.

,

.

-~

_ ... ,; "

',~ v:

p

.

-

~ ~.

~' ~

liwiiil_iliiiiii __ -_~

·S·,·,~··-· mskrit ·S:-!t·u'-:':'·d:··y:~:- 'M' :,." •. ade -.. 'E'~:~a' ···':'[·S',·,··y,·:' ,: :S·--'-e'·~···[I'--·l'~·e--.:'·':S'

,,_,;},.:,'~,l: '_ J~ __ :,:' -,' :_',~_~[_,_, __ ,;--" "[ '_'~':_~.':',: '_"._"_-r,,,,_,_ ,_I

.. ~:.

A Re.-f;orm,ed Series of Four :1'llustrated 'Sln,skr' 'f Re:a,i[,e'ncl Witb Grammatical Conversational Exercises,

0- losssrv etc

~ 11:":>:o.'~_ ~,_ ~l' .... ~l~ ... ·:'io;

For a 'p,·'I-"e'Q;{iI!OD--[-,t· ,p,.. :Q······'-i.ulI'c,_,kJ- 'S- 'tu'-"-"'d,y-: of Sa-'n·'·:k:"r-'I~·t,

... :[", : . .' _.' '_ ' ..... [~'aJul ~ I ~ .... :. ',~.', :_ ~, .. '~""__ I .. ' '! ' _-~ r: _ ... " ". _-.:. .: :'_' I. __ : ,,_ •. I"

Mo"'· 'W' d !:y used througbout l'~di'a, and Foreign Coo'Q,trltel

V!:,l'jII C-',eII'U'''-'''''D' - 'S·-:· iam 'B' CfI '0- ak - ',0·'-' t" '0: -,: ',Ai rm [ an "Y'" - Ital \> A',· U: stralia

1:.,., ...... }1\',1!I. '._. '.- , I ,a" le_' ti;,~- IIr".,Lc._.:_,:, IA"_.",_, "~'I

Cahf'or-n ia, SaD, Fra "".t::lseo etc,

A"'~'n '-S"'LEC-"B-'-D- '-B"-y- r:'-liJ"E- 'E':"'B"il"Il·Y· 'o,;:!' 'I'-N' -0 "A-'

li:'" ' __ : .- n> :__,_~I [,', .'. ": "_:,,,,1 ~ _ c, F l_I'l ,oli ~,,'~ . ~ '_, ".I,~, __

nn·d········· 'T-' :'.," D M-' .iln··-,-:~' -~ ". ,r'-)' ,t, n t'l?,d'" - :~,: '''a· '. t I r .n·· . . lin', ',d-' ,<.' ,I' ~:' ,DYri :I'~ tio

w.~":' , __ ' .;I[~ :.:' .. .:.:,1: _'1.11,iil! .'-' ~. ~J' ,~~.~I:L'iIP.r. - .. '_ ~. ~.. W_,,~ .... w~ ~"""':J'~ ...

R.d' .; ,,-, .', ~ '" ·6<·- nt~' 1,'1 J' ,:' " ;/;- ,'" ~. p' " .... '.68·D ""a~ 'O? ~ AM' f 0-

, c:.~[ea" (. I.. f.{I' 0,_., OJ 11 ~ ,dl .J t.i' .... " [1;;:: ~ l' I I V,f. ,F,

F- -', "-'r' S"-"'-"" ,d'-'--'c, .-:,' . f':- S'·'" -', ""k-" .... ,--

ore: l,ln < tu. ~.," 1,5 n' ,ttn , ,.1

""- - ,_. . ~ .

The system of Sanskrit Grammar is the centre of ,aD Im po .. ,·"r,-t':a;o.· rt a nd I Interesting subject for the studv '0-.':,'- tbe

~ll _., ." .A_. __ [1.1 .... _.~ .. " _~U:._ ijiJI'IiiI. ,1, ..... _' JJ~._~" 'JU~ .'.~~~. '_ ' .. ~.w-

Ancient Vedic and Modern Sanskrit Jite:rat'u,res'iI' It is alse the standard of Accuracy and the basis te produce :s'weet and precious expressions and, win a;ij'(65Pi prizes, as '~) •• "':ICtal' offe red to, h is 'Court Pandits,

Thls book Vii~'lftt will be a v'el'Y' simple ,and, valuable Text for tbe proper study of' th,e: P'iij portion including 'Sfii[",~, 'ij";rHJ$I~,Ql etc, The; f«IJAtt, po,rti,Q',o, ve['b system, is likewise separately dealt wi:th in a, v,er,Y' analytical form in the m~·l1J.(t book,

The Sp eclat Features of th 1$, Edition are ( I.) the Simplified arrangement or the ri'~lq"~~, (2) the addi-

'i to ,';0-' :I:"',f~ 8- .p- ;t,' n lustra t, 1'·'0' ms Ii ii"il Slo . kas , r~ r',- exam :,'~e-- ·s··.· 0""· f'-'- -V'~" --:~.--:-,- IS'

I. t, 'V "", ',_ .' ,1,U_ \ '. _ ..' ,iL,Y"" ,.I\.Iu..- _ :I. 0 _. .G,I I ,p Ii. '.' _ aflOU_

'voices" (3) the tnclusloa of a, ve:ry mteresting ebapter 08 lIm'sr~l1or givi,mg apt illustration in cbarm:inA Slokas ao,d also in Enept for all the ,5 :ims and (4) the adding of the method of 'ar('26t~err)' .. ' A(talys is of :S10,ka, amid sentence,

11 is earnestly hope d th a t the prod uotion of sQC,h Simple an 'd: interesting "T' ext Bosk :8', ·W·······,;l!'i: b e ,(1'."- go od serrice

..... _ .. ~: .. J,. ,,_l _"U.W_.~!;Ii~,,_ .. ~~ ._.vA .. DVIIi:I!·, .... ~._._ .. .,.-_ ', .. ~,., .... ...,u

for the most easy and pleasant study ,or Sanskrit and [,s ,q'uickly as ao,y ether la'Dauas'e:s, of the W:o'rld,.

Kalpatbi, 'P'aJgh,at,.3.,·.

. -,.tci ~ .. '

81qH(·~P': ....

a",fli l'7'-3-til .

L:~, ,ABulb., :Ra'm8, ,Sastrl',

II',·': ] "lAk· -- n .",,,I'! s········~.; .0"" lM'n :

,. . ,W _ ._ .... ,w,n.. . _ .• 1" I,' .if .

,_'

... iii,

,,~~_ ~,G .. 'Ii,'a. ''!WP,'- I!~ '!-I

~: !Rdl~t-ID troduction

, ft':5Im;n: or ~';S'il':' Cases

4' 1!

"\~ '--"lpn"'" SlR' '~~ M'~.~. • 'qo"::-";r'~""~~' 9

m' ,,- , '~', "'1 iIlff ~ ~'¥'I' "' .• I'· ~ .. Ij- ..

~ ~I, . :. ~'l' ',~',",' ": '!!I,' ", ','." ~

" ~tt11:Or ~~ ~Pl:, " ~ ~ Ij'~.'.l

I Q,'-),' Slii:~ :&i~' '5{:efi'{'Uiltr.,,·"., • ill 'II!'

\ I " ., -', 'irQ'r~,. T~

.

(,) aRi"tt' '~r.w ~~'Itt 'n ~

! l) ~~' ';r~'~i Jrfi{at':{ .,.~~

(~;" ~ SRi! 'SJ'~\U11{ •• '.'

(~) (ti5;~~ ~fQ' R(W,\, ~, ••

(~) ~ it$iifi:taw SI~OT'{ .~I

'll

Q, '-*, 'b it .. ].--'.~

G:'t-, I "l

~, cr. ~,I

~\t. ~"

"'''~

",.'~I

,..J ~

\I, "'.'f'tt~,~-Pron,oun's

G, .a,m ~lir\ Rtot'I\---N"omeralsl ... ~

(').'., I,m ''P(r:' .:

l' .~ ,

f') '.~ .~1': .~ ~ '.(:'.)', EI'ru"";~-4~:q' IIIl(t

.... _.~, ... "Q_. " _\: __ -.~_ \, ... AII,II'

- . . -

~~ ~ ~-:ftc~q:

(t) 3lil~ '~' !I:~ ~,,~,

(,). 8I1P«' MI '!if~,1t ."i,.

I (l) '1~~ qij,* :m'll{ .'~~I

"1;---4, \' ",,~

.. \to

.JJ'li", I" . .!lL 'Iii!' ~ .- " I 0; .".

!IV'" " ~

\'.

<'" .,~,

'-:;,Y

~'"

I~,I.·.

!i!I '

t'le, ,~.~,t 1~ , __ ., ~ ~

,0" ~.'~." ~Q VY

.. ~!lil I'~ I

", .

" ~ .tI 'v~ ~.". '¥~'-':"I~'

'I!'

()f' ~~' S-r~J.!f ~~

l~~)'; :~m;n ijftfiQ SNizyr'fl

'\ -.~. {I.,Iii'. ·~l . _ " '... ,. '. ~I

{ ;" a. C!Ii:..

