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# CHAPTER 4

TURNING EFFECT OF FORCES

PHYSICS 9TH CLASS EASY NOTES
Written by: Muhammad ASIF Ch. BS Physics (Hons) Contact # 03228987322
Email: asifch08@gmail.com

SHORT QUESTIONS

Written by: Muhammad ASIF Ch. BS Physics (Hons) Contact # 03228987322 Email: asifch08@gmail.com

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Written by: Muhammad ASIF Ch. BS Physics (Hons) Contact # 03228987322 Email: asifch08@gmail.com Page 2 of 8 .

NUMERICAL PROBLEMS 4.5 N making 45° with x-axis) Solution: Let us first represent the above given vector forces on a gragh Written by: Muhammad ASIF Ch. 6 N along y-axis and 3.1 Find the resultant of the following forces: 1. BS Physics (Hons) Contact # 03228987322 Email: asifch08@gmail. 4 N along negative x-axis. 10 N along x-axis 2.com Page 3 of 8 . (8.

so the resultant vector of these two vectors will be. for finding resultant we use head to tail rule.5 N Now find the direction angle ɵ 4. BS Physics (Hons) Contact # 03228987322 Email: asifch08@gmail. Fx = F1 + F3 Fx = 10 N + (-4) N Fx = 6 N Fy = 6 N First find the magnitude of resultant vector F = 8.To find the resultant of these vector forces we have to sum up these vectors. 25 N) Solution: F = 50 N Fx = ? Fy = ? First of all find Fx by perpendicular components Written by: Muhammad ASIF Ch.2 Find the perpendicular component of a force of 50 N making an angle of 30° with x axis.3 N. As the two vectors along x-axis are in opposite direction.com Page 4 of 8 . (43.

BS Physics (Hons) Contact # 03228987322 Email: asifch08@gmail. if its x-component is 12 N and ycomponent is 5 N.3 Find the magnitude and direction of a force.com Page 5 of 8 . (13 N making 22.6° with x-axis) Solution: Fx = 12 N Fy = 5 N F=? ɵ =? First find F Written by: Muhammad ASIF Ch.Now for Fy component 4.

Find the torque produced by the force.4 A force of 100 N is applied perpendicularly on a spanner at a distance of 10 cm from a nut.1 )( 100 )(sin90°) = 10 (1) τ = 10 Νm 4. BS Physics (Hons) Contact # 03228987322 Email: asifch08@gmail.com Page 6 of 8 .1 N) Solution: Fx = 20 N ɵ = 30° F=? Formula Fx = F cos ɵ F = 20 / cos 30° Written by: Muhammad ASIF Ch.1 m ɵ = 90° τ=? Formula τ = rFsinɵ = ( 0. (10 Nm) Solution: F = 100 N r = 10 cm = 0. (23.5 A force is acting on a body making an angle of 30° with the horizontal. Find the force. The horizontal component of the force is 20 N.Now for ɵ 4.

6 The steering of a car has a radius 16 cm.= 20 / (0.2 N 4. (8.4 N. 30 N) Solution: The tension in the strings will be equal to the respective weight of the blocks. What length of a spanner is required to loosen the same nut with 150 N force? (13. BS Physics (Hons) Contact # 03228987322 Email: asifch08@gmail.8 Two blocks of masses 5 kg and 3 kg are suspended by the two strings as shown. The tensions in the strings are 3. Find the tension in each string.8 N and 4.com Page 7 of 8 . Find the weight of the picture frame. Tension in string A = weight of m1 + weight of m 2 = m1 g + m2 g = 5(10) + 3(10) = 50 + 30 = 80 N Tension in string B = weight of m2 = m2 g = 30(10) = 30 N 4.16 ( 2 (50) ) τ = 16 Nm 4. (16 Nm) Solution: r = 16 cm = 0.1 N 4.8 + 4.2 N) Solution: T1 = 3.3 cm) Solution: F1 = 200 N Written by: Muhammad ASIF Ch. Find the torque produced by a couple of 50 N.9 A nut has been tightened by a force of 200 N using 10 cm long spanner. W = T1 + T2 = 3.4 W = 8.7 A picture frame is hanging by two vertical strings. (80 N.8 T2 = 4.866) F = 23.16 m couple = 2 F = 2 (50) τ=? Formula τ = rF = 0.4 W=? Total tension in the strings is equal to the weight of picture frame so.

1 m F2 = 150 N r2 = ? Formula τ = rF So r1 F1 = r2 F2 r2 = r1 F1 / F2 = (0.r 1 = 10 cm = 0.com Note: For any dificulty or tution just dial free 03228987322. Shukariya Written by: Muhammad ASIF Ch.5 F2 = 40 N PHYSICS 9TH CLASS EASY NOTES Written by: Muhammad ASIF Ch. 3 cm 4.com Page 8 of 8 .2)(100) / 0.133 m r 2 = 13. BS Physics (Hons) Contact # 03228987322 Email: asifch08@gmail.1)(200) / 150 = 0.5 m m1 = 10 kg F1 = m1 g = (10)(10) = 100 N F2 = ? r1 F1 = r 2 F2 F2 = r1 F1 / r2 = (0. What force is required to balance it at its centre of gravity by applying the force at the other end of the bar? (40 N) Solution: r 1 = 20 cm = 0. BS Physics (Hons) Contact # 03228987322 Email: asifch08@gmail.2 m r 2 = 50 cm = 0.10 A block of mass 10 kg is suspended at a distance of 20 cm from the centre of a uniform bar 1 m long.