d

"

Lf1JJ. Lra. Fll'1:Uf1'l!

~ '" '" c!

lJl1n'VlUl"Ul~ll'Vlm

,.

~ X...;c.....,_ ~ t? ...M ..D do

I ' ,',.. ~ lflS£lll18Glmi:t 1

ChangeFuslon aas. ~ VoluntoGrSllirlt NetLlJor~

~Ll'l"mio,,~.1'u OpenB,se ~m""""'"""".iffllfll""'ljfll". Creot",e Commons Attrlbution-Noncomrnercal-Share Alike ~3.0 Unported license "lU~llJ'''"lIlLi'ia''''1n1iultll"lf''."'''ULL ... ""al'' 'l~U.,a~iiH1i~IL".~i'ilJl ";11J1I11tl1"lfLwa f111li-r1' lLi!I:::ri il..,l,r~ ft1 fln i1ltf1:11 ffi1fUr;'J Li?! 01 fiuaw a LJ..S U LLWIIi...,'U H~ r;'J uil ih' L-)lJLLGl ~~l.I dh.LU rJ1..:15'U

msu tJa: 1 ft'l"UfI'UQJ1I'liJlnU1ti'"

,

IJ .......... d IJ

McGraw-Hill, Inc. LiJ1Uflla'iU

t1fiUill

Copyright © 1964 by McGraw-Hili, Inc.

"\ "" t! ~""

llWlJWflHVI en W.f1. IiDd'Gll'l

v "'" ,v, oJ

R"~aU~~n~"ft"DRal~all

~ ~ ~

..

v <\ .,. 0' ~.,J .,J

'U 'U 'VI fl fl11 'W mH3) 'HYI t'l

v <\ .,. 6' ~.,J

'UU'Vlflfl1'J'W:JJ'VH<11~'YIS11:JJ ...

v<\ ,,0'~.J

'U U nn fl11'W~'Wfl1 ~ 'Vl~ClL.

v <!l v AI

'U'U'YIf)eJbl.1J~

'II V

Bl'nJdl1J'YI •••

o

@. 1J'YIUl

""

(9Je/. ~eNb~1;'lmeHl

·~c:i:.~~161j... ...

,

6' (0)'0. C1~bbf1:tb 'UClHl

/ 'II

j/@.:V. 1,Ub f1f1... ...

"" 0'

<O)r;t. b 'U1HI,D:JJI.I.~~~J~l;1

tlV 6'

~ ~ ;/:JJ 1 fl 'If ...

""

lno." b~U'U ...

k"J1Q).' rl~hh&'l;u~tJ 1.1.~1:t~~fIJJ"l51~timJ

v
VlUl
(10))
(lm)
(G,) )
(~)
(ci )
0)
0)~
wI:
r-~.··'··'--
,-'0~ .
/
Gf"lm
G)IO)@
0)(nG'1
(9)'0c>:'
@r;;{Gf
ootP)<t'
···5
... "lm'0Gf /
"lmGfiu
G'11ID.:V
"...., '0)m
___ .
G'1GfG'1
e: lID lID
c>:'G.!Gf
... ~r:nJGf
<t'ow
... . .. rr~G1 Qj '" 41!!1" ~.d.d

11 U 'tin n 11'tUI'WrJ 11 'tid

" ,~ L!I L!I ,,y ,

~lU~~fialHw~~nUlaal~Ul1

" uai,lWU

QJ ~ ~ ~ ~ d

UtA't1 nn 11'WJJ'W il1 ~'t1 "'UI

... v ~

~TI11Halau611~~ld~1

u "" ooI!!I ~ ~.d

tJU't1 0 011'W 3I'W rl1,uUtiH

QJ ""l v

UU't1nNutla

'1J

~ " "'" ~ "

il m ::1! rl ldVl1 a.I 'Vi 1'J't1 i.I1iUI fi 1 Ulrl ldVl1

UJilltJU 1.,&G>0

9J

f) 1 'UUl 1.1 '1

fl ~ ~

Lf)~. ,Ul ~l'1~f)U (M. Judd Harmon)

/: rtll

o

(9) UVlU 1

~ ~ "'l vi"'l "" "'l

~ bbGl~'W'U _J1'U "lJf)~'a ~1J1Jfi1'H ~eJ~ fl fl f) fl'J1~fl ~'Vll~ fl1'ab ~eJ~

eJ1'"ltl m ~!'.J~flQ.l'U1~.J 1 ~~'Wv'U D .fl1'Wbb'(;l:t fl1'atJD1J~'Vl1~ nTH ~El ~ ~~iil~1rltlJ~l'V!r1J'UrJI"lGl Lb~

9

"" "'l ::1 ' "" ,t: .,"" """ 0 Q.I v' t:"! v'

FI'J1~fl~'Vl1~ mn ~eJ~ bm fl~~flb 9i'U 'U 'U fl1'a1J~ 1J~ eJ1'"lfld:t'Vl1fl uu fl:t'6ltl11J'U El1'"lflEl~~"lJ'U u Gl:tbbm1

q "'l '1'1./"" Q.I "! ~ 'V"" Q.I '''l v "" 'V .,,,, """ v,

'Vl~'I1tl fl1dUJeJ~ '"l:t ~ ~I"l~f) 'U"lI'UL 'WE) eJ1~eJ ~~'U 1J~~ 'U u 1 b ~I'.m 'Vl'"l'Hbb fl 'Jfl1'a 1J{]1J1bU1:t~tl11J 'U b'l-lGl1

~d "1" '1 % <!i. q "'l 'V ~v, q "'l dI

'U 'Ufl":tb~m~El~ b 'a "lJmnL fl!'.Jbl~ '"l:t"lJ1~'Vl~tl tl fl1'aL ue ~ 11 ~b VI~ eJt'I '?l1'U 'U El1'1'J 1 'Vl~'I1.o fl1'n~El ~b 1J'U

,.

