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a comprehensive form. at least. CLE.— TRUBNER'8 ORIENTAL SERIES. with Map. : PRODUCTS. pp.S. Member HUNTER. .D. or more interesting tlian his scholarly history of the India of the past. post 8vo. and a group of scholars speak of still more recondite Accadian and Hittite monuments . and incorporating the general results of the Census of 1881. xxxii. at least. Assyrian. and products. Trubner & Co. brought up to date. AND K. LL. the language and sacred books of the Zoroastrians have been laid bare Egyptian.." Times. and other records of the remote past have been deciphered. Sir W. and is a marvellous combination of It gives a complete account of the Indian literary condensation and research."— T/te Times. Sanskrit has been brought within the range of accurate and its invaluable ancient literature thoroughly investigated . of Oriental literature. Second Edition. price 21s. THE INDIAN EMPIRE ITS PEOPLE. Empire.L. HISTORY. Immense strides have been made within the present century in these branches of learning . "It forms a volume of more than 700 pages. have determined to supply the constantly-increasing want.. or. By the Hon. W. and forms the woi-thy outcome of seventeen years of labour with exceptional opportunities for rendering that labour Nothing could be more lucid than tSir William Hunter's expositions of the fruitful. in a spirit of enterprise which does them infinite credit. " A knowledge of the commonplace.S. economic and political condition of India at the present time. peoples.—748. but the results of all the scholarship that has been devoted to these subjects have been almost inaccessible to the public because they were contained for the most part in learned or expensive works. philology. Messrs. and religion is as necessary to the general reader of the present day as an acquaintance with the Latin and Greek classics was a generation or so ago.. all this mass of knowledge to the world. . Being a Revised Edition. philosophy. of the Viceroy's Legislative Council.I. its history. C. or scattered throughout the numbers of scientific periodicals. cloth. Director-General of Statistics to the Government of India.C. and to give in a popular.

and so inverted its leading principle that a teliaion whcse founder denied a God. but the design was frustrated by his nntimely death. Languages of the Parsi Scriptures. in a concise and readable form. as well as the strange lioM which they have retained upon the mindH of millions of people. Superintendent of Sanskrit Studies. E. or rather recension. for. with especial reference to its origin and development. University College. ESSAYS ON THE SACRED LANGUAGE. Lnte of the Universities of Tiibingen. who have overlaid its austere simplicity with innumerable ceremonieft. least adulterated form.''—Scottman. DHAMMAPADA." Academy.. however. The Dhammapada. Martin Haug. xvi." With Accompanying Narratives. pp. consists only of twenty-six chapters or sections. ' Post Bvo. the thirteen abovenamed additional sections not being accessible to them in any other form . even if they understand Chinese. TEXTS FROM THE BUDDHIST CANON viii. and the simplicity of tlie tales and tlie excellence of the monils inculcated." Times. forgotten its maxims. and which is now nominally profoi i ed by 145 nnllions. as hitherto known by the Pali Text Edition. from India. and Professor of Sanskrit in the Ppona College. it brings the modern reader face to face with that simple creed and rule of conduct which won Its way over the minds of myriads. The Zend-Avesta. Beal. perverted its teaching. pp. and generally connected witli some incident in tlie liistory of Buddha. Edited and Enlarged by Dr. as now translated by Mr. History of the Researches into the Sacred Writings and Keligion of the Parsis. E. BEAL. I. ill. cloth. E. price i6s. " 7s. WEST. THE FOLLOWING WORKS HAVE ALREADY APPEARED:— Third Edition. a history of the researches into the sacred writings and religion of the Parsis from the earliest times down to the present — a dissertation on the lan^iuages of tlie Parsi Scriptures. Professor of Chinese. or the Scripture of the Parsis. Beal's rendering of the Chinese translation is a most valuable aid to the It contains autlicntic texts gathered from ancient critical study of the work. and Bonn .D. however. We have. canonical books.. IT. The Zoroastrian Keligion. cmployod was principally panible. make them a very remarkable sttidy. will therefore needs want Mr. '• Mr. — price 6d. Ph. AND RELIGION OF THE PARSIS. from the Earliest Times down to the Present. P. Writings.' by the The author intended. Beal's English rendering of the Chinese version . cloth. By MAKTIN HAUG. " Essays on the Sacred Tjaiiguage. or the Scripture of the Parsis. Evans. by makinjf it accessible in an English dress. — 428. a translation of the Zend-Avesta. Gottingen. on his return late Dr. to expand the materials contained in this work into a comprehensive acconnt of the Zoroastrian religion. by Max Miiller's English. and a dissertation on the Zoroastrian religion. and Religion of the Parsis. post 8vo. as to its Origin and Development. the Chinese original would be unobtainable by them. whilst the Chinese version. and Albrecht Weber's German tmnslations. To which is added a Biographical Memoir of the late Dr. as edited by Fausboll. . Translated from the Chinese by S. " Valuable as exliibiting the doctrine of the Buddhists in its purest. Their great interest. or either of tlie above named translations." Times.A. London. edited by Dr. " Mr. West. W. and upon The method the method of teaching adopted by the founder of Ihe religion. B. WRITINGS. COMMONLY KNOWN AS 176. Beal. conTlie students of Pali who possess Fausboll's sists of thirty-nine sections. luxs added to the great serricea he ha« already rendered to the comparative study of religious history.—— . TRUBNER'S ORIENTAL SERIES. IV. now worships that founder as tt g»>d u\mBvU. consists iji the light wliich they throw upon everyday life in India at the remote period at which tliey were written. text. Haug by Prof. W.

It occurred to him that it might be of use to others to publish in an arranged form the notes which he had collected for his own edification. Inspector of Schools in India. Conn. U." Professor Whitney. cloth.D." Times. — "When Dr. Translated from the Second German Edition by John Mann.A. Second Corrected Edition. GUST. M. price los.S. " The book before us is then a valuable contribution to philological science. and it gives." Professor CowELL. but the extent of our present knowledge had not even been brought to a focus. By KALIDASA." Athenceum. writes :— "It will be especially useful to the students in our Indian colleges and universities. pp.. — 360. xii. Translated from the Sanskrit into English Verse by Ralph T. or enjoy the tenderness of feeling and rich creative imagination of its author. Few translations deserve a second edition better. xii. and at the time of their first publication were acknowledged to be by far the most learned and able treatment of the subject. At their first appearance they were by far the most learned and able treatment of their subject .— — — — TRUBNER'S ORIENTAL SERIES. BuHLER. in every case the sum and substance of the opinions and judgments of the best-informed writers. pp."— T?mes.. price A SKETCH 12s. accompanied by Two Language Maps. post 8to. post 8vo. H. and this volume will supply them with all they want on the subject. xxiv. writes: I was Professor of Oriental Languages in Elphinstone College. " Mr. . Hindu students are intensely interested in the history of Sanskrit literature. cloth." Indian Antiquary. or professes to give. and which we are glad to see made once more accessible." " Is perhaps the most comprehensive and lucid survey of Sanskrit literature extant. The essays contained in the volume were originally delivered as academic lectures. Post 8vo. — 198. pp. By ROBERT N. and Theouor Zachariae. The Author has attempted to fill up a vacuum. Much had been written about the lauguages of the East Indies.. the inconvenience of which pressed itself on his notice. They have now been brougiit up to date by the addition of all the most important results of recent research. " We are very glad to welcome a second edition of Professor Griffith's admirable translation. OF THE MODERN LANGUAGES OF THE EAST INDIES. " Supplies a deficiency which has long been felt. It passes under review a vast number of languages. 6d. Ph. of Cambridge. Second Edition. Yale College.A. Newhaven. and with their recent additions they still maintain decidedly the same rank." twenty -six years 2'^mes. M. Griflath's very spirited rendering is well known to most who are at all interested in Indian literature. " A very spirited rendering of the Kumdrasambhava. price THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. Geiffith. — 116. By ALBUECHT WEBER. with the sanction of the Author. A Poem. writes :— " I was one of the class to whom the work was originally given in the form of academic lectures. cloth.. I frequently felt the want of such a work to which I could refer the students. which was first published ago." Saturday Review. I used to long for such a book when I was teaching in Calcutta. THE HISTORY OF INDIAN LITERATURE.A.

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—420. cloth..D." &c. with so much learning. "This work is one of the greatest authorities upon Buddhism.\ work which will furnish Kuropean students of Buddhism with a most valuable help in the prosecution of their investigations. Two Vols. " Viewed in this light. . religion. pp." and of of Civil Service to " We know none who has described Indian life. pp. THE LIFE OR LEGEND OF GAUDAMA. . " The whole volume is replete with learning. THE BUDDHA OF THE BURMESE. we know of no work comparable to it for the extent of its original research. Post Svo. Third Edition." Record. CUST. NEEDHAM Her Majesty's Indian ESSAYS. and literary ii\\er\t. "It contiins a vast deal of importjint information on the subject. price LINGUISTIC AND ORIENTAL Written from the Year By ROBERT Late Member 18s." Indian Antiquary." Athenceum. BIGANDET."— C«fcit«a Review. sympathy. and viii. Edkins notices in terms of just condemnation the exaggerated praise bestowed upon Buddliism by recent English writers. Janui's Gazette. &c. Hon. "—J?(/i»i6nr</A Daily Review. Philology. EDKINS. Annotations. and that on subjects as full of fascination as of fo*Ki for thought. 1846 to 1878. and Notice on the Phongyies or Burmese Monks. cloth. but form a perfect encyclopajdia of Buddhist lore. Secretary . and the simplicity with which this complicated system of philosophy.. " His book contains a vast amount of information. its importjinco is sufficient to place students of the subject under a deep obligation to its author." Edioburgh Daily Review. xxiv. With The Ways to Neibban. and expressly of those who are concerned in the propagation of Christianity. Bishop of Ramatha. " Exiiibit such a thorough acquaintance with the history and antiquities of India as to entitle him to speak as one having authority. the Royal Asiatic Society. Languages Author "The Modern of the East Indies. ".". and ritual is set forth.— 326."— Academy. Dr." Times. pp. " Tliey seem to us to be full of suggestive and original remarks. HISTORICAL AND By Author of " China's Place J." " Religion in China. " The author speaks with the atithority of personal experience It is this constant n««fH." British Quarterly Review. " Bishop Bigandet's invaluable work. A VOLUME OF SKETCHES. which not only iUnstrate the subjectmatter. P. price iBs. CHINESE BUDDHISM. 496."— DuftZin Review. literature. The result of thirty-five years of inquiry."— 5<. in CRITICAL. Vicar-Apostolic of Ava and Pegu. By the Right Rev. "The work is furnished with copious notes.Athenceum. " Upon the whole..— — —— — — — TRUBNER-S ORIENTAL SERIES.iiition with the country and the pcoplo which gives such a vividness "" to many of the pages. and speculation. reflection. cloth." Tablet. such as is only to be gjiined by long-continued study on the spot. e-xpecially the life of the natives.. post 8vo. It deserves most careful study from all interested in the history of the religions of the world. D. viiL— 268 price 2 IS. Post Svo.

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" Mr. Mevlana Shemsu-'D-Din Ahmed. But the more thanks are due to him on that account for the way in which he has acquitted himself in his laborious task. of his Ancestor's. "Mr. Assyrian Exhibitioner. B. mainly addressed to Assyrian scholars and students.S. — 164. They are not. a very numerous chiss. price 7s. Post 8vo.."— Toilet. xii." Celestial Empire. el Eflaki. M. Translated from tlie Cuneiform Inscriptions upon Cylinders and Tablets in the British Museum Collection. b. *' Mr.. •' Students of scriptural archaeology will also appreciate the hadflon.2'a6it<. The author has manifestly devoted much labour to the" task of studying the poetical literature of the Japanese.S. Together with gome Account of the Life and Acts of the Author. and it offers both to the professed Assyriologist and to the ordinary nou-Assyriological Semitic scholar the means of controlling its results. Post 8vo. 681-668. By W. and of his Descendants. BUDGE. M. cloth. el 'Aripi.A. "Yeigo Heukaku Shiraii. and the Poetry Versified.R. It is to the cliissical poetry of Old Jap.' " ' History of Esar- Times.A. in English. and bis efforts are successful to a degree. It does not pretend to Eopuhirise studies which are yet in their infancy. "It is undoubtedly one of the best tr. Explanations of the Ideographs by Extracts from the Bi-Liogual Syllabaries." Daily News. Translated. But lie has evidently laboured con amore. THE HISTORY OF ESARHADDON (Son of Sennacherib). 6d. Its primary object is to translate. Cambridge. Budge's book is.mslations of lyric literature which has ap))eared during the close of the last year. price 21s. the first attempt which has been made to iuterj»ret the literature of the Japanese to the Western world. i)p. pp. By basil Author of hall CHAMBERLAIN." " A very curious volume. — 228. 6d." London and China Express. it is to be feared. price los.— — — — — TRUBNER'S ORIENTAL SERIES. and in the volume before us we have a selection from that poetry rendered into graceful English verse.c. Illustrated by a Selection of Characteristic Anecdotes. 448.A. as Collected by their Historian. pp. cloth. wlio is dcnirnuH of oVttaining nn inHi^ht into a very imiwrtaut deiKirtment of the literature extant in that language.ui that we must turn for indigenous Japanese thought. xii. and rendering characteristic bjiccimens into Enu'liah verse. "This bfX)k will Ije a very valuable help to the reader ignorant of Persia. By ERNEST A. Christ's College. " A complete treasury of occult Oriental lore. Post 8vo. &c. THE MESNEVI (Usually known as The Mesneviti Sherip.. " There is much to attract the scholar in this volume. cloth. KING OF ASSYRIA. THE CLASSICAL POETRY OF THE JAPANESE. Chamberlain's volume is. . so far as we are aware."— Saturday Eevieic. together with a Grammatical Analysis of each Word. kc. ut it does not assume to be more than tentative. JAMES REDHOUSE.'' Academy.R."." I'aOlet. Chjunbeilain set himself a difficult task when he undertook to reproduce Japanese poetry in an English form. of course. or Holy Mesnevi) OF MEVLANA (OUR LORD) JELALU Book the 'D-DIN MUHAMMED ER-RUML First. and List of Eponyms.

as his preface tells us. has adliered with tolerable fidelity to the original te:s. The value of this work will be perceived when it is remembered that at no time since relations commenced between China and the West has the former been so powerful we had almost said aggressive as now.M. viii. Faber's work is one of the most valuable of the excellent series to which it belongs. ' Post 8vo. of the Bengal Asiatic Society. pp. the goal towards which he bends his eSorta. LONG."— Globe. xvi. Or. Arnold has done in his splendid paraphrases of language contained in these mighty eyics. A. — 296.— 280. price los.t. • — — A 2 .R. Faber is already well known in the field of Chinese stuciies by his digest of the doctrines of Confucius. Rhenish Mission Society. EASTERN PROVERBS AND EMBLEMS Illustrating Old Truths. C. "Proverbial Wisdom " from the Shlokas of the Hitopadesa. English poems. By the Rev.' that being. 6d. it is quite a feast of good ihiags. the air seems laden with the spicy odours of the tropics. Author of "The Light of Asia. ERNST FABER. " We certainly wish Mr. Hong Kong. INDIAN POETRY. A Systematic Digest of the Doctrines of the Chinese Philosopher Mencius. cloth. Mr. and wish for it a wide circulation and attentive reading. 6d. price 7s. Edwin Arnold does good service by illustrating." Nature. "—Record."— Allen's Indian Hail. and other Oriental Poems. " Mr. By EDWIN ARNOLD. Containing a New Edition of the " Indian Song of Songs. The Indian Song of Songs Mr. pp. " Altogether.S. THE MIND OF MENCIUS POLITICAL ECONOMY FOUNDED UPON MORAL PHILOSOPHY. " Tlie poem abounds with imagery of Eastern luxuriousness and sensuousm ss . C. price 6s. " We regard the book as valuable. the power of Indian poetry to stir European emotions.S. " No other English poet has ever thrown his genius and his art so thoroughly into the work of translating Eastern ideas as Mr. By the Rev. TRUBNER'S ORIENTAL SERIES. while producing a very enjoyable poem.— — — — . with Comments and Explanations." —Daily Teleffi-ax>h. Post 8vo. jasmine-bosomed Radha. HUTCHINSON.' from the allurements of the forest nymphs. Translated from the Original Text and Classified. Trlibner's Oriental Series." from the Sanscrit Two Books from "The Iliad of India" (Mahabharata). Post 8vo.L. pp. Arnold will have introduced it among popular is not unknown to scholars." ' ' ' T'lDies. with Additional Notes." of the "Gita Goviuda" of Jayadeva . xvi." Antiquary. " In this new volume of Messrs. F. For those who will give it careful study. Nothing could be more graceful and delicate than the shades by which Krishna is portrayed in the gradual process of being weaned by the love of Beautiful Radha. B. cloth. Arnold success in his attempt to popularise Indian classics."— Overland Mail. — 270. Church Mission. and the verse has a richness and a melody suflScient to captivate the senses of the dullest. tlirough the medium of his musical English melodies. Translated from the German.. in whom the five senses are typified. " The translator. " It is full of interesting matter.G. cloth. Mr." Standard. Member J.S. By Rev.

