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2015 Annual Restoration Plan Compliance Report

Albany Rapp Road Landfill


Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
City of Albany, New York
Permit #4-0101-00171/00011

Submitted to:
Mr. Peter Innes
Supervisor of Natural Resources
NYSDEC Region 4
1130 N. Westcott Rd.
Schenectady, NY 12306
Submitted by:
City of Albany
Department of General Services
Rapp Road Waste Management Facility
525 Rapp Rd.
Albany, NY 12205
December 1, 2015

Table of Contents
Introduction & Overview .......................................................................................................... 1
Attachments
Attachment A. Phase III Context Map ................................................................................... 4
Attachment B. 2015 Work Plan Schedule ................................................................................. 6
Attachment C. Nursery Operations & Maintenance ............................................................... 8
Attachment D. Seed/Plant Collection & Acquisition ............................................................ 55
Attachment E. Test Plot Monitoring ..................................................................................... 60
Attachment F. Phase II Wetland & Stream Enhancement ................................................. 500
Attachment G. Invasive Plant Management ........................................................................ 525
Attachment H. Phase III Enhancement .............................................................................. 601
Attachment I. Soil & Hydrologic Monitoring ..................................................................... 611
Attachment J. Ecological Monitoring ................................................................................ 648
Attachment K. Phase IV GAL Planning .............................................................................. 1106
Attachment L. USACE Wetland Mitigation Monitoring .................................................... 1114

2015 Annual Restoration Plan Compliance Report


Albany Rapp Road Landfill
Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
City of Albany, New York
Permit #4-0101-00171/00011
December 1, 2015
I. Introduction
The Albany Rapp Road Landfill Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan (restoration
plan) has been created pursuant to NYSDEC, USACE, and USFWS permit requirements associated
with the expansion of the City of Albany Rapp Road Landfill. The NYSDEC Permit #4-010100171/00011 requires that the City prepare an Annual Restoration Plan Compliance Report to be
submitted to the NYSCEC by December 1 of each project year.
The purpose of the compliance report is to:
Describe the work accomplished during the year according to the annual work plan and work
schedule prepared and submitted at the beginning of each project year (refer to the 2015 Work
Plan, Albany Rapp Road Landfill Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
dated May 8, 2015. [A draft of the 2015 Work Plan was submitted electronically on January 19,
2015, followed by IHMT review and meeting on March 10, 2015 at the APBP Discovery
Center. The revised plan dated May 8, 2015 was submitted as hard copies on May 15, 2015 and
approved by DEC). A Temporary Revocable Permit was issued by the Albany Pine Bush
Preserve Commission via email dated June 15, 2015 and expiring June 30, 2016. See the Phase
III Work Plan Context Map and Work Schedule in Attachments A and B of this compliance
report.]
Describe deviations from the annual work plan, including the cause, outcomes, and implications
of such deviations.
Summarize and supplement the weekly onsite activity reports submitted to the Interagency
Habitat Management Team.
From late 2012 through 2013, restoration enhancement activities in Phase III of the project have largely
completed the major upland tree and shrub canopy clearing and thinning and the forested wetland
understory clearing of invasive shrubs, required to create the desired open understory settings of the
Pitch Pine Scrub Oak Barrens (PPSOB) community in those formerly closed canopy settings on either
side of the Phase II wetland and stream restoration. During 2014, final enhancement seeding was
conducted in Phase III, in addition to undertaking wetland enhancement work in Phase II locations,
conducting ongoing maintenance of the onsite native nursery and offsite collections of native seed, sitewide invasive species management, and ecological monitoring of the site hydrology, vegetation, fauna,
test plots, and wetlands. With this restoration and enhancement work completed, a significant habitat
link has been effectively made between the Preserve properties on either side of the project. This link
will be further expanded with the completion and restoration of the PPSOB community on the closed
landfill cap, in future phases of the project.

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Key restoration elements of the 2015 Work Plan included tasks to 1) continue maintenance activities in
PIII and PII areas, including control of invasive woody and herbaceous species, 2) complete limited
wetland and stream enhancement actions to improve hydrological conditions in selected locations, 3)
continue maintenance and operations in the onsite native nursery, 4) monitor and maintain the test
plots, 5) ; and maintenance and monitoring in the constructed streams, wetlands, and uplands.
As previously reported in the 2014 Compliance report, approximately 50-75% of the sand needs for
capping and restoring the landfill have been acquired and stockpiled on the site, depending on actual
sand depth requirements. This is sufficient to cover the GAL portion of the landfill. Future sand
needs will be determined based on outcomes of the test plot study that is looking at appropriate sand
depth requirements for supporting Pitch Pine Scrub Oak barrens vegetation.
Other documents useful for viewing the compliance report within the context of the larger restoration
program include:
NYSDEC Permit #4-0101-00171/00011 (containing Article 24 Freshwater Wetlands: 4-010100171/00015; Article 15 Section 401 Water Quality Certification: 4-0101-00171/00016; and
Article 11-0535, 6 NYCRR 182, Endangered/Threatened Species License renewed annually):
includes requirements, stipulated conditions, roles and responsibilities, performance
requirements and outcomes to guide the permittee.
Temporary Revocable Permit issued by the Albany Pine Bush Preserve Commission (2010 TRP
issued March 22, 2010; 2011 TRP issued February, 2011; 2012 TRP issued April 18, 2012, and
2013 TRP issued April 5, 2013 and addendum May 20, 2013; 2014 TRP issued April 1, modified
October 16, 2014 and extended to May 29, 2015; 2015 TRP issued June 28, 2015).
New York District USACE Permit # NAN-2005-01137.
USFWS Biological Opinion dated May 20, 2010; revised August 4, 2010; and revised August 26,
2015.
Albany Rapp Road Landfill Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan (June
2009; revised January 3, 2014): describes the target restoration zones, technical specifications,
and ecological monitoring and performance measures.
Plan set drawings: provide the location of the primary restoration and management treatment
zones, grading limits, and phasing plans, as well as critical features related to the landfill
construction plans.
Integrated Pest and Invasive Species Management Plan (IPM Plan, June 2009): provides
strategies and techniques for controlling and managing invasive plant and animal species known
to occur or that could potentially occur in the project area
II. Overview of the 2015 Compliance Report
A brief summary of the information contained in the following compliance report sections (A-L) is
presented below. These sections reflect those of the 2015 Work Plan, but differ in that we emphasize
the work activity undertaken and completed, and provide an explanation of deviations from the work
plan. In some cases, the graphics in the compliance report are updated to show outcomes, changes or
modifications that resulted during the construction season. Please refer to the 2015 Work Plan for the
original graphics and other details.

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

2015 Context Map (Phase III Enhancement Seeding) and Work Plan Schedule
Attachment A. 2015 Context Mapwith completion of the PIII enhancement activities at the
close of 2014, work in 2015 largely focused on maintenance activities in PIII and PII areas,
including control of invasive woody and herbaceous species. Limited wetland and stream
enhancement actions were planned to improve hydrological conditions in selected locations. Other
maintenance and vegetation and faunal monitoring activities continued to take place in all restored
areas of the site, including maintenance and operations in the onsite native nursery; maintenance
and monitoring in the test plots; and maintenance and monitoring in the constructed streams,
wetlands, and uplands. These areas are depicted in Context Map immediately following this
section.
Attachment B. 2015 Work Plan Schedulethe work schedule enumerates tasks that were to be
conducted during the 2015 work season. Several tasks are ongoing, such as invasive species
control, seed collection, faunal surveys, and vegetation and hydrological monitoring. The schedule
timeline projects work activity into 2016. Significant deviations from the schedule are explained in
each of the following compliance report technical work plan sections.
Technical Work Plans
Attachment C. Nursery Operations & Maintenancediscusses the status of production in the
onsite nursery beds and maintenance activities undertaken for controlling weeds and pests, with a
listing of herbicides and other products needed to control weeds and pests.
Attachment D. Seed/Plant Collection & Acquisitionprovides a listing of species seed
collections during 2015 from the Preserve and from the approved 50-mile geographic radius
surrounding the Preserve. Quantities of 2015 seed collections will be reported at the end of the
cleaning process that is currently underway at the end of the year.
Attachment E. Test Plot Planting, Maintenance & Monitoringprovides data and analysis
from the fourth year monitoring effort to assess sand depths and sand quality needed to support
the establishment of the native pitch pine scrub oak barrens on the restored landfill cap.
Attachment F. Phase II Wetland and Stream Enhancement describes wetland and stream
enhancement activities undertaken to improve hydrological performance in selected areas of Phase
II. These activities, which had included 1) potential followup to accelerate establishment of
Sphagnum moss in the Vernal Pond initiated in 2013/2014, 2) application of soil amendments
(PAM and bentonite) in approved transitional areas of forested wetland as planned in 2014, 3) regrading in the vicinity of the Pump House to improve wetland performance, 4) removal of access
roads and culverts within the Phase II and III restoration area, 5) repair of the log vane grade
controls within the Phase II relocated stream, and 6) repair/enhancement of log vanes within the
NYSDEC-owned property located to the east of the landfill, were completed in part, with some
tasks remaining to be completed in 2016.
Attachment G. Invasive Plant Management discusses invasive species control activities
conducted throughout the site during 2015, following protocols for treatments in the vicinity of
establishing lupine populations

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment H. Phase III Enhancement describes Phase III enhancement activities


undertaken to maintain the newly restored Phase III areas completed in 2013/2014.
Attachment I. Soil & Hydrologic Monitoringsummarizes and discusses the hydrological
monitoring activities and outcomes for 2015.
Attachment J. Ecological Monitoringprovides the data and analysis from the fourth year
vegetation monitoring in the PII and PIII restoration areas, including the results of the faunal
surveys conducted during 2015.
Attachment K. Phase IV GAL Planningdescribes initial analysis and considerations for the
final closure actions of the landfill.
Attachment L. USACE Compliance Monitoring provides a status report under separate
cover of the mitigation activities as required by the USACE permit NAN-2005-01137-M3, Special
Conditions I/1 7, in meeting the performance criteria for wetland establishment (USACE permit
conditions G and H). This report also provides the results of a wetland delineation conducted in
2015 in the Phase III enhancement area.

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment B. 2015 Work Plan Schedule (includes continuation of activities into 2016)
Albany Rapp Road Landfill Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan

General Task/ SpecificTask

Roles/
Responsibilities

(Year)
2015

Due Dates

2016

Location of Task Specific Information

(Calendar Month)
J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D

Restoration Plan

Construction
Documents
Plan Set

Invasive Species
and Pest Mgmnt
Plan

DEC
Permit

1. Construction Management
a. Prepare and distribute weekly onsite activity reports/notifications per TRP

x x x x

x x x x x x x x x x x x

x x x x x x x x

Consultant

b. Attend weekly landfill construction meetings as needed

x x x x

x x x x x x x x x x x x

x x x x x x x x

Consultant

c. Conduct SWPPP inspections and reporting

x x x x

x x x x x x x x x x x x

x x x x x x x x

Consultant

d. Conduct special meetings, site visits, comunications and follow-up reporting

x x x x

x x x x x x x x x x x x

x x x x x x x x

Consultant

e. Weekly management team meetings as needed

x x x x

x x x x x x x x x x x x

x x x x x x x x

Consultant

a. Conduct Construction Oversight for the following: road and culvert removal, pump station area re-grading, PAM/bentonite application, log vane
repair, potential woody enhancement plantings, and any other repairs or maintenace work as directed by the City

x x x x

x x x x x x x x x x x x

x x x x x x x x

Consultant

b. Prepare and distribute daily and weekly reports as needed

x x x x

x x x x x x x x x x x x

x x x x x x x x

Consultant

x x x x x

Consultant

p. 18
p. 18

p. 13

2. Construction Oversight

3. Annual Work Plan


30-Jan

a. Prepare and submit Draft Annual Work Plans (includes the current year draft due Jan 30, & initiating draft plan for the subsequent year)
b. Coordinate TRP approval (concurrent w/ submittal of final approved work plan)
c. Coordinate and attend Interagency Habitat Management Team meeting(s) and follow-up communications for review/approval and finalization of
Annual Work Plan

x x x x x x
x x x

x x x

Consultant/City

x x x x

x x x x

Consultant/City

p. 18

4. Annual Compliance Report and USACE Mitigation Monitoring


1-Dec

a. Prepare and submit Annual Compliance Report & Mitigation Monitoring Report
b. Follow-up discussions, communications w/ agencies and IHMT

x x x x
x x

x x x x

Consultant/City

Consultant/City

x x x

c. Conduct full wetland delineation, analysis & reporting for USACE mitigation compliance monitoring (see Attachment L)

d. Evaluate and create Wetland remedial action plan to address wetland mitigation deficiences

x x x x x x x

x x x x x x

x x x x x x x

Consultant/City

x x x x x x

Consultant/City

5. Nursery Operations & Maintenance (see Attachment C of the Work Plan)

p. 20, 21

a. Conduct nursery maintenance (watering, weeding, and cultivating)

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

Consultant/City/ Contractor

x x

x x x x x x

x x

x x x x x x

Consultant/City/ Contractor

a. Continue to develop and update seed collection plan according to annual collection needs

x x x x

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

b. Acquire collection permits as needed

x x x x

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

x x

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

b. Nursery bed soil amendments and pest control applications as needed


6. Seed/Plant Collection & Acquisition (see Attachment D of the Work Plan)

c. Conduct scouting for approved off-site seed collection sources

p. 18

p. 20, 21

d. Conduct hand seed collections within APBP/sites in 50-mile radius/onsite nursery

x x

x x

Consultant

x x x x x x

x x

Consultant

x x x x x x

Consultant

x x x x x x x

x x x x

Consultant

e. Clean, process, inventory and store seed

x x x

f. Identify commercially available seed, plants and woody material; make arrangements with nurseries to purchase woody plants needed for site
restoration. Prepare bid documentation for both purchase of available plant species and growing non-commericially available species for Phase II and
Phase III woody plant material installation

x x x x

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

Contractor

x x x x x x

Consultant/City

x x

p. 20, 21/65 - 66

Consultant
Consultant

7. Test Plot Maintenance & Monitoring (see Attachment E of the Work Plan)
a. Repair any Test Plot erosion, as needed
b. Conduct Test Plot maintenance such as occasional mowing and fence repair as needed (note: invasive plant control is conducted under
Task 9)
c. Conduct annual vegetation performance monitoring, analysis and reporting (note: faunal surveys for birds and butterflies to be conducted in the test
plots concurrently with faunal surveys in Task 13)

x x x x x x
x x

x x x x x x x x

d. Organize, schedule in-field agency meeting to obtain concurrence on test plot results and direction for restoring landfill

x x

x x x x x x x x

x x

Consultant
Consultant

x x

8. Phase II Wetland Enhancement/Remediation (see Attachment F of the Work Plan)


a. Monitor sphagnum establishment in vernal pond and conduct additional application if warranted
b. Amend soils in selected areas with bentonite clay and polyachrylimide materials, and apply enhancement seeding as needed; may include some areas
containing lupine after revised BA/BO process
c. Re-grade pump station area, plant & seed, install hydrology monitoring

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x
x x
x

x x x x x
x
x x

City/Contractor
x

x x

City/Contractor
City/Contractor

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

General Task/ SpecificTask

Roles/
Responsibilities

(Year)
2015

Due Dates

2016

Location of Task Specific Information

(Calendar Month)
J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D
d. Remove roads and culverts in Phase II and III areas, restore to native communities; contingent on outcome of revised BA/BO process

x x

x x x x x x

e. Replace log vanes in Phase II relocated stream

x x

x x x x x x

City/Contractor

x x x x x x

City/Contractor

f. Raise elevation of existing log vanes in stream located on DEC property


g. Revise Biological Assessment (BA) to account for wetland enhancement tasks, invasive species management, and nursery management; work with
USFWS and USACE to obtain a revised Biological Opinion (BO)

x x

x x x x x x

Restoration Plan

Construction
Documents
Plan Set

Invasive Species
and Pest Mgmnt
Plan

DEC
Permit

City/Contractor

x x x x x

Consultant

9. Invasive Plant Management (see Attachment G of the Work Plan)


a. Conduct "expanded program" of herbaceous species management (including Phragmites) in Phase II and III and selected areas (e.g. all restoration
construction zones, test plots, sand stockpile areas, selected enhancement areas, and P4 Mitigation Wetland)

b. Conduct "expanded program" of woody control (including Oriental bittersweet) in Phase II and III and selected areas (e.g. all restoration construction
x x x x
zones, test plots, sand stockpile areas, and selected enhancement areas)

x x x x x x

x x x x x x x x x x x x

x x x x x x

Consultant

x x x x x x x x

Consultant

p. 39 - 42

p. 27 - 49

p. 43 - 45

p. 28 - 47

10. Plans & Specifications


a. Prepare plans and specifications for wetland enhancements and for potential test plot on GAL

x x x x

Consultant

11. Phase III Enhancement (see Attachment H of the Work Plan)


a. Conduct mowing as needed and directed

x x

x x x x x x x

b. Cover crop seeding for minor repairs as needed

x x

x x

c. Potential tree and shrub plantings in Phase II and III, depending on results of Task 6.f
d. Enhancement seeding as needed

x
x x

City

x x
x x

x x

City
x

x x

City

x x

City/Consultant

12. Soil & Hydrologic Monitoring (see Attachment I of the Work Plan)
a. Pre-monitoring calibration of Telog sensors and re-install soil moisture sensors
b. Conduct hydrology monitoring, analysis and reporting

x x
x

x x
x x x x x x x x

c. End of season removal of soil moisture sensors to store until next season

Consultant
x x x x x x x x

Consultant

Consultant

x x

Consultant

p. 104 - 106

p. 13

13. Ecological Monitoring (see Attachment J of the Work Plan)


a. Conduct vegetation monitoring, analysis and reporting

x x

b. Conduct wetland analysis and reporting in Phase II restoration


c. Conduct bird and butterfly surveys, analysis and reporting (see also Test Plots Task 7c)
d. Conduct reptile and amphibian surveys, analysis and reporting

x x

x x

x x

x x

x x
x x

Consultant

x x x x x x x x

x x x x x x x x

Consultant

x x

x x x x x x x x

x x

x x x x x x x x

Consultant

e. Conduct Pine Bush KBB habitat assessment

x x x x x x x x

x x x x x x x x

Consultant

f. Monitor results of PAM and bentonite application

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

Consultant

a. City team planning meetings to discuss options, create plans for final sand topdressing of GAL, and to organize construction work for 2016

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

b. Evaluate drainage control options for GAL cap and possibly establish a test plot at the GAL toe of slope and immediate upslope areas to evaluate
drainage options. Install monitoring well and/or soil moisture meters to monitor drainage effectiveness

x x x x x x x

x x x x x x x

14. Phase IV GAL Restoration Planning (see Attachment K of the Work Plan)

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Consultant team
Consultant team/City

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment C. Nursery Operations & Maintenance


Compliance Report
Albany Rapp Road Landfill
Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
City of Albany, New York
Introduction
The onsite plant nursery was constructed and planted in mid-2011 to provide a source of locally
scarce native seed for the restoration project, particularly for those Albany Pine Bush species that
serve as important nectar and food plants for the Karner
Blue butterfly. By 2015, eleven beds are growing and
producing seed for 15 perennial forb species. Established
nursery beds range in size from a small 0.007 acre bed of
arrow-leaf violet (Viola sagittata) to larger beds of wild
lupine (Lupinus perennis) and butterfly milkweed (Asclepias
tuberosa) (adjacent top photo), both 0.6 acres or more in
size. Many of the nursery production beds have reached
their third full season of growth, while others have
required remedial seeding (see Attachment C-1 nursery
bed layout and composition).
In order to supplement bed production, most of the beds
received additional enhancement seeding, planted
manually within rows. This enhancement seeding
occurred in the beds of lupine, butterfly milkweed, stiff
aster (Symphyotrichum linearifolium), goats rue (Tephrosia
virginiana), spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium),
frostweed (Helianthemum canadense), and New Jersey Tea
(Ceanothus americanus). Enhancement seeding occurred in
May, and substantial germination was evident by June,
particularly in the lupine and milkweed beds, which now
offer much higher bed densities (see adjacent butterfly
milkweed bed in flower, bottom photo).
Seed production of lupine, butterfly milkweed, blunt milkweed (Asclepias amplexicaulis), goats rue,
and gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis) all increased in comparison with previous years. Production
of the remaining species held steady or declined somewhat, likely due to normal annual variation.
Browse damage continues to interfere in some cases with seed production, such as with the small
stiff aster bed, heavily browsed likely by rabbits or smaller rodents not deterred by the fence nor by
deer repellent placed seasonally along the nursery fence in spring and summer as a secondary
deterrent. The deer repellent was applied for the purpose of preventing damage to lupine, which
proved to be effective. The spreading dogbane bed flourished, though it also produced no seed, as
this species does not produce regularly each year. More than balancing out these shortfalls
however, the lupine beds grew twice the weight as that collected in 2014, while butterfly milkweed

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

produced 15 to 20 times as much seed as previously


collected. Exact numbers will be known once the final
cleaning and weighing is completed.
Another challenge in bed production has been the
growth of a common leaf spot fungus in the butterfly
milkweed bed, which first appeared in 2013 during an
extended period of cooler and wetter-than-normal, early
to mid-spring growing conditions. While the presence
and severity of such leaf spot diseases is typically variable
from year to year, the infestation has persisted into 2015
and has possibly also infected the spreading dogbane
(Apocynum androsaemifolium) bed. This year, a foliar
fungicide treatment regime was initiated to address this
issue. Beginning in June at the onset of symptoms, and
continuing weekly through mid-summer, the fungicide
treatments held the leaf spot in check and allowed the
milkweed to flower and fruit normally, leading to a
subsequently large harvest. The leaf spot reemerged in
the fall after treatments were suspended, and it is
expected that this regime will have to continue in future
years to ensure adequate harvests. However, burning of
overwintering inoculum and detritus in a prescribed fire
may mitigate the effects of the leaf spot and reduce the
level of effort necessary to control it.
Work Activity
Pre-emergent herbicide pendimethalin (trade name
LESCO PRE-M AquaCap; MSDS attached) applications
were conducted in April to prevent weed establishment,
though these were only possible in the Helianthus and
Monarda beds (adjacent top photo). Enhancement
seeding in the remaining beds prevented the use of preemergent herbicide in those locations. Spot-spraying of
post-emergent weeds using a glyphosate formulation
(trade name Cornerstone PLUS; MSDS attached)
occurred throughout the growing season. To further augment plant vigor and seed production, a
10-10-10 granular fertilizer was applied twice at a rate of 1 lb/1000 ft2 to all but the lupine beds.
A seasonal increase in lupine aphids (Macrosiphum albifrons) occurred across the Pine Bush in 2015,
including in the nursery (see adjacent lupine photo, second from top). Despite treatments with
safer soap, aphids proliferated and caused damage to flower and seed production. It is anticipated
that the aphid population will again reach seasonal highs in 2016, unless natural predators begin to
respond to control the population. Continued monitoring and treatment will otherwise be
necessary to mitigate damage.

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The overseeding efforts conducted in 2013 were also successful. In the slow to perform New
Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus) bed, newly established rough goldenrod plants flourished and were
heavy seed producers in 2014 (bottom photo on previous page). The nursery borders, which were
seeded with a simple erosion control mix in fall 2013, also showed abundant germination by little
bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium), dotted horsemint (Monarda punctata), and poor-joe (Diodia teres).
Processing and cleaning of seed collections remains ongoing at the time of submittal of this
compliance report. Final clean, collected weights for nursery species in 2015, as with other off-site
seed collections, will be determined and reported at the end of the seed cleaning process by mid to
late December.
Deviations from Work Plan
There were no significant deviations from the work plan.

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10

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Apocynum androsaemifolium (0.16 Ac.)

Albany, New York

One Connors Blvd.

Tephrosia virginiana (0.33 Ac.)

City of Albany, Dept. of General Services

Lupinus perennis (0.6 Ac.)

Albany Rapp Road Landfill

Aster linariifolius (0.04 Ac.)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (0.16 Ac.)


Asclepias amplexicaulis (0.07 Ac.)
Asclepias tuberosa (0.64 Ac.)
Aster linariifolius (0.04 Ac.)
Ceanothus americanus (0.12 Ac.)
Helianthus divaricatus (0.09 Ac.)
Helianthus strumosus (0.09 Ac.)
Lupinus perennis (0.76 Ac.)
Monard fistulosa (0.16 Ac.)
Solidago nemoralis (0.12 Ac.)
Tephrosia virginiana (0.33 Ac.)
Viola sagittata (0.007 Ac.)

Albany, New York

Nursery Composition

Helianthus divaricatus (0.09 Ac.)


Helianthus strumosus (0.09 Ac.)

Viola sagittata (0.007 Ac.)

Asclepias
amplexicaulis
(0.07 Ac.)

Lupinus perennis (0.16 Ac.)


Monard fistulosa (0.16 Ac.)

Solidago nemoralis/
Ceanothus
americanus
(0.12 Ac.)

Nursery Operations and


Maintenance

Asclepias tuberosa (0.64 Ac.)

AES Proj. #:

09-0636

Designed By:

JL

Drawn By:

WCC

Checked By:

JL

File:

Phase II Work Plan 2015.dwg

Date: 10/30/2015
Coordinate System: N/A

TM

Applied Ecological Services, Inc.

Feet
0
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11

30

60

120

17921 Smith Road, P.O. Box 256


Brodhead, WI 53520
Phone: (608) 897-8641 Fax: (608) 897-8486
www.appliedeco.com
Email: info@appliedeco.com
2011. All designs, concepts, details, etc. are the
property of Applied Ecological Services, Inc. (AES)

and may not be duplicated, photographed or


Scale: 1" = 60'
reproduced without the written consent of AES, Inc.
To Scale
When
PrintedRapp
at 11 xRoad
17 Landfill Compliance Report
Sheet Number
2015
Albany

C.1
SHEET_X_OF_Y

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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

Razor Pro

For Chemical Emergency, Spill, Leak, Fire, Exposure, or Accident,


Call CHEMTREC Day or Night: 1-800-424-9300.
For Medical Emergencies Only, Call 1-877-325-1840.
1. CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION
Product Name:
Synonyms:
EPA Reg. No.:

Razor Pro
Isopropylamine Salt of Glyphosate; Glyphosate IPA Salt
228-366

Company Name:

Nufarm Americas Inc.


150 Harvester Drive, Suite 200
Burr Ridge, IL 60527

Date of Issue:
Sections Revised:

March 27, 2007


Supersedes:
New or updated information all sections

March 23, 2005

2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
Emergency Overview:
Appearance and Odor: Clear, viscous greenish/yellow solution with little odor.
Warning Statements: Keep out of reach of children. CAUTION. Causes moderate eye irritation. Harmful
if swallowed or inhaled. Do not get in eyes or on clothing. Avoid breathing vapor or spray mist.
Potential Health Effects:
Likely Routes of Exposure: Skin contact and inhalation.
Eye Contact: The undiluted product may cause pain, redness and tearing based on toxicity studies.
Skin Contact: Slightly toxic and slightly irritating based on toxicity studies.
Ingestion: Slightly toxic based on toxicity studies. No significant adverse health effects are expected to
develop if only small amounts (less than a mouthful) are swallowed.
Inhalation: Low inhalation toxicity.
Medical Conditions Aggravated by Exposure: None known.
See Section 11: TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION for more information.
Potential Environmental Effects:
Available data on similar formulations suggest that this product would be slightly to moderately toxic to
aquatic organisms and practically non-toxic to avian species, honeybees and earthworms.
See Section 12: ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION for more information.
3. COMPOSITION / INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
COMPONENT
Glyphosate, N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine, in the form of its
isopropylamine salt
Other Ingredients Including:
Ethoxylated Tallowamines

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CAS NO.
38641-94-0

% BY WEIGHT
41.0
59.0

61791-26-2

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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

Razor Pro

4. FIRST AID MEASURES


If in Eyes: Hold eye open and rinse slowly and gently with water for 15 to 20 minutes. Remove contact
lenses, if present, after the first 5 minutes, then continue rinsing eye. Call a poison control center or
doctor for treatment advice.
If Swallowed: Call a poison control center or doctor immediately for treatment advice. Have person sip a
glass of water if able to swallow. Do not induce vomiting unless told to do so by the poison control center
or doctor. Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
If Inhaled: Move person to fresh air. If person is not breathing, call 911 or an ambulance, then give
artificial respiration, preferably by mouth-to-mouth, if possible. Call a poison control center or doctor for
further treatment advice.
If on Skin: Take off contaminated clothing. Rinse skin immediately with plenty of water for 15 to 20
minutes. Call a poison control center or doctor for treatment advice.
5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
Flash Point: Not applicable due to aqueous formulation
Autoignition Temperature: Not determined
Flammability Limits: Not determined
Extinguishing Media: In case of fire, use water (flood with water), dry chemical, CO2, or alcohol foam.
Special Fire Fighting Procedures: Firefighters should wear NIOSH/MSHA approved self-contained
breathing apparatus and full fire-fighting turn out gear. Dike area to prevent runoff and contamination of
water sources. Dispose of fire control water later.
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: Containers will burst from internal pressure under extreme fire
conditions. If water is used to fight fire or cool containers, dike to prevent runoff contamination of
municipal sewers and waterways.
Hazardous Decomposition Materials (Under Fire Conditions): May produce gases such as oxides of
carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorous.
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Hazard Rating:
Rating for this product: Health: 1
Flammability: 1
Reactivity: 0
Hazards Scale: 0 = Minimal 1 = Slight 2 = Moderate 3 = Serious 4 = Severe
6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
Personal Precautions: Wear appropriate protective gear for the situation. See Personal Protection
information in Section 8.
Environmental Precautions: Prevent material from entering public sewer systems or any waterways.
Do not flush to drain. Large spills to soil or similar surfaces may necessitate removal of topsoil. The
affected area should be removed and placed in an appropriate container for disposal.
Methods for Containment: Dike spill using absorbent or impervious materials such as earth, sand or
clay. Collect and contain contaminated absorbent and dike material for disposal.
Methods for Cleanup and Disposal: Pump any free liquid into an appropriate closed container.
Thoroughly scrub floor or other impervious surface with a strong industrial detergent and rinse with water.
Collect washings for disposal. Decontaminate tools and equipment following cleanup. See Section 13:
DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS for more information.
Other Information: Large spills may be reportable to the National Response Center (800-424-8802) and
to state and/or local agencies.
7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
Handling:
Do not get in eyes or on clothing. Avoid breathing vapor or spray mist. Users should wash hands before
eating, drinking, chewing gum, using tobacco or using the toilet. Remove clothing immediately if pesticide

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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

Razor Pro

gets inside. Then wash thoroughly and put on clean clothing. Remove Personal Protective Equipment
(PPE) immediately after handling this product. Wash the outside of gloves before removing. As soon as
possible, wash thoroughly and change into clean clothing.
Spray solutions of this product should be mixed, stored and applied using only stainless steel, aluminum,
fiberglass, plastic or plastic-lined containers.
DO NOT MIX, STORE OR APPLY THIS PRODUCT OR SPRAY SOLUTIONS OF THIS PRODUCT IN
GALVANIZED STEEL OR UNLINED STEEL (EXCEPT STAINLESS STEEL) CONTAINERS OR SPRAY
TANKS. This product or spray solutions of this product react with such containers and tanks to produce
hydrogen gas which may form a highly combustible gas mixture. This gas mixture could flash or explode,
causing serious personal injury, if ignited by open flame, spark, welders torch, lighted cigarette or other
ignition source.
Storage:
STORE ABOVE 10F (-12C) TO KEEP PRODUCT FROM CRYSTALLIZING. Crystals will settle to the
bottom. If allowed to crystallize, place in a warm room 68F (20C) for several days to redissolve and
shake, roll or agitate to mix well before using. Do not contaminate water, foodstuff, feed or seed by
storage or disposal.
8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION
Engineering Controls:
Where engineering controls are indicated by specific use conditions or a potential for excessive
exposure, use local exhaust ventilation at the point of generation.
Personal Protective Equipment:
Eye/Face Protection: To avoid contact with eyes, wear chemical goggles or shielded safety glasses. An
emergency eyewash or water supply should be readily accessible to the work area.
Skin Protection: To avoid contact with skin, wear long pants, long-sleeved shirt, socks and shoes. An
emergency shower or water supply should be readily accessible to the work area.
Respiratory Protection: Not normally required. If vapors or mists exceed acceptable levels, wear
NIOSH approved air-purifying respirator with cartridges/canisters approved for use against pesticides.
General Hygiene Considerations: Personal hygiene is an important work practice exposure control
measure and the following general measures should be taken when working with or handling this
material: 1) do not store, use and/or consume foods, beverages, tobacco products, or cosmetics in areas
where this material is stored; 2) wash hands and face carefully before eating, drinking, using tobacco,
applying cosmetics or using the toilet.
Exposure Guidelines:
OSHA
Component
Isopropylamine Salt of Glyphosate
Ethoxylated Tallowamines

TWA
NE
NE

ACGIH
STEL
NE
NE

TWA
NE
NE

STEL
NE
NE

Unit

NE = Not Established
9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Appearance and Odor: Clear, viscous greenish/yellow solution with little odor.
Not determined
Boiling Point:
Solubility in Water: Soluble
9.67 pounds/gallon
1.160 @ 20C
Density:
Specific Gravity:
Not determined
Not determined
Evaporation Rate:
Vapor Density:

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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

Freezing Point:
pH:

Razor Pro

10F (-12C)
4.5 5.5

Vapor Pressure:
Viscosity:

Not determined
29.5 cps @ 20C

Note: Physical data are typical values, but may vary from sample to sample. A typical value should not be
construed as a guaranteed analysis or as a specification.
10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Chemical Stability: This material is stable under normal handling and storage conditions.
Conditions to Avoid: Excessive heat. Do not store near heat or flame.
Incompatible Materials: Strong oxidizing agents: bases and acids. This product reacts with galvanized
steel or unlined steel (except stainless steel) to produce hydrogen gas that may form a highly
combustible gas mixture which could flash or explode.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Under fire conditions may produce gases such as oxides of
carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorous.
Hazardous Reactions: Hazardous polymerization will not occur.
11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Toxicological Data:
Data from laboratory studies conducted on a similar, but not identical, formulation:
Oral: Rat LD50: >5,000 mg/kg
Dermal: Rat LD50: >5,000 mg/kg
Inhalation: Rat 4-hr LC50: >2.05 mg/l
Eye Irritation: Rabbit: Moderately irritating
Skin Irritation: Rabbit: Slightly irritating
Skin Sensitization: Not a contact sensitizer in guinea pigs following repeated skin exposure.
Subchronic (Target Organ) Effects: Repeated overexposure to glyphosate may decrease body weight
gains and effects to liver. The surfactant component of this product is reported to cause irritation to the
eyes and skin and may contribute to the irritation potential reported for this herbicide. Ingestion may
produce gastrointestinal irritation, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Carcinogenicity / Chronic Health Effects: Prolonged overexposure to glyphosate may cause effects to
the liver. There was no evidence of carcinogenicity in animal studies using glyphosate. EPA has given
glyphosate a Group E classification (evidence of non-carcinogenicity in humans).
Reproductive Toxicity: In laboratory animal studies with glyphosate, effects on reproduction have been
seen only at doses that produced significant toxicity to the parent animals.
Developmental Toxicity: In animal studies, glyphosate did not cause birth defects in animals; other
effects were seen in the fetus only at doses which caused toxic effects to the mother.
Genotoxicity: Glyphosate has produced no genetic changes in a variety of standard tests using animals
and animal or bacterial cells.
Assessment Carcinogenicity: None listed with ACGIH, IARC, NTP or OSHA.
See Section 2: HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION for more information.
12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Ecotoxicity:
Data on Glyphosate technical:
96-hour LC50 Bluegill:
96-hour LC50 Rainbow Trout:
48-hour LC50 Daphnia:

120 mg/l
86 mg/l
780 mg/l

Bobwhite Quail 8-day Dietary LC50:


Mallard Duck 8-day Dietary LC50:

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>4,500 ppm
>4,500 ppm

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Razor Pro

Environmental Fate:
In the environment, salts of glyphosate rapidly dissociate to glyphosate, which adsorbs strongly to soil
and is expected to be immobile in soil. Glyphosate is readily degraded by soil microbes to AMPA
(aminomethyl phosphonic acid) that is further degraded to carbon dioxide. Glyphosate and AMPA are
unlikely to enter ground water due to their strong adsorptive characteristics. Terrestrially-applied
glyphosate has the potential to move into surface waters through soil erosion because it may be
adsorbed to soil particles suspended in the runoff. Aquatic applications registered for certain formulations
may also result in glyphosate entering surface waters. Complete degradation is slow, but dissipation in
water is rapid because glyphosate is bound in sediments and has low biological availability to aquatic
organisms. These characteristics suggest a low potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms and
this has been verified by laboratory investigations of glyphosate bioconcentration in numerous marine
and freshwater organisms with and without soil. The maximum whole body bioconcentration factors for
fish were observed to be less than 1X. Bioconcentration factors for sediment dwelling mollusks and
crayfish tended to be slightly higher, but were always less than 10X. In addition, any residues
accumulated in organisms were rapidly eliminated.
13.

DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste Disposal Method:


Wastes resulting from the use of this product that cannot be used or chemically reprocessed should be
disposed of in a landfill approved for pesticide disposal or in accordance with applicable Federal, state or
local procedures. Emptied container retains vapor and product residue. Observe all label safeguards until
container is destroyed.
Container Handling and Disposal:
Plastic Bottles and Non-Returnable Plastic Drums: Do not reuse container. Triple rinse container.
Then puncture and dispose of in a sanitary landfill, or by incineration, or, if allowed by state and local
authorities, by burning. If burned, stay out of smoke.
Returnable/Refillable Containers: Close all openings which have been opened during use and replace
all caps. Contact Nufarm Customer Service at 1-800-345-3330, to arrange for return of the empty
refillable container.
14.

TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION

Follow the precautions indicated in Section 7: HANDLING AND STORAGE of this MSDS.
DOT
Non Regulated See 49 CFR 173.132(b)(3)
IMDG
Non Regulated See IMDG 2.6.2.1.3
IATA
Non Regulated See IATA 3.6.1.5.3
15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
U.S. Federal Regulations:
TSCA Inventory: This product is exempted from TSCA because it is solely for FIFRA regulated use.
SARA Hazard Notification/Reporting:
Hazard Categories Under Criteria of SARA Title III Rules (40 CFR Part 370): Immediate
Section 313 Toxic Chemical(s): None

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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

Razor Pro

Reportable Quantity (RQ) under U.S. CERCLA: None


RCRA Waste Code: None
State Information:
Other state regulations may apply. Check individual state requirements.
California Proposition 65: Not listed
16. OTHER INFORMATION
This Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) serves different purposes than and DOES NOT REPLACE OR
MODIFY THE EPA-ACCEPTED PRODUCT LABELING (attached to and accompanying the product
container). This MSDS provides important health, safety and environmental information for employers,
employees, emergency responders and others handling large quantities of the product in activities
generally other than product use, while the labeling provides that information specifically for product use
in the ordinary course.
Use, storage and disposal of pesticide products are regulated by the EPA under the authority of the
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) through the product labeling, and all
necessary and appropriate precautionary, use, storage, and disposal information is set forth on that
labeling. It is a violation of Federal law to use a pesticide product in any manner not prescribed on the
EPA-accepted label.
Although the information and recommendations set forth herein (hereinafter Information) are presented
in good faith and believed to be correct as of the date hereof, Nufarm Americas Inc. makes no
representations as to the completeness or accuracy thereof. Information is supplied upon the condition
that the persons receiving same will make their own determination as to its suitability for their purposes
prior to use. In no event will Nufarm Americas Inc. be responsible for damages of any nature whatsoever
resulting from the use of or reliance upon Information. NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES,
EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
OR OF ANY OTHER NATURE ARE MADE HEREUNDER WITH RESPECT TO INFORMATION OR THE
PRODUCT TO WHICH INFORMATION REFERS.
Razor is a registered trademark of Nufarm Americas Inc.