...... v Vi! «>I ... ... ... '1 v v'" vV.I'" v

'J'U 'l~ tlfl~lGjfl fl1'Jf1 fl'l:J'lfl'J1~I"l"Yl1~f11'JL~el~rI'J'H'~eJ'U b ~'U flf1 f)1:J'l'J'lf)1J'J~b~'U Ylfl~eJLI 'VI1'l!'U~"lJeJ~

'U

l1Ub6~ lJv'UI"l~'J'l~L~U ~.i'J::1lJ"li~ ~~tJ~fJ~!'b~-~~;yj ~bnflrl'Jl~~fl~I'UYll~fl1n~eJ~ b ~eJ'-l~

1t.10 ~'" Q.,I I .q

flYllf11'~'U 'l~~Eltll~m VI~CJ~ , .:'

LJ'J~b~[J~ b 'Jl'l~1~.w'l1·HU 1flU ~~ 'b'lfi'lj-t\u~'U1~mh~~ fl'UU 1!''el1fl'J1~~f1YlI ~fl1'Jb~€mJ1L:U

b

S)o

'" Ernest Barker, Greek Political Theory: Plato and His Predecessors, 4th ed., Barnes Noble, Inc.,

..,

New York, 1951. mil d

"

*. Gustave Glotz, The Greek City and Its Institutions, Alfred A. Knopi, Inc., New York, 1930. 11141 G)

'" George H. Sabine, A History of Political Theory, 3d., Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., New v

York, 1961. ran d.

• .,,, " t ~ '" tI

Glotz l11HfftltlHL~iJL~tl1fll! lHIl J..bo

koo

"" ..\ '1V'1V v .1 "'.11 V !.I "i "';'1' '1vv

1t'IJ'IJ'Vl1fl1Lj,Hl L'WEl ~VI ~"tiVlb'lfifi1'a1Jd':l:59.lTo1J ~tJfi'Uf1'Jl~·lJ'Jl~"U'U "U1J'J'Um'aL1'lfi'VITb'ib:JJLl"1tJbl91d''Ufi1':i

... v , .(, "" .J i!! '" "I I v .J.I.(, v v

'U tJ:JJ1'1'U 'IJ'~~ 'Ubbfl 'lJtjJVll'Vll~l"! 1'l'On:JJ'VItl fi"U'U l"1~b m:l:5fi 'U b 91"1 'U; 'U Vl1'l ~ I 'Vl1J'J:l:51'1'IJ'lJtjJVlll"1b'l1tJ I nu

~.J"" ~ .J1,'1 ,0 v v Cif I , ..t1 ~

'VJ~'Vl:JJ"ti'U"ti'U 'Vl :JJ "tid'J'l1Dd''"ll'U 'J'U:JJlfi:JJ1tJbLfil:l:5"UtJ'U "U'W,LL "U~EltJ bbfl11'1'l'D'H 'IJ'U"ti'U"Ii'U

ov~'" ",..t1..\.J<i\ ,",vv ~,

flI11"1 tjJ"l1 ~fi9 f11d' ~1'ULb t'1:l:5¥J'J 'l:JJ ril91l, 'IJ'Ub 1 El ~'Vl9:l:51'l1 fiW1LLfil :l:5¥Jl91ri'U fi 'U b 11fl0~LI, usu tJfil"1'Jl:JJVI:JJ1tJ"U ~H

flIm'W,:l:5d'l'l1Dd'''UEl~I,ElI, 'Vl'U ~l,bfl:l:5tl'9~'lJv'U ~1V11~d l'l1D ':i"U0~~1:l:5L 'YI1'l1~d':l:5"lil;~1mt'1:JJfJi. VI~ 1'1~lm~

:'i ' 10) ,..t1 ~ ~::"I ' ""l <i\..t1 ""'" '" , ~ v 1 '

11'1'l'Dd' b~tJflI'JU b VltjJb 'lJUj,H"l1~b:JJL91~9~~ril"lfilriElVl:JJltJmb 'IJ'Um1:JJ~'VI'O'\J1~EltJl~ OU~'J' 3 :JJB1"'l

""l "'* v v' I "'l V V""Q.I

1,1, nmu 61H VI'n)'lW; ~'\J1filri:JJrid'El~l0fi1'Hb 'Vld'f1bb 9.l ~"U0~fit'1 :JJbElfi"li'U VI'JElI, 91'Vi'U 1'V1'J' ~'U11'l 111:1 D'J'

"'" 9 9 ...

V ~ V dI '" V V 6' 6' "'*:1 , .. '" Q.I V 6' "

v Q.I q

flI:JJ~J'U:JJm 'IJ'U t'l:JJ1"tifiCJfi'WU n'IJEl~rJf11d'Vl1'l1tJEl~I"If11d'''l1 ~b:JJ:JJfl9md':JJ~:JJ'W'U '0 bl91tJfl'J'~mJd':ii' ml'l1 Dd'

91 .tl

1,.J VI 10.110)"'.1 :1.1 "" ..t1 ~ V

:JJf1I"l 'UL "lJ1'.i'J :JJLb "U~ "U'U b 'U f1 9fl1d'1J fil"ld'El ~ 'U en b 1J 91fiEl0 mfll tJ ~~~ l"1:l:5bL 'U 'Ub 'IJ'W 'lJl~I"I'H'lJl~rid' 1'J 'J' 3-

"

'1 <V ",..t1 ~ "* , ..t1.J", I <!j .1 ' <>I 10)

