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SOME MORE IMAGES OF PUTATIVE

MICROBIALITES FROM MARS


LYALL WINSTON SMALL
DECEMBER 2015

INTRODUCTION
There have been a number of new rocks posted that might potentially be
classed as MSLRs or Microbialite Induced Sedimentary Structures (MISS)
since I completed the Living Rocks of Mars book.
The following is a presentation of a number of putative MSLRs or MISS
that were not included in that book. These include recently released
NASA/JPL Curiosity and Opportunity images as well as some earlier
images from the MER rover archives.
.

YELLOWKNIFE BAY CURIOSITY SOL 162 TO 296


This slide shows a putative
microbialite that was
broken and dislodged by
Curis wheel.
It shows the characteristics
of a domal stromatolite as
well as tafoni type holes
exposed by the breakage of
the rock at right.
The texture of the base on
which it sits is characteristic
of stromatolitic veined
boxwork structures

Sol 173; 0173MR0926103000E1_DXXX

YELLOWKNIFE BAY CURIOSITY SOL 162 TO 296


This slide is a 3D anaglyph of a portion of
the previous image.
Note:
The roughly circular concave interior of
the portion of the rock still anchored in
the soil at the left side of the overturned
piece of rock
Laminar make up of the circular wall
Tafoni type holes inside structure
Smooth internal floors
Texture at base of rough domal large
rock

Sol 173; 0173MR0926103000E1_DXXX 3D anaglyph

YELLOWKNIFE BAY CURIOSITY SOL 162 TO 296

This slide is a putative MISS from sol


173
Note:
The veined stromatolite boxwork
at bottom left
Texture of rock surfaces
Fine grains reminiscent of frass
emerging from under the rocks in
the middle of the picture

Sol 173; 0173MR0926084000E1_DXXX

YELLOWKNIFE BAY CURIOSITY SOL 162 TO 296

This slide is a 3D anaglyph of a


portion of the previous image.
Note the boxwork structure at
the bottom left of the picture.
Such boxwork is typical of
microbialites

Sol 173; 0173MR0926103000E1_DXXX 3D anaglyph

YELLOWKNIFE BAY CURIOSITY SOL 162 TO 296

This slide is from sol 173. The broken


rocks show characteristics that suggest that
they might be fossil bones of some
unknown martian organism or alternatively
that they might be tafoni type rocks
Note:
The holes in the rocks

Sol 173; 0173MR0926136000E1_DXXX

YELLOWKNIFE BAY CURIOSITY SOL 162 TO 296

This slide is a 3D anaglyph of the preceding


slide

Sol 173; 0173MR0926136000E1_DXXX 3D anaglyph

YELLOWKNIFE BAY CURIOSITY SOL 162 TO 296

This slide, from sol 173, shows rocks with the


typical surface wrinkles that are typical of MISS
Microbialite Induced Sedimentary Structures

Sol 0173; 0173MR0926041000E1_DXXX

YELLOWKNIFE BAY CURIOSITY SOL 162 TO 296

A 3D anaglyph rendition of the preceding image

Sol 0173; 0173MR0926041000E1_DXXX 3D anaglyph

YELLOWKNIFE BAY CURIOSITY SOL 162 TO 296

Another slide of a rock from sol 173. This


rock exhibits the typical holey texture of a
Tafoni type rock

Sol 0173; 0173MR0926083000E1_DXXX

YELLOWKNIFE BAY CURIOSITY SOL 162 TO 296

A 3D anaglyph representation of the last


image.

Sol 0173; 0173MR0926083000E1_DXXX 3D anaglyph

CURIOSITY, KIMBERLEY SITE SOL 632

This slide is an example of an outcrop


showing polygonal oscillation cracks filled
by veins. Similar cracks have been
identified as being formed by ancient
microbial action in the Pilbara region,
Australia.
Look carefully to see the raised edges of
the hexagons. There are several of them.

Sol 632; 0632MR0026150000401754E01_DXXX.jpg

CURIOSITY AT PAHRUMP, BOOK CLIFFS SITE SOL 950

This slide shows what looks like an


outcrop of veined stromatolites.