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Material Safety Data Sheet


MSDS No: 1050
Domestic Emergency Phone
International Emergency Phone
Information Phone
Intl Info Phone:

Woodstream Corporation
69 North Locust Street
Lititz, PA 17543
SECTION I: MATERIAL IDENTIFICATION
Product Number/Size:
Trade Name:
Also Known As:
Description:
Chemical Composition:
Regulatory Licenses:

800-424-9300
703-527-3887
800-800-1819
717-626-2125

5118GAL
1
Gallon
Safer Brand Insect Killing Soap CONC II
Insecticidal Soap Killer
Liquid Insecticide Concentrate
Liquid Concentrate
EPA Reg. No. 42697-60

SECTION II: INGREDIENTS


Hazardous Ingredient (s)

% BY WT

Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids


Ethyl alcohol

<50.0
<30.0

CAS #
N/A
64-17-5

OSHA/TWA

PEL/STEL

ACGIH/TWA

TLV/STEL

NE
1900 mg/m3

NE
NE

NE
1880 mg/m3

NE
NE

SECTION III: PHYSICAL DATA


Boiling Point:
Vapor Pressure (mm Hg):
Vapor Density (AIR=1):
Bulk Density:
Freezing Point:
Solubility in Water:
Appearance:

80C (176F)
Not Determined
Not Determined
7.6750
Not Determined
Complete
Amber Liquid

Viscosity:
Odor:
Specific Gravity (Water=1):
Percent, Volitile by Volume %:
Evaporation Rate (Xylene=1):
Physical State:
pH:

3 cSt.
Alcohol, Lardy
0.93
Not Determined
Not Determined
Liquid
10.6-10.8

SECTION IV: FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA


Flash Point (method):
Autoignition Temp.:
Flammable Lel:
Flammable Uel:
Hazardous Products
of Combustion:

72 F
N/A
Not Determined
Not Determined

NFPA Health Rating:


NFPA Fire Rating:
NFPA Reactivity Rating:
Extinguishing Material:

2
3
0
Alcohol Foam

Not Determined

Special Fire Fighting


Procedures:

SECTION V: HEALTH HAZARD DATA


General Statement: Material is considered hazardous per 29 CFR 1910.1200. Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing.
Occupational Exposure Limit: See Section II
Effects of Over Exposure: Not Determined
Carcinogenicity: None listed per OSHA, NTP, or IARC.
Chronic Effects: Ethanol has been shown to be a developmental toxin from chronic ingestion; such effects are not anticipated from
appropriate use of this product.

Rec. Exp. Limits:


Potential Health Effects:
Acute Oral:
Acute Dermal:
Acute Inhalation:
Eye Irritation:
Skin Irritation:
Sensitization:

See Section II
None Expected
>5000 mg/kg
> 2000 mg/kg
>5.00 mg/l
Irritation clearing in 8-21 days
Severe irritation at 72 hours
Not a sensitizer

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Route of Entry Symptoms/Effects of

First Aid

Skin

Irritation

Wash with plenty of soap and water. Get medical attention.

Inhalation

None Expected

Remove victim to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration,


preferably mouth to mouth. Get medical attention.

Eye

Irritation

Hold eyelids open and flush with a steady, gentle stream of water for 15
minutes. Get medical attention.

Ingestion

None Expected

If swallowed, promptly drink large amounts of water. Never give liquids to an


unconscious person. Get medical attention.

SECTION VI: REACTIVITY DATA


Stability:
Conditions to avoid:
Materials to avoid:
Hazardous Decomposition:
Conditions to avoid:
Hazardous Polymerization:
Conditions to avoid:

Stable
HEAT AND OPEN FLAME
Concentrated mineral supplements (fertilizers), strong oxidizers, acids.
Not Determined
HEAT AND OPEN FLAME
None Will Occur
HEAT AND OPEN FLAME

SECTION VII: SPILL OR LEAK PROCEDURES


Steps to be taken if material is Rinse with abundant water and mop up.
released or spilled:
Waste Disposal Method: Be aware that the waste owner has responsibility for final disposal. Regulations may also apply to empty
containers, liners, or rinsate. Laws may change or be reinterpreted; state and local regulations may be different
from Federal regulations. This information applies to materials as manufactured; contamination or processing may
change waste characteristics and requirements.

Product Disposal Method: PESTICIDE DISPOSAL: Wastes resulting from use of this product may be disposed of on site or at an approved
waste disposal facility.
CONTAINER DISPOSAL:
If Empty: Do not reuse this container. Place in trash or offer for recycling if available.
If Partly Filled: Call your local solid waste agency for disposal instructions. Never place unused product down any
indoor or outdoor drain.

SECTION VIII: SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION


Respiratory Protection: In typical applications, no engineering contrls should be needed; if industrial hygiene surveys show that
occupational exposure limits may be exceeded, use NIOSH approved respirator with organic vapor/dust/mist

Protective Gloves:
Eye Protection:
Protective Clothing:
Ventilation:
Other Protective Equipment:
Protection Note:

Protective gloves (nitrile) recommended


Recommended to avoid contact of material directly into eyes.
None required under normal use conditions.
None required under normal use conditions.
None required under normal use conditions.
Personal protection information provided in this Section is based upon general information as to normal uses and
conditions. Where special or unusual uses or conditions exist, it is suggested that the expert assistance of an
industrial hygienist or other qualified professional be sought.

SECTION IX: SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS


Storage and Handling: Store away from heat, out of reach of children. Do not contaminate water, food or feed by storage or disposal. Do
not reuse container.

Other Precautions: None


Precaution Note: None

SECTION X: ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION


Ecotoxicity: May be hazardous to aquatic invertebrates. Do not apply directly to water; do not contaminate water by cleaning of
equipment or disposal of washwaters.

Environmental Fate: Not persistent.

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cartridges.

SECTION XI: TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION


DOT HAZARD DESCRIPTION
DOT Proper Shipping Name:
Identification Number:
DOT Hazard Class/Division:
Packaging Group:
Packaging Instructions:
Special Instructions:
Placard:
Emergency Response Guide#:
US Surface Freight Class:

Ethanol Solution
UN1170
Class 3, Flammable Liquid
II
49 CFR 173.242
Label Code 3- Flammable Sticker Required
Flammable
129
Not Available

IATA CLASSIFICATION
IATA Proper Shipping Name:
IATA Identification Number:
IATA Hazard Class/Division:
Packaging Group:
IATA Bulk Packaging Inst:
IATA Shipping Notes:

Ethanol Solution
Class 3 (flammable liquid)
II
305
None

IMO CLASSIFICATION
IMO Proper Shipping Name:
IMO Identification Number:
IMO Hazard Class/Division:
Packaging Group:
IMO Shipping Notes:
IMO Bulk Packaging Inst:
IMO Stowage Category:

Ethanol Solution
Class 3, Flammable Liquid
II
None
P001
A

SECTION XII: REGULATORY INFORMATION


SARA Title III:
SARA Product Classification:
Acute:
Chronic:
Fire:
Reactivity:
Pressure Generating:
311/312 Hazard Categories:
313 Reportable Ingredients:
TSCA Regulatory:
State Regulations:

Not Regulated
Reporting not required unless TPQ exceeded in inventory
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Not Subject
Not Subject
None Listed
In the U.S.A. states such as Pennsylvania, New Jersey, California, Vermont, Massachusetts and Rhode Island
may all have components of this product listed; consult specific state regulatory requirements for additional
Proposition 65 Statement: None listed

European Classification:

SECTION XIII: OTHER INFORMATION


Memo: While this information and recommendations set forth are believed to be accurate as of the date hereof,
Woodstream Corp. makes no warranty with respect hereto and disclaims all liability from reliance thereon.

Date MSDS Prepared:


Supercedes Date:

1/24/2012

Contact:
Title:

Tuesday, January 24, 2012

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Mark Mongiovi
Regulatory Affairs

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Attachment D. Seed Collection & Acquisition


Compliance Report

Albany Rapp Road Landfill


Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
City of Albany, New York
Introduction
Since the start of the restoration project in 2009, the Citys Ecological Consultant has annually hand
collected native seed as necessary to meet the needs of each construction phase of the project,
particularly when specified seed is not commercially available. By the start of the 2015 season, we
have collected more than 200 species and 2,000 lbs of seed for use on the restoration project.
Seed collecting activities are conducted on approved sites only, including the Albany Pine Bush
Preserve. Collections target only those native vascular plant species identified and known to grow in
and provide various functions in Albany Pine Bush habitats1, such as nectar and food plants for
Lepidoptera species and other pollinators, and species that enhance erosion control in sandy soils.
Collections also target those species with populations that are large enough to tolerate short-term
collection pressure. To ensure genetic fidelity, a 50-mile radius centered over the Albany Landfill
project site and within the range of the Albany Pine Bush landform was established to delimit seed
collection activities. Currently, a total of 51 approved seed source sites have been scouted, with
permits negotiated with land owners and managers as needed (see site listings in Table 1).
Table 1. Collection locations within the 50-mile approved radius centered over the Albany
Landfill project site, indicating distance in miles from the project site.
ID Site

Site Name

Origin

State

Distance in
miles

NY01

Albany Pine Bush Preserve, Albany, NY

Albany

NY

NY02

Hwy 88, Richmondville, NY

Schoharie County

NY

40

NY03

Bernie Braun Property, Richmondville, NY

Schoharie County

NY

40

NY04

Saratoga National Monument, Stillwater, NY

Saratoga County

NY

20

NY05

Constantine Construction & Farm, Inc., Albany


NY

Albany

NY

NY06

Albany Rd Power lines, Albany, NY

NY

NY07

Blueberry Hill, Albany, NY

From RR tracks to
Albany Rd
Albany County

NY

NY08

Rogers Island, Fort Edward, NY

Columbia County

NY

45

NY09

Peebles Island

Waterford, NY

NY

10

Vascular Plant Species List compiled and edited by George R. Robinson and Kathleen Moore, State University of
New York at Albany, in Natural History of the Albany Pine Bush by Jeffry K. Barnes, New York State Museum.

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Distance in
miles

ID Site

Site Name

Origin

State

NY10

Rapp Rd, Colonie, NY


Rensselaer Lake Rest Area, Fulton Rd, Albany,
NY

Albany County

NY

Albany County

NY

NY12

Kings Rd, Colonie, NY

Albany

NY

NY13

Hwy 88, Cobleskill, NY

Schoharie County

NY

35

NY14

Cobleskill Water Treatment Plant, Cobleskill,


NY

Schoharie County

NY

40

NY15

Hwy 88 Bog

Otsego County

NY

45

NY16

Route 146, Rotterdam, NY

Albany County

NY

10

NY17

Diesels property, Nassau, NY

Rensselaer County

NY

12

NY18

Powerlines, Glens Fall, NY

Warren County

NY

45

NY19

Construction area, Albany, NY

Albany Pine Bush

NY

NY20

Nassau Powerlines, Rice rd, Nassau, NY

Rensselaer County

NY

12

NY21

Rose Sneiders, School House Rd, Nassau, NY

Rensselaer County

NY

12

NY22

Willow Street Powerlines, Albany, NY

Albany County

NY

NY23

Lake Desolation Rd, Lake Desolation, NY

Saratoga County

NY

35

NY24

Crossgate Powerlines, Albany NY

Albany County

NY

NY25

88 Brickhouse, Duanesburg, NY

Schenectady County

NY

14

NY26

Hwy 10, Mureau, NY

Saratoga County

NY

50

NY27

Peggy Ann Road Powerlines,

Warren County

NY

45

NY28

Route 7 RR tracks, Richmondville, NY

Schoharie County

NY

40

NY29

Pine Bush Bog, Albany, NY

Albany Pine Bush

NY

45

NY30

Fred Shaven Property, Nassau, NY

School House Rd

NY

12

NY31

Herb Dytric Property, Rice Rd, Nassau, NY

Rensselaer County

NY

12

NY32

Kings Rd RR, Colonie, NY

Albany County

NY

NY33

Vly Creek, New Scotland, NY

Albany County

NY

NY34

Benson Rd, Caroga Lake, NY

Fulton County

NY

49

NY35

Tom Snyder, Rice RD, Nassau NY

Rensselaer County

NY

12

NY36

Tom Bushinski's property, Rt 145,


Middleburgh, NY

Schoharie County

NY

29

NY37

Hwy 81, Greenville, NY

Green County

NY

20

NY38

Wolf Creek Falls Preserve, Altamont, NY

Albany County

Ny

15

NY39

Madison Ave Extension, Albany, NY

Albany County

NY

NY40

Apollo Rd, Albany, NY

Albany Pine Bush

NY

NY41

Old State Rd, Albany, NY

Albany Pine Bush

NY

NY42

Tivoli Park, Albany, NY

Albany County

NY

NY43

Ravena Powerlines, Ravena, NY

Albany County

NY

13

NY44

Mureau Powerlines, Mureau, NY

Saratoga County

NY

40

NY11

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Distance in
miles

ID Site

Site Name

Origin

State

NY45

58 Lester Parkway, Greenwich NY

Saratoga County

NY

32

NY46

Joralomen Park, Ravena, NY

Albany County

NY

14

NY47

Winn Preserve, Knox, NY

Albany County

NY

18

NY48

Saratoga Airfield, Saratoga Springs, NY

Saratoga County

NY

30

NY49

Curry Rd Powerlines, Albany, NY

Albany County

NY

NY50

Barren Field, Dollar Gen, Cocksackie, NY

Green County

NY

20

NY51

Hwy 9W, Ravena, NY

Albany county

NY

15

NY51

RPI Tech Park, Troy, NY

Rensselaer County

NY

NY52

Duanesburg Church Rd, Duanesburg, NY

Schenectady County

NY

25

ME01

TNC, Kennebunk preserve, Kennebunk, NY

York County

MA

140

Work Activity
The following native seed collection activities were scheduled during the 2015 project season,
including a collaborative effort coordinated with the Albany Pine Bush Preserve Commission
targeting wild lupine. Seed collections from this season are intended for future seeding of the
landfill (GAL and AIL), as well as for ongoing enhancement, as needed, in the Phase II and III
wetland areas.
May

Renew permits

June October/November

Scout and monitor native species populations and


gather seed; coordinate woody plant production for
future Phase III Enhancement plantings

November December

Clean, weigh, process, and store seed at the AES


facility in Albany, NY

Table 2 presents a list of 47 native forb, grass, sedge, tree, and shrub species for which seed was
collected during the period May through November 2015. Cleaned seed weights and quantities for
these species will be reported in December, at the end of the seed cleaning and processing period.

Table 2. Native species collected in 2015.

Scientific Name

Common Name

Agalinis tenuifolia

Slender-leaved false foxglove

Aronia melanocarpa

Black chokeberry

Asclepias amplexicaulis

Blunt milkweed

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Scientific Name

Common Name

Asclepias syriaca

Common milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa

Butterfly milkweed

Aureolaria flava

Yellow false foxglove

Baptisia tinctoria

Yellow false indigo

Carex comosa

Longhair sedge

Carex lupulina

Hop sedge

Carex swanii

Swan's sedge

Carex vestita

Velvet sedge

Ceanothus americana

New Jersey tea

Cyperus schweinitzii

Schweinitzs sedge

Danthonia spicata

Poverty grass

Diervilla lonicera

Bush honeysuckle

Diodia teres

Rough buttonweed

Eupatorium altissimum

Upland boneset

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Boneset

Gaylussacia baccata

Huckleberry

Helianthemum canadense

Longbranch frostweed

Helianthus divaricatus

Pale Wood sunflower

Helianthus strumosus

Woodland sunflower

Hieracium scabrum

Rough hawkweed

Ionactis linariifolius

Stiff aster

Iris versicolor

Blue flag iris

Lespedeza capitata

Round-headed bush clover

Lobelia siphilitica

Blue lobelia

Lupinus perennis

Blue lupine

Lycopus americanus

Water horehound

Lysimachia ciliata

Fringed loosestrife

Melampyrum lineare

Cow wheat

Mimulus ringens

Monkey flower

Monarda fistulosa

Wild bergamot

Monarda punctata

Dotted horsemint

Panicum acuminatum

Western panic grass

Penstemon hirsutus

Hairy foxglove

Potentilla arguta

Prairie cinquefoil

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium

Rabbit tobacco

Quercus ilicifolia

Scrub oak

Solidago nemoralis

Gray goldenrod

Soidago puberla

Downy goldenrod

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

New England aster

Symphyotrichum patens

Late purple aster

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Scientific Name

Common Name

Tephrosia virginiana

Goat's rue

Vaccinium pallidum

Lowbush blueberry

Verbena hastata

Blue vervain

Viola sagittata

Arrow-leaved violet

Deviation from Work Plan


No significant deviations in the scheduled seed collection work plan activities occurred during 2015.

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Attachment E. Test Plot Maintenance & Monitoring


Compliance Report
Albany Rapp Road Landfill
Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
City of Albany, New York
Introduction
This section presents the fourth-year monitoring and statistical analysis results in the constructed
test plots on the landfill cap, as detailed in the following report in Attachment E-1. Test plot
maintenance and monitoring activities are summarized in the work activities section below. There
were no seeding or planting activities conducted in the test plots in 2015.
Work Activities
Work activities conducted in 2015 in the test plots included weed control and monitoring, as
summarized in the following table.
Date
7/8
Week of
7/13 7/17
Week of
8/3 8/7
Week of
8/31 9/4
Week of
10/5 10/9

Description of Activity
Woody survivorship census
Herbicide control of sweet clover (Melilotus spp),
spotted knapweed (Centaurea maculosa), crown vetch
(Coronilla varia)
Test plot monitoring
Mowing to control partridge pea (Cassia fasciculata)
Phragmites herbicide control

Comment
71% survivorship (compared to
96% in 2014)
To control seed dispersal; crown
vetch control is difficult as stems
twine among lupine
Annual monitoring
Mowing to prevent seed
development and dispersal
Treatment of Phragmites population
on south slope; invasives
monitoring and treatments in 2016
will continue to target sweet
clover, crown vetch, knapweed,
and phragmites to control seed
dispersal

Deviations from Work Plan


No significant deviations occurred in conducting the scheduled work in the test plots in 2015.

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Attachment E-1. Fourth Growing Season Test Plot Evaluation of


Restoration Needs for Creating Pine Bush Ecosystems on the
Albany Rapp Road Landfill, Albany NY
Rapp Road Landfill Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
City of Albany, New York

Prepared for:
City of Albany
Department of General Services
1 Connors Boulevard
Albany, NY 12204
Prepared by:
Steven I. Apfelbaum, Fugui Wang, and Susan Lehnhardt
Applied Ecological Services, Inc
17921 Smith Rd
Brodhead, WI 53520
608-897-8641 x17

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Table of Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 63
Methods ................................................................................................................................... 64
Results ..................................................................................................................................... 66
Discussion ............................................................................................................................... 82
Conclusion ............................................................................................................................... 82
Attachments
1. Approved Test Plot Plan Layout & Montioring Methods ........................................... 84
2. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) for Cover ................................................................... 95
3. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) for Frequency.......................................................... 226
4. Biomass: ANOVA for Natives ................................................................................... 357
5. Biomass: ANOVA for Adventives and Community .................................................. 383
6. Root Depth Summary Analysis, Photos, & Statistical Results .................................. 416
7. Test Plot Monitoring Layout & Sampling Summary ................................................ 438
8. Master Species List & Floristic Analysis (Quadrat & Species Search) ..................... 439
9. Quadrat Data.............................................................................................................. 444
10. Species Search Data ................................................................................................... 472
11. Test Plot Photos ......................................................................................................... 496

Introduction
This report documents compliance with the construction and fourth year monitoring results of the
test plot program according to the Albany Rapp Road Landfill Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration &
Enhancement Plan (AES 2009) and subsequent annual work plans for 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013,
2014, and 2015 (see Attachment 1 and Figures 01, 02, 03, and 04 for test plot plans and monitoring
methods).
Phase I of the restoration plan required the establishment of test plots of varying sand depths to
measure and evaluate minimum sand depth and sand quantity needs for restoring desirable open
native barrens grassland vegetation, the preferred Karner blue butterfly (KBB) habitat, on all current
and future closed landfill cap surfaces.
For this project, the study plots and plantings have been designed to test the following variables:
1. Substrate depthIn the interest of economizing and balancing sand importation needs and
costs with restoration outcomes, we are testing sand placement depths over a final approved
cap, with 12, 18 and 24 sandy substrate depths.
2. Substrate chemistryPine Bush sand prairie and savanna/barrens substrates have a very
unique chemistry that has been characterized in previous AES baseline conditions reports, and
for purposes of testing, a substrate matching the Pine Bush substrate chemistry and one not
matching the chemistry have been evaluated. Soil pH matching the Pine Bush community
ranges from pH 4.7 6.3.
3. Slope position and slope aspectWe have learned that varying slope position (upper, middle,
lower) and slope aspect (South, North, and level ridge top) require different seeding rates and
species mixes because of exposure, abrupt moisture gradients, and competition from other plant
species, including adventives (non-native species).
4. Plant species compositionIn this study we have introduced a standard seeding rate and mix
of the dominant grasses and key forbs of the Pitch Pine Scrub Oak Barrens community, and
have applied this mix across the entire test plot (including intervening subplot borders). The
seed mix includes key KBB nectar plantsAsclepias species, Ceanothus americana, Helianthemum
canadense, Lespedeza capitata, Monarda species, Tephrosia virginiana, and Vaccinium pallidumand the
KBB host plant Lupinus perennis, as found in the Pine Bush ecosystems that are targeted as the
final cover on the landfill.
5. Plant biomass sampling and root developmentAs measures of plant performance,
biomass sampling and root development measurements were conducted in 2013, 2014, and
2015. Because plantings at the time of sampling in 2012 were only two months old, it was not
desirable to conduct those measurements at that time. These measurements were completed to
determine the preferential soil depth needs of key plant species of the Albany Pine Bush
ecosystem when planted on the Albany Landfill.

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Methods
Construction of the test plots occurred beginning in 2010 with placement of the first run of 24-inch
depth high pH sand. The remaining placement of low pH sand and cover crop seeding for winter
stabilization was conducted in late 2011. Treatment block layout and alpha-numeric coding was
based on a series of seven blocks arranged over varying depths of sand (12, 18, and 24) and sand
qualityhigh pH (B, indicating bad or unfavorable conditions for supporting the target native
community) versus low pH (G, indicating good or favorable conditions for supporting the
targeted Pine Bush ecosystem chemistry)with 12 blocks positioned on a north-facing aspect (N),
12 on a south-facing aspect (S), and four on the landfill ridge top (R) (see test plot layout in Figure
02 in Attachment 1).
Soil preparation and seeding of the native mix using a 5-foot-wide Truax no-till drill (supplied by
APBPC) was conducted from June 26 29, 2012 (see species mix in the table in Attachment 1). All
test plot sub-plots of varying sand depths were seeded at a uniform rate using native seed collected
and documented within a 50-mile radius of the Albany Pine Bush Preserve. Due to safety concerns
regarding operation of equipment on sloped settings, the drill was pulled up and down (parallel to)
the slopes in the steepest areas; otherwise, a perpendicular trajectory was desirable and employed
elsewhere to minimize erosion.
Plot dimensions were adjusted from the original plan following storm damage, resulting in a slightly
smaller size than the original approved plans (see Figure 01 in Attachment 1). Resulting rill erosion
features were repaired and an approved erosion control system of dispersing swales and straw
wattles, in addition to a berm at the base of the test plot toe of slope, was designed and installed
to stabilize sand on the test plots steep slopes (see Figure 03 in Attachment 1). This adjustment of
the test plot layout was determined to have no significant effect on the test plot program
experimental evaluation.
Final installation of woody plants, including trees and shrubs, occurred during 2014, following initial
native herbaceous establishment and weed control in years 1 and 2. A subplot was established in the
18 and 24 depth, low pH sand plots (see Figure 04 in Attachment 1) to limit woody plantings in
the test plot to those plots with likely suitable substrates.
Quadrat Sampling
Plant species composition, frequency, and cover were measured within 10, randomly placed meter
square circular quadrats within each of the 28 treatment blocks. Sampling occurred during the week
of August 3 7. Sampled data from each quadrat included an estimate of percent cover for each
species rooted witin each quadrat, and cover by other ground cover features including bare soil, fine
and coarse litter, rock, and Bryophytes (mosses). Details of test plot layout and sampling activity are
summarized and tabulated in Attachment 7.

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Species Search
As a measure of diversity, a listing of vascular plant species growing in the test plot was completed
by systematically walking through twelve defined sets of the subplots, grouped by slope aspect, soil
depth, and soil quality. Thus, one set included the three subplots on the south-facing slope with 12
sand depth and low pH, and the listing therefore was labeled TP-S12G. The resulting lists are
presented in Attachment 10. This methodology differs from the original Timed Meander Search
method, which is time-equated.
Data Summary and Statistical Analysis
Raw vegetation data from the quadrat sampling and species searches was entered into an Excel
spreadsheet and QA/QC checked for entry errors and confirmation of plant species identifications
for any specimens collected during the field sampling. Plant taxa were floristically analyzed using
several classification criteria (Attachment 8) and raw data tabulated and analyzed (Attachment 9),
using absolute and relative frequency (AF, RF; frequency measured as the number of times a species
was found in each of the 10 one-meter square quadrats in each treatment block), absolute and
relative cover (AF, RF; cover measured as the cumulative projected photosynthetic area of each
species of plant in each of the ten one meter square quadrats in each block), and importance values
(IV, the sum of RF and RC). The methods for statistical analysis are discussed in the results section.
Photo Documentation
Digital color photos were taken from a position at the west central boundary of each subplot, to
represent conditions within each treatment block at the time of monitoring (Attachment 11).
Biomass Sampling
In each subplot, 3 of the sampled quadrats (quadrats 3, 6, and 9) were evaluated for standing crop
biomass. All plant species rooted within the sample quadrats were clipped to within 2.54 cm of the
ground surface with hand clippers. Clipped native and nonnative plant species were bagged
separately in large paper bags. These were then removed to the AES field office where they were
immediatedly weighed and air-dried on ventilated drying racks to constant dry weight. A final weight
of the air-dried plant biomass was computed by subtracting the tare weight of the bags. These data
were entered into EXCEL and a basic summary statistical analysis was conducted to determine if
quadrat plant biomass varied accross slope position, substrate depth, substrate quality or slope
aspect conditions in the test plots.

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Root Depth Documentation


Root development was evaluated by selecting one native grass with fibrous root structure little
bluestem (Androgopogon scoparius) and one native forb with a tap root structure round headed
bushclover (Lespedeza capitata), both of which were broadly establishied across the test plots. In each
test plot block, an individual of each species was dug completely to preserve its entire root system
and fanned-out on a white plastic sheet to approximate the original two-dimensional distribution in
the soil. Measurements were taken at the point of greatest width and depth of the plant roots to
calculate an approximate area, and composite samples were photographed. Measurements were
entered into EXCEL and statistical analysis was conducted to determine if plant root growth varied
across slope position, substrate depth, and substrate quality in the test plots.
Soil Sampling and Analysis
Soil samples were not collected from the test plots in 2015. In 2013, soil samples were collected
from the same quadrat hoops as the biomass samples within each subplot and combined to create a
composite sample from each subplot for analysis.
Plant Community Ordination Analysis
We examined relationships between plant species in each of the test plots, to understand how plant
community affinities have continued to develop by year four of the test plot vegetation
establishment. More specifically, whether or not certain species of plants are associating more
commonly with others and in certain locations on landfill, based on position, soil depth, and quality.

Results
Data Summary
Based on a summary analysis of vascular plant species recorded in the quadrats and during the
species searches in the 28 test plots in 2015 (see the summary analysis table at the bottom of the
species list in Attachment 8), species numbers in all categories of the summary analysis have once
again increased. Forty-seven vascular plant families were recorded in 2015. This is an increase of 14
families since 2013, with 10 of those occurring since 2014. Aster, grass, pea, and rose families
continue to be the largest families represented. A total of 179 species were identified in 2015, 109
(60.9%) of which are natives and 70 (39.1%) of which are adventive. This represents an increase of
34 species since 2013. Since 2014, the ratio of native to non-native species has remained nearly
constant (in 2014, 87 out of 143 (60.8%) were native species). Of the physiognomic groups, the
number of perennial forbs dominate and grasses continue to be important, although the number of
annual forbs and annual grasses increased in number this year, along with small increases in the
number of biennial forbs. The number of woody plants (trees, shrubs, and vines) has increased
from a total of 17 in 2013, and 25 in 2014, to 33 in 2015. The number of seeded and planted species

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and nectar species also continue to increase, with 24 (77%) of the 31 native test plot species (both
herbaceous and woody) documented.
Analysis of Cover and Frequency of the Vegetation in the Test-Plots
In 2015, 97 species were found with measurable percent cover in the 28 test plots. A descriptive
analysis indicated that the plot (S24GL) located at the south lower slope with 24 inches depth of
good sandy soil had the highest mean vegetation cover of all the species. In contrast, two plots
(S24BM and S24BU) located at the south middle and upper slopes with 24 inches depth of bad
sandy soils resulted in the lowest cover (Fig. 1). On the other hand, the plot N12GU had the
highest number of individual plant species observations (Fig. 2). Across all the plots, vegetation
cover rather than species composition has a stronger response to the site conditions, as indicated by
large variability of the mean cover among the plots (Fig. 1&2). Among the 10 physiognomy groups
of the vegetation, in terms of cover and frequency of each vegetation type present in samples at each
plot, perennial grass was the dominant type across all the plots. By contrast, cover of perennial
forbs was not high and was inconsistent across the plots, but frequency was high and similar across
all test plots (Fig. 1-2).
A comparison of native and adventive species shows that frequency rather than cover of the
majority native species was higher than that of non-native species (Fig. 3-4). The actual number of
plant species in each plot varied, with less diversity present in the upper north slope test plot with 24
inches soil depth (Fig. 5).

Fig. 1 Mean vegetation cover in the plots by physiognomy types

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Fig. 2 Number of the plants with cover greater than zero in the plots by physiognomy types

Fig. 3 Mean cover of the vegetation in the plots by types of adventive and native species

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Fig. 4 Frequency of adventive and native plant species in the plots

Figure 5 Number of plant species by test plot

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In order to do statistical analysis of the data on how cover and frequency of the vegetation
responded to different site conditions, 26 plant species were analyzed based on 1) their presence in
2013, 2014, and 2015, 2) whether they had a sum of cover across all the plots greater than 5%, and
3) frequency of presence greater than 1. This analysis was focused on how the cover and frequency
of each species were affected by site conditions of position (seven levels of NL, NM, NU, RU, SL,
SM, and SU), soil depth (three levels of 12, 18 and 24 inches), and soil quality (two levels of B and
G) by using variance analysis procedure PROC GIM in SAS. Because of the unbalanced factorial
experiment design, we compared means of the cover and frequency with the least-square mean
(LSMEAN) method. In an initial analysis of the data, graphic diagnostics of the PROC GLM
procedure suggested that assumptions of normality and homogeneity of variance associated with
variance analysis were violated, and the degree of violation varied by species. To accommodate this,
we transformed the data by logarithm function with a base of 10.
The variance analysis showed that cover rather than frequency of the species was affected more by
the three factors. Number of species having p-values less than 0.05 by factors of position, depth,
and quality were 22, 20, 10 for cover, and 9, 10, and 4 for frequency, respectively (Table 1). Cover
of five species was significantly affected by all the three factors. On the contrary, frequency
measures of none of the species were affected by the three factors. No factors had significant
effects on the frequency of Andropogon gerardii, Artemisia vulgaris, Equisetum arvense, Populus
deltoides, Rudbeckia hirta, and Solidago canadensis. But, at least one factor had an effect on the
cover of these dominant species. Only Centaurea maculosa grew independatly of all factors based
on on its cover and frequency.
Details about how each factor affected the cover and frequency of each species are presented in the
ANOVA, fit statistics, and model ANOVA outputs, in Attachments 2 and 3. Following these
output tables, five figures are presented for diagnosing how the analysis of variance assumptions
were met and evaluated for outliers.

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Table 1 p-values of the type III SS by the three factors from cover and frequency variance analysis.
Red dots indicated significant effects of the factors on the cover and frequency with a significance
level of =0.05.
Post-hoc analysis with the Tukey-kramer method also revealed how the mean cover or frequency
differed using pairwise comparison analysis for each factor (e.g. NL vs. SU, 12 inches vs. 24 inches,
or B vs. G). For example, for one of the important seeded native legumes, Desmodium canadense, its
mean cover in the plot at the south lower slope (LSMEANSL=0.37) was significantly different from
its cover in a plot in the north lower slope (LSMEANNL=1.81, pNL vs. SL=0.0248, df1=7, and df2=265).
Among the three soil depths of 12, 18 and 24 inches, the cover of Desmodium canadense in plots with
12 inches of soil depth (LSMEAN12=0.331) significantly differed with plots with a soil depth of 18
inches (LSMEAN18=1.47, p12 vs. 18<0.0008, df1=3, and df2=265) and 24 inches (LSMEAN24=1.76, p12
vs. 24<0.0001, df1=3, and df2=265), but between 18 and 24 inches depths, cover was not significantly
different ( p18 vs. 24=0.7826, df1=3, and df2=265). Between the two levels of soil quality, percent cover
of Desmodium canadense was not significantly different, with cover in the good soil pH plot being
higher (LSMEANG=1.38) than the cover in the plot with lower pH site conditions
(LSMEANB=0.83, pG vs. B=0.1215, df1=2, and df2=265). The same post-hoc pairwise comparison of
the other dominant plant species showing how each of the three factors affected the cover and
frequency is tabulated in Attachments 2 and 3.

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To evaluate the appropriateness of soil depths for the land restoration, we summarized p-values of
the pairwise comparison of cover and frequency by the three levels of depth only (Table 2). This
analysis indicated that the mean percent cover of 62% of the species was significantly different
between 12 and 18 inches, as well as between 12 and 24 inches of soil depths. But cover of only
27% of the species was significantly different between 18 and 24 inches of soil depths.
The frequency of the dominant species was less affected by soil depth compared to percent cover
(Table 2), about 15%, 35%, and 8% by depth pairs 12 vs. 18 inches, 12 vs. 24 inches, and 18 vs. 24
inches.

Table 2 p-values of post-hoc pairwise comparisons of mean cover and frequency by three levels of
depths. Red dots indicate significant difference of the paired-means for plant species percent cover
with a significance level of =0.05.
The mean cover and frequency of plant species were not only affected by site conditions, but also
differed by types of native and adventive species (Fig. 6-9). Even though percent cover in each soil
depth varied slightly by landscape position, the mean cover in 12 inch plots was the lowest among
the three soil depths, regardless of the slope or aspect position, for native species. But for adventive
species, the mean percent cover in the 12 inch plots in all seven positions was higher than in the18
inch plots (Fig. 7). The frequency of adventive species showed similar patterns (Fig. 9).

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Fig. 6 Mean cover of the 19 dominant adventive and native species by three levels of soil depth

Fig. 7 Mean cover of the 19 dominant adventive and native species by three levels of soil depth and
seven levels of position

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Fig. 8 Mean frequency of the 19 dominant adventive and native species by three levels of soil depth

Fig. 9 Mean frequency of the 19 dominant adventive and native species by three levels of soil depth
and seven levels of position
Species comparison in 2013, 2014, and 2015
During the years 2013, 2014, and 2015, a total of 175 species were identified as present in the test
plots based on the quadrat data alone. During 2013, a total of 118 were found in the sampled
quadrats; 115 in 2014, and 97 in 2015. Among all 175 plants, 67 plant species were present in the
quadrats in all three years, but the others appeared in one or in two years only (Table 3). The
following tables indicate a general trend of increasing diversity in the test plots.

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Acer rubrum
Agropyron repens
Agrostis alba
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Ambrosia psilostachya
Andropogon gerardii
Artemisia vulgaris
Asclepias syriaca
Aster ericoides
Bidens frondosa
Campsis radicans
Cassia fasciculata
Celastrus orbiculatus
Cenchrus longispinus
Centaurea maculosa
Chenopodium album
Chrysanthemum
leucanthemum
Cirsium arvense
Cirsium vulgare
Conyza canadensis
Coreopsis lanceolata
Coronilla varia

Cyperus esculentus
Daucus carota
Desmodium canadense
Epilobium coloratum
Equisetum arvense
Erechtites hieracifolia
Erigeron strigosus
Euphorbia maculata
Festuca rubra
Hypericum perforatum
Juncus dudleyi
Lespedeza capitata
Lotus corniculatus
Lupinus perennis
Medicago lupulina
Medicago sativa
Melilotus alba
Melilotus officinalis
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda punctata
Oenothera biennis
Oxalis stricta
Panicum virgatum

Phleum pratense
Plantago lanceolata
Poa pratensis
Polygonum pensylvanicum
Populus deltoides
Rhus typhina
Robinia pseudoacacia
Rudbeckia hirta
Schizachyrium scoparium
Setaria pumila
Solidago canadensis
Solidago gigantea
Solidago graminifolia
Solidago juncea
Solidago rugosa
Sorghastrum nutans
Taraxacum officinale
Trifolium arvense
Trifolium hybridum
Trifolium repens
Verbascum Thapsus
Vitis riparia

Table 3. Species present in all three years: 2013, 2014 and 2015
Anemone cylindrica
Convolvulus sepium
Elymus canadensis
Elymus virginicus

Festuca elatior
Fragaria virginiana
Geum canadense
Juncus effusus

Parthenocissus inserta
Salix humilis

Table 4. Species not present in 2013, but present in 2014 and 2015, indicating advances in establishment of
species.
Apocynum cannabinum
Aster lateriflorus
Aster novae-angliae
Berteroa incana
Bidens vulgata
Crataegus sp
Cuscuta gronovii

Galium triflorum
Hypericum boreale
Lysimachia ciliata
Prunus serotina
Rhus glabra
Rosa multiflora
Rubus allegheniensis

Rubus occidentalis
Secale cereale
Sporobolus vaginiflorus
Vaccinium angustifolium
Vitis aestivalis

Table 5. Species not present in 2013 and 2014, but in 2015

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Analysis of Biomass on the Test-Plots


Effects of three factors of position, soil depth, and soil quality on biomass of native and adventive
plants were assessed at 28 test-plots established on the site. The data were analyzed with PROC GLM
procedure in SAS 9.3, a professional statistical software package developed by SAS Institute Inc.
(http://www.sas.com/). The factor of position has seven levels of North Lower (NL), North Middle
(NM), North Upper (NU), Ridge Top (RU), South Lower (SL), South Middle (SM), and South Upper
(SU); soil depth has three levels of 12 inches, 18 inches, and 24 inches; and soil quality was
characterized by pH, with two levels of high (bad quality (B)), and low pH (good quality (G)). The
analysis model was designed to quantify main effects of the three factors and interaction effects of
position vs. depth and position vs. soil quality. Interaction of soil quality vs. depth was not analyzed
because of the lack of the other two soil depths (12 and 18 inches) on the bad soil condition. In an
initial analysis of the data, graphic diagnostics of the PROC GLM procedure suggested that
assumptions of normality and homogeneity of variance associated with variance analysis were violated.
Therefore, in order to meet the assumptions, the biomass was transformed by logarithm function
(log10). A number of tables and graphical outputs from the final run are found in Attachments 4 and
5.
The analysis (Type III SS) showed that, for native plants, means of the biomass significantly differed by
the factor of soil quality (F= 16.22, p=0.0002, df1=1, and df2=56). Meanwhile, both slope position and
soil depth did not have significant effects on the mean biomass. No significant interactions between
position and depth, as well as between position and soil quality were identified (pposition*depth=0.8290;
pposition*quality=0.1031). When we aggregated the position factors into two groups of North and South (ridge
top excluded), the measured biomass were significantly different (F=4.8 and p=0.0327).
Among the two soil quality categories of good and bad, Post-hoc analysis with Tukey-kramer method
indicated that mean of biomass at good plots (236.5 g with a 95% confidence limits of 198.5 and 280.8
g) was significantly higher than the biomass at bad plots (104.0 g with a 95% confidence limits of 71.4
and 150.4 g).
For the 14 experimental conditions defined by combination of the two factors of position and soil
quality, Post-hoc analysis revealed significant interactions of the two factors among 6 pairs of the
condition combinations: SM-G vs. NM-B, SU-G vs. NM-B, SM-G vs. NM-G, SU-G vs. NM-G, SM-G
vs. NU-G, and SU-G vs. NU-G. Among those pairs, only one condition (NM-B) included the bad
(high pH) soil quality, indicating that position rather than soil quality was more critical in determining
biomass production of native plants. Among the 24 combinations of position with depth, only one pair
showed significant difference, confirming an uncorrelated relationship between position and depth for
biomass of native plants.
As compared to native plants, the analysis for adventive plants (Type III SS) indicated that both depth
and quality did not have significant impacts on the biomass (F= 1.87, p=0.1636, df1=2, and df2=56; F=
2.7, p=0.1061, df1=1, and df2=56), but position did (F= 2.80, p=0.0188, df1=6, and df2=56). The analysis
also indicated that there was no interaction between factor of position and depth, as well as between
position and quality. Post-hoc Tukey-kramer analysis indicated the mean biomass between those pairs:
SU-G vs. NL-G, SL-G vs. NM-G, SM-G vs. NM-G, and SU-G vs. NM-G, was significantly different.
These pairs were associated with good soil quality, indicating that when site condition was good (low
pH), position was a dominant factor affecting biomass accumulation of non-native vegetation.

