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Mindanao University of Science and Technology

College of Engineering and Architecture
Lapasan, Cagayan de Oro City

ME12: Workshop Theory & Practice 2-A

“Martensitic Stainless Steel”

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BS Mechanical Engineering – 04

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Instructor, ME12: Workshop Theory & Practice 2-A

October 2015

Ferritic and Martensitic. Elwood Haynes applied for a U. which prevents further surface corrosion by blocking oxygen diffusion to the steel surface and blocks corrosion from spreading into the metal's internal structure. this tends to flake and fall away. Due to the similar size of the steel and oxide ions.5% chromium content by mass. This patent was not granted until 1919. Stainless steels contain sufficient chromium to form a passive film of chromium oxide. Tempered martensite gives steel good hardness and high toughness. Stainless steels may be classified by their crystalline structure into three main types: Austenitic. 12% chromium.Martensitic Stainless Steel Stainless Steel In metallurgy. Unprotected carbon steel rusts readily when exposed to air and moisture.12% carbon. it is not fully stain-proof in low-oxygen. This iron oxide film (the rust) is active and accelerates corrosion by forming more iron oxide.S. They are usually tempered and hardened. There are different grades and surface finishes of stainless steel to suit the environment the alloy must endure. because of the greater volume of the iron oxide. and 0. high-salinity. However. is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10. Untempered martensite is low in toughness and therefore brittle. and. Martensitic stainless steel can be tested by nondestructive testing using the magnetic particle inspection method. . stainless steel. rust or stain with water as ordinary steel does. unlike austenitic stainless steel. they bond very strongly and remain attached to the surface Martensitic stainless steel is a specific type of stainless steel alloy. or poor air-circulation environments. razors and internal clamps). In 1912. also known as inox steel or inox from French "inoxydable". patent on a martensitic stainless steel alloy. used largely for medical tools (scalpels. Stainless steel differs from carbon steel by the amount of chromium present. Martensitic stainless steels can be high or are low carbon steels built around the Type 410 composition of iron. Stainless steel is used where both the properties of steel and corrosion resistance are required. Stainless steel does not readily corrode. The characteristic body centered tetragonal martensite microstructure was first observed by German microscopist Adolf Martens around 1890.

whereas martensite is usually formed by very high cooling rates. while seeking a corrosion-resistant alloy for gun barrels. . The shear deformations that result produce large numbers of dislocations. "Staybrite" brand by Firth Vickers in England and was used for the new entrance canopy for the Savoy Hotel in 1929 in London. patent during 1915. England. which is a primary strengthening mechanism of steels. the facecentered cubic austenite transforms to a highly strained body-centered tetragonal form of ferrite that is supersaturated with carbon. Harry Brearley of the Brown-Firth research laboratory in Sheffield.S. Martensite is formed in carbon steels by the rapid cooling (quenching) of austenite at such a high rate that carbon atoms do not have time to diffuse out of the crystal structure in large enough quantities to form cementite (Fe3C).Also in 1912. The discovery was announced two years later in a January 1915 newspaper article in The New York Times. Equilibrium phases form by slow cooling rates that allow sufficient time for diffusion. Since chemical processes (the attainment of equilibrium) accelerate at higher temperature. Brearly applied for a U. Martensite is not shown in the equilibrium phase diagram of the iron-carbon system because it is not an equilibrium phase. martensite is easily destroyed by the application of heat. This process is called tempering. discovered and subsequently industrialized a martensitic stainless steel alloy. As a result.