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TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD

TCS-Q-113.03, Rev. 0

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0

SCOPE

2.0

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

3.0

CONFLICTS AND DEVIATIONS

4.0

CODES AND STANDARDS
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7

5.0

MATERIALS
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6

6.0

Concrete
Steel Reinforcement And Positioning Devices
Form Materials
Joint Materials
Curing Materials
Miscellaneous Materials

DESIGN AND FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS
6.1
6.2

7.0

COMPANY Standards
SASO Standards
AASHTO Standards
ACI Standards
ASTM Standards
U.S. Corps Of Engineers Standards
CRSI Standards

Reinforcement
Formworks

CONCRETE WORKS
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8

Preparation
Acceptance Of Concrete on Arrival
Concrete Placement
Concreting Under Water
Concreting In Hot Weather
Concreting For Slab-On-Grade
Construction Joints
Concrete Placement Acceptance

TCSQ11303R0/SZA

Date of Approval: April 10, 2006

PAGE NO. 2 of 44

TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD

8.0

POST CONCRETE WORKS
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4

9.0

Finishing
Removal Of Forms And Shoring
Curing
Corrosion Protection and Durability

REPAIR OF DEFECTIVE CONCRETE
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7

10.0

TCS-Q-113.03, Rev. 0

Surface Air Voids/Sand Streaking/ Peeling /Blistering
Honeycombs
Tie Holes
Pop-Outs/ Scaling
Discoloration and Stains
Cracks
Defect With Exposed Reinforcing Steel

QUALITY CONTROL
10.1
10.2
10.3

Pre-Concreting Quality Control
Post-Concreting Quality Control
Non-Compliance of Quality Control

11.0

SUBMITTALS

12.0

APPENDICES
Appendix I
Appendix II

TCSQ11303R0/SZA

Date of Approval: April 10, 2006

PAGE NO. 3 of 44

TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD

1.0

TCS-Q-113.03, Rev. 0

SCOPE
This Transmission Construction Standard (TCS) intended to be used in the system of the
Saudi Electricity COMPANY (SEC), Saudi Arabia, covers the minimum mandatory
requirements for receiving, forming, placing, consolidating, finishing, jointing, curing and
all other related WORKS as required for Cast-In-Place Concrete.

2.0

3.0

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
2.1

Concrete shall be constructed true to lines, dimensions and details shown on the
drawings.

2.2

The mix design, mixing, delivery and testing of normal weight, ready-mixed
concrete shall be governed by the requirements of COMPANY Material Standard
70-TMSS-03.

2.3

No material, regardless of its source, shall be incorporated in the WORK until
representative samples are taken and tested by a COMPANY approved independent
laboratory and found acceptable.

CONFLICTS AND DEVIATIONS
3.1

Any conflicts between this standard and other applicable Saudi Electricity Company
(SEC) Standards, industry standards, codes, and forms shall be resolved in writing
by the COMPANY Representative.

3.2

Any request to deviate from this standard shall be directed to the Manager of
Transmission Standards and Specifications.

TCSQ11303R0/SZA

Date of Approval: April 10, 2006

PAGE NO. 4 of 44

2.4.0 TCS-Q-113.1 4.2 ACI 201.4 ACI 214.5 ACI 224R Control of Cracking in Concrete Structures 4.3R Simplified Version of the Recommended Practice for Evaluation of Strength Test Results 4. 0 CODES AND STANDARDS The latest revisions/amendments of the following Codes.2 Normal Weight Concrete 4.3 SASO/SSA 224 Steel Fabric for Reinforcement of Concrete 4. 4.1 ACI 117 Specifications for Tolerances Construction and Materials 4. Standards and Specifications are intended as guidance in providing an acceptable level of quality of materials and practice.1 AASHTO M182 Burlap Cloth made from Jute or Kenaf Highway And ACI Standards .2.4.4 Ready-Mixed Portland Cement SASO Standards . Ordinary and Rapid Hardening 4.2.03.02 Earthworks 4.4. 2006 for Concrete PAGE NO. 5 of 44 .3R Chemical Admixtures for Concrete 4.4 General Specifications for Building Construction in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia-Latest Edition AASHTO Standards - American Association Transportation Officials of State 4.1 4.2 COMPANY Transmission Standards 4.2 SASO/SSA 143 Portland Cement. the latter shall govern.1 TCS-Q-113.3.2R Guide to Durable Concrete 4.3 ACI 212.6 ACI 301M Specifications for Structural Concrete for Buildings TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10.1.4. Rev.1.4.American Concrete Institute 4.Saudi Arabian Standards Organization Standards 4.4. In case of conflict between these Standards and the text of this Standard.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 4.2.3 70-TMSS-03 SASO/SSA 2 Steel Bars for the Reinforcement of Concrete 4.

6 ASTM A 615 Standard Specification for Deformed and Plain Carbon -Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10.16 ACI 504R Guide to Joint Sealant for Concrete Structures 4.4. Deformed.4.7 4.5 ACI 302. Plain.4 ASTM A 496 Standard Specification for Steel wire. for Concrete 4.03.5. 0 Guide for Concrete Floor and Slab Construction 4.9 Placing Concrete by Pumping Methods ACI 304. 2006 PAGE NO. Deformed.2R 4.12 ACI 318RM Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary 4. for Concrete Reinforcement 4. Plain.5.8 ACI 304R Guide for Measuring.1 ASTM A 82 Standard Specification for Steel Wire.1R TCS-Q-113.13 ACI 347R Guide to Formwork for Concrete 4. Mixing.4.4.17 ACI SP-2 Manual of Concrete Inspection ASTM Standards .5.5.11 ACI 309R Guide for Consolidation of concrete 4. for Concrete 4.10 ACI 305R Hot Weather Concreting 4.5 ASTM A 497 Specification for Steel Welded Wire Reinforcement.4.4.14 ACI 350R Code Requirements for Environmental Engineering Concrete Structures 4.11 ACI 308R Standard Practice for Curing Concrete 4.5.15 ACI 503R Use of Epoxy Compounds with Concrete 4.American Society For Testing And Materials 4.5.4. Transporting and Placing Concrete 4.4. Rev. for Concrete Reinforcement 4.4.4.4.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 4.4.3 ASTM A 185 Specification for Steel Welded Wire Reinforcement. 6 of 44 .2 ASTM A 184 Standard Specification for Welded Deformed Steel Bar Mats for Concrete Reinforcement 4.

5.5.03.5.18 ASTM C 494 Specification for Chemical Admixtures for Concrete 4. Rev.5.5.5.11 ASTM C 39 Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens 4.20 ASTM C 805 Test Method for Rebound Number of Hardened Concrete 4. 2006 PAGE NO.5.5.14 ASTM C 125 Standard Terminology Relating to Concrete And Concrete Aggregates 4.7 ASTM A 767 Standard Specification for Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement 4.19 ASTM C 803M Test Method for Penetration Resistance of Hardened Concrete 4.5.12 ASTM C 42M Test Method for Obtaining and Testing Drilled Cores and Sawed Beams of Concrete 4. Hydraulic-Cement Grout (Non-Shrink) TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10.5.5.17 ASTM C 309 Specification for Liquid Membrane-Forming Compounds for Curing Concrete 4.16 ASTM C 171 Specification for Sheet Materials for Curing Concrete 4.5.8 ASTM A 775M Specification for Epoxy-Coated Reinforcing Steel Bars 4.10 ASTM C 31M Standard Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Field 4.21 ASTM C 1077 Standard Practice for Laboratories Testing Concrete and Concrete Aggregates for Use in Construction and Criteria for Laboratory Evaluation 4.5.5.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113.22 ASTM C 1107 Specification for Packaged Dry. 0 4.15 ASTM C 143 Standard Method of Test for Slump of Hydraulic Cement Concrete 4. 7 of 44 .5.13 ASTM C 94 Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete 4.5.9 ASTM A 884 Standard Specification for Epoxy-Coated Wire and Welded Wire Reinforcement 4.

