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A

3D, 4D three- or
four-dimensional
4096 CODE the
octal base, fourdigit code used
between framing
pulses of a reply to
identify an aircraft
or for general use
and emergency
codes (XPD)
A

ampere(s)

A autotuned
navaid
AAC aeronautical
administration
communications
AAC airline
administrative
communications
AAL above
aerodome level
AAMP advanced
architecture
microprocessor
AATT advanced
aviation
transportation
technology
AAS advanced
automation system
(FAA)
A/B

autobrake

ACC active
clearance control

A/D analog-todigital

surveillancebroadcast

ACC area control


center

ADA a computer
programming
language

ADSEL address
selective

ACD automatic
conflict detection
ACE actuator
control electronics
ACE advanced
certification
equipment

ADC air data


computer

ADSP automatic
dependent
surveillance panel

ADF automatic
direction finding

ADSSG ADS Study


Group (ICAO)

ADI attitude
direction indicator

ADSU automatic
dependent
surveillance unit

ACIPS airfoil cowl


ice protection
system

ADIRS air data


inertial reference
system

ACF area control


facility

ADIRU air data


inertial reference
unit

ACK
acknowledgment
ACMF airplane
condition
monitoring function
ACMP alternating
current motor
pump
ACMS aircraft
condition
monitoring system
ACNSS/ advanced
communication/navi
gation/ surveillance
system
ACP audio control
panel

ADL aeronautical
data link
ADLP aircraft
data link processor
(Mode S)
ADLP airborne
data link protocol

AERA automated
en route air traffic
control

ADP air driven


pump

AES aircraft earth


station (Inmarsat)

ADR

AESS aircraft
environment
surveillance system

address

A-BPSK aviation
binary phase shift
keying

ACS audio control


system

ADRAS airplane
data recovery and
analysis system

AC alternating
current
A/C

aircraft

ACAC air-cooled
air cooler
ACARS aircraft
communications
addressing and
reporting system
ACAS airborne
collision avoidance
system (FAA)

ACTC airport
traffic control
towers
ACTD advanced
concept technology
demonstration
ACU
unit

apron control

ACU autopilot
control unit
ACU antenna
control unit
AD airworthiness
directives (FAA)

AEP ARINC
engineering
practices

ADMS airline data


management
system

ADR alternative
dispute resolution

AC advisory
circular

AEEC Airlines
Electronic
Engineering
Committee (ARINC)

AEP audio
entertainment
player

ACS active control


system

active

AED ALGOL
extended for design

ADM air data


module

ABC automatic
brightness control

ACT

AECU audio
electronic control
unit

ADS automatic
dependent
surveillance
ADS air data
system
ADS-A automatic
dependent
surveillanceaddressed
ADSA automatic
dependent
surveillanceautomation
ADS-B automatic
dependent

AF airway
facilities
AFC Aeronautical
Frequency
Committee (AEEC)
AFC automatic
frequency
compensation
AFC automatic
frequency control
AFCAS automatic
flight control
augmentation
system
AFCS automatic
flight control
system
AFD adaptive
flight display

AFD autopilot
flight director

A/G air/ground;
air to ground

AIC aeronautical
information circular

AIS aeronautical
information service

AFDC autopilot
flight director
computer

AGACS automatic
A/G communication
system

AFDS autopilot
flight director
system

AGAE A/G
applications
engineering

AIDC air traffic


services
interfacility data
communications

AIS automatic
information
services
(Eurocontrol)

AFDX avionics
full-duplex Ethernet
switch

AGATE Advanced
General Aviation
Transport
Experiments
(NASA)

AIDS
aircraft/airborne
integrated data
system

AISG Applications
Interface Subgroup
(IATA)

AFEPS ACARS
front-end
processing system
AFGCS automatic
flight guidance and
control system
AFI authority
format identifier
AFIS airborne
flight information
system
AFIS automatic
flight information
service
AFIS automated
flight inspection
system
AFM aircraft flight
manual
AFN air traffic
services facilities
notification
AFS aeronautical
fixed service (ICAO)
AFS automatic
flight system
AFSK audio
frequency shift
keying
AFSS automated
flight service
stations
AFTN
aeronautical fixed
telecommunications
network
AFTRCC
Aerospace and
Flight Test Radio
Coordinating
Council
AFU
unit

artificial feel

AGC automatic
gain control
AGCOS A/G
communication
services
AGCU auxiliary
generator control
unit
AGDL
link

A/G data

AGIS A/G
intermediate
system
AGL above ground
level
AGR

A/G router

AGRM air/ground
router-regional
manager
AGS

A/G system

AGSS ACARS
ground system
standard (AEEC)
AGTS A/G test
station
AGVS A/G voice
subnetwork
AGW ARTS
gateway
AHC attitude
heading computer
AHRS attitude
heading reference
system
AI alternative
interrogator
AI artificial
intelligence

AIED aeronautical
industry
engineering and
development
AIEM Airlines
International
Electronic Meeting
(AMC)

AIV accumulator
isolation valve
AJPS AFEPS
journal processing
system
A/L

autoland

ALC airline link


control

AIFSS automated
international flight
service stations

ALC asynchronous
link control

AIL

ALC automatic
level control

aileron

AIMS airport
information
management
system
AINSC
aeronautical
industry service
communication

ALPA Air Line


Pilots Association
ALPS automatic
line protection
service
ALS application
layer structure

AIO analog
input/output

ALT airborn link


terminal

AIP aeronautical
information
publication

ALT
altitude/alternate

AIP

analog input

ALD HOLD
altitude hold mode

AIP Airport
Improvement
Program (FAA)

ALTM

altimeter

ALTN

alternate

AIRAC
aeronautical
information
regulation and
control

ALTS altitude
select

AIRCOM digital
air/ground
communications
service (SITA)

AM

AIRMET airmans
meteorological
information
AIRO analog
input/reference
output

ALU arithmetic
and logic unit
access module

AM amplitude
modulation
AMASS airport
movement area
safety system
AMC Avionics
Maintenance
Conference
AMCP
aeronautical mobile

communications
panel
AME amplitude
modulation
equivalent
AMI airline
modifiable
information
AMLCD active
matrix liquid crystal
display
AMP audio
management panel
AMPL

amplifier

AMS ARINC
maintenance
service
AMS apron
management
service
AMS avionics
management
service
AMS acquisition
management
system
AMS(R)S
aeronautical mobile
satellite (route)
service
AMSS
aeronautical mobile
satellite service
AMTOSS aircraft
maintenance task
oriented support
system

ANDC airport and


navigation data
compiler
ANICS Alaskan
NAS Interfacility
Communication
ANLP ARINC
network layer
protocol
ANP actual
navigation
performance
ANP air
navigation
plan/performance
ANS air
navigation system
ANS ambient
noise sensor
ANSI American
National Standards
Institute
ANTC advanced
networking test
center
AO acronymic
obfuscation
AOA ACARS over
AVLC
AOA angle of
attack
AOC airport
obstruction chart
AOC airport
operational
communications

AODE age of data,


ephemeris (GPS)
AOG aircraft on
ground
AOHE air/oil heat
exchanger

API application
programming
interface

AOM aircraft
operating manual

APN ARINC packet


network

AOP analog
output

APP approach
control

AOP aeronautical
OSI profile

APPR

AOP airline
operational
procedure
AOPA Aircraft
Owners and Pilots
Association
AOR Atlantic
Ocean region
AOR-E Atlantic
Ocean region-east
AOR-W Atlantic
Ocean region-west
AP airport
location
(ACARS/AFEPS)
A/P

autopilot

APA autopilot
amplifier
APA Allied Pilots
Association

AOC aircraft
operational control

APANPIRG
ASIA/PAC Air
Navigation Planning
& Implementation
Regional Group

AOC airline
operational control

APB auxiliary
power breaker

AOC aeronautical
operational control

APB acquisition
program baseline

AMU
ACARS/avionics
management unit

AOC airline
operations center

APC aeronautical
passenger
communication

AMUX audio
multiplexer

AOCC airline
operations control
center

AMTS
aeronautical
message transfer
service
AMU audio
management unit

A/N

alphanumeric

ANC Air
Navigation
Commission (ICAO)

AODB airport
operational
database
AODC age of data,
clock (GPS)

APMS automated
performance
measurement
system

APC aeronautical
public
correspondence
APC autopilot
computer
APFDS autopilot
flight director
system

approach

APR actual
performance
reserve
APRL ATN profile
requirement list
APU auxiliary
power unit
APUC auxiliary
power unit
controller
AQF avionics
qualification facility
AQP advanced
qualification
program
AQP avionics
qualification
procedure/program
A-QPSK
aeronautical
quadrature phase
shift keying
AQS advanced
quality system
ARAC Aviation
Rulemaking
Advisory
Committee (FAA)
ARB arbitrary
waveform
generator
ARD advanced
requirement
definition
ARDEP analysis of
research &
development in
Eurocontrol
programs
ARF airline risk
factor

ARM area
regional manager

ASC aircraft
system controller

ARMC area
regional
maintenance center

ASC aural
synthesizer card

ARP address
resolution protocol
ARP air data
reference panel
ARRAS airport
remote radio access
system
ARS
administrative
region selector
ARS automated
radar summary
(chart)
ARSR area/air
route surveillance
radar
ART automatic
reserve thrust
ARTAS ATM
surveillance tracker
& server system
(Eurocontrol)
ARTCC air route
traffic control
center
ARTS automated
radar terminal
system
A/S

airspeed

AS-3 Avionics
System Group 3
(SAE)
ASA aircraft
separation
assurance

ASCII American
standard code for
information
interchange
ASCPC air supply
and cabin pressure
controllers
ASCS air supply
control system
ASCU anti-skid
control unit
ASD aircraft
situation display
ASDAR aircraftto-satellite data
relay
ASDE airport
surface detection
equipment
ASDL
aeronautical
satellite data link
ASDR airport
surface detection
radar
ASE altimetry
system error
ASECNA Agency
for Security of
Aerial Navigation in
Africa and
Madagascar
ASG ARINC signal
gateway
ASI avionics
system integration