'\J1b'l b1tJbQ 'Wl:l:5 b 'W d't1'IJ"li'W] b 'lJ'U flI ~'H u ~ m ~Vllfi El19b '\J1J nu tJ:JJtJfitJEl~ Vld' Elflll1Jbb"li ~b 'WtJ~ ru 31'U:l:5

..t1, ~ 0 I , "" .,. ~ , ~.J ""'" '" .J Cif :'I 'V"

L 'lJ'U VI'U 'JiH1'U "l1 ~ 'VI 1 f11d'El~'Vll~ 1 L6 b'l:l:5:JJL 'WtJ~'\J1 ~ rid' ~ '\J1 ~1"Id' l'Jb 'VJl'W 'U 'VI9t:JJ El'Vl'il 'W1'l'VlL VI 'U b 191 b ltJWl'H

L ~'Wci'J'U fl--S~El~1 l"UEl~ '.i1'l1 Dd' Lb~ ~lm siln rid'0~flI:JJfJi. VI~9t~CJb'lL VI~Vlb'l'J ~~ Eln9f)n:JJ"UEl~~d'~ d'1'l1D'.i 1,

~I"1'Wd 'J'W mfil~;'W'19 ~~'lJ~ ~1'U ~d't91 'Jv'U I,Lb'lt bLt'l'J ~ VII ml:JJ '~l'nT;jJ "UEl~ (9)'U 1M1~ i'0~

<i\ OJ <!j v V V ~ v ""l OJ "'12.1 V v Cif~1

'Wtd~tl~'a 3'\J1b'l'Vl'.iElflld'1,1, 'Vld' nu elH "U0 ~d' 3't.l1fil'W n 'W 'W 'il:l:5"l1 ~CJfi'W1J 'Wb'lI,:JJeJ ~"lJ 0~d' 3"lill 'Jmtlfi 'U fl:tJ

I v I V I V OJ v.,-.,) "" 'II .J "" I .J ... wi 'V <!j

flI tll'U:l:5'J'l11 D 'J'd' 'J ~Jf1 'U d''J:JJ El tJl 'JtJ u fltJ ~ I"I'J 1:JJ'b'l :JJ'W'U fiEl 'U El nsn n 'VltlltJ 'VJ :JJ flI 'J 'Ub fitJ 'Jb 'W tJ ~ L b'l nu 0tJ VI d' 0

'II

1,.J vvv""l ""l

:JJb fit! 'J nu fi'\J'l3 VI';i eJ f)1';jb:JJ eJ{l b 1'l tl

o v 6'

\Ii l'Vl'J''UfI'Ub ell '\~ ,\H'l

AI' .... ""\ ,t ~I ., 4 til 1"\ ""'" '"' .... 0

", ] fl" 11 U "g; ~ J lJ flll f1 ') llJ , J lJ YI ~ 1J J ~ 'U eJ ~ 11lY l4'lU 'U (t' J U , llJ 'lI ~ lJ lJ 111 ~ 1) ~ 11 ff lJ 1 'll' fl 'U iJ ~, 1l1l g; 111 fl1 1

"" '" , ... ~" ... t "'~ '" t "" "'.. "" ", .. I , 'l '"

m'CllJ{)~i11mH)f1'U{)~'.lI II'l ~~lHj'll'11'l{t'~1)lJ'I1~H1J~ 1){)'ll'11'lf11HlJeJ~ lJNYI'ilG;LU1-HW'1:i;11 lIUm,]"

"''''' .!( t " '"' ~ AI' ,~I..., ' ,,*

'lill'lf1lll:W{)~ I~HJU'l1ilH1H'f11.Jtllg; 11J'U{t'~1)lJ lJ1flf111'UeJ~Ll1

" Charles Howard McIlwain The Growth of Politcal Thought in the West, The Macmillan Company, "

New York, 1932. 111~ 1 ci

---'--~-~--------------'--'-- --~

... -14 11 '. ~., 91

"Sabine tllH'cl'tlt)HL{llJLl'ltJ1f11~ l1Ul G)",

~'1.~1;~1M~BOLm nu ~ ~ 'rlB~~~U '111~"mti~ I'" ri Bii---"~~t "'~'""B~~'~

6'..... v...... V I <>l v<3...:1. v

I, "'ll'U1'nl~lH)UbI, 'VI~'H"IJeJ~ 0llb 1'1~eJ.fllfl bbm 1beJfl.fll'W 0l'J 1~mUlb fl1iH'J'Jbbfil~01'Jlm 'b'1 m 1J'U "IJeJ~ n 'U

. ~ ~ ~

bb ~~fl""''U eJl"'l1J11fil ~ ~1 ~t'!'ll11~"'llflfl'J1~b 'b'1~€l.fl1fJ u ~ fJ'J l~b 1'1~ eJ.fll01d ~b 'b'1~~n ~b eJfl.fll'W~0'U 1"l{)1, 'U

9

..... ~ I V Q.I ~

'U fl11 ~ ~ fl111,1, usunrrm ~'b'1 ~ I"l~bb fil~ 1 ~I1J"U'U"U'U

~J, I~ I (ly~

b 'W11~'b'1l1JtlJ qjlbb ~~eJfil{) 1 'U "IJeJ{j b "IJ 11 an 'OJ fl111'11'B1nl!~~'1 fl rn lb 'W;i 1~ 3' l'U~ dJ ~ 01 ~ "IJeJ~ l1~~ 'G'I"IJeJ {)b "IJ1

fl'JldJ b t1dJeJ .fl1fll, 'U fl~ belb 'VI'U ~ ~ml~ 'Mmt'!~ 1 ~ flv1J1 'U'll'a~"ul1i ~1 Wit'! b'ldJ'1J1 'M~ "'l~ {)EltJ

