..

"

tl~Wl~Ul~1~n11t~a~1~o

.. ~

flru::'1~r11;;fVl1

.,... ~

~Wl1~U1aoD11~r11~Vl1

;<.x~ A· t?· -", . .D ,..(.

I ... .!! .~ lflS8l118'\Jffi81<:t 1

ChangeFuslon ass. .~ VolUnteerSllirlt Nllttwor~

~L;hnnvr~"'lJ~tu OpenBilse ~m~~u.M'jm~t~itflJflJla1j'lll~ Craatve Commons Attrbution-Nonrnrrrnercal-Share Alike ~3.0 unportad license ~"lUilllJl'i~1!lLiiim'inifl1iu'b.n'liILil~Ir.l!JIL'I'l'ioi;nl.r 'i.GllBl;

ih!;iH1i.JILui'i.J~hn 1ilJJl!ll!.l1'liI'l1;n fll'iAl ml~ri<J..!l:Ji!flJflJl<JliQll1il"!iU(;lI1iilJliiuuW<JII'lElILI'l~.Jlllliliii!;lmlil.J L'iUU.~'=IJLlilIilm~~U

'"

L rn 1 flr ~l!rjtJ'HJ

I' ' I'

111Mlr1~'"lttJL .;1U'vl

('1IU Likhi t Dhiravel1;in, iI'rhe Bur e aucr-a ts' Jole in Th';li Po 1i tics : The

.,.

v

;'1i1:i'~;~ Lr'lj ~t:j'"l "tI1'W'"l~ L U·r~1'1JJ 11tl u

v

;flL'1l;\~tJl(1~'n~fnj L~'fl~'1l'f)~ 1VltJ '

.J 01 "\ II .....

rnr t 11'CUi.;mj~ \l L nr \l'tU'"l~L I'1tl:l·tjn~-·ct'l~3J lL~::

.. '

I' I I v

LL?'In'flU~'9::'1 JJD~lIj ::lmu ~a"lU

~

na'"l1P1'fl .-

- l2:l -

, ... , " " ,v ,

~ 111'''1'11 ~ L ~i i117 ~ 1 U'llllLL flfl1"UH 'ill 1 ~ o·w::: L l.JJVl'W~'flfl' jdJfj -Jr';lPl:/l t1 U 1, .u \l L n'w

.,

a o\IflIlJ:t,'llfl,f (Norman Jacobs, r-101erniza Hon wi thou t Development: Thailand

... - , "V - _ .. _ -'-'~"-'--r""--~' .. _._._._

~ ... 1 ' ~ 0 ....

as an Asian Ca~~~-,~:..tu·1Y., 1971) VI\jiJ :Wv,tJJUrtfj\lVlJJ,U\~,,)IIJJi -:V:;;;,II:i\lJJt;'.f\in

, :> v , , ,

LULL 11lJL Ul.lfnnU ~ 1

luL':v:,';;'c~ ":E',~;,,) J\lflJJ 1 VI ufl',i ,1'f1U 1 tJ'll1 \l'll'fl -Jfl,f L :U; U'l.m:UZ') \I'~! J' 'I fl tii',),HLl

,'" I , I , 1) v, , .a

aJJrrJr ; ~'V::: 1 ~1~'V' :r~n 7t \l ;-:ij'hl 'VlIflLLVl1,llm x"ll'fl \l ,,1 fir ~ ~ f, \I fl11hnJ <l flo(: 'n 'i·~':: :r:: 1J1JL!,U1J

o .., ... I'. ...', .0:1 I -J <l ... J ,.J

LLtJU i"I1,JJClJfUvU']J 11l a\lflJJ'iJ\l fI \It) r/1 U r :ULLlJ11l1 r :: L i'l~ riB L UB \lJJ, vu 0 ":l1r17 'V W II '(' :::<ii \i

l ,0 ~;m_!t11nl1

I 1J 11 ,

fl'il1111. UBUif!ll'l

· lei.

"

~ v ~

~ 'I flYn! "ni ~ 'lJ'D \I T ~ JJUC1 \I

lJJfI.:I fI~ '11

S;;.i

" I

'Vl'l~fI'Ir LntJ" LnU91;n'l.-

LL·Yl~!)1U'l' ( T.N .. Bottomore, Elites and Society, 1964)

- .~ -

II II I I v '.