ASOS automated
surface observation
system
ASP ACARS
subnetwork
protocol
ASP altitude set
panel
ASP aeronautical
fixed service
systems planning
(AFS)

ASR airport
surveillance radar
ASRS aviation
safety reporting
system
ASSTC aerospace
simulation and
systems test center
ASSV alternate
source selection
valve
ASTA airport
surface traffic
automation
ASTF airspace
system task force
ASTOR Airborne
Stand-Off Radar
(UK)
ASV alternate
servo valve
AT

air transport

A/T

autothrottle

ASAA ACARS
system access
approval (AEEC)

ASL above sea


level

ATA Air Transport


Association of
America

A-SMGCS
advanced surface
movement
guidance and
control systems

ATCSS ATC
signaling system

ATDL air
transport data link

at an altitude

ASAS aircraft
separation
assurance system
(AEEC)

ATCRBS ATC radar


beacon system

ASPP application
specific
programmable
processor

AT

ASM autothrottle
servo motor

ATCC area and


terminal control
center

ATCT airport
traffic control tower
(FAA)

ASIC application
specific integrated
circuit

ASAC Aviation
Security Advisory
Committee (FAA)

ATCBI ATC beacon


interrogator

ASP acquisition
strategy paper

ASA autoland
status annunciator
(AFDS)

ASM airspace
management

ATCA Air Traffic


Control Association

ATA actual time of


arrival
ATAS aviation
traffic and
application
software
ATC air traffic
control

ATE automatic
test equipment
ATE avionics test
and evaluation
ATFM air traffic
flow management
ATHR autothrust
system
ATI airborne
tracker illuminator
ATIDS airport
surface target
identification
system/service
ATIS airport
traffic information
system
ATIS automatic
terminal
information service
ATL autothrottle
limit
ATLAS
abbreviated test
language for
avionics systems
ATM air traffic
management
ATM
asynchronous
transfer mode
ATMAS ATM
automation system
ATM DSS ATM
decision support
service

ATMS area
navigation, test and
management
services
ATN aeronautical
telecommunication
network
ATNE ATN
engineering
ATNP

ATN panel

availability(messag
es)
AVH aviation VHF
hotel
availability(messag
es)
AVLAN avionics
local area network
AVLC aviation
VHF link control

ATP acceptance
test procedure/plan

AVM airborne
vibration monitor

ATPAC Air Traffic


Procedures
Advisory
Committee (FAA)

AVN

ATR acceptance
test report
ATR air transport
racking
ATS air traffic
services
ATS air turbine
starter
ATS autothrottle
system
ATSC air traffic
services
communication
AT/SC
autothrottle/speed
control
ATSGF air traffic
services geographic
filter
ATSMP air traffic
services message
processor
ATSO air traffic
services
organization
ATSP air traffic
services provider
ATSRAC Aging
Transport Systems
Rulemaking
Advisory
Committee (FAA)
ATSU air traffic
services unit
AUX

auxiliary

AVC aviation VHF


car rental

avionics

AVOL aerodrome
visibility
operational level
AVPAC aviation
VHF packet
communications
AVS aviation VHF
seat availability
(messages)
AWACS airborne
warning and control
system
AWAS automated
weather advisory
station
AWG American
wire gauge
AWIN aviation
weather
information
AWIPS advanced
weather interactive
processing system
AWM auto
warning mixer
AWO all weather
operations
AWOP

AWO panel

AWOS
automated/airport
weather observing
system
AWR aviation
weather research
B
BDMIS business
data management
and invoicing
system

BDS comm-B
designation
subfield
BEP back-end
processor
BEPMS BEP
management
system
BER

bit error rate

BFE buyer
furnished
equipment
BFO beat
frequency oscillator
BGI bus grant
inhibit
BGP border
gateway protocol
BI

burn-in

BiGs bilingual
ground station
(ACARS and VDL
Mode 2)
Binary base-2
counting system
BIS boundary
intermediate
system
BISMS BIS
management
system
BIST
test

built-in self-

BiSync binary
synchronous
control
BIT

built-in test

Bit

a binary digit

BITE built-in test


equipment
BLK

block/black

character-oriented
protocol
BP

bite processor

BPCU bus power


control unit
BPS bits per
second
BPSK binary
phase shift keying
BR
BRG

bridge
bearing

BRI basic rate


interface
BRT

brightness

BSN backbone
subnetwork
BSC binary
synchronous
communication
BSCU brake
system control unit
BSP board
support package
BSU beam
steering unit
BSU bypass
switch unit
BTB bus tie
breaker
BTMU brake
temperature
monitor unit
BU

backup

BUEC BU
emergency
communications
BUFR binary
universal form for
communication
representation

BMV brake
metering valve

BWAN BU wide
area network

BNR

Byte a grouping
of eight bits

binary

BNS boundary
notification system
(squitters)
BOC bottom of
climb
BOP/COP bitoriented protocol/

C
CAA civil aviation
authority
CAAC Civil
Aviation

Administration of
China

CAS commercially
available software

CDG configuration
database generator

CI configuration
item

CAB Civil
Aeronautics Board

CASE computeraided software


engineering

CDI course
deviation indicator

CI cabin
interphone

CDM collaborative
decision-making

CID category
interaction diagram

CAT clear air


turbulence

CDMS CDM
system

CAT computer
aided testing

CDP continuous
data program

CIDIN common
ICAO data
interchange
network

CAT categories (I,


II, IIIa/b/c) approach

CDR critical
design review

CBA cost/benefit
analysis

CDS common
display system

CBT computerbased training

CDTI cockpit
display of traffic
information

C&C command
and control (also
C2)
C&W control and
warning
CAASD Center for
Advanced Aviation
System
Development (Mitre
Corp.)
CAC caution
advisory computer
C/A code course
acquisition code
(GPS)
CACP cabin area
control panel
CAD computeraided design
CADAG
Communications,
Automation and
Data Link
Applications Group
CADS centralized
automatic
dependent
surveillance
CAE component
application
engineer
CAGE commercial
avionics GPS engine
CAH cabin
attendant handsets
CAI caution
annunciator
indicator
CALSEL variation
of SELCAL system
CAM computeraided
manufacturing
CARE cooperative
actions on R&D in
Eurocontrol
CAS collision
avoidance system
CAS computed
airspeed

CAT

category

CC connection
confirm
CCB converter
circuit breaker
CCB configuration
control board
CCD category
class diagram
CCD cursor
control device
CCD charged
coupled device
CCB configuration
control board
CCIR International
Radio Consultative
Committee
CCITT
Consultative
Committee
International
Telephone and
Telegraph

CDU control
display unit
CEPT Conference
Europeene des
Postes et
Telecommunication
s
CF

change field

CFDIU centralized
fault display
interface unit
CFDS central fault
display system
CFDU
configurable file
data unit
CFIT controlled
flight into terrain
CFM cubic feet
per minute
CFM configuration
management

CIDS cabin
interphone
distribution system
CIE Commission
Internationale de I
Eclairage
CIP capital
investment plan
CIP convergence
& implementation
program
(Eurocontrol)
CIS common
information
services
CIS corporate
information system
CLNP
connectionless
network protocol
CLNS
connectionless
network service
CLTP
connectionless
mode transport
protocol
CM
context/configurati
on management

CCP consolidated
control panel

CFMU central flow


management unit

CMC central
maintenance
computer

CCS cabin
communication
system

CFS cabin file


server

CMCF CMC
function

CG center of
gravity

CMCS CMC
system

CHI
computer/human
interface

CMD

CCTV closedcircuit television


CD chrominance
difference
CD

carrier detect

CDA coordinating
design authority

CHIS center
hydraulic isolation
system

command

CMF common
message format
CMGT contract
management

CMM capability
maturity model
CMM component
maintenance
manual
CMM common
mode monitor
CMN control
motion noise
CMOS
complementary
metal oxide
semiconductor
CMP configuration
management plan
CMS cabin
management
system
CMU
communication
management unit
CNDB customized
navigation
database
CNES Centre
National dEtudes
Spatiales
C/NO carrier-tonoise density ratio
CNP
com/nav/pulse
CNS
communication,
navigation
surveillance
CNS/ATM
communications,
navigation,
surveillance/air
traffic management
CODEC
coder/decoder
COM cockpit
operating manual
COM
communications
COMM
communications
COM/MET/OPS
communications/
meteorological/oper
ations
CON

continuous

COMSAT
Communications
Satellite Corp.
CONOPS concept
of operations
CONUS
continental United
States
COP characteroriented protocol
COTP connectionoriented transport
protocol
COTR contracting
officers technical
representative
COTS commercialoff-the-shelf
CP central
processor
CP

conflict probe

CP

control panel

CPA closest point


of approach
CPA collision
prediction and
alerting
CPC controllerpilot
communications
CPC cabin
pressure controller
CPC cursor
position control
CPCI computer
program
configuration item
CPCS cabin
pressure control
system
CPDLC controllerpilot data link
communications
CPE circular
position error
CPI continuous
process
improvement
CPM core
processor module
CPM critical path
method