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By a. BARTH.
Trannlated from the French with the authority and assistance of the Author.

The author has, at the request of the publishers, considerably enlarged
the work for the translator, and has added the literature of the subject to
date ; the translation may, therefore, be looked upon as an equivalent of a
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defi\s."— Tablet.

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Exposition of the System of Kapila, with an Appendix on the
Nyaya and Vais'eshika Systems.

The system





of Kapila contains nearly all that India has produced in the

department of pure philosophy.

"The non- Orientalist . finds in Mr. Davies a patient and learned guide who
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THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. TRUBNER LONDON: & CO. CranslatetJ from tje Sanskrit into engli'gj Fcrge BY KALPH T. A POEM BY kALIDAsa. M. H. GEIFFITH. PRINCIPAL OF BENARES COLLEGE. LUDGATE 1879.. ^econti ^tiition. X^All rights reserved. .A.} HILL.


It the astrological data contained in the its at the patron of highest perfection. I must request them time to rest with the belief that about the satisfied when Virgil and Horace were shedding an undying lustre upon the reign lived. with any certainty. whom by a War. to the Kumar A Sambhava.PHEFACE. has been shown by H. loved. memorial - which verse enumerates their names. polished Augustus.God. at the period of * [This date is much too early. Jacobi from poem that the date of its composition cannot be placed earlier than about the middle of the fourth century a. Of the history of Kalidasa. King of OUJEIN. court of the no less munificent Sanskrit literature.d. is we can only little from gather general assent Birth of the or we know but attributed. that he was one of the Precious Stones that shone at ' the Court of ' Nine Vikra- MADITYA. our poet Kalidasa of and sang. giving and taking honour.] . in the half century immediately preceding the Christian of arguments for is and era/'^ aojainst the As the examination correctness of this date not likely to interest general readers.

du den Himmel. knows something. und so du was einem ist "Vol. and would gladly know more. mit ich Sakontald. studied in the critic. tender. Kosmos. and the latter one of the most charming of is Professor Wilson's specimens of the Hindii Theatre may here and there even in England of the graceful. be found a lover and fanciful. the former of which has long enjoyed an European celebrity in the translation of Sir William Jones.. begreifen Alles gesagt. a Schlegel. here who be found. See also Scblegel's Dramatic Literature. . Dich. to set KIlidasa very high among the glorious company of the Sons of Song.— . II. on account of his tenderness of feeling and his rich creative imagination. siittigt Namen II. and The Seasons whilst in original. and note. the a Goethe. having agreed. p. PREFACE. viii Little as we know may an English reader and there of Indian poetry. and Humboldt's . not the Orientalist merely. und nahrt. the natural philosopher. Lect. but the poet. is not entirely unacquainted with the name or works of the author of the beautiful dramas of SakontalI and The Hero and THE Nymph. die Friichte des spateren Jahres. picturesque. — . who of the sweet poet of the Cloud Messenger. a Humboldt. Nenn' now : Willst du was reizt Willst is willst die Erde."^ That the poem which * Goethe says Willst du for the first time offered die Bliithe des friihen. und entzuckt. Germany he has been deeply and enthusiastically admired in translation. 40.

be as well to inform the reader. mistaken. is this a defence of the translator at the expense of Eully the poet. in an the to diminish this reputation my yet so is ix English dress. is to deny that we judge him bald and prosaic. the author of Lalla all celestial himself. it fortune of haviug a Jones or a It may wonder . if by an European standard. would have tried this poem deserves. the artistic skill. more elaborate descriptions harsh as the jarring of a tune- chord' compared with the melody of Kalidasa's less rhythm.PREFACE. will admiration of the grace and beauty that pervade much of the work must not allow me occasionally. am sure it I do not think will not obtain. that admiration which the author's masterpieces abeady made known work itself is at once commanded not inferior. at all events. that the Birth of the War- . passed by. my own that in many may have of the versification is ' that numerous beauties of . to rival whose sweetness and purity of language. if the has not enjoyed the good Wilson for translator. Kookh and I the fertility and the exquisite ear of of resource. before he at the misnomer. admirably adapted to the soft repose and so rosy hue of his pictures. am how I conscious far I am from being able adequately to reproduce the fanciful creation of the sweet singer of Oujein thought and expression I marred . KIlidIsa Nor not the translator's earnest hope. general reader. even in the noble Sanskrit.

is (and I will not disown is much my my own (a undertak- Valuable as this work great obligations to to be regretted that the extracts it). not and prosaic. they can scarcely claim infallibility . that I have chiefly used.India House . And now one word as to the manner in which I have endeavoured to perform [* this Ten more my task. that I have not scrupled to think. of which remain.] t [With Though there a Latin translation. is much.PREFACE. Professor Stenzler's edition. or rather to feel. for myself. cantos. probable supposition.] . have been published since was written. are so matter-of-fact It is. unfrequently. in but although the Sanskrit commentaries accompanying the text are some- times of the greatest use in unravelling the meaning.* I have derived great assistance in the work of transla- poem tion from the Calcutta printed edition of the the Library of the East. its has robbed us of the conclusion . however. author's and. tradition informing poem originally consisted of only seven now the latter is us or time the more that the twenty-two cantos. X God was by either left unfinished author. of very inferior merit. and the annotations so few and brief. it from the native commentators are so scanty. f published under the auspices of the Oriental Translation Fund society that has liberally encouraged ing).

I think. 1853. by pointing out the poet." Adderley Library. this my cast to the advantage of have in no instance ventured to do. that might be struck the poem. without attempting to give word for word or line for line. or particularising the defects of him and his trans- That the former will be appreciated. I will not seek to anticipate the critics. " I have only to request the audience that they will listen to this work of Kalidasa with attention and kindness. in consideration of its subject and respect for the Author. so that Prelude to the makes me con- now. xi of the to give the English reader as faith- original as my own power and the nature of things would permit. to produce upon the imagination impressions similar to those which one who studies the work in Sanskrit would experience. I aim having been ful a out. and the lator. Ajpril. . latter kindly dealt with. nor to deprecate their animadversions.PREFACE. in the words of the Manager in the Hero and the Nymph. Marlborough College. late experience fident beauties of the . and.

. and au are pronounced severally however. the Sanskrit vowels are to be sounded like those of the Italian alphabet. Himalaya the accent is on the second syllable. is In the aspirates. The consonants is . whatever vowel follows. .. u. like and word like e in they. are sounded as in English. long or accented . th^ ph. America: which has the sound of that ^^ a. abhor.PRELIMINARY NOTE. As a general rule. kept distinct. i. like i in pick. . PRONUNCIATION. dh. long or accented i in pique. except the short or unac- cented a. Uj long or accented ai u in rule. e rise letter in the pandit " a learned man. like short or unaccented. <fec. hh. up-hill. being pronounced ^%w6Zi7. like u in full. . always hard. . being pronounced as in In like like i in in our. .. like short or unaccented. red-hot^ pent-house. &c. . /. the sound of h G in ^0. The diphthongs 01^ a in father.

For who can gaze upon the moon. when Prithu ruled in days of old The rich earth. For him. fill hill.. Far Himalaya. teeming with her The vassal hills and Merit drained her To deck Himalaya. Spans the wide land from east to western Lord of the hills. And for they loved earth. with deity. in the north His towery summits till lifting high they cleave the sky. the mother. THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD Canto jTirst UMA'S NATIVITY. and dare To mark one spot less brightly glorious there ? . instinct sea. him best gave her store to sparkling ores the royal Proud mountain-king Dims not the beauty ! his of his gold. diadem of snow gems below. With herbs and gems and breast.

glorious hymn mark with all his Himalaya leads whispering reeds. Far spread the wilds where eager hunters roam. of weakness in a hero's fame ? the gleamings of his mountain brass Flash through the clouds and tint them as they pass. 'mid a thousand virtues. that lend their friendly aid To the passion of the love-lorn maid. THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. tell So quick to learn in metal Her hopes and List The ! fears tints to upon the tender bark. Falling at every step. tell fell. the fair pearls that graced his forehead Where And of the the strong elephant. breathing from each cave. 2 Wlio. the mighty conqueror's way. And deck their beauty for the twilight dance. . For though the melting snow has washed away The crimson blood-drops Still wounded prey. dares to blame One shade when Oft. heaven's bright wantons hail their hour of play Try. clinging to the lion's claws. Dear By to the sylphs are the cool shadows thrown dark clouds wandering round the mountain's zone.. There birch-trees wave. o'ermastered. the magic of their glance. Those And glories mock the hues of closing day. Till frightened by the storm and rain they seek Eternal sunshine on each loftier peak. ere the time. betray. Tracking the lion to his dreary home.

Unscorned. her peerless charms. homeward steps ? her slender ankles scarce can bear The weight of beauty that impedes her there Each rounded limb. and That broad full all . Till And swell his music as There the fierce along. elephant wounds the scented bough To ease the torment And it floats of his burning brow bleeding pines their odorous To breathe gum . Kngers yet the heavenly minstrel's bride the wild path that skirts HimIlaya's side Cold to her tender feet Why should slow 'Tis that her — steps oh.umA 'S NA TIVITY. for the Spurn not the suppliant Why On good and great for his lowly state. spreads the brooding Safe in the shelter of the mountain-king. wing like the night-bird. uninjured . 3 heavenly minstrels raise their voice in song. cold — her ? —the snow. those voluptuous arms. — be . rest the murky darkness cells dwells. There magic herbs pour forth their streaming light From mossy And caverns through the darksome night. lend a torch to guide the trembling maid Where waits her lover in the leafy shade. distil rare fragrance o'er the sacred hill. Yet hath he caves within whose inmost In tranquil And. bosom.

. breathes in welcome freshness o'er the face Of wearied hunters when they quit the So far aloft. star the sky Cull the fair blossoms from their seats on high And when the sun pours forth his morning glow In streams of glory from his path below. outspread. to grace a king as proud as he when ? the nymphs. northern . THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. amid Himalayan steeps. who sleeps. monarch's fan more glorious might there be. More meet There. In modest fear their gentle limbs undress. Couched on the tranquil pool the lotus That the bright Seven chase. by merit claim of a monarch's name . their bushy streaming hair Flashes like moonlight through the parted What air. within the cave's recess. Thick clouds descending yield a friendly screen. They gain new beauty as his kisses break His darlings* slumber on the mountain Well might that ancient The power and glory hill lake. With pearly dewdrops Ganga loads the gale That waves the dark pines towering And o'er the vale. 4 E'en the wild kine that roam his forests bring The royal symbols With tails to the mountain-king. And blushing beauty bares her breast unseen.

gentle daughter came The royal mother with her Born once at length to bless loveliness again. N"o child of earth. He chose a consort to prolong his line. powerful to save. Gladly obedient to the law divine.. nor was The Saints' beloved Crowned with He his prayer denied. born of the Sages' will. who in triumph led His Serpent beauties to the bridal bed And when Indra's might once That bare the swift hills . bride. The great MainIka. (So fierce his rage. fair. Swiftly the seasons. for in an earlier life High fame was hers. Nurse of pure herbs that grace each holy rite. she was heavenly pair. those pinions rent through the firmament. as Siva's faithful wife. The fair nymph Mena pleased the sovran To her he sued. share the sacred offering. flew on. and beauty were the passing glorious. Earth's meetest bearer of unyielding might. no mountain could withstand The wild He bolt flashing fled to And A from his red right hand. The Lord of Life for this ordained And bade him him king. And made her mother of a noble son.) Ocean. was the mountain's all bliss hill. hid his glory 'neath the friendly wave. umA's nativity. . winged with love.

the cloud's voice has caused the Responsive to Then was it its gem to spring. rosy glow suffused the brightening sky. gentle thundering.. to trace The dawning charm Even as the crescent More full. As richer glory of every infant grace. Her angered Now spirit left its mortal cell. to fame Child of the Mountain was her only name. When Industry and Virtue meet and Holy and the their union. . jealous for the lord she loved so well. to spring From that pure lady and the mountain-king. 6 But her proud sire had dared the God Then was her tender And to scorn soul with anguish torn. . When MenX's A daughter saw the light of day. sweet. and all the world was gay. Breathed round the And a sweet unearthly strain. young maiden diademmed with light her dear mother's fame more sparkling bright. the glad heavens poured That Made As hill fair down their flowery rain. as days flew by. kiss. moons their glory pour more lovely than the eve yet the maiden was unknown before. An odorous breeze came sweeping softly by. a lovely boon. THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. Blest was that hour. deigned the maid. fruit is bliss. the blue offspring of the Turquois Hills The parent mount with When fills.

of all his lovely race. the glory of her sire. But when her mother. Shedding new lustre on his old descent. pure sweet eloquence adorns the wise. And o'er her islets would the maiden roam Amid the dear companions of her play With ball and doll to while the hours away. The flambeau's glory She was the is the shining fire pride. On her face Looking with love he ne'er could The ! satisfy thirsty glances of a parent's eye. : : umJ's nativity. When sprmg-tide bids a thousand flowerets bloom Loading the breezes with their rich perfume. His The sparkling Ganga laved her heavenly home. loveliest child. his richest ornament. At her with anxious care stern penance. As swans in autumn in assembling bands Fly back to Ganga's well-remembered sands As herbs beneath the darksome shades of night Collect again their scattered rays of light . Though here and there the wandering bee may He loves his own The Gods' bright And — his darling mango — rest. cried Forbear To a new title And Uma was Loveliest And filled Forbear ! was the warning turned. dearest to her father. the name was she the maiden earned.. best. river bathes with gold the skies.

Kow memory ! and thoughts. beauty's prime. Feelings. for the Artist's care j Formed each young charm most excellently fair. and every youthful grace Ne'er had the painter's skilful hand portrayed A lovelier picture than that gentle maid Ne'er sun-kissed lily more divinely * . symmetry each rounded limb neatly fashioned and approved by Him j The rest was faultless. and knowledge came again.— : : : THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. 8 \ i So dawned upon the maiden's waking mind j The far-ofif And all of her life resigned. There was a glory beaming from her With own love's light. the o'er the sod. \ The how of Love without his flowery dart. When the Almighty The marvellous beauty In full fair Grew ' step. springing where she trod. her former learning in its train. The proud swans taught her as they stemmed the Whilst of the maiden they would fondly learn Her anklets' pleasant music in return. ' -^ \ began of that child to plan. Maker first tide. i . Itipened the loveliness of that yoimg maid That needs no wine to fire the captive heart. Her glowing feet shed radiance That arching neck. fair Unclosed her beauty to the morning air. ' face. the glance aside. that craves no artful aid. Bright as a lotus.

