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Mr. J. B. Solanki, “Electromagnetic Analysis of Solenoid Coil in ANSYS and IES Software : Case Study”, November 15 Volume 3 Issue 11 , International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication (IJRITCC), ISSN: 2321-8169, PP: 6452 - 6455
APA
Mr. J. B. Solanki, November 15 Volume 3 Issue 11, “Electromagnetic Analysis of Solenoid Coil in ANSYS and IES Software : Case Study”, International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication (IJRITCC), ISSN: 2321-8169, PP: 6452 - 6455

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Volume: 3 Issue: 11

**ISSN: 2321-8169
**

6452 - 6455

______________________________________________________________________________________

**Electromagnetic Analysis of Solenoid Coil in ANSYS and IES Software : Case
**

Study

Mr. J.B.Solanki

Lecturer, B.& B. Institute of Technology,

Vallabhvidyanagar. Anand, Gujarat, INDIA

Email: jayraj_ee@yahoo.co.in

Abstract - The aim of this paper is to get theory technical knowledge of designing a electromagnetic solenoid coil and ogy of verifying

induced current in solenoid coil by using ANSYS Software and IES software. For this purpose a 0.3 T coil has been designed with a Poloidal

shaped 1500 turn outer coil of 200 cm diameter. To verify such induced current analysis is a challenging task, theoretically which can be equally

calculated by a FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS package and IES (Integrated Engineering Software) , so a same dimension, assembly and has

been modeled and meshed in ANSYS 11.0 FEA package and IES (integrated engineering software) with same load data as given in the

software. Theoretical and Simulation results have been compared.

Index Terms :Electromagnetic Solenoied coil, FEA, IES, ANSYS Software..

__________________________________________________*****_________________________________________________

I. INTRODUCTION

II. THIN SOLENOIED

**In section 2 Design the Solenoid coil as electromagnetic coil
**

according to requirement 0.37 T in outer coil[1],[2]. The

Solenoid coil can be wound in one or two layers .A solenoid

coil with an even number of layers has the advantage of

having both leads from the coil come out at the same end of

the coil package.there are No. of accepted way to winding

Thin Solenoid coils so that they have more current per unit

length at the Solenoid ends than in the center .[4]

Before issuing the solve command, the analysis type must be

set to modal and the frequency range must be defined. Since

the target frequency is usually fairly well known, the range

should be limited. It is also important to specify that the modes

be extracted , meaning that ANSYS calculates not just

frequency, but also element results.[5]

Design the Solenoid coil for 0.37 T magnetic field at centre.

Then one single turn coil keep out side the inner coil.

Solenoid Coil wound on one small nylon rod having diameter

300cm.

In this paper electromagnetic analysis made on thin solenoid

with help of ANSYS software and IES software ( integrated

engineering software). Result of Magnetic field at center of

thin solenoid have been compared in both software.

They work according to electromagnetic principle, which

says that a magnetic field is induced by moving charges. The

magnetic field excites reluctance forces at boundaries of

material with different magnetic permeability’s.

**Fig 1 : Thin Solenoid Coil
**

The Number of ampere turn required to produce a uniform

magnetic field at center of solenoid can be calculated by using

the following equation

NI = B0 L / μ0

Where NI is Total number ampere turn in Solenoid

B0 , Magnetic field at center of Solenoid

L ,length of Solenoid

Permeability of air μ0 = 4π *10-7 H m-1

Underestimate the ampere –turns required to get the magnetic

induction in the solenoid anywhere from 3 % to 30 %

depending on the Solenoid .As a starting point we take the

field of the elemental loop of figure 2 .The field on the axis of

this loop can be written as [1,2]

H z ( z ,0)

2I '

a3

10 (a 2 z 2 ) 3 2

NI

I'

…………………..(1)

2b

6452

IJRITCC | November 2015, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

_______________________________________________________________________________________

**International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication
**

Volume: 3 Issue: 11

**ISSN: 2321-8169
**

6452 - 6455

______________________________________________________________________________________

Where H

I

a

z

**= field in the orsteds
**

= current in the loop in amperes

= radius of elemental loop

= point on z axis at which field is measured

III.