CPS cabin
pressure sensor
CPS central
processing system
CPU central
processing unit
C/R
command/response
CR change of
request
CR

contrast ratio

CR connection
request
CRC cyclic
redundancy
checking/code
CRD current
routing domain
CRDA cooperative
research and
development
agreement
CRM crew/cockpit
resource
management
CRPA controlled
reception pattern
antenna
CRISD computer
resources
integrated support
document
CRM collision risk
model
CRM crew
resource
management
CRR cutover
readiness review
CRS

course

CRT cathode ray


tube
CRZ

cruise

CSC computer
software
component
CSCI computer
software
configuration item
CSF
command/status
frame
CSMA carrier
sense multiple
access
CSMA/CD carrier
sense multiple
access with
collision detection
CSCP cabin
system control
panel
CSDB commercial
standard data bus
CSDS cargo
smoke detector
system
CSEU control
systems electronics
unit
CSMM crash
survivable memory
modules
CSMU cabin
system
management unit
C/SOIT
communications/sur
veillance
operational
implementation
team
CSPA closely
spaced parallel
approach
CSTAC
Commercial Space
Transportation
Advisory
Committee

CS common
service

CSU configuration
strapping unit

CSC common
signaling channel

CSU channel
service unit

CSC cargo system


controller

CSU computer
software unit
CTA

control area

CTA controlled
time of arrival
CTAF common
traffic advisory
frequency
CTAI cowl thermal
anti-icing
CTAS center
TRACON
automation system
CTC cabin
temperature
controller

CVRCP cockpit
voice recorder
control panel
CW continuous
wave
CW

clockwise

CWI continuous
wave interference
CWP controller/ed
working position
CWS control
wheel steering

DBI downlink
block identifier

DCS double
channel simplex

dBI dB referenced
to an isotropic
antenna

DCU data
concentration unit

dBI decibels
above isotopic
circular
dBM dB below 1
milliwatt
DBS direct
broadcast satellite

DCV directional
control valve
DD

data delivery

DDA digital
differential
analyzer
DDD
drive

dual disk

DBU
unit

database

DBU

dial backup

D8PSK differential
8-phase-shift
keying

dBW dB-watts or
referenced to 1
watt

DDP declarations
of design and
performance

CTOL
conventional
takeoff and landing

DA descent
advisor

DC disconnect
confirm

DDR draft
document review

CTR

control zone

DA design
authority

DC

CTR

center

DDS data link


delivery of
expected taxi
clearances

CTL

control

CTMO centralized
air traffic flow
management
organization

direct current

DA digital-toanalog

DCAS digital
control audio
system

DABS discrete
addressable beacon
system

DCD double
channel duplex

clear to send

DADC digital air


data computer

DCE data
communications
equipment

CTS conformance
test suite

DADS digital air


data system

CTU cabin
telecommunications
unit

DAP digital
service access
product

CU combiner unit
(HUD)

DAR data access


recorder

CU channel
utilization

DARC direct
access radar
channel

CTRD
configuration test
requirements
document
CTRL
CTS

CU

control

control unit

CUG closed user


group
C/UT
test

code/unit

CUTE common use


terminal equipment
CV/DFDR cockpit
voice and digital
flight data recorder
CVR cockpit voice
recorder

DARP dynamic
aircraft route
planning
DARPA Defense
Advanced Research
Projects Agency
D-ATIS digital
automatic terminal
information service
DB

database

dB

decibel

dBA

dB adjusted

DCGF data
conversion gateway
function
DCL departure
clearance
(European)
DCMF data
communication
management
function
DCMS data
communication
management
system
DCN
document/drawing/
design change
notice
DCP data
communication
process
DCP display
control panel

DDM difference in
depth of
modulation

DDS direct digital


synthesizer
DDT downlink
data transfer
DECCA a
navigation system
widely used by
European shipping
DER designated
engineering
representative
DFA direction
finding antenna
DFCS digital flight
control system
DFDAF digital
flight data
acquisition function
DFDAMU digital
flight data
acquisition
management unit
DFDAU digital
flight data
acquisition unit
DFDR digital
flight data recorder
DFDU digital
flight data unit

DFIDU dual
function interactive
display unit

DLME data link


and message
engineering

DRAM dynamic
random access
memory

DTM
demonstration test
milestone

DFIU digital flight


instrument unit

DL/MSU data
loader/mass
storage unit

DRER designated
radio engineering
representative
(FAA)

DTMF dual tone


multifrequency
(telephone)

DFS digital
frequency select
DFS Deutsche
Flugsicherung
GmbH (Germany)
DFU digital
function unit
DGNSS
differential GNSS
DGPS
GPS

differential

DH decision
height
DI

data interrupt

DLORT data link


operational
requirements team
DLP data link
processor
DLS data link
service/system
DLU
unit

download

DM disconnected
mode
DMA direct
memory access

DRN document
release notice
DSAD digital
service access
device
DSARC defense
system acquisition
review cycle

DIR

DME/P DME
precision

DSP digital signal


processor

DMM data
memory module

DSP display select


panel

DMS debris
monitoring sensor

DSP domain
specific part

DMS data link


management
system

DSPDRV
driver

DISC

disconnect

DISCH
DIST

discharge
distance

DITS data
information
transfer system
DL
DL

data link
downlink

DLAP data link


application
processor
DLC data link
control
DLCI data link
control identifier

DSF display
system function

display

DSR display
system
replacement

DoD Department
of Defense

DSS decision
support services

DoT Department
of Transportation

DSU data
signaling unit

DOTS dynamic
ocean tracking
system

DTD data terminal


display

DPI

DTD document
type definition

DLE data link


entity

DPR
RAM

DLK data link


(AEEC)

DPSK differential
phase shift keying

DLL data link


layer

DR dead
reckoning

DLM data link


management unit

DSDU data signal


display unit

DMU data
management unit

dots per inch


dual port

display unit

DVD
disc

DME/N
normal

direct

DU

data transfer

DSB-AM DSB, full


carrier digital
amplitude
modulation

DIP data interrupt


program

DIR/INTC
intercept

DTU
unit

DUAT direct user


access terminal

DIFAX digital
facsimile

director

D-TOC digital
transfer of
communications

DSB double side


band

DME distance
measuring
equipment
DME

DTPDU data
protocol data unit

DT&E
development test
and evaluation
DTE data terminal
equipment
DTG
go

distance-to-

digital video

DVF
demonstration and
validation facility
DVM digital
voltmeter
DWAN

direct WAN

E
EAA Experimental
Aircraft Association
EACARS
ACARS

enhanced

EAD European AIS


data base
(Eurocontrol)
EADI electronic
attitude director
indicator
EAI
ice

engine anti-

EANPG European
Air Navigation
Planning Group
EAP engine alert
processor
EAROM
electrically
alterable ROM
EAS equivalent
airspeed
EARTS en route
automated radar
tracking system

EASIE enhanced
ATM and Mode S
implementation in
Europe
EATCHIP
European air traffic
control
harmonization &
integration
program
EATMS European
ATM System
(Eurocontrol)
ECAC European
Civil Aviation
Conference
ECACNAV
Eurocontrol
navigation Web site
ECAM electronic
caution alert
module
ECC error
correcting code
ECEF earthcentered, earthfixed
ECL emitter
coupler logic
ECL engine
control lever
ECMP electronic
component
management
system

ECSMC ECS
miscellaneous card
ECSR right
environmental
control system card
ED

EICAS display

E/D end-ofdescent
EDA electronic
design automation
EDAC error
detection and
correction
EDARC enhanced
direct access radar
channel

EEC electronic
engine control

EIA Electrical
Institute of America

EEPROM electrical
erasable
programmable ROM

EICAS engine
indication and crew
alert system

EEU ELMS
electronics unit

EICASC EICAS
controls

EFB electronic
flight bag

EIPI extended
initial protocol
identifier

EFC expected
further clearance
EFD electronic
flight display
EFDAS European
logical flight data
server(Eurocontrol)

EDDS electronic
document
distribution service

EFDP European
flight data
processing(Eurocon
trol)

EDI electronic
data interchange
EDI engine data
interface
EDIF engine data
interface function
EDIU engine data
interface unit
EDMS electronic
data management
system
EDP electronic
data processing

ECO engineering
change order

EDP engineering
development pallet

ECP EICAS control


panel

EDP engine
driven pump

ECP engineering
change proposal

EDS explosive
detection system

ECS engineering
compiler system

EDU electronic
display unit

ECS
environmental
control system

EE electrical
engineer

ECSL left
environmental
control system card

EIA Electronic
Industries
Association

EDC error
detection and
correction

ECN engineering
change notice

ECS event
criterion subfield

EEC Eurocontrol
Experimental
Center

EE electronics
equipment
EEAS enhanced
en-route
automation system

EFIC electronic
flight instrument
controller
EFIP electronic
flight instrument
processor
EFIS electronic
flight instrument
system
EFIS CP EFIS
control panel
EGIHO expedited
ground-initiated
handoff
EGNOS European
Geostationary
Overlay System
EGP exterior
gateway protocol
EGPWS enhanced
ground proximity
warning system
EGT exhaust gas
temperature
EHSI electronic
horizontal situation
indicator
EHV electrohydraulic valve

