You are on page 1of 165

cikgu@math.

com

Orang cemerlang
mendahului masa
Orang biasa
menepati masa
Orang gagal
melewati masa

cikgu@math.com

Petua untuk cemerlang

Target
yang
ingin
dicapai
dalam
jangka
masa
tertentu

Rancang
Laksana
Pemantau
an
Post
mortem

Berusaha
bersungg
uhsungguh
Tanpa
rasa jemu

Berterima
kasih
kepada
yang
Empunya
Ilmu
cikgu@math.com

How Is This Possible ?

cikgu@math.com

That means
You can see it in
both ways
either way is
correct.

cikgu@math.com

cikgu@math.com

cikgu@math.com

cikgu@math.com

cikgu@math.com

cikgu@math.com

Circle the inequalities that have


not been drawn
>, < (dotted line)
, (straight line)
Mark all of y-intercept and xintercept
Y must be +ve

Stress on statement/ nonstatement


Implication from sentence IAOI
3 forms of Argument
Conclusion by using inductive
and deductive reasoning .

MULTIPLICATION OF MATRICES
Find the products of the matrices
2
1

3
4

Arrange in this form


Draw the lines for rows and columns

13

14

Multiply the matrices and put


the answers at the intersecting
line
2x2 + 3x3 2x1 + 3x2
1x2 + 3x4

1x1 + 4x2

Find the product of the matrices


1
2

Arrange the matrices as below


Draw lines for the rows and columns
Multiply the matrices and put the
answers at the intersecting lines
17

2x1 + 3x5

Speed

Constant/
Uniform speed

Distance

Object stops

Time

Time
m = rate of change in speed/time
= accelaration / deceleration

Area under the graph is the


distance

m = Rate of change in distance/ time


= speed

enlargement
correct centre
k : sf : ratio ( m: n)

rotate
At ( 3 , 5)

enlargement
correct scale factor

Reflection
at a point A

enlargement
correct centre
rotation
angle 90 cw

enlarment
translate

reflection
rotation
enlargement
translation

2x

-4

Y
y

y=

-x
+

6
6

y -x + 6
y 2x - 4
-4
x=1
x>1
3 marks
shade the region

2x

-4

Y
y

y=

-x
+

6
6

y -x + 6
y 2x - 4
-4
x=1
x>1
3 marks
shade the region

LINEAR INEQUALITIES
Y

Draw line
X=2

4
X=2

Draw line
Y= -1

2
1

-2

-1

0
1

X
Y = -1

Shade the region

yx

Y
X = -2

y x 5
x 2

y=x

Draw the dotted


line X = -2
y = - x +5
-2

Cover the NOT


x

Shade the area


that is not covered

Try this

Shade the region

x y 3

X = -3
xy=-3

3 x 4 y 12
x 3
Draw the dotted
line X = -3

3
3x +4y = 12

Cover the NOT


-3
x

Shade the area


that is not covered

Shade the region that satisfy the


inequalities
y x + 2 , y x and y < 2 in the graph
below
y=x+2
y=2

y=-x

x4 :

g + 2h = 1
4g 3h = - 18
4g + 8h = 4
- 11h = - 22
h=2
g + 2(h2) = 1
g=-3

calculate the value of4gmarks


and f

Multiply second
4
equation with 2

2x

+
x

3y
-

2y

= The coeficient of x or y
should be equal

= -5
-

2x

3y

= 4

2x

4y

= -10
k1

7y
Subtitute

Write down the new


equation under the
first equation

14
k1

into
N1the first or second equation
y = 2
2x + 3y = 4
2 x + 3 (2) = 4
2 x = -2
x = -1 N1

2x

+ 3y = 4
x - 2y =

-5

X as a title

X= -5 + 2y
2x

3y

= 4

2( -5 + 2y ) + 3 y = 4
-10 + 4y + 3y = 4
7 y = 14
Subtitute

into
N1the first or second equation
y = 2
2x + 3y = 4
2 x + 3 (2) = 4
2 x = -2
x = -1 N1