. the forest-monarch's pride Too rough that trunk. that subdues the heart For vain his He strife than the flowery dart. beauties though no tongue may tell. Between the partings Came deem her boasted charms of fair Uma's vest hasty glimpses of a lovely breast So closely there the sweet twin hillocks rose. umA's nativity. So dazzling bright. Yet Siva's love will aid the fancy well No other maid could Worthy the clasp of such a husband's arms. with Siva. Her arms were softer Young Kama's arrow. Scarce could the lotus in the vale repose. too cold that young A softer. :: . . as A band And of gems if the maid had braced to sparkle round her waist the dear dimples of her Seemed fitting downy skin couch for Love to revel in. till at last chose those chains to bind his conqueror fast. warmer thing must Her hidden ? ? ? tree's stem vie with them. . And if her loosened zone e'er slipped below. As his if The moulding hand would fain express visible type of perfect loveliness. All was so bright beneath the mantle's flow. What may thing of beauty the poet dare the smooth wonder of those limbs compare With The young tree springing by the brooklet's side The rounded trunk.

And when she spoke. upon the maiden's tongue. branch : opened yet a fair pearl set with her smile might vie Flashing through lips bright with their rosy dye. . The strings of pearl across her Increased Her bosom thrown beauty. its breast. such rare accents hung. The adorner now. Distilling nectar. charms blooms at noon her. The sweetest note that Seemed harsh and Which of that soft liquid eye. loveliest flower that ever Laid in the In richest fairest coral. lo E'en the When And A new moon poured down a paler beam her long fingers flashed their rosy gleam. brighter than Anoka's blossom threw glory round. and now the adorned When Beauty No If —— lotus gazes on the fair full moon. winning and so mild MenA's gentler child ? . for it on that flower she feed her raptured No moon is The eye. like lilies learnt it first The gentle fawn. shining from the mid-day sky She looked on Uma's And to be. more heavenly face.: THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. found their glories both united there. The melting glance Tremulous e'er or when — so the breezes sigh. the Koil poured tuneless as a jarring chord. like summer's evening hue. her jewels seeming to agree. and enhanced their own. fair.






oh, the arching of her



the rare beauty of

pencilled line,


Love gazed upon her forehead


spurned the

Her long

bow he


so fine

in despair

once esteemed so

bright tresses too might



shame the pride

Of envious yaks who roamed the mountain-side.
Surely the Maker's care had been to bring


Nature's store each sweetest, loveliest thing,


the world's Creator would behold


All beauty centred in a single mould.





saw the daughter




at will

of the royal hill,




who roams



Half of himself, and partner of




yield the

To Fire alone

and the


father's pride


other's bride

of all bright things

The holy hymn, the




sacrifice of praise.

the monarch durst not, could not bring




child, unsought, to


as a



his throne.




Heaven's supremest King

fears his earnest prayer

unheeded, and with thoughtful care

Seeks for some friend his eager suit to

Thus great Himalaya

in his


awe delayed.






Since the sad

In the

moment when

full glory of

The mournful Siva


her beauty died,
in the holy grove

dwelt in solitude, and

High on that


his gentle bride


not love.

where musky breezes throw

Their balmy odours o'er eternal snow

Where heavenly



minstrels pour their notes divine,


laves the mountain pine,

Clad in a coat of skin


lived for prayer



rudely wrought

solitary thought.




in the hollows of the rocky

band that served the hermit's

Where from



the clefts the dark bitumen flowed.

Tinted with mineral dyes their bodies glowed

Clad in rude mantles of the birch-tree's



bright red garlands was their hair entwined.

Tlie holy bull before his master's feet

Sliook the hard-frozen earth with echoing feet.


as he heard the lion's roaring swell

In distant thunder from the rocky


In angry pride he raised his voice of fear

And from


the mountain drove the startled deer.

a shape the

God would sometimes wear

takes eight various forms

Then the

great deity

Of penance,


—was glowing

gives the prize

prayer, and holy exercise.




As though

meed he

to earn the


grants to man,

Himself the penance and the pain began.


to that holy lord, to


Honour and glory by the Gods
The worship of a




in heaven,




towards his dwelling sent the lovely maid


task, attended

To woo


by her youthful

widowed heart



to love again.

The hermit welcomed with a courteous brow
That gentle enemy of hermit vow.



pure breast where Contemplation dwells

Defies the charmer and the charmer's spells.

Calm and unmoved he viewed


bade her

all his

the wondrous maid,

pious duties aid.

She culled fresh blossoms at the God's command,

Sweeping the

The holy


grass for sacred rites she sought.

And day by day


the fairest water brought.

the unwonted labour caused a sigh,

fair-haired lady turned her languid eye



with a careful hand

the pale

moon on

Siva's forehead gleamed.

swift through all her frame returning vigour streamed.



While impious TIrak Was in resistless might troubling heaven and earth with wild affright. fill ! before the world was made. deigned his glorious face to show. at thy command . three Persons Unborn and unbegotten The pay sought with truthful words his heart to reach Glory to Thee One to fruitful seed rained Glory. Didst face turns every way. by Indra The mournful As when The So deities for refuge fled. Then nearer came the suppliant Gods Honour to him whose They bowed them low And " single Next Thou. to Thee : ! ! from thy hand down . form thy Majesty displayed. To Brahma's high abode.God's loving beams awake lotus slumbering Brahma And led. Lord. on the silver lake. to body forth the mystic Three. poured sweet comfort on their looks of woe. before the Lord of Speech. the Day.: Canto ©econD^ THE ADDRESS TO BRAHMA.

. arise. and destroyer. i8 From that small All things that germ move o'er quickening waters thrown move have grown. Creator of the world. yet hidden from the sight. and uncreate ! came. ? . By form in twain didst separate. descend. THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. dies. mortals' light When Brahma slumbers fainting When Brahm^ wakens all again Endless things be ponderous. preserver. highest. Before the world wast Thou ! each Lord shall Before Thee. all that Before thy triple form in awe they bow Maker. fills fruitful Nature. spirit thyself thy mighty form arose Into the same. Lord of Thy self-taught soul thine Made by own deep when Shall thy great self. Thou countest not thy time by With Thee there is but one vast day and night. who may hope thy Fixt. yet as subtile as the yielding air Patent to all. when a longing urged thee to create. . essence to declare Firm. all-pervading fall all. absorbed in Thee. all . yet light. that this earthly frame. Nature all ! things from Thee their end await. the Mother that their first union From them And the life made all were but parts of Thee. : . knows things have their end. not. self-renewing. mightiest. Lord. Thou : ! Thou. Thy single The Sire.

three-toned chant the sacrifice to grace. unimpressed. with Pleased ! and Thou the art the sacrifice. But why Why his so mournful ? what has dimmed your shine your faces less divinely bright light ? Like stars that pour forth weaker." THE ADDRESS TO BRAHMA. Thee Nature labouring to free The Immortal Soul from low humanity. he that eateth vow is taught. While from four mouths Come " words in gentle flow welling softly to assuage their Welcome Your ! glad welcome. and the highest thought truthful their ! his praise. ? . And win They at last in hail heaven a blissful place. Hail Thee the stranger Spirit. God of gods art thou. favouring eye He turned upon the dwellers in the sky. Thou. knowledge which by Thee thinker. the holy . Thou. paler gleams. Thine are the sacred hymns which mortals Commencing ever with the word With 19 raise. highest. Creator. Princes ! woe ye : who hold lofty sovereignties ordained of old. Grazing on Nature from thy lofty rest. When the fair moon with brighter radiance beams. Father of fathers. hearer of the Thou Thou art the The mighty priest. feast. of praise.

refluent waters seek again their source. is Wields the dread mace like a tree ? fiend. by magic charm. the furious Why See. Fallen are the Lords of Light. . whose boughs are lopped away. silenced. his it : ? his arm. ere Shrank from the coming of now the gaze their fearful blaze So changed are they. Some baffling power has curbed the breezes' swell Vainly they chafe against the secret spell. In days of yore how Yama's sceptre shone Pled are its glories. in vain The thunderbolt Vritra. arm no more once so proudly bore . All idly now it marks the yielding sand. threats now their twisted hair— and shame. and woe. see Like pictured forms. the undazzled eye may . 'twas strong to slay dull and blunted Like some But unused to spare of heaven. It tells of piercing woe. 20 doth mighty Indra bear say. We wonted know some When barrier checks their too — fierce demigods who bear The curved moon hanging from Of course. all its terrors gone Despised and useless as a quenched brand. The RuDRAS Tell : by their looks of fear. that might to-day is Varun's noose hangs idly on Weak serpent quelled fell Kuvera's hand. and dire dismay. ! THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD.. each rayless deity. of a mightier foe.

21 Glory and power. Dim seemed wind by whose side the glories of the Thousand-eyed. and yours to guard your own. in thy favour All The bow before strong. For thou canst see the secret thoughts that Deep lie in the heart. ye Gods. on earth a general law may Even as Made powerless by a special text's decree Then say. his the soft in the Gods' behalf. the daughter of the " mighty Being ! surely thou dost The unceasing fury of our ruthless foe know . Couched on his own dear flower. Like some dire Comet. were yours of right Have ye now yielded to some stronger might. why be ? seek ye Brahma's throne ? frame the worlds. to Brahma spake. their Urged the Most Eloquent Then And sighs. rose the heavenly Teacher. O'er all the worlds an evil influence sheds. destruction spreads. yet open to thine eye. him sun's first ray : on his palace wall and parting splendour fall. mine 'Tis my to : sons. lake: . with his hands outspread. mighty chief to tell their grief. And." Then Indra turned Glancing like And when lilies thousand glorious eyes. The vengeful Tarak. gleaming wild affright.THE ADDRESS TO BRAHMA. in resistless might.

lustre glows. But with unminished full-orhed Too faint for Amid How him the trance. feet. growth complete. proud fiend. . the Eiver-god beneath the stream. their flowery store. 22 waken with Ne'er could he a lovelier glance His own dear lotus from her nightly For him. For him. sovereign of the blissful skies. To gain And his love sends him by flattering oft those flowers of That on the heavenly Yet This all homage tree in tries. bears the offering to his master's The Serpents. nor rain. can dim their dazzling rays. their king. E'en Indra. gently whispering fans the balmy air While through the inverted year the seasons pour. flattery. fail his ruthless hand to stay. He its pearl increase beauty and its its silver gleam. where the obedient breeze fair his garden. . To win the demon's grace. crescent glory set the blaze of Diva's coronet. Marks the young Until. led by VXsuKi. Nor wind.. Across his nightly path their lustre fling Bright as a torch their flashing jewels blaze. wondrous hue beauty grew. Dares steal no blossom from the slumbering trees The wild wind checks And his blustering pinions there. the moon no waning knows. these offerings brought from day to day. ! THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD.

heaven no more delight to roam O'er all the world. God and of stray Day. There. He up Meru's sacred peaks. hell. who stand in anguish by. and heaven. To deck his pools. Till force where glowed the bright celestial bowers. on his couch. nor dare Speed their bright chariots through the And when our worshippers in duty bring The appointed victims He tears fields of air. the mighty lord is fanned To sweetest slumber by a heavenly band Poor captive nymphs. them from the flame with magic While we all art. . have Indra's elephants defiled The sparkling stream where heavenly GangI And smiled. The Gods of and left her all forsaken. In the broad gardens of his palaces. where roots The fiery coursers of the To form bright slopes. They dread the demon's impious might. Alas ! And gentle fair ones nursed the opening flowers. beneath his rage must groan. glittering mounds of ease. far from their glorious home. Drop the big And now tear. for the offering. her gold lotuses the fiend has taken. THE ADDRESS TO BRAHMA.. and heave the ceaseless sigh. powerless watch with drooping heart. Where heavenly trees a heavenly odour shed. can hurl him from his evil throne. O'er a sad desert ruin reigns instead. Earth.

conqueror in turn. shall bring Fortune. Idly the discus hangs on Vishnu's neck. Even as holy The immortal men who spirit long to sever from its shell for ever. great Indra's pride. our hosts. home with joy and triumphing. Seek lovely Virtue's aid to free the soul From Thus earthly ties and action's base control. 24 He too has stolen from his master's side The steed No more The of heavenly race. shall Under And he save us : proudly will we go his escort 'gainst the furious foe Indra. that he lead the hosts of heaven to victory. THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. seek a chief. May we sail along the sky. . and — Euin and death flash afar the thunderbolt of war. withstand fierce As herbs dominion of the demon's hand. Which spurn the dust in fury. that it The haughty TXrak's might. E'en Indra's elephant has Of would check felt the might his fierce monsters in the deadly fight. And our last hope is vain. and defy The threatening clouds that Lord. dear captive." Sweet as the rains On — the fresh'ning rains—that pour the parched earth when thunders cease to roar.. of healing virtue fail to The sickness raging through the tame infected frame. so glorious once. Therefore.

kind favour has he once enjoyed know that e'en a poisonous tree By him who planted He eagerly. Were Bkahma's words Wait ye not for me. . in the deadly strife. with magnet's force. of the skies. 'Tis A in patience chief to save Not by my For And my my relief. Eeigning supreme beyond the depths of night. to create you from your mournful fiend fate. must be destroyed. Lo. death. Nor I. nor YiSH^u. and long ago favour to your demon-foe. stayed his awful penance. I have heard your grief. to the Perchance. sought And "Gods. Save one of Siva's seed He ? is the Kght. where he dwells in solitude and prayer Go. that great warrior battles for his who may conquer life. time will bring : hand the well ye I gave : my it it unharmed should be. their love a 2\ mighty Child war the armies shall rise. its God . May turn the iron from Bride of the mighty Can bear to Then from And Him lead to steadfast course. When 0. children. and ruin o'er the subject world. ! THE ADDRESS TO BRAHMA. seek the Hermit in the grove alone. that had hurled Flames.. his power may full share. And God be Uma's beauty shown. the Mountain-child. for only she as water bears to me.

Arched like a maiden's brow. In lowly homage bowed before his Around his neck. the yearning of his will Indra's lightning course more speedy The Love-God. his weapon famed of yore. his footsteps bent. his And light.. no more the heavenly maids Shall twine their glittering hair in mournful braids. his constant follower. and vanished from their wondering sight they sped homeward to their world of But Indra. blooming Spring. armed with still. feet. THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. 26 Freed by his hand. flowers divinely sweet. bore The mango twig. still on Brahma's words To Kama*s dwelling-place Swiftly he came Made : intent." He And spake. bow was hung. where bright love-tokens clung. .



mighty sovereign. I will tame Has some one And ? him with my darts ? and bow. his lord addressed my Prince. feared the endless change of birth. command him now Who By angers thee by toiling for the prize. where Indra bade him and thus All-knowing Indra. In eager gaze the sovereign of the skies Looked full on Kama with his thousand eyes : E'en such a gaze as trembling suppliants bend. or holy sacrifice What mortal being dost thou count thy foe Speak. THE DEATH OF LOVE.. Thy rest. prayer. The Love-God " sate. on a mighty friend. sought the path that leads the soul from earth Slave to a glancing eye thy foe shall bow. or heaven. When danger threatens. And own the witchery of a woman's brow ? . to tell heart's desire in earth. deign. penance. Canto : ! : Cf)irti. thou Hast thought on Kama. Close by his side. or hell Double the favour. 0.

lay thy threatening bolt aside My And : gentle darts shall tame the haughtiest pride. Indra. must yield to me. close to thy dear breast. great King. mine only warrior Spring. THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. Or has the ripe full beauty of a spouse. jealous of another's charms. Too fondly faithful to her bridal vows. Lay." avail ? . Ravished thy spirit from thee Thine. love. Soon shall she be And love and all warmth again. all thine ? Around thy neck her loving arms Has thy shall twine. e'en. Fainting in terror at her threatening frown. wildly fly in fevered haste to rest Her aching heart close. The mighty Siva. Yet in thy favour What I strong. can their strength Against Strong am my is who draw matchless power the when bow I assail the Trident-bearing God. Flowers are my arms. 30 E'en though the object of thine envious rage Were taught high wisdom by the immortal sage. Like rushing waves that spurn the bank's control. yet he. With billowy passions will I whelm his soul. all that The magic war with heaven and thee influence of thy For woman's curling shall know Kama's bow lip shall bow them down. Spurned thee in wrath when flying to her arms I'll ? rack her yielding bosom with such pain..