EIRP earth
incident radiated
power
EIS electronic
instrument system
EIS engine
indication system
EIS environmental
impact statement
EISA extended
industry standard
architecture
EIU electronic
interface unit
ELEC

electrical

ELM extended
length message
ELMS electrical
load management
system
ELS electronic
library system
ELT emergency
locator transmitter
EM element
manager
EM
electromagnetic
EMATS endurance
management air
traffic system
EMC
electromagnetic
compatibility
EMC
entertainment
multiplexer
controller
EMER

emergency

EMI
electromagnetic
interference

ERQ PDU echo


request protocol
data unit

EMS emergency
medical services

ERU
unit

EMS engine
management
system

ES

ENG

engine

ENOC engineering
network operations
center
E/O
EOD

engine-out
end of day

EOM end of
message
EOT

end of text

EP engineering
project
EP

external power

EPC engineering
project contractor
EPCS engine
propulsion control
system
E-PIREPS
electronic pilot
reports
EPLD
electronically
programmable logic
device
EPR engine
pressure ratio
EPROM erasable
programmable ROM
EPS electrical
power system
ERPDU error
protocol data unit
ERB Engineering
Review Board
ERD end routing
domain
ERP eye reference
point
ERP PDU echo
replay protocol
data unit

engine replay
end system

ESA European
Space Agency
ESAS electronic
situation awareness
system
ESAS enhanced
situational
awareness system
E-Scan electronic
scanning
ESD electrostatic
discharge
ESDS
electrostatic
sensitive devices
ESH end system
hello
ESID engine and
system indication
display
ESIS engine and
system indication
system
ESS
environmental
stress screening
ESS electronic
switching system
ESSD electrostatic
sensitive devices
ESU
environmental
sensor unit
ETA estimated
time of arrival
ETAS enhanced
TRACON/tower
automation system

ETD estimated
time of departure
ETI elapsed time
indicator
ETM elapsed time
measurement
ETMS enginetrend monitoring
services
ETMS enhanced
traffic management
system
ETOP extended
twin-engine
operations
ETRC expected
taxi ramp
clearances
ETVS enhanced
terminal voice
switch
ETX end of
transmission
EUAFS enhanced
upper air forecast
system
EUPS external
uninterruptible
power supply
EURATN
ATN

EURET European
research on
transport systems
EUROCAE
European
Organization for
Civil Aviation
Equipment
(European
equivalent of RTCA)
EV

earned value

EVM error vector


magnitude

ETB end of block


(ASCII/IA5
character)

ETB engineering
test bed

FA

ETC estimated
time of completion

European

fahrenheit
final approach

FAA Federal
Aviation
Administration
(U.S.)

FAA/EURO
FAA/Eurocontrol
R&D committee
FAATC FAA
Technical Center
FAC flight
augmentation
computer
FADEC full
authority digital
engine/electronic
control
FAF final
approach fix
FAI first article
inspection
FANS Future Air
Navigation System
(ICAO)
FAR federal
acquisition
regulation
FAR federal
aviation regulation
FAST final
approach spacing
tool
FAT factory
acceptance test
FBL

fly by light

FBO fixed-base
operator
FBW

fly by wire

FC functional
capability
FC

foot candles

FCA functional
configuration audit
FCC flight control
computer
FCC Federal
Communications
Commission
FCDC flight
critical direct
current
FCP flight control
processor
FCP flight control
panel

FCS frame check


sequence
FD flight
dynamics/director
FD

final data

FDAF flight data


acquisition function
FDAU flight data
adquisition unit

FFIC free flight


implementation
committee

FMEA failure
mode and effects
analysis

FFS full flight


simulator

FMF flight
management
function

FGC flight
guidance computer
FHA functional
hazard assessment
FIB forwarding
information base

FR

frame relay

FRA flap
retraction altitude
FRAD frame relay
access device

FMP flight mode


panel

FRM frame reject


mode

FMS flight
management
system

FRMR
reject

FMSG Frequency
Management Study
Group (ICAO)

frame

FRP Federal
Radionavigation
Plan

FDB flight plan


data bank

FIFO
out

FDDI fiber
distribution data
interface

FIR flight
information region

FMU fuel
metering unit

FRPA fixed
reception pattern
antenna

FDEP flight data


entry panel

FIS flight
information
services

F/O

FRQ

FDH flight deck


handset

FIS-B FISbroadcast

FDI fault
detection and
isolation

FIX position in
space usually on
aircrafts flight plan

FDIMU flight data


interface
management unit

FL

flight level

FL

foot lampert

FDIO flight data


input/output

FLCH flight level


change

FDM frequency
division multiplex

FLIR forwardlooking infrared

FDMA frequency
division multiple
access

FLW forwardlooking windshear


radar

FDPS flight data


processing system

FM frequency
modulation

FDR flight data


recorder

FMA flight mode


annunciator

FDRS flight data


recorder system

FMAC Frequency
Management
Advisory Council

FDP flight data


processor
F&E facilities and
equipment
FEATS future
European air traffic
management
system
FEC forward error
correction
FEP front-end
processor
FF

fuel flow

first in, first

FMC flight
management
control/computer
FMCF flight
management
computer function
FMCS flight
management
computer system
FMCW frequencymodulated
continuous wave

first officer

frequency

FOC full
operational
capability

FSAS flight
service automation
system

FOC

FSE FANS systems


engineering

fuel/oil cooler

FODA flight
operations data
assurance
FOG
gyro

fiber optic

FOQA flight
operational quality
assurance
FOV

field of view

FSE field service


engineer
FSEMC Flight
Simulator
Engineering and
Maintenance
Conference
FSEU flap slat
electronics unit

FPA focal plane


array

FSF Flight Safety


Foundation

FPA flight path


angle

FSM flight
schedule
monitoring

FPAC flight path


acceleration
FPC flight profile
comparator
FPGA field
programmable gate
array

FSS flight service


station
FSWE FANS
software
engineering
FT

functional test

FPM feet per


minute

FTE flight
technical error

FPV flight path


vector

FTP file transfer


protocol

FQIS fuel quality


indicating system

FTPP fault
tolerant power
panel

FQPU fuel quality


processor unit
FQR formal
qualification review

FVHF future VHF


system study
(Eurocontrol)

FW failure
warning

GCS ground
clutter suppression

GIC GPS integrity


channel

GOS grade of
service

FW

GCU generator
control unit

GICB groundinitiated comm-B

GDAP growing
danger of acronym
proliferation

GIHO ground
initiated handoff

GOSIP
government open
systems
interconnection
profile

firewall router

FWC flight
warning computer
FWD

forward

FWS flight
warning system

GDLP ground data


link processor

GIP governmentindustry
partnership

FY

GDOP geometric
dilution of precision

GIS geodetic
information system

GDP ground delay


program

GIS graphical
information system

GENOT
notice

GL ground
location
(ACARS/AFEPS)

fiscal year

G
G/A ground/air or
ground-to-air
GA general
aviation
GA

go-around

GAAS gallium
arsenide
GACS genetic ATN
communications
service
GAIT groundbased
augmentation and
integrity technique
GAMA General
Aviation
Manufacturers
Association
GAO General
Accounting Office
GATM

global ATM

GBAS groundbased
augmentation
system
GBST ground
based software tool
Gbyte gigabyte
(billion bytes)
GCA groundcontrolled approach
GCAS ground
collision avoidance
system

general

GEO
geosynchronous/ge
ostationary earth
orbit
GEP ground entry
point
GES ground earth
station
GFE government
furnished
equipment
GFI general
format identifier
GFSK Gaussian
frequency shift
keying
GG graphics
generator
G/G
ground/ground
GGR

G/G router

GGS GPS ground


station
GGTFM groundground traffic flow
management
GH ground
handling
GHz

gigahertz

GL

group length

GLC geographic
locator codes
GLNS GPS landing
and navigation
system

GPADIRS global
positioning, air
data, inertial
reference system
GPCBT guidelines
for the production
of computer-based
training
(Eurocontrol)
GP&C global
positioning and
communications
GPIB general
purpose instrument
bus
GPP general
purpose processor

GLONASS Global
Navigation Satellite
System (Russia)

GPS Global
Positioning System
(Navstar)

GLS GPS landing


system

GPS L1 GPS L1
frequency

GLU
unit

GPSSU GPS
sensor unit

GPS landing

GM guidance
material

GPU ground
power unit

GMC ground
movement control

GPWC ground
proximity warning
computer

GMDS ground
mobile data service
GMT Greenwich
mean time
GMU GPS
monitoring unit
GNA global
network
architecture
GNE gross
navigational error

GI group
identifier

GNR global
navigation receiver

GCB generator
circuit breaker

GIB GNSS
integrity broadcast

GCC ground
cluster controller
(ACARS)

GIC GNSS
integrity channel

GNSS global
navigation satellite
system
GNSSP GNSS
Panel (ICAO)

GPWS ground
proximity warning
system
GR

ground router

GRIP gridded
binary (National
Weather Service
model output)
GRP geographic
reference point
GS ground
speed/station
G/S

glideslope

GSC ground
station controller
(ACARS)
GSE ground
support equipment

GSIF ground
station information
frame
GSM global
systems mobile
GSMS ground
station
management
system
GSP glare shield
panel
GTC data link
ground terminal
computer
GUI graphical
user interface
GVE graphics
vector engine
GW

gateway

GWS graphical
weather services

H
HAD hardware
architecture
document
HARS high
altitude route
system
HCI humancomputer interface
HCP heads-up
control panel
HDG

heading

HDG SEL
select
HDISK
HDL
link

HDG
hard disk

hybrid data

HDTV highdefinition television

HMI humanmachine interface

HUD head up
display

HE

altitude error

HF

high frequency

HMOS high
density metal oxide
semiconductor

HVPS high
voltage power
supply

HF

human factors

HMU height
monitoring unit

HWCI hardware
configuration item

HO

HX heat
exchanger

HFDL high
frequency data link
HFDM highfrequency data
modem
HFDR high
frequency data
radio
HFI human
factors integration
HFNPDU high
frequency network
protocol data unit