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Overall, the analysis indicated that non-native rather than native vegetation was more adaptive to
divergent environmental and site conditions. Factors of position, soil quality and depth had less effect
on growth of non-native vegetation.
Analysis of Root Growth in the Test-Plots
Measurements and photographs of all root samples are presented in Attachment 6. Effects of three
factors of position, soil depth, and soil quality on root size (W D, logarithm transformed) were
analyized with Proc GLM, separately.
For forbs, the analysis (Type III SS) showed that, by 2015, none of the three factors of soil depth,
position, and quality significantly affected root size (pdepth =0.0725, ptpositiony =0.3455, and pquality =0.0708.
For grasses, the analysis (Type III SS) showed that none of the three factors had significant effects on
root size of the grasses either (pdepth=0.5730, pposition=0.2057 and pquality=0.9695).

Fig. 10 Root area(square inches) have been used to compare root growth of the grass species,
Andropogon scoparius), and forb species,Lespedeza capitata, in the three levels of soil depths and seven slope
positions.
Plant Community Ordination Analysis
Nonmetric Multidimensional Scaling (NMS) ordination analysis using PC-ORD v.6 was used as a
means of visualizing the level of difference (or similarity) of plant species cover and frequency in the 28
plots, allowing inferences to be made on how plants are associating and assembling across the various
contions within the test plot.

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In the NMS data matrix, rows represented the 26 dominant plant species (previously selected based on
1) their presence in 2013, 2014, and 2015, 2) whether they had a sum of cover across all the plots
greater than 5%, and 3) frequency of presence greater than 1), and columns were the cover and
frequency of these plant species in the 28 test plots. Dissimilarity of the matrix was calculated by
Sorensen distance. Joint plots were generated by loading the data matrix in both main and secondary
matrices. From the diagrams of the ordination (presented in Figures 11 and 12) we see how the spatial
locations of each plot reveal how different (or similar) the 28 plots are in terms of variable conditions in
each plot, thus revealing potential relationships, as discussed below. A comparison of the cover and
frequency quadrat data of the species represented in the diagrams was also done to support inferences.
NMS Cover Analysis
1. The ordination analysis based on cover (Figure 11) reveals a distinct differentiation roughly
along Axis 1, with north slope plots concentrating conspicuously in the upper right quadrant of
the ordination graphic and those of south slopes occupying the lower left half, suggesting the
importance and influence of position in the developing vegetation communities. This is
supported by the pairwise comparisons.
2. By the fourth growing season, there has been a significant shift toward cover dominance by
native species used in the ordination analysis (of the same number of dominant species included
in the analysis this year, two thirds are natives compared to only one third last year).
3. The influence of sand depth and quality appears to be roughly sorting plot conditions out along
Axis 2, with 24 inch bad (high pH) soils sorting out in the lower right and all depths of good
quality (low pH) soils in the upper half of the ordination. For those species sorting out along
these axes, several natives exhibit an affinity for the south slope aspect, across a range of soil
depths and slope positions: the annual and biennial plant species daisy fleabane (ERI_STR or
Erigeron strigosus) and evening primrose (OEN_BIE, Oenothera biennis), the shallow-rooted or
rhizomaceous early goldenrod (SOL_JUN, Solidago juncea) and bergamont (MON_FIS, Monarda
fistulosa). The shallowly-rooted non-native bluegrass (POA_PRA, Poa pratensis) also exhibits an
affinity for the south slope aspect, growing well across a range of soil depths and slope
positions. On the other hand, the invasive non-native weed crownvetch (COR_VAR, Coronilla
varia) and the native ragweed (AMBPSI, Ambrosia psilostachya) appear to be associated with the
south slope but preferring the 24 inch bad (high pH) soils (S24BU, S24BM, and S24BL), with
crownvetch growing best in the lower slope position and ragweed in the upper slope postion.
4. Species with a strong affinity for the north slope aspect included non-native red fescue
(FES_RUB, Festuca rubra), and natives partridge pea (CAS_FAS, Cassia fasculata), lupine
(LUP_PER, Lupinus perennis), and switch grass (PAN_VIR, Panicum virgatum). Although all
species were generally found to be growing in a range of soil depths and both good and bad
soils, the analysis shows the following strong affinities for the north slope species: both red
fescue and swithgrass grew best in 24 inch bad high pH soils across the range of slope
elevations (N24BL, N24BM, N24BU, and R24B); partridge pea grew best in deeper 18 24
inch soils of both good and bad quality in mid to upper slope positions (N18GM, N24BU, and

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N24GU); and lupine grew best in 24 inch soils in the upper slope positions of both north and
south aspects and in both good and bad soils (N24GU, N24BU, and S24GU).
NMS Frequency Analysis
1. The ordination analysis based on frequency (Figure 12) also reveals a distinct differentiation and
influence of slope aspect, however expressed along Axis 2, with north slope plots concentrating
conspicuously in the lower half of the ordination graphic and those of south slopes occupying
the upper half.
2. The frequency of native compared to non-native species is greater on the south slope with a 5:1
ratio in favor of natives, compared to the north slope, where the ratio is closer to 2:1. Those
dominant species of the south slope based on frequency are the same as those with cover
dominance in the previous analysis.
3. Of those species that are associating with greater frequency on the north slope, there appears to
be a strong distinction in how these species are sorting out by soil quality, with bad (high pH)
soils associations sorting out along Axis 1 on the lower right side. Distinctions according to soil
depth appear to sort out along Axis 1, with shallow 12 inch soils on the left and 24 inch soils on
the right. Association according to slope position (U, M, L) appears to to be more weakly
sorted.
4. Those species that appear to have greater frequency in the 12 inch good (low pH) soils across
various slope positions include non-native invasive or weedy species, such as Oriental
bittersweet (CEL_ORB, Celastrus orbiculatus) and red-top grass (AGR_ALB, Agrostis alba), and
short-lived or weedy natives, such as black-eyed Susan (RUD_HIR, Rudbeckia hirta), Eastern
cottonwood (POP_DEL, Populus deltoides), Canada goldenrod (SOL_CAN, Solidago canadensis),
and field horsetail (EQU_ARV, Equisetum arvensis). In deeper 18 24 inch soils across a variety
of slope positions, natives appear to exhibit greater frequency, including long-lived perennials
lupine, bush-clover (LES_CAP, Lespedeza capitata), and coreopsis (COR_LAN, Coreopsis
lanceolata).

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Figure 11. Nonmetric Multidimensional Scaling (NMS) ordination for plant cover.
COVER
N18GU

S18GU

S12GM

S18GM

N18GL
N18GM
N24GM

N12GL
N12GM
SOR_NUT

N24GU
N24GL
R24GU

S18GL

FES_RUB
CAS_FAS

N12GU
SOL_JUN OEN_BIE
S12GU
S12GL

MON_FIS

ERI_STR

N24BU

LUP_PER
S24GM

S24GU

PAN_VIR

R24BU
N24BM

Axis 2

POA_PRA
S24GL
R18GU

N24BL

R12GU

AMB_PSI

S24BM

COR_VAR

S24BL

S24BU

Axis 1

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Figure 12. Nonmetric Multidimensional Scaling (NMS) ordination for plant frequency.

COUNT
S12GSL
S12GSM

S18GSM
S12GSU

OEN_BIE
MON_FIS
S18GSU
S18GSL
SOL_JUN
R18GRU

Axis 2

S24GSL

ERI_STR

POA_PRA
MON_PUN

R12GRU

CEL_ORB
POP_DEL
SOL_CAN

S24GSM

S24BSM
S24GSU

EQU_ARV

N18GNU
RUD_HIR
S24BSL
N12GNL
R24GRU
N12GNU
AGR_ALB
N24GNL
COR_LAN
N12GNM
LOT_COR
LUP_PER AMB_PSI
N18GNM
N18GNL
LES_CAP
PAN_VIR N24GNU
N24GNM
FES_RUB
CAS_FAS
N24BNL

S24BSU

R24BRU

N24BNM

N24BNU

Axis 1

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Discussion
The 2015 monitoring results suggest some clear trends in establishing the Pine Bush plant assemblages
in response to sand depth, soil quality, and position (slope aspect and position along a moisture
gradient in the upper, middle, and lower slope positions). The data shows native cover and diversity
continues to increase annually in the test plots, with a concurrent important rise in competition from
non-native species.
In the analysis, the strongest trend appears to be related to the slope aspect, with native cover and
frequency favored on warmer, droughthier south facing slopes, particulary in better drained upper slope
positions. While some natives also do well on the north facing slopeparticularly in the upper slope
position, such as in the case of lupinein general, competition from weedy native and non-native
species increases on the cooler, moister north slope plots.
Soil depth contributes to these aspect-driven trends, with deeper soils of the 18 24 inch plots favoring
both cover and frequency of native species, but particularly that of native cover. The importance of
perennial grass cover is particularly strong. Shallow 12 inch soils on the other hand favor weedy, nonnative species.
Sand quality appears to have a distinct influence, although not as strong as slope aspect and sand depth,
in favoring establishment of the native Pine Bush plant assemblages. However, many weedy, nonnative species are favored in bad higher pH sands, contributing to undesirable competition and long
term alteration of soil conditions that would continue to favor their importance.
Analysis of biomass suggests the vigor of native plant growth and accumulation of biomass was linked
most strongly to soil quality, in other words in low pH sands where competition from weedy growth
was more commonly weakest. Non-native biomass was however more strongly linked with positions
of slope aspect and moisture gradient.
The analysis of root growth comparing one forb and one grass across the plots shows no significant
effets from soil depth, position, and soil quality, suggesting that, in this fourth year of vegetation
establishment, roots of the mature plants have filled the available horizontial and vertical root mediumspace, and mature plants in most slope positions appear to have approximately similar root dimensions.
Conclusion
Monitoring results and analysis in 2015 support the conclusion that the desirable native Pine Bush plant
assemblages are establishing most successfully in deeper soils of 18 24 inch depth in good (low pH)
sands. These depths are therefore recommended as the minimum final topdressing treatment needed
for final site closure, where native plant communities will be established. Challenges from weed
competition will occur most intensively on north facing slopes and in mid to lower slope positions
along the moisture gradient on both north and south facing slopes. Because sand depth influences the
degree to which weed competition is a factor, depths closer to the 24 inch depth will contribute to a

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reduction of weed competition and associated management needs/costs in most positions on the
landfill cap. On ridge tops and upper south facing slopes, depths of 18 inches may be adequate due to
these positions being most favorable for drought tolerant native grasses and forbs. On the older GAL,
deeper sands above the recommended 24 inch depth will likely be necessary on the mid to lowest slope
positions. This is due to the seepage and higher moisture levels found in these locations, which will be
most favorable for weed competition, particularly by the highly competitive Phragmites which has
previously colonized the GAL.
On the areas of the landfill that will be closed with a new Part 360 geomembrane cap, the seepage issue
may not be as great a risk to encouraging the colonization and establishment of invasive plant species
such as Phragmites. However, until this is evaluated further, at this time, we would recommend that
from midslope locations to the toe of the landfill, sand depths will need to be deeper than 24 inches.

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Attachment 1. Approved Test Plot Plan Layout & Montioring Methods, as previously presented
in Attachment E of the 2010 Phase I Annual Work Plan.

Attachment E. Test Plot Program


Albany Rapp Road Landfill
Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
City of Albany, New York
Introduction
Phase I of the Albany Rapp Road Landfill Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
(AES 2009) required the establishment of test plots of varying sand depths to measure and evaluate
minimum sand depth and sand quantity needs for restoring desirable open native barrens grassland
vegetation, the preferred Karner blue butterfly habitat, on all current and future closed landfill cap
surfaces. A set of 4, 1-5 acre test plots have been designed collaboratively with the project restoration
team and have been installed on the level and side slope surfaces of the older Greater Albany Landfill
(GAL) cap. Beginning in 2012, information will be gathered from the test plots over a minimum 5-7
year period and will provide a measure of germination and early establishment success of selected
native grasses and forbs characteristic of the open grassland component of the Pitch Pine-Scrub Oak
Barrens community important to the goals of the restoration for landfill cap surfaces. Results gathered
from the test plots will be used during Phase IV (Years 5 & 6) to re-vegetate the GAL cap and in
Phase V (Years 7-10) to re-vegetate the Eastern Expansion landfill cap. Other information gathered
from the test plots will help the restoration team to understand the optimum site prep, seeding and
mulching strategies, and short- and long-term management strategies necessary to ensure successful
development and maturation of the plantings and site stability on the highly exposed surfaces of the
landfill cap. This information will also help to determine the minimum sand quantities that the City
will need to purchase and inform strategies for reducing importation, trucking, delivery, and grading
costs.
Previous efforts by others in 2002 to establish and monitor test plots of native plantings on the landfill
cap provide important information to help ensure the success of the current test plot program.
1. Limited availability of locally sourced pine barrens native seed from within the desired 50-mile
geographic radius will require careful planning to ensure adequate seed quantities of the desired
species and sufficient seed quality are obtained either commercially from reputable native seed
producers or by authorized hand collection efforts within the Preserve or from accessible
properties within the approved geographic range. It is anticipated that a combination of these
and other seed collection and propagation strategies will be necessary to ensure an adequate
seed supply for the landfill restoration work.
2. Climatic influences such as prolonged drought versus cool wet periods can influence
competitive effects from non-native cool season grasses and weedy forbs and will require close
monitoring and timely, effective management responses.
3. Sufficient test plot size is necessary to adequately measure test plot results.
4. Placement of test plots on representative slope and aspect conditions will be important to
measure response to site variability.
5. Test plots must be clearly marked and documented with GPS to relocate boundaries over the
life and monitoring period of the test plots.

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Methods for designing, installing, managing, monitoring, and reporting test plot results are provided
below. A schematic of the test plot layout as revised and approved in 2011 is attached. Due to two
heavy tropical storm events in 2011 that severely eroded newly placed capping sands, the test plot
configuration was adjusted to shorten the slope distance and to minimize erosion risk. Additional
slope stabilization features (straw wattles and dispersing swales) were designed and installed (see
attached detail drawings) to ensure sand stabilization during early vegetation establishment.
Test Plot Methods & Design
A. Test Plot Goals
The test plots will serve to address the following project goals:
1. Determine the minimum sand depth, sand quality, and sand quantity needs for restoring
desirable Pitch Pine Scrub Oak Barrens vegetationgrasses, forbs, trees, and shrubsto
optimize Karner blue butterfly habitat on all current and future closed landfill cap surfaces.
2. Determine the optimal site prep, seeding rates, erosion control strategies, and short- and longterm management strategies needed to ensure successful development and maturation of the
plantings and site stability on the highly exposed surfaces of the landfill cap.
3. Determine the minimum sand quantities that the City will need to purchase and determine
strategies for bringing the greatest cost efficiency to acquiring, transporting, stockpiling, and
grading imported sands to allow maximizing investment in species diversity.
4. Determine the range of sand quality available and the amendment requirements needed to
achieve the permitted sand specifications and/or the targeted vegetation composition and
cover.
5. Determine the suitability of the highest quality unamended sand available for use in restoring
desired barrens vegetation on the landfill cap.
B. Test Plot Questions
We intend to use the test plots to address the following questions:
1. At what minimum depth will vegetation establish with the most diversity?
2. What minimum sand quantities are required to stabilize steep side slopes of the landfill cap?
3. What minimum sand quality requirements (pH, organic matter, nutrient levels, and CEC) are
required to establish target vegetation?
4. What soil amendments will be needed to achieve minimum sand specifications?
5. Will the highest quality unamended sands available be suitable for achieving the target
vegetation composition and cover? Or will it favor weedy growth including Phragmites?
6. What erosion control methods are needed to stabilize steep side slopes of the landfill cap?
7. What weed control strategies will be needed to reduce competition from cool season grasses,
common reed, and weedy forbs to achieve the highest quality vegetation cover?
8. What species provide rapid soils stabilizing cover, greatest habitat benefits, and are most cost
effective in achieving the desired barrens vegetation goals.
C. Testable Hypotheses
1. The shallowest sand depth will produce the lowest diversity and cover by each species in the
seed mix.
2. The shallowest sand depth will produce the least root and above ground biomass.

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3. The shallowest sand depth will stabilize the side slopes less quickly as a result of poor root and
above ground biomass production.
4. The shallowest sand depth and higher pH un-amended sands will require the greatest weed
control inputs.
5. The un-amended higher pH sands will favor weedy growth and Phragmites invasion.
D. Test Plot Design & Installation
The test plot layout has been modified from the original plan presented in the 2010 and 2011 Work
Plan, as explained in Attachment E of the 2011 Compliance Report. The modifications made to the
test plots are depicted in the attached graphics. Seeding of native seed mixes will occur in spring 2012
into the late 2011 cover crop and mulch application. The test plot design will continue to consist of the
following parameters:
1. Three test plots located to represent 1) level conditions on top of the GAL cap, 2) steep side
slopes with a southerly aspect, and 3) steep side slopes with a northerly aspect.
2. Each test plot will be divided into 4 subplots, each containing a different sand depth (12, 18,
24, and 24 un-amended), distributed as consistently as possible in each subplot via grading.
3. Each test plot will be permanently marked at the outside corners with permanently labeled
metal t-posts and located with GPS to ensure accurate relocation of each test plot and subplot.
4. Test plot borders will be seeded with the same native seed mix and allowed to grow as adjacent
test plots. Mowing of borders running parallel with the slopes will not be conducted due to
erosion risk caused by operating machinery in sands on steep slopes. However, periodic
mowing to control weeds will be conducted and erosion risk will be minimized by operating
machinery perpendicular to slopes across adjacent test plots.
5. To minimize herbivory damage to plantings, a solar-powered electric fence suitable for
excluding deer will be constructed around the entire test plot area. During winter months
when the electrical fencing may be less effective, measures will be taken to protect woody
plantings from browse damage. This may require the use of tree tubes suitable for shrubs.
6. Each subplot has been prepared for seeding by removing weedy growth and applying approved
clean sand substrates per test plot design and grading to specified depths. (See plan
specifications: Section 31 13 14 Herbaceous Species Removal; Section 32 91 14 Soil Chemistry
Parameters; and applicable guidelines related to grading from Section 31 23 00 Excavation and
Fill).
7. Each subplot has been seeded with a cover crop and mulched with clean straw. Native seed
mixes will be installed in spring 2012. Locally grown trees and shrubs from native seed
collections and approved commercial containerized stock will be installed following
establishment of soil stabilizing ground cover (anticipated installation in 2013). Native seed
will be applied at approved seeding rates designed to achieve optimum vegetation
establishment and soil stability. Species lists were developed to be representative of the PPSOB community, and lists were refined and adjusted during a collaborative review and
approval process with the IHMT for the 2010 and 2011work plans, and based on 2010 seed
collection results. (See approved native species lists and seeding rates attached, and guidelines
in plan specifications Sections 32 92 19 Seeding, 32 93 43 Trees and Shrubs).
8. Seed installation and mulching methods were modified from the 2010 and 2011 work plans to
accelerate slope stabilization following a series of slope failures during heavy rains in 2010 and
tropical storm events in 2011 (see 2011 Compliance Report Attachment E for details of the
seeding and mulching strategy).

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9. Permanent photo point locations will be established to document test plot conditions at the
time of installation and at the time of all subsequent monitoring efforts.
10. Electric fencing will be installed around the test plots to discourage deer herbivory.
11. Woody plants will be installed in the test plots in 2013, or when nursery-grown plants are
ready. A planting plan for woody plants will be developed as part of the 2014 annual work
plan.
E. Test Plot Management & Weed Control
Test plots will be managed as needed by selective mowing to help control weedy growth. This
mowing may include the outside test plot perimeter. Mowing of interior 10 subplot borders is not
recommended due to risk of erosion. As a result, the interior subplot borders were seeded with the
same native species mix applied to the entire test plot surface. Positions of subplot corners were
permanently located by GPS to facilitate relocation for monitoring purposes. Weed control within the
test plots and within the borders will utilize chemical applications as specified and approved in the
project Integrated Pest and Invasive Species Management Plan. (See specifications and guidelines in
the IPM Plan prepare by AES June 2009). Other plot management will include appropriate periodic
mowing during early vegetation establishment. If approved, fire may be used to invigorate native
growth and discourage competition from cool season grasses and other invasive species.
F. Test Plot Monitoring & Reporting
Test plots will be monitored during the growing season in late spring (late May/early June) and in late
summer (late August/early September). Monitoring methods will employ at minimum the following
techniques and analysis:
Quadrat samplingground cover vegetation will be sampled from meter square quadrats placed
randomly or along a permanent study transect established within each subplot. Sampled data from
each quadrat will include an estimate of percent cover for each species rooted within each quadrat, and
cover by other ground cover features including bare soil, fine and coarse litter, and Bryophytes. A
summary analysis of collected data will include presence, frequency, cover, relative frequency, relative
cover, and importance values for each species and ground cover feature.
Timed Meander Searcha time equated measure of species diversity within each test plot will be sampled
using the Timed Meander Search (TMS) method (Goff et al. 1982). This method requires walking
each test plot thoroughly, recording each new species encountered during one-minute intervals until
no new species are encountered. Annual TMS data will be graphed as the number of species
encountered per minute and compared to graphs in subsequent years to monitor species diversity
trends.
Photo Documentationphotographs will be taken at the time of each monitoring visit from the transect
end points and other permanent photo point locations. Photos will be taken with digital cameras and
photo files will be labeled and archived according to site, date, and location. Photos will accompany
the monitoring data in the annual reports to provide a visual depiction of test plot success.
Biomass Samplingabove ground biomass will be sampled from random quadrats within each subplot.
All vegetation will be clipped at ground level and separated into paper grocery bags by native versus
non-native species for subsequent drying. All bags will be labeled clearly and weighed at the time of
sampling. All bags will be stored in an appropriate drying room with proper ventilation to ensure

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

optimum drying conditions. All bags will be weighed subsequently at regular intervals during the
drying process until weights stabilize. Weights will be tabulated for inclusion in the annual monitoring
report.
Root Depth Documentationin each test plot, a representative number of individual plant species will be
excavated to confirm rooting architecture and depths. This disruptive sampling technique will be very
limited in scope and will be limited to sampling plot margins. The primary purpose will be to
understand how the plant root architecture responds to different substrate depths.
Soil Sampling & Analysisdepending upon the need for soil amendments to achieve sand quality
specifications, we will annually sample and analyze amended soils from each test plot to compare to
soil specification parameters.
Reporting & Management Recommendationsthe early spring sampling period will allow detection of early
flowering species and will assess weed management needs and at the start of the growing season. This
fall monitoring assessment will document management success and provide recommendations for late
season management.
G. Reporting Final Results, Recommendations & Finalizing Topsoil Specifications & Costs

During the test plot period, interim and final reports will be prepared and submitted to the Steering
Committee for review. The report will contain a summary and analysis of the data collected over the test plot
period, and recommendations for final topdressing of the balance of the landfill with Pine Bush sand to
achieve the ecological, economic, and permitted outcomes. The report will also contain the final refined
topsoil and seeding specifications for successfully restoring the remainder of the landfill cap based on the
outcomes of the test plot study.

H. Schedule & Milestones


Deviations from the original test plot construction schedule and layout are explained in the 2011 Compliance
Report.
Final Design and Approval of Test Plot Program

February 2010

Partial Construction, Cover Crop Seeding, Mulching

Fall 2010

Final Construction, Cover Crop Seeding, Mulching

Fall 2011

Native Seeding

Spring 2012

Woody plant (trees/shrubs) installation

Fall 2013/Spring 2014

Monitoring and Maintenance of Test Plots

Five to seven years starting 2012

Test Plot Results and Recommendations

2017-2019

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment E. Proposed Test Plot Seed Mix


A single pitch pine-scrub oak barrens native seed mix will be applied consistently on the top and side slopes of the test plot area at a rate of 10-15 lbs/ac of grasses and
2-4 lbs/ac of forbs, or a total of 12-19 lbs/ac native seed. This seeding rate achieves a ratio of 65% grasses and 35% forbs and 800 seeds per sq/yd. A cover crop will be
applied at a rate of 100 lbs/ac necessary to stabilize steep sandy slopes.
Estimated seeds per oz
Species and quantities are estimated pending confirmation of commercial availability and quantities of hand collected seed in 2009
Pounds available
and early 2010. Lupine seed is now included on the list following issuance of the USFWS Biological Opinion with the
Ounces available
USACOE permit process.
Trace available
Rare in the Pine Bush
Test Plot List Top of Slope
1 acre
Total seeds
Not native to Pine Bush
Dry Prairie / Sand Flat
800 seeds per sqyd
3,872,000
Ratio =65:35
2009
Collection
CommerAvailable
Available
cially
via Hand
for Test
Grasses, sedges, etc.
Grasses = 10- 15 lbs
Matrix
Available
Collection
Plots(OZs)
Botanical Name
Common Name
Seeds per oz
% of Mix
# of seeds
oz/ac
lb / ac
Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem grass
8160
7.50%
290400
35.588235
2.224265
X
X
X
332.8
Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem grass
15000
50.00%
1936000
129.06667
8.066667
X
X
Sorghastrum nutans
Indian grass
12000
7.50%
290400
24.2
1.5125
X
X
232
65.00%
2516800
Grasses, sedges, etc
157
11.80343
Forbs
Forbs =2-4 lbs
Botanical Name
Common Name
# of seeds
oz/ac
lb / ac
Anemone cylindrica
Thimbleweed
35500
1.00%
38720
1.0907042
0.068169
X
X
9.43
Asclepias syriaca
Common milkweed
4000
1.00%
38720
9.68
0.605
X
X
70.4
Aster laevis
Smooth blue aster
55000
3.00%
116160
2.112
0.132
X
X
54.75
Aster linariifolius
Flax-leaved aster
70875
0.50%
19360
0.273157
0.017072
X
X
1.63
Aster patens
Late purple aster
50000
0.75%
29040
0.5808
0.0363
X
X
2.32
Aster umbellatus
Flat topped aster
31500
0.50%
19360
0.6146032
0.038413
X
X
3.64
Aster undulatum
Wavy-leaf aster
31500
0.05%
1936
0.0614603
0.003841
X
X
0.48
Desmodium canadense
Showy tick trefoil
5500
0.05%
1936
0.352
0.022
X
X
1.6
Gnaphalium obtusifolium
Rabbit tobacco
500000
0.75%
29040
0.05808
0.00363
X
X
7.04
Helianthemum canadense
Long-branch frostweed
35000
3.00%
116160
3.3188571
0.207429
X
X
31.6
Lespedeza capitata
Round-headed bush clover
9960
5.00%
193600
19.437751
1.214859
X
X
X
Lupinus perennis
Wild lupine
990
0.80%
30976
31.288889
1.955556
X
X
192
Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot
77800
6.00%
232320
2.9861183
0.186632
X
X
23.68
Monarda punctata
Dotted Horsemint
93700
4.60%
178112
1.9008751
0.118805
X
X
X
37.65
Oenothera biennis
Common evening primrose
90000
1.50%
58080
0.6453333
0.040333
X
X
159
Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan
92000
1.00%
38720
0.4208696
0.026304
X
X
7.2
Solidago nemoralis
Old-field goldenrod
300000
4.50%
174240
0.5808
0.0363
X
X
36.78
Solidago rugosa
Rough-stemmed goldenrod
62500
1.00%
38720
0.61952
0.03872
X
X
28.03

AES
Nursery

667.23

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

35.00%
Cover Crop
Botanical Name
Avena sativa
Lolium multiflorum
Hordeum vulgare

Trees and Shrubs


Botanical Name
Aronia melanocarpa
Ceanothus americanus
Corylus americana
Gaylussacia baccata
Pinus rigida
Prunus pumila
Quercus ilicifolia
Quercus prinoides
Salix humilis
Vaccinium pallidum
Total Trees & Shrubs / zone

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Oats
Annual rye
Barley

Common Name
Black chokeberry
New Jersey tea
Hazelnut
Black huckleberry
Pitch pine
Sand-cherry
Scrub oak
Dwarf chinquapin oak
Dune willow
Hillside blueberry

Seeds per oz

4.751364

% of Mix

# of seeds

oz/ac

lb / ac
800
320
480

5 trees/ac
15 shrubs/ac
units / ac

41.70188

50
20
30

Depending on Commercial Availability


2

2
5
2
2
2
2
3
20

90

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

LEGEND

Project Boundary

Project Boundary

Test Plot
Boundary

Test Plot
Boundary

Test Plot
Boundary

24" High pH
Soil Base

12" Total Soil


Depth

12" TOTAL DEPTH


12" Soil Depth

18" Total Soil


Depth

Low pH
Soil Base
CONSTRUCTION
FENCE / ELECTRIC
FENCE

18" TOTAL DEPTH

24" Total Soil


Depth

18" Soil Depth

24" TOTAL DEPTH


Sloping Transition
24" Soil Depth
CONSTRUCTION
FENCE / ELECTRIC
FENCE

24" High pH
Soil Depth

Albany, New York

Project Boundary

One Connors Blvd.

LEGEND

City of Albany, Dept. of General Services

LEGEND

TEST PLOT SOIL DEPTH


OVERLAY

Albany, New York

TEST PLOT TOTAL SOIL


DEPTH

Albany Rapp Road Landfill

TEST PLOT SOIL BASE


DEPTH PLAN

SLOPING TRANSITION
Sloping Soil
Transition

Test Plot Plan


Cross-section
Design

CONSTRUCTION
FENCE / ELECTRIC
FENCE

REVISIONS

50

100

Scale: 1" = 100'


To Scale When Printed at 24" x 36"

Feet
200

50

Feet
200

100

50

No: 1

Feet
200

100

Scale: 1" = 100'

Scale: 1" = 100'

To Scale When Printed at 24" x 36"

To Scale When Printed at 24" x 36"

Date: 03-12-2012

By: EMK

Description: Revise work plan

No:

Date:

By:

Date:

By:

Date:

By:

Description:

No:
Description:

No:
Description:

TEST PLOT SECTION A-A'

AES Proj. #:

09-0636

Checked:
Approved:
Drawn by: krv
File: 090636Test_Plot_Plan20120312.dwg
Date: 22 March 2011
Coordinate System: NAD NY State Plane, East (ft)

CLOUGH HARBOUR & ASSOCIATES LLP

A'
Applied Ecological Services, Inc.
17921 Smith Road, P. O. Box 256
Brodhead, WI 53520
Phone: 608.897.8641 Fax: 608.897.8486

Scale: N.T.S.
S:090636:120115

91

www.appliedeco.com
Email: info@appliedeco.com
2011. All designs, concepts, details, etc. are the
property of Applied Ecological Services, Inc. (AES)
and may not be duplicated, photographed or
reproduced without the written consent of AES, Inc.

Sheet Number
2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance
Report

FIG 01

LANDFILL

INSET

S:090636:120115

ALBANY, NEW YORK

92

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

LANDFILL

INSET

S:090636:120115

ALBANY, NEW YORK

93

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

{314}
{316}
BENCHMARK

N3222'24"E

N3222'24"E

50.00'

IRON RODIRON ROD

589.66'

CITY OF ALBANY

{300}

APPROXIMATE BOUNDARY

TOWN OF GUILDERLAND
IRON ROD

NYSDOT CAPPED

{320}
{330}
{310}
{320}
{340}
{350}
REBAR

HANDHOLD

{300}

APPROXIMATE BOUNDARY

HANDHOLD

SEE NOTE 4

AP ROXIMATEBOUNDARY
WALK

32

REBAR

AREA

BENCHMARK

APPROX. ROAD BOUNDARY

EASEMENT
DRAI
NAGE
PERMANENT

AREA

WOODED

UNIT

GM
N12 C.
A
.081

AP ROX. ROAD BOUNDARY

APPROX. HIGHWAY BOUNDARY

GM
N18 C.
A
.078
GU
N18 C.
A
.071

BM
N24 C.
A
.080
BU
N24 C.
A
.066

GM
N24 C.
A
.083
GU
N24 C.
A
.072

{402}
{400}
{398}
{396}
{394}
{390}

{310}

NEW YORK STATE THRUWAY - WEST BOUND

STAND P

GU
N12 C.
A
.078

58'

{310}
NEW YORK STATE THRUWAY (I-90) WEST BOUND

49'

{310}
{320}

WALK

PROPERTY LINE

\A1;167.2'

14

WALL

AP ROXIMATEBOUNDARY

{310}

400

{310}

{
320}
{320}
{320}
{330} {290}

{390}

390

GL
N12 C.
A
.077

{300}

BL
N24 C.
A
.055

GL
N24 C.
A
.065

GL
N18 C.
A
.068

SEE NOTE 2

SEE NOTE 3

{290}

{380}

{350}

{360}

{340}

{390}PANEL

{420}

{450}

460

{340}
{380}
{350}
{348}
{344}
{340}
{334}
{330}
{320}
{400}
{394}

{290}

{304}

{380}

452

{288}

60'

{400}
458

{400}

{310}

{316}

456

{390}

{344}
{340}

{410}

{380}

{320}

{460}

{330}{370}
{340}
{330}

{320}

ELEC. PANEL

{390}
{400}
{380}
{370}
{334}

18"
LOW
PH

12"
LOW
PH

MON WELL

{308}

{420}

{290}

{300}

{400}

{330}

{300}

{350}

{360}

{390}

{340}

{380}

{290}

IRON ROD

IRON ROD

IRON ROD

{320}

{340}

W W

REBAR

2617.88'

PEDESTRIAN EASEMENT

{330}

S2159'19"W

{310}

{310}

BENCHMARK

{310}

{308}

{310}

{
2
90}
\
A
1;
E
LEV=310.
8
P
E
D
S
T
RIANEABOUNDSEMENT
{390}
{360}
NEW
YORK
STATE
THRUWAY
{370} WEST
{306}

{302}

24"
LOW
PH

APPROXIMATE BOUNDARY

TOWN OF GUILDERLAND

{304}

G
R18 C.
A
.138
G {404}
2
1
R
AC.
.140

{398}

Legend

\A1;416.1'

{396}

84'

{392}

\A1;82.1'

{390}

B
R24 C.
A
.158

G
R24 .
AC
.153

BU
S24 C.
A
.080
GU
S18 C.
BM
S24 C.
4A
GU
7
2
0
1
.
A
M
S
24G .
.077
AC.
S
1
8
C
.0
A
GM
.076
BL
S18 C.
S24 C.
A
GM
1
2
7
A
1
0
L
.
S
.076
24G .
AC.
S
9
7
C
.0
A
GL
.075
S18 C.
80'
L
A
G
1
2
S1
.07
88'
AC.
0
24"
8
0
.
84'
GU
S24 C.
A
.079

{392}

{386}
{384}
{382}
{380}
{378}
{374}
{372}
{370}
{366}
{364}
{388}

48'

\A1;166.9'

60'

FLAG LOCATION FOR WOODY PLANTING ARRAY (1 STEM OF EACH OF THE 10 SPECIES)

{376}

WOODY PLANTING SUBPLOT BOUNDARY

{368}

59'

24"
LOW
PH

10'

H
HIG
PH

{360}
{358}
{356} {354}
{352}
{350}
{348}
{346}
{344}
{342}
{340}
{338}
{336}
{334}
{332}
{362}

18"
LOW
PH

\A1;353.6'

VENT

11'

80'
12"
LOW
PH

VENT

File: V:\PROJECTS\ANY\K3\25013\CADD\FIGURES\25013-TEST-PLOT-FIGURES.DWG
Saved: 10/28/2013 2:25:13 PM PLotted: 10/28/2013 2:26:16 PM User: Medina, Perry LastSavedBy: 976

VENT

IRON ROD

406.49'

INV:301.8

{306}

{306}

24"
H
HIG
PH

STAND P

N2159'19"E

{290}
{280}
AXEL

{290}

{310}

VILLAGE OF COLONIE
TOWN OF GUILDERLAND

VILLAGE OF COLONIE
817.96'
TOWN OF GUILDERLAND

IRON ROD

AREA

IRON ROD

{310}

IRON ROD

{300}

{320}

{300}

N7129'00"W
{320}

{300}

600.97'
S5745'28"E

{310}

STAND P

{320} {300}

{304}

GRAVEL

300.00'

HWALL

N3222'24"E

WATER

{304}

{324}

{330}

N5737'36"W

IRON ROD

50.00'

IRON ROD S5737'36"E

{310}

{320}
{318}
1371.82'

{300}

{340}

1207.03'

{290}

{310}

{310}

S5745'28"E

{310}
{300}

{318}

%%uTEST PLOT LAYOUT


SCALE: 1"=100'

Drawing Copyright 2013

Applied Ecological Services, Inc.


17921 Smith Road, P. O. Box 256
Brodhead, WI 53520
Phone: 608.897.8641 Fax: 608.897.8486
www.appliedeco.com
Email: info@appliedeco.com
TM

S:090636:120115

PROJECT NO.