1 flULL'V1'~ r .:ItL~1 f)~'D i'l'J"'liHi'tJ L Jll.:l6JJ'tl.:lt ~ !Jul flit \latl ~itlUIIi) 'll'Cl~,r~lJrl'1lfllnr~nTI1!LvGl ~~;~

.J

rnr , lhHmLL1J'<.HfllrllflflJ"'Cl-3 kJ~~

vI

1m. b 1 uflJ·~n flnr'l'i'J FlIU Ulm~ ::;'w;~'ll'Cl cr ~ 1J1Jd161lfl1t 'El1'V 81:) 1 ~1'J1 tot\li'h) L ~u

I

'I • _". CI ~ CI ~ "T"

L ";~ WUIIVl'i~1IJJ~lfl~'1J'El ~ t1.~!. fI"In 'a'flflll fla 'Clfl'V'U wt fFl rnrt JJ'Cl.:l L lJ'U CJ~ 'll'i:) .jJJiF.1 rnr

1 I • I I v

LL11-3lLlJf)LLa::; Fl1"1JJ L ~'f.)j.] '1 VlrwlllJlu'1l'Cl.;Jj:: 1111,. l'1lfl"ltJJ"Iflfl11 L Wr"l::l~;\I'1l'Cl J -3' L ·k~~')~1 L tl~ L 'i~ ~1::

• II • I II

q a:; 41'" _" ... "" ')

tJttVl'~flua1V1~ a. ~ • ~,.~,] ~VJ r jfj fI')j L:l.J'Cl ~ VI UU -3~"lfl'llf~ .;In.,., flfl 'll'fl f1'f\lJ:W1~ '1lU rl"l-O '1 ~ l!1'iD 'I

~ ., ... CI ...... "I.r '.., ..," I .... " .. 1

au flltU'ilJJt l!Ulla'ml'Cl ::1i':n~·J###BOT_TEXT###quot;:JHh!JH11 '1 'llU'Cl~f)1l~"Iti::;(JJ1Il'U1J1II1 \!11U'f11lJlf1fl'J"J'd:: 1 T'DU

. I I ,

t~.~ 5hJi;;"·Ji!·:J';).;jfl'c~~~tn'VfI"IrL ~'U1l1-i1 '1 1 urnn: 'Clf)'1ll! °tTm ~l!'l~r-3r~flJJ-fl"I1

I II t I, v

, L ~1) ~~;fI;w LLflf)vl1-11t1lJI1~'\~':1iH';U f)~"'1 ~ 1 Ua-ilrlJJfl:1U nn ; oil 1 u1Jt ::;-ifh~ "'Icl71j L n',l·i.~Sroil \~nt!u\u')~

., • ,. I

UJ~'Vfllt~'Cl oiIr~ 1 mrf1~Jj'jf'lifllnL1JlJ 1 VI U fl~1J~fn' L 'elfl'llui1LLu,)Yib]~flj UnTIl L "vi'l 5!l1"vn .:I~i'V::

It' 0' I I J'

~.., . I~: ~ ~ .q., ., &II. • V q

'£l-3111U"'I't jlJ"'Iflf)') "ILL'C] ~'; L U;: L PI j'Cl-3'fl!l' lJI ua fll3-U.l:f'l1IJJ'~llJwu:Jjr ~ '~'1 "I 03 0t\JJll 1 III 9 fl1Jn'C\IJ~j n~

J1.I .., 1/ V •

01t L ~U'll't)-3llll U L-malln'l'D") j· ... i';ml r'l nu L~l1"'1::UI U'w~"Ir t:: ~1l~ -31 firm ~qj 1 m 'iJlyi'1:t \l1"11 LL·,l ;:,-3

<OJ ') -:, '" ., I· .

lICJalJr::LtI'llULUllrll·lIIjJ:l'1'1J"Y(J-iI '1 ( Fred Jio;;~s,'rh'liland: Moiernization of

Bure~ucratic Polity, 1966)

I ~ ~ ~ I

n'rL~~rn!u~9~;"1~,1~,'n~8~aLnu~u1'

!I

, . ~ ~

,~ ~ ~ '"

- rh~'Jj'IDr'1f\lL'inJ~'U"n ~.Q') a'u (lflcUo) LUll im~.~ (lmctoo) ,

.. b ..

