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# KL 3103

FIELD DATA ACQUISITION AND ANALYSIS

Final Assignment

Lecturer:

By:

Group 8

15513066

Kharisma Jayatra

15513074

Dany Aryanzah

15513080

Hari Kurniawan

15512069

Ocean Engineering Program
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Bandung Institute of Technology
2015

LIST OF FIGURES............................................................................................................4
LIST OF TABLES.............................................................................................................5
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................6
1.1

Background................................................................................... 6

1.2

Aim and Purposes...........................................................................6

1.3

Project Coverage............................................................................ 6

CHAPTER II: BASIC THEORY.......................................................................................8
2.1

Bathymetry................................................................................... 8

2.2

Echo Sounding............................................................................... 8

2.3

GPS System............................................................................... 9

2.4

Method of Mapping.......................................................................10

CHAPTER III: WORK SCOPE.......................................................................................11
3.1

Survey Planning........................................................................... 11

3.2

Benchmark.................................................................................. 11

3.3
Sounding Line Plan
……………………………………………………………………………………… 12
3.4

Tidal Observation..........................................................................13

2

3.4.1 Least Square............................................................................. 13
3.4.3 NAOtide.................................................................................. 17
3.4.4 ERGtide.................................................................................. 19
3.5

Recoinassance.............................................................................. 19

3.6

Land Surveying............................................................................ 19

3.7

Current Measurement.....................................................................20

3.8

GPS System................................................................................ 22

CHAPTER IV: DATA ANALYSIS...................................................................................24
4.1

Survey Planning.......................................................................24

4.2

Calibrating The Depth....................................................................25

4.3

Survey Line Calculation...........................................................25

4.4

Budget Calculation........................................................................27

CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION........................................................................................28
5.1

Conclusion.................................................................................. 28

5.2

Contur and Bathymetric..................................................................30

BIBLIOGRAPHY............................................................................................................31

3

.....11 Figure 3...................4........................................................................................................................18 Figure 3..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................21 Figure 3................................................23 Figure 4.........................25 Figure 4............2...................................2.......................................................................................................................30 Figure 5.....................................................................21 Figure 3.............................................................................................................................22 Figure 3..........................3..............................1.....................26 Figure 5...........................1..........................................................5..........................................1.....20 Figure 3................................LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1.............................2....................30 4 .....................................................................................................................1...............................................6......................................................................

.........................................................................1........................................................................................................................................................................................1..........................30 5 .....................................................................................2................28 Table 5....................................2.............27 Table 4........................3.............................LIST OF TABLES Table 4...................................................................................27 Table 4....................30 Table 5............................

this facility must need some infrastructure to put in. This situation can lead to silting so the ship cannot pass the area. In addition. Beside that. Obtaining the contur and the bathymetric map of Ketapang area 1. This condition has a lot of potentials that should be used maximally for country development. By knowing this term. 6 .1 Background Indonesia is a maritime country with an area of the oceans by two thirds of the total area of Indonesia. which is located Kalimantan. To get those information. Therefore. and to find the the potential danger for the sailing ship. port or harbor. the condition of water and the sea floor is needed so the ship could sail and dock safely. Planning the survey lane and calculate the total time and budget for surveying 2. 1. For that reason. the information of the bathymetry and the characteristic of current and bathymetry in the water are very important for the ship and the construction of the port. we must do the bathymetric survey. Because of that condition. it is necessary to do dredging shipping channel. Indonesia has a lot of islands. Ketapang is one of the regencies of West Kalimantan province on the Borneo Island in Indonesia. we can do understand the field condition and start processing the situation. The purpose of dredging is the ship could sail safely. Furthermore. that separated by sea. Therefore.CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1. the most effective and efficient way to connect the islands is by using sea transport. other factors that must be considered is the sediment that settles at the bottom of the sea. The purposes of this survey are to get the water depth and seabed topography.3 Project Coverage We plan to do this project in Ketapang.2 Aim and Purpose Project aim: 1. certainly for economic purpose. Bathymetric surveys conducted along the corridor include surveys with varying width.