{\W0.9;TEST PLOT WOODY PLANTING PLAN}

25013
DATE:

III Winners Circle. PO Box 5269 Albany, NY 12205-0269

ALBANY, NEW YORK

Main: (518) 453-4500

94

www.chacompanies.com

RAPP ROAD LANDFILL


RESTORATION PLAN

10/28/13

{\W0.9;FIGURE 04}

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment 2. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) for Cover

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Agrostis alba


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

34.88873286

3.87652587

269

38.58593927

0.14344215

CorrectedTotal 278

73.47467213

Error

27.03 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.474840

Source

S:090636:120115

129.4034

0.378738

0.292680

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 28.02253649

4.67042275

32.56 <.0001

Depth

5.06718221

2.53359110

17.66 <.0001

Quality

0.09105645

0.09105645

0.63 0.4263

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.84651960

NM

0.67426790

NU

0.45505932

RU

0.13306097

SL

0.05995398

SM

0.02199114

SU

0.02199114

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.3957 0.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

2 0.3957

0.1389 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

3 0.0001 0.1389

0.0036 0.0001 <.0001 <.0001

4 <.0001 <.0001 0.0036

0.9776 0.8462 0.8462

5 <.0001 <.0001 0.0001 0.9776

0.9994 0.9994

6 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 0.8462 0.9994

1.0000

7 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 0.8462 0.9994 1.0000

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.53412572

18

0.23708598

24

0.17715003

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

<.0001

<.0001

<.0001

0.6179

<.0001

0.6179

99

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.29061757

0.4263

0.34162358

100

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Ambrosia psilostachya


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

7.55075032

0.83897226

261

16.52494780

0.06331398

CorrectedTotal 270

24.07569812

Error

13.25 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.313625

Source

S:090636:120115

280.8273

0.251623

0.089600

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.95466633

0.15911105

2.51 0.0221

Depth

2 0.01317324

0.00658662

0.10 0.9012

Quality

1 4.38496462

4.38496462

69.26 <.0001

101

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.15015231

NM

0.12848313

NU

0.21141947

RU

0.18406367

SL

0.13136316

SM

0.20085328

SU

0.31832716

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.9998 0.9349 0.9968 0.9999 0.9730 0.0627

2 0.9998

0.7707 0.9576 1.0000 0.8615 0.0211

3 0.9349 0.7707

0.9990 0.8038 1.0000 0.5244

4 0.9968 0.9576 0.9990

0.9684 0.9999 0.2387

5 0.9999 1.0000 0.8038 0.9684

0.8864 0.0261

6 0.9730 0.8615 1.0000 0.9999 0.8864

0.3987

7 0.0627 0.0211 0.5244 0.2387 0.0261 0.3987

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TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.18363702

18

0.18363702

24

0.20043833

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

1.0000

0.9176

1.0000

0.9176

0.9176

0.9176

104

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.37287448

<.0001

0.00560043

105

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Andropogon gerardii


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

4.86981507

0.54109056

270

62.20892118

0.23040341

CorrectedTotal 279

67.07873624

Error

2.35 0.0145

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.072598

Source

S:090636:120115

53.97422

0.480004

0.889320

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 1.69888490

0.28314748

1.23 0.2916

Depth

2 0.13547479

0.06773739

0.29 0.7455

Quality

1 1.93029033

1.93029033

8.38 0.0041

106

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

107

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.94645253

NM

0.75999504

NU

0.84397869

RU

0.94784346

SL

0.77187573

SM

0.75513772

SU

0.79880221

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.5917 0.9630 1.0000 0.6653 0.5611 0.8144

2 0.5917

0.9865 0.5829 1.0000 1.0000 0.9998

3 0.9630 0.9865

0.9605 0.9940 0.9819 0.9996

4 1.0000 0.5829 0.9605

0.6568 0.5523 0.8076

5 0.6653 1.0000 0.9940 0.6568

1.0000 1.0000

6 0.5611 1.0000 0.9819 0.5523 1.0000

0.9996

7 0.8144 0.9998 0.9996 0.8076 1.0000 0.9996

S:090636:120115

108

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.80409227

18

0.86554345

24

0.82640087

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.7294

0.9592

0.7294

0.8797

0.9592

0.8797

109

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.71459078

0.0041

0.94943361

110

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Artemisia vulgaris


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.19999816

0.02222202

262

2.66484396

0.01017116

CorrectedTotal 271

2.86484212

Error

2.18 0.0235

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.069811

Source

S:090636:120115

388.8544

0.100852

0.025936

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.13261517

0.02210253

2.17 0.0460

Depth

2 0.06889422

0.03444711

3.39 0.0353

Quality

1 0.00115183

0.00115183

0.11 0.7367

111

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

112

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.02597155

NM

0.01699330

NU

0.07930766

RU

0.02735455

SL

0.02720073

SM

0.00974641

SU

0.01041955

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.9997 0.2246 1.0000 1.0000 0.9916 0.9933

2 0.9997

0.0954 0.9994 0.9994 0.9999 1.0000

3 0.2246 0.0954

0.2682 0.2646 0.0405 0.0440

4 1.0000 0.9994 0.2682

1.0000 0.9879 0.9902

5 1.0000 0.9994 0.2646 1.0000

0.9885 0.9906

6 0.9916 0.9999 0.0405 0.9879 0.9885

1.0000

7 0.9933 1.0000 0.0440 0.9902 0.9906 1.0000

S:090636:120115

113

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.05177742

18

0.00712361

24

0.02552487

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0273

0.2845

0.0273

0.5351

0.2845

0.5351

114

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.03106440

0.7367

0.02521954

115

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Cassia fasciculata


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

42.24459178

4.69384353

267

30.46908057

0.11411641

CorrectedTotal 276

72.71367235

Error

41.13 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.580972

Source

S:090636:120115

91.69664

0.337811

0.368401

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 38.82958892

6.47159815

56.71 <.0001

Depth

3.20547121

1.60273560

14.04 <.0001

Quality

0.15059667

0.15059667

1.32 0.2517

116

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

117

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.62480473

NM

0.74297502

NU

0.85152266

RU

0.16531808

SL

0.04469622

SM

0.04469622

SU

0.04210860

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.7051 0.0459 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

2 0.7051

0.7812 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

3 0.0459 0.7812

<.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

4 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

0.0917 0.0917 0.1041

5 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 0.0917

1.0000 1.0000

6 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 0.0917 1.0000

1.0000

7 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 0.1041 1.0000 1.0000

S:090636:120115

118

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.14943557

18

0.38187042

24

0.43431663

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0002

<.0001

0.0002

0.6312

<.0001

0.6312

119

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.28870297

0.2517

0.35504544

120

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Celastrus orbiculatus


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

1.52999612

0.16999957

266

6.50739524

0.02446389

CorrectedTotal 275

8.03739136

Error

6.95 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.190360

Source

S:090636:120115

188.6373

0.156409

0.082915

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.41514087

0.06919015

2.83 0.0110

Depth

2 0.62326778

0.31163389

12.74 <.0001

Quality

1 0.10147674

0.10147674

4.15 0.0427

121

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

122

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.05074648

NM

0.08084948

NU

0.11465404

RU

0.07664231

SL

0.15504888

SM

0.04322073

SU

0.03929768

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.9779 0.5308 0.9902 0.0541 1.0000 0.9999

2 0.9779

0.9607 1.0000 0.3595 0.9347 0.9010

3 0.5308 0.9607

0.9336 0.9152 0.3905 0.3319

4 0.9902 1.0000 0.9336

0.3000 0.9640 0.9406

5 0.0541 0.3595 0.9152 0.3000

0.0293 0.0222

6 1.0000 0.9347 0.3905 0.9640 0.0293

1.0000

7 0.9999 0.9010 0.3319 0.9406 0.0222 1.0000

S:090636:120115

123

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.15764659

18

0.04409310

24

0.03845729

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

<.0001

<.0001

<.0001

0.9756

<.0001

0.9756

124

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.05283631

0.0427

0.10729501

125

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Centaurea maculosa


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.01692061

0.00188007

262

0.74559875

0.00284580

CorrectedTotal 271

0.76251935

Error

0.66 0.7442

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.022190

Source

S:090636:120115

837.5760

0.053346

0.006369

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.00947739

0.00157956

0.56 0.7658

Depth

2 0.00169983

0.00084991

0.30 0.7421

Quality

1 0.00210027

0.00210027

0.74 0.3911

126

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

127

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.01475838

NM

0.01311598

NU

0.00118795

RU

0.00114086

SL

0.00118795

SM

0.01363537

SU

0.00906270

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

1.0000 0.9233 0.9265 0.9233 1.0000 0.9993

2 1.0000

0.9537 0.9557 0.9537 1.0000 0.9999

3 0.9233 0.9537

1.0000 1.0000 0.9450 0.9949

4 0.9265 0.9557 1.0000

1.0000 0.9474 0.9951

5 0.9233 0.9537 1.0000 1.0000

0.9450 0.9949

6 1.0000 1.0000 0.9450 0.9474 0.9450

0.9998

7 0.9993 0.9999 0.9949 0.9951 0.9949 0.9998

S:090636:120115

128

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.00831373

18

0.00396404

24

0.01090331

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.8814

0.9568

0.8814

0.7255

0.9568

0.7255

129

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.01169106

0.3911

0.00376299

130

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Coronilla varia


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

22.78354879

2.53150542

266

59.68910020

0.22439511

CorrectedTotal 275

82.47264899

Error

11.28 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.276256

Source

S:090636:120115

162.5261

0.473704

0.291463

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 3.06566341

0.51094390

2.28 0.0368

Depth

2 1.41981051

0.70990526

3.16 0.0439

Quality

1 8.33822953

8.33822953

37.16 <.0001

131

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

132

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.44666950

NM

0.42045651

NU

0.15125742

RU

0.35050226

SL

0.50689261

SM

0.43246576

SU

0.37375482

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

1.0000 0.0855 0.9739 0.9976 1.0000 0.9932

2 1.0000

0.1545 0.9951 0.9832 1.0000 0.9994

3 0.0855 0.1545

0.5273 0.0167 0.1190 0.3634

4 0.9739 0.9951 0.5273

0.7756 0.9885 1.0000

5 0.9976 0.9832 0.0167 0.7756

0.9924 0.8707

6 1.0000 1.0000 0.1190 0.9885 0.9924

0.9979

7 0.9932 0.9994 0.3634 1.0000 0.8707 0.9979

S:090636:120115

133

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.37208840

18

0.28807229

24

0.48926741

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.5561

0.3185

0.5561

0.0344

0.3185

0.0344

134

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.62718938

<.0001

0.13909602

135

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Desmodium canadense


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

8.22195415

0.91355046

269

50.20843168

0.18664844

CorrectedTotal 278

58.43038584

Error

4.89 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.140714

Source

S:090636:120115

114.4408

0.432028

0.377512

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 4.14567421

0.69094570

3.70 0.0015

Depth

2 4.07433140

2.03716570

10.91 <.0001

Quality

1 0.45029153

0.45029153

2.41 0.1215

136

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

137

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.44881212

NM

0.25390292

NU

0.27174434

RU

0.23884658

SL

0.13675769

SM

0.36761992

SU

0.51584040

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.4141 0.5349 0.3213 0.0248 0.9811 0.9931

2 0.4141

1.0000 1.0000 0.8889 0.9022 0.0993

3 0.5349 1.0000

0.9999 0.8030 0.9553 0.1539

4 0.3213 1.0000 0.9999

0.9399 0.8359 0.0664

5 0.0248 0.8889 0.8030 0.9399

0.2069 0.0021

6 0.9811 0.9022 0.9553 0.8359 0.2069

0.7239

7 0.9931 0.0993 0.1539 0.0664 0.0021 0.7239

S:090636:120115

138

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.12410972

18

0.39218912

24

0.44092572

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0008

<.0001

0.0008

0.7826

<.0001

0.7826

139

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.26215216

0.1215

0.37599755

140

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Equisetum arvense


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

5.23266902

0.58140767

261

18.85251595

0.07223186

CorrectedTotal 270

24.08518497

Error

8.05 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.217257

Source

S:090636:120115

272.8911

0.268760

0.098486

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 3.92210862

0.65368477

9.05 <.0001

Depth

2 1.15011021

0.57505511

7.96 0.0004

Quality

1 0.01079657

0.01079657

0.15 0.6994

141

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

142

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.39973840

NM

0.11435333

NU

0.15425852

RU

0.03231008

SL

0.10644511

SM

0.02478433

SU

0.04423811

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.0001 0.0015 <.0001 0.0001 <.0001 <.0001

2 0.0001

0.9947 0.8242 1.0000 0.7560 0.9086

3 0.0015 0.9947

0.4069 0.9882 0.3321 0.5364

4 <.0001 0.8242 0.4069

0.8974 1.0000 1.0000

5 0.0001 1.0000 0.9882 0.8974

0.8463 0.9539

6 <.0001 0.7560 0.3321 1.0000 0.8463

0.9999

7 <.0001 0.9086 0.5364 1.0000 0.9539 0.9999

S:090636:120115

143

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.22668182

18

0.10485715

24

0.04394440

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0237

0.0003

0.0237

0.3880

0.0003

0.3880

144

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.13412142

0.6994

0.11620083

145

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Erigeron strigosus


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.26266609

0.02918512

259

1.14033061

0.00440282

CorrectedTotal 268

1.40299670

Error

6.63 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.187218

Source

S:090636:120115

480.5052

0.066354

0.013809

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.17481223

0.02913537

6.62 <.0001

Depth

2 0.07051371

0.03525686

8.01 0.0004

Quality

1 0.00000026

0.00000026

0.00 0.9938

146

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

147

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.00474501

NM

0.00474501

NU

0.00474501

RU

0.00553968

SL

0.02508072

SM

0.08079694

SU

0.01429802

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 0.8410 <.0001 0.9956

2 1.0000

1.0000 1.0000 0.8410 <.0001 0.9956

3 1.0000 1.0000

1.0000 0.8410 <.0001 0.9956

4 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000

0.8677 <.0001 0.9974

5 0.8410 0.8410 0.8410 0.8677

0.0080 0.9929

6 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 0.0080

0.0004

7 0.9956 0.9956 0.9956 0.9974 0.9929 0.0004

S:090636:120115

148

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.04619623

18

0.01285740

24

0.00092511

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0121

0.0004

0.0121

0.5423

0.0004

0.5423

149

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.01994902

0.9938

0.02003680

150

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Festuca rubra


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

76.7912397

8.5323600

270

94.8572262

0.3513231

CorrectedTotal 279

171.6484659

Error

24.29 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.447375

Source

S:090636:120115

72.58711

0.592725

0.816571

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 67.93089510

Depth

Quality

11.32181585

32.23 <.0001

6.94893869

3.47446935

9.89 <.0001

0.08682313

0.08682313

0.25 0.6195

151

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

152

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

1.00616730

NM

1.40152434

NU

1.34786220

RU

0.72011826

SL

0.01048132

SM

0.34955421

SU

0.37205188

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.0483 0.1369 0.3220 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

2 0.0483

0.9997 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

3 0.1369 0.9997

<.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

4 0.3220 <.0001 <.0001

<.0001 0.0801 0.1223

5 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

0.1433 0.0953

6 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 0.0801 0.1433

1.0000

7 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 0.1223 0.0953 1.0000

S:090636:120115

153

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.70248635

18

0.54483061

24

0.98457998

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.2589

0.0144

0.2589

<.0001

0.0144

<.0001

154

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.71906253

0.6195

0.76886876

155

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Lespedeza capitata


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

12.12534764

1.34726085

270

52.16801689

0.19321488

CorrectedTotal 279

64.29336453

Error

6.97 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.188594

Source

S:090636:120115

67.89853

0.439562

0.647381

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 2.69613452

0.44935575

2.33 0.0331

Depth

2 8.84602782

4.42301391

22.89 <.0001

Quality

1 4.35830655

4.35830655

22.56 <.0001

156

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

157

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.63470133

NM

0.52642377

NU

0.45764541

RU

0.39213685

SL

0.35404956

SM

0.49826900

SU

0.61780992

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.9272 0.5483 0.1753 0.0685 0.8079 1.0000

2 0.9272

0.9925 0.8193 0.5805 1.0000 0.9675

3 0.5483 0.9925

0.9943 0.9406 0.9996 0.6633

4 0.1753 0.8193 0.9943

0.9997 0.9336 0.2497

5 0.0685 0.5805 0.9406 0.9997

0.7640 0.1064

6 0.8079 1.0000 0.9996 0.9336 0.7640

0.8875

7 1.0000 0.9675 0.6633 0.2497 0.1064 0.8875

S:090636:120115

158

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.24220934

18

0.50488997

24

0.74477318

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0014

<.0001

0.0014

0.0040

<.0001

0.0040

159

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.32085172

<.0001

0.67372995

160

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Lotus corniculatus


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

4.57496387

0.50832932

264

23.93877397

0.09067717

CorrectedTotal 273

28.51373785

Error

5.61 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.160448

Source

S:090636:120115

229.0770

0.301127

0.131452

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 3.57672032

0.59612005

6.57 <.0001

Depth

2 0.69392691

0.34696345

3.83 0.0230

Quality

1 0.32391596

0.32391596

3.57 0.0599

161

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

162

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.39191742

NM

0.22809384

NU

0.12213214

RU

0.21022986

SL

0.06320495

SM

0.04247236

SU

0.07506472

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.2221 0.0019 0.1121 <.0001 <.0001 0.0001

2 0.2221

0.7194 1.0000 0.2031 0.1021 0.2924

3 0.0019 0.7194

0.8476 0.9760 0.9001 0.9928

4 0.1121 1.0000 0.8476

0.3080 0.1666 0.4206

5 <.0001 0.2031 0.9760 0.3080

0.9999 1.0000

6 <.0001 0.1021 0.9001 0.1666 0.9999

0.9991

7 0.0001 0.2924 0.9928 0.4206 1.0000 0.9991

S:090636:120115

163

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.23957533

18

0.09729810

24

0.14874741

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0180

0.1913

0.0180

0.5730

0.1913

0.5730

164

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.21015223

0.0599

0.11359499

165

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Lupinus perennis


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

16.26776012

1.80752890

268

32.78137190

0.12231855

CorrectedTotal 277

49.04913203

Error

14.78 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.331663

Source

S:090636:120115

136.4846

0.349741

0.256249

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

5.71846959

0.95307827

7.79 <.0001

Depth

2 10.55158291

5.27579145

43.13 <.0001

Quality

3.15979644

25.83 <.0001

3.15979644

166

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

167

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.14950957

NM

0.08546321

NU

0.39575157

RU

0.00443954

SL

0.10827033

SM

0.11668967

SU

0.08626748

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.9840 0.0298 0.5121 0.0189 0.9996 0.9840

2 0.9840

0.0022 0.9485 0.1842 0.9997 1.0000

3 0.0298 0.0022

<.0001 <.0001 0.0077 0.0019

4 0.5121 0.9485 <.0001

0.7789 0.7822 0.9426

5 0.0189 0.1842 <.0001 0.7789

0.0648 0.1680

6 0.9996 0.9997 0.0077 0.7822 0.0648

0.9997

7 0.9840 1.0000 0.0019 0.9426 0.1680 0.9997

S:090636:120115

168

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.12400214

18

0.02778767

24

0.40900763

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0297

<.0001

0.0297

<.0001

<.0001

<.0001

169

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.04652435

<.0001

0.25505312

170

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Monarda fistulosa


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

1.93549682

0.21505520

261

9.14219098

0.03502755

CorrectedTotal 270

11.07768780

Error

6.14 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.174720

Source

S:090636:120115

212.2854

0.187156

0.088163

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.78227602

0.13037934

3.72 0.0014

Depth

2 0.78596565

0.39298283

11.22 <.0001

Quality

1 0.02937049

0.02937049

0.84 0.3607

171

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

172

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.07655266

NM

0.01940233

NU

0.06583564

RU

0.12336139

SL

0.14057329

SM

0.06090917

SU

0.19153202

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.8240 1.0000 0.9243 0.7443 0.9998 0.1037

2 0.8240

0.9248 0.1694 0.0682 0.9609 0.0013

3 1.0000 0.9248

0.8149 0.5745 1.0000 0.0510

4 0.9243 0.1694 0.8149

0.9996 0.7726 0.6775

5 0.7443 0.0682 0.5745 0.9996

0.5290 0.8988

6 0.9998 0.9609 1.0000 0.7726 0.5290

0.0461

7 0.1037 0.0013 0.0510 0.6775 0.8988 0.0461

S:090636:120115

173

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.18319197

18

0.06976276

24

0.03768806

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0015

<.0001

0.0015

0.5735

<.0001

0.5735

174

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.08223310

0.3607

0.11152877

175

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Monarda punctata


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

7.55582407

0.83953601

265

18.21468275

0.06873465

CorrectedTotal 274

25.77050682

Error

12.21 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.293197

Source

S:090636:120115

185.7556

0.262173

0.141139

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 6.93909909

1.15651651

16.83 <.0001

Depth

2 0.08184467

0.04092233

0.60 0.5521

Quality

1 0.37244079

0.37244079

5.42 0.0207

176

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

177

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.04185824

NM

0.02497462

NU

0.03250037

RU

0.12906856

SL

0.18570183

SM

0.50734238

SU

0.25956393

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

1.0000 1.0000 0.7636 0.2002 <.0001 0.0055

2 1.0000

1.0000 0.5657 0.0963 <.0001 0.0016

3 1.0000 1.0000

0.6517 0.1312 <.0001 0.0026

4 0.7636 0.5657 0.6517

0.9620 <.0001 0.2852

5 0.2002 0.0963 0.1312 0.9620

<.0001 0.8729

6 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

0.0008

7 0.0055 0.0016 0.0026 0.2852 0.8729 0.0008

S:090636:120115

178

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.19019564

18

0.14236622

24

0.17358525

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.5302

0.9255

0.5302

0.7626

0.9255

0.7626

179

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.22109972

0.0207

0.11633169

180

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Oenothera biennis


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

4.45059041

0.49451005

268

11.75759503

0.04387162

CorrectedTotal 277

16.20818544

Error

11.27 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.274589

Source

S:090636:120115

159.3176

0.209456

0.131470

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 2.38192342

0.39698724

9.05 <.0001

Depth

2 1.40708178

0.70354089

16.04 <.0001

Quality

1 0.00532090

0.00532090

0.12 0.7279

181

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

182

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.09931615

NM

0.07638452

NU

0.02995121

RU

0.10904515

SL

0.20815871

SM

0.26749300

SU

0.28756296

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.9990 0.7615 1.0000 0.2435 0.0077 0.0018

2 0.9990

0.9556 0.9927 0.0766 0.0012 0.0002

3 0.7615 0.9556

0.6242 0.0033 <.0001 <.0001

4 1.0000 0.9927 0.6242

0.3461 0.0143 0.0035

5 0.2435 0.0766 0.0033 0.3461

0.8664 0.6270

6 0.0077 0.0012 <.0001 0.0143 0.8664

0.9995

7 0.0018 0.0002 <.0001 0.0035 0.6270 0.9995

S:090636:120115

183

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.25231089

18

0.15774117

24

0.05191010

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0224

<.0001

0.0224

0.0089

<.0001

0.0089

184

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.14779966

0.7279

0.16017511

185

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Panicum virgatum


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

1.19370054

0.13263339

260

5.73656003

0.02206369

CorrectedTotal 269

6.93026058

Error

6.01 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.172245

Source

S:090636:120115

469.9788

0.148539

0.031605

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.74509191

0.12418198

5.63 <.0001

Depth

2 0.05190166

0.02595083

1.18 0.3101

Quality

1 0.37743594

0.37743594

17.11 <.0001

186

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

187

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.03368708

NM

0.18564646

NU

0.05956434

RU

0.08837425

SL

0.02985132

SM

0.02985132

SU

0.02985132

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.0003 0.9893 0.6727 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000

2 0.0003

0.0063 0.0692 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001

3 0.9893 0.0063

0.9807 0.9767 0.9767 0.9767

4 0.6727 0.0692 0.9807

0.5826 0.5826 0.5826

5 1.0000 0.0001 0.9767 0.5826

1.0000 1.0000

6 1.0000 0.0001 0.9767 0.5826 1.0000

1.0000

7 1.0000 0.0001 0.9767 0.5826 1.0000 1.0000

S:090636:120115

188

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.08749376

18

0.05414442

24

0.05414442

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.3808

0.3808

0.3808

1.0000

0.3808

1.0000

189

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.11940529

<.0001

0.01111645

190

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Poa pratensis


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

11.85782050

1.31753561

266

38.02021732

0.14293315

CorrectedTotal 275

49.87803782

Error

9.22 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.237736

Source

S:090636:120115

195.6056

0.378065

0.193279

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 8.52654128

1.42109021

9.94 <.0001

Depth

2 3.05551516

1.52775758

10.69 <.0001

Quality

1 0.03121865

0.03121865

0.22 0.6406

191

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

192

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.08471030

NM

0.06397770

NU

0.03387470

RU

0.48617968

SL

0.48090248

SM

0.27753668

SU

0.18942929

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

1.0000 0.9967 <.0001 0.0001 0.2571 0.8784

2 1.0000

0.9998 <.0001 <.0001 0.1542 0.7542

3 0.9967 0.9998

<.0001 <.0001 0.0638 0.5222

4 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

1.0000 0.1814 0.0101

5 0.0001 <.0001 <.0001 1.0000

0.2208 0.0145

6 0.2571 0.1542 0.0638 0.1814 0.2208

0.9437

7 0.8784 0.7542 0.5222 0.0101 0.0145 0.9437

S:090636:120115

193

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.40093430

18

0.16647708

24

0.12542184

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0010

<.0001

0.0010

0.7995

<.0001

0.7995

194

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.24593253

0.6406

0.21595628

195

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Populus deltoides


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

1.79283511

0.19920390

263

12.48608218

0.04747560

CorrectedTotal 272

14.27891729

Error

4.20 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.125558

Source

S:090636:120115

252.2264

0.217889

0.086386

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.51238635

0.08539773

1.80 0.0996

Depth

2 0.57297663

0.28648832

6.03 0.0027

Quality

1 0.04995365

0.04995365

1.05 0.3059

196

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

197

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.07782436

NM

0.15731675

NU

0.10423805

RU

0.03078358

SL

0.15592822

SM

0.06921499

SU

0.06959790

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.6620 0.9982 0.9621 0.7157 1.0000 1.0000

2 0.6620

0.9308 0.1363 1.0000 0.5515 0.5490

3 0.9982 0.9308

0.7459 0.9481 0.9917 0.9919

4 0.9621 0.1363 0.7459

0.1769 0.9868 0.9856

5 0.7157 1.0000 0.9481 0.1769

0.6110 0.6096

6 1.0000 0.5515 0.9917 0.9868 0.6110

1.0000

7 1.0000 0.5490 0.9919 0.9856 0.6096 1.0000

S:090636:120115

198

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.14552953

18

0.11832397

24

0.02110529

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.7423

0.0030

0.7423

0.0267

0.0030

0.0267

199

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.07567338

0.3059

0.11429915

200

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Rudbeckia hirta


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.29062828

0.03229203

261

2.31769181

0.00888005

CorrectedTotal 270

2.60832009

Error

3.64 0.0003

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.111424

Source

S:090636:120115

383.9532

0.094234

0.024543

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.16942473

0.02823745

3.18 0.0050

Depth

2 0.09217596

0.04608798

5.19 0.0062

Quality

1 0.00251584

0.00251584

0.28 0.5950

201

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

202

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.01158963

NM

0.05878804

NU

0.07213782

RU

0.02965003

SL

0.00267050

SM

0.01019625

SU

0.01019625

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.3267 0.0968 0.9819 0.9996 1.0000 1.0000

2 0.3267

0.9962 0.8153 0.1167 0.2522 0.2522

3 0.0968 0.9962

0.4329 0.0234 0.0643 0.0643

4 0.9819 0.8153 0.4329

0.8604 0.9686 0.9686

5 0.9996 0.1167 0.0234 0.8604

0.9998 0.9998

6 1.0000 0.2522 0.0643 0.9686 0.9998

1.0000

7 1.0000 0.2522 0.0643 0.9686 0.9998 1.0000

S:090636:120115

203

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.05787893

18

0.01719565

24

0.00859479

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0344

0.0075

0.0344

0.8517

0.0075

0.8517

204

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.02358330

0.5950

0.03219628

205

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Solidago canadensis


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

2.11991320

0.23554591

262

11.05685041

0.04220172

CorrectedTotal 271

13.17676361

Error

5.58 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.160883

Source

S:090636:120115

280.3887

0.205431

0.073266

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.84488200

0.14081367

3.34 0.0035

Depth

2 0.78108467

0.39054233

9.25 0.0001

Quality

1 0.20436282

0.20436282

4.84 0.0286

206

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

207

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.09876227

NM

0.13072745

NU

0.05652519

RU

0.03289747

SL

0.12857910

SM

0.00623843

SU

0.01472644

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.9932 0.9702 0.7931 0.9959 0.2621 0.1867

2 0.9932

0.6793 0.3542 1.0000 0.0513 0.0320

3 0.9702 0.6793

0.9987 0.7291 0.8192 0.7196

4 0.7931 0.3542 0.9987

0.4084 0.9797 0.9482

5 0.9959 1.0000 0.7291 0.4084

0.0688 0.0441

6 0.2621 0.0513 0.8192 0.9797 0.0688

1.0000

7 0.1867 0.0320 0.7196 0.9482 0.0441 1.0000

S:090636:120115

208

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.14562858

18

0.00149449

24

0.03866303

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0001

0.0078

0.0001

0.4960

0.0078

0.4960

209

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.02226934

0.0286

0.09959541

210

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Solidago juncea


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.37288305

0.04143145

260

1.63761697

0.00629853

CorrectedTotal 269

2.01050002

Error

6.58 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.185468

Source

S:090636:120115

453.9790

0.079363

0.017482

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.27810346

0.04635058

7.36 <.0001

Depth

2 0.08474961

0.04237480

6.73 0.0014

Quality

1 0.00162603

0.00162603

0.26 0.6118

211

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

212

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.01578148

NM

0.00725811

NU

0.01578148

RU

0.00890976

SL

0.02060121

SM

0.10385799

SU

0.00718102

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.9991 1.0000 0.9998 1.0000 <.0001 0.9991

2 0.9991

0.9991 1.0000 0.9898 <.0001 1.0000

3 1.0000 0.9991

0.9998 1.0000 <.0001 0.9991

4 0.9998 1.0000 0.9998

0.9953 <.0001 1.0000

5 1.0000 0.9898 1.0000 0.9953

0.0002 0.9901

6 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 0.0002

<.0001

7 0.9991 1.0000 0.9991 1.0000 0.9901 <.0001

S:090636:120115

213

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.05315571

18

0.02030960

24

0.00340801

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0500

0.0010

0.0500

0.4303

0.0010

0.4303

214

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.02903245

0.6118

0.02221643

215

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Sorghastrum nutans


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

20.77157147

2.30795239

269

43.23342983

0.16071907

CorrectedTotal 278

64.00500130

Error

14.36 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.324530

Source

S:090636:120115

105.5637

0.400898

0.379769

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

1.95551116

0.32591853

2.03 0.0622

Depth

2 11.23286516

5.61643258

34.95 <.0001

Quality

6.72140915

41.82 <.0001

6.72140915

216

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

217

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.29849069

NM

0.28652655

NU

0.21772436

RU

0.19910225

SL

0.10865742

SM

0.39028430

SU

0.29784817

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

1.0000 0.9731 0.9251 0.3453 0.9482 1.0000

2 1.0000

0.9882 0.9589 0.4272 0.9092 1.0000

3 0.9731 0.9882

1.0000 0.8903 0.4738 0.9741

4 0.9251 0.9589 1.0000

0.9517 0.3365 0.9273

5 0.3453 0.4272 0.8903 0.9517

0.0305 0.3495

6 0.9482 0.9092 0.4738 0.3365 0.0305

0.9464

7 1.0000 1.0000 0.9741 0.9273 0.3495 0.9464

S:090636:120115

218

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.05146160

18

0.50789663

24

0.31440800

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

<.0001

<.0001

<.0001

0.0132

<.0001

0.0132

219

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.03783569

<.0001

0.47605967

220

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Coreopsis lanceolata


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:Cover2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.04187144

0.00465238

263

0.48989314

0.00186271

CorrectedTotal 272

0.53176458

Error

2.50 0.0094

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE Cover2Mean


0.078741

Source

S:090636:120115

652.3406

0.043159

0.006616

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.03035031

0.00505838

2.72 0.0141

Depth

2 0.00788548

0.00394274

2.12 0.1225

Quality

1 0.00603158

0.00603158

3.24 0.0731

221

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

222

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.00312437

NM

0.02654178

NU

0.00306888

RU

0.00450832

SL

0.00450832

SM

0.00450832

SU

0.00450832

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2
i/j
1

0.2264 1.0000 0.9876 0.9876 0.9876 0.9876

2 0.2264

0.2091 0.0258 0.0258 0.0258 0.0258

3 1.0000 0.2091

0.9872 0.9872 0.9872 0.9872

4 0.9876 0.0258 0.9872

1.0000 1.0000 1.0000

5 0.9876 0.0258 0.9872 1.0000

1.0000 1.0000

6 0.9876 0.0258 0.9872 1.0000 1.0000

1.0000

7 0.9876 0.0258 0.9872 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000

S:090636:120115

223

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth Cover2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.00666093

18

0.00621024

24

0.00675144

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:Cover2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.1884

0.1657

0.1884

0.9970

0.1657

0.9970

224

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality Cover2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.00459080

0.0731

0.00879130

225

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment 3. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) for Frequency

S:090636:120115

226

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Agrostis alba


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

3.71860612

0.41317846

Error

18

1.62701490

0.09038972

CorrectedTotal 27

5.34562101

4.57 0.0030

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.695636

Source

S:090636:120115

82.19511

0.300649

0.365775

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 3.48495700

0.58082617

6.43 0.0009

Depth

2 0.02153502

0.01076751

0.12 0.8884

Quality

1 0.16181975

0.16181975

1.79 0.1976

227

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

228

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.90463350

NM

0.72989100

NU

0.37783101

RU

0.16851283

SL

0.09325533

SM

0.05725966

SU

0.05725966

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9793 0.2243 0.0365 0.0177 0.0040 0.0040

2 0.9793

0.6509 0.1712 0.0907 0.0224 0.0224

3 0.2243 0.6509

0.9511 0.8253 0.4216 0.4216

4 0.0365 0.1712 0.9511

0.9998 0.9313 0.9313

5 0.0177 0.0907 0.8253 0.9998

0.9903 0.9903

6 0.0040 0.0224 0.4216 0.9313 0.9903

1.0000

7 0.0040 0.0224 0.4216 0.9313 0.9903 1.0000

S:090636:120115

229

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.33880044

18

0.26421214

24

0.32253214

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.8888

0.9944

0.8888

0.9303

0.9944

0.9303

230

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.20100419

0.1976

0.41602562

231

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Ambrosia psilostachya


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

2.87882886

0.31986987

Error

18

0.20034543

0.01113030

CorrectedTotal 27

3.07917430

28.74 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.934935

Source

S:090636:120115

52.15857

0.105500

0.202268

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.14919241

0.02486540

2.23 0.0871

Depth

2 0.02168045

0.01084022

0.97 0.3966

Quality

1 1.58408740

1.58408740

142.32 <.0001

232

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

233

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.30734318

NM

0.30734318

NU

0.38260068

RU

0.35136600

SL

0.30734318

SM

0.33157068

SU

0.52610850

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

1.0000 0.9454 0.9963 1.0000 0.9999 0.1018

2 1.0000

0.9454 0.9963 1.0000 0.9999 0.1018

3 0.9454 0.9454

0.9995 0.9454 0.9919 0.4910

4 0.9963 0.9963 0.9995

0.9963 1.0000 0.2776

5 1.0000 1.0000 0.9454 0.9963

0.9999 0.1018

6 0.9999 0.9999 0.9919 1.0000 0.9999

0.1810

7 0.1018 0.1018 0.4910 0.2776 0.1018 0.1810

S:090636:120115

234

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.33637643

18

0.33637643

24

0.40453661

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

1.0000

0.4634

1.0000

0.4634

0.4634

0.4634

235

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.69547291

<.0001

0.02272006

236

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Andropogon gerardii


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.08895448

0.00988383

Error

18

0.15947984

0.00885999

CorrectedTotal 27

0.24843432

1.12 0.4006

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.358060

Source

S:090636:120115

9.798848

0.094128

0.960598

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.06309415

0.01051569

1.19 0.3568

Depth

2 0.00533328

0.00266664

0.30 0.7437

Quality

1 0.00714193

0.00714193

0.81 0.3811

237

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

238

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.98951494

NM

0.91226521

NU

1.02409061

RU

0.96907615

SL

0.86824239

SM

0.94459109

SU

0.96772740

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.8998 0.9982 0.9999 0.5511 0.9925 0.9999

2 0.8998

0.6365 0.9751 0.9932 0.9988 0.9779

3 0.9982 0.6365

0.9788 0.2779 0.8874 0.9761

4 0.9999 0.9751 0.9788

0.7330 0.9997 1.0000

5 0.5511 0.9932 0.2779 0.7330

0.9046 0.7444

6 0.9925 0.9988 0.8874 0.9997 0.9046

0.9998

7 0.9999 0.9779 0.9761 1.0000 0.7444 0.9998

S:090636:120115

239

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.97477242

18

0.94987237

24

0.93628712

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.8746

0.7287

0.8746

0.9607

0.7287

0.9607

240

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.93105774

0.3811

0.97623020

241

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Artemisia vulgaris


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.24063161

0.02673685

Error

18

1.40306729

0.07794818

CorrectedTotal 27

1.64369890

0.34 0.9477

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.146396

Source

S:090636:120115

140.6063

0.279192

0.198563

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.10612441

0.01768740

0.23 0.9626

Depth

2 0.13305950

0.06652975

0.85 0.4424

Quality

1 0.00044783

0.00044783

0.01 0.9404

242

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

243

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.14070774

NM

0.18473056

NU

0.32074757

RU

0.16493525

SL

0.22875337

SM

0.14070774

SU

0.14070774

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

1.0000 0.9658 1.0000 0.9992 1.0000 1.0000

2 1.0000

0.9916 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000

3 0.9658 0.9916

0.9831 0.9990 0.9658 0.9658

4 1.0000 1.0000 0.9831

0.9999 1.0000 1.0000

5 0.9992 1.0000 0.9990 0.9999

0.9992 0.9992

6 1.0000 1.0000 0.9658 1.0000 0.9992

1.0000

7 1.0000 1.0000 0.9658 1.0000 0.9992 1.0000

S:090636:120115

244

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.26924124

18

0.08035277

24

0.21667313

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.4318

0.9341

0.4318

0.6390

0.9341

0.6390

245

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.18309991

0.9404

0.19441151

246

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Cassia fasciculata


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

5.45920142

0.60657794

Error

18

0.47219316

0.02623295

CorrectedTotal 27

5.93139458

23.12 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.920391

Source

S:090636:120115

32.99903

0.161966

0.490820

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 5.23989708

0.87331618

33.29 <.0001

Depth

2 0.21653575

0.10826787

4.13 0.0335

Quality

1 0.03446260

0.03446260

1.31 0.2667

247

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

248

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.87665155

NM

0.88565096

NU

0.94355311

RU

0.43320494

SL

0.05535569

SM

0.05535569

SU

0.01990181

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

1.0000 0.9965 0.0158 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

2 1.0000

0.9984 0.0134 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

3 0.9965 0.9984

0.0047 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001

4 0.0158 0.0134 0.0047

0.0070 0.0070 0.0272

5 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 0.0070

1.0000 0.9935

6 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 0.0070 1.0000

0.9935

7 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 0.0272 0.9935 0.9935

S:090636:120115

249

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.30903463

18

0.43970078

24

0.55765787

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.3102

0.0261

0.3102

0.3807

0.0261

0.3807

250

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.38584977

0.2667

0.48507908

251

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Celastrus orbiculatus


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

1.58500122

0.17611125

Error

18

1.01074445

0.05615247

CorrectedTotal 27

2.59574567

3.14 0.0187

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.610615

Source

S:090636:120115

59.15447

0.236965

0.400587

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.44625125

0.07437521

1.32 0.2969

Depth

2 0.45039314

0.22519657

4.01 0.0363

Quality

1 0.20025867

0.20025867

3.57 0.0752

252

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

253

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.26494740

NM

0.33271409

NU

0.36000021

RU

0.51494740

SL

0.60250941

SM

0.28474271

SU

0.24071990

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9996 0.9970 0.7459 0.4393 1.0000 1.0000

2 0.9996

1.0000 0.9239 0.6781 0.9999 0.9975

3 0.9970 1.0000

0.9635 0.7702 0.9992 0.9901

4 0.7459 0.9239 0.9635

0.9981 0.8082 0.6624

5 0.4393 0.6781 0.7702 0.9981

0.5069 0.3626

6 1.0000 0.9999 0.9992 0.8082 0.5069

1.0000

7 1.0000 0.9975 0.9901 0.6624 0.3626 1.0000

S:090636:120115

254

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.57733156

18

0.28859023

24

0.24861298

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0847

0.0459

0.0847

0.9467

0.0459

0.9467

255

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.25191146

0.0752

0.49111172

256

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Centaurea maculosa


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.33114748

0.03679416

Error

18

0.60498160

0.03361009

CorrectedTotal 27

0.93612908

1.09 0.4132

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.353741

Source

S:090636:120115

167.6739

0.183331

0.109338

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.19072589

0.03178765

0.95 0.4875

Depth

2 0.06841431

0.03420716

1.02 0.3813

Quality

1 0.01626034

0.01626034

0.48 0.4956

257

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

258

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.23057410

NM

0.08005911

NU

0.00480161

RU

0.15531661

SL

0.00480161

SM

0.12408192

SU

0.19933942

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.8997 0.5994 0.9967 0.5994 0.9794 1.0000