.J~ ...... ..!jt i, 'r!.%

(11 •• "- (t~.lzI) LL~~ lube ~ (bC~) l'U'1lt;:VltJ~flrn.u'}l~I~I'mJ 1 'Ci1·iJl v1t~L mJ5r: L',:l',n~'i.)U"'l~

I I ,.J.., •

u\la l'ilI'c1fi~1Iv1f)jnjj)I~'jYJ~! J'i.:J mr 1 v~~h lh ::111 fl"'ltl"lJJ WI111l.j ~U~l ~ 1)1 r'lJ1.1ifllt jJr ~D1.lnU

,

"-) v" £.j ,,~

LL"a ::'flr\l'til"'lfl.Jttln~ U j rJ3J'ltl ~fl'lJ' ~Jr mr

1~

- 1flr~~r1~Jj::~"'lnr~"'lU

,

..,

a"'l'll"'lt i~ 1lZ ~n~ 1 flU L 1l;~ un :~ UW)Ylj"'lf'fl UZi::

""

"1

I:: ~~.~ (Iil~o) L'lii'iYD bb. b (~.~)

.., I

•• n;-u 11l~ fl 1:: VI'! ,J"'lW L ~ -31 fI n: ~ji<'J ~h u;; in ~'1"'ll.J

",

v

111 ::'Il"'lflr'v'l \l"'lUl w,,1 'i'1l1 L fl1;flr n:;' :;-:;.l'Jil'V"'l IIttlU-

(Mosh-e Lissak, Mili t~!2 ... ioles in Modernization: Civil-Mili tary;]ela tiona' in Thailand and Burme, 1976)

- G'i -

~.

-~-

~ • ~I I

~.b Ltit:UD~ll~~~~O~1L~~~~~~1~u O~~U1U~~11U~R~~~1fl11t~UO~~

.J I ~~.' • ~ I'

~·1U"l'Vl1~~11;'WaVl~f1 'tltl"l'1U~U~1mL~~~~ .... i~L umr 1 RUtUJVl1~011 L~~~ UflLU'Cifl1'VlLL1,.

~ J' ~. II

a~lJLL~ :ll'1lJ,"1'Vl1 ~ L 1'I1H ~n'V-!'1ftlJtH ~u~u q""u1~~~tJU10a~'VlVl1t~u~ (j11..!:f'l11~t!1lJ1rtl L U

" "" -. .,. JJL~ SI -\ SI'" I

01ta11-3a1UalJiu;nDO'lJlJ1~Gjn!~U1~ L'1!U OttlJOt '1!"I1U1 .,~, L WtJ~Ufl01;~i11IU

I I ."

ti1lJ1ttlLL'a :111 ::i'ltlnfl1'W L Vl1~U 1lJ L ~U011 L'WU~'W~ LLfI'V'~ L nUrt'f) ~~1;Uj1t11lJai1Jfl'~'U<iJ'fl '1111::-

~

I' ."

«, '90 0"'111 VlUtJ'fl 1oqVlPl11lJ'1!'f)lJ1J1tll;'1t::'ljUCJU·~'Itl1 ~01r L~'El~lI'D~ 1 'VlUoiti''1

• _ ." SI I

q '1"''''''' -t "'\ '-"1 ~

L CJ'1!QI~~LLa ::'f)"I'~U1U~'D 1JL '1JVl'D'DO 11~HOa"l1111U'tl1''W'1tUl1

1 fIV"I bL'a::1 L flr1::'" L tm-3 L lJ1!

.. ~ • I I J'

llt10!l0~tw-au L tlutJaa ::VI'ilU'1J'D-310qflfl~t L u; lJU~li~ ~'Itl1-3(-3ftlJ L U'1J1 ~~~o1tLLll1 L lI~m_! 111t1

~ • I" • ,21

tll1 ?l1-3lit1'1 L f1111 sn'-(~flJ-JL v'lll LL"'::01t L li;tJ'lmll~ '1UL nUCJ'aOt ::'VlDVI'D ~1U::'1J'Hlafl1W~ L nu

• • I V •• v_ " "

q", ~q.qi'1 q~", ""

't)~LLa: L OVlllfltVJ'1!U'Vl L Ofl'1JU3ll~ L ·vlJ:J L tlJVI~'1J~L runre ~'Vl1 '1111tLlI'tl-3 ( Seymour Li pset,

Political Man, 1960)

- ,j. -

,. anJ

_,_.