**ANSYS Multi physics is a powerful interactive environment
**

for modeling and solving all kinds of scientific and

engineering problems based on partial differential equations

(PDEs). To solve the PDEs, ANSYS Multi physics uses the

proven finite element method (FEM) [8]. The software runs

the finite element analysis together with adaptive meshing and

error control using a variety of numerical solvers. The user can

perform a various types of analysis including stationary and

time dependent analysis, linear and nonlinear analysis, eigen

frequency and modal analysis[9]

4.1

**Fig 2 : Definition of parameters for the elemental loop
**

The central field of such a loop H0 ,is

H0

2I ' 1

10 a

………………………………(2)

And can therefore be written as

H z ( z ,0)

4.2

a3

Ho 2

……………………….(3)

(a z 2 ) 3 2

**The current loop can be thought of as an elemental of a larger
**

coil and can form the basis for subsequent integration

Magnetic field intensity at centre of coil is given by the

H0

4I '

10

**ELECTROMAGNETIC ANALYSIS OF THIN SOLENOID IN
**

ANSYS

4.3

DATA:

Element Used : Plane 53 (2D)

Option : Axis symmetric

Material Properties : air - Relative Permeability = 1

Coil -Relative Permeability =1

Resistivity = 1.7241E-8 m . Ω

Modeling :

Dimensions:

a = 200 cm b = 150 cm

N = 1500 I = 1000A

Distance z-axis -150 to 150 cm

Applied Boundary condition : Flux parallel at outer

boundary

Meshed Model

Flux Density Plot (Nodal Solution )

Plot result of thin solenoid coil

(1 2 )

Where , I ' NI

2b

b/a

Magnetic field intensity at centre Z axis

H z H0

a3

(a z 2 ) 3 2

.

2

Fig:3 . 3D meshing of thin solenoid coil (1000 bricks)

**Magnetic field at center Z axis
**

Bz

Hz

1000

Where

b/a

**H0 = Field at the center
**

Hz = Field along z axis

Bz = Flux Density along z- axis

Bz = Magnetic flux density at point

on z axis.

NI = Total Ampere-Turns

**The model of coil is meshed with 1000 solid 93 brick
**

elements. A Solenoid coil is modeled & meshed in ANSYS

11.0 software Package with Plastic rod. To have proof of

concept a transient analysis is done applying same load as in

IES software.

Developing an acceptable mesh is very an iterative process.

Although it will later be given that electromagnetic results are

fairly and better insensitive to mesh size, surface heat flux is

highly dependent on the high mesh density at the vacuum

boundary surface. For this reason, it is advantageous to make

a fine mesh in critical areas on the boundary surfaces (such as

6453

IJRITCC | November 2015, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

_______________________________________________________________________________________

**International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication
**

Volume: 3 Issue: 11

**ISSN: 2321-8169
**

6452 - 6455

______________________________________________________________________________________

near high power HOM ports), while retaining a larger mesh in

the body in order to reduce run time and memory usage. A

simple way to achieve this mesh variation is to divide the

vacuum volume into sub-volumes depending on the needed

local mesh size. In this way, not only can the surface mesh be

controlled by sizing areas and lines, but the “global” mesh size

can be set on a local basis for each sub-volume, resulting in

better mesh control.

**Fig 5 : vector plot of thin coil
**

It is known that FEA analysis needs a particular air boundary

limit to give out results. It was taken under consideration that

while including air as an assembly the result was coming finer

while increasing the air volume. Air volume has been

optimized for a tolerable out put results.[3]

**Fig: 4 flux density plot of thin coil
**

Once the heat flux loads have been applied and all desired

electromagnetic quantities have been calculated. It has already

been mentioned that global electromagnetic quantities vary

only slightly with large changes in mesh density; this is not the

case, however, for local effects, such as maximum surface heat

flux.[7]

Fig 6: Flux Density along z-axis of thin coil

IV.

**Fig: 5 flux line plot of thin coil
**

After the HF119 mesh (or HF120, for brick models) has been

created, the material properties are set and the boundary

conditions

defined.

