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**ANNA UNIVERSITY : : CHENNAI 600 025
**

REGULATIONS - 2013

M.TECH. LASER AND ELECTRO OPTICAL ENGINEERING

CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS I TO IV SEMESTERS (FULL TIME)

SEMESTER I

SL.

COURSE

NO

CODE

THEORY

COURSE TITLE

L

T

P

C

1

MA8158

Mathematical Physics for Optical Engineering

3

1

0

4

2

LO8105

Principles of Optics and Lasers

3

0

0

3

3

LO8102

Laser Engineering and Applications

3

0

0

3

4

LO8104

Optoelectronics

3

0

0

3

5

LO8103

Materials for Optical Devices

3

0

0

3

6

LO8101

Electromagnetic Theory And Applications

3

1

0

4

0

18

0

2

4

4

2

22

L

T

P

C

3

0

0

3

4

0

0

4

3

0

0

3

3

0

0

3

3

0

0

3

3

0

0

3

0

19

0

0

4

4

2

21

PRACTICAL

7 LO8111

Laser Laboratory I

TOTAL

SEMESTER II

SL.

COURSE

NO

CODE

THEORY

1

LO8201

COURSE TITLE

Electro-optics Theory and Applications

2

LO8204

Nonlinear Optics

3

LO8202

Fiber Optics Sensors

4

LO8203

Integrated Optics and Photonic Devices

5

E1

Elective I

6

E2

Elective II

PRACTICAL

7 LO8211

Laser Laboratory II

TOTAL

1

SEMESTER III

SL.

COURSE

NO

CODE

THEORY

1

E3

COURSE TITLE

L

T

P

C

3

0

0

3

3

0

0

3

3

0

0

3

0

9

0

0

12

12

6

15

L

T

P

C

0

0

0

0

24

24

12

12

Elective III

2

E4

Elective IV

3

E5

Elective V

PRACTICAL

4

LO8311

**Project Work (Phase I)
**

TOTAL

SEMESTER IV

SL.

COURSE

NO

CODE

PRACTICAL

1 LO8411

COURSE TITLE

Project Work (Phase II)

TOTAL

TOTAL CREDIT TO BE EARNED FOR THE AWARD OF DEGREE = 70

2

LIST OF ELECTIVES

SL.

COURSE

NO

CODE

COURSE TITLE

L

T

P

1.

LO8003

Fourier Optics and Signal Processing

3

0

2.

LO8014

Quantum Optics

3

0

0

3

3.

LO8002

Fabrication of Optical Devices

3

0

0

3

4.

LO8006

Low-dimensional Structures and Lasers

3

0

0

3

5.

LO8009

Nanophotonics

3

0

0

3

6.

LO8013

Optical Switching and Networks

3

0

0

3

7.

LO8012

Optical Displays and Storage Devices

3

0

0

3

8.

LO8001

Digital Holography

3

0

0

3

9.

LO8017

Ultrafast Optics

3

0

0

3

10.

LO8011

Optical computing and Signal Processing

3

0

0

3

11.

LO8004

Holography and Speckle

3

0

0

3

12.

LO8008

Medical Applications of Lasers

3

0

0

3

13.

LO8007

Materials Processing by Lasers

3

0

0

3

14.

LO8010

Nonlinear Fiber Optics

3

0

0

3

15.

LO8016

Remote Sensing by Lasers

3

0

0

3

16.

LO8005

Laser Spectroscopy

3

0

0

3

17.

LO8015

Radiation Sources and Detectors

3

0

0

3

3

0

C

3

Kreyszig. "Digital and analog communication systems".'Nonlinear dynamics: Integrability. orthogonal relations. Bence.MA8158 MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS FOR OPTICAL ENGINEERING LTPC 3 1 04 OBJECTIVE: To prepare the students to apply mathematics in real Physics problems OUTCOME: The students will understand the basic mathematical methods including dynamical systems theory for applying them in real Physics problems. Kurz and M.Lakshmanan and K. 3. Singapore (1996). Bessel. Springer. T. Hiroto’s method. 2. M. Cambridge Univ.W. IST method. F. Wiesenfeldt.. Inc.generating functions recurrence relations. Greenberg. New York (1999). K.power spectral density --dc and rms values for ergodic random processes. (1998). Press. Berlin (2003).solitary wave solutions and basic solitons. 5. "Advanced engineering mathematics" (81h Edition). L: 45 +T:15 TOTAL : 60 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. E. Hermite and Lagurre polynomials . Numerical analysis: Euler method and 4th order Runge-Kutta method for solving differential equations – finite difference and finite element analysis methods for solving partial differential equations. . . Springer. M. "Coherent optics and applications".P. UNIT IV SPECIAL FUNCTIONS 9 Beta and Gamma functions -Legendre. Cambridge. "Advanced engineering mathematics".. 4.holographic filters . 7. 4 .. UNIT II PROBABILITY AND RANDOM VARIABLES 9 Introduction -sets -probability and relative frequency -random variables -cumulative distribution functions and probability density functions -ensemble average and moments .discrete Fourier transform. Couch. L. Riley. New Delhi (2001 ). 6. uniform. Hobson and S. "Mathematical methods for physics and engineering". M.J. World Scientific. M. Pearson Education. Berlin (1995). Rajasekar. Nonlinear Schrodinger equation: envelope soliton. UNIT III FOURIER TRANSFORMATIONS AND APPLICATIONS 9 Fourier series -Fourier transform and spectra -Parseval's theorem -Dirac delta function – unit step function -two dimensional signals -Fresnel & Fraunhofer diffraction -examples FT by lens– point source -single slit. UNIT I VECTORS AND TENSORS 8 Gauss divergence theorem – Stokes’s theorem – Green’s theorem – applications to electromagnetic field – definition of tensors – algebra of Cartesian tensors – outer product contraction and quotient theorems – Kronecker & Levi-Civita tensors – example – applications in physics – crystal optics. poisson. Lakshmanan and S. associated polynomials and their properties -confluent hyper geometric functions and their properties. double slitcircular aperture -cosine grating . Pearson Education. UNIT V DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS 10 Linear and nonlinear oscillators – autonomous and non-autonomous systems – classification of equilibrium points – bifurcations and chaos – chaos in a model laser system – linear and nonlinear dispersive waves – Nonlinear Schrodinger equation in optical fibers . Murali.. “Chaos in nonlinear oscillators: Controlling and Synchronization”. John-Wiley &Sons.binomial. Gaussian and sinusoidal distributions -functional transformations of random variables -multivariate statistics -central limit theorem (statement and applications) .coherent optical filtering . chaos and patterns".D. W-Lauterborn. New Delhi (2002).

New York.Modes of oscillation . 3. liquid & solid phase. “Lasers: Fundamentals and applications”. UNIT I APPLIED OPTICS 9 Wave equation – linearly polarized waves – circularly and elliptically polarized waves –– intensity distribution at the back focal plane of lens – two beam interference – multiple reflections from a plane parallel film – modes of the Fabry-Perot cavity – spatial and temporal coherence – propagation and diffraction of a Gaussian beam. UNIT V Q-SWITCHING. MODE LOCKING AND COHERENCE OF A LASER 9 Concept of Q-switching and experimental methods – intracavity switches – energy storage in laser media – pulse power and energy – cavity dumping .decay of excited states. OUTCOME: The students will learn the basic theory of optics. New York. selection rules for atoms and molecules. Prentice Hall.Analytical treatment of Visibility. importance of optical resonators and different methods of laser beam control.Theory of Mode locking and experimental methods . Spectral notation. 4. (1982).Auto and mutual correlation function .3 and 4 level systems – steady state and transient population processes – variation of laser power around threshold – optimum output coupling conditions for CW and pulsed laser action. Plenum Press. Spatial energy distributions: Transverse modes and limiting modes – resonator alignment – gain and saturation effects.LO8105 PRINCIPLES OF OPTICS AND LASERS LTPC 3 003 OBJECTIVE: Teaching the students about the principles of optics and lasers.relation between the absorption coefficients and Einstein coefficients . Thyagarajan and A. . 2.Threshold condition – requirements for obtaining population inversion – 2. “Fundamentals of light sources and lasers”. UNIT II RADIATION IN A CAVITY 9 Black body radiation . Quantum Electronics. 5. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES 1.Svelto. Ammon Yariv. Inc. 5 . Verdeyen. K. Mark Csele. Laser Physics. lasers.Spatial and Temporal coherence . New York (2010). Wiley Interscience. UNIT III INTRODUCTION TO LASERS 9 Condition for producing laser . Ghatak.. Line Broadening mechanisms – quantum mechanical description of radiating atoms. New Jersey (2004). (1989).UNIT IV CAVITY OPTICS AND LASER MODES 9 Requirements for a resonator – gain and loss in a cavity – resonator as an interferometer – longitudinal modes – wavelength selection in multiline lasers – single frequency operation – characterization of resonator – resonator stability for Guassian beams – common cavity configurations. (1989). molecules in gas. John Wiley & Sons.population inversion. O. J.Einstein coefficients . Laser Electronics. Springer.Lifetime of excited state. gain and gain saturation – saturation intensity .