I I v ..IV .J

,VllJ4t1lJ1 UL <~qj '1 'Ufl1t~'i1tIU1n~li~t11tJl(1V11 ernr Ln'Cl~"lI'f)-31 'VlUL uVlt!n L i1'iHnU

-, , v!J I

4 ~ f' ,.. • '1'" .,; ~ ""

mu aU'flLLU'lPlfl~11 L Plr1~"''i1flL.L~'1I'tH L fir ~t'lt1~'f)1U1'i L ua ~jI&lJ 1.lU'i:: L lJU ~1Wll'lU'D)J1n U

v V v. • v , v"

'l t1L"lI1 1. ';fIU.I::"lI'f)~'f)·1U1'Ll'Ci:t:: IJlJtJU·1V11-3fl1t L ~'fl ~'flU1 ~tl1.l~LLlI}fl1lJ'GIlJf'l1t 1l:J 1 flj~ut'U'il

II ., !I,. I v , 'I

'JItllJat1t'tl"ll1'lt'l1t L t'tl~tlJ'fl~'lPIf-ltl'VIt,()fl~lJnll};'W~flqlJ,rUflqlJUt flUL nW1::; -3lTfl L ~t! L itl~1~t~a1)fl1fl

,. • ""IV II I v vi

f!:: L unu La UL nUa1UlJ1fl lL'a ::~~tJIJtn.J1U L 'fl~ 111'flu'l U ~1U::~"::tl:: L ~ ~-3ih ULl~V1flL W

!I !J"'!J I'

re lJUfl1lJLLU1J011IJ1J1.l-3d"03f1lJt1Ijjfl1nLa emr LLt'i1 ~Utl::fl~r -3'tl1U1VLL lJlJ

1~1t ; ernrnr ::1'i1 n1~'1

• v' v H

L uu L t'fl-3'l1tl-3fl11lJ L rU;lJ 1l:r1n~1flfl1rt L ~U1J'fl.:lt'i1:a-1t

U1!U'1 uflrWl flnfl1lJ fl1t1f~1rm1f1f1l:f"'l

• i v !I •• V vv

'flU1.:Jnr ::UlJI.L1JlJLLtJUfl~'i::W'f)fjj1UL 'VIt'i1111ttl;Uflt'fl ~"lJ11a1t"ll'fllJa~03V1a1 u1 VI L flanllfl11lJ L ~u~t-3

I • I II I • I .!J , ...

.f q to:: Ii) 4 ~L. ",q 4 .<!j • ... 5) 4lj

1JU L Vl1V1fl~11lJ1

1~t1lJfI '1J'O ~ V1tl'fl11 L lJ1JLlU11'nt1U~L 'W'fl'fl~~v!lJ1tJa, ~ L UlL.:IU

• II II

fl .1" "q "'l ° 6') c: 4 .,

L UJJr ::f11t~f, fltJl LL'U1LLa ::l1t:: L flU." Ufl"llUlJ,fI~' ::vn L '!.1l V1UfI ~aflum::fl,,)tLL 'iflU'-3

v. I ... II

• ~ ~ ~ ~ 6') '*l • 1 "oIlf .,

'fl1U1'LLa:;'fl

l'ill1aVl1.:1fl1t LlJ'i:HVI~.fl1U Luua::U'flflt::IJlJt11!fl1t "lI'tlVl Lf'lfU1 1flf'l'fl 1'ltHfl11lJt'i'llJ1ttl.

".I.I'fl-4f1~lJ'fl~U'l' L Ufl1fLLt11"LL~:: L l.I~ uuul.la 03fltl'flfl'iUfl11rflU1'fl°IU1'Vl1-3fl1t L n'fl~~U L nt! L ~U~;fl

v v

L~tl1"l1'flt3ll'ilIt11tJ'lhVl1-3fl1t l JJ'j)~f.I'tl-31 VI u'l uli,'i W L Ufl1U"lI'fl ~flt ::mufl1tfiflUULL~::fhV!Ufl

• !J... ... i.

U 1 UlJ1 ui ~'f, L nu flLl eilr ::L11uCJ'C'Illt:: 1 usu 'l UfI~lJ L f\ tl::l ~n'i-l~ilIlJfl'l 03 '1 .fl1'Wll'fl-3fl1t WV flLL' ~

v y • v II I ,

'fl1U1" ::l.Ir1 fl!l1. ~ L ~ 1 rJ~~ 1M 1I1t1LL'C'I:: ?l11lJao1R\lj'Il'fl ~flt\lJtJlhVl'fl-3 o'U fl~lJ'U,,) Ul\u nrrunr "1l11U"'I

• 'I I l V Iv I

., .oQ qt., "I ~ oIlf ... ..... 1 "q ~., '1 ... <:;1 tCoIlf

Uflrl~1 JJ~tlJ1IjjU .,a., ". ~ L lJUL t'f)~