2 Manual of Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10.1 Manual of Standard Practice for Reinforced Concrete Construction 4.27 ASTM D 3963 Standard Specification for Fabrication and jobsite Handling of Epoxy-Coated Steel Reinforcing Bars 4.5.3 CRD C583 Expansive Grout 4.Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute 4.6 4. 0 4.7.25 ASTM C 1603 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Solids in Water 4.4 CRD C621 Non-Shrink Grout CRSI Standards .6.5.5.6.5.1 CRD C513 Rubber Waterstops 4. 8 of 44 . 2006 PAGE NO.6. Corps Of Engineers Standards 4.24 ASTM C 1602 Standard Test Method for Mixing Water used in the Production of Hydraulic Cement Concrete 4.23 ASTM D 1751 Preformed Expansion Joint Filler for Concrete Paving and Structural Construction 4.28 ASTM E 96M Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials U.7 TCS-Q-113.5.7.26 ASTM D 1752 Preformed Sponge Rubber and Cork Expansion Joint Filler for Concrete Paving and Structural Construction 4. Rev.2 CRD C572 Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Waterstops 4.6.03.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 4.S.5.

Approval of a trial mix design is required from the COMPANY for this purpose.2 Field-mixed concrete may be used where it is impractical to procure readymixed concrete due to remoteness of the concrete pour location. 5. or. for at least 1-1/2 minutes for quantities less than or equal to 1 cubic meter and increased by 20 seconds for every additional cubic meter or fraction thereof.1 Reinforcing bars shall be deformed or plain billet steel bars in conformance with SASO/SSA 2 and ASTM 615. Non-Shrink.0 TCS-Q-113. supplied from a batching plant by a supplier acceptable to The COMPANY. Pre-Mixed.2. 5. shrinkage compensated and hydrogen free in addition to the following requirements: a.2 Welded wire fabrics shall be electrically welded cold-drawn wire with minimum yield strength of 240 MPa in conformance with the following: SASO/SSA 224 ASTM A 185 – Plain Wire ASTM A 497 – Deformed wire TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. 2006 PAGE NO. 5. Batching and mixing shall be done as per Section 7. truck delivered.03.2.1 Concrete 5.1. if mix design differs from the one originally approved. Concrete shall fully comply with all the requirements of COMPANY Standard 70-TMSS-03. making it difficult to sustain the pre-pour concrete temperature and plasticity within the required limits. Non-Metallic Cementitious conforming to CRD C621 or ASTM C 1107 b. the batch mixer shall be rotated at the manufacturer's recommended speed. 0 MATERIALS 5. for any other reason. free flowing. After all materials are charged in the drum.1.1 Concrete shall be ready-mixed. high performance. non-catalyzed.1.2 of ACI 301M.2 Grouts mentioned below shall be chloride free. 9 of 44 . conforming to CRD C583 Grouts. Rev. Steel Reinforcement and Positioning Devices 5. Expansive Grouts.3 5.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 5.

03. B-B plywood. 5. ties. 0 5. USPS PS 1. etc. non-reactive. guaranteed to be compatible with subsequent surface applications to concrete. chairs.4 Epoxy-Coated reinforcing steel bars shall satisfy the requirements of ASTM A 775M. mill oiled and not less than 20 mm thick. Class 1.2. or approved equivalent For Steel Forms: Refined mineral oil suitably compounded.. supporting and fastening the steel reinforcement shall conform to the requirements of Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute (CRSI) Manual.3 Form Release Agent Form Release Agent shall be non-staining.2 Embedded form ties shall be of a non-metallic material or galvanized steel.4 For Wood Forms: Straight. refined. or approved equivalent Joint Materials 5. 2006 PAGE NO. 5. quality and strength of all materials of which the forms are to be made shall be consistent with the specified finishes and safety. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. exterior type. size. Joint sealant shall conform to the requirements of ASTM D 2628.3 Form Materials 5. used for spacing. 5. 5.1 Joint Fillers and Joint Sealant Joint filler material shall be extruded closed cell polyethylene foam rod or polyurethane foam rod conforming to the requirements of ASTM D 1751 or ASTM D 1752. driven steel sheet piling or other approved material.3.2.1 Form materials shall conform to ACI 347R and shall be of wood. 5.3. 10 of 44 . sealed edges. paraffin mineral oil. Rev. steel. The type.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113. shape. Plywood for formwork material shall meet the requirements of APA grade-trademarked. rust preventive.3.3 Devices such as spacers. pale.4. bolsters.

salts.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 5.1 Different curing materials and their requirements are as given in the Tables I and II below: Table I Item Standard Impervious Sheeting ASTM C 171 Burlap AASHTO M 182 Liquid MembraneForming Compound ASTM C 309.4.2 TCS-Q-113.5. Type 2 5.03. alkalies. acids. organic materials or other substances that may be deleterious to concrete or steel reinforcement and shall meet the requirements listed in the Table below: Date of Approval: April 10. 0 Waterstops Size and type shall be as shown on the design drawings and shall satisfy the following material requirements: Rubber made.29 kg/m2. 11 of 44 . 2006 PAGE NO.5. Conforming to CRD C513 PVC made. Fabric woven of jute or kenaf Potable water for curing shall be clean and free from injurious amounts of oil.2 TCSQ11303R0/SZA Requirements Remarks Minimum weight 0. Rev. Conforming to CRD C572 5.5 Curing Materials 5.

2 Sulfates (SO4) 500 0.6.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113. 0 Table II Form of Contamination Maximum Concentration (ppm) (%) Total Dissolved Solids 2000 0.05 pH Value 6.03 Suspended Solids 500 0. Fabricated Embedments These items to be used at site subject to approval by the COMPANY Representative.6 Miscellaneous Materials 5. PVC or neoprene and shall be approved by the COMPANY Representative. 5.2 Chamfer Strips Chamfer Strips shall be of Wood. 5. 5.3 Dovetail Anchor Slots.8.1 Vapor Barriers Polyethylene sheeting shall conform with ASTM E 154 and shall be a minimum of two (2) layers of 150 microns thick each. 12 of 44 . TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10.5 Note: Submit analysis results if approved source is changed. Rev.05 Alkali carbonates and Bicarbonates 500 0.5 . Anchoring Inserts. 2006 PAGE NO.03.6.6.05 Chlorides 300 0.