'IJ

v <3. ... I V I ~ <>l ... <>l I I

~'U 'M:J.Jll'JtHl"l'JldJbb'l dJeJ.fl1fl'VIl ~fll1bmH bb1 tN:J.Jlfl rmu usn I"lElA'Jld-.1blildJel.fl101"IJ El,:jfl11~'b'1'J 'U 'a 'JdJ

* Alfred Zirnmern, The Greek Commonwealth, 5th rev. ed., Oxford University Press Fair Lawn,

.,

N.J. 1931. nu: <!if,

'" Francis D. Wormuth, The Origins of Modern Constitutionalism, Harper Row Publishers, Incorporated, "

New York, 1949. l1U 1 b-Glo

.., ""I ..,

aOl'lJ'lHll~UHHtJ£HUrl'l1g

~~ ~fl11ri!' 'VI1~fl11b~eJ ~I.UU:~~ f1a.II.I. 'U'U~~~"lJ1TI~1~fJ "lJ M IllQ~_'n'l1 ~YI U~1.1. 'Ml{j sen

L 'U ~~fll'~"'l~';l~1. ~mJIll~l'tJL''U ~f1I")'H)~"UB~\?m 171f.JbQ 'Wl~ ~eJfl11fieJo/l t'lil1tln~;l"lJ'U / ~;eJL€Jm flt'l-

.. ~ .. .: "l.1 v <J _4 .. 12,j :'l

1."ti!1 (Ecclesia) ~ UYil~'YI~'I1 iJ eJ~rtfld'U lJ~tfleJ'Ufl'J!1~l'11 Dd"lJl£1'Y1~~~ ~1. nu klo 'U"lJ1H Ll

i. .I~ OA .. , , v V I .1 ,dGO'l 0 ~~ I c:c1 v

'U'YI1~lJU'UVlfl~ ~bb~ fl'Wt'l'J'W 'U Elm "lJl1'J:lJlJ~~"lJ:IJ 1.1.19lfl!, 'U'U ~lU 'J'U:lJlflVleJ~ IJ, t'l~&'Im'U ~eJ'J11. 'U'UeJ

9 'U 'IJ

o .1 0.1 v ~"I .. I <!\ I ::'1 wf ..

~1.'YI'U('~19l~1'U\j~~~71"lJeJ~lJ1~"l!1"u'U e1mfl1Vl'U~lJ~~~:l-lfl'U ~o fl'J'l ~'U'UVl'lH "1 eJtJ1\j~~fll

".1 ~ 0 ~ v v.. . I v' 2,j.. • I v <J4 ..,

fl11 b 1£1 fllJ'J~"lJ~'W b rJ'I1'V11 b Vl \?l €l ~ :lJflTJ lJ'Jt"lJ:lJfl 'W 'UElfJ"U'U bb ~ ~ :IJ'Ul~"'tJ ill.te1.f11lJ'J~"lJ~fl'W ~tI \j nr 81 ~'U

, , , 9

v r;iq v 0 V I I V ~ 0 q~ v ~

'J'U fl :IJ \?lIm ,S'u11:IJ'W qj e 1'W 1~~Hml4.J B'l1 :.j~ 'J 'W:J.J1 flB fJ nu ern flB Ell'U 1'"1'W VI 'Uqjqj~ fll'J!il'J 'Ufl:IJ

---- '\I 'IJ .. "" 'Il "- ..•. ~ ,

'; '.1 ,I ~ I "IVO I 142.1 I , ::'1.1

'U ~mJ1fJ\?ll~lJ1 ~b W(li fl1J'fl'J'Ufl:IJeJlfJ'U'J'V! 1':i I.b~ fli'J b "ti€ll'U 1'Oi1. Vllill'U l €l~'VlfJf)'U 'U fl 1'1'J 6{j b lJb 'W'a 1~

,

'1 ''; <Jc:c1 oJ, <Jvv .. "1 'v .. ~v OA v-" .1 vii

"ll'U l~H Vl tlJ b l"U'f)\j'i.'lfn 'U b 'U'U 'Uq)'V! 1'Y1'J n 'U l b 'U Vl:IJ'U fI'IHl'Uq)qjl1.1. t'l~'U flr1 fl'l11 nl'JlJflrl'J eJ ~ 'VIfl'J'U 'W

'll '\I ,

* ... "'" '" , '"'... II

Sabine lHIH1tJtJHltUJL;JtllflU I1Ul ~o

alO

bmmbb6'Ubbcl~€Jcil,'U~lbb'VIU~~I~ S) ou€J~r~1~

~ 1 ~

o ''''''0 ~:1VV 0 46)

19l1bb 'VI'll ~'Wb Yli'ttbb t'l~lJ61'U l~mfl'W'J nnu ~ 6~fl'U'U 111'Wt'li'l'V!I'a~I'U 1'U eo 'U 111 "Ii ~ b 'U i'l1~

... c;!J 0 , '6) .1"'oA<v<tl v 0 6)' ""i v

'V1~'ij ~b 'U'UfllbL 'VI'll sm ~i'lVil'J u l ru i'l1 ~'U{l 'Ul11 ~b 'U'U 'Urll"lfl CJi'l'Hfll'U 1'"l b 'VIqji'll~ fl11b lJ €J~mtl

, ~ c;!J 0 'v ,..J 0 ~,,,,,'II V v ""i ~ ,

U 111'W~i'l'VI11b Vi~ 1m 'U'Ul1bb 'VI'HOU6~'J]'1 'U 'Un~lllJflllbb W1J{li'l1~'J'UL~6fWl~ 1tltll1~ 1~tJ1~

v 6) v .. .,. <u ~ .,."" ""1v <V ""i ~ 'lI 0 , v .,..