2 0.8997

0.9967 0.9967 0.9967 0.9998 0.9643

3 0.5994 0.9967

0.8997 1.0000 0.9643 0.7410

4 0.9967 0.9967 0.8997

0.8997 1.0000 0.9998

5 0.5994 0.9967 1.0000 0.8997

0.9643 0.7410

6 0.9794 0.9998 0.9643 1.0000 0.9643

0.9967

7 1.0000 0.9643 0.7410 0.9998 0.7410 0.9967

S:090636:120115

259

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.14524455

18

0.03408009

24

0.16309294

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.5061

0.9819

0.5061

0.4045

0.9819

0.4045

260

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.14821929

0.4956

0.08005911

261

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Coronilla varia


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

1.86841197

0.20760133

Error

18

1.27360347

0.07075575

CorrectedTotal 27

3.14201544

2.93 0.0248

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.594654

Source

S:090636:120115

61.86830

0.266000

0.429945

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.47239385

0.07873231

1.11 0.3934

Depth

2 0.21807381

0.10903691

1.54 0.2411

Quality

1 0.40589826

0.40589826

5.74 0.0277

262

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

263

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.66670128

NM

0.54742097

NU

0.32164847

RU

0.65220329

SL

0.43148164

SM

0.38745883

SU

0.36567129

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9946 0.5436 1.0000 0.8649 0.7499 0.6838

2 0.9946

0.8851 0.9973 0.9954 0.9756 0.9551

3 0.5436 0.8851

0.5899 0.9965 0.9998 1.0000

4 1.0000 0.9973 0.5899

0.8952 0.7911 0.7283

5 0.8649 0.9954 0.9965 0.8952

1.0000 0.9998

6 0.7499 0.9756 0.9998 0.7911 1.0000

1.0000

7 0.6838 0.9551 1.0000 0.7283 0.9998 1.0000

S:090636:120115

264

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.46301796

18

0.36744556

24

0.61493038

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.7823

0.5450

0.7823

0.2178

0.5450

0.2178

265

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.65207049

0.0277

0.31152544

266

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Desmodium canadense


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.74719764

0.08302196

Error

18

0.69536437

0.03863135

CorrectedTotal 27

1.44256201

2.15 0.0799

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.517966

Source

S:090636:120115

26.42201

0.196549

0.743882

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.41788005

0.06964668

1.80 0.1551

Depth

2 0.27159349

0.13579675

3.52 0.0514

Quality

1 0.11378047

0.11378047

2.95 0.1033

267

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

268

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.84888299

NM

0.71421474

NU

0.72565411

RU

0.66183598

SL

0.41318474

SM

0.68163130

SU

0.71421474

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9545 0.9701 0.8219 0.0695 0.8839 0.9545

2 0.9545

1.0000 0.9997 0.3591 1.0000 1.0000

3 0.9701 1.0000

0.9991 0.3194 0.9999 1.0000

4 0.8219 0.9997 0.9991

0.5708 1.0000 0.9997

5 0.0695 0.3591 0.3194 0.5708

0.4865 0.3591

6 0.8839 1.0000 0.9999 1.0000 0.4865

1.0000

7 0.9545 1.0000 1.0000 0.9997 0.3591 1.0000

S:090636:120115

269

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.51921664

18

0.76523004

24

0.75538986

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0753

0.0899

0.0753

0.9952

0.0899

0.9952

270

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.58979466

0.1033

0.77009637

271

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Equisetum arvense


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

1.14754458

0.12750495

Error

18

1.77885623

0.09882535

CorrectedTotal 27

2.92640081

1.29 0.3074

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.392135

Source

S:090636:120115

124.5906

0.314365

0.252318

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.90105267

0.15017544

1.52 0.2280

Depth

2 0.15658075

0.07829038

0.79 0.4680

Quality

1 0.00032013

0.00032013

0.00 0.9552

272

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

273

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.57896461

NM

0.37298742

NU

0.37298742

RU

0.10319211

SL

0.35848943

SM

0.02793461

SU

0.14721492

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9631 0.9631 0.3721 0.9494 0.2240 0.4802

2 0.9631

1.0000 0.8799 1.0000 0.7118 0.9437

3 0.9631 1.0000

0.8799 1.0000 0.7118 0.9437

4 0.3721 0.8799 0.8799

0.9041 0.9998 1.0000

5 0.9494 1.0000 1.0000 0.9041

0.7486 0.9584

6 0.2240 0.7118 0.7118 0.9998 0.7486

0.9978

7 0.4802 0.9437 0.9437 1.0000 0.9584 0.9978

S:090636:120115

274

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.35309665

18

0.32871148

24

0.15895066

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.9885

0.4939

0.9885

0.5800

0.4939

0.5800

275

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.27547102

0.9552

0.28503485

276

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Erigeron strigosus


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

1.29138441

0.14348716

Error

18

0.53529344

0.02973852

CorrectedTotal 27

1.82667785

4.82 0.0022

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.706958

Source

S:090636:120115

119.7712

0.172449

0.143982

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.84356509

0.14059418

4.73 0.0047

Depth

2 0.35265245

0.17632623

5.93 0.0105

Quality

1 0.00647279

0.00647279

0.22 0.6464

277

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

278

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.01215702

NM

0.01215702

NU

0.01215702

RU

0.08741451

SL

0.29868902

SM

0.50772482

SU

0.16267201

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

1.0000 1.0000 0.9953 0.2745 0.0106 0.8716

2 1.0000

1.0000 0.9953 0.2745 0.0106 0.8716

3 1.0000 1.0000

0.9953 0.2745 0.0106 0.8716

4 0.9953 0.9953 0.9953

0.6049 0.0377 0.9953

5 0.2745 0.2745 0.2745 0.6049

0.6159 0.9152

6 0.0106 0.0106 0.0106 0.0377 0.6159

0.1228

7 0.8716 0.8716 0.8716 0.9953 0.9152 0.1228

S:090636:120115

279

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.33940347

18

0.06450643

24

0.06450643

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0208

0.0208

0.0208

1.0000

0.0208

1.0000

280

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.13463663

0.6464

0.17764092

281

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Festuca rubra


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

2.51210157

0.27912240

Error

18

1.32200310

0.07344462

CorrectedTotal 27

3.83410467

3.80 0.0077

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.655199

Source

S:090636:120115

38.33608

0.271007

0.706923

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 1.85747738

0.30957956

4.22 0.0080

Depth

2 0.55378335

0.27689167

3.77 0.0429

Quality

1 0.00232717

0.00232717

0.03 0.8607

282

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

283

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.87562676

NM

0.93748855

NU

0.93992851

RU

0.53806475

SL

0.17823158

SM

0.55786006

SU

0.58847609

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9999 0.9998 0.5874 0.0255 0.6496 0.7423

2 0.9999

1.0000 0.4013 0.0131 0.4581 0.5515

3 0.9998 1.0000

0.3946 0.0128 0.4509 0.5439

4 0.5874 0.4013 0.3946

0.5179 1.0000 1.0000

5 0.0255 0.0131 0.0128 0.5179

0.4581 0.3719

6 0.6496 0.4581 0.4509 1.0000 0.4581

1.0000

7 0.7423 0.5515 0.5439 1.0000 0.3719 1.0000

S:090636:120115

284

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.71608500

18

0.43830176

24

0.82376023

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.1625

0.7414

0.1625

0.0402

0.7414

0.0402

285

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.64648944

0.8607

0.67227521

286

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Lespedeza capitata


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.27400540

0.03044504

Error

18

0.15102927

0.00839051

CorrectedTotal 27

0.42503467

3.63 0.0096

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.644666

Source

S:090636:120115

10.04313

0.091600

0.912064

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.13073644

0.02178941

2.60 0.0543

Depth

2 0.14317385

0.07158692

8.53 0.0025

Quality

1 0.01753955

0.01753955

2.09 0.1654

287

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

288

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.94066186

NM

0.95101003

NU

0.93931310

RU

0.80859341

SL

0.76986792

SM

0.82423891

SU

0.89554784

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

1.0000 1.0000 0.4258 0.1723 0.5658 0.9911

2 1.0000

1.0000 0.3429 0.1303 0.4717 0.9747

3 1.0000 1.0000

0.4373 0.1785 0.5783 0.9924

4 0.4258 0.3429 0.4373

0.9961 1.0000 0.8235

5 0.1723 0.1303 0.1785 0.9961

0.9771 0.4813

6 0.5658 0.4717 0.5783 1.0000 0.9771

0.9198

7 0.9911 0.9747 0.9924 0.8235 0.4813 0.9198

S:090636:120115

289

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.76060437

18

0.91555803

24

0.95065178

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0141

0.0030

0.0141

0.7569

0.0030

0.7569

290

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.84020946

0.1654

0.91099999

291

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Lotus corniculatus


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

1.40622848

0.15624761

Error

18

1.03595915

0.05755329

CorrectedTotal 27

2.44218764

2.71 0.0341

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.575807

Source

S:090636:120115

65.95678

0.239903

0.363727

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 1.12656663

0.18776110

3.26 0.0238

Depth

2 0.20825645

0.10412823

1.81 0.1923

Quality

1 0.00156589

0.00156589

0.03 0.8708

292

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

293

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.54523816

NM

0.59626815

NU

0.35770753

RU

0.50822252

SL

0.10070035

SM

0.05667753

SU

0.25121534

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9999 0.9183 1.0000 0.1771 0.1121 0.6045

2 0.9999

0.7917 0.9982 0.1039 0.0636 0.4285

3 0.9183 0.7917

0.9700 0.7330 0.5796 0.9949

4 1.0000 0.9982 0.9700

0.2530 0.1651 0.7330

5 0.1771 0.1039 0.7330 0.2530

1.0000 0.9700

6 0.1121 0.0636 0.5796 0.1651 1.0000

0.9047

7 0.6045 0.4285 0.9949 0.7330 0.9700 0.9047

S:090636:120115

294

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.38707357

18

0.20774893

24

0.44061875

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.3626

0.9088

0.3626

0.1927

0.9088

0.1927

295

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.35572298

0.8708

0.33457119

296

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Lupinus perennis


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

2.75601159

0.30622351

Error

18

1.28514423

0.07139690

CorrectedTotal 27

4.04115582

4.29 0.0042

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.681986

Source

S:090636:120115

57.36226

0.267202

0.465815

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 1.08069267

0.18011544

2.52 0.0597

Depth

2 1.64856479

0.82428240

11.55 0.0006

Quality

1 0.27007235

0.27007235

3.78 0.0676

297

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

298

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.43082377

NM

0.48233739

NU

0.61196588

RU

0.14429176

SL

0.00622324

SM

0.25656490

SU

0.24377676

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

1.0000 0.9567 0.7322 0.2901 0.9639 0.9498

2 1.0000

0.9918 0.5708 0.1878 0.8872 0.8598

3 0.9567 0.9918

0.2253 0.0533 0.5160 0.4765

4 0.7322 0.5708 0.2253

0.9823 0.9962 0.9980

5 0.2901 0.1878 0.0533 0.9823

0.7996 0.8326

6 0.9639 0.8872 0.5160 0.9962 0.7996

1.0000

7 0.9498 0.8598 0.4765 0.9980 0.8326 1.0000

S:090636:120115

299

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.02772716

18

0.29671096

24

0.65824644

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0860

0.0004

0.0860

0.0521

0.0004

0.0521

300

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.17018513

0.0676

0.44796837

301

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Monarda fistulosa


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

1.71759062

0.19084340

Error

18

0.47616409

0.02645356

CorrectedTotal 27

2.19375471

7.21 0.0002

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.782946

Source

S:090636:120115

40.31718

0.162646

0.403415

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.81957616

0.13659603

5.16 0.0030

Depth

2 0.59195457

0.29597729

11.19 0.0007

Quality

1 0.00885947

0.00885947

0.33 0.5700

302

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

303

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.49953922

NM

0.11046360

NU

0.28520610

RU

0.49953922

SL

0.60432155

SM

0.43572110

SU

0.63555623

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.0428 0.5263 1.0000 0.9659 0.9974 0.8918

2 0.0428

0.7305 0.0428 0.0066 0.1231 0.0037

3 0.5263 0.7305

0.5263 0.1355 0.8393 0.0823

4 1.0000 0.0428 0.5263

0.9659 0.9974 0.8918

5 0.9659 0.0066 0.1355 0.9659

0.7601 1.0000

6 0.9974 0.1231 0.8393 0.9974 0.7601

0.6019

7 0.8918 0.0037 0.0823 0.8918 1.0000 0.6019

S:090636:120115

304

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.65618372

18

0.41219446

24

0.24748482

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0299

0.0005

0.0299

0.1690

0.0005

0.1690

305

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.41346511

0.5700

0.46377690

306

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Monarda punctata


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

2.66856776

0.29650753

Error

18

0.62286549

0.03460364

CorrectedTotal 27

3.29143326

8.57 <.0001

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.810762

Source

S:090636:120115

46.96424

0.186021

0.396090

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 2.56156134

0.42692689

12.34 <.0001

Depth

2 0.05469878

0.02734939

0.79 0.4688

Quality

1 0.09255236

0.09255236

2.67 0.1193

307

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

308

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.20686817

NM

0.05635318

NU

0.13161068

RU

0.46965631

SL

0.65140599

SM

0.85629197

SU

0.79491380

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9055 0.9969 0.4486 0.0431 0.0017 0.0045

2 0.9055

0.9969 0.0686 0.0040 0.0002 0.0004

3 0.9969 0.9969

0.1929 0.0134 0.0005 0.0014

4 0.4486 0.0686 0.1929

0.8042 0.1005 0.2262

5 0.0431 0.0040 0.0134 0.8042

0.7087 0.9228

6 0.0017 0.0002 0.0005 0.1005 0.7087

0.9990

7 0.0045 0.0004 0.0014 0.2262 0.9228 0.9990

S:090636:120115

309

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.51465359

18

0.45303019

24

0.38964483

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.8113

0.4364

0.8113

0.8016

0.4364

0.8016

310

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.53375021

0.1193

0.37113554

311

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Oenothera biennis


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

2.10694884

0.23410543

Error

18

0.95203868

0.05289104

CorrectedTotal 27

3.05898752

4.43 0.0035

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.688773

Source

S:090636:120115

52.87986

0.229981

0.434911

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 1.30184998

0.21697500

4.10 0.0091

Depth

2 0.59022763

0.29511381

5.58 0.0130

Quality

1 0.00111498

0.00111498

0.02 0.8862

312

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

313

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.38475828

NM

0.32929609

NU

0.13475828

RU

0.46001578

SL

0.65455359

SM

0.76634310

SU

0.73115985

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9998 0.7204 0.9990 0.6491 0.2758 0.3773

2 0.9998

0.8867 0.9815 0.4474 0.1579 0.2268

3 0.7204 0.8867

0.4474 0.0618 0.0154 0.0241

4 0.9990 0.9815 0.4474

0.8867 0.5144 0.6441

5 0.6491 0.4474 0.0618 0.8867

0.9917 0.9989

6 0.2758 0.1579 0.0154 0.5144 0.9917

1.0000

7 0.3773 0.2268 0.0241 0.6441 0.9989 1.0000

S:090636:120115

314

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.68069999

18

0.52827902

24

0.27425741

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.4460

0.0104

0.4460

0.1253

0.0104

0.1253

315

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.50333633

0.8862

0.48548794

316

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Panicum virgatum


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

1.20871526

0.13430170

Error

18

0.76497394

0.04249855

CorrectedTotal 27

1.97368920

3.16 0.0181

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.612414

Source

S:090636:120115

155.3909

0.206152

0.132667

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.48288282

0.08048047

1.89 0.1372

Depth

2 0.08672179

0.04336089

1.02 0.3804

Quality

1 0.54428088

0.54428088

12.81 0.0021

317

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

318

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.22922686

NM

0.45499936

NU

0.30448436

RU

0.37974186

SL

0.10994655

SM

0.10994655

SU

0.10994655

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.7138 0.9982 0.9394 0.9798 0.9798 0.9798

2 0.7138

0.9394 0.9982 0.2673 0.2673 0.2673

3 0.9982 0.9394

0.9982 0.8273 0.8273 0.8273

4 0.9394 0.9982 0.9982

0.5339 0.5339 0.5339

5 0.9798 0.2673 0.8273 0.5339

1.0000 1.0000

6 0.9798 0.2673 0.8273 0.5339 1.0000

1.0000

7 0.9798 0.2673 0.8273 0.5339 1.0000 1.0000

S:090636:120115

319

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.33349339

18

0.19717303

24

0.19717303

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.4475

0.4475

0.4475

1.0000

0.4475

1.0000

320

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.43978619

0.0021

0.04544012

321

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Poa pratensis


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

2.02442155

0.22493573

Error

18

1.79971507

0.09998417

CorrectedTotal 27

3.82413663

2.25 0.0684

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.529380

Source

S:090636:120115

95.77273

0.316203

0.330159

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 1.61448920

0.26908153

2.69 0.0481

Depth

2 0.40548784

0.20274392

2.03 0.1606

Quality

1 0.00920691

0.00920691

0.09 0.7650

322

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

323

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.18343341

NM

0.10817591

NU

0.03291841

RU

0.49725153

SL

0.73976073

SM

0.54127435

SU

0.43873073

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9998 0.9926 0.7932 0.2207 0.6838 0.9064

2 0.9998

0.9998 0.6003 0.1239 0.4833 0.7534

3 0.9926 0.9998

0.4054 0.0661 0.3077 0.5553

4 0.7932 0.6003 0.4054

0.9248 1.0000 1.0000

5 0.2207 0.1239 0.0661 0.9248

0.9699 0.8216

6 0.6838 0.4833 0.3077 1.0000 0.9699

0.9991

7 0.9064 0.7534 0.5553 1.0000 0.8216 0.9991

S:090636:120115

324

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.55856718

18

0.24797335

24

0.28269307

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.1859

0.2582

0.1859

0.9770

0.2582

0.9770

325

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.38872229

0.7650

0.33743344

326

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Populus deltoides


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.93249343

0.10361038

Error

18

2.04428771

0.11357154

CorrectedTotal 27

2.97678113

0.91 0.5360

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.313256

Source

S:090636:120115

115.7877

0.337004

0.291053

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.36192893

0.06032149

0.53 0.7776

Depth

2 0.10687242

0.05343621

0.47 0.6322

Quality

1 0.13607022

0.13607022

1.20 0.2881

327

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

328

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.28952928

NM

0.28952928

NU

0.24550646

RU

0.09499147

SL

0.50080379

SM

0.24550646

SU

0.20148365

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

1.0000 1.0000 0.9800 0.9701 1.0000 0.9997

2 1.0000

1.0000 0.9800 0.9701 1.0000 0.9997

3 1.0000 1.0000

0.9947 0.9287 1.0000 1.0000

4 0.9800 0.9800 0.9947

0.6227 0.9947 0.9992

5 0.9701 0.9701 0.9287 0.6227

0.9287 0.8626

6 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 0.9947 0.9287

1.0000

7 0.9997 0.9997 1.0000 0.9992 0.8626 1.0000

S:090636:120115

329

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.32822295

18

0.30532338

24

0.16674670

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.9911

0.6494

0.9911

0.7261

0.6494

0.7261

330

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.16817782

0.2881

0.36535086

331

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Rudbeckia hirta


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.74711928

0.08301325

Error

18

0.98123727

0.05451318

CorrectedTotal 27

1.72835654

1.52 0.2137

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.432272

Source

S:090636:120115

115.0009

0.233481

0.203025

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.57584347

0.09597391

1.76 0.1643

Depth

2 0.14899771

0.07449885

1.37 0.2802

Quality

1 0.00221487

0.00221487

0.04 0.8425

332

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

333

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.37391620

NM

0.32288620

NU

0.43467571

RU

0.25463588

SL

0.02886338

SM

0.10412088

SU

0.10412088

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9999 0.9997 0.9893 0.3983 0.6639 0.6639

2 0.9999

0.9924 0.9995 0.5757 0.8317 0.8317

3 0.9997 0.9924

0.9230 0.2316 0.4462 0.4462

4 0.9893 0.9995 0.9230

0.8113 0.9658 0.9658

5 0.3983 0.5757 0.2316 0.8113

0.9991 0.9991

6 0.6639 0.8317 0.4462 0.9658 0.9991

1.0000

7 0.6639 0.8317 0.4462 0.9658 0.9991 1.0000

S:090636:120115

334

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.34432356

18

0.20975098

24

0.14159080

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.5392

0.2613

0.5392

0.8497

0.2613

0.8497

335

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.24446640

0.8425

0.21931050

336

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Solidago canadensis


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

1.13507226

0.12611914

Error

18

1.69860458

0.09436692

CorrectedTotal 27

2.83367683

1.34 0.2861

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.400565

Source

S:090636:120115

125.4054

0.307192

0.244959

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.39775490

0.06629248

0.70 0.6515

Depth

2 0.17727044

0.08863522

0.94 0.4093

Quality

1 0.24640600

0.24640600

2.61 0.1235

337

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

338

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.25001647

NM

0.31077598

NU

0.16026098

RU

0.25001647

SL

0.33806210

SM

0.02424397

SU

0.02424397

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9999 0.9995 1.0000 0.9996 0.9376 0.9376

2 0.9999

0.9914 0.9999 1.0000 0.8345 0.8345

3 0.9995 0.9914

0.9995 0.9798 0.9950 0.9950

4 1.0000 0.9999 0.9995

0.9996 0.9376 0.9376

5 0.9996 1.0000 0.9798 0.9996

0.7716 0.7716

6 0.9376 0.8345 0.9950 0.9376 0.7716

1.0000

7 0.9376 0.8345 0.9950 0.9376 0.7716 1.0000

S:090636:120115

339

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.32381140

18

0.12535910

24

0.13266661

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.4635

0.4888

0.4635

0.9989

0.4888

0.9989

340

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.06127910

0.1235

0.32661231

341

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Solidago juncea


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

1.05747786

0.11749754

Error

18

0.54969268

0.03053848

CorrectedTotal 27

1.60717054

3.85 0.0072

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.657975

Source

S:090636:120115

107.3098

0.174753

0.162849

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.43422137

0.07237023

2.37 0.0728

Depth

2 0.48920482

0.24460241

8.01 0.0033

Quality

1 0.00647279

0.00647279

0.21 0.6508

342

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

343

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.18073059

NM

0.06145027

NU

0.21196527

RU

0.18073059

SL

0.25598809

SM

0.49849728

SU

0.18073059

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9553 1.0000 1.0000 0.9957 0.1924 1.0000

2 0.9553

0.8782 0.9553 0.6991 0.0314 0.9553

3 1.0000 0.8782

1.0000 0.9998 0.2877 1.0000

4 1.0000 0.9553 1.0000

0.9957 0.1924 1.0000

5 0.9957 0.6991 0.9998 0.9957

0.4686 0.9957

6 0.1924 0.0314 0.2877 0.1924 0.4686

0.1924

7 1.0000 0.9553 1.0000 1.0000 0.9957 0.1924

S:090636:120115

344

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.38971526

18

0.26167946

24

0.02150214

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.3765

0.0026

0.3765

0.0481

0.0026

0.0481

345

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.24580110

0.6508

0.20279681

346

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Sorghastrum nutans


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

3.06286601

0.34031845

Error

18

1.47326809

0.08184823

CorrectedTotal 27

4.53613410

4.16 0.0049

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.675215

Source

S:090636:120115

51.78150

0.286091

0.552497

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.46669565

0.07778261

0.95 0.4848

Depth

2 1.29643228

0.64821614

7.92 0.0034

Quality

1 1.31535711

1.31535711

16.07 0.0008

347

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

348

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.32821968

NM

0.37924968

NU

0.30643214

RU

0.24261401

SL

0.22368383

SM

0.59997133

SU

0.51240932

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

1.0000 1.0000 0.9994 0.9982 0.8231 0.9660

2 1.0000

0.9998 0.9925 0.9852 0.9228 0.9934

3 1.0000 0.9998

0.9999 0.9995 0.7682 0.9430

4 0.9994 0.9925 0.9999

1.0000 0.5844 0.8277

5 0.9982 0.9852 0.9995 1.0000

0.5284 0.7809

6 0.8231 0.9228 0.7682 0.5844 0.5284

0.9993

7 0.9660 0.9934 0.9430 0.8277 0.7809 0.9993

S:090636:120115

349

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.02522632

18

0.60003545

24

0.48584394

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.0039

0.0195

0.0039

0.7394

0.0195

0.7394

350

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.06384927

0.0008

0.67688787

351

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species: Coreopsis lanceolata


TheGLMProcedure

DependentVariable:count2
Source

DF SumofSquares MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Model

0.51005935

0.05667326

Error

18

0.59822270

0.03323459

CorrectedTotal 27

1.10828205

1.71 0.1602

RSquare CoeffVar RootMSE count2Mean


0.460225

Source

S:090636:120115

163.9945

0.182304

0.111164

DF TypeIIISS MeanSquare FValue Pr>F

Position

6 0.49045408

0.08174235

2.46 0.0648

Depth

2 0.01369896

0.00684948

0.21 0.8156

Quality

1 0.00018690

0.00018690

0.01 0.9410

352

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

353

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Position count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
NL

0.30908658

NM

0.26506377

NU

0.18980627

RU

0.00473155

SL

0.00473155

SM

0.00473155

SU

0.00473155

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectPosition
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2
i/j
1

0.9998 0.9633 0.2405 0.2405 0.2405 0.2405

2 0.9998

0.9965 0.3967 0.3967 0.3967 0.3967

3 0.9633 0.9965

0.7363 0.7363 0.7363 0.7363

4 0.2405 0.3967 0.7363

1.0000 1.0000 1.0000

5 0.2405 0.3967 0.7363 1.0000

1.0000 1.0000

6 0.2405 0.3967 0.7363 1.0000 1.0000

1.0000

7 0.2405 0.3967 0.7363 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000

S:090636:120115

354

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
Depth count2LSMEAN LSMEANNumber
12

0.07181393

18

0.11481822

24

0.13266661

LeastSquaresMeansforeffectDepth
Pr>|t|forH0:LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
DependentVariable:count2

S:090636:120115

i/j

0.8988

0.8087

0.8988

0.9817

0.8087

0.9817

355

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TheGLMProcedure
LeastSquaresMeans
AdjustmentforMultipleComparisons:TukeyKramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2

S:090636:120115

Quality count2LSMEAN

Pr>|t|

0.11008667

0.9410

0.10277917

356

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment 4. Biomass: ANOVA for Natives

S:090636:120115

357

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Class Level Information
Class

S:090636:120115

Levels

Values

Position

NL NM NU R- SL SM SU

Depth

12 18 24

Quality

BG

Number of Observations Read

84

Number of Observations Used

84

358

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Dependent Variable: biomass

Source

DF

Sum of
Squares

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Model

27

7.11684600

0.26358689

3.24

0.0001

Error

56

4.55255916

0.08129570

Corrected Total

83

11.66940516

R-Square

Coeff Var

Root MSE

biomass Mean

0.609872

12.51029

0.285124

2.279116

Source

DF

Type I SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Position

2.97609920

0.49601653

6.10

<.0001

Depth

1.08124182

0.54062091

6.65

0.0026

Quality

1.31857423

1.31857423

16.22

0.0002

Position*Depth

12

0.83130493

0.06927541

0.85

0.5982

Position*Quality

0.90962582

0.15160430

1.86

0.1031

DF

Type II SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Position

2.97609920

0.49601653

6.10

<.0001

Depth

0.05547378

0.02773689

0.34

0.7124

Quality

1.31857423

1.31857423

16.22

0.0002

Position*Depth

12

0.58999254

0.04916605

0.60

0.8290

Position*Quality

0.90962582

0.15160430

1.86

0.1031

DF

Type III SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Position

0.75739208

0.12623201

1.55

0.1782

Depth

0.05547378

0.02773689

0.34

0.7124

Quality

1.31857423

1.31857423

16.22

0.0002

Position*Depth

12

0.58999254

0.04916605

0.60

0.8290

Position*Quality

0.90962582

0.15160430

1.86

0.1031

Source

Source

Contrast

S:090636:120115

DF

Contrast SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

compare depth 12 & 18 vs. 24

0.03113008

0.03113008

0.38

0.5386

compare postion N vs. S

0.39002203

0.39002203

4.80

0.0327

compare postion R vs. others

0.00016577

0.00016577

0.00

0.9641

359

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2
biomass
LSMEAN

Pr > |t|

2.02119753

0.0002

2.37556809

Quality

Quality

biomass
LSMEAN

95%
Confidence Limits

2.021198

1.860288

2.182107

2.375568

2.303607

2.447529

Least Squares Means for Effect Quality

Difference
Between
Means

-0.354371

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)
-0.530631

-0.178110

LS-Means for Quality


2.4

biomass LS-Mean

2.3

2.2

2.1

2.0
B

Quality

S:090636:120115

360

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

biomass Comparisons for Quality

2.4

2.3

2.2

2.1
B

2.0
B

2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
Differences for alpha=0.05 (Tukey-Kramer Adjustment)
Not significant
Significant

S:090636:120115

361

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

S:090636:120115

biomass
LSMEAN

LSMEAN
Number

12

2.41433211

NL

18

2.14188763

NL

24

2.26840625

NM

12

1.91790843

NM

18

2.04987967

NM

24

1.84659018

NU

12

2.15644754

NU

18

2.09122428

NU

24

1.95469349

R-

12

2.39494317

10

R-

18

2.03330423

11

R-

24

2.18150015

12

SL

12

2.14983598

13

SL

18

2.44169908

14

SL

24

2.18011122

15

SM

12

2.30149820

16

SM

18

2.21729597

17

SM

24

2.40439548

18

SU

12

2.33226808

19

SU

18

2.35489081

20

SU

24

2.33292708

21

Position

Depth

NL

362

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for effect Position*Depth
Pr > |t| for H0: LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
Dependent Variable: biomass
i/j

10

11

12

13

0.9998

1.0000

0.9711

0.9992

0.6542

1.0000

0.9999

0.9114

1.0000

0.9986

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9993

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9939

1.0000

0.5667

1.0000

1.0000

0.9339

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9806

1.0000

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9996

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9987

1.0000

1.0000

0.7109

1.0000

0.8882

0.9990

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9381

1.0000

0.9979

1.0000

0.9913

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9998

1.0000

1.0000

0.9711

1.0000

0.9939

0.9992

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.6542

0.9993

0.5667

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9987

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9114

1.0000

0.9339

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

10

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9806

0.9996

0.7109

1.0000

0.9999

0.9381

11

0.9986

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9913

12

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9999

1.0000

0.8882

1.0000

1.0000

0.9979

1.0000

1.0000

13

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9990

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

14

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9521

0.9980

0.5711

1.0000

0.9996

0.8627

1.0000

0.9967

0.9999

0.9994

15

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9999

1.0000

0.8916

1.0000

1.0000

0.9981

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

16

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9985

1.0000

0.9185

1.0000

1.0000

0.9947

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

17

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9886

1.0000

1.0000

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

18

1.0000

0.9999

1.0000

0.8638

0.9931

0.1237

0.9999

0.9985

0.4480

1.0000

0.9884

0.9984

0.9999

19

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9960

1.0000

0.8654

1.0000

1.0000

0.9860

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

20

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9926

0.9999

0.8161

1.0000

1.0000

0.9745

1.0000

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

21

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9637

0.9996

0.3086

1.0000

1.0000

0.7484

1.0000

0.9992

1.0000

1.0000

S:090636:120115

363

1.0000

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for effect Position*Depth
Pr > |t| for H0: LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
Dependent Variable: biomass
i/j

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9521

0.9999

0.9985

1.0000

0.8638

0.9960

0.9926

0.9637

0.9980

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9931

1.0000

0.9999

0.9996

0.5711

0.8916

0.9185

0.9886

0.1237

0.8654

0.8161

0.3086

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9996

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9985

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.8627

0.9981

0.9947

0.9999

0.4480

0.9860

0.9745

0.7484

10

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

11

0.9967

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9884

1.0000

0.9999

0.9992

12

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9984

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

13

0.9994

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9982

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

14

S:090636:120115

15

0.9999

16

1.0000

1.0000

17

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

18

1.0000

0.9982

1.0000

1.0000

19

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

20

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

21

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

Position

Depth

biomass
LSMEAN

NL

12

2.414332

2.010453

2.818212

NL

18

2.141888

1.738008

2.545767

NL

24

2.268406

2.035226

2.501586

NM

12

1.917908

1.514029

2.321788

NM

18

2.049880

1.646000

2.453759

NM

24

1.846590

1.613410

2.079770

NU

12

2.156448

1.752568

2.560327

NU

18

2.091224

1.687345

2.495104

NU

24

1.954693

1.721513

2.187873

R-

12

2.394943
364

1.99106420152.798823
Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

1.0000
1.0000

95%
Confidence Limits

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

S:090636:120115

Position

Depth

biomass
LSMEAN

R-

18

2.033304

1.629425

2.437184

R-

24

2.181500

1.948320

2.414680

SL

12

2.149836

1.745956

2.553716

SL

18

2.441699

2.037819

2.845579

SL

24

2.180111

1.946931

2.413291

SM

12

2.301498

1.897619

2.705378

SM

18

2.217296

1.813416

2.621176

SM

24

2.404395

2.171215

2.637575

SU

12

2.332268

1.928388

2.736148

SU

18

2.354891

1.951011

2.758770

SU

24

2.332927

2.099747

2.566107

365

95%
Confidence Limits

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

0.272444

-0.599684

1.144572

0.145926

-0.726202

1.018054

0.496424

-0.571711

1.564558

0.364452

-0.703682

1.432587

0.567742

-0.304386

1.439870

0.257885

-0.810250

1.326019

0.323108

-0.745026

1.391242

0.459639

-0.412489

1.331767

10

0.019389

-1.048745

1.087523

11

0.381028

-0.687106

1.449162

12

0.232832

-0.639296

1.104960

13

0.264496

-0.803638

1.332630

14

-0.027367

-1.095501

1.040767

15

0.234221

-0.637907

1.106349

16

0.112834

-0.955300

1.180968

17

0.197036

-0.871098

1.265170

18

0.009937

-0.862191

0.882065

19

0.082064

-0.986070

1.150198

20

0.059441

-1.008693

1.127576

21

0.081405

-0.790723

0.953533

-0.126519

-0.998647

0.745609

0.223979

-0.844155

1.292113

0.092008

-0.976126

1.160142

0.295297

-0.576831

1.167425

-0.014560

-1.082694

1.053574

0.050663

-1.017471

1.118798

0.187194

-0.684934

1.059322

10

-0.253056

-1.321190

0.815079

11

0.108583

-0.959551

1.176718

12

-0.039613

-0.911741

0.832515

13

-0.007948

-1.076083

1.060186

14

-0.299811

-1.367946

0.768323

15

-0.038224

-0.910352
366

0.833904
2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

10

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

16

-0.159611

-1.227745

0.908524

17

-0.075408

-1.143543

0.992726

18

-0.262508

-1.134636

0.609620

19

-0.190380

-1.258515

0.877754

20

-0.213003

-1.281137

0.855131

21

-0.191039

-1.063167

0.681089

0.350498

-0.521630

1.222626

0.218527

-0.653601

1.090655

0.421816

-0.194872

1.038504

0.111959

-0.760169

0.984087

0.177182

-0.694946

1.049310

0.313713

-0.302975

0.930400

10

-0.126537

-0.998665

0.745591

11

0.235102

-0.637026

1.107230

12

0.086906

-0.529782

0.703594

13

0.118570

-0.753558

0.990698

14

-0.173293

-1.045421

0.698835

15

0.088295

-0.528393

0.704983

16

-0.033092

-0.905220

0.839036

17

0.051110

-0.821018

0.923238

18

-0.135989

-0.752677

0.480698

19

-0.063862

-0.935990

0.808266

20

-0.086485

-0.958613

0.785643

21

-0.064521

-0.681208

0.552167

-0.131971

-1.004099

0.740157

0.071318

-0.800810

0.943446

-0.238539

-1.306673

0.829595

-0.173316

-1.241450

0.894818

-0.036785

-0.908913

0.835343

10

-0.477035

-1.545169

0.591100

11

-0.115396

-1.183530

0.952738

12

-0.263592

-1.135720

0.608536

13

-0.231928

-1.300062
367

0.836207
2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

11

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

14

-0.523791

-1.591925

0.544344

15

-0.262203

-1.134331

0.609925

16

-0.383590

-1.451724

0.684545

17

-0.299388

-1.367522

0.768747

18

-0.486487

-1.358615

0.385641

19

-0.414360

-1.482494

0.653775

20

-0.436982

-1.505117

0.631152

21

-0.415019

-1.287147

0.457109

0.203289

-0.668839

1.075417

-0.106568

-1.174702

0.961566

-0.041345

-1.109479

1.026790

0.095186

-0.776942

0.967314

10

-0.345063

-1.413198

0.723071

11

0.016575

-1.051559

1.084710

12

-0.131620

-1.003748

0.740508

13

-0.099956

-1.168091

0.968178

14

-0.391819

-1.459954

0.676315

15

-0.130232

-1.002360

0.741896

16

-0.251619

-1.319753

0.816516

17

-0.167416

-1.235551

0.900718

18

-0.354516

-1.226644

0.517612

19

-0.282388

-1.350523

0.785746

20

-0.305011

-1.373145

0.763123

21

-0.283047

-1.155175

0.589081

-0.309857

-1.181985

0.562271

-0.244634

-1.116762

0.627494

-0.108103

-0.724791

0.508584

10

-0.548353

-1.420481

0.323775

11

-0.186714

-1.058842

0.685414

12

-0.334910

-0.951598

0.281778

13

-0.303246

-1.175374

0.568882

14

-0.595109

-1.467237

0.277019

15

-0.333521

-0.950209
368

0.283167
2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

12

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

16

-0.454908

-1.327036

0.417220

17

-0.370706

-1.242834

0.501422

18

-0.557805

-1.174493

0.058882

19

-0.485678

-1.357806

0.386450

20

-0.508301

-1.380429

0.363827

21

-0.486337

-1.103025

0.130351

0.065223

-0.806905

0.937351

0.201754

-0.670374

1.073882

10

-0.238496

-1.306630

0.829639

11

0.123143

-0.944991

1.191278

12

-0.025053

-0.897181

0.847075

13

0.006612

-1.061523

1.074746

14

-0.285252

-1.353386

0.782883

15

-0.023664

-0.895792

0.848464

16

-0.145051

-1.213185

0.923084

17

-0.060848

-1.128983

1.007286

18

-0.247948

-1.120076

0.624180

19

-0.175821

-1.243955

0.892314

20

-0.198443

-1.266578

0.869691

21

-0.176480

-1.048608

0.695648

0.136531

-0.735597

1.008659

10

-0.303719

-1.371853

0.764415

11

0.057920

-1.010214

1.126054

12

-0.090276

-0.962404

0.781852

13

-0.058612

-1.126746

1.009523

14

-0.350475

-1.418609

0.717659

15

-0.088887

-0.961015

0.783241

16

-0.210274

-1.278408

0.857860

17

-0.126072

-1.194206

0.942063

18

-0.313171

-1.185299

0.558957

19

-0.241044

-1.309178

0.827090

20

-0.263667

-1.331801

0.804468

21

-0.241703

-1.113831
369

0.630425
2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

13

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

10

-0.440250

-1.312378

0.431878

11

-0.078611

-0.950739

0.793517

12

-0.226807

-0.843494

0.389881

13

-0.195142

-1.067270

0.676986

14

-0.487006

-1.359134

0.385122

15

-0.225418

-0.842105

0.391270

16

-0.346805

-1.218933

0.525323

17

-0.262602

-1.134730

0.609526

18

-0.449702

-1.066390

0.166986

19

-0.377575

-1.249703

0.494553

20

-0.400197

-1.272325

0.471931

21

-0.378234

-0.994921

0.238454

10

11

0.361639

-0.510489

1.233767

10

12

0.213443

-0.658685

1.085571

10

13

0.245107

-0.823027

1.313241

10

14

-0.046756

-1.114890

1.021378

10

15

0.214832

-0.657296

1.086960

10

16

0.093445

-0.974689

1.161579

10

17

0.177647

-0.890487

1.245781

10

18

-0.009452

-0.881580

0.862676

10

19

0.062675

-1.005459

1.130809

10

20

0.040052

-1.028082

1.108187

10

21

0.062016

-0.810112

0.934144

11

12

-0.148196

-1.020324

0.723932

11

13

-0.116532

-1.184666

0.951603

11

14

-0.408395

-1.476529

0.659739

11

15

-0.146807

-1.018935

0.725321

11

16

-0.268194

-1.336328

0.799940

11

17

-0.183992

-1.252126

0.884143

11

18

-0.371091

-1.243219

0.501037

11

19

-0.298964

-1.367098

0.769170

11

20

-0.321587

-1.389721

0.746548

11

21

-0.299623

-1.171751
370

0.572505
2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

14

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

12

13

0.031664

-0.840464

0.903792

12

14

-0.260199

-1.132327

0.611929

12

15

0.001389

-0.615299

0.618077

12

16

-0.119998

-0.992126

0.752130

12

17

-0.035796

-0.907924

0.836332

12

18

-0.222895

-0.839583

0.393792

12

19

-0.150768

-1.022896

0.721360

12

20

-0.173391

-1.045519

0.698737

12

21

-0.151427

-0.768115

0.465261

13

14

-0.291863

-1.163991

0.580265

13

15

-0.030275

-0.902403

0.841853

13

16

-0.151662

-1.219797

0.916472

13

17

-0.067460

-1.135594

1.000674

13

18

-0.254560

-1.126688

0.617568

13

19

-0.182432

-1.250566

0.885702

13

20

-0.205055

-1.273189

0.863079

13

21

-0.183091

-1.055219

0.689037

14

15

0.261588

-0.610540

1.133716

14

16

0.140201

-0.927933

1.208335

14

17

0.224403

-0.843731

1.292537

14

18

0.037304

-0.834824

0.909432

14

19

0.109431

-0.958703

1.177565

14

20

0.086808

-0.981326

1.154943

14

21

0.108772

-0.763356

0.980900

15

16

-0.121387

-0.993515

0.750741

15

17

-0.037185

-0.909313

0.834943

15

18

-0.224284

-0.840972

0.392403

15

19

-0.152157

-1.024285

0.719971

15

20

-0.174780

-1.046908

0.697348

15

21

-0.152816

-0.769503

0.463872

16

17

0.084202

-0.787926

0.956330

16

18

-0.102897

-0.975025

0.769231

16

19

-0.030770

-1.098904
371

1.037364
2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

15

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

16

20

-0.053393

-1.121527

1.014742

16

21

-0.031429

-0.903557

0.840699

17

18

-0.187100

-1.059228

0.685028

17

19

-0.114972

-1.183106

0.953162

17

20

-0.137595

-1.205729

0.930539

17

21

-0.115631

-0.987759

0.756497

18

19

0.072127

-0.800001

0.944255

18

20

0.049505

-0.822623

0.921633

18

21

0.071468

-0.545219

0.688156

19

20

-0.022623

-0.894751

0.849505

19

21

-0.000659

-0.872787

0.871469

20

21

0.021964

-0.850164

0.894092

LS-Means for Position*Depth

biomass LS-Mean

2.4

2.2

2.0

1.8
NL

12

NL

18

NL

24

NM NM NM NU NU NU R- R- R- SL SL SL SM SM SM SU SU SU
12 18 24 12 18 24 12 18 24 12 18 24 12 18 24 12 18 24

Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

372

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

16

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

biomass Comparisons for Position*Depth


3.0

2.5

SL 18
NL 12
R- 12
SM 24

SU 24
SM 12 SU 18
SU 12
SM 18
SL 12
NL 18

NL 24
R- 24
NU 12
SL 24
NU 18

NM 18

2.0

R- 18
NU 24

NM 12
NM 24

1.5
NM 12 R- 18
SL 24
NL 18 SM 12SU 12SM 24
NM 24 NU 24
NU 18 R- 24 NU 12 R- 12 SU 18
NM 18 SL 12 SM NL
18 24
SU 24NL 12SL 18