This project report discusses about planning a sounding line for bathymetric survey purposes and calculate the budget that needed to get the data of the depth and the topography of bathymetry. This data is needed for dredging of shipping lane survey purposes. Then we can get the conclusion about the areas that need to be dredged.Ketapang city is located at 1o51’S – 109o59’E. Figure 1.1 Location of Ketapang on the map 7 .

which is used to determine the depth of water along with the speed of sound in water at the time. the technologies can be very helpful at situation like this. 2.2 Echo Sounding Echo sounding is a type of SONAR used to determine the depth of water by transmitting sound pulses into water. This information is then typically used for navigation purposes or in order to obtain depths for charting purposes. bounce off the seafloor. As the development of times. Bathymetry involved the measurement of ocean depth through depth sounding. Early techniques used for bathymetric surveying is using a rope to measure the depth. we need to do the bathymetric surveying. This techniques is inefficient and not accurate because it only measure the depth in a single point at a time and there is sea current and wave that could make the rope bend. The time interval between emission and return of a pulse is recorded. The data used to make bathymetric maps today typically comes from an echo sounder (sonar) mounted beneath or over the side of a boat. fixed-location techniques use stationary transducers to monitor passing fish. and return to the sounder informs the equipment of the distance to the seafloor. In order to make a bathymetric maps.CHAPTER II BASIC THEORY 2. shot a beam of sound downward at the seafloor or from remote sensing systems. Conversely. Hydro acoustic assessments have traditionally employed mobile surveys from boats to evaluate fish biomass and spatial distributions. 8 . The amount of time it takes for the sound or light to travel through the water.1 Bathymetry Bathymetry is the study of underwater depth of lake or ocean floors. Echo sounding can also refer to hydro acoustic “echo sounders” defined as active sound in water (sonar) used to study fish.

4 Method of Mapping The mapping method that we used for processing the survey data is Kriging method. Under suitable assumptions on the priors. as opposed to a piecewise-polynomial spline chosen to optimize smoothness of the fitted values. The method is widely used in the domain of spatial analysis and computer experiments. This technique is also known as Wiener–Kolmogorov prediction.2. Kriging gives the best linear unbiased prediction of the intermediate values. This interpolating methods based on the other criteria such as smoothness need not yield the most likely intermediate values. as known as Gaussian process regression. is a method of interpolation for which the interpolated values are modeled by a Gaussian process governed by prior covariances. Kriging method. 10 .

county. the basemap would consist of GIS data such as streets (with labels) and parcel lines. thus allow viewers to understand the rise and fall of a trail’s path. particularly in near-shore shallow water which could not be imaged with the multi beam transducer around the Slack Point shoreline. and aerial or satellite imagery. waterways.CHAPTER III WORK SCOPE The scope of work for this particular survey was to create a detailed bathymetric chart. 3. parcels. Hydrographic benchmarks landmark the elevation of the benchmarks above 11 . and through which surveyors and engineers may relate their surveys and structures to chart datum. In addition. which is provided in various source. The function of the basemap is to provide background detail necessary to orient the location of the map. For example. Side scan sonar imagery supplements the bathymetric survey. side scan sonar was used to provide additional seabed information. Furthermore. for a map showing foreclosed properties.1 Survey Planning The first planning step to do is preparing base map. from which hydrographers may recover chart datum for future surveys. Benchmarks are the fixed elevation markers against which the zero setting of the gauge is checked during its operation. Side slopes of Slack Point using a multi beam echo sounder method. any combination of those layers can be used. boundaries (country. Basemaps also add to the aesthetic appeal of a map. 3. So we used single-beam echo sounder.2 Benchmark Benchmark is a reference for processing the data. city boundaries). Depending on the type of map. shaded relief of a digital elevation model. A map showing hiking trails would benefit from a basemap containing a digital elevation model or topo lines that shows elevation. Typical GIS data and imaginary that make up the layers for a basemap such as streets. often providing more detail on the nature and composition of the sea floor features. What is a basemap? The term basemap has seen often in GIS and refers to a collection of GIS data and/or orthorectified imagery that form the background setting for a map.