HP

hand-over

HP holding
pattern
hPa

hecto Pascal

HPC high
pressure
compressor

HFSNL high
frequency
subnetwork layer

HPR high power


relay

HFWG human
factors working
group

HPSOV high
pressure shutoff
valve

HGA high gain


antenna

HPT high
pressure turbine

HGAS

HRD home
routing domain

HGA system

HGC head-up
guidance computer
HGS head-up
guidance system

HRM home
regional manager

HGS HFDL ground


station

HS-DSAD high
speed frame relay
service access
device

HHLD
hold

HSI horizontal
situation indicator

heading

HIRF high
intensity radiated
field

HYD

hydraulic

HYDIM HYD
interface module
Hz Hertz (cycles
per second)

high pressure

HFSG human
factor study group

HDLC-B HDLCbalanced

HDP hardware
development plan

HOW
word

HPA high power


amplifier

HIL horizontal
integrity limit

HDOP horizontal
dilution of precision

HOCSR
host/oceanic
computer system
replacement

HFS high
frequency system

HDLC high-level
data link control

HDLMS hybrid
data link
management
system

handoff

HSIT hardware
and software
integration test
HSL heading
select

HLCS high lift


control system

HSR high stability


reference

HLE higher layer


entity

HSRP hot standby


routing protocol

HLL high level


language

HTC highest twoway channel

I
I&TE integration
and test
engineering
IACSP
international
aeronautical
communications
service provider
IAGS integrated
ARINC ground
station
IANA Internet
assigned number
authority
IAOA indicated
angle of attack
IAOPA
International
Council of Aircraft
Owners and Pilots
Association
IAPS integrated
avionics processing
system
IARP inverse
address resolution
protocol
IAS indicated
airspeed
IAT investment
analysis team
IATA International
Air Transport
Association
IBAC International
Business Aviation
Council

IC integrated
circuit

IDC indicator
display/control

IFE in-flight
entertainment

INS inertial
navigation system

IC

IDD interface
design document

IFPS integrated
initial flight plan
processing system

INTELSAT
International
Telecommunication
s Satellite
Organization

intercabinet

ICAO
International Civil
Aviation
Organization
ICARD ICAO fiveletter name code &
route designator
system
ICC IAPS card
cage
ICCAIA
International
Coordinating
Council of
Aerospace
Industries
Association
ICD interface
control
document/drawing

IDEN integrated
digital enhanced
network
IDG integrated
drive generator
IDI initial domain
identifier
IDP initial domain
part
IDRP interdomain
routing protocol
IDS integrated
display system
IDS inter-domain
system
IDS ice detection
system

ICD interactive
design center

IDU interactive
display unit

ICD installation
control drawing

IEC International
Electrotechnical
Commission

ICM interline
communications
manual
ICMP Internet
control message
protocol
ICNIA integrated
communications,
navigation and
identification
avionics
ICS interface
control
specification
ICSS integrated
communication
switching system
ICU integrated
control unit
ICU instrument
comparator unit
ID
identifier/identificat
ion
IDC internal
diagnostic
capabilities

IEC IAPS
environmental
control module
IEC International
Engineering
Consortium
IED insertion
extraction device
IEEE Institute of
Electrical and
Electronics
Engineers

IFR instrument
flight rules
IFRB International
Frequency
Registration Board
IGES intermediate
ground earth
station
IGES standardized
graphics exchange
file
IGIA Interagency
Group on
International
Aviation
IGV inlet guide
vane
ILA International
Law Association
ILM independent
landing monitor
ILS instrument
landing system
ILSP integrated
logistics support
plan
IMA integrated
modular avionics
IMC instrument
meteorological
conditions

InterNIC Internet
Network
Information Center
I/O

input/output

IOC initial
operating capability
ION Institute of
Navigation
IOR Indian Ocean
region
IOS Internet
operating system
IOT & E initial
operational test
and evaluation
IP Internet
protocol
IPACG Informal
Pacific ATC
Coordination Group
IPC interprocess
communication
IPC intermediate
pressure
compressor
IPD industrial
products division
IPI initial protocol
identifier

IMG
implementation
manager group

IPL illustrated
parts list

IF intermediate
frequency

INFO information
frame

IPR Internet
protocol router

IFALPA
International
Federation of
Airline Pilots
Association

INAV interactive
navigation

IPT integrated
product team

IN.HG. inches of
mercury

IPT intermediate
pressure turbine

IFATCA
International
Federation of Air
Traffic Controllers
Association

INMARSAT
International
Maritime Satellite
Organization

IR

IFC indicated final


cost

INMS integrated
network
management
system

infrared

IRAC
Interdepartmental
Radio Advisory
Committee
IRP integrated
refuel panel

IRR internal rate


of return
IRS inertial
reference system
IRS interface
requirements
specification
IRU inertial
reference unit
IS intermediate
system
ISA industry
standard
architecture
ISA Instrument
Society of America
ISC integrated
systems controller
ISDN integrated
services digital
network
ISDOS
information system
design and
optimization
system
ISH intermediate
system hello
ISLN

isolation

ISO International
Standards
Organization
ISO PA ISO
protocol
architecture
ISP integrated
switching panel
ISR interrupt
service routine
ISSN intermediate
system subnetwork
ISSS initial sector
suite
system/subsystem
ISU
unit

initial signal

IT information
technology
ITM IT
management
ITS integrated
test system

ITSE integrated
test and support
environment

KHz kilohertz
(1000 cycles per
second)

ITU International
Telecommunication
s Union

KPS KB per
second

ITWS integrated
terminal weather
system
IUPS internal
uninterruptible
power supply
IV

isolation valve

JAA Joint Aviation


Authority
JAR joint
airworthiness
requirement
JAR-AWO JAR-all
weather operations
JATO jet assisted
takeoff
JCAB Japanese
Civil Aviation
Bureau
JFET junction field
effect transistor

KTS

knots

KW

LDCC leaded chip


carrier

kilowatt

L
L1 L-band carrier
(1575.42 MHz)
L2 L-band carrier
(1227.6 MHz)
LAAS local area
augmentation
system
LACAC Latin
American Civil
Aviation
Commission
LADGPS local
area differential
GPS

JRC Joint
Resource Council

LAN local area


network

J/S jammer-tosignal ratio

LAPB link access


protocol, balanced

JSAT joint system


acceptance test

LAT

latitude

JTAG Joint Test


Action Group

LBA LuftfahrtBundesamt
(Germany)

JTIDS joint
tactical information
distribution system

LCA layered
component
architecture

JV

LCC leadless chip


carrier

LCD liquid crystal


display

KB kilobytes
(thousand bytes)

LCF link control


field

KBITS

LCI logical
channel identifier

Kbps kilobits per


second
kgls kinematic
GPS landing system

LDA landing
directional aid
LDA laterally
displaced approach

LAHSO land and


hold short
operation

kilobits

LCR link
connection refusal

KVA kilovoltampere

JPS journal
processing system

joint venture

LCP lighting
control panel

LCN local
communications
network

LDCS local
departure control
system
LDGPS local area
differential global
positioning satellite
lDOC long
distance
operational control
LDRCL low
density radio _
communications
link
LDU
unit
LE

lamp driver
link establish

LED light-emitting
diode
LEO low earth
orbiting
LF

low frequency

LFR LF radio
range
LGA low gain
antenna
LHP lighting HIRF
protection
LIMNATRAN
limited North
Atlantic regional air
navigation
LINCS longhaul/leased
interfacility
national airspace
communications
system
LISN line
impedance
stabilization
network
LLC logical link
control

LLWAS low-level
windshear alert
system
LME link
management entity
LMI logical
management
interface
LMM locator
middle marker
LMT
time

local mean

lNA low-noise
amplifier
LNAV lateral
navigation
LOB

left outboard

LOC
localizer/location
LOM locator outer
marker
LON

longitude

LORAN long-range
air navigation
LOS

line of sight

LPB loss
prevention bulletin
LPC low pressure
compressor

service access
device
LS-FRAD low
speed frame relay
access device
LSI large scale
integration
LSK
key

line select

LSP
PDU

MAV micro air


vehicle

link state

LTC lowest twoway channel


LV lower sideband
voice
LVL

level

LVDT linear
voltage differential
transducer
LVPS low voltage
power supply

M
M

mach number

MA message
assurance

MAC medium
access controller

LRC long-range
cruise

MACC military
area control center

LRM line
replaceable module

MACS multiple
access
communication
system

LSB lower
sideband
LSD least
significant digit
LS-DSAD low
speed frame relay

MAWP missed
approached
waypoint
MAX

maximum

MB marker
beacon
MBE multiple bit
error
MBER minimum
bit error rate
MBPS megabytes
per second

LPT low pressure


turbine

LSB least
significant bit

MAST
multiaircraft
simulation terminal
MAT maintenance
access terminal

LPDU link
protocol data unit

LRU line
replaceable unit

MASPS minimum
aviation system
performance
standards

LSN local
subnetwork

MAA maximum
authorized IFR
altitude

LRR long-range
radar

M/ASI
mach/airspeed
indicator

MAHWP missed
approach holding
waypoint
MALDT mean
administrative and
logistics delay time
MAN metropolitan
area network
MAP missed
approach
MAPt missed
approach point

MC master
change
MCA minimum
crossing altitude
MCB microwave
circuit board
MCC maintenance
control computer
MCDP
maintenance
control display
panel
MCDU
multifunctional
control display unit
MCN
manufacturing
control number
MCP maintenance
control panel
MCT max
continuous thrust
MCU
multifunction/modu
lar concept unit