Try this question


Calculate the values of v and
w that satisfy the
simultaneous linear
equations:

3v + 2w = -3
6v w = 4
ANSWER:

W= - 2 , V=

solve the equation using fa

4 marks

solve the equation using fa

gcmpb

4 marks

3p 2p 8 0
Mode
EQN choose 1
REPLAY
Degree choose 2
Substitute a = b= c=
IF x=0.5 make it fraction a
( 2x - 1 ) ( x - 3 ) = 0
X= 1
2

x= 3

b/c

3p
p
Solve the equation
2
4
2
2

Eliminate
4

X4

Write in general
form
(ax2 + bx + c =0)

factorise

3p +4
p -2

+4p
-6p

3p2 -8

-2p

3p
p 2
4 4 2 4
4
2

3 p2 2 p 8
3 p 2 2 p 8 0 K1
(3 p 4)( p 2) 0 K1

4
p
, p 2 N1 N1
3

3v v
Solve the equation
2v 1
2
2

Eliminate
2

3v v
2 2v 2 1 2
2
2

X2

3v v 4v 2
2

Write in general
form
(ax2+bx+c=0)
factorise

3v 2 v 4v 2 0
2
3v 5v 2 0 K1
(3v 1)(v 2) 0 K1
1
v , v 2 N1 N1
3

K1 2x2

-1 x 6
-6
-2 x 3
Multiply 2 and -3
Write the possible
Choose
product the total
+5
answer of + 5
-1
+6
_
_ 3
_
2x 1x
2x
+ 5x - 3 = 0

K1 ( 2x 1)
N1 N1

( 1x + 3 )

X = 1 / 2 , -3

+1 x + 6
+6

3x2 5x + 2 = 0
-5
-2
3x

-1 x -6
-2 x -3
+2 x +3

-3
3x

( 3x - 2 ) ( 1x

-1
1x
- 1)

identify angle between UV and RSTU


1 mark

calculate angle between UV and RSTU


2 marks

calculate angle between UV and RSTU


2 marks

LINES AND PLANES IN 3


DIMENSION
Name the angle between the line
CE and the plane EFGH
Arrange
the out
linethe
andsame
planealphabet
in
Find
Look at
c, choose
Which
Look
at
C,
two rows
is the Nearest to C
C
E OneChoose
Look atWthe
diagram
ON
(slash
alphabet)
Write
C in the first
box
(Non-slash
alphabet)

B
D

WON

E F G H

6
6

Draw
C 3EboxesG

Tan = 6
Look at the line and the plane in the diagram
72
E
35.26
=

36 36

WO
ON
N
W

Name the angle between


the plane DGK with base
DEFG

DK = GK
So, choose the midpoint of DG
H
K
G

D G K

12

D E

F G

Slash
same
alphabet
Look the
at K,
K,
choose
WO
ON
N
Look
at
choose
W
Write
K
in
the
first
box
atat
the
F Look
slash
Look
thediagram
diagram
Non-slash
alphabet
Look
atalphabet
the
diagram

Tan = 6
12
= 26.57

M
K

EK = FK
choose M

WON

H
DK = GK
So, choose the midpoint of DG
D

Name the angle between


the plane DGK with base
DEFG
D G K
D E

Slash
same
alphabet
Look the
at K,
K,
choose
WO
ON
N
Look
at
choose
W
Write
K
in
the
first
box
Look
atat
the
slash
Look
thediagram
diagram
Non-slash
alphabet
Look
atalphabet
the
diagram

Tan = 6
12

F G

EK = FK
choose M

W
WO
ON
N

Slash alphabet
Non-slash
alphabet

10

C
8

Calculate the angle between the plane AVC with the


plane BVC
A V C
B
A

V C
C

Tan = 10
8
= 51.34

WON
WON

Name the angle between the


plane ACGE with the plane
DCGH

A C G E

D C G H
H

between A & E, choose either one and write


the alphabet in the first box ( for rectangle only)