13 of 44 .03. 6.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 6.1.1.3 All reinforcing bars shall be bent cold. except at discontinuous ends of members where tolerance shall be ± l2 mm.1.1.1. It shall be ensured that all steel reinforcement are accurately in place and firmly secured against possible displacements. 2006 PAGE NO. 6.0 TCS-Q-113. 0 DESIGN AND FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS 6. Fabrication tolerances shall conform to ACI 117.6 Reinforcing steel splices shall be made only as required and permitted on locations shown on the approved construction drawings. Hooks and bends shall be in accordance with ACI 318RM. mud.4 Reinforcing bars shall be placed to the following tolerances: Clear Distance to Formed Surfaces: ± 6 mm Minimum Spacing Between Bars: -6 mm Top Bars in Slab and Beams: Members 200 mm deep or Less ± 6 mm Members more than 200 mm. but not over 600 mm deep: ± l2 mm Members more than 600 mm deep : ± 25 mm Bars may be moved as necessary to avoid interference with adjoining bars. oil or any coating that would adversely affect bonding of the reinforcement to concrete. 6. Once steel has been bent. dirt. The COMPANY Representative's approval is required for movements by more than 1 bar diameter or which exceed the tolerance. conduits or embedded items. Rev. 6. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10.1 All reinforcement at the time of placing shall be free of loose mill scale or rust. 6.2 All reinforcing bars shall be cut and fabricated in accordance with the dimensions shown on the approved construction drawings.1 Reinforcement 6.1. Tolerance for longitudinal location of bends and ends of reinforcement shall be ± 50 mm.5 Steel reinforcement shall be checked against drawings for bending details. it shall not be re-bent.

these shall be made of the same grade of concrete to be used for the structure. fastenings or other items to be embedded in the concrete shall be accurately positioned and firmly secured against possible displacement.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 6. 0 Where steel reinforcement is supported by means of concrete bricks or blocks. anchors. of the design effective depth of the member. Rev. slabs-ongrade Columns and walls exposed to atmosphere up to 3 m height from grade level Columns and walls above 3 m height from grade level and beams Slabs and joists exposed to atmosphere Minimum Cover in mm Exposure Condition Very Severe and Severe Moderate Mild 75 75 75 75 50 50 50 50 40 40 40 for >35 mm bars 40 for >35 mm bars 30 for <35 mm bars 20 for <35 mm bars Ensurance of the required minimum clear cover shall not result in the reduction at site.03. PVC or HDPE spacers and chairs can be used after approval by the COMPANY Representative. When concrete is placed at locations where anchor bolts.7 TCS-Q-113.1. reinforcement shall be held in position by means of approved spacers so that a minimum clear covers of concrete.9 TCSQ11303R0/SZA All bolts.1.8 Unless otherwise specified. stub angles or other items requiring high accuracy are present. 6. Date of Approval: April 10. dowels. 6.1. 14 of 44 . 2006 PAGE NO. as given below in Table III are maintained: Table III Concrete members in contact with soil and water incl. sleeves. wooden or steel templates shall be carefully and accurately fabricated and set. Anchor bolts shall be plumb and within 2 mm of the position shown on the approved construction drawings.

15 of 44 .2. 0 6. 6.4 Eccentric loads on any part of the formwork shall be avoided unless these members have been designed for such loadings. 6. supported.10 Metallic sleeves shall not be allowed and anchor bolts shall not be in contact with reinforcing steel. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10.4 (TESW-1).6 The surface of the forms shall provide the correct finish. erected.7 Forms for wall openings shall be constructed so as to facilitate loosening and removal. to confine concrete and shape it to the dimensions required in the design drawings. wherever necessary.2.2.2 Forms shall be properly braced or tied together with standard accessories to maintain the position and shape during placing and curing of concrete. Finishing. Welding shall be done as per requirements of AWS D1. which reflect in concrete surfaces exposed to view shall not exceed 1/240 of the span between structural supports. and also due to any construction loads which may exceed the design live load. 2006 PAGE NO. braced and maintained so that it will safely support all anticipated loads (vertical & lateral) that might be applied to the formwork until such loads can be supported by the concrete structure.2. 6. the formwork shall be cambered to compensate for anticipated deflections due to the weight and pressure of the fresh concrete.2 Formworks Forms shall be used. Formwork shall be constructed so that the concrete surfaces conform to the tolerance limit listed in ACI 117. as specified in Section 8. The forms shall be sufficiently tight to prevent leakage of cement paste/mortar from the concrete. 6. 6.2. 6.3 Maximum deflection of facing form materials.1 Formwork shall be designed.5 Where necessary.11 Welding for reinforcing bars shall not be permitted unless the mill test reports were furnished indicating that the steel has been modified for weldability. to maintain the tolerances indicated. 6.1. Form material shall be good so as not to be disfigured by moisture or heat.1.1.2.03. 6. 6.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113. Rev.2.

0 Form Ties Embedded ties for holding forms shall remain and shall be terminated within the concrete at a distance of not less than the specified concrete cover. 2006 PAGE NO. the form lumber shall be built up of laminated splines cut to make tight. 6.2. Snap ties or through-bolts shall not be used. The sheathing shall also be built so that the boards can be removed one by one from the bottom up. permanent formworks of concrete blocks filled with grout/mortar mix with strength not less than that of the concrete blocks can be used. as soon as the concrete has attained sufficient stiffness to prevent sagging.2. Surfaces of construction joints and finished surfaces with slopes steeper than 4 (horizontal) to 1 (vertical) shall be formed as required herein. Where necessary to meet requirements for curvature. smooth form surfaces. Rev. 6. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. COMPANY approval is required for form ties of other types. inspection and repair of the concrete.2.03.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 6. After the forms have been constructed. or the working space is very small. so as to enable ready access for placement.8 TCS-Q-113. 16 of 44 . 6.10 Forms For Curved Surfaces The forms shall be constructed so that the curvature is continuous between sections. and all surface irregularities at matching faces of form material shall be dressed to the specified curvature.9 Forms for Sloped Surfaces Forms for sloped surfaces shall be built so that the sheathing can be placed board-by-board immediately ahead of concrete placement. vibration.2.11 In areas where removal of the formworks is not possible. all surface imperfections shall be corrected.

2.1 Upon arrival of concrete at the place of deposition. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10.1.5) shall also be ensured. to compensate for slump loss resulting from delays in delivery or placement. which is compatible with a subsequent coating system (if any) on the concrete surface. shall be made and approved by the COMPANY Representative before concrete placement commences. 7. steel reinforcement.2 Surfaces of forms and embedded items shall be cleaned of all encrustations of mortar. 17 of 44 .2 The concrete shall reach the jobsite such that it can be compacted in its final position within the time duration mentioned in 70-TMSS-03 from the time of introduction of cement into the aggregates. the time is considered from the instant of adding the water from the approved source.1.1. 2006 PAGE NO.3 All necessary checks. 7. the delivery ticket shall be checked to ensure that all information required as per 70-TMSS-03 is available and duly complied with. 7.1.2. embedded parts.0 TCS-Q-113.3 Re-tempering or addition of water in excess of the design water/cementitious material ratio. Acceptance of Concrete on Arrival 7.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 7.1 Concrete shall not be placed until all formwork. 7.1.5 All precautions related to concrete placement in hot weather (refer to Section 7. In case of dry mix. grout or other foreign materials. foundation surfaces and joints involved in the placing have been inspected and approved by the COMPANY Representative.03. as required in the concrete pour and placement card. Rev. 0 CONCRETE WORKS 7. 7. 7.1.2.6 All concrete laitance (on reinforcing bars) and other unsound material shall be removed before placing of new concrete against hardened concrete. 7. is strictly prohibited.2 7.4 Provision at site of the required number and rating of vibrators needed for a specific concrete pour including a standby power source shall be ensured. Lubricating (machine) oil shall not be used.1 Preparation Following are the preparatory works to be done prior to Concrete placement: 7. (Appendix I). Forms shall be coated with an approved form release agent.