When the elevation of chart datum is finally chosen with respect to the preliminary gauge zero. Sounding line is a route plan where the ship that do the surveying will travel and take data. a minimum of three benchmarks are established in the immediate vicinity (½ km) of the gauge. The benchmarks provide for the recovery of chart datum in future surveys and for consistency in the setting of gauge zero for all water level measurements at the same site. 3. Preparing supporting data such as benchmark point from Bakosutanal. Only the Hydrographic Service of Canada may assign or alter the elevation quoted for a benchmark above chart datum. and were traditionally shown on nautical charts in fathoms and feet. 12 . Ministry of Public Work and other Government Agencies.3 Sounding Line Plan In survey planning there are some technical preparation we need to do. It is often referred to simply as sounding. The elevation difference between the preliminary gauge zero and each of the benchmarks is then determined by accurate spirit levelling. For our case BM data acquired from Bakosurtanal. Data taken from soundings are used in bathymetry to make maps of the floor of a body of water. After that. we make tidal observation station planning. the benchmark elevations are converted and recorded in the benchmark descriptions as elevations above chart datum. Then we need to make sounding line plan. But for the cross check line the gap don’t have to be that close because we just take the data just for checking the main data. The main line should be parallel and perpendicular to shore line while the cross check line should be about 60o-90o angle to main line. Sounding line contain the main line and cross check line. If the water level gauge is to continue in operation.chart datum and this procedure is basic to charting and gauging procedures. Depth sounding refers to the act of measuring depth. with no two in the same feature or structure. including preparing Based Map. its permanent zero would be set to chart datum. The gap between each mainline should be close enough so the bathymetric data that captured by the ship is good and from the data we could make bathymetric map in better resolution . The main line is the route plan where the main data taken while the cross check line is the route to take data as a correction and checking point for the main data. Benchmark will be used as a reference point. As part of the installation procedure of any water level gauge.

There is some tidal observation method. still uses fathoms and feet on nautical charts.. 13 . In other countries. This is because the moon gravitation and the sun gravitation is strong enough to “draw” and “urge” the sea level. Tidal observation usually observed on 30 or 15 days. Sounding" derives from the Old English sund. Tidal observation could be done manually and automatically. likely took his pen name from this cry. And for bathymetric data correction. water.1 Least Square The method of least squares is a standard approach in regression analysis to the approximate solution of overdetermined systems. it is not related to the word sound in the sense of noise or tones. sea. and NAOTide 3.The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). sets of equations in which there are more equations than unknowns. sun gravitation. Thus when the depth was two fathoms. On the Mississippi River in the 1850s. the agency responsible for bathymetric data in the United States. 3. Because of this tide. Traditional terms for soundings are a source for common expressions in the English language. i.4 Tidal Observation Tide are a rise and fall the surface of sea levels because of the moon gravitation. notably "deep six" (a sounding of 6 fathoms). the International System of Units (metres) has become the standard for measuring depth. for example instead of "two" they would say "twain".e. Tide cause the depth of the sea vary depends on when the depth are measured. rotation and revolution of earth. tidal data usually observe with dense `time interval during bathymetric survey. they would call "by the mark twain!". Admiralty. a former river pilot. the technique of using sonar to measure depth. So bathymetric is actually connected to tidal. the leadsmen also used old-fashioned words for some of the numbers. The term lives on in today's world in echo sounding. "Least squares" means that the overall solution minimizes the sum of the squares of the errors made in the results of every single equation. bathymetric is not accurate if the bathymetric data hasn’t corrected by tidal data. Least Square. meaning swimming.4. The American writer Mark Twain.