MDA minimum
descent altitude
MDC maintenance
diagnostic
computer
MDCRS
Meteorological Data
Collection and
Reporting Service
MDL multipurpose
data link
MDR
radio

mode digital

MDS minimum
discernible signal
MDT maintenance
display terminal
MDT mean
downtime
MEA minimum en
route altitude
MEC main
equipment center
MEL minimum
equipment list
MEO medium
earth orbit
MES
start

main engine

MET

meteorology

METAR
meteorological
aviation routine
weather report
MF medium
frequency
MFCP
multifunction
control display
panel
MFD
multifunction
display
MFDS MFD
system
MFDU

MFD unit

MFIT mean fault


isolation time
MFM maintenance
fault memory

MGSCU main gear


steering control
unit

MMS maintenance
management
system

MPEL maximum
permissible
exposure level

MTBR mean time


between
removal/repairs

MGR

MMW
wave

MPS maintenance
processor system/
subsystem

MTTR mean time


to repair

manager

MHD magnetic
hard drive
MHS message
handling service
MHz

megahertz

MIB management
information base
MIC

microphone

MicroEARTS micro
en route automated
radar tracking
system
MIDU multipurpose interactive
display unit
MILSPEC military
specification
MIL-STD military
standard

millimeter

MNCID
management
network category
interaction diagram
MNPS minimum
navigation
performance
specification
MNS managed
network service

MLA maneuver
limited altitude

MOA military
operation area

MSCP mobile
satellite service
provider

MOA
memorandum of
agreement

modification

MOD magnetooptical drive


MODEM
modulator/demodul
ator
MOPR minimum
operational
performance
requirements

MLM mid-level
management

MOPS minimum
operational
performance
standards

MLS microwave
landing system

MORA minimum
off-route altitude

MLW maximum
landing weight

MOS metal oxide


semiconductor

MM

MOU
memorandum of
understanding

mass memory

MMI man-machine
interface
MMIC monolithic
microwave
integrated circuit
MMR multimode
receiver

millisecond

MSC message
sequence chart

MOD

marker

Ms

mean repair

MO magnetooptical

MIN
minimum/minute

MKR

MRT
time

MSB most
significant bit

MOCA minimum
obstacle clearance
altitude

MIPS million
instructions per
second

MRR
manufacturing
revision request

MO managed
object

MIMO multiinput/multi-output

MIPS
management
interface protocol
specification

MRA minimum
reception altitude

MPAR
multipurpose
airport radar
MPCU multiport
protocol converter
unit

MSD mass
storage device
MSG

message

MSI medium scale


integration
MSK minimum
shift keying
MSL
level

mean sea

M-SNDCF mobilesubnetwork
dependent
convergence
function

MTTRS mean time


to restore service
MTBUR mean time
between
unscheduled
removal
MTBUR mean time
between unit
replacements
MTC maintenance
terminal cabinet
MTD maintenance
terminal display
MTF maintenance
terminal function
MTI moving
target indicator
MTM module test
and maintenance
MTMBIU MTM bus
interface unit
MTTDA mean time
to dispatch alert
MTTF mean time
to failure
MTTM mean time
to maintenance
MTTMA mean
time to
maintenance alert

MSP Mode S
specific protocol

MTTR mean time


to repair

MSSR monopulse
secondary
surveillance radar

MTTUR mean time


to unscheduled
removal

MSSS Mode S
specific services

MU management
unit

MSU
unit

mode select

MUS minimum
use specification

minimum time

MUSE multiuser
system
environment

MT

MTA message
transfer agent
MTBF mean time
between failures
MTBO mean time
between outages

MUX

multiplexer

MWARA major
world air route area

N
N1

fan speed

N2 intermediate
compressor speed
N3 high-speed
compressor
N/A

not applicable

NACA National
Advisory
Committee for
Aeronautics
NCAR National
Center for
Atmospheric
Research
NADIN national
airspace data
interchange
network
NADIN II NADIN
packet switch
NAILS national
airspace integrated
logistics support
NAK negative
acknowledgment
NAS national
airspace system
(FAA)
NAS national
aircraft standard
NASA National
Aeronautics and
Space
Administration
NASPALS national
airspace system
precision approach
and landing system
NAT North
Atlantic region
NAT North
Atlantic tracks
NATA National Air
Transport
Association Inc.
NATCA National
Air Traffic
Controllers
Association
NAT/NAM/PAC
North
Atlantic/North
American/Pacific

NATS National Air


Traffic Services (UK)

Communications
system

NATS North
Atlantic track
system

NEXRAD nextgeneration weather


radar

NAT TFG NAT


Traffic Forecasting
Group

NFF no fault
found

NAV

navigation

NAVAID
navigational aid
NBAA National
Business Aircraft
Association
NC numerical
control
NCD
data

no computed

NCI not currently


implemented

NIAC NAS
Information
Architecture
Committee (FAA)
NICE NAT
implementation
management group
cost effectiveness
NIMS NAS
infrastructure
management
system
NIR network
interface router

NCP NAS change


proposal

NIRV network
interface router
VDL

NCS network
control system

NIS

NCS network
coordination
station

NISC NAS
information
security
coordination

ND navigation
display
NDB nondirectional radio
beacon
NDI
nondestructive
inspection
NDI nondevelopmental item
NE network
element
NEMA National
Electrical
Manufacturers
Association
NESDIS national
environmental
satellite data and
information service
NET network
entity title
NEXCOM Next
generation
air/ground

not in service

NIST National
Institute of
Standards and
Technology
NIU North
American ISDN User
Forum (NIST)
NIP network
interface processor
NL

network layer

NLM network
loadable module
NLP network layer
protocol
NLR Netherlands
National Aerospace
Laboratory
NM network
management
NM

nautical mile

NMC National
Meteorological
Center

NMCCD network
management
category class
diagram
NMCD network
management
category diagram
NMF network
management
function
NMIRS network
management
interface
requirements
specification
NMP network
management plan
NMS network
management
system
NOAA National
Oceanic and
Atmospheric
Administration
NOC network
operations center
NOC note of
change
NOCAR North
Atlantic oceanic
concept and
requirements
NOCC national
operational control
center
NO COM no
communication
NOI notice of
inquiry (FCC)
NOPAC
Pacific

North

NOTAM
airmen

notice to

NOTUS notice to
users (ARINC)
NPA non-precision
approach
NPDU network
protocol data unit
NR network
router
NRD network
routing domain

NRP national
route program

OASYS obstacle
avoidance system

NRZ
zero

OAT operational
acceptance test

non-return to

NS network
service

OAT outside air


temperature

NSAP network
service access point

OATS orbit and


attitude tracking
system

NSC network
service center
NSDU network
service data unit
NSEL NSAP
selection
NSEU neutron
single event upset
NSSL National
Severe Storms
Laboratory
NTIA National
Telecommunication
s and Information
Administration
(U.S.)
NTF no trouble
found
NTSM National
Transportation
Safety Board (U.S.)
NUI network user
identification
NVM non-volatile
memory
NVRAM nonvolatile RAM
NWS National
Weather Service
(U.S.)

O
O&M operations
and maintenance
OAC oceanic area
control center
OAS oceanic
automation system
OASIS operational
and supportability
implementation
system

OBP operational
build plan
OBS omnibearing
selector
OBS optical
bypass switch
OCA oceanic
control area
OCC operations
control center
OCD oceanic
clearance delivery

OFDM orthogonal
frequency division
multiplexing

ORD operations
readiness
demonstration

OFDPS oceanic
flight data
processing system

ORD operational
requirements
document

OFP operational
flight program

OS operating
system

OGE operational
ground equipment

OSDS oceanic
systems
development
support

OHU overhead
unit (HUD)
OID object
identifier
OJT on-the-job
training
OLAN onboard
local area network
OLDI on-line data
interchange
OM

outer marker

OCIG Oceanic
Communications
Improvement Group

OMB Office of
Management and
Budget (U.S.)

OCP oceanic
clearance processor

OMS onboard
maintenance
system

ODA open
document
architecture
ODAPS oceanic
display and
planning system
ODIAC
operational
requirements for
ATM air/ground
data
communications
(Eurocontrol)
ODID operational
display and input
development

OMT object
modeling technique
OOA objectoriented analysis
OOD objectoriented design
OOOI

out/off/on/in

OPAS overhead
panel ARINC 629
system
OPBC overhead
panel bus controller
OPS

optical data

OPS OPS per


second

ODL
link

oceanic data

OPSPECS OPS
specifications

OEU overhead
electronics unit

OSI open systems


interface/
interconnection
OSIE OSI
environment
OSI-RM OSI
reference model
OSPF open
shortest path first
OSR order status
report
OTA Office of
Technology
Assessment (U.S.)
OT&E operational
test and evaluation
OTFP operational
traffic flow planning
OTH over the
horizon
OTP Office of
Telecommunication
s Policy (U.S.)
OTS
OVHT

off the shelf


overheat

operations

ODL
link

OEM original
equipment
manufacturer

OSE open
systems
environment

P
P2FEP PETAL-II
front-end processor

OPU overspeed
protection unit

P3 I preplanned
product
improvements

O-QAR optical
quick access
recorder

PA passenger
address

OR operational
requirements

PA power
amplifier

PAC path
attenuation
compensation

PCC pilot
controller
communication

PACIS passenger
address and
communication
interphone system

PCI peripheral
component
interface (32-bit
local bus)

