additional materials

Test: Unit 1
Surviving on a desert island
Many of us occasionally think about living on a desert island, but few ever have the chance to experience it. In the TV series ‘Survivor’, sixteen people do just that. For forty days they live together and compete against each other on a tropical island, and at the end of the contest the winner receives one million pounds. This is an extract from the diary of one of the contestants, Mike Foster. ‘When you think about living away from home, you imagine being in another city or even another country, but travelling halfway round the world to a desert island in the Seychelles is not something you consider. But now that I’m here, I must say that I absolutely love it. The scenery is extremely beautiful – there are moments when you feel like staying here forever. ‘Having said that, there are real difficulties. We all miss people back home – we’re so far away from everything here – and we have disagreements and arguments. I’m finding it hard to live without simple things, like soap and shampoo and a comfortable bed, and we’re having some problems finding food, too. Catching fish is quite hard, especially when the sea is rough. We’re getting a bit better at fishing but I have dreams about eating hamburgers or chocolate biscuits! ‘One thing that’s obvious is that we’re all losing weight. Everybody is looking fit and healthy. People won’t recognize us when we get back to civilization!’

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the dialogue with the verbs in the box. Use the present simple and the present continuous. think want do not go not understand

Jo (1) ____ you _________ anything interesting this weekend? Sue Well, David (2) _________________ me to go to the football match with him on Saturday, but I’m not really interested in football. I (3) _______________ why everyone gets so excited about it. Jo Well, I (4) _________________ about driving down to the coast on Saturday. Sue Yeah? Where to? Jo Cornwall. You (5) _________________ to the football match, so why don’t you come with me? Sue Yes, OK. That sounds like fun.

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3

Complete the sentences. Use a gerund or an infinitive. 1 After (spend) _____________ a fortnight in Turkey, Cathy returned to Australia. 2 I don’t enjoy (ride) _____________ my bike in the rain. 3 Robert didn’t want (move) _____________ to Scotland. 4 (run) _____________ on the beach is my favourite form of exercise. 5 Our parents want us (get) _____________ good results in our exams.

READING

1

Read the text. Are the sentences true or false? 1 2 3 4 5 Survivor contestants live on an island for almost six weeks. _________ Mike Foster won a prize of £1,000,000. _________ The contestants are getting on well together. _________ Mike is eating quite a lot of junk food. _________ Mike is thinner than he was when he first arrived on the island. _________

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4

Complete the sentences with compound nouns. Use hair credit alarm washing laptop words from both boxes. machine clock card computer d

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1 My ____________________ wakes me up in the morning. 2 A ____________________ is often useful when you come out of the shower. 3 I’ve brought my ____________________ with me, so I can do some work on the train. 4 We use a ____________________ to get our clothes clean. 5 If I haven’t got enough cash, I can pay with my ____________________ .

Total
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Test: Unit 2
Job hunting on the Internet
A recent survey asked students in their last year of school or university how they were looking for their first job. Their answers were many and varied. However, those who were used to the Internet were having more success than those who were employing more traditional methods, such as looking up advertisements in the newspaper. The possibilities on the net seem almost endless. By simply typing the word jobs into a search engine, we got a list of nearly thirty million websites coming up on the screen. With so many to choose from, it would be impossible to find anything suitable, so the next step is to look for something more specific. You have to limit your search to the area you want to work in. As an example, we chose law. Limiting the search meant that ‘only’ 196,000 websites appeared, and the search had taken just 0.46 seconds. The first website on the list was advertising 339 different jobs. As you can see, there were plenty of options. Obviously, a lot of the available jobs are not open to school or university leavers – they call for higher qualifications or more experience. On top of this, there are factors that you must consider yourself, such as where you want to work and what salary you are prepared to accept. But there are lots of jobs out there, and it’s certainly a good idea to look at the possibilities on the Internet when you’re searching for work.

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the sentences. Use the past simple and the past perfect. 1 After we (take) ____________ our exams, we went travelling for a year. 2 While Julie was reading the newspaper, she (see) ______________ an interesting job advertisement. 3 Emily gave in her notice because she (not get) ____________ a pay-rise. 4 Nobody was in the living room when Sam got home. His parents and his sisters (go) ____________ to bed. 5 Sorry I’m late. The train (not leave) ____________ until 6.30.

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3

Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of used to, be used to or get used to. 1 I ______________ getting up early for work – it’s no problem at all. 2 When Joanna first went to school, she ______________ cry every morning. 3 It took us a long time to ______________ our new teacher. 4 It ______________ be easy to find jobs in this town, but now a lot of people are unemployed. 5 They quickly ______________ life in the city. It was much more exciting than living in a village.

/5 VOCABULARY

READING

1

4
Read the text and answer the questions. 1 Who was the survey aimed at? _________________________________________ 2 Who had more difficulties finding a job? _________________________________________ 3 Typing the word jobs for an Internet search is not very helpful. Why not? _________________________________________ 4 Why can’t school leavers get some of the jobs listed on the Internet? _________________________________________ 5 What two other things could stop you from applying for a job? _________________________________________

Complete the text. Choose adjectives from the box.

obstinate reliable narrow-minded

ambitious considerate mean imaginative

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In my first job, my boss was hopeless. The business never moved forward because he was too (1) ______________ , without any interest in new ideas. Even if there were very good reasons to make a change, he refused to accept them – he was so (2) _____________ that there was no point in trying to argue with him. My new boss is just the opposite. She’s very (3) _____________ – she’s determined to make her business succeed and to get to the top. She’s also an (4) _____________ designer with lots of unusual and creative ideas. The only problem is that she isn’t a very (5) _____________ person. As long as our work is fine, she doesn’t think about us, and she sometimes says things that really hurt our feelings.

Total

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Unit 2

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Test: Unit 3
Teenagers’ problems
Andrew: ‘I’m having problems choosing my school subjects because I’m not sure what I want to do in the future. I don’t know if I should pick the subjects that I enjoy or the ones that are the most useful in getting a job. I don’t want to make the wrong choice now – it might affect my career.’ Sue: ‘The only problem with school is that we have to take exams all the time. In my opinion, exams don’t really show what you know, but we spend most of our time preparing for them and worrying about them. My parents think that exam results are the most important thing in the world and the teachers are always pushing us. We never get a break!’ Greg: ‘I don’t like studying and I’m not good at it, so school feels like a prison to me – I’d really like to leave. But these days there’s a lot of pressure on everyone to stay at school and then to study at a college or university. It used to be easier when my parents were growing up. I think there were more choices open to them.’ Diana: ‘For me, the main issue is money, because that means freedom. My parents aren’t rich and I hate having to depend on them. I’ve got a Saturday job, but it doesn’t pay very well. I want to go to university, but that’s also going to be expensive. When will I be able to earn my own money and live my own life?’

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the sentences. Use the superlative or the correct comparative form of the adjectives. 1 I enjoy Biology. I think it’s one of (interesting) _______________________ subjects at school. 2 Obviously, a full-sized piano is (much / heavy) _______________________ a keyboard. 3 Ben is (successful) _______________________ Gary now. They’re both getting excellent results. 4 I saved some money on these shoes. They were (expensive) _______________________ the ones in the other shop. 5 I think this city has got (bad) _________________ traffic problems in the world.

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3

Choose the correct alternative. 1 If you’re hungry, look in the kitchen. There’s much / several / plenty of food in the fridge. 2 Karen had any / a few / a little problems with the questions in her history assignment. 3 I can’t afford to go to the school camp. My parents haven’t got much / some / a little money. 4 All / A few / Most students do really well in exams, but the majority of us are happy if we pass. 5 I didn’t meet a bit of / none of / any of my friends.

READING

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1

Read the text and answer the questions. 1 Who is most negative about school? _______________________________________ 2 Who is most worried about employment? _______________________________________ 3 Who wants more independence? _______________________________________ 4 Who feels that things were better in the past? _______________________________________ 5 Who disagrees with his / her parents? _______________________________________

4

Complete the dialogue with phrasal verbs. Use words from both boxes. stick turned put let fall against down up out

Tim Liz

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Tim Liz

Steve and Amy aren’t speaking to each other. Why did they (1) _________________ ? Steve had an awful argument with Tom and Amy didn’t (2) _________________ for Steve – she left him on his own. So after that, he (3) _________________ her. He thinks she (4) ________ him ________ when he needed help. What does Amy say about it? She says that the fight was Steve’s fault. And she’s probably right. Steve loses a lot of friends because they can’t (5) _________________ with his aggressive behaviour.

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Unit 3

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GRAMMAR

Test: Unit 4
A climbing accident
People have always been attracted to rock-climbing and plenty of accidents have resulted from this hobby. Seventeen-year-old Wendy Sherlock has fallen three times without any injury while rock-climbing, but after her latest accident last Saturday, she is lucky to be alive. Wendy has been in hospital for two days after an eight-metre fall from a rocky cliff in the Sanderson National Park. She doesn’t remember much about the accident, and it’s not surprising considering her injuries. ‘I’ve got quite a bad head injury – that’s the worst thing,’ Wendy explained. ‘But I’ve also broken my arm and a couple of my ribs and there’s a problem with my left shoulder.’ She doesn’t know how long she will have to stay in hospital, as the doctors haven’t told her yet. However, she is realistic about her recovery. ‘I’ll be in here for a while, because I hit my head when I landed on the ground. That’s why I can’t remember anything about the accident.’ Wendy’s doctors are confident that there’s no permanent damage, but they’ve advised her to give up her dangerous sport. However, Wendy is undeterred. ‘Since I was a child, I’ve always loved climbing and I’m determined to carry on doing it,’ she said. ‘I think this accident is simply a reminder to take a bit more care. I’ve started to feel better already, and I can’t wait to start climbing again.’

2

Complete the sentences. Use the present perfect and the past simple. 1 Alison’s grandmother (die) _______________ three years ago. 2 I left a message for Emma, but she (not ring) _______________ me back yet. 3 My parents (teach) _______________ me to ski when I was eleven years old. 4 We (be) _______________ in the ice hockey team for six months and we’re really enjoying it. 5 You look tired. (you have) _______________ a hard day?

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3

Complete the sentences with the words in the box. for since already just yet

READING

1 Have you finished doing your homework _________ ? 2 I’ve known Harry _________ about six years. 3 You’ve _________ missed Charlie! He was here five minutes ago. 4 Mum You must make your bed before you go out, Mike. Mike I’ve _________ done it. I made it this morning. 5 Sally has been really excited _________ she heard about the surfing competition.

1

Read the text and complete the sentences. 1 Before last Saturday, Wendy __________________ _________________________________________ 2 Wendy had her fourth accident while she ________ _________________________________________ 3 The most serious result was ___________________ _________________________________________ 4 Since the day before yesterday, Wendy __________ _________________________________________ 5 Wendy’s doctors have said that she shouldn’t _____ _________________________________________

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4

Choose the correct alternative. 1 Barbara looked up to / into / over learning to sky-dive, but it was too expensive. 2 A group of spectators looked into / back on / on while the team went through their training exercises. 3 We look up to / on / over people who have exceptional skills and talents.

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4 You should always look into / out for / on signs of bad weather when you’re sailing. 5 Divers need to look up to / on / over their equipment very carefully before they enter the water.

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Unit 4

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Test: Unit 5
El Niño
What has caused the recent tropical storms, floods and droughts in different parts of the world? The answer is El Niño. Its name, meaning ‘The Child’ in Spanish, makes it sound harmless, but in fact it has a dramatic and violent effect on the world’s weather. Normally, winds blow across the southern Pacific Ocean from east to west. In an El Niño year, they blow in the opposite direction, bringing a current of warm water flowing back towards South America. Coastal waters become two to three degrees warmer. Sea levels along the South American coast can rise by as much as fifty centimetres and this causes widespread flooding. At the same time, South-east Asia and Australia are left without the rainfall that they need. Until recently, El Niño has usually arrived every five to eight years and it has lasted, on average, for about eighteen months. But now this pattern seems to be changing. El Niño comes more often, and it lasts longer. Many scientists believe that this pattern will continue in the future. According to their predictions, El Niño will bring more rainfall and flooding to California and South America, greater famine to countries like Indonesia and worse droughts and forest fires to Australia. Many people have already lost their lives due to the effects of El Niño and the dangers will increase if the Pacific winds become more unreliable. Nature is a force that we will never be able to control. We will simply have to try to limit its effects.

GRAMMAR

make

erupt

drive

not stop

not have

2

Complete the sentences with the verbs in the box. Use will and the present continuous. 1 We ________________ Olga to the airport this afternoon. Do you want to come? 2 These forest fires ________________ burning until we get some rain. 3 Experts think that the volcano ________________ again in the next fifty years. 4 Lisa ________________ her interview tomorrow. They’ve changed the date to Friday. 5 Lucy I feel like something to drink. Adam OK. I ________________ some tea.

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3

Complete the sentences. Use the future continuous and the future perfect. 1 When this storm is over, it (cause) ______________________ a lot of damage. 2 I’m glad we’re almost home. In a few minutes it (rain) ______________________ . 3 This time next month we (not study) ______________________ for exams. We’ll be on a beach in Spain! 4 At the end of his travels he (visit) ______________________ fourteen countries altogether. 5 (Jane work) ______________________ at this time tomorrow?

READING

1

Read the text. Are the sentences true or false? 1 El Niño’s name doesn’t describe its destructive power. _________ 2 In an El Niño year, winds blow from the east towards South America. _________ 3 There are often floods when sea levels become higher. _________ 4 El Niño first arrived between five and eight years ago. _________ 5 Scientists predict that there will be less danger from El Niño in the future. _________

/5 VOCABULARY

4

Match the two parts of the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 A breeze Fog Sleet A downpour A blizzard a b c d e is a sudden fall of heavy rain. is a very bad snow storm. is a light and gentle wind. is a mixture of snow and rain. is dense and heavy mist.

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Unit 5

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Revision Test: Units 1 – 5
Cleaning time
After two years at Istanbul University, Volkan and Emir decided that it was time for a break from their studies. They were both interested in improving their English, so they made a decision to spend some time on a working holiday in London. They found work easily enough, but it wasn’t exactly the type they had expected. While they were walking back to their hostel one evening, Volkan saw a small advertising poster stuck on a wall. It was asking for people to work as cleaners and it had a phone number. They rang, expecting to hear about a job cleaning offices. Instead, the manager of the cleaning company employed them as cleaners of the city’s largest clock – Big Ben. Volkan and Emir had never had a similar job before, but their boss wasn’t worried about that. He simply wanted them to start as soon as possible. His two previous cleaners had left suddenly the week before, and he was desperate to find replacements. The next morning, the two students were working 100 metres off the ground beside the river at Westminster. Volkan and Emir have just returned to Turkey after spending nine months in their unusual job in England. They’re going back to their studies at the beginning of the university year and they certainly won’t be taking up cleaning as a career, but they’re still smiling about the great experience they’ve had. They’ve formed some good friendships, they’ve greatly improved their English, and they’ve seen sights that not many other people have seen – views of London from the top of its most famous clock tower.

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the text. Use the past continuous or the past perfect. When Susie arrived at her flat, she (1 feel) ______________ tired and annoyed. She (2 miss) ________________ the bus from the library and her feet (3 hurt) _______________ from the long walk home with a bag full of heavy books. Now she (4 look) ______________ forward to a rest and a cool drink. At her front door, she put down her bag – and discovered that she didn’t have her keys. They (5 fall) ______________ through a hole in her pocket on the way home.

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3

Complete the dialogue. Use the past simple or the present perfect. I like your computer. How long (1 you have) _________________ it? Jack My parents (2 buy) _________________ it for me a week ago. I love looking for information on the Internet. I (3 already send) _________________ lots of emails, too. Dan Let’s send an email together to Jamie. I (4 not talk) _________________ to him for ages. (5 his team / win) _________________ the match at the weekend? Dan

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4
READING

Choose the correct alternative. 1 It’s cold in here, isn’t it? I ’ll turn on / ’m turning on the heater. 2 Wait – you’re carrying too much. You’re dropping / going to drop one of those bags. 3 Sorry, I can’t meet you tomorrow. I ’m playing / ’ll play squash with Charlie. 4 Kate has just gone up to the shopping centre. She ’ll buy / ’s going to buy some new speakers for her CD player. 5 I’m worried about my exams. I don’t think I ’m getting / ’ll get very good results this year.

1

Read the text and answer the questions. Write full sentences. 1 Were Volkan and Emir planning to work when they went to England? _________________________________________ 2 What was the poster advertising? _________________________________________ 3 What experience had they had for this job? _________________________________________ 4 Where are they living now? _________________________________________ 5 What are their plans? _________________________________________

/ 10

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Units 1-5

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5

Complete the text. Use the future continuous or the future perfect. Next weekend I (1 not do) ____________________ my homework as usual. School (2 finish) _________________ and we’ll be on holiday in Italy. So at this time next Saturday, I (3 fly) _________________ to Florence – I can’t wait! The busy holiday time (4 not start) ________________ by then so the city shouldn’t be too crowded. It’s very hot in Italy now, though, so I hope it (5 cool down) _________________ by the time we get there.

8

Complete the sentences with phrasal verbs. Use words with down for against on from both boxes. 1 Be quiet! I can’t _________________ that noise while I’m studying. 2 When you ___________________ this day, I’m sure you’ll see that you’ve made the right decision. 3 I really need your help. Please don’t _________ me _________ . 4 In very cold weather, drivers should ___________________ ice on the roads. 5 Why did you ___________________ Adam? He was your best friend. turn look back put up look out let

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/5 VOCABULARY

9
a of 350 employees. b in medicine.

Circle the correct answer, A, B or C. 1 A hurricane has brought _____________ to the coastal towns of Florida. A civilization B destruction C determination 2 I love painting but I can’t earn a _______ from it.

6

Match the two parts of the sentences. 1 We’re asking for a pay-rise 2 I was unemployed for six months 3 I gave in my notice 4 The manager, Mr Field, was in charge 5 My parents want me to have a career

c and left the job two weeks later. d of £50 per month. e after I lost my job.

A life

B living

C bonus

3 If you think carefully about the problem, I’m sure you’ll find a _____________ . A decision B objection C solution

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4 Global warming is causing hotter temperatures. ________ there are more droughts and forest fires. A However B As a result C On the other hand

7

Circle the odd word out. 1 abseiling fascinating sky-diving 2 absolutely 3 breeze 4 along 5 selfish completely snowboarding slightly totally

5 You can’t have them all. You’ll have to _________ a choice. A make B choose C take

hurricane

gale drizzle towards reliable

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through despite considerate

patient

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Units 1-5

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Test: Unit 6
Agoraphobia
A perfect day has been predicted in the weather forecast. You look out of the window and see the sun shining brightly. What could be better than to spend the day outside? Not for some, however. Not today or any day if you suffer from agoraphobia. Pauline Proctor is one such sufferer. Her fear of being in open spaces and public places means that she has had to stay inside her house for the past four months. Pauline used to go out to work, but she began to feel more and more nervous about walking in the streets. She became terrified of travelling on buses or trains, and her feelings of panic made it extremely difficult to go shopping or visit her friends. At work she found it impossible to speak in a meeting or go out for lunch with her colleagues. So when she was given the opportunity to work from home using the Internet, she took it. She was very lucky to get this chance – many people in her condition simply become unemployed. Pauline is determined to control her phobia. She is receiving professional advice and she has been learning ways to keep calm. Now she is close to her first trip outside. Some friends are picking her up and taking her to their house for dinner. ‘I’m sure it will be OK – I can do this,’ she said. ‘I’ll feel quite safe, and I’m looking forward to the evening.’

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the passive. 1 There’s lots of pollution in this area. Dangerous chemicals (produce) _________________________ in that factory. 2 We can’t cancel the holiday. The money (already pay) ___________________ . 3 I was really upset last week because my motorbike (stole) _______________________ . 4 Strange lights (see) __________________ in the sky since last Tuesday. 5 English (speak) _______________ in Britain, the USA, Australia and lots of other countries.

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3

Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of have or get and the phrases in the box. the car / wash cut my camera / fix my hair /

READING

1

Read the text and complete the sentences. 1 If you suffer from agoraphobia, you ____________ _________________________________________ 2 For the past four months, Pauline hasn’t _________ _________________________________________ 3 When she used public transport, she ____________ _________________________________________ 4 Pauline is luckier than some agoraphobic people because _________________________________________ _________________________________________ 5 An arrangement has been made for her to go _____ _________________________________________

1 I want to look good for the party, so I’m going to ______________________________ . 2 We ______________________________ at the garage yesterday. It was very dirty. 3 The rain is coming in. We need to ______________________________ . 4 Someone is coming from the electrical shop tomorrow. We’re ______________________________ . 5 I can’t take photos at the moment. I have to ______________________________ .

/5 VOCABULARY

4

Complete the sentences with prepositions. 1 Richard has decided not to go to the concert. He isn’t very keen ____ classical music. 2 Your laptop computer is similar ____ mine. 3 My sister is getting married next month. We’re all very excited ____ it. 4 I’m fed up ____ you! You never stop complaining. 5 Lots of people are scared ____ sharks, but most sharks aren’t dangerous to humans at all.

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Unit 6

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Test: Unit 7
Don’t leave it too late!
If you had an idea for a new invention, what would you do? Would you start work immediately and try to sell your product? Philip Brown had a great invention, but he didn’t make the most of it and missed the opportunity of a lifetime. Some years ago, Philip came up with an interesting idea. He loved music, and he wanted to be able to listen to it everywhere he went. He examined his cassette recorder and realized that if he made it small enough, he would be able to carry it with him. He made up his mind to try to produce one of these small machines. The technology was a challenge, but Philip was an electronics expert. Working in his garage, he went to great lengths to make a prototype of his machine, which he called a ‘mini-cassette’. It used small parts and it was powered by batteries. Because it wasn’t much bigger than the size of a cassette, it fitted in his jacket pocket. It was now equipped with small headphones so it could be used in the street or in public transport without annoying other people. Philip found his machine convenient and practical, but he didn’t make any effort to sell it. A couple of years later, the Walkman was produced by a Japanese company and was hugely successful around the world. If Philip had sold his invention when he first developed it, he would have made a fortune!

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the sentences. Use the first and second conditional and the verbs in the box. improve concentrate make not drive not have 1 If your invention is successful, you ______________ a lot of money. 2 Tania would get better results if she _______________ harder on her work. 3 If David _______________ a job, he wouldn’t be able to afford guitar lessons. 4 The traffic will get worse unless they _______________ the roads in this town. 5 I _______________ this car unless I knew it was safe.

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3

Write sentences in the third conditional. 1 If you / see / the film / you / enjoy / it. _________________________________________ 2 If it / not rain / we / play / tennis. _________________________________________ 3 Maria / feel / miserable / if she / lose / her camera. _________________________________________ 4 If I / not go / to the bank / I / not have / enough money. _________________________________________ 5 Computers / not become / so popular / if their price / not come down. _________________________________________

READING

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1

Read the text. Are the sentences true or false? 1 The older cassette recorders were too small to carry around easily. _________ 2 Philip put a lot of time and effort into making his machine. _________ 3 If the machine hadn’t had headphones, the sound of the music would have annoyed people. _________ 4 Philip was pleased with the machine that he had made. _________ 5 Philip’s ‘mini-cassette’ made him a rich man. _________

VOCABULARY

4

Complete the dialogue. Use the correct form of make or do. Mum Did you (1) _________ your research for the history assignment last night? Amy No, I couldn’t manage it. It was too difficult. Mum Stop (2) _________ excuses. You just didn’t spend enough time on it. Amy No, that’s not true. I (3) _________ my best. I read through the questions two or three times, but it didn’t (4) _________ any difference. I couldn’t understand them. Mum Well, that’s no good. You’ll never get anywhere unless you (5) _________ an effort.