The most important application is in data fitting. and thus the core calculation is similar in both cases. by iteratively applying local quadratic approximation to the likelihood (through the Fisher information). at each iteration the system is approximated by a linear one. Polynomial least squaresdescribe the variance in a prediction of the dependent variable as a function of the independent variable and the deviations from the fitted curve. ] The method of least squares can also be derived as a method of moment’s estimator. see least squares (function approximation). Least squares problems fall into two categories: linear or ordinary least squares and non-linear least squares. 14 . then simple regression and least squares methods have problems. least-squares estimates and maximumlikelihood estimates are identical. the least-squares method may be used to fit a generalized linear model. The linear least-squares problem occurs in statistical regression analysis.The least-squares method is usually credited to Carl Friedrich Gauss (1795). When the problem has substantial uncertainties in the independent variable (the x variable). in such cases. depending on whether or not the residuals are linear in all unknowns. a residual being the difference between an observed value and the fitted value provided by a model. The best fit in the leastsquares sense minimizes the sum of squared residuals. The non-linear problem is usually solved by iterative refinement. For the topic of approximating a function by a sum of others using an objective function based on squared distances. the methodology required for fitting errors-in-variables models may be considered instead of that for least squares. it has a closed-form solution. The following discussion is mostly presented in terms of linear functions but the use of least-squares is valid and practical for more general families of functions.When the observations come from an exponential family and mild conditions are satisfied. Also.but it was first published by Adrien-Marie Legendre.

a prediction of a very high standard can be obtained. For some Secondary Ports in A.T. are a pencil. Thus.T. a very convenient method of providing hourly height predictions is available.T. pair of dividers. In these circumstances. a small table of logarithms is included inside the covers of N.4.3.T. simplicity has been kept to the forefront as far as possible. 159. but account must be taken of the high and low water predictions published in A. and parallel rule.). with the reasons for the alterations that have now been made. and it is felt that this is a suitable opportunity to describe the method in some detail.P. K1 15 . 159) was issued in January 1976. Other equipment such as a pocket calculator or slide rule can be used to advantage if available. When used with the data given for Secondary Ports. and are thus of a much higher standard than any prediction provided by the Admiralty Method. so that the only tools needed in addition to the book of forms and A. Thee quipment required has also been kept to the minimum. and the only way a prediction can be obtained is by the use of N.T.P.T. the letter “p” is given instead of time differences.P. without reducing the accuracy of the predictions to such a level that they are no longer of any practical value.T. The method is intended to supply a prediction of hourly heights for all those ports for which Harmonic Constants are published in Admiralty Tide Tables (A.T.P. By plotting the Standard Port predictions from Part I of A. The Method involves the combination of the Tidal Angles (A) and Factors (F) for the day with the four main Harmonic Constituents M2. on the Form B (N. When used for Standard Ports. however. there is no suitable Standard Port available. The Method has been very carefully designed with the needs of the mariner always borne in mind. this provides the best available prediction of both hourly heights and High and Low Waters.T. S2.T. 159. These latter are based on a very large number of Harmonic Constants and the use of very large electronic computers.2 Admiralty A new edition of the Admiralty Method of Tidal Prediction (N. 159) and then drawing a curve to pass through these points while following the general shape of the curve originally obtained on Form B.

