iCIi c( I 9J

CUen1 bfi1~1~Vi11~1!J

~

n1~f1nU1

Education and the State of Human Knowledge : An Analysis

tS' I tS' c:t.

fT16fGl'l1t\J1'lti b6fUVI t\J1a.J'ln

Professor Saneh Chamarik

l,!ausloluCill.Js:lnfllnu

""l i, ~ -"S CLI V i

Vrl7lf1n::11 mmmmrmn f]vtrfm::rmJJ1JJ~fjtJ

TllmiJfmJ 't77JJ1tyty7 iiJfrl)f]0Aih vgm7't7tJ7ff7trrlf srtWV rllllJrlm trYm'ftytyl IfI~JJ~ruri1 11~lJn7iJltJ

~L'ij~"'l,;r,:'l""'lJIiI1:u Openjrase fJflL~lJU.W'ifl1lJ1GiitfLIfLJ1~"t1I1~ Creative Commons Attribution nonconmercral-stare Ahke ~3.0 Unpcrted License l1lUi!'l.!l"ifllllLU:il-";111n1iul1..111llLil::LHULLW"iGlilllit.1ilf..l~il...Jih"ii...JLL\lil..JMJ.!l u'JJlllli111i'n1il f11"i"~1 1L~::rrtl-J1,raf\lfUltl1..l.f\l1~'tIiitilL~U1ftUUWtlLHUILW"i"-Jlu.w~QmJ~-J L~\LU.~':l:w.:ljLli'U~m,:'l~\L

, ,

u~UjJ

Education and the State of Human Knowledge : An Analysis ~LL\Pi-.l

f'l1aGl~1'i11'Hr bay'l1 'il1~~n

Professor Saneh Chamarik

~ ,.

VllJVlfl1~((1fl : II mfl(J1f1lJ 2546

~llJ1'UVllJ~ 2,000 LrilJ

ISBN 974-91090-4-X

11m 90 inn

nnnln mmheneu fi1Ul1V1Vfl1V1 UN'ih~ nV1'11nV U1~('f1'Ufl11N~>l lin~ftn~ L'Yl'llHiiH'J'ulIlll LLUUUflLLI1~~ULcilJ

rilVll1 L'Yl'll1LL"~!rh~

~

~

lJl1iiinm~fl1'~mif~f1lJrf1"~lml::)J'IlllVfl1('f~l

THE FOUNDATION FOR THE PROMOTION OF SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES TEXTBOOKS PROJECT 413/38 (l'U'Ufl~(lJfllJ1'Unf ul~flafliiav flp(nVl~ 10700 Ins-Insan 02-433-8713

413/38 Arun-amarin Road, Bangkok 10700, Tel.-Fax: 02-433-8713

Home Page: http://www.textbookproject.com

\!BuslaIEJollls:JnFllnEJ

TOYOTA THAILAND FOUNDATION

X7/2 ill 42 ;;01';; m1ll0, Ollll;~~ '''''~lJ,;ii ".u'llJ1U rmu, 10330, lmm.n 02-305-206X·91m~" 02-305-2014-6 H7/2 eRe Tower. All Seasons Place. Wireless Road. Lumpini. Parhurnwun. Bangkok 10330. TeL 02-305-2{K1R-9 Fax. 02-305-2014-6

1i1'l~l'11lilvt.w ul1i'mfl~~'1nv 1ilnOi

Ins. 02-225-9536-9 hn('f11 02-222-5188

v

tll'ilHU

u

"

mn

r771hTfl'J-'lnn "fil,j7rlJ'lf7" 6

" " v ,

fl7U7tyllfil.J 10

Ih::-mrJlll'i.J 12

r7711flM'Jjfl UUfil T(f;J7Ih::tnfll'l'W 14

'J7(flJ7:lJfltU::mJJJn7'J'JjflUETfil T(f;J71i'J::l'I'Iffl'l'W 17

n(flJ7'JJfltU::n'j'j:JJn7'j1J~!1n'JjfluETfil T(f;J71.h:: l'I'Iffl'l'W 18

r7 uu: fI.J:JJfI uETfi 'J.Jn mi m ff.JfI:JJff7 fffil {ll fI:::JJ lJ'tj (fff7fm;{ 19

. ,

1. Cl1~lJfllJYl

~ ,{

2. ~lUf11"Jl lfl11:::l1

3. lJUllOnm1f111:::fldllJ1

, u

10 23 37 54 78 97 III 117

5. ~1fI11:::f11"Jfrfllll"tYl[J

6. ';h~'wlrl'[J"

lfn:rf11'j"frmn"tYl[J

7. rirultulYlOl'lml

~ u

,

8. ri,rvlltJ : nl1afll'j~fl1:JllV1tl;11UB:;rl'-:]fl:W

'u

'lJa-:J"ly1tlhn1,)-:J'lJru::;JuiJo~ 2 lh::;fml'mll ~ ~o

ilsrn nil in ~l'WJU'IJ o-:JJ;1t1l1J'W'J::;~uo~nJf1fnniJ"lJJlJ1 mXf1 iJ

,

JJ11l1y1tll~tllVltl-:J 5 llr1-:JlyhJUlo-:J (UOf1Jufhum::;~ul'Vltll~tlf1l'Jf1mn ~lJ::; 1l1'lf111 'lJU-:J luuJJr1l1'Vl tll~ tlfl'~ufl1umlhl'lJ l11oJJ11l1'Vl tll~tllu'WlJJ tu 'l nUl'Vltll~tlfl~ ~f1mtlJJllUUm1l1Jml'l5fitl ll"::;fh~H::;mntllUU JJ11l1'Vltll~tllm::;tI::;l1~-:Jih m'jl1JJl111'Vltll~tI~lmUUouill'l~f1~lJ'1il-:J~U l UUi'1fIl1Jufmf1mn II uulJ~m10~lnl~lu')ufu l-1Jl

J;11JJl'Hlf1~1')"l~-:hocil-:JUoti ~ tJrucYilll1~ld~l-:JntT-:J~o-:J~l'u-:Jii-:J "~ru'IJo-:J llNU~U" (l110lJ ::;l~tlf1ilo::;hnmJJ) ~V'I,)f1l'IJlll1~lJU"lMu Lof1li'1'Vll-:J m 'Jfrf1lJl'Jlm cioJJ un ii-:J lliJtJrucYillJ::;iJ~lU')U"lJJJJlf1'lXf1l~o ll1 tlUnU~lmu lh::;'I51m~-:Jlh::;l'Vlfl'

(7)

'U1 I'lUfl nu \il1'l1~m'h 'i1 ~ ~ l ~~U~l-Jl ruUll::;~ rum VI'll emH1llJ'U fll 'ifYfllJl 'i::;vl1J ul'll-!fYmn

,

'Jll-!U~lU'i::;l-!lru 100 m1~ ~~tJ~:iJl:1mu'Ufll'ifYmnlm::;1J1JltJl'l~l~~lnl'l ~1'U1'U~1J'trflfYmJll9J1fimmi u Ull::;l:1mU'Ufll'ifYmn l 'I1i:lldil1~m::;'ill Uvll

U'i::;'lnml'U U~ll::;'lb~~'UtJ l r1ltY'U

usn 'illfld ~ l'Ul'U~J~ l'Ul:1mu'Ufll'ifimn~'U U 'U1'11l'll'Uu~i:l~fll-!l1'1 utY'U i:h'Ulmurl I'lfl L lJ'U'Uu~ ~~u cil'U un ::;'I11u ~~muflll:1fYmm::;vl1JU'i::;{ll-!:Wjj Ul-!

._, 11 1.1 'U

v ,

-es <V 0 I V """ V.:::!i

fll'ifl'flEJ1'li'U'U1 fl u'U'Ul~l'l 'il ::;'UlI'lLLflll'Ufl1ll-!'I1l11fl'l1l11 U'UU~ LU1l'li'U-NfI'flEJl

u

L:iJ u ~ 'ill 'iru1'iJl fl ~ilml,,'J u l;VI am 'UfllVll'l1,,'J L fI''iEJ ~ fl 'il LLll::; i:l ,,'Jfll-!'U u~

fl'imJfl~l~ L lJ'Uu~rlU'i::;flu1Jl'U lfl'i~l:11l~'Uu~i:l~fll-!11'1 U

(8)

'flml1'tH11'J~fl1n~1-:J ~ 'l~ u'll-:J'U'tJf1'U'lJtl1 tI'lJeJlJ l 'lJI'lJ-:J~'U~ ll'a:;mmru l'U'U1:Ufll'J'iT~~-:J "iYltl1l'lJI'l" l'I~eJ "f!''UU'' u'a:;mlrJa1-:J~-:JfIl'Jci-:Jl'fl~:U

~

Vnfll'lJ1ll'lri1,x'U l Vi tI-:J U~11 Nfl'Ull'lri1,x'U1J:;'l~1lJ LeJfl1m l'Iri1.Qn~eJ lrieJi1l~'U

~

.. "

-=t I I I..::! ..::.i IV 4 I .c::t, ~ I o.J Q.J 9.1

Y1il:; ill tlflllm l 'JtI'UYlU Vl-:J ~ amuum 'Jf!'mn ll'lm'Ul'll-:JflU 'lJ-:J'lJ'Ufl'U'fl'J1-:J

eJ-:J A n 'J~ -:J lU'U 'iT m1n~~ i1 eJ1 rul'Wfl:U lflN1ml L~ tI'JeJlJ

(~-:Jl'Ufl11:U lU'U1J~-:Jfh ~'U 'l n'UeJ~) ~lu'U~'iTI'l'flnYl1Vltl1m'lJeJ-:J u~'U~'U'lDHt lUVl1 :;nlJ N~meJfl1'flYl1-:Ja-:Jfl:UeJ v uih ue :;l'I~eJ Y11fl1m'fl1-:J111'J1 tl1lJ LI'l tI

~ ~

L1t1 fl11lU'Urhl.jf~1 umsm 'J~mn l'U'J:;~lJ 'J1m~ U'fl'UU Vl-:J,x'U 1h:; l ~'U~rl1rlty Ml eJ l1ru<Y1l'lil1 fl'flml1'Ufl1'J~mn ll'lri1.Qil:; U-:Jfl-:J ll'laeJrll'Ufl ~-:Jfl1'J lu'Uci1'U1'I~-:J 'lJ e -:J a-:J fl:U'l '1'1 tI~ ~1 ~ eJ -:J'lh tlll'la eJ l ~eJ fl'a~ -:J n'U ue :;n'U ~ eJ 'lDB fll'l~eJ hI 1'I~eJ11

~

'" . '"

lVltl-:JeJtl1-:Jl~tl1

'U eJ n ill fl,x'U fl'a 'ln YI1-:J fIl'Jl'l m~'lJ eJ-:J 'J:;lJlJ fIl'J~mn.Q VeJ:UYl eJ ~v1-:J N~

~

~ -:J L iln 11,x 'U fl'a 'lflYl1-:J fIl'Jl'l m~'lJ eJ -:J'J:;lJlJfIl 'J~mn.Q veJ:U ~ eJ-:J'a:; l'a tI l'I~eJ:U eJ-:J<U1:U "fl rurh" 'lJeJ-:JeJ-:JAfl11:ujl'l~eJi'li1~'llJeJ1ilU'fl1-:Jl11n1'l 'Jl'Ul~-:J

, 'u

(9)

fll1~'il::;~h:] ua::; U~,)-:Jm'illfl 'jlfl~l'U~iJa U U~11'Ui;r-:Ji1l-.il 'Vl tJ ua ::;l'Uvll tJ~i

~ ~ ,

, ,

~mlhjf11'jflmnniJu'U11il1.J'Yi'il::;N~l "flUlrll" ua::; "a.:Jrlfl,)llJ¥" Ylll1al'il

, 'u

f11 tJl~ ~f11 'U m 'jru~ uils l U~ tJ'U1D ~.:Jfl al ') d a .:JfllJA'l~l{ ue ::;lJ'Ull tJA'l~l{~.:Jl~A i~¥1.:J lfl 'j .:Jfll'j

,

lJaufilm.:Jf11'jl1'jl

~

"

"la1i"hn" ;U'U:lJl

lf5f11 'j ~ uii 'il ::;ll1iJt uilim umY l 'jlJ nul r1U n ~~:lJll <Ul'h lJ'Vll.:J n Uflfllll

u u ~

, ,

I~ ~I I ~ """ I "v .<::I. I

Ulfl'il::;lu'U~1'U''U.:J'lJa.:Jf11'jNal "flUlfll" ua::; "a.:Jflfl')lm" 'VllJ.:JlalJ~'Ua.:J

, ~ ,

l'iaa.:JflJJ1'VltJ

lJaufi"1'il::;uBl1~fm::;''Ul~l1lJ1lflU'j::;~.:Jrld l~~a'U'~.:Jl1J'UljaJl

~ ,

;;ieJ l~eJ.J "u'I'1i lfl'Jl ~l1':h~'J tJfl11f1m'nrlUfl11illfHli:! ~~1'lJ'U1" lw~"l~th la'UeJ 'l'Ufl11th~'l5lJ'lrmj'l'11.Ji'l51fl11'IJeJ.J am. tJ 2538 il1mr'U"l~i'Uf111~'WlJvr'IJeJ.J

, u

~hUfl'WlJvri~m1fiu 2 flf.J 1~HJlu~tJ'U;u~u'UYhtJ'lrnJ'lr1~1.JrllJ1h~l~'U YlU.Jl~eJ.J~.J~'U lli:!~1l~1'JlJeJrJ'l'U'l5~.J1'Uf1mn~'U ~ 'lJeJ.Jr:lL~tJ'U fl1tJ'l~;;ieJl~eJ.:J

u , ~

iimfifl : ffm.JlGfJnhfu'IIfJ.Jif.JflulrlfJ ~eJ'l'UtJ 2541 lW~ 2544

"" "

,

~ ~ v ~ I

fll 'U eJ.J~1 tJl'VI'U11

un ~ llJ'UU)~ ltJ'l5ul'iufll)'W lfl'J1 ~11'lfdfl11qJl'ieJf111Vi1fl'J11Jl oU1'li:J'lm1fl1~ if qJ'VI1lli:! ~am'U fl11ru~ d'1 ~~'Url ua.JfllJI '1'1 tJ 1'JlJ"r.J fl11iii1:l'lltJ ue ~l~a'U'l il ~il~m~Vi1'V11u"ll.lm~Vi1fl1)l'il.J ~ L~ tJ l'il~l~'l'U1~vllJ~ l~ tJ'JoUeJ.JrllJ'U LtJ1J1 tJ

,,,

a1 51 )ru~ ue ~'U ltJ 1J1 tJ l,'11 5nru~'l 'Ui1i1n"ll.l"l~ 'I1lJ1 tJ l 'il ~l ~ii .Jfluf1 il'IJ eJ.J

flrilJfl'U1~vlU111'IJu.JU)~ l 'I'1fil 'Yl1t1'U '111 n )1lJ~i:!u~ "lUf1.JlJ'I'1lJ1'1'1'11ii1~'lJu.:J

,

U1~'li1'l5'Ufl'U"l'l'1 tJ 1~ tJ"r'J"lu ~.J~lllJ'U~U.JiJfl11l1tJ'U~lli:!~U1~~q~uiiu~ 11lJu u'l'Um::lJ1'Um1fll'VI'U~'U Iuin tJt'11511rudhtJ l ';'Ul~ tJ'Jrl'U ii''Un~ufl1)

-u

1'JlJ n'Ul,'1~l.J ll,'11lJ -J1'lJ 'U5nlJ ue ~ n )~lJ1'U mr l1 tJ'U rt 'I11.1 ~~ u.J eJ QlJ'U )1f1 ~1'U 'IJ eJ.J;;rl~a.JfllJ-JI'lJ'U5))lJ"l'l'1 u 1~ u II Ylil1.J ua ~t'1eJ~fl~U.JrllJU1~ ltJ'l5Ul,'1'IJ'IJ eJ.J

,

( II)

ue ~1®J'UD'j'jlJv1'H lhJ~Yl'n un'U~ un j if! n~H'1 ~'I-llli:'1'U D d ~ cllU 'U fI11lJ1i'l tJ1 tJlmh'Ull~-:J'iJl flll~ljlJ l~fl1 l'UD'U~'iJ ~m~~'UGh1lilvlfr:l1lJi:'1'Ul 'iJ ua ~lril 'iJ D ul-:J'iJ1-:J-;ij-:J llil~~l tlfll1lJ lU'Uv11'lJD-:Jv11lD-:JD Ul-:J II Vl'iJ1-:Jl'UJ-:JfllJ1Yl tI ~H1.:) 1 llii'liJ~l'U~'Ul'l'UYl1-:JifqJ qJlllil ~l®J'UDnlJ'lJD-:JI'l'UlD-:J l~lJ ltl tllJ~'iJ ~ fl I'lA'U lli:'11-:J'Y11 II Yl'U~'iJ ~tJriD tlv11 tJriD tll'iJ lr1l'lfl D tim tll~ n 'j ~lli:'1Dlruli!fllJ

u

li1~Hrierr'U~ 11 mfll;)lfllJ lUl'.2470 l~(J'U'1lD~'Ul1D(JlJffmnU~ 6 'Ill fl h-ll1(J'Ul<1111'lSDVlD l 'ihffmn~e~h-ll~(J'Ul'9l~(JlJ'I"f1t\Jt"\l1mnl'Yl (J1{\(J

1'lSlD'j'jlJfl11:1'9lfll~ ~f11'H~e':Hri au VL fI.2485 lW~'IllH U'U "D'j'jlJfl11:1'9lf11ru.y]~" 'Il1fllJ'I"nl'YltJ15(Jdlrieu Vl.fl'.2491

115-:J'IlDf11'jffmm~~Dmt\Jt\J1'9l~ 1~ l 'ih1m1'lSf11'j~mlJf11'jy1hm (Jl'U f1'j ~ m1-:J 'I'll rih U II ~ ~l 'U U Vl. fl'. 2493 1~ til (J in rl'-:J n'9l f1'jlJ mn ~ il-:J m~m1-:Jf11'j~1-:Jlh~l'Ylfl' l'Uu Vl.fl'.2496 l~fD'Yl'Uf11'jffm.nlufimmia~

,

U'j~l 'Ylfl'el-:Jflf)'lJ 'IlDmt\Jt\J11'Yl~1'U Administration mn Manchester University lrieu 'W.fl'.2500

l'UU Vl.fl'.25031~th(JlJllU'Um'\ll'jUU'j~~lflru~1~fl'11:1'9lf lJ1111'Yl(J15(J

,

'Yll-11'lSlfl1'JlUU fl'11:1m1'1l1'ju l~eU Vl.fl'.2518

m1:l'9l'j1'1l1'jUWlll1lfl (J l U'Ull111U11fl'j-:Jfll'jf~fl'11:1'9lffifl'lJ1 ue ~ l U'U 'I1111U11:11'lJ11'lS1f11'j'j~11':h-1u'j~ l 'Ylfl''lJa-1flru~f~m1:l'9lfl'U'li1-1U Vl.fl'.2512- 2515 1 ~~ 1 'j -:J~ llll1ll.:) l U'U 'je.:) Bfi fl1'jD~lJl11 1'Yl tJ15 (JD'j'jlJfl'11:1'9lf'j~1111-:JU Vl. ff. 2518- 2519 ll~~l U'U~eJ1'U1 (Jf11'j1:lrI111'Ul'Yl(Jfl~fff)'lJ1lriBU Vl.fl'.2524- 2528

'u

l 'U~l'UB-:JAml'lSlf11 rm (J'UBfllJ1111'Yl (J15 (J fl'11:1~'j1 'Ill 'jUl1:llll1l U'U U'j ~D1'UlJt1i!film -:J f11 'j~1'j1rl'-:JfllJfl'11:1~f ue ~lJ'U'lJ (Jfl'11:1'9l flJ1~':) ll~lIVl. fl' .2521

~ ,

(13)

11 'Vu"f.2524- 2528

a'l'15l.J'UEHJ'Ii'ULLr1-l'lil~ (~-l LL~1I 'Vu1.2544)

.

vHl-ll'U1'1ilf11'j~t1li;]t1! L'li'U "Uty'l1711tl::fJmrJliI'lJfJ.JliJfJ.J'1n(J" (2519)

"f17'JliJfJ.JtlUn7'iflmn'lJfJ.JliJfJ.J'1n(J" (2526) "nmiJfJ.J'1n(JtluwmlJ7n7'i ifJiWJljty" (2529) "Democracy and Development: A Culture

• q .c:lo ~, q

Perspective" (2536) LLa~ "ffnJiulf'!J(J'iflJ : tntlJ?7~tlJrJ711tl::f7lJm7JJrJ"'''

(2542)

o

fllUtlfl-3

lJauSrofOOllJS:lnfllnu

Toyota Thailand Foundation - TTF

I9ll-:J 1 'Uu-:JlJlJiHii '1~~hli'l'UlJluol-:Jl9lm~u-:J lllJ:::'U(Jl(J'UuDl'UluOl-:Jf)ll-:J'U1l-:J

v

, , ,

v cv , <V ct V ~ I' -""i <V

11 (Jfl1llJl'J:::'I1'Uf11l 'l5lJ'l5'UlllJ:::i:l-:JfllJ'YH 'UlJ II 'U-:J (JulJu (JDmlf)~l'U'Y1lJ'UfI-:J