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Total

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Unit 7

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Test: Unit 8
A change of image
Caroline Blake and her brother Tim were returning from Asia, where they had been travelling for eight months. In the family flat, their parents had prepared a big celebratory meal and the whole family was anxiously waiting for them to arrive. But when at last the two travellers appeared at the door, there was a moment’s complete silence. They had left as pale, tidy, rather boring-looking young people, with their straight brown hair cut short and each wearing jeans, trainers and a T-shirt. Now they were difficult to recognize. Tim had grown his hair and had had it put into dreadlocks which spread over his shoulders. Although it was autumn in England, he was wearing sandals and a Malaysian sarong, which is a kind of skirt that is often worn by men in South-east Asia. Caroline’s appearance was as surprising as Tim’s. The sides of her head were shaved and her ears, which were each pierced in five places, were full of earrings. On the top of her head, her hair, which was very short and spiky, was dyed red. Like her brother, she was tanned dark by the sun. ‘You look cool,’ their little sister Susie said. ‘You certainly look different!’ said Mrs Blake bravely, as she put out her arms to her son and daughter. Caroline looked at Tim quickly. They both knew it would be best to wait a while before they showed their parents the tattoos that they had got on their last night in Singapore.

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the sentences. Use who, whose, which, that or where. 1 Annette lent me a book _________ was very useful for my science project. 2 It’s nice to talk to people ________ have unusual or original ideas. 3 There’s the shop ________ Steve bought his jacket. 4 The eye make up ________ Liz wears is too dark. 5 Jack is the boy ________ photo was in the paper.

/5

3

Join the sentences together. Use non-defining relative clauses. 1 In the library I met Suzanne. I was doing some research there. In the library, ______________________________ _________________________________________. 2 The girl with the dark hair is a brilliant painter. She joined our art class last month. The girl with the dark hair, ___________________ _________________________________________. 3 Our cousins have invited us to stay with them. Their house is on the coast. Our cousins, _______________________________ _________________________________________. 4 Sophie’s motorbike is standing in the garage. It needs some repairs. Sophie’s motorbike, _________________________ _________________________________________. 5 John always manages to look good. He buys cheap clothes at the market. John, _____________________________________ _________________________________________.

READING

1

Read the text and answer the questions. 1 Why were Mr and Mrs Blake organizing a celebration? ____________________________________________ 2 Why was everyone quiet when they first saw Caroline and Tim? ____________________________________________ 3 How was Tim’s clothing different from the things that he used to wear? ____________________________________________ 4 What was Caroline’s hairstyle like? ____________________________________________ 5 What was the last change that Caroline and Tim had made to their appearance? ____________________________________________

/5 VOCABULARY

4

Match the sentences. 1 Ellie is a sporty person. 2 Jane is very trendy. 3 Denise is a bit overweight. 4 Kate has got freckles. 5 Paula has got ginger hair. a They’re on her nose. b She’s very athletic. c She wears it in a ponytail. d She always wears fashionable clothes. e She wants to be thinner.

Total

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/5

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Unit 8

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Test: Unit 9
A wasted journey
Although he had broken his leg a few weeks earlier, Kevin Crowther was still looking forward to the Glastonbury music festival. His family told him not to go and suggested that he sold his ticket on the Internet, but Kevin was determined not to miss the festival. He set out for Glastonbury early on Thursday morning. He had already decided that the best way to get there was by hitchhiking. If you held out your thumb, a kind-hearted driver would stop and you could reach your destination without spending any money. Kevin was sure that his broken leg would help – drivers would be more willing to stop for him if they saw that he had an injury. He was wrong. He waited for three hours until a woman offered him a lift. Unfortunately, her car broke down ten minutes later, and it was another hour before a lorry driver picked him up and agreed to take him to Glastonbury. Kevin was relieved, as his leg was hurting and he was feeling tired and hungry. But the journey was unbearably slow. The road was busy and they were held up several times in traffic jams. Finally, Kevin booked into a small hotel for the night. The girl at reception asked him if he had come to Glastonbury to do some sightseeing. When he told her that he had come for the music festival, she looked at him strangely. ‘I’m afraid you’re out of luck,’ she said. ‘The festival doesn’t begin for another two weeks!’

GRAMMAR

2

Rewrite the reported speech. Use direct speech. 1 Emma told me that she was ready for her trip. ‘I ______________________________________’ 2 She said that she had already finished packing. ‘I ______________________________________’ 3 She said that she was travelling by train. ‘________________________________________’ 4 She explained that the journey took nine hours. ‘________________________________________’ 5 She promised that she would send me a postcard. ‘________________________________________’

/5

3

Complete the reported questions and commands. 1 ‘Where are you staying?’ James asked me. James asked me ________________________________________ . 2 ‘Did you enjoy the book?’ I asked Angela. I asked Angela ________________________________________ . 3 ‘Steve, has your father returned?’ Helen asked. Helen asked Steve ________________________________________ . 4 ‘Sit down immediately,’ the teacher said. The teacher told us ________________________________________ . 5 He said to them, ‘Don’t work without a helmet.’ He told them ________________________________________ .

READING

1

Read the text and answer the questions. 1 Why did Kevin’s family tell him not to go to the festival? ______________________________________ . 2 Why didn’t Kevin travel to Glastonbury by public transport? ______________________________________ . 3 Why was he confident that drivers would stop for him? ______________________________________ . 4 What caused the delays when he was travelling in the lorry? ______________________________________ . 5 What mistake had Kevin made? ______________________________________ .

/5 VOCABULARY

4

Complete the sentences with phrasal verbs. Use words from both boxes. got looking forward held gone took away off to on up

/5

1 Adam didn’t enjoy the flight. He got very nervous when the plane _______________ and landed. 2 There was an accident on the motorway, which _________ us ________ for 20 minutes. 3 Our neighbours aren’t here. They’ve _______________ for two weeks’ holiday. 4 They _______________ the bus at Nice. 5 I’m really _______________ my trip to Japan in August. It’s going to be great!

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Test: Unit 10
Fame and privacy
One drawback of fame might be a lack of privacy – but not every famous person has this problem. The fame of successful writers creates less pressure than that of pop stars, because although we know their names, we may not recognize their faces. The author of the best-selling Harry Potter books, J. K. Rowling, has appeared in public more often than most writers to give interviews, sign books and accept awards. When she makes a public appearance, she’s met by crowds of young fans who want to get her autograph. But Joanne Rowling doesn’t see herself as a star. ‘It’s entirely possible for me to lead a very normal life,’ she said. ‘Kids don’t turn up to see me personally. I think I could be man, woman, old, young. I hope and believe that the books are the attraction, not me personally.’ J. K. Rowling wrote the first Harry Potter novel in a small flat where she was bringing up her baby daughter Jessica. She now earns more money than any other woman in Britain. She enjoys the benefits of her success, but she would hate to lose her freedom and privacy. In a recent interview she explained that she worked best alone, and that it was important for her to protect Jessica’s privacy as well as her own. The best moment of her career was not in the camera lights – it was when she heard that her first book had been accepted by a publisher: ‘What a moment! I walked on air for days.’

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the text. Choose modal verbs from the box. could couldn’t had to don’t have to should shouldn’t will be able to Earlier this year, the star footballer Peter Robson (1) ______________ leave the pitch when he was injured in a game against Liverpool. For the following three months he (2) ______________ play football because of his injury, but now he’s training again. ‘We (3) ______________ worry about Peter any more,’ his manager said. ‘We’re confident that he (4) ______________ join the team next Saturday, although the fans (5) ______________ expect too much from him in his first game.’

/5

3

Rewrite the sentences. Use the modal verbs in brackets. 1 I’m sure you’re very hungry. (must) You ____________________________________ . 2 Maybe Jane went to the post office. (could) Jane ____________________________________ . 3 It’s possible that she’ll give an interview tomorrow. (might) She ____________________________________ . 4 I’m certain that I didn’t lose my keys. (can’t) I _______________________________________ . 5 It’s obvious that Paul left the concert early. (must) Paul ____________________________________ .

READING

1

Read the text and complete the sentences. 1 It is difficult for pop stars to have privacy because ________________________________________. 2 J. K. Rowling is famous because she __________ ________________________________________. 3 She is extremely popular with _______________ ________________________________________. 4 Jessica was born before ____________________ ________________________________________. 5 J. K. Rowling prefers to be alone when ________ ________________________________________.

/5 VOCABULARY

4

Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the verbs in the box. turn down take up split up sell out sign

/5

1 Lenny Kravitz ________________ the guitar when he was very young. 2 A film company __________ Sally ________ on a three-year contract. 3 We tried to get tickets for the concert, but they had ________________ . 4 Another football club wanted to buy two of our players, but we ________________ their offer. 5 After the band ________________ , the lead singer had a successful solo career.

Total

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Revision Test: Units 6 – 10
Look-alike
If you’re out shopping one day and think you see David Beckham, the England footballer, you should look again before you get too excited. It might not be David Beckham – it could be Mark Lloyd. Mark, who is employed as an assistant in an electrical shop, looks very similar to the famous football star. ‘People are amazed when they come into the shop,’ he said. ‘Some of them really think it’s David Beckham who is selling them their washing machine!’ He is often stopped in the street by fans who ask him for his autograph, and he is used to people looking at him and waving to him when he goes out. ‘The similarity wasn’t obvious when Beckham got his head shaved or when he had short spiky hair. My boss wouldn’t have been too pleased if I had had my hair cut like that,’ Mark said. ‘But these days I can see we do look alike.’ Mark has the footballer’s blond good looks and the same smile. He is almost as fit and well-built as Beckham because he loves adventure sports. ‘I compete in the national windsurfing competitions, and you have to be very fit for that,’ he said. We asked if there were any advantages in having a famous face. Mark told us that he had been offered money to appear as a Beckham look-alike at public events and in TV advertisements. ‘I might accept one of these jobs some day,’ he said. ‘It could be fun, and I would probably earn quite a lot of money. But if they wanted me to play football, I would have to turn the job down – I’ll never be able to kick the ball like David Beckham!’

GRAMMAR

2

Rewrite the sentences in the passive. 1 Someone recorded this song in 1995. _________________________________________ 2 They’ve cancelled the concert. _________________________________________ 3 People don’t grow coffee in Britain. _________________________________________ 4 The fire hasn’t damaged these buildings. _________________________________________ 5 People wrote some good books last year. _________________________________________

/5

3

Match the two parts of the sentences. 1 If Susie had more lost her passport. 2 Unless Lucy gets here soon, 3 If Sophie hadn’t been so careless, 4 If Anna had had a choice, 5 If Maria wasn’t a reliable person, a b she wouldn’t have confidence,

they wouldn’t employ her for this job. c she would have gone to a different school. d she’d be a very good actress. e we’ll have to leave without her.

/5

4

Join the sentences together. Use relative clauses with who, whose, which, that or where. 1 I saw the job in an advertisement. The advertisement appeared in Saturday’s newspaper. _________________________________________ _________________________________________ 2 We met a woman. Her house was destroyed in the flood. _________________________________________ _________________________________________ 3 The wallet was lying on the road. It contained £200. _________________________________________

READING

1

Read the text. The following sentences are all false. Rewrite them as correct sentences. 1 David Beckham sells washing machines. _________________________________________ 2 People often look at Mark because he is so good-looking. _________________________________________ 3 Mark’s boss wasn’t happy when Mark had spiky hair. _________________________________________ 4 Mark is going to appear in a TV advertisement. _________________________________________ 5 He said that he had never kicked a football. _________________________________________

___________________________________
4 This is the garage. Chris had his car repaired here. _________________________________________

___________________________________
5 Clare’s father sent her a camera for her birthday. He is working in Germany. _________________________________________ _________________________________________

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5

Rewrite the dialogue. Use reported speech. Martin Lisa Martin Lisa Is Julia angry with me? Why don’t you ring her? I tried, but she didn’t answer her phone. Well, don’t worry about it. I’ll talk to Julia later this evening.

7

Circle the correct answer, A, B or C. 1 Which one do you want? _______ your mind! A Put on B Make up C Put up with 2 Don’t say anything negative to him about his appearance. He’s very _______ . A similar B sensitive C sensible 3 If you’re coming tonight, would you _______ some CDs with you? A bring B carry C take 4 Only a few spiders are dangerous. Most of them don’t _______ any harm. A do B make C have 5 The job will be a challenge, but I’m sure you’ll take it _______ . A for granted B to great lengths C in your stride

1 Martin asked Lisa ________________________________________ . 2 Lisa suggested that ________________________________________ . 3 Martin said that he had tried, but ________________________________________ . 4 Lisa told him ________________________________________ . 5 She said that ________________________________________ .

/5 VOCABULARY

/5

6

Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of take or get and a word from the box. by to up down after

8

Complete the sentences. Choose adjectives from the box. superstitious untidy adjustable wrinkled well-off generous essential 1 He’s very ___________ . He can afford anything he wants. 2 Karen never goes out on Friday 13th. She’s too ___________ . 3 The old man had white hair and his skin was ___________ . 4 You don’t have to have this equipment – it isn’t ___________ . 5 The chair is ___________ . You can make the seat higher or lower.

1 These trousers are too long. I’ll have to _______ them ______ . 2 Judith ______________ her mother. They’re both tall with dark curly hair. 3 Jack doesn’t have much money because he’s unemployed, but he _____________ . 4 All this homework ____________ me ___________ at the moment. It’s too much! 5 Tim really _______ Alice. He liked her as soon as he saw her.

/5

9
/5

Circle the odd word out. 1 carefully fast careless angrily 2 stocky tanned well-built overweight 3 valuable pricey expensive worthless 4 plaits complexion ponytail dreadlocks 5 narrow-minded imaginative creative innovative

/5 Total
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Test Answer Key
TEST: UNIT 1
READING

3

1 2 3 4 5

’m used to used to get used to used to got used to

1

1 2 3 4 5

true false false false true

VOCABULARY

4

GRAMMAR

1 2 3 4 5

narrow-minded obstinate ambitious imaginative considerate

2

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

Are (you) doing wants don’t understand ’m thinking aren’t going spending riding to move Running to get

TEST: UNIT 3
READING

1

3

1 2 3 4 5

Greg Andrew Diana Greg Sue

GRAMMAR

VOCABULARY

2

4

1 2 3 4 5

alarm clock hairdryer laptop computer washing machine credit card

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

the most interesting much heavier than as successful as less expensive than the worst plenty of a few much A few any of

3

TEST: UNIT 2
READING

1

1 2 3 4 5

Students in their last year of school or university. People who didn’t use the Internet. / People who used traditonal methods. Because there are too many websites to choose from. Because they haven’t got enough qualifications or experience. The (wrong) location or the salary.

VOCABULARY

4

1 2 3 4 5

fall out stick up turned against let (him) down put up

TEST: UNIT 4
READING

GRAMMAR

2

1 2 3 4 5

had taken saw hadn’t got had gone didn’t leave

1

Suggested answers 1 had fallen three times without any injury. 2 was rock-climbing (in the Sanderson National Park). 3 a bad head injury. 4 has been in hospital. 5 continue to go rock-climbing.

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GRAMMAR

GRAMMAR

2

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

died hasn’t rung taught ’ve been Have you had yet for just already since

2

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

was feeling had missed were hurting was looking had fallen have you had bought ’ve already sent haven’t talked Did his team win ’ll turn on going to drop ’m playing ’s going to buy ’ll get won’t be doing will have finished ’ll be flying won’t have started will have cooled down

3

3

VOCABULARY

4

4

1 2 3 4 5

into on up to out for over

5

TEST: UNIT 5
READING

1

1 2 3 4 5

true false true false false

VOCABULARY

6 7

1 d 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

2 e 3 c 4 a 5 b

GRAMMAR

2

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

’re driving won’t stop will erupt isn’t having ’ll make will have caused will be raining won’t be studying will have visited Will Jane be working

fascinating slightly drizzle despite selfish put up with look back on let (me) down look out for turn against

8

3

9

1 B 2 B 3 C 4 B 5 A

TEST: UNIT 6
READING

VOCABULARY

4

1 c

2 e 3 d 4 a 5 b

1

REVISION TEST: UNITS 1–5
READING

1

1 Yes, they had decided to have a working holiday. 2 It was advertising jobs for cleaners. 3 They hadn’t had any experience. 4 They’re living in Turkey. 5 They’re planning to go back to university / to start their studies again.

Suggested answers 1 are scared of being in open spaces and public places. 2 left her house. 3 was terrified. 4 she can work at home. 5 to her friends’ house for dinner.

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GRAMMAR

TEST: UNIT 8
READING

2

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

are produced has already been paid was stolen have been seen is spoken have/get my hair cut had/got the car washed have/get the roof repaired having/getting a new cooker installed have/get my camera fixed

1

3

Suggested answers 1 Because their son and daughter were coming home after travelling for eight months. 2 Because they looked very different. 3 He used to wear jeans, trainers and a T-shirt, but now he was wearing a sarong and sandals. 4 The sides of her head were shaved, and her hair was short, spiky and dyed red. 5 They had got tattoos (in Singapore).

VOCABULARY

GRAMMAR

4

1 2 3 4 5

on to about with of

2

1 2 3 4 5

which / that who / that where which / that whose

TEST: UNIT 7
READING

3

1

1 2 3 4 5

false true true true false

1 where I was doing some research, I met Suzanne 2 who joined our art class last month, is a brilliant painter 3 whose house is on the coast, have invited us to stay with them 4 which needs some repairs, is standing in the garage 5 who buys cheap clothes at the market, always manages to look good

GRAMMAR

VOCABULARY

2

4
1 2 3 4 5 ’ll make concentrated didn’t have improve wouldn’t drive

1 b

2 d 3 e 4 a 5 c

TEST: UNIT 9
READING

3

1 If you had seen the film, you would have enjoyed it. 2 If it hadn’t rained, we would have played tennis. 3 Maria would have felt miserable if she had lost her camera. 4 If I hadn’t gone to the bank, I wouldn’t have had enough money. 5 Computers wouldn’t have become so popular if their price hadn’t come down.

1

Suggested answers 1 Because he had recently broken his leg. 2 Because he didn’t want to spend any money. 3 He thought they would want to help him because of his broken leg. 4 There were lots of traffic jams on the roads. 5 He had come to Glastonbury two weeks early.

GRAMMAR

VOCABULARY

2

4

1 2 3 4 5

do making did make make

1 2 3 4 5

‘I’m ready for my trip.’ ‘I’ve already finished packing.’ ‘I’m travelling by train.’ ‘The journey takes nine hours.’ ‘I’ll send you a postcard.’

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3

1 2 3 4 5

where I was staying if she had enjoyed the book if his father had returned to sit down immediately not to work without a helmet

5 He said that he would never be able to kick the ball like David Beckham.

GRAMMAR

2

VOCABULARY

1 2 3 4

4

1 2 3 4 5

took off held (us) up gone away got on looking forward to

This song was recorded in 1995. The concert has been cancelled. Coffee isn’t grown in Britain. These buildings haven’t been damaged by the fire. 5 Some good books were written last year. 1 d 2 e 3 a 4 c 5 b 1 I saw the job in an advertisement which / that appeared in Saturday’s newspaper. 2 We met a woman whose house was destroyed in the flood. 3 The wallet, which contained £200, was lying on the road. 4 This is the garage where Chris had his car repaired. 5 Clare’s father, who is working in Germany, sent her a camera for her birthday. 1 2 3 4 5 if Julia was angry with him he rang her she hadn’t answered her phone not to worry about it she would talk to Julia later that evening

3 4

TEST: UNIT 10
READING

1

Suggested answers 1 everyone recognizes their faces 2 wrote the Harry Potter books 3 young people 4 J. K. Rowling wrote her first Harry Potter novel 5 she’s working

5

GRAMMAR

2

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

had to couldn’t don’t have to will be able to shouldn’t must be very hungry could have gone to the post office might give an interview tomorrow can’t have lost my keys must have left the concert early

VOCABULARY

6

3

1 2 3 4 5

take (them) up takes after gets by is getting (me) down took to

7 8

1 B 2 B 3 A 4 A 5 C 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 well-off superstitious wrinkled essential adjustable careless tanned worthless complexion narrow-minded

VOCABULARY

4

1 2 3 4 5

took up signed (Sally) up sold out turned down (had) split up

9

REVISION TEST: UNITS 6–10
READING

1

Suggested answers 1 Mark Lloyd sells washing machines. 2 People often look at Mark because he looks like David Beckham. 3 Mark’s boss wouldn’t have been happy if Mark had had spiky hair. 4 Mark might appear in a TV advertisement.

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Test: Unit 1
Marrying for money?
Matt Dawson seems a very happy 25-year-old, and he has reason to be. He has been married for three years to Linda Morroni. She is nineteen years his senior and millions of dollars richer. They met six weeks before they got married, at a casino in Las Vegas where Matt was working. At the time, Matt claimed that he fell in love with her as soon as he saw her, but all the signs of love point to Linda’s healthy bank account. Recent revelations confirm this theory. ‘I was working a 50-hour week in a job I hated. It was unbelievably boring. Then Linda came along and started to throw her money about on the casino table. We got on really well, but when I asked her out, I was pretty surprised that she didn’t turn me down. To be honest, although I liked her as a person, part of the attraction was that she had so much money,’ Matt confessed. ‘That’s still the case, but it doesn’t seem to bother her.’ I asked Matt if her family suspected that he was only interested in her money. ‘It’s a bit embarrassing really. They don’t seem to mind as long as she’s happy. She was quite lonely before she met me.’ Matt has a relaxed attitude towards their relationship. ‘Who knows what will happen? We just take each day as it comes. We haven’t got any children so we can do what we like. We do lots of travelling – we’re planning a two-week cruise in the Caribbean next month. We buy expensive clothes and eat in fancy restaurants. When life’s this good, why worry about the future?’

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the sentences. Use going to, the present simple, present continuous or future simple of the verbs in the box. catch get over believe work ask

1 He’s so shy. He never _______________ the girls that he likes. 2 ‘What train ______ we ___________ tomorrow?’ ‘Why don’t you check the time on the tickets?’ 3 ______ she ___________ in love at first sight? 4 I know you’re upset at the moment that he’s let you down so badly, but you _____________ him soon. 5 I _______________ really hard next year.