Then Indra answered with a dawning



Resting his foot upon a stool the while

•"Dear God of Love, thou truly hast displayed

The power unrivalled



is all

of thy promised aid.

in thee



weapons are

The thunderbolt and thou, more mighty

vain, all vain the bolt of

Those holy Saints


Thy power exceeds


heaven to fright

penance arms




know thy

toil to thee,

As on


me now

and assign

which needs a strength

that snake alone will



Has power

well-nigh done


like thine


thy boasted dart

to conquer even Siva's heart.

Hear what the Gods, oppressed with woe, would

From mighty Siva through

He may



—and none

thine aid obtain.

in heaven but he

chief to lead our hosts to victory.


all his

mind with

Bent on the Godhead

holiest lore is fraught,

his every thought.

Love, alone can reach him now,




lure his spirit from the hermit vow.

Go, seek Himalaya's Mountain-child, and aid





That bears the earth upon his haughty

Our task


thou, only thou.

All-conquering Deity, canst help
Full well I


thy loveliest charms the lovely maid,








she please his fancy

May wed

with Siva


now my bands





only she

such the

fixt decree.

of heavenly maids have spied

dwelling by the Hermit's


There by her father's bidding rests she

Sweet minister, upon the cold bleak
Go, Ki-MA, go






perform this great emprise.


from fear the Eulers of the Skies


need thy favour, as the new-sown grain

Calls for the influence of the gentle rain.

KXma, go



thy flowery darts shall be

Crowned with success
Yea, and thy task


o'er this great deity.

e'en already done.

For praise and glory are that instant won


a bold heart dares manfully essay

The deed which others shrink from
are thy suppliants,


Depends the


KAma, and on




triple world's security.

cruel deed will stain thy


in dismay.




thy gentlest, mightiest valour, go

now. Disturber of the



Spring, thy beloved, will thy comrade be,


gladly aid thee Siva's heart to tame



bids the whispering

spake, and


Wind, and yet he fans the

Kama bowed

his bright


head down.

took his bidding like a flowery crown.




curls great



fondly touched his soldier ere he went,




that hard
fell so



heavy on

for that



but, 0,





his elephant's brow.



he turned away,

alone the heavenly Hermit lay.

His fearful Rati and his comrade Spring
Followed the guidance of Love's mighty king.
There will he battle in unwonted

Return a conqueror or be



was Spring


reft of life.




the heart with



lure the

Hermit from

his thoughts above.

In that pure grove he grew so heavenly bright

That Kama's envy wakened at the



the bright Day- God turned his burning ray

To where Kuvera holds

his royal sway,

While the sad South in whispering breezes sighed

And mourned

his absence like a tearful bride.

Then from

stem the red Asoka threw


Full buds and flowerets of celestial hue,

Nor waited

for the maiden's touch, the

Beloved pressure of her tinkling



There grew Love's arrow, his dear mango spray,

Winged with young

leaves to speed


airy way,

red with mango many spray. cool gale speeding o*er the shady lawns Shook down the sounding leaves.MA*s name. a bee sips the oozing nectar rapturously. To part more fairly those its dower ! oft prefers good gifts of hers. : foe. to whose enchanting face His flowery Tilaka gave fairer grace Who loves to tint his With the fresh colours of the early day. their rosiest red. all fawns blind pollen wafted by the fragrant wind. How sighed the spirit o'er that loveliest flower That boasts no fragrance to enrich For Nature. Grouping the syllables of Ki.: THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. while startled wildly at the viewless With . his With . wisest buds on which he neck late still red had fed : 'Twas as the voice of Love to bid the dame Spurn her cold What though pride. 34 And at the call of Spring the wild bees came. nor quench the gentle flame. the heat has stained the tints that dyed With marvellous bloom the heavenly minstrel's bride ? . Sweet was the Koil's voice. And powder That The its fine Ean the lip. With opening buds Had that looked as young Spring if pressed his nails there in his dallying Sweet wanton Spring. CHirved like the crescent moon. There from the tree Palasa blossoms spread.

his own darling bride. late distained the dye. There from her trunk the elephant had poured A lily-scented stream to cool her lord. On came the Archer-God. For there in eager love the wild bee dipp'd In the dark flower-cup where his partner Here in the shade the hart And. Fair as the fairest maid. But flowery wine was sparkling in her How the young creeper's eye. as playful too ! . while joy closed her his sipp'd. 3 fail although her cheek be pale. While the fond love-bird by the Gave FuU to his silver flood mate the tasted lotus bud.5 : THE DEA TH OF LO VE. E'en the pure hermits owned the secret power Of warm Spking coming in unwonted hour. While Love's With delightful witchery gently stole strong sweet influence o'er the saintly soul. beauty charmed the view. eyes. caressed the hind. horn declined. passion's glowing touch. While breathing nature showed how deep At it felt. Neither her smile nor sunny glances Bright is her lip. the senses melt. and at his side The timid Eati. in his song the minstrel stayed to sip The heavenlier nectar of his darling's Pure pearls of heat had lip.

Bent on his hardy enterprise. Still All no dweller of the : and unmoved. hushed was every bird. heavenly wantons poured the witching strain. 36 Here some bright blossoms. Quiring for Siva's No ear. Where tangled flowers and clustering trailers spread Their grateful canopy o'er Siva's head. tall trees rest. Peace ! be still hill. some in a thin bright line." He spake No wild bee murmured. In round beauty matched full Here delicate spray. " bore. as in a picture stood life that breathed within the waving wood. The Three-eyed Lord — with awe great Penitent — he saw. And then To the how loving. hid him from the Hermit's eye. sought a path that led unnoticed by. Red as her lip. ravished the soul away. As some Shuns the So Kama And forest stirred. check the firm control o'er the impassioned The Hermit's servant hasted In his He to the door hand a branch of gold he left touched his Nor mar the lip for silence : quiet of this holy soul.! : ! THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. than the lovelier and how close they clung that fondly o'er them hung Bright. charmer's spell Won by the holy but may all in vain. her swelling breast. great monarch when he goes fierce aspect of a baleful to war star. .

a lotus lay upon his breast. double rosary in each With wreathing behind ear. hill. His shoulders drooping down. unmoving. slenderer than a slender lotus thread. moon upon his head. So still So was He. 37 . breeze is still. With open palms As though A the hands were firmly pressed. Pale seemed the crescent And At not.! THE DEATH OF LOVE. Like a torch burning in a sheltered spot. Absorbed in holiest thought. erect The Hermit rested on the gentle and still. His coat of hide shone blacker to the view Against his neck of brightly beaming blue. serpents were his locks entwined. How Of wild the look. unmoving blaze fiercely glared his eyes' Fixed in devotion's meditating gaze Calm A frown terrible the dark eyebrows bending sternly down his How how as a full cloud resting waveless lake when every on a ! hill. breathing full the From stream of marvellous glory poured the bright forehead of that mighty Lord. There sate the God beneath a pine-tree's shade. all the body's nine-fold gates of sense He had barred in the pure Intelligence. Where on a mound a tiger's skin was laid. each foot was bent Beneath the body of the Penitent.

highest. over all. him from her with a lotus leaf. She closed her eyes in And beat terror of the thief. Bending her graceful head as half-oppressed With swelling charms even too richly blest. in a nearer to the fright God he came wildest thought could never hope to tame. in fear and woe. . her maiden throng. fainting heart again was strong . Fancy might deem that beautiful young maiden Some slender tree with From time sweet flowers o'erladen. Some clasped her neck like strings of purest pearls. Some shot their glory through her wavy curls. Unconsciously his hands.: ! THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. in every lovely hue. 38 To ponder on the Soul which sages call Eternal Spirit. Dropped the sweet arrows and But UmI came with And KIma's all his flowery bow. Bright flowers of spring. dearest bowstring A there. to time her gentle The flowery It its girdle slipping seemed that Love could hand replaced from her waist find no place more So hung his newest. How sad was KAma How failed his courage swoon of As near and Whom at the awful sight. fair. greedy bee kept hovering round to sip The fragrant nectar of her blooming Up. Around the lady's form rare beauty threw.

Before his feet her young companions spread Fresh leaves and blossoms as they bowed the head. Due homage then And He told him of the his own dear servant paid. company . Sweet maid. trembling at the shock. that from her hair Dropped the bright flower that starred the midnight there. her ear's rich ornament. He sees the He breathes. his destined bride." cried Siva. While Uma stooped so low. led Himalaya's daughter to the God. the earth begins to rock. so winning soft could not conquer in such Now Uma With timid was she. In contemplation will he brood no more. so Who fair. Blessed with a husband " surely who thou shalt be loves none but thee ! ." THE DEATH OF LOVE. her bearer. and his task The Snake. that sweet vision blessed his eager view. So bright. coming of the maid. Godhead. learnt his Master's pleasure And is o'er. bull she bent. Through Kama's soul fresh hope and courage As flew. fair maid. he moves. steps approaching Siva's side.? came. The angry curl of Eati's lip confessed The shade of envy that 39 stole o'er her breast. To him whose ensign bears the Till " each spray fell. by the nod.

some giddy moth that wooes the Love : string. 40 Her A fear God had Kash as was banished. At the But And warm still. and he eyed his While with her radiant hand A lie. .! THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. touch of Spring they love so well. with downcast eyes. of the lotuses that lave Their beauties in the heavenly Ganga's wave. of the Mountain. While on the maiden's Of rest. Then with strong The storm effort. to aim. his bright bow Love placed the unerring dart. looked on Siva. ripe red fruit.The soft beguiler of the stricken heart. and Gods cannot seized the Close by the daughter He moment. the lady's love for him. The heaving bosom. Siva lulled to rest. and each quivering limb Like young Kadambas. when the leaf-buds swell. durst not turn their burning glances round. . UmX fair gave rosary. and prepared flame. And The On the great Three-Eyed God was fain to take offering for the well-loved suppliant's sake. and her hope was high spoken. she sought the ground. Like the Moon's influence on the sea at Came passion stealing o'er the Hermit's breast. And oh mocked the dye he bent his melting how showed ! lip that eye.King. of passion in his troubled breast.

. So changed the beauty of that glorious brow. and saw the bold young archer stand. His bow bent ready in his skilful hand. the tempest o'er his tranquil soul. Then was the Hermit-God Then from to madness lashed.. . sleep Soon wilt thou rise to sigh and wake ! to weep. grief and shame maiden came : . his eye red flames of fury flashed. Drawn towards And the eye his shoulder well depressed. great Alas its terror Siva. E'en as the red bolt rives the leafy bough. looked. unconscious lady. be calm and spare air : " ! that angry eye's resistless flashes Have scorched the But Eati saw gentle King not. Senseless and breathless on the earth she lay Sleep while thou mayst. heavenly voices sighing through the ! Be calm. the left foot thrown forward as a rest. with Whence came He 41 angry eyes that round him roll. for she of Love to ashes swooned away ! . So Siva smote the hinderer of his vow Then fled with all his train to some lone place Far from the witchery of a female Sad was Himalaya's daughter O'er the young spirit of the : face.. And seeks. THE DEATH OF LOVE. Scarce could the gaze support Hark " ! now.

Grief and all her love was vain . THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD.. To hide her sorrow on her father's breast Then. I seen the elephant stoop to drink. 42 — Shame — for she loved. Across his tusks I've seen chat lily lie. rears his mighty head on high. grasp the weary maiden lay. his homeward way. in the fond arms of her pitying Closed her sad eyes for fear of Siva's Still in his Thus have lift Thus. While he sped swiftly on And sire. lily when he from the fountain's brink. with fear and woe oppressed. a ire. she was spurned before her youthful tram. . She turned away.



had scorched away. solitary. Speak One word more Kama — in answer There on the turf his Whose ! — gone. faint. gone for ever. She clasped the dank earth in her wild despair. cry. forlorn. from the ground. Woke Kama's darling from her swoon Too soon her gentle soul returned The pangs of to widowhood^that word to mourn. helpless. know of woe. trembling. Scarce dared to bend her anxious gaze around.Canto RA jTourtI)* LAMENT. Unconscious yet those greedy eyes should never Feed on his beauty " to me. hair. Her bosom Till hill And stained. why doth dumb soul that fiery flash so silent ? my Kama give live " ? cold ashes lay. and rent her long bright and valley caught the mourner's pitying breezes echoed sigh for sigh. Scarce could she raise her. TI'S Sad. .

thy home is in my faithful breast " ! Alas. be of thee my fair. play the falling leaves would cover the bright eyes — of my captive lover. dear Kama. from my tress I forced thee to confess. fetters o'er thee fondly wreathing. be vain as of old. KIma ? : can is all Could His own fond Eati here alone it Kama. and bless these eyes again Wilt thou not hear When I Those soft me ! Think of those sweet hours ? would bind thee with gay . How again to mind call thou wast ever gentle. ? dearest leave to grieve ? So must the sad forsaken lotus die When her bright river leaves his channel dry. nor Eati perish too ? . I was kind. dear Then would And in The eyes And " my — ! of some I pluck a floweret beat thee While traitor till rival maid. too blissful to be true. Or how couldst thou have died.— THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. sweet words. 46 " Oh thou wast beautiful own Their fond lovers sware : bright darlings were like Sure woman's heart stony is That I still live while this Where art thou. so blest Dear love. Let not Come my prayer. thy Kati's prayer. then those words that made me. KIma. my zone of flowers. oh. Thine only punishment when gently breathing In tones of love thy heedless sigh betrayed The name.

thee. gloomy. mockery. as it circles by. And leave this world which thou. be. and teach again knows the tender The Koil's mate. shall and joyless shall fly on.: RATI'S LAMENT. Eor this life. sweet Late. And guide her trembling at the thunder's roar Safe through the darkness to her lover's door. — spirit. only thou. Say. the distant lover's fears. I will fly to thee. wondrous This line of bees which strings thy useless my Hums mournful echo Come in thy lovely shape to spell bow cries of woe. canst soothe the wandering maid. of thee bereft. that Her gentle task to waft to longing ears The lover's hope. shall be green shoot of thy dear mango The soft The favourite spray And praise in sweetest strain its which Koils love tree. dim. Love The Moon. In vain the wine-cup. 47 Yes. so well. Lisps in her tongue and sparkles in her eye. Cold. its shade. strain. for thee. hast wretched world must came from only pleasures all its When now my night has veiled the city in left. shall his rising be. ? . say. and the cheek glows red forget to take mourning for whose arrow now thy sake. and he full bright glory. Long locks But all is are streaming. Days His dear Love lament — is dead. Thou. Kaj^ia.