Hilman .Carbon-dioxide laser . machining and cutting .Beam focusing effects-spot size-Power and Energy density Measurements-Distance measurement .Laser gyroscope. 5. Durate and L. (1989).Dye Lasers Principles With Applications.Choice of a laser for material processing . Prentice Hall.Colour center laser . New York.Diode pumping . 3.. OUTCOME: The students will learn about the Engineering principles and working of different types of lasers and their applications. optical processes in semiconductors and working of optoelectronic devices.Solid State Lasers Engineering. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Excitation mechanism .Threshold current – Homojunction – Hetrojunction. Pike High Power Gas Lasers. Glow discharge. Argon-ion laser.W.Thin film applications.Pollution monitoring by remote sensing Applications .Tuning methods.Lasers and Non linear optics.Liquid lasers Organic dyes . LO8104 OPTOELECTRONICS LTPC 3 0 03 OBJECTIVE Educating the students the basics of semiconductor optoelectronics.Pico and femto second pulse generation .Configuration .Threshold condition . RF discharge.Doped semiconductor .LO8102 LASER ENGINEERING AND APPLICATIONS LTPC 3 0 03 OBJECTIVE: Educating the students about fabrication and configuration of different lasers. (1976).Gas dynamic laser . F. 6 .Quantum well laser . SEMICONDUCTOR AND LIQUID LASERS 10 Pumping mechanism .Laser Electronics. Publishers. (1992). Er doped laser. Nd:Glass. New Delhi.J. Verdeyen . New York. (1996). (1990).Laser vapour deposition . Springer Verlag. He-Se laser. Hollow cathode discharge and pulsed discharge. Copper vapour laser. UNIT IV METROLOGICAL APPLICATIONS 10 CW and Pulsed laser beam characteristics and its measurements. New Age International (P) Ltd.Selective Excitation processes in gas discharges-Excitation mechanism Power supplies for pulsed and CW gas lasers – He-Ne laser. J. Inc Academic Press.Nd:YAG.Pulsed-CW dye laser . London.Distributed feedback laser . Laud . drilling.Sapphire laser . UNIT V MATERIAL PROCESSING 7 Models for laser heating . He-Cd laser. Institute of Physics. OUTCOME: The students will understand about the principles of semiconductors.Cavity damping .B.Free electron laser. 4. Walter Koechner .Excimer laser . UNIT I GAS LASERS 10 Electrical discharge mechanism – Gas discharge processes.X-ray laser .Cavity configuration . London. R.Ruby laser .Mode locking – Configurations – Methods of detection and measurement of ultrashort pulses.junction lasers . UNIT III ULTRA SHORT PULSE GENERATION AND MEASUREMENT 8 Nano second pulse generation. Intrinsic semiconductor laser .Laser surface treatment .Arc lamp .Fiber Raman laser.Interferometric techniques – Calibration Methods LIDARS .Laser welding. Ti . UNIT II SOLID STATE.Theory and different experimental arrangements . 2.Conduction for laser actions – Injection laser .Nitrogen laser . Double hetro.Chemical laser .Q-switching .

devices and efficiencies. Condition for amplification by stimulated emission. Photo-transistors and CCDs – Noise in photodetectors – photovoltaic device principles – PN junction photovoltaic characteristics – temperature effects – solar cells materials. Heterostructures and Quantum Wells. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. UNIT III SEMICONDUCTOR PHOTODETECTORS AND SOLAR CELLS 9 Types of photodetectors. Semiconductors: electron-hole pair formation and recombination – absorption in semiconductors – radiation in semiconductors – Augur recombination. Borge Vinter and P. Cambridge University Press. 4. OUTCOME: The students will learn about the principles of optical properties of materials and device applications. Single junction under illumination: photon and carrier-loss mechanisms.. Jasprit singh. Irwin. materials. PHI Pvt. Fermi level and quasi Fermi levels. J. Photodiodes. DBRand vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSEL). Noise in photodetection.. New Delhi (2009). and device performance. Prentice-Hall (1983). (2009). 6. 4. Occupation probability. characteristics. 7 . S. Chicago (1995).Yariv. Kasap. 8. Pearson. 7. Density of states. Teich. A. “Quantum electronics”.Pallab Bhattacharya. 2. Semiconductor optoelectronic materials. Ghatak and K. Piva. Ltd. the laser amplifier.C. “Fundamentals of photonics”. Thiagarajan. reflection and absorption of light – glass and amorphous materials – optical material for UV and IR. “Semiconductor optoelectronics: Physics and Technology”. Laser diode arrays.UNIT I REVIEW SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE PHYSICS 6 Energy bands in solids. PIN diodes and APDs: structure. Emmanuel Rosencher. Pollock. The LED: Device structure. theory and device characteristics.R. “Optoelectronics: An Introduction”. “Optoelectronics”. Semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA). A. “Semiconductor optoelectronic devices”. “Optical electronics”. C. direct current modulation. UNIT II SEMICONDUCTOR PHOTON SOURCES 12 Rates of emission and absorption.B. Saleh and M. 5. (1994). John Wiley. 3. McGraw-Hill (1995).photoluminescence – electroluminescent process – choice of LED materials. New York (1991). UNIT IV OPTOELECTRONIC MODULATION AND SWITCHING DEVICES 9 Analog and digital modulation – Franz-Keldysh and Stark effect modulators – quantum well electo-absorption modulators. Wilson. Electroluminescence. The Semiconductor Laser: Basic structure.. UNIT V OPTOELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 9 Hybrid and monolithic integration – applications of Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits (OEICs) – materials and processing for OEICs – integrated transmitters and receivers – guided wave devices – optical interconnects. G. “Fundamentals of optoelectronics”. UNIT I OPTICAL PROCESSES 9 Refractive index and dispersion – transmission. the E-k diagram.O. DFB-. Cambridge University Press (2002). Bandgap modification. LO8103 New MATERIALS FOR OPTICAL DEVICES Delhi LTPC 3 0 03 OBJECTIVE: Educating the students to understand about various materials available for fabricating optical devices. materials and characteristics. John Wiley & Sons. p-n junctions. Schottky junction and Ohmic contacts. New York (1989). SOA characteristics and their applications. Optical switching and logic devices: self-electro-optic device – bipolar controller-modualtor – switching speed and energy. “Optoelectronics and photonics”.E. Quantum-well lasers. Photoconductors.A.

LO8101 ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY AND APPLICATIONS LTPC 3 1 0 4 OBJECTIVE: To educate the students the importance of electromagnetic radiation. “Semiconductor optoelectronic devices”. UNIT I PROPAGATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES 8 Introduction – Maxwell’s equations – plane waves in a dielectric – Poynting vector – complex notation – wave propagation in lossy medium. Kochner.N. New York (1976). New York (1991).C. Mark Fox. New York (1989). W. John Wiley & Sons. transmission and absorption in thin films – antireflection (AR) coating: single layer AR coating – double layer AR coatings – multilayer AR coatings – inhomogeneous AR coatings.E. “Fundamentals of photonics”. Saleh and M. “Optical properties of solids”. UNIT II REFLECTION AND REFRACTION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES 10 Interface of two homogeneous nonabsorbing dielectrics – total internal reflection and evanescent waves – reflection and transmission by a film – extension of two films – interference filters – periodic media – presence of absorbing media: reflection and transmission. 6 . Bhattacharya. 3. UNIT III WAVE PROPAGATION IN ANISOTROPIC MEDIA 7 Introduction – double refraction – polarization devices – plane waves in anisotropic media – wave refractive index – ray refractive index – ray velocity surface – index ellipsoid – phase velocity and group velocity. Glassgow (1993). Reflection coatings: metal reflectors – all dielectric reflectors. A. Ironsid. Interference filters: edge filters – band pass filters – Fabry-Perot filters – multicavity filters – thin film polarizers – beam splitters – thin film optical integrated structures and devices. New Delhi (2003). P. R. B. 9 UNIT III OPTICS OF ANISOTROPIC CRYSTALS 9 Biaxial. Blackie Academic & Professional. “Nonlinear optical materials”. 8 . uniaxial crystals – double refraction – index ellipsoid – optical activity – nonlinear optical crystals – liquid crystals – photorefractive materials – theory of photorefractivity – application of photorefractive materials. 4. OUTCOME: The students will understand how Maxwell’s electromagnetic wave equations are derived from the basic laws of Physics. Prentice-Hall India. Springer-Verlag. UNIT IV SEMICONDUCTORS 9 Band gap modification by alloying optical properties of quantum well. “Optical electronics”. “Solid state laser engineering”. 2..W. “Quantum electronics”. Also they will learn to apply electromagnetic wave equations in different media and to analyze the interaction.UNIT II LASER CRYSTALS Spectroscopy of laser crystals – laser crystals for high gain – crystal growth and characterization. Munn and C. Teich.A. Oxford University Press (2001). 5. 7.. A. quantum wire and quantum dot structures – photonic band gap (PBG) materials – growth of PBG materials – light transmission in PBG materials. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. (1994). John Wiley. Thiagarajan. Cambridge University Press.Yariv. UNIT V OPTICS OF THIN FILMS 9 Reflection. Ghatak and K.

New York (1989). 19. 3. New York (2001). Ulaby. Academic. Transversely Pumped Dye Lasers 14. (2002). high-intensity LED circuits. LO8111 LASER LABORATORY . Acoustical Modulator 9. M.Ghatak and K. Time Division Multiplexing of Signals TOTAL: 60 PERIODS 9 . Construction of optical transmitter and receiver circuits. Setting up of Fiber Optic Analog Link 23.Thyagarajan. high-intensity red and IR light on a phototransistor and a photovoltaic cell. A. Longitudinally Pumped Dye Lasers 15. Study of white. Construction of an optical phototransistor switch 18. Measurement of Spatial and Temporal Coherence 5. 20. Oxford Univ. New Delhi. San Diego (2003). 4. “Quantum electronics”. Holographic Recording and Reconstruction 16.. Measurement of Losses in Optical Fiber 25. Cambridge Univ. Sadiku. Nitrogen Laser Study 13. Fourier Filtering Experiments 7. Yariv.O. Setting up of Fiber Optic Digital Link 24. F. 6.SIMPLE OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE 10 Introduction – classification of modes for planar waveguide – TE modes in a symmetric step index planar waveguide – TM modes – relative magnitudes – power – radiation modes – excitation – Maxwell’s equations in inhomogeneous media. Wiley.. “ Introduction to Electromagnetics”. “Fundamentals of applied electromagnetics”. A. Measurement of Brewster angle and the refractive index of a transparent material.N. Speckle Photography 17. Effect of Polarization on Interference 8. Prentice Hall. L: 45 +T: 15 TOTAL:45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Kerr Effect Study 4. Carbon dioxide Laser Power Supply Construction 12. Study of magneto-optic rotation and magneto-optic modulation. Press. Fiber Communication Installation Procedure 22. “ Optical electronics”. P. David J.T. 2.I LTPC 0 04 2 1. Measurement of Numerical Aperture 26.` 21.UNIT IV ELECTROMAGNETIC ANALYSIS. Press.. Fraunhofer Diffraction Experiments 6. Laser Power Supply Construction 11. New York (2001). 3. (2002) 2. Pearson Education. “Nonlinear fiber optics”. G. 5. “Elements of electromagnetics”. Nitrogen Laser Power Supply Construction 10. Construction of low-intensity. Griffiths. UNIT V ANALYSIS OF OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES 10 Quasimodes in planar structure – leakage of power from the core – determination of propagation characteristics – calculation of bending loss – optical fiber – numerical aperture – modal analysis for step index and parabolic index medium – multimodes – modes in an asymmetric planar waveguide – Ray analysis – WKB analysis – coupled mode theory. Agrawal.