~ J. '(&~d ~kij 5i~Qi-'1l

~~~ ~~or,R'._._.ConJ~ug,~'ati'on O-'~'

"II! ... [~~ .!!II •• "'I~ - •• - " - '.' - ). __ l' •• "!P.

( ~ ) ,!,~\'i1Jil'tn: ~M_ I :l,t rc d nctio'o

( ~~,' ~I!T'~ ;'f'ITl'~ _ .. ~rEt:

(3 )': firR1:il' ffOl~-'ar':;.!T."~·

"" ~, !~:"- .•. ,, ""1 . ~.~ 4",\ .1,.

i )t') f-Jill+l' :rOT :~iiit~:

'''i. f' . I~-

~~.ilfif·~7i'·l!Ti{ - Voic;: 5 .. ~ .•

.......

" . .., ..

(t)" ~'~~RJ:

.... -,~.-

( . '). ,_~,~.-., :.s:

. ~ : tl ~;a'Q:i[~ \"1:

r . ) l. ," ,- "~~- .• ' •. ' '" '~. ~" .• --"",.

i; ~ . :a: :t!=.'" oi"\~;n .;;;"'.;::r: ". ~, • .-.q:;, , ' -:'. r

'\ ~ '. ~"l"1 ~ ~~ ~ .[~~ Iii!! i!.

~". '.

" '!I!o ' ..

" 'II ii'

A l '"

-- - u - .. I --~.ot'! ,--

&tl;;r~~~T-' na )i~lS

~l'~~n~'I''''D, .lnd eciinabies '\;iI'J."'"'""'1"'1 '~.1l'\"":t..,. ...... -'1. . .11.1. \ii,: hua.,..1 "

,",'I!!i •

b ~,

'0"\1' 'io~~~'D~' , 0",.

''''''''''1:

. G·· .

. .

:h.

,y.~ .,~'\J ',)14 I,'"¥\

,~Y

.' oil"

. -. 0'.· ·t,. ,--,.,,'_ . . .. "

The words 0"" Sankrit Language are cla'sstfied~' uad.er'two main gro ups-

l, ' I __ ~" or '''i~qq·1t i~, e. having the ' i~" ,or ~'!I ..

Termination • Declinables.

'. e, I. Uq:" '{lU, G etc.

2. f' .ftr;I#Q' or tlIiqyq~+{. having. tbe ra~, or .s~'.~~' Te~-m·'I~D"a-,tiio···fi1's'· of verbs e g. ~~ ~rd' etc

&ll·.lp· .1]1:" '.1,.,. b[O, 1 ..... , "_, '"rjJ! [iii [ ... '-',"110.11 . ~ ", ,'r _ ••• '[.

Those words which cannot be declined or CODjU<~' sated. are termed as Indeclinables or arslpt,S,

e ,0 '!'rwr =;;Pl~ :mw etc

'~, ;eo •. ;, ,',:, \f~,:, ~,'q ..•. , '.

Adverbs" Preposltlons or' Prefixes and Coujunctioas. are grouped under arq.(' ..

, gc;a'" Sabdas are grouped under the following ~o:· 'U" r c;-·lasl ses

I·~< "", .l!iil·

'.

1. _"quI ~,~ .Adject.iv-'es q.{':, .:, 1ft{: Wtr~~::'

2. l'~ IJI~"'.~,· Nouns ~n'.I!IJ ~ ERT -

,II "'1 . . ~ t. '4, """' 030. "J

,3.. :,i41i1. iUil(I: P,r'oD'o'D'OS, V: ~,eJ'A.

4. • .~r: {~:::!~S) \(q J [, !1ftIUr

.'t

l~ ~l

The above groups ure declined '·0 ~how' ~) (lender or ~r ,(2) Nll:!:~: bel" or q~' and (3) 'Case 0'1' ·fir.t'tr;.t~l.

'Thello are three 'Ge'ud1er:s (1) Maseu.ine :,~)i (2) ,P'e.:m i01De -c,-,ifinr) andN euter ('t:!9'~I )

There are Three N'umbers or ""~

.1,. S ingu tal' ~tliq:q;r Showing 'OnJ 2. D"J81 fi;q:;pr S'howin,g'Two

.,

3., Plura 1 ifs;:r"fit Showing more ~ h~: ,I b • fW'lo fl.

There are Eight cases 0'[' ~~: ~ ;fid~ ... "· eparate

lTa'ble with Sli1P4lS an d. Meanings ·O'D Page ·H,.. (~: .ses s,ho'\\

tb.e relation of the ~G: to the governing words,

There are 13 vowels - ~':. or ~{11. The \·"t:frd;,. cnd.ng in orq': a re call e. d '8J3jrti: r:

T·' 'b' A 3~'3-' cor s - t' o .. 'r ':::rr~ i. '-' m,t 1'l"I"~ wo ·-rAi:.1 . ",ere a,rlr.i' '~ :: ,··nonan' S ((_;J:: _ ~ '~;F-~ u .. T . ,J; ~h''''' . '..' I. L' ~

ending in il:~>: ere ca 11 ed ~(.;a'l:~

The [dec' en sion of Sabdas are dealt 'r" l'e i.e the above order. Wbe'f'e the re is an om 'is~ Ion of \,'1'0 rds :endiD.g in some letters i:t 'is to be noted tbat 'DO Sabda el:ls,ts, 'in tbat iI~,;.

Ve·I:bs ere formed out of Roots (;;T~«) and are 'c'oujugatc1d to, sbow Number, Person and Tense or m.rcds, Details are liven on Page 10:8 •

.......

iii

~ .. G)

-=

s

:7 '~

~ ~ t~ l~

. ~.~

,~. ~ .'.

, ,

...

...-... ,0
liOl) 'g >-
0 ~ .. ,~-
. ,0 """"
m [jI~
'U 0 .a U"Jo
...... ' "-"'i ·0, i!""'I
01 ~
.. C ~ tr.S
~. . '
(i.o!o IJ;..;",
Q,fj ,~ ~ ,'ij;;.oi,
Q ,= ttwI
m: - ,=
; - ~
=:I ..-...
- tJ'", ,~ c,.-:
~ C b '0
'1) . 'C
~~ ~ "'_,o"
~ '~ '" ..... ..-..
~ ~- ...()
.~ "t:) ....... ~
~.) .~ t), . ..
= r,.-.
,~ ,~ ' ..... u 0
!I!~ ,0 0 .~, >,
J:l ~~
~ i......iii 0
~.
00. ... ....._.., - ,
~~ ~~ w

~ t-"V

~
'S::
~ Wl
~ :=
'~' C 0
~ ........ , a
.
, -c
0' co
....
·t~~ ~ ,~
i.oo4
'E' eli '. '1!i'I- ...
C .. ' -e
n 0 0 ~
$-I; , S
0, "0' .,..
or. -< ~--tl ~
~ a till;) 0-
. .r~
' .. :0 .r- ...
~
e ... '0 ~'
~~ .....
" ..... :tbo.(l
:J; ~ ... v "'

C'

~

~( ti:;f
.~ ",,~ .i-" ¥ .
"
"'i '4i ~ ~' j;r tv 'Ii
. -
:.4 :+ ~ • ,
.' , . .
....
W IU it.f.'
4, _.'
'bf fl" ts' '~ "\ ....... ~ tr
j.'J ' " 'W
'!Iii • .. "
'~"III' -
=
c' """'"",
,~ d
~''''""!I (l) d, 0' 0
~ ~ >- >' .>
[~ ~ ~, '!!' ....
..... ' 'F_ !ll1IiiIiIIi
1.1'> ::!Ii >- ii'Iooi1I' ...... ....,:il
== k Cd: 'l!i_ !!G
" .. ' ='
.~.), ...... -+W _..., . .(,)
;OJ! 'Co ..... ,~ ..lO Q.) 0
-e = Q « 10 ~
~ " . -i

~

-_,.,

, ,

- "

._.. tJ'

.

-

.'

1

.

..

IV

...~ .. <.._

~

~ '-t!'"""

,~

,"' ..

e: 6'

--

tt

~ iI'V ~'ii',)

~13

t1'P ~ L'(J

...,.-."

i!Iri

o:h

~ll' (::I

..

'U e

~~:~ qur""":q-te-'-':_I' 1'1

The San skrit Alp-··h~,-9i~,e.,.··t· ",0;' nsist (It .0' ill' ·d,~' ! .etters

- !II!o!l!l! .... _Ii. o~_. __ .-- -- ',-- __ ~,KI : _ '\.... .. '''~lS-_:~,.1 ~~J!' ~!!i!i;.r' .. _, ~-

t_ i 3_-.' ·':7Gw··el~ an·d'- ·"'3:' •. 'C'·-·-·:O·::·1I"oi·SIO'· na .. '-D:~t'~S-. ' ).'

-, _ , _ ~ ~ _ 0._... , ..... ~_ .. ~'. I, ',"' . ,[ ..... II! .r',

(: ~rt),: .= '!Ii~lO";~ .~'!.~ ':" j . ,~,,:~.~ = . -' T_ ~,~icYl; 1~ ,J-

31'~IJ~--· - •.

'. _" ' .. 1-

. "~

GiT 2" ~ ~. a:;' 3;"' ;0...- ." -.~ :---,. it· ~

- ~ ~, .~ , ~, \;c J~~. - ·hr.,I· ~ It rill! rr ill' . ':i;,,' ~ ~ .!Ii!

, ., ._. ! - ~ ""Til." '';:'4.... ~, ._ " I

t ):l't of the above the 5 vowels ~~r, .. ~, ~, ~'t and ~ are ::.i ~~i~·: ( Sb or ~ v 0 VI e.i 5):' and eh e S v OW e Js 3Ji _ '5-. i;3;'_.. ~ rr ~ !J".~

.~ '\ . - . - --, - - -.,. '"1';;,,, - ~ <,t,...... • ". ...

air .an a ijIT are ~lifr'i' (/ l an OJ vowe 1;; \ ~.~

~ _'. ._. I •• • [I [. ~ '-I).. r • ~J . ".~ , .. = II" '_.' • '. L··'.:IJ[~ J It

::;;'t~rJ'"

·1 .. --'~.:; &.

'-PI

T 'f} b'a ·~.I~

.• ;" . " _r;!., (!I,

I ...... !iii"" .. ~~".~l

'R ~ ,-_: 5--
._. J ~~I
- ,
..... --...
~. ilZ S{
.
-..
'"i.7 ~ .~
~ . :·~l~ :
..... ~ e. ..
::r ·~;1: ~
'!'(!i .
\.
, i~ ,.... ~
+i._
-~, :ti.~- ... ~.q .. , :" . '.. ............ ',j t"'·.-: ·i','~ } {~ ,I ~.

. . . p. I -- - - J.... il.:l.,~ \;.\.y. J. . .:'i;

. _ . 1'_'. . - ....... - .. --- -

-n-- 'iIi

;, .' =" - 'r~ 1 ..,-- s-

I........... ~".- '" !,'" .;~ l[j~,

-- oI'o~e,1!1.iI!o",,,.,,

~'): '1-1 ·oIio - ~

tI_. :,1', ,. ~ n ['

~ 3_,ii:,1., ... ,!G:,,1L

or

~"-"'·m.l ~ - V' '.' owe 'h .. :,

.~ '11r. [ [.~. '!!II . ~~ '" ~ ~ J .;J

~

iD' '.- .. "''''''1 . - id 'r" bi •

';'~~l.~,.i.l" a nc : ,~:l'~l~i.,il

~',!Il'= _ ~~.. _"II'!, •. ~" , .. g. '. ,~;Ir;r.."

r~ ..

i' ."'( .... .-)

q : .~'

~. ~. '.'i.~

~ "' ,._,.,

Pa ·'I·~ T'~'

,_ . " .;r..;;,,", iL

A" .~ p' ir JI!'!i;.r c ,_ ·Sl':l.~t..··.

:'he last three ,~,ett~,1~S. of each. of the :n-r8t five groups or q:rf= together with the ,slem,i .\ owels an d the as pirate

.-.-- "", l!l-d-· SC jJfl·' -C"-'~ ~'~'''~''·.·'t_·''· I ! - -_.) 'T'.'t, ~ ;00;.- ,!'!jIlO' . .. ,-; ied v rd

a.reo """,a,ue-::,v:,t .... ,~.(Jn-.w,.;·,,":.la·~-1 .. S \. ~: .. :~ J. uc ,l'~~ ~ a..r·e ·cal,l· .' D~~' ~

~·C on sonants; (~)

'D.·,_.-_:··.·e.-_,-'s·.~.··-..1~ ·e· .. tIi.'.'. ~ ~~,~.' e ... -_···.· 'ab .,., ''')i'a ,~t:.' '1: 'e· tters ;f!"l-. ""'I:'·;:i; .o'.r·.-_-~, t-·'t"' ... :,{),:,· I ...... ~re

,n .. ·.':U·· ~ ... 11 ,,,.: .. ~.~ l!'~ IifU ·l .... -~·[,· "':' _'. ,.iJ~l_· ~ A· ~ . 'Ii~.' ,~~,J~ ~

sounds kn.ow~D as, if~.~i{. (.:~) i~lr (~) u:

L' iiI.·~ - ~

T-:I]e fo]lowing Slokas show "be usage of all cases lC' 'UIl, f:0Jf 8'od!ll Sabdas in Q".~;r'.

':t:,III' '~fii::'~

--~lI:: ~ut' 'J~:a3fillaf

!Pl" 111

: I.: , .... ," -.: II ,r

: ....•.• 1.'-: [I

~:rn IfAtU'.

,

-

.-- _ -§'ii' ' .. -",

::r._.".,.

''1-', .: ...... ~ ... " I j

'rr=A ~~ttlj

'1:8.

\18'41"'·'1

-: ,",

. :. ~

".', J

}C .

. -. "'- ..

IJ'MfDI '" ~~"I :".

..w--\lllfQ' ----:,'~

U'-:~-_:_~'~---:

'_ -.:' .. ,,' ,.-' -'., i

.. ~ '._."

---- ....:.. , - --,,+t'

~,. ,'1'Ut \r.a::-'

~ wtt 1ft '61(f:qW:.~oi ;r~~,I:pf~ vJil;rJ(qm~ Af;l~r:PUtf ~~ ;rtf: I ~ ~.~ ••... , "c. 'Jjirul~JT c::RitS:·.~;i,

'&~r~Q., .,'t\,~. " "~,\II Co:: - i,i', -_-- 'l)-:! j'_:"'1' ", :'~T" q,

~ \tA\{'iI~CJfS~ \ll16li( ~ 'WI ~;p:f!ll

Iii

d:LL -- -- ~-- -- ----- -- - - -- - - --

,. qrnQ51tdq-ftt:., 'Tbe; (,jgbt understanding ofthe words a,D d their meanings ,; ~EP'lt~( I) salute i

~ b" b ~ d • t

,.' 'B1,.fRJc:,: :I;a:v~ng, 0' ,tal,o,e ....• :; f€Eif=e'ot1r'e_

t,~ PR:.~,wor'd:s; ~:,=darl':[I,ess ;, fl1ir:f"om:o'Ved",

y~ ,.,,",=IID,orao'ce; '*,PEr~,bfU,sh; ~,;+ftr&sd=op,eD:e,d.,

"'. ~'I;l='f(~fir '4'(ij'Rt B'Dd, qa •• ~

".' dlrl-always,; ;wr=Victory; ,ql,ii=lu,s,picio,u'.,;

'.. .. ~ . ""

ij~ s<il€K\Ql '3:n'~:1 'ijiG)i1T 3T§~r!ij;r cq"~~ll~~, l!

-~~r~; in ',,~;rrtl!r ! ~~I-,-;::rT ~ "~m:r "~'

""~l ~'~"'1 ~, '.' ", 1'.' 'I:, _ ~q,;1 '\~..... -"1.' ~;u,tI'1' ''"~ .,v

~~:fi~~51tlR~" ~lfli~!n

- ,- --.- -

G ~I-

~~, tIQ~'ti~.. rammer , i{:I~~to tie;' ijr-iiI=E~eph,.cnl :

, .....:;. "

tSif,~rwcr;Q,=Lot'u.'s stern fi,b:r~,

,~. :tr~=e've'n raen ; ffo=SlU,dy- ,;, f.4 .... i'r:~r,elD1.t:v'e's ;

~~:=.d-og·s;, ti,~,enfi .. re ,; n,a:bi't;,

6'fJil=,o'nclt;, '~i~=o,r,dure~

~ .• ' im=Good voice; ana'~Nn-::cIe,ar' letters ; '~f"'=q, [' ualifications,

,~ 'II ','-' .....[111

ar~,~~.~_lP"!li"i,,,""if' I nstruction,

qt¥l1sqi=+{~crCl QEr1lfis'!i(f oqtf6~' :~.lqrstril :1 ~PI~el.oqu,e'n,t, in, Gr.ammar'" 1N=may become.

n efRm!l"ht_ II

• NUl1T P4;q81 :·01'!M1' .... :_(t~.¥{ '.

lI~q~U

.-.~ . - -

~tI1Il '~ff:

Q'. 3AlIr 1: ~t(

nm. ".''',.

:. "'1m• l!.. ,~" •

. _

~ fflf

[ij1711

..

IN"

~l1t

q"~' =<Itl,

'flft 'ft

~~'--I_'

.. -, 1

" ~ '-,

. ._ -.',

:r~,* ,:1 t( :1.11 -e

. "

'~+n~?U'

:r,' ftn:m ,.qi"'~:1

~11{[;qf '~l

,(~ ~~

. " - . I : I .'

~I:1Pt'. , 't.

~~-~~--' fi~ ~ '~'-':I ~--- '-':IIP

r .. ' " ",-:' "", Il(lQ,-1 ,:, " . I ,,' I,:; . .'

• '; _, L . - - _ . • '. 1 .' ". ',I • ~.- • ••

- . -- - ~ " - .

-- - - --

* I,D :qal~1 ~iI:qil and ~et' :iT.f1~ the letter ;1{ will

be o:e:DcI'ally'" chansed tOI ill' when It comes after ~ .• or _'"

_..., , -, ~ . :0 - . ~ -'," _. ~ - ,. " . _- '\.", - -.

c.f.,:~, U'ptT, etc,~,

-- • ,,-I. ~ ~ 1:

ee P'aDln'l's (f1'1:-~~ :'1.' Cf~ ,\t;~qf: II:

q'. Cf.

S1~::

!I!;. "

';: ~l

e-;

(ro{

~~

~,,~"I[11

ml

f!"';;."

~:tuq:

., ~,~, ~ ~

~l'·7i:

51" ~l

.+

''l,~, sr,~

';:r~

'""

~ ~'tll'

* ~«\

'~ ~,~~, ~

rre't

"

''fr'

" -

"

tit"' ~',

" •... I" .-

,

~' and ;:fiI are m'egular bases ·in _.'A:J3d :1,. Th" w',D'r-dl Iff«:~, b(),vl'c·ver is dl,e-cli'DJ~id like :Ut ""bien ,it :8'tands, &1 tlliJ,e' end of a compound,

"'i',1 :tftqrtr" VRtNfa'r~·_', ,~

n "1 '.

Fr. "1, ~

u . q.

'!f-~'

:-:. I

:' ,.

'.

''I., $f+,

ft.

'ar'.,

---..Ii-

'J"~~' R---'

. I , '. i

'-:, :,' -1_i.,

ft. ([,.

~,.,

m~-

-. ~

"1'1'-:';,' .... ' : r

i ",_,' ,'.

m-·--·-·'

.' ". : ~ ~

'~<-' . '._

trif

" ftll{--," I" -:-'

~ _: ' I

~ _ : _ ""I,

~ ~~"', .",~ ~ .~, :1

'( ~'IiIi.

"." ~

(~~I- 'ij(tfltfl

. ,,- "'~'"

~'rqr

-',

-

,

'"

·~[{i -

,~- ,

- '-

~ .

:~r{~:¥q:·'r'

· '. [. I • -: . I - I.. ~

.~"~'IQ. ,:'

· • , ",' - I ••

· ,.. .,t

,

..

;.. --" t\'~

'~--'---.

I' ", - -

',,_I , . c',

. ",' , .",.~ I .. -;_. . ... ~

t~~"

- ',. .

-', ._.' ~ .. ~ - : ~ - r J"

,'J •.•.

. ,'_i -'.' "'.'

'~""-"~-~"':

I , • _.',.

" : ':' ",',

. ": _'. I ~ .::

'SJ 2-"-

:"~'.-'~J

~I! 'q,~.

1,,,,

~.

..

",r. _.. _ .

sr.

~,. sr.

~.

'11::,

61

- . i .

"" '.

-

t ~i:l:

;r',:rtt-' •. ,,:1 \t ii".

\~[ .. ~+

~Rl1'{'

~.m' ,\~I-'11

......

,

,

,

..:_"" ~

<\'RIR' 'I

- ", -,,. _:,- .

. ' ':'" ' '''~ I

;n.~A, "'~'.

'.

'~,~~~

~ ;,;Ii,

"

~"({T~ ,

. . . .

. .... ~

;;;j! I,,'

;:Ctt~· ,il ,~""t..t .'

,~., 'C'.\'.~ I.'

, ,

(\({ilf:

I'(,{{~q':

) • J

~'iji:

(I aft ~. e,:1t[!

'.': ' t\'~ I t "'1;,':.

~% ~J ~, if<R! ~a~: I ifCQ:~S~qt,( U

';!1;fOlTD,-11 '~'~;"'l ... '~

5. ... _ OIl _, __ IIO. _ •••• -

___ . - -.:&La;;'-;~:-- --

---- -.--- ." ,E£ -iIiI"- - - -!IIiIIIi

'$ NJOUDS derived lrO:m roots with, the affix q' such

"'S U'CiF ~ etc ",-' 't.."" 'Ib" dC' eli ~ '~d' I"k' ' ,- 'T"h' ,,~"""

a ' , ~.~,; ~ [:', ,',~ al'e 10 ' e ", ec me ,I ~e ~ I; , s . ·e., lO'nD·

,'heir femia,in.el 'bv ,the: addition of ,.sr:illl ,; & "f- , ~I~, ''fl.,''

-' - .". ~ • " •. _. •.. • .. J- - _" -. ~ "_ .. ·'11, '. -" .. 1

.;ftetc.

~'II"":r iI.~ •.

'.ll!ll[~·

~ .. ~.

"''I!Io.,

I' ,fi·r :- : :

I _".:

". ' '., " ~

t fii(t~::

r'-ql-q"

.' .. ' .. I

, .

: .. ' "-:1.,~ , ",'.

-~-

, 1- :<-,:.

'_' •• -,f

..•. .1 - -

':tli '. ,".

.... t

;; ':r(---'-.

'ft'\. •

- -

-

,

'rr.rr:

.~ ~I ~

,,,,~. '-'I ~ .. l'_

" r=. C', 1.

--------, . --- - - . ,_ .~ ,~-., .,~,-'

i, * f.t" ~G"t 'til;' ~r~~~r~ :f9l1~ws,Rf' '+tlf«:: I, ~f~ 'Q

sf8Wf(tle:42{ U

~'O If.· ~.

- ..

51·

',- I

. ,t·

.c.,.. ·I·~,.,

([~.

=r -, ..

1f.

-. 'I~.

:r ~ ..

~ .. 1f.

1 ....... .££2 _- -- "S

'(Jrt1'~ i(J.I't{:[ ~

.. ~"q

ii5llft

" , .

~('. :;r:r·rra. '. ,=:.1 ' " :, ' ......

,_ ~+q'- , -

. .,

, "'.' ~~ .. "''''~'I +C1.,

••

:lTD ~ ...., ..

A-,. ·I~.

-

t ~. liire6l~Fa': .m~: '1:m' ~~: (Laksbmi)

~ \ir .~:

~W t~ {W:

~ ~

<I .• ~' ...

~.qtR

~

~+rN

~i(-Iq,:

'~tlt:

- ".

.W+tIT.". 1"- .

' .. I ....

• • -_ w

. .

-

. .

,.itT.

~D'fi~. '''·IT,.

""Urf1{ ~I(QJ'

!t.

j.

:~ sr.

A. ,,~.

:..~ It 'fi'Q

. .

.

tID,tell-eot) "a:q'::

t ;i((q:

-

- - - - - - .

1 ", .n-fiii IftRJ~': valJ: If f1«t'8 1

2., A.U abstract nO'U'DS (q(qve.'~:.) cndiDI, i.D, 'Rr i.I'~., ~, :~;. Ifftr'. e'tc., are to be deelined likollQ' "

f'

i((i1": - ifa·:,

- ,~

"'+lN~::' 1 ... ·1t WJT,~

· ~ !RI, ~fir, !~ ~Q\!4:

~~~~f,: ;{~~{{: ~~

'~ _,""\;, .... ,

~ ~. !:rm

' '_' "',,~,; '1'~I.' ~"\'~

qir iMt, ilf'lll1, mcft, itrft, ifi~, ~ ifWJlI: I ~ a(t, ~, ~I~i 9: ~~qiiftjit ~:, a(t:, ~: ~ .~~1

:q',., q.

~, ~'

'.-.''=1]

m

'::I" '

~

~"m '& .-,

~

'~Ql

, -

,

.

,

~""-:"~' .'"

. " .. "

, ,

- .J.

, .'

':7 mr

'~ ~JI

sr .. ,

~

''1,\1.

'~~

~, ~ ~,~,

,

,

~'~'.: q ''!J.l,·~.

IJ" n

"". ~.

ft'

,

:.

''liR,- .. ,

. - '(' . ..i .

, ,

,~. '.,~ [.

*' eft'" Words ending in t,~, 'i.s .. , 'ltd" .fa, ~

, "', ~

ete., ba've two form,s in the Singular. of =El'w-if, '~

cit and \I,RJit,.

f',._

t~:::

t ~ .. ---, ..

- I .~'. ,,; ...

, .~' ,I ' [1 .. '

'1"

~. !f.,

ft,.

Q: ..

[~ .

,- T ' -. - , •

~:~:,~.

tr~

g , ..

B' '~,.

~Cl{It{, f\1~I~ '11!

-.. ..~ ~ .

fl~ :f.i.

~rY:rr. '\~I'~'" •

~1+7{::

-

-

,

,

,

,

,,.,.

-1!':I,:

'-~ .

. .

..

~:

I\~f't I.

'.- --

,V'

," " " , "

. .. ,

. ,. 3T.

fi'!!,;"

n.

t. . [ .. 'q:.

II' ,.

U.

SIr .. ,

~

'J. 'sr.

ft,.,

'fl'. ~.,

n ,: .,

.... ~:r;r': ~~l

(~" .. if

. - . . . -' .

"_ -_ ..

" .:. ': -~' ': .. ~[ :' [,.:

~ ,

~'

'~~"\

~" ct~

~" "

'~-r=:rr'

''1''"''''

~",-,,,,~ ,~" t '"" i,:,,',," '.

'.' .

- - •• '!I!rI!!!"

~ .. ""

:fIi 'I't

: " '.'

~q,j

,- ... _ .

L.- _,

. _'.

I • ~., ~

:I~~',":"~

·'tl . ", ,_I

..... ' ....

:rat "' ,~.~

.-

t

~SII

:~,. '_'. :

=i ~ .. I . ...:.

,~

,

,

-'~".~l

" ,

" .. ' .

~ ~

'trt+"':'~' ,

" I', """ ,t

~" ';' , r- ".'

~","'-'t'

~ _:_!_ '.' " :_'.. '.' I 1. .

~,:' I, ,',.,.