If the mean of these two predictions is accepted as the best available for midnight. the accuracy then becomes greatest at 0000 on the day in question. from area to area. An hourly speed of 29“ per hour has been assumed for the total S. If the angles a are ignored in the calculation on Form A. constituents. Hourly heights for the S. this maximum is not often attained. The error involved in using this simplified method of calculation is nil at 1200 and increases progressively as the time increases or decreases. becoming a maximum in tidal height of about 14 % of M2 at 0000 and 2400.D. after being corrected for known seasonal variations. the predicted curves so obtained will evidently give a better result than that obtained from one day’s calculations. The vectorial sum of the two semidiurnal (S. Thus the phases are correct at noon but become progressively in error due to the assumption o f a single speed for all the S. However experience has shown that the 16 . Again some progressive error must arise from noon towards midnight in each direction. and the differences found are used to correct the two curves progressively from midnight towards noon. and an assumed speed of 14i° per hour. and O. The central time for these calculations was chosen to be noon as it was considered that most navigation takes place during daylight hours and that therefore a prediction with its greatest accuracy at mid-day would be most useful. has been drawn across the form. In this case it is much more difficult to assess the magnitude of the errors that may arise from this cause due to the considerable variations in the relationships between Kt and O. An estimate of the errors involved in a particular prediction from this cause can best be found by predicting two consecutive days and obtaining the difference between the two predictions at midnight.and O1 for the place concerned. The Diurnal prediction is obtained in a similar way using the vectorial sum of K.) constituents is obtained by plotting on Form A. However.D. tide are extracted from Form A using the dividers and plotted on Form B referred to the line of Mean Level which.D. due to the fact that this error varies with the relative phases of the constituents concerned. tide.D. The values of A and F are calculated for 0000 Zone Time on the day in question and corrected to 1200 Zone Time by the addition of the angles a.

Q1. and J1. Figure 3. K1. OO1. T2. L2. M1.4. O1. v2. µ2.99Jb model) which 17 . N2.) which are developed by assimilating about five years of Topex/Poseidon (T/P) altimeter data into numerical hydrodynamical model.3 NAOtide Japan have developed new global ocean tide model and loading tide model (NAO. 2N2. P1.1 Flowchart 3.considerable additional computation necessary if the actual speeds of the constituents are all to be used cannot be justified for this approximate method of prediction particularly the meteorologically caused perturbations in the actual tidal levels are considered. S2. Japan also developed a regional highresolution ocean tide model around Japan (NAO.99b model) for 16 major shortperiod constituents (M2. K2.

Precise estimation of ocean-induced self-attraction/loading effects 4. on the other hand. 1966).0 and GOT99. 1.2b. More complete description of tidal energy budget. The notable feature of the response method is that the method does not insist upon expressing the tides as sums of harmonic functions of specified tidal spectral line. This has been achieved by the following methodologies applied to the current study. which includes contribution from 18 . 2.99b shows a comparable agreement with 98 open-ocean tide gauge data as well as CSR4. Estimation of altimetric tides in small bins.2b. The new models have improved the accuracy of ocean tide estimation especially in shallow waters compared with the other two existing tide models.0 and GOT99. 3. NAO. A preliminary result has been introduced as to barotropic ocean tidal energy dissipation around Japan.the East China Sea region and the Sea of Okhotsk region within which ocean tidal energy is dissipated at the mean rate of 155 GW and 54 GW. supports the better accuracy of NAO. The main sinks of M2 tidal energy are the Yellow Sea .2b model. Accurate tidal analysis by response method in which fine structure of admittance due to FCN resonance and radiational anomaly is taken into account.0 model and GOT99. The local comparison with 80 coastal tide gauge data around Japan shows further improvement by NAO.assimilates coastal tide gauge data as well as T/P data. The comparison with 58 shallow water tide gauges.99Jb. The K1 tidal energy is mainly dissipated in the Sea of Okhotsk at the mean rate of 89 GW. CSR4.99Jb. but expressing the tides by smooth admittance functions of each tidal species. respectively. Assimilating coastal tide gauge data into NAO. It has been also shown that NAO. However T/P detects broadly distributed surface manifestation of internal tide even in deep ocean. The residual sea surface heights are analyzed within each grid using the response method (Munk and Cartwright. The accuracy of the new ocean tide models has been examined using tide gauge data and collinear residual reduction test. The geographical plots of tidal dissipation suggest that the dissipation is a highly localized phenomenon in shallow seas.99b model gives smaller collinear residuals in shallow waters than CSR4.99b model in shallow seas.