1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
Differences for alpha=0.05 (Tukey-Kramer Adjustment)
Not significant
Significant

S:090636:120115

373

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

17

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
biomass
LSMEAN

LSMEAN
Number

2.32067572

NL

2.22907495

NM

1.75218890

NM

2.12406329

NU

2.06856368

NU

2.06634652

R-

2.06619131

R-

2.34030706

SL

1.99909698

SL

2.51533387

10

SM

1.95371397

11

SM

2.66174580

12

SU

1.98795214

13

SU

2.69210517

14

Position

Quality

NL

Least Squares Means for effect Position*Quality


Pr > |t| for H0: LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
Dependent Variable: biomass
i/j

10

11

12

13

14

1.0000

0.8222

0.9998

0.9999

0.9977

0.9998

1.0000

0.9981

0.9999

0.9933

0.9684

0.9974

0.9400

0.7311

0.9999

1.0000

0.9938

1.0000

0.9999

0.9992

0.6783

0.9950

0.1028

0.9986

0.0585

0.9395

0.9984

0.9839

0.9985

0.4096

0.9999

0.0891

1.0000

0.0162

0.9999

0.0110

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9364

1.0000

0.2039

1.0000

0.0123

1.0000

0.0061

1.0000

1.0000

0.9956

1.0000

0.8074

1.0000

0.3958

1.0000

0.3181

1.0000

0.7375

1.0000

0.0764

1.0000

0.0032

1.0000

0.0015

0.9952

1.0000

0.8018

1.0000

0.3894

1.0000

0.3124

0.9683

0.9881

0.9207

0.4988

0.9594

0.3534

0.6189

1.0000

0.2323

1.0000

0.1777

0.4846

0.9978

0.5858

0.9871

0.1545

1.0000

0.1149

0.2110

1.0000

1.0000

0.8222

0.7311

0.9998

0.9999

0.9395

0.9999

1.0000

0.9984

1.0000

0.9977

0.9938

0.9839

1.0000

1.0000

0.9998

1.0000

0.9985

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9999

0.4096

0.9364

0.9956

0.7375

0.9952

0.9981

0.9992

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9683

10

0.9999

0.6783

0.0891

0.2039

0.8074

0.0764

0.8018

0.9881

0.6189

11

0.9933

0.9950

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9207

1.0000

0.4846

12

0.9684

0.1028

0.0162

0.0123

0.3958

0.0032

0.3894

0.4988

0.2323

0.9978

0.1545

13

0.9974

0.9986

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9594

1.0000

0.5858

1.0000

0.2110

14

0.9400

0.0585

0.0110

0.0061

0.3181

0.0015

0.3124

0.3534

0.1777

0.9871

0.1149

1.0000

S:090636:120115

374

0.1603
0.1603

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

18

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

S:090636:120115

Position

Quality

biomass
LSMEAN

NL

2.320676

1.894949

2.746402

NL

2.229075

2.038684

2.419466

NM

1.752189

1.326462

2.177915

NM

2.124063

1.933673

2.314454

NU

2.068564

1.642837

2.494290

NU

2.066347

1.875956

2.256737

R-

2.066191

1.640465

2.491918

R-

2.340307

2.149916

2.530698

SL

1.999097

1.573370

2.424823

SL

2.515334

2.324943

2.705725

SM

1.953714

1.527987

2.379440

SM

2.661746

2.471355

2.852136

SU

1.987952

1.562226

2.413679

SU

2.692105

2.501714

2.882496

375

95%
Confidence Limits

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

19

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect
Position*Quality

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

0.091601

-0.724340

0.907542

0.568487

-0.484888

1.621862

0.196612

-0.619328

1.012553

0.252112

-0.801263

1.305487

0.254329

-0.561612

1.070270

0.254484

-0.798891

1.307860

-0.019631

-0.835572

0.796310

0.321579

-0.731796

1.374954

10

-0.194658

-1.010599

0.621283

11

0.366962

-0.686413

1.420337

12

-0.341070

-1.157011

0.474871

13

0.332724

-0.720652

1.386099

14

-0.371429

-1.187370

0.444511

0.476886

-0.339055

1.292827

0.105012

-0.366072

0.576095

0.160511

-0.655430

0.976452

0.162728

-0.308355

0.633812

0.162884

-0.653057

0.978825

-0.111232

-0.582316

0.359852

0.229978

-0.585963

1.045919

10

-0.286259

-0.757343

0.184825

11

0.275361

-0.540580

1.091302

12

-0.432671

-0.903755

0.038413

13

0.241123

-0.574818

1.057064

14

-0.463030

-0.934114

0.008053

-0.371874

-1.187815

0.444066

-0.316375

-1.369750

0.737000

-0.314158

-1.130098

0.501783

-0.314002

-1.367378

0.739373

-0.588118

-1.404059

0.227823

-0.246908

-1.300283

0.806467

10

-0.763145

-1.579086

0.052796

11

-0.201525 376-1.254900

0.851850
2015
Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

20

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect
Position*Quality

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

12

-0.909557

-1.725498

-0.093616

13

-0.235763

-1.289138

0.817612

14

-0.939916

-1.755857

-0.123975

0.055500

-0.760441

0.871440

0.057717

-0.413367

0.528800

0.057872

-0.758069

0.873813

-0.216244

-0.687327

0.254840

0.124966

-0.690975

0.940907

10

-0.391271

-0.862354

0.079813

11

0.170349

-0.645592

0.986290

12

-0.537683

-1.008766

-0.066599

13

0.136111

-0.679830

0.952052

14

-0.568042

-1.039126

-0.096958

0.002217

-0.813724

0.818158

0.002372

-1.051003

1.055748

-0.271743

-1.087684

0.544197

0.069467

-0.983908

1.122842

10

-0.446770

-1.262711

0.369171

11

0.114850

-0.938525

1.168225

12

-0.593182

-1.409123

0.222759

13

0.080612

-0.972764

1.133987

14

-0.623541

-1.439482

0.192399

0.000155

-0.815786

0.816096

-0.273961

-0.745044

0.197123

0.067250

-0.748691

0.883190

10

-0.448987

-0.920071

0.022096

11

0.112633

-0.703308

0.928573

12

-0.595399

-1.066483

-0.124316

13

0.078394

-0.737546

0.894335

14

-0.625759

-1.096842

-0.154675

-0.274116

-1.090057

0.541825

0.067094

-0.986281

1.120469

10

-0.449143 377-1.265083

0.366798
2015
Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

21

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect
Position*Quality

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

11

0.112477

-0.940898

1.165852

12

-0.595554

-1.411495

0.220386

13

0.078239

-0.975136

1.131614

14

-0.625914

-1.441855

0.190027

0.341210

-0.474731

1.157151

10

-0.175027

-0.646110

0.296057

11

0.386593

-0.429348

1.202534

12

-0.321439

-0.792522

0.149645

13

0.352355

-0.463586

1.168296

14

-0.351798

-0.822882

0.119286

10

-0.516237

-1.332178

0.299704

11

0.045383

-1.007992

1.098758

12

-0.662649

-1.478590

0.153292

13

0.011145

-1.042230

1.064520

14

-0.693008

-1.508949

0.122933

10

11

0.561620

-0.254321

1.377561

10

12

-0.146412

-0.617496

0.324672

10

13

0.527382

-0.288559

1.343323

10

14

-0.176771

-0.647855

0.294312

11

12

-0.708032

-1.523973

0.107909

11

13

-0.034238

-1.087613

1.019137

11

14

-0.738391

-1.554332

0.077550

12

13

0.673794

-0.142147

1.489735

12

14

-0.030359

-0.501443

0.440724

13

14

-0.704153

-1.520094

0.111788

378

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

22

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

LS-Means for Position*Quality

biomass LS-Mean

2.6

2.4

2.2

2.0

1.8

NL

NL

NM

NM

NU

NU

RB

RG

SL

SL

SM

SM

SU

SU

Position*Quality

S:090636:120115

379

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

23

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

biomass Comparisons for Position*Quality


3.0

SU G
SM G
SL G

2.5

R- G
NL B
NL G
NM G
NU G R- B
NU B
SL B
SU B
SM B

2.0

NM B

1.5

NM B SU B R- B NM G NL G R- G
NU B
NL B
SM B SL B NU G

SL GSM G

SU G

1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
Differences for alpha=0.05 (Tukey-Kramer Adjustment)
Not significant
Significant

S:090636:120115

380

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

24

res
0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.0

-0.1

-0.2

-0.3

-0.4

-0.5

-0.6

-0.7
1.6

1.7

1.8

S:090636:120115

1.9

2.0

2.1

2.2
381
pred

2.3

2.4

2.5

2.6

2.7

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

2.8

25

ResStu

-1

-2

-3
1.6

1.7
S:090636:120115

1.8

1.9

2.0

2.1

2.2
382 pred

2.3

2.4

2.5

2.6

2.7

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

2.8

Attachment 5. Biomass: ANOVA for Adventives and Community

S:090636:120115

383

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Class Level Information
Class

S:090636:120115

Levels

Values

Position

NL NM NU R- SL SM SU

Depth

12 18 24

Quality

BG

Number of Observations Read

84

Number of Observations Used

84

384

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Dependent Variable: biomass

Source

DF

Sum of
Squares

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Model

27

23.86719402

0.88397015

2.96

0.0003

Error

56

16.72064286

0.29858291

Corrected Total

83

40.58783688

R-Square

Coeff Var

Root MSE

biomass Mean

0.588038

31.55013

0.546427

1.731934

Source

DF

Type I SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Position

11.83044172

1.97174029

6.60

<.0001

Depth

1.97240320

0.98620160

3.30

0.0441

Quality

0.80532005

0.80532005

2.70

0.1061

Position*Depth

12

6.05686008

0.50473834

1.69

0.0938

Position*Quality

3.20216897

0.53369483

1.79

0.1183

DF

Type II SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Position

11.83044172

1.97174029

6.60

<.0001

Depth

1.11667364

0.55833682

1.87

0.1636

Quality

0.80532005

0.80532005

2.70

0.1061

Position*Depth

12

4.57159074

0.38096590

1.28

0.2585

Position*Quality

3.20216897

0.53369483

1.79

0.1183

DF

Type III SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Position

5.01508944

0.83584824

2.80

0.0188

Depth

1.11667364

0.55833682

1.87

0.1636

Quality

0.80532005

0.80532005

2.70

0.1061

Position*Depth

12

4.57159074

0.38096590

1.28

0.2585

Position*Quality

3.20216897

0.53369483

1.79

0.1183

Source

Source

Contrast

S:090636:120115

DF

Contrast SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

compare depth 12 & 18 vs. 24

0.07199924

0.07199924

0.24

0.6253

compare postion N vs. S

3.09930193

3.09930193

10.38

0.0021

compare postion R vs. others

0.74346716

0.74346716

2.49

0.1202

385

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
biomass
LSMEAN

LSMEAN
Number

12

1.92302539

18

1.60760060

24

1.83702633

Depth

Least Squares Means for effect Depth


Pr > |t| for H0: LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
Dependent Variable: biomass
i/j

1
2

0.1568

0.8668

0.1568

0.8668
0.3684

0.3684

Depth

biomass
LSMEAN

95%
Confidence Limits

12

1.923025

1.630474

2.215576

18

1.607601

1.315050

1.900152

24

1.837026

1.668122

2.005931

Least Squares Means for Effect Depth

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

0.315425

-0.090556

0.721406

0.085999

-0.319982

0.491980

-0.229426

-0.635407

0.176555

386

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

LS-Means for Depth

biomass LS-Mean

1.9

1.8

1.7

1.6
12

18

24

Depth

S:090636:120115

387

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

biomass Comparisons for Depth

2.0
12

24

1.8

18

1.6

18

1.4
1.4

S:090636:120115

24

12

1.6
1.8
2.0
Differences for alpha=0.05 (Tukey-Kramer Adjustment)
Not significant
Significant

388

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
H0:LSMean1=LSMean2
biomass
LSMEAN

Pr > |t|

1.92768869

0.1061

1.65074619

Quality

Quality

biomass
LSMEAN

95%
Confidence Limits

1.927689

1.619313

2.236065

1.650746

1.512836

1.788656

Least Squares Means for Effect Quality

Difference
Between
Means

0.276942

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)
-0.060852

0.614737

LS-Means for Quality

1.90

biomass LS-Mean

1.85

1.80

1.75

1.70

1.65
B

Quality

S:090636:120115

389

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

biomass Comparisons for Quality

2.0
B

1.8

1.6

1.6
1.8
2.0
Differences for alpha=0.05 (Tukey-Kramer Adjustment)
Not significant
Significant

S:090636:120115

390

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey
biomass
LSMEAN

LSMEAN
Number

NL

2.24705679

NM

2.33756402

NU

1.82622230

R-

1.46331931

SL

1.38338683

SM

1.58467219

SU

1.68230066

Position

Least Squares Means for effect Position


Pr > |t| for H0: LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
Dependent Variable: biomass
i/j

S:090636:120115

1.0000

0.8330

0.1849

0.1078

0.3671

0.5601

0.6697

0.0999

0.0544

0.2236

0.3802

0.9093

0.7976

0.9873

0.9993

1.0000

0.9997

0.9924

0.9952

0.9628

1.0000

0.8330

0.6697

0.1849

0.0999

0.9093

0.1078

0.0544

0.7976

1.0000

0.3671

0.2236

0.9873

0.9997

0.9952

0.5601

0.3802

0.9993

0.9924

0.9628

0.9999
0.9999

Position

biomass
LSMEAN

95%
Confidence Limits

NL

2.247057

1.800178

2.693936

NM

2.337564

1.890685

2.784443

NU

1.826222

1.379343

2.273101

R-

1.463319

1.016440

1.910198

SL

1.383387

0.936508

1.830266

SM

1.584672

1.137793

2.031551

SU

1.682301

1.235422

2.129180

391

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey
Least Squares Means for Effect Position

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

-0.090507

-1.055246

0.874232

0.420834

-0.543904

1.385573

0.783737

-0.181001

1.748476

0.863670

-0.101069

1.828409

0.662385

-0.302354

1.627123

0.564756

-0.399983

1.529495

0.511342

-0.453397

1.476081

0.874245

-0.090494

1.838984

0.954177

-0.010562

1.918916

0.752892

-0.211847

1.717631

0.655263

-0.309476

1.620002

0.362903

-0.601836

1.327642

0.442835

-0.521903

1.407574

0.241550

-0.723189

1.206289

0.143922

-0.820817

1.108661

0.079932

-0.884806

1.044671

-0.121353

-1.086092

0.843386

-0.218981

-1.183720

0.745758

-0.201285

-1.166024

0.763454

-0.298914

-1.263653

0.665825

-0.097628

-1.062367

0.867110

392

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

10

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey

LS-Means for Position

biomass LS-Mean

2.2

2.0

1.8

1.6

1.4
NL

NM

NU

R-

SL

SM

SU

Position

S:090636:120115

393

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

11

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey

biomass Comparisons for Position

2.5
NM
NL

2.0
NU
SU
SM

1.5

1.0

SL

SM

SU

NU

NL

RSL

NM

R-

1.0

S:090636:120115

1.5
2.0
2.5
Differences for alpha=0.05 (Tukey Adjustment)
Not significant
Significant

394

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

12

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

S:090636:120115

biomass
LSMEAN

LSMEAN
Number

12

2.17795753

NL

18

2.34081865

NL

24

2.22239419

NM

12

2.29033823

NM

18

2.36493797

NM

24

2.35741586

NU

12

1.70225926

NU

18

1.82283878

NU

24

1.95356885

R-

12

1.90173068

10

R-

18

1.17968881

11

R-

24

1.30853843

12

SL

12

1.23112949

13

SL

18

0.82343355

14

SL

24

2.09559745

15

SM

12

2.13094633

16

SM

18

1.12855611

17

SM

24

1.49451412

18

SU

12

2.02681621

19

SU

18

1.59293032

20

SU

24

1.42715544

21

Position

Depth

NL

395

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

13

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for effect Position*Depth
Pr > |t| for H0: LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
Dependent Variable: biomass
i/j

10

11

12

13

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9544

0.9204

0.9724

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9998

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.8467

0.7382

0.8897

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9998

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.7230

0.3422

0.7944

1.0000

1.0000

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.8890

0.8065

0.9237

1.0000

0.9996

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.8239

0.7027

0.8706

0.9955

0.9997

0.9992

1.0000

0.5119

0.1435

0.5938

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9998

0.9998

0.9999

1.0000

0.9721

0.8839

0.9863

0.9864

0.9987

0.9996

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9998

0.9998

0.9999

0.9996

0.9955

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9997

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9992

1.0000

1.0000

10

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

11

0.9544

0.8467

0.7230

0.8890

0.8239

0.5119

1.0000

0.9998

0.9721

0.9864

12

0.9204

0.7382

0.3422

0.8065

0.7027

0.1435

1.0000

0.9998

0.8839

0.9987

1.0000

13

0.9724

0.8897

0.7944

0.9237

0.8706

0.5938

1.0000

0.9999

0.9863

0.9996

1.0000

1.0000

14

0.6260

0.4178

0.2167

0.4805

0.3891

0.1099

0.9873

0.9540

0.5876

0.9118

1.0000

0.9999

1.0000

15

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.8804

0.6148

0.9240

16

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9711

0.9506

0.9836

17

0.9294

0.7963

0.6451

0.8461

0.7701

0.4329

1.0000

0.9993

0.9492

0.9971

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

18

0.9926

0.9365

0.7423

0.9635

0.9196

0.4457

1.0000

1.0000

0.9960

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

19

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9915

0.9871

0.9959

20

0.9999

0.9981

0.9972

0.9992

0.9972

0.9753

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

21

0.9794

0.8825

0.5964

0.9249

0.8580

0.3118

1.0000

1.0000

0.9812

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

S:090636:120115

396

1.0000

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

14

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for effect Position*Depth
Pr > |t| for H0: LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
Dependent Variable: biomass
i/j

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

0.6260

1.0000

1.0000

0.9294

0.9926

1.0000

0.9999

0.9794

0.4178

1.0000

1.0000

0.7963

0.9365

1.0000

0.9981

0.8825

0.2167

1.0000

1.0000

0.6451

0.7423

1.0000

0.9972

0.5964

0.4805

1.0000

1.0000

0.8461

0.9635

1.0000

0.9992

0.9249

0.3891

1.0000

1.0000

0.7701

0.9196

1.0000

0.9972

0.8580

0.1099

1.0000

1.0000

0.4329

0.4457

1.0000

0.9753

0.3118

0.9873

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9540

1.0000

1.0000

0.9993

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.5876

1.0000

1.0000

0.9492

0.9960

1.0000

1.0000

0.9812

10

0.9118

1.0000

1.0000

0.9971

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9999

11

1.0000

0.8804

0.9711

1.0000

1.0000

0.9915

1.0000

1.0000

12

0.9999

0.6148

0.9506

1.0000

1.0000

0.9871

1.0000

1.0000

13

1.0000

0.9240

0.9836

1.0000

1.0000

0.9959

1.0000

1.0000

0.3699

0.6858

1.0000

0.9940

0.8056

0.9973

0.9984

1.0000

0.8247

0.9340

1.0000

0.9999

0.8498

0.7797

0.9968

1.0000

1.0000

0.9897

1.0000

0.9839

1.0000

1.0000

0.9997

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9985

14

S:090636:120115

15

0.3699

16

0.6858

1.0000

17

1.0000

0.8247

0.7797

18

0.9940

0.9340

0.9968

1.0000

19

0.8056

1.0000

1.0000

0.9839

0.9997

20

0.9973

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

21

0.9984

0.8498

0.9897

1.0000

1.0000

0.9985

Position

Depth

biomass
LSMEAN

NL

12

2.177958

1.403940

2.951975

NL

18

2.340819

1.566801

3.114836

NL

24

2.222394

1.775515

2.669273

NM

12

2.290338

1.516321

3.064355

NM

18

2.364938

1.590921

3.138955

NM

24

2.357416

1.910537

2.804295

NU

12

1.702259

0.928242

2.476276

NU

18

1.822839

1.048822

2.596856

NU

24

1.953569

1.506690

2.400448

R-

12

1.901731
397

1.12771320152.675748
Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

1.0000
1.0000

95%
Confidence Limits

15

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

S:090636:120115

Position

Depth

biomass
LSMEAN

R-

18

1.179689

0.405672

1.953706

R-

24

1.308538

0.861659

1.755417

SL

12

1.231129

0.457112

2.005147

SL

18

0.823434

0.049416

1.597451

SL

24

2.095597

1.648718

2.542476

SM

12

2.130946

1.356929

2.904964

SM

18

1.128556

0.354539

1.902573

SM

24

1.494514

1.047635

1.941393

SU

12

2.026816

1.252799

2.800833

SU

18

1.592930

0.818913

2.366948

SU

24

1.427155

0.980276

1.874034

398

95%
Confidence Limits

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

16

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

-0.162861

-1.834255

1.508533

-0.044437

-1.715831

1.626958

-0.112381

-2.159412

1.934651

-0.186980

-2.234012

1.860051

-0.179458

-1.850853

1.491936

0.475698

-1.571333

2.522730

0.355119

-1.691913

2.402150

0.224389

-1.447006

1.895783

10

0.276227

-1.770805

2.323258

11

0.998269

-1.048763

3.045300

12

0.869419

-0.801975

2.540813

13

0.946828

-1.100204

2.993860

14

1.354524

-0.692508

3.401556

15

0.082360

-1.589034

1.753754

16

0.047011

-2.000020

2.094043

17

1.049401

-0.997630

3.096433

18

0.683443

-0.987951

2.354838

19

0.151141

-1.895890

2.198173

20

0.585027

-1.462004

2.632059

21

0.750802

-0.920592

2.422196

0.118424

-1.552970

1.789819

0.050480

-1.996551

2.097512

-0.024119

-2.071151

2.022912

-0.016597

-1.687991

1.654797

0.638559

-1.408472

2.685591

0.517980

-1.529052

2.565011

0.387250

-1.284144

2.058644

10

0.439088

-1.607944

2.486120

11

1.161130

-0.885902

3.208161

12

1.032280

-0.639114

2.703675

13

1.109689

-0.937342

3.156721

14

1.517385

-0.529646

3.564417

15

0.245221

-1.426173
399

1.916615
2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

17

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

16

0.209872

-1.837159

2.256904

17

1.212263

-0.834769

3.259294

18

0.846305

-0.825090

2.517699

19

0.314002

-1.733029

2.361034

20

0.747888

-1.299143

2.794920

21

0.913663

-0.757731

2.585058

-0.067944

-1.739338

1.603450

-0.142544

-1.813938

1.528851

-0.135022

-1.316876

1.046833

0.520135

-1.151259

2.191529

0.399555

-1.271839

2.070950

0.268825

-0.913029

1.450680

10

0.320664

-1.350731

1.992058

11

1.042705

-0.628689

2.714100

12

0.913856

-0.267998

2.095710

13

0.991265

-0.680130

2.662659

14

1.398961

-0.272434

3.070355

15

0.126797

-1.055057

1.308651

16

0.091448

-1.579946

1.762842

17

1.093838

-0.577556

2.765232

18

0.727880

-0.453974

1.909734

19

0.195578

-1.475816

1.866972

20

0.629464

-1.041930

2.300858

21

0.795239

-0.386615

1.977093

-0.074600

-1.745994

1.596795

-0.067078

-1.738472

1.604317

0.588079

-1.458953

2.635111

0.467499

-1.579532

2.514531

0.336769

-1.334625

2.008164

10

0.388608

-1.658424

2.435639

11

1.110649

-0.936382

3.157681

12

0.981800

-0.689594

2.653194

13

1.059209

-0.987823
400

3.106240
2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

18

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

14

1.466905

-0.580127

3.513936

15

0.194741

-1.476654

1.866135

16

0.159392

-1.887640

2.206423

17

1.161782

-0.885249

3.208814

18

0.795824

-0.875570

2.467218

19

0.263522

-1.783510

2.310554

20

0.697408

-1.349624

2.744439

21

0.863183

-0.808211

2.534577

0.007522

-1.663872

1.678916

0.662679

-1.384353

2.709710

0.542099

-1.504932

2.589131

0.411369

-1.260025

2.082763

10

0.463207

-1.583824

2.510239

11

1.185249

-0.861782

3.232281

12

1.056400

-0.614995

2.727794

13

1.133808

-0.913223

3.180840

14

1.541504

-0.505527

3.588536

15

0.269341

-1.402054

1.940735

16

0.233992

-1.813040

2.281023

17

1.236382

-0.810650

3.283413

18

0.870424

-0.800970

2.541818

19

0.338122

-1.708910

2.385153

20

0.772008

-1.275024

2.819039

21

0.937783

-0.733612

2.609177

0.655157

-1.016238

2.326551

0.534577

-1.136817

2.205971

0.403847

-0.778007

1.585701

10

0.455685

-1.215709

2.127079

11

1.177727

-0.493667

2.849121

12

1.048877

-0.132977

2.230732

13

1.126286

-0.545108

2.797681

14

1.533982

-0.137412

3.205377

15

0.261818

-0.920036
401

1.443673
2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

19

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

16

0.226470

-1.444925

1.897864

17

1.228860

-0.442535

2.900254

18

0.862902

-0.318953

2.044756

19

0.330600

-1.340795

2.001994

20

0.764486

-0.906909

2.435880

21

0.930260

-0.251594

2.112115

-0.120580

-1.791974

1.550815

-0.251310

-1.922704

1.420085

10

-0.199471

-2.246503

1.847560

11

0.522570

-1.524461

2.569602

12

0.393721

-1.277673

2.065115

13

0.471130

-1.575902

2.518161

14

0.878826

-1.168206

2.925857

15

-0.393338

-2.064732

1.278056

16

-0.428687

-2.475719

1.618345

17

0.573703

-1.473328

2.620735

18

0.207745

-1.463649

1.879139

19

-0.324557

-2.371589

1.722475

20

0.109329

-1.937703

2.156361

21

0.275104

-1.396290

1.946498

-0.130730

-1.802124

1.540664

10

-0.078892

-2.125923

1.968140

11

0.643150

-1.403882

2.690182

12

0.514300

-1.157094

2.185695

13

0.591709

-1.455322

2.638741

14

0.999405

-1.047626

3.046437

15

-0.272759

-1.944153

1.398636

16

-0.308108

-2.355139

1.738924

17

0.694283

-1.352749

2.741314

18

0.328325

-1.343070

1.999719

19

-0.203977

-2.251009

1.843054

20

0.229908

-1.817123

2.276940

21

0.395683

-1.275711
402

2.067078
2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

20

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

10

0.051838

-1.619556

1.723232

11

0.773880

-0.897514

2.445274

12

0.645030

-0.536824

1.826885

13

0.722439

-0.948955

2.393834

14

1.130135

-0.541259

2.801530

15

-0.142029

-1.323883

1.039826

16

-0.177377

-1.848772

1.494017

17

0.825013

-0.846382

2.496407

18

0.459055

-0.722800

1.640909

19

-0.073247

-1.744642

1.598147

20

0.360639

-1.310756

2.032033

21

0.526413

-0.655441

1.708268

10

11

0.722042

-0.949352

2.393436

10

12

0.593192

-1.078202

2.264587

10

13

0.670601

-1.376430

2.717633

10

14

1.078297

-0.968734

3.125329

10

15

-0.193867

-1.865261

1.477528

10

16

-0.229216

-2.276247

1.817816

10

17

0.773175

-1.273857

2.820206

10

18

0.407217

-1.264178

2.078611

10

19

-0.125086

-2.172117

1.921946

10

20

0.308800

-1.738231

2.355832

10

21

0.474575

-1.196819

2.145970

11

12

-0.128850

-1.800244

1.542545

11

13

-0.051441

-2.098472

1.995591

11

14

0.356255

-1.690776

2.403287

11

15

-0.915909

-2.587303

0.755486

11

16

-0.951258

-2.998289

1.095774

11

17

0.051133

-1.995899

2.098164

11

18

-0.314825

-1.986220

1.356569

11

19

-0.847127

-2.894159

1.199904

11

20

-0.413242

-2.460273

1.633790

11

21

-0.247467

-1.918861
403

1.423928
2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

21

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

12

13

0.077409

-1.593985

1.748803

12

14

0.485105

-1.186289

2.156499

12

15

-0.787059

-1.968913

0.394795

12

16

-0.822408

-2.493802

0.848986

12

17

0.179982

-1.491412

1.851377

12

18

-0.185976

-1.367830

0.995879

12

19

-0.718278

-2.389672

0.953117

12

20

-0.284392

-1.955786

1.387002

12

21

-0.118617

-1.300471

1.063237

13

14

0.407696

-1.263698

2.079090

13

15

-0.864468

-2.535862

0.806926

13

16

-0.899817

-2.946848

1.147215

13

17

0.102573

-1.944458

2.149605

13

18

-0.263385

-1.934779

1.408010

13

19

-0.795687

-2.842718

1.251345

13

20

-0.361801

-2.408832

1.685231

13

21

-0.196026

-1.867420

1.475368

14

15

-1.272164

-2.943558

0.399230

14

16

-1.307513

-3.354544

0.739519

14

17

-0.305123

-2.352154

1.741909

14

18

-0.671081

-2.342475

1.000314

14

19

-1.203383

-3.250414

0.843649

14

20

-0.769497

-2.816528

1.277535

14

21

-0.603722

-2.275116

1.067672

15

16

-0.035349

-1.706743

1.636045

15

17

0.967041

-0.704353

2.638436

15

18

0.601083

-0.580771

1.782938

15

19

0.068781

-1.602613

1.740176

15

20

0.502667

-1.168727

2.174061

15

21

0.668442

-0.513412

1.850296

16

17

1.002390

-0.669004

2.673785

16

18

0.636432

-1.034962

2.307827

16

19

0.104130

-1.942901
404

2.151162
2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

22

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect Position*Depth

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

16

20

0.538016

-1.509016

2.585048

16

21

0.703791

-0.967603

2.375185

17

18

-0.365958

-2.037352

1.305436

17

19

-0.898260

-2.945292

1.148771

17

20

-0.464374

-2.511406

1.582657

17

21

-0.298599

-1.969994

1.372795

18

19

-0.532302

-2.203696

1.139092

18

20

-0.098416

-1.769810

1.572978

18

21

0.067359

-1.114496

1.249213

19

20

0.433886

-1.237508

2.105280

19

21

0.599661

-1.071734

2.271055

20

21

0.165775

-1.505619

1.837169

LS-Means for Position*Depth

biomass LS-Mean

2.5

2.0

1.5

1.0

NL

12

NL

18

NL

24

NM NM NM NU NU NU R- R- R- SL SL SL SM SM SM SU SU SU
12 18 24 12 18 24 12 18 24 12 18 24 12 18 24 12 18 24

Position*Depth

S:090636:120115

405

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

23

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

biomass Comparisons for Position*Depth

NM 18
NM 24
NL 18
NM 12
SM 12
NL 24
NL 12
SL 24
SU 12
NU 24
R- 12
NU 18
NU 12
SU 18

SM 24
SU 24
R- 24
SL 12
R- 18
SM 18

SL 18

0
SL 18

R- 18 SU 24
SM 24 NU 24
NL 12
NM 24
SL 12
NU 12 R- 12 SM 12 NL 18NL 24
NM 18
SM 18
R- 24SU 18 NU 18 SU 12 SL 24NM 12

0
1
2
3
Differences for alpha=0.05 (Tukey-Kramer Adjustment)
Not significant
Significant

S:090636:120115

406

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

24

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
biomass
LSMEAN

LSMEAN
Number

2.44226609

NL

2.05184749

NM

2.38958411

NM

2.28554393

NU

1.58595277

NU

2.06649183

R-

1.31265852

R-

1.61398009

SL

1.50669686

SL

1.26007680

10

SM

1.93507704

11

SM

1.23426733

12

SU

2.32158544

13

SU

1.04301588

14

Position

Quality

NL

Least Squares Means for effect Position*Quality


Pr > |t| for H0: LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
Dependent Variable: biomass
i/j

10

11

12

13

14

0.9998

1.0000

1.0000

0.9646

0.9998

0.7838

0.8401

0.9319

0.3344

0.9998

0.3020

1.0000

0.1248

1.0000

0.9997

0.9985

1.0000

0.9219

0.9073

0.9933

0.1438

1.0000

0.1143

1.0000

0.0157

1.0000

0.9787

1.0000

0.8334

0.8927

0.9553

0.4062

0.9999

0.3701

1.0000

0.1626

0.9471

0.9998

0.6441

0.3595

0.8898

0.0130

0.9999

0.0096

1.0000

0.0009

0.9980

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9999

0.9900

0.9935

0.9109

0.8854

0.9915

0.1264

1.0000

0.0999

1.0000

0.0133

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9979

1.0000

0.8874

1.0000

1.0000

0.9812

1.0000

0.9668

0.9425

0.6195

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9761

0.9986

0.9595

1.0000

0.5072

0.9998

0.9464

1.0000

0.7613

0.4680

1.0000

0.9998

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9997

1.0000

0.9646

0.9985

0.9787

0.9471

0.9998

1.0000

1.0000

0.9998

0.9980

0.7838

0.9219

0.8334

0.6441

1.0000

0.9109

0.8401

0.9073

0.8927

0.3595

1.0000

0.8854

1.0000

0.9319

0.9933

0.9553

0.8898

1.0000

0.9915

1.0000

1.0000

10

0.3344

0.1438

0.4062

0.0130

1.0000

0.1264

1.0000

0.9812

1.0000

11

0.9998

1.0000

0.9999

0.9999

1.0000

1.0000

0.9979

1.0000

1.0000

0.9595

12

0.3020

0.1143

0.3701

0.0096

0.9999

0.0999

1.0000

0.9668

1.0000

1.0000

0.9464

13

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.0000

0.9900

1.0000

0.8874

0.9425

0.9761

0.5072

1.0000

0.4680

14

0.1248

0.0157

0.1626

0.0009

0.9935

0.0133

1.0000

0.6195

0.9986

0.9998

0.7613

1.0000

S:090636:120115

407

0.2235
0.2235

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

25

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

S:090636:120115

Position

Quality

biomass
LSMEAN

NL

2.442266

1.626380

3.258152

NL

2.051847

1.686972

2.416723

NM

2.389584

1.573698

3.205470

NM

2.285544

1.920669

2.650419

NU

1.585953

0.770067

2.401839

NU

2.066492

1.701617

2.431367

R-

1.312659

0.496773

2.128544

R-

1.613980

1.249105

1.978855

SL

1.506697

0.690811

2.322583

SL

1.260077

0.895202

1.624952

SM

1.935077

1.119191

2.750963

SM

1.234267

0.869392

1.599143

SU

2.321585

1.505700

3.137471

SU

1.043016

0.678141

1.407891

408

95%
Confidence Limits

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

26

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect
Position*Quality

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

0.390419

-1.173296

1.954133

0.052682

-1.966064

2.071428

0.156722

-1.406992

1.720436

0.856313

-1.162433

2.875060

0.375774

-1.187940

1.939488

1.129608

-0.889139

3.148354

0.828286

-0.735428

2.392000

0.935569

-1.083177

2.954316

10

1.182189

-0.381525

2.745903

11

0.507189

-1.511557

2.525935

12

1.207999

-0.355715

2.771713

13

0.120681

-1.898066

2.139427

14

1.399250

-0.164464

2.962964

-0.337737

-1.901451

1.225978

-0.233696

-1.136507

0.669114

0.465895

-1.097819

2.029609

-0.014644

-0.917455

0.888166

0.739189

-0.824525

2.302903

0.437867

-0.464943

1.340678

0.545151

-1.018564

2.108865

10

0.791771

-0.111040

1.694581

11

0.116770

-1.446944

1.680485

12

0.817580

-0.085231

1.720391

13

-0.269738

-1.833452

1.293976

14

1.008832

0.106021

1.911642

0.104040

-1.459674

1.667754

0.803631

-1.215115

2.822378

0.323092

-1.240622

1.886806

1.076926

-0.941821

3.095672

0.775604

-0.788110

2.339318

0.882887

-1.135859

2.901634

10

1.129507

-0.434207

2.693221

11

0.454507 409-1.564239

2.473253
2015
Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

27

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect
Position*Quality

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

12

1.155317

-0.408397

2.719031

13

0.067999

-1.950748

2.086745

14

1.346568

-0.217146

2.910282

0.699591

-0.864123

2.263305

0.219052

-0.683759

1.121863

0.972885

-0.590829

2.536600

0.671564

-0.231247

1.574375

0.778847

-0.784867

2.342561

10

1.025467

0.122656

1.928278

11

0.350467

-1.213247

1.914181

12

1.051277

0.148466

1.954087

13

-0.036042

-1.599756

1.527673

14

1.242528

0.339717

2.145339

-0.480539

-2.044253

1.083175

0.273294

-1.745452

2.292041

-0.028027

-1.591741

1.535687

0.079256

-1.939490

2.098002

10

0.325876

-1.237838

1.889590

11

-0.349124

-2.367871

1.669622

12

0.351685

-1.212029

1.915400

13

-0.735633

-2.754379

1.283114

14

0.542937

-1.020777

2.106651

0.753833

-0.809881

2.317547

0.452512

-0.450299

1.355323

0.559795

-1.003919

2.123509

10

0.806415

-0.096396

1.709226

11

0.131415

-1.432299

1.695129

12

0.832224

-0.070586

1.735035

13

-0.255094

-1.818808

1.308621

14

1.023476

0.120665

1.926287

-0.301322

-1.865036

1.262393

-0.194038

-2.212785

1.824708

10

0.052582 410-1.511132

1.616296
2015
Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

28

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer
Least Squares Means for Effect
Position*Quality

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

11

-0.622419

-2.641165

1.396328

12

0.078391

-1.485323

1.642105

13

-1.008927

-3.027673

1.009819

14

0.269643

-1.294072

1.833357

0.107283

-1.456431

1.670997

10

0.353903

-0.548908

1.256714

11

-0.321097

-1.884811

1.242617

12

0.379713

-0.523098

1.282524

13

-0.707605

-2.271320

0.856109

14

0.570964

-0.331847

1.473775

10

0.246620

-1.317094

1.810334

11

-0.428380

-2.447127

1.590366

12

0.272430

-1.291285

1.836144

13

-0.814889

-2.833635

1.203858

14

0.463681

-1.100033

2.027395

10

11

-0.675000

-2.238714

0.888714

10

12

0.025809

-0.877001

0.928620

10

13

-1.061509

-2.625223

0.502206

10

14

0.217061

-0.685750

1.119872

11

12

0.700810

-0.862904

2.264524

11

13

-0.386508

-2.405255

1.632238

11

14

0.892061

-0.671653

2.455775

12

13

-1.087318

-2.651032

0.476396

12

14

0.191251

-0.711559

1.094062

13

14

1.278570

-0.285145

2.842284

411

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

29

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

LS-Means for Position*Quality


2.50

biomass LS-Mean

2.25

2.00

1.75

1.50

1.25

1.00
NL

NL

NM

NM

NU

NU

RB

RG

SL

SL

SM

SM

SU

SU

Position*Quality

S:090636:120115

412

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

30

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey-Kramer

biomass Comparisons for Position*Quality

NL B
NM B
SU B
NM G
NU G

NL G
SM B
R- G
NU B
SL B
R- B
SL G
SM G
SU G

SU G

SL B SM B NL G
SU B
R- B NU B
NM B
NL B
SL G SM G R- G NU G
NM G

0
0

S:090636:120115

1
2
3
Differences for alpha=0.05 (Tukey-Kramer Adjustment)
Not significant
Significant

413

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

31

res

-1

-2
0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

S:090636:120115

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6
414
pred

1.7

1.8

1.9

2.0

2.1

2.2

2.3

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

2.4

2.5

32

ResStu

-1

-2

-3

-4
0.7

0.8

0.9

S:090636:120115

1.0

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

415 pred

1.7

1.8

1.9

2.0

2.1

2.2

2.3

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

2.4

2.5

Attachment 6. Root Depth Summary Analysis, Photos, & Statistical Results


Table 1. Average root width and depth dimensions in subplots.