",', "

1J'4~

~'+

~ ~tf eNI{uC ~1Ci(1:

~m· ';I'~~

.., .... '1 , t· ., .,.~ ( •

:r9nD ~\.~)':!

..., - -II '~~ ~ """'1 ~

~'-\': '

" ,

:_

~-~~'~

- 1'-' - ,L _.

'. i: ,-

. 1 .... 1, .•

. .."': .. ' "'"

J

,

~6I,QI

tm'~

. . - ~ :,

.' ' " ., ,t,

~~:.J'~'I ~~7-1i~\~ '~;~:~, ~ i~l~4f. ("'S:l""s;,t''''e~"V!)~'.

"'11f'~~'\t.'"'\'L. '\~IIQ:')~, '" "'" ,.,.. ", ',.~I ",' - ' " ... "

• • .. I

,"

~etm'Q

~ ~ It ~qijr~]

~

~~.\"t'R'

~'tRi:-::-·~-:- '.:pu" '-'cl,'j+'

. .. '._. .... '_ -,

~"."

I'

, .

~qij·l~ ~~l

~~t· "".\.,1.'

rtf

. , ' '~ "", , ...

~r·

- . I...... '

.. - . _. '. ~.£~~_. _ w' • • • _ - •

* The words ~q«, ;rl{l, !Ifi, and ,,;rT~' being themselves femintne do not takethe feminine terminatien 1'''' ~,ee foot-notes OlD :p,age 18.

'rq, cr., If., ,ft ''-1.

...

~"

. ., .

.: .-;'._

, " I

'm(&trT' , -- -','.

,

,

'~q'i!I;:qt

~-:"-"" '<" 'f.

3!~': ,tt,~1

~~''f1rr.¥( ~6(Q!

..

~. '!I.

,tt~

~. =if.,

"t 'f.

q~

~~eaJ"='; :

-, ..:.

, '

1t(Cr+:t[,'!.,.

, I" t-

""I!!i '

":rtl~-q't

~l-~Ur"rt ¥llit~ J:

qi4-: liFl-;-' I ~'~' ,',". i{''1R'',--",','', ~"JI-,;:,-"'-:;ij,, '., II':,

.. ',,: ,,"'[' ',:', ~': - ,

" "" ',. '_ ~"" "', ,:" I,. ,

:IIa""::III~·. '1"lI"!I .·r~aa,IJ .. 11; ••• .::I!

~ ~. itCfiRRl: ~: ,~, ~: (Wea.lth) ~'f€sfq~

!) ;:)iii" ~tfil'-{r;:a· ~[~. ,~, ~ .. (,; C':';O,,-'IW",":)'

,,' ~ I .' , 'I ~Ul!{":ij" t, .'1 'U'-.... ' , " ' ,

~~t ~~q_

a I''''~'''· 't 'I, ' ", \. ,

_ ttcl' ~, ~:_ (Sky)

~ \. ~{Rf: _: ';ft, ~: (Boat) ~, ~~q_

,Q 8f"'~ '~, ::,' '"Efi{OI:'\

:1( ,g " , - ,,', ~1I1 ".,,~ '""1','" ":" "

_.. '0" 'iii -

.. ": "' ........

.if'

~ !i.

ft.

~

iIl4l· .... ·"" ~',

;..~

~ If,l~1

, .

.

~ 'ftl~

" ~'

~.' . --'-'-

, .

• L. . _\

. ",

~. ~'~

:. '~ ..

'qrft

:n~ '~II,I\~'1

~rit qfRor:

.: cr-rfijdr

6i'~M

~

t u(tfdr

.

I

,

,

,

iii. 'f. -r .•

qrRfil····

. .' . ". I"

',_ .

~~;, 'Ql",·

'4:1ft+<l::

tfl~1fI(

"'-

qlt~

u'.

$; The aeuter .'or,d's ending in ~, '0' and ~ have. t.,GI lor,ms, iD ,the ~,iI-II'1 11''111:1 ~~ifiM' n

+

~tm4~

_, ,- .' "-·~·'~I -" ....• -:- ~.'., "Gftr" '* QiX(- .. , ('0':'-' "d"')'"

j 5:; ~;a;::rtJ~ ::,' I :: ,,·it',;.'t .. ,.' I' , .. , " '.' I". ,ur ,I '

"\ ',\11" .: ] ,'. " f ~III~. ,', 11".'\' ' " '-.' ~,' ..

~" ..

" ~J r :.,~

.. r '-i'. - .- .

~" ~~-" 'i-' '~" > _

_ ' _'.", - I. 1 .- . .-. J I, ,1:- ]-,-

~. ",'",.,.,''- .... ; ,'_ ." r:_:.' .... ~':: ',.': I .. l' ~l. i

"" 'ff" ~- ,.', .. ,..,.

~m'·",::,·' .""",'

,<._ :_. [ I •• ~.", ~ •• ,: r I., _ :

'. - ,.1 ....• .-

::. .'

'~I,q~<tI

.'

~. T"

.

, .

..,

,

I I

,

'Jr \t.,t

n'.,:.

'"'n "'I, •

. ,," , , .'11" " ""I ~ ..

.. ~,~

IIlw

.,." 'L+

.. ~ ~,

"'\~"'"

'011-'"

,', ,'" I

'". ,I. :.

~-'- ~'

~

IA+td

'<,' -t 1.- ...... i

".' -,.,.- I '

.- . -. - --

• The adjeetlves [neuter] ending in, ,(, ~ and ~ have

tw,o for,me in the Singular of ~«~, q~,*, VI" and .,wl and

"." 'Wiir tb:q~' ,; one form being the masculine form, of' ilou,n,. e,ndins in the respective, lett,ers [(0:&, ~, !I~." .~ ot,c.)

q'., :If.,

'tt.

al.

!if.,

If ..

~~

;. rr~p., la "1 ~l-1,

l1~"':'"

'. ~ - .

• :' r ;I.-_'

'R.

'.

:Ir D'

~ ".

'~I I~.

~":

""'.'.:a ... ,

'{{

. ,

'. ,of

~_' ~ '~._.~ ~. ",~, '1'

:,' """I~ .,: . i'" ',', ~.,

_ .... ~., ., \0' .' .':" I: .', '"''"0:\.'''''''''

- s.

::)9. ;atW(;:a. ~~. 'n=t ~~ ('Heavy-):

"'\ 'iii .' '. It ,.:,. '_'. . t ..a \" '-Q'.--- .. ~ .

. _

,

,

.

.

,~.-

,', r.

" ... -~ :,--.:1- J

• .:, .'~. : ':.' • - • J

.

.

.

-~

... - ....

,

:;

"=r "'1,.

'ST ~.

. " ~:,.

'. -,

, sr"

,

, ,It

'f. ,~"

",+

"" iiLs.. - .

~~: '~~rl'{ :~

- ,,'

-~.

~~ll,"" f

'~nt' '~' 'f;

',,' ~ ,u.".- ',:(' '.,

,,. .. ' ',' '

'(!QT' ' -;', ',_ ~' -, ',-, •

'," " '.-' ,', .iii"

:.: - . '-." '~~' ... l

n ,..._,

'~~~lQR.

'\ , .. \~, .... " _',' . ·,1

.~ 'f(C(' '~~" '~J==«" q;rq q~a~':

iiIiIiii .

7 Q: •

.....

,~

if§!U;U

~~l

~

ifiJS=er1

$If;qj

~~~

:D. "(I,

~,t:Simt:

.

GliJi:q 1'11\

" .. ' I·" '.

. '". . . .'~.

,~:·~-_,I···-

'. ._, " . I.'

.' •... I," •

~~

~ ~-~~~ ~,m=r ~t,

,-, - -,' ~~,' ~"11 ~ ""l,·',"'.lt''"1., •

.

:Ie The final :, or "( is changed 'to ~ w'ben fOIUowled

by a bard consoaaat or Diy 'Il,athing and ~ wbeD followed soft COD;s,on,a'lt.

~- '~"

, .

" "

fir·--

, :'['-

[I'e ", ..

q

- ...

,]

Jr.

':~_-: '$[

'." [I ',!:"

. "-:," :: I It

:~

'f[--'-"

[1,_ "

,_C. '. t

=] -~,,,

If. ~.,

" ~

tIl-- um-- - - -r--

'.~ ~ .'. ,.'

.. ' . - " .

. .. ' ,::":. - _',:_ ·1 ' : ~

,....

'qfU(\flt'

':' .. '.' - -'.'

""Urif-

:ftc"- ,

~.' I]-'-il !:

.~-

_ c,..... _

MTtrT::rr:J11 '-1 ~ ~I ~,'" '-.- ~j

.-'!f ......

q:-, -I" ur"+~l- .- 1

'-! ,- ,] '.-: I.

' I; - '_

__ 1'.. _

=rr~,:;:. :"':"I-~:,l_: ,.., I ". ..~,", ,'ill

\F!tl

.. ,: 1"1 -

:,:;~

-.~.-- .. -

~: ',-

"," ;',

1.' _:

'.

~T\(-'~qr

.- .-. -~., '1-

'. ·:;li~ .. ,l':' ... :1.

71-~* ,: '~'I"

'-\--','=:r'- •

I. . l. \:-r- I'~ ~

·,I.¥,·;t

e-;

U(J +I ':

~:T~+~j:r:' '~[6--+lJl

-...

':FJ3m{- - . -- - , ,.I. \i _ I~,l_:',

, I

,~,--, ·,·u----'

I . . . .

" l~~;,

(,e;td ~~f iUIQ:I,(Uf ~'if{f:

~ t) ~ :'-tgRP.~ cr~~~ ,~~ t '~. ,(:' 'W',i'n"'c]: )1

II(,. G ,iI! \;"',' "',' " \,1, ~ ,~I~ "1: !Ii ~, '\,;"1",,\ ~~~,." :I'! _ ,/

'I. ~' sr.

t{,.,

'-=r' '_'"j

q(ia[

,

,

1L,

~

+rm

~:mf

~~

, l . , •

-: [~'... : c :. "_. .~

,,;set: '" ':q1E1: ~a::

~ ~,

~r:l,:'

'Ift;a~'

'" q,~«,~,., 'q~~'i

- .' ,~' ,:,:.,~, ... 1.," /. ~f

'-". ," " " ' , -

Iq'. 1t~: m: QW,,,

~'D' q;e,ftr ~,-,~,: i(~U

'UI. " ',',1_ "1 "!<lI, , < "I

~ \~, ~~,~, 'fij~a:, '~,~, q-\Qq: I I«t«"(" ,C{~~ ',: ~,I~ , ~'ar':;, ~,~~, &lliR\ "1 ~J(1IC(,

~(f~, (~ .~&l~~Cj, II

~ Tbe Present P,a'ft,ic.iples ,of fl~~_q'?t rcots O:f' the 31,r'd e~o:Eljugati,on ~:a:" ~({'J 'r~ etc,

An,d

9t.he present participles of the 2nd, conju,S:la,tioQ ~,' -an'5fit" etc ~ are declln ed like IilJC( Ii

All. other P,a;rtic,iples of the Present and the Putll.fe l~~q"~ I,D tbe maseuline 41~u"~" '.,rq~, e.,. are to be, dee'lin,e:d lik,~ q-oi:Rl. :t(fii(: U (V Ide page 3 4,~l

s 3'

,"-?- --.~.'

~ '-\. ~: ~Fl!st: *' ~' ~: (Oae who cooks)

t. ffl 'f"~ qW

ij I.. { ffl t M e t tf~:

~ ~

-i. fM;gl( '(~, q~ij:

Wi '~, ~~q_

~ u~, ~ij_, ~, ~, ~,Cf)~t ~mR 'Cfilftllmi1' '~'" u

"4..,,, .. , , '::, -'_'-'~ '",",'!r~\l ~ .. u

iIiLll. en.

,

-

'-~ t:r

~,~ ~~ ~.

t- [~ _" ~'M>"

~!I '. [ ~-' ::. " : " -

~I. w,', t.' I"" " . "~1

:) '.' - ..

~;:ai( lfift

mi~,~

'," ~,~-~ . '.' "

t:ft'1;U:

~~ _:

51. nlft, ~ 4l'I,.

6:.,

i, --- .......

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.!IM _ "p"

,

.

[.

..

Ir ,ft,

'gt! ~~

Q.. [I .• :

~~. ~R' WT4m)~i' '~~, ~1iC(' (:Very,,"lni8,·trous)~.

. . . ill. .' ~ .'. . "III, ........ e: ' . .' 'iii -.',.. < .;c', . . _._ .. , .. _. "._. .. .'

. :~[a:

QI~[ ."

-~ ...

j c-. '. ~:,:~.~.,,:

~ .... .~

.

.

.

-

. ..

. .

.

~~ .

. . . .

[ ~. - r: z; _. -_ . ;-

[ . ,._ I ,

_". '. '" _",' .:.

': •• __ '. " J 'I

.

.

,

~ "ficrJ: ......•....... , ~ t rr.r ~ ~.

'iCl'i .... ':;, I:. ,J'. I: 1 ~,." ", ' . '.

• . j,' , ..

~~

.:"

" '

'it

ZF'_ '1:'. ~l~ ~.

I,...

f":r.

u,,",

R ....

•. ' Tft

q. q.

.",..,_ '\"''

~"""_""

• ' " j .. , I '

_;;::,' " !t

B' "'.

II' ~.,

,~~ ~.,

'~ ,~

'ft

:. ,'".

~J " I'" ,~ _.!jIo..., ,c:;;;... ,,-, .. , - '_ ('B" d')"

~ ~. '3~ra· Wf(1IZifil~:a:4 '- ;nra-' ~~:r" ~',' i c_', 0':' y' "

ill , ,I , ". ,.,3 .... ,1, ' l:l !Ii, ~l" II", ,,'t,' , ' '~' ,',

, ~',,'!Ii,'rt'~,",'

, , ,

. e- ~"_ • -

~ q~ i!- riA

~ ...... - ~J."C\,

,. ft'

, '~'~'~':'--::,,~

, , .

. ': "_'

q:

'I

I,

I!II'

'qtf'

r ~

" .••••.•. I ...

1I·

. .c:r _~ ti

qf'l~ 'crimi" '~l-'~l

,'"

~'i arr.l,-tr:, ~',. ~, ~':

" '-3, '"'\ ...'~I~,-iIi ~ \.\' .. ".--t.,\)I."

<;:,. ~I;a: .. ~: ~~, ~f~: (That which bas stood)

JI. (l~f1(( ~~ ~m

• ;:, ~ "" ~ e-: ·PJ

'\t. Jr. · ~ Q'~~~ ~ ~!fl) ~ mw~

~ :r~ ~uuftf:' ~~T:ri~'

.i "',. ,t • ~~, ..,'~ 'I, "\ ~ i' . 'q • ~"'-1 '1 ,: I'; g

~ , ~, ~~¥"~ I' u~ ~~,Dl ~~ ~,:n. ll

ill ~ I ~,a~ ,_.~, ",_: ( ,-,. rq~ \l '-I ~ '11 '<\' . II" .., "'t" ~ ~ •

- - - '

\0. ~RRI: ii~: ~ ~'\ (Lotus) ~a(:

ft. ~ !'4~ "'ft

..,. '01.,,~~ ~ . ,~, '. . ..... ".;

.q. !I. '{ ~ t 3l~'~ 1: "~ft

".ft. ~~ a\'~ ~

.~ ,~, ~~(

lI~tA*ifi~~U

n UtI (\'Sid SHi~l1( II

It ~ n~ ftlnq: U