Yet though I come. ? and smile. my lasting That I have lived one moment Ah. which waits the rosy dye. But stern Gods took him Return. THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. my Fainting with woe. stain this foot Now And my KAma. deck buds thy Eati's neck. thou didst weave a garland. me to the fatal pile." ! . 48 Come. thy darling Is he too sent will be after thee. and ah I have been See. love. love their winning glances thrown. to blest. thy bow the while. bring once more that ecstasy of The fond dear look. and body to the viewless With thy dear Spring Where shame friend. and claim thee for mine own. the smile. Of many a bright sweet arrow upon air I've seen thee talk he now. Or on my I will be there. Scorched by the cruel God's inexorable wrath ? . Sweet are those flowers as they were culled to-day. ere heaven's maids have hailed thee with a smile. than they frail soul Shaping an arrow is for rites prepare. With s fairest spring that kiss ! soul refuses rest When memory pictures how all bliss. how shall I thy funeral Gone ? lover had begun. And my is KIma's form more His pleasant task my And will I hie ere the work was done at thy Eati's cry. the giver for thy quiver ? death's dreary path.

appear. a flower its dart. ' i Like venomed arrows from a mighty bow. To ask her grief. and men. gentle friend. soothe her wild despair. who was so j dear. j Now come. Kemember. and see That dear companion who was all to nie. She beat her breast more wildly than before. and fiends below Should own * I the empire of thy mighty bow. That ruthless bow. With greater floods her weeping eyes ran When ' " friends are nigh the spirit finds relief In the " . Strunix with a lotus-thread. That Gods above. appear perchance '-\ ! may bend j His ear to listen to a faithful friend. 1 Turn. Longs to behold Fickle to thee.RATI'S LAMENT. . i . . women Love Oh. 49 Stricken in spirit by her cries of woe. Spring. he walked ever at thy side 'I O'er bloomy meadows in the warm ' spring-tide. A moment fled. my Kama. as the silver feathers of a dove. Is all that's left me of my murdered love. to and gentle Spring was there. . full gushing torrent of \ its grief. which pierces to the heart. o'er. . thy weeping eyes. j Bearing White it idly in their course away. His crumbling dust with which the breezes play.

misery and gloom. dear comrade (for in happier hours Oft have I heaped a pleasant bed of flowers For thee and him beneath the spreading Now tree). the true one's pile prepare. the lightning. Fate took Yet my love. and spared the widow's breath. weary frame were spread Soft leaves and blossoms for a flowery bed. Then come. friend. . lovely even As love. the mourning lotus dies the bright Moon. light for ever fled. quits the skies.— : THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. quickly to not vain it closely round. sinks the red cloud in the purple west. 50 As dies a torch So is my winds sweep roughly by. When The the wild monster tramples on the ground tree some creeper garlands the guardian which lieft of Forlorn and withered. quickly raise the pile for Love and me. dear And send Call it When When me thought so true. must perish it too. no more illume. The lamp Am \ylieii his cheering rays and I. fate is guilty of a double death. All nature keeps the eternal high decree Shall woman Now fail on the I come. to his breast. Clasping his ashes. Still clings his bride. her lover. to thee so. ? pile my my if beneath my ! faint limbs will I throw. wrapt in darkness. And oh. : my husband there.

For Kama loved those fragrant blossoms well. Siva by her penance Himalaya's daughter won has led to her bridal bed. whom thou the fire. ever deaf to thee. We'll sip in heaven from the same in turn And let tliine offering to his spirit be Sprays fresh and lovely from the mango Culled when the round young buds tree. heavenly voice breathed round her from above. Give me Why perished thine ear. begin to swell. RATI'S LAMENT.. thy lord shall be Not ever distant. Falling in pity like the gentle rain That brings the dying herbs to " life again Bride of the flower-armed God. sad lady. : . Aud ill thy mercy gentle breezes send To fan the flame that wafts away thy And 51 shorten the sad moments that KIma from Impatient friend. He quenched On Kama. ." As Eati thus complained A in faithful love. but mighty vengeance came fanner of the unholy flame. I will tell The Lord lovedst well. of Life in every troubled sense Too warmly felt his fair child's influence. When Kama. divide his Rati's side Set water near us in a single urn.

fondly clasp dew. As the pale moon. arms — thy charms. in due season. and Thus breathed the And fair. That brought the limit of her weary woe. quenched by the conquering light Of garish day. Live. longs for its own dear night. Thus did the gracious God. for thy lover's Shall clasp again declare. and spirit stilled the raging of full again. now drop sweet heavenly lady. Cheered by that voice from heaven. the mourner's heart. are fierce Now hurl the bolt. The term of Love's sad The Gods. 52 His bliss to And KAma shall the God repay. THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD.: . In summer-heat the streamlet dies away Beneath the fury of the God of Day Then. give again the form he snatched away. . her wild despair While Spring consoled with every soothing art. oh. comes the pleasant rain. And all is fresh. at Justice* prayer." from the viewless air. so sad and slow. Who watched away the hours. punishment like clouds. widowed and gentle — too.



? . sighed. Kissed. woe to for young Love left her. the Mountain-Maid for its feeble aid ! Beauty's guerdon which she loves the best. of that stern deity Penance. so how for that ? power alone high a Lord. long penance Can make such But. Her Lord hath Woe. my Prail is thy body. troubled was her mother's brow the sad tidings of the mourner's vow She threw her arms around her own dear maid. her own. Uma! how is vain. yet thy child. and prayed " Are there no Gods. to lov^e thee here vow severe. and wept. fondly kissed her. and her hope Cursed her bright beauty To JTiftf). and in turn be Penance must aid her now Win blest. — or how can she the cold heart.! Canto REWARD. 'Tis bless her lover. (/MA'S Now woe to Uma. ah At is slain. ! : love.

still Tliat prayer Who was weaker than her daughter's can recall the torrent's headlong Or the bold He for her sake sire. had rubbed away The sandal dust that on her bosom And lay. Pressing too tightly. slipping here and there. string of noble pearls aside she threw. Bends.THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. and there her soul to penance and to prayer. And did the bidding of his darling child. till and gloomy dark. by the lady's name. That she might dwell in Give force. was prayer strong. Kough to her gentle limbs. solitude. spirit in its destined course She sent a maiden to her will. by the wild bee scarcely stirred. now 'twas braided o'er her polished brow. clad her in a hermit coat of bark. 56 The lily. Which. Then to that hill Known to all ages Still to Her which peacocks love she came. her purpose resolutely true. ? and prayed would grant some bosky shade. and dies beneath the weary bird. breaks. her swelling breast Broke into freedom through the unwonted Her matted As when hair was full as lovely vest." Fast fell her her tears. but . all In gracious love the great Himalaya smiled.

. melting gaze. it is lovely of grass the votaress was bound. Pillowed upon her arm the lady She who In the before soft was wont lies to rest her head luxury of a sumptuous bed. 57 Thus the sweet beauties of the lotus shine When bees festoon in a graceful line it . Which reddened the fair form it Never before the lady's waist had The rill still. girdled round felt ceaseless torment of so rough a belt. resting on her rosary. her winning ways. She lent the fawn her moving. Her passioned glances and her witching smile. on her perfumed breast. Vext by no troubles as she slumbered there. though the tangled weeds that crown the Cling o'er it With zone closely. Cold earth her couch. Eough with the sacred And worn with grass those hands must be. Pale is her hand. but only for awhile. from the ball which in her play would Made rest. her canopy the skies.: : UMA 'S REWA RD. and her long finger-tips Steal no Or. more splendour from her paler lips. And. But sweet flowers slipping from her loosened The maid put off. Alas ! her weary vow has caused to fade The lovely colours that adorned the maid. And the fond creeper all hair. bright and fragrant.

Then came the hermits Grey — the fawns so tame. maid before her Her own with To bright boy first made carefully. UmI thought. wood . and no rite forgot. . she Could not have tended them more — Not e'en her boy Her love for them Her gentleness had To her kind hand And let the own her her : for fresh dear children they. must command esteem. was kindled.: THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. though young the maid might seem. her look Fixt in deep thought upon the Holy Book. friends Her came . savage monsters lived in love and peace. In hermit's mantle was she clad . So pure that grove And : war was made to cease. Pure was that grove Had all leafy shrines P>ut far too : each newly built abode where fires of worship glowed. To win from heaven the lordly meed she sought. sweet grain they came. perfect virtue They found her The fire compare of the holy see the votaress in her solitude elders shall stay eyes that shone as softly there. mild her penance. resting in that lonely spot. 58 The trees that blossomed on that lonely mount She watered daily from the neighbouring fount If she had been their nursing mother.

blaze. . That will so strong. the fury of the noon-tide rays. She cooled her dry And lived on lips in the bubbling stream.. so If sterner fair penance could perchance 59 and frail. While on her head the mighty God Shot all Yet her the fury of his iixt of Day summer ray gaze she turned upon the skies. And quenched To that sweet his splendour with her brighter eyes. worn by watching. Autumn came throughly drenched the lady's tender frame. prevail. and yet Tain would she match in the anchoret. that round her burned with ceaseless passed o'er her : rains of . Amrit from the pale moon-beam. though scorched by rays from heaven. of light blackness gathered like the shades of night. so beautifully brave. toil Sure the soft lotus at her birth had lent Dear Uma's form But its gentle element commingled with her being. Sometimes in hunger culling from the The rich ripe fruit that Scorched by And fires Summer And hung tree so temptingly.. UMA'S REWARD. Still was the beauty Yet. Full in the centre of four blazing piles Sate the fair lady of the winning smiles. Oft had sweet pastime wearied her. gave gold. round those orbs A of the lotus given. face. She would not spare her form.

so fond. Sweet was her breath as when that lovely flower Sheds its best odour in still evening's hour.. There as she lay upon her rocky bed. damp blasts of winter hurled their ground. snows around. And gazed upon her voluntary pain. and in rain. 6o So steams the On earth. the tender lotus sank She filled its : place upon the streamlet's bank. sad Chilled by the rain. Doomed. pitying in her heart the mournful fate Of those poor birds. Dark Night. lay the maiden on the cold Though Still sleet. when mighty thirsty fields all dry The it one and parched before. hapless pair. Ked lightnings flashing from the angry skies. so desolate. Red as its leaves her lips of coral Red as those quivering leaves they quivered too. hue : . In wind. and now Kissing her sweet lip find a welcome rest In the deep valley of the lady's breast Then wander broken by the The mazy channels fall within of her dimpled skin. to list Through the long hours of each other's moan and alone. her only witness. rain-drops falling on her brow. night. — THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. first clear Gem torrents pour moment with their light. No sumptuous roof above her gentle head. in Still in thunder. turned her eyes.

bear In thy firm spirit's task its fearful share ? Canst thou the grass and fuel duly bring. Fair as the lotus fibres. with staff His face was radiant. With and matted coat of skin. There came a hermit : reverend was he As Brahmanhood's embodied sanctity. this the ascetic for all Apakna penance 6i title unbroken sages called her. In these stern vows she passed her night and day. Arid humbly bowed before the hermit's Though meditation It finds a welcome fill feet. in his silver speech. ]N"o mighty anchoret had The e'er essayed ceaseless penance of this gentle maid. for a glorious guest The sage received the honour duly And hair. soft as they. to greet. Of all stern To nourish But even And life Have it is upon the maiden spurned. the blameless saint began " How can thy tender frame. sweet lady. the pious breast.— : : umA's reward. upon the maid. saints earned. and he spake her Up rose the maid the holy man fair. fixed his earnest gaze paid. Thus. time a glorious —Lady of the called the chief fallen leaf. And still unwearied seek the freshening spring ? . While through her frame unwonted vigour ran. fast who knew the past.

For even penitents Bright wants supply how Ganga of each look of thine. tie Saint. Purest of motives. Bearing the flowers the seven great Sages fling To crown the forehead Yet do thy deeds. How ? to sin may have never learn of thee gentle Beauty's self falling led. UmA. may be. truly said it is That heavenly charms pure. each ruddy tendril glows. their glances shine. Seeking each day fresh water from thy hand. 62 Say. do tlie creeper's slender shoots expand. faded. ? .: : THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. A richer glory of the Mountain-King. thee. bright-haired maiden. lovely What bred. a gracious eye. the wise have truly said That friendship soon in gentle heart is Seven steps together bind the lasting Then bend on me. with her heavenly waves. Duty leads thy heart Pleasure and gain therein may claim no part. noble maid. shed round his awful head. With lip lip still outreds the rose loving glance the timid fawns draw nigh Say dost thou stiU with joy For Mocking the brightness Mountain-Lady. Till like thy That which. their : lotus-eyed. would a Brahman learn noble guerdon would thy penance earn. Himalaya's head with sacred water laves. dear Fain.

shall thy O'er the earth ? form be seen bowed down by soul But what. ^rt thou toiling for a second birth. in solitude and pain. lady A priceless jewel forbear the thought. 63 Say. thy deep sighs Yet. 'Mid all thy kindred. Eayless to harbour 'mid the shades of eve. To dwell faultless one. Where dwells the great Creator sway Eesistless Or ? The lonely By Beauty's Queen. but Maiden. fair as Peerless. grief penance' aid some gracious boon ? may gain. doubtful Couldst thou still. can move thy heart and prayer apart ? Why should the cloud of grief obscure thy brow. Thy head the magic gem to tear silken raiment and thy As though ? gems thrown by ? the sun his glorious state should leave. Wouldst thou win heaven by thy holy spells ? Already with the Gods thy father dwells. ? seeks not. immortal. who so loved as thou Foes hast thou none : for ? what rash hand would dare From serpent's Why dost thou seek the hermit's garb to try. A husband. my ! me sought. thou heart so cold ? fair Look with cold glances on that bright maid. it is so its vain ? . know spirit seeks to e'er love in That hath not eagerly Ah tell is What worship told could the cruel loved one. hair's braid ? .UMA 'S re WA RD.

a year of penance duly done Eich store of merit has Take then the Nor ring. As faintly Now shows the moon's o'ershadowed sure thy loved one. By many thy at blest to be the But. gentle IJMi. Why secret of her deep despair holy Father. by love and fear opprest. Dreamed when wandering of himself Or he would count him Of that dear Turn to side. to . thy secret purpose name in stern hardships wear thy tender frame. rest in peace. . half. To bid her maiden's The cherished " Hear. this pain and woe. mark eye." The holy Brahman ceased : but UmA's breast In silence heaved. thy home.. her frail friendly tongue declare if thou form endures still wouldst know. let thy labour cease and fair Saint. my labour won. Thine ear See. is shaded by no lotus now. gleams Still the where they were wont line cling. : THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. where the sun hath scorched that tender neck Which precious jewels once were proud to deck. not with softening dye. In mute appeal she turned her languid eye. Darkened with weeping.. vain in beauty's pride. so lustrous dark. so soft. 64 Thy locks are hanging loosely o'er thy brow.

" . her wild locks hide her brow. umA's reward. trod. Oft as the maidens of the minstrel throng To hymn great Siva's The lovelorn Drew praises raised the song. lady's sobs tears of pity and deep-drawn sighs from their gentle Wakeful and fevered eyes. of the azure neck. why dost thou fly their soft bands her loving Eound the dear ? arms would cast vision fading all too fast. and frenzied roves mountain and the lonely groves. in anger hurled the shaft away. ! it lay she knows no comfort now. the Archer. As 65 the soft lotus makes a screen to stay The noontide fury of the God Proudly disdaining With all of Day. heart and soul she seeks for Siva's love. But deep The Kama a keen but flowery dart life fled. in Uma's tender soul Alas. the blest above. For him alone. and then in wild affright Eang through the " God While halls her very bitter cry. poor maid Her on soul's She quits her icy slain. the Trident. . and every E'en as The God effort vain.wielding God. fire. aimed at Siva's heart. Young Love. father's halls. The thorny paths of penance hath she But since that mighty one hath Vain every hope. in the dreary night Scarce closed her eyes.

Chiding the portrait with reproachful word. 66 Her skilful hand. Since the sad maid hath sought these forest glades To hide her The Her To ! amid the dreary shades. faithful friends alone ! that ^rvA would some favour deign. see that beauteous But oh And must ever mourn is it : to " ! his secret joy dissembling. fail to see " for thee ? her voice was heard. Had traced the image graven on her heart. . hath ripened on the spreading bough fruit But ah grief no fruit hath crowned her holy vow. learned in the Vedas' 'Tis even thus. Then turned in sorrow to this holy grove. UmA thus. Or clasp her rosary with quivering hand " holy Sage. As Indra pitieth the parching plain The maiden ceased The Brahman turned " form by penance worn. Thus would For my lore. with true love-guided " Art thou all present Dost thou ? Poor UmA's anguish and her love Thus oft in frenzied grief art. Long thus in vain for Diva's love she strove. steadfast heart his love obtain.. Great ^iva I adore. this I gladly bear the toil and pain. : : THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. or doth the Is this the darling secret of pale and trembling maiden jest thy breast ? " ? Scarce could the maid her choking voice command.

