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Identify leaders of the Civil Rights and Black Power movements and their contributions to their respective causes. How did these social pioneers forge the way for this important ratification? What legislation was relevant during these critical times?
Complete the following matrix by identifying 7 to 10 leaders or legislative events from both the Civil Rights and Black Power movements. The first leader is provided as a model. Leader and Associated Legislation, if any A. Philip Randolph Date(s) Organization and/or Cause Contribution
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which fought Discrimination
John f. Kennedy Jesse Jackson
President of United States
leader of operation breadbasket
Martin Luther king, Jr. Abraham Lincoln Rosa parks The Arkansas democratic party Voter registration organizing
1954 1963 1863
President of the Montgomery improvement association led Montgomery bus boycott. President of untied states, issues the emancipation proclamation. Secretary and head at the NAACP United states supreme court
His threat to march on Washington to protest discriminatory treatment caused former President Franklin D. Roosevelt to react with new policies on job discrimination. Helped change the unfairness by developing the civil right act of 1964. Worked with martin Luther king, Jr, to get equal jobs for blacks. He later ran for president of the united states. Gave ³ I have a dream´ speech in Washington, D.C. Support for the homestead act. Signed legislation entitled the national banking act. Got arrested for not giving up a bus seat to a white man. Desegregation little rock. Started the policy of segregation of whites and color children in public schools. To help register black voters and build community organization.
Once you complete the matrix, use the space below to write a 75- to 100-word response describing the role civil disobedience played in the Civil Rights Movement.
The idea of civil disobedience during the civil rights movement was to refuse to act in accordance with the unfair segregation laws. The plans were civil, as opposite from militant or unpleasant this was done by a demonstration of contravention a segregation law. If the police are called, the demonstrators would quietly continue the demonstration. If the police or other parties become aggressive the demonstrators have to stay nonviolent and not give in to hostility rear or yelling at the attacker. The demonstrators might wrap their head or pace absent to keep away from wound. The demonstrator is arrested, he/she will not oppose arrest and they go to jail for the cause toward civil rights. Because there is power in numbers, the demonstrations proved winning. If people can bear violence being done to them and still stand up for what is right, there was no way the unfair laws can continue to triumph. The demonstrators productively proved that there was nothing wrong with integration, but something awfully incorrect with enforcing Jim crows¶ laws. Jim Crow was the entry to violating one¶s essential civil and human rights to vote, go to school, and use public amenities.