~~~ .

1:, Pe.tson,n,J,~l'~,+i~. (1)" S&+t~~ (Y'ou); lI1-~a:(Your 11 0 nour], ~ (One's ovYn.)

,2" :R,!e)'ative-lC, tW,h-ol), i:a~·, :g'ffq-~ ,!1-tlJ~rs'.,

I .. -... h '\

3. nt5rr'ogatlve- .. :r~:, ,(,\v:, oJ

4. De,mo'nstrati.vf~'J~ (l~Jl)1' fij~ (An). 'ap.f (a,Rot-her), eTritltl ~. (either of' t'wn) , ~,tR: (Other),. <'4it[. (Other)., (q (Other) ~ii' (Half), 3·Uq· (t\il),,-, ft~'(A]l)t ~ (:r.h,at} t.ta?{ (T:bis), ~~ (Th:at), '{l{?( (That), .~~~ (This)

( ...

...

"

'~ . -- . .,..,...,.. .... __ .~~,.~.:_~ . __ .-..::....- . _ ................ ?FE

.~ T'b' ~ r e ·1"!:'~' a no to. b e': r W'.i"IIo r d: i ::a~1T' wh ic b-. -'. l~'S·., no t a·. _'"

" •• ~ I. :.;Iil ·~u· ,_ .. :_- . u _',' '~-'~\,I '1 "n ~ _ 1.1

PrO.D,0 UD., 'II: is declined like: ,m'8iC\'~1

3,.. n 'whe·n it meanss ',All' is a Pronoun .• ,

'wh1e:n ltmeans 'Equal' is, no! a Pronoun and, 'is ,d,ecli,ned:

'I

~'i(II( is used when a person Of' tblng is. near a'~ hand.,.

5. 'Numcr,a'l-lt{ifi I( o,ne), fi: (~f?'~o) ~

"

:i qlJ (Bo'l h )~

6e, Dlrectlonel=- 't~' (Eastern], q-;: (O:t,'he"r)~ ~. fWe':st,ern), G_fijur (Sou.thern), ~~ (Nort,hetuJ; a~q( (Othe,r)~ 8Il1~ (ID,~e,rior)~ '8i~1{ (Outer)

" (Both),

--- - -- ,ojIi - - - - ~ ,#' -"' -- -- - - hi' I '5 ~",~. t,

"d", ana t!6. .. are ~ SI('i~'S W;'JCLio CtD. 1;)8: amxec ,:CJ

~ - - -- -, - :ill - -- 'E-' ,- -.._. - - ", 'h - h" '1& No ", '!;;. -' - -

I~) 'lJ~. a~G a.(,"~ -):;1 if.(t1. ,(~ . 0 0,1 \Y~~lC:,~ or two j, '~'~,

(~':bDf or 'wb,~,cb of mao)') ~ (who, or wbich of t--we) q,a~' ('lho or 'w'b..ich of ,m~ ny) o'a\ (Th,at one of t,~yo)' (TeT';; '. (Tht.1 one oi man,Y)

I. The various meanings of ~ are::-

. t(&fi 'ODC, 81," li.ttle'; sttlf'1I cbicr~miDe'D't, 51.'" fora:most,r ,~. :sol.e-only, U'rqroq' comm.ODt 'ilt,,, same, "f~;n T'b,~

liu,mb,e,r one-

t">

~4,~r~ ~ ..

~q~~ C'''-

'~q~~~

.' ~

'~ l'tt;PJ,1 m-('eOfq~~l;:a-, f.{tIlCR, ~Sfiail, ar.:ll'" ~~"l

;~, 1!f , :~', {{ij ~Si!(r:

~~

:'11

". ,.

~~,.

U

sr. .

..

~~,. 3(.

~tr. .~.

'=F.J iii

'q-, lfJ'·

-.

'~l~,q~~

.. ~-.... ,<:"

~t"" ~~2. !l'I':~':'~~-'1i ,~,' ~F~

" 'III ''''''1''''''l\I''I! \,11. :' " t ~ '"'1~,,,,,~,~

" _.

{\ ~',r

,~, " . -, .... :

UCf'it :::' :,: ".

!I"!o ri"

~" uq-'\;', ~'," " "~,'

, .- '~ ::a:r

, , '":,,,,:1, "':.',', l~,'~"

~ tI~,

~ \t~q,

,

,

,

.

-

ri{- ,

I

.

(' t,

t(~~

~:

(Ar~)

.,;..

'~"-"~"" '.

" I ' , " ",

,. , t

... ;..

ffWfi(

"';!io

• .II!

,

,

~ ~

?~: q_ "..,,'

'("i',,....

{fqlllt:

fiI'

'ij'V~tJi

~

C: •. ~("

i;r. liI

- . .-. ',' ,', ... 'II'.' - ..... ~.'.--;---:~:~ .... ' ".~ t'

0:) i-:a~lT~:2'. :;:rrl,~ :I,~" ~ ~ ~ ',.'

'.i .~, l~ .~ ..., ~~\jl'l; \'!.. ' .... ~'.l Vi "'1 ~" .' . .Jll· • U, ',""

fiiL

~t.l,

.... -. ~

D":r' U~.

~ . ~~

~' .~--

, .

'.':.:. .'. w • ,

.~ '- -,'

,

. .

:F"" '(.

'l'.

ft .• ,.

~'

, '

'... 'Ii

"

~~,~ . ~,'

Q e iiJiCfiRI::e· ~!fi~it. 'ri, i8aJ>: (· .. E_·~.",a"8·-.'tll':'I,r.,:n'.·):

""'\''\" '. I': ',!II -,.~.".,. )"',11" .~"" , '\.l

.s.. 'fZ~

'~ ~ ,~,

iJI tfSl (Fa"" ,~~, ;'ai(4O Pf~ ~q:q~(l~ (. B' _': 0' t· . 'b' ).'

" '_ •• J •••• ", ,iI! 'Wq ,- '," .' I,t(· '11;~".-- -,.. '.1' _-,I,:',·.' _I .

~\S., *~f9. '~,<::. *fijr~lr~ ~,O)~, *~

!!ij!p - 'iIIFI'.- . - ~ =

~. :. II ~.,~

"3t'. ~'.." j \3'+1 \Ji ...

. ~~ ''''~ , :.

~·6'. !.1., (\:$:+\11 ~ ~+t t( 'a fI-

ft. riT ,,~ ~

a·~(.q,t '1 t3+(t+'Ii Ii '\31tr+qi'

I:

(3:¥tr+qi' " ~~~' '3+fr+lIi

i)

_. - ¥tIT:_~ .. ~ ~-- .'.'

. ." [' ~~,

. '

~: ~t

\3,wn: ,;~::

"Jl

' .

"

... .....

-::L '\ II

~C, '~.: .. r

~:' '-.

. I ~.

~'n'

~ ~""

W11j!lil.

, ..

-

,

ft

. ' ,

t ."

1(,. '.f(.,

e:§!!?pdlr -. & _ !is ~

L L - •

_,

i1~iI~

- - _ i!!!i;

'([I! 14f. .,-.

'I. ~.

iq~: 'C a1I'.J:

~

[

-

-

.

[

-

i

- ~-~

~"."'~-.-J

'~"_l ._ " .

m lm

all·q",~

~ VI-mit " "'1-"'1'.

i*l-~~-'f:

~ !~l" ~

'\R,q·~I8\ .

~7r ~ ~~ ~ ~.~

~--

. . -

.-

. - "

pi

t " ~. ~Rt~: ~i: c ~, ~! I ~1ii(4( ,I ~fJ'~n

..

t Ie':) i1lf~r;!ij~' ~Elififii· ''!if£I t ~,.,

\ , [, - _.:_ . - ,. - _' . -" . _ - : "U~ ,t

~-ij4l~-t- fl~it4refci-'Ifiti! ' ~ " ~lR(~~, I ~ ~ l iif~fit ~ ~ I

r

-- -

*: The w,ord .'~ •. (ill a'~l genders] is Dot used .in. dua.l, ~=r III

'~ w ,

IT ~:jI,

t1:

,'"

,~

fl.

=qt

q.

'f .1 ~.

!f~

ft~

:r 'q"

q',. q~

I~:' ~ ,:it qf,\ , --=-",!I' ,~,~ "~' m~~, (H' ,,-,,-,-

\ QI'_ i;(.. ~,' 11'" ii ... \~ Ijj. ,:; I ~Jif ~ '\[I~, '*(~ ~ • ,,- a" tha t, _),

-''- -

~ ;_p

~t q

~

m

-

,

'~_~' if,

, '

. . . I

• J '_

:. [I '_

:l'l'y:un:r '11·1~"i ",.~

m'+lfr-"

_~.' '. I, ~ •

, - I

tnr ~III~'~

,

,

~q

~"

" ,I"

, I

.. ',,_

q-"

'" '

,

~lF{I' Q~~"

• • "0

, of

ijqr

,

-

-

~~t ,\III~.'.

(jf-a' [1.'(

- ,

'. ~ ,

'~ 13 '-'. ~~; fO:I!I«Efi*:if:' tP!' :tlca:: (Tha. t)

-

. . ," .