, ~ ~

'W\ilJ'Ull,'U~l'U~'U 1 1'l-:Jt!'U llJul'J:::(J:::nm~Nl'UlJll;Jai'lfill1(J~11h:::l'Y1y;r'1'Y1(J tJ-:JfI-:J :W-:JJ'U~1l::: l1J'Ui;i1'U'I1~-:J I, un 'J:::1J')'U m rri ui:l1l-:Ja-:JfllJ~~ loUlJ II ~-:J ua :::a'U&1

,

(IS)

Ifl':i-:Jfln~f)bdf)-:J

* mr1J~UU Lfl'J-:Jfl1'HIUl df)-:JlJ1il1fl'V'l1:::;11'l5¢l11

,

* Lm-:Jfl11'11f)-:J l~tlWJ1l'j~lU * Lm-:Jfl1111U-:J~f)ijeJ~eJ-:J

* Lm-:Jfl1111U-:JaeJ'I1eJ-:J!:1)JIiu1.h:::;mJ "'I1eJ-.1l~tlm1)J uiu"

,

(TOYOTA THAILAND FOUNDATION AWARD - TTF AWARD) * Lm-:Jfl1'JLNtlUVl'ifn1)J1'Vm1.h:::;1~fn!:1lf ~('nHI'lJUlj11)J

u

* Lf]'j-:Jfl11~UJl ~U;ll

* Lfmfl11fleJ-:J'V1Ull)JULlt1ul1flL~tlU'V'ltll1Jl(llUL'IJl 8 ,)-:J II 11

, ,

'"

fllfHllUeJ

* Lrn-:Jfll1Bl1ll1flfl1-:J1U "llU~flr:rfl~L~tll" l~mrl'lJmfl11')IBl1ll1

.

n fl1-:J lULU L 1-:J L~tlU eJ Vl-:J rY-:J UU U(l:::; Um'IJuqJlll flU'IJ1l~U

msn 1~~1 L lJu I9i f) ~I'lJUlfl1 1'IJ eJ-:J L ~fll u L~tlU

<V """ d' I Q.J.<!! """ <:::t ""'" 0 ,

* ill'V'l)J'V'l L N tI U 'V'l111U-:J!:1eJL'il(l)J'V'l1:::; in tl1l fl7WfJiJfJ'tJ

l.h:::;m (l 'V'l 1:::;1J 1)J'jlL 'l51 1 'V1 U (l:::;'V'l 1:::; 11 'l5¢l1 ~i:1L ~ til n 1J L ~ n U(l:::;

Ltl11'l5U

( 16)

"

* lfl'j\lfll'jviamJmJ5:wn :w~ilTIl1:waL~:W 'V'l~\l'Vf)\lLLfl1

, ~

... ~ '"

:W1111'Vl tn MD'j'j:Wfll~~ 'j

* 'Vl'Ufll'jf1f)1l1LLf1L~f)l1ru\l lfl'j\lfll'jNl1ru\llvw1'Uwhd'

.. U 'II 0 ..

(17)

'V'H'l. 1'1. e. un in :ia'U :iil-:J111:;lil'Ul-J~l'WTI

~

Mr. Ryoichi Sasaki m1lJf111

-=:. rI -=>."""

1'11.'l51t\j1YW Lf1ElI'1:ift1

1ft. 1'11.fi'l5'liu (li)1'11

,

Mr. Yoshinori Omori

""" .c::t ""'" <V .{

enmsu I'1UI111Yl tna V li:i:ilJftl (1m

11 1:;D1 'U'l5lJJlJ 1911 LL Yl'U1l1'l1'th V 11'11U~1 111:;lil'U'l5lJ1lJfl11lJ~1lJJjillI'11v~1

in VU'U'U1Yl 'hvihilt\j It\j

Mr. Masaki Nakatsugawa m1lJf111LL~:;L'l1ft\jt1lf1

'Ulv'hm~u "l1fl11lJ~ m1lJf111LL~:;L~'lJl'Uf11:i

~ ,

(18)

lh::1:il'Uflru::mnJf)1'J

1J1llVl 11'l1t1~h :IJ()lm)~ lh"::lVlfl'lVltl "1l1f11il in tlU'U'Ul'Y1 l'l1t1ihnq) lq) 'J€l.:Jlh::1:il'Um'J:lJf)1'J

Mr. Ryoichi Sasaki

Mr. Masaki Nakatsugawa 'J€l-:Jm'Jl.Jf)1'J~'1JIilf)1'J'll'lqj

'Ul til ~1J[l6 "'JflJll.J~ 'J€l-:Jm'Jl.Jf)1'JN'1JIilf)1'J'lml.J

~ ~ u

o

f11 tUHH

1J1111)f)1)~fllllmmfml1'U~h.:J 1 ldmilJ~l1l U'U.:Jl'U tm.:Jf)1)~l)liJ~l'U:: l numb tJ.:Jl'Ul1~.:J'lJcmflJlfllJJ:l.:JfllJfI'lftl'lflll1.:Jlh:: l Ylfl't n tJ riCl'U~'iJ ::iJ~l'U:: l1J'UlJaufi'lldCl~'UTI l'l.fI'. 2521 i.:Jiit1 tJt~1'1Jfl11lJ~hlJiJCl~1'UYl'UYl1'l'l6

~ ,

'iIlfllJaufi~Clfl~ l vlmciClf l ~ClL;S~l tJL'Uf)1)~ll u'U.:)l'Ui'U~'U lUll1lJl tJ

~

ft¥l.:Jftnrliftytyl mllJ~I1lilJ ue ::fl11lJ l.ulL 'iJ ci''U~fl~Cl.:J L 'U liCl.:J~ l~ trn ~Cl.:J f11JJ:l.:JfllJ 1~'Ul'inlJ lfl')ll~fi'iJ lla::f)1)liJCl.:J tltJ{11'U)1lJ

, ,

~q IV I ,q 0 iI.c::I

fllJ l'iJ enn Cl'U II inu 'UYl 'iJ ::Ylll1'U1Yl

(20)

~1'J11 ~.:J'IJ [J1 VfI11lJ l.ull sue ::;fI11lJj1lJ~ B'IJ CJ .:J1n11'11'l1 f11'lilf1l'HH)f1 'hl

lUd.:Jf111.:Jt.:J ~ ~u~hv 1,j-)1"il::;lUuJilUf111nl'l"Ul'lulVlJ1V(l?:i'1.:J~111 f111l~VU mnule ll{l::;f1111.j5~111JU ~ ~.:J"iI::;lU\HfliD.:Jrl.:Jl(1~lJll{l::; f11::;ilJ fI 11lJ d'lJWUBelU Vi.:J U111f1 U1 Iil {l CJ 1'1 "iIU fI 11lJ l.ull"il elU ~ I'i Df1ul Ud.:J

-;lI'lVllJ'W~1'J1U1::;l.f1'1'1~U ~ Ji1V 'I1lJlll'ilJirlB~.:J lfl1.:Jf111~1111 lJl"ilUm::;J.:J ~.:Jif"il"iluu 1I'1VfldllJj1lJ~CJmh.:J~t.:J'lJCJ.:J'I1f11'lilf11mmVi:1mUU annsn

,

,

cl.:J l (l~lJ -f1 ~U mCJ.:J -1il11 "iI (lCJlJ U{l::;-;l I'IVlmh'l'u.:JaCJ ~1'Jl.f111n'l '1'1 V 1::; ~lJ

CJl'IlJfimn~~flru.f11'VllilllJ l ihVllJl V l "iI1ilU11lJru U{l::;U lV1Jl v lJifl1lJ'I'1f1

, , ,

U 1::; l.f1'1'1 U{l::;~l'irCJmmCJlJfl~lJ(11'IJ11'li11'i1.:J ~ ~.:J 8 i:il'IJ1~.:JI'iBlul1~CJ (I) al'IJ11'li1f,)iJrl'1(llilf (2) al'IJ11'lilU1::;-wlff'li:ililf (3) (l1'IJ11'lillfl1lJ~fll(llilf

Q Q.I rI q <V q ..:::::.,

(4) (l1'IJ11'li11~fll(l1il1 (5) (l1'IJ11'li1i:i.:JfllJ1'1'1f.Jllla::;lJTl.pW1'1'1f.J1 (6) i:il'lll

1'lilU1'lif\jl (7) al'IJ11'li1~1il1ml1 (8) i:il'll11'lilmlJllla::;1nrufl~ UCJf1"i11f111 mrY.:Jmm.:Jf111N~Iil~1'Jli:il'll11'l51~U ~ l~lJ~UJi1f.J l'liU (l1'1J11'lilff{lU ~.:Jfil~.:JCJV1U~U(9'h l UU.:J1U ll{l::;u.:J1Ji'lltJ1f.J.:Jluli1~fmlll'i.:J~lm UU "'l5Iil"

~ ,

.J.o::tJ( ~ I ..:::::., I .c::::I..c:..

'l5.:J:IJl UCJfldllJflllJ in V11::;l11UVlmVi:11'1l11'l51 L'liU "'l51'1'l51Iilll{l::;.:J1U" 'IJCJ.:J

,

(21)

.1 ~9 ,,~ 4 .1 'I """'I" J' ~.. 0 9

u'J::;'fl;JfI b'HUflfl'flll1U(l::;u'J::;'15l'llU b~lJ bClfl1'fl'l5Cl'i'11'HU;J'flCl~1'J11 bU'J1fl1

UCllJ LtJ1vm'fllJfI1'J

o 0 0 C\ d'C\ d' v I I

fIlUU ::;U1U(l ::;fIllV11 flll11l1 'Jill mn f'j Cl1U'V1fl'V11U

~ ,

""-t V I C\ I .....

'H'JCl L 'U1lJ1 'JllJlJ'J'i'11'J ;J1l!'JllJ nu L 'J1

U'J::;jj1Uflill::;fl'J'JlJfl1'j1J~'i'11'j lJ(lUfilf1'J;Jfl1 'J~1'J1a;J fllJfI'l'fl~f ue ::;lJUll tJfI'l'fl~f

~ ,

(22)

'Jl U 'UUI fl ru~ n nlJ f11'JIJ '1'111 'J

lJ i:l mn fl 'J -J fI1 'JA 1'Jl if -J fllJ III aVif ue ~ lJ'U 'H U III aVi f

~ .

v ~

(FieJl'l-1 l'Ul.2509 t~fJ inuihe D-1fl1fnru ua:;'U1fJl'1nh1' 1J1JJ~f1 ,a,)

,0'

in fJ lft'U'I1

'U 1-1 ft1 ') n ftm

, ,

'U1fJnl'Ufl'

'UlfJ1'Y1fJ1 'UlfJlf1~mfifJ"j~

'UlfJm-1fJfl'

ihemu "jeJ-11h:;n1'U

msurm fn"jJJf1mla:; l 'I1~f1Ji\Jf1

'IJ [J7 m :tIm [eN I ~[)Nt1'jJJl9u Itlmilfmiiff!jf!j7 tI'IJJtliJtJwlJI711fd,u iJlfmmVl7tJ1vu nm::[fJlillVltlflfv

v

1

v

ell 'j 1.1 nu 'f1

q ""'" I , q 0 <V , <V ~

I no IJ-J n J7fJ tim 7'lliJ.JfJ ,}7:JJfJ-J un I seumvnu I nmun 'nnn 7 'j

,

I UU'lJeJ.Jl1 rill uuou fJ J71JldmJm71Jm-J~(91 1111 UU'llv-J11J-J IW:;fj(91 J fJ!fJ!7 tlJ'llv-J I nfft dVJJfI o IJM "l'11w v 1 t7U rifftl '11:; IW:; J'l1mfl'7ff(91 {'lJv-J1 nrl7tl-Jnn'l1{h l1fdfJ J7mlJJu'jru I 'j711::Wrl U(

11 11 11

11'17 1 t7uTtln ('lJv-JJJ¥'!JeJ)

D7'117n J'l1 1J7fl'7ff(91 {'lJv.J1 'j71f~(91thiJn lud.J rinrl NU J'l11J7ff7ff(91 {f)11:;i.JI uutllJi.J 1 :fu"l'11an lUrJtlrij'l11J7ff7ff(91{ iJf7.JlmH

~ d' 1. J

tJJ.J tJJ7rJ'1f 'jiJ!'1f, 1750

,

2 willi jml~n

'1~thm D\:J ~ ,nb'Ul1~'1<Ul '1~'Uil ~mh1 ~ '1l 'li'Uil~'1~l1lJ1 [H) ::;'1tJ l111 UlJ l Yi UlJ f)~1frurulD'UtJ'nVll illD'I'IHl'ltJ'jl'llru N l u'UDlJI::;vll'Uil l1lnll~ l ~D lllND1'U

'U OJ OJ OJ 'U 'tI

O'Ufr)l'ltmll'1V'1fl'l~'lJD'I~'1~l m1Unn'Ull "fJ7'Jffmn" t'U'li1'1'1JJ~llmil lrl D vWm::::YllJ'lJD'Il nnlu 10 Vi:ll'Hl'Ul Ylfl'l~lJ l u'U~I'j::;mrnn'U nJJf11'jnt111 'lJ1f1Jn'Unll'l'lJ1l'l;'U~'1 "Ian '1~V'I'jlJ uau" ll~IllJfl1llJ"il1'1 10 nlJ'UlJU m

,

l~lJ'1 ~V'I 'jlJ llVl'UlJl~'1ll~f11'jtJ51~1Yl Ulfl'li:llf lrlD~~D ullm ll~1 llo::;'1~ llN DYl15 V'lo Yl1 'I fl1llJfl Vlllo ::;llJ'Ujj'j'jlJ D D n '1tJ"r1'% 'U ~ f)V'I 1Yl Ulfl'l i:l1 f une fl1l lJ ~I::;1 'U 1 n ~ '1l<UllJll ~ U1<U D '1l U'U~ 1 ihl1'U Vl1 ~;11fl1llJ l U'U '1 tJYl1 '1l fl''jlJ:un "il

~ ~

" , "

.,:::" ~ -=:1,.::::1, I I ""'" .I rI v.<:::t I -=:I, 0 n.J -=9 ..".

un un '57::::11,/ 'UlJD ~1l 1Yl U1fl'1i:llmo::;D'Iflfl11lJ~Yl11'Uf11o'ltl'l~I1nfl1

'1JJ ul"illi:l'UDYll'll~Dn~i:l~1'li:l'j'jA~D;11lJ'UlJ Ullo::;~'1fllJ~D '1tJ'1~u Ul'lll Yl"il1'1

,

U~::; ~'1 V'U t'U'lJru::; l~ U1n'U t'U~1'U~'1fllJ1lJ'Ujj'j'jlJ'1 n U'lJD'Il 'jllD'I 11t1'1 "ill n ~ '1~~'1l~'U llo::;1'1 IllJn 'j::; Ui:l1 ::;1'UI n 1V1 U'lJl lmllJ~il"il~ lfl'jl ::;11~'1 l1 D'UtJlJ1lJ'Ujj'j'jlJ~ II 'UlJ l ~D'IlJlnlJ~'1~ l1 Un'lJl'Un'U-)l "nrn tJ~ U'U II tJo'l

9Vv <>.J ~ £::<] OJ 'V lt Q,I

bl1Yl'Ui:llJ U" llo::; l V'I'jl::;U::;'U'U "il'lV'lln'UlJD'I'lJllJ UO ::;0::; lMV'I'U~l'U1lJ'Ujj'j'jlJ

"

'j1lJl1'1 D 1 "il JJrl1'Ui:l~1'll i:l1lJ u'lAfl1llJ ~ l1lJ O'Ui:l~l 'I i:l'j'jA~ u;1 1t'U Ufl'lJ D'If11 'j

~ ,

1111 J I find i 7lfJ em 7ifln Y7 rl11i!W 117 en 7 J::fI J WJU!J YlJ 3

" , ,

1 'W~1'W~ lU'W rll'Wl'I~-:J'lJ u-:J i:1mUW:1-:JAlJ fll ~~flllliJmllJ1'vll'liil~mrfl Iumrm tI'Vlu~ll'I1mr'HJ II VdAlllJ¥ ll~~fll~l'il tlflWlfl'W umun ll~~vll'lJ'Wl

'u

,

ue ~m ~lJ1'W fl1 ~ l~tI'W¥eJ'Wl'Iir-:J eJ'W l ~ til n'W lllitl1J li:1iJ u'Wi:1u-:J ~1'W'lJ u-:J l1'l1t1t1!

u

, ,

~'W'Vl'Wll~~rlfl tlm~'Vll-:JfliJifruUJl ll~:;l'Wlii:1Wl l VlU1.h~ tlfl~H5Hllu'W

'1 9J U u .. "

~rulh~ lt1'lfUl'iu fll ~(i\l ~ -:J;;)1 l ~llJ~-:J1'i em ~vll'lJ'Wll tl~ tI'W II tl~-:JeJ'WlU'WflO

D~~lJWlll 'W 1 il;;)ll'lJ u -:JlJl;!1l6ll~ ~a-:JAlJ

lWl tll1t1'lJu-:Jf11llJt1lJvl'W5 l ;;}UlJ lt1-:J~~l'Iil-:Jfll~~fllllnlJfll~l'il u ~-:J ll1'W alJ'f11~l'IlJltlll'll11 ru ~1'1 "illfl'l'1f('W~'lJumnJlf1J7::r1i 1'1 rlll~ "m:/,hJf}

,

l 'VlAl'W 1~ 0 un ~lJJiJAllmh~a-:Jrllll'ilh~fll~lWl ~"il~~Wl'Vlu'Wf11llJthrlt1!'lJu-:J mru '1l-:J'll'W'Vll-:J l f(~ll~n"il ua ~fll~fll ~-:J~-:Ju vl-:Jl ~ ~ ill u'W1il;;)1l'lJu-:Ja-:JAlJ ll~~l~fl~-:Jl'Wif"il~u'Wll~~l'iu ~ ltll'Wu'W1Al lll'il'W'lJru:;l~tlln'W "illflld'lJu-l fll ~~flllll'il tI D'W a¥l-:J a~~rll 'liw ~ til n'W i1;lllL l1'W~ -:JAlllJ'r:l1rlt1! ue :;~llU'W~ "il:;~u-:JYilAlllJ l <\ill "il ll~:;l~:;l'I11fl n'Wll1~ l ~ tllnlJAlllJl'IlJl tI~ II Vl"il1-:J ll~:; N~m:;'VllJ~-:J l'W~l'Wa¥l-:Ja~~rlll~:; 1 'W~l'Wr1lm tI'lJu-:Jl'Vl tllf(lal~ll~:; l 'VlAl'W 1~ 03

"

.."" QJ V ..""

lJ'i1:;'W'Wll~l AlllJAWl

fll1lJ L'ihhu V1-:Jr11J Ufl1JlJu-:J L '1~h.!f11'jf(mn 11~Uf11'j")~UUt'l:;'W\ilJU1 uV1-:J uunrhuuunma UV1-:J~ Lfl U LUUlJlllt'l:;n1~-:J LUUuV nil:;V-:J Nt'lll1vnnu

'u

lU~~1lltll L vil n1J LUUf11'ja1'juu~u~lurlll1i'1J'W\ilJU1~1fll1lJt'l'llJl'jtl L~uLN;qJn1JUU1fll'l'lJU-:Jf11'jLu~uumJt'l-:J Jun~u "LriumU:;Lll1-:J'l51~ ~u flUrf-:Jl1lJ1'1~L'lJtJ1J~Ut'l'-:Jlltll VUlJijn1~'1~il:;ll'll-:J'11u~uifn1J'l51~~U ~ '1~u

~ ~

, ~

Vlf11~ u r1-J tll~'Vf' ~~l1l ~1'Vfj:-;tJ1D'j'jlJrYfl~lJ'UWI~ la'Ul1J~fl'j:-;Vl'j1"JD'j'jlJfll'j

,

'1~LflU~-:Jfll1lJm1111'1'11Lriu 76 iJriuu 4

,

'jllJfll1lJ bltll rn i'l'ltl :;rl1r1qJ'lJu-:Jf11'jf(mn n~m~u -:J'lJU-:Jfll1lJ~n1J

f11 'j'W\ilJU 1'lJ u-llJ U fJ 6 blt'l:;~ -:J fllJ J-lt'l'llJiJ~111u u-:Jrllh:;f1 u1Jl1~ n elu'1~ uri

,

fll1:rJ1 lJUfJ 6 un :;~-:JfllJ ~1-:Jijfll1lJ~lJ'WUB L ;ulJ 1u-:J LLt'l:;iju5~lJ'WUBUV1'l

~ ,

LUUl"It'lll'l Ut'l:; LUWl1\;IlUUNt'l~-:JnUUt'l:;nu U'YIJlfIJ7::11i dU1J LUUfll1lJ