Ivan P. Ghatak and K. TOTAL: 45P ERIODS REFERENCES: 1. New York (1976). 5.Amnon Yariv. “Crystal growth”. modulators. Munn and C.K. New York (1981).. Thiagarajan. 10 . UNIT IV ELECTRO AND ACOUSTO OPTICS 9 The electro-optic effect (EOE)– linear and quadratic electro-optic effect – physical properties of electro-optic coefficients – retardation – EOE based amplitude and phase modulation – EOE in KDP and cubic crystals – integrated optical modulators. “Optical electronics”. “Solid state laser engineering”. OUTCOME: The students will learn about the principles of electro-optics.P. A. UNIT II PROPAGATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES Wave equation in isotropic material – wave equation in anisotropic materials – aniso-tropic materials – index ellipsoid – propagation in uniaxial and biaxial crystals – birefringence – wavel plates and compensators – optical activity. “A basic course in crystallography”. 5. 7. (1994). Blackie Academic & Professional.. UNIT I CRYSTAL OPTICS 9 Point group and space group – matrix representation of symmetry operations – the effect of crystal symmetry in crystal properties – Neumann’s principle – tensors – first-order electro-optical tensor . New York (1991). 3. University Press (2001).A. 9. 2.N. 8. “Optical electronics in modern communications”. Cambridge University Press. KDP and BaTiO3. J.piezo-optical and elastooptical tensors – dielectric description of a crystal . John Wiley. New Delhi (2003). UNIT V DEVICES 9 Electro-optic(EO) light modulators – electro-optic Fabry-Perot modulators – bistable EO devices. Saleh and M.The photoeleastic effect – Bragg diffraction of light by acoustic waves. R. 4. A.W. EO based beam deflection – Q-swtiching.Yariv. 10. switches and their uses. John Wiley & Sons. Kochner. Academic Press.A. Ironsid. Wiley (2002).N.E. New York (1989). Tareen and T. New York (1974). “Quantum electronics”. “Semiconductor optoelectronic devices”.LO8201 ELECTRO-OPTICS: THEORY AND APPLICATIONS LT PC 3 0 0 3 OBJECTIVE: Educating the students to understand about electro-optics and its applications.C.R. Kaminov. “Nonlinear optical materials”. Elastooptic effect – acousto-optic interactions – Bragg diffraction in an anisotropic medium – Raman-Nath diffraction – surfact acoustooptics – magneto optic effect – magneto-optic Kerr effect – Franz-Keldysh effect. “Fundamentals of photonics”. Acousto-optic (AO) modulators – AO deflectors – AO tunable filters. Springer-Verlag.double refraction – polarization devices – crystal structures of LiNBO3. Electro-absorption modulators. 6. Prentice-Hall India. W. UNIT III GROWTH OF ELECTRO-OPTIC AND ACOUSTO-OPTIC MATERIALS 9 Growth of single crystals – Electro-optic crystals – acousto-optic crystals – magneto-optic crystals – photorefractive crystals – Techniques for growing single crystals – zone refining technique – growth of molecular crystals.E. Buckley.Amnon Yariv and Pochi Yeh. Kutty. Teich. B. Bhattacharya. Glassgow (1993). Oxford University Press (1997). Optical waves in crystals: Propagation and control of laser radiation”. John Wiley & Sons. H. “Introduction to Electro-optic devices”.

Powers. Paul . Amnon Yariv and Pochi Yeh. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. 4. 6. Boyd. OUTCOME: The students will acquire knowledge in fundamentals of fiber optics.Wing Scattering.Hybrid modes . “Fundamentals of nonlinear optics”.Phase shift & attenuation during total internal reflection . communication equipments. UNIT I FIBER OPTICS 6 Total internal reflection .Pulse propagation and temporal solitons.cutoff frequencies . 2. 3.Optical phase conjugation – Optical bistability and switching . “The Elements of Nonlinear Optics”. second order and nth order susceptibilities – Wave propagation in isotropic and crystalline media – The index ellipsoid. “Introduction to nonlinear optics”.meridinal rays & skew rays . Cambridge Univ. UNIT IV ELECTRO –OPTIC AND PHOTOREFRACTIVE EFFECTS 8 Electro-optic effects – Electro-optic modulators . Westview Press (2003). London (2008). optical communication and sensors. “Nonlinear optics”. Cambridge University Press (2011). UNIT I ORIGIN OF OPTICAL NONLINEARITIES 9 Effects due to quadratic and cubic polarization – Response functions – Susceptibility tensors – Linear. CRC Press (2011). LO8202 FIBER OPTICS SENSORS LTPC 3 0 03 OBJECTIVE: To tutor the students the basic concepts and practices of fiber optics. construction and working of optical communication networks including sensor applications. 5.different types of fibers. UNIT V STIMULATED SCATTERING PROCESSES 10 Stimulated scattering processes – Stimulated Brillouin scattering – Phase conjugation – Spontaneous Raman effect – Stimulated Raman Scattering – Stokes – Anti-Stokes Coupling in SRS – Stimulated Rayleigh . Geoffrey New.Photorefractive effect . OUTCOME: The students will learn about the principles of nonlinear optics and origin of optical nonlinearities.Butcher and David Cotter. “Non-linear Optics”. 11 . Press. Peter E. Academic Press. Wiley (2002).N.LO8204 NONLINEAR OPTICS LTPC 4 0 04 OBJECTIVE: To make the students understand the theory of nonlinear optics. UNIT III THIRD ORDER NONLINEARITIES 9 Intensity dependent refractive index – Nonlinearities due to molecular orientation – Self-focusing of light and other self-action effects . UNIT II SECOND HARMONIC GENERATION (SHG) AND PARAMETRIC OSCILLATION 9 Optical SHG – Phase Matching – Experimental verification – Parametric oscillation – Frequency tuning – Power output and pump saturation – Frequency up conversion – Materials.Two beam coupling in Photorefractive materials – Four wave mixing in Photorefractive materials.They will also analyze various types of nonlinearities in optics. New York (1991). Optical waves in crystals: Propagation and control of laser radiation”. Robert W. Alan Newell and Jeremy Moloney.

Optical Fiber Communications. C.M. Gerd Keiser.Coherent optical fiber communication system . 12 . Virginia. “ Fiber optic sesnsors: An introduction for engineers and scientists”.Fabry-Perot and Sagnac – Phase sensor: Phase detection .Electrooptic and Acoustooptic modulation . (1992). Allen H. 1995.Fundamentals and Applications'. Bishnu P. 4. 2. UNIT IV INTENSITY AND POLARIZATION SENSORS 10 Intensity sensor: Transmissive concept .UNIT II CHARACTERISTICS AND FABRICATION OF OPTICAL FIBERS 7 Dispersion .Polarization maintaining fibers.Interferometers ..Optical Time Domain Reflectometer (OTDR) and its uses . Local Area Networks .Differential pressure flow sensors . Instrument Society of America. Govind P.Michelson . FSK and PSK modulated waveforms .optical amplifiers basic applications. 1997. Optical fiber Communications. Company.ASK. Flow sensors: Turbine flow meters . 1995. Pal (Ed.Applications . Tokyo.Microbending concept .). Displacement and temperature sensors: reflective and Microbending Technology .Laser Doppler velocity sensors . John Wiley & Sons Inc.S.Interferometric method to measure fiber refractive index profile. 'Fiber Optic Sensors . ring and star topologies .fiber connectors . Fiber materials .Transmission and Reflection with other optic effect .optical fiber regenerative repeater . TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1.fiber splices .fiber optic cables design .A. An Introduction to Optical Fibers. Dynamic Systems.Fiber attenuation.Mach Zehnder . Tokyo.). Davis et al. absorption loss & scattering loss measurement .Fiber fabrication. Magnetic and electric field sensors: Intensity and phase modulation types – applications. Passive components – Couplers – Multiplexing and De-multiplexing. Fiber Optic Communication Systems. John M.Reflective concept .Intrinsic concepts . UNIT V INTERFEROMETRIC SENSORS 10 Pressure sensors: Transmissive concepts -Microbending ..Interferometric concepts – Applications. Cherin. 2. John Wiley & Sons (1993). 5.Lensing schemes for coupling improvements.. 6. Senior. Krohn D. U. 3. edge emitting and superluminescent LEDs – Optical Detectors: Pin photodiodes – Avalanche photodiodes – Multiplexers: wavelength division multiplexing .. New York. Prentice Hall International Ltd. Agrawal. 'Fiber Optic Sensor Technology Hand Book'. Spillman (Eds.Applications of displacement and temperature sensors. McGraw Hill Inc. London 1992. “Fundamentals of fiber optics in telecommunication and sensor systems”. UNIT III OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATION AND NETWORKS 12 Elements of an optical fiber communication system – optical sources -–Surface Emitting. Reston.Sagnac Interferometer for rotation sensing..A.Bus. Wiley (2011).B.heterodyne and homodyne detections. (1988) 7.Eric Udd and W. Mc Graw Hill Inc.