• 1-"

-_ . ' . . -

~ " ((lfi{

~- ~" ~-"", -

• :.; • . • . I I I _

• - • • • ." I' _.

. . ~- . .

~ ~'~ - 'I J,~. ~ t I' - - -, ,-,

~r"ll> ,,_, ~a- J ~. I,

"_'.' "-~ ~~~,."

to,. ~qi(~~: ~~f! '~~, ~: (This)

,...!t. ~

Il\ '3i I [~ql

tW-~, '~(ll+qf

~

. ~

. . ' ,..' ~~". J;. I . .., " , ,~. ,... )

9 ",\9., ~r(,l~: ~3U,I~[~:' rrWl' '~ric{': (T'hla "

\' 'l '""Wi.. ",

'~"

r. ..-- ;.-' .

~ ~\

'. ~ ...

. . .

-.''-., '"

• '. I. ,'-

IIIf' ",t

ft., I .

....

~[~I 'q. ''(. ~1T',.

[~'" "~I

[ ..... ,:; ,' .. ,'

. . .' )

"~"'>

. , ,

- ....

. -,',

+

~«I'{-l(it:(~, , "-." ~'~' ~qrl.·"""'!'·""·'·

.,' • J _ ., ~

;. ",,' I. "._ I '

~

. 'tf-,:

'.

. ;_

,,~."

...

. ...:., III

.'{ .

. ii' [ ,

~<n',: ~6~ql: ~~qP(

'{{"

"

~ - . . ~ I III

5; .... , ,,'

. .'

l(ij~~ •

','. " - .

~'-.

.. ..... ,"" .

....

'ltQ'

'" .

I '~ .• <.: 1 .

• ~ '" ':'. J

rr:n'.' ,\11.

'mn~m ~'1'·'1

. - ;

, ,

~a(+t1i

• ',' =r ", ' ~

;Nr.~ ..

I" , ,:: _ . '141'

,.,.-' ,':" f,':

, . '.:

w:::rr.t:;rt ~ ,:~ , .... "".'

~ • U~ - - _

* The optional forms of' \t';, aud '~«., viz, ~iP{,

"tt~if et,c~, are to be 'used when there is, ar.;err_., Le., 'wben their 'proper forms have already been used in a previous .clause , '(a'l 'o~u'ifi\'orijlE(1,cr1{ (He has s tudie d G ra m mar );1 '1tt, ~U;rcltS6'2lT'Pr' (Teac'b him W,;f(~, (p roslod,y) etc, at~i:'q- 'meant !be subsequent mention of a thing already mentioned,

1,.

'M[t

,r.

J[,~, ft., q:.

~. 'I.

~~ff1~

_' '.' ".' _", " ,-,-,

•••• 'J • ••••

~--'

. [ _-." ':." '

",'"',.':';,,

~, m::rr~[I:' "\.J, I ,.,

,~-,,~ _~i--~";"

" ,,[ '" ,',", : ',' ,', "

..... "._ "," '.:' ",_ -,'

. ~'

-; I-:_~ I

. . "~l~_['" l.!,

. .-

,

Co •

7ft1~,

·'1I·~1

. . ~

" Wfr' " , •. ~:

"

" -,' .

trCIl '-"""~

"" ' ..... :

~m-,., '<I:."" '.

,.~",[.""~,,

. ," ,. )' -' .'. : " ", 'Ii .

, ': .. _ ... :._

, ..... , .,

, _. 1

.. '," :,1

','

::q;~' [q~"l

",' I', ::",'

-t I [~_.' _..'

-qtil,: q~~:

-_~. ---- _.. .-- .. _. ' .. ~-- ,_::"',

~ ~~,' ;q[~:.;"

- . 'L

:0 'go 0,. ~':JI::::r Ii '\ \ '. "·:I;',_~I ..

qJ

~ q111

~

q~q

n,LAJ' -,,,,,.

DIrt ""1 , ..

.'

<1l+,t(f

I. " .•. _

~

ijCl;rI'IT ~I :::11' J

,- . . ., rJ '~Ii 'iii

;~:~ ." u "~";'

,. 8'·.

~. ~ ~. ({CfiltFo: =l~eh~: ~.~, ~rea::: (Wbo)

',," '.~'

'lUr' :q' n:r~

~~, ~ ~ . ~ ~. ~ ~

'. .1, r-.

~ 't{ 'f(fij'

~ ~.I. ll{~ ~~, ~iRt. ~~T

SI'."

ft ...

q., :q'.

'~ql{ ~1I{,qf

~~r ;rl:~~[._l ~ ~

~,~ ..... ,_./'

- .

i:{-

',oJ .

8'UD

'l t. ~~

~~'1-r,-!I]

"..."

:g;-':"GIf-'" (rll!

mD':f,T-:r. -a- ""' ...... .., "'1 ..•

.~

~CI('tqf

T'lIl" ~,

." I

'.

'.. ..