0 7. Date of Approval: April 10.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 7.2. 2006 PAGE NO. Restrict the free fall of fresh concrete within 1. 18 of 44 . the maximum temperature of concrete does not exceed the limits mentioned in 70-TMSS-03. The water shall be removed by pressurised air or sponging.0 m from the point of deposit.3 TCS-Q-113. 7. Concrete Placement 7. Rev. Concrete shall not be placed where standing water is present. 7.2. 7.3. b.3.4 Concrete shall be placed and consolidated in continuous layers of uniform depth not exceeding 450 mm in thickness.4 Addition of super plasticizers is permitted only at site. may be added immediately prior to the placement of concrete and in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations (especially with respect to dosage and mixing time). Re-tempering of concrete shall not be done after placement.03. a high range water reducing admixture (super plasticizer). c. Where the slump is deemed inappropriate for acceptable workability. Movement of concrete shall only be by shovel and not by raking. conforming to ASTM C494. sufficient to permit loss of plasticity between successive increments.2. except in large mass pours where it may be necessary to increase the layer thickness to 600 mm. unless otherwise stated.3. Employ spouts or flexible drop chutes to avoid nesting of coarse aggregates. 7.6 The testing requirements of 70-TMSS-03 shall be fully met for the evaluation and acceptance of concrete.5 The temperature of concrete while leaving the mixing plant should be such that at the time of final placement.0 meters. 7. 7.3 Concrete shall not be dropped through congested reinforcing steel which may cause segregation of the coarse aggregates.3.3. This addition shall be recorded in the concrete placement card (Appendix I).5 Following details shall also be observed at the time of placing concrete: TCSQ11303R0/SZA a. Concrete shall not be allowed to flow laterally a distance greater than 1.1 Concrete shall be placed in accordance with ACI 301M and ACI 304.2 Placing equipment shall be capable of providing a continuous supply of concrete at site of final deposit without separation of ingredients and without interruptions.

the following requirements shall apply: a.8 After concreting is started. Rev. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10.3. it shall be carried on as a continuous operation until the placing of a panel or section.6 TCS-Q-113.7 Lean concrete mat 75 mm thick with minimum f’c 17 MPa shall be laid under structural foundations. shall be laid on top of the lean concrete mat.2. 2006 PAGE NO. d. refer Section 7. e. A vapor barrier.3. b. Concrete shall not be conveyed through pipe made of aluminum or aluminum alloy. unless stated otherwise in design drawings. as defined by its boundaries or a predetermined joint is completed.7. 19 of 44 .03. Slump obtained at the point of final placement shall be as specified in 70-TMSS-03.D. Minimum Inside Diameter (I. Pumping equipment shall be with adequate pumping capacity and boom-length.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 7. 0 Where concrete is placed by pumping.3.) of hose shall be: Table IV Maximum Size of Aggregate Minimum ID of Hose 40 mm 150 mm 20 mm 100 mm 7. The placement shall be controlled to avoid segregation of the discharged concrete. 7. c. For construction joints. two (2) layers of polyethylene sheet with 150 microns thick each. Construction joints shall be placed horizontally or vertically with keys and dowels.

the duration shall be sufficient to consolidate the concrete without segregation.3. Internal vibrators shall have a minimum frequency of 8. 20 of 44 . Vibrators shall be employed with care so that the designed positions of the reinforcing bars will not be altered. refer to Table V below for guidance. f.000 vibrations per minute and sufficient amplitude to consolidate the concrete effectively. d. 0 7. Equipment for consolidation shall be as per ACI 309R. In normal circumstances. allowing the vibrating head to penetrate the upper layer under its own weight. At each insertion (minimum 100 mm deep). Vibrators shall not be used to move or spread concrete horizontally. eliminating all air or stone pockets which may cause honeycombs.03. Vibrators in adequate number and rating shall be employed as to properly consolidate and ease the placement of concrete. pitting or planes of weakness. Vibrators shall be inserted and withdrawn at points approximately 450 mm apart. e. generally from 5 to 15 seconds. Vibrators shall be operated in a near vertical position.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113. Concrete shall be thoroughly consolidated (compacted) and worked around the reinforcement steel. Date of Approval: April 10. 2006 PAGE NO. b. around embedded items and into corners of forms. and to enter and vibrate the concrete in the upper portion of the underlying layer. g.9 Consolidation a. Rev. Table V TCSQ11303R0/SZA Maximum Size of Aggregate Minimum Outer Diameter of Vibrator Head 40 mm 75 mm 20 mm 50 mm c.

5. Standby vibrators shall be available during concrete placement. which is at the bottom of the Tremie pipe keeps the Tremie pipe watertight. unless otherwise specified. Concreting in Hot Weather Hot weather concrete practice shall be adopted when the ambient temperature (maximum air temperature during daytime) is 32°C or above with low relative humidity and wind velocity that will seriously impair the quality and strength of concrete. allowing the concrete to flow from the bottom.2 The dry pipe method requires a Tremie pipe that is watertight.03. 7. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. if permitted by COMPANY Representative when temperature and humidity are confirmed to be comfortable for work. The initial stage of vibration shall be at the time of concrete placement.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 7. i. The equipment and placement procedure shall conform to ACI 304R. Rev.5 TCS-Q-113. Concrete shall be vibrated in two stages as per ACI 309. The second stage of vibration shall be as late as the formed concrete will respond to the vibrator.5.5. 7. 7. 2006 PAGE NO.1 In dry areas. including gasketed and bolted flanges at the couplings.1 Concreting under water shall be done by the "Tremie" method. concreting may be done.4. 21 of 44 .4. while concrete is extruded from it under pressure and such that the discharge end of the Tremie bottom moves gradually (upwards or away) and is always under 900 mm (approximately) head of fresh concrete. This method consists of placing concrete through a vertical pipe. The pressure seal plate. Timing of re-vibration is of particular importance in hot weather concreting and especially in application on thin slabs.4 7. This method shall be applicable for deeper work and confined areas. 7. 0 h. For hot weather definition see ACI 305.2 Placement of concrete in hot weather shall be in accordance with recommended practice of ACI 305R.3 Concrete shall be scheduled for placement during the early (cooler) morning hours or at night in hot weather and high relative humid conditions. where the running internal vibrator will sink due to its own weight into the concrete. Concreting Under Water 7. Care shall be taken to avoid loss of bonding between steel and concrete during revibration.