. New Delhi. \ (2002). “Fundamentals of photonics”. Interfaces and junctions .. 7. G.New Delhi. 4. (1998). Plasma CVD. John Wiley. To discuss the various applications of integrated circuits. contacting. measurement – photoconductivity – LEDs: electroluminescent process – choice of LED materials – device configuration and efficiency – structures – device performance – manufacturing process – defects and reliability – laser diode: junction laser operating principles – threshold current – heterojunction lasers – distributed feedback lasers – quantum well lasers – surface emitting lasers – rare-earth doped lasers – device fabrication – mode locking. H. Theodor Tamir (Ed.growth of photonic materials by LPE.Thyagarajan.. UNIT IV PHOTONIC MATERIALS GROWTH & FABRICATION 10 Types of photonic materials – growth methods – nucleation – homogeneous – heterogeneous – LEC technique – epitaxy . photochemical deposition. “Integrated optics: Theory and technology”.C. Hunsperger.LO8203 INTEGRATED OPTICS AND PHOTONIC DEVICES LT PC 3 0 0 3 OBJECTIVE: To teach the students the fundamentals and applications of integrated optics. waveguides and construction and working of integrated circuits. 3. Teich. OUTCOMES: The students will gain information in a way that the they can understand the principle of optical amplifiers. New York (1991). M. UNIT III ACTIVE OPTICAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND APPLICATIONS 8 Integrated semiconductor sources. “Fiber-optic communications technology”. Pearson Education. “Optical integrated circuits”. McGraw Hill. thermooptic and nonlinear optical effects – fabrication of optical waveguides in glass.. magnetooptic. “Guided-wave optoelectronics”.Bhattacharya. New Delhi (2001). Prentice-Hall India. 2. D. UNIT V DEVICES 9 Photodiodes: current-voltage equation – operation-spectral response – quantum efficiency – response time – diffusion time – drift – capacitance of diodes. MOCVD. Keiser. detectors and active switches on substrates – optoelectronic integrated circuits – recent trends in optical integrated circuits. Mynbaev and L. Nishihara. 8. interdiffusion and doping.E.K. McGraw Hill Book Co. “Semiconductor optoelectronic devices”. Cambridge Univ. Optical switches – A/D converters – RF spectrum analyzers – convolvers – correlators – modulators – integrated optic sensors. Microfabrication techniques in optical integrated circuits – guided wave excitation and waveguide evaluation – passive waveguide devices – functional optical waveguide devices. VPE.. acoustooptic. (1983). New Delhi. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Haruna and T. 13 . UNIT II OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 10 Applications of coupled mode theory – theory of gratings in waveguide structures – guided wave control – electrooptic. Tokyo (1989). B. Suhara. Scheiner. annealing).A.Post-growth processing (patterning by photolithography.L.interface quality. P. 6. 5. Quantum wells and bandgap engineering (examples of structures). UNIT I OPTICAL AMPLIFIERS 8 Concepts – principles of optical amplification – optical amplifiers: general considerations – semiconductor optical amplifier – applications – advantages and drawbacks – EDFAs – optical fiber amplifiers – coherent sources for IO – MQW – photonic switching principles. “ Optical electronics”. A.). Press.. Springer (2010). Robert G.Ghatak and K. “Optical fiber communications”. MBE. Lithium Niobate substrates.. Springer-Verlag (2012). Saleh and M.

4. 23.Time Average . 9. 22. 20. 11.Double Exposure in NDT Holographic Interferometry . OUTCOME: The students will learn about Fourier transform. 15.LO8211 1. 29.Fresnel approximation – Fraunhofer approximation – Fraunhofer diffraction patterns – Fresnel diffraction calculations.Vibration Analysis Real Time Holography Contour Holography Digital holography: Matlab simulations Basic operations of computation by light Speckle Interferometry . 25.separable functions – Fourier-Bessel transforms. 2. 21. 28. 24. 14. 13. 6. 14 . 10. 19. 7. diffraction theory and the principles of analog optical information processing. 16.Out of Plane Displacement Speckle Shear Interferometry Laser Doppler Interferometry ( LDV) Stimulated Raman Scattering Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Phase Conjugation Fiber Communication Installation Procedure Setting up of Fiber Optic Analog Link Setting up of Fiber Optic Digital Link Nonlinear optics: Optical Z-scan Nonlinear optics: Eclipse type Z-scan Nonlinear optics: Optical limiting Bistable optical devices Laser Speckle Optometer Laser Effects on Human Cell Tumour Diagnosis using Lasers MINI PROJECT TOTAL: 60 PERIODS LO8003 FOURIER OPTICS AND SIGNAL PROCESSING LTPC 3 0 03 OBJECTIVE: To make the students to understand the concepts of Fourier optics and their applications in optical information processing. 17. Linear and space-invariant systems. Sampling theory:Shannon-Nyquist sampling theorem – space-bandwidth product – discrete Fourier transform from continuous transform – periodic convolution. 27. 5. 18. 3. LASER LABORATORY II LTPC 0 042 Planar Dye laser Distributed Feedback Dye Laser Tuning of Dye Laser using Grating Tuning of Dye Laser using DFDL Arrangement Measurement of Ultrashort Pulses ( nano second) Dye Laser Gain Measurement Holographic Interferometry . 8. UNIT I SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS 9 Fourier analysis in two dimensions: Fourier transform . 26. 12. UNIT II DIFFRACTION THEORY 9 Scalar diffraction – monochromatic fields and irradiance – optical path length and field phase representation – Rayleigh-Sommerfeld formulation – angular spectrum of plane waves.

G. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. O. Voelz. UNIT V OPTICAL INFORMATION PROCESSING 9 Abbe-Porter experiment – phase contrast microscopy and other simple applications. The technology and application of quantum optics in information processing and cryptography will be covered. T. 5. Diffractive optical elements: Binary optics – types of diffractive optics.G. Dover Publications. Fourier optics and imaging” John Wiley & Sons. Society of Photo Optical” (2011). Introduction to photon statistics – photoncounting statistics – coherent light: Poissonian photon statistics – classification of light by photon statistics – super-Poissonian light – sub-Possonian light – theory of photodetection – shot noise photodiodes – Observation of sub-Poissonian photon statistics. J. development and fixing – film in an incoherent optical system – film as coherent optical system – modulation transfer function. 2. “Introduction to Fourier optics”. Coherent image processing: vanderLugt filter – joint-transform correlator – character recognition – invariant pattern recognition – image restoration – data processing from synthetic aperture radar – acousto-optic signal processing – discrete analog processors.W. “Diffraction. 15 . 4.Ersoy.B. UNIT III COHERENT STATES AND SQUEEZED LIGHT 9 Light waves as classical harmonic oscillator – phasor diagrams and field quadratures – light as quantum harmonic oscillator – vacuum field – coherent states – shot noise and number-phase uncertainty – squeezed states – detection – generation of squeezed states – quantum noise in amplifiers – Quantum theory of Hanbury Brown-Twiss experiments. “Computational Fourier optics: A MATLAB tutorial”. 6. Spatial light modulators: liquid crystals – spatial light modulators using liquid crystals – magneto-optic spatial light modulators – quantum well spatial light modulators and acousto-optic spatial light modulators. LO8014 QUANTUM OPTICS with LTPC 3 00 3 OBJECTIVE: To study about the science of light and its interaction with matter which requires quantum mechanics to describe it.UNIT III COHERENT OPTICAL SYSTEMS 8 Thin lens as a phase transformation – Fourier transforming properties of lenses and image formation by lens – frequency response of a diffraction-limited system under coherent and incoherent illumination – aberrations and their effects – comparison of coherent and incoherent imaging – super-resolution. (2004). Breckinridge and D. UNIT I PHOTON STATISTICS 8 Formalism of quantum mechanics – radiative transitions in atoms. UNIT II PHOTON ANTIBUNCHING (PA) 8 Introduction – Hanbury Brown-Twiss experiments and classical intensity fluctuations – second order correlation function – Hanbury Brown-Twiss experiments with photons – photon bunching and antibunching – experimental demonstrations of PA – single photon sources. 3. Mc-Graw Hill. E. Elsevier (2001).Stewart. “Concetmporary optical image processing MATLAB”. UNIT IV WAVEFRONT MODULATION 10 Wavefront modulation with photographic film : physical processes of exposure. “Fourier optics: an introduction”. J. Banerjee.Poon and Partha P.C. New Jersey (2007). OUTCOME: Understanding the concept of physical principles involved in the light interaction of matter through quantum mechanics. Goodman. New Delhi (2005).K.