PAD packet
assemblerdisassembler

PCI protocol
control information

PDU
unit

PCM pulse code


modulation

PECT peer entity


contact table

PL

PCMIA personal
computer memory
card interface
association

PED portable
electronic device

PLA power lever


angle

PER packed
encoding rule

PM program
manager

PERT program
evaluation and
review technique

PM phase
modulation

PAL
programmable
array logic
PAM pulse
amplitude
modulation
PAMRI peripheral
adapter module
replacement item
PANS-OPS
procedures for air
navigation servicesaircraft operations
PAR precision
approach radar
PAT process
action team
PAU passenger
address unit
PAWES
performance
assessment and
workload
evaluation
PAX

passenger

PBD place
bearing/distance
(waypoint)
PBID
data

post burn-in

PBX
public/private
branch exchange
PC

printed circuit

PC personal
computer
PCA physical
configuration audit
P-Code GPS
precision code
PCB printed
circuit board

PCO protocol
converter unit
PCU program
coordination office
PCU passenger
control unit
PCU power
control unit
PD

profile descent

PDB performance
data base
PDC predeparture
clearance
PDCU panel data
concentrator unit
PDD package
design document
PDDI product
definition data
interface
PDF primary
display function
PDL program
design language
PDM predefined
controller text
message
PDM project
development
manager
P-DME
DME

precision

PDN public data


network
PDOP position
dilution of precision

PDR preliminary
design review

PID primitive
identifier

PDS persistent
data storage

PID

PDS primary
display system
protocol data

PETAL preliminary
Eurcontrol test of
air/ground data link
P/F

poll/final

PF

power factor

PF

pilot flying

pFAST passive
final approach
spacing tool
PFC primary flight
computer
PFCS primary
flight control
system
PFD primary flight
display
PHARE Program
for Harmonized
ATM research in
Europe
(Eurocontrol)
PHY

physical

PI parameter
identifier
PIA performance,
integrity and
availability
PICS protocol
implementation
conformance
statements
PID parameter
identifier

process ID

PIREP
P&L
loss

pilot report
profit and

PL parameter
length
project leader

PMA parts
manufacturer
approval
PMA permanent
magnet alternator
PMAT portable
maintenance access
terminal
PMC provisional
memory cover
PMC PCI
mezzanine card
PMG permanent
magnet generator
PMOS p-type
metal oxide
semiconductor
PMP
project/program
management plan
PMS performance
management
system
PN

pseudo noise

PNCS
performance
navigation
computer system
PND primary
navigation display
PNF pilot not
flying
PNR point of no
return
PO

part of

POA plain old


ACARS
POC point of
contact
POC proof of
concept
POH pilots
operating handbook
POP point of
presence
POR Pacific Ocean
region
POTS plain old
telephone
system/service
PPDU physical
layer protocol data
unit
PPI planned
position indicator
PPL processor-toprocessor link
PPM pulse
position modulation
PPM pages per
minute
PPM parts per
million
PPP point-topoint protocol
PPS packets per
second
PPS pulse per
second
PPS precise
positioning service
PRAIM
RAIM

predictive

PRF pulse
repetition
frequency

PRSOV pressure
regulating and
shutoff valve

PTSD production
test specification
document

P/RST
reset

PTT

RAA Regional
Airline Association

PS
PSA

press to

power supply
PS assembly

PSD port sharing


device
PSDN packet
switched data
network

push to talk

PTU power
transfer unit
PV parameter
value
PVC permanent
virtual circuit
PVD plan view
display

PSE packetswitching exchange

PVT position,
velocity, time

PSEU proximity
sensor electronic
unit

PWM pulse-width
modulation

PSL projected
service life
PSL/PSA problem
statement
language/ problem
statement analyzer
PSM power
supply modules
PSN packet
switching network
PSPL preferred
standard parts list
PSR primary
surveillance radar
PSS proximity
sensor system
PSTN public
switched telephone
network
PSU passenger
service unit
PT

total pressure

PWR

power

QA quality
assurance
QA plan

QAR quick access


recorder
QDR quality
defect report
QDR quality
deficiency report
QEC quadrantral
error corrector
QM quality
management
QMP

QM plan

QMS

QM system

QOP quality
operating
procedures

PTD performance
test domain

QRH quick
reference handbook

PRI primary rate


interface

PTI packet type


identifier

QOS quality of
service

PRM precision
runway monitor

PTM peripheral
transition module
(I/O interface for
SBC)

QP quality
procedure

PROM
programmable ROM
PRN pseudo
random noise

PTR production
test requirements
PTS problem
tracking system

routing area

RAAF Royal
Australian Air Force
RAC-GAT...
Russian/American
Coordinating Group
for Air Traffic
Control.
RAD rapid
application
development
RAF requirements
analysis folder
RAF Royal Air
Force (UK)
RAI radio
altimeter indicator

QAP

RA

QT qualification
test
QVL qualified
vendor list

RAIM receiver
autonomous
integrity
monitoring
RALA request
automatic line
adapter
RALT radar
altimeter
RAM random
access memory
RCE radio control
equipment
RCL radio
communications
link
RCO remote
communications
outlet
RCP radio control
panel
RCR routing and
circuit restoral
RCU remote
control unit
RC&W rack
connectors and
wiring
R&D research and
development
RD routing
domain

RDARA regional
domestic air route
area
RDC routing
domain
confederation
RDF
RDI

RD format
RD identifier

RDP radar data


processing
RDR

radar

RDSS radio
determination
satellite system

RGS relay ground


station
RH

radio handler

RHF ridiculously
high frequency
RHO response on
handoff
R&M reliability
and maintainability
RHSM reduced
horizontal
separation minima

ROC

rate of climb

ROC rest of
operational
capability
ROD rate of
descent
ROM read only
memory
ROM rough order
of magnitude
RON remain over
night

RIB routing
information base

RP routing
protocol

RDT&E research,
development, test
and evaluation

RIP routing
information
protocol

RPDE rapid
preliminary
development effort

RE&D research,
engineering and
development

RISC reduced
instruction set
computer

RPM revolutions
per minute

REDAC Research,
Engineering and
Development
Advisory
Committee (FAA)

RLE response on
link establishment

REQ

request

RM regional
manager

RER
rate

residual error

RF radio
frequency
RFC request for
comments
RFI radio
frequency
interference
RFI request for
information
RFO
offer

request for

RLS reliable link


service

RM&A reliability,
maintainability and
availability
RMI radio
magnetic indicator
RMMS remote
maintenance
monitoring system
RMP risk
management plan
RMS risk
management
system

RFP request for


proposal

RMS root mean


square

RFQ request for


quote

RNAV area
navigation

RFU radio
frequency unit

RNP required
navigational
performance

RGB
blue

red green

RGCSP Review of
the General
Concept of
Separation Panel
(ICAO)

RNR receive not


ready
RO

radio operator

ROA recognized
operating agency

RPOA Recognized
Private Operation
Agency (CCITT)
RR

receive ready

RRI router
reference
implementation

RTK real-time
kinematic
RTM radio
transmission
module
RTOS real time
operating system
RTO rejected
takeoff
RTR remote
transmitter
receiver site
RTS request to
send
RTTI run-time
type identification
RTU
unit

radio tuning

RU rack unit (1
inch)
RVR runway
visual range
RVSM reduced
vertical separation
minimum
R/W

read/write

RSDP reliable
sequencing
deliveryconfirmation
protocol

RWM R/W
memory

RSN regional
subnetwork

RX

receiver

RZ

return to zero

RSP required
surveillance
performance

RWR radar
warning receiver

RSSI received
signal strength
indicator

S0

Segment 0

S1

Segment 1

RT radio
telecommunication

SA selective
availability

RTA required time


of arrival

SA situational
awareness

RTC red time


clock

SABENA Societe
Anonyme Belge
dExploitation de la
Navigation
Aerienne

RTCA Radio
Technical
Commission for
Aeronautics
RTCM Radio
Technical
Commission for
Maritime Services

SAD software
architecture
document

SADT software
architecture design
team

SCCI system
controller and
cockpit indicator

SAE Society of
Automotive
Engineers

SCD system
category diagram

SAI System
Architecture and
Interfaces
Subcommittee
(AEEC)

SCPC single
carrier per channel
SCSI small
computer system
interface

SAM slot
allocation
management

SDD
system/software
design document

SAM South
American region

SDDN softwaredefined data


network

SAP service
access points
SAPPHIRE
satellite and
aircraft database
program for system
integrity research

SDF software
development folder
SDI source
destination
identifier

SAR search and


rescue

SDLC
synchronous data
link control

SARPS standards
and recommended
practices (ICAO)

SDM software
development
methodology

SAS station
address set

SDP software
development plan

SASS surveillance
analysis support
system
(Eurocontrol)

SDR system
design review

SAT systems and


acceptance testing

SDRAM
synchronous
dynamic random
access memory

SATCOM satellite
communications

SDU
unit

SATNAV satellite
navigation

SE systems
engineering

SB service
bulletin

SEI Software
Engineering
Institute

SBAS satellitebased
augmentation
system

SEL select
identifier

SBC single board


computer
SBD schematic
block diagram
SC special
committee (RTCA)
SCAT special
category

satellite data

SELCAL
calling

selective

SEMP system
engineering
management plan
SETA system
engineering and
technical assistance
(contractor)