~tJ{f+tff'·~·qr·

~~~

'"

DJI' .~

~ .•. ~'1IE'·

~titl

,.

:11' "",.

'~{'a:

C!ef-%,

m''I'I~ ':r •. ~- . ., ."~:t -" I,

... i""

..

".'. r,

~'. ~ ,~.,

~ ~

IT.be two Sabdas I ~[{Q' lln.d. '4'd:;a'~ become ~.(r;(t

in. Nomiaatlve, Vocative s·o·d Accusative Singulars.

ITbe opdonal shorter forms O.fghFf,. and. ~~ vlz. II ;=n-

.II. . ~ ~ . ~ Q} "'" .. ~ _. '\"'1 '.

~t, .':" , and iIT,· ;ft) iI': t :it ate never us ed at t.'b.~ be .. gia ina:: ·of a sentence or of a foot (q'I'{) of a. 'i1ti., nor can. they 'be: used im·m.eciilau='y before particles ~". fl·, (,', ~ and q;r II

. ..

'3I=E'fi(

- J". -".'

Dl "'CI.

3fNQ)'

.:.~: i,' .' ":. ' '.

't'" q',.

~

:~'" tfI'1J

~lr

:r3!~,. '1t~.,..'\.

~ '~'

~ll

'ttl" il.,

:II '''t,t

~. '=il+<i"

~,t ."1 ;1,.,

~~%

I

.

~

'~lf • ~

31',. ,~,

'1'".

~.,

I;f.

JI" 'I',.,

,.

,

-

\II~~'

'-'~' ;:- :-: ,.', ,

a)Z\W(~~t

,

,

'31':;' -I'ffil-- -

~., " .

- ,.', ,",.

,

,

~~

~

~'

~~"'-

'. :" -,,',

-,,~ ,- ,

. '.J

~':

, '

," I

,

"Il(+'1' -, - " ,"

[I ' - , _ '-

, -.'

'.

~

~,y."" ,

:31':" ;pifr~-- .~- : ,,- Jt

" ,', - [. " -' , .,-

',' • '_ "', J • J'

I . I .' . '. .',.

'i~"~-~~-

','-- -;1" *--- -' ---t."

, , ,-- +,

' "" " . ,-' ", ".:

. I I _I _ " ••

~¥q: ~ ~

. . - .0. _ . _ I

The ~ .~s' 'fiI{t(. and ifa'rtril.. become aiiT(r-=a- in N'omin,ative, Vocat ive and Accusative Siagulars,

~,a . ,,0,

1(. 'It

'ft' ~i

:,..._

.nr

;,'~.

'~I ~.

~ii$4~

t ~~. ifcnR"Rr: ~~W: '~' ~sa:: (Thil)

~"·"i~'tJP(', -",:,

, ' ,

. . . r,.

,

,

,

,

"""~' ::r-(ll'

.~ ~ r

,

s.1n:~tr;n!,

,"" '~'~~'l~

3Rfit:

~~: '3ll¥tr:

' ..

31 I +-r{f

~(l.~

~;{qr:-~.rr:, 31lmt{ 3l'1~t~~:, 3THJ

_S!l:i§iiI'_'_

{4

- ......

l~-"-:'-

If!!iJ', . "

, ",[.,

, ,

" '

~t, ,~,~

..

. ~ _. h

ann

-

-

,

.

,

1

,

-_.

..

,

. '

3t'{+~r

~-_.'

'I '_- • 1_ - ." , , ,'e I

'. .-

. "-;: .. (.

, , .

'1If.

31a,'lIl-~, 3j,aGt(

~

"'-

"3l~:

mfiqll{

fll'--:·-.-,

,

_.,' -.

.~~. ~:~"'I ..

~,. ~. ,if·,

~.

i~

)t;;:1. •

31U:q:(

~

31r:t

31UiSql: 3lU'~-r:

3I:t{'f{:'

~ ..

:;"""~~~ , 'II'

al'"p{ ~

_ ikhY _ .. _ ""'~~J

t ~ ':to f(iifil'{r;:ij: ~~~i: '~, ~T«{: (That)

on· ~. ~"c,-.-,-, ."'~ i-'-~

""l .. """1"\, +. -' ,'_ -~, -, '

" . .

- ,

ft.~: aT\ •

~~

a "

---. F7'F

.'~ .

~

, ~ t ~: G\~i (CfiRI~: (Other) ,fiit~ '3~ ~[ii!(~~

g,:), \? 'a'rfir;rr;;r,t ~i'~' 'wa::r " ~'~'t (':Thee)"'~

\, ",\, ' '" ' ,1" .... ,_ '!fC \.. '.. " :'." ,.' ' '.' '~ "\\ .. ~,t.. - - " _

1ft *~ttl'{lli:f~i IT-l~:

~ , ~f{~' fir~

sr.

~i 0' !Ii

I; '::' tIj,--

'q"""i'irSl'l1tS~" 'h2' ~'tfi'lO;1f~,;y' ~ ~q,qs~,"~. :n''1'

'. ", ",' ~,'" ~"'II" _ ..' ,~ q '" , " , Ii- I'" "

'llni( :q,:;gfij'1 'liltft ~&~~f~ "

ijl~I~~1 (Numerals)

aNJl(Fa::* '~, ~i«:-f.t~iM~'lI;,.a: (One)

r~~· _~ ~~,~.~~~~. iM'

I, tm Q~

c ,c' C c'·

Rm [~

"~ .. ,,.~ "" -." ~

[~, f("~--I

~ •• .••• 1

I~" '.' . ;" 'c:

~

~~'1

~~111~

_ 'to

..

I: "

,

_

tJ:fJi~~

.....

.~~

.~

I{~il-:'

I _J:. . .. __ '.~: . I •

'I ••• -,,_ •

-~_[_:.-'"

I • ' •

, '_ \ c

~RJ~d:, ,~[, ,~~.t!"~,-,~~ ~:q=rr;a· (·Two').·,

'it-'''. ~ l·t\ I ~,. t"., 1:t\91 j" L~~ . .. ',.. "

51. ~ ',a,+

, ,

[ :

i I ,

q:ti~,

' .. ~

Il:ti;:111

~~: ~~r:

[

[ [

, j

I ,

,-.' . ,~· .. ,,·it···

91:t 9 m'- "~'

\ ~, '\ '. ,~~~,

- _. - _~,.}"g!L_· II!

..... ;r'

~

" t!"

-0.

''', '';r

'"

* 'qi6 when means tOile" 1:5 declined only in the Singular ; but in other senses it is declined in the DUH: and Plural 3,18[0~,

'I" ''1',.

~~I".

Q,~,-'~

. : . ,- -

, , " I

i,

,

.'

((;qr

(P-tri r?fr::

• I ,

I

I , I

I' I

<d' ,:.

I'."

, ,

. .

~ .. ~C!11 ", .•

,~" - .

T:rf:J' ..

11\'t -, '.

", I

':q'. 'f.,

:rti •

11.

ft.,

~i Jf:I.

'~' ;'<:(' r 'fIR-II; I[ :'(.-.-

",' ,,' ,'II

• I '. -,

" -

""

m'

~P9: '~ t ij;;a:: ~ if&iRiiFa': (Four) ,,~,~ 'Mas ~ '~~I' Feminine '~,\t;; Neu'tar'

!~:[\: '~,:, =tT~[IR

~: ~-a~.f: 'tflf(

il(

¥J;f ,t:;:U:tD:V'

'''''~~'\ll\~; " ',t.

, ;

, !

I' I

I

r-: ~"l'T.' 1,'-.~"'I'"~.

~

~: -'--; ,:,,-tr;·

I., .' -' " "',' i

. , ., ...

• ". ':":.' I •

Rt,~orl'(,

.''''' ... ' G' .:a

'.

,_" -

'itfiI'''-'

".- ':[ 1,1, i

- "

'. '.' ",I

iA

" . -.

:-~t.

W(.~,I,~

ft:

-

'.

:1'., "f.

qSfllt---~ -f'

-:':' • :': - t,

w • .1 .'

;:r,. q'"

.".

.~.

if"!'r.

1r7p{:-,.' ,'g., -, '.

- ",\, '

:~. 'tttll'+1'·

D"1r:l-""JT'.' ,"" U ..-"-1 '.

i

"

«"I~n:r

·~L"[".' '. [. ["IIJII~

~'-.--

, (' . "

::.:"_.

,: "

[.

, [' "

:sr.,

11:,.

31! al'! 3Mflt:'

'~<r,:

~:

([,.'

!11. .

3tt!I~'

'.--, '_-':'.' . '.

I

~7r" 'VI ~,., '",.., ..

'" :",1.

: ~.'

~ ~, ti&~

'~~',. -I"~~' "'l~ JJ~

* C,ifCIil! • ''¥RAI~'~: ~taa:r: 'Qiji(! fil~~ II A,,~:ql~: · .... Numerals 20 and above

N~lfij:" m~~, :q&l:ln~r~, qvil~r~, m:,.~:,. :aNftRi:, ~: ~ ~~~r: ~ ~~, :q~" q1(J~

~ ~., M,f,JI''r{i:r', G"Flt ~:rl;:;n"'~ iFfij '~~i I ~lff

".... ".iI· ·1",') ~, :" oi(,"'1it11.1\' 'Ill ~ '~, : .. J' ,~p~ t.' .... ' '_

~ q;q,~r: ijfl!;1fij, ~"fttoRlllT fcI~~ =if I f4~~Ufa.-

JPilij t(iifi2f~ql ~.' ~fij: ~m:' ~T~!I f4~Id4trm- SI f[q~-iigq;f.t Qffi[ ~: 1l{~'~lllrf I ~~, 'ijCff ~: ~m:' ~ I ~. ~RFffiii=(t 'Jffijl ~16{(;tt(, aqij{FaJ~J 'tfR~, ' ~~I((:q ~rfOl ?i~!,Oijr~ IIi

~a tl{Ql-'OI$1~'~-'~'~ ~~r: ~Im;:ij~·;:r,~.~~~d:, it\far&:::: ~CfiI(Fcr~~: ltJ;a1iJltrN R~:qi .~

~¥I~[ar '~ljm _,' ~ ~"';,,, "Il?ir ~t " c;:m~ I"

, ""l"" ", .. I 'f1 ., "'1 ""'1 il ~I~'I '>;1'1'" I, . ~ ~, "I '~.\" I '31 q * ~,'\ ~,I ~.~, .•

'~~r' ~ Fr f'~,=r:2:","'R"?'4' Oft;;. JI',(:r', :ml1T -- --- ,~

;I~",~,,_.. --'_l. ~,~:I~l ~ U1'1 ~[~I' '- .. ~ .... ~~., '.I~ '., '." ""I "'1".,!I,· . ·P1l

~, ~:, '~I~~r:t~ ~~ ~'~'~ '-----~l~ 1'1'

>t\ ~I \1, " \""'1,--" '1'r"""~ ~ 1 .' __ ~ u~ ~:rt '<~ I tUi l '.: 1 [~~, ,

~. g~. ~(FQ: ,~, ~:·mil~:tI;u;:tI: (Row many) Same in all Genders

~, ~, lifuflr:t atim..-q: :~~: lCJi;;ft'lr~ enr~

n ~ ~ii1~~n U

'--~~~~~--~--~--~'~-~--~-~I'~'~~--~ __ ~--------~

* R,efer to pages ~79' and ',80~

~

~i:III '8<&(1"

':'i(ll- , ,,: -.."

I _--- _~-;

~ ~ ~ • attfit<l~: ~! 'SNit' ~~ : (Firs')

11'. ~: !IfltIm SNit~1N¥{f:

~ 51. { JNi[ t ~, l ~ -{ !Pt¥lt:

~ ';nn , ~1a:{qQ..

"'-',' \-""1' :" '_,_ , I

q4 i1(l{-~-aN-qiRtIN ~-~~-~ ~~: II

.

9 o o (!lIl1CflH];a· ~~. , nil' t ~. (':"F; ir'B't,)'

'\ .. (i;ll! --..', r '''' .... ",;'"iIi,'", '_, ,," • "I "_""', -,;- ',iI! ,'," _' ,I,,:

n 31'-lt{(' ~lr "'I';

4'1.. -

,;r;~~ ":rD't" ~~<\ :1 n '::DDT, ~~S·-~ il!II' ~ '-"'U'~ '- ~ ,I: -' '" '~:'"1 "'1'\ '111 ""'l,L~,~l:-l'1 ~I~

'8 ,,,"Ill

fJl '\l'-\~ ~.J;a: ;a'~,g€fi~~':, '''~''D' " ~~': ,(,;'First.)

\ ~ II ~~., - '~~" ~

~~zr !t~ir ~~~

- - ,,"~ '- , '''1''1''' ~''Il

~~I *' 'q;'-~-=" m::=;:rj;T;t=r I ';D'm:I'" ,;r,;)J~~~~~ 1'1

~,\''''' IH t\. - ,~~' iIi(~-~ "1, '<I,..' '"1 ,\'~I II ",\ ,-, tit\''''' II ~ ~I ~''''''- ,'_ r '9 ~ _

J'

n' ,J1!,.

~. *~t~-~Pf;

.- &:dTqH(t?(~fl~,

q. mrA~q

~. iM'1J;fffq~~&!rFl,

firdT:qr~-qf

- A. +qf":

m-" ,

. - . . -

, ,

,

"

ftcft ~.q,.: f[\ft qJ.jTt

,':, ',:, " " I, --'_'" '.

l;;rgir.~q(tf-!f:~,; ~sfil-SR; '{PI.' ~~;

~, , ~"I ~~et'C(!i :~ 'g' :~ril{q,,' S(84r~ II'

l;fII,'~U ~'~l _ l" .•• '- tll,~ _ ,_ _ ;.".. '.

- _ _

*fitft(f and ~ (in aU genders] are: optionally declined like 'Q'i io the D,a,-ti,Ye'l! Ablative;. Gentltlve ,and, 'Loc:a:tive Sio':!lvlara, i .Refer to page 79 ..

,j

\9'(ir, , '"",

~ ~ ~;a,! ~~:, a:Wir ~: ~r~ SJ,f2lif.lral: ~~'~-'7il(lil" ~~s{q lf~~~6 ~ -~~

6}fill~lat{l:, (Ca,rdinals) ~ll~Qr~l: (Ordinale] Ma,s.. Fem. Neute,r. ,M"a,a. Fem,. Ne:uter~

~ f{t6: l\i$l '{~ *JP.PJ: ~ ~

~ ... "'2

~ ~.Ia a ~: ~ ~"

~ ~~: mr: ~ ~: ~M fldl'«:,

r:q~. ~ ~

R' 4- , ~,- I, ~ P.r.

0., '=:~, ,I', it ;::l;j3,'-, ~,~,: , =r: __ ',;:;:n /, _--,,'* '~' ,: ~,:l1 ~_' ;:::r-',:" I ~ - • _"'~rII"""<t1mi1"l'¥, - .;

o ·'1\·.,t-\,~ L~\;1'1,t ~"'.l ":. . ~,(,~ ~ ~l:' ".J r~,,:,,_"\

~ ~

l~: ~ g~

'Qllil': qq:q) 'q;!I'i~

ft1if~ ,~ '~,:-;~'"

'0 t, '''(6il "'t'y!-,

~U"t,: '_

"'\- 'N-c., -'

" ,

- '

~ '~ '-'\ ~Ic;..

, ......

l3~

6tJ!,'I: i(qJ(': ~K:r,,:_., ,~r t

~i:aq,'(, GfE,i{~,"

. " ", '. ~: 1. ;

~C1J1f,f:t

* V'~;{VS'~.f: (iJ.8.,) '\{qViRin~alS, l,-rro~ ~, II, 1St, ~, and firt are j,rr,egula-ry' formed ; q.'il" fdER.. " ;J"~ snd q:V;r. they afle form'ed, by ,dro'ppin"g, th,e 'n'nal ''( ,and ~ddiD,g fl,,,

t, 2, 3, 4-,Refer' to p:ages, '73 and 74.

.~.O

~~4(

.\ff~: qiRw~f! (Ordinals)

(Oardinals) ~ _'luI:. .~

1 R

t t qE6J:~ltCfir~~l: t(qil~:(rl ''\41;f~ij~

t~ l1iOO «I~f: ~ It~ ..

~ ~ iI~({?tj ;riU«~(: ~~ ~

~ ~ ~~ ~~: ~it ~~I~

t ~ ware q!fcfil;~: 1fQ~ qsa({~

t \ t\mr tfrft: I{rgqft tfJ~~

~.\) W:PtT aai{«: ~~ ~8~~1~

~.~ tSI·~'q.:r 01!.'~~,: en!fG:Wl ~~~,

r~qa:~2 'iFI~: ~ ~q({~'{ }

I qtiI"lM! ~: 't~fci~ ~~~

t"

' .. i ~I'~~i .D";:C~~~ t{i:fir9J:+=.~~~t6lii~.fml.:'"·"

I "'.·[I:~l~itl I" I' .~ '''1 ~ I:~ '<I ti, 1.'1~1 i '9.~.~~~

t~m: ~: ~~ ~~

:) 01 ~~i.3 ~~! ~~ ~~R,"

,I~~~'I,~' Iq~;I'1 I~illl ~"-,\

N~f~Rrtr: ~rerij;ft R~Rre~,

~ ~ ·~Cfifi1.~f6·: t\~'M~l: ~1fir l\atf~,~

;,

". ..: .. .. .. "" " .: ~ , -- - ':"~ .. ~ . .-: . " ~. . .. ", - '- . ;

1.. T~e ordinals from ·~'cr~ ... to ;r~=tr1. are .fui.m~,d . by dro pp,in,g the tinal i\ i, e. ll:ca-'et~ etc,

2 The e 9.th com .pou nd numeral (1'9 2··,1'\ 3' :,~, etc m -. a,i'

- .,. ." " . _. ~,'. .. \... - 7'" ;I, .. ~""". '. 'J

also h..made up by prefixing.~ (I:£"-i+a;;r), ~ (~<i«t.H) or e;;rcdess. bY' OD:e to the .bighe:r,.

3. See foot-aotes on Page, 8 t.

Mc'fl\(

.;'<. j.'_' '1 :.," : ..

.

.

..,

~~itr:.

•• "-. _.. __ - - - -'!I!II! .• i1iir~ ._ "_'_ _ . Ji==7' "_

*Tb1e ordinals from ·ft.~ and above ha ve two

forms '; The first form is by adding 'Q'if invariably ; e. g~ . .-

fi'da1i·.~ f;(·Uv:1W.; .ft:erq J etc, '. "

·T.he second form is ':._ ..

(8.) By drop'p'iD~ fer of' '~~fij, ,grOl1.p and fo,f.mi·Dg its

Comp:ou:nd:s 6,.,g., fflr, ~~;. ·~t.IC., "'.

(b) By dropping a: of f!fQil." '~·C(dtn. and fI:lfI1Ua:, sr·oops.; ~:u:, ~~~. and iq2rU ~

(C) By' changing the 'D..'D.al ~ to at of ~ upto

ilmf(ri It I g .. :; tt;$tt.'i·".tt~81l~, etc,

No·'te that tbe follo;wing 4 eard .. inaIs· _fi., ~ftr.: 8f''lnrs and :iNfa: nave ~only ·the 'Ilrst form, e.g.,. qfBtrlf, ·ij'Rfdfflf, 'a:t'dmr and ;fetft{fflf n

.. In t:he c:·om:pouo.'ds of ·~I"fftd.ttls (12,: .. 22. 23" .24 etc) .•

fI::, f!{ and ;aq'1i{ ,j are cban,.ged~ to BOT" 5ftT: and e:rm necess·arily before (tt'*\ ' ~lfa' and ~"(( a:ad optio·Da1ly 'before

"';, _ ... ' " . ~. ,~~ ,~: ,.' " ;, ~, . ,. : ':, - _ - ~:: ,: ,~-_ - ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ - -' " .

=tftlf11b1a:.., tpd'~!(lfl,. "ttl·.. :Qf« a'md ~. Before amr-r6' ·th.q'

remaiD uDc.baDscd •.

:9--6

~~ ~~~

~~iiU! ~~~: (Ordinp.Is)

{Oa,rdinals) ~ ~ ~

'-Q. ~fi: ~~: ~~ ~~

\.0 fw~ ~: ~,~ '~

, '~"I{E6f;1~~,.c:~f:(:" ~' ... '~.--:- .. :':::Z.'.~,,, •. ' ~~'-:·.:~'l':l>n"" .~~: .. _. -.:. ,\.-:

I' .", ~'.' ", , _ '1 '[I . '. < . , . ".

" I .,'~: -,' "~ .' .

1, ~ irr~ mffl~: an~ ~~

~.~, ~~ ~:r:tr. Sll1.'N,.C- .. ·~!1 ~~:.~i\., l,

. , i( ~~il~"'1'I" 7.Il'GI:''31:~~ t'~~~U ,",,~I.q

~ ~ ~«tI. ~~: ;qgmm ~~

.-=. ~I :~~~ q'!lY;.:~. :.' 1~~~1 q~~~.,,~R,·.·.

'11(. .. " , ,icd '".'-'(~iI "'" -.-.. r~ "<;~ ~ ,: ~f - '\

~ I~ A~Qli'~ ''fl~~: f.f.~~ ~~,~

"(. ""\ ..,~~7.:.. _... .' " . _. " ,~ '''\

\\9 ~~ mff~: ~8~ ~

, <:: amf;~fl at2fa~r: ~~1 GlI,!rf~f~

'~~ ~~~:a~ Im1i: ~~ ~!lfff-ig~

If.) "" =r=r~~' ~r-~ :=;IiWI'~ ::r.:.~~

~ IV ·''1, .... U·,'''tn., -~'''1 t1;,.~~ '"1:\ .... I~~U "1·~n'~ -.\

~ t ~ t{~~f.H: ~~I~ft q;Cfi~~~ ~~. iJ=tt~at·tR~l~, ',aR?fIf{~l: ~=tl~Rm' ·ar~rR:~

ft4l~~ mii~IRf8:: fi:~~Ric ~-enf(~

it) ':t ;rnrp.~~ ~~~~ =nJ:~~~~ :;;t=nAT~if~~~

G ''t "'~'q''''.~ ".ttt\, ·...,..,~~-1lltlli(l ~ #.Ii'"1~~\"" I' '\ ~UIII "'~'.~:\,.., .. :.1 :'_ , .

lWq~:tR~tl ~:;:rtOUf~: fSt:q~{f(~ft ~~:rrR~

~ 'eo ~~~ ~~~Ifw: :qSl,!tT.~Rm :q~~~,

"t'lb, ~~'"tili<~ ~ :"'fayr~~iV. q,-;-U=r'~l'~~ q, A=rt=;nR~

G -,. ,~ " ... :,I.~ .~ .:. .,~ l~.~lf"~' ~ J .-. -~ ,~! 1[\i6J ~ '1'-"ll .. ~ '.

~\ ~"'AA!IR~ ~~tffi: ~~lf~ ~~lfUa~ ~ '\) ~~IfbJ&.. ·ija~rft~[: ~~~Tftrm ijEfil~~~R~~

. -- ~ ......

~ilr-~~J m;e;n.

";~:~. ~ - Iii ":(4- ~~ ~~J"

-«f~I«U: .~r· (Ordinals)

(Ca.rdinals) Sf«' ~~ ..... ~. 'w1it'

1I~: 'a{1!it<4fR~ 31-~.(CI rR-i3': ,am=t{(CIrf(ftii' e:f!:q~ ItW~ ~r~,c:qlrl~ ::a~'I:J~l-rf;r· :~1:r:r=r.:qt~~ft the:t~(qTFt'~

~,(;,_ '.<.:.~: ._.·,\'''\P~' "'1iP;i. "- 1"J'\''''t~. V'I~r .... ~-I: '.',._: '-'1-' -;, .. ,._. "

~ ,

4tlQ iM=it~~;:r ~..,;;n~. iM'tf~,.A :rq'if~lfW'l.

'ia"",,\ ",\"1,1'1'\ ~ .... , .. '....,11.\ .. :II~~1 '. - _,~1U',{~U ":1,._ ,_ I:,. -.

" .'

'!~ 01 \fqt,~~ 'f'fiNr:. ~.~. [It'd I~

r ~ ~ '~q"I~~ ~q'q-l~l: ~t1'lfit '~tfNfil~r~

~,arq:lIl~l~. 1M~Q1~:, arq'-I,~ aJtf"~:f'\