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1) Mark Fox. “Quantum optics”.SNOM based detection of plasmonic energy transport. Springer (2010). Entangled states and quantum teleportation: Entangled states – generation of entangled photon pairs – single-photon interference experiments – Bell’s theorem – principles of teleportation – experiments.Optical lithography. 3) D. Oxford University Press (2000). 5) G. Suhail Zubairy. 6) R. “The quantum theory of light”.F. J. Milburn. Knight.Nanoimprint lithography and soft lithography. 4) M.Attenuated total reflection -Grating SPR coupling. Cambridge University Press (2013).SNOM in nanolithography.Shells: Coating:.E-beam Lithography. “Quantum optics”.UNIT IV ATOM-PHOTON INTERACTIONS 9 Resonant light-atom interactions: Preliminary concepts – time-dependent Schrodinger equation – weak-field limit – strong-field limit – Bloch sphere. LO8002 FABRICATION OF OPTICAL DEVICES L TPC 3 0 0 3 AIM: To educate the students the importance optical devices OBJECTIVES: To Teach the Physics and technology of various optical devices To Teach the principle involved in preparation and fabrication of different optical devices UNIT I NEW APPROACHES IN NANOPHOTONICS 9 Near-Field Optics-Aperture near-field optics . 2) C.Inks and pigments: -Patterning of thin films / lithography.Quantum dots -Structure: -Cores: .Apertureless near-field optics -Near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM or SNOM):.X-ray Lithography . Cambridge University Press (1997). (2006). UNIT V QUANTUM INFORMATION PROCESSING 11 Quantum cryptography: Classical cryptography – basics of quantum cryptography – quantum key distribution – system errors – single photon sources – experiments. Walls and G.SNOM based visualization of waveguide structures.Non-linear optical properties . Atoms in cavities: Optical cavities – atom-cavity coupling (weak and strong coupling). Agarwal. Gerry and P.S. Loudon. “Quantum optics”.Optical waveguide SPR coupling.Plasmons and surface plasmon resonance (SPR): .SNOM based optical data storage and recovery. Quantum computing: Quantum bits – quantum logic gates – decoherence and error correction – applications of quantum computers – experiments.Light generation. “Quantum optics”.Fabrication . “Introductory quantum optics”. Cold atoms: laser cooling – Bose-Einstein condensation – atom lasers.SPR dependencies and materials Plasmonics andnanoparticles -Applications of metallic nanostructures -Plasmonic waveguiding and photonic circuit elements -SPR based harmonic generation: . Oxford University Press. 16 . Scully and M.O. UNIT III PLASMONICS 9 Total internal reflection and evanescent waves: . UNIT II QUANTUM-CONFINED MATERIALS 9 Materials: -Optical properties. Cambridge University Press (2004).

Cambridge University Press.-Electrons in quantum semiconductor structures: more advanced systems and methods UNIT III OPTICAL PROPERTIES.Quantum well infrared photodetectors – Single electron transistors and quantum computing -White LEDs – quantum well and wires TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1) Optical Semiconductor Devices. Effective mass. Drude conduction and mean free path in 3D. 2005 5) Handbook of Microlithography.PC based LEDs Photonic crystal fibers (PCFs).Presence of photonic bandgap . Levinson. Transport properties of 2D and 1D systems. SPIE.Evolution from the discrete to the continuous spectra in quantization direction for low-dimensional systems for different dimensions Quasi-lowdimensional systems . John-Wiley 2) Photonic Devices. Rai-Choudhury. LO8006 LOW-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURES AND LASERS LTPC 3 0 03 OBJECTIVE: To educate the students understand the consequences for the electronic and optical properties of materials when carriers are confined in two.Quantum well lasers .Statistics of charge carriers in low-dimensional systems . preparation and fabrication of low dimension based lasers.Quantum cascade lasers . P. Mitsuo Fukuda. -Localization and transport -Electronic states and optical properties of quantum wells -Optical properties of low dimensional systems (transition rules.Gravity sedimentation:. 1997. Jia-Ming Liu.. energy .Cascade surface-emitting photonic crystal laser . Nonlinear optics in lowdimensional semiconductors . Cambridge University Press. quantum wells.Quantum confinement. phase coherence lengthand quantized conductance in 1D. quantum wires.Cell method:.Quantum dot lasers . SPIE Press. Harry J. 9 Phonons in low-dimensional semiconductor structures. 2005 3) Light Emitting Diodes. E.2D and 3D shielding Electrons in quantum semiconductor structures: an introduction.Epitaxial growth of semiconductors: Molecular beam epitaxy -Gas epitaxy from metall-organics–Nanolithography . 2005 4) Principles Of Lithography.Defects in photonic crystals. Devices based on quantum phenomena and Coulomb blockade.Anomalous Group Velocity Dispersion -Anomalous Refractive Index Dispersion -Microcavity-Effect in Photonic Crystals-Fabrication of photonic crystals -Colloidal self assembly:.Quantum wire lasers –LEDs .White LEDs based on quantum dots -LEDs based on nanotubes.subbands. UNIT V PHOTONIC DEVICES 9 Laser Diodes . 17 . Quantized conductance with Landauer-formalism. Wiley series in microwaves and optical engineering. Micromachining and Microfabrication: Micromachining and microfabrication.2 and 3 dimensions. polarization etc). one and zero dimensional systems OUTCOME: The students will understant the physics and technology of various nano based lasers.UNIT IV PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 9 Important features of photonic crystals .Two-photon-lithography . Low-Dimensional Semiconductor Structures and quantum heterostructures.Photosensitive materials -E-Beam lithography. Fred Schuber. UNIT II ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES 9 Density of energy states in low-dimensional electronic systems . Kai Chang. quantum dots. series Editor. UNIT I LENGTH SCALES AND LOW DIMENSIONALITY 9 Electronic transport in 1.LEDs based on nanorods: .LEDs based on nanowires .ballistic conduction. 1999.Self-organization of quantum dots and quantum wires.Photonic Crystal Laser . Scattering phenomena in 1D.

single-molecule spectroscopy and nonlinear optical processes – apertureless near-field spectroscopy and microscopy – nanoscale enhancement of optical interactions – time-and-space-resolved studies of nanoscale dynamics. fundamentals and applications 6) Davies. Keith Barnham. UNIT IV PLASMONICS 9 Introduction: Plasmonics .polymer-nanoparticle LED’s and solar cells – electroluminescence .light emission from Si nanodots. Lasers. an Introduction (Prentice and Hall) 4) Hawkes.Mn-ZnSe phosphors . (Mobility. Distributed Reflector (DR) lasers. single emitter as saturable mirror.Multiple-Micro-Cavity (MMC) lasers. quantum dot laser) .UNIT IV SEMICONDUCTOR LASER 9 (Condition for gain. J. bandgap semiconductor nanoparticles . J. photon correlation. D.light emission from indirect semiconductors .Photonic Band Gap and Localized Defect States-Transmission Spectra . Semiconductor Optoelectronics (McGraw-Hill) 3) Wilson. gain spectrum. K.nanowire surface plasmons-interaction with matter. & Hawkes. J. Quantum Confined Stark Effect).Quantum Hall effect (Resistance standard). and Membrane lasers REFERENCES: 1) Low-Dimensional Semiconductor Structures: Fundamentals and Device Applications. All optical modulation by plasmonic excitation of quantum dots. Cambridge University Press 1997. J. Low dimensional semiconductors. Cambridge press.F. modulation doping) . Deeply Etched Distributed Bragg Reflector (DBR) lasers. UNIT III NEAR-FIELD INTERACTION AND MICROSCOPY 9 The limits of light: conventional optics – near filed optics – theoretical modeling of near-field nanoscopic interactions – near-field microscopy – near field studies in quantum dots.Bloch’s Theorem . High electron mobility transistor (HEMT).Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Analysis – Nonlinear photonic crystals – photonic crystal fibers – photonic crystal sensor.1-D Quasi Phase Matching . I.– plasmonic wave guiding – applications of metallic nanostructures.. 2008 2) Singh.Materials: LiNbO3. Optoelectronics.single photon transistor using surface Plasmon . (Excitons.Nonlinear Optics in Linear Photonic Crystals . & Latimer. Semiconductors: Tuning the band gap of nanoscale semiconductors – the colours and uses of quantum dots – nanoscale interactions of electronic interactions . Theory and Practice 5) Barnham.doping nanoparticles .carrier injection . double heterostructures. J H: The Physics of Low-dimensional Semiconductors: An Introduction. etc. etc.Light modulation using semiconductor quantum structures. Chalcogenide Glasses. Wavelength Converters.merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions . threshold current. Coupled Cavity (CC) lasers. quantum well laser. LO8009 NANOPHOTONICS LT PC 3 0 0 3 UNIT I PHOTONIC PROPERTIES OF NANOMATERIALS 9 Photon absorption – photon emission – photon scattering – metals: permittivity and the free electron plasma – extinction coefficient of metal particle – colours and uses of gold and silver particles.High speed heterostructure devices. Optical tweezers. UNIT II PHYSICS OF PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 9 Maxwell’s Equations . Photonic crystal optical circuitry . and integrated systems.Guided Modes in Photonic Crystals Slab. Optical luminescence and fluorescence from direct. 18 .lasers based on quantum confinement. & Vvedensky.