/5 3
Complete the sentences. Use the present perfect, past simple or past continuous. 1 How long ago / you / meet? _________________________________________ 2 What / she / do / the first time / you / see / her? _________________________________________ 3 I / not / eat / anything since this morning. _________________________________________ 4 When / he / go out / this morning / it / still / rain. _________________________________________ 5 She / not / spend / all her money yet. _________________________________________

/5
READING VOCABULARY

1

Read the text. Are the sentences true or false? 1 Linda Morroni was nineteen when she met Matt. ______ 2 Linda didn’t want to go out with Matt when he first asked her. ______ 3 The reason for Matt’s interest in Linda has changed over the years. ______ 4 Linda’s family don’t have a problem with Matt and Linda’s relationship. ______ 5 Linda and Matt like to plan their future together. ______

amusing/amused

exciting/excited

amazing/amazed

embarrassing/embarrassed

disappointing/disappointed

4

Complete the sentences. Use the correct alternatives in the box. 1 I fell off my chair in the middle of the concert and everyone looked at me. I was so ______________ ! 2 It was really _______________ that they cancelled the party. We were all looking forward to it. 3 I’m not like you. You’re always so funny, but I can never think of anything _______________ to say. 4 Are you _______________ about your holiday? I’m sure you’ll have a wonderful time. 5 I’m _______________ that you’re here. I thought you had to work tonight.

/5

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Test: Unit 2
GRAMMAR
The history of video games
Just over fifty years ago, a young American engineer by the name of Ralph Baer was asked to build the bestever television set. Baer was very talented and he didn’t find the task difficult. He had wanted to go further than his original objective and incorporate some kind of game into the TV set. Unfortunately, however, his superiors turned down the idea and he never got the chance. Two decades later, Ralph Baer’s idea, which had seemed unrealistic in the 1950s, became a reality. A team of engineers carried on his work, and in 1972 they produced the first video games. These were extremely simple by today’s standards. The first video tennis game, for example, consisted of one short white line on either side of the black screen and a white dot moving from side to side to represent the ball. The simplicity of these early games would not be satisfying enough for today’s more sophisticated consumers. Since the 1970s, computer games have been getting more and more complicated. The graphics are more realistic because they are computer-generated, and a great deal more money is spent on them by both customers and manufacturers. The games have also become more violent; in fact, they are often blamed for the rise in teenage violence in some countries. And what about the companies involved in developing computer games? You might be surprised to find out that Atari, in spite of its Japanese-sounding name, is actually an American company; that it was an American, too, who set up the Japanese company Sega; and that Nintendo, despite its modern image, has been trading for more than a hundred years.

2

Complete the dialogue. Use the present perfect simple or present perfect continuous. A: What (1 you / do) ___________________all morning? B: I (2 skateboard) ___________________with some friends. A: Where do you do that? B: In the park. They (3 build) ___________________ a new skateboarding area there. It’s great. A: Do you know anything about snowboarding? I’d really like to try it one day. B: No, I (4 never / try) ___________________it, but I (5 hear) ___________________that it’s great.

/5 3
Choose the correct alternative. 1 Daisy was amazed. She never saw / ’d never seen such a big TV screen before. 2 Last night we missed / ’d missed the last bus and had to walk home. 3 When John arrived / had arrived at the café, the others had already ordered their food. 4 She couldn’t move her toes because she broke / ’d broken her foot. 5 Sam’s teacher was cross with him because he left / ’d left his essay at home.

/5
VOCABULARY

4

Complete the sentences. Use the noun or adjective form of the words in the box. prefer reduce product fury realist

READING

1

Read the text and answer the questions. 1 Who was more ambitious, Baer or his employers? _________________________________________ 2 Was Baer’s idea unrealistic? _________________________________________ 3 What were the first video games like? _________________________________________ 4 How do video games today differ from the ones made in the 1970s? _________________________________________ 5 What do Atari and Sega have in common? _________________________________________

/5

1 The game is quite exciting, but I don’t find the characters very _________________ . 2 Sometimes you can surf the net for hours without finding anything useful. It’s not a very _________________ way to spend your time. 3 I was absolutely ___________ when my sister took my play station without asking me. 4 When we asked the class which computer games they liked best, there was a strong _________________ for Tomb Raider. 5 I don’t think there’ll ever be a _________________ in mobile phone sales. People always seem to be buying new, more fashionable models.

/5
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Test: Unit 3
The greenhouse effect
On your next summer holiday, will it be hotter than in past years? If you go skiing next winter, will you be skiing on less snow? If the answer is ‘yes’ to either of these questions, then you will have been directly influenced by the global climatic change known as the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect, contrary to general belief, is in fact a very necessary natural phenomenon. If the Earth’s atmosphere did not keep in any of the heat we get from the sun, our planet would be far too cold for us, and for any animals and plants, to live. The problem, however, is that pollution has changed the atmosphere in the last hundred years or so, and this has caused the greenhouse effect to increase too much. There have been many rises and falls in temperature throughout the history of our planet, for example during the last Ice Age. But the big problem now is one of time. Today’s temperature changes are happening very quickly. Calculations over the past century have shown that the average global temperature has risen about half a degree Celsius. That might sound like a small change in a long time, but our planet and all its inhabitants are used to changes over millions, not hundreds, of years. If we don’t take serious measures to stop this rise in temperature, in future centuries many species of animals and plants will be extinct. Eventually, human life will be threatened, and people will be wondering why we did nothing to protect ourselves when we still could.

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the sentences. Use the future simple, future perfect or future continuous. 1 Come round any time after 7.30. I (finish) _________________ my homework by then. 2 At 7 o’clock I (still write) _________________ my essay on the greenhouse effect. 3 When you get to the airport, Tom (wait) _________________ for you. 4 There’s no doubt that the Earth’s temperature (rise) _________________ by the year 2100. 5 A thousand years from now there (not be) _________________ much ice in Antarctica.

/5 3
Choose the correct alternative. 1 I’ve decided not to come / coming to the party. 2 He expects to get / getting everything he wants all the time. 3 I forgot to post / posting the job application and now it’s too late. 4 She’s very independent. She enjoys to live / living on her own. 5 Can you imagine not to be / being able to see?

/5
VOCABULARY

4

Replace the underlined adjectives with the extreme adjectives in the box. stunning filthy minute devastated revolting

READING

1 We were disappointed when we heard the news. 2 We should do something to clean up the centre of town. It’s dirty. 3 She’s a beautiful girl. It’s not surprising that she’s such a successful model. 4 Where’s that smell coming from? It’s really unpleasant. 5 It’s very difficult to see because it’s so small.

1

Read the text and complete the sentences. 1 One result of the greenhouse effect is that ________________________________________ . 2 Animals and plants need the greenhouse effect to ________________________________________ . 3 The greenhouse effect has increased because ________________________________________ . 4 Our planet has experienced a lot of changes in ________________________________________ . 5 We should protect human life by ________________________________________ .

/5
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Test: Unit 4
Mindblowing holidays
Most of us dream of holidays in exotic, far-away places. Now it may be possible to take that dream one step further. Our mind is an amazing tool. As well as dealing with reality, it can create the unreal through imagination. Our imagination is often limited only because we don’t know enough about the subject we are thinking of. A new high-tech company is hoping to help. ‘I decided to investigate this area after seeing Total Recall, a film in which a man is given a new memory,’ says Charlie Boshell, founder of a new ‘virtual holiday’ company called Mindblower. ‘At Mindblower, we can provide the information you need to let your imagination truly wander. You really believe you’re there – on that deserted Caribbean beach or sailing down the Amazon.’ Harmless electrodes are placed on either side of your head and download to your brain all the facts, figures and images of the holiday destination you have chosen. Your mind does the rest, and before you know it you’ve had the trip of a lifetime. Helen Lovick volunteered to try it out. ‘I chose the African jungle,’ she said. ‘It’s somewhere I’d always wanted to visit, and the experience was amazing. I was a bit anxious to begin with but I soon started to relax. It felt as if I was really there, walking among tall trees and listening to gorillas in the distance. I could feel leaves brushing against my face and the humidity in the air. It was the most incredible experience I’ve ever had. I’ll definitely be coming back for another session.’

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the sentences. Use feels, tastes, smells, sounds or looks, and add as if or like if necessary. 1 You’ve got dark circles around your eyes. It ______________________ you need some sleep. 2 ‘What’s that noise?’ ‘It ______________________ a dog barking.’ 3 I can’t eat any more of this fish. It ______________________ soap. 4 I love wearing this silk shirt. It ______________________ so smooth on my skin. 5 Oh dear. It ______________________ someone’s burnt the toast.

/5 3
Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of make or let and the verbs in the box. go film do borrow talk

1 My oldest sister usually ___________ me ___________ her clothes if I ask her. 2 My parents are quite relaxed. They don’t ___________ me ___________ to bed at a certain time. 3 Our science teacher is really strict. He never ___________ us ___________ to each other while we’re doing experiments. 4 They won’t ___________ you ___________ the concert because they don’t want you to be able to sell the recording. 5 Sorry I’m a bit late. My mum ___________ me ___________ the washing up before I came out.

/5
VOCABULARY

READING

1

Read the text. Are the sentences true or false? 1 A new hi-tech company is offering real holidays to exotic places. ______ 2 You can only have the experience if you know a lot about the place you want to go to before you book your ‘holiday’. ______ 3 Information about a holiday destination is sent to your brain using special equipment. ______ 4 The experience can be dangerous and causes a lot of anxiety. ______ 5 The volunteer felt as if she was actually in the jungle. ______

4

Choose the correct alternative. 1 She shrugged / nodded / folded her shoulders and walked away. 2 I felt very relaxed / confused / grateful during the exam. I didn’t understand most of the questions. 3 He looked so unfriendly. He pulled / twisted / folded his arms and turned his back on us. 4 I always had to wear my older brother’s clothes when he got too big for them, and I felt quite contented / resentful / half-hearted about it. 5 The children were really hungry. They were clapping / licking / biting their lips at the smell of the food.

/5 /5
Total

/ 20

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Unit 4

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Test: Unit 5
Cricket – an incomprehensible sport
Cricket is said to be the most English of sports, and it is true that, in all but a few English-speaking countries, no one has a clue how it is played. Cricket was invented as an official sport long before England’s other well-known sporting invention, football. So why has football become the world’s most popular sport while cricket is played only in the Commonwealth – those English-speaking countries that formed the old British Empire? The answer may be found in the simplicity of football and the complexity of cricket and, possibly more importantly, in the time they take to play. Whereas a match in most modern sports lasts a maximum of a few hours, an international cricket match can take five days to complete, and even then the final score is quite likely to be a draw. Despite the time factor, cricket is popular in a number of countries around the world, from Australia to India and from South Africa to the Caribbean, so it must have some attractive qualities. Luis, a Chilean living in England who is interested in the sport, gave his opinion. ‘I would say that cricket has a special appeal that other sports don’t have. You don’t have to concentrate on the action from start to finish of a match, and this usually makes it a relaxing, friendly event. If it’s a sunny day and the teams are playing well, I can’t think of a better way of spending my time.’

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the sentences. Use the correct passive form of the verbs in the box. broadcast play watch advise choose The World Cup final _____________________ to more than 26 countries at this very moment. The London Marathon _____________________ by millions of people later this year.

1

2

3 When Jack found out that he __________________ to compete in the Olympics, he was really excited. 4 Peter ______________________ by his doctor last year not to run any more marathons. 5 While the first half of the match _______________ inside the stadium, lots of angry fans were still waiting outside in the queue.

/5 3
Rewrite the sentences. Use the passive form. 1 One brilliant player can’t make a whole team successful. ________________________________ 2 I hate it when people beat me at tennis. _________________________________________ 3 You shouldn’t always blame the manager for a bad result. ____________________________________ 4 She didn’t mind it when they left her out of the team. __________________________________________ 5 They must spend more time training in the gym. __________________________________________

READING

1

Read the text. Are the sentences true or false? 1 Cricket hasn’t been played for as long as football. ______ 2 Cricket is not a difficult sport to understand. ______ 3 Cricket takes longer to play than football. ______ 4 A cricket match often ends with no winner. ______ 5 You need to follow the game closely so as not to miss anything. ______

/5
VOCABULARY

4

Complete the sentences. Use the verbs and prepositions in the boxes. Use the correct form of the verbs.

concentrate sympathize complain hope believe

with on for in about

1 If you _________________ your ability to win, you will succeed.

/5

2 The noise from the crowd was deafening, so it was difficult to _________________ the interview. 3 We were very disappointed. We had ____________ a much better result. 4 I really _________________ the loser. She must be heartbroken. 5 They _________________ the referee. They had lost the match because of his bad decisions.

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Unit 5

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Total

/5 / 20

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Unit 5

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Revision test: Units 1– 5
No more pizza, thanks.
Tim Norton has just broken a world eating record but has declared that he never wants to see Italian food again. His record-breaking feat was to eat a pizza measuring 106 cm in diameter in one three-and-a-halfhour session. Tim had always been a big eater, but this test was almost beyond him. The pizza was made by his best friend, Anton Nosta, who has been making delicious Italian food in north London for the past eight years. It contained all the ingredients you would normally expect to find in a pizza, plus a few surprises. Anton explains, ‘I wanted this pizza to be a complete meal, including dessert, so in the middle I put different fruits and sugar. Then, when it came out of the oven, I poured on some cream.’ Tim started out at a steady speed, taking a short break every fifteen minutes and drinking water regularly. He laughed with his friends and joked that he wanted extra pepperoni. As time went by, however, the jokes became rarer and the rests more frequent. ‘I can remember, after about an hour and a half, looking at how much was left to eat and thinking that there was no way I’d get through it all.’ But he kept going slowly, and slowly the pizza began to disappear. He reached the dessert after two hours fifty minutes, and the small crowd cheered as he took yet another break. A little under forty minutes later, the last mouthful went in and the crowd jumped for joy. Not Tim, however. He couldn’t even stand up.

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the sentences. 1 She / run / every day / since January / in order / keep fit. _________________________________________ 2 It / smell / revolting. It / should / put / in the bin. _________________________________________ 3 He / never / have / a girlfriend / before / he / meet / her. _________________________________________ 4 Three hours from now / you / arrive / at the hotel / and you / relax / by the pool. _________________________________________ 5 My parents / make / me / do / the washing up / three times this week. _________________________________________

/5 3
Complete the dialogue. Use the present simple, past simple, present perfect simple or past continuous. Interviewer I’m speaking to Chris Rankin, who (1 play) _________________ the part of Percy Weasley in the first two Harry Potter films and (2 just finish) _________________ filming The Prisoner of Azkaban. Chris, how does it feel when people (3 recognize) _________________ you wherever you go? It’s really strange. I (4 go) __________ to New York three months ago and while I (5 walk) _________________ around with some friends, I was stopped four times in the space of an hour.

Chris

READING

1

Read the text and answer the questions. 1 How did Tim break the world record? _________________________________________ 2 Apart from its size, what was different about this pizza? _________________________________________ 3 How did Tim’s behaviour change as he ate the pizza? _________________________________________ 4 Did Tim have any doubts that he could break the record? _________________________________________ 5 How did Tim and the crowd react when he finished the pizza? _________________________________________

/5 4
Rewrite the sentences. Use the passive. 1 They can use wind to produce electricity. _________________________________________ 2 They built the first wind turbines in the UK in 1991. _________________________________________ 3 30 new turbines in Wales will produce enough electricity to power 400,000 homes. _________________________________________ 4 Environmental groups are supporting the development of wind power. _________________________________________ 5 People keep on developing new ways of producing electricity. ________________________________________

/ 10
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/5
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5

Complete the text. Choose the correct alternative. Sara wanted (1) to make / making a difference, and imagined (2) to live / living in a world where everyone was concerned about the environment. She decided (3) to start / starting her own company, Recycle, and explain to people how their rubbish could be turned into something more useful. She expected everyone (4) to share / sharing her point of view. Unfortunately, not everyone did and the company was not very successful. She didn’t stop (5) to try / trying, however, and eventually she managed to get more funding for her business.

8

Complete the sentences. Use the words in the boxes to make phrasal verbs. One phrasal verb needs two prepositions. put care take let go up off back about on down

1 2 3 4

/5
VOCABULARY

5

They’ve _______________ the test until next week. Would you like to _______________ another sport? I’m relying on you. Please don’t _______________ me _______________ . I really _______________ him, but he doesn’t feel the same way. She didn’t want to _________ everything she’d promised, but she had no choice.

/5 9
Choose the correct alternative, A, B or C. 1 He made a ______ attempt to talk to me and then walked away. A depressed B half-hearted C confused 2 I felt quite ______ at being the centre of everyone’s attention. A embarrassed B devastated C resentful 3 It was a very ______ decision to do what they did. They were very brave. A irritated B courageous C furious 4 Most people in the UK have a ______ for milk in their tea. A performance B collection C preference 5 She’s incredibly ______ about art and design. A knowledgeable B realistic C amazing

6

Match the two parts of the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 a b c d e Don’t forget to shut down I had trouble downloading Click on He just raised I think it’s polite to shake hands when you meet someone. his eyebrows and said nothing. your computer. the icon to open the page. the information I needed.

/5 7
Circle the odd word out. 1 concentrate rely believe depend congratulate 2 performance breakable productive dramatic furious 3 endless hideous revolting large massive

/5
Total

/ 50

4 reduce sympathize improve deteriorate increase 5 relaxed contented satisfied eliminated delighted

/5

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Units 1-5

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Test: Unit 6
Paint games
As Sarah ran through the undergrowth, she could hear people following close behind. If only they hadn’t seen her. But now she had no choice. She burst out of the vegetation and sprinted towards the base, less than sixty metres away. She felt it before she heard it and she knew she was in trouble. The paintball hit her right between the shoulder blades and exploded. If she’d been more experienced, this wouldn’t have happened. She fell to the ground and dropped the red flag that she’d been holding, as the rules said she must. She could only watch as a member of the other team grabbed the flag and headed off into the undergrowth again. A direct hit by an opposition paintball meant a five-minute penalty before she could return to the game. It was very frustrating. ‘I wasn’t particularly keen when my friend suggested paintballing to me,’ said Sarah, ‘but once you get into it, it’s really exciting. And it’s amazing how long five minutes seems when you’re left out of the game.’ Thousands of people have taken up paintballing in the last few years. It’s a relatively cheap and harmless way to relieve stress, by shooting small balls of paint at people in the opposing team in order to win their flag. As long as you don’t mind getting covered in paint, you have a fantastic time. ‘The adrenaline rush is incredible,’ said Sarah. ‘You feel as if you’re running for your life when you’ve got the flag in your hands. I definitely want to repeat the experience.’

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the text. Use the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Debbie Naysmith and John McLaren have spent the last year living on an island off the coast of Ireland with their five-year-old son, Jamie. ‘I think we (1 find) _______________________ it more difficult at the start if Jamie (2 not be) _______________________ with us,’ said Debbie. ‘But it’s a great place for him. He really loves the freedom and space.’ The island is quite remote, so you’ll be a disappointed visitor if you (3 like) _______________________ to live in luxury. There are no televisions, shops or bars. If there are storms at sea, the boats that usually bring food deliveries (4 not arrive) ______________________. But it’s a lifestyle that suits Debbie and John. ‘If we had the choice, we (5 definitely stay) _______________________ here longer.

/5 3
Rewrite the sentences. Use I wish / If only and would if necessary. 1 I feel bad about shouting at my brother this morning. _________________________________________ 2 My father keeps on telling me to tidy my room. _________________________________________ 3 I regret not working harder for my exam. _________________________________________ 4 I want a scooter. _________________________________________ 5 I want to go out tonight, but I can’t. _________________________________________

READING

/5
VOCABULARY

1

Read the text and complete the sentences. 1 When Sarah realized that she’d been seen, she ________________________________________ . 2 If you’re hit, you have to let the other team ________________________________________ . 3 Sarah was surprised that paintballing ________________________________________ . 4 Lots of people find that paintballing helps them to ________________________________________ . 5 You won’t enjoy paintballing if ________________________________________ .

4

Complete the sentences. Use negative prefixes and the words in the box. legal patient inhabited organized possible

/5

1 She can never find what she’s looking for. Her desk is too _____________ . 2 I don’t believe it. It’s _____________ . 3 Can’t you wait a minute? You’re so _____________ . 4 The house was _____________ . No one had lived there for over five years. 5 In most countries it’s _____________ to use your mobile phone while you’re driving. Total

/5 / 20

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Unit 6

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Test: Unit 7
Murder mystery weekend
It was a very strange sensation when I entered the hotel dining room that Friday evening. Twelve strangers were eating together in the knowledge that one of us was going to ‘die’ that very night. The conversations were tense. Was everyone else, like me, wondering why they had chosen to come on a murder mystery weekend? I asked the woman next to me if she had been to anything like this before. She said that she hadn’t, adding that she was beginning to regret it now. Everyone knew that within a couple of hours a body would be found and that the eleven of us left alive would all be under suspicion of murder. We all wondered who the unfortunate victim might be. After a delicious meal, we returned to our bedrooms. Twenty minutes later, a chilling scream rang through the small hotel – the moment we had all been waiting for. I hurried downstairs and found the hotel staff standing around an inert figure lying on the dining room carpet. It was the woman that I’d been talking to during dinner. She must have been the actress employed to play the victim. The eleven remaining guests split up so that each of us could start our own investigations. I could hear a sea of questions around me. No weapon had been left at the scene of the crime and nobody admitted that they had seen anything unusual. It was a difficult case to solve. Would any of us succeed in finding the evidence to prove who the murderer was by Sunday evening?

GRAMMAR

2

Michelle Johnson is a victim support officer. Rewrite her words in reported speech. ‘A victim support officer must support people whose lives have been affected by crime. If anyone has been burgled or mugged, for example, I’ll contact them and see how they are. I might need to refer them to someone else for more help. I can be there if people just want to talk. Everyone should have someone to talk to after traumatic events like these.’ Michelle Johnson said that a victim support officer (1) _______________ people whose lives had been affected by crime. If anyone had been burgled or mugged, for example, she (2) _______________ them and see how they were. She explained that she (3) _______________ to refer them to someone else for more help, and added that she (4) _______________ there if people just wanted to talk. She commented that everyone (5) _______________ someone to talk to after traumatic events like these.

/5

admit

promise

tell

suggest

ask

3

Rewrite the sentences in reported speech. Use the verbs in the box. 1 Let’s look for more clues. He _____________________________________ . 2 I find the job quite tiring. She ____________________________________ . 3 Have you ever been burgled? He _____________________________________ . 4 Don’t leave your door unlocked at night, Mrs Beadle. She _____________________________________ . 5 I won’t try to escape. He _____________________________________ .

READING

1

Read the text. Are the sentences true or false? 1 None of the people staying at the hotel had met before. ______ 2 The guests all enjoyed themselves at dinner. ______ 3 The woman who had been ‘murdered’ wasn’t one of the guests who had paid to stay at the hotel. ______ 4 All the guest began asking questions on their own. ______ 5 The guests had 24 hours to identify the murderer. ______

/5 VOCABULARY

4

Choose the correct alternative. 1 She tried to deny / prove that she wasn’t guilty, but no one believed her story. 2 The police officer didn’t fine / defend me for going through a red light. I was lucky. 3 He said he hadn’t confessed / committed a crime. 4 An alarm can protect / prevent your car from theft. 5 Do you think we should punish / suspect children under 12 for breaking the law?