"Where the rich tribute of the Sandal trees Sheds a pure odour on the amorous breeze A ? royal bride returning in thy state. Ever his presence bringeth care and woe. shall they stain thy breast. Their gloomy path amid the tombs to trace. how shall Decked with the nuptial Be clasped in his. Surely the strong desire. the earnest May win some will. fearful serpents In scaly horror round that arm divine How shall thy robe. ? twine ? with gay flamingoes gleaming. wilt thou brook the When mockery and the scorn thou on Siva's bull art meanly borne ? ? . gentle lady.UMA'S reward. bracelet's jewelled band. Say. when life to share thy tender hand." cried he. And wouldst thou stiU a second time prepare The sorrows of his fearful Deluded maid. favour from his mercy " Lady. " that 6y still. The king How of elephants should bear thy weight. Where scattered tresses strew the mournful place. in grief away see these vermeil-tinted limbs essay." mighty Lord I know . Suit with his coat of hide with blood-drops streaming Of old thy pathway led where flowerets sweet Made And To pleasant carpets for thy gentle e'en thy foes would turn feet. On Siva's heart the funeral ashes rest.

Proudly she spoke : " How couldst thou aright Of one like Siva. perfect. should Siva gain which the glorious strive in vain charms hath he to win a maiden's eye Cease from thy penance. 68 Sad that the crescent moon his And His shall that mournful fate crest should be be shared by thee the glory of the evening skies. That heart No ? for how unknown ! . the moonlight of our wondering eyes Deformed By O is he. the mighty and the just Are scorned by souls that grovel in the dust. crest. hush the fruitless sigh Unmeet is he thy faithful heart to share. Their lofty goodness and their motives wise Shine all in vain before such blinded eyes. shown." the quick blood an angry flood.: : THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. infinite ? Tis ever thus. her darkly-flashing eye Told that the tempest of her wrath was nigh. : and ! raise praise. maid of beauty rare Not 'mid the gloomy tombs do sages The holy altar of their prayer Uma Impatient Eushed Her ! listened to her temples in quivering lip. His bride. tell . his ancestry vilest garb his poverty is fawn-eyed lady. Child of the Mountain.

.wielding God. is he. bear. how should Siva deign To look on men enslaved The spring For the to paltry gain ? of wealth himself. the heavenly maids Delight to pour them on their shining braids.. . What though no treasures What though he ride Not e'en may Indra fill upon his storehouse full. Or he who succours in misfortune's hour Eefuge of worlds. Or if his jewelled wreaths Whether Or silken If Or in rough more brightly shine and wrinkled hide arrayed. Say who is greater. umA's reward. he careth naught mankind have vile treasures that His dwelling-place amid the tombs may Yet Monarch of the three great worlds What though no at his awful sought. . his horned bull. may love his outward form The stout heart trembles Who ? name. in glittering folds displayed on his brow the crescent moon he if . who knows claim. in his pride withhold The lowly homage that is his of old. can declare the wonders of his might The Trident. robe. he who strives for power. ? aright ? Whether around him deadly serpents twine. be. a shrunken skull be withering there The funeral ashes touched by him acquire The glowing lustre of eternal fire Falling in golden showers.

stays to listen also sins. how should mortal Count when the days of Brahma's Lord began But cease these His Nor many and failings Still clings fails words idle my : though all be man ? true. rock amid the torrent hurled foaming waters madly curled. Dear maiden. its chosen lord. lo. heart to him." She turned away Its vest of : with wrath her bosom swelling. 70 But turns liis raging elephant to meet His mighty Lord. bark in angry pride repelling But sudden. his virtues few.: : THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. before her wondering eyes In altered form she sees the sage arise 'Tis ^iVA*s self before the astonished In all his gentlest for a moment By some huge Where erst the maid. majesty displayed. Right proud to colour them rich rosy red With the bright flowers that deck his prostrate head. in its onward force. Yet in thy speech one Unknown thou word of truth we him call'st : find. Thy slanderous tongue proclaims thy evil mind. nor falters at thy treacherous word. bid yon eager boy depart Why should the slanderous tale defile his heart Most guilty But he who who the faithless speech begins. She saw. . Checked ? like a river's course. and bows before his feet. she trembled..

now I bend beneath thy sweet control. Thy willing slave Siva before thee bows.umA's reward. One foot uplifted." He At ? spake. his dear words returning vigour came. shall she turn away 71 ? Unmoved the other. and thy holy vows. Siva's forehead shone. shall the maiden stay The moon on silver While " O Lo. that all her cares were o'er. softly spake the God in gracious tone gentle maiden. She knew but this. Her sorrows ended. and rushing through her languid frame. she should weep no more ! . Won by thy penance. wise and true of soul.




softly whispered. In Uma's ear he Then will. In blushing loveliness she sought his Thus the young mango By its own side." dear Lord. scarce could tear him from her arms away. Soul of All. replied. her own hill. yea. hails the approaching spring tuneful bird's sweet welcoming. . with the dancing flowers that deck her side. They came. NoAV gentle To " Uma bade a damsel bear Siva. was the radiant air Just freshly bathed in sacred Ganga's Gemmed there. UMA'S ESPOUSALS. Swift with a thought he summoned from above The Seven bright Saints to bear his tale of love.. and She. her maiden prayer Wait the high sanction And Then of Himalaya's ask his daughter from the royal ere the God.: Canto ©irtl). tide. the Lighting with glories all Heavenly Dame.

Clothed are their limbs in hermit-coats of gold . who know. She seemed sent forth With sweet immortal to crown the sage's vows joy. Brightest in glory 'mid that glorious band See the fair Queen. Fair strings of pearl their radiant fingers hold. 76 And richly scented with the nectarous rill That heavenly elephants from their brows distil. Fixing her loving eyes upon her spouse. Urging his coursers down the sloping way.: THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. Gave them a name With Brahma And light. Looks up in reverence on those lords of Ancient creators : thus the wise. . Shone like the fruit that As though Had glows in Paradise. perfecting the work His will began . thousand beams the God of Day. His banner furled at the approach of night. Still firm in penance. With equal honour on the Queen and all Did the kind "lance of Siva's welcome fall. though the hermit. the Heavenly Lady.vow Bears a ripe harvest for the sages now. the glorious trees that blossom there sought the forest for a With all his life of prayer. large gems of countless price. in ages long ago joining in creation's plan. Their rosaries. the dearest prize Strong prayer could merit from the envious skies. stand.

they thus began " : Glorious the fruit our holy studies bear. For that high place within thy thoughts we gain Which fancy strives to reach. hath such power to lead the soul above virtue's pleasant path as wedded love Scarce had the holy motive lent To knit great Siva When Kama's to the spirit that its aid Mountain-Maid. in thy mind ! dwell on high above the cold moon's ray Beneath our mansion glows the God of Day. had swooned in fear Breathed once again and deemed forgiveness near. No partial favour They count not So fair He station. How blest is he. . But now thy favour lends us brighter beams. Deep in whose thoughtful breast thy Godhead But who may tell his BrahmI's great We joy who lies rests enshrined. Creator. but longs in vain.: . she shone upon his raptured view. Blest with thy love our star unchanging gleams. shown is but the deed alone. longed for wedlock's heavenly pleasures What By by the good 77 too. the glory of the wise. The ancient Sages reverently adored The world's And great Father and its Sovran Lord. while a soft ecstatic thrilling ran O'er their celestial frames. sacrifice and prayer. Our constant penance. ! ! UMA'S espousals.

for our Lord's behest. We crave one word thy wondrous nature telling. Then answered thus the Lord of glory. to our eyes know can we known thee as thou shouldst be ? In this thy present shape. So the Gods pray me. we pray thee. my bride: tame the demon's pride. trembling 'neath their mine and end To send a child of I seek the Mountain-Maiden Our hero son shall as their woe. foe. Though How thy outward form be shown. selfish Do not the forms Now. say Dost thou create dost thou preserve or slay ? But speak thy wish We . No want The truth of larger stream e'er — prompts a deed of mine. 78 How we should tell what soul-entrancing Enthrals our spirit at an hour like this bliss ? Great Lord of All. The moon that crowned him poured a Of from that pearly gleam living splendour " Ye know. eight varied forms this to all the — I wear. its ." wait. called from our starry ? rest Siva. Prays : great Sages of a race divine. while Flashed from his dazzling teeth so white a smile. world declare ? as that thirsty bird that drinks the rain the kind clouds of heaven to soothe pain.THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. thou Soul of Life indwelling.

fair.. holds his royal sway the steep channel with The hermits showed divinely through the heaven. my Then meet me where Thus while that this holiest listened false : mighty torrent raves its One headlong waves. swift as As I if there. ye heavenly Sages." his love confessed. fair. : UMA'S espousals. from each saintly breast shame that yet had lingered love and wedlock On care. the father yet a prouder fame. ask for the lovely Blest are those bridals sacrifice. Towards the gay o'er tracts of city. the wise in worthiest honour hold This Lady And 79 proud Alaka were planted there. Thus the priest bids the holy fire arise. they flew. my name. Where proud Himalaya Fled the old. Struck from the wood to aid the Himalaya Go. . need I teach Nor. Bright with high domes and palaces most \ : heralds. to your task away. swordlike blue. What for the maiden's For still The rules hand and precepts ye ordained of Best And now. too shall aid your mission there such task a skilful matron's for Down shall be your speech. thought. maid which the holy So shall more glorious honours gild And win aid.

shed. rampart's glowing crown. Playing so fondly round each beauteous head. but that voice of fear Falls not in measured time Tis balmy With cool. has stationed there. thousand coursers of Its fear.— — THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. The peerless. gleam is light. the Bright wreaths of fragrant flowers hung waving down. quivering leaves and branches waving Sheds a delightful freshness through the Fans which no The crystal toil of man feast at night Flash back the beamings of the starry silver air. rich overflowings of its loveliness. chambers where they So brightly pure that free. streets bright sylphs and minstrels rove dames are Goddesses of stream and Its Hark From It unmoved by ! the grove. in bless. hea-^'-enly tree. Its noble elephants. for many a upon the ear. : . Flowers that might tempt the maids of heavenly birth To linger fondly o'er that pride of earth. and unmatched in speed. distant roaring of the lions hear. drum echoes louder and more loud glittering halls whose spires are wrapt in cloud. were the thunder. 8o Or Paradise poured The forth. In beauty Through the broad celestial breed. Round gems and gold lofty towers adorned with Her guardian stream On showers that every the holy Ganga rolled. side.

beloved by the sylphs that roam In dewy evening from their mountain home. the quivering But seek forgiveness And woo lip. That all With How And seem gifted from those 8 lights above richest tokens of superior love. earnest prayer. tress. Ah ! why Heaven and should mortals fondly strive to gain its joys by ceaseless toil and pain ? E'en the Saints envied as their steps drew near. And owned They a brighter heaven was opened here. their only frenzy this The trance of love. but endless youth they No Death save know him who bears the Flowery Bow : Their direst swoon. No term of days. wide gardens spread their pleasant bowers.. Around.y —— 1 . Himalaya's palace-warders in amaze On the Seven Sages turned their eager gaze. braided was each long Bright as the pictured flame. the scornful hand of the angry her smile with many an fair. : UMA 'S ESPO USA LS. blest its maidens cloudless ! is their day. . as motionless. Where bright the Champac opes her fragrant flowers Dear shades. the ecstasy of bliss ! Ne'er can their lovers for one hour withstand The frown. radiant herbs illume their nightly way. lighted down .

.hall he led the way. Lords . 82 A noble company of celestial race Where each in order of his years had place. confest. Heavenly addressed " Like soft rain falling from a cloudless sky. his head inclining. when tears of earthly care. the pleasures. Changed. Or fruit. and the glory there. Nor On failed due honour to the Saints to pay. Glorious. For where the good have been is holy ground. with mountain metals dyed. by lofty side his stony breast. couch of reed the Monarch bade them And thus with uplift hands those rest. when bloom has So are ye welcome. shall it be o'er all the lands around. like dull senseless iron to burning gold. To eyes yet dim with The rest. them with a greet gift Himalaya Earth to her centre shaking at his By his dark lips tread. Lord of the Snowy Hills he stood On sped. Or some rapt creature. own image 'mid the waters shining. His arms like pines that clothe his By his proud stature. Long pilgrim bands from To my Famed the heavens unfold pure hill shall this auspicious day bend their constant way. thus I feel spirit steal. to his Council.— : : THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. as when Sees his To the sun. Sages Ecstatic thrilling o'er my failed to glad the eye.

for Falls on my Ganga's 83 tide my head from heaven and laves side. o'erpowered. So bright your presence. Twice by your favour Himalaya is blest. ye Mighty Ones. maiden child our hope and Not once he spake : his cavern pride. if here light. mountain caverns flies. then. These mighty limbs that fill the heaven's expanse Sink down. and the slave is blest. at the glorious sight My brooding shades of darkness turn to The gloom that haunts And O my cloudy passion in the say. Now am I doubly pure. spirit dies. your arrowy course ye sped To throw fresh glory round my towering head. . Himalaya and command. in a blissful trance. Surely your wish.— : : UMA'S ESPOUSALS." mouths around In hollow echoinfTS erave again the sound. Declare your pleasure. Henceforth I boast a second stream as sweet. The water. his bride. that has touched your feet. is happier still to perform your will. no service from your willing Yet deem me worthy of slave. can crave No aid. This towery mountain that your feet have prest. And this my moving form To wait your bidding. Sages. bright heavenly band We crave no guerdon but your sole Yours are we And this dear all. some high behest The lord commandeth.

thy name : breatheth in thy mountain frame! Within the caverns of thy boundless breast All things that How on his move and head so soft. him heavenly stream that sits supreme mighty Hill. below. thy pure Make They sink Blest ceaseless flow side. and mightier Thy mind is Sages say truly.. far-reaching assist him well streams of praise. all that move not rest. his form increased. Flows from the And rills' ? glad the nations wheresoe'er they go. : THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. is fair GangA. Did not thy Bear up the burden and Thy down roots. are. at length in boundless Ocean's tide. Vishnu His spirit summits lofty as thy is far. . at the Saints' request This power hast thou. Could the great Snake uphold the huge earth's weight. Above. is she That her bright waters spring anew from thee. but thou Wast By ever glorious and as vast as now. Vast grew his body when the avenging God In three huge strides o'er all creation trod. shedding purity on every Till. so delicate. 84 Of all who speak beyond compare Angiras answered " the best. for her feet of blest once more. to hell. great King. thee is famed Sumeru forced to hide His flashing rays and pinnacles of pride.

and she that liveth shall the mother be. Yet thou canst bow before the holy Now — for the glorious Hear thou the cause We also. ne'er seek with holy thought and the God's command. 85 For thou hast won thy station in the skies *Mid the great Gods who claim the Firm and unmoved remains thy lofty hill. adored By the proud title of our Sovran Lord moon upon The crescent And wields the wondrous powers of Deity. but rejoice. should grieve not. Noblest One. and varied forms displayed. The Highest. in the labour share. will fall on thee.— : umA 'S ESPO USALS. Father of the world. He in this earth Bound each his he. still. as of father's heart Her Lord Of daughter. fall to this base earth again : His messengers. the things that are. flying coursers whirl the glittering car. . great King. Mightiest. work sacrifice. all is Truth and Voice. read. of this our embassy. Him good Who fiUs their breast When They men saints. we crave the hand Of thy fair At such A blest union. since we bear To thee the message. we may and makes his dwelling there. Mountain Monarch. to other by exchange Guides the great world and As brow bears all of aid. his lofty sphere attain.

