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WASTEWATER ENGINEERING

BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT
G. N. MAHESHIKA

09TH JUNE, 2O15

OBJECTIVES

Coagulation and removal of organic and inorganic


non-settleable colloidal particles
Stabilization of dissolved organic matter

CLASSIFICATIONS

1. Processes according to operational conditions


Aerobic process
Anaerobic process
Facultative process
Anoxic process

2. Processes according to microbial maintenance in


the system
Suspended growth process
Attached growth process

Biological Wastewater Treatment


Suspended Growth
Aerobic
Activated
sludge process
Extended
aeration system
Aerated
lagoons
Waste
stabilization
ponds

Anaerobic
Complete mix
anaerobic
reactor
Contact
anaerobic
reactor

Attached Growth
Aerobic
Trickling
filters
Bio-towers
Rotating
biological
contactors
Submerged
filters

Anaerobic
Packed bed upflow and downflow reactors
Extended reactor
Fluidized bed
reactor
Up-flow
anaerobic sludge
blanket reactor

ASSIGNMENT

PRINCIPLE OF AEROBIC BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT

PRINCIPLE OF ANAEROBIC BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT

AEROBIC VS. ANAEROBIC PROCESSES


Molecular O2 as TEA
Wide spectrum of OM
can be oxidized

SO42-, CO2, organic


compounds as TEA

End products are odorous

More stable end products Slow process

High growth rates of


microorganisms
More biological sludge
For large quantities of
diluted wastewater

Low sludge production


For concentrated wastes

20

60
100

30
10

Efficiency:

90%

100

60
20

80%

FACTORS FOR IMPROVED EFFICIENCY


Availability of many MO

Better contact between MO and organic matter


Favorable environmental conditions

(Temperature, pH, nutrient requirement, retention


time)
Availability of oxygen for aerobic treatment process

BIO-KINETIC COEFFICIENTS/ GROWTH CONSTANTS


Understanding the kinetics of,
Microbial growth rate
Substrate utilization rate
Limiting substrate or nutrients
Endogenous decay or death rate of MO

The growth curve of MO

Ex:

Specific growth rate,

Yield coefficient, Y
Maximum substrate utilization rate, K

Net specific growth rate, rg


Hydraulic retention time (HRT),

Cell retention time (SRT), c

Biomass concentration in the reactor, X


Substrate concentration, S

Rate of growth, rg
Maximum specific growth rate of biomass, max
Half velocity constant, Ks
Substrate utilization rate, rsu
Endogenous decay coefficient, Kd

Rate of endogenous decay of biomass, rd


Observed yield coefficient, Yobs

KINETICS TO BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT


Prediction of effluent biomass and substrate
concentrations
Prediction of bio-kinetic coefficients

Kinetics to activated sludge biological treatment


process

Cont.

Biological nitrification

Biological denitrification
Biological mechanism of phosphorous removal