7 Temperature of concrete shall be measured 50 mm below the surface immediately prior to placement in the forms.5.5. fog spraying of reinforcement.6.5 A water-reducing and set-retarding admixture conforming to ASTM C494. Date of Approval: April 10. Whenever ice is used in concrete. polyethylene sheets as vapor barrier over a lean concrete mat of thickness as specified in the approved construction drawings. and minimizing evaporation particularly during the first few hours subsequent to placing concrete shall be made in advance of placement. Rev. reinforcing steel and forms shall be cooled off with potable water. reducing time between placement of concrete and start of curing.6 Concreting for Slabs-on-Grade 7.5.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113. 7.5. The ice shall be finely crushed to avoid slump loss and cold joints.10 Provisions shall be made for erecting windbreaks and sunshades. 7.5. Concrete placement shall be planned taking into consideration the humid conditions and requirement mentioned in Section 7.8. 7. and possessing a reliable performance history shall be used. 7.5. immediately before concrete placement. 2006 PAGE NO. Type D.2 Placing shall follow the guidelines in ACI 302.9 Concrete shall not be placed under wind blown sand conditions. to obtain the allowable placement temperature. dampening subrgrade and forms. Concrete shall be placed in alternate checker board pattern. Concrete shall be placed continuously so that each unit of operation will be monolithic in construction.8 Reinforcing steel and forms shall be protected from direct sun rays.6. unless arrangements are made for night time concreting. 7. 7.5.1R and shall be in compliance with the following requirements: TCSQ11303R0/SZA a. placing concrete at the lowest practicable temperature.4 The temperature of concrete at the point of final placement shall at all times be less than the limits specified in 70-TMSS-03. 0 7.1 Slabs-on-grade shall be placed upon two (2) layers of 150 microns thick each.03. terminating at contraction or expansion joints. b. when necessary. 7.6 Part of the mixing water shall be substituted by an equivalent amount of ice. 22 of 44 . 7.5.

TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 7. with the existing concrete being so rigid that the fresh concrete cannot be made monolithic by vibration. the concrete surface at all the construction joints shall be uniformly chipped approximately 6. sand. 0 c. 7. 23 of 44 .7. loosened aggregates or damaged concrete at the surface. e. rough in profile and damp. Expansion and Contraction Joints shall be provided as shown on the approved construction drawings. Cleaning shall consist of removal of all laitance.0 mm in a manner that will remove laitance. 7. Construction Joints Construction joints are hardened concrete surfaces to which fresh concrete is poured so as to make it monolithic. Concrete joints shall be filled with a joint sealant and filler as detailed in the approved construction drawings. If required by the COMPANY Representative. Where construction joints have to be provided for any unanticipated reason. and hence have not been indicated on the design drawings. In absence of such details.03. before pouring adjoining fresh concrete. d. coatings. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. Rev. 2006 PAGE NO. loose or defective concrete. the joints shall be in accordance with ACI 301M.3 shall be adopted. Construction joints shall be located and as shown in the approved construction drawings. the practices of ACI 224.1 Cleaning at Joints Construction joints shall be clean with exposed sound aggregates.7. expansion joints and control joints shall be provided at the locations and in accordance with details shown on approved construction drawings.7 TCS-Q-113. sealing compound and/or other foreign materials.2 Location of Joints Construction joints. Surfaces of contraction joints and control joints shall be coated with an approved bond breaker prior to the placement of adjoining fresh concrete. Joints shall be cleaned/washed thoroughly with air-water jets and the hardened concrete surface shall be pre-soaked for the last eight (8) hours immediately before fresh concrete is placed.

overloading. 7. Construction Joints shall be so made and located as not to impair the strength of the structure. haunches. 0 Beams. Evaluation and Acceptance. -Finishing and Jointing -Curing -Formwork and Shore Removal -Re-shoring and Re-shore Removal -Concrete Testing. drop panels and capitals shall be placed monolithically as part of a slab system.5). Inspection of post concrete-placement activities.7. shall be made and then approved by the COMPANY Representative before final acceptance. Suitable provision shall be made for transfer of shear and other forces through construction joints.3 Providing Watertight joints Watertight joints shall be provided at locations shown on the approved construction drawings. taking special precautions demanded by hot weather conditions (Section 7. unless otherwise shown in the design drawings or specifications. Installation shall be as per manufacturer's recommendations. listed below (but not limited to) shall be part of the acceptance process. marring and cracking of surfaces due to rapid drying. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. 24 of 44 . Unless indicated otherwise.8 Concrete Placement Acceptance Concrete shall be protected from damage due to impact.03.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113. as outlined in 70-TMSS-03 All necessary checks and monitoring. Rev. PVC type waterstop of a practical width for the intended application shall be used." Appendix II. girders. 2006 PAGE NO. as required in the "Post Concrete Placement Acceptance Card. 7.

b. Floating shall be done only after the concrete has hardened sufficiently and may be done by hand or machine.2 Sidewalks and other outdoor areas subject to foot traffic shall receive a nonskid finish by drawing a fine. 25 of 44 . Rev. Tools and finishing procedures for each class shall also be in accordance with ACI 302. TYPE U2: This finish is a wood floated finish for surfaces of beds and slabs to receive mastic pavings or block or tile pavings where a hard. It is also the first stage of Type U2 and U3 finishes. 2006 PAGE NO. Care shall be taken to ensure that the concrete is worked no more than is necessary to produce a uniform surface free of screed marks.5 meters for testing of formed surfaces and 3 meters for testing of unformed surfaces.1. steel-trowelled surface is not required.1R. topping or cement mortar beds to receive pavings and exposed surfaces or paving where superior finish is not required.0 TCS-Q-113. with the surplus concrete being struck off by a straight edge immediately after compaction. as per ACI 302. The length of the template shall be 1. 8. slabs and structural members to be covered by backfill.3 Concrete surfaces shall be screeded and finished to the required tolerance class as specified in ACI 117. smooth. 8.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 8. subsequent stages of construction.1. soft bristled broom over the trowelled surface. The finishing operation consists of levelling and screeding the concrete to produce a unifom plane or ridged surface.1 Finishing 8.03.4 Finishes to Unformed Concrete Surfaces a. Surface with irregularities shall be tested by the use of a template consisting of a straightedge or equivalent thereof for curved surfaces.1. TYPE U I: This is a screeded finish for surfaces of roads. foundations. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. bonded concrete. beds. 0 POST CONCRETE WORKS 8.1R.1. Edges and joints shall be tooled.1 All concrete floors and slabs shall be classified by their intended use. 8.

dense. 0 TYPE U3: This finish is a hard. walks and steps where a special finish is not designated. Type U6: This is a hard. d. copings or other members exposed to weathering. Type U7 This is a hard. dense. e. which are for foot traffic. Application shall be as per manufacturer's recommendations. 2006 PAGE NO. e. TYPE U4: This finish is a broom finish for surfaces. TCS-Q-113. tops of walls. A broom finish is obtained by motion of a broom in a pattern acceptable to the COMPANY. dense. TYPE U5: This finish is a non-slip (dry shake) finish for surfaces where slipping could be hazardous. f.g. surface beds and slabs to receive thin flexible sheet and/or tile.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD c. smooth power floated finish for surfaces of exposed rafts in basements and reinforced concrete floor slabs both exposed and to receive epoxy or ordinary paints. Rev. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. 26 of 44 .03. smooth steel-trowelled finish for surfaces of concrete pavings. g. Workmanship is to be similar to that of adjacent areas.. smooth surfaces to receive epoxy screed floor toppings like switchgear rooms.