His eager look Himalaya scarce had bent When Mena's eye beamed back her glad assent. one will. Messengers divine Give him the chosen lady. but Him all Sire. O gentle wives your fondest wish is still ! To have with him you love one heart. with seeming care the while sweet maiden guile. mankind shall raise through endless time the songs of praise. when fathers seek answer or her changing cheek. gems That sparkle in their priceless diadems. Suitor. pride and joy Himalaya's heart beat high. ." Thus while he spake the lady bent her head To hide her cheek. 86 Gods that adore him with the Neck of Blue In homage bent shall hail the Lady And give a glory to her feet with too. And this the hour. and aspire To call Who To thy son the Universe's laudeth none. Her eye for he felt. Father. Hear what a ]\faid.— ! THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. now blushing rosy And numbered Her lotus' petals in With Yet o'er red. ere he spake he looked to MenA's eye Full well he knew : a mother's gentle care Learns her child's heart and love's deep secret there. blazon forth thy roll shall line.

see of Siva greets your company. Lord of All : this glorious Of Saints have sought thee And I thy sire this The best reward a Then band at the God's command happy day obtain father's to the Saints The spouse cried. They named the fourth Then sped the Sages on And for their Uma's nuptial day homeward way thanked by Siva with a gracious eye Sought their bright rest amid the stars on high. daughter Siva." he cried : " Pure Hermits. thou destined bride ! wish would gain. . He 87 threw his arms around the blushing maid In queenly garment and in gems arrayed. Yea. Her own dear Uma. and poured Their fullest blessing on her heavenly lord. . . Such breast.. bliss till again she smiled : and glory should be hers above." They looked in rapture on the maid. Awhile was " my Come. UMA 'S ESPO USALS. . Come. the gems that decked her hair And sparkled in her ear fell loosened there Then with sweet modesty and joy opprest She hid her blushes on the Lady's Who cheered the mother weeping for her child. Of then in rapture silent. mighty Siva's undivided love. So low she bowed.

rest. if those weary days the lover sighed the Lord of Tliink. Love. think breast how arms round his gentle Heaven could find no bride. 88 Through all To wind his fond Oh. strong Love. can tear a mortal's .! THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD.



love each inmost spirit burns.Canto ©etientl)* UMA'S BRIDAL. . banners waving to the breeze unfold Their silken broidery over gates of gold. When gaily gathered at Himalaya's His kinsmen to the solemn Through the broad To grace the Heaven Where And is festival. In light and glory dawned the expected day Blest with a kindly star's auspicious ray. their child. for him. upon her bridal day Bears her dear parents' every thought awaySo. not brighter than the royal street flowers lie scattered 'neath the nobles' feet. And she. this single care vast household of the thousands there. city every dame's awake bridal for her monarch's sake So great their love Makes one call . when from With deeper distant shores a friend returns.

where the lulling sound choicest music breathed divinely round. past. more brightly fair feathery grass and wild flowers in her hair. THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD.. well she graced their With A moon toil. Sweet-scented Lodhra dust and Sandal dyed The delicate beauties of the fair Veiled with a soft light robe. restores his prey again Joy brighter shines from memory Each noble matron Folds his dear Uma of of pain. . silken robe flowed free below her waist Her sumptuous head a glittering arrow graced. With sweetest influence a star of power Had joined the spotted To deck fair TJMi. Pours blessings on her head. And many And many : at that blest a noble hour dame a gentle maid assiduous came. its darksome season last. Fresh from the cooling bath the lovely maid In fairest white her tender form arrayed. and prays her take Some priceless jewel for her friendship's sake. There o'er the lady's limbs they poured by turns Streams of pure water from their golden urns. 92 when grim Death So. Then Her bride. tiring-girls led her to a chamber decked with pearls And paved Of young with sapphires. HimXlaya's race in a long embrace. So shines the young unclouded moon at Greeting the sun.

to a court with canopies overhead crowd of noble dames the maiden led court for solemn Adorn the rites. For though the brightest gems around her Her brighter beauty stole their eyes away. To what Her rare beauty shall her maids clear brow shaded by her glossy compare hair ? Less dazzling pure the lovely lotus shines Flecked by the thronging bees in dusky Less bright the moon. so ravishing her smile. So opes the Kasa all her shining flowers Lured from their buds by Then A A 93 softly falling showers. one with fragrant grass her temples crowned. Fairer than till Ganga when wood the maiden stood the Love-birds play O'er sandy islets in her silvery bay. .— UMA'S bridal. So lovely then the grace that dear maid. when Enhances beauties which it lines. o'er her head sweet clouds of incense rolled try and perfume every shining fold. where gems and gold pillars that the roof uphold. Through her long And tresses one a chaplet wound. E'en her attendants turned to gaze awhile . While To lay. a dark band of cloud cannot shroud. There on a couch they set her with her face Turned toward the Of east. Bright dyes of saffron and the scented Adorned her beauty.

richer beauty called the glance aside. with glowing To saffron dyed. or a silver flood birds follow quickly .. Though from those lips. The vermeil Yet o'er tints were newly washed away. or like night. 94 Behind her ear a head of barley drew The eye to gaze upon its golden hue. in playful glee. So quickly changing grew the maiden's charms. a ray was thrown Of quivering brightness that was " Lay this dear foot upon thy own. the beauty Whose said. To guard. Oft as the mirror would her glance beguile She longed to meet her Lord's approving smile. languid half-shut glances might compare lotus leaves just opening to the air With And she. as she smiled. them. . crowding stars come forth in all their light. all their lover's head Crowned with the moon." the laughing maiden Who dyed her lady's feet —no word spake But beat her with her wreath Then tiring. where Beauty's guerdon lay.women took the jetty dye of her eye. not deck. But then her cheek. as fresh gems adorned her neck and arms. Like some Unfolds plant where bud succeeding bud new beauty Where gay When fair . THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD.

the The And an autumn night each high ancestral lord. she had longed to trace on that The nuptial On Uma's rounded arm Was mark yet scarce could line. his being. blessing high as this Can add no rapture Well-pleased to her perfect bliss. Then swelled her bosom with maternal pride As thus she decked her darling for a bride. As yielding soft.. Spotless as curling foam-flakes stood she there. love. " ! they said. Blind with the tears that swimming her filled In vain the mother strove that band to eye. tie. as graceful and as fair Or like the glory of Eobed by the Then full spirit of Nor failed she They " moon in a veil of light. : : UMA'S BRIDAL. bowed her head Thine be the fulness of his love Half of greet. The happy mother took the golden dye And raised to hers young UmA's beaming eye. fixt securely by the fair brow it now. maid adored at her mother's best. next the noble dames to give due honour to their reverend raised the maiden as she feet. Himalaya viewed the pomp and ]\Ieet for his daughter. Her tasteful skill the timid To win one smile of 95 maid essays one word of praise. the woollen band nurse's hand. Oh. meet for Siva's bride pride .

Shone a bright coronal to grace his head. grace but how him now His own dire vesture took a shape as As . 96 Then sought the hall with all his friends to wait The bridegroom's coming with a monarch's Meanwhile by heavenly matrons' Upon Kuvera's lofty The ornaments of mount were Siva. He laid his hand upon the dress. His twining serpents. Changed but their bodies The blazing gems : in each sparkling crest stiU shone their loveliest. That elephant's hide the God had worn of old Was now Ere a silken robe inwrought with gold.—— : THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. Shall robes so sad. care displayed laid which of yore At his first nuptials the bridegroom wore. ? fair gentle bridegroom's heart could wish to wear. The withering skull that glazed the eye with dread. this his body was with dust besprent With unguent now And it shed delightful scent that mid-eye which glittering like a star Shot the wild terror of So softly A mark now its its glance afar golden radiance beamed of glory on his forehead seemed. state. . so holy. destined The still to be pride and honour of the deity.

and pipe. covered with a steep to climb as he went. . Yet the dread monster humbly shrank And bowed in reverence as his The matrons followed him. Their ear-rings waving as they dashed along Sweet faces. e'en in light of Shedding the glory of Well-pleased the Saw his bright God its Him brow of of jewels on the 97 spot may dim day quenchless ray. Hark ! from the glorious bands that lead the way.: : UMA'S bridal. and toward Whose broad back Was his bull tiger's hide Mount KailIsa's side. then calmly leant On !N"andi's arm. saintly throng. As made On with such glories round them shed the air one lovely lotus bed. in all his pride arrayed image mirrored in the blade Of the huge sword they brought. With herald lightning and the crane's shrill cry. skulls that decked her rattling in the wind Like the dark rack that scuds across the sky. a for fear. Lord drew near. What need Who wears the crescent moon No ? Its youthful beauty. and shrilling trumpet's bray. drum. flew those bright ones The : Kali came behind. Burst through the sky upon the startled ear And tell the Gods the hour of worship 's near. Harp.

that fancy Swans waved their pinions still might deem round each Lady of the Stream. Sun own heaven's presents a silken shade artist for the God had made. BrahmA. as though bright Adown She GangA rolled head her waves of gold. thine for ever strength. Siva. To swell his Like holy oil light. " thine. To BrahmA bowed — the lotus' mystic child. came. the pomp and pride Of glorious deity they laid aside. And YamunA. be and the victory. j E'en BRAHMi. Each Of first in place. Creator. were there. | j . In humble robes arrayed. And Vishnu " glowing from the realms of Eide on. the glory. and the favourite's hand \ Guided his eye upon the suppliant band. '. Fanning their Lord. and on Indra smiled. 98 They came Which the . .THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. sweet Eiver-Nymph. his holy in her Goddess-shape divinely fair. Lord of Might. They signed to \ Nandi. third. With led." \ j triumph that high blessing came upon the 4 1 rising flame. Gilding his brows. 1 \ each world-upholding Lord folded hands the mighty God adored." they The cried. By Indra —not one alone among the Blessed : Three. Vishnu. second. j In those Three Persons the one God was shown. He spake to Vishnu. each last. each may be First.

he said " Hail. Now him shed. The God whose neck still gleams with cloudy blue Burst on the wondering people's upturned view. No foeman's foot had ever trod those halls. Enwreathed with clouds As though A bank in furious charge he of clay Swiftly they The as he flew racing by. : ye Sons of Light chosen priests to celebrate this His 99 rite.! . their blessings o'er thus in answer. No foreign bands Then On encamped around the walls. from his moon-crest a ray Sheds quenchless light on his triumphant way. from the path His shafts once dinted in avenging wrath. On all the hosts of heaven his friendly eye Beamed duly welcome as they The Seven Great Saints And crowded nigh. On through the air his swift bull Decked with the gold of many bore him well. came where in city subject to had up torn its beauty lay Himalaya's sway. My mighty Sages ! hail." in sweet tones the heavenly minstrels tell praise. with a smile. upon his mighty horn. Siva's glances fixed their eager hold that fair city as with threads of gold. He moves beneath whose might Tripura to go : fell. a tinkling bell Tossing from time to time his head on high. . And on the earth descended. UMA'S bridal.

the princes Like moving As all were seen inwrapt in bowery green. floating little hand . open gate streamed in city's Mountains and Gods with tumult and with So glorious was the When sight. He knew din. of Mountains passed the city gate. lay. Careless of all beside. o'er the Monarch came not he had bent his lofty crest In reverent greeting to his heavenly guest. joying in the festive day. lOo Forth from the gates a noble army poured To do meet honour With to the on elephants of state all his friends The King mighty Lord. hills the full rushing of two streams that pour Beneath one bridge with loud tumultuous So through the roar. Himalaya. Siva bowed him. unconfined her flowery crown Hanging neglected and unfastened down. . wonder and shame. One dark-eyed beauty Her long black Save by her will not stay to bind tresses. each lady's eye Must gaze on ^iva as the troop sweeps by. THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. So gaily decked. all tore her foot away wet and streaming. Before the immortal bridegroom led the Where heaps way of gay flowers burying half the feet Lay breathing odours through the crowded street. One from her maiden On which the dye..

like the wild bee's wing. for fair. Each palace dome. only turned to marvel and to praise Oh.. — and pain. well and wisely. . . how blest lying on his breast Surely in vain. Its brightness gives new beauty Oh the crowded windows there what a ! With sight ! eager faces excellently Like sweetest lilies. in peerless glory Siva passed Gay banners o'er his way their shadows cast.: . Whilst. — takes her stand the pencil in her hand. Where'er she stepped. a crimson footprint traced. their dark eyes fling Quick glances quivering Onward to her breast. And chamber rushing in her o'er the haste. had not the Lord of Life Matched this fond bridegroom and this loving wife. Another at the One eye is window dyed. such a lord to gain The Mountain-Maid endured the To be his slave The wife — were joy the loved one . ! umA's bridal. as she strives to close the parting vest. holds Loose and ungirt her flowing mantle's folds. Here runs an eager maid. toil but Oh. and running. each pinnacle and height new Catching On swept lustre the pageant The eager glances On his bright And " from his : crest of light. on the God alone of the dames were thrown form they fed the rapturous gaze.

form confessed. Saints and those great Sages seven. and The noble Then entered in before. no more the the Mountain King. Leaning on Vishnu's arm he passed the door Where mighty BrahmA Next Indra came. the sun leaves a cloud at eventide. all the host of heaven. . holy tie. own.armed God was burnt by At the red flash of Siva's vengeful No : jealous Love a And cast How glorious away his is fairer fire ire. girt about with cloud Now will he lift his lofty Knit close to Siva by this head more high. : THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. side. the honey and the milk. Through the broad And streets 'mid loud acclaim reached the palace where the King abode.. for such a bridegroom meet With all due rites. I02 Had been Of ! his wish to give the worlds a mould perfect beauty How Falsely have they told ! the young flower. Kich gems were offered and two robes of silk. led they Siva to a royal seat Fair gifts they brought. how proud Earth's stately pillar. There he descended from his monster's As he rode. loveliest." Such words of praise from many a bright-eyed dame On Siva's ear with soothing witchery came.

his lotus eyes Flashed out the rapture of his proud surprise. From hand Till fingers of the to hand the each confessed it soft infection stole. Fire filled his veins. and true love's momentary shame O'er the blest bridegroom and his darling came. They met . grows their beauty. with joy she trembled The magic How Eye fixt . hand fondly linkt in hand ! . but. Then calm the current of his spirit lay Like the world basking in an autumn day. Scarce dared to trust the rapturous gazing yet. Eye looked to eye. Thus the fond Moon disturbs the tranquil Of Ocean And glittering with his him leads To leap with He 103 on. In the God's hand the priest has duly laid The radiant Bright. shore. such influence of that thrilling touch. At length by They skilful chamberlains arrayed led the lover to the royal maid. as Had if Love with Mountain-Maid.UMA'S BRIDAL. foamy rest crest. proud waves swelling on the clasping From o'er. quivering as they met. his dear sprays of red sought that refuge in his hour of dread. his kisses gazed on Uma. when two lovers stand on eye. in the inmost soul.

tresses drooped. unblamed. her ears in flower-like beauty clung. softly wreathing o'er her fair And round o'er the incense tbe sweet lady stooped. beneath the eye beaming with the jetty dye. Eager she listened." cried her Lord. may mortal minstrel dare To paint words the beauty of that pair in Around the fire ! in solemn rite they trod. The ear of barley from her And in order due toward her face the scented smoke she drew. The lovely lady and the glorious God . gentle UmI. as the earth when dried By The " parching first soft summer suns droppings drinks deeply in when the rains begin. Still brightly " This flame Be cheek hung. Which As eyes around the holy flame. Like day and starry midnight when they meet In the broad plains at lofty Meru's feet. rested on her cheek. just. be witness of your wedded thou husband. life thou wife on the bride. Look.THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. and be Such was the priestly blessing true. I04 Then how. Thrice at the bidding of the priest they came With swimming Then word the bride at his Into the blazing And fire the parched grain threw. " afar Seest thou the brightness of yon polar star ? : " ! .

soft. beautifully clear." Sobbing. as the holy books " .: . In twofold language on each glorious head The Queen In of Speech her richest blessings shed strong. . with Then from the They turned. as they glistened to the wondering view. Were sprinkled duly with the moistened grain. pure. prescribed of old. High o'er their Upon heads sweet Beauty's Queen displayed a stem of reed a cool green shade. upon for seats of gold men ordain. more happiness. 105 Like that -unchanging ray thy faith must shine. ." The At Brahma's Then to fair Who sits " joyful parents now feet in duteous reverence bow. hero children shall be born of thee Then looked in silence The bridegroom. " Yes. : vain the hope to bless Siva. UMA'S bridal. And happy shalt thou be. godlike utterance for his ear. for ever thine. All richly pearled with drops of beady dew. While the young lotus-leaves of which 'twas made Seemed. Her rite is o'er. Uma spake the gracious Power enthroned upon the lotus flower beautiful lady. and altar. she whispered. as rested And. To her in liquid tones.

