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Diplomatic History - From Ancient Times

untill Today. How Did Changes in
International Environment Influence the
Work of a Diplomat
Introduction
specificity and complex character of diplomacy as an instrument used by the state in its
foreign policy. The course is to present the evolution of diplomatic structures, decisionmaking processes and functions. Against the background of diplomatic and consular law as
well as principles of diplomatic protocol discussion is going to focus on specific mechanisms
and instruments in diplomatic efforts. Understanding diplomacy as political activity the
classes is also to refer to the idea of diplomacy as an “art” of persuasion and effectiveness
not only in foreign policy. At the same time the course is to answer the question on the role
of diplomacy in the contemporary globalized and dynamic world.
challenges the diplomacy faces at the beginning of the XXI century.

http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo9780199743292/obo-9780199743292-0013.xml - History of Diplomacy,
David Atkinson
Diplomacy encompasses the myriad processes of formal and informal communication between and among states.
While evidence of protodiplomatic practices exists from the ancient Egyptian, Greek, and Roman worlds (especially
through envoys), the antecedents of modern diplomatic practices can more properly be traced to medieval and early
modern Europe. The emerging states of Europe slowly began to institutionalize formal diplomatic customs and
conventions in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries, forced as they were to engage with one another for political,
geographic, economic, religious, and strategic reasons. Traditionally (and especially since the Renaissance),
diplomacy has been conducted by ambassadors and consuls, professional diplomats who function as resident agents
of their respective governments in foreign states. Since the early 19th century, the leaders and foreign ministers of
the major powers have increasingly opted to conduct direct diplomacy through congresses, conferences, and
summits, in addition to dispatching permanent representatives to act on their behalf.
our understanding of diplomacy’s evolving role in the international system.
delineating and analyzing the major innovations in diplomatic practice from the ancient to the contemporary period.

Ancient Period

Machiavelli does not deserve the charge. laid at his door by Harold Nicolson. His view that promises need not outlast the conditions that produce them is an escape clause that is equally necessary. of corrupting the art of diplomacy. Hampshire. Berridge. unlike military service. Palgrave Macmillan. Houndmills. and that in foreign policy it was no substitute for arms and money. . R. Basingstoke. Nevertheless. G. New York.: P. 4th edition. it enhanced the virtù of even the strongest prince. was of no significance for civic virtue. It was for this and other reasons that Machiavelli also believed that the good faith on which negotiation depends wasgenerally observed. Diplomacy: Theory and Practice.Medieval Period The Renaissance Early Modern Europe Eighteenth-Century Diplomacy Nineteenth-Century European Diplomacy Twentieth-Century Diplomacy Twenty-First-Century Diplomacy Conclusion Machiavelli believed that diplomacy. 2010.