/5

/5
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Unit 7

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Test: Unit 8
New Year with the Mayans Last year we persuaded our two children, who are eight and six, to swap our usual New Year’s holiday routine for a jungle adventure in Central America. We set off for Guatemala with a backpack each, and were transported to a world of rainbow-coloured buses and bustling streets. Our first destination was the ancient Mayan ruins at Tikal. We put up the tent that was going to be our home for the next few nights, and took in the scene around us. We were in dense rainforest, where monkeys howl and parrots screech. The children stared up at the green canopy above them, amazed that they were really in the jungle. Tikal, which was at its height between AD 300 and 800, was the centre of life for more than a million Mayans living in the area. Now the place is deserted and derelict, but still impressive. The temples there are massive, and the steeply graded stone steps which take you to the top of Temple VI are terrifying – several tourists fall from them each year. But the stunning view from the top left even the children speechless. On New Year’s Eve we arrived in Antigua, the ancient colonial capital that had been destroyed in an earthquake in 1773. We then spent most of New Year’s Day climbing the only active volcano in the area. A local man called Juanxto took us part of the way in his van. We then scrambled and finally limped our way to the top. New Year’s Day on a volcano: you could tell from the kids’ faces that this was not an experience they were likely to forget.

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the relative clauses. Use the phrases in the box and who, where, which, that or whose. is one of the oldest centres of Mayan civilization was going to take them home we stayed van carried the family halfway up the volcano had attempted to climb to the top of the temple 1 That’s the campsite _________________________ . 2 Tikal, ________________________ , is in Guatemala. 3 Juanxto, _________________________________ , lives in a village nearby. 4 Some of the tourists _________________________ ____________________ had fallen down the steps. 5 The children didn’t want to get on the plane _____________________ at the end of their /5 holiday.

3

Complete the text, Use the, a, an or no article. The Broadway district of Los Angeles is full of (1) ______ picturesque old buildings, but in most of (2) ______ city it’s hard to find traces of history and culture. One hot summer’s afternoon I explored LA on (3) ______ foot, trying to find (4) ______ city centre. I failed, because it doesn’t exist. What I found instead was Gehry’s concert hall, (5) ______ modern, steel construction. In this part of town, new buildings have almost totally replaced the old.

READING

1

Read the text and answer the questions. 1 Was the family’s trip to Guatemala a typical New Year’s holiday for them? _________________________________________ 2 Where did the family stay when they visited the ruins at Tikal? _________________________________________ 3 Why did the family climb steps that they knew were dangerous? _________________________________________ 4 How did they get to the top of the volcano? _________________________________________ 5 What did the children think of the volcano? _________________________________________

/5 VOCABULARY

glance

glare

gaze

peer

dash

4

Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the verbs in the box. 1 For a long time they just stood there and ________ up at the trees. 2 They ________ out of their tent, but it was too dark to see the animal that was making so much noise. 3 We ________ under the tree to shelter from the rain. 4 She _________ at him furiously, too angry to speak. 5 I _________ at the newspaper. I didn’t have time to read it properly.

/5

/5
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Total

/ 20

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Unit 8

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Test: Unit 9
The 1900 house
Have you ever pictured yourself as a time traveller? For the Bowler family, the opportunity offered by a TV reality show was too good to miss. They agreed to live for three months exactly as people did more than a century ago. They moved into a house that had been fitted out just as it would have been in the year 1900, without central heating or electricity. What did the Bowlers gain from the experience? Joyce, the mother, learnt a lot about how women’s lives have changed in the last hundred years. In the 1900 house, preparing food was a daily struggle. She had to spend hours in the kitchen, and the food she eventually managed to produce was rarely eaten by her youngest child, nine-year-old Joe. Keeping the family healthy was a big worry. ‘There were times when I couldn’t cope,’ admitted Joyce. ‘And because of that, family relationships changed. We almost lost those traditional roles: Mum and Dad are in charge, and if anything goes wrong, they’ll sort it out. In fact, on many occasions it was Hilary and Ruth, my 11-year-old twin daughters, who were more mature and were able to calm everybody down.’ So now that her time in the 1900 house is over, how would Joyce compare her two lives? ‘I think that families living in 1900 must have had just as many everyday troubles as we have. Their lives might have been more simple, but there were lots of things back then that we don’t have to deal with now. We should be grateful for all our modern conveniences.’

GRAMMAR

2

Choose the correct alternative. 1 You can’t / needn’t watch TV. There isn’t any electricity. 2 You needn’t / mustn’t buy bread. I’m happy to make some. 3 It must / can be easier to cook nowadays, with all our modern conveniences. 4 I hope you’re not too hungry. Dinner could / should be late tonight. 5 If you don’t have a TV, you have to / might make your own entertainment.

/5

3

Rewrite the sentences. Use the modal verbs in the box with perfect infinitives. must should can’t needn’t might

1 I’m certain that it was harder to live in 1900 than it is now. It ________________________________________ 2 It’s possible that the twins coped better than their parents at times. The twins _________________________________ 3 No one made the family live in the 1900 house. The family ________________________________ 4 I’m certain that they didn’t watch TV in the house because there was no electricity. They _____________________________________ 5 It would have been better if Joe had eaten more. Joe ______________________________________

/5 VOCABULARY

READING

1

Read the text and complete the sentences. 1 The Bowler family agreed to spend three months ________________________________________ . 2 Joyce found it hard ________________________________________ . 3 Joe didn’t like ________________________________________ . 4 The best people at coping in difficult situations were ________________________________________ . 5 Joyce thinks that people nowadays have ________________________________________ .

4

Complete the sentences. Use the phrasal verbs in the box. grow out of answer back let off take after put up with 1 I couldn’t _____________ life without a TV for long. 2 If you _________________ when your teacher tells you off, you’ll just get into more trouble. 3 My sister is really shy, but I expect she’ll _________________ it as she gets older. 4 Everyone says I _________________ my father. When he was younger he looked just like me. 5 If you __________ him __________ , he won’t learn that what he did was wrong.

/5

/5 Total / 20
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Test: Unit 10
A sporting dream come true
Pentathlon star Kate Allenby reveals the path to her bronze medal at the 2000 Olympic Games. ‘The Olympics were everything I had imagined and more. In the two weeks before the Games, I was absolutely terrified. The Games were being broadcast all over the world. I kept thinking, ‘I’m competing against world-class athletes,’ and had to remind myself that I was one too. I had to wait around for most of the Games as the pentathlon was on the last day, but the positive atmosphere in the camp gave me a lot of confidence and so did my fellow athletes. In the first event, the shooting, my opening shot was fine, and so was my second. But suddenly I was thinking to myself, ‘Do you have any idea where you are? You’re competing in the Olympic Games!’ I lost confidence then and I didn’t have a very satisfactory result. I’d been worried about the swimming, as I’d had a bit of a disaster before the Games. In the end, I did my best time of the year so I was really pleased. I knew the final event, the run, was going to be tough. I had the American athlete, Emily de Riel, in front of me and I set myself the goal of catching up with her. I succeeded, but then I just couldn’t stay with her. Steph Cook ran past us both and took the gold. In the end, she was a better runner on the day and she deserved to win. I was completely overcome when I crossed the line and realized I’d won a medal. It was like a dream come true.

GRAMMAR

2

Complete the sentences. Use the correct verb, and add so or neither if necessary. 1 My brother wants to become a professional swimmer and _________________ I. 2 I can swim faster than anyone else in the school, but he _________________ . 3 My father has offered to help us train and _________________ my uncle. 4 My brother isn’t fit enough yet and _________________ I. 5 Our friends will never be famous athletes but we _________________ .

/5 3
Rewrite the questions. Use indirect questions. 1 Are all successful athletes ambitious? Can you tell me ___________________________ ? 2 What do you want to do after the Olympics? Would you mind telling me __________________ ? 3 How many events are there in the pentathlon? Do you know _____________________________ ? 4 Are you competing in the next Olympic Games? Could you tell me _________________________ ? 5 Why has your sport become so popular recently? Have you any idea _________________________ ?

/5
VOCABULARY

READING

4

1

Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of work and the prepositions in the box. against on out towards up

Read the text. Are the sentences true or false? 1 Kate was worried about competing against the best athletes in the world. ______ 2 Kate’s team mates weren’t very helpful. ______ 3 She didn’t do very well in the shooting. ______ 4 In the end, Kate couldn’t run as fast as Emily de Riel. ______ 5 The winner was lucky to win. ______ 1 We’re training hard now. We _____________________ the next Olympic Games. 2 She wants to retire next month, but I _____________________ her. I’m hoping to persuade her to compete in the championships at the end of the year. 3 I hope your new career as a TV sports journalist _____________________ for you. 4 She was very anxious at first. She ___________ herself ___________ into a terrible state. 5 Members of the same team shouldn’t _____________________ each other.

/5

/5
Total

/ 20

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Unit 10

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Revision test: Units 6–10
Is chocolate good for you?
In the 17th and 18th centuries chocolate was used for medicinal purposes and today it is regularly included in army food rations. Like other sweet food, chocolate encourages our bodies to produce natural chemicals called ‘endorphins’, which generate feelings of pleasure and general well-being. So should it be considered an essential part of a balanced diet? Recent research at a New York university suggests that your chocolate cravings may have come from earlier generations of your family. A preference for sweet food would have been an advantage to your ancestors. Prehistoric humans were more likely to survive if they looked for food rich in energy and avoided bittertasting poisonous food. Some scientists believe that chocolate can protect you against old age, by slowing down the aging process. It may also help to prevent heart disease. At Harvard University, researchers have carried out experiments into chocolate-eating habits. Their results suggest that if you eat chocolate three times a month you will live almost a year longer than people who eat none. But it’s not all good news. The same research shows that eating too much chocolate can shorten your life. Chocolate’s high fat content means that too much of a good thing can lead to weight problems and an increased risk of heart disease. People in the USA eat approximately 5 kg of chocolate a year. Europeans tend to eat more, with the Swiss consuming about 10 kg and the Danes more than 13 kg annually. Around the world, millions of people ought to be asking themselves if chocolate is good for them. They will be delighted to know that, in moderation, it is.

GRAMMAR

2

Choose the correct alternative. 1 You can go out unless / as long as you’re back by 11 o’clock. 2 I’ll still keep the same friends even if / as long as I become famous. 3 If I’d done more training, I ’d have won / ’d won. 4 If you worked hard, you ’ll be / ’d be really successful. 5 I wasn’t able to start my own business. I wish my father would lend / had lent me the money I needed.

/5 3
Rewrite each pair of sentences as one sentence. Use who, which, whose, that or where. 1 That’s the man. He came up with the idea. _________________________________________ 2 Do you know a shop? I need to buy some milk. _________________________________________ 3 I’ve got a new job. It’s based in Manchester. _________________________________________ 4 Kate wants to move to New York. Her family lives in Miami. _________________________________________ 5 Tina found a suitcase full of money in the street. Tina has recently become famous. _________________________________________

/5 4
Rewrite the sentences. Use reported speech. 1 ‘I might not recognize him in a photo,’ the witness admitted. _________________________________________ 2 ‘You must pay me $5 million,’ the kidnapper explained to the girl’s parents. _________________________________________ 3 ‘Can you prove it?’ they asked me. _________________________________________ 4 ‘Don’t discuss the investigation with anyone,’ she told me. _________________________________________ 5 ‘Why don’t you try talking to him about it?’ I suggested. _________________________________________

READING

1

Read the text and complete the sentences. 1 In the past chocolate was used as ________________________________________ . 2 Chocolate makes you feel good because ________________________________________ . 3 Our ancestors may have given us ________________________________________ . 4 Research shows that moderate amounts of chocolate can help you to ________________________________________ . 5 Too much chocolate makes you more likely to ________________________________________ .

/ 10

/5

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Units 6-10

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5

Complete the sentences. Use the modal verbs in the box and the verbs in brackets, with perfect infinitives if necessary. can’t needn’t might should must

8

Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the words in the boxes to make phrasal verbs. One phrasal verb needs two prepositions. let come (x 2) sort take 1 with off on up out (x 2)

1 We (offer) _______________________ to help. There were enough people helping already. 2 I (feed) ______________________ the cat this morning but I didn’t. The poor thing was really hungry when I got home. 3 There’s no answer from Dan. He (go) ______________________ out. 4 You (be) ______________________ tired. It’s not late, and you’ve done nothing all day. 5 My mother (lend) ______________________ me the money for the ticket. She hasn’t decided yet.

2 3 4 5

The judge __________ him _________ with a small fine instead of the prison sentence that he deserved. Linda _________________ a lot of work last year so she didn’t have much free time. Paul _________________ a great idea for making money. The truth always _________________ in the end. Can you help me _________________ a few problems?

/5 9
Choose the correct alternative, A, B or C. 1 I love going away but I sometimes miss my _____ .

/5
VOCABULARY

A home improvements C home truths

B home comforts

6

Match the two parts of the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 The police are investigating Several witnesses 30% more crimes You are breaking the law A well-known criminal a b c d e has recently been released from prison if you take photos there. have been committed this year. are being interviewed. a number of burglaries in the area.

2 The business is doing very well this year. We’re hoping to make a good _____ . A bill B invest C profit

3 I don’t enjoy air _____ very much. I’d rather go by train or boat. A travel B excursion C journey

4 My favourite _____ is Patrick, the youngest son of my brother Jim. A uncle B niece C nephew

5 I need some advice on how to _____ my money. A invest B promote C purchase

/5 7
Circle the odd word out. 1 penknife 2 dreary 3 limp 4 tour 5 fiancé clue grimy glance map torch picturesque Total

/5 / 50

nondescript stroll dash

excursion married

overseas son-in-law

trip great-grandmother

/5

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Units 6-10

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Test answer key
TEST: UNIT 1
READING

GRAMMAR

2

1

1 False (Linda is 19 years older than Matt, who is 25.) 2 False (She didn’t turn him down.) 3 False (He has always been most interested in her money.) 4 True 5 False (They take each day as it comes.)

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

have you been doing ’ve been skateboarding ’ve built ’ve never tried ’ve heard ’d never seen missed arrived ’d broken ’d left

3

GRAMMAR

VOCABULARY

2

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4

asks out are … catching Does ... believe ’ll get over ’m going to work

4

1 2 3 4 5

realistic productive furious preference reduction

3

How long ago did you meet? What was she doing the first time you saw her? I haven’t eaten anything since this morning. When he went out this morning it was still raining. 5 She hasn’t spent all her money yet.

TEST: UNIT 3
READING

1

VOCABULARY

4

1 2 3 4 5

embarrassed disappointing amusing excited amazed

1 the summers are hotter / there’s less snow in winter 2 live 3 our pollution has changed the Earth’s atmosphere 4 temperature 5 taking measures to stop the rise in temperature

GRAMMAR

TEST: UNIT 2
READING

2

1

1 Baer. He wanted to incorporate a game into the TV set, but his bosses weren’t interested in the idea. 2 No, it wasn’t unrealistic. Many years later, a team of engineers produced what Baer had originally planned. 3 The first video games were very simple. 4 Video games today are more complicated, more expensive and more violent; the graphics are more realistic. 5 They both develop video games and both were set up by Americans.

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

’ll have finished ’ll still be writing will be waiting will have risen won’t be to come to get to post living being

3

VOCABULARY

4

1 2 3 4 5

devastated filthy stunning revolting minute

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TEST: UNIT 4
READING
2 3 4 5

1

1 2 3 4

False (It is offering virtual reality holidays.) False (The company provides the information.) True False (The equipment is harmless and the volunteer only felt a bit anxious for a short time.) 5 True

1 A whole team can’t be made successful by one brilliant player. I hate being beaten at tennis. The manager shouldn’t always be blamed for a bad result. She didn’t mind being left out of the team. More time must be spent training in the gym.

3

VOCABULARY

4

GRAMMAR

2

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

looks as if sounds like tastes like feels smells as if lets … borrow make … go lets … talk let … film made … do

1 2 3 4 5

believe in concentrate on hoped for sympathize with complained about

REVISION TEST: UNITS 1–5
READING

3

1

VOCABULARY

4

1 2 3 4 5

shrugged confused folded resentful licking

1 He ate a pizza which measured 106 cm in diameter in three and a half hours. 2 The pizza contained a whole meal. There was dessert in the middle. 3 He told jokes less often and took more breaks. 4 Yes. After an hour and a half, he didn’t believe he would ever finish the pizza. 5 The crowd jumped for joy, but Tim didn’t do anything, because he couldn’t move.

GRAMMAR

2

TEST: UNIT 5
READING

1

1 False (Cricket was invented before football.) 2 False (Its rules are very complex, and in most countries around the world no one has a clue how it is played.) 3 True (A cricket match can take five days.) 4 True 5 False (You don’t have to concentrate on the match from start to finish.)

1 She’s been running every day since January in order to keep fit. 2 It smells revolting. It should be put in the bin. 3 He had never had a girlfriend before he met her. 4 Three hours from now you’ll have arrived at the hotel and you’ll be relaxing by the pool. 5 My parents have made me do the washing up three times this week. 1 2 3 4 5 played / plays has just finished recognize went was walking

3

GRAMMAR

4

2

1 2 3 4 5

is being broadcast will be watched had been chosen was advised was being played

1 Wind can be used to produce electricity. 2 The first wind turbines in the UK were built in 1991. 3 Enough electricity to power 400,000 homes will be produced by 30 new turbines in Wales. 4 The development of wind power is being supported by environmental groups. 5 New ways of producing electricity keep on being developed.

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5

1 2 3 4 5

to make living to start to share trying

VOCABULARY

2 I wish my father wouldn’t keep on telling me to tidy my room. / If only my father wouldn’t keep on telling me to tidy my room. 3 I wish I’d worked harder for my exams. / If only I’d worked harder for my exams. 4 I wish I had a scooter. / If only I had a scooter. 5 I wish I could go out tonight, but I can’t. / If only I could go out tonight, but I can’t.

6

1 2 3 4 5

c e d b a

VOCABULARY

4

7

1 believe (It is followed by in. The other verbs are followed by on.) 2 performance (It is a noun. The other words are adjectives.) 3 large (The other words are extreme adjectives.) 4 sympathize (The other verbs describe change in number or quality.) 5 eliminated (The other words describe positive feelings.) 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 put off take up let … down care about go back on B A B C A

1 2 3 4 5

disorganized impossible impatient uninhabited illegal

TEST: UNIT 7
READING

1

8

1 True 2 False (The conversations were tense.) 3 True (She was an actress employed to play the part of the murdered woman.) 4 True 5 False (The murder happened on Friday evening and they had to identify the murderer by Sunday evening.)

9

GRAMMAR

2

TEST: UNIT 6
READING

1 2 3 4 5

had to support would contact might need could be should have

3

1

1 2 3 4 5

ran towards the base take the flag was so exciting relax / relieve stress you don’t like getting covered in paint

1 He suggested that they looked for more clues. 2 She admitted that she found the job quite tiring. 3 He asked if I / he / she / they had ever been burgled. 4 She told Mrs Beadle not to leave her door unlocked at night. 5 He promised that he wouldn’t try to escape.

GRAMMAR

VOCABULARY

2

1 2 3 4 5

would have found hadn’t been like don’t arrive would definitely stay

4

1 2 3 4 5

prove fine committed protect punish

3

1 I wish I hadn’t shouted at my brother this morning. / If only I hadn’t shouted at my brother this morning.

TEST: UNIT 8
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READING

1

1 No. (It was a change from their usual New Year’s holiday routine.) 2 They stayed in a tent (in the jungle). 3 Because there was a wonderful view from the top. 4 They went part of the way in a local man’s van; then they walked to the top. 5 They liked it; they wouldn’t forget climbing it.

2 The twins might have coped better than their parents at times. 3 The family needn’t have lived in the 1900 house. 4 They can’t have watched TV in the house because there was no electricity. 5 Joe should have eaten more.

VOCABULARY

4

GRAMMAR

2

1 where we stayed 2 which is one of the oldest centres of Mayan civilization 3 whose van carried the family halfway up the volcano 4 who / that had attempted to climb to the top of the temple 5 which / that was going to take them home 1 2 3 4 5 no article the no article the a

1 2 3 4 5

put up with answer back grow out of take after let … off

TEST: UNIT 10
READING

1

3

VOCABULARY

1 True (She was terrified even though she was a world-class athlete herself.) 2 False (They gave her a lot of confidence.) 3 True 4 True (She caught up with Emily de Riel, but she couldn’t keep up all the way to the end of the race.) 5 False (She was a better runner on the day and deserved to win.)

4

1 2 3 4 5

gazed peered dashed glared glanced

GRAMMAR

2

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

so do can’t so has neither am will if all successful athletes are ambitious what you want to do after the Olympics how many events there are in the pentathlon if you are competing in the next Olympic Games why your sport has become so popular recently

TEST: UNIT 9
READING

3

1

1 2 3 4 5

living exactly how people did in 1900 to prepare food eating the food that his mother cooked Hilary and Ruth as many troubles as they did in 1900

VOCABULARY

4

GRAMMAR

2

1 2 3 4 5

can’t needn’t must could have to

1 2 3 4 5

’re working towards ’m working on works out worked … up work against

3

1 It must have been harder to live in 1900 than it is now.

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7

REVISION TEST: UNITS 6–10
READING

1

1 2 3 4 5

a medicine it encourages your body to produce endorphins our desire to eat chocolate live longer / avoid heart disease die younger / be fat and to suffer from heart disease

1 clue (The other words are related to survival equipment.) 2 picturesque (The other words are negative descriptions.) 3 glance (The other words are ways of walking.) 4 overseas (The other words are nouns for types of journeys.) 5 married (The other words are nouns to describe members of a family.) 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 let … off took on came up with comes out sort out B C A C A

8

GRAMMAR

2

1 2 3 4 5

as long as even if ’d have won ’d be had lent

9

3

1 That’s the man who / that came up with the idea. 2 Do you know a shop where I can buy some milk? 3 I’ve got a new job which / that is based in Manchester. 4 Kate, whose family lives in Miami, wants to move to New York. 5 Tina, who has recently become famous, found a suitcase full of money in the street. 1 The witness admitted that he / she might not recognize him in a photo. 2 The kidnapper explained to the girl’s parents that they had to pay him / her $5 million. 3 They asked me if I could prove it. 4 She told me not to discuss the investigation with anyone. 5 I suggested that they / he / she tried talking to him about it. 1 2 3 4 5 needn’t have offered should have fed must have gone can’t be might lend

4

5

VOCABULARY

6

1 2 3 4 5

e d c b a

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UNIT 1
PRESENT SIMPLE AND PRESENT CONTINUOUS

1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Complete the sentences. Use the present simple or the present continuous. He (not want) ____________ to study languages at university. They (visit) ____________ China for a month. It often (rain) ____________ in England in spring. I (play) ____________ tennis with Martin tomorrow. My mother (make) ____________________ bread every morning. Where (you / meet) ________________________ your friends tonight? I normally (work) ____________ on Mondays, but I (stay) ____________ at home today. (your sister / go) ________________________ to the cinema every Saturday?

