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For other uses, see Mauritius (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 20.2S 57.5E

Republic of Mauritius
Rpublique de Maurice (French)
Republik Moris (Mauritian creole)

Flag

Coat of arms

Motto: "Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" (Latin)


"Star and Key of the Indian Ocean"

Anthem: Motherland
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Islands of the Republic of Mauritius on the globe excluding the Chagos


Archipelago and Tromelin island.

Islands of the Republic of Mauritius labelled in black, Tromelin and


Chagos archipelago are claimed by Mauritius.

Capital
and largest city

English a
English
French
Vernacular languages
b
Mauritian Creole
Bhojpuri
List c
Arabic
Chinese
Hindi
Mandarin
Other languages
Marathi
Sanskrit
Tamil
Telugu
Urdu
Parliamentary republic
Government
President
Ameenah Gurib
Monique Ohsan
Vice-President
Bellepeau
Prime Minister
Anerood Jugnauth
National Assembly
Legislature
Independence from the United Kingdom
Constitution of Mauritius 12 March 1968
Republic
12 March 1992
Area
2,040 km2 (179th)
Total
787 sq mi
Water (%)
0.07
Population
Official languages

Port Louis
2010S 5731E

2014 estimate
2011 census

Density

GDP (PPP)

Total

Per capita
GDP (nominal)

Total

Per capita
Gini (2012)
HDI (2014)
Currency
Time zone
Summer (DST)
Date format
Drives on the
Calling code
ISO 3166 code
Internet TLD

1,261,208[1] (156th)
1,236,817[2]
618.24/km2 (19th)
1,602.55/sq mi
2015 estimate
$23.322 billion[3]
$17,716[3] (66th)
2016 estimate
US$13.551 billion[3]
US$10, 530[4] (68th)
35.9[5]
medium
0.777[6]
high 63rd
Mauritian rupee (MUR)
MUT (UTC+4)
not observed (UTC)
dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
left
+230
MU
.mu

The constitution only mention that in parliament English is


official and French can be used.[7][8]
b.
The mother tongue of Mauritians (2011 Census).[9]
c. These ancestral languages are mostly use in music, religious
and cultural activities.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]
a.

Mauritius ( i/mrs/; French: Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (French:


Rpublique de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres
(1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African continent. The country includes the island of
Mauritius, Rodrigues (560 kilometres (350 mi) east), and the outer islands (Agalga, St. Brandon
and two disputed territories). The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues (172 km (107 mi)
southwest) form part of the Mascarene Islands, along with nearby Runion, a French overseas
department. The area of the country is 2,040 km2. The capital and largest city is Port Louis.
Mauritius claims sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago (United Kingdom) and Tromelin
Island (France). The United Kingdom excised the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritian territory
prior to Mauritian independence in 1965.
The island of Mauritius was visited during the medieval period by the Arabs and then by the
Portuguese, who named it Dina Arobi and Cirne, respectively. The island was uninhabited until
the Dutch Republic established a colony in 1638, with the Dutch naming the island after Prince
Maurice van Nassau. The Dutch colony was abandoned in 1710, and, five years later, the island
became a French colony and was named Isle de France. Due to its strategic position, Mauritius
was known as the "star and key" of the Indian Ocean.[18]

Mauritius became an important base on the trade routes from Europe to the East before the
opening of the Suez Canal and was involved in the long power struggle between the French and
the British. The French won the Battle of Grand Port, their only naval victory over the British
during these wars, but they could not prevent the British from landing at Cap Malheureux three
months later. They formally surrendered on the fifth day of the invasion, 3 December 1810, on
terms allowing settlers to keep their land and property, the use of the French language, and the
law of France in criminal and civil matters.
Under British rule, the island's name reverted to Mauritius. The country became an independent
state on 12 March 1968, following the adoption of a new constitution and became a republic
within the Commonwealth in 1992.
The people of Mauritius are multiethnic, multi-religious, multicultural and multilingual. The
island's government is closely modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system, and Mauritius
is highly ranked for democracy and for economic and political freedom. Along with the other
Mascarene Islands, Mauritius is known for its varied flora and fauna, with many species endemic
to the island. The island is widely known as the only known home of the dodo, which, along with
several other avian species, was made extinct by human activities relatively shortly after the
island's settlement.

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