Try
this..
U

G
F

P
L
R

N
M

Name the angle between the plane LUM


with the plane LPNM
Answer : URT

M(-3,7) K
fn
d
th
e
eq
u

L
at N
io
n
M
O
mMN = - 2
N
MN : y = mx + c
MN : 7 = - 2 (- 3) + c
c=1
MN : y = - 2x + 1

KL parallel to MN
KL : 2x + y = 4
KL : y = - 2x + 4
mKL = - 2
X

3 marks

M(-3,7) K

L fnd the x-interce


N (x,0)
X
O
MN : 0 = - 2x + 1
x = 1/2
MN : y = - 2x + 1

2 marks

PQ is parallel to straight line RO


6

O is an origin

R ( - 6,
2)

O
a. Gradient PQ=

20
-6 - 0

b. Equation of PQ =
(0,6)

= -1
3

y = - 1x + C
3
6 = -1 (0) + C
3
C=6

y = -1 x + 6
3

c. x- intercept of PQ
Y= 0
0 = -1 x + 6
3
X= 18

134
33

Answer
K1
h = 6
m JK = m ML = = 1 K1, K1
3
Equations of straight Line ML
K1
y 10 = ( x + 4)
y = 1x + 34
K1, N1
3
3
y - intercept y = 0 K1
y = 34 K1

Arc=
JK = 60 x 2 x 22 x
28
360
7

x2xxr

Sect area= x x
r2
3600

3600
K

14
14

14

14
OJ = 28 cm and P is a mid point of OJ.
Used
= 22
7
, Calculate
(a)

14

150
O

14

perimeter, in cm, the whole diagram,

60 x 2 x 22 x 28 + 14 + 14 + 14 + 14 + 14 + 14
360
7
(b)
area , in cm2, of the shaded region
Sect OJK Sect OPQ + OQTR- Sect OQR
60 x 22 x 28 x 28 - 60 x 22 x 14 x 14 + 14 x 14 - 90 x 22 x 14 x 14
360 7
360 7
360 7
= 350

all

some

True statement

some
1 mark

2 marks

1 mark

general
conclusion

Write two implication

2 marks

A
B
x + 2 = 8 if and only if x = 6
Implication I
If x + 2 = 8 then
x=6

A IAOI B
I. If A then B
II. If B then A

Implication II
If x = 6 then x +
2=8

Argument I
P1: All AB
P2:
CA
C :
CB
Argument 2
P1 :If P then Q
P2 :
P
C :
Q
Argument 3
P1 :If P then Q
P2
not Q
C
not P

B
A
P1 : All animals have 4 legs
P2 : A horse is an animal
C : A horse has 4 legs
C

Argument I
P1: All AB
P2:
CA
C :
CB
Argument 2
P1 :If P then Q
P2 :
P
C :
Q
Argument 3
P1 :If P then Q
P2
not Q
C
not P

Argument 2
Q
P
P1: If n < 0 then 2n <n
P2 : n < 0
C:

2n <n Q

Argument I
P1: All AB
P2:
CA
C :
CB
Argument 2
P1 :If P then Q
P2 :
P
C :
Q
Argument 3
P1 :If P then Q
P2
not Q
C
not P

p
P1 : If n is an even number ,
then 7n is an even number
P2: 7n is not an even number

Q
Not Q

C : n is not an even numberNot

Complete the premise in the following argument:


Premise 1: If a number is a multiple of 12, then
the number is a multiple of 6.
Premise 2: 28 is not multiple of

Conclusion: 28 is not a multiple of 12.