,

l"I rn u1lJcilUl1d-:J~il::111fll1lJ L oU1l il l11fll1lJ'l11L ilUl~ Uln1J~lJ'WUlifl1l"1llt'l:; Ufl~lJ'WuB~11d fll1lJil~-:JijuVl1 fll1lJ1m'li~-l~U1JA~UlJlt'lUU ~ Ut'l:;ijuv

'k1 'II '\J" '\J

LUUu V 11 uih'W-:J LUU~ililli'j'jlJ'lJu-:J~lLu-:J l11f1~UU Vn1J~U1U1f11'jUt'l:;

~ ~

lUbl~d fll1lJt'l':lJl,!'jru 11~Ufll1lJ'l5U1Jli'j'jlJ'lJU-:J'j:;1J1Jfll1lJ~l1d-:J ~ ~-:J~f1'Wu u vn1J1J ~1J'YIB1-:J B-l u v1-:Jl1d-:J ~-:Ju'j:;f1 u1J nwuu Lfl~U-:J nll1U1 ue :;n1n1J

~

fll1lJA1 fll1lJ L;u ua :;f11nh:;l"Iq~u5u~'lJu'llJ~fJ 6 l'lt'lu1ilU")~;")l'llU ~-:JfllJJU ~ Utll~lULl1~Nt'l111UU-:JL~ulnu mn'1lJU1il'l:!1f)-l~lJq'YITINt'l'lJU-:J f11 'jf(f1fJ1 u V1-lij fll1lJl1lJ1 u'1~l1 fJU'j1fl'il1f11J ~1J'YI B1-:J B-:J~-:J mill Ut'l:;11lJ

U1111f1 i1 ~Hh if, (Jf]1iflf] Y1 tlUifWH1 11m, ~fI J1UJUUYt1 5

u , •

v ,

~-.1 UI'l l1D-.1'Y'Ii:1fHlm m::;1J1lt1fif)11l1tJlJf)1'H1DlJ Ul:I::;f)1)lh::;lillJ11'1 Nl:I

-u

llJlJ ift\J111 ~iJfr:mJt15u'!5U95DlJ1;rl-JWlJB l ~ u11tJ -.1'hJ i1-.1l~D -.1111llJlJ'hJ'YIl-.1 lfl'1lJ~n"\l f)11llJD-.1 lll:l:::1:1-.1fll-J1lJlJiinl-JDV1-.11DU~llJ fl1DUfll:ll-J'bJ...r1J-.11~

~ ,

;ll'1'IJD-.1l-J'4lJ 6 Ul:I::;1:1-.1fll-J J-.1l1l-J1'1 1'l1-.1 iJUB1:1l-JWlJB llJlJ ll1~ llJlJ N1:I1'l DnlJ fl11l-Jl:I::; l a u 1'1 ~ DlJ U 1:1 :::t15u '!5U95DlJ B -.1llJlJl1ifl ill l~ D 1:1-.1 fll-J Vl-.1loUl rl tJfl

~ ~ ,

f)11lU~ tJlJUU1:I-.1rllJllJlJ'lUD Vl-.111I'1l~1 U1:I::;t15U'!5U95DlJ B-.1 ~ ~lJllJlJih~u 'lu 11:1f1'IJD-.1f1uu'Il-.1<UlJrllJloUl-JoUlJ1lJU 1-.1 1M l'il'Vn::;'tlJl1iil'lml'lf)11~111:1f1

,

" ,"

lll'l '1'11111 '1'111-1~Yll1i1 tl16'1 L U'Ulul 'U vl11-1f1 ~1 '1UqJ'I11fl,)11-1 U1 n ~'U

ll~~'J~1J1Ji1L,)fl' eJ'ULu'U~u'J~imjn'Ul~u~,)lu ~lmL'l1ci'l.ueJ1-I~1'l1'1 'l LU'U

~

Ylu'U(r'U~'J 'I n'Ul1 J;1fllJ ~1f1 tl~~ll'dill~1J 'J'JL 'Vl1 L 1J11J1 'I ~'11U lll'l eJ 81'1l~

'111f1f161J ~ ~ B'I'lJ U1 U~,)f111'1'lJ,)1'1ll~~'J'U II 'J '1~'U l'U'lJru~ L~ u')n'Un1J~ "Lfl''J1Hjfl~''

, ~

ll~~L'Vlfll'U 1~(hh6'1 "L ~~ru" 'J~'I1i11~'U J;1i1l'l"lf11'JrueJ'ULm~hul'leJ;1~~'11-1'U1l6

v , ,

ll~~li'J'J1-I'l51~ ~~ ~ L U'ULfl~eJ'I u'U u'Uf)'1~'1~'JJ;1l'15 U'J1'l5qJ N~'1 Lfl'aLfl U~'1

~ ,

.ueJa'l Lf1~ LeJ111 L~eJ LneJ1J 250 iJrieJ'U'I1i1111 v1'1~a1'1f)'1.u1'1~'U

eJ ~'1 l~ U~ 'J ~1J1J f11'Jf1f1111l 'U Ie f1U~ ~u'U 'J,)1-I~'1'lJ eJ'Il '1'1 U L 'J1~ ') U

,

'111J L UmJ ~~ I'J ~'lJ eJ'I1lJ'Uli'J'J1-I1'Vl U1fl'lJ;1~ 1J;111 ulml v1 '1~ ~ ~1~'lJ U1 UflJ11-1 l 'U ~ eJ'U I'l eJ 'hl L 'li'U n'U fl1f111-1~~1'l eJ 'J~1J1J f11 'Jf1f1111 ~'1 £1 eJ1-I~ ~~ eJ'IW 'I L rh~ 'J'I1U

,

I I !V , V

.c:t.cc'.i """ Q.J ~ d' d' ~ .....

'VlL'JeJ'IJ;1f11'Ui1l'l"l'Vl1'1,)'l51f11'J'Vl'I'lJeJ'I,)'VlU1fl'lJ;1m ll~~ "fl'lJ;1m" eJ'U ~ 'Vl'I'I1~lU

eJ £11 'Ill.! eJH'I1~f1 L~ U'Il~ ~'1n L u'Uu'J~ L~'Ufl1f11Un1'UeJ'I L~ u')n'Un1J~'JJ;1l'15

,

Lfl U~~ ll~~'I"l U1 U11-1ll1eJnmTI1J1 U LWu'IllI'l11l~'Vl6~~'1~'Ull1'lJ1J~~n'Ul'U fl ~'1 n 'J~ li1'U l.!'1 L ~1 :;~'11U~u'J~ L~'UL~eJ'I~ellin1-l11 L ~~qJfi'1,)'I1i11~'U'I1~eJl1

,

L~eJmw Uel'l~1f1l'Jelm~'Vl1J'lJeJ'I1'Vl U1fl'1J;1~1llel~ L nnlu Ie £J llel~ft~U~J;1l1 Ul'l1l.!

1-11 f) 'I UflU ~ ~U'U 11 I'J elm ~'Vl1JU'J1 f1t] eJeJ f11-11ll1 L l1'U L UmUlin1-l n'U eJ £11'1

, , ~

"

..... v v ~ (V~ I, q

'l5~ II ~'1llel~m1'1'lJ,)1'1l'Ull 'J'I tl'l'lJ'U,)f1tl~~eJfl,)11-1eJ ~'JeJ~'lJeJ'I1-IJel1-l'411 U'l51~

L eJ'Il 'U~J;1~ ue ~~ 1l.!~Ylvl111~ ~'J~r1J U1J tT'IeJ ~l 'In 'Ul~fl1 Ul~m~ LLJ;11lJ'Uli'J'J1-I

, ~

, ,

llel~'J~1J1Jm11-1~Yl L U'UeJ8 95'1 L u'U~')meJ1Jtl1'11'U~f11'Jf1f1111 "lm~1J1J" eJ8

~ ~ ~

,

'I16f1Ui''l5qJ1 uae LL 'UJ'U lU1J1 uti'l LJ;1~1-If11'J~lJ'U11-1'U1l6ll~~a'lfl1-l v1'1Yl L 'J1~~

,

~lElfl J1~'H ilnnn Ufll'iffmn l ~ElH, "A1l1hJ'

llllJ'U llnifqJ'I11llJ'U"

l-Jl'l'UllN'Ufll'iffmnllr1.::J'I51~'il.111Hhi:11tJ VLr1.2535 l1lEl.::J O.::J"l~'lJU1U

,

ll:lEl11ill l~El-WflJ'U1l'UlEl.::J iJ:ilifqJqJ1V10.::J~'Uf11JfIll"ffmn'ltlJ'I5'U lll:l:;~'U ~ 11 u~ 1I1lJ .::J'I1lJ1 U l ~ 0 i:111.::J li:11lJ~1A ,)llJ aurnu '1 'Ufll'ill All :;l1ifru'l11lll:l:;

, , u

, d:'1 "I 1 0' , ~ Jf q

II 'lJ'U.::J 1'l1.::J ~ 'I'll uuuse U'I5'Ul Oflll"~flJ'U1l 'U0'l11i:11l":; nrcirium l"l l"U'U

fll'ji:10'U lll:l:;l0flll"a.::J li:11lJfIll"l~u'U1"

~

'I1~flU~'I5qJ1lll:l:;'U 1U1J1 UfIll"ffmn~~l.::J~.::J 11 UJ:1.::J l'lJU.u1.::J~'U11 ~0"l~i1 llJ'U II 'UJA1~l"01J~1'Ulll:l:;n1')m'h~'UllJ'U0 V1.::JlJ1f1 1I1fl~ lA UlJO.::J ll1'U'I1~El U~El UUl:l :;l:l:; ll:l U 'll1fll'iffmn llJ'Ulll l Vi U.::J lA~El.::J~O~1J'l~l l'h'l1lJ1 U'I'll.::J l r1l"'tI~n 11 fill" l~ El.::J l 'il.m:; '1 'U ~1 'UfIl l" N~lfh~.::JA'U 'I1~0~lJ1l~Ufl'lJ1'U fl'U'1'11lJi1 "rn l"-WflJ'U1'1'l~~ U1 fl l"lJ'U'tI6" Nl:l~"l~ llJ'Ufll'ii:1'UO.::JA,)llJ~ El.::J fll'ifh~.::JA'U

,

'1 'U lm l{)1.::J .::J1'U el'Uu El UU1l~El l i1 U1J fl1JJ:1la,)'U'lJEl.::JUl":;'I51 m'1'Ul Uill.::J1'U lll '1'U'lJf1.!:;l ~ U,)fl'U n O.::JAJ1lJi:1ru l~U ue :;i:1ru l U~10 V1.::J 0 l un oU'U1'1 El v1.::J~m11Jfl'U5

'U u 'U u

A ,)llJ l U~ U'U II Ul:l.::JnlJ'I1U1'V1l.::JA,)llJAll~El.::Jfll :ifffl'tll 11 U l'il.~l:;O Vl.::J~.::J

8 wilr iI W~f)

,

r111~Vl':h "1'YlV1fl1'nnf)fj"

rJH ~iJm1:IJ~f)~eJ':]'l5eJ1JDn:lH) ~'I1~eJ'hJ L V1 v.:]l~ l'Uafl11fl1'jruiff1!'I111f)fl~ i.:]l'U~l'Url'':]fI:IJ LLfj~afl11~ LL 1~~eJ:IJ~.:]f)cl11'ih.:]~'U L 'I1'weJ~.:]~'Ul~ flilifrutUl

~ u u

if f1!'111 L il1Al1 ~'I1il1 e U1':] L ')$'U iff1!'I11f111:IJeJ ~ eJ V1f) mn '11'Ul'U'l5'U1J'Yl ~w eJ~ '11'U l ~eJ')$1 van ~J'Uil1l1NfI'ULfI~eJ'UU1 V'111f)'l5'U1J'Yl L.1J1l:llileJ':] ifji 1.h~ l~'Ur11m:w

'\I ~

v ,

I 1 .:::l Q <V 'V IV o.:::t c::t, <V

~1':] ~ L'I1m 'U fl1 fj.:] l eJ.:] f11 'jfl11:W'li~ L '11'U ua ~fI1 l eJ1J 'Y1L '11m ~a:IJ LL fj ~'11 'j.:] '11,:]

i.:]~i.:],x'U fi l ~eJ11 L 'j1'11~'1~:WeJ':] l 'f

U')$eJ':]'Yl1':]~'11 ~,r~f)1'jAmnll1l1J'U'11.J l ~eJ fl11 :wa¥l':] a'j'jr] ~ ern 'jv119lJ 'U1'U eJ':]:W'U llV ue ~rl'':]fI:W eJ V1':] LL Vi' '11 1,:] f) cl111~ v v eJ

,

~ '11 ~ (;1'1 mH1Ll1r11 leJ1J ~(Jiff1!'1111 f) fl lrl'.:] fI:IJ ue ~ Ian '1~ ue ~iff1!'I111f) q l ,x'U L (J .:]~~ (J.:] m 'jf1!1 lli1'Yl v11mJ ue ~m~1J1'U'1'lfn11mJL'U f) 'j~1J1'Uf11'j1.Ja~1.J f11'jAf)lll~'11 ~w.:]iJ~ (J '11.J

i/ww7J17tJiunmtJ191 nnV7VrmntrmU

!.J u "

2

UnJlfl'J7::n"1 ;111-l'l1l11afH~[J-ltJJ1-iifi11ail "m(JlJal-la-l" 111(Jil "m(JlJfI11lJfl ~" ~ L 1JtHi'nlJ L i1 [JlJU [JlJl-iin'U 1M LUV'll ::;1'Ufln111 [J 111(J fln1 11 [J LL~::;vr~'Ulill [Jl~m::; LL(fl~'UlinlJ1'l51fll'j~m(JlJ~11~flfll'j~mJl(J 0

"

(f11-l(f'j'jrlvr~tnfl11lJ~111JJJ'U ~l L 1J'U~ (J -l ()1ff[J<U (J(flJlJ~~l'U~m(JlJ L ~ (J o'Uo (J~~Yl(J'Ui'i1'U'lJ(J-l1~fl U'l1-lfl11lJ L 1J'Ull j -l LL~ ::;fI11lJ¥1l1fl ::;'I'1~t~ (f::;~1fl

u

I ~.c:t I .::=to tI I 'V C:!. .c:t

LL ~::; LL 'U'I5~ L'V'I [J-l 'V'I (JI'I (J fll 'jYl~ (f(JlJ LL~::;'V'I ~1l'U LL ~::;I'I (J fll1(f11-l flt]m(JYl f)lJt]

Yll-l1'151 fln;'U LL~h III fl(flJlJ~~l'U~~Yl (J'U LL ~::; 0 m;1'U flll ::;UllJlriI'Jft(f1U

.. " ,

L 11m L()1 L 1J'Ufl11lJ L 1J'Ullj -l1~ [J11lJl'U~~~ LL~~fl L 1J'Uli'nlJ L i1[JlJuBlJ1i'lJ(J-l 1Yl [J1 A'l(fl'lfvHlml~~mtn'U flil(fllJA'1'I1'j'jlJ LL~h LL~ ::;fllcl-ltl fl~'Ufi ~ (J'U mn

"

N~'lJ(J-lfll1fl~r1'U'l11JJ ~ mnrn [J'l'ULL 1~1-lVJaflj;lL(J-l l'U'lJru::;L~ [J1nlJ~A'1(fl'lf Cfl'lJlt'U ~ ~-l1'U~1'U1Yl[J1A'1(fl'lf LL~::;A'1(fl'lfL~[J1nlJlJ~lJ6LL~::;d'-lfllJ (Jolwli'U ~ 1'11Yl [J1LL~::; L A'1lJ~A'1(f1'l f flcllJ'V'Il n'Uu [JlJ La [J'U LL lJlJ(J Ol-l'lJ (J-lVJafl ~ L fl1 ~-l L 1J'UfI11lJflm~ LfI~(Jmlfl1~fl'lJ(J-lfl11lJ L 1J'U1l1-l6 (fill 1 ::;clfli;l'U'l1~ LLV-lYll-l 1'l51fll1L'li'Uil;1 ~tT[Jj:ily;]ru~Vi-l~(J-ltlJ1LL~::;1'I1::;mrfln'UHf~ l'Umrul~fll'lllJ

u "

l' ~ N ~ fl ~ 1 'WI'11 L(J -l 0 (JlJ L 1J'Ufll1J'UYl(J'U111(J(fn~~ 'UfI11lJj LilJ (f11-l (f'nfli 'U fll'jl1[J'U1(J Ol-ltJJ(Jlll11afH~ [J-lt~ I'IllJfl11lJllj-l LLa1 ~-l~ L~[Jflilfl11l.JjLil.J

'u

~ -J ll'h riu llJ'Ufll'nJa li:1l'i111Bfil'l~'Uf1f) tJfl1~i:111-Ji:1nAl'miftytyl el'U~B ~11'l tJ

~ ~ <

~Wi1'U'\JB-Jl'i'j'jl-J'I511'll-J'UlJ tJ

~ ,

W(9)J1J7~'lJIMl'lJ"7n 7 ~7'lJ ~7JJm7JJTu:mv(jo3'I1ao3wtfo3m(jl'lJ ';03 1'17 lnfj'jm'lf7~JJ'lJ1-j ell r;'lJilo3#iJ~5~ 7

,

,

l fl1B-J 1l f) rn ~ el'U llJ'U N ~ I'l N~'\J B-Jfl11l-J l 'iJ jru 'jl'll1Ul'Y11-Jl'Y1 tJlrl'lt11'l f ll~:;

u,

12 UTllIf on/ifl

ua ::;m1Vl1uflAVl~'U 1 u 11'1 ~f1 L 11~ ~,wil (J:IJ ue ::;antllh::; l(J'lfuiJtJ:IJ'V'HJ1 (J1:IJ ~::; L ll'Un'l mflLLI9l11 :IJ'UEJ 6 m U'l~11'1f1'1a V ua::;L~(J'U~a VL'Ut1fl11::; U1VlAa:IJ

'I '\J 'IJ 11

e1'UNt'1:IJNm'ULLa::;'!51J9fa'UJ'IL'U'Vmfll(Jfl1~ l:1'1f1:IJ -))J'U1H1:IJ ueernei 1m Lia'l'U e.J'I1::;1J 1J fll1f1flEJl ue ::;f111:IJ~fl L lJ'UL 'U'Yll W) 'I L ~ (J 1n'U L lJ'Ulie.J'I~ N fl'W'U

~ ~

1J11J'YlD1'I D'Ie1'Ut'1e.JVlfl~ e.J'In1J1h1flGfll1ru~L lJm1'1 L i'Ul1l1 ua:-;J'IL ~a~~:-; :IJ e.J'I a a flLU<U1'I l1ll1 ~1 (Jfl11:IJ L <U1L ~ 11:IJ n'U L ~ (J1 n1JU1:-; L ~'Uift\J111 flU f1 mn ua::;fI11:IJ~ 1J'Yl7Ifl )7::11"1 l1~'1 L '11'Ut'1:IJfI11Lt'1'UCl~1'U1 Lfl11:-;11 2 u1:-;fll1Lm1J 1 ~'I L ~ (J1<U e.J'II:1:IJ'W'UBn'U Aa ~1'Ufl11:IJflVl L 1I'11:-;1J1J LLa::; L 1I'1u1:-;-)~fnt1l'l~ L'U'Ylfl-)'Ul1 L 11~Vln'U:IJlfl:lJl (In'l Lie.J'Ifll1f1flEJ1 Lia'lfl11:IJ~ 1'1$lfll1 11:IJJ'I

, 'u ~

t'1t11U'U fll1f1mmLa :-; Ufll '151 fll 1n'Ue.J V1'1L:!Jihia'UL'ULVl1 ill B'IiJfll1D1'1D'I LUn'l "lafllf1-)l'lu" 111e.J "lafll'U-)1'l1" ~1(JuA1 flVl~:-;B'IL~:IJ'Yl1f111:IJr1fl~

, 'u

v V I' I

ll'la'U Naa1J L Ue.J'Il11'l1:IJ:lJ1flAe.J fll1f1flEJ1 ua:-;f111:IJ~ nmtn lJ'UL Vl (J'I L1rn

'u

'U e.J'I D1'U1 ~ ua::; Nau1:-; 1(J'I$ii'Ua'l'l$'U~'Uthri1'Ulle.J (J L lJ'U flulJVl~'Um:-;1J1'U

n n L~ (J 'U ~'U a '11:1'1 fI:IJ U a ::;'I$'U ri1'UL mu L f1 Vl L lJ'Uia'l11 'I ue :-;f111:IJ'I5:-;.r fl.r'U

~ u

'Yl1 'I if t\J t\J 1 f111:IJ A Vl LL a:-; fl11f1fl EJ 1

V 11 7/ fI:i7::11 i 7 fiJI) n 7'iffn Y7 rlVVWI17 sn 7 J::fI J WJJJUytf 13

" , ,

m1lJ'YI:IJl tJ'llfJ.:)ll'nf)[lf11'jru~l':) ~ lllJ~ lUm1.:) ~.:)'jllJ~':) l~fJ':)'llfJ':)f11'jflml1

v .JQJ~}f o~ I ev.d.

