/‡ B( [! L/. to spend (time) F 0X judgment /! $ ` (  0 X the matter is decided and done with.

  0 X he was/is condemned \.

  0 X she was/is condemned r /< ( ) † / < to leave † / < leaving 38 .

bring into being) / :.  to cause to become |f. trying o L  to see with one’s own eyes % .       f to teach  : r to create (lit.  to pray S x  $! one who prays O I: J to renew ˜:X to strengthen / rf + to remind  fr to speak )  < r to correspond )  < p$! correspondent I * J to strive U  1 to try &% B h$! attempt.

 (eye)witnessing   .

 eyewitness &% 3L #$! view(ing). survey(ing) O: (2 to return ˜O  to call z  B J to sit with 39 .

 to become Muslim  f# < to learn  : p < to be created. be composed of O O: / < to hesitate |fQ< to receive / rf g < to remember  fp < to speak (a language) 40 ./ 0  1  to bring O (2 to want : < to complete |œ  to give z  J  to make sit  .

2 I! J! ) 2 (IJ Wall |O: ( To claim  X To erect.s. to behove A  > r (j) A  >  r To uncover (C  !>r) A  > r Uncovering A  >  p  ( To be uncovered A  >  6r ( To discover  1 /: B( The Merciful g “  <:( To take up. | ) |€ ( To be necessary.      S < X To fight (III) S < Q< To fight each other (VI)    To help (III)   #< To cooperate (VI) : h< To love one another (q. (from) (|Bb) s h ( To side (with) ‰ : Q  ( To fall ( qB .) |. adopt (% (2I J! .(< To mutually enjoin /  .  Patience / 8  p  ( To be broken (o  ) s h ( To isolate o. establish [  6J ( To gather [  6m $! Society 41 .

( Too become yellow O:  . telephone (|Bb) ƒ  6] ( To yearn I: <2 ( To apostasies.I \ 6J ( To work hard S 66X ( To fight one another  / œ W ( To be agitated (q. retreat |0<2 ( To be content /:  1 ( To become red ƒ : 2 s ( To become blue /: 0  9 ( To become green /: y . ( To become black ‰ : .) S x  <:( To be connected (to).

. ( To use S%  # 68 $! Used. ( To become white S  # 6. second hand  Q6. ( To be straight  .

nice  \ y 6. ( To seek forgiveness o 8 1! ( ) o 8 ! 1 To be nice. comely o 8 h 6. ( To be able to 42 .th. ( To continue |I 6. ( To consider s. ( To enquire Z  œ6. ( To summon / y # 6.Q68 $! Straight /:  6.