Conclusion by using inductive


and deduction reasoning
3 = 2(1) + 1
5 = 2(2) + 1
7 = 2(3) + 1
9 = 2(4) + 1
.
.

nth term = 2 n + 1 K1
n = 1,2,3,4, K1

Make a general conclusion by


induction for the sequence
5, 17, 37, 65, which follows
the pattern below :
5 = 1 + 4(1)2
17 = 1 + 4(2)2
37 = 1 + 4(3)2
65 = 1 + 4(4)2
Answer : 1 + 4n2; n =
1,2,3,4,.

10 cards in 2 boxes
A card picked random from each boxes
Probability both cards labelled number

10 cards in 2 boxes
A card picked random from each boxes
1 card labelled number & other labelled letter

Society
Science
Consumer

Number of Student
boy
girl
3
5 4
6
7

a. If two students were chosen at random from the science


society, calculate the probability that both are girls
GxG

5
8

4
7

5
14

b. If two students were chosen at random from the group of


boys, calculate the probability that both boys came from the
same society
S x S or C x C 3/9 x2/8 + 6/9 x 5/8 =1/2

Box 1

Box 2

A card is selected at random from each box


List all the outcomes of the following events AND Find the
probability
i)The letter V from box 1 or the letter T from box 2 are selected
ii)A consonant from box 1 or vowel from box 2 are selected
i

Box 1

Box 2

A card is selected at random from each box


List all the outcomes of the following events
i)The letter V from box 1 and the letter T from box 2 are selected
ii)A consonant from box 1 and vowel from box 2 are selected
Box 1
U

Box 2
E

i) ( V,T ) n(i)=1
P(i)=1/6
ii) ( V,E ) ( V,O )

U,E

U,O

T
E

U,T
V,E

V,O

V,T

n(ii)=2
n(S)=6

P(ii)=2/6=

Box 1

Box 2

A card is selected at random from each box


List all the outcomes of the following events
i)The letter V from box 1 and the letter T from box 2 are selected
ii)A consonant from box 1 and vowel from box 2 are selected
Box 2
Box 1

U,E

U,O

U,T

V,E

V,O

n(S)=6

V,T

i) V,T

n(i)=1
P(i)=1/6

ii) ( V,E ) ( V,O )


n(ii)=2
P(ii)=2/6=

Box 1

Box 2

A card is selected at random from each box


List all the outcomes of the following events
i)The letter V from box 1 and the letter T from box 2 are selected
ii)A consonant from box 1 and vowel from box 2 are selected
i) P(A) P(B)

x =1/6
ii) P(A) P(B)

x =2/6=

matrix A

identity matrix

matrix A-1

matrix A-1

Using Matrices method,find values ofx and

x 2y = 2
3x 4y = 12
1.Write in Matrix form
2.Find the inverse
3.Inverse infront (B = A-1 C)
4.Operation
5.Write value of x and y

1. Matrix form
A

1 -2
3 -4

X
y

2
12

x 2y = 2
3x 4y = 12
P1

2. Inverse matrix
3. Inverse matrix infront
B

X
y

A-1

1 -4 2
=
2 -3 1
X=8

2
12
y=3

K1
N1 N1

Distance (km)

Town B

Town A

Time (min)

Distance (km)

Town B

Town A

Time (min)

Distance (km)

Town B

Town A

Time (min)

Distance (km)

Town B

Town A

Time (min)

Distance (km)
F

EXERCISES

105

60

O
0700

G
0730

0800

0830

0900

0930

Time

The straight line OB represents Alis journey from town X to town Y, while
the straight line FG represents Fuads journey from town Y to town X. Ali
and Fuad uses the same route.
(a) State the distance, in km, of town Y from town X.
(b) Find the time Ali and Fuad meet each other during their journey.
(c) Find the distance when they meet from town Y.
(d) Calculate Fuads speed.

Constant
speed

Speed (m s-1)

27

= 12 5

EXERCISES

=7
The rate of change of
speed

27 - 0 = -3

12

21

Time (s)

12 - 21

279 = ( u + 27 )5 + 7 (27)
u = 9
The diagram above shows the speed-time graph of a particle for a period of 21
seconds.
a. State the length of time, in s, that particle moves with constant speed.
b. Calculate the rate of change of speed , in m s-2 , in the last 9 seconds.
c. Calculate the value of u, given that the total distance travelled in the first 12 s is
279 m.

