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USE OF PLASTIC WASTE IN BITUMINOUS

PAVEMENT CONSTRUCTION
A seminar report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement
s for
Degree in Bachelor of technology in CIVIL ENGINEERING
BY
SHISIR KU. MAHAPATRA
Roll No- 25118, Regn. No- 0601105140
Under the guidance of
Dr. T. K. NATH

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


I. G. I. T. SARANG, DHENKANAL
OCTOBER, 2009

INDIRA GANDHI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


SARANG, DHENKANAL, ORISSA
.

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that Mr. Shisir Kumar Mahapatra, Roll- 25118, Re
gn.No- 0601105140 has successfully completed the seminar entitled â USE OF PLASTIC
WASTE IN BITUMINOUS PAVEMENT CONSTRUCTIONâ in partial fulfillment of the requireme
nt for the award of B. Tech. Degree in Civil Engineering, 7th semester of BPUT e
xamination, Orissa for the academic year 2009-2010, under my supervision and gui
dance.

Signature of Guide Head of the Depart


ment:
Dr. T. K. Nath Dr. Prof. S. K. Chand Date:-

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I wish to express my sincere gratitude to Dr. T. K. Nath
, for his excellent guidance and perennial encouragement and support towards the
progress of the topic â USE OF WASTE PLASTIC IN BITUMINOUS PAVEMENT CONSTRUCTIONâ . I
truly appreciate and value his profound knowledge, esteemed supervision and enc
ouragement from the beginning to the end of this seminar.
My sincere thanks to Dr. Prof. S. K. Chand, Head of the
Civil Engineering Department I. G. I. T. Sarang, for his advice and encourage
ment.
I also take the opportunity to thank all my friends who
have directly or indirectly helped me in my seminar work and in the completion
of this report.
DATE:- Name- SHISIR KU.
MAHAPATRA
PLACE- IGIT SARANG Roll- 25118, Regn- 0601105140

ABSTRACT
This topic presents the use of waste plastic in hot bituminous
mixes to enhance pavement performance, protect environment and provide low cos
t roads. Waste plastic modified bitumen (WPMB) has been prepared by adding mixed
plastic waste (5%) in shredded form of suitable cross-linking agent in 80/100 b
itumen and blended for 1hr at 160°C. Physical properties of WPBM are found with
in the specified limits as per IS: 1546-2004. Road constructed using WPMB posses
s better binding property, higher Softening point, high temp resistance, lower p
enetration value, water resistance properties, higher Marshal Stabilityâ increased
strength of road, low cost, better disposal of waste plastics etc. During last d
ecades the properties required for road pavements have become more and more dema
nding, due to the increasing no of vehicles and loads on them. Hence modificatio
n of natural bitumen with polythene and ethylene vinyl acetate EVA copolymer con
stitutes a route to overcome the new technical demands.

Key words:- WPBM, shredded plastic, blend, bitumen, polythene.

SHISIR KU MAHAPATRA
ROLL- 25118
REGN- 0601105140

CONTENT
Page n
o.
1. Introduction ----------------------------------------------------------------
--------1
1.1- Modified Bitumen------------------------------------------------------
---------------------2
2. Reuse of Plastic Waste-------------------------------------------------------
---- 2
2.1. Plastics- As a Binder and Modifier-----------------------------------
-------------- ---- 3
2.2 Physical Properties of Plastic----------------------------------------
---------------------3
2.3 Advantages of Using Plastic as a Modifier-----------------------------
-----------------4
3. Methods of Preparation of Plastic Bitumen-Aggregate Mix--------------4
3.1 Wet Process------------------------------------------------------------
------------------- --- 4
3.1.1 Advantage of Wet Process------------------------------------
--------------------- 5
3.1.2 Disadvantage of Wet Process---------------------------------
-------------------- 5
3.2 Dry Process------------------------------------------------------------
----------------------- 5
3.2.1 Advantage of Dry Process------------------------------------
----------------------10
4.0 Significance and Utilization Potential--------------------------------------
-12
5.0- Source of Employment in the Management of Waste-------------------13
6.0-Conclusion------------------------------------------------------------------
-------14
7.0- Reference------------------------------------------------------------------
--------14
List of important tables
Table 1. Physical properties of plastic-----------------------------------------
--------------------3
Table 2. Blending parameters and relative density of polymer modified bitumen---
-11
Table 3. Physical Properties of WPMB as per IS: 15462: 2004---------------------
--------11
Table 4. Physical Properties of Conventional Binder-----------------------------
-------------12
List of important figures
Fig. 1 Shredding Of Waste Plastic-----------------------------------------------
--------------------6
Fig-2 Sieving Of Shredded Plastic-----------------------------------------------
--------------------6
Fig-3 Coated Aggregate And Plain Aggregate--------------------------------------
---------------7
Fig 4 Processes Lay Out---------------------------------------------------------
----------------------10