2

Complete the telephone conversation. Use the present simple or the present continuous. Martha Tim Martha Tim Martha Tim Martha Tim Martha Tim Hi Tim. Are you having a good weekend? No, not really. I (1 tidy) ____________ my room at the moment. I (2 not believe) ____________ you! You never (3 do) ____________ any housework. I (4 know) ____________, but Adam (5 stay) ____________ at our house tonight and he usually (6 sleep) ____________ on my floor. Who’s Adam? I (7 not remember) ____________ him. My cousin, Adam. He (8 study) ____________ medicine at university at the moment. Oh, that Adam! Mmm! What (9 you / do) ______________________ with him tonight? There (10 be) ____________ football on TV, so we (11 not go) ____________ out. Really? Yes, but don’t forget. You (12 hate) ____________ football!

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3
1

Expand the questions. Use the present simple or the present continuous. Then write answers. What / you / do / next weekend? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ How often / you / go / to the cinema? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What time / you / usually / get up? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ What / you / wear / today? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ You / like / surfing / the Internet? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ How much / English / you / understand? ________________________________________ ________________________________________

2

3

4

5

6

THE GERUND AND WANT

4
1

Rewrite the sentences. Use the gerund or infinitive form of the underlined verb. Rachel lost the race. She was very angry. Rachel was angry about ____________________ We didn’t go to the cinema. We watched a video at home. We watched a video at home instead of ________ ________________________________________ My parents insist that I study hard. My parents want __________________________ Gillian read the newspaper. Then she phoned her friend. Before __________________________________ If you do exercise, you will keep fit. ________________________________________ will keep you fit. Jake has split up with his girlfriend. He’s upset. Jake is upset about ________________________ ________________________________________ Jenny doesn’t want to go to discos every weekend. Jenny doesn’t like _________________________ ______________________________________

2

3

4

5

6

7

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UNIT 2
PAST SIMPLE AND PAST CONTINUOUS

1

Complete the text. Use the past simple or the past continuous.

At midnight last night rescue teams (1 search) ______________ for victims after a giant tornado (2 hit) ______________ Oklahoma and Kansas. The storm (3 injure) ______________ more than 700 people. Robert Hensley (4 hide) ______________ in his cellar when the tornado (5 destroy) ______________ his home. ‘I (6 not come out) ______________ until two hours later,’ he said. ‘My house was gone and I (7 not recognize) ______________ the street.’ Mary Richardson (8 speak) ______________ to a friend on the phone when the tornado (9 interrupt) ______________ their conversation. ‘It (10 be) ______________ a very frightening experience,’ she said.

PAST PERFECT

2

Choose the correct alternative.

Michael (1) felt / had felt nervous as he walked into the Pink Flamingo Café. ‘Have I forgotten anything?’ he (2) asked / had asked himself. Earlier that day, he (3) phoned / had phoned Mr Dellagio before picking up the money from the bank. At the bank he (4) counted / had counted £100,000 in the briefcase. Then he (5) went / had gone home and waited for instructions. They (6) phoned / had phoned and had arranged to meet him at the Pink Flamingo at eleven o’clock. Now he (7) looked / had looked at his watch. It (8) was already / had already been half past eleven and they (9) still didn’t arrive / still hadn’t arrived. Suddenly he (10) heard / had heard footsteps behind him. ‘Put your hands in the air and move away from the briefcase,’ said a strange voice.
USED TO / GET USED TO / BE USED TO

3
1 2 3 4 5 6

Complete the sentences with the correct form of used to. When I was a teenager, I (go out) _______________________ all the time. (you / wear) _______________________ a uniform when you were at school? Helen plays tennis every day now, but she (not do) _______________________ any exercise at all. My parents (have) _______________________ a dog when I was a child. Rachel doesn’t drink coffee at the moment, but she (drink) _______________________ a lot. (he / work) _______________________ as a DJ?

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4

Kate Rayner spent three months living like a teenager in the nineteenth century. Complete the interview. Use used to, get used to or be used to and the verbs in brackets. Interviewer Kate So Kate, what was the most difficult thing for you? Well, teenagers in the nineteenth century (1 read) ____________________ books or play games in the evenings. And many of them (2 work) __________________ a lot, so they had less free time. Today, in the twenty-first century, I (3 do)___________________ anything I want, so that was strange. What other things were difficult? Well, I couldn’t (4 wear) ___________________ the clothes. Nineteenth-century girls (5 wear) ______________________ long, heavy dresses and they (6 not change) ______________________ their clothes very often. In the modern world, I (7 wear) ______________________ jeans and T-shirts, and of course I usually wear something clean each morning! So, do you think you could (8 ever / live) ________________________ a nineteenth-century lifestyle? No, I don’t think so!

Interviewer Kate

Interviewer

Kate

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UNIT 3
COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES

1
1

Rewrite the sentences. Use comparatives, (not) as __ as, or superlatives. Manchester isn’t as big as London. London is ______________________ (large). Playing a computer game and reading a good book are both enjoyable things to do. Reading a good book __________________________________ (exciting). No other Hollywood actress is as well paid as Julia Roberts. Julia Roberts is ____________________ (good). Planet Hollywood isn’t as trendy as the Fashion Café. The Fashion Café is ______________ (trendy). Mobile phones are cheaper than they used to be. Mobile phones are ________________________ (not / expensive). No other language is easier than English to learn. English is ________________________ (easy).

2

3

4

5

6

2

Complete the text with the comparative or superlative form of the adjectives.

(1 new) _______________ computer game on the market is called Dark City. Like its rival The Shadow, Dark City is a spy adventure story. We asked a player to tell us about it.

‘It’s (2 fast) _______________ and (3 exciting) ________________ game I’ve ever played,’ says teenager Andrew Milroy. ‘Dark City has a much (4 good) ____________soundtrack than The Shadow, and the special effects are far (5 realistic) ________________ . It’s also a bit (6 easy) ____________ to play.’

However, it isn’t cheap. At £150 it’s (7 expensive) ________________ game in the shops. And it’s also (8 violent) _______________ . Nevertheless it will probably be one of (9 popular) _______________ games this year.

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QUANTIFIERS

3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Choose the correct alternative. I haven’t finished. I need several / more time. We haven’t got enough / many money for a cup of coffee. There are a few / much chocolates left in the box. Most / None of my friends go to the café after school, but I don’t. A little / A few of his films were shown on TV last year. It hasn’t rained a little / much over the summer. Ben wasn’t hungry, so he only ate all of / a bit of his lunch. There’s plenty of / most of cake left. Would you like some more?

4

Complete the sentences. Use the words in the box. more a lot none most of enough any a little several

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

____________ of the teachers knew that she was being bullied, so they didn’t help her. There was only ____________ traffic on the road, so we got to the airport on time. Helen had ____________ hours to wait before her flight to New York, so she went shopping. There were ____________ of Manchester United supporters at the football match. By the time we got to the front of the queue, there weren’t ____________ tickets left. He spends ____________ his spare time playing computer games. These days ____________ people own cars than ten years ago. Don’t buy any more CDs! You’ve got ____________!

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UNIT 4
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 Complete the sentences. Use the present perfect simple. (you / ever / dream) ________________________________ of living on the moon? Joe (not read) ________________ any of the Harry Potter books. (your father / ever / have) ________________________________ an operation? I (live) ________________ in Oxford for three years now. Fiona is a vegetarian. She (not eat) ________________ meat since she was ten. ‘Aargh!’ ‘What (you / do) ________________________________?’ ‘I think I (break) ________________ my leg.’ 7 8 9 (you / know) ________________________________ Emma for long? We (never / go) ________________ on holiday without our parents. Oh no! I (lose) ________________ my pen. Can I borrow one of yours?

10 ‘Where’s James? (you / see) ________________________________ him this morning?’ ‘He (go) ________________ out for a coffee. He’ll be back in an hour or so.’

FOR AND SINCE

2
1 2 3 4

Complete the sentences. Use the present perfect simple and for and since. ‘How long (he / be) ______________ interested in karate?’ ‘_______________ he was a young boy.’ We (not see) ________________ Mark ________________ ages. I (love) ________________ Busted________________ I bought their first CD. Clara (not write) ________________ to us ________________ over a year. Maybe she (forget) ________________ about us.

5 6 7 8

I (be) ________________ at this school ________________ five years. Paul (not eat) ________________ anything ________________ last Saturday. ‘How long (you / belong) ________________ to the club?’ ‘________________ a long time.’ _____________ the earthquake yesterday, several large buildings (fall) _________________ down.

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ALREADY, JUST AND YET
T

3
1

Choose the correct alternative. ‘Tim and Lucy look brown.’ ‘Yes, they’ve already / just got back from their holidays.’ ‘Really? But they’ve yet / already been on holiday twice this year!’

2

‘Hurry up, the party has already / yet started.’ ‘Have you given Dan his present yet / just?’ ‘No, not already / yet. I was waiting for you.’

3

‘Have you finished repairing my motorbike yet / already, Dad?’ ‘Yes, I’ve just / yet checked the engine, and it looks fine.’ ‘Great. Thanks! I can go into town now.’

PRESENT PERFECT AND PAST SIMPLE

4

Complete the newspaper extracts. Use the present perfect or the past simple. Last night, a massive tidal wave (1 hit) ______________ the coast of Mexico. Over 5,000 people (2 already / lose) _________________ their homes. There (3 be) ______________ several natural disasters in this region in the last eighteen months. Only last month, a hurricane (4 hit) _____________ Brazil.

Yesterday, fifteen-year-old Emily Harris (5 gave) ______________ a briefcase containing £100,000 to the police. She (6 find) ___________ the briefcase at Euston railway station. ‘I (7 be) ____________ on my way home, and suddenly I (8 see) ___________ the case there on the platform. Nothing like this (9 ever / happen) ______________ to me before,’ she told reporters.

Latest reports say that the cost of living in Britain (10 rise) ______________ again. Last year prices in British supermarkets (11 increase) _____________ by more than five per cent. That means that inflation (12 go) _____________ up for the third consecutive year.

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UNIT 5
WILL, GOING TO AND THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS

1

Choose the correct alternative.

Hi Paul! How are you? A lot has happened since I last wrote. The good news is that I’ve passed all my exams, and (1 I’ll start / I’m starting) university in September. (2 I’m going to study / I’ll study) French and Portuguese at Middlesex University in London, so (3 I’ll be able to / I’m being able to) work abroad afterwards. I’ve also got a new boyfriend called Matthew. He’s a year older than me and he’s really nice. Next week (4 we’ll go / we’re going) to a Madonna concert in Manchester. Matthew queued for six hours for the tickets! Unfortunately (5 I’m not seeing / I won’t see) Matthew very often after I start university. (6 I’ll probably find / I’m probably finding) a flat in London, and (7 he’ll definitely stay / he’s definitely going to stay) in Manchester. But (8 we’re seeing / we’ll see) each other at weekends. (9 Are you coming / Will you come) and visit me in London? I hope so. Love, Clare

2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Complete the sentences. Use will, going to or the present continuous. What (you / do) ________________ at the weekend? Is it true that Janet (be) ________________ a vet when she grows up? Don’t worry. I (do) ________________ the shopping if you’re really tired. (you / eat) ________________ that biscuit or can I have it? Sue (play) ________________ tennis with Phil tonight. They’ve decided that they (buy) ________________ a new car. We don’t think they (win) ________________ the next election unless they improve social policies. Be careful! That bag is full of books. It looks like it (break) ________________ !

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FUTURE CONTINUOUS AND FUTURE PERFECT

3
1 2

Complete the sentences. Use the future continuous or the future perfect. This time next week we (ski) ______________________ in the French Alps. Greg is taking a year off to travel. By the end of next year he (visit) ______________________ seven countries.

3

‘What will you be doing this time tomorrow?’ ‘I (take) ______________________ my English exam.’

4

Don’t come to my house at six o’clock. I (still / do) ______________________ my homework. If you want to come at seven, you can. I (finish) ________________________ it by then.

5 6

Jill has accepted a job abroad. This time next month she (work) ____________________ in Paris. Next year, I (live) ______________________ in this house for ten years.

4

Complete the text. Use the future continuous or the future perfect.

What (1 we / do) ___________________ in a hundred years’ time? According to NASA scientists we (2 travel) ______________________ in outer space. By the twenty-second century man (3 develop) ___________________ a quick way of getting to the stars, and the first long-distance spaceships (4 leave) __________________ Earth. However, other spaceships (5 already / voyage) ___________________ into the unknown. In fact, the first unmanned ship, Pioneer 10, has already been launched. In 32,000 years’ time, this spaceship will pass a star called Ross 248. By then, man (6 already / reach) ___________________ Ross 248 and (7 colonize) ________________ and getting used to the planets around it. What (8 these humans / do) ________________ when Pioneer 10 passes by? Will they stop and notice it?

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UNIT 6
PASSIVE: PRESENT AND PAST

1

Complete the article. Use the present or past passive form of the verbs. Stunts Nowadays, action films are getting more and more spectacular. Many special effects (1 add) _________________ to make the action more realistic. It’s impossible to control the weather during filming. As a result, weather effects (2 often / create) _________________ for the film. For example, the winter scenes in Young Sherlock Holmes (3 not film) _________________ in winter, but in the middle of summer. The snow (4 make) _________________ from polystyrene! Car chases, high-speed crashes, or falls from high buildings (5 not play) _____________ by the stars themselves – they (6 do) ___________ by stuntmen. In Volcano, several stuntmen (7 set) ______________ on fire. However, the actors (8 protect) _________________ by several layers of special clothing, so nobody (9 injure) ___________________ . These days stunts (10 no longer / need) ________________ in many movies. Most effects (11 generate) _______________ by computer, so action films are becoming safer, cheaper and easier to make.

2
1 2

Complete the sentences. Use the passive form of the verbs. Those shoes (design) ______________ by Manolo Blahnik and they cost £1,500. A lot of computer games (make) ______________ in Taiwan these days. Most of the games (export) ______________ to America and Europe.

3 4 5

Every week millions of CDs (sell) ______________ around the world. Romeo and Juliet (perform) ______________ at the Globe Theatre last month. The painting (not sell) ______________ at the auction, so the owners reduced the price.

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PASSIVE: PRESENT PERFECT

3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Complete the sentences. Use the present perfect passive. An Australian surfer (rescue) _________________ from a Great White Shark attack. That hotel (recently / buy) _________________ by a millionaire. We (give) _________________ a bit more time to finish the project, so we don’t need to panic. The two men (not arrest) _________________ for the shooting yet. My bag (steal) _________________ ! Did anyone see anything suspicious? New treatments for HIV (discover) _________________ . Zidane (just / nominate) _________________ football player of the year. The concert (not cancel) _________________ . It (postpone) _________________ until next month.

HAVE / GET SOMETHING DONE

4
1

Rewrite the sentences. Use the correct form of have / get something done. A dentist cleans Anna’s teeth every month. Anna ____________________________________________________ My calls are answered by my secretary. I ________________________________________________________ Her mechanic serviced Claudia’s car every year. Claudia ___________________________________________________ Sarah is going to dye Linda’s hair for her. Linda ____________________________________________________ The painters have just redecorated their house. They _____________________________________________________ It is necessary to take your measurements before we can make your suit. You have to _______________________________________________ The shop assistant is wrapping the present for me. I ________________________________________________________ Emily’s wedding dress is being designed especially for her. Emily ___________________________________________________
Unit 6

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

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UNIT 7
FIRST AND SECOND CONDITIONAL

1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Complete the sentences. Use the first or second conditional. Your mum will be angry if you (not tidy) ____________ your room. If you break a mirror, you (have) ____________ seven years’ bad luck. If he (not play) ____________ computer games all the time, he wouldn’t get so many headaches. If you get time, (you / send) ____________ me an email? Where would you go if you (can) ____________ go anywhere in the world? If I were you, I (not buy) ____________ those shoes. I think they’re really overpriced. If I don’t find my glasses, I (not be able to) ____________ watch the film. You (not have to) ____________ work so hard before exams if you listened more carefully in class.

UNLESS

2
1

Rewrite the sentences. Use unless. We won’t be able to get into the flat if we don’t find our keys. ______________________________________________________________

2

If the train isn’t late, I’ll see you at eight o’clock. ______________________________________________________________

3

Tim will fail his driving test. He must practise more. ______________________________________________________________

4

If you don’t wear fancy dress, you can’t go to the party. ______________________________________________________________

5

My parents won’t let me go out if I haven’t done my homework. ______________________________________________________________

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THIRD CONDITIONAL

3

Read about the crimes and then complete the sentences. Use the third conditional. A man got trapped inside the telephone box he was vandalizing. He had to call the fire brigade to get him out.

1 2

If he (not vandalize) ________________ the telephone box, he (not get) _______________ trapped. If he (not get) _______________ trapped, he (not be) ________________ in trouble. After a robbery at a local petrol station, police quickly arrested a man called James Newsome. Mr Newsome was wearing a builder’s hat when he robbed the petrol station. The hat had the words ‘James Newsome’ printed on it.

3 4

If he (take off) ________________ his hat, the police (not know) ________________ his name. If the police (not know) ________________ his name, they (not catch) ________________ him.

FIRST, SECOND, AND THIRD CONDITIONAL

4

Match the two halves of the sentences. 1 __ 2 __ 3 __ 4 __ 5 __ 6 __ 7 __ 8 __

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

If she had more time, He would have phoned the police, If I was rich, If she has the new Lord of the Rings game, If he had a motorbike, If she had watched the tennis match, If I find the letter, If he hadn’t been so careless,

a b c d e f g h

he’d ride it to school. she’ll let you play it. I’d buy a sports car. she would have known the result. I’ll tell you. she’d learn another language. if he’d seen the robbery. he wouldn’t have lost the ring.

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UNIT 8
DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES

1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Choose the correct alternative. The man (whose / who) sold me the car was very friendly. This is a book (which / where) I’ve always wanted to read. That’s the club (who / where) I first met Bill. Jane is the girl (that / whose) teachers always help her. There are a few people (whose / who) don’t use mobile phones. The Day After Tomorrow is the film (who / that) I saw yesterday. Elvis is the artist (who / what) has had the most UK number 1 hits. Tennis is the sport (that / who) I find the hardest to play. The dress (that / who) I want is the most expensive in the shop. The boy (whose / who) is over there works in the supermarket on Saturdays. Rewrite the sentences to make defining relative clauses. Use who, which, that, where or whose. That’s the park. I play football there. _____________________________________________________ Andy’s got a sister. She’s very attractive. _____________________________________________________ He’s the boy. His mum works in the restaurant. _____________________________________________________ There’s the house. I lived there when I was younger. _____________________________________________________ Thousands of people went to the concert. It was in Berlin. _____________________________________________________ Have you seen the new teacher? He took our class today. _____________________________________________________ That’s the hotel. There’s a swimming pool there. _____________________________________________________ She’s the girl. Her parents bought her a computer for her birthday. _____________________________________________________ This is the hospital. I was born there. _____________________________________________________ Hallowe’en is the time. Children dress up as ghosts then.
_____________________________________________________

2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

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NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES

3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Complete the sentences with who, which, where or whose. The new club, __________ Beth works, has a great atmosphere. The food, __________ was rather spicy, made me feel ill. The book, __________ was written by a twelve-year-old, was a best-seller. Lisa, __________ best friend works at Harrods, gets a discount if she shops there. Mr Smith, __________ teaches maths at my school, is my uncle. Bali, __________ you can see many beautiful temples, is a popular tourist destination. Our room, __________ was on the 10th floor of the hotel, was really dirty. Lisa, __________ I often go out with on Fridays, is really good at dancing. Bristol, __________ there’s a new IMAX cinema, is a great place to go out.

10 My best friend, __________ parents live in France, has invited me to visit.

4
1

Rewrite the sentences to make non-defining relative clauses. My sister lives in Manchester. She’s a doctor. ________________________________________

2

The film is about Australia. It’s really boring. ___________________________________________________________

3

John works in that school. His sister shares a flat with me. ___________________________________________________________

4

The restaurant was very expensive. We wanted to eat there. ___________________________________________________________

5

The new computer programme is useless. It came out last month. ___________________________________________________________

6

The concert was fantastic. It started rather late. ___________________________________________________________

7

The beach isn’t far from here. There’s an ice-cream kiosk there. ___________________________________________________________

8

Sunday is my favourite day of the week. I sleep until eleven o’clock then. ___________________________________________________________

9

Sue wants to be a pilot. Her mother works for British Airways. ___________________________________________________________

10 Hannah is the richest girl I know. She’s already got a car. ___________________________________________________________
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UNIT 9
REPORTED SPEECH: STATEMENTS

1

Read the interview. Complete the text in reported speech. Interviewer I hear you have a very unusual job.

Mr Fogarty That’s right. Interviewer So what do you do?

Mr Fogarty Well, I’m investigating the Loch Ness monster. Every day I go to Loch Ness and wait for the monster to appear. Interviewer And have you ever seen the monster?

Mr Fogarty Yes, I have, last week in fact. It was very foggy and I tried to take a photograph, but unfortunately my camera didn’t work. Interviewer Do you think you’ll see it again?

Mr Fogarty I hope I’ll see it again if I’m lucky. I’ll be out there again tomorrow! Interviewer And what do people think about your job?

Mr Fogarty Many people think it’s a strange job to have. They don’t believe in the Loch Ness monster, but I know it’s out there somewhere.

The interviewer asked Mr Fogarty (1) ________________ . He explained that he (2) ________________ the Loch Ness Monster. He said that every day he (3) _________________ to Loch Ness and (4) _________________ for the monster to appear. He claimed that he (5) ________________ the monster the week (6) _________________ . He said that it (7) _________________ very foggy and he (8) _________________ to take a photograph, but unfortunately his camera (9) _________________ . He said that he (10) _________________ it again if he (11) _________________ lucky, and added that he (12) _________________ out on the Loch again (13) _________________ . He admitted that many people (14) _________________ his job was strange. He said that they (15) _________________ in the Loch Ness monster, but he (16) _________________ it was out there somewhere.

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REPORTED SPEECH: QUESTIONS, COMMANDS AND SUGGESTIONS

2
1

Put the words in the correct order to make reported questions. I / her / how much / asked / cost / the shoes I ___________________________________________________

2

asked / what time / would be / they / him / home / he They ________________________________________________

3

Tina / if / spoke / she / Jane / Russian / asked Jane ________________________________________________

4

we / them / asked / had enjoyed / if / they / their holiday in Brazil We _________________________________________________

5

so late / Henry / why / was / Phil / he / asked Phil ________________________________________________

6

me / asked / if / they / was going / to the party / I They _______________________________________________

7

us / she / how long / had been living / in Rome / we / asked She ________________________________________________

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3
1

Rewrite the sentences in reported speech. ‘Don’t leave the food out on the table!’ Joanna told me. ______________________________________________

2

‘Why don’t we eat at Amba restaurant?’ Mark suggested. ___________________________________________________

3

‘How are you feeling?’ the doctor asked me. ___________________________________________________

4

‘What are you doing tomorrow?’ they asked me. ____________________________________________________

5

‘Turn off your mobile phones! ’ he told us. ____________________________________________________

6

‘Why haven’t you done your homework?’ the teacher asked them. _____________________________________________________

7

‘Shall we go shopping on Saturday?’ she suggested. _____________________________________________________

8

‘Did you see the bank robber?’ the policeman asked her.
_____________________________________________________

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UNIT 10
MODALS: ABILITY AND OBLIGATION

1

Choose the correct alternative. The Face Model agency offered fifteen-year-old Julie Willis a job and she (1 can / was able to) make her dream come true. However, once she started work, Julie found she (2 can’t / couldn’t) study properly. Finally she decided she (3 had to / mustn’t) leave school. Many people criticized her decision. ‘It was a difficult thing to do,’ says Julie. ‘And I miss all my friends. But I (4 had to / must) make a choice. Although I (5 don’t have to / mustn’t) go to school, I still (6 have to / mustn’t) study. I have a private tutor now. My parents told me I (7 don’t have to / have to) take some exams.’ ‘Most models retire young,’ adds Julie’s mother. ‘And they (8 couldn’t / can’t) continue their career for more than a few years. So Julie (9 mustn’t / doesn’t have to) forget that she needs qualifications for her next job.’ But at the moment Julie isn’t worried about the future. ‘Next week I (10 have to / mustn’t) go to New York for a photoshoot,’ she says. ‘I still can’t believe my luck!’