Un::;fl11lJ~ Un::;']i.:)UU lUU'V'IU~lU 11llUW'lfJlJ1nfl11lJ'V'I tJ1 tJllJ1UfJUYHI::;

fl~fllll mJqJ'YI1'liu.:) 11,:) Un::;fl11lJ'15::;.rf).rU~11t1

1 uihrmsu sn l~ tJ 1 riu u~iIlll1'jrn1l ;':)'j::;UlJ lu~t111 ::;'llfJ a1':)D':)~':) U rn Ylf(U::;~lJfJ.:)un::;l-lhh~,:)~11911Ul;.:)'j::;1Ju'YI1fJmh':)luufJ':)fhllJ ~.:) mnfhrw mU¥7 L~lr1u'j'jmfiU1 tJ"l1fJci1,:)AuU-lh.:)'jfJ1J~lUX lUU UU1Ylf(U::;~ UI91f)~l':) 191 'j.:) flU-ll1 lJ 111 f)~lJ fJ.:) ~1 191 flU u ci 1,:) lUU l fl ~fJ':) tJ U 1'1 f) n 'ln une U tJ f) t11U 1911lJ~

,

l1fJ':)'llu':)f11'jf1mn ue ::;m1lJ ~ flllltmJ{11'j::;rl1r1ru'llu.:) U mYlf(u::; l ;.:)'j::;1JUL~

~ , u

ue ::;~1 1911 Ufl11lJ'YIlJ1 tJ~ lUUfll1lJt1lJWUB l ~ tJl1tJ.:) ua ::;f)Wvi':)'V'I1 fJ1fftJ~':)flU II n::; flU'll u.:) lJ ',lllll'jl f)[l f11 'jrurr':)'YIlll tJ

(2) fl11lJ191 'j::;mr f) ua ::;fl11lJ l -lhlll fJ ci1':) ri fJ.:) U Yi~.:)~ rnA 1fll1lJrl1r1 qJ 'llfJ.:)'j::;uuih If( LlJfJWU.:) lnVl~uL~Vl mhW.:)'1JfJ':)fl11lJAVl'YI1fJfl11lJ~~[jVl u~

~

(Non-literate)

""" qq""" I

(3) (1':)lJ'15ll91'Y)f) ~ 'YImtJ

llat1lJWufiun::;f11'jvt':)'V'I1u1fftJ~,:)fluun::;flU'llfJ.:)t11U~1':) ~ lVltJl1tJt1 lJ1n'jllJ

,

~.:) ~D'j'jlJ'151 ~ ua ::;fll1lJ'YIlJ1 tJv; UI91 f)~1':) Un::;U fJ f) l 'YIUfJ L 111l1f) N n 'jllJ'llfJ':)

"

t11U~1':) ~ Yl':)'YIlJVl

14 milf jJ1U11l

(4) Dcll-11'jf1~ 1fl'j-1i,'1~1-1~':hl1 f11l-l1'li1111:;llh_J~-1fill1U~Ll~lU~1 111fllll'llUUlfl~D-1 Ui,'I~-1DDfl'UD-1m:;mUf11'j~Wi1U~V~l1clU UI'l'Yd1~Ufl-1

~ ,

(5) llml1fl'u:;l~-1'j:;1J1JlUU1ilf11'j~~Dcll-1lUum:;mufln ~-1~iJ ;11 U1flI'l1-1111 fllfl~D-1 uU~fli;11fl1'j-1~11 lfl~D-1 uU~fli;11flluu~-1~t)f1i,'1~1-1

~

~UlJ1lu'Uru:;~~-1iJ;11lUUf11'jl4')JUll~lJ11 l1fiulJ~-1~uliJ~ l1Dl1U i,'I~l1

iJi;1~ lillulJllhuii-11i'j'j~'I51~~u1l6.)J1-1~U ui;1:;1~uuul1lD-1 fll1W.)J111l

,

I I I I I

.:::I ..., q .:::Ic::t~ 4 ~I ~ 9 q 0 ~ ~

in UlfllJi,'I-1~']jl1l1-1llJUl 'jD-1'UD-1m:;mUf11'j bU'Uru:;11f11'j111-11U'UD-1lfl'jD-1 UU1

n i;1 'ln n fl fhl1U~~U 111 fl1fl 'j -1 i,'I~l-1 Ul'l1fl 'j -1 i,'I~l-1'U D-1~-1iJ;11 n f1f1111U~m 111 n

~ ~

"

fl'j:;lJ1Ufl1'j1'l1-1~ l1-111i;11U

(6) lUl1t1lla11)JUlf11'j'UD-1']j1~i;1 ~1~1U l~D-1'UD-1 UI'li;1:;']ju~l4'UlhY-111i;11 ulu 1i;1fl;lfl1l"l

, .

Uf\jl11m1~D cl'jD~ lUU

-u

ul'lmluul1l1UU lUU~

,

i'1ll1Wluu~b11 Uf\jl11l1~-1 ~ lUUl~D-1fll1~D~'jD~'UD-1 "~-1iJ;111Ui,'Ifnl"l U l~~D~'UD-11U LD-1" ~-1iJ;1111~~~ii-1 ul'lm1~Dcl'jD~'UD-11ulD-11~ U~ll4'-1

~

lUUr.11flru f1l1:;y'hm Ui,'Iflll"llll~~D~'UD-11U U~1f111:;"'1i;11U1UlD-11U~i,'I~

u ,

11 uuul1 l1tll U'UD-1fll1~D cl'jD~~-1m'liluUUl'll Vi U-1l~D-1'UD-1~-1iJ;111~ um-1

~

111fllUUUf\jl11l~ UlfllJ UlJlJ UWU'UD-1fll'j'\l~D-1rlfll'j ~-1~-1iJ;11'\l~~-1~U1U f11'jlli)a~l4'uflI'lDi,'Iflll"l U l~~D~'UD-11U

" "

(7) 11)JUlf11'j'UD-1;1111'j:;flDlJ~lU 2 'l1U1DU ~D 'l1U1DUmfl

lUufll'jalJl4'ufll11-1ll"lfl' ~U1 DU I'l ein lUUf11 'ju -1l fi~~U'UD -1 ~1r.1l'UfllUUaD

,

'iI ll) ..., J( 4 .q <V tV ~ d'

i,'I'jl-1fl i;1 bfll11-1~-1fl~lJU l"lU!lU'U D-1fll1~Uflfl 1 Ui;1 :;fll1l1i,'lf\ji;1 flll ru D-1flf11 'j

l11.;Ja-1fl~~.;J lum:;lJlJ~iJ f11 'j'\l1fll 'j'UD.;J~llD.;J 'j:;lJlJ~iJ f11'j'\l1f11'j'U D.;J~llD.;J cl D~iJfll1~ lUUDi,'I'j:; 1 m:;~lJl1rt.;J ul'l"y.;J111l-l1~l1m Ufll1~ 11 ~-1iJ;11ll£Jfl DDfl111fli,'lflll"l U l~~D~ l11fliJfll'jlli)a~l4'uflI'lDi,'Iflll"l U 1~~D~Dcl1.;JI'lD l ~D.;J LVi U-1 LLI'l11 lli)a~l4'ufl~11111l-l1'liL UU~ln1l1U1fll'j'\l1D-1rl f11'j'U D.;J~-1iJ;11

v .~

n 'J:;1J ') 'U f11 'Ji:1'J1 --1 i:1'J'Jfn~ 'U D 'J'J1J

f)ci'Jf)~ Ll~:;11~'U1f11'Jt11JI'lf)'hJ

~

, ,

utllf1tml1J l1f)--1'IJf)--1f11'J~mn n~ f)11 'j:;1J1Jf11'J~mn Ll~:;y;mlJ~iLu'U

~

uae lU'Ul 'VIWllU'UI'J~ l~ rn ltl--1

.

f)ci1--1'jf)1J~1'U l'lf)iJ~'Vl1--1 lff'Jll~fi'il f11'Jl~f)--1 'f1--1f1lJ ll~:;1~'UD'J'JlJ ~--1~1~~--1 t1J m, --1 l f1W1 1 11. 'U\?i f)'U~'U t1J f)Vl 'ill mil l;--1 'J:;1J1Jiif1,)llJ'VIlJ1 t11~ t1lll'Vn :;1'Ut1J f)~11 'li') tI lr1f1 ,)llJi'~ l 'il'U,r--1 1 'Ut1J f) ~1 n~ ue :;r1f1 t1fll'\AI'IJ f) --1'J:;1J1J f11'J~f11l1 Ll~:;f1 ,)llJ 1

~

1 'Ulh:;f11'J~lA qJ~ 'il:;~ f)--1m:;'VIUf1 n'Un~ f)11 liJ1'V11J1 t1~rufll'\AI ue :;'f1ml'Vlfl I'J~ fn1lJ i:111 --1i:1'J'J1'l 'Vl1 --1 f11 'J~f11l1,x'U 1)']1'li lU Wll'l l Vi u --1 l1f) --1'IJ f) --1 rn f1 uf11fieJ 'U ~ll 'il Lll'llw1f)--1'IJf)--1mlf1i:1\?i'J f11'jl~t1'Uf11'Ji:1f)'U ll~:;f11'Jlh:; liJ'U1~ N~ll'h,x'U

'u

~ ~ ~~ .d IV ~ .r I

mf11~ t1i:11'J:; l1J'U'th:;l~'UlJqJm in t1,)f11J l--1f)'UUlJ ue :;'\AI'U~1'U'Vl1--1~ruf11ll~:;

1~'UDnlJ~'il:;~f)--1Vl'il1'Jru1n'Ulu'Uldf)--1~'U

1'Uu'J:;m'Jl'lf)lJ1 l~t1')n1J u 'UTtlft'U:; l;--1U'J:;Wff1i:1\?if ~--1 lU'U~')f)fl1Jltl t)--1 l1 f)'UUlJ'Vl1--11~'UD'J'JlJ eJ'U lU'U~'U~1'Ufl1'V1'U ~ut'l5qJ1 liJ1'VI1J1 tI Viff'Vl 1--1 Ll~:; Ll1J1J LlI'J'U'lJf)--1f11'J~f11l11'U'J:;1J1J 'VI1f)'J:;1J1J l'J--1 l~t1'U1'UD'il~u'U DqJ'VI1

[6 lffIbf ilmJfl

flUfYfllJl'lJfl-:Jll1 fJ l 'J1alU'YI~-:Jn lUU l'V'l 'J1 :::'lJWHhUfll Umnll9lfl l ~ fl-:J111-:J lh:::1~fnt1l'lf~ lfl-:J fl tilWliu fll'JfYfl'I,n~ ~ I'lf1UJ.Jl lumY u ri num 'Ju5'JU

~

~'I5fll(l~ 5 mfhm1fJf1f1'Wl~fJl1 "f11'JfYmllllNU hmru,,9 9i-:JrlflU-lil-:J

m::: l ~ fJI'lfll1:IJmn fJ1Ul U111-:J~11 lU'Wl~fl n CJ-:Jfll1:IJl1'J -:J ~1 lU fl ~1'l~cil-:JJ:11J 'hl llild ll.l l~ fJlf11J1:r1J1Jllu'YI~CJCJU1flI'lI9lCJ Iil LvWa:IJf1U1U11l~CJ-:J'lJCJ-:Jfld1:IJ~

, -u

~lfJ"l CJV1-:J~l-li1'l1lf1U luu'J:::f11nhr'lt "f11'JfYmmlNuLmlru" 6-:JmUl1' ~ d fJ fliluru rulYlCJ-:J ~ U ue :::m:::mu f11'J l1 fJU~ ~-:J CJl1J1J :::f1J:11J lUUflruU'J::: LfJ'I5U

'U u OJ 'U 'I

'YI1edlDth-:Jl'll'W'J:::1J1Jll~fnMf111t1 l~eJl-lil:IJ1~'J:::1J1JU'J:::ml:!flt)'YI:lJlfJi1lJfJlmj 1 'Wd-:J1'151;'V'Ill(l :::1'151 f11'J fl1~ lll9l~-:Jmfftl tiVl~VlCJ ~f1m)11J11f1t)'YI:lJ1 t1~(leJf1la fJU l ~ fJUf1U~U:lJ11J1f1~U ll1J1Jfl1 uue n lll:l:::'V'I1f1Ua:IJ1U11 u'J:::'I51'15UflUll1 u

f1t)l f1 ru.nTIl 'J -:J ~f1111'J::: l U fJ1Jrl' -:Jfl:IJl U~:IJ'I5U Yl D-:J ~ u"l~ eJ Vl-:J 'Jl1J~Ulll:l :::rl'u~ l'YIcildlUU~U lll:l:::6-:Jnl'Wl~eJ-:J~U ~ Dfl:lJlf1:IJlt1 ~'J:::1J1Jfll1:IJ~~eJ-:Jl'lf1eJVlU

~ ~

t1 fl1 d :::'lJeJ -:Jfld1:IJ1l.l ~ 1 uVllueJ-:J l ~ mriu U1JlUU f11'Jt1ru l ~ fJl11-:J flilururul

'U 'U OJ 'U OJ OJ

II (I :::fff1 fJ fl1 VI t1~1-:J t1 'J'Jrl fl til -:J lJ.J flT'Il1h::: lilurll"l ~

llI9lJ-:JdJ-:JJu lUDf1~lU'YI~-:J n luulfl~CJ-:Jt1:::Y1CJull1ll1ui1-:Jm:::llt1f11'J

l u~ uuuilaa D'Wl ;t11ml nue :::J1~f1 l~ CJ Ian Vl-:J l-lil a fJfl t11J fJl'YIl.ll U'lld-:J~

~ ,

"f11'JUf1~111 t11fl'lt1l'lf" r1eJum'il,ru lll:l:::'I1f1,rUI'l1:IJ~Vl:IJ1~1 u fJfll'Yll'l Nl:l

'kJ , ,

llm.J'lJeJ-:J'Jt1L'l5lfl-:J fld1JrllU~lfJnUn1J "f11'JU5~eJl'lt11'Y1m'J:IJ" lU'lll-:JDfl

,~ ,

~eJtl1J l'filltlVl:IJl l 'Jl"il:::l~I'l'J:::'YIUf1ll1'Ui1-:JU'Jlf1{)fll'Jrih U~u'U II Ul:l-:J ~-:Jlmll

v ni: PI 'iJ::rf i7~) lin 7lflmJJf)V VW'/1J snnin: WJIJ!J1JrJ 17

" . ,

llhrun u tl'j:;mllJn'tnf;,)l'Uv1l'Ul fI'jll~nilfll'jlijD;,) UJ:1 :;l'Uv1nrJ\ill 'Ujj'j'jlJ 1 'Uv11'Ulfl'j1l~ ilfll'jll'JD;') lJ 'j'j11~'U U1'U D1 U!lUfllJIYl1;,) 1f) l u'Ullh'IJD;,) ms f) 1 l'l'Ulr1lll1tl'j:; l Vlfll u'U "l J:1l1li1~" l Vi D'jD;')rlJ~'Ufl1Dmn'VIf)'j'jlJ ill f)

,

"'" 'lJ..... Q.I ..:::I. 'V Q.J Q.J I <V 0

'U V Vl1;,) 11 'U 1 \ill 'U Ii 'j 'j lJ D 'U lJ l1lJ lJ 1 11 V f) 'U f) lJ f) 1 'j U N'IJ V 1 V 'VI J:1;,) D1 'U 1 il Vl1;,)

UVlJil1f) lJ:1f)l:;l'Ulf) 11 mrvd f111lJ'VIlJl V'lJD;')f)1'jL tl~v'ULLtlJ:1;,)lr1l1mllr u ~;')5lJ~'Ufi L ;DlJ LV;') D UfllJfll'jl il1UJ'iD vmlJ U lJlJD U1;,)'IJ D;,) lJ:1f)l ::1'U vm D U1;,)

~ u

"hJUlil LLtJf)fl'U1~ J;,)l'U~lmtll:1f)llrufl1 V'UDf) LLJ:1::m::lJ1'Uf11'j1BA1 lJ:1D1

~

il'UriluVlJ 11111il::'VI tJ1 tJllJtlB L'fjlifl'Uv11 u L'VI~ NJ:111 ~ nl1lJ UJ:1::J;,)'VIlJ1d tlAD~lJl~ltl'IJD;,)f11'j1l1m'jfYf)1l1 "luseuu" 'VI1D'j::lJlJ h;') L~V'U~ m11lf)f)'U

~

l'U'I'lf)l'Ud ~;,)il1;,) ~ LL1;11 'VIlJlvfi;')'j::lJlJf11'jfYf)1l1~1l1L'lh 'VI1Dl'U'VIJ:11V ~

,

mru nn Nl:1f)I'l'Ulr1L U'UL <U1lJlil1f)fI1 V'UDf) NJ:111l1lJlJltlAD 'j::lJlJfI11lJ1

~ ~

~ ~.,j 10

'Vl'W(1t1 fJ'WLD-J

'il ~ -J f) U i:1-Jf\ tI"l '1'1 fJ L 'j1 "llJ"l~I?lf) L iJ'W D 1 ru1UmH) U1-J iJ'j'j\?l11h:: L'Vlff

~

L ~D'Wth'WlY-JlHll u LLl'ihl fJUfJ'Vl1-J Lff'jlJ~fi'ilf)1'jLi'iD-J LL1;'l::1lJWintl n~D-J fJ Dtl1\r;h"llJ"l~ LLl?lflI'i1-Jl'W(11'j::t11rlt\lD::"l 'jUfl 'il1flf)1'j~ Lff'jlJ~fi'il"l'Vl fJ LD-J~D-J n fl N'WJ fl L <U1];11 ::lJ1.J Lff'jlJ~fi 'ill1;'lfll?l1;'l D~'ii'J -J fl'1?l'J nlJfl~ -J~ N1'Wtll 'il'Wt1-JU'il'ilU'W

'IJ 'U ... '\

LL 'W 'J '1'11-3 LL 1J1J LL N'W fll 'j~lJ'Wl L fl''jlJ~fi 'il'U B-3"l '1'1 tI ~-3 L iJ'W~lJ'Wlfll'jfi'U'Wl'W LL1;'l::

" ~

L (1~tI i:1t1~'WTI~ -J fl'W LL1;'l ::fl'W LL1;'l::fi 'il fl ntl~-3 (1D-3 ~1'W 1'i1-3 i'if

J1t1i:1t1~'WTIlfJ-31fJ

DUD U1-J LL 'W 1J LL U'W riu L~ D'WlJtl1lJ'WJJ'j'jlJ'U D-J I?l ::1'W1?l fl fl 'j::;1Jd'W1Bi'l ~ LL1;'l::;

u

Al'UtJtI L i'Wl111w-J51fl ~fl1;'l-J"lul'W'l~~\?lj;hUfl 1\?l fJ LUYn ::l'Wr-nJ "Ni'ifll5fimn"

~ ~

LW:: Ntl1'UD-3U5::; L'Vlfl' 'Vlfl1'W11 L 51'1"1~DtI~'il::1'1Jfmtl~1'VltJ1fll5'VlflD U1-J~i'i

'IJ 'I 'U 'I

til 'ill fl \?l ::;1'W \?l fl LL1;'l::D::;"l 5 1 ~ L iJ'W\?l ::1'W\?lfl n L iJ'W~ fJDtl1'1Jfl'W 1~ fJ\?llJfUl1

,

I I I I

~I v 111.::.1 ~ I ~I Q/ ~~ .<::l c:tc:t v

L u'Walfl1;'l LLmD:: un L l1'W'J1 L u'Walfl1;'l'W'WflflD(1-J'Vl~-31t1LL1;'l::;tlfl\?lD-J'liD1JJJnlJ

~

DU1'W~lLD-J "llJi'ifll5~-3rl1mlJ l1~D111i'i n'il::LiJ'W~\?lLLf;'l'W'"h~lt'1,:rtl 'll~'U11-3

~ ~

.",. 2J -<!( 'V 'V 0 V Q/ I I .c::t

m1W'il5t\l'UD-J1Jl'WLtlD-J '1"15DlJ~'JtJmmflm'HfJtJl1tJ'W\?l1-J 1 'W1'W1L'Vl1'Vl'il::

t'lnl11t11"l~ LLI'i~-3l1t1~11;h~1 L 'I1'W"l~11 i:1-3fltl"l'Vl u L 51 fhrl":Il1UD'W~~m1lJ (;'11 til 'jtl'Vl1-JfliJUruru1~'il:: L~ Dflt'l'j'j LL~'Jfll1t1'il~-J mn"llJi'l\?l'il::; L~ en (;'1'j'j

~ u u

L'I"I 51::; L 51"llJ~'il fl LL1;'l::~ -J"llJ ~ D -J fl1'j~ 'il ::;~'il fl \?l'WLD-3 L W tJ -3'1"1 D ~ 'il::; Lg-3ll1'W