I9l eHl b"lf'J u~'UIi!~ 1mbt'l~ i'l~ ~~'V1u 19l'J'Ub t'l €J flWJ"Ii 1lllJ fl~ 'VimfJ mu I~OU€J~'U ltJ'Wt'lb 'YI1fl 'U Vla.!I9lLb 'G1~a.!

, 0 v.,J 4 ""6) v "" v v ,<'0'.,. 4 .,J <V ""i IV d\ v V ,

rnsu mfll'U 1~'VI'U li'lb 'lima.! b 'VIb fl 19l~ I'll "Ii El 'U n 'U bb I9lfla.! 'U ltl'Wfl 'U ltJ'V!'U ~i'llJ nnsn 'Ub 'U'U 'V!1Vi'U l€Jtll ~

1'''' v.,..... ""i6) , v '6)"'* "i

lJb 'U'U i'l1~m'J usesm ~eJ'V1u'W'G1b 'VI'U €J 6 'U flt'llJfl1'Hl'U OUEl~m'J'fIl'U ltJ'Wt'l u ~~~€JtJ 6 'Ub 'J€J~'U btJ'Ultl

, '" 0 v ,<'0' ~ <!I ~ v v..,J ~ IV .J.,..

~11~l.l'J~b i'lYlibb ~&::i'l'VI1'Jb 'U'U ~ lrlqJ u l flOUtJltJrll.'l ~11.ltl~L 1 €J~fl1'Jrlt'l eu t'l~~m mJ'JOUEl~fl 'U'U 1 tJ'U'1tl'V1l-J

. -.-. , ." -

..... c;!J 6) "i v , 0 ~~ I V "" V v

t'l fl'ijW~b 'U'U fl'l~ mtJ 6'U bl9ltlbli! 'Wl~mtl OU€J'UOUltJOU€J~€Jl'U 'l'"l'U "lI'U €JtJf1'U'UI"lt'l fl"U€J~ 'V!'J'VI'U lLb t'l~~.fll'W

6' v .. 4V 4 v 0 ~ '\I , ~ V OJ ""

fl1'JWbb 'J~£'l €J~ ~t'I €J~'"l'Um'J~1i! m Ii! 'U "Ii ~Bl~b 'W€Ji. "IiBl'U 1~~1 f1"l1'U f)'J 1i'l€J1G1tJ€J~'1 Vi fI 'UI, 'U lJl:.J'llfll

b ~'Ub 'Jt11~~~'Vi~ ~ b l.l;rl~~ I"l~bb 'Jfl'1 'U m'a~I'U ltJ'W£'l~:.J1J"U6~l'U L~'UeJ m ~€ii'l;'WI.'li, 'U 'UL£J'Ult:J

'Il

6' <!I c;!J v ""i r s> v"" I -:1 '.1

"lIB~L m nu b'1 'U lEJ'WI.'l~~1. 'U'U 'U fI fl1~b:.J€J~ u ll El~'J'UCJ'fI"Ii€J'Ul1.'l €Jl9lb 'Jfll~€Jttfn u tl&::'"l~ b :.Jll'a~~ 'UCJfl

~lb ~'"lb ~11 ':ib~tJm"ll1I9lrl'Jl:.J11'Jl~1, ~"lJ€J~€J~~flJ~ J1U~OUE)~fI~'m! ltl'WI.'lLIi!'W1~€J~I~~~I"S'VI"S'Vi\rl

, v v <!I v v .,. .::, :1;;1 I .,. v

rl€J'U "lI1~ rll.'lltJfl~ en 'U'U ltJfld 3l-J'U 111, 'U 'J~'U'Ul.lflfl1 €J~bb 'U'UflW~ 13'1l1tl rlUb 'V!I.'lTIWlJ 'U b~ tl'Jfl 'U

'U ltlmv]~ti\Fj; E)19b ;EJfll.l~~"Iil-Jbb ~~~'U"Ue)bel'U6~El~.fl1 €J~I~h~~ fl1'a~TH" 11,1, 'VIU ~~I'U 1~~€J~J

~ IV v ' ... v c;!J <II I

"lI'U €JtJf1'U fl1'J~ 'U 'Ub'1'U 'U "liE) ~b'1 rn LL'(;l~ rl~bb 'U 'U bel tJ~rll'U Bl~b 'U'U ~'G1 m~i'l'U m~b nau \FjB'J 1'J&:: fl1'a

'\I ,

o I ""i V v.,."" :'1 V" ~.... v ""i ~ V 0

rl1 €J~l1bb 'Vi U ~ 'V!'J€lbb :.Jm~'VI~ "Ii'J \FjOU€J~ l 'U 6 'PI 'W'-l1'J WI b 'PIfJCJ'Jb~'Ubbl-Jfl1'Jb t'l€Jfl1 ~CJ'U '),}l1~i'lViT~

'II

.1 ""i V.I "".11 "":"1.1<'0' I V""

"lI€J~ u'a~"Iil"1i 'U €Jl~ 'PI~ ~tl6'V11.'l flll'J&::OU rsu ltJ9'Ub fl'U b 'Uf1 ml-J Lbl WJ1l-J'J'U~l"llfl'IJ"lI6~m1o/lIU lEJ'Vjt'l

I a:;: ~ .. oA v v I cv I "",v V V 0 I v

l€J~.fll'U 'U (;1mtl€Jl.l{l'U~mrl'U€JtJl~m~"U'U ~'U1l-J~CJ 1,I9ll6~fI1'J b "lJlmrl'J €J~mbb Vi'U ~ m'V!'lfl"Ul'f1

'V 0 V14 ... cv 'Uv .. ~

rl'Jl~'a rl'J 1l-J "Ii 1 'J ') qJbL fl~ Vi 'J,)fIVi'J 'U 1 €leJtib ~ fll-Jb 11 £J€J 'U €l1'Ol mL fl ~ "lI'U

'U

<l v .. 0' v ... 1 .J OJ v I V to' I ~ 6) v ..