MODALS: OBLIGATION, ADVICE AND PROHIBITION

2
1 2 3 4

Complete the sentences. Use ought to, ought not to, should, shouldn’t or don’t have to. You (sit) ______________________ at the front of the class if you can’t see the board well. Don’t worry, Karen, you (do) ______________________ the washing up, because it’s Jamie’s turn to do it. Tell Pete he (stay out) ______________________ so late when he has to get up early the next day. You (feed) ______________________ the cat while I’m away, because I’ve asked Katie next door to do it. Sarah (spend) ______________________ so much money on going out. She won’t have any left to pay the bills! You (come) ______________________ to my party if you don’t want to. I won’t be upset.

5

6

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MODALS + PERFECT INFINITIVE

3
1

Expand the sentences. Use the words in brackets. It’s very late and Pete hasn’t arrived home yet. (he / might / miss / the last train home) ________________________________________________________________________________

2

We’ve phoned them and they aren’t at home. (they / could / go / to the cinema) ________________________________________________________________________________

3

Belinda hasn’t got any money left. (she / can’t / spend / it already!) ________________________________________________________________________________

4

Joe hasn’t come to the sports centre. (he / may / forget / about the match) ________________________________________________________________________________

5

Jodie finished the project really quickly. (she / couldn’t / do / it without Steve’s help) ________________________________________________________________________________

MODALS: SUMMARY

4

Complete the text. Use a modal verb in the box and the verbs in brackets. must could (x 2) be able to have to (x 2) can should

Dear Lucy I (1 not believe) _____________ that I’m writing to you from the Popstars Academy in Edinburgh! The drama course is going very well. At first, I really (2 not understand) _____________ my teacher because he has such a strong accent, but if I stay here for another month I (3 speak) _____________ English just like him! We’re working very hard and we don’t have much spare time. We (4 do) ___________ four hours of gymnastics and voice exercises every day but we (5 not come) ________________ to class on Fridays if we don’t want to. My teacher’s advice is that I (6 smoke) _______________ so much. He (7 be) ________________ right!

Have you heard from Jim? He didn’t send me a birthday card. He (8 forget) _________________ the date. He’s hopeless! Write soon, Kate

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INTERMEDIATE ANSWER KEY
GRAMMAR
UNIT 1 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 doesn’t want ’re visiting rains ’m playing makes ’re you meeting work; ’m staying Does your sister go ’m tidying 7 don’t remember don’t believe 8 ’s studying do 9 are you doing know 10 ’s is staying 11 aren’t going sleeps 12 hate What are you doing next weekend? How often do you go to the cinema? What time do you usually get up? What are you wearing today? Do you like surfing the Internet? How much English do you understand? losing the race going to the cinema me to study hard phoning her friend, Gillian read the newspaper Doing exercise splitting up with his girlfriend going to discos every weekend

2

3

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6

felt asked had phoned had counted had gone had phoned used to go out Did you use to wear didn’t use to do used to have used to drink Did he use to work

7 looked 8 was already 9 still hadn’t arrived 10 heard

4

2

used to read 7 used to work ’m used to doing 8 get used to wearing used to wear didn’t use to change

’m used to wearing ever get used to living

UNIT 3 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 larger than Manchester is as exciting as playing a computer game the best paid Hollywood actress trendier than Planet Hollywood not as expensive as they used to be the easiest language to learn The newest the fastest most exciting better more realistic more enough a few Most None a little several a lot 6 7 8 9 5 6 7 8 5 6 7 8 easier the most expensive the most violent the most popular A few much a bit of plenty of any most of more enough

3

4

2

3

UNIT 2 1
1 2 3 4 5 were searching hit injured was hiding destroyed 6 7 8 9 10 didn’t come out didn’t recognize was speaking interrupted was

4

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UNIT 4 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Have you ever dreamed hasn’t read Has your father ever had ’ve lived hasn’t eaten have you done; ’ve broken Have you known ’ve never been ’ve lost Have you seen; ’s gone has he been; Since haven’t seen; for ’ve loved; since hasn’t written; for ’ve been; for hasn’t eaten; since have you belonged; Since Since; have fallen just; already already; yet; yet yet; just hit have already lost have been hit gave found was saw has ever happened 10 has risen 11 increased 12 has gone 8 9

2

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

3

are you doing 5 ’s playing is going to be 6 ’re going to buy ’ll do 7 ’ll win Are you going to 8 ’s going to break eat ’ll be skiing ’ll have visited ’ll be taking ’ll still be doing; ’ll have finished ’ll be working ’ll have lived will we be doing ’ll be travelling will have developed will have left will already have voyaged will already have reached will be colonizing will these humans be doing

4 2

3

UNIT 6 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 are added are often created weren’t filmed was made aren’t played ’re done 7 8 9 10 were set were protected was injured are no longer needed 11 are generated

4

2

UNIT 5 1
1 2 3 4 5 I’m starting I’m going to study I’ll be able to we’re going I won’t see 6 7 8 9 I’ll probably find he’s definitely going to stay we’ll see Will you come

were designed are made; are exported are sold was performed wasn’t sold has been rescued has recently been bought ’ve been given haven’t been arrested has been stolen have been discovered has just been nominated hasn’t been cancelled; ’s been postponed

3

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4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

has / gets her teeth cleaned by a dentist every month have / get my calls answered by my secretary had / got her car serviced every year by her mechanic is going to have / get her hair dyed by Sarah have just had / got their house redecorated have / get your measurements taken before we can make your suit ’m having / getting the present wrapped for me is having / getting her wedding dress designed especially for her

UNIT 8 1
1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 who which where whose who 6 7 8 9 10 that who that that who

2

UNIT 7 1
1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 don’t tidy ’ll have didn’t play will you send 5 6 7 8 could wouldn’t buy won’t be able to wouldn’t have to

2

That’s the park where I play football. Andy’s got a sister who is very attractive. He’s the boy whose mum works in the restaurant. 4 That’s the house where I lived when I was younger. 5 Thousands of people went to the concert, which was in Berlin. 6 Have you seen the new teacher who took our class today? 7 That’s the hotel where there’s a swimming pool. 8 She’s the girl whose parents bought her a computer for her birthday. 9 This is the hospital where I was born. 10 Hallowe’en is the time when children ` dress up as ghosts. 1 2 3 4 where which which whose 5 6 7 8 who where which who 9 where 10 whose

We won’t be able to get into the flat unless we find our keys. I’ll see you at eight o’clock unless the train is late. Tim will fail his driving test unless he practises more. You can’t go to the party unless you wear fancy dress. My parents won’t let me go out unless I’ve done my homework. hadn’t vandalized; wouldn’t have got hadn’t got; wouldn’t have been ’d taken off; wouldn’t have known hadn’t known; wouldn’t have caught f g c b 5 6 7 8 a d e h

3

3

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

4

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4

My sister, who is a doctor, lives in Manchester. 2 The film, which is really boring, is about Australia. 3 John, whose sister shares a flat with me, works in that school. 4 The restaurant, where we wanted to eat, was very expensive. 5 The new computer programme, which came out last month, is useless. 6 The concert, which started rather late, was fantastic. 7 The beach, where there’s an ice-cream kiosk, isn’t far from here. 8 Sunday, when I sleep until eleven o’clock, is my favourite day of the week. 9 Sue, whose mother works for British Airways, wants to be a pilot. 10 Hannah, who has already got a car, is the richest girl I know.

1

4 5 6 7 8

They asked me what I was doing the following day. He told us to turn off our mobile phones. The teacher asked them why they hadn’t done their homework. She suggested that we went shopping on Saturday. The policeman asked her if / whether she had seen the bank robber.

UNIT 10 1
1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 was able to couldn’t had to had to don’t have to 6 7 8 9 10 have to have to can’t mustn’t have to

2

UNIT 9 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 what he did was investigating went waited had seen before had been had tried hadn’t worked 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 hoped he would see was would be the following day thought didn’t believe knew

should sit / ought to sit don’t have to do shouldn’t stay out / ought not to stay out don’t have to feed shouldn’t spend / ought not to spend don’t have to come He might have missed the last train home. They could have gone to the cinema. She can’t have spent it already! He may have forgotten about the match. She couldn’t have done it without Steve’s help. can’t believe 6 shouldn’t couldn’t understand smoke ’ll be able to speak 7 could be have to do 8 must have don’t have to come forgotten

3

4

2

asked her how much the shoes cost. asked him what time he would be home. asked Tina if she spoke Russian. asked them if they had enjoyed their holiday in Brazil. asked Henry why he was so late. asked me if I was going to the party. asked us how long we had been living in Rome. Joanna told me not to leave the food out on the table. Mark suggested that we ate at Amba restaurant. The doctor asked me how I was feeling.

3

1 2 3

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UNIT 1
TENSE REVIEW

1

Complete the letter. Use the present simple or the present continuous. Dear Janine, How are you? I (1 write) ____________ this letter from Brighton. Yes! We’ve finally moved. I (2 know) ____________ that I’ve been lazy about writing but I hope you (3 understand) __________ . Right now, Mum and Dad (4 paint) _______________ the new house, so everything is in a mess! At the moment, my brother John (5 work) ____________ for a computer company. He (6 get up) ________ really early every day to catch the train to work. He (7 want) ____________ to buy his own flat, but he (8 need) ____________ to save a lot more money first! I (9 save) ____________ money too at the moment, because next week I (10 start) ____________ a course in graphic design. It’ll be really expensive! John (11 not think) ____________ it is as useful as working with computers, but I (12 hope) _____________ to set up my own business one day. (13 you / come) ________________ to visit us soon? Love Linda

2
1

Choose the correct alternative. ‘I ’m going to go / ’ll go to the supermarket.’ ‘Are you getting / Will you get me some milk?’

2

‘Did you know that Kate will work / is working in Cambodia next year?’ ‘She’s crazy! I think it ’s going to be / ’ll be dangerous.’

3

‘Why are you reading / will you read that book?’ ‘Because I ’m doing / ’m going to do a review of the book for homework.’

4

‘Where’s Sally? We ’ll leave / ’re leaving now!’ ‘Calm down! I’m sure she isn’t being / won’t be late!’

5

‘I ’m going to close / ’ll close the window because I’m cold,’ ‘Yes, look at the colour of the sky. I think it ’s snowing / ’s going to snow.’

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3

Complete the text. Use the past simple or the past continuous. It was one o’clock in the morning on Saturday and I (1 lie) __________ awake in bed. The wind (2 blow) __________ outside and it (3 rain) __________ . Suddenly I (4 hear) __________ a loud crash. It (5 come) __________ from downstairs. I (6 get up) ____________ and (7 switch on) ____________ the light. Everything was quiet and still. Only the clock in the hallway (8 tick) ____________ . I (9 walk) ____________ down the stairs when I (10 notice) ____________ something strange. The front door was wide open.

4
1 2 3 4 5

Complete the sentences. Use the present perfect or the past simple.

My sister (be) __________ much healthier since she (give up) __________ smoking six months ago. I (never / feel) __________ so embarrassed in all my life. You look exhausted. (you / sleep) __________ badly last night? (you / ever / go out) __________ with someone from another country? ‘I (just / finish) __________ a 600-page book.’ ‘(you / enjoy) __________ it?’ ‘Not really!’

6 7 8

We (have) __________ problems with our computer ever since we (buy) __________ it. My brother (just / start) __________ to learn to drive, but he (not get used ) __________ to it yet. ‘What (you / think) __________ of the film?’ ‘Fantastic! It’s probably the best film I (ever / see) __________ .’

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UNIT 2
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Complete the conversations. Use the present perfect continuous. ‘How long (he / play) ________ that computer game?’ ‘Since ten o’clock this morning!’ ‘You look dirty!’ ‘I (repair) ________ my motorbike.’ ‘Frank has got a black eye.’ ‘(he / fight) ________ again?’ ‘Why is she crying?’ ‘She (watch) ________ a sad film.’ ‘Mary looks tired.’ ‘Yes. She (revise) ________ all night for her exams.’ ‘I’ve been here since one o’clock. What (you / do) ________ ?’ ‘I (look for) ________ you!’ My French is terrible now, because I (not go) ________ to my classes recently.

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE AND PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

2

Complete the text. Use the present perfect simple or the present perfect continuous.

Ever since he was a teenager Alex Whitestone (1 want) ________ to travel. This year he decided to do it. Alex gave up his job as a journalist in July, and since then he (2 travel) ________ around the world. So far he (3 visit) ________ four different countries. At the moment Alex is in Bangkok, in Thailand. He (4 already / be) ________ there for five days. ‘I (5 never / be) ________ to Asia before, so it was my first stop,’ he explains. Alex loves Asian food. ‘They eat a lot of rice and fish here and I (6 learn) ________ how to make two of my favourite dishes,’ he says. During his travels so far he (7 meet) ________ over thirty other tourists. ‘I (8 enjoy) ________ myself all the time. I think I’m going to find it difficult to go back to work next year!’ says Alex.

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE AND PAST SIMPLE

3

Complete the text. Use the past perfect simple or the past simple.

It (1 be) ________ 9 p.m. and the sun (2 already / set) ________ when Clara finally (3 find) ________ the cave. She was late, but luckily David (4 not arrive) ________ yet. Clara (5 feel) ________ really excited, and rather nervous too. Since her parents (6 told) ________ her that she couldn’t see a boy who (7 be) ________ ten years older, she and David had been e-mailing each other in secret. But they (8 not see) ________ each other for over two months now. She thought back to that morning. David (9 phone) ________ while her parents were out, and told her about the cave. All day, she (10 not be able to) ________ think about anything else. But where (11 be) ________ he now, she wondered. A few minutes later she (12 look) ________ at her watch. It (13 already / be) ________ 9.30 p.m. and David (14 still / not arrive) ________ . Suddenly she (15 hear) ________ footsteps behind her. ‘Aha! I knew you’d come!’ (16 say) ________ a strange voice.
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4
1 2 3 4 5

Rewrite the sentences. Use the past perfect. Jane went home. Then I arrived at the party. When I __________________________________________ Tom saw Gladiator at the cinema. He didn’t want to watch it on video. Tom didn’t _______________________________________ The play started. Then we finally got to the theatre. When we _________________________________________ I didn’t hear the news. Then you phoned and told me. Before you ________________________________________ Paul argued with his girlfriend. He was upset. Paul was upset _____________________________________

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UNIT 3
FUTURE TENSES

1

Match the two halves of the sentences. 1 __ 2 __ 3 __ 4 __ 5 __ 1 2 3 4 5 Pete will be cooking dinner We won’t have visited all those places Will you be working late tonight, We’ll get ill Will you have read that paper

a b c d e

unless we take the pills. by the end of the holiday. by the time I get home. or can we meet for a drink? by lunchtime, or shall I buy one for myself?

2

Complete the text. Use the future perfect or the future continuous. By the year 2050, it’s possible that people (1 live) __________________ under the sea or on a different planet. Many of them (2 leave) ______________ big urban cities because they (3 become) ____________ so overcrowded, polluted and uncomfortable. We (4 not find) _________________ solutions to our overpopulation problems yet, and consequently many of us (5 move) _________________ around constantly, trying to find a more stable environment to live in. Hopefully, people (6 adapt) ________________ to these different living conditions after a few decades, but by the middle of this century, they (7 face) _______________ a whole new set of problems that may not be easy to resolve. On the other hand, we (8 probably / deal with) _________________ some of the technological issues which we are worrying about now. For example, in nearly fifty years’ time it’s likely that we (9 find) _________________ faster, cheaper and cleaner forms of transport. Also, by then we (10 travel) _______________ far less than we do now, because most people (11 work) _______________ from home, via virtual reality. Hopefully, by 2050 scientists and politicians (12 solve) ________________ some of the major problems that we have now, such as finding cures for diseases like AIDS and cancer, and reducing crime and bad feeling between nations.

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VERB + INFINITIVE OR GERUND

3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Choose the correct alternative. Tony wants (to go / going) travelling before he goes to university. He promised (to buy / buying) her a diamond ring for their anniversary. Have you ever imagined (to study / studying) abroad? He agreed (to buy / buying) the motorbike for £2,000. We stopped (to work / working) when the head teacher came into the room. It’s cold today. You shouldn’t go out without (to wear / wearing) your coat. Ellie, did you remember (to lock / locking) the house this morning? John is so reliable. He never forgets (to do / doing) his homework. I’m hungry! Can we stop (to have / having) a burger or something?

10 I’m really looking forward to (go / going) to that new club in the town centre on Saturday.

4

Complete the story. Use verb + infinitive or gerund.

A haunted house
When I was a child I used to spend my holidays at my aunt’s house. One summer I remember (1 have) __________ a strange experience. It was a hot afternoon, and my cousins suggested (2 play) ____________ hide-and-seek. But instead of (3 go) ____________ outside, we decided (4 play) ______________ in the attic. After (5 turn off) ____________ the lights, we all hid in different places. I managed (6 hide) __________ behind an old sofa. Then something odd happened. We heard footsteps coming into the room. The footsteps seemed (7 walk) _____________ towards the sofa. I wanted (8 move) ____________ , but I couldn’t. Then suddenly the footsteps stopped. After (9 wait) _____________ for a few seconds, we jumped up and ran downstairs without (10 stop) _____________ . We told my aunt and uncle, but they refused (11 believe) ____________ us. Mysteriously the house burned down a year later. The fire started in the attic.

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UNIT 4
VERBS OF PERCEPTION: LOOK, FEEL, SOUND, SMELL, TASTE, SEEM

1
1 2 3 4 5 6

Choose the correct alternative. That’s disgusting! It tastes as if / tastes like medicine. It smells as if / smells there’s been a fire in here. I think the latest car designs look / look like weird. I had no idea what was in the bag. It felt like / felt as if something soft. I think Paul and Gina are going to split up. It seems / seems as if Paul can’t trust her. When they first heard their voices on the recording, they sounded / sounded like awful.

2

Complete the text with like, as if or leave a gap. When I got home from work last night, I felt (1) ________ exhausted. I lay on my bed in my clothes and I was just feeling (2) ________. I was drifting off to sleep when I heard loud music from the flat beneath me. It sounded (3) ________ a party. I might seem (4) ________ an unfriendly person, but I decided to go down and complain. I felt (5) ________ nervous as I knocked on the door, but I didn’t get chance to say anything. Before I knew it, my neighbour had taken me into the flat and given me a drink. It smelt (6) ________. Pineapples, it tasted (7) ________ sweet and (8) ________ there was something strong in it. After three drinks, the room looked (9) ________ it was spinning, so I found a sofa and sat down. And that’s all I can remember – apart from waking up the next day and feeling (10) ________ terrible!

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INFINITIVE OF PURPOSE: TO / IN ORDER TO / SO AS TO

3

Match the two halves of the sentences. 1 __ 2 __ 3 __ 4 __ 5 __

1 2 3 4 5 6

They told the teacher exactly what had happened Lara had lessons at the language school He started eating less Pete spent ages surfing the Internet She stopped going out in the evenings You have to work extremely hard

a b c d e f

in order to improve her English. to save money for her holiday. so as to lose weight. to find information for his assignment. so as not to get into trouble. in order to become a doctor.

MAKE / LET + VERB

4
1 2 3 4 5 6

Choose the correct alternative. The celebrity couple never make / let the paparazzi photograph their children. There’s a good film on at eleven o’clock. Will you make / let me stay up to watch it? Did your parents use to make / let you eat lots of vegetables when you were younger? Have you ever made / let you brother do something which he didn’t want to? If we’re late, our teacher makes / lets us apologize to the class. My mum is very easy-going. She makes / lets me wear whatever I like.

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UNIT 5
THE PASSIVE

1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Rewrite the sentences in the passive. They’ll finish the competition by the end of next week. ________________________________________ They show lots of fascinating documentaries on that channel. ________________________________________ A well-known journalist from the BBC wrote that article. ________________________________________ The presenter was recording an interview when the lights went out. ________________________________________ They’re going to finish the new swimming pool by the end of the month. ________________________________________ We hadn’t used our bikes for months. ________________________________________ Mark Davies has broken the national 100m sprint record. ________________________________________ Complete the newspaper extracts with the correct form of the passive. Two climbers (1 rescue) ____________ from the top of Britain’s highest mountain, Ben Nevis. After eight hours in sub-zero temperatures, the climbers (2 lift off) ____________ the mountain last night by helicopter and taken to hospital. The men are recovering well and doctors think they (3 probably / release) ____________ from hospital tomorrow.

2

A man (4 hold) ____________ by police today in connection with the Gates robbery. Billionaire Phil Gates’s $10-million mansion (5 break into) ____________ a week ago and over $5 million worth of goods (6 steal) ____________ , including a valuable Van Gogh painting.

The nation’s biggest football transfer fee (7 just / announce) ____________ . Superstar Roberto (8 buy) ____________ for an amazing £30 million. His first match (9 play) ____________ against Porto next month.

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THE PASSIVE WITH MODAL VERBS

3

Complete the text. Use the modal verbs and the passive form of the main verbs. Thank you for coming to the school production of Macbeth. May I remind you that mobile phones (1 should / switch off) _________________ during the performance. Also, any young children who start crying (2 ought to / take) _________________ out of the hall immediately in order to avoid any disruption. Please remember that video cameras (3 mustn’t / use) ______________ . The play is going to be recorded by a professional company and videos (4 may / buy) ______________ in four weeks’ time. These will cost £9.99 and they (5 can / order) _________________ through school. I hope you enjoy the play.

PASSIVE GERUND FORMS

4

Complete the sentences with the passive gerund form of the verbs in the box. ask photograph involve choose tell phone

1 2 3 4 5

As a child, I used to hate ______________ to go to bed early. The tennis player denied ______________ in the drugs scandal. My grandfather, who’s 101, is always ______________ for advice on a long life. The top footballer was upset about not ______________ to play in the World Cup. My mother can’t stand ______________ by people trying to sell things.

6 Some film stars wear disguises when they go shopping so as to avoid ____________ by the paparazzi. GRAMMAR REVISION

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UNIT 6
CONDITIONALS

1

Read the newspaper report and complete the sentences. Use the zero, first, second or third conditional. Andrew Chance’s mother was horrified when she recently received her son’s Internet shopping bill. Thirteen-year-old Andrew had become addicted to the Internet, had stopped seeing his friends, and spent all his time at his computer. In a two-week period, he spent nearly £1 million on eMall, an American Internet shopping site. Andrew used his parents’ password to get into the site, and their credit card details to purchase the most expensive things he could find. He bought a Rolls Royce car, a Robbie Williams Gold Disc and an antique bed. ‘I’m in big trouble,’ the worried teenager said yesterday.