window heads or changes in direction of the surface. unless otherwise directed. 0 Formed Finishes for Concrete a. TYPE F3: This is for surfaces prominently exposed to view where good appearance and alignment are of special architectural importance. plywood or any other suitable material. The joints shall be arranged and fitted so that no blemish or mark is imparted to the finished surfaces. Formwork shall consist of sawn boards. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. however. To achieve this finish. fins. the formwork shall be faced with plywood or an equivalent material in large sheets.5 TCS-Q-113.03. sheet metal. which are permanently exposed to view. The use of internal metal ties shall not be allowed. This finish shall be such as to require no general filling of surface pitting. Forms for providing a Type F2 finish shall be faced with wrought or finished boards with square edges arranged in a uniform pattern. Wherever possible. which will prevent the loss of cement paste/mortar when concrete is vibrated. 8.6 Quality of Finish The quality of finish shall not be inferior to that specified in the drawings. All joints between panels shall be vertical or horizontal. TYPE FI: This finish is for surfaces against which backfill or further concrete will be placed. Unfaced wrought boarding or standard steel panels will not be permitted for Type F3 finish. plywood or metal panels may be used if they are free from defects likely to detract from the general appearance of the finished surface.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 8. The sheets shall be arranged in an approved uniform pattern. Suitable joints shall be provided between sheets. sills. 2006 PAGE NO.1. Rev.1. joints between sheets shall be arranged to coincide with architectural features. which shall be free of board marks. but where the highest standard of finish is not required. TYPE F2: This finish is for surfaces. Plastering of defective concrete as a means of achieving the required finish shall not be permitted. b. Alternatively. 27 of 44 . surface discolorations or other minor defects shall be repaired by approved methods. c. Joints between the boards and panels shall be horizontal or vertical unless otherwise directed.

In addition. This shall be worked out prior to construction and shall be based on a structural analysis. 2006 PAGE NO. "Cumulative Curing Time" represents the sum of time intervals. 28 of 44 . Slabs which will be covered with tiles shall be screeded. The strength and spacing of shores used. considering the temporary support of the whole structure. c. 0 Miscellaneous Requirements a. bracing. Removal of Forms and Shoring 8. Spreading dry cement on a wet surface to absorb excess water shall not be permitted. columns. The influence of deformations of the structure and shoring system on the distribution of dead loads and construction loadings during the various stages of construction d. as well as that of each individual member. Rev.2. walls and similar vertical forms may generally be removed after the stated durations (refer Tables VI & VII) of "cumulative curing time. not necessarily consecutive.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 8. The structural system that exists at the various stages of construction and the construction loadings corresponding to these stages b. shore removal and re-shoring.1.03. b. the side forms of beams.2. during which the temperature of the air surrounding the concrete is above 10°C.7 8. Surfaces on which mortar/grout is to be placed shall be chipped a minimum of 3 mm deep and thoroughly cleaned. girders.2 a.1 Precautions The removal of formwork shall be in accordance to a planned procedure.2 TCS-Q-113. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. The strength of the concrete at the various ages during construction c. including the minimum time intervals between the various operations De-Shuttering Period Where the structure is adequately supported on shores. following items shall be taken into account as a minimum." provided the side forms support no loads other than the lateral pressure of the plastic concrete. as well as the method of shoring. 8. Forms (except those used for slabs on grade) shall be removed upon COMPANY Representative's approval after the concrete has gained sufficient strength to support its weight and superimposed loads.

29 of 44 .75 meter wide 1 3 4 Table VII Period (Days) Structural live load is Less Than Structural More Than Structural Dead Load Dead Load 14 7 Location / Item Arch Centers Joist.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113. being placed as soon as practicable after stripping operations are complete. Beam or Girder Soffits (Note c) Under 3 m clear span between supports 3 m to 6 m clear span between supports Over 6 m clear span between supports 7 (Note d) 14 (Note d) 21 (Note d) 4 7 14 One-Way Floor Slabs (Note c) Under 3 m clear span between supports 3 m to 6 m clear span between supports Over 6 m clear span between supports 4 (Note d) 7 (Note d) 10 (Note d) 3 4 7 Two-Way Slab Systems TCSQ11303R0/SZA The removal shall be per ACI 347-14. but not later than the end of the working day in which stripping occurs. Removal times are contingent on reshores where required.75 meter wide or less Over 0. 0 Table VI Period (Days) Location / Item Walls (Note a) 1 Columns (Note a) 1 Sides of Beams and Girders (Note a) Pan Joist Forms: (Note b) 0. Rev. Date of Approval: April 10. 2006 PAGE NO.03.

bars or tools shall not be used for this purpose.2. b) Shall be of those which can be removed without disturbing forming or shoring c) Distances between supports refer to structural supports and not to temporary formwork or shores. Metal wedges. 8. 8. unless analysis indicates adequate strength to support such additional loads. All forms and falsework supporting concrete beams and slabs. 8. 2006 PAGE NO. Date of Approval: April 10. but not less than 3 days. Rev.2. or other members subject to bending stress. and shall then be followed immediately by the specified curing. and approved by the COMPANY. these durations shall be extended. d) Where forms may be removed without disturbing shores. 30 of 44 . In such cases. the removal times of the latter shall govern. e) The durations mentioned in Tables VI and VII do not apply to concrete utilizing set retarding admixtures and blended cements. Methods of removal tending to induce shocks. 8.5 Construction loads exceeding the combination of superimposed dead load plus specific live load shall not be supported on any unshored portion of the structure under construction. use half of the values shown. 0 Notes Related to Tables VI and VII: a) If the forms also support formwork for slab or beam soffits.3 Forms shall be removed in such a manner so as not to impair safety and/or serviceability of the structure and prevent damage to the concrete thereby.03.4 Forms not supporting dead mass may be loosened and removed as soon as the concrete has hardened sufficiently to prevent damage from form removal.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113.2. jolts or fractures in concrete will not be permitted. Wooden wedges only shall be used between the concrete surface and the form where force is necessary to separate the form from the concrete. shall not be removed or released until job-cured test cylinders are tested to show a strength of not less than 80% of the current mean 28-day strength.6 TCSQ11303R0/SZA Any required repairs or damaged finish treatment shall be performed as soon as the forms have been removed.2.

After removal of forms curing shall continue. Rev. 0 Curing All concrete shall be cured with specified potable water.03.3 TCS-Q-113.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 8.3. Concrete shall be protected from premature drying. Pond Curing: Pond curing shall comprise of at least 40 mm deep potable water covering the entire surface of the concrete. 2006 PAGE NO. temperature extremes and mechanical injury for the entire specified curing period. by a clock valve regulated soil soaker hose supplied with water at adequate pressure. Moisture loss from surfaces placed against wooden forms shall be minimized by keeping the forms continuously wet until they can be safely removed. Additional protection/precautions (from direct sun rays) for the ponded water shall be done to avoid temperature rise during hot summer conditions. The burlap shall be kept uniformly damp. Wet Burlap Curing: Wet burlap curing shall comprise of at least two (2) layers of constantly damped burlap laid tight against the pre-soaked concrete surface. b. 31 of 44 . 8. unless the curing proposal is approved. immediately after finishing flatwork or removal of forms. and in accordance with recommendations of ACI 308 and ACI 305R.5. and as specified herein. The water shall be replenished when less than 50 mm deep to assure that a 40 mm minimum depth is maintained. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. Note: No concrete shall be allowed for casting.2. Section 5. so that lighter patches or drier burlap are not evident.1 Methods of curing: One of the following methods shall be used to cure concrete: a.