~ ~

m1t1l1m tJf

J1t1t11rlt\l l1~D LLiJm1t1~1 LiJ'W~ 1)::;~D-Ji'i1'il15rut\llrul'Wfll5i'l\?l lfl'im'Jt\lL~Dfl(;'1n 1'W(;'1f1l'l"lfll5ruLi'W11 LU1l1mtJ l1~Dfl'J1t1m\?ll11-J~'il::;1t1 f)l'jfifllJl'l'11l1'U1~ l iJ'W L f\ ~D -3mdl'Wt1-3 L t'I~tllt1 L f\?lf1lJ~ ~~ l~tlt'I~l-3t'1'j'j~

,

'Yl1Elfll'J1'il tI~ mn-:Jfl11lJ1LlllJ ~-:J llh.jl~El-:J~'il :':~El-:J~Iil'lfdfl'r)run'U lh:':l~'U

~ u

,

El VY111 l 'Jl'il:':UtlllJfll1lJl'IlJl tI'lJEl1J'1l1 tI'lJEl-:Jf1l11 "'ff~1-:J'ff'J'jfi''' n'Uufi'1l'1'U

~

un:':ElVl.:J'1mrhJ'U

11lJfll1lJ'il~.:J U~l Ut\Jl'Il~ lnlil~'U n1Ja.:JfllJ11'lJ'Ul'i'j'jlJ'l 'Yl tlvl.:Jf)~lld

n lU'U1hlf){)fll'jru~ lu'U'ltJil Ienm tI'l~m:,:u'ff'ilm')'j'j~utllJ 'l'Uu~d'il:':lJEl.:J

Q.J I ~ ~ ~ V I ~ ~~ v

f) 'UJ II U'U iln f){) m 'JUI'ffl f)n f) Ell'il 'il :.:'llil U1fll1W U'U "'ffl f) a'' 'U f)fl.:J 'il:':1 El.:J

Uti f) Uti:.: n 'U'llf~'j:':1'I11.:J'ffflllfll 'jru~ l nlil~'U Un:': lU'U'ltJ n1J'ffrlld:':'lJ El.:Jfll1lJ~

~

~.:J tJ.:J'llJEll 'il lU'U'il~.:J U Y1ml'UEl'U vl.:J~'il:':f)~lli1-:J'l'U1El'UI'iEl 'ltJ 'ilf)'jl'j'j~UtllJ 'lmtJ'lJEl.:Jm'J~lEllUI1UfllJn~ l'I~El 'l'U'jtJ'lJEl-:J "'j:': l iJ uu lnf)'ll'llJ" 'l'UU'il'iltJ'U

~ ~ ,

.::!:i d' 0 .<!f..<!f. d'il IV

mEl EllillJ m 'jUl'lJ El.:J mm'ffl.:J min 'ilfl'jEl1Jfl'jEl.:J nru Elll"l El'UlJ'Ull tllill unu Un:':

, ,

l'i'J'jlJ'I51~ vl.:J~fhrl'.:J lU'UEl v'l'UU'il'iltJ'Ud

~ ,

'il:': El V 1.:J '1 'jn 11lJ I'ma1J l ~ El.:J mn rl''Ylfi'il f)'j') 'j'j~U tllJ'fflJ tI'll'llJ n~ El

tJ 'jl f){) f) l'jru~tJ 'j:':1~ fl'l 'ff 1 f il 'j:.:l:11J m 'jru ue :':11'lJ'Ul'i'j'jlJ'iJl f) ~h'U I'il.:J ~

'lJ El.:J len 'l~ l oiillJl~ a')'UvY ')vY'U ue :.:tJ5am~''Ul11'i Eln'U d:Jll'llJl u ti .:J'lmy'lJ El-:J

'il f) 'j')'J'J~U tllJEl V~fll 'jfl 'jEl1Jfl 'jEl.:J ~'U UIil'U lVi''U'Yl:': In l"l~EllJ~l umnlan ~.:J

v ~

'Yll.:J11'lJ'Ul'i'j'jlJ J.:Jd 'llJl1'il:':lU'U'l'U'jtJ'lJEl.:JEllUI1UfllJ l'I~El "1nllilll:1~" mu'l~

~

;;j "

"'J:':liJU1J lnf)'lmJ" ~.:Jf)~lJ'ih.:J~'U 'l'U'iJIil'UlEl.:J UH'Uflll"l "fl11m" Un:':

, ~

20 un;'; flm~n

muuen mv'l~mDUY1~Dl~D'lnhrl\ilJUD'j'jlJl'lhr:hdlD'I Vl':i::;UUfll':if1mn mY dhnJ'1~ N~lIDflDDfl Nn~11'l'liU~ut11lln::;'_h1;'W'l11U1qJfll':i'lUll 'llU'll'li1fll':i 19l1'l1 1il1lJ llUU~lnD'I'llD'I1\ilJUD':i':ilJ~lilmY1m':ilJUVlJ1l1fl1nfllil::;1UlilflI2

1V1 vm::;mUfll':il tJ~ VUlltJn'l'll1'l1U~:W vi-:J llN'll V1 v'1tJ l~fr:l1lJ llJU'1tJ 'Yl1-:J lfl'':ifJ~nil fll':iliJD-:J lln::;rl'-:JfllJ1\ilJUD':i':ilJ'llD-:J 1nfllil::;1ulilfl uneunn Iil ::;1Ulilfl ~WlhlJ1rl'lJvruBADlJ 1v-:J flU i-:JUDfll 'I''i'UD'1tJil1fll~D'I'llD-:Jehulil lln::;N ntJ':i::; 1v'liu UiXl U -:J '1~i'll'fltJ':i::;'IJ'lJflJ1lJ1'liVlY1~-:J llJUilVll ;DlJIiiD~rl1f1ru~'1

'U 'I 'l u

fll ':if1flfJ1i:1:W v'l mJ t'1l lJu UI9l l'Vl V-:J l~D;)'\J D-:J "m ':i1l Vlfll ':i" llJumlfl'lY1f\! L u~m'Wfll':irih 'liud LUu lV11-:Jfll':if1flfJ1 ~-:J:wmJ-:J N~lilflU llI9lUflU1Y1l':i1lVlfll':i

,

l ~ usnnn i lUflfll'lf1flfJ1il1 -:J , lfl''lfJ~nilfll':i liJD-:J lln::;fll':if1flfJ1'llD-:J '1'Yl v f1fl-:J Iil flD o'lu~m'Wfll':iruyhu D'Il ~ VlflUd lllii l ':i1 f1'1~ uliilJD-:J l '1114 llJUvrUD::;~ il::;

'u

~ D-:J Dl{ 1 mm1lJAVlfll1lJ ell 14 ua ::;rhu VlJ'll1llJu'1tJIil1lJ m::; ll~~AVll 'lh'l il lD111llJU "mfln" flUDOl~lJD 'flVIl1lli:1-:JD01-:Jl'liU "lnfllf11IilU" Y1~D

~

lllJ~lJfl1':i 'l Ul'lllJflfl1-:Jl1qJY111fl tllil~fl1J:1-:J llN'll tJ1 V~flfl1lJvi'-:J~~l 'I1UflUD ~ vi'1 'l::;'U'Ufl11lJ1 ue ::;1\ilJUD'l'llJfll'jl~VU1 llJU l~D-:J~~lllJU ~D-:J '1~1'IJ fll rnumu

~ ~

Y1J:1-:Jil1fl~'1~N1U'lil-:J l lfl1lJlU1U~-:J~fl'lill':i':ifJ i-:Jdi-:JJu l ~D~il::;llJl'lltJ1V 'I1fl'Ul!:lV'l'11-:Jfll':if1flfllL11fll1'1ll(l::; llJuai:1':i::;~u lln::;LUlh::;fll'Jrl1f1qJ l ~D 111 fll':if1fl fJ III (l::; fll1lJ 1 llJu fll':i~¥l -:J ~'j'jA Iii D fll 'Jvr\ilJ 141 'll D-:J lJU fJ Vll n::;rl' -:JfllJ

-u ,

eJ Vl-J U Vi 1) ~ -J m 'Jfffl lll'U eJ-JlvltJ f1 L lhrYil'U eJ-:] L ~ £11 nl/l 'U~~'U ~ "l~ili:h'U Nfl'VY'UeJ v'l'Um:: Uafl11:W~'UeJ-:] lafl~-:]~mh11J1 ua:: LVi'll ::U::J'UVeJ:w"llJeJll)

~ ~ u

.. , "

fI f) Ii n 11 IJ7 'iJ./1 snmn

3

<tv v

lJ'U1HJ nun Jll1~f111lJ'J

q ~

~l f)~1'Wfl11lJ L.lJl'l ~ L~':] 'j:::lJlJ ue :::u'j:::1~fn];1~f 'j1lJ~':] L~ €I'WUlJ

1\ilJ'WD'j'jlJ~llJ~f)~11:1Jl .lJEl~m'jyhmllJ'l5~ L ~'Wn'W~€I1u L ~€IU'j:::f)€IlJf11'j V1 ~l'jrulL~ tJ1nlJf11'ji'fmn'lJEl':]lvW nl~ uriih; L~'WfhmlJ~':h mllJ¥l1~€1

~

€I-lrlmllJ¥~ mfi~ ue :::'VI~~.:]n'W€lci L];1lJ€I.Q A€lEl:::h Vi.:] L1J'W~ L.lJlhn'WL 'Ii'Wl'j

~ ~ ~

" "

l1-l'l1lJ~l'W tl1~f)~111~il L1J'WU'j:::L~'W

~L'jlfh1.f-lLN~t\Jn'WEl~ l~HJ'jlf)~l'W~~':] ~ ll~h ii'1'Wij];1~ml'WlJHlf)~1 €I-lrlfl11lJ¥'lJEl':]lJ'W'}oJ VL 'jllll1lJJ.:]~'W 1~ tJutJ.Q fl11lJ¥~':] nliuu L];1i'j€l'W~llJ

~ , ~

];1El':]fllJ L 'jlJJf) l~[j'Wl~vr.:]n'WEl ci L];1lJElil urul11J':]l1al tJJ':]U1':]~ Ln~;ff'W,r'W

~ u

J'WL€I-l ~.:]nijrl1'Wflf)~El-l€lcil':] ~-l LVi tJ-lll~ilL 'jll:lJri€ItJ~::: Lil~tJ1hn'WD1.:]il

~

, "

..... ..:$ tI v.o::t I 0 q ..... <V

~ 1 'j euu f11 'jflf) '}oj lLLa::: €I,:] flfl11 usn m tJl1 El ~ II a :::f11l1'W ~ msu f11 'j1 ~ tJ'W'W LEl':]

~

24 milf il J1JJfl

uuu LlNl-If1l'nh::;'VH1~hJilu~ Lll;l::;l~;ll'UtJ':UJ'4lJ UUl;l ::;1:1.:JfI:J.J tJ Vl.:J"ll1tJlll

l1~f1l~tI.:J"l~ Dl-I~1l1.:JLllll nll11f111::;~fl1l:J.JfI1V1111.:J1Vl ~ ~1l::;"l~d1l-1

f1l'JRf1lJl'UtJ.:J"l'Vl uluarm ::;~fhi;l.:Jlf1 L Ul-I~l tI~.:Jtlll\?lJl-ID'J'J:J.Jl'il.:J uau "l~~ ll'VllJl'Vll1Ul~t1.:J Ltf1:J.JfI1l:J.Jj;]VI une f1l'Jm::;vh Dl-Itf1l.:Jtf'J'Jrl mhl~() "j;]VlL Ul-I

Ll1l'j ml'UtI:J.J LLl;l::;f1l'Juill~~ltfll1m'J:J.J'll1.:Jfl1tfl'i'fIl1'J'JlJ~ 16-18 ~.:JI'l1:J.J:J.Jl ~1 tim::; LLtfLfI'JlJ~f\ llf1l'JLiitJ.:J'\lmln~Utl:J.J LLl;l::;'J::; L iJ till Ll;lf111111~.:J LLI'i'lll.:J fl1tfl'i'fIl1nlJ~ 19 lll-lG.:JifllllUl-I rl1l1tllll-l~d Ll1l-1tf:J.Jfll'J'UU1Uflll:J.J'V'I()

,

L Ul-I1:1.:J L -nl L ~mllflll:J.J L 'ihhll-lL dtJ 111 tfl 'J::;'U tJ.:J L~tJl-Iu:J.Jl\?lJl-ID'J'J:J.JDl-IritJ

LVI U'Jl:J.J'UtJ.:J1:1.:JfI:J.Jl\?lJl-Ij'i'J'J:J.J"l 'Vl U flll:J.J1l1.:Jll-1LL lV11.:Jl'15lf1l'J"l'Vl U tl"l~ l~:J.Jll1 fI1l:JJtfl-ll11 'V'I tn U1:J.Jl1lfl1l:J.J1'\lf1tJ Vl.:J 111.:J'\l.:J~l-I G.:J L~tJ.:J'Jll'UtJ.:Jl\?lJl-IDn:J.J

"

l::;ll-1lf1 LLl;l::;a'Vlfi'V'll;lmtJll~11:1.:JfI:JJ1\?lJl-IDn:JJ"l'Vlu 'JlmY.:J'lJ1wl-ItJll1m::;mlf1 Ol-lG.:JrYf1 Uf11'V'1tf1l.:Jtfnrl'Vll.:JfliJifrurullllf1f11 ull-l'U().:J1:1.:JfI:J.Jl\?lJl-ID'J'J:J.J"l'Vl U L 'Jl

" u u

14 _I " ,d , _I "_I ~~ " ~

LtJ.:J lJ'J::; LVll-ItJ~ml L 'Jlll::;:JJtJ.:JlJ'Jlf1t)f1l'Jlli'Vll.:JlJ'J::;llflltfl1LLl;l::;l\?lJl-ID'J'J:JJ

~-.hdol-ltJ Vl.:Jl'J LVI U LU'V'Il::;() Vl.:J~.:J lllmd:J.J:J.J'UtJ.:Jflll:J.J1LLl;l::;m::;ml-lf11'J

, u

~ ,,~

'V'I\?lJl-I1'U tJ.:J :J.Jl-IlJ U ue ::;tf.:JfI:JJ

,

ri au ~l-I.yh ~ U 1 W.:J L Ul-I~ L ;hh ow Ul-IL 11 tJ.:J ~l-lilU'Jl f1t)f11'Jru

f1nuill~l'Vl til fll tfl fUll L ul-Irlll-1l1~.:Jll-lm::; LLtff1l'J~l-I'wAmJl'Vl mms ~.:J

"

V YI 1m I1::Hh/fuJn l'iflmn n"vvw11 Uffm::f177UJUUY£f 25

" . .

ri Cll'1l~lJ~'1LLl'ii'llft~fl'r:l'j'rtl~ 14 llJ~lJLL~lJfll'l1~ ll~lnLLr-Jfl'VlB'V'HWClf1'hJ llJ~ hUI9l~i'lJ1f1l9laClI9lfl'l9lln'tl~ 15-17 ln~f111"uihU'Vl1'lfl'lalJ1LLa~i'V1tI1f111"

.

ftl1t'Jll-ni 1M lil'V'll ~llJ~llJf111"u1"~~'tIili'l1Cl'lVllJ,,{l1u'IaCl f111"l~lJl1Cl

v

1"Cl1J La fl 1"llJl'l'l fl11"A lJ'V'I1J 'Vl1'l i'Vl u 1fl'1 ftl9l1IinlJ'l51 ~

U1"lfltJflUru~ l1t'JflfllJi1fluu5i'~i'Vl t'J1fl'lftI9l1 ~'1U1J luw:illJl1rt'l'lJCl'l m~ LLftf111"li'l~ CllJLl1ll u~ uu LL ua'l'UCl'l t'Ji'I fllJ~lJa ll1l9llJl111f1~l9li;huf1lla~

, ~,

11 19l:W'I '11 lJ1 t'J'Vl1'1Cll9llJfll'Jru mhl~Cl l ~Clua~uciCl t'Ji'll1lJ¥lla~f111"l~t'JlJ¥'UCl'l

.. .... "'IJ

lJlJ'tI6Hh UlJ flft1"~ 111 fl el11J111 fl'VlB'V'Ia LLa ~-a'VlB'lJCl'li'llft~fl'lftlJi ns 15 1~ t'JU t'J;1

,

'lJCl'llJlJ'tIt'J']j1~

,

.u mr'll f1l9llla ~iu 11 Qt'J'V1l'lU1"~~fl'lftI9l1~'1flci1l;1 rJ'I~U t'JJ:11r1 til ~'1l'ifJ

fIl1lJ l.ull11 l ~ t'Jlfi1JIi1"1"lJ'l51~'lJfJ'IlJlJ'tI6lla ~fIl1lJl1lJl t'J'lJCl'li'llllJ¥ fJ cinu Cl t'Jn

, '\I

11111 ~~rlllJ'lb t'Ji'I~i'lm t'Jual9luciCl t'J1l'll1"llUlJflft1"~1l1f1 f111"i'l1"fJ1J~1'Vl1'li'llllJi'i19l fIl1lJ l ;Cl~i1 fIl1lJ¥lUlJl ~ t'J'Il~fJ'I'lJfJ'I~li']jll11Cll1-af1ftm l11fJm~1JllJifi

'\I ~

..

.c::.. • I Q.I'i/ .q 91 .o!!; -=t iJ '11 , 4~

fl11"'UClHI9l (Mmd) llmf111"1"1J~LLa~l1"t'JlJ~ "l'V'lfJ'Vl11~i'llJfIl1fJflHtiJ'1 f1'1

ftml~'UCl'lIinlJ'l51~ 7 Un71tiJ'1~ UiJ'1.J'H1 fa nnrnHiu n~fJ.J,;6 .ufJi'll1lJ

"

i'iI9lAlJLLa~ lft1 ~ LLftl'l'Vllfll1lJ lUlJ111'1l~ t'Jlfi1JIinlJ'l51~ llll~fJlJ Ian uae iml1a i'I'I11 ~lUlJ~l tIll1l9l J).la.uCldlfJ'I~i'Vltl1fl'lftl1Vlam' ~'1lUlJ~111lla~

, '\I

26 min iJ7UJfI

1'1'1 V1f1'la'~f"l~11Jf11~iJV1:W 1MHIHHh:m1\:J 'l 11 l1J'Uf11~Ua'1.:J'I11fhCJBlJlV ~a':wmulL ~ V1tl1Ja'fll'Wfl11:W l1J'U"\l~.:J 'Vl1.:J f11 urn 'W ~1:WYr.:J l1J'Ul'm:W'lll ~'ll CJ.:J

'u

l:1.:JfI:W111CJ'lI:W'll'U:W'UlJ V'Vlf1111.1ll1ci1 l'UrJ'U~~::;a'1Hfl1'W UN'U~ l~ V1tl1Ja'fll'W

" ".. '\J

fl11:W l1J'U ~~ .:J'Vl1.:J f11 V fll'Wl'U f11~¢i1l iJ'U1~;1 I'llCJ .:J~'U 17

rl1'U.uCJ~11 l 'W~1::;ll111l'll1J1'Uf11~'Vl1.:JI:1.:JfI:wua::;fliJifrufiJl ~.:J l~:W~'U

.. 'U u u

~1 V~Ill.:J11:W1 u ue ::;CJI:Wf11~rul ~CJf11nJal1JriCJ v ua::;fl11:Wl1J'UDa'~::;w1 ~.:J

, , ,

f1l:11Jf1m uin l1J'Ua'mD'Ua'nl~'Uf11~~I~'UUa'1.:J'I11CJ ci1.:J la'1,!'U l1Jmh::; l~'U~

r ,

~ ::;'lMl ~1 ~untl'U~CJ 'lu 11 u l il'W1::; 1 'U u~Yi l1J'UNam::;'Vl1J ue ::;1J'Vll1v'U ~CJ l1CJ.:J

'llCJ.:Jf11~~f1lJllla::;1i v

,

21 ~ 1 ~~<!f '1 Q.I ~.:!I 'V q

~1:wm1:wum ll1'U~::;CJvm.:J'Vluru'l11 baf1'Vlfl''U mCJfl11:w1f111:WfllUa::;

~ u ~

l'1f1''U1rl'V ~ij~CJa.:J~l1Vf111 "a'fll'Wfl11:Wl1J'U~~.:J" 'llCJ.:J 1af1ua::;im11atilCJ.:J~

l1J'U111h111CJuri'Ua'1~'llCJ.:Jmafl11:w1ua::;1'l11f11~~1'U~1.:J ~ ~~1:W:W11'U1~;1~

'u

'llCJ.:J:W'UlJ V ue ::;1:1.:JfI:W U~::;l~'UI~.:Jdl~::;ij'l1m:11r1t1.J~.:J 11 V lil'W1 ::;~m~CJ.:J'llCJ.:J

, ~

m 1:W~ 1 ell 'U'Vl1.:J f11 ~~f1lJ1 ue ::;t11~ ::;ijCJ::;'l ~a11.:Ja~~rl ~ l ~1 ~::; l1v 'U1'l1l1 ~1 f11:1.:JfI:W

~

I I 'V I

<V tV 'V~ 91 qCV Go' .c:tlci<vc:t,

1###BOT_TEXT###gt;lJ'UDn:W~::;1'UIf1 um f1f1.:J~::;ICJ.:J l ~:Wf1'U~1f1l1af1f11~:wa~1'U'Vl11'U I.:J'Vl'Vl1'U

~ ..