1 2 3 4 5 6

If Andrew’s parents (not buy) _______________ him a computer, he wouldn’t have been able to shop on the Internet. If his parents (find out) _____________ earlier, Andrew would have spent less money. If Andrew’s mother doesn’t pay, she (have to) _____________ go to prison. Andrew might not have lost his friends if he (spend) _____________ less time on the Internet. If I (be) _____________ Andrew’s mother, I’d sell his computer! If you (buy) _____________ things on credit, you eventually have to pay for them.

UNLESS, AS LONG AS, EVEN IF

2
1 2 3 4 5

Choose the correct alternative. He wouldn’t do that job, (as long as / even if) you paid him double! We can get this finished quickly, (as long as / unless) we all work together. My parents say that I can have a party for my eighteenth birthday (as long as / even if) it finishes by midnight. (Unless / As long as) the government cancels this new tax proposal, they’ll be really unpopular at the next election. I wouldn’t have been able to understand your cousin (unless / even if) I’d tried, because I don’t speak Portuguese.

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I WISH / IF ONLY

3

Complete the conversation. Use the correct form of the verbs. At the airport. Ella Ben ‘Bye, Ben. See you in six months’ time. I really wish I (1 can) __________ come with you.’ ‘Me too. If only you (2 not have) __________ your exams. Never mind. Bye!’

A week later. Ella ‘I’m so bored. I really wish I (3 be) __________ in India with Ben. If only I (4 have) ________ the time to go. I was the person who gave Ben the idea of travelling. There was an article in one of my magazines about trekking in Asia. I wish he (5 not see) __________ the article. If only I (6 not buy) __________ magazine in the first place!’

I WISH / IF ONLY __ WOULD

4

Write sentences about what you would say in these situations. Use I wish / If only __ would and the verbs in the box. Be careful! Sometimes you need the negative. keep in touch turn down end tell lies do the washing-up be quiet

1

Your boyfriend is often dishonest. ______________________________________

2

Your neighbour’s dog won’t stop barking at night. ______________________________________

3

Your brother never helps with the housework. ______________________________________

4

Your grandfather puts the radio on too loudly. ______________________________________

5

Your cousin doesn’t phone or write to you. ______________________________________

6

Your homework has lasted three hours so far.
_____________________________________________

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UNIT 7
REPORTED SPEECH: MODAL VERBS

1
1

Rewrite the sentences in reported speech. ‘You must listen carefully to the instructions,’ the teacher explained. ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ‘You shouldn’t let the dog sleep on your bed,’ my mum said. ______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

2

3

‘I can’t go on holiday with you next summer,’ Katie told me. ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ‘She’ll meet you outside the hotel at seven o’clock,’ they said. ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Mike told his brother, ‘You should study maths at university.’ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ‘We might come home late tonight,’ we told our parents. ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ‘I can carry the box without your help!’ Susie told her boyfriend. ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________

4

5

6

7

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REPORTING VERBS

2

Rewrite the sentences in reported speech. Use the verbs in the box. add explain comment admit complain promise

1

‘Yes, I took the mobile phone from the changing room,’ said John. John ________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Then he said, ‘I didn’t mean to do it.’ He __________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Paul said, ‘I can’t come to school because I’m ill.’ Paul _________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ ‘Julia! You’re playing your music too loudly!’ Mum shouted. Mum ________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ‘I don’t think the government will win the next election,’said the journalist. The journalist __________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ‘I won’t lie to him again!’ she said. She ___________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________

2

3

4

5

6

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REPORTED QUESTIONS, COMMANDS AND SUGGESTIONS

3

Read the interview. Then complete the summary with reported speech.

Interviewer Juliet

What do you do? I’m a marine biologist, and at the moment I’m investigating why whales and dolphins are coming too close to the coast of a Scottish island. They are then getting into trouble because the water is too shallow for them.

Interviewer Juliet Interviewer Juliet Interviewer Juliet

And have you discovered anything yet? Well, I think it might be because nuclear submarines are in the area. [laughing] What do you mean? Don’t laugh! Signals from the submarines distract the whales and dolphins. Don’t you think that’s a bit unlikely? Not at all! There’s evidence from other studies that this happens quite often. Why don’t you read my report when I’ve finished investigating?

The interviewer asked Juliet (1) _______________ . Juliet explained that she (2) ____________ why whales and dolphins (3) ______________ too close to a Scottish island, and then getting into trouble in shallow water The interviewer asked (4) ______________________ anything yet. Juliet said that (5) ______________ it might be because nuclear submarines (6) _______________ in the area. The interviewer laughed and asked Juliet (7) ____________________ . Juliet told the interviewer (8) _________________ and explained that signals from the submarines (9) _______________ the whales and dolphins. The interviewer thought this (10) _______________ unlikely, but Juliet said that in fact this (11) ______________ quite a lot. She then suggested that he (12) ____________ her report when she (13) ______________ her investigation.

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UNIT 8
RELATIVE CLAUSES

1

Complete the text with the correct relative pronoun.

St. Kilda is the area (1) _______ most young people meet up if they visit Melbourne. Melbourne, (2) ________ is situated on a large bay, doesn’t have such a good climate as Sydney but the people (3) ________ live there say it still has a lot to offer. Ackland Street, (4) ________ is full of life at any time of the day or night, is an entertaining, if noisy, place to find somewhere cheap to stay. Howie Franklin, (5) ________ boarding house is very friendly, rents cheap double and single rooms at number 25. If you want to relax and see what the area is really like, begin with The Dog’s Bar, which is the place (6) ________ most locals start the evening. Chen Ming, (7) ________ arrived here from Vietnam in the 1950s, is the owner of one the oldest Vietnamese restaurants (8) ________ you can get a pleasant meal for only twelve dollars.

DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES: LEAVING OUT THE PRONOUN

2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Read the sentences. Underline the pronouns which can be left out. That’s the building which is the highest in the world. There’s the girl that we were telling you about. Those are the shoes which Martin likes. She bought a bag which was the most expensive in the shop. Venice is the city that I most want to visit. Frances is the girl who climbed Everest on her own. The film that they saw was rather frightening.

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ARTICLES: THE, A / AN, AND

NO ARTICLE

3

Complete the text about Liverpool with the, a / an, or no article.

Liverpool: what to see and do
Albert Dock Albert Dock is Liverpool’s most popular attraction. The dock is on (1) ______ River Mersey and is visited by (2) ______ millions of tourists every year. (3) ____ Beatles’ Story If you are (4) ______ Beatles fan, visit this museum. You can see (5) ______ Cavern Club, visit Brian Epstein’s record shop and listen to John Lennon singing Imagine. There is also (6) ______ interesting shop where you can buy (7) ______ posters of the Fab Four and all GRAMAR REVISION of (8) ______ most famous records they produced. Maritime Museum Find out about (9) ______ Titanic in this huge, high-tech museum. There is also (10) ______ information about the slave trade and (11) ______ fascinating section on emigration to America. In the 1890s, the cost of (12) ______ one-way ticket to New York was £4. Today we pay £250! Mersey Ferry Cruise For (13) ______ good views of (14) ______ river, take (15) ______ ferry across the Mersey. (16) ______ Mersey Ferry Cruise makes (17) ______ couple of stops and takes about fifty minutes. Liverpool Cathedral This is (18) ______ largest cathedral in Britain. For (19) ______ excellent view of (20) ______ city, climb to (21) ______ top of (22) ______ tower.

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UNIT 9
MODAL VERBS: PRESENT TENSE

1

Choose the correct alternative. Daniel I wonder what’s in that parcel from Mary for my birthday? It (1) might / ought to be a CD player. She knew I wanted one. It (2) can’t / may be. Mary can’t afford a CD player. You (3) shouldn’t / can’t expect such expensive presents. Well, it (4) could / has to be some new trainers. The box is the right size. It (5) may / can’t be, but I don’t think so. If people buy you shoes, you (6) ought to / could be in the shop to check the size. Why don’t you feel the box? That (7) must / might give you a clue.’ It’s very light. It (8) should / must be an empty box! Don’t be silly! You (9) needn’t / may worry. I’m sure it’ll be great, whatever it is.

Jenny

Daniel Jenny

Daniel Jenny

2

Complete the sentences. Use the verbs in the box. could be should give up needn’t go might go away can’t be may give

1 2 3 4

Lucy ____________ for a year, if she has enough money. We read the story in the newspaper, but it ____________ true. If I’m lucky, my parents ____________ me some extra money for the summer holidays. ‘Look over there! Isn’t that your cousin Beth?’ ‘It ____________ her, but I can’t really be certain. She’s too far away.’

5 6

You’ve got such a bad cough. You ____________ smoking. We’ve got plenty to eat, so we _____________ to the shops.

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MODAL VERBS WITH PERFECT INFINITIVES

3

Rewrite the sentences. Use the modal verbs in the box with perfect infinitives. needn’t might not shouldn’t may can’t must

1

I’m sure Mick has missed the train. Mick _______________________________________________

2

It would have been better if Julie hadn’t stayed out late. Julie _______________________________________________

3

It isn’t possible that they left before I did. They _______________________________________________

4

It wasn’t necessary for you to bring me some flowers. You ________________________________________________

5

It’s possible that the woman I saw wasn’t Claire. I’m not sure. The woman __________________________________________

6

There’s a possibility that the businessman was murdered. The businessman ______________________________________

PAST MODALS

4
1 2 3 4 5 6

Choose the correct alternative. The children couldn’t / could wait to get out of bed on Christmas morning. When Petra had done her homework, she was able to / were able to go into town. I hadn’t tidied my room for so long that you couldn’t / had to see the floor. Did you have to / Had you to go to university when you left school? We could / had to go to boarding school because our parents lived abroad. I could / couldn’t speak Italian when I was younger, but I can’t now.

GRAMMAR REVISION

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UNIT 10
AVOIDING REPETITION

1

Match the responses (a–h) to the statements (1–8). 1 __ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 __ 3 __ 4 __ 5 __ 6 __ 7 __ 8 __

We had to wait over an hour for the bus to come. I can’t stand people who interrupt me. We’ve been to Africa. They were on the train which was delayed for three hours. I didn’t like anything in the shop. I wasn’t listening to anything the teacher was saying. I love Maria’s new hairstyle. I’d love to live abroad.

a b c d e f g h

Neither did we. So has Tom. Neither can I. So would she. So were my cousins. Neither was Beth. So did we. So do I. Complete the short answers and phrases. ‘Have you applied for that job yet?’ ‘No, ________________ .’ ‘Don’t forget to send me an email!’ ‘ Don’t worry! I ________________ .’ We don’t eat meat, but our children ________________ . He’s said he’ll always love her and he ________________ . Tom’s worked very hard, but Louis ________________ . ‘Would your brother like to study medicine at university?’ ‘No, ________________ .’ ‘Did you manage to fix your computer?’ ‘No, ________________ .’ Ed and Sarah haven’t finished their homework yet, but Lisa ______________ . Two people ordered steak, but you ________________ . You wanted chicken.

2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

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INDIRECT QUESTIONS

3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Rewrite the questions as direct questions. Have you any idea how old the Prime Minister is? ________________________________________ Can you tell me when she first started training for the marathon? ________________________________________ Would you mind telling me how much your husband earns? ________________________________________ Do you know if James has ever been to Australia? ________________________________________ Could you tell me what you ate for dinner last night? ________________________________________ Have you any idea how hot it is today? ________________________________________ Could you tell me what sports your brother used to play? ________________________________________ Rewrite the questions as indirect questions. Did you enjoy the film premiere? Would you mind telling me ________________________________?

4
1

2

What was the most exciting part? Can you tell me _________________________________________?

3

Who were the best actors? Could you tell me _______________________________________?

4

How long did it go on for? Have you any idea ______________________________________?

5

Are you going to see it again? Do you know __________________________________________?

6

Would you recommend the film to a friend? Can you tell me ________________________________________?

7

Which film will you see next? Do you know __________________________________________?

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UPPER-INTERMEDIATE ANSWER KEY GRAMMAR
UNIT 1

2

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2

has wanted 6 ’s been travelling 7 ’s visited 8 ’s already been ’ve never been was had already set found hadn’t arrived felt had told was hadn’t seen had phoned 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

’ve learned ’s met ’ve been enjoying

3 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ’m writing know understand are painting is working gets up wants 8 9 10 11 12 13 needs ’m saving ’m starting doesn’t think hope Are you coming

hadn’t been able to was looked was already still hadn’t arrived heard said

2

’m going; Will you get is working; ’ll be are you reading;’m going to do ’re leaving; won’t be ’m going to close; ’s going to snow was lying was blowing was raining heard came 6 7 8 9 10 got up switched on was ticking was walking noticed

4

3

3 4 5

When I arrived at the party, Jane had gone home. Tom didn’t want to watch Gladiator on video because he had seen it at the cinema. When we finally got to the theatre, the play had started. Before you phoned and told me, I hadn’t heard the news. Paul was upset because he had argued with his girlfriend.

4

has been; gave up ’ve never felt Did you sleep Have you ever been out ’ve just finished; Did you enjoy ’ve had; bought has just started; hasn’t got used did you think; ’ve ever seen

UNIT 3 1 2
1c 2b 3d 4a 5e 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 will be living will have left ’ll have become won’t have found will be moving will have adapted will be facing ’ll probably have dealt with to go to buy studying to buy working 9 10 11 12 ’ll have found ’ll be travelling will be working will have solved

UNIT 2 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 has he been playing ’ve been repairing Has he been fighting ’s been watching ’s been revising have you been doing; ’ve been looking haven’t been going

3

1 2 3 4 5

6 7 8 9 10

wearing to lock to do to have going

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4

1 2 3 4 5 6

having playing going to play turning off to hide

7 8 9 10 11

to walk to move waiting stopping to believe

2

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

have been rescued were lifted off will probably be released is being held was broken into were stolen has just been announced has been bought will be played should be switched off ought to be taken mustn’t be used may be bought can be ordered being told being involved being asked being chosen being phoned being photographed

UNIT 4 1
1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 tastes like smells as if look – as if like like – 4 5 6 6 7 8 9 10 felt like seems as if sounded like as if as if -

3

2

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6

4

3 4

1e 2a 3c 4d 5b 6f 1 2 3 4 5 6 let let make made makes lets

UNIT 6 1 2
1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 hadn’t bought had found out ’ll have to even if as long as as long as could didn’t have was 4 5 6 4 5 had spent was / were buy Unless even if

UNIT 5 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The competition will be finished by the end of next week. Lots of fascinating documentaries are shown on that channel. That article was written by a well-known journalist from the BBC. An interview was being recorded when the lights went out. The new swimming pool is going to be finished by the end of the month. Our bikes hadn’t been used for months. The national 100m sprint record has been broken by Mark Davies.

3

4 5 6

had hadn’t seen hadn’t bought

4

I wish / If only he wouldn’t tell lies. I wish / If only it would be quiet at night. I wish / If only he would do the washing up. I wish / If only he would turn the radio down. I wish / If only he / she would keep in touch. I wish / If only it would end.

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UNIT 7

3
The teacher explained that we had to listen carefully to the instructions. My mum said that I shouldn’t let the dog sleep on my bed. Katie told me that she couldn’t go on holiday with me the following summer. They said that she would meet me outside the hotel at seven o’clock. Mike told his brother that he should study maths at university. We told our parents that we might come home late that night. Susie told her boyfriend that she could carry the box without his help. admitted that he had taken the mobile phone from the changing room added that he hadn’t meant to do it explained that he couldn’t come to school because he was ill complained that Julia was playing her music too loudly commented that he didn’t think the government would win the following election promised that she wouldn’t lie to him again / promised not to lie to him again what she did 8 not to laugh was investigating 9 distracted were coming 10 was (a bit) if she had discovered 11 happened she thought 12 read were 13 had finished what she meant

1

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

the no article The a the an no article the the no article a

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

a no article the a The a the an the the the

UNIT 9 1
1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 might can’t shouldn’t could may 6 7 8 9 ought to might must needn’t

2

1 2 3 4 5

2

might go away 4 can’t be 5 6 may give

could be should give up needn’t go

3

6

3

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

must have missed the train shouldn’t have stayed out late can’t have left before I did needn’t have brought me some flowers I saw might not have been Claire may have been murdered couldn’t was able to couldn’t 4 5 6 Did you have to had to could

4

UNIT 8 1
1 2 3 4 2 3 where which who which that which 5 6 7 8 5 7 whose where who where that that

UNIT 10 1 2
1g 2c 1 2 3 4 5 3b 4e I haven’t won’t do will hasn’t 5a 6f 6 7 8 9 7h 8d he wouldn’t I didn’t has didn’t

2

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3

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

How old is the Prime Minister? When did she first start training for the marathon? How much does your husband earn? Has James ever been to Australia? What did you eat for dinner last night? How hot is it today? What sports did your brother use to play? if you enjoyed the film premiere what the most exciting part was who the best actors were how long it went on for if you are going to see it again if you would recommend the film to a friend which film you will see next

4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

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put

Phrasal verbs with take and put
take
take something off – remove a piece of clothing take something on – accept or decide to do something take over something – take control of or responsibility for something, e.g. a business take to someone – like someone who you’ve just met take something back – admit that something you said was wrong

put someone off – make someone lose interest in something put yourself out – do something that is inconvenient for you put someone up – let someone live in your house or flat for a while put something on – put clothes on your body put something forward – introduce something for discussion

3
1 2

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs. Rachel didn’t want to go out with Steve. His smoking ____________ her ____________ . Carol is very kind. She always ____________ herself ____________ for other people. Tina ____________ Tom ____________ last month while he looked for a new flat. Maria decided to ____________ her black dress ____________ for the party. The idea that Mary _______________ was the best. Rewrite the sentences using the correct form of the phrasal verbs. The film Titanic made Sue lose interest in going on a boat. (put off) The film Titanic ______________________ ____________________________________

1
1 2 3 4 5

Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions. When I take my glasses ____________ , I can’t see a thing. Julie is often tired. She has taken too much work ____________ . When his father died, Simon took _________ the family business. My parents haven’t taken ____________ my new boyfriend. He’s much older than me. If he doesn’t take what he said __________, she’ll be angry. Rewrite the sentences with the correct phrasal verbs. Would you like to give me your coat? ____________________________________ My cousin took responsibility for the family business last year. ____________________________________ ____________________________________ As soon as she met her, Linda didn’t like Michelle. ____________________________________ ____________________________________ Karl accepted Jane’s challenge to play in the tennis tournament. ____________________________________ ____________________________________ Mark apologized and admitted that what he had said was wrong. ____________________________________ ____________________________________

3 4 5

4
1

2
1 2

2

You don’t need to go to any trouble for us. (put out) You ________________________________ ____________________________________

3

3

You’d better wear a coat, because it’s raining. (put on) You’d better _________________________ ____________________________________

4

4

My parents let my cousin live with them for a few months. (put up) My parents __________________________ ____________________________________

5

5

Brad is always suggesting fantastic new ideas. (put forward) Brad ________________________________ ____________________________________
Unit 1

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Phrasal verbs with bring and get
get bring
bring something forward – move a meeting or a plan to an earlier time bring something out – produce a new product bring something on yourself – cause something to happen to yourself bring something up – introduce a subject into a conversation bring something down – cause the defeat of someone or something get on with someone – have a good relationship with someone get someone down – make someone feel unhappy get away with something – escape punishment for something get round to (doing) something – finally do something after finishing other things get by on something – manage to survive with something

3 1
Match the two parts of the sentences. __ __ __ __ __ 1 Can we bring 2 The company has just brought 3 As soon as Paul brought 4 The newspaper stories brought 5 Chris was sunburnt. He had brought a b c d e the football manager down. it on himself by not wearing sun cream. a new music magazine out. the meeting forward? I’ll be on holiday next week. the problem up, they started to argue. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs. GameBoy _______________ a new computer game _______________ next month. ‘Greg failed all his exams last year.’ ‘He ________________ it ______________ . He should have worked harder.’ Jane wanted to split up with Rob, but she didn’t know how to _______________ the subject _______________ . They decided to ______________ the date of the wedding ______________ by two weeks. The scandal might _______________ the government _______________ . 5 1 2 3 4

Match the dialogues. __ __ __

1 Why wasn’t Maria at Rachel’s party? 2 Did you hear about the boy who stole a computer game? 3 Have you started your homework?

4 Why do you need more pocket money? __ 5 Do you want to watch Saving Private Ryan tonight? __

a No, I haven't got round to it yet. b She doesn't get on with her. c I’d rather do something else. War movies really get me down. d I can’t get by on £5 a week. e No, I didn’t. How did he get away with it?

2
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Choose the correct phrasal verbs. Kevin gets on with / gets by with Jack really well. Revising for exams really gets on with me / gets me down! When they were young, my grandparents managed to get by on / get round to very little. After watching TV for hours, Jackie eventually got away with / got round to tidying her bedroom. Although Karen cheated in the exam, she got by on / got away with it.
Unit 2

3

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Easily confused words
1
Complete the sentences with the correct words. journey / trip 1 2 The train ____________ to Liverpool took over three hours. They went on a day ____________ to London. private / particular 3 4 I usually like cats, but I don’t like that ____________ cat. Mark goes to a ____________ school in Manchester. friendly / sympathetic 5 6 I like Holland. The people there are very ____________ . Helen was ____________ when she heard about my accident. habit / custom 7 8 It’s a traditional ____________ to eat turkey on Christmas Day. Rachel smokes a lot. It’s a bad __________, but she won’t give it up. lent / borrowed 9 Tim ____________ some money to Kate. 10 Clare ____________ a book from the school library. agreed / accepted 11 Sam ____________ to play in the tennis tournament this weekend. 12 Pam finally ____________ that she was wrong. checked / controlled 13 Gill ____________ her make-up before she left the house. 14 If John ____________ his temper, he’d have more friends. eventually / possibly 15 After hours of searching, Sue __________ found her keys. 16 People will ____________ live longer in the next century.

2 Choose the correct words.
Elsa felt tired. She had just completed a long
1

journey / trip from Venezuela. After a

thirteen-hour flight, she was back at Heathrow airport in London. Elsa waited for her suitcase and thought about her holiday. She had stayed in a lovely hotel with its own
2

private / particular beach. One of the waiters

had been very 3 friendly / sympathetic. He had explained the local 4 customs / habits to Elsa and had 5 lent / borrowed her a guidebook. On the last day of her holiday he’d asked her to take a parcel to some of his friends in London. It was a small parcel, and it wasn’t heavy, so Elsa 6 had agreed / had accepted to take it. Elsa picked up her suitcase and walked towards customs. ‘Do you have anything to declare?’ asked a uniformed man. ‘No,’ she replied. The customs official began to 7 check / control her luggage. 8 Eventually / Possibly he came across the small parcel. ‘What’s in the packet?’ he asked. Elsa began to explain as he carefully opened it. Inside was a big surprise.