4. This application can help us to calculate the LWS.radial loading tide. orientation of tidal observation station. Reconnaissance survey also contain of understanding local weather. will be continued into our future work. 3. current meter station.2 Benchmark for Geodetic Survey 3. Figure 3. CTD. For getting data usually this survey need to be done by small boat that sail in very shallow water. or Lowest Water Spring. internal tide. tidal data. and shoreline data. This application can make our planning easier. It contain the socialization to local community. Some of the survey equipment is theodolit and waterpass. the energy converted into shallow-water constituents. 3.6 Land Surveying Land surveying is a survey where we synchronize the land data. automatically. government and other stake holder in area of the survey location. land surveying is important because it also contain the vertical datum 19 . and other purposes such as local transportation. orientation control point and benchmark location.4 ERGtide This method is using the application called ERG tide. The shoreline measurement is necessary for correlated bathymetric data to land survey data. It some kind of asking permission formally and unformally.5 Recoinassance Reconnaissance survey is a social and a real condition survey for somewhere we will start and do the survey. For the tidal data.

Figure 3.4 Current Measurement 20 . Figure 3. Usually this observation and tidal observation done simultaneously.whereas the reconnaissance and choosing the benchmark point is important for the geographical position or the horizontal datum.3 Water Pass 3. But since numerical model are well developed. current observation only need several days to be done.7 Current Measurement Current measurement is a survey for measure the speed of the water current or an observation of current flow velocity on survey location.

8d) Note: V : Average Current Speed v : Average current speed on several depth d : Depth of water Water Sampling and Sediment Water sampling and sediment sampling intend to know the sediment that water contains.5 Clamshell Sediment Sampler 21 . There are two kind of sediment sampling. seabed sampling and water sampling.25 ( v0.Speed of Current in location are calculated as follow V = 0.6d + v0. Some of the tools are . Figure 3.2d + 2v0.

they are not synchronized with true time.Figure 3. four satellites must be in view of the receiver for it to compute four unknown quantities (three position coordinates and clock deviation from satellite time). GPS satellites continuously transmit their current time and position.6 Water Sampling Tool 3. anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites. sometimes called a tracker. Likewise. For Receiver in continuous. and commercial users around the world. Any drift from true time maintained on the ground is corrected daily. The system provides critical capabilities to military. maintains it. A GPS receiver monitors multiple satellites and solves equations to determine the exact position of the receiver and its deviation from true time. and makes it freely accessible to anyone with a GPS receiver. and are less stable. The GPS concept is based on time.8 GPS System The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based navigation system that provides location and time information in all weather conditions. At a minimum. GPS receivers have clocks as well—however. the satellite locations are monitored precisely. The satellites carry very stable atomic clocks that are synchronized to each other and to ground clocks. The United States government created the system. that combines sets of satellite measurements collected at different times —in effect. most receivers have a track algorithm. taking advantage of the fact that successive receiver positions are usually 22 . civil.

The red line is main survey line.1 survey line Figure 4. Figure 4.2 Calibrating The Depth The depth correction is calculated by interpolate method to get the exact correction. the blue on is cross check line.1 Survey Planning The figure below is result from processing the tidal data. and the yellow one is dredging line.2 combination between bathymetric and contur 4.CHAPTER IV DATA ANALYSIS 4. and then after that we can get real z by using this formula: 24 .

25 .

Z = depth + Transducer + Depth Correction + Barcheck .54 meters Width 2 (m) = 2188 meters Max.56 meters Width 1 (m) = 3328. interval = 25 meters Amount of line = length / 25 = 138.LWS 4.94 = 11 lines Cross check line length = 2188 / 11 = 24068 meters Total length = main survey line length + Cross check line length 26 .5824 = 139 lines Main survey line length = 139 / 21188 = 304132 meters Interval crosscheck line = 200 Amount of Cross check line = 2188 / 200 = 10.3 Survey Line Calculation Length (m) = 3464.