Solid Geometry & Volume

Involve combination of
two solid geometry
Determine the two solids involve
Choose the operations + or Write the formula
Insert the values of r,h,d

Try this
PQR is a hemispere, taken out
from the cyclinder.
Find the remain volume of the
cyclinder.

Cylinder - hemisphere

2 3
r h r
3
2

8 cm

22
2 22
5 58 5 5 5
7
3 7

K1

10 cm

2
366
3 N1

K1

K1

7
1243r3r2h

The diameter of the cylinder is 7 cm and its height is 21


cm.
The Diameter of the hemisphere is 14 cm
Calculate the volume , in cm3, of the solid.
[ Use ]

Hemisphere + cylinder

1 4 22
777
2 3 7
=

1527 1/ 6

22 7 7
21
7 2 2

GRAPH OF FUNCTION
To draw a suitable straight line
(Question 12 d)
1. ADD OR MINUS
equation 1 + equation 2
@
equation 1 - equation 2
2. SUBSTITUTION : equation 2 to equation 1

To eliminate x2 or 1 or x3
x

Draw a suitable straight line for


y = x2 2x - 2 to fnd all values
of x
that satisfy the equation x2 - 2x
-5=0

Or

3 2
Y == x2 2x
0 = x2 2- 2x 5
Make it X as a title

Substitute in equal 1

equ. 1
equ. 2
2

X = 2X + 5

Y = X2 -2X 2
Y = (2x + 5) 2x 2

=3

Draw a suitable straight line for


y = 3 + 7x 2x2 to fnd all values
x that satisfy the equation 2x2
3x 13 =0

y = 3 + 7x 2x2+
2
0
=
-13
3x
+
2x
y = -10 + 4x
Or make it 2x2 as a title
Substitute 2x2 = 3x + 13 into
equation 1
y = 3 + 7x (3x + 13)
y = 4x 10

y = x3 6x + 2
Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find all the
values of x which satisfy the equation

+2

ANSWER: Y = 5X

0 = x3 11x

12 (a) Complete table 1 in the answer space for


the equation y =2x2-x-3.
(2
marks)

-2

-1

-0.5 1

-2

12

-2

4.5 5
33

25

42

through

the curve must be smooth, passing


through each point

losing marks

Using your own scale


12 marks 1 mark

-10
-15
-20

12c. Write the answer in the answer spaces pr

x =1.5

gcmpb

ORTHOGONAL PROJECTION (VIEWED


ON HORIZONTAL PLANE)

PLAN
Drawing must be
in right angle

5 cm
6 cm

2 cm

3 cm
7 cm

FRONT ELEVATION (VIEWED FROM X)

PLAN
Drawing must be
in right angle

5 cm
6 cm

2 cm

3 cm
7 cm

FRONT ELEVATION (VIEWED FROM Y)

PLAN
Drawing must be
in right angle

5 cm
6 cm

2 cm

Y
3 cm
7 cm

PLAN OF COMBINED SOLID

6 cm
5 cm
3 cm
2 cm
5 cm

3 cm
4 cm

ELEVATION FROM X OF COMBINED SOLID

6 cm
5 cm
3 cm
2 cm
5 cm

3 cm
4 cm

ELEVATION FROM Y OF COMBINED SOLID

6 cm
5 cm
3 cm
2 cm
5 cm

3 cm
4 cm

losing marks

15

Case 1:
Double line
Bold line

15a.

Case 2 :
Sizes Bigger or Smaller

Case 3:
extension

Case 4 :
gap

15

Case 5:
Not a right angles

Draw a full scale


i. The plan of the solid
ii. the elevation of the solid as viewed from Y
iii. the elevation of the solid as viewed from X

X
Y

Full mark

No mark

cos
cos 650