11M wU:JJ tJ.Jr7 'l~lh1.u CJI:1.:J l f1~ 'li''U1'Um U-a1f1.:J l dCJ111 ue ::;'llCJ1J'lil V'll CJ.:J~::;1J1J f11~~f1lJ1U1'llru1 ~.:JW###BOT_TEXT###gt;lJ'U1:W1~.:J u~ Vflf11f11m1ru ua::;flf'Ul~CJ l1J'UDa~::;~lf1

u ,

ih'U1~D'VlB'Wa'llCJ.:JfI~al'i'fI'la'Uimu-a1 n'llV1V'llCJ1Jl'llIf1i'1.:J'll11.:J~'U llV~1:W 'lUf1.:J "f11~Ua1.:J~~::;1Jnaf1.:J ~.:J Ttlm1flU rJ'Uflf1~CJ.:J" lla::;l'Uf11~d

, ~

~i9/ n fu llft:Jn fJ::M' fJ7fltJj7 n_f7'I.JfJ in n 1 'JR 'U'I'IUflHfj'J'W'lf1;; 'UI::m.J;;R:JJ71.h:::JJli1"iI::'l.h::iJ1'Un'U11hl~fJ1NI1JU11ifnnN

r ~,,18 , lnnnwu'

vn] I fJ siz Hh II] (In 1 'JflMJ1 nv VW '/1 1 trill]::fJ J7lJfuumf 27

" , ,

fl1Jm::uaf111lJl'iI'l1l1lJ ~ ~ f11~'1nfl~1f1 ~"U'llru::.Q ~ l~'1ll1'Ui1'1f111lJrl1A'ty 'll €I ~ m::m 'U m111J j ua:: l~ [J'U j'll f1~ ~I'l 11'l [J l \lvn::f1 til 'I ~ '11 'U [J1lJ~lafl f11 ~'1

~ 'u

I'l ::l'Ul'lfllfl'l f11lJl~ uun fl'Ul::"d1'1l~f1'1'll f1~ arm ::j'jnlJ'I51~l1jflfl1 [Jfl1l'1 fl1J'll 0'1 ~I'l u~mnJal~1'Vl [J1fl1a1f l,j~ uuu ,ja'la1Ja1'1~'U~1'Ul 'll'U'":h.Q 11 [J~'Ul;~ 01 'il 'il:: llJ'Ull'll1::ll11f111lJ l~OlJ'Vll1lJ'llfl~fl1a'U,)m1'U[Jf1,r'U lla::

, ,

'ill nil l::mf(1 el'Ufll'l~'1l1'll11'1'll 0'lfl1a'U')fl 1 o,janf1lla ::f111lJ [J1ml11Jl fl

,

'll 0'1 flll~'U l'U~ f1ill ~f1 ~a1fl1l'1'll 0'1 ~1~'il:: 1r:J j.Q 'il:; ll1'Ul~ 'ill fl~~f1 ~1<i5l1a1

~ ~

O'lfll1ll'tl l~lJ ~ fl'"l1~flllf1'Ul'I1J'llfl~ mf1~a f1mDflfuA'a (1473-1543)

1ven'Ul:1lf1lvhwf (1571-1630) lla:; fllala1fl mala (1561-1642) 'il:;llJ'U ~llJl'll(:·wua:;[JfllJ11Jfl'Ul~ fl~11~f1 f111lJllJ'U'il1'1~'"h 1aflmllJl~llJ'U fl'U 6 nm '1U 1'1~ 11 nrnae t11 '1~,j11la~ ua :;A'lJfifl1J l 11a [j I'l~ ofl'UlJ1fl'"hvr'UlJ

~

<V V I Q..I 0..1

f111lJ'llI'lU[J'I 0 [J1~ l'UU 1 ~ fl1J'Vl1 'I fl1 au 'il m

,

,

v c:tCl Q..I

'ill fl V-lafl11f1'Ul'I1J'Vl [J'U [J'Uf111lJ

, 'l " • I"" .,..."" 0' , 'l.1 ::; 20 "

'il:;0[J1~ b1fl11lJ m:;m'Umlu{j111'Vl[J1fl1a1110 umnuu 'il:;1l1'U

1~11llJ'Umlll D'Ill[Jfl'l1l'll 'il'Ul:;1111~amll1jol1flfl1J~1 L~lJ'il1flfl1ala 10 lfl~

,

~ ~ 'UO flll1'UO 'lil 'il1fl V-laf111lJft1l~'il'V1l'l ~1'U l111 fl1alf lla1 ~ 0 1~11llJ'U f1 'U U rn ~ V-l a1 'U fl11'Vll a 0 'I 'I'll ~1'Vl [J1 fll a 1 ffl1J fl1 l1<i5fl 1 'tl1 'V1l 'I f1 ru1 fl1 a 1 f

l ~ fl~hmtl u '11'1 n 'J'J:IJ '151 ~l>ll:IJ~fl'U'V'l1J llJ'Uf111liJ~'lifl'lYl1'1'l'l1Ufl1'Y1 [J1rn~l>l~ ~l:IJUtWTI1Jl [Jfi'J'J:IJ'I51~'l'Ul ;'IfH.uI>lf11~1>l~ lulh::fl11l:11f1t\j fllt)l{l tflU'I l ~'U fl~'J £.111 U fl1'Y1 [Jlf11~1>l1fl 'J 1L'I1fl 'Jl:IJ~'UL1J~1J ::~mnfl'U LL~ l ilvn ::l:lfl'il ru:: '1Jfl'l~T)mH 'Vht!'U flcil'Jflfl nHl.:J ~lm'U U{l::fll1lfl~fl'Uil1J ~'I~1:IJ11f1

, v

1~ Un::rllmrul ;'Im:lJlrui~ f11111>l Un::f111f11mrul ;'Im:IJ1ru~'IllJ'UL1fl'l~ mt'liflafluLulnJufl1'Y1 [J1f11~1>l~ (1'J:IJ~'IUm'.:Jfl:IJf11~1>l~) i'l LL~l1Vlt!'U

"

tY~1I1flf11t)Ln tfl'l'UBl>ll~ ~e1.:Jfltj'il L11i~vh1'U'i~ iuneu (1561-1626) LlJ'U

~h:IJ~rl1Uflfl'J1:IJf1~ Lfll ~ fl U1'1fl11J111t\j 'W¥fl:IJ~'I'l!m1:IJrl1flt\j'1Jfl'l1fif11':i L;'Ilh::~mil'Ufl11'Y1~nfl.:J1'V1[J1f11~l>lte'VITI'Wml1flt\j1J1flVl{l.:J1'Ul~U'U'1Jfl.:Jl1Jflfl'U nfl fl L lJu fl1 mJ~ [J'UflJ:: U~Un ::1JVll-l.:J'I1:IJ1 [J'1Jfl'l fl1 ':iL~1:: U~'J'I fl'J 1:IJ ¥'Y1 1 'I

, , "

~'J:IJ riu fl1Jfi1':i:IJ'I51~ :lJ1 L lJ'UflU'l-i51TIflUL ;.:J'lh::~mrL'I1l-1 L ~ fl~1J ::i~fl1fl1J fl ':ifl.:J Un::fl'J1Jfl:IJfi11:IJ'I51~ llh 'I1:IJ 1 [J'1Jfl.:JUfl1'Y1 [J1f11~l>ltI>l1:IJl1fl [Jfh'1Jfl'l

,

,

L 1Jflfl'ULfl'l flfl fll':i'Yi1J:: "m:IJ1'U~~ Lfl1m1:IJl:l1J'1Jfl'lfi'J'J:IJ'I51~flflfl:lJlLm~"

un::i'l U~t!'U L lJ'U~'U:IJl l1f1'Ufl~~~~fl tnflfi11:IJ'I51~n L D~ [J'UUDn'liDfl U1'1

'I1i!1i1 ill lJ'U'I1l:l'li1fl 1J1fl~ L flU~flllJ'U~ 'I~;1I>lflU~1:IJfl'U lJlrh1'f1'Ufl ~~

" "

, ,

:lJeJ'I L 11'U Ian L lJ'UL ~i1 fl'U'I1'U'Ilfl1fl'l [J'U~fl{lifl 1>l1:IJm:: Ll~fl'J1:IJf1 ~'1Jfl'l~eJ'I

Ufl1'V1£.1lrn~1>l1~~.:JLmUU'I1'1fl1~~f1'J'J'J'il~ 17 ~eJ:lJ1fleJ neru LVlf11~ (1596-

" u

1650) fl1J iflU'15fl iJ'J~u (1642-1727)

Lnfll1f1lr~~ eJ imlen L lJ'Ul~i1eJ'U Lfl 1fl'l [J'U~fln In U1J L lJ'U1J~~MeJ~

, ,

v n J/fl iJ::»i 11/1] on 7 Jffn YTrlVVtlJ117 sm ]::fI] mfJJuY£f 29

" . .

flrul'lf(1~1'I1l ~D 'l~DTI1Jl UIi11lJ'lfl~ 'I1af)lTIf)WUD-lll'lf1l1l1h,mll ;-lllfl11::;'11 f)~rJ~ D llh.Jf1lmuf)lLU ::;fl11lJj;lI'lUa::;lh::; l~l!'UqJ'I11DDf)lUU~Uri1'U~1-l ~ U ~1 il 'il1'l;Uri1Ufl 11lJj;ll'lua::;if UJ'I1ll 'I1~TihH l.ul D v'l U 1::; l il UlJ IllJ l '111 IllJ N a

u ~ ,

f1l1~1nV1flEl~~1-l ~ VmlVWlf(l~If 11lJ~-ll'Vlfllulati~95lJ9i'D'Ui;hflqJ ~ inrun u ll~'l'U'1Jru::; l~ rnnu f1l1~ l i!'U'l~'I1af11TItl11'U D-lll'lf1lhI'ULfl'U 'U DlJ l 'UI "l1.Jil rJ-l Na 'l'l1l nl'l m 1U1 f) UU f) mJ-lri1u ~-l'l Ufl11lJj;lI'lUa::;m'Ull'lflf1l 1 ~l-l ~ IaEJI'I1I'Ua'VlTIal'VlEJwjEJri1'U'lUEJ-lrlmllJ~'U EJ-ll'Vl Ulfl'l~If Juil~EJ

d ,I " OJ OJ ~I ..; OJ 'l III ""'i

fl11lJl'lfEJilU11f1{]f1l1ru6U95lJ'15EJUI'I1U~1-l ~ 1I::;luU'Vll'Ul 1I11'If) Il'Itlf1l1al'l

'VlflUlLUf1EJDf)lUUri1U~1-l ~

~ -l "l1.Jf)ilt1U a'VlTI U U f1ri1U'U EJ-lll'lf1lfrJ-l"l1.J"lf1 aii-llU'U ms uiisun f)

1::;'I1il-:J~InlJ~~11 l1fllla ::;l511lJ'lfl~ laf1'UEJ-:Jl1t1~-:JiJmllJ'I1lJl U lU'Ul'WU-:J

, ,

m 111-:JfllJ'U 1'111Ii11lJ'lfl~~ -:J lU'U~-ltlf1 ~ EJ-:J'lfEJlJIil1lJ mn ld'U EJ-ll'Vl Ulf(1~11

~ ~

"llJ U~ l vht1u ll'lf111rJ-:J'U U1 U'I1af)j;ll'll;-:J lfl~EJ-:J UU~f1a "If)EJEJf) "l1.Jii-l~-liJ;;il1

~ 'V.J I ~ Q.I d'~ ~ I .c:t

EJf11'11t1 'l5-:J'I1lJ1Ufl11lJJl lJJal'l'lfUa::;~I1'Vl-:J'I1mU 11lJm11-lf1ltl~11::;'UEJ-l

lJU ElV W-:J ~-:J m'i 1I::;m 11 UJUJl ruil-:J~i1 1 EJ V il"llJ~l-:J EJ ::;"l1nlJ f1WYil'11i!l~'U EJ-:J

'I u u 'U

ri1U~1-:J ~ 'UEJ-:Jlfl~EJ-:Ju'U~f)a"lf) "llJ~EJ-l~-lrl'mMil 'I1af)flJllJj;lll'liud 11 ::;ri-:JD'Vll5l'laEJ Vl-:J~-:J~EJvrl9lJ'Ulf1l1'UEJ-:Jm11'11fl'l~I1~1-:J ~ l~ u1nlJ~-:JiJ;;il1 11'1 Ul'lll'l1::;'lUU11'11-:J11f1;;i11'Vltll l1f)~Il'VlUl ua::;ul'l'Vlv IaEJI'I'li1-:J~llJ

,

f(I111ElVir,hum

~11::;1.J1::; l~U~ Uf1lJ1Dl-:Jii-l EJ Vl-l vu vDd 1.J1::;f)EJlJ lUUl Vi u-lu~mEJlJ

30 li1l},; iJ JU ~ 11

1'VlVlf(1~~f~lfl~l1VfHlL,jeJfi!fl~ LflL,j~eJf flli'iL~ Ie LlJfleJ'U LL~::;Ll'1fllf fl11lJ ~-.:J 'll1f1i'Vll-.:Jflru~f(l~~ f'll eJ-.:Ji!1~'U L 1J'Ul"l~-.:J L~1mi-.:J'll1LL 'U1~ 1'1 L ;-lfl~f(l~~f L~ V1fllJIi11lJ'lIl~l'1ihh,,"11flfl11lJLL U'UeJ'U iJfl111JL 1J'UL l1~ L1J'Uv.J~ L~ V11V-lfl'U

~ ,

"l,jti-.:J~11l"l~-l~1-.:J 1 "l~11~::; L 1J'U'lleJ-.:J LL ~-l 'lleJ-l mm l1~eJ LLn~ 11lJlr-.:Jfl11lJ~eJ'U LL~::; La v -l ~ -.:J~1'U eJ BlJl v"l~ Jh v flO LL r1-lfll 1 L fl~eJ'U'lleJ-lm~ eJ~fl1fl1~t! elw1J'U 1:11 uil 1::; fl eJ u LLiJ m::; rr -lm ~ eJ::;~ eJlJ il ~ eJ 11 L 1J'UmJ1 v 1~ fI fi eJ~jl-l~ L 1J'U'lleJ-.:J LL~-.:J

,

LL ~ ::;,j 1::; fl au n'U~'U L 1J'U~~1 nT'U LeJ-.:J

'l tnl 1::; fll 1ft1fl t\! ~ L ~ V1.u eJ-.:J fl lJ,j1::; L~'Uift\!l11'Vll-l fll1¥1mn LL~ ::;fl11lJ~ f1fl eJ l~mlf(uL ;-.:Jfl~f(l~~f~1l'th~ L .ullJ1 L 1J'Ul1~fl~'U~1'U'lleJ-.:JlJ'j11'11f(1~~f ~-.:Jl1m V~eJlJ1'l'Ufl1~#If(~111lJ~ 18 Ll'1fllfLeJ-.:Jl~l1eJnfl15lJl V11-l Lfll lfl1-.:J LeJ1"l-)'ll1LL~1ti-lmeJlJa1-.:J ~-.:J L ;-lfl~f(l~~f ~-.:J'l'UL~eJ-.:J'lleJ-lyj~ml ~111f11~~f

,

lJ'j11'1111fl~I'1f(~111lJl1 18 ~l-.:Jl"l1fl'U

,j1::; ~fl #Il1~ flfl11flof(1~~ f'lleJ-.:Jib~'U 'l11 L .u1fllJf(1~~f~1-l 1 ~ L ~ V1 riu Ii 11lJ'lI1~'ll eJ-.:JlJ'UlJ 6 fllJ'll eJ -.:J a-.:JfllJ ti -.:J nlJiJ fll 1'll'Ul'U'U1lJfl'U11 L 1J'Uyj~mla-.:JfllJ

,

mv'l~~'YI5l"lOm::;LL~fl11lJA~L'li'U11d v.Jo-.:Jl'UL~V'U'lleJHm1'U ~eJfl (1632- 1704) L 1J'U ~11'11'1 L ~'U 'l 'U m 1'111 LeJ1LL 'U111f('U::; LL lJlJ eJ::;~ ainnl <i5eJ5lJl va -lfllJ '\,ULL~lJlJ'll eJ-ll1lb V1~f1 rleJ~j1-ll1~fl AeJ lJ'UlJ 6 'lU't11'UeJ-.:J L~ v1fl'UfllJ~l1fl:Wafl~

, , ,

Vn)lfli7::Hh~)(Jn7'i#mj)nvi!tlJl1)ifm J::mmJmJ1JrJ 31

" . ,

rl-:J1U llhH~a-:J'Ua-:JVlq~f1n:w'Ua;l1j1) l1)f1~fllHl ~1 tll11~ Nrl<um1 ~afl~-:J Vl til tl1:WU'J::; tlf1l'll'l"f1 f11'J'U a-:JD'J'J:W'l51~:W'U1l6l<U11UL 'U l~a-:JDrul'l1'1'm li'l'J1Jilin 1)

~ "t u...a

llrl::;f11'JliJa-:J llrl::;1J1f1ll'U1A~'Ua-:J LmJt'1 ~aml (1588-1679) ~11f111:W¥

"

~-:JU1-:J~ -:J a ciu'U~m:il'U'Ua-:Jf11'JA~ l l1'U~a:w Nt'1fu¥1~ ~aflnu1:W1L.j5t'1'JU

'U ...a 'IJ "

f1i.lDnlJ'I51~1)1f1'1'li'l'U:;'Ua-:J~afl n~ a la1mVlUrl:;fI11:W It'1:wamfl'Ua-:JD1) run Uflflrl~-:JU1-:J 'J1:W~-:J~'I'1fi ~-:JL'Utlflf11'Jna~1'Ua-:J'I5'Ui'Ummi'l~1nll~ 18

, ,

L~ tlal'J:;l'IlJ1 u ii-:J~'I'1fiL'U'I'1fVl6~wr'U lU'U Nl:l1J1f1U 'J-:J -:J1'U'Ua-:J U ~l:l :;fI'U ~-:J1'I:W~ ~~a~:W1'Ua-:J1'I"f1a~:Wf11'JruD1)l1)f1i'ltl:w ~'I'1fiL'U'I'1fVl6~'U ~m~lt'11 "1rl"1 L'U

,

n 'J:; ua'l4' \ill 'U1 f11 'J'Ua-:Jfl11:WA~'I'11-:J li'l'Jll~n 1) Ul:l:; f11'J liJ a-:J'U a -:J tlflt'111 tlLl'IlP'

~ ,

" , "

'I'l-:J1'I:W ~11f1 ~11:1Jl U lU'U l fl1 Lm -:J fl11:W lU'U:IJlllrl :;t'11 'J:; t11f1 f\J'U a-:J

f11 'Jual~l'1'1 tl1i'11t'1~f ~-:J a11)t'11U l:l-:J lU'U m:;U1'U f11'Jn a~1'Ua-:J Ia f1'1'li'l'Ull'llJ

, "

11 A ~ lll:l::; l 11'U Ianuaen n:W'l51 ~ lU'U lfl ~a-:J tI'U I'l f1rllf19l-:J l:l~'I'1 eu Uti f1rl1'Ul~

~~flUt'1al'J 1~(l 'J1:W~-:J11-:Jf11t1lu'Ul~a-:J~ll1j-:Jlltlf1aaf11)1f1fl'U 1'1'1t11i'11t'1~f

,

" ,

'Uaf1ll'l'Ua lU1)lf1U l 'J1 u-:Jl~u'J:;'ilmJ l 11'Ufl11:wa:w'l4''UB l.:ifa:w LtI-:J'J:;1'I11-:J a-:Jrl

fl11lJ¥1'1'1t11i'11a~f Vl~f1~ riu "i'l1a~f" D'Ul~tl1flUD'J'J:W'l51~'Ua-:J:W'U1l6ul:l:;

" ,

1'1'1 tl1i'11 t'1~ f l 'J1n a11) 1) :;l~<uaA~ l iIiuu ll1 tlueJ'U lU'UU'J:; LtI'I5tf~flf11'J:wa-:J aaf11u<U1-:Jl'I'ih~1:wa:Wfl1'J L'U~~ ~-:J'UflU1leJ1~-:J~'I'h'Um~ w'UJJtJ.Jr1 l~ U'J::;:IJ1rlt'1'JU11lrifl 40 illi'lll:W1ll~1 l~tl1flUf11'JfYf11l1 tlf'l5rul'Ua-:Jtlflf11n

, u ,

,

al1 tI a~t'1 L~ l ~l:l :IJl ii\:J ii -:Ju'J:;f1aUfl11:W l<U1L1) L 'Ul~a-:J'Ufl-:Jf11'JfYf11l1Ul:l :;fl11:W¥

"

32 mil! iJm~fI

ffmn 'iHilr1J7 JJ flu J'YI f}7ri 7J '1 :i.J'ir~ fJ on I UU 2 ih: lim ln fli ~ fJ WtltlT'1fIWfJ'lluri 1 Mud J'117 "JJ7~m" 11~fJ "uilim" (First Principle) ~Dn7]ffmnif.JffJ{027UIIH.J Itlntltl::a.JJ&111:17fJ ... on;;nmnffn::'llD.J'YI'i1rru::ri7J'l ;hifr17 lmnwifmr ~.Jntin

, y

V t:::f ~I ~ tV v 't .....