In

ANSYS,

high

frequency

electromagnetic analyses default to MKS units, and the

properties of the resonating material are given as ratios to the

free space permittivity and permeability (in this case vacuum

is the material, so these properties are both 1). Boundary

conditions can be defined in two possible ways: first, as

electric walls on the vacuum/cavity interface surfaces, or

second, as electric walls with impedance conditions. [7]

IES APPROACH FOR THIN SOLENOID COIL (2D)

**Integrated Engineering Software (Integrated ), a Canadian
**

research and development organization, provides the

engineering community with electromagnetic CAE software

tools. All of Integrated’s seven CAE products are based on the

innovative Boundary Element Method (BEM) – an excellent

alternative to the more common Finite Element Method

(FEM). Integrated’s two dimensional (2D) and three

dimensional (3D) electromagnetic software enables engineers

to understand their designs prior to prototyping. The software

allows the engineer to test various physical and material

configurations, examine new design concepts, and optimize

designs for a wide variety of electromagnetic applications.

Electromagnetic computer-aided engineering software is

becoming a standard tool in the solenoid design process, as

exemplified by BWS’ successful use. In particular, BEMbased electromagnetic software tools

from Integrated Engineering Software offer engineers a proven

and effective method for reducing design costs and optimizing

solenoid designs.[9]

4.1

MODEL:

Type of Element: 2D brick

6454

IJRITCC | November 2015, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

_______________________________________________________________________________________

**International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication
**

Volume: 3 Issue: 11

**ISSN: 2321-8169
**

6452 - 6455

______________________________________________________________________________________

No. of Elements: 80

**Figure 4 : Vector plot of Thin solenoid coil
**

Figure 1 : Model of Thin solenoid coil

First, a CAD model is created using Magneto’s built-in CAD

system. User’s also have the option of reading in IGES or

DXF format geometry files from other standard CAD systems.

Taking advantage of Magneto’s rotationally symmetric option

allows BWS to greatly simplify the design in terms of

modeling and simulation time . Second, the physical properties

are defined (e.g. materials and sources). The solenoid’s coil

winding is modeled by specifying 80A Amp Turns in the coil

region. The last step before analysis involves placing

Boundary Elements only on the surface of material interface in

contrast to the Finite Element Method that requires elements in

an entire design region.[9]

**Table 1: Compare Result of thin solenoid coil
**

Theoretical Result

Flux Density at

Center (T)

ANSYS Result

Flux Density at

Center (T)

IES Result

Flux Density at

Center (T)

0.376991118

0.35243

0.375899

V.

CONCLUSION

**Put the extra Ampere turn at the end of solenoid so that
**

uniform magnetic field getting in centre of solenoid .In Table

1 Comparison of magnetic file d at centre of solenoid give

better result in IES software just simple modelling and

meshing of coil.In ANSYS require accurate meshing and

put boundary condition proper .so it can be achieve accurate

result in ansys. Result is mismatching some where which is

because of the inductance mismatch as well as discrete load

data entry in ANSYS. Optimized result has been obtained with

increasing the air volume for FEA analysis

References

[1]

**Francis C. Moon, “Magneto-Solid Mechanics”, Jhon Wiley & Sons,
**

New York, 1984, pp 21 – 50.

[2]

**D.Bruce Montgomery and Robert J. Weggel,“Solenoid Magnet Design”,
**

Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company, New York; 1980, pp.1 – 23.

[3]

**J.B.Solanki, “Design, Simulation And Experiment On Pulsed
**

Electromagnetic Coil With Toroidal Shaped Single Turn Coil For

Induced Current Analysis”, 2015 IEEE International Conference on

Engineering and Technology (ICETECH), 20th March 2015,

Coimbatore, TN, India,pp. 822-826.

[4]

**“Applied SUPERCONDUCTIVITY” : HANDBOOK ON DEVICES AND
**

APPLICATIONS BY EDITED BY PAUL SEIDEL

[5]

ANSYS is a trademark of SAS Inc. www.ansys.com”.

[6]

**R. A. Rimmer, et al., “An RF Cavity for the NLC Damping Rings”, PAC
**

2001 Proceedings, PaperMPPH064.

[7]

**N. Hartman, R. A. Rimmer.et al. “Electromagnetic, Thermal ,And
**

Structural Analysis Of Rfcavities Using Ansys” Proceedings of the 2001

Particle Accelerator Conference, Chicago.

[8]

**Maslen,E. 1999.Magnetic Bearings, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA,
**

(personal note)

Figure 2: IES Meshing of Thin solenoid coil

Figure 3:Flux Density plot of Thin solenoid coil

https://www.integratedsoft.com/papers/techdocs/tech_8mx.pdf.

6455

IJRITCC | November 2015, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

_______________________________________________________________________________________

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