" have they of the good left and wise. : : THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD.: . raising high the suppliant hand " Now. Whose tender body thy fierce wrath has slain Give all his Well pleased. and gracious answer gave honour. . he smiled." they cried. Prayed Siva. Decked with bright gold and all her sumptuous dower.. pity on the gentle God. Siva himself When now yields him Kama's slave. She blushes sweetly as her maidens there Look with arch smiles and glances on the And for pair one moment. with an actor's art. io6 Now for awhile they gaze where maids divine In graceful play the expressive dance entwine Whose Show eloquent motions. The rite was ended then the heavenly band . while the damsels stay. the great will ne'er despise The gentle pleading Now And all his mifi^ht agjain. to the life the passions of the heart. From him she loves turns her dear face away. Have " for the dear sake of thy lovely bride. . the wedded pair alone ^IVA takes her hand within his own To lead his darling to the bridal bower. duly given.

'] mansion.I^OTES. &c. the Paradise. from hima. CANTO FIRST. Mansion of Snow.] minstrels. . and The accent is on the second syllable. Prithu. known by the names Kdrtikeya and Skanda. &c. Still the fair pearls.] It was the belief of the Hindus that elephants wore these precious jewels in their heads. snow. to use word of the legend.] and other Sanskrit poets to is made by Kdlidds a phosphoric light emitted by plants at night. It was usually made of the tail-hairs of the Yak. appointing severally one of their own class as the recipient. and other supernatural beings. drained or milked from the earth various treasures. and the other hills. or Indra's heaven. Thus the poet represents these animals as doing honour to the Monarch of Mountains with these emblems of sovereignty. or Bos Grunniens. saints. or long brush. which forms a supplement to the Mahahhdrat. He sented with six faces and corresponding arms. Frequent allusion There magic herbs. gods. and is repre- is mounted upon a peacock.] ojBf insects and flies. &c. or Calf. E'en whisk the wild Icine. demons. the leader of the celestial armies. Himalaya was thus highly favoured by the sacred Mount Meru. Till heavenly songsters of the &c.] It is said that in the reign of this fabulous dlaya. used to was with the Hindus what the sceptre is with us. The story is the found in the sixth chapter of the Harivansa. monarch. The Chouri. Himalaya. The Hindu is Deity of War. Hindu A class of demi-gods.

not.] learn from the Bdmdyana that the mountains were originally furnished with wings. when we can exceed the beauty of this tree It of course.] placed in Ceylon.] This is described The meaning of the name Umd is "Oh." The Gods' bright river." (Wilson. King of the Gods. told. fall in tlieir flight. by the poet is this : — whom. For fear lest they should suddenly Indra.] K4ma. which falls from heaven upon Himalaya's head. These hills are is said. struck bolt but Maindka was preserved from a similar fate by the . the arrows of which are made of flowers.] The celestial Ganges. a general favourite with the poets of India. to Born once again^ &c. II. Having undertaken to celebrate a solemn sacrifice. meanfather of Sati. at it the sound of thunder in the rainy season. that she threw herself into the sacrificial fire. Vol.) The name of Sati. We Aiid once when Indra's might. was never wholly reconciled to the uncouth figure and practices of his son-in-law. As the blue offspring of the Turqaois Hills. . Young Kdma's arrow. he espoused to 6%va. and continues its course on earth. chaste woman. he invited all the Gods except ^iva.THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. The precious stone grows. which so incensed Sati. or Saints. the Hindii Cupid. is the modern Suttee. io8 That the bright The Hindiis Seven. true. do in the fifth canto. are in full bloom. Specimens of Hindii Theatre. is. will appear as actors in the course of the poem. and that they flew through the air with the speed of the wind. but he — ing good. recommendation of the Bishis. is armed with a bow. p. The reader remember the Hindii The story alluded to " Daksha was the son of Brahma and will belief in the Transmigration of Souls. at the or Sages. as it is corruptly written. At her stern penance. And brighter than Akica's rich leaves. friendship of Ocean.] ofi" whom their pinions with his thunder- he fled for refuge.'] call the constellation They Ursa Major the seven Rishis.] Nothing. 263.

which is sometimes described eye in his forehead. as being identical with the Five Elements.NOTES. frequently the best interpreter. Koil. WTien holy Narad. like pean namesake. the black or Indian cuckoo. Where the pah moon on Siva's forehead. signifies also the released spirit with its The from mundane existence.'] " Then. The holy hdl] as Indra Wlio takes eight various forms." Moore Moore is — Loves of the Angels. Individuality. is the bulbul or nightingale of Hindustan. son of Brahmd.] Siva is called rides. CANTO SECOND. Wearer of the Eight Forms. We Siva's crest is the as forming a third shall find frequent allusions to this in the course of the poem.] sweetest note thaf e'er the The or KoJcila. the neck of light it lent woman threw and borrowed too. 109 the pearl from out its shell Unsightly. too. forced to dwell In form unloveU') v)as And round A set free. that the Sanskrit word muktd.. unconsciously. and Crude Matter. in the sunless sea (As 'twere a spirit. It is worth remarking. of an Indian poet's thought. . It is also the herald of spring. The animal on which the God Siva on the elephant. This Hindii notion is familiar to most of us from Southey's " Curse of Kehdma. The strings of pearl. and re-integrated divine original. by a long course of had acquired power even over the Gods. Koil poured. Mind. A demon who. and the female bird is its Euro- the especial messenger of Love." While impious TdraJc] austerities.] new moon. pearl (literally /re^^i).] A divine sage.

? ' : The What asked.. and the unfitness of rational soul to regulate the acts of an . and passive. substance." a philosophical They to all the systems of Hindii speculation. also in the old Orphic Ilie intoxication. as ' Foulness ' is is summarily. when a &c." Manu. complacency. ] Brahmd is represented with four faces.] sacred "Having divided power became half male. heaviness.' By 'triad of tlie Goodness end- is lessly diversified.' qualities meant the is ' ' the is triad of ' triad of qualities consists of three qualities. a text-book of the Sinkhya school qualities — " Now it is It is replied. I. according to the SAnkhya system. separation. fault-finding. THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. Nature. the mighty or nature active So and the like own his — " Zeus was a male hymns. and the like pain. and the like of happiness. or Holy Scriptures of the Hindus. consists of delusion." principle. lightness. disgust. summarily. hymn it is said. 'Goodness. patience. attainment of wishes. abjectness. kindliness. summarily. con- tentment. is " the final liberation of " The incompetency of nature. and expresses the Three in One. distress. accordingly as it is exemplified in calmness.] The object of Nature's activity. prefacing all the prayers and most of the writings of the Hindiis.' and 'Darkness. . one towards each point of the compass. It implies the Indian triad. it Thou. drowsiness. joy. an irrational individual soul.] The mystic syllable OM. to institute a course of action for a definite purpose. it consists exemplified in grief. Zeus was a deathless damsel. no Whose face turns every ivay.' 'Foulness.] term familiar " The triad of quahties. They hail thee. excitement. Ch. accordingly as it exemplified in envelopment. The mystic Three. half female. endlessly diversified. it consists of endlessly diversified. are thus explained in the Tattwa Samdsa. accordingly ' Darkness ' is .] longing." Contained in the Vedas." . it is anxiety. ignorance. The word of praise. sloth.

Weak is Kuvera's hand. constitute a it argument with the principal sity — of a Providence.] Varunh The God noose. earth.] Thus the commandment. on the other hand.] His own dear flower. on which Brahmd is repre- sented reclining. having willed to produce As water bears to me. verse xix. The lotus. are forms of the sun." Hail Thee office the stranger Spirit.] The Xdityas.] The Rudras.agent whose character — NOTES. the son of Angiras. Their flashing jewels. Chakra. twelve in number. The God of Wealth. the weapon of Vishnu. it the is (nature) to liberate the soul. Ill imperfectly apprehends. . The heavenly Teacher. &c. seed"— Manu.] A class of demi-gods. as illustrated in the following passage As it is nourish the so calf. spectator. passive. is &c.] According to the Hindu belief. The Lords of Light. an unintelligent (substance).'] of the chief principle —Prof Wilson's Sdnkhya Kdrikd. solitary. first with a thought created the waters. I. of Water. : a function of milk. and by to whom theistical whom Nature is Sdnkhyas for the neces- the ends of existence are The guided atheistical Sdnkhyas. is an intuitive necessity. contend that there is no occasion for a guiding Providence. or quoit. E'en as on shalt not kill. Kdr. Sdnkh.] The God and Judge of the Dead. and appear to represent him as distinct in each month of the year. known.] Vrihaspati. serpents wear precious jewels in their heads. who number. bystander. abrogated by the injunction to —Thou animals kill for sacrifice. Tama's sceptre.] A discus." See. " HE. and placed in them a productive Ch. said also bears this name.] various beings from his own divine substance. but that the activity of nature. to " Sonl is witness. eleven in to be inferior manifestations of ^iva. for the purpose of accomplishing soul's object.

Besides this ultimate . Wlio angers of Kdma. shall this tree as the favourite of CANTO THIRD. or transmigration of souls. of birth " alluded to is of course the psychosis. a belief which metem- is not to be looked upon (says Prof. source. It is the main foundation of Hindd metaphysics Hindu philosophy. The mango We tivig.'] sign of mourning. The great principle of all all . or. a human being of which he is The " chain may be supposed whenever heaven to feel jealous aspires to something higher than that the Lord. amongst which is the enjoyment of Indra's Swarga." Specimens of Old Indian Poetry^ pp. therefore. is to be obtained only even while in a state of terrestrial existence felicity.] " Hindii notions regarding a future state. or the return of that portion of spirit which attributes of this speech necessary to be acquainted with some of the it is is combined with the This happiness." Compare Megha Duta.— THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. exhausted. by the most perfect abstraction from the world and freedom from according to the philosopher. 68. the Hindus have several minor degrees of happiness. of a Muhammadan Paradise. also " — Prof. the Hindustani women collect their long hair into a braid. Wilson in the preface to his edition of the Sdnkhya Kdrikd) as a mere popular superstition. in fact. it is the object of . but whose virtue is passion. of happiness is absorption into the humanity to its original The highest kind divine essence. thee^ To understand properly &c. especially for the loss of their husbands. called in Sanskrit veni. revisit the habitation of mortals. 112 Mournful As a braids.'] meet with several allusions to Love and the darling of the bees. Indra. Wilson's The Lord's Song. 67. The degree and duration of the pleasures of this paradise are proportioned to the merits of those admitted to it and they who have enjoyed this lofty region of Swarga.

] Referring to the Hindu notion that the Asoka blossoms at the touch of a woman's foot. as he is here called. as. and that the bees have marked it with the owner's name. Groujjing the syllables. the flowers of that garden sweet Rejoiced in the sound of her gentle feet." couch and canopy of the God Vishnu. or Love. Brahminical or Buddhist. fied I'hat loveliest ^flower. That sea-snake.'] Sesha.] His flowery Tilaka. tvhere Earth. ." I Sensitive Plant. an ornament or a sectarial word to convey both ideas as the poet intends the In this passage is another comparison of the mango-spray: it is called the lip of Love. the discovery of the means of putting a stop to is further transmigration . that hero being one of his incarnations. at once here. is in the in one of the fictions of the Edda. hell. its rouge is the blush of morning.] The Karnikdra. it also means a earths or unguents upon the forehead and between the eyebrows.] of the north. The name of a tree mark made with coloured . As on that Snake. the Serpent King. heaven. Nor ivaited for the maiden's touch. tremendous curled. is also the — The threefold His fearful To world. either distinction . . Krishna. So Shelley " says.] This comparison rather too far to suit a European taste. Hindu mythology the supporter of the earth. 113 their philosophical research in every system. ** Whose monstrous He circle girds the world. the discontinuance of corporeal being . From the universal custom of dying the lips.— NOTES. doubt not. and considered identical with the deity himself.'] liati] Kuvera. seems forced Kdlidds not is with calling the mango-spray the Arrow of Love satis- he must tell us that its leaves are the feathers. The demi-god Kuvera was regent «fec. or. and The wife of Kdma. and its darker beautifying powder the clustering bees. the liberation of soul from body.

Kdma's bow is sometimes represented as strung in this extraordinary manner." (fee. And 1 i \ Siva those destroying streams Drank up \ at BrahmjC's beck. is a . This line of is bees. in a male deity." &c. Hermifs By name servant. Till Brahmd to their misery bent His gracious pitying ear . lost and found A thousand voices cry. &c. j His neck of hrightly-heaming blue. of the azure " neck < ! Specimens of Old Indian Poetry Gates of sense. The wasting venom onwards went.] The Churning of the Ocean. j Still in God thy throat the dark flood gleams.] "Staining the soles of the feet with a red colour. I eyes. CANTO FOURTH.. and joyless shall his rising Hindii mythology. i The.] Nandi.] An ancient legend tells us that after the deluge the ocean was churned by Gods and demons. Late J dim.] be. as will be \ *' vermeil sufficiently evident in the course of this work. Burning like fire where'er it streamed < . And stain this foot. And filled the Worlds with fear. derived from the Mehndee. Wilson. . : .] The Moon. Thick noisome mists were spread. ! But from the wondrous churning streamed A poison fierce and dread. 114 the Sanskrit poets are constantly speaking of their tints. ears. in order to recover the Anirit and other treasures that had been lost in it ] ' : : < " Then loud and long a joyous sound Rang through the startled sky : ' * Hail to the Amrit. the Lac.— — ' THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. favourite practice of the Hindii toilet.

An The Boar. 115 CANTO FIFTH. .] The Chdtaka. wife of one of the Seven The Heavenly Dame.] The capital of Kuvera. Not e^en her boy. or incarnation of Vishnu. In this form he preserved the world at the deluge. These birds are Of those poor birds. The bright Champac] " The maid of India blest again to hold In her broad lap the Champac's leaves of gold. Froud Alakd. carrying them use their in their name of the particular deity they worship. Kdrtikeya. have used) is a string of the seeds or berries of the Eleocarpus. conXain 108 berries or beads." Dante. supposed to drink nothing but rain-water. the father of Vrihaspati. Arundhati. The Budrdkshd maid (which we may sup- prayer.] do. Angiras. but are supposed to remain separate during the night. And worn rosaries ivith resting much their wrists.] Saints. .] Avatdr.] One of the Seven Saints the teacher of the gods. That friendship soon in " Amor gentle heart is bred.] in cor gentil ratto s'apprende. That thirsty bii'd. the God of Wealth. and especially dedicated to It should S'iva. or the as we hands or on As they turn them over. Vishnu or pose Um4 to The Hindus on her rosaiy. The Chakravdki.NOTES. the ] God of War. CANTO SIXTH.'] always observed to fly in pairs during the day. each of which is fingered with the mental repetition of one of Siva's 108 appellations. they repeat an inaudible as S'iva." Lalla Roohh.

the fabulous residence of Kuvera.] ratiier the Another name of the sacred Mount Meru same word. also signifies in Sanskrit a clouds. or CANTO SEVENTH. with su.] mountain. In Sanskrit and Prakrit. suggesting the comparison In twofold language. characters of the Hindu drama. and favourite haunt of among S'iva. . who had expelled the Gods from heaven. good. and the heavens with another. placed by the Hindiis the Himalayas. so that he measured the earth with one pace. ii6 Alluding to the VAmana. to which it bears the same relation as Italian to Latin it is spoken by the female is .] The word The name of one of the divine matrons. wrought to restrain the pride of the giant Bali. Kdli came behind. . prefixed. The dwarf immediately grew to a prodigious size. or Dwarf Vast grew his body. request. A Kaildsa's side.THE BIRTH OF THE WAR-GOD. The latter a softened modification of the former. In that form he presented himself before the giant. and asked him for three Bali ridiculed and granted the paces of land to build a hut. Sumeru. HANSON AND EDINBURGH AND LONDON I'RINTKD BY HALLANTYNE. THE END.] Avatdr of Vishnu. CO.] row or succession of which follows.


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