I ttl 7 tu uui 1D.JfI UfI77117ffJ{O!7U'llD.J uin Ittl::fff177::'YImt'l7fJ

uDnI11iJDlnnn7nrJJNffMfJ7mJJ7non7m1fP17JJD1JJJ'117~ l~fJi.J rri''YID71'#m'7 ila.J u nfJ j mjDff'YIfff177::i.J D dn~uril11iJD In n ue:

, v

.1 .- q

u17nonntlJD1JJJ'117fPl ...

Wtlffl<JfIWfJ.juri 2 Mud J'117ri7J'l JJ7nJJ7fJ mn J'117 wifncf :i.J'lumJfJnrn Im7tlJ11JJ7fJii.JJ'117fP1'7J '1 ridffJ7nUD1JJJ'117~ Dd7JnJ7J'llJ7J IUUIi'Ui7 mil m17f'1'7fffP1{ DfP1UfJ3Jf'I'7fffP1{ Ian

, ,

'YInrru::rr7fffP1{ wt]mm7fffP1{ ff'mrr7fffP1{ ';7J'YIfJ7 ~fP1J'YIfJ7

, ,

r17U7tlJ ffUm7fJUfltlU fJjfJ7 nmuD.J lfI~fJ.JumIH.JnnnfJ::

,

"1~mlgfl~n" :i.JJf~U7JJ7IUUn7]'lifm7JJ~~ ...

fJ::I'HU Mi7'lumYfJn rn IUJ7tlJ J'117ril rfJm'7 "WtlffT'1f1 WfJ" ... lltl::lJ7UflJJUUmuu1'Y1fJi7 "ui''11f!j7'' Ju ilifnytlJ::lUUfJD~ ff1U'llD.JJ'117 Sum of Knowledge 11~tJ'IYfJ11d.JlUUJ'YIfJ7'llD.J

,

J'YIfJnfmt'l7fJ" (Science of SCiences/2

lll'tH ~ £.1.:1 u.:lr1fl11lJ ~e5'tJI'lUel~1'I-1ilHI.:llJl ue :;~I u drn t1L~~ m11 elfl11lJ~'IJ u.:l

~ ~ ~

lH''l5UJ1 L U'IJ ru:;~lJlL U t1fll:1lJ t1Ll'nJvH1ml'l~ i'Ufll'H ;I'lI~UL umue llluf11l:11f

u ~ ~ ~

, "

111 fll'lel.:l1U'lJu.:llJ1'il1'l1fl1Vl t11f11l:11f Lju.:lU1lJilfl1.:l ~.:Il1.:1'V1lJI ~1Ull~'l~

II 'i .:IUUI1el l1lf11AUllel :;l:11lJ1HIlJ1'iel l'lellJ1'l~n~1 t1qJ1 ru'VItT.:I~'lJu.:lluJ.:I~U

, ~

ue :;~.:I~ l1t1 fl':hmi'fl1TIfll 'i 'llJ111l:; lllULU~lUI'i'ifl :;'lJu.:lfl11lJ lllul 'VIIlllUl'lel

,

Lu~d flci11~u 'luihermu rn fl11lJ'fllJWUlh~t111t1.:1'i:;'VI11.:lflUfff11n AUfl11~.:Il:1m1 :;'VI~Ulh1 flO fll'iru'IJ u.:ljj'i'ilJ'lI1~ ue :;fll'ill:11:; lll:11.:1mlelfll1f1u

u:;"l 'ilJ1lllUlfl~u.:li'Illel:;u81.:Jh l 'i11l:;~lnll1f1U1atl'IJu.:J l 'i11l111tl1Uu8ll~

~ ,

Lumuu1'11t1'IJu.:Jfl11lJ lllul 'VIIlllUl'lel 'VI~u ll'tJ1Vll.:J ll1JU llI'lU'lJu.:Jf11'fllfil "u ~.:J"

,

llel:; II '11UuUl iJIl'fl~lIu81.:J l 'liwl1ft.:llllUu th vhJumufl'VI~u t11lllul'liuJu

~

, "

'Y{.jfl U~ U~ l Ylf11'U 1~ Vr:n'Hl'Ul Ylfl'lhJ"l~Bfl~fl "luuil1 l Vfn:;l 'Vi 1 11 a-l l mhilil1'U

,

uael uihem ~~ftfl-l l~HJl1fl''Uirl'tJ l;-l seuu U~ :;lh:;1~fl'lf11f HIJ~-l <U flrl'-l l fl 1 ~ -lf111lJ'VilJ1 tJ ue :;'UfllJ'lh IJ'U fl-l fl1~fYml11H'lIt\Jl ~f1 fl~fllm1 ru~ mh1lJ1<U1-l ~'U lhi) :;'151 tJ1'11l ~1"l~~n:;mrfll<U11 ~1'U1i11lJ'lI1~fI11lJ l U'U m:;lJ1'U fl1 m~fli11'lJ'U1 fl1~'UO-l~-l~ l~tJfl111~fll1fl'U UCl:; fl-lrlf111lJ1 "uiiun''

"

i Yl1J1fl'1 ft1 fVl am1D'Ul U'U~ l ;~'lI11l u'Ufl'lalfD'U U ilu au l iJ I'll ft~~ U~:; l U'U

"

~1'U'Ufl-lfl'lMlf~-lU1-l~-l1i11lJ'lI1~ U~:;rl'-lf1lJ m 1J1~mfllJD'U~lnl'll ~'Ud

~fl tJ ~ ~-l'll1'U1'11l<U1h"bJ11iJ~rualJ1Y~lU'Uflm-l UCl:;U~fll'lfhiltJlJflU1-l~

9.1 ~...... I IV J' _I ~ J...x~.et I i/ J, J'

'I'W1 tJ1lJfl1-l fl-lfl'Ufl tJ1'UYlfl1'U'U lJ~:; ll'l'U1'UYl'Uflf1011 "an run nui" Yl11'U

" , "

, ,

~ ~ I -dl 1>1 ~...... _I ~ d' ~ C;,d'

ftm1:;'Vi'U-lVi1fl'll1-llfl'U'Vi'U-l L'Um:;lJ1'U111'lJ'U1fl1~Yl1-llJ~:;11fl'lam lfl~l1~1'l

l 'l5DI "l~~-l<Uflrl'-l lfl~ "l1~-lU~lflflfl1~ruYl1-l1h:;1~fl'lalf~i'la:u tJ1mi ~-l u~:;alJ flUru U~ :;11'lJ'UD11lJri1'U ~1-l ~ 'U fl-l l~fl"l~ l<U1lJ1iJri1'Ulhvl'UlLCl:; uilrl'lJl·r'UB~fl n'Uf111J1~ fl~:; LLa1lfl ~1~~~ illJlJ~-l~ 1)1-l ~ -l<U1-l ~'U23 am1:; f111lJ 1 U Cl:; 1~ fll1fl'U~ L u'U fl U l U 'U fluuil1~ L u~ tJ'U U U~-l fl U1-l n flm1 fl

" "

a11J1iUu~:;1~fl'lalf U~ :;11'lJ'U1i11lJ'Ufl-l 1~fllJ'U1l611'l1J~1lJ 1'U~1-lnfl'Um'j1

,

IJ f1 ~ 'U vi ff~ui n tJ1 fl1 ~ U ~ :;uil 1UYll-l fl'1 au 1 ~ -l lJ1'UlJ1I'l~ -l~ fl~:; lJ1'U fl1 ~

, " "

C), ~ Q.I Q..f.x~ ~r .=f ~.c:l 0

llmA~L'Hl.:J "~:::1'U~f1" LL(l::: "~:::1'UeH)f1" 'Uf1Lu'UL'YHJ.:JL'JeJ.:Jm:::1J1JeJl'Ul'il

~ :::1'U~ f1~~tJ'J:::~ll~~'U'illf1 LL~}J}J L(lf1l1rrU LL(l :::eJ.:JrlA11}Jj'L ill'll :::'lJeJ.:J\i1'U LeJ.:J

.., "

1111 }J~1~'U ue :;tJila}J~'UlhmtJ'J:;1~ rrl a\i1 { ue :::1~'UD'J'J}J~nl-a.:J L il'U eJ U

"

ll(l:::~'il :::Vj.:J L il'UltJ ll(l:::tT'Uf1r1}Jl vii.:J m:::1J1'U f11'Ja.:J LA 'Jl:::'I1LL(l:::f11'J¢il'J.:J

II Q.J d' 'V ~ 'V <V .J.

f1.:J eJ V'J1}Jf1'U'lJeJ\I eJ \lf11111}J'JU(l :;m:::1J1'U f11'JL 'JV'U'JeJ'Ur1(l1f1r1(ll V LL 'Yl'U'Yl

" " "

'J:::1Jml1'Ul'ilf1'JeJ1JmeJ.:J ua :::A'JeJ1J ~l ~.:J 1'1 tn Vl}J LL~'il :::amtJ'UlA11}J L il'U

,

.q> -""'i <V -=I 91 .o:::t, 0 4 .(

r1'U.:J L~ V1'IJeJ.:J1~'UD'J'J}J f11'J L'J V'U'J LL(l :;'ill'lal'Uf1'IJ eJ.:J}J'Ull V

" ,

f11'JU'i'il:::L il'UltJeJ Ul.:Jl'Jf1l'll}J l'U~a~ LLt11 ~.:J~ Lil'UL~}J~'Ut.:Jlmu LL(l:::

, u

el'U L lJ'U1J f1]r11r1-a f1 f11 'JD mh'Ur1d.:J ~ 'il:::~ eJ.:JVI 'ill sun 1l'U t1 ~ 1 tJ'il1 f1 tJ'J::: L ~ 'U 1Jrur11 L~ V11l1J L~eJ.:J'IJ eJ.:Jam1 :::A11}Jj'

u "

11'-=1 ~.J' I) AI ~ 4 ~ i

JJ~YfJJJtfJJfN IW;UlflmUf) tf7fltymtlf)flf)11P1 11

rlJJrlutfJui1Jn7fJ iir1JUizl PI1JJnt)ff'i'iJJ iiinmmlWJm;M7V nmUPI7JJ TzlmnmiJ JJUyljiJWtlJ n'atrf7Vtf'i'ifl 117niUPIU

4

'ill f)\il :;-)'U \il f) \illlJ~lh:;mmn.jh -l ~'U 11f) 'il :;tMlJ mnh Lr:1'Uf) LLJ:'l:;~ f)'Ui'lJf1'U 'l 'Ufll'Vlfl1llJ L .jill 'il~'h L U'Ufl1llJ ~11'Ui111 (J m -lfl1llJ L u'U L 'I1\il L ilu f.jJ:'l UJ:'l:;fl Ulrh

'U "

i1mllJ'I1lJl (J 11 (J Lil'Vll :;'ffl'l1i'lJlJ1lJ'Vl'IJ f)-l rl' -lfllJ'I11f)-)nJ'UlinlJY1f)-l ~'U'I1ti-l ~ L U'U'fflrlt1j24 ~~ f)fll'Vlfl1llJ L .jill 'il~~1J:'lf)-l1J1'illf)1'Vl Vlfi'li1\ilfVJ~mfl 'U U uu il1JlJ 'lJf)-l L1f)1fuJ:'l:;U1~'U~-l Ul'lfl~-lfi'\il1nll~ 16-17 lh:;'I1ti-lllf)-lrlfl1llJ~\il:;-)'U\ilf)

'U

tJllJ 'j'jJ:'lfl1llJi1lJmru Li1~'il~'Ut1.J L~ f)f)lli1llJ~f) (JUlJ1 uih

, 'U

UI'l'Vlll1'U fl1llJ L u'U 'il1-l'ltJl L U'UL 'Il'UlT'Ull.l 'l 'U~ f)'j11J:'lfl1llJ~'lJf)-l

"

""" ~..... ..::::r. ..::::r. I """ "'=II q 'V

1'1'1 Vlfi'li1\il'j\il :;1'U\il rue -l 'il\il1 t1jt1jlUl LL mmllJ'jL 'jlJ fl1fl'U Ui11-l'l UJ:'l:;

i1~l-lr:1nrlf)-lrlmllJ~lmJI'lf)'illmT'U U-lfl-l~l L U'Uf) 8\ilJ:'l f)1f) 8l-ltlJ'I1 (J1 J-l

" '"

f)uf/f)ll1 UJ:'l:;f)1 'j1~ (J~-l~'il:;"lJlmh1ii-lI'lf)"l1.J VJ~mh ~-lf)J:'lWIi1\ilfuJ:'l:; U (Jf)ci1'U"lJl L fl (Ji1~1-l f)';if)lJD1-l D-l'l1jf) L1 f)'U1.JlJ-)nJ'Uli'j'jlJ~'UlJl L U'Uf)1'jU'U U'U ii -:) fl1llJ nn ~ f)-:)i1lJmru U J:'l:; U U'Uf) 'U L iJ 1 L i1~'il'IJ f)-:) fl1llJ l' ~"lJllJl 'ill f) f.j J:'l'IJ f)-:)

'U 'U 'U

.. .

fl'U'Vn/l'Ul~o-:Jf1'j::; Uafl~'U Ul-I L 11~fl '1 'VH~hl'Ul'l o'U~'Ufl'~r)'r:illl1 19 Ui1::;I'JDJ-J1

1)lflNi1'IJ0-:Jfll'jfll'lfl'U1'U~1'U1'J1-:J ~ OU1Wti'U D'jrulVltJ1 'j::;1J1J~1V::;j)f1'j11i1

'id:J.J~ -:J1H''l5tu1 '1~ 1)l'l1.h::;fll Vfl1UJfl I'l L~ V1 f11Jl11ilJ'Ul rmm 'j L U~ V'U LL Ui1-:J

u ,

'Ylf]llS-l1 ~1 Vl11ilJ'Ul fll'j'IJ 0-:Jlni1'l5lJI'lWW31 'U'Yll-:J~hl'Yl Vl'IJ0-:J'l51fi1 1'l1fl'U

,

N i1 fl1 'jfl I'lfl 'U L 11ft1,J u al'l-:Jlr'1 L li'U ii -:JoU 0 ~1 f1 1'l'IJ 0 -:J11tr n fl I'l L; -:J fl i1 fl'lal'l f~ 1)::; llunl910BlJl VU'j1flt)fll'jruDnlJ'l51~~-:J11m u j)m11i1~-:J'1l-11'liL U'U L Vl V-:J

. .

~I'l Lll'l fl'l1m'lrlt1Jl1~I'lO ~l1'Ylf]llS Ufl1'U~lJ 11~0 Lvi I'l o'Ua el'ULU'UNi1

'lJ0-:Jfll'j'Yl1'li10-:Jfl'Ufll1L~V1f11J0::;I'lOlJ1'U1'l0'U~'Ufl'I'ld'j'jll~ 20 ~LO-:J ~-:Ja'ju

,

L fl V L;O fi 0 f1 'UlJ 11 'U 'Yl f] llSVl ~fl afl i11 a~fl 111 fl UI'J L 1J'U~-:J el'UlJ'Yll ~ flll ru::; flft11~ 0 lJlnru::;nU'j1flt) L U'UO'Ui11fl 1JN'lJru::;n L U'Ufl~'U ~-:J,J~'UOUf11Ji1

, ~

1)::;lJ 0-:Jf1'U1 'UlL~ll'l 'Yll~flllru::;~-11,jV-:JU'j1flt) LU'UUa-:J ~-:J 011) LU'U1 'U~U'lJO-:Jfl~'U

11~0 Ol{i11fl Ul-I L11~fl '1v1fh U'j1flt) fll'jru~-:J11lJl'l,j11lJ1 Vfl11lJi1 ~10 ::;1'l0:J.J 1)1-:J ~ '1l-1'1~lJa1'j::;0::;h1'U~1LO-:J~LU'UDa'j::;1)lflafll'Vm11'l~OmM 11lfl~'U

Ll1J1J UN'U~Ufll'Yl V1fl'lal'lfv11fll'jffflll1Dn:J.J'l51~ ~-:JlJfl11:J.JalJvr'UfiL ;O:J.J LV-:J

o Uf11J arm ::;'lJ0-:J ~1'll1l 11trflfll'l fl11:J.Jfl I'l Ui1 ::;i'hlJ V:J.J'IJ O-:JUfll'Yl V1fl'lal'lf

v

'lJO-:JUfllll V~ L~ V1oUO-:J0 UWI11'l U ~-:J Ul'Jm01JeJ1-:JD-:J11~om::;m'Ul1fl'UD'UlL~-:J 0~1'U-:J1'UlllvJ'U ~ nUo:J.J'1l-1D11)Ui1ol'l1)lmhlJv:J.J'1~ LI'lVUV,j Ufll'YlVlfl'lal'lf

~-:J VeJlJ~rlT\.!'r1J N WI'l5eJ1Jl9leJHU1 'il [J'IIeJ-:JI'U vbJ llI9l1'Ull~Ut1!t1!lfllllJ~llJl'Hl l vh'!'U l11fll~ [Jl<UeJ-:J~-:Jl'Ull~f(~D'j'jlJ\~h [JeJ Vl-:Jll-leJl1Jl1~fll~ [J~l~25

<UeJfl~llDl-:J~-:JfllllJ ltl'Ufn~I~e)'Ultl'Uflm-:J ue :::iJ~eJWlfhu[JlJ ~-:J ltl'Ue)'Ul1

ll-ll~~fI1llJ ltl'U I'll 1 'UeJ VDfll9leJ liJll~l lll9l~-:Jm:::'!'U l 'Y'l'jl:::l'Y!I1W11~fll1f(.u

~ ,

fl~11'111t1!~-:J ieu eJ11J ltl'UliJl~ll l1eJ-:J'IIeJ-:J llfl1'Ul'llJ U-:J ltl'U l1eJ-:JrleJ'U<Ul-:Jll1l-1 l ~ -:J 1J :::lJliJ'n fl{] un 1 eJ'U~'Uf(Il'j'jll1i leJ-:J l'U'II ru:::~Vli1m'll1J1J fl Ml~I ~ll~::: uu fl rll 'Ul~f'i ml1 l UWlll~ :::'WI'lJ'UllJ1ltl'U II zn trmnuri eJ'Ul11Jl,!'U

l'U fI1llJ ltlm 1-:J D ru 'l5'U fl'U ~u rul1l'llWl<U eJ-:J l 'l5'Ull1i~~'U ll11 e)'U Jlafl

u ,

~-:JliJfllll1eJ-:J'IIeJ-:J li nunrn ~-:JeJl1J1J :::1l1<UeJ~WI~lh~'Ul1J lWl[J l~'Y'll:::eJ Vl-:J~-:J 1:hl-lf1J1J'j'jWllUfl fl1 'jftfllll~ -:Jl1m [J J'U n~ eJ ll11'11eJ-:JUrul11'l5eJ-:Jll-:J ue :::f1lllJ

, u

i1fli'U'IlWlllV,.n:::l11l~ "~ml:::" f1lllJ1~tlli1-:J111'lJ'Ulfl1'jfi'11l1Ul eJ eJflliJ

'u

fl1J'j :::1J1JD1'U11J ll~::: I'miJ'j::: l[J'l5.u~~miJ'Ul I'U leJ~~'UlJlfl 'jeJ~mllJ ltl'Ulm\i

l ,

l'umr1JD'j'jlJfllllJ1'11eJ~lJ'U1l6 ~~eJ~Ill~:::U1J1JU'U 'lu 1~fll:::1'UIflleJ~I1J:::

q_J '\ " 'U

40 min iJ 11I~fI

U'j:::'lnBut1£JLL~LLil"m11lJ~eJ'Uf-:J~'j'jri'~'U1I1f)f11'jfl'U'W1J~-:J'l'VIqjl11-:J1Yl£J1f1'l~1f m11J nm £J L U'UfI'l~1HHiL 'VI'ueJlJ1~lJ'U1l6 LL~:::li'j'jlJ'Il'l~ LL~:::fl'jlTd LL~'lI£J1 £J

, ,

eJ1'U 111fl 'jeJ1Jfl'jeJ -:J LL~:::fl 'jeJ1J~leJ en tUf)11-:J'l'VIqjt 'WfI'l~ rl-:J N~f) 'j:::Yl1J~-:Jtui1-:J 1i1;11fl11lJ L UlW V'lleJ.:I~l:Uru'll''U 11 £Jm.:l LL~:::'j'U LL 'j.:l J.:I,1'l'U'U1lJ'lI eJ.:Ifl11lJ¥

'U u" 'U

.. v v

LL~:::fl11lJ L 1I'jt\jf111'V1'U1

'j1lJfl11lJ LL il1 u'j :::1~fI'l~lflJ'U1l £J'l51~ ~.:I 111::: L U'U~l £Jliu'VI1eJ

, ~

o

eJ'U'VI'lh eJ'UL ~ £J1f1'U

flJ1lJ1I1.:1i1eJV-J1 rieJ'U'VIii1f11'j~1fl'U'lmJ ~ Yl1.:11Yl£J1f1'la1f~1'U~1.:1 ~

~

'j1lJJ.:IYl t)1l.Q11~'U1 m 'jYl1.:1;11Yl £J111'U1J1i1.:1VJi1mlllfl1'U~lJ t~i1U'j1f){] f)1'jU!