SEWG security
working group

SLM standard
length message

SFDF subsystem
fault detection
function

SLoC source lines


of code

SFE supplierfurnished
equipment
SFT software
fault tolerance
SICAS secondary
surveillance radar
improvements and
collision avoidance
systems
SICASP SICAS
Panel (ICAO)
SID standard
instrument
departure
SIGMET
significant
meteorological
information
SI&T software
integration and test
SISG Systems
Implementation
Subgroup (IATA)
SIT system
integration and test
SITA Societe
Internationale de
Telecommunication
s Aeronautiques
SITD system
integration test
description
SITP system
integration test
plan
SITP/D
SITP/description
SITR system
integration test
report
SLA service level
agreement

SLUC system level


use case
SLV service level
verifier
SM systems
management
SMA surface
movement advisor
SMART standard
modular avionics
repair and test
SMB serial
mezzanine board
SMD surface
mount device
SMDS switch
multimegabit data
service
SME system
management entity
SMGCS surface
movement
guidance and
control systems
SMI standard
message identifier
SMR specialized
mobile radio
SMS spectrum
monitoring system
SMT standard
message text
SN

subnetwork

SNA system
network
architecture
SNAC

SN access

SNCR SN
connection
reference

SLC synchronous
link control

SNDCF SN
dependent
convergence
function

SLH system level


health

SNDCF/P
SNDCF/protocol

SLI system level


interface

SNICF SN
independent
convergence
function

SPS standard
positioning service

SNLE SN link
establishment

SQAP software
quality assurance
plan

SNMP simple
network
management
protocol

SQB SQ/billing
processor

SNMPv1 SNMP
version 1
SNPA SN point of
attachment
SNPDU SN
protocol data unit
SNR signal-tonoise ratio
SNSDU SN service
data unit
SOH start of
header
SOI system
operator
instructions
SOIA
simultaneous offset
instrument
approach
SOM software
operator manual
SOIT satellite
operational
implementation
team
SON statement of
operational need
SOW
work

statement of

SPCR system
problem/change
report
SPICE STANS
preparation
integrator for
CNS/ATM
environment
(Eurocontrol)
SPM software
programmers
manual
SPS software
product
specification

SQ

SQD

service quality

SQ data

SQP signal quality


parameter
SRAM static
random access
memory
SREJ selective
reject
SRM selective
reject mode
SRR
system/software
requirements
review
SRS software
requirements
specification
SRU shop
replaceable unit
SSA source
selection activity
SSAC source
selection advisory
committee
SSB single side
band
SSDD
system/segment
design document
SSEB source
selection evaluation
board
SSR secondary
surveillance radar
(ICAO/FAA)
SSS surveillance
server system
SSS
system/segment
specification
SSU subsequent
signal unit

STANAG
standardization
agreement
STANS simulation
for a total air
navigation system
(Eurocontrol)
STAR standard
terminal arrival
route
STARS standard
terminal
automation
replacement
system (FAA)
STB
bed

systems test

STC supplemental
type certificate
(FAA)

SUM software
user manual
SUPPS regional
supplementary
procedures
SUT
test

system under

SVC switched
virtual circuit
SvRR service
readiness review
SVU satellite
voice unit
SW

software

SWIT software
integration and test
SWIT switched
virtual circuit

STCA short-term
traffic advisory

SWTP software
technology plan

STD

SWTRR software
test readiness
review

standard

STD system
technical
description
STDMA
synchronized time
division multiple
access

SYS system
identifier
SYSCAT-B system
category-B (FAA
message format)

STF SATCOM
tracking facility

SysCI system
configuration item

STIU satellite
telecommunications
intermediate unit

SysDD system
design document

STM serial
transition module

STP
plan

TA traffic advisory
(TCAS)

system test

STP/D
STP/description

TACAN tactical air


navigation

STR system
technical report

TAF terminal
aerodrome forecast

STR system test


report

TAF terminal area


forecast (ICAO)

STVS small tower


voice switch

TAOARC Terminal
Area Operations
Aviation
Rulemaking
Committee (FAA)

STX
SU

start of text
signal unit

SUA special use


airspace

TAR trials ATN


router

TAP tower
automation
program
TASS terminal air
surveillance system
TAWS terrain
avoidance warning
system

TES trials end


system (for ATN)

TMU traffic
management unit

TFC

TO technical
order

traffic

TFM traffic flow


management
TFR temporary
flight restriction

TOC transfer of
communications
TOR terms of
reference
(ICAO/FAA)

TC transport
connection

TFTP trivial file


transfer protocol

TCA terminal
control area

TG transmission
gate

TCAS traffic alert


collision avoidance
system

TG4 maximum
time between
GSIFs timer

TCP transmission
control protocol

TG5 maximum
link overlap timer

TPF transaction
processing facility

TCP/IP
TCP/Internet
protocol

TGT

TPL terminal
permission list
(ACARS/AFEPS)

TCS tower
communications
system

target

TIA
Telecommunication
s Industry
Association

TD technical
documentation

TIP tower
integration
program

TDLS tower data


link services

TIS traffic
information service

TDM time division


multiplexer

TL terminal
location
(ACARS/AFEPS)

TDMA time
division multiple
access

TP

test point

TT

TPM technical
performance
management
TQM total quality
management
TRACON terminal
radar approach
control
TRB technical
review board

T&M time and


materials

TRR test
readiness review

TDWR terminal
Doppler weather
radar

TM timer-media
access control

TS

TECOM technical
committee
TEI text element
identifiers
TELCO telephone
company
TERPS terminal
en route
procedures
TERPS terminal
instrument
procedures (FAA)

time source

TS transport
service
TSA technical
services agreement
TSAP transport
service access point

TMC traffic
management
coordinator

TSC term service


commitment

TMC test, monitor


and control

TSC
transportation
system center

TM&O
telecommunications
management and
operations
TMS-T traffic
management
system transition

TSS technology
support and
services

TPDU transport
protocol data unit

TDST tower data


services terminal

TMA traffic
management
advisor

TSP transmitted
signal power

TSTM time source


transition module

TRD transit
routing domain

T&E test and


evaluation

TSO technical
standard order
(FAA)

TP4 transport
protocol class 4

TLS target level


of safety

TM technical
manual

TSG technical
standards and
guidelines

TSDU transport
service data unit
TSG technical
subgroup

test tools

TURB

turbulence

TVE total vertical


error
TWDL two-way
data link
communications
TWIP terminal
weather
information for
pilots
TWP technical
work program
TX

transmit

U
UA unnumbered
acknowledgment
UART universal
asynchronous
receiver
transmitter
UAT universal
access transceiver
UATP universal air
travel plan
UAV unmanned
air vehicle
UBI uplink block
identifier
UCI user
computer interface
UD

user data

UDP user
datagram protocol
UHF ultra-high
frequency

UI unnumbered
information

VAS value-added
services

VNAV vertical
navigation

WAFC world area


forecast center

UIR upper
information region

VC

VCB virtual circuit


bridge

VNMS VDLM2
network
management
system

WAN wide area


network

ULWG upper layer


working group

VCP video
cassette player

VOCRAD
radio

UML unified
modeling language

VCU
unit

UP universal
platform

VDC volts direct


current

VOR VHF omnidirectional radio


range

UPRM universal
platform resource
management

VDD version
description
document

UPS
uninterruptible
power supply

VDL

UL

uplink

UPSMS UPS
management
supply
URET user
request evaluation
tool
URL universal
resource locator
USC United States
code
UTC universal
coordinated time
UTP unshielded
twisted pair
UUT
test
UWB
band

unit under
ultra wide-

VDL control

VHF data link

VDLM2
2

VDL Mode

VDLM3
3

VDL Mode

VDLM4
4

VDL Mode

VDR VHF data


radio
VDU visual
display unit
VER

version

VFR visual flight


rules
VGA video
graphics adapter
VGS VDLM2
ground station
VHF very high
frequency
VLSI very large
scale integration

V
V

virtual circuit

volt

v8208 vdlM2 8208


protocol
VAC volts
alternating current
VAGR

vDLM2 AGR

VANS value-added
network services

VMC visual
meteorological
conditions
VME versa
module Eurocard
bus
VME VHF
management entity
(VMEbus)

VAR value-added
reseller

VMECC versa
module Eurocard
card cage

VAP value-added
processor

VMON VNMS
health monitoring

voice

VPN virtual
private network
VRG VDL
reference guide
VSAT very small
aperture terminal
VSCS voice
switching and
control system
VSD VDL specific
DTE address
VSM vertical
separation
minimum
VSRS voice switch
replacement
system
VSWR voltage
standing wave
radio
VTAM virtual
telecommunications
access method
VTOL vertical
takeoff and landing

WARC World
Administrative
Radio Conference
WARP weather
and radar processor
WASP wireless
access service point
WATRS west
Atlantic route
structure
WBS work
breakdown
structure
WC waypoint
capture
WG working
group
WJHTC William J.
Hughes Technical
Center (FAA)
WGS world
geodetic system
WMO World
Meteorological
Organization
WMSCR weather
message switching
center replacement
WP work
procedure
WPR waypoint
position report

VTS vessel traffic


system

WPT

V&V verification
and validation

WSDDM weather
support for deicing
decision-making

W
WAAS wide area
augmentation
system
WACS wireless
airport
communication
system
WADGPS wide
area differential
GPS

waypoint

WSR weather
surveillance radar
WWW
Web
WX

world wide

weather

WXR weather
radar

X
X

cancel

XID exchange
identification
XFR
XMIT
XMTR

transfer
transmit
transmitter

XS Societe
Internationale de
Telecommunication
s Aeronautiques
(SITA)

XTI X-open
transport interface

ZFW zero fuel


weight

XTP express
transfer protocol

ZOC zone of
convergence

Z Zulu (Greenwich
mean time)

ZVF zero velocity


filter