91ml1l€lu'U1rJl-Jl,h~fl'U fi~98::b 'IJ'U'VI"tJ~LL'OJ~'J1 t'1tl1'U'U"lI€J~L€Jb 'VI'U11tHbt'l'JlJ b 'VI:.Jfl1~

€Jiil.l'altJ'VI1;B'VI1~f11'.jL~€J~6fJI~b1'1;bLt'l8::~~~'Ol~ i'l~~.fl11"l.fl~1, ~i, ~ 'U~~~~El~~~€l~ fi'UL€lb 'YI'U~t:J~

r--- ---------------- 'U

.. I v C V I IV

lJJ ~fl eJ'UI?l'J ~f)l'Hn'J {j ~ 'U o/l1:!.J'UQJ"tilbl. 'I,H'VI G1 f)J.'}1~CJa fll'J

(01 'J l:).J~l?lbb a~f11'Jfl'J~VilM~ ~'JlJ~ U ~Q~flcv'U ~f.J:).J1(91'J S1'U

.*

Gl A.E, Taylor, Socrates: The Man and His Thought, Anchor Books, Doubleday Company, Inc,

Garden City, N.Y., 1954. lnI'1 Glcnlm-G1Q1,J

... ~ tI' I -\ to' "

"I., Sabine 11lHffeHlHlmJLI'HJ"Jf1U 1m] en,"

c;nb

flt]'111J1tJ (Law) 'U~'U bu~1~1~bflmb~l~lJ1LbWJb'Ub;B~ alvliJt (Apology) f}~PJ1PJ (Crito) 1 V'lP71 fJa~ n (Protagorus) an f1 (Phaedo) I,I,~ti. 'U 1J'Ylm'U'Yl'U 1~'U I 1,1,~'U'Ylt'1'U'Yl'U 11, 'Vl~ l~hl7ltJ/'

~ v '1 "I~ .1.... <!I ") I ~ 1.1 Gil v") ~ .:

~l'jt:I.J~ f)'l;'tutb 1) b 'U 'Yl1~1).[] L~ ti fl eJ b 1!']'I,lj'J 'U b'Vl qJ 'LId ~fleJ'Ub tJ'U"UB b ~:I.J~!~_'l.l,:U"UeJ~L Bb 'Yl'U f,1 fl'Jl:I.J

I 0 OJ Vq t ~ IV

bblfl'J1JJ'b'llflqJtJ~:I.J:I.J1f1:I.JlfJm1'U'U omn v

, '"

~~l'jtu l~~f)T~~fi~';;'1, 1'll'J'l;' 3n'OJ 'lhv"lltjJlti'J'J:I.J 'tl'J~'J~'i'll'1,lj~~ bb~~~lm;~bbWJ'J'J:I.J(9ll.lfl11, ;rJ~"uB~

r;' I -i ~ I' 0 V I .., q ") ~.... v '1 I I I ~ ..J."J ~

:I.J'U 'l;'fJ~ 'J'U :I.J1fl"li ~:I.J~ 'J'U t'11flqJ~Bfl'Jl:I.J1, 'OJ'JqJl, ~'U b ~"UeJ~"li 'J WltHfl:I.J :I.J'U 1m~'Vl~ 11 b ~'Yll, 'JB~'Yl~'Vl ~JI'l

,

I, 'Vl~l~U l:I.Jl.w~l'Jtu 1eJ~.f)lfJl, 'U "UeJ'UL "UWlI, ~eJ~'Jl'J"uB~'J1 ;1'Vl1f1'1~Wl'Jt'Vl'Unl, 'U~n'tJ tutfl'JB'Uflbi:I.J

~ ,

o V V ~.,J I 0 ~ V ~ v .... "'>1 "'>I v

l,l, t1t61'U l'"1"UB ~'U fln ~ fl'Jl:I.J'Wtl'ltJl:I.J'b'l:I.J tJ'U 'Vl~t:I.J~~l'Vl:l.J1tl'Vll'U eJ~b llJd n uuse b"ll 'JUbI, 'U'UI, 1fJ'J nu

.01 9 ,

'" The Republic of Plato (UVUUUl1'11'eH Benjamin Jowett) 4th ed., Oxford University Press, Fair Lawn,

" " ., " ... "i "".1 • .1" Ii

N.J., 1953. bk. I l1Ullmo 'U'1)fl11)JI'lI'l'1lHtHfl~ "'1)llllJ'j" Ill() i lJUllJl1l1f1~lUUlJl1UUUU

do

r!J

'\AJi;'l~"lJeJ{jfl'J 1~1J~ 'I ~ nu 1'V!;e

I

jl'U~~~'V!'Jl~n~l~ ~)

v .,. % G):1!l ~ v v 0 <i1 .Ii v v f{' .1

'~jb fWl"lJ'U 6 'Ub useu 1m 'YJeJ~'U e~ fl'J 1~i91 eJ ~ fll1 eJ'U vu 'U'U"lHfl 'UbI, i;'l~ fl 'U e"flfl1~1J':i ~"IiI'i'1 ~