transmitter. Gaponenko. Sivarajan. Testbeds. (2010) 2. Cambridge (2010). TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Pennathur and J. UNIT II OPTICAL NETWORK ARCHITECTURES 9 Introduction to Optical Networks: Multiplexing techniques – second-generation optical networks – optical layer – transparency – optical packet switching . Cambridge Univ. dispersion – soliton systems Wavelength stabilization -Overall design considerations.Configuration management. “Nanotechnology: Understanding small systems”. Subwavelength aperture plasmonics – plasmonic wave guiding – applications of metallic nanostructures. repeaters. Sergey V. Synchronisation. (2008) 19 . “Introduction to nanophotonics”. “Nanoplasmonics”.Protection in SONET / SDH and IP Networks. Klaus D. V. Service interface. Virtual Topology Design. Transmission System Engineering: System model. Multiplexing and Demultiplexing.WDM Network Design . Couplers. Taylor & Francis Group (2010) 5.Press. Elsevier. Cisco Press. 2. Klimov. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Optical safety. (2004). Optical layer Protection. McGraw-Hill.Cost tradeoffs. Interworking between layers. network Survivability. attenuators. Wiley-Interscience (2004). Ben Rogers. “Optical network design and implementation”. Burst Switching. CRC Press. Statistical Dimensioning Models. UNIT IV PACKET SWITCHING AND ACCESS NETWORKS 9 Photonic Packet Switching – OTDM. UNIT III WAVELENGTH ROUTING NETWORKS 9 WDM Network Elements. Prasad. Paras N. Access Networks. Boca Raton (2008).”Optical networking crash course”. 3.SONET / SDH. Taylor & Francis Group (2011). “Nanophotonics”.V. UNIT V NETWORK MANAGEMENT AND SURVIVABILITY 9 Control and Management – Network management functions – optical layer services and interfacing – layers within the optical layer – multivendor interoperability . S. LO8013 OPTICAL SWITCHING AND NETWORKS LT P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I OPTICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS AND NETWORK DESIGN 9 Optical System Components: Filters. Adams. Power penalty . “Optical Networks : A Practical Perspective”. Vivek Alwayn. Buffering. Routing and wavelength assignment. Satller. mechanical & photonic) – optical line termination – optical network unit – optical network termination. 4. optical transport network – framing – Ethernet – IP – multiprotocol label switching – resilient packet ring – storage-area networks. Steven Shepard. crosstalk. 3.UNIT V NANOPHOTONICS FOR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND NANOMEDICINE 9 Near-field bioimaging – nanoparticles for optical diagnostics and targeted therapy – semiconductor quantum dots for bioimaging – up-converting nanophores for bioimaging – biosensing. Circulators. “Handbook of Nanophysics-6: Nanoelectronics and nanophotonics”. receiver. polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves. Optical line terminals – optical line amplifiers – optical add/drop multiplexers – optical crossconnects . amplifiers. Header Processing. combiners – modems – Add Drop Multiplexers (ADM) – optical switches (Electro-optical. Isolators. Rajiv Ramaswami and Kumar N.

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS 20 . Colour vision and colorimetry: colour vision basics – colour matching – colour systems and spaces – colorimetry. 2006.enriched colour display. UNIT III BINOCULAR VISION AND 3D DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY 9 Binocular vision and perception basics – 3D display principles and techniques: Basics. UNIT V OPTICAL DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS 9 Overview – basics of optical storage – theoretical aspects of phase-change alloys – thermal modeling of phasechange recording – data recording characteristics – recording media. C. Biswanath Mukherjee. Ist Edition. Design and Algorithms”. reflective displays. Near-Eye displays (NEDs): Eye physiology – brightness and power consumption – technologies for NEDs – examples – optical design – laser displays – holographic image generation for NEDs – optical combiners – contact lens displays – adaptive displays and eye tracking – image integration. McGraw-Hill (2001) 5. “WDM Optical Networks : Concept. LCOS. Digital video deinterlacing/interlacing: Algorithms imported from graphics – vertical-temporal deinterlacing – film source – field rate conversion – display of graphics on interlaced displays. Plasma. Prentice Hall of India. 8. UNIT IV DIGITAL VIDEO DISPLAY 9 General principles – interlaced versus progressive video signals and displays – differences between displaying video and graphics. UNIT II 2D DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY 9 Display system interfaces and performance parameters – CRT displays – Transmissive displays. UNIT I VISUAL SYSTEM. 7. OUTCOME: Understanding the concept of physics. Digital image display: standard and high definition television formats – integrating video data with digital processing parameters.Holographic data storage – applications. lightwave technology. LO8012 OPTICAL DISPLAYS AND STORAGE DEVICES LTPC 3 00 3 OBJECTIVE: To study about the principles of optical displays and optics based data storage devices. “Introduction to optical communication. Harte and D. Elsenpeter. Althos Publishing (2005). 6. “Optical WDM Networks”. fiber transmission and optical networks”. OLED – projection systems – new display technologies: high dynamic range display – bidirectional displays – projection displays . Springer. Optical data media formats – materials for optical data storage . “ Optical networking: A begineer’s guide”. Flat panel displays: AMLCD. transreflective displays – emissive displays. L. (2002). technology and applications of optical displays and optical information storage devices. Eckard.4. spatial stereoscopic displays – autostereoscopic displays – light-field displays – computer generated holograms – 3D media encoding. Holographic optical elements – optical holography. Siva Ram Moorthy and Mohan Gurusamy. COLOUR VISION AND COLORIMETRY 9 Introduction – evolution of display technologies – eye anatomy and eye optics – visual performance of the eye – models of visual performance and photometry. Robert C. Display metrology: display performance measurement and calibration – display evaluation – colour management and calibration.

Wiley (1997). partial pixel. OUTCOME: Understanding the concept of mathematics. UNIT II DIGITAL HOLOGRAPHIC MICROSCOPY 9 Introduction – diffraction theory – hologram formation and wavefront reconstruction – reconsctruction algorithms – direct method. Demetri Psaltis.V. UNIT IV INTERFEROMETRY AND SPECKLE METROLOGY 9 General principles – deformation measurement – shape measurement – measurement of refractive index variations – distant measurements – data compression and decompression. holographic interferometry. Course will cover the basic concepts of digital hologram generation. technology and applications of digital holography. Springer (2006). “ Optical data storage: Phasechanging media and recording”. Comparative digital holography – encryption of information with digital holography – synthetic apertures. T. Sincerbox and A. UNIT V THREE DIMENSIONAL DISPLAYS 9 Computer generated holograms for white light reconstruction – wide-angle computer generated holograms for 3D display – optical scanning holography – 3D display projection system – 3D display and information processing based on integral imaging – autostereoscopic. Wiley (2003). Springer (2000).C. Lindsay MacDonald and A. Wuttig. Electronic speckle pattern interferometry – digital shearography – digital speckle photography. Rolf R. “Holographic data storage”. real image and DC-term – recording digital holograms. Liesbeth van Pieterson and M. G. Hainich and Oliver Bimber. UNIT I COMPUTER GENERATED HOLOGRAMS 9 Introduction – mathematical preliminaries – Fourier transform – phase transformation of a spherical lens principles of holography – numerical reconstruction – separation of virtual image. computer programming. 5. Glass”. 3. Mijiritskii. 2. E. LO8001 DIGITAL HOLOGRAPHY LTPC 3 003 OBJECTIVE: To study about the generation of digital holograms and its applications. “Digital image display: Algorithms and implementation”.pahse shifiting method: image formation – measurement of surface shape and deformation instruments – applications. 4. CRC Press (2011).REFERENCES: 1. “Displays: Fundamentals and applications”. microscopy and three-dimensional display techniques.M. Lowe (Eds. “Display systems: Design and applications”. Berbecel. spatially multiplexed and 3D display technologies. TOTAL : 45 PERIODS 21 . G. . physics.). Digital holography for bulk image acousto-optical reconstruction: Main assumptions – system architecture – computer simulations – modeling and color image processing. A. UNIT III OPTICAL RECONSTRUCTION 9 Introduction – compensating aberrations – controlling numerical reconstructions – controlling reconstructions in MWDH compensating chromatic aberrations – application of digital holography for investigation and testing of MEMS structures.R. Meinders.

2) Ting-Chung Poon. “Digial holography and digital image processing: Principles. 4) Pascal Picart. Wiley (2012).Berlin (2005). UNIT V ULTRAFAST SPECTROSCOPY 9 Ultra short pulse amplification – Fourier transform pulse shaping – space-time duality and temporal imaging – ultrafast spectroscopy: degenerate pump-probe transmission measurements – coherent short pulse spectroscopy – dephasing phenomena – impulsive stimulated Raman scattering. “Digital Holography for MEMS and Microsystem Metrology”. UNIT II ULTRASHORT PULSE MEASUREMENT 9 Introduction – electric filed autocorrelation – intensity auto correlation – electric field-corss correlation and spectral interferometry – chirped pulses and measurement in the time-frequency domain – frequency-resolved optical gating – characterization of noise and jitter. “Digital holography”. “Digital holography”. UNIT IV ULTRAFAST NONLINEAR OPTICS 9 Propagation equation for nonlinear refractive index media – self-phase modulation – pulse compression and solitons – higher order propagation effects: delayed nonlinear index and Raman scattering – higher-order propagation effects: delayed nonlinear index and Raman scattering – soliton effects in model-locked lasers with fast self-amplitude modulation – mode locked frequency combing. 3) Leonid Yaroslavsky. UNIT III DISPERSION AND DISPERSION COMPENSATION 9 Introduction – group velocity dispersion – temporal dispersion based on angular dispersion – dispersion with grating and prism sequences – dispersion properties of lenses – dispersion properties of mirror structures – measurement of group velocity dispersion – frequency dependent storage time. TOTAL : 45 PERIODS 22 . UNIT I ULTRAFAST PULSE GENERATION 9 Introduction – laser basics – short pulse generation via mode-locking – active mode-locking: frequency domain treatment – passive-mode locking with saturable absorbers – solid state model locking using the optical Kerr effect – solidstate mode locking including phase effects.REFERENCES: 1) Ulf Schnars. Springer. higher-order effects and spectroscopy. (2004). Jun-chang Li. Werner Jueptner. Kluwer. LO8017 ULTRAFAST OPTICS LTPC 3 0 03 OBJECTIVE: To study about the physics and technological applications of ultrashort laser pulses. Course will cover the basic concepts of ultrafast laser pulse generation. “Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display: Principles and Applications”. mode-locking. methods and algorithms”. 5) Anand Asundi. (2011). technology and applications of ultrashort laser pulses.Berlin (2010).Wiley. Springer. OUTCOME: Understanding the concept of physics.