Sol 950; 0950MR0041750080502069E01_DXXX.jpg

CURIOSITY - NEAR THE DUNES

3D anaglyph of a sol 1153 rock


The texture and relative
colouration of the rock in the
foreground is suggestive of an
MISS

Sol 1153; 1153ML0052140260501830E01_DXXX 3D anaglyph

CURIOSITY - NEARING THE DUNES

Rock formation suggestive of veined


stromatolites

Sol 1166; 1166MR0052750200602172E01_DXXX

CURIOSITY - NEAR THE DUNES

Surface texture and internal layering of rock


is suggestive of an MISS.
Note also the exudation of the dark debris
flow from under the rock resulting from the
breakage and pushing down of the rock by
Curiositys wheels.
Curiositys tracks can be clearly seen on the
right hand side of the image.

Sol 1167; 1167MR0052840030602189E01_DXXX

CURIOSITY - NEAR THE DUNES

The fine layered internal structure of the


broken section of the rock from the
previous slide is displayed here.
The debris flows caused by the breakage of
the rock and its depression into the soil can
also be seen more clearly.

Sol 1167; 1167MR0052840030602189E01_DXXX

OPPORTUNITY DUCK BAY

A sol 1177 rock showing the typical surface


texture of an MISS

Sol 1177; 1P232677379RAD82__P2554L2C1

OPPORTUNITY DUCK BAY

A rock from sol 1178 showing a


number of layers as well as
differential colouration of several
of the layers

Sol 1178; 1P232764230RAD82__P2557L2C1

OPPORTUNITY DUCK BAY

Another rock from sol 1178 showing some


features of an MISS

Sol 1178; 1P232764691RAD82__P2558L2C1

OPPORTUNITY SANTA MARIA CRATER

A possible Bumpy Stromatolite. Angular


flakes at bottom are however suggestive of
a vesiculated basalt

Sol 2695; 1P367435611ESFBMLVP2597L2M1

OPPORTUNITY MARATHON VALLEY

An outcrop on Marathon Valley with a


number of rocks reminiscent of MISS

Sol 4183; 1P499543963EFFCONIP2369L2M1

OPPORTUNITY MARATHON VALLEY


Another outcrop of possible MISS
rocks in Marathon valley
Note
The microchannels that appear
to be damp
The brownish red colouration
of some rocks at the right of
the image suggestive of clays
The protuberances at the ends
of some rocks that might be
mini blueberry objects
MI images from this series of
images showed objects
reminiscent of newberries

Sol 4217; 1P502562768EFFCOPRP2372L2M1

OPPORTUNITY MARATHON VALLEY

This slide is a 3D anaglyph of an


area in Marathon Valley that
appears to be damp. The
foreground rock displays a
texture and general appearance
of a MISS

Sol 4222; 1N503000834EFFCOQIP1975L0M1 3D anaglyph

SPIRIT COLUMBIA MEMORIAL STATION

Layered rock above debris flow


that might be source of rocks
lower down the slope.

Sol 42; 2P130088011RAD0514P2538L2C1

SPIRIT LARRYS LOOKOUT

This slide shows a rotten rock that is


a putative MISS.

Sol 488; 2P169684777RADAACIP2420L2C1.jpg

SPIRIT ON THE WAY TO HOME PLATE


This 3D anaglyph of a number of
rocks at a site near to home plate
shows their typica;l domal
stromatolite shape and texture
reminiscent of Wopmay

Sol 712; 2N189581102EFFALBUP1795L0M1; 3D anaglyph

SPIRIT TORQUAS AREA NEAR HOME PLATE

Another rock which might be a


Tafoni type rock or a fossil bone

Sol 1144; 2P227920933RADAS4JP2436L2C1.jpg

SPIRIT TORQUAS AREA NEAR HOME PLATE


This slide shows rocks with characteristic
surface texture wrinkles that are
characteristic of MISS.

Sol 1145; 2P228009708RADAS4JP2437L2C1.jpg

SPIRIT TORQUAS AREA NEAR HOME PLATE


This slide shows the surface texture
of a rock panorama at the Torquas
site taken with Spirits Microsopic
Imager camera.
Note:
MI image reminiscent of
Newberries
Bumpy texture of rock surface
Bumps are generally sub spherical
Bumps are gebnerally smooth and
form relatively uniform layers
Dark fuzzy growth on rock
surface reminiscent of mycelium

Sol 1146; 2M228101073MRDAS4JP2936M2M1.jpg

SPIRIT TORQUAS AREA NEAR HOME PLATE

This slide shows the surface texture of a similar rock


at the Torquas site after RAT brushing.
Note:
Effects of RATTING
Some bumps broken
Broken bumps are hollow
Pale microspheres around bumps

Sol 1143; 2M227840103MRDAS4JP2976M2M1.jpg

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