~~~ 1[qQfQT: iqJEU:a) m:r!i~.Q1~

J~~. ~:q!ul~ ~ll:tpi~: ~:,tr-irm =sp;r:qfif~PI\

~lJilmCl. m~I~': ~q!i(it f~tfil[~

1;~1l ~!q~tij~, ~.':.q~:: '. ~'gq;rafm :qg!q'iT~

~.~ qvqvr~ 'q-Qq'~(?8': 'qVqilJ~1t q!iq~rtP\

.,,-\,rR.' t'{aq~~I~: 'qllfq:ltlr:. tflq !I Ml 'IWI''''~

~~. ... """ ~ "'''' . "'5." -"\.

~~ - .. '~ ~

~":It:1;aq!ilI-~I~ ~EA1ir~J! eaqQJQfT ijaqii!I'~I~

.~! 3(eqlJ.f~ ;;J!q!if'~f': &flm~mt att!llql~P\

'3Ie:[qV[;U~ eooq'!lm: ~rc#afQfi amrqfl.Jra'~

"'~,~ ~llPiF~I~ _'-qq ta ,I fir:. ~(f'q*mr ~erq~~

~ 0 ~t ~irJ. firt; .... ·r·-.'~,-·--t\,··l; ~1iR',

'*4;. . ''"1 :l'~ ;1.-'" " - '''1.""'1 1~\tT'l! . '~l~(]~' _,.,

,.~ 9· q~t;fg: ~,_J'.~::'f!'::,

~ \1 -41 . "1"

.~~ mfim·:. ~~'F ~a"'U~.

'\~, ~!tfm'·: ~:tt!:

Q~~, I~J~[I.eJ.

~~.~. '.

'. '

'. - "'.:,

,.. II;

~-ti;

. '.' I -. I

., '

.

. ,

-

,

,

=nf~:"'21

",,~ '. "1 .: c -'

~~ ~,~~~1

t ,.

@3"

.,', .:,_.

'.=-' .

:qg :'611!::: :QQEl'I,:

'fl\f!::

"

r&(,!Ift"!:

Cfqq,!: 9afaaat:,

17~:'1!a=r,~' .. ""'\1;Q\I.

«I\faa:: ,~-:. " '50' ";-0',

: [.,,43

,":, '," _", ' '!!O

QfiSS'!

._.- -I _ 'I!'

1fm,86:

~ .... , '

{d' 'Qs'a'

~Q, ~,4~1!

.'. \.:1i ", :,l1·· .. " ...

'61!ij~er:

"I!l'ltl(f : 4'~I~: ~!tftRt~,:

II(EfiI~a:

:qg;:tW"(, ~~""<,,

-,-G: . '.~ ' ..

=::7f.D~ "'11 "1 ,Q "\iI, ".''''""

~'Dtt;,r~' '" ll?J~U\1 .

"

~:ij'adif{.

rp;:if«~

tt,~~aa~

'38"' -', 'f2I" 'ijW¥a'~

, I, ". ,

" .. <'.; . ...! ":: ," .

~J:n::r.::ril ""l ,~~ \1'\1' ~,\;,

amN18'o4(

.'

qq'3,a~

eMtRlCPI4(

"\, ,,' , ,

'I, •

1.tifilftfJ\

- ~--

g~~~ (·'O····r·-'d,.'~l··DI -iQls)"

\~ . ~, ....,...~i II "', . --... ..' J", . ell· [~.'.'

wtm:

:aw~t' v. ~ L=--I:"~II g 1'1

;rqr~rtl:

~'t. '19 il CI ~'1 t·

'1T~,::r:;r:r·. "'\ '_':,f"' • ..,"1 It

'EfUUI [if€( i·

t" .I' .' ' .• '

{fH;,rq.a: .'

. ". .... .:. . ., ,.

.... '"

. -

iW!ila·~

" 1 I, . I'

__ • -,' :: I .'. _ ",

:521Qfkt'i\ ·:qg:(~ft~

[q!iT~'frd'~

~-.~.",.~.: ..

, ", ...... : -; l' - ~:" ."

._. _ . . ,::,i _ '. __ .

~m~Tt-~ ~~;::

ernl~fta'i.

. [, "'" .'

' n , •••••• C

;WN~,

~- .

. -_ .- I. '

' .... I,: .

,

.

.

;~dt

. ,'. '). ".

~ftlm

.-- ... ~.:: ..... - ·~Ji·-I···

~l ~I • •

n 'rr:s:r :,'~

. .

-- rrn 1\-

'01eF0j~"I

". "J" I. ..

eft· ~'"

-:

' ..

~- epft ..

. " .-: :\..: .~[ .. ~

lt~· "'~.- _"-:'

I. - . _ '.: ~ ',-"

_ . I. I ~.1 _'

ar~-a1

- . .

~-ijt

· f~~:~-di'

;;u::r ',~.

~2&I1qalf. af'{qd~

~~

51~~ R;p14:a~ ~~_""'~'~' ~SA~ .}.: ._

- .

t{Od(q5t (i·8i[CRt1'

• , .. ,., .' _.'. l

'~ ~'~'ef

" . '_; ,,_, .

" J _' t '

911!r~[?4.·~

·"q:rt~·di' ;Ffijq!dla4t

~-DO~:ijH!I~ '8~:a~

mf.l:l:;:UIla:r '"'1 C""·ili'1'\l>~.

raRl:J?t2R ~ ~'1~1'\.1-~·,

tl!l'fR(~ ipMifRl,~

~~'iI~;;u: (Ordinals)

dGr f{tllp{ ~

~III! " '.': .. !;. :.. .tJl'~

~ ~~

~~~ ~~~

!:O'~ ~f~tq1r

....... ,,~ '~i\li" I. ViI: _' ..•... ": ,':,.! .\

<;~$ft' ¥~a~l~

~:c:Pit $1$\i.a,~

,efilfZa;fi ~~

·:Dg?JJ>~~Mrr' ... ~(i!I'~ /~t -~ .• '

(Oardinals) ·

~ 00 I~~

t ... · .• ·. 0':-.', [0· [0 ""~1OAR

'\ 'g ~ ''\,'t·,,\

'~'l~(?IaD t,

, . :' .' lW") ..

'!1g6~~

1. I', ' \1.., '.

'0' 0 0 - "" '0' "

'\ ,'.' [.<.''''-1' w ,'._.

~, '0.' o :0, C' 0 0 too,c,O'OQ'O'

7 .~.... v~· .. ~

-- +

• . iE!:aEi::.

*Th,e ordinals from ~[a and above .. are formed o·nl1it

~ J

~.

'by add ,j D il[ '~II' e .,g ... , ''0 (tall, t1 ~~mr", 'fi)~,ij" etc,

The other cardinals above ~ta: are !-

II~,. eroil" 'i.q, :q,q~; ~i;, ;rwr:l, ,ar;[a, ~~lf and q{ri.: ~ Each of these is, ten times as great as, t he preceding, Refer t.IO (be following slokas : ............

t\tfi·rw-,:ft f3~19a-'~'~SI!ia-~; ,rtiJt~: I er:i~ .....t_~DJ!._DI!'1021_~mR II

"':" , '. l \qq:'- IItl.'\;,"'1.q ...... .'~ 1'''' ..... '~Jef,)"'1'\;;'.t.'m .I''r.~ U

~&1";ij Ddt· I' c;ftrRi:' .. -,' fr' I -._~ ..• -.,_ ~,ql,,·ql<~I:: "'11,'~, *RfEI~~ ~~: ar~ t

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