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EXPERIMENT NUMBER.

10
ESTIMATION OF KMnO4 USING Std oxalic acid
AIM:
(i)To prepare 100ml 1/20M oxalic acid solution and with its help, determine the
molarity and strength of given KMnO4 solution.
(ii) Find the % purity of the impure sample of KMNO 4, in which 3.5g of KMnO4has
been dissolved per litre of water.
APPARATUS: Chemical balance 100ml , measuring flask, wash bottle, glass funnel,
glass rod, burette, pipete, burette stand, tripocl stand, wire gauze, Bunsen burner.
CHEMICALS: High purity oxalic acid, KMnO4, sulphuric acid, distilled H2O.
THEORY:
Being a primary standard oxalic acid can be prepared by directly weighing
crystalline oxalic acid (H2C2O4. 2H2O) molecular weight of which is 126. To prepare
100mlg of M/20 oxalic acid solution, crystalline oxalic acid required will be :
126/20 *100/1000= 0.63g
Potassium permagnate solution oxidises oxalic acid to CO 2 in acidic medium at a
temperature of about 60o and itself gets reduced to colourless manganese ions.
The reaction that occurs can be represented as
Reduction:
[MnO4- + 8H+ + Se Mn2+ +4H2O ]*2
Oxidation:
[C2O42- 2CO2 + 2e-] *5
Redox reaction:
2MnO4- +10H+ +5C2O42 2Mn2+ +10CO2 +8H2O
PROCEDURE:
(A)
PREPARATION OF STANDARD SOLUTION:
1. Take the exact amount of oxalic acid that is 0.63g. Transfer the weighted
oxalic acid to a glass funnel placed above a 100ml volumetric flask.
2. Give a fine spray of distilled water from the wash bottle to the funnel to
bring everything down to the volumetric flask. Shake the solution well to
get a concentrated solution.

3. Add more water from the wash bottle to makeup the solution well and
keep.
(B)
TITRATION:
1. Rinse the burette with KMnO4 solution and fill it with the same solution.
2. Remove all air bubbles from the burette. Rinse the pipette with oxalic acid
solution.
3. Pipette out 10ml of M/20 oxalic acid solution to a dean conical flask. Take
one test tube full with dil. H2SO4 (4N) and add to the oxalic acid solution.
4. Shake that mixture. Warm the mixture to 60 o -70o and titrate it against
KMnO4 solution in the burette.
5. Allow the KMnO4 solution to run into the flask with constant shaking till a
permanent pink colour is reached. Read the upper measure of the burette
and record it as final reading .Repeat the titration till concordant values
are obtained.
INDICATOR: KMnO4 solution (self-indicator)
RESULT:
(a) Molarity of the given KMnO4 solution =
(b) The strength of the given KMnO4 solution =
(c) The % purity of the given KMnO4 is
PRECAUTIONS:
1.
2.
3.
4.

For preparing the standard solution , apparatus should be clean.


Standard solution should be prepared in distilled water.
Weighing should be done accurately.
Since the lower meniscus of KMnO4 is not visible, read the upper
meniscus.
5. Rinse the burette and pipette before use.