Critical situations/structures d.4 Any alternative methods of curing requires approval of the COMPANY before use. 32 of 44 .3. Silica fume/fly ash modified concrete b. Rev. by application of a white (reflective) curing membrane in strict accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.3. 0 Membrane Curing: Application of this type of curing shall be restricted to non-critical situation/structures and in keeping with compatibility of the membrane forming compound with a subsequent protective coating on the cured concrete. except as specified below: Un-reinforced Mass Concrete 14 days Concrete Blended with Pozzolanic material: TCSQ11303R0/SZA November to April (Cold weather condition) 14 days Remaining period (Hot weather condition) 21 days Date of Approval: April 10.03. Hot weather conditions. Whenever used. Protection shall be provided to concrete from heavy rains. This water shall be sealed against evaporation from the concrete surface.5 All concrete shall be continuously cured for at least seven (7) days. flowing water and mechanical injury. 8. The curing methods for hot weather shall be part of the hot weather concreting submittal. Mass concrete c. as defined in Section 7. The choice of methods employed shall be combined as required to provide adequate thermal protection.3.5.3 Only water curing shall be used in the following cases: a. membrane curing shall be preceded by saturation of concrete with sprayed water. TCS-Q-113. 2006 PAGE NO.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD c. where due emphasis shall be laid upon an extended curing period and an increase of thermal protection. 8. 8.

0 A formalized curing record shall be maintained at the Site for inspection and verification by the COMPANY Representative. polyethylene sheeting as vapor barrier over 75 mm thick lean concrete as mentioned in Section 7. etc. The coating membrane shall extend 150 mm above ground level. Type of curing c.4. Some of the practices are. COMPANY approval is required for the waterproofing material.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 8. Satisfactory compliance statement Corrosion Protection and Durability To produce durable concrete of high quality in resisting corrosion and adverse environmental conditions. the guidelines presented in ACI 201. shall be done for shallow concrete foundations in Sabkhah soils. Tanking system. steel casing should be used as an extra protection or any other approved protection methods. Physical arrangements including frequency of replenishment.4 a. e.2R shall be followed in construction practices. the following: 8. Conformance of curing materials to specification d. Rev.4. For deep foundations in Sabkhah soils.6 TCS-Q-113. 8.2 All concrete surfaces below grade and in contact with soil shall be protected by waterproofing coating/membrane material. with approved water proofing materials. 2006 PAGE NO. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. unless specified otherwise in the approved design drawings.3.6. but not limited to. 33 of 44 . Duration of curing process f. unless aesthetically unacceptable.03.3. Time duration between concrete placement and actual start of curing process b. Minimum mandatory information to be provided in the curing record: 8.1 All concrete foundations and slabs-on-grade shall be laid on two (2) layers of 150 microns thick each.

A mortar mix with strength not less than that of the original concrete at 28 days age shall be brushed into the cavity. Alternatively. Any loose concrete shall be removed and the surface kept clean and free from contaminants. with edges perpendicular to the surface.2 Honeycombs Concrete in honeycomb areas shall be chipped to a depth of 25 mm or more. 9. 2006 PAGE NO. Rev.03. the use of a mixture of white and gray cements is permitted. The mortar shall be compacted in layers into the cavity and screeded off to protrude slightly from the surrounding surface and then left undisturbed for one or two hours before finishing. the mix composition being similar to that of the parent concrete. Fins shall be neatly removed from exposed surfaces. as needed to reach sound concrete. each layer shall be solidly compacted over its entire surface by the use of a hard wood board and a hammer. a pre-packaged. Concrete shall be repaired if defective or if in the opinion of the COMPANY Representative does not meet the specified requirements. All repair procedures shall be submitted to the COMPANY for approval. Repair of defects and imperfections. Immediately after. During application. a dry pack patching mortar shall be applied. and methods for their repair. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. 34 of 44 . mostly encountered in newly-constructed concrete. All repaired areas shall be properly moist cured for a minimum of seven (7) days and as recommended by the repair materials' manufacturer.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 9. non-shrink grout with strength equal to or exceeding the parent concrete strength shall be used.1 Surface Air Voids/Sand Streaking/Peeling/Blistering Pre-packaged cementitious repair products shall be mixed and used as per manufacturer's recommendations. shall be started within 24 hours of form removal and shall be completed without delay. determined from a perimeter extending at least 150 mm beyond the chipped region shall be pre-soaked for at least the last 8 hours immediately prior to repair. For color matching. 0 REPAIR OF DEFECTIVE CONCRETE Special care shall be taken by adopting new/latest methods during the construction in order to minimize future concrete repairs. The water content shall be the minimum amount required for handling and placing. 9. described below.0 TCS-Q-113. An area. Listed below are various types of defects.

which may have an area larger than that from first visual appearance.4 Pop-outs /Scaling All the affected materials. shall be removed. prior to repair.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 9.03. shall be used. 0 Tie Holes Holes from removed ties shall be repaired using the same grout/mortar mix as for honeycombs. Improper Concreting and Finishing Practices TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. Drying Discoloration f. If discoloration or stains do occur. Hydration Discoloration d. The discoloration may be caused by the following conditions: a. 35 of 44 . then a dry pack consistency grout shall be used.3 TCS-Q-113. The same repair procedure as for the honeycombs. 9. Change in Mix b. The discoloration and Stains shall be minimized by utilizing proper construction practices. Segregation Discoloration e. procedures and materials for repair and modification shall be submitted to The COMPANY for approval. If the holes are limited in depth. Concrete surfaces shall be pre-soaked for at least the last 8 hours. 2006 PAGE NO. 9. Cold Joints Discoloration g. Rev.5 Discoloration and Stains Concrete surfaces shall be clean of all dirt and stains caused during construction. Aggregate Transparency c.

Surface preparation for the repair is as given below: Concrete shall be removed to a depth of 25 mm to 50 mm (depending upon the member thickness and maximum aggregate size) behind the exposed reinforcing bar. Rev.7 a.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 9. Strength of the repair material shall not be less than the original concrete strength at 28 days. The method of repairs are any one of the following or a suitable combination of more than one of: 9. the concrete repair mix shall be re-mixed if desired. Sealing b. 10 mm maximum aggregate size shall be mixed with the repair mortar. to reduce the subsequent shrinkage. Area to be repaired shall be cleaned. 0 Cracks Any cracks detected shall be reported to the COMPANY Representative immediately. the cracks shall be repaired using either rigid patching or elastomeric caulking based upon approval by the COMPANY. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. Immediately before placement. and repair as for honeycombs shall be made.6 TCS-Q-113. Depending on the cause and type of cracking and the need for repairs.03. V–Grooving c. Other materials may be proposed for approval by the COMPANY. pre-soaked for the last eight (8) hours before placement of concrete or repair mortar. 2006 PAGE NO. Resin injection Defects with Exposed Reinforcing Steel Concrete replacement shall be used for large defects and when reinforcing steel bars are exposed. When the repaired region is thicker than 75 mm. 36 of 44 .