Plot
N12GU

W
D
W
D
W
D
W
D

Forb (in)
15.5
5.5
12.5
11
8.5
5.5
12
7

R12G

W
D

12
9

W
D

5
6

S12GU

W
D
W
D
W
D
W
D

17
9
23
7
13
9
18
8

W
D
W
D
W
D

7
11
7
9.5
9
15
8
12

N12GM
N12GL
AVE
AVE

S12GM
S12GL
AVE
AVE

S:090636:120115

W
D
W
D
W
D

Grass (in)
10.5
11
11
6.5
12
11
11
10

Plot
N18GU

W
D
W
D
W
D
W
D

Forb (in)
12.5
10
7.5
6.5
14
5.5
11
7

R18G

W
D

8
7

W
D

8
7

S18GU

W
D
W
D
W
D
W
D

9
12
9
8
15
9
11
10

W
D
W
D
W
D

9
7
10
5
7.5
9
9
7

N18GM
N18GL
AVE
AVE

S18GM
S18GL
AVE
AVE

W
D
W
D
W
D

Grass (in)
7.5
11
9.5
11
8
13.5
8
12

Plot
N24GU

W
D
W
D
W
D
W
D

Forb (in)
20
8
9
9
15
10
15
9

R24G

W
D

12.5
7

W
D

6
14

S24GU

W
D
W
D
W
D
W
D

8.5
11
16
13
10.5
10
12
11

W
D
W
D
W
D

12.5
19
9
16
7.5
8
10
14

N24GM
N24GL
AVE
AVE

S24GM
S24GL
AVE
AVE

416

W
D
W
D
W
D

Grass (in)
8.5
10
9
8
7
13
8
10

Plot
N24BU

W
D
W
D
W
D
W
D

Forb (in)
17.5
8
17
12.5
5.5
12
13
11

R24B

W
D

8
15

W
D

5
14

S24BU

W
D
W
D
W
D
W
D

14
9
13
12
15
19
14
13

W
D
W
D
W
D

10
7
5
9
5
9
7
8

N24BM
N24BL
AVE
AVE

S24BM
S24BL
AVE
AVE

W
D
W
D
W
D

Grass (in)
11.5
17
9.5
11.5
12
12
11
14

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Test Plot Photos Grass and Forb Root Samples

Photo 1. Grass: N12GU > N12GM > N12GL

Photo 2. Forb: N12GU > N12GM > N12GL

Photo 3. Grass: N18GU > N18GM > N18GL

Photo 4. Forb: N18GU > N18GM > N18GL

Photo 5. Grass: N24GU > N24GM > N24GL

Photo 6. Forb: N24GU > N24GM > N24GL

S:090636:120115

417

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Photo 7. Grass: N24BU > N24BM > N24BL

Photo 8. Forb: N24BU > N24BM > N24BL

Photo 9. Grass: S12GU > S12GM > S12GL

Photo 10. Forb: S12GU > S12GM > S12GL

Photo 11. Grass: S18GU > S18GM > S18GL

Photo 12. Forb: S18GU > S18GM > S18GL

S:090636:120115

418

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Photo 13. Grass: S24GU > S24GM > S24GL

Photo 14. Forb: S24GU > S24GM > S24GL

Photo 15. Grass: S24BU > S24BM > S24BL

Photo 16. Forb: S24BU > S24 BM > S24BL

Photo 17. Grass: R24B > R24G > R18G > R12G

Photo 18. Forb: R24B > R24G > R18G > R12G

S:090636:120115

419

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Statistical ResultsGrass Root Measurements

S:090636:120115

420

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Class Level Information

S:090636:120115

Class

Levels

Depth

Values
12 18 24

Number of Observations Read

28

Number of Observations Used

28

421

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Dependent Variable: Area

DF

Sum of
Squares

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Model

0.04755865

0.02377933

0.57

0.5730

Error

25

1.04401217

0.04176049

Corrected Total

27

1.09157083

Source

R-Square

Coeff Var

Root MSE

Area Mean

0.043569

10.62252

0.204354

1.923780

Source
Depth

DF

Type III SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

0.04755865

0.02377933

0.57

0.5730

Distribution of Area
2.4

F
0.57
Prob > F 0.5730

F
0.57
Prob > F 0.5730

2.2

Area

2.0

1.8

1.6

12

18

24

Depth

S:090636:120115

422

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Class Level Information
Class
Position

S:090636:120115

Levels
7

Values
NL NM NU RU SL SM SU

Number of Observations Read

28

Number of Observations Used

28

423

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Dependent Variable: Area

DF

Sum of
Squares

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Model

0.33769197

0.05628200

1.57

0.2057

Error

21

0.75387885

0.03589899

Corrected Total

27

1.09157083

Source

R-Square

Coeff Var

Root MSE

Area Mean

0.309363

9.848857

0.189470

1.923780

Source
Position

DF

Type III SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

0.33769197

0.05628200

1.57

0.2057

Distribution of Area
2.4

F
1.57
Prob > F 0.2057

F
1.57
Prob > F 0.2057

2.2

Area

2.0

1.8

1.6

NL

NM

NU

RU

SL

SM

SU

Position

S:090636:120115

424

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Class Level Information
Class

Levels

Quality

S:090636:120115

Values
BG

Number of Observations Read

28

Number of Observations Used

28

425

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Dependent Variable: Area

DF

Sum of
Squares

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Model

0.00006237

0.00006237

0.00

0.9695

Error

26

1.09150846

0.04198109

Corrected Total

27

1.09157083

Source

R-Square

Coeff Var

Root MSE

Area Mean

0.000057

10.65054

0.204893

1.923780

Source

DF

Type III SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Quality

0.00006237

0.00006237

0.00

0.9695

Distribution of Area
2.4

F
0.00
Prob > F 0.9695

2.2

Area

2.0

1.8

1.6

Quality

S:090636:120115

426

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Statistical ResultsForb Root Measurements

S:090636:120115

427

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Class Level Information

S:090636:120115

Class

Levels

Depth

Values
12 18 24

Number of Observations Read

28

Number of Observations Used

28

428

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Dependent Variable: Area

DF

Sum of
Squares

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Model

0.18597619

0.09298809

2.92

0.0725

Error

25

0.79609511

0.03184380

Corrected Total

27

0.98207130

Source

R-Square

Coeff Var

Root MSE

Area Mean

0.189371

8.714835

0.178448

2.047639

Source
Depth

DF

Type III SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

0.18597619

0.09298809

2.92

0.0725

Distribution of Area
2.4

F
2.92
Prob > F 0.0725

F
2.92
Prob > F 0.0725

Area

2.2

2.0

1.8

12

18

24

Depth

S:090636:120115

429

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Class Level Information
Class
Position

S:090636:120115

Levels
7

Values
NL NM NU RU SL SM SU

Number of Observations Read

28

Number of Observations Used

28

430

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Dependent Variable: Area

DF

Sum of
Squares

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Model

0.25046711

0.04174452

1.20

0.3455

Error

21

0.73160418

0.03483829

Corrected Total

27

0.98207130

Source

R-Square

Coeff Var

Root MSE

Area Mean

0.255040

9.115388

0.186650

2.047639

Source
Position

DF

Type III SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

0.25046711

0.04174452

1.20

0.3455

Distribution of Area
F
1.20
Prob > F 0.3455

2.4

Area

2.2

2.0

1.8

NL

NM

NU

RU

SL

SM

SU

Position

S:090636:120115

431

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey

Area LSMEAN

LSMEAN
Number

NL

1.88797688

NM

2.01553032

NU

2.09446310

RU

1.95070027

SL

2.16863845

SM

2.14383658

SU

2.07232434

Position

Least Squares Means for effect Position


Pr > |t| for H0: LSMean(i)=LSMean(j)
Dependent Variable: Area
i/j

0.9559

0.7047

0.9989

0.3739

0.4788

0.7975

0.9962

0.9987

0.9012

0.9547

0.9994

0.9244

0.9973

0.9997

1.0000

0.6530

0.7621

0.9648

1.0000

0.9890

0.9559

0.7047

0.9962

0.9989

0.9987

0.9244

0.3739

0.9012

0.9973

0.6530

0.4788

0.9547

0.9997

0.7621

1.0000

0.7975

0.9994

1.0000

0.9648

0.9890

Position

S:090636:120115

Area LSMEAN

0.9978
0.9978

95%
Confidence Limits

NL

1.887977

1.693897

2.082057

NM

2.015530

1.821450

2.209610

NU

2.094463

1.900383

2.288543

RU

1.950700

1.756620

2.144780

SL

2.168638

1.974558

2.362719

SM

2.143837

1.949756

2.337917

SU

2.072324

1.878244

2.266404

432

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey
Least Squares Means for Effect Position

S:090636:120115

Difference
Between
Means

Simultaneous 95%
Confidence Limits for
LSMean(i)-LSMean(j)

-0.127553

-0.556597

0.301490

-0.206486

-0.635530

0.222557

-0.062723

-0.491767

0.366320

-0.280662

-0.709705

0.148382

-0.255860

-0.684903

0.173184

-0.184347

-0.613391

0.244696

-0.078933

-0.507976

0.350111

0.064830

-0.364214

0.493874

-0.153108

-0.582152

0.275936

-0.128306

-0.557350

0.300737

-0.056794

-0.485838

0.372250

0.143763

-0.285281

0.572806

-0.074175

-0.503219

0.354868

-0.049373

-0.478417

0.379670

0.022139

-0.406905

0.451182

-0.217938

-0.646982

0.211105

-0.193136

-0.622180

0.235907

-0.121624

-0.550668

0.307420

0.024802

-0.404242

0.453846

0.096314

-0.332730

0.525358

0.071512

-0.357531

0.500556

433

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey

LS-Means for Position

Area LS-Mean

2.1

2.0

1.9

NL

NM

NU

RU

SL

SM

SU

Position

S:090636:120115

434

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Least Squares Means
Adjustment for Multiple Comparisons: Tukey

Area Comparisons for Position


2.4

2.2

SL
SM
NU
SU
NM

2.0
RU
NL

1.8

NL

RU NM SU

NU
SM

SL

1.8
2.0
2.2
Differences for alpha=0.05 (Tukey Adjustment)
Not significant
Significant

S:090636:120115

435

2.4

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

The GLM Procedure


Class Level Information
Class

Levels

Quality

S:090636:120115

Values
BG

Number of Observations Read

28

Number of Observations Used

28

436

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

10

The GLM Procedure


Dependent Variable: Area

DF

Sum of
Squares

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Model

0.11799970

0.11799970

3.55

0.0708

Error

26

0.86407160

0.03323352

Corrected Total

27

0.98207130

Source

R-Square

Coeff Var

Root MSE

Area Mean

0.120154

8.902970

0.182301

2.047639

Source

DF

Type III SS

Mean Square

F Value

Pr > F

Quality

0.11799970

0.11799970

3.55

0.0708

Distribution of Area
F
3.55
Prob > F 0.0708

2.4

Area

2.2

2.0

1.8

Quality

S:090636:120115

437

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment 7. Test Plot Monitoring Layout & Sampling Summary

Plot/Subplot
ID
(sand depth/pH)
24 high pH
N24BU
N24BM
N24BL
T24B
S24BU
S24BM
S24BL
24 low pH
N24GU
N24GM
N24GL
T24G
S24GU
S24GM
S24GL
18 low pH
N18GU
N18GM
N18GL
T18G
S18GU
S18GM
S18GL
12 low pH
N12GU
N12GM
N12GL
T12G
S12GU
S12GM
S12GL
4 plots/28 subplots

S:090636:120115

Year Established

Sampling Dates

2012

8/20 22/2012
8/5 9/2013
8/4 8/2014
8/3 7/ 2015

2012

2012

2012

8/20 22/2012
8/5 9/2013
8/4 8/2014
8/3 7/ 2015

8/20 22/2012
8/5 9/2013
8/4 8/2014
8/3 7/ 2015

8/20 22/2012
8/5 9/2013
8/4 8/2014
8/3 7/ 2015

Plot
Acreage

Sub-plot
Acreage

Number of
Quadrats
70

.066
.080
.055
.158
.080
.077
.076

.592

(10 Random in each


of 7 zones for a total
of 70)

70
.072
.083
.072
.153
.079
.076
.075

.610

(10 Random in each


of 7 zones for a total
of 70)

70
.071
.078
.068
.138
.074
.071
.071

.571

(10 Random in each


of 7 zones for a total
of 70)

70
.078
.081
.077
.140
.081
.079
.080

.616

(10 Random in each


of 7 zones for a total
of 70)

280 quadrats

438

Photo ID

Restored Community
Intercepted

TP-N24B_U
TP-N24B_M
TP-N24B_L
TP-R24B_N/S
TP-S24B_U
TP-S24B_M
TP-S24B_L

Test Plot
Pitch Pine-Scrub Oak Barrens
High pH, 24 inch sand depth

TP-N24G_U
TP-N24G_M
TP-N24G_L
TP-R24G_N/S
TP-S24G_U
TP-S24G_M
TP-S24G_L

Test Plot
Pitch Pine-Scrub Oak Barrens
Low pH, 24 inch sand depth
Woody species planted
2012/2013

TP-N18G_U
TP-N18G_M
TP-N18G_L
TP-R18G_N/S
TP-S18G_U
TP-S18G_M
TP-S18G_L

Test Plot
Pitch Pine-Scrub Oak Barrens
Low pH, 18 inch sand depth
Woody species planted
2012/2013

TP-N12G_U
TP-N12G_M
TP-N12G_L
TP-R12G_N/S
TP-S12G_U
TP-S12G_M
TP-S12G_L

Test Plot
Pitch Pine-Scrub Oak Barrens
Low pH, 12 inch sand depth

28 photos

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment 8. Test Plot Master Species List & Floristic Analysis


Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data
Total Test Plot Quadrat & Species Search List
Date: August 2015
Samplers: Steven Apfelbaum., Susan Lehnhardt, John Larson, John Price
Species
Acalypha rhomboidea
Acer negundo
Acer rubrum
Achillea millefolium
Agalinis tenuifolia
Agropyron repens
Agrostis alba
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Ambrosia psilostachya
Andropogon gerardii
Anemone cylindrica
Anemone quinquefolia
Apocynum cannabinum
Aronia melanocarpa
Artemisia vulgaris
Asclepias syriaca
Aster ericoides
Aster laevis
Aster lanceolatus
Aster lateriflorus
Aster novae-angliae
Aster pilosus
Berteroa incana
Bidens frondosa
Bidens vulgata
Bromus inermis
Bromus japonicus
Bromus tectorum
Campsis radicans
Carex stricta
Cassia fasciculata
Ceanothus americanus
Celastrus orbiculatus
Cenchrus longispinus
Centaurea maculosa
Cerastium vulgatum
Chenopodium album
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
Cichorium intybus
Cirsium arvense
Cirsium vulgare
Convolvulus sepium
Conyza canadensis

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Three seeded mercury
Box elder
Red maple
Common yarrow
Gerardia
Quack grass
Redtop
Ragweed
Western ragweed
Big bluestem
Thimbleweed
Wood anenome
Indian hemp
Black chokeberry
Mugwort
Common milkweed
White heath aster
Smooth blue aster
Old field aster
Side-flowering aster
New England aster
Hairy aster
Hoary alyssum
Beggar-ticks
Big devils beggartick
Hungarian brome
Japanese chess
Downy chess
Trumpet-creeper
Tussock sedge
Partridge pea
New Jersey tea
Oriental bittersweet
Field sandbur
Spotted knapweed
Mouse-ear chicksweed
Lamb's-quarters
Ox-eye daisy
Chicory
Canada thistle
Bull-thistle
Hedge bindweed
Horseweed

Family
Classification
Euphorbiaceae
Aceraceae
Aceraceae
Asteraceae
Scrophulariaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Ranunculaceae
Ranunculaceae
Apocynaceae
Rosaceae
Asteraceae
Asclepiadaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Brassicaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Bignoniaceae
Cyperaceae
Fabaceae
Rhamnaceae
Celastraceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Caryophyllaceae
Chenopodiaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Convolvulaceae
Asteraceae

Physiognomy
A-Forb
Tree
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
W-Vine
P-Sedge
A-Forb
Shrub
W-Vine
A-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb

439

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FACU
FACW
FAC
FACU
FACW
FACU
FACW
FACU
FAC
FACU
UPL
UPL
FAC
FAC
UPL
UPL
FACU
UPL
FACW
FACW
FACW
FACU
UPL
FACW
FAC
UPL
FACU
UPL
FAC
OBL
FACU
UPL
UPL
UPL
UPL
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACU

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species

New
species
2015

X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X
X
Review List:
G5 S3S4
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species
Coreopsis lanceolata
Coreopsis tinctoria
Coronilla varia
Corylus americana
Crataegus sp.
Cuscuta gronovii
Cycloloma atriplicifolium
Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus houghtonii
Cyperus schweinitzii
Cyperus sp.
Cyperus strigosus
Dactylis glomerata
Daucus carota
Desmodium canadense
Dianthus armeria
Digitaria sanguinalis
Echinochloa crusgalli
Elymus canadensis
Elymus villosus
Elymus virginicus
Epilobium coloratum
Equisetum arvense
Eragrostis pectinacea
Erechtites hieracifolia
Erigeron annuus
Erigeron strigosus
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Euphorbia maculata
Festuca elatior
Festuca ovina
Festuca rubra
Fragaria virginiana
Galium triflorum
Geum canadense
Gnaphalium obtusifolium
Hypericum boreale
Hypericum perforatum
Juncus dudleyi
Juncus effusus
Juncus tenuis
Lactuca serriola
Lepidium virginicum
Lespedeza capitata
Lobelia inflata
Lolium multiflorum
Lonicera tatarica
Lotus corniculatus
Lupinus perennis
Lychnis alba

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Coreopsis
Golden tickseed
Crown vetch
American hazelnut
Hawthorn sp.
Dodder
Winged-pigweed
Yellow nut-grass
Smooth sand sedge
Sand flat sedge
Flat sedge
Straw-colored flat sedge
Orchard grass
Queen-Anne's-lace
Giant tick clover
Deptford pink
Tall crabgrass
Japanese millet
Canada wild rye
Silkly wild rye
Virginia wild rye
Purple-leaf willowherb
Field horsetail
Small love grass
Fireweed
Annual fleabane
Daisy-fleabane
Common boneset
Eyebane
Tall fescue
Sheep fescue
Red fescue
Field strawberry
Sweet-scented bedstraw
White avens
Catfoot
Northern St. John's-wort
Common St. John's-wort
Dudley's rush
Common rush
Slender yard-rush
Prickly lettuce
Wild peppergrass
Bush-clover
Indian-tobacco
Italian rye grass
Tartarian honeysuckle
Bird's-foot trefoil
Wild lupine
White campion

Family
Classification
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Betulaceae
Rosaceae
Cuscutaceae
Chenopodiaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Poaceae
Apiaceae
Fabaceae
Caryophyllaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Onagraceae
Equisetaceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Euphorbiaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Rosaceae
Rubiaceae
Rosaceae
Asteraceae
Clusiaceae
Clusiaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Asteraceae
Brassicaceae
Fabaceae
Campanulaceae
Poaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Caryophyllaceae

Physiognomy
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
Tree
H-Vine
A-Forb
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Grass
B-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
A-Grass
A-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
Cryptogam
A-Grass
A-Forb
B-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
B-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
A-Grass
Shrub
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb

440

Native/
Adventive
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad

Wetland
Classification
FACU
FAC
UPL
FACU
UPL
OBL
FACU
FACW
UPL
FACU
FACW
FACU
UPL
FAC
UPL
FACU
FAC
FAC
FACU
FACW
OBL
FAC
FAC
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACW
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
FAC
OBL
UPL
FACW
OBL
FACW
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
UPL
UPL

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species
X

Seeded/Planted
Species

New
species
2015
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species
Lysimachia ciliata
Lythrum salicaria
Malus floribunda
Medicago lupulina
Medicago sativa
Melilotus alba
Melilotus officinalis
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda punctata
Morus alba
Oenothera biennis
Oxalis stricta
Panicum capillare
Panicum virgatum
Parthenocissus inserta
Pastinaca sativa
Penthorum sedoides
Phleum pratense
Phragmites australis
Pilea pumila
Pinus rigida
Plantago lanceolata
Plantago major
Plantago rugelii
Poa pratensis
Polygonum aviculare
Polygonum lapathifolium
Polygonum pensylvanicum
Populus deltoides
Populus tremuloides
Potentilla norvegica
Prunus americana
Prunus pumila
Prunus serotina
Quercus ilicifolia
Rhus glabra
Rhus typhina
Robinia pseudoacacia
Rosa multiflora
Rubus allegheniensis
Rubus hispidus
Rubus occidentalis
Rudbeckia hirta
Rumex crispus
Salix humilis
Salix nigra
Schizachyrium scoparium
Scirpus atrovirens
Scirpus cyperinus
Secale cereale

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Fringed loosestrife
Purple loosestrife
Japanese flowering crab apple
Black medick
Alfalfa
White sweet-clover
Yellow melilotus
Wild bergamot
Dotted horsemint
White mulberry
Common evening-primrose
Common wood-sorrel
Witchgrass
Switchgrass
Thicket creeper
Wild parsnip
Ditch-stonecrop
Timothy
Common reed
Richweed
Pitch pine
Buck horn plantain
Common plantain
Pale plantain
Kentucky bluegrass
Knotweed
Heartease
Pinkweed
Cottonwood
Quaking aspen
Rough cinquefoil
Wild plum
Sand cherry
Black cherry
Scrub oak
Smooth sumac
Staghorn sumac
Black locust
Multiflora rose
Northern blackberry
Swamp dewberry
Black raspberry
Black-eyed Susan
Curly dock
Prairie willow
Black willow
Little bluestem
Dark green bulrush
Cottongrass bulrush
Rye

Family
Classification
Primulaceae
Lythraceae
Rosaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
Moraceae
Onagraceae
Oxalidaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Vitaceae
Apiaceae
Crassulaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Urticaceae
Pinaceae
Plantaginaceae
Plantaginaceae
Plantaginaceae
Poaceae
Polygonaceae
Polygonaceae
Polygonaceae
Salicaceae
Salicaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Fagaceae
Anacardiaceae
Anacardiaceae
Fabaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Asteraceae
Polygonaceae
Salicaceae
Salicaceae
Poaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Poaceae

Physiognomy
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
B-Forb
A-Forb
A-Grass
P-Grass
W-Vine
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
A-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb
Tree
Tree
P-Forb
Tree
Shrub
Tree
Tree
Shrub
Tree
Tree
Shrub
Shrub
Shrub
Shrub
B-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
Tree
P-Grass
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
A-Grass

441

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad

Wetland
Classification
FACW
OBL
UPL
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
FAC
FACU
UPL
OBL
FACU
FACW
FACW
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACW
FACW
FAC
FAC
FAC
UPL
UPL
FACU
UPL
UPL
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACW
UPL
FACU
FAC
FACU
OBL
FACU
OBL
OBL
UPL

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species

X
X

X
X

New
species
2015
X

X
X

X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Species
Senecio pauperculus
Setaria faberi
Setaria pumila
Setaria verticillata
Silene vulgaris
Sisyrinchium campestre
Solanum americanum
Solidago altissima
Solidago canadensis
Solidago gigantea
Solidago graminifolia
Solidago juncea
Solidago nemoralis
Solidago rugosa
Sorghastrum nutans
Sphenopholis obtusata
Spiraea alba
Sporobolus vaginiflorus
Stellaria meadia
Tanacetum vulgare
Taraxacum officinale
Trifolium arvense
Trifolium aureum
Trifolium hybridum
Trifolium pratense
Trifolium repens
Typha latifolia
Vaccinium angustifolium
Verbascum blattaria
Verbascum thapsus
Verbena hastata
Vicia cracca
Vicia villosa
Vitis aestivalis
Vitis riparia
Xanthium strumarium

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Balsam ragwort
Japanese bristle grass
Yellow foxtail
Bristly foxtail
Bladder campion
Prairie blue-eyed grass
Black nightshade
Tall goldenrod
Canadian goldenrod
Late goldenrod
Common grass-leaved goldenrod
Early goldenrod
Rough goldenrod
Tall-hairy goldenrod
Indian grass
Prairie wedge grass
Meadowsweet
Sheathed rush grass
Common chickweed
Tansy
Common dandelion
Rabbit foot clover
Yellow hop clover
Alsike clover
Red clover
White clover
Common cattail
Early low blueberry
Moth mullein
Mullein
Blue vervain
Cow vetch
Hairy vetch
Summer grape
Riverbank grape
Cocklebur

Family
Classification
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Caryophyllaceae
Iridaceae
Solanaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Rosaceae
Poaceae
Caryophyllaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Typhaceae
Ericaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Verbenaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Vitaceae
Vitaceae
Asteraceae

Physiognomy
P-Forb
A-Grass
A-Grass
A-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
Shrub
A-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
B-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
W-Vine
W-Vine
A-Forb

442

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACU
UPL
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACW
FACW
UPL
UPL
FAC
FACU
FAC
FACW
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
UPL
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
OBL
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACW
UPL
UPL
FACU
FAC
FAC

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species
X

Seeded/Planted
Species

New
species
2015

X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Rose Family (Rosaceae)
Sedge Family (Cyperaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

47
0
No. Species
179
109
70

Percent
100.0%
60.9%
39.1%
0.0%

38
31
18
14
8

21.2%
17.3%
10.1%
7.8%
4.5%

65
25
13

1
14
13
6

36.3%
14.0%
7.3%
0.0%
12.3%
6.1%
0.0%
4.5%
0.0%
0.6%
7.8%
7.3%
3.4%

21
24
1

11.7%
13.4%
0.6%

43
73
28
23
11
1
62

24.0%
40.8%
15.6%
12.8%
6.1%
0.6%
34.6%

22
11
8

443

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment 9. Test Plot Quadrat Data


Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data
Plot: TP N12GL
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: John L. Larson
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
Cryptogam
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
Tree
B-Forb
Vine
A-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
P-Grass

Seeded

X
X
X
X

X
X

SPECIES
Agrostis alba
Equisetum arvense
Lotus corniculatus
Andropogon gerardii
Festuca rubra
Lespedeza capitata
Solidago canadensis
Schizachyrium scoparius
Desmodium canadense
Coronilla varia
Cassia fasciculata
Populus deltoides
Oenothera biennis
Celastrus orbiculatus
Trifolium arvense
Monarda fistulosa
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Rudbeckia hirta
Solidago juncea
Coreopsis lanceolata
Vitis riparia
Festuca elatior
Aster ericoides
Hypericum perforatum
Artemisia vulgaris
Asclepias syriaca
Aster lateriflorus
Plantago lanceolata
Salix humilis
Solidago gigantea
Taraxacum officinale
Acer rubrum
Elymus virginicus

Non-vegetative ground cover


Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
10
9
8
10
7
8
7
7
7
3
5
5
4
4
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
123

RF
8.13
7.32
6.50
8.13
5.69
6.50
5.69
5.69
5.69
2.44
4.07
4.07
3.25
3.25
2.44
2.44
2.44
1.63
1.63
1.63
1.63
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
100.00

AVG
AC
22.00
18.50
19.00
9.40
8.00
6.10
4.10
3.70
1.90
4.50
1.70
0.60
0.80
0.60
1.20
0.60
0.40
1.00
0.60
0.40
0.30
0.50
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
108.10

10
RC
20.35
17.11
17.58
8.70
7.40
5.64
3.79
3.42
1.76
4.16
1.57
0.56
0.74
0.56
1.11
0.56
0.37
0.93
0.56
0.37
0.28
0.46
0.28
0.28
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.09
0.09
100.00

IV
28.48
24.43
24.08
16.83
13.09
12.15
9.48
9.11
7.45
6.60
5.64
4.62
3.99
3.81
3.55
2.99
2.81
2.55
2.18
2.00
1.90
1.28
1.09
1.09
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.91
0.91
200.00

STD
13.58
17.13
15.95
5.74
8.56
5.02
4.95
3.80
1.91
8.64
2.50
0.70
1.03
0.84
3.12
1.07
0.70
2.11
1.58
0.84
0.67
1.58
0.95
0.95
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32

1
15
2
20
5
20
12
1
10
1
25

4
10
0
0
0
14

28.57
71.43
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

0.90
41.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
42.40

2.12
97.88
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

30.69
169.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
200.00

1.20
20.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

2
70

444

2
10
40
20
8
5
5
15
3
1

3
5
50
20
10
5
5
2

1
2
10

4
10
3
50
20

5
10
25
10
15
5

2
10
2
3
5

3
5
2
15

1
2

2
2

7
40

5
5

10

2
3
1

1
1
3
1

1
1

6
25
10
20
15
10
8

2
5

40
3
3
5

8
30
10
8
10
15

9
40
30
10
2
8

10
35
15
8
25
8
2

8
1
2

1
5
1

2
2
5

1
3
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1

40

2
25

20

20

2
25

75

60

40

3
40

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N12GM
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: John L. Larson
Nt/Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
P-Grass
Vine
A-Forb
Cryptogam
P-Forb
B-Forb
B-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
A-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
Tree
B-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
Vine

Seeded

X
X

SPECIES
Agrostis alba
Festuca rubra
Lotus corniculatus
Andropogon gerardii
Lespedeza capitata
Populus deltoides
Solidago canadensis
Schizachyrium scoparius
Celastrus orbiculatus
Cassia fasciculata
Equisetum arvense
Coronilla varia
Rudbeckia hirta
Oenothera biennis
Trifolium arvense
Desmodium canadense
Solidago gigantea
Panicum virgatum
Poa pratensis
Artemisia vulgaris
Sorghastrum nutans
Cenchrus longispinus
Lupinus perennis
Solidago graminifolia
Aster ericoides
Cuscuta gronovii
Juncus dudleyi
Monarda fistulosa
Prunus serotina
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Asclepias syriaca
Daucus carota
Conyza canadensis
Fragaria virginiana
Vitis riparia

Non-vegetative ground cover


Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
10
7
5
7
9
8
6
5
6
5
3
1
4
3
3
3
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
107

RF
9.35
6.54
4.67
6.54
8.41
7.48
5.61
4.67
5.61
4.67
2.80
0.93
3.74
2.80
2.80
2.80
1.87
1.87
0.93
1.87
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
100.00

AVG
AC
23.00
21.50
16.50
6.50
4.00
3.80
5.70
2.40
1.20
1.90
3.20
4.00
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.40
1.30
0.80
1.50
0.20
1.00
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
104.10

10
RC
22.09
20.65
15.85
6.24
3.84
3.65
5.48
2.31
1.15
1.83
3.07
3.84
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.38
1.25
0.77
1.44
0.19
0.96
0.48
0.38
0.29
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
100.00

IV
31.44
27.20
20.52
12.79
12.25
11.13
11.08
6.98
6.76
6.50
5.88
4.78
4.51
3.57
3.57
3.19
3.12
2.64
2.38
2.06
1.90
1.41
1.32
1.22
1.13
1.13
1.13
1.13
1.13
1.03
1.03
1.03
1.03
1.03
1.03
200.00

STD
8.88
19.16
23.81
5.74
3.02
3.55
6.70
3.63
1.23
2.18
7.83
12.65
1.03
1.62
1.48
0.70
3.20
1.75
4.74
0.42
3.16
1.58
1.26
0.95
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

1
25
30

7
10
0
2
0
19

36.84
52.63
0.00
10.53
0.00
100.00

5.00
61.00
0.00
1.30
0.00
67.30

7.43
90.64
0.00
1.93
0.00
100.00

44.27
143.27
0.00
12.46
0.00
200.00

4.08
20.92
0.00
3.20
0.00

5
75

445

5
8

2
25
10

4
10
10

2
5

3
25

3
30
30

4
30
50

8
3
4
10
10
1
4

10
2
2

5
35
20
10
15

6
30

7
15

60

40
15
10
2

2
3
2
8
2
5

8
10
25
5
8
5
4
10
2
3
2

9
10

10
20
50

50
4
3
20

4
2
10
5
2
3
2

40
2
5

2
3

4
1
3

1
1
2
10

15
1

10
5
4
3
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

90

90

10
40

10
25
3

5
70

50

5
50

10
60

5
60

10

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill -Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N12GU
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: John L. Larson
Nt/Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Grass
Cryptogam
P-Forb
Vine
B-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
A-Forb
Vine
Vine
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Grass
P-Sedge
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
A-Forb

Seeded

X
X
X
X
X

X
X

SPECIES
Agrostis alba
Festuca rubra
Andropogon gerardii
Cassia fasciculata
Schizachyrium scoparius
Equisetum arvense
Lespedeza capitata
Celastrus orbiculatus
Rudbeckia hirta
Desmodium canadense
Populus deltoides
Artemisia vulgaris
Solidago canadensis
Coronilla varia
Lotus corniculatus
Monarda fistulosa
Lupinus perennis
Plantago lanceolata
Rubus allegheniensis
Trifolium arvense
Parthenocissus inserta
Vitis riparia
Solidago juncea
Taraxacum officinale
Convolvulus sepium
Setaria pumila
Trifolium hybridum
Aster novae-angliae
Cenchrus longispinus
Cyperus houghtonii
Daucus carota
Elymus virginicus
Monarda punctata
Oxalis stricta

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
10
8
10
8
7
7
6
8
6
7
5
6
6
1
3
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
126

RF
7.94
6.35
7.94
6.35
5.56
5.56
4.76
6.35
4.76
5.56
3.97
4.76
4.76
0.79
2.38
3.17
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
100.00

AVG
AC
32.00
18.90
5.50
7.00
5.60
5.20
4.40
1.70
3.20
1.40
2.20
1.20
1.20
4.00
1.90
1.00
0.60
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
100.70

10
RC
31.78
18.77
5.46
6.95
5.56
5.16
4.37
1.69
3.18
1.39
2.18
1.19
1.19
3.97
1.89
0.99
0.60
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
100.00

IV
39.71
25.12
13.40
13.30
11.12
10.72
9.13
8.04
7.94
6.95
6.15
5.95
5.95
4.77
4.27
4.17
2.18
1.98
1.98
1.98
1.89
1.89
1.09
1.09
0.99
0.99
0.99
0.89
0.89
0.89
0.89
0.89
0.89
0.89
200.00

STD
25.08
17.22
2.92
11.92
6.45
7.61
5.91
1.25
3.94
1.51
3.19
1.14
1.14
12.65
4.70
1.63
1.35
0.84
0.84
0.84
0.67
0.67
0.95
0.95
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

1
40
5
5
3

7
10
0
2
0
19

36.84
52.63
0.00
10.53
0.00
100.00

5.00
61.00
0.00
1.30
0.00
67.30

7.43
90.64
0.00
1.93
0.00
100.00

44.27
143.27
0.00
12.46
0.00
200.00

4.08
20.92
0.00
3.20
0.00

5
75

446

3
6
3
5
2
2

2
45
4
10
10
10
2
2
2

3
10
25
10
3
2
25
15
4
5
8
2

4
10
40
4
4
20
2
15
2
1
8
2
2

5
15
25
10
10
2
3
2
10
2
2
2

6
15
50
8
3
4
5
2
3
1
2
3
2

7
90
4
5

8
50
2
4

9
20
25
2
3
8
5
3
1

2
2
2
1
2

10
25
15
5
40
2

1
10
1

2
1
40

3
5

15
2

2
2
2
2
2

1
1
4

2
2
2

1
2

1
3
3
2
2
2
1

1
1
1
1
1
1

90

90

10
40

10
25
3

5
70

50

5
50

10
60

5
60

10

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N18GL
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Susan Lehnhardt
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
Cryptogam
P-Forb
Tree
Shrub
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X
X