.,j I V v.,j I ..,. ~v I I ~ <i1 v I "" v ",1 .,jv

6 Vl~I~t'l~J'jIj~~B81"m 'Ol{j"Ii~'VI'OJ~tHb ~1~ b 'V!'U~~i;'l'"l~~~'V!m~b"Ii'U 'U 'U 1,1J'Ul'U '.11 -' ~'Ul"llb 'U'U 'VImN

fl11~I'V!r'U~~1J1fl b\,i;'l~~J111n'"l~~lb ~'U 'U1{j~~1{j9~~~l~{j~~'U~ b ~B{j91fl1J~fl'U ~~'U~{j1'U 'U'H

I ::1 v.,.. l.;j d .1"' """ ~ I 0 .,j 0 ::1v"".,j

eWl{jb~~mlfl'UeJ'U I b "lJlfl flnlJfj'UlilbQ 'Wl~'lI'U 'U 'U I b

lb'l~fl'U 'VI1~rl'U 'VI(9l'lJ 'YI16~~'VI~~lbbtl~fl1~

• .... .J.\ ')I , "'" u ')I

* Sabine 11lH(l'1JilH~"lJlIilVlf114 11141 eX&

--.--.---.-----~~~-

dGn

l :'~eJ~li1~~~r1Jl:lJ;;'Y11~~~~'Ylf.ll~~1J' ~~bb;S b ~'U1~~1 mru D~~vq)"l11~q)lrubb~%::ml6-1

~ -

<t1 ,I ')V <t1 ~:l,j v oA v

L'11~1d'~"UeJ~fl'UEleJflb 'U'U~'UJ"UeJ~b 1I~ h~b 'IJ'Ub d'e~~l'U ~ fl'ijtu~fltu~'J.J'IJ~fl'Jl'J.J\)'U7\bb~%::fldl6-1bi1mdt1

. ~

"U~H fl ti1~€ll~bb!:Jfl1~fl~1~'lio/1b ~'Ub ~'U 'Ug;'U I.b~~~fmcnf1~l~ b 'W 'Wla;E1~l~t~' 'U~11'U fl'Jl~t'l1md'\)'Yll~

d-1 ' "1' ,."J .1 4", J; v,."J .". ') "':1 v ~ <01 v d , v

~{~fl~fl dJ'J.J lf1 mtJ b 'Vlq)'Vl ~ J ~E1tJl~'Ylb 11 ~ L ~fl1 (:J'UUl1 !pm'li 'U 'YlEld't'l h!9lb ~HH Wli b ~b ~'U lEl:J.Jl.flltJ'Vl a ~

~d~Gi'Ufl11Q; ~b ~'Ua ~d lflvtjJ~fhn'U!P\bb 1J 'J fl'Jlmh~'W~~"UEI~:JJ~ 'ij~~Jm ~~ ~eJ'U flv'U bb1il~b ~'U msmn

.,J 0 , , "i': <!\ .1 6' cl~, v 0 ,

'Y1"l~ fl1'Vl'U'7lt'l'J 'W flU! 1"l1"UeJ ~Ll'n~ bWli'U "lHH flld'1<i n'ijl~b~a;ud'~~'U flTH]! 'Yl ~1eJt'l ~I"l~ fl1dfl1'Vl'UIEltJl~

9

o "1 .1 ~v v 61 s> '61 ~ ~ ~ ~"i ~ v , ~

eJlb.flElb~~iJEI~bll'G1bl '"lip) b~I"l'UflrJ b'U'li'W'W'W"li'U'W bl11\)€l1Tj,Jr1'Jl~t1'WIi;1'J'W'lJflfl1il"U€l~b"Ul'U'W

~ q

v 0 q V I 0 v.:::l" ~ vt1 "1 ~" 9...1 ~ <\ Q.I ~

tJil'Y11~lm ~d .fl1'WmfJ "l11~'Yl1'Hm 'Yl1'Yl b fllb 'IJ'W blPltJD'n"~"li1l \)'l'Vllm~:J.J'"ld'~all>j"UIbfleJ~

~€lflld~m 'Yl~~l"UeJ ~~l'U'1 ~bb ~ri\J~l'U€ll;'W'W~'W bb ~~E11'-l'"l~¥~ fl E11'Yl'W1 ~1 'Vl'J~Gf1fi7\flvm}€lfl"llf1

9 'IJ 'IJ

"" , ."J.J v 0"" % "" <t1 % v

fl '1 fld"d ~'Y1 fl E1tJ lWlb n tJ'J fl 'Ufl1d'Wlb 'W 1Hl'U "U EI (j~ 'J ~"l11mj17\tJ~ 'Ub "li ~ 'fl'U rJ'19b 'IJ 'U a "U"U'U 7\dtJ~~lEl'IJ

9 9

v .J v V:1V v q .J ">I v.. d g; 4 .". d .1 .. 1 .

u v

U'Yll~'Jo/l~'Y1'W€ltJ~~ mb"Ul###BOT_TEXT###quot;7\d'IJb\lld'm'W'Yl~%::'J.J"U€lI"lip)b 'Vl'U'W'U~1 "li~'ell~'"l~(:Jip)flm~ lId~"U1TItJ ltJ

1'1V<!l' g; v q I I 0 "i v') I q v

'J.J l\)eJ'Jll"l'W 'Yl~'Vl:JJ'7l'"l~1€l~'J.Jt1 'J1Ul €lfl1d'fll'Vl'Uml~ 'W b tJ'lJ1t1"U'el~d j blPlm 'Y11b 'YlmJfl 'U 'Vllflb t'l'U el

l. ~tJ~~l A'U~'J'U:J.Jlfl~'lJ1~~~m~€l~l~' ~b ~1'Wg;'U bL~b Ll1illJld'~b fi~'"l;Elbgl'UeJEI~l~~

cU ..