including reshoring operations 10.2 Inspection.3.1 Postponing concreting operations until outstanding requirements are fulfilled 10.1 Inspection and approval of form removal.3 Non-Compliance of Quality Control Following actions shall be taken in case of work not being conducted per the requirements of COMPANY Standards: 10.2.4 Inspection and approval of placement.2.3 Inspection and approval of excavation. formwork. consolidation and finishing operations 10.2. including the following functions: 10.3 Stop any WORK.2 Inspection and approval of curing facilities 10. joints. Inspection and approval of testing facilities 10. shoring. embedded items. facilities.1.03.2 Post-Concreting Quality Control 10. upon discovery of any non-compliance TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10.2 Rejection of materials or workmanship.1.5 Checking the items listed in the concrete placement card (Appendix I) 10. which do not conform to the specifications 10. 0 QUALITY CONTROL Quality Control Program shall be implemented in all respects after approval by the COMPANY in practice at every stage of work. 37 of 44 . and metering (dispensing) calibration records 10. waterstops.1 Inspection and approval of the batching and mixing. etc.1. reinforcing steel. Quality Control and Quality Assurance shall be done.3. bracing.1 Pre-Concreting Quality Control 10.3. falsework. which is not being done in accordance with this Standard and report immediately to the COMPANY. Rev.1. as required in 70-TMSS-03. supports. 10. providing records.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 10.0 TCS-Q-113. 2006 PAGE NO.3.1. testing and approval of concrete materials 10.

Form Ties and Construction Joints e. placement.03. 11. This shall be done periodically. Sequence of Form Removal and Computations 11. 38 of 44 . 2006 PAGE NO.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD 11. including delivery. This shall be in addition to a curing proposal to be submitted for approval. APPENDICES APPENDIX I: Please see next page. 11.0 TCS-Q-113.4 Special methods for compliance with hot weather concreting. Falsework and Computations d. Methods of Form Construction and Erection c.3 Document describing quality control and Quality program shall be submited to The COMPANY for approval prior to start of any work at site.0 SUBMITTALS 11. curing and protection requirements shall be included in quality control and Quality program.2 A working schedule for the dates and rate of concrete placement for each item of WORK shall be prepared. Rev. Details of Formwork System b. Location of Form Joints.1 12. as acceptable to The COMPANY. TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10. 0 Working drawings for the following shall be prepared: a.

0 CONCRETE POUR CARD AND PLACEMENT RECORD SAUDI ELECTRICITY COMPANY (SEC) CONTRACTOR: CONTRACT J.O. 39 of 44 . (Only Dry Mix) Amount of Water Added Temperature Curing Method Qty Of Concrete Placed Start Time Finish Time Trip Tickets Conform To Approved Design Mix Yes/No Numbers Of Trip Tickets Attached Amount of Super Plasticizer Were Cylinders Taken? If yes. m/ hr. 28 day test results Yes/No Amount of Super Plasticizer (SP) Added. LOCATION OF POUR: DESCRIPTION OF POUR: TYPE AND SOURCE OF CONCRETE QUANTITY/ VOLUME OF CONCRETE CHECK LIST INSPECTED & APPROVED DATE BY Line and Grade Formwork and Waterstop Reinforcement Embedded Metals Embedded Pipes Embedded Conduits & Ground Wires Preparation of Embedded Joints Waterproofing Cleanliness and Access Verification of Rate of Placement Cu. Provision of Hot Weather Concreting PLACEMENT RECORD AND DATE: Weather Rate of Placement Type of Equipment Used Type of Finish Slump Specified/Actual Is Water Added at Site? Yes/No If Yes. POUR CARD NO. [If Placement breakdown & other Applicable. Only Permitted at Site] remarks Slump At Addition of SP CONTRACTOR’S QC ENGINEERCOMPANY REPRESENTATIVE Sign/Date/Time Sign/Date/Time TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10.03. Rev.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113. 2006 PAGE NO. NO. NO.

40 of 44 . 0 APPENDIX II POST CONCRETE PLACEMENT ACCEPTANCE CARD (Sample Checklist) MEMBER /ITEM LOCATION DATE CAST DATE STRIPPED DATE INSPECTED CURING TYPE CURING START CURING FINISHED NO. Rev.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113. 2006 PAGE NO. OF DAYS CURED FINAL ACCEPTANCE TCSQ11303R0/SZA DATE: Date of Approval: April 10.03.

0 PAGE NO. No Date of Approval: April 10. Honeycombing/washouts CONCRETE FINISH Removal time FORM REMOVAL DESCRIPTION LOCATION (Attach sketch if required ACTION REQUIRED Contractor’s QA/QC Rep.TCSQ11303R0/SZA 2. 41 of 44 . Polystyrene) Cleaning and removal of concrete. Sl. 2006 Cast in areas (Repair required) Exposed aggregate uncompacted concrete Tie holes and Blow holes Uneven surfaces not meeting the specs. etc Stained & colored surfaces Formwork Pieces Cast Into Surfaces (Wood. grout and spillage. Rev.03. 1. requirements Damaged surface by concrete nails. Plywood. SEC ACCEPTANCE REMARKS TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113.

TCSQ11303R0/SZA 4. 3 CONCRETE FINISH (Cont’d) 2. Rev. SEC ACCEPTANCE REMARKS TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113. 42 of 44 . No LOCATION (Attach sketch if required ACTION REQUIRED Contractor’s QA/QC Rep. 2006 Repairs required on construction joints Cleaning of joints and some repairs required Incomplete joints JOINTS Cleaning of door frames and some repairs required Cleaning and removal of formwork and polystyrene props on blockouts Cast-in frames & sleeves cleaning & some repair required Exposing & cleaning of cast-inplates & some repair required CAST INSERTS Finish as specified Cleaning & removal of sprayed curing compound Fins & other projections DESCRIPTION Sl.03. 0 PAGE NO. Date of Approval: April 10.

2006 AS-BUILT SURVEY FOR LOCATIONS AND POSITIONING TOLERANCES PER ACI 117 8.TCSQ11303R0/SZA Date of Approval: April 10.02 mm Crack monitoring report Visible Cracks CRACK INVESTIGATION* Within tolerances 7. COVER SURVEY* (If Suspected) 5. Insufficient Reinforcement Cover DESCRIPTION Sl. 43 of 44 . 6. Rev. SEC ACCEPTANCE REMARKS TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113.03. 0 PAGE NO. No LOCATION (Attach sketch if required ACTION REQUIRED Contractor’s QA/QC Rep. * Where Applicable CONCRETE TESTING AND EVALUATION (per 70-TMSS-03) Repair required for crack width > 0.

JOB ACCEPTED RE-SCHEDULE INSPECTION Name & Signature Contractor's Q. 0 ACCEPTED AS PRESENTED REPAIRS REQUIRED AS INDICATED ABOVE REPAIRS INSPECTED AND FOUND SATISFACTORY. Rev.03. Representative TCSQ11303R0/SZA COMPANY Representative Date of Approval: April 10. 44 of 44 .C. 2006 PAGE NO.TRANSMISSION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD TCS-Q-113.