'W~f) N'Um:::1J1'Uf11'jL1£J'U¥'lIeJ.:IlJ'UllV ~eJ f11'jUf1-wieJ1~l'V1m'jlJ ~.:ImJ~~'U

'U 'I ~ " "

~.:I LL ~ 'll1-:J f) ~ 1.:1 fl1~l'i'fI'l1 'j'j1l ~ 18 LL~ :::11 lJ~ 1lJ1 ~ 1 £J ~f)'j1 'j'j~i1 £J lJ'l 'U

fYl1'j'j1l~eJlJ1 l1lJfl11lJ 111.:1 LLil1 f11 'juB -wi~lal'VIm'jlJtl1"l~ L ~ £J1<U eJ.:Ia1Jal £J 11 £J l 'j.:lVi L ~ £J1111 f)f)UU51~1Yl £J1f1'l~l frieJ'U'VIU1t!'U m f) LL~ L u'U N~ 111 f) n 'j::: LL~'W'fl.:l L fI''jll~n sms Li1 eJ.:I'lI eJ.:I'l5'Ui'Uf) ~l.:1~.:I rI eJ~" .:Ia~l.:1 ~1 L~1J'l'VIqj~'U l1lJ~1~1J1J1~.:I LL~'l'U~flf)m.:l LL~ :::t~lJ1U'j:::~l'U L <U1f11J'W'fl-:JuB-wi111-:J L Ylfl1'U 1~ tl

m'U~ ml1f1~ 11 en1'U af)fI l~ LL~1 LL 'U1'Yl1~11l", LLa1~Hl'U'lh,nJm tJrrI'l1111J~ 17 'I1f1~l'lfl'Ua1r1t1l~al-Jfl11lh:Jo~11l'U~i1nAf) LLf)~l-J ililn (1723-1790) ~ LlJ'U ~'Uf11 L DI'l'Uf)~a1'l1f1 Lrr'j1J~rr1al'l{fI(nai1f1 er'Um~ a'YlB'Vl€l ~~ll1ruI'l11lJ 11'UO ~

~ u

11 L ~ tJ1n'UfllJf1111h:;f11rraa1fl1'Vl'Uf)~al11'~f) Ll-J1f11 un f111 1 f1m'U~f)fl111-J~1'l 111 n af)fI LLa1 LLf)~l-J ailn V~l~ 1'lJ a'YlB'Vl(1'Yl1~fI111-J~1'l111 n a1'l1f1VJ.]1f) LLfI1l'1 'Uf)~ N~ ~ L rra ~ ~i1 f)i1f1tln11l-J'l!1~'il :;il'lf111~ LL(1n 11f111'Yll ~ L rr11J~n 11~~l1m tJ

, " "

Lf)~ 1 r1 L lJ'Ulu L VlmJ1:; ltJ'l!iia~al'l'U f)~fI'Uli'~1-J1€l lhllJ~f) :;111-J1fil'l'U11~ .uf)U

'IJ ,

'I1mh:;~1J~~I'l;{'ULfI~f)~imlmr1 ~~ L lJ'UL 'Ylfll'U l€lUl1t1f1'f)~f111uii1~ f)l'Ia1l1m11-J U11f1Qf111rull1lJ ~ 'Uf)~f111U1:;f1f)lJf111Lf)f1'l!m:;lJlJ h~.:J1'U

,

LL(1:; LfI~f)~ imf1(1'l1lJ LfI~f)'U~1 tJ'Vlt1~~l'U L mi1i1a1'U~rl1'Ul1€lf)l-Jm11-J~1'l'Uf).:J LLf)~l-J ailn l'UL~f)~f111L u~tJ'ULLu,mr~fll-Jl"'~'U111m:;lJlJVJ1~€l L U1l11-J1tJ l1t1f1'Uf).:JLLf)~l-J ailn nAf) a71~fl11l-J1r~~~'\If)~'l!1~ 1I'ltJmfl'tJ~1'Uf111~al'l

, ., _ I ., "" ., ""'] _ I ,,_ I

LLI'I(1 :;fI'U'Uf)~m11'l1 ~lJ1:;f1f)lJf111 ~ ~€ll'l LL(1:;~m Lfifl 1'I11-Jf10~lJa~fI~lJ'Yl1'U

~~l'U~ill'ln11 :;u1:;a1'Ulr1Lnl'lu1:; ltJ'l!ii'\lf)~fI'U~.:Jl1l-Jl'l mi11Af) 111:; ltJ'l!ii

,

I V ~ ~ ~ 27

11 1 n LL ~'U f) ~ f111il11 ~ fI 11 l-Jl-J ~ fI ~ m ~11'1f1

.

42 m;,r ilJUJfI

lh:; L~'l.HhA rue ci~ m:;1J1Ufl'J1lJiill'l L U~ VUUUa'la'lfllJmf) Vfl Ul1ri

U '\I " "

, v

Vfl i:lJ1 VLrUJm VL~ f) 1:; Ui:lt1'YlBeJIi;'l111m1lJU VlJ 95'1 n eJ~'J~um ~l1f)m:; ua

, ,

U u f) ri'JU 1'Jmr'l'Ylt]llQl1lJU1f)11lllJ~f) ri1'J '11<U1 'I ~U J'I11lJI'IU1:;f) DlJflU L UU~lJ1'U eJ -:J 1lJUli11lJi:lJ1 vLmJe)u U ilen UVf) ~'J V L 111~(j I'I~I'I eJ cinlJ'11t1f)

, -u

fl'J1lJiill'l'Yl1'l'Ylt]llQaUNI'IL~vueJci1'liieJv 3 u1:;f)11Lmll ~ ~eJ

1.h::mm5n t1'Ylilfl'J1lJL;eJ~i1 lJu1l6L1JU'U1tJL11{ieJli11lJ'll1~ LL'a:;

,

L vm :;U:;tTu li11lJ'll1~~'1flf)~ri1a'l L U'UL WV'I11fl ua:; LLl1cl'l11fl~urll11i'ut.'h

~ "

mL ~ U m:;1J1Uf)11 I'J~ 1 L ~eJi:l~l'll'Jafh'1 1i:l'li:lI'lL'I1n UU nl'll'l1f)a'l'YluJ'I11a1 V

~ , ,

~'1 L lJu~ C.jvf)'1JlunuLuu 'Jm'l1'll1f)11Lff111~rY1i:ll{i1 "f)11~ll~f11 L~U 11 'Y1l 'I Lff111~nll"

'Lh::n7'JiltrfJ.J 'Ylt]llQl1lJU1f)WlJeJ'I'll11i:'l ~n11u L~t:nnUf111AI'IL~eJf) 11'1 Vli11lJ'll1~ ~ eJ "fl'J1lJeJ ci1eJl'I'lJeJ'I ~ U ~'1 lL)'1 Ll1lJ1:;i:llJ~i:lI'l" flf)'l11lJ1L<i5

'\J 'U , 'U

linlJ'lll ~ ua:; L'W 11:; U:;tT U~ -:J L 1Ju~-:J~'lleJUli1nJ ue :;''bJ eJlll11~f) L~ V'I'1~ J'I11lJ I'Id L~ eJ U Uafl'J1lJ ean mrifllfluuul1 U lh n11lJ1 Vfl 'J1lJi1 f)cilJ ~ J'I~-:J

~ , ~

ua:;'I'1) '1'Wt1'1eJ1U1ll~i:l1'l L 'I'htTu~ L UU~ U ~'1 U 1 'I ua:; L 11m :;m.J~i:l~lfl'J1Unf)11

,~ ,

, ,

eJ1U1llfl 1eJUfl)eJ'I'IJ eJ'I ~Yi LL ~'1 LL 1'1 Ll1lJ1 :;~lJYii:l1'l

-u ,

, v ,

11]::n 7 ]ntr7JJ m 1 LeJ1'llU:; L 11{i eJll '1li11lJ'll1 ~ uae LVi eJUlJUllV

,

U1:;f) eJU nUL 'I1~U~lUfl'J1lJiil I9lflJ1lJ L ;eJ au LL ile f) LLV f) L~ V'JnUfl'J1lJ11lJ1 V'lJeJ'I

un)1 fI 'i1::niJrl] on l'iffn 117 t7U VfU'I17 iff) 7 ]::fI 77ufuU11ef 43

" , .

. . "

=. <::ic:i I =. V V ~ Q.I I =. ..:!:t 1..:::1.

~-lYll 'HJfn1 "rr:nlJ l1J 'H1,!fllTI1'U1" '15-l\illlJ'U [.I II mA11lJr1l'1A11lJ l'lia l'li'U'U

, ,

AJ1lJ l~alJm1lJY1D-l lfl I'l~ ali'j'jlJ'li1~ ll11'li

alJ n~ fm'l~ih'Ul1JA'ja1JA'ja-l

l 'VI'Wa;11lJ1ftlJ'UlJ 6~i

111a-lfr:hn~ nm [.I l u'Ul1a-l~flf)~a-l llft::'lia1Jli'j'jlJ

, ~

~ -l 'l 'U II ~'U a-l 1Yl [.I 1 ff1 ~1~ ue ::fYftli'j'jlJ

~ -l l1lJ I'l d 111J l U'U f) l'il D~ [.I 'U uil ft -l a ci 1-l'l11 t1!l1ft 1-l 'liU I'l fl am1 f) fl a 'U 1A urn [.I'l 'U~ -l A lJll'lJ 'Uli'j'jlJl'l ::1'U 1f) 11'lJ'Uli'j'jlJ 1Yl [.111'11 ~1'l~~lJ' [.I'll1J..i l YlA 1'U In V ue ::a1~l,.mnlJ ihen a1Jn'Ul u'Uif1J ~ [.I~llJnflD'Ul'llft'l11A11lJ

,

~ ~ f) 'j1l'j~ U [.I lJ1:: l'U I'lf) '1~vmvn '1 D~ ~ 'U II 1'l'U llft::~ -l AlJ 11'lJ'Uli'j'jlJ t11 'U ~l-l ~ 'Ua-l Ian dAa11[.1A11lJl1lJ1[.1llft::~ll::'Ua-l "lftfllf11llf" mh1Aa "flllllN n'U~11ftf) f)1'jl'iho-l1ftf) f)1llal'li'U:: Ian': l1lJU[.IllJrYvfI<l'Ua-lll'liDtU'V]1'l [.I~m'U ~-l l u'UlJ1 a ci1-l~a l ~a-l 1J'U o-lif1J 1JD'U nl ll1J1J ue ::f)ft1TIm 1JDi'1J l D~ [.I'U'1D

, ~

1J1f)~m1ll~U[.IlJlJllU'U11l'l1\ill'Ua-l "l:: 11'J [.I1J 1ftf)'lmj" m [.Il1a-l~-lAlllJ Ian Af-l~~a-l ll~hJ'1~ ll1f)~l-l a ::'1 l n'U'l 'Ul1af)~ll::i11rl tl,!'Ua-l l 1J1111J1 ul urns Ala1JAla-l~'Ulll'l'U hJ-:lH:: 11 [.I1'j-ll1~a 11'l[.lealJ l ~a NftYll-l lffllJ~fl1JAa ltJl'l'U [.11 [.Il'lftWHlft::; lll1ci-lll'lfl~1J vl-l l u'U~m11Jn'U l1lJ~-lf)1'jflla1J~lYl1-l

,

llft::rllU [.IlJ 'l 'Ul1~'li'Um [.I'l~ l 'Ul'laYlih'lftf)1lflla1Jfl'ja-l

~

.uafl1l~-l If)l'll~ [.I1n1JDl::; l~'Uiftl,!111f)1'j;;Yf)lJ1'j1lJ~-lf)1l1,r [.I~1 [.ItlAa-:l1

m [.I'l~m::; ua "l::; l U [.I1J Ian 'l11~" 'l'Uif1J1JD'U lJ111il1'U11Jal'lml1m'jlJ~1-l

, ,

~ll U'U~ a-l a1rY[.I flla-lYli''W [J1 mfl'U'Ua-l1J nI'l1'li'U~tl,!'li1 ~~ 'U l~a-l l U'U f)ft 'ln l1af) 'l'Uf)W¥hl1'U1~1J~111'j~I'lf)1ll::1J1J l ff'jlJ~fl1J~-lfllJ (llft::f)1ll~a-l) m uuen

44 litUn iJ1JJ~fI

,

La n ~ ::;')<U ~f1 h1 L tlu'bJ eJ U1-1r;H)~f1~eJ-1 ~ eJ'i::;1H)1J "Lfl''ilJ~n 'illaf1" 95-1

I:1mtlu1~uLeJ-1;WJ1LUUnJ'lJeJ-1 "Lfl''ilJ~n'il~m~w1'' m(JUlm::;ul:1f1~~U 'lJeJ-1'VH1-1 Lfl''ilJ~n'ilf11'iL~eJ-1m (JueJf1~':ht1 f~i'l'1 (J ua::;a-1f1l.J1~ul'i'i'ilJi'l'1 (J'lJeJ-1 L'i1 nf1-1i~u~Y]lf11'i "1af11u1~'i" ~eJ tl'i::;'VH1~~llJ laf1~eJm::;ul:1f1~~u~':ht1

,

~ -1t1n ~,:w LL'l-1fl'j'l'1l'i1LU "f11 'iL tl~ (JU utla-1Ll1r1uI:1JJ (J" ~-1 'il::; L'Hui~'il1f1'VhYi U 1(JlJl (J'lJeJ-1f~ 'i1lJ~-1 La(J-1 L1(Jf1¥eJ-1LUU 1m-1f11'ii'il' (JLl1~f11'i'IJ (J1(Jf11'ifff1lJ1 fl1f111-1fl1J'vi1eJ'i::;~1J~U~ilU 'i1lJitlt)-1 lf1'i-1f11'i "vl~U1'1'1fl"l (J1mlJt!lHJ" LU

~ ,

L~(J1nu ~eJ L~m:'j~~fht1-1 "'I'1fl"l(J1mlJulJ6" L'ihrlm::;LLI:1l'i'in'ileJ~m'Hm'i)'1

'I 'U 'I"

1~ (J L ill"ll::;eJ U1-1 B-1Lurl1u~L~ (J1<UeJ-1n1Jf11m'll-1<uuLuL 1Yi~m~ laf129 lh::;L~U

elU~UVi;'11flt\J'I'11-1f11'ifff1lJ1n~eJi1 L 'i1 L<U1L 'il L~eJ-1'IJeJ-1 "f11'ivl~U1'1'1fl"l (J1m

lJUlJ 6" nUeJ U1-1h Ll1f1rur11f111lJ'HlJ1 (J~eJ L th'HlJl (J L ~eJf11'ivl~t!1'IJeJ-1

, ,

lJUlJ 6 LLa ::;a-1f1lJ eJ u1-1h'H~eJ ilJ 'H~eJ ilL uVIl (J~I:1~ LL~1 fll'ivl~U1'IJ eJ-1lJUlJ 6

, "

~Vl'-1tl'i::;I:1-1rl elU L tlUL tJ1'HlJ1 (J1:1-1 1:1~'lJeJ-1f11 'ifff1lJ1 ~ eJeJ::;i rriu u U

" ,

n~1(JL'H~~a<UeJt1 LULL~'H~-1~rl1flru 'ileJl1U 1:1~1~ iJa~ (1806-1873)

, u

L m(J1J L tl'i(Jl'inlJ'l51~lJUlJ 6i 1eJ U1-1fl f1~eJ-1':hilJL<tiLf1 ~eJ-1 'il'mf1a~'il ::;flf1l:1¥l-1

'" "

LLa::;n1'HU~;ULl1 L tlUL <tiU,xUL <tiut1 inn u~ L tluLI:1~eJu~ui~~vl~t!1 L~1J 1~ LLa::;vl~t!1~uLeJ-1LU~f1 ~ ~lU~llJm1lJ li!lJL~(J-1'IJeJ-1l"1t1-1fl1 (JLu ~eJ ;i~

"" 9 <' 30 9 ~ "" <' ~ ~I <' "" ,

'il~ t'il'UeJ-1lJUlJ(JLeJ-1 tU'I'1fl'u::;'UeJ-1lJaa 1:11'i~fl::;'UeJ-1f111lJLuUlJUlJ(J 'il-1eJ(J

, , 'u

~ Ienm (JLU'UeJ-1 ~~,hUf1 ~-1 L1(Jf1 ¥eJ-1~eJ-1 fll'i~r;1'ifnl"l U l1-1lJ lUl'i'i'ilJeJ U1-1

vn) I fI n::»i 1111 on 1iffn 111 tlVVtlfH1 ifn 1 l::fI I wf1Jumf 45

u • •

L1tl~~h~ ~ ~~'I1lJl L~1m'V'l1'Url11lJUtllJ'I5lJ'I5tl1JLLa:::f11'm~1~iiHiil'l~Ll1'Ui1 L'I1lJ1:::mJ LLa::: W1m'V'l~'\J:::nlJ~1f1'Um11J L 'Yh~ltl L u'Ufm,J'U'Yltl'U'I11tl L U'U tltll'ltlL~1m'V'l'lltl~ N~'U LLa::: lltlutll1 "f111'-W1'lJ'U1tlci1~ L~1'lltl~if'\JL '\Jf)m'V'l"

~

~lLu'Ua1'U'I1dntl~~~~mL1t1f)f1'Ui1 tll'WD'J1lJ f111'ftmn LLa:::11'lJ'UD'J1lJ31 LLI'lf)~m:::J'U ~1'lJ;hUf) a~1'm'V'lulhlJ l'UD1'1'lJ ua:::f111'-W1'lJ'U1tlci1~ L~1'lltl~if'\J L '\Jf)m'V'l'lltl~iJa~ Ltl~ n Lu'Ul~ LLI'l LVi tI~mlf)f)uua:::iatll1rI'lH; ~lf1ltlcil'Umtl1J laf)11Y'luLw:::~m1:::fl11lJ~'lltl~tlflfll~~Y'l1'l11'1'lJ~ 18-19 ~~

~ ~ ,

1~ 11J f111'ri1 un tl l~'U ~1'Ufl11lJ~ l~1~ ritl~'Ul1 L U'Utl ci1~~ u-a11 'U~11 tI'llfl ~-a flfl

~ « v d' v Q.J..J 0 0.1

LLa:::LLfl~lJ ~iJD 'V'lLm1:::'I1~LLm ~m'V'lf111'ru~'\J:::flJ;!1t1 ~ f)1J'YlL1'lf11a~

'V'l lf1'Uf) ~iatll1Y'lUf111'ftf)lJ11'Yl tI tl cil'U'llru:::l1 f)ci11Afl 'V'l til tl1lJlJfl~tlflf)lu

~ ~

v vel II' q o<!:t.ctov.J

'll1~'I1'U1 L 'V'lfl LL~1~flllJf111'ruua :::f111'Y'lf)lJ1 'I11'tlflf)'UtI'I1'U~ f)U-WI'lJ'U1'llfl~

,

11'lJ'UDnlJl'Yl tl1Y'l1 ~I'l ~LL 1J1J f)aY'll~l'l~ua::: Uti f)a1'U 1'1lJ~ ~'llfl~11'lJ'UD1'1'lJ fll'l~l'11m1'lJLfl~ ~~~1'ul~i1 f111'~1 LlruL~1J 11'l'Yl1.:J1I'ltm1fl LY'l1'lJ~n'\J LU'U

" " U " ...a

L U1'111J1 u LLa :::~rurhrl1 rl qj~.:J~l L WW fl~.:J~'Ull LLa :::f111'~1 Llqj L ~1J 11'l'Yll.:J L Y'l1'Wii n '\J L U'U L fl 1tl.:J1 lfl11lJn11WU1 LLa:::fl'Ulfll'l'llfl.:JlJ'UlJ tI'I51~ 1'lJ;!1 l a'U L U'U

~ ,

.

u5 alJ -W'U 61l un 'J1lJ'I51~'ll fl ~ ~U~.:Jrl ~ U'Yll'U U1J L U'U f) a lf1L~ tn 'I11fl "i'j flYi

46 milf iiJUJfI

l f('j1J~fhll11Ul tJl~ u Unf1'l-l\j'jru msu Yl'jfHl '15~11'l ~ 'Ilfl~-r~ L 11u l'VhJ~~~ il~htl~~lL11'U l'U'Ilru:;;L~tllfl'U l'UlJ'j'jl'll "ma" Lf('j1J~f)'iJ~~l1mtll'Uft~AtJ filA tJlmnl1f1'j'jtJel'UtJ'j:;;mJ1J~l tI'Yl'UU~:;;L 'YlA 1'U l~v i'itJl1'