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Northern India Engineering College,

Shastri Park,

New Delhi

Department of Information Technology

Fundamentals of Computing
Course Facilitator:

(Code ETCS 111)

Dr Shafiq ul Abidin, HoD IT

Introduction to DBMS
Define Database Management System (DBMS)
A database management system (DBMS) is a software package designed to define,
manipulate, retrieve and manage data in a database. A DBMS generally
manipulates the data itself, the data format, field names, record structure and file
structure. It also defines rules to validate and manipulate this data. A DBMS relieves
users of framing programs for data maintenance. Fourth-generation query
languages, such as SQL, are used along with the DBMS package to interact with a
Simply a collection of programs that enables you to store, modify, and extract
information from a database. There are many different types of DBMSs, ranging
from small systems that run on personal computers to huge systems that run on
mainframes. The following are examples of database applications:
Advantages of DBMS:

More info from the same data

Reduction of data duplication

Improved data integrity

Programs are independent of the data format

Sharing of data resources

Disadvantages of DBMS:

Added expense

More hardware may be needed

If it crashes.

Sophisticated design and programming required

Additional training

Security is critical

Data Base Administrator

A database administrator (short form DBA) is a person responsible for the
installation, configuration, upgrade, administration, monitoring and maintenance of
databases in an organization.
The role includes the development and design of database strategies, system
monitoring and improving database performance and capacity, and planning for
future expansion requirements. They may also plan, co-ordinate and implement
security measures to safeguard the database.

What are the attributes of data?







DBMS vs File System

DBMS (Database Management System) and File System are two ways that could be used to
manage, store, retrieve and manipulate data. A File System is a collection of raw data files stored
in the hard-drive whereas DBMS is a bundle of applications that is dedicated for managing data

stored in databases. It is the integrated system used for managing digital databases, which allows
the storage of database content, creation/ maintenance of data, search and other functionalities.
Both systems can be used to allow the user to work with data in a similar way. A File System is
one of the earliest ways of managing data. But due the shortcomings present in using a File
System to store electronic data, Database Management Systems came in to use sometime later, as
they provide mechanisms to solve those problems. But it should be noted that, even in a DBMS,
data are eventually (physically) stored in some sort of files.
Difference between DBMS and File System
In File System, files are used to store data while, collections of databases are utilized for the
storage of data in DBMS. Although File System and DBMS are two ways of managing data,
DBMS clearly has many advantages over File Systems. Typically when using a File System,
most tasks such as storage, retrieval and search are done manually and it is quite tedious whereas
a DBMS will provide automated methods to complete these tasks. Because of this reason, using
a File System will lead to problems like data integrity, data inconsistency and data security, but
these problems could be avoided by using a DBMS. Unlike File System, DBMS are efficient
because reading line by line is not required and certain control mechanisms are in place.