db

'U~fl<V'Ui, ~Yilfl11'JfnnflU1 ~WI~'U'V1'Uv1lJ'Ul'Uf)~~lVl'Jv'U~~l~~1J~btU~;f)!Jfl~1 "l U ~IU f)~L ~fnf)~~

v v 6) 1 .1 6'~ 0 .1 :'1 .1 "" Q{ -! v ",.t.-

~ 3'IJnleJ~lm'Jf;l 6 U Vl~'J1'U1'U'J1'Ut)J'"l~fld~'V11f11d'Uf)¥l'HN 61Jm~rl'Jl~fl~b VlU 'U ~f)lfHJel~'Ut)J1:I.llbbt1~

~ ~ ~ '\I

~I v::1 1 v vilv v _"j V v V I

fI1'JeJf)f)'U'JWlJf)~ ~Ub eJ ~ u ~~'Ol~l f)~ b ~tl fI 'U{lfl'IJ Vlflt'l f)tlm~'U'V1 fI~ Vlmt]'V1~ 1~~ mb'f\~~€ltlm 1

~ .1

mm '~lti fIl'J~ mn~~b ~m ;eJ~~lflvt)Ji, U 0 YI JJr y b u~1~ei1\l~~~~'JldW®fj'1~ilJ~€lci i, U

, ~ q '\I

I ~.I "* I 0 il,v '16) 0 I ,..,j I '1 Q./ V ~

fI1'Jf)eJl\l'U'J~'Ulfl~ 'U~bbllil~flUf;lflfllVlUo/l Vl€ltl 6umbbVlU~bbVl~'V1l1\i 1 6Uel~¥l~eJUlUL'UU

'\I '\I ----_

I <\a..q V .cJ ~ IV 41 ~ ~

~'JU VlU \l I,bfil~U{)'Ul~lUi, Vll1~'V1lmJfl'Jl~f;lU~bbfil&;fi1'J eJfleJm~'V1b VldJ1~~~ 'J~'IJ'lJfl'l'Jl'l!fl'ti,

i, U 0; JJ-tfi"UeJ ~b 'llt'l1~~t'\lfll'J'"l~'J~b Dt]'Ub ~U ~'U~Hel~fl~ b 'UU 'J~'U'U~'JtI~{jb e1;~~l:V(L fi~fl1'Jbb ~{l

, ""

Vlu1'tQ 'vrl~bb :,'l~i, ~ m'Jt'l Q \l fl'J 1 ~ tJl 'D 'J'J ~ nl~fl'ti ,'TuiJivlJJ?i' tJ~~ ~ ~ ~-~lli1'J ~'J~'ti It'1~ fl J.J l 'UJ

- q q ~ '" ,

, -----=--~ '~------------------ d

~~~bbGl~fi 1VlU~1~bblbo/l~<?l'J£J b 'W€l'Olo/ll1 {lVl~lrJ.uf)U ~~1~ i, ~~'J~'U'Ul'J'J'"lfl'J'Ufl~LLGlt~lU l'"lbo/l~'Ulo/l

- -q ~ ~

'Uf)~CJ~ f) fl 'J €l \l flU ~~ i> '"lb 'i.1? U tI ~€l, '"l'"l~ 1~bL ~ ~ fl1'J ~~ 'J ~-~TU-I"1~ bb ~~i.W~-rut m?Fliel1Ul~ flQ./U 'U~ ~ f)

- 'II - y- -----

U~~tJi, 'U~-1~fI'

I'UeJ~b 'llGl1~ fll'J~fl'til'i.1~1Ji, VI~b ~tJ'J1tJ~1o/l£Ji, fI~~o/lfl~.fl~bb 'IJ'U

'll~~;~1ltJ l'J~f)Q.J'Um~ i, 'U amri'v I, ~a1~tlfl.uEl1'"l~~u'J~'Ul;~1ltl ~b~'U;;f.)~b ~a1~~

, '"

<!j I ~ V 0 0 "" ~.,. V.I ... 1 ~ 6'.1 v cv Q./ I

fl eJ'J lfl1'J1'l! fl'til'"l~l s ~ fl1 VI U mb Gl~711b U'U fl1'Jb 'W€lf) '?lfl'U 1J'J~'U I'D'll l tI'U ~ fl €l'J 1Jo/l'JtlU flt'l~¥l'Jb Gl uu Gl~

<V '1 ,.,J.I -i OJ "'l .1,)v.J '1..J

l:lfl'tHU~ ~ 'j,1lJ'Yl'Gi~1Jd&;fI1dVl'H"U~~ a~Ujfj f\~ t,t,eJ'lJ. f1'Id"UeJ~b 1J~ b~

mJ1nm~'\J'\JI"IB~~

/ 9 f <3 . '. •

~';1111:1~'l~ VI~"U~J "li~~ ~r b ~m~tJ':lfIVLJfI11~fl'tll ~~'ULJti ~~lifltJI:11'J&;b ~Ell11'J~':ifl1:}1~Jll'WL~~

'II 'II ~

JeJifl~f111tilflEl~~';l'U'b1~"U~~b ll~ l~~'"l~lJ'~'V!mtJl~b VI~El~ f1tJ~ ~lf)~bb ~~~O'b1~ fnJ'Utl~'b13J"iJ'l VI~ ~~~~

~ 9 9

...,:"] 'Lv, c!\.1 v .1 <>I ""':'1 'Lv"! v v AI ~ , 0 V, .J'1 V

lJ~blJ ~lJ{lb'W61JdLJ1J':i~lJl~'JS1Ufl1B~"li'W 3JUblJ ~ b"lif)'U1J1~"ull"13J'Vl{l'V!~~ bb~t'l1"'1':iLJt'I'dU'Vl b"li

9 ~ "_

u ~ ~~~fn'tru~f