000.= 304132 + 24068 = 328200 meters Survey duration (hours) = total length / boat velocity = 44.2 Assumption and Data and 1 gen-set car and gasoline counted as 1 4. Main survey line lenght Assumption Survey area is Cross check line calculated as a lenght rectangle 1 boat contain 1 team Total survey line leader. to make efficient so it will take 3 days by using 2 boats at the same time.1 and 4.0 00 1. 1 operator SBP.0 00 6.500.0 00 Work duration (days) Multiply Cost factor (rupiah) 3 1 3 1 9.000.000. lenght and 2 surveyor 1 boat included 1 echo Boat speed 304132 meter 24068 meter 328200 meter 7408 m/h 44.5379 day sounder and 1 DGPS Survey duration (using 1 boat) boat velocity 7408 m/hour 1 day = 8 work hour(s) 1 hotel room for 2 person 1 boat contain 1 accu Table 4.304 hours = 45 hours Survey work day = 44.0 00 27 .304 / 8 = 5.4 Budget Calculation Budget Allocation Unit Team Leader 2 Operator Sub Bottom Profelling 2 Unit price (rupiah) 1.54 days = 6 days Because that condition.303 hour 5.

0 00 700.0 00 1.0 00 300.800.0 00 7.0 00 22. The conclusions for this project are: 28 .500.0 00 81.500.1 Conclusion As we obtain and analyze the data.0 00 2.3 Budget Calculation So. finally this project come to conclusion based on the project aim.000.500.0 00 1.2 1 1 TOTAL 9.0 00 3 1 3 1.000.0 00 1.0 00 Table 4.0 00 3.Surveyor 4 Boats 2 Echo Sounder 2 DGPS 2 Accumulator 2 Genset 2 Hotel.500.000.500.0 00 1.0 00 9.0 00 1.000.100.- CHAPTER V CONCLUSION 5.000.000. the total budget that used to pay the survey planning is Rp81.000.400.500.0 00 1.400.5 3 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 3 1.0 00 9.000.0 00 1.0 00 5. 2 rooms for 4 people 2 Daily Accomodation 1 Car + gas 1 750.

000.0 00 1.0 00 1.500.0 00 TOTAL Work duration (days) Multiply Cost factor (rupiah) 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1. uses 2 boats.0 00 1.0 00 1.0 00 1.0 00 81.000.0 00 3.000.0 00 9.000.000.0 00 22. and 8 personels as the table explain below: Budget Allocation Unit Team Leader 2 Operator Sub Bottom Profelling 2 Surveyor 4 Boats 2 Echo Sounder 2 DGPS 2 Accumulator 2 Genset 2 Hotel.0 00 6.0 00 300.The survey took 3 days to obtain the bathymetric data.500.100.400.0 00 5. 2 rooms for 4 people 2 Daily Accomodation 1 Car + gas 1 Unit price (rupiah) 1.0 00 2.500.000.0 00 1.000.0 00 1.800.000.0 00 9.5 3 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 3 1.0 00 1.400. It costs Rp 81.000.0 00 9.500.000.0 00 700.0 00 Table 5.500.0 00 750.1 Budget Calculation And the additional data as described below: 29 .500.500.2 1 1 9.0 00 7.100.

we analyze the data and obtain the countour and map: 30 .2 Data Table 5.Main survey line lenght 304132 meter Cross check line lenght Total survey line lenght Boat speed 24068 328200 7408 44.5379 meter meter m/h hour day Survey duration (using 1 boat) Table 5.303 5.2 Contur and Bathymetric After the survey was done and the data was obtained.

1 Contur Figure 5.Figure 5.2 Bathymetric 31 .

37928m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m2!3m1! 1s0x2e044cf6da61153f:0x201126c1f8e4178!6m1!1e1?hl=en-US https://id.wikipedia.wikipedia.com/maps/place/Ketapang+Regency.blogspot.BIBLIOGRAPHY http://www.807287.google.html https://www.edu/9145440/laporan_praktikum_osefis_batimetri https://en.109.academia.htm https://www.+West+Kalimantan.co.tageo.com/index-e-id-v-11-d-m3711226.org/wiki/Alur_pelayaran https://dennipasca.id/2010/09/konsep-dasar-survei-batimetri.wikipedia.919985.org/wiki/Echo_sounding 32 . +Indonesia/@-1.org/wiki/Bathymetry https://en.