Academic Press. Ishikawa. UNIT V OPTICAL NEURAL NETWORKS 8 Optical computing and neural networks – Optical linear neural nets – Non-linear neural networks – Auto associative and self-organizing networks – Recent advances.. “Ultra short laser phenomena”. Midorikawa (Eds. Mohammad A. M. Jean-Claude Diels. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Marcel Dekker. UNIT IV OPTICAL INTERCONNECTIONS 9 Introduction – Types of optical interconnections – Specific properties of optical interconnections – Power requirements of optical interconnections – Fan-in and Fan-out properties of Optical interconnections – Multistage interconnections. Wiley (2008). London. Rudolph. Alistair D. Wiley (2009). Fermann. 1988. A. Heriot-Watt University. Introduction’. McAulay. UNIT III OPTICAL SWITCHING DEVICES 9 Types of switching devices – some requirements of switching devices – Networks – Role of optical switching – Implications of optical switching – Circuit switches – Four port Directional coupler switches and switch matrices – active path optical switches with electrical control – optical logic devices for switching – The electronics-optics interface – A self routing wideband switching matrix. Watanabe.Sucha (Eds. Dror G. John Wiley & Sons. 1988. New York (2003). Academic Press (2006). Weiner. A. S. 1991. K. Henri H. Awwal. 1989. Springer (2007).S. “Ultrafast optics”. Arsenault et al. The MIT Press.E. 3. Fritelson.. .). 6.. LO8011 OPTICAL COMPUTING AND SIGNAL PROCESSING LTPC 3 0 03 OBJECTIVE: To introduce the concept of optical computing and the signal processing. S. ' Optical Computer Architectures'. 7. ' Optical Computing'. and Tooley F.. John Wiley & Sons. UNIT II OPTICAL COMPUTING WITH SPATIAL LIGHT MODULATOR (SLM) 10 Introduction – Liquid crystal light valve – Micro channel Spatial Light Modulator – Numerical optical computing basics – Logic gates using SLMs – Flip-flops – Optical binary temporal integrator – optical circuits – Optical switching network – Optical matrix computations – Optical matrix vector multiplier – Matrix-Matrix Multiplier – Optical implementation of Matrix-vector multiplier. P. Karim and Abdul A. ' Optical Computing'. 'Optical Processing and Computing'. 23 . 4.G. 2003. “Ultrafast lasers: Technology and applications”. OUTCOME: The students will learn about optical computing and application of Fourier optics in image processing. Edinburgh.REFERENCES: 1) 2) 3) 4) A. 5) H. W. Wherrett B. ‘ Optical Computing – An 2. 5. “Ultrafast all-optical signal processing devices”. “Ultrafast optics V”. Galvanauskas.). UNIT I FOURIER OPTICS AND IMAGE PROCESSING 9 A short history of the Field of Optical Computing – Fourier Optics – Correlation and Convolution – Fourier Transform with lenses – Grating filters – Complex transform filters – Fourier holograms – Optical image processing.

Double Pulsed Holography . 1993. 'Speckle Meterology'.Sandwich Holography .Holography in Biology and Medicine UNIT V SPECKLE PHOTOGRAPHY AND INTERFEROMETRY 9 In-plane and out-of-plane translations .Types of Holograms .Electronic speckle pattern Interferometry(ESPI) TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. John-Wiley & Sons Inc.Ferroelectric Cyrstals Inorganic Photochromatic Materials .Real-Time and Time-averaged Interferometric Techniques .Pointwise and whole field analysis .Volume Reflection Holograms .Photoresists UNIT II HOLOGRAMS FOR DISPLAY 9 3600 holograms .LO8004 HOLOGRAPHY AND SPECKLE LTPC 3 0 03 OBJECTIVE: To introduce the principles of holography and speckle OUTCOME: The students will learn about how experimentally holograms and specklegrams could be recorded and reconstructed. Sirohi R. 1983. Robert K.Rainbow Holograms . New York & London.Double sided holograms . OUTCOME: The students will learn about laser tissue interaction..Contour holography .Acoustical and Microwave Holography UNIT IV APPLICATIONS OF HOLOGRAPHY IN ENGINEERING AND MEDICINE 9 Measurement of displacement. stress and bending movements for opaque and transparent objects . 3. 'Holographic Non-destructive Testing'.Multicolour Rainbow Holograms . 24 . LO8008 MEDICAL APPLICATION OF LASERS LTPC 3 0 03 OBJECTIVE: To guide the students in different applications of lasers in the medical field. deformation.Dichromated Gelatin . Academic press. photobiology and thermal and non-thermal applications of lasers. Further they will learn about the concept of holographic interferometry and its applications.S.Speckle Interferometry ..Speckle Shear Interferometry -displacements and strain measurements . 'Optical Holography'. Marcel Dekker. 4. Academic Press. 'Speckle Meterology'. 5. Vest C.Holographic Optical elements Holographic Scanners UNIT III HOLOGRAPHIC INTERFEROMETRY 9 Theoretical Analysis of Double Exposure . Erf.Colour Holography .Thermo plastic Materials .Recording materials .Holographic NDT .M. Academic press. 2. Hariharan. New York. 1978. Robert K. New York. Ed. UNIT I OPTICAL HOLOGRAPHY 9 General theoretical Analysis . New York. 1974. strain. Erf.Time averaged Speckle Photography .Silver halide . 'Holographic Interferometry'.Holographic stereograms .Requirements to record and reconstruct holograms Experimental techniques . Canada. 1979.

Microradiation of cells .Maximum temperature rise and depth of hardened layer Different gases used during laser materials processing . transmittance and emission properties of tissues .Medical surveillance. Kaluylu.CW & pulsed .Specific precautions. R. T. A.Electromechanical . New York. 3..Lasers in trapping of cells and genetic engineering Bio simulation . UNIT IV NON THERMAL APPLICATIONS 13 Trace element detection . S.Safety regulation .Rate of heating and cooling . M.Holographic and speckle application of lasers in biology and medicine.Lasers in endoscopy – Lasers in laproscopy . 1990. Harward Academic publishers. Ar ion.A. 'Laser Photobiology and Photomedicine' Plenum Press.Q-switched and Mode locked.Sterilization . C.Focusing optics . and Sacchi.Nd:YAG.Photo radiation therapy of tumours .Overview of industrial lasers . 1991. OUTCOME: The students will gain knowledge about industrial laser systems and interaction of laser radiation with matter. Pratesi.Reflectivity of Metals with respect to wavelength . absorption. New York.Operational parameters in laser materials processing . UNIT V SAFETY REGULATIONS Protection standards for lasers .Different types of interaction .hermostasis . Excimer..Absorption by biological systems . UNIT II THERMAL PROCESSES IN INTERACTION ZONE 15 Depth of penetration with respect to laser energy density . Carruth JAS & AL Mckenzie. 'Medical Lasers Science and Clinical Practice'.Laser induced fluorescence studies .Steering optics .UNIT I FUNDAMENTALS OF LASER-TISSUE INTERACTION 9 Laser Characteristics as applied to medicine and biology .Cancer diagnosis . UNIT I INDUSTRIAL LASER SYSTEMS 9 High power laser systems .optical properties of tissues (normal and diseased state) .Thermal photochemical (one photon and multiphoton) . 25 .Mechanisms . 2.Cancer Liver stomach gynecological surgeries Performance evaluation ..Experimental methods to determine the reflectance. and Chester. CO2. 1985. LO8007 MATERIALS PROCESSING BY LASERS LTP C 3 0 0 3 OBJECTIVE: To educate the students about the applications of lasers in materials processing. 'Laser Microradiation of cells'.Key hole effect.Laser tissue interaction . Springer verlag. S. Tsukakoshi. Bristol.Photoablative processes UNIT II PHOTOBIOLOGY AND MEDICAL LASERS 9 Study of biological functions . Gold Vapour laser Beam delivery and measuring systems UNIT III THERMAL APPLICATIONS 9 Surgical applications of lasers .Dermatology and Dentistry – Cosmetic Surgery. 5 TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. West Germany. 1980.N.. N2. 'Lasers in Photomedicine and Photobiology'.Laser systems in medicine and biology . 4.Lasers in Opthalmology . Adam Hilger Ltd.Photophysical process Photo biological process .. Martellucci.

Shock hardening .Experimental set-up.laser parameters for surface alloying .Cross Phase Modulation (XPM) Coupling between Waves of Different Frequencies .Effect of laser pulse energy on diameter and depth of drilled hole.Focussing conditions Advantages and limitations of laser welding .Beam profiles .Maxwell's Equations .Changes in Pulse Shape – Self Phase Modulation (SPM) induced Spectral Broadening . Springer . 1977.Various assisting gases and their importance . 1987.process variables .Nonlinear pulse Propagation .An Introduction'.Effect of Group Velocity Dispersion . Plenum Press.Hard facing . Academic Press.Non-linear Birefringence .Different methods to obtain desired penetration depths .Optical Kerr Effect Pulse Shaping. 26 .UNIT III SURFACE TREATMENT 7 Surface modification:..Welding speed . 'High Power Laser Applications'. 'Optoelectronics . OUTCOME: The students gain knowledge about nonlinear fiber optics and fundamentals of soliton dynamics.Chirped Gaussian Pulse .W.surface cladding . 1996.Application of SPM.. Hawkes J.. Wilson J. Reddy J.Higher Order Dispersions .. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. UNIT IV LASER WELDING 7 Different modes of laser beam welding . New York. 1987. UNIT I FIBER NONLINEARITIES 9 Introduction .Advantages of laser cutting . 5.Laser instrumentation for cutting and drilling ...Fiber Modes . LO8010 NONLINEAR FIBER OPTICS LTPC 3 0 0 3 OBJECTIVE: To make the students understand the fundamentals of nonlinear fiber optics with a special emphasis on optical communication.Self Steepening .F. Ltd.Absorptivity .Higher Order Nonlinear Effects. Ian W. New Delhi. 4. 1983.surface alloying .Nonlinear Refraction . 2.Melt flashing mechanism . UNIT II GROUP VELOCITY DISPERSION AND PHASE MODULATION 10 Gaussian Pulse .Eigen value Equations Single Mode Condition . Ugloo A.Laser welding of industrial materials .B. 'Laser Processing and Analysis of Materials'.Comparison between laser beam and electron beam welding .Influence of different parameters .F. 'Laser and Electron Beam Material Processing Hand Book.Recent developments in laser welding techniques UNIT V LASER CUTTING AND DRILLING 7 Laser energy density for cutting and drilling . 'Laser Processing of Thin Films and Microstructures'.Non-linear Phase Shift .. Rykalni. MIR Publishers.Verlag. Boyd. 3. Kokona A. Duley W.Factors affecting cutting rates . Prentice Hall of India Pvt.