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Unit 3

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Word formation: nouns and adjectives
Word formation: nouns and adjectives
We can make adjectives from nouns with the suffixes -ous, -ic and -al. fame > famous, ambition > ambitious photography > photographic, drama > dramatic music > musical, mathematics > mathematical Be careful! Sometimes the spelling changes when you add a suffix. If necessary, use a dictionary to help you find the correct spelling.

3

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in the box. mystery artist practice adventure nerve grammar

1 2 3 4 5 6

The actor felt ____________ before he went on stage. It was his first performance. Sarah is very ____________ . Last weekend she went bungee jumping with some friends. I always find that ____________ mistakes are very difficult to correct. Mark is very ____________ . He can sing, dance and play a musical instrument. You need a lot of ____________ experience if you want to be a primary school teacher. Karen looked out of the window and saw a ____________ green light in the sky. Complete the texts with the correct form of the words.

1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Write the related adjectives. logic fury apology rebel technology optimism caution nation advantage pessimism ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________

4

2
1 2

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words. Jackie is very ____________ . She wants to be a actress. (ambition) The holiday was ____________ . There was nothing to do and it rained all the time. (disaster) Brenda was very ____________ when she heard that I’d split up with Pete. (sympathy) You have to be fit and extremely ____________ to take part in this sport. (energy) The ____________ party promised to cut taxation when it was elected. (politics)

A 1____________ (drama) rescue took place off the coast of Cornwall yesterday. A yacht was in difficulty in 2____________ (mountain) eightmetre-high waves. 3____________ (courage) air and sea rescue services saved the captain and two crew members.

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5

Last night a woman was robbed and attacked in Hyde Park in London. The police say the thief is extremely 4____________ (danger). They are looking for witnesses who noticed anything 5____________ (suspicion) at Hyde Park Corner last night.

According to a experts, global warming is having a 6____________ (critic) effect on the environment. Recent 7____________ (climate) changes have had dramatic results, and have caused 8____________ (nature) disasters in Latin America and Asia.

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Unit 4

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Describing personality
1
Complete the sentences with the words in the box. proud friendly lazy patient cheerful jealous 1 ‘Rob has been very __________ recently.’ ‘Well, he’s got a new girlfriend.’ Tim never helps with the housework. He’s so ____________ ! Zoe was ____________ of Linda. She was much prettier than Zoe, and more intelligent, too. Karen rarely gets angry with people. She’s usually ____________ and understanding. Pam is very ____________ . I’m sure you’ll like her when you meet her. The teacher felt very ____________ when all her students passed the exam. Choose the correct alternative. Karen is so bossy / shy. She’s always telling me what to do! Ian started university a year early. He’s really stupid / clever. My grandparents are very mean / generous. They give me some money whenever I see them. You should write a novel. You’re so imaginative / boring. ‘When I invited Clare to the party, she went bright red!’ ‘She must be very confident / shy.’ When Mark ignored his mother, she told him off for being rude / well-behaved.

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Read the descriptions. Match the people and job adverts. Paul is hard-working and quite bossy. He’d like a job with responsibility. __ Tina is practical and reliable. She prefers to work outside and is quite fit. __ Rob is friendly and cheerful. He likes working with children. __ Phil is patient and sympathetic. He’s a very good listener. __ Sue is outgoing and likes organising events. She enjoys meeting people. __

2

3

Wanted … a Dog minder for walks and general animal care. Tel. 05 467 543. b Part-time tour guide. Write to: Sunny Travel, 63 Boat Street, Oxford. c Assistant manager at All Sports sportswear shop. Need to work long hours. Tel. 0987 6547. d Father Christmas at Selfridges Department Store. December period only. Contact: Amanda Smith at Selfridges, Oxford Street, London. e Volunteers for Student Helpline. Interested? Please contact us on 0978 564 785.

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a

b

c

d

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f

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Unit 5

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Education
1
1 2 3 4 5 6 Match the university subjects and the sentences. medicine law engineering languages sociology politics __ __ __ __ __ __

3
1

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs in Exercise 2. If you want to find out her phone number, ____________ it ____________ in the yellow pages. Tom was upset when Amy didn’t ____________ for their date. When Ella broke her leg she had to ____________ teaching aerobics. I’m going to ____________ salsa dancing because I love Brazilian music. Although Helen lived in Germany for three months, she didn’t ____________ much of the language. Are you going to help me ____________ these posters? Choose the correct words. The academic year at most British universities is divided into three courses / terms. If you don’t want to fail / miss your exam, you should go to all the lectures. Brian was a teacher / lecturer at Leeds University for many years. Rachel got good marks / points for all her exam papers. Some pupils / students at university don’t finish their degree.

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4 a b c d e f Janet would like to be a tour guide. Tom wants to work in a hospital. Mark has always been interested in cars and machines. Dave wants to be a social worker. Paul loves public speaking. He’d like work in Parliament. Clare’s ambition is to be a judge. 1 Match the phrasal verbs and definitions. 2 3 4 5 6 5

4

2

1 David picked up lots of acting tips from his drama teacher. __ 2 Matthew turned up late for his maths lesson. __ 3 Mark is selling second-hand books. He’s put up an advert on the college notice board. __ 4 After three disastrous weeks at college, Sue decided to give up her course. __ 5 If you don’t know the meaning of a word, look it up in a dictionary. __ 6 Rob took up paragliding when he was at university. __ a b c d e f arrive somewhere search for something stop something start something learn something fix something in a place

6 It is forbidden to cheat / copy during an exam.

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Unit 6

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The environment
1
Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the words in the box. pollute conserve protect destroy recycle support 1 Unless we ____________ endangered species, they will disappear. ____________ bottles and newspapers is a good way of helping the environment. Mike decided to ____________ Friends of the Earth after he had read their leaflet. If we ____________ energy like gas and electricity, we will create less pollution. You shouldn’t use aerosols. They ____________ the ozone layer. Waste from the factory ____________ the river and fields nearby. As a result many wild animals died.

3

Complete the table with the words and phrases in the box. windy chilly foggy pouring misty freezing dull

warm cool breezy hazy drizzling

hot
1 3 4

scorching
2

2

__________ __________ __________

__________

blowing a gale
5 6

3

__________ __________

raining cloudy

4

7

__________

stormy

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4

6

Complete the sentences with the words in in Exercise 3. column ‘What’s the matter? Didn’t you enjoy your swim in the sea?’ ‘No, the water was ____________ !’ I don’t think we can take the boat out today. The wind is ____________ . It was so ____________ that Mark couldn’t see where he was driving. You’d better put on your raincoat and take an umbrella. It’s ____________ outside. Simon trekked through the desert in the ____________ midday sun. The sky looked grey and ____________ , so the backpackers set up camp for the night.

1

2

Choose the correct alternative.

2

drought environment smoke global protection waves resources pollution New statistics show that global 1heating / warming is getting worse. Last year, more than forty countries had very little rain. As a result they suffered from 2 heatwaves / microwaves and severe 3 drought / storms . In addition, widespread fires caused harmful 4clouds / smoke which had terrible effects on the 5 environmental / environment. Scientists say these problems are the result of the increase in 6pollution / population. Unless people start using natural energy 7resources / rivers, the situation won’t improve.

3

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5

6

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Unit 7

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Money
1
Match the words in the box with their opposites in the sentences. If necessary, use a dictionary to help you.

3
1 2

Match the two parts of the sentences. It took Dave three years to pay off __ When you begin to work, you’ll start earning __ When Clare went to university she took out __ Each month Nigel put some money into __ Michael asked the salesman if he could pay for __ The lottery organisers made out __

1 generous __ 4 pricey __ 7 worthless __ 2 loss 3 poor a b c d e f g __ 5 rip-off __ __ 6 save __ 3 4 5 6

Ian is quite well-off. He bought two computer games last week. Don’t waste your money on clothes, you need money for your holidays. These trainers are quite reasonable. I think I’ll buy them. Simon is very mean. He doesn’t like spending his money. The record company made a big profit in its first year. The painting is very valuable. It’s signed by Monet. Clare’s new Levi jeans were a bargain. They only cost £20. Complete the sentences with the words in the box in Exercise 1. Brian is very ____________ . He always buys everyone expensive birthday presents. ‘Mike paid over £700 for his mountain bike.’ ‘That’s a ____________ ! My bike was only £500.’ I can’t afford to go to the concert. The tickets are too ____________ . The company suffered a heavy __________ last year. As a result fifty workers lost their jobs. You need to ____________ some money if you want to go to America this summer. Families in the Third World are so ________ that many children have to work. Mary’s antique vase was valued by an expert. Unfortunately, he said it was __________!

a b c d e f

his computer over three months. his savings account. He wanted to travel round the world. a salary. This goes into your bank account every month. a cheque for £3 million, and gave it to the lucky winner. his overdraft. He owed the bank more than £5,000. a student loan, which paid for her books. Choose the correct words. Peter couldn’t pay off his debts / credits, so he asked his father for some money. If you want to buy a car, you’ll need to take out a bank loan / advance. I bought lots of bargains / economies in the sales this year. The bill was £7.50. I handed the waiter a £10 note / cash, and he gave me £2.50 change / money. Mark made £50 interest / profit from his savings last year.

2
1 2

4 1

2

3 4

3

4

5 6 7

5

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Unit 8

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Phrasal verbs with come and go
go come
come through something – survive an illness or a crisis come round – become conscious after fainting come across something – find something by accident come up with something – find an answer or solution to something come forward – offer to help, or volunteer to do something go down with something – become ill go with something – look right together go without something – manage without something go along with something – agree to something go up – increase in price

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1

Choose the correct phrasal verbs. Put a coat on. You don’t want to go down with / go up with a cold. Which T-shirt will go up / will go with my new jeans? If my parents go with / go along with the idea, I’ll have the party next week. You should buy your computer now. Prices will go up / will go without soon. After the earthquake, many people went without / went with fresh water for weeks. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs. Brad doesn’t look very well. I think he’s ____________ with something. The price of mobile phones ____________ by ten per cent last year. ‘Do these shoes ____________ my trousers?’ ‘Yes, they look great.’ I ____________ the plan, although I don’t agree with it. My parents ____________ a lot of things so that they could save enough money to buy a house.

1

Match the sentences.

2

1 The examiner asked Joe a difficult question. __ 2 Gill fainted during the marathon run. __ 3 Tom had an operation last year. __ 4 4 Mary gave the wallet to the police officer. __ 5 Police arrested the man who robbed the bank. __ 5 3

a Fortunately he came through it all right. b She had come across it in the street. c He still managed to come up with an answer. d A witness came forward and identified him. e She didn't come round for half an hour.

4
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2
1 2 3 4

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs. When Dave asked for volunteers, five people ____________ . Clare fainted at a pop concert. When she ____________ the concert had finished. Mark worked on the maths problem until he ____________ a solution. Karen had a car accident last year. She was badly injured, but she managed to __________ it. Tom ____________ some old Roman coins in his garden.

4 5

5

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Unit 1

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Phrasal verbs with look and run
look
look up to someone – respect or admire someone look after someone / something – take care of someone / something look out for – pay attention or be especially careful because you are expecting someone / something look forward to – be excited about something look back on something – think about something that happened in the past

run
run after someone / something –chase someone / something to stop them run away from somewhere – escape, leave a place secretly run out of something – reach the end of your supply of something run into someone – meet someone unexpectedly run through something – practise something before a performance

3
1 2 3 4 5 a b c d e

Match the sentences. I’m nervous about my presentation. __ I really hate boarding school. __ Where’s the nearest garage? __ That girl’s stolen my bag! __ Hello. How are you? __ So do I. Let’s run away! What a surprise running into you! Quick! Run after her! Run through it one more time and you’ll be fine. We’re about to run out of petrol. Rewrite the sentences with the correct phrasal verbs. Can you go to the shops? We’ve eaten the last bit of bread. ___________________________________ The schoolchildren practised their Christmas play. ____________________________________ James was so unhappy that he packed a bag and left home. ___________________________________ It’s great when you unexpectedly meet old friends. ___________________________________ Our dog always chases our neighbour’s cat. ___________________________________

1
1

Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions. I haven’t done much revision, so I’m not looking ____________ my exams next week. If I lend you my camera, will you look ____________ it? Lucy’s grandfather is very special to her. She’s always looked ____________ him. If you look ____________ the past year, what is the most exciting thing you have done? Look ____________ Tom when you’re at the match. He’s going to watch it, too. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs. I can’t go out tonight. I have to stay in and ____________ my little brother. Be careful when you drive round that corner. You need to ____________ cyclists. When Jodie ____________ her childhood, she realized that she’d been very happy. Pete ____________ his birthday party next week. He’s invited 50 friends! She really ____________ her older brother and wants to be like him in the future.

2 3 4 5

6

4
1

2
1 2 3 4 5

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5

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Unit 2

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Easily confused words
1
Complete the sentences with the correct words. practice / practise 1 2 We have football ____________ every Thursday after school. If you don’t ____________ regularly, you won’t improve. degree / career 3 4 As soon as Clare finished her university ____________ , she got a job. Dave dreamed of a ____________ in fashion. He wanted to be a designer. professor / teacher 5 ____________ Patton is Head of the Linguistics Department at London University. My history ____________ at school is very interesting. library / bookshop 7 8 Tom went to the ____________ to borrow a book about the paranormal. Paula bought Stephen King’s best-selling novel from her local ____________ . embarrassed / embarrassing 9 Karen felt ____________ when James asked her out.

stranger / foreigner 13 Sue is quite shy. She would never talk to a ____________ . 14 We use the word ____________ to describe someone from another country. advice / advise 15 I strongly ____________ you to give up smoking. 16 Paul wasn’t sure about which university to apply to, so he asked his teacher for ____________ .

2

Choose the correct words.

Love problem Dear Sue I’m nineteen years old and I’m studying for an English 1 career / degree at university. I enjoy my course, but I’ve got a problem and need some 2 advice / advise. I recently fell in love with a boy in my class. The problem is that I get very 3 embarrassed / embarrassing when I see him. We aren’t 4 foreigners / strangers and we’ve talked to each other, but he’s already got a girlfriend. A few weeks ago I was studying in the 5 bookshop / library before going to volleyball 6 practice / practise when I saw him. I was so nervous I felt sick! Since then I’ve been missing lectures to avoid him. Now the 7 teacher / professor of the department wants to know why I haven’t been attending classes, and she wants me to 8 do / make some extra work. What should I do? Amy

6

10 Do you go red when you are in an ____________ situation? make / do 11 Can you ____________ me a favour? Can you lend me some money? 12 They have to ____________ a decision about this by tonight.

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Unit 3

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Word formation: verbs and nouns
Word formation: verbs and nouns
We can make nouns from verbs with the suffixes -ment, -tion/-sion and -ance/-ence. amaze > amazement introduce > introduction annoy > annoyance Be careful! Sometimes the spelling changes when you add a suffix. If necessary, use a dictionary to help you find the correct spelling.

3

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in the box. agree confuse impress possess revise explain encourage

1

Robert managed to make a good ____________ at his job interview. Sarah didn’t do her homework, so the teacher asked her for an ____________ . Dave was arrested for ____________ of drugs. After two weeks of negotiations, the company signed an ____________ which promised better working conditions. Pam failed her exams because she hadn’t done enough ____________ . Michael’s parents gave him a lot of ____________ when he decided to play football professionally. The concert was badly organised. There was a lot of ____________ about who was playing. Complete the texts with the correct form of the words.

2 3 4

1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Write the related nouns. imagine arrange discuss educate excel manage amuse tolerate ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________

5 6

7

organize ____________

10 enjoy 11 avoid 12 confirm

4

2
1

There has been an 1____________ (explode) in the centre of Paris. The police say no one has been injured. The government has promised to find a
2

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words. According to experts, digital television is the future of home ____________ . (entertain) When Clare entered the skateboarding ____________ , she didn’t expect to win. (compete) Jane couldn’t taste the ____________ between the two cola drinks. (differ) After discussing the results of the experiment, the scientists finally reached a __________ . (conclude) Greg’s parents gave him ____________ to go on holiday with his friends. (permit)

_____________ (solve) to rising unemployment.

2

3

A tornado has hit the coast of Florida. The cost of the 3_____________ (destroy) is estimated at fifty million dollars. A recent government report shows that there has been a big 4______________ (improve) in health care over the last five years.

4

5

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Unit 4

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Crime and punishment
rob and steal 1
Match the verbs and phrases. If necessary use a dictionary to help you. commit break get serve find suspect report __ __ __ __ __ __ __ We use rob and steal to talk about taking things illegally from people. We use steal with things, and rob with people and institutions. Someone stole her bag in town yesterday. Oh no! We’ve been robbed! The criminals robbed the bank, and then escaped.

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3

Complete the sentences with the correct form of rob or steal. Jill was mugged on her way home from work. The thieves ____________ her handbag and her Rolex watch. After months of careful planning, the gang ____________ the jewellery shop. Someone’s broken into the house. It looks as if they’ve ____________ the video! Last Christmas our neighbours were ____________ . Someone broke into their house and took all their presents. Over £100,000 was ____________ from the bank last night. Complete the sentences. Use on, in, by, under and against. If necessary, use a dictionary to help you. Writing graffiti on public buildings is ____________ the law. Mark was ____________ trouble with the police for stealing cars. He’d been joyriding with his friends. An innocent man was sent to prison ____________ mistake. Simon didn’t break the window ____________ purpose. The burglar was caught and put ____________ arrest.

1 a b c d e f g into trouble a crime to the police time in prison someone of a crime a crime someone guilty the law Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in Exercise 1.

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Matthew was a burglar, but not a good one. He was always 1____________ into trouble with the police. In fact he ____________ the law so many times, that whenever someone
3 4 2

5

4

____________ a crime, the police always ____________ him. Whenever he appeared in 1 2

court, Matthew was always 5____________ guilty. Over the years he 6____________ three years in prison. Then one day his own house was burgled. The thief stole everything. Matthew found himself at the police station once more, but this time to 7____________ a crime. The police were very amused.

3 4 5

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Unit 5

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Holidays and sightseeing
1
Complete the categories with the words and phrases in the box. buy souvenirs youth hostel cathedral on a coach trip bed and breakfast go on a guided tour places to stay __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ museum art gallery scenery castle camp-site

3

Complete the paragraph. Use in, of, along, on, from or to. If necessary, use a dictionary to help you. Daniel lives in the centre 1____________ Paris. He lives 2____________ the top floor of an apartment not far 3____________ a park. Daniel enjoys living 4____________ the city, but during the summer he likes to get away. He usually goes 5____________ a small fishing village 6____________ the coast, about seventy-five kilometres 7___________ Paris. The village is very picturesque and is famous for its medieval castle. The castle is 8____________ top of a hill overlooking the sea. Daniel usually rents a small villa on the outskirts 9____________ the village. His favourite pastime is going for long walks 10 ____________ the seafront.

hotel

eat out at restaurants

self-catering apartment things to do __________ __________ __________ __________

things to see __________ __________ __________ __________ __________

2

Complete the postcard with the correct form of the verbs in the box. go take book look out not buy spend get show

4 Complete the sentences with the words in
the box. coastline forest valley cliffs lake hill stream 1 The Atlantic ____________ in Cornwall is dangerous, but also very interesting. The high ____________ overlooking many of the beaches are quite dramatic and beautiful. 2 Sarah ran to the top of the grassy ____________ and looked out across the green ____________ below. The sun shone on the surface of the ____________ where several people were swimming. 3 We set up camp near a small ____________ in the middle of the ____________ . We could hear wildlife all around us, but it was difficult to see anything through the trees.

Dear Tina I’m having a great time in Florence! I managed to 1____________ a room at a cheap hotel, and amazingly I have a balcony that 2 ____________ over a beautiful square. Yesterday I 3____________ sightseeing around the old town and 4____________ lots of photos. At one point I 5____________ lost, but fortunately I met an old man who 6 ____________ me which way to go. I 7____________ many souvenirs yet, but I 8 ____________ a lot of money. There’s lots to do in Florence, so I’ve been out every night! I’ll write again soon, Love Simon

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Unit 6

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Town and country
3 1
Where would you find these things? Write T (town) and C (country). If necessary, use a dictionary to help you. shopping centre wood field night club lane main road hill __ __ __ __ __ __ __ cottage car park village wildlife farm museum skyscraper __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Match the words and definitions. litter slums poverty unemployment vandalism homelessness traffic jams __ __ __ __ __ __ __

a b c d e f g

2
1

Complete the sentences with words from Exercise 1. Karen is moving next month. She’s bought a small ____________ in the country. It’s very picturesque. In his first year at college Steve went to a ____________ every evening. He never got home before three o’clock! They’re building a new ____________ in our town. It’s going to have lots of great shops in it. There’s a new exhibition on at the Natural History ____________. Would you like to go and see it? As Jane was driving along the narrow country ____________, it started to rain. New York is a city that is famous for its tall ____________ . The thing I like about country life is the ____________ . I often see foxes and badgers in my garden. Our house is near a busy ____________ . It’s very noisy with traffic from morning until night.

not having enough money to live having nowhere to live long lines of cars and other vehicles that can’t move criminal damage to buildings, phone boxes, etc houses that are overcrowded and in bad condition not having a job rubbish in the street Choose the correct alternative.

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The charity Shelter has opened ten new centres to help with 1 unemployment / homelessness this winter. The charity is providing 200 extra beds for people who are living in the streets.

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Burglaries increased by fifteen per cent last year. Police say 2 poverty / litter and 3 unemployment / vandalism have caused the increase. ‘People are desperate,’ said one social worker. ‘Job loss and financial problems mean that some are turning to crime.’

7

8

Police are trying to stop crime and 4 traffic jams / vandalism on poor housing estates. During the last two years people have moved out of the estates. As a result many houses are now run down and vandalised.

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Unit 7

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Work
1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 a b c d e f g h i j Match the jobs and descriptions. A computer programmer An architect A road worker A traffic warden A travel agent A bricklayer A pilot A lawyer A waiter A chef checks that cars are parked in the correct place. flies planes. cooks meals for people in restaurants. designs buildings. defends and prosecutes people in court. serves people in cafés and restaurants. constructs motorways and main roads. helps people organize their holidays. develops new software. builds walls and houses. Complete the passage with the correct form of the verbs in the box. be interested in study apply for go for offer work as Matthew 1____________ journalism at university. He 2____________ becoming a news presenter. As soon as he finished his degree, he 3____________ a job at the BBC. After several weeks, he was asked to 4 ____________ an interview in London. During the interview, Matthew talked about his degree and explained that he had always wanted to 5____________ a journalist. The director told him about the job, and Matthew was very enthusiastic. When he was 6____________ the job, it was a dream come true.
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Match the verbs and definitions. be sacked __ resign __ get a pay rise __ be promoted __ be in charge of __ retire __ give up your job when you get to a certain age be offered a more senior position in the same company be responsible for decide to leave a job get more money be dismissed from a job Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in Exercise 3. As soon as Mark won the lottery, he ____________ from his job. Greg made a serious mistake which cost the company a lot of money. As a result he ____________ . Pam has been offered a very responsible job. She ____________ more than twenty people. Alison was so good at her job that she ____________ twice in one year. Mike was so well-paid that he was able to ____________ at the age of fifty. Tim couldn’t live on his salary. He threatened to leave the company unless he ____________ .

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Unit 8

PHOTOCOPIABLE

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