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Dynamics of Machine-2

ASSIGNMENT-3

FORCED VIBRATIONS

1.

**A machine of mass 1000kg rest on four springs each having stiffness of 3.5x10 6
**

N/m. The damping factor of the dashpot is 0.2. The machine runs at 2000 rpm.

Under these operating conditions, the machine is found to deflect by 0.06mm.

Find the magnification factor and force transmitted through each mounting.

2.

**A single cylinder engine has a mass of 100kg and is acted upon by a vertical
**

unbalanced force of 400 sin (13 π t) N acting on it. The cylinder is supported on a

spring having a stiffness 60 kN/m and a damper which gives a damping force of

700 N per unit velocity. Find the force transmitted to the foundation.

3.

**A machine of 100 kg mass supported on spring of total stiffness 700 kN/m and
**

has an unbalanced rotating element, which results in a disturbing force of 300 N

at a speed of 2500 rpm. Assuming a damping factor of 0.25, determine:

a) Amplitude of vibration

b) Transmissibility

c) Transmitted force

4.

**A vertical single stage compressor has mass of 500 kg mounted on spring having
**

stiffness of 1.96x105 N/m, and a dashpot having damping factor of 0.2. The

rotating part are completely balanced and the equivalent reciprocating parts

weight 2kg. The stroke of the compressor in 0.2m. Find the dynamic amplitude of

vertical motion and the phase difference between the motion and the excitation

force, if the operating speed is 200 rpm?

5.

**A machine of mass 1000kg is acted upon by and external force of 2450N at 1500
**

rpm. To reduce the effect of vibration, isolators of rubber having static deflection

of 2mm under machine weight and an estimated damping factor of 0.2 are used.

Determine.

a) Amplitude of vibration of machine b) Force transmitted to the foundation

c) Phase lag d) Phase angle between transmitted and excited force

e) Speed at which the maximum amplitude of vibration would occur.

**6. An electric motor weights 25kg and is mounted on a rubber pad which defects by
**

1mm due to motor weight. The rotor weight 5 kg and has an eccentricity of 0.1mm

and rotates at 1500 rpm. Find the amplitude of vibration of the motor and the

transmitted to the foundation under the following conditions (i)there is no damping

(ii) Damping factor = 0.1

7. When a single cylinder engine of total mass 300kg is placed four springs, the springs

are compressed by 2mm. A dashpot offering 400 N of damping force at relative

velocity of 200 mm/sec is attached to the engine to damp out the vibrations. The

reciprocating mass of the engine is 20kg and stroke of the piston is 130 mm. The

4 sec. It has 80mm stroke and at runs at 1000rpm. Find out amplitude of vibrations neglecting secondary unbalance. a) Force transmitted of foundation at 1000 rpm b) Force transmitted to foundation at resonance c) The amplitude of vibration at resonance.engine is running at 1500 rpm.G. find K. A machine weight 100kg is supported on 4 springs. If the isolator has very little damping and it defects 3mm under a weight of 23 kg. if only 10% of the shaking force is to be transmitted to the supporting structure. The machine is supported on isolators having a damping factor of 0. A centrifugal fan weight 46kg and has a rotating unbalanced of 0. 8. 13. specify the spring stiffness for . The spring is stretched by 150mm due to weight and the dashpot has coefficient of damping of 1000N per meter per second.24kg-m. if the transmitted force is to be less than 8% of the unbalanced force 9. A machine part of mass 4kg vibrates in a viscous fluid. 12. of the machine. A refrigerator weighting 30kg is to be supported by three springs. (ii) equal to natural frequency of the load.1 kN-mm. find the percentage increases in the amplitude of force vibration when the damper is removed. if the excitation frequency is 2 Hz. Neglect damping. 14. find the percentage of motion transmitted to the instrument board of the vibration of the aircraft is at 2000rpm. Estimate the value of stiffness of the isolator. An instrument panel of an aircraft are mounted on isolators. the combine stiffness of the springs in order that the force transmitted to the foundation is 1. 11. find: a) The amplitude of load b) The relative amplitude between load and support c) The amplitude of the load when the frequency of disturbing force is equal to the natural frequency. The machine has net rotating balance of 1.2 are used. If the unit operates at 580 rpm. If the support is oscillating in SHM. Find the damping coefficient when a harmonic exciting force 50N results in resonant amplitude of 250 mm with a period of 0. with amplitude 25mm and frequency 6 red/s. If the springs are symmetrically placed with respect to C. if weight of the reciprocating parts is 2kg. When dampers having a damping factors of 0. A mass of 25kg is supported by a spring and dashpot. 10.25 times the impressed force. Under this condition.2. find. each having stiffness of K (N/m). find neglecting damping. d) The amplitude of the load when the dashpot has been grounded and the frequency of the support is (i) 6 red/s. however small reduce the amplitude of successive vibrations by 25%. A machine which runes at constant speed of 1440rpm weight 153 kg. It is found that the damping.

Determine the displacement amplitude of the car and the time lag. The profit of the road may be approximated as a sine wave of amplitude 10mm and a wavelength of 1.1m under its own weight of 500kg. Determent: a) The critical speed of the vehicle b) Amplitude of steady state motion of the mass: (i) when driven at critical speed and neglecting damping (ii) when driven at critical speed and having damping factors of 0.5. The road surface varies sinusoidally with amplitude of 0. A motor car moving with speed of 100kmph has a gross mass of 1500kg. The spring of an automobile trailer is compressed by 0. and b) The required spring stiffness so that steady state amplitude of 5mm is obtained at at the given speed and also if the rider would leave his seat under this conditions. It passes over a rough rod which has a sinusoidal surface with amplitude of 75mm and a wavelength of 5m. 16. The suspension system has a spring constant of kN/m and damping ratio of 0.03m and a wavelength of 5m. 17. 15.mounting such that only 10% of the unbalanced force is transmitted to the floor. A vehicle has mass of 1200kg. What would be the amplitude if the trailer was to move at 60 km/hr. Determine: a) The spring stiffness so that resonance occurs under the conditions specified. in order that the reed is in resonance at 1800 cycles/minutes. determine the displacement amplitude of the vehicle. also find the variations of force in the springs.5. when the trailer is traveling over a road with a profile approximated by a sine wave of amplitude of 0.4 20. Also determine the magnitude of the transmitted force.5 c) Amplitude of motion of the mss the vehicle is driven at 50 km/hr and damping factor is 0. Neglect the effect of damping 19. Assume modulus of elasticity as 19.6x1010 N/m2 . Find the mass ‘m’ to be placed at the end of the reeds of a Frahm tachometer. The reed is 50 long. find the critical sped. The road can be idolized as a sinusoidal surface having amplitude of 0.05m and a wavelength of 6m. 6mm wide and 0. 18 Vehicle with a rider has a total mass of 400 kg and travels along a rod at a speed of 90 km/hr. The fan runs at constant speed of 1000rpm.5m. If the vehicle speed is 100 km/hr.75mm thick. A vehicle has a mass of 500 kg and the spring constant of its suspension system is 19600 N/m. The suspension system has a spring constant of 500 N/mm and damping ratio of 0.08m and wave length of 14m.

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