Academic Press. 2.Fiber Raman Solitons . S. 'Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics'.Biosphere Main feature contents .Fiber Couplers – Fiber Interferometers – Pulse Compression – Soliton Switching – Soliton light wave systems. CO.Fiber Raman Amplifiers . ‘ Optical Solitons in Fibers’. Govind P. 4. NO.Light collection filtering receivers diodes and PMT . green House gases detection Ozone Depletion Study. LO8016 REMOTE SENSING BY LASERS LTPC 3 00 3 OBJECTIVE: To teach the students understand the basic principles of remote sensing by lasers. Agrawal.Soliton Stability . UNIT III PRINCIPLES AND DESIGN OF SYSTEMS 6 Scattering form LIDAR Equations – DIAL equations – Fluorescent form – analysis and interpretation of LIDAR signals – spectral rejection of laser backscattered radiation – Differential absorption detection limiter – Raman scattering. M. UNIT V APPLICATIONS OF SOLITONS 9 DMS for single channel transmission – WDM transmission . ‘Optical Solitons : From Fibers to Photonic Crystals’. Agrawal. 3. N2O.their influence on human life . A.Dynamical Variation . methane. Springer.Hydrosphere .Sensitivity Limit. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Govind P. Y. Dye. Chaos and Patterns’.Fiber Gratings. UNIT IV ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION AND SURVEILLANCE 15 Pollution Source Monitoring .Changes in ecosystem by natural and anthropogenic causes UNIT II SOURCES AND DETECTORS FOR REMOTE SENSING 6 CO2 . N2 .Optical Telescopes .Dispersion Managed Solitons (DMS). Matsumoto. New York (2001). Rajasekar.Source Detector Characteristics . ‘Nonlinear Dynamics: Integrability. CO2. Kivshar and Govind Agrawal. 27 . Hasegawa and M. Berlin (2003). Ar-ion.UNIT III OPTICAL SOLITONS AND DISPERSION MANAGEMENT 9 Soliton Characteristics . UNIT I ECOSYSTEM 8 Atmosphere . Academic Press.Solitons based Fiber Optic Communication System (Qualitative treatment) – Demerits . Excimer Lasers .Dark Solitons – Other kinds of Solitons .Fiber Raman Lasers .Effect of Birefringence in Solitons . 'Nonlinear Fiber Optics'.Erbium doped fiber amplifiers.Soliton Lasers . Berlin (2003). ethylene in industrial environment. Academic Press. Springer. Lakshmanan and S. New York (2003). New York (1995). OUTCOME: The students will learn about the basics of remote sensing.Detection of OH ion SO2.Detection limit . UNIT IV SOLITON LASERS 8 Non-linear Fiber Loop Mirrors . 5.

UNIT V HYDROSPHERIC LIDAR APPLICATION 10 LIF by UV Laser .Doppler-free two-photon absorption .M. UNIT IV HIGH RESOLUTION SPECTROSCOPY 8 Spectroscopy on collimated atomic beams: Detection through fluorescence . 'Laser Remote Sensing'.spectroscopy of trapped ions and atoms.detection by magnetic deflection. Springer. 'Laser Monitoring of Atmospheric'. New York.D.Oil Slick. 1976.Laser Phytoplankton mapping .Study on Shoals . UNIT III TIME-RESOLVED SPECTROSCOPY 10 Generation of short optical pulses – generation of ultrashort optical pulses – Measurement techniques for Optical Transcients: Transient – Digitizer . Chlorophyll . New York.detection by photoionization . 1984. 1986. 3. Measures R. UNIT II DOPPLER – LIMITED TECHNIQUES 7 Absorption measurements – Intra-cavity absorption measurements – Absorption measurements on excited states – Level labelling – Two-photon absorption measurements – Opto-Galvanic spectroscopy – Single atom detection – Opto-acoustic spectroscopy – Optical double resonance and level-crossing experiments with laser excitation. Hinckley E. 28 . UNIT I BASIC PRINCIPLES 10 Comparison between conventional Light Sources and Lasers – Saturation – Excitationmethods: Single-step excitation – Multistep excitation – Multi-photon absorption . Saturation spectroscopy and related techniques . * Text Book..detection by the recoil effect . OUTCOME: The students will gain knowledge about the fundamentals of spectroscopy.Coral reefs.. verlag.Detection Methods: Fluorescence – Photoionization – Collisional ionization – field ionization – Laser wavelength setting. 'Analytical Applications of Lasers'. different types of spectroscopy and applications of laser spectroscopy. Piemental. 2.linewidth measurements – ODR and LC – Beam foil techniques – Beam laser techniques – Time resolved spectroscopy with pulsed lasers – Phase-shift method and emission method – The hook method – Quantum-Beat spectroscopy. Wiley Interscience. Basics of lifetime measurements – Methods of measuring radiative properties . Wiley Interscience.Boxcar – Delayed coincidence– Streakcamera & Pump-probe techniques. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1.Laser Fluoresensor . LO8005 LASER SPECTROSCOPY LTPC 3 0 03 OBJECTIVE: To educate the students about the basic principles of laser spectroscopy.

radiometric instruments and detector interfaces .Devices – Materials for reflection and transmission .LIDAR techniques. Laser-induced chemical processes: Laser-induced chemistry . New York.Natural and luminescent sources of radiation. 29 . Wang and H.1991. Visible radiation sources .coherent anti-stokes Raman scattering . 2. Germany. J. Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy.Radiance and radiometric quantities .Different types of filters and their applications.Infrared. molecular and vibrational spectroscopy .radiometric measurements and calibration.Optical transfer function – Numerical aperture Sources .The angular range – Radiometric – Photometric units and their relationship – geometrical radiation transfer . UNIT III DETECTOR CHARACTERISTICS 9 Basic detector mechanisms .Radiant intensity and their profiles – Lambertian – point – exponent profiles .Raman spectroscopy . TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Springer Verlag.Selection rules – IR. 1999. 3.Atomic.long path absorption techniques .Electronic.Velocity measurements. Xia. Further.spectroscopic aspects of lasers in medicine.50. S.Spectral response – Responsivity – Noise equivalent power – Detectivity – Frequency response – Response time – Negative Electron Affinity (NEA) . Laser-induced fluorescence and Raman spectroscopy in liquids and solids: Hydrospheric remote sensing . Svanberg. Lakowicz.laser isotope separation . UV radiation . Vol.. Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy. Ultraviolet. 1992. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Absorption & Emission Spectroscopy . Z. vibrational and rotational transitions .Laser-induced fluorescence and related techniques .UNIT V APPLICATIONS OF LASER-SPECTROSCOPY 10 Diagnostics of combustion processes: Background . they will understand the principle involved in fabrication of different radiation detectors.Photon detection process – Photon effects – Thermal effect – wave interaction effect – Noise in radiation detectors – Figure of merit . LO8015 RADIATION SOURCES AND DETECTORS LTPC 3 0 03 OBJECTIVE: To educate the students the importance of radiation sources and detectors OUTCOME: The students will learn about physics of radiation from different sources in different signals of electromagnetic spectrum. UNIT I SOURCES OF RADIATION 12 Basic radiative transfer .Optical receivers preamplifiers. R.Reflective losses and their reduction .monitoring of surface layers. Springer Series in Chemical Physics. Molecular and Laser Spectroscopy. Laser remote sensing of the atmosphere: Optical heterodyne detection . blackbody radiation . VIS. UNIT II SPECTROSCOPY AND OPTICAL DEVICES 8 Electromagnetic spectrum – Wave and quantum aspects .

Bhattacharya B. ‘Optical Materials’. thermoplastic materials .E. 1982. time and frequency response .Arendi. Prentice Hall Inc. 'Optical and Infrared Detectors'. The Institute of Materials. 'Optical Radiation Detectors'. 6. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. 'Introduction of Atomic Spectra'. performance limits. “High Speed Semiconductor Devices”. Kugakusha.. 8. Dereniak E. ‘Introduction to Classical and Modern Optics’. 1996.M. Springer Verlag.Digital camera – Optical Multichannel Analyzer – Monochromator – Photo transistors – Photo thyristors – Triac .Sensitivity. nonselective detectors Thermal and photoemissive detectors .J. 7.G.Box-car Averager – Integrating Sphere – Streak Camera. UK. ‘Semiconductor and Optoelectronic Devices’. John Wiley.M. 2. International Students Edition.Photoconductive and photovoltaic detectors. photoresistors. McGraw Hill. New Jersey.. 1988. Photographic. New Delhi. Barrow G.. 1995. 1990. John Wiley.solid-state arrays. 5. Prentice Hall.eye and vision.Ltd. Endel UIGA. Detector electronics.Imaging detectors . 1985. New York. Topics in Applied Physics. London.Camera tubes. photographic film .. 1984. *Jurgen R.. ‘Optoelectronics’. 3. 'Molecular Spectroscopy'. UNIT V MODERN DETECTORS 7 Hybrid photodetectors . White H.Wood.L.. detector interfacing . McGraw Hill. Sze S. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. 9.P. *Keyes R. microchannel analyzer. Roger M.Meyer. video. and Crowe D. 4. photodiodes. 30 .Different CCD cameras. 1977. 1993.UNIT IV CONVENTIONAL DETECTORS 9 Photomultipliers..

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