SPECIES
Festuca rubra
Andropogon gerardii
Cassia fasciculata
Schizachyrium scoparium
Sorghastrum nutans
Lespedeza capitata
Agrostis alba
Desmodium canadense
Lupinus perennis
Equisetum arvense
Coronilla varia
Populus deltoides
Vaccinium angustifolium
Elymus canadensis
Solidago gigantea
Anemone cylindrica
Apocynum cannabinum
Coreopsis lanceolata
Monarda fistulosa
Vitis riparia

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
7
9
10
10
10
9
9
9
6
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
94

RF
7.45
9.57
10.64
10.64
10.64
9.57
9.57
9.57
6.38
3.19
2.13
2.13
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
100.00

AVG
AC
37.50
13.10
9.70
9.70
7.70
8.70
6.00
3.80
2.50
5.50
2.60
0.50
0.40
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
108.60

10
RC
34.53
12.06
8.93
8.93
7.09
8.01
5.52
3.50
2.30
5.06
2.39
0.46
0.37
0.18
0.18
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
100.00

IV
41.98
21.64
19.57
19.57
17.73
17.59
15.10
13.07
8.69
8.26
4.52
2.59
1.43
1.25
1.25
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
200.00

STD
31.20
8.86
6.65
5.83
5.48
6.07
6.43
5.90
2.55
10.12
6.40
1.08
1.26
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

2
10
0
0
0
12

16.67
83.33
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

1.70
98.30
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

1.70
98.30
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

18.37
181.63
0.00
0.00
0.00
200.00

4.72
4.72
0.00
0.00
0.00

447

1
80
3
20
6
3
4
5

2
30
10
5
5
8
4
1
4

3
70
8
4
5
4
5
2
5
6

4
50
15
3
6
3
6
3
1
2

5
60
10
3
5
15
5
1
6

6
60
4
20
2
5
1
3
2
10

7
40
10
15
20
5
15
15
4
15
6

20
8
10
15
15
20
2

20
20
10
10
8
5
1

10
15
15
10
10
15
20
6
20

30
20

3
4
2
2
1
1
1
1
1

100

100

100

2
98

15
85

100

100

100

100

100

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill -Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N18GM
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Susan Lehnhardt
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad

Physiog
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
Vine
P-Forb
B-Forb
B-Forb
Tree
P-Forb

Seeded

X
X
X
X
X
X

SPECIES
Festuca rubra
Cassia fasciculata
Schizachyrium scoparius
Agrostis alba
Andropogon gerardii
Sorghastrum nutans
Lespedeza capitata
Desmodium canadense
Lupinus perennis
Coreopsis lanceolata
Oenothera biennis
Solidago canadensis
Lotus corniculatus
Artemisia vulgaris
Coronilla varia
Elymus canadensis
Anemone cylindrica
Celastrus orbiculatus
Cirsium arvense
Daucus carota
Melilotus alba
Rhus typhina
Taraxacum officinale

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
8
10
9
7
8
7
8
5
4
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
82

RF
9.76
12.20
10.98
8.54
9.76
8.54
9.76
6.10
4.88
2.44
2.44
1.22
1.22
1.22
1.22
1.22
1.22
1.22
1.22
1.22
1.22
1.22
1.22
100.00

AVG
AC
38.50
21.90
7.90
10.10
8.00
6.40
4.40
4.60
3.70
0.20
0.20
0.60
0.40
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
108.40

10
RC
35.52
20.20
7.29
9.32
7.38
5.90
4.06
4.24
3.41
0.18
0.18
0.55
0.37
0.28
0.28
0.18
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
100.00

IV
45.27
32.40
18.26
17.85
17.14
14.44
13.82
10.34
8.29
2.62
2.62
1.77
1.59
1.50
1.50
1.40
1.31
1.31
1.31
1.31
1.31
1.31
1.31
200.00

STD
27.09
18.56
6.44
14.04
4.83
5.68
4.38
12.47
7.90
0.42
0.42
1.90
1.26
0.95
0.95
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

6
10
0
0
1
17

35.29
58.82
0.00
0.00
5.88
100.00

6.30
93.70
0.00
0.00
0.10
100.10

6.29
93.61
0.00
0.00
0.10
100.00

41.59
152.43
0.00
0.00
5.98
200.00

8.23
8.23
0.00
0.00
0.32

448

60
6
15
10

20

40
15
6
1

3
40
6
5
30
10
15
4

4
30
20
6
5
10
6
40

5
60
30
3

6
50
40
15

8
1
3
3

5
15
12
1
1

7
30
30
4
4

10
5

9
70
3
15
2
10
5
2

1
25

1
1
6

8
80
6
20

10
25
4
5
5
10
10
10
1

8
1

4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

100

100

4
96

100

15
85

4
96

25
75

10
90

5
95

100

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N18GU
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Susan Lehnhardt
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
Cryptogam
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

SPECIES
Festuca rubra
Sorghastrum nutans
Schizachyrium scoparius
Andropogon gerardii
Cassia fasciculata
Lespedeza capitata
Agrostis alba
Lupinus perennis
Desmodium canadense
Celastrus orbiculatus
Equisetum arvense
Rudbeckia hirta
Solidago gigantea
Hypericum perforatum
Populus deltoides
Anemone cylindrica
Coronilla varia
Monarda fistulosa
Solidago juncea

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
9
8
10
10
10
9
4
3
4
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
82

RF
10.98
9.76
12.20
12.20
12.20
10.98
4.88
3.66
4.88
3.66
2.44
2.44
2.44
1.22
1.22
1.22
1.22
1.22
1.22
100.00

AVG
AC
35.50
28.30
15.50
10.50
7.00
4.00
5.10
5.60
1.10
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
114.40

10
RC
31.03
24.74
13.55
9.18
6.12
3.50
4.46
4.90
0.96
0.26
0.26
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
100.00

IV
42.01
34.49
25.74
21.37
18.31
14.47
9.34
8.55
5.84
3.92
2.70
2.61
2.61
1.39
1.39
1.31
1.31
1.31
1.31
200.00

STD
18.02
70.97
9.56
7.38
8.50
3.53
7.46
10.39
2.47
0.48
0.67
0.42
0.42
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

6
10
0
5
0
21

28.57
47.62
0.00
23.81
0.00
100.00

9.00
82.50
0.00
8.50
0.00
100.00

9.00
82.50
0.00
8.50
0.00
100.00

37.57
130.12
0.00
32.31
0.00
200.00

10.22
21.89
0.00
12.03
0.00

449

1
40
10
5
25
2
8
10

2
50
10
10
5
8
3
6

3
230
10
20
2
4
20

4
30
10
5
10
25
4
15

5
40
8
25
6
3
1

6
70
6
5
3
20

7
30
20
3
1
1

8
40
5
20
15
1
1

6
1

1
1

2
1
1

9
30
4
25
8
4
10

10
25

25

25
1

8
1
1

30
10
4
8

1
1
2
2
1

1
1
1

100

5
95

100

100

100

20
50

30
40

15
75

10
85

10
80

30

30

10

10

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N24GL
Date: August 4, 2015
Samplers: Susan Lehnhardt
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
Vine
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
Shrub
B-Forb
P-Forb

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X
X

SPECIES
Festuca rubra
Andropogon gerardii
Schizachyrium scoparius
Lespedeza capitata
Sorghastrum nutans
Cassia fasciculata
Lupinus perennis
Desmodium canadense
Coronilla varia
Agrostis alba
Lotus corniculatus
Celastrus orbiculatus
Monarda fistulosa
Trifolium arvense
Centaurea maculosa
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
Verbascum thapsus
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Anemone cylindrica
Crataegus sp
Rhus glabra
Rudbeckia hirta
Solidago canadensis

Non-vegetative ground cover


Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
10
10
10
9
9
8
7
7
5
7
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
99

RF
10.10
10.10
10.10
9.09
9.09
8.08
7.07
7.07
5.05
7.07
3.03
2.02
2.02
1.01
1.01
1.01
1.01
1.01
1.01
1.01
1.01
1.01
1.01
100.00

AVG
AC
39.50
18.50
14.50
9.10
7.30
5.30
5.90
5.10
7.40
2.80
1.30
0.20
0.20
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
118.60

10
RC
33.31
15.60
12.23
7.67
6.16
4.47
4.97
4.30
6.24
2.36
1.10
0.17
0.17
0.25
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
100.00

IV
43.41
25.70
22.33
16.76
15.25
12.55
12.05
11.37
11.29
9.43
4.13
2.19
2.19
1.26
1.18
1.18
1.18
1.09
1.09
1.09
1.09
1.09
1.09
200.00

STD
13.01
8.18
5.50
8.28
4.42
7.50
9.18
6.54
13.00
3.19
2.58
0.42
0.42
0.95
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

6
10
0
3
0
19

31.58
52.63
0.00
15.79
0.00
100.00

1.70
97.80
0.00
0.50
0.00
100.00

1.70
97.80
0.00
0.50
0.00
100.00

33.28
150.43
0.00
16.29
0.00
200.00

1.57
1.75
0.00
0.85
0.00

450

1
20
30
10
3
15
25
3

2
50
25
10
3
5
3
4

10

6
2

3
50
25
15
5
5
4
3
12
6
3
8

4
40
20
20
6
10

1
20
2
3

5
50
5
10
25
2
2
8

6
25
25
25
10
5
4

4
2

7
30
15
15
4
10
2
2
40

8
60
10
10
10
3
2
30
4

9
40
20
20
20
10
10
5

10
30
10
10
15
5
12
20

4
1

1
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

100

3
97

2
97

98

100

4
96

3
97

2
98

3
95

100

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N24GM
Date: August 4, 2015
Samplers: Susan Lehnhardt
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
Cryptogam
P-Grass
Tree
P-Forb

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X
X

SPECIES
Festuca rubra
Schizachyrium scoparius
Andropogon gerardii
Cassia fasciculata
Lespedeza capitata
Sorghastrum nutans
Desmodium canadense
Agrostis alba
Lupinus perennis
Coronilla varia
Coreopsis lanceolata
Lotus corniculatus
Celastrus orbiculatus
Equisetum arvense
Phleum pratense
Populus deltoides
Solidago canadensis

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
10
10
10
10
10
10
8
7
5
2
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
93

RF
10.75
10.75
10.75
10.75
10.75
10.75
8.60
7.53
5.38
2.15
3.23
3.23
1.08
1.08
1.08
1.08
1.08
100.00

AVG
AC
55.00
12.50
12.00
11.50
7.80
6.50
2.90
3.30
1.80
4.00
0.80
0.80
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
119.40

10
RC
46.06
10.47
10.05
9.63
6.53
5.44
2.43
2.76
1.51
3.35
0.67
0.67
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
100.00

IV
56.82
21.22
20.80
20.38
17.29
16.20
11.03
10.29
6.88
5.50
3.90
3.90
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
200.00

STD
17.00
4.25
2.58
8.25
6.61
2.42
3.54
5.98
2.70
8.76
1.87
1.87
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

3
10
0
1
0
14

21.43
71.43
0.00
7.14
0.00
100.00

0.50
99.20
0.00
0.30
0.00
100.00

0.50
99.20
0.00
0.30
0.00
100.00

21.93
170.63
0.00
7.44
0.00
200.00

0.97
1.87
0.00
0.95
0.00

451

1
10
5
15
25
4
5

2
65
10
10
10
10
5
1

20

3
50
15
10
6
10
10
1
2
8

4
50
10
10
8
25
5
2
5

5
60
10
10
25
2
5
1
3
2

6
65
10
15
10
5
5
1
3

15
1

7
60
15
10
3
6
5

8
70
20
15
4
4
10
5
2
2

25
6
1

9
60
15
10
6
4
5
8
1

10
60
15
15
18
8
10
10
2
1

1
1

1
1
1
1
1

100

100

3
94

100

100

100

100

1
99

100

1
99

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N24GU
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Susan Lehnhardt
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
B-Forb
W-Vine

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

SPECIES
Festuca rubra
Schizachyrium scoparius
Cassia fasciculata
Lupinus perennis
Andropogon gerardii
Lespedeza capitata
Sorghastrum nutans
Desmodium canadense
Lotus corniculatus
Artemisia vulgaris
Coreopsis lanceolata
Oenothera biennis
Rudbeckia hirta
Vitis aestivalis

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
8
10
9
10
10
9
9
5
3
2
1
1
1
1
79

RF
10.13
12.66
11.39
12.66
12.66
11.39
11.39
6.33
3.80
2.53
1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27
100.00

AVG
AC
50.00
15.40
14.00
10.80
9.50
4.60
4.30
2.20
0.30
0.30
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
111.80

10
RC
44.72
13.77
12.52
9.66
8.50
4.11
3.85
1.97
0.27
0.27
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
100.00

IV
54.85
26.43
23.91
22.32
21.16
15.51
15.24
8.30
4.07
2.80
1.36
1.36
1.36
1.36
200.00

STD
31.62
6.90
8.81
10.60
3.69
4.22
2.58
2.44
0.48
0.67
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

1
20
25

10
10
0
8
1
29

34.48
34.48
0.00
27.59
3.45
100.00

7.70
87.30
0.00
5.00
0.10
100.10

7.69
87.21
0.00
5.00
0.10
100.00

42.18
121.70
0.00
32.58
3.55
200.00

9.73
15.28
0.00
6.41
0.32

20
60

10
80

20

10

452

1
5
4
5
6
1

2
70
15
10
1
10
8
5
5
1

6
20
30
10
4
8
3

15
20
3
10
15
5

5
80
20
12
12
15
4
8
4

6
80
20
30
20
10
3
3

7
70
20
15
8
5
3

8
70
5
8
5
15
2

9
50
8
20
3
5
1
2
4

10
60
20
5
25
10
4
5

2
96

4
94

1
1
1
1
1

2
98

30
60

2
96

2
96

2
96

10
1

3
97

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N24BL
Date: August 4, 2015
Samplers: Steve Apfelbaum
Nt/Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
Cryptogam
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
A-Grass

Seeded

X
X
X
X

X
X
X

SPECIES
Agrostis alba
Festuca rubra
Cassia fasciculata
Desmodium canadense
Andropogon gerardii
Lespedeza capitata
Ambrosia psilostachya
Schizachyrium scoparius
Equisetum arvense
Lotus corniculatus
Monarda punctata
Centaurea maculosa
Coronilla varia
Rudbeckia hirta
Oenothera biennis
Lupinus perennis
Coreopsis lanceolata
Panicum virgatum
Poa pratensis
Monarda fistulosa
Agropyron repens
Berteroa incana
Phleum pratense
Artemisia vulgaris
Secale cereale

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
7
6
8
6
7
8
3
6
3
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
91

RF
7.69
6.59
8.79
6.59
7.69
8.79
3.30
6.59
3.30
4.40
3.30
3.30
3.30
3.30
3.30
3.30
2.20
2.20
3.30
2.20
2.20
1.10
1.10
1.10
1.10
100.00

AVG
AC
18.70
16.50
11.50
14.00
10.50
6.50
12.50
7.00
8.50
6.20
4.70
4.00
4.00
4.00
3.10
1.90
3.00
3.00
1.20
1.20
0.40
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
143.40

10
RC
13.04
11.51
8.02
9.76
7.32
4.53
8.72
4.88
5.93
4.32
3.28
2.79
2.79
2.79
2.16
1.32
2.09
2.09
0.84
0.84
0.28
0.21
0.21
0.14
0.14
100.00

IV
20.73
18.10
16.81
16.36
15.01
13.32
12.01
11.47
9.22
8.72
6.57
6.09
6.09
6.09
5.46
4.62
4.29
4.29
4.13
3.03
2.48
1.31
1.31
1.24
1.24
200.00

STD
21.43
20.01
12.20
24.13
10.66
6.15
31.38
6.75
23.46
10.64
9.48
6.58
7.38
8.10
7.81
4.68
6.32
6.32
2.10
3.16
0.84
0.95
0.95
0.63
0.98

2
8
0
0
0
10

20.00
80.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

1.50
78.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
79.50

1.89
98.11
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

21.89
178.11
0.00
0.00
0.00
200.00

3.37
41.58
0.00
0.00
0.00

453

1
2
20
2
35
15
20
15

3
30

4
50

5
5
5
2

10
80
15
5

30
10
10
15
15

75

15
5

2
10
15

6
50
15
30

5
10
5
25
15

15
20

25
25
2
15

5
10
10
25
15

10
20

7
5
20
10

60

15
5

15
15
3

10

30

3
15
10
15
5

100

20

5
10
2

5
4
15

15
15

5
2

10
40
40

15

10
2

2
3
3
2
2

100

100

10
80

100

100

5
100

100

100

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N24BM
Date: August 4, 2015
Samplers: Steve Apfelbaum
Nt/Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Cryptogam
B-Forb
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
B-Forb

Seeded

X
X
X
X
X

SPECIES
Festuca rubra
Coronilla varia
Schizachyrium scoparius
Lespedeza capitata
Panicum virgatum
Andropogon gerardii
Cassia fasciculata
Lupinus perennis
Desmodium canadense
Lotus corniculatus
Ambrosia psilostachya
Equisetum arvense
Rudbeckia hirta
Agrostis alba
Conyza canadensis
Centaurea maculosa
Medicago lupulina
Melilotus officinalis
Verbascum thapsus

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
10
7
7
9
7
5
7
5
5
5
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
80

RF
12.50
8.75
8.75
11.25
8.75
6.25
8.75
6.25
6.25
6.25
3.75
2.50
2.50
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
100.00

AVG
AC
70.50
14.70
13.20
6.60
10.00
13.30
7.20
5.50
2.90
1.90
4.70
1.50
0.60
2.00
0.50
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
155.90

10
RC
45.22
9.43
8.47
4.23
6.41
8.53
4.62
3.53
1.86
1.22
3.01
0.96
0.38
1.28
0.32
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
100.00

IV
57.72
18.18
17.22
15.48
15.16
14.78
13.37
9.78
8.11
7.47
6.76
3.46
2.88
2.53
1.57
1.38
1.38
1.38
1.38
200.00

STD
14.99
19.49
13.38
5.56
8.50
18.53
10.92
8.32
4.01
2.28
12.51
3.37
1.58
6.32
1.58
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63

1
80
2
20
2

6
9
0
0
0
15

40.00
60.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

5.20
85.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
90.70

5.73
94.27
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

45.73
154.27
0.00
0.00
0.00
200.00

6.09
31.49
0.00
0.00
0.00

454

35
5
5
2

2
75
15
20
1
25

3
80
5

4
80

10
10
50
5
5

5
15

5
50
60
2

6
80
40
5
10
15
2
15

10
5
40
10
5

5
1

5
2

7
60
10
25
15
10

8
40
20

30

9
80
35
10
10
10
30
2

3
2

15
15
20
3
25
5
4
5

2
100

15
100

25
10

10
80

20
5
2
2
2
2

100

5
95

100

15
90

100

10
70

100

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N24BU
Date: August 4, 2015
Samplers: Steve Apfelbaum
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
A-Grass

Seeded

X
X
X
X
X

SPECIES
Festuca rubra
Cassia fasciculata
Schizachyrium scoparius
Andropogon gerardii
Lupinus perennis
Ambrosia psilostachya
Lespedeza capitata
Panicum virgatum
Desmodium canadense
Coronilla varia
Coreopsis lanceolata
Robinia pseudoacacia
Lotus corniculatus
Cenchrus longispinus

Non-vegetative ground cover


Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Rock
Bryophyte

S:090636:120115

AF
10
9
8
9
8
7
9
5
5
2
2
1
1
1
77

RF
12.99
11.69
10.39
11.69
10.39
9.09
11.69
6.49
6.49
2.60
2.60
1.30
1.30
1.30
100.00

AVG
AC
66.50
21.30
17.50
9.20
8.40
8.50
4.00
6.00
5.40
3.70
0.40
1.00
0.50
0.20
152.60

10
RC
43.58
13.96
11.47
6.03
5.50
5.57
2.62
3.93
3.54
2.42
0.26
0.66
0.33
0.13
100.00

IV
56.56
25.65
21.86
17.72
15.89
14.66
14.31
10.43
10.03
5.02
2.86
1.95
1.63
1.43
200.00

STD
18.57
19.73
28.01
8.22
6.29
13.48
3.13
7.38
7.95
11.02
0.84
3.16
1.58
0.63

1
90
10
20
20

9
10
0
0
0
19

47.37
52.63
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

9.50
90.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

9.50
90.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

56.87
143.13
0.00
0.00
0.00
200.00

6.85
6.85
0.00
0.00
0.00

10
90

455

10
5
10

2
75
20
95
5
20
2
10
15
2

3
80
30
15
5
3
1
3
10
1

4
70
25
5
10
8
2
2
20
3

5
40
25
15
5
8
25
1

6
80
70
5
2

7
70
20
10

8
70

10

5
10

20

15

9
30
8
10
15
10
5
4
5

10
60
5

5
95

20
80

25
15
40
15

35
2
10

5
2

5
95

10
90

5
95

20
80

100

15
85

5
95

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP R12G
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: John Larson
Nt/Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
B-Forb
Tree
Vine
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
Vine
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Sedge
A-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
A-Forb

Seeded
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

SPECIES
Andropogon gerardii
Coronilla varia
Poa pratensis
Schizachyrium scoparius
Lespedeza capitata
Monarda fistulosa
Festuca elatior
Oenothera biennis
Populus deltoides
Celastrus orbiculatus
Cirsium arvense
Desmodium canadense
Solidago juncea
Monarda punctata
Panicum virgatum
Trifolium repens
Vitis riparia
Festuca rubra
Solidago canadensis
Centaurea maculosa
Solidago rugosa
Verbascum thapsus
Asclepias syriaca
Convolvulus sepium
Agropyron repens
Cyperus houghtonii
Erigeron strigosus
Lotus corniculatus
Rudbeckia hirta
Conyza canadensis

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
8
6
7
7
5
5
3
4
2
4
3
3
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
79

RF
10.13
7.59
8.86
8.86
6.33
6.33
3.80
5.06
2.53
5.06
3.80
3.80
2.53
2.53
2.53
2.53
1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27
1.27
100.00

AVG
AC
21.60
22.40
18.00
5.60
3.20
1.10
2.00
0.80
3.00
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.70
0.40
0.40
0.40
1.50
1.00
0.80
0.50
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
87.50

10
RC
24.69
25.60
20.57
6.40
3.66
1.26
2.29
0.91
3.43
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.80
0.46
0.46
0.46
1.71
1.14
0.91
0.57
0.57
0.46
0.34
0.34
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.11
100.00

IV
34.81
33.19
29.43
15.26
9.99
7.59
6.08
5.98
5.96
5.63
4.37
4.37
3.33
2.99
2.99
2.99
2.98
2.41
2.18
1.84
1.84
1.72
1.61
1.61
1.49
1.49
1.49
1.49
1.49
1.38
200.00

STD
20.56
33.90
21.37
7.53
5.27
1.60
4.69
1.03
7.89
0.71
0.85
0.85
1.49
0.84
0.84
0.84
4.74
3.16
2.53
1.58
1.58
1.26
0.95
0.95
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32

7
10
0
0
0
17

41.18
58.82
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

4.70
71.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
75.70

6.21
93.79
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

47.39
152.61
0.00
0.00
0.00
200.00

6.18
23.31
0.00
0.00
0.00

456

1
25
50
3
10

2
20
40
2
2
15

3
20
2
10
5

4
50

10
15
5

5
50

2
2

7
45
2
20

95
5

60
5

1
2

3
2
1
1
2
4

6
4
15
40
25
5

10
2
60
6
1
2

2
5

25

1
1

1
2
3

2
2

2
15

10
8
5
5
4
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
1

70

2
90

10
70

20
50

2
75

4
90

95

50

5
25

4
95

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill -Test Plot Data


Plot: TP R18G
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Susan Lehnhart
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
A-Forb
Cryptogam
B-Forb
Tree
B-Forb
Vine

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

SPECIES
Poa pratensis
Andropogon gerardii
Schizachyrium scoparius
Lespedeza capitata
Sorghastrum nutans
Coronilla varia
Desmodium canadense
Monarda punctata
Celastrus orbiculatus
Lotus corniculatus
Solidago canadensis
Monarda fistulosa
Oenothera biennis
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Cirsium arvense
Agropyron repens
Cassia fasciculata
Equisetum arvense
Melilotus alba
Rhus typhina
Rudbeckia hirta
Vitis riparia

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
8
8
8
7
4
1
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
70

RF
11.43
11.43
11.43
10.00
5.71
1.43
5.71
5.71
5.71
4.29
4.29
4.29
4.29
2.86
1.43
1.43
1.43
1.43
1.43
1.43
1.43
1.43
100.00

AVG
AC
21.50
14.60
14.00
6.60
5.80
8.00
1.40
1.20
0.40
1.30
1.00
0.90
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
78.30

10
RC
27.46
18.65
17.88
8.43
7.41
10.22
1.79
1.53
0.51
1.66
1.28
1.15
0.51
0.38
0.26
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
100.00

IV
38.89
30.07
29.31
18.43
13.12
11.65
7.50
7.25
6.23
5.95
5.56
5.44
4.80
3.24
1.68
1.56
1.56
1.56
1.56
1.56
1.56
1.56
200.00

STD
24.04
13.40
9.66
8.07
8.68
25.30
3.10
1.87
0.52
2.67
2.49
1.66
0.70
0.67
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

7
10
0
1
0
18

38.89
55.56
0.00
5.56
0.00
100.00

9.80
90.00
0.00
0.20
0.00
100.00

9.80
90.00
0.00
0.20
0.00
100.00

48.69
145.56
0.00
5.76
0.00
200.00

11.15
11.08
0.00
0.63
0.00

457

1
30
10
18
25

2
10
25
20

3
15
15
8
15

4
15
40
30
15

5
80
3

6
10
15
20
2

7
20
25
10
2

8
30
10
15

9
10

10
40
8
15
1
10

80
4
1

2
1

10
5

8
1
1

2
1

1
4
1

1
8

4
2

1
4

1
2

1
2
1
1

1
1
1
1
1

2
98

20
80

20
80

100

100

5
93

25
75

25
75

100

1
99

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP R24G
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: John Larson
Nt/Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Sedge
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Grass
Vine
A-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
Cryptogam
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

SPECIES
Schizachyrium scoparius
Festuca rubra
Lespedeza capitata
Andropogon gerardii
Desmodium canadense
Lupinus perennis
Lotus corniculatus
Oenothera biennis
Coronilla varia
Cyperus houghtonii
Ambrosia psilostachya
Medicago lupulina
Monarda punctata
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Sorghastrum nutans
Cassia fasciculata
Festuca elatior
Celastrus orbiculatus
Cenchrus longispinus
Poa pratensis
Monarda fistulosa
Equisetum arvense
Solidago canadensis
Trifolium repens
Artemisia vulgaris
Chenopodium album
Conyza canadensis

Non-vegetative ground cover


Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
10
8
8
9
8
4
3
5
3
4
2
3
3
3
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
90

RF
11.11
8.89
8.89
10.00
8.89
4.44
3.33
5.56
3.33
4.44
2.22
3.33
3.33
3.33
1.11
2.22
2.22
2.22
2.22
1.11
1.11
1.11
1.11
1.11
1.11
1.11
1.11
100.00

AVG
AC
19.30
13.90
7.80
5.60
6.00
3.60
2.80
0.80
1.80
0.90
2.50
0.90
0.50
0.40
2.00
0.40
0.40
0.20
0.20
1.00
0.50
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
72.40

10
RC
26.66
19.20
10.77
7.73
8.29
4.97
3.87
1.10
2.49
1.24
3.45
1.24
0.69
0.55
2.76
0.55
0.55
0.28
0.28
1.38
0.69
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.14
0.14
0.14
100.00

IV
37.77
28.09
19.66
17.73
17.18
9.42
7.20
6.66
5.82
5.69
5.68
4.58
4.02
3.89
3.87
2.77
2.77
2.50
2.50
2.49
1.80
1.39
1.39
1.39
1.25
1.25
1.25
200.00

STD
15.51
22.98
8.59
4.01
8.93
6.40
7.83
0.92
3.36
1.20
5.40
1.66
0.97
0.70
6.32
0.84
0.84
0.42
0.42
3.16
1.58
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32

1
15
2
3
4
30
3

3
2
20

10

2
5
2
15

9
10
1
5
1
26

34.62
38.46
3.85
19.23
3.85
100.00

15.50
44.50
0.20
1.80
0.10
62.10

24.96
71.66
0.32
2.90
0.16
100.00

59.58
110.12
4.17
22.13
4.01
200.00

14.62
28.23
0.63
3.05
0.32

10
25

25
20

458

2
5
5

3
25
2
25
10
8

4
8
5
10
2

5
40
20
10

6
5
10
10
2

7
40
5
10
5
5

25
2

1
1

8
5
40
2
2
5

9
40
5
10
4

10
10
70
3
10
2

5
2
3

2
5
3
2

2
1
1

2
1
10
2

3
2
1

1
20
2
2

2
2

1
10
5

2
2
2
1
1
1

5
25

40
20

80

40
5

10
60
2
10

5
70
2

15
60

5
80
2

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP R24B
Date: August 4, 2015
Samplers: John Larson, JS
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
A-Grass
P-Forb
B-Forb
B-Forb
P-Sedge
Vine

Seeded
X
X

X
X

X
X

SPECIES
Festuca rubra
Schizachyrium scoparius
Andropogon gerardii
Cassia fasciculata
Ambrosia psilostachya
Desmodium canadense
Lespedeza capitata
Medicago sativa
Trifolium repens
Lotus corniculatus
Artemisia vulgaris
Panicum virgatum
Coronilla varia
Monarda punctata
Medicago lupulina
Celastrus orbiculatus
Cenchrus longispinus
Lupinus perennis
Oenothera biennis
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Cyperus houghtonii
Vitis riparia

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
9
8
8
4
5
4
4
3
4
3
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
71

RF
12.68
11.27
11.27
5.63
7.04
5.63
5.63
4.23
5.63
4.23
5.63
4.23
2.82
2.82
1.41
1.41
1.41
1.41
1.41
1.41
1.41
1.41
100.00

AVG
AC
44.50
10.00
8.90
9.30
3.30
3.70
3.60
3.20
1.60
2.80
1.00
2.20
0.40
0.40
0.50
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
96.60

10
RC
46.07
10.35
9.21
9.63
3.42
3.83
3.73
3.31
1.66
2.90
1.04
2.28
0.41
0.41
0.52
0.31
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.10
0.10
0.10
100.00

IV
58.74
21.62
20.48
15.26
10.46
9.46
9.36
7.54
7.29
7.12
6.67
6.50
3.23
3.23
1.93
1.72
1.62
1.62
1.62
1.51
1.51
1.51
200.00

STD
26.50
8.16
9.40
17.14
5.23
9.33
6.59
7.80
3.10
5.33
1.33
4.78
0.84
0.84
1.58
0.95
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32

1
30
10
5
10
5
2
2

7
10
0
0
0
17

41.18
58.82
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

23.50
76.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

23.50
76.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

64.68
135.32
0.00
0.00
0.00
200.00

24.16
24.16
0.00
0.00
0.00

75
25

459

2
10
50
15

3
50
5
8
30
10

4
80
5
8

5
75
10
20

6
10
30

7
50
15
3

10
70
20
5

30
20

25

1
4

15

10

2
2
5

9
40
25
10

3
2
1

3
10

8
40

3
2

15

10

2
2
2
5

2
2

3
2
2
2
1
1
1

40
60

100

100

5
95

25
75

20
80

40
60

30
70

100

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S12GL
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: John Larson
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
B-Forb
A-Forb
A-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
B-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Grass

Seeded
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

SPECIES
Poa pratensis
Andropogon gerardii
Schizachyrium scoparius
Monarda fistulosa
Oenothera biennis
Erigeron strigosus
Setaria pumila
Lespedeza capitata
Monarda punctata
Cirsium arvense
Celastrus orbiculatus
Verbascum thapsus
Sorghastrum nutans
Desmodium canadense
Solidago juncea
Conyza canadensis
Daucus carota
Bidens frondosa
Epilobium coloratum
Erechtites hieracifolia
Euphorbia maculata
Polygonum pensylvanicum
Sporobolus vaginiflorus

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
7
10
8
6
7
6
3
3
4
2
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
78

RF
8.97
12.82
10.26
7.69
8.97
7.69
3.85
3.85
5.13
2.56
3.85
3.85
2.56
2.56
2.56
2.56
2.56
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
100.00

AVG
AC
25.70
21.40
13.20
3.30
1.60
2.50
3.20
2.60
1.10
1.80
0.70
0.60
1.50
0.90
0.70
0.40
0.30
0.50
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
82.60

10
RC
31.11
25.91
15.98
4.00
1.94
3.03
3.87
3.15
1.33
2.18
0.85
0.73
1.82
1.09
0.85
0.48
0.36
0.61
0.24
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
100.00

IV
40.09
38.73
26.24
11.69
10.91
10.72
7.72
6.99
6.46
4.74
4.69
4.57
4.38
3.65
3.41
3.05
2.93
1.89
1.52
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.40
200.00

STD
31.04
19.92
11.55
6.13
1.17
3.31
7.80
4.22
1.73
3.82
1.16
1.07
3.37
1.91
1.64
0.84
0.67
1.58
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

7
10
0
2
0
19

36.84
52.63
0.00
10.53
0.00
100.00

5.00
62.50
0.00
1.50
0.00
69.00

7.25
90.58
0.00
2.17
0.00
100.00

44.09
143.21
0.00
12.70
0.00
200.00

9.25
29.93
0.00
3.37
0.00

460

1
20
40
4
2
10

2
25
20
5
2
5

3
20
5
10
20
2
25

3
10
2

2
8
3

2
2
5

4
8
15
2
4
8
5

5
25
20
15
1
2
1

6
90
6

7
70
10
12

8
25
15
5

9
40
20

1
3
3
3

10
2
70
15
2

3
1

10
1

1
10

5
5

2
1
5
2
1

2
2
2

1
1
1

2
60

2
80

10
20

30
10

2
70

10

70

2
90

95

2
90

40

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S12GM
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: John Larson
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
A-Forb
P-Grass
Shrub
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Sedge
Vine
Tree
B-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

SPECIES
Festuca rubra
Schizachyrium scoparius
Andropogon gerardii
Poa pratensis
Sorghastrum nutans
Oenothera biennis
Solidago juncea
Monarda punctata
Monarda fistulosa
Erigeron strigosus
Lespedeza capitata
Celastrus orbiculatus
Chenopodium album
Festuca elatior
Rosa multiflora
Anemone cylindrica
Cirsium arvense
Cyperus houghtonii
Vitis riparia
Acer rubrum
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Cirsium vulgare
Desmodium canadense
Euphorbia maculata
Oxalis stricta
Solidago canadensis

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
10
9
9
5
6
6
6
5
4
5
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
85

RF
11.76
10.59
10.59
5.88
7.06
7.06
7.06
5.88
4.71
5.88
3.53
2.35
2.35
1.18
1.18
1.18
1.18
1.18
1.18
1.18
1.18
1.18
1.18
1.18
1.18
1.18
100.00

AVG
AC
32.00
19.00
6.30
5.70
4.00
1.70
1.50
1.80
2.50
1.10
1.30
0.40
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
79.70

10
RC
40.15
23.84
7.90
7.15
5.02
2.13
1.88
2.26
3.14
1.38
1.63
0.50
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
100.00

IV
51.92
34.43
18.49
13.03
12.08
9.19
8.94
8.14
7.84
7.26
5.16
2.85
2.73
1.55
1.55
1.43
1.43
1.43
1.43
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
200.00

STD
29.42
18.19
4.22
12.27
3.97
1.70
1.58
3.08
4.55
1.20
3.13
0.84
0.67
0.95
0.95
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

6
10
0
3
0
19

31.58
52.63
0.00
15.79
0.00
100.00

6.20
63.00
0.00
4.90
0.00
74.10

8.37
85.02
0.00
6.61
0.00
100.00

39.95
137.65
0.00
22.40
0.00
200.00

7.60
31.90
0.00
12.48
0.00

461

1
65
5
8
5

2
70
3
15

3
75
10
5

4
50
2

5
3
15
5

6
10
10
5

4
3

5
5
2
2
12
2
10
2

40

2
10
2
2
2

1
2

7
20
35
5
2
10
2
2
1
10

8
5
40
8

9
10
30
5

10
3
2
2

5
2
2
3

10
12
50
2
5
6
2
5
1
2

3
3
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

90

95

95

90

20
10
5

2
50

5
80

15
40

15
20

5
60

40

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S12GU
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: John Larson
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
P-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
B-Forb
B-Forb
P-Sedge
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

SPECIES
Festuca rubra
Andropogon gerardii
Schizachyrium scoparius
Oenothera biennis
Poa pratensis
Monarda fistulosa
Sorghastrum nutans
Monarda punctata
Cirsium arvense
Lespedeza capitata
Celastrus orbiculatus
Desmodium canadense
Erigeron strigosus
Conyza canadensis
Verbascum thapsus
Festuca elatior
Centaurea maculosa
Oxalis stricta
Artemisia vulgaris
Parthenocissus inserta
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Cirsium vulgare
Cyperus houghtonii
Daucus carota
Euphorbia maculata
Lysimachia ciliata
Vitis riparia

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
9
9
9
8
6
6
4
5
5
5
3
2
3
3
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
94

RF
9.57
9.57
9.57
8.51
6.38
6.38
4.26
5.32
5.32
5.32
3.19
2.13
3.19
3.19
2.13
2.13
2.13
2.13
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
100.00

AVG
AC
19.20
13.90
13.70
3.90
3.60
3.50
3.90
2.00
1.40
1.30
0.80
1.30
0.50
0.40
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
72.90

10
RC
26.34
19.07
18.79
5.35
4.94
4.80
5.35
2.74
1.92
1.78
1.10
1.78
0.69
0.55
0.69
0.55
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.27
100.00

IV
35.91
28.64
28.37
13.86
11.32
11.18
9.61
8.06
7.24
7.10
4.29
3.91
3.88
3.74
2.81
2.68
2.54
2.54
1.48
1.48
1.34
1.34
1.34
1.34
1.34
1.34
1.34
200.00

STD
26.89
10.59
16.92
3.57
7.60
4.58
6.84
2.62
1.71
1.49
1.62
2.83
0.85
0.70
1.08
0.84
0.67
0.67
0.95
0.95
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63

9
10
0
0
1
20

45.00
50.00
0.00
0.00
5.00
100.00

7.80
54.00
0.00
0.00
0.10
61.90

12.60
87.24
0.00
0.00
0.16
100.00

57.60
137.24
0.00
0.00
5.16
200.00

8.38
21.58
0.00
0.00
0.32

462

1
25
8
2
2
5
2
2

2
5
5
60
3
3
2
2
3
2

3
2
25
10
10
2
5

4
3
4
10
10
25
15
5
3

5
5

5
5
20
5
4

6
2
15
15
5

8
60
30
4

12

2
3

4
8
2
2
2

9
70

2
2
4
20

4
2

10
5
10
15
3

8
2

7
40
5
10

5
2
1

1
2

2
2

1
1

2
3
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

3
40

5
40

8
50

3
60

10
50

20
35

2
40

2
90

95

25
40

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S18GL
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Susan Lehnhardt
Nt/Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
Cryptogam
Tree
P-Grass
Vine
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

SPECIES
Schizachyrium scoparius
Andropogon gerardii
Lespedeza capitata
Sorghastrum nutans
Desmodium canadense
Equisetum arvense
Populus deltoides
Poa pratensis
Celastrus orbiculatus
Oenothera biennis
Solidago canadensis
Monarda punctata
Lupinus perennis
Solidago graminifolia
Monarda fistulosa
Conyza canadensis
Solidago gigantea
Solidago juncea
Euphorbia maculata
Parthenocissus inserta

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
9
7
9
6
8
2
6
1
5
4
3
3
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
76

RF
11.84
9.21
11.84
7.89
10.53
2.63
7.89
1.32
6.58
5.26
3.95
3.95
3.95
2.63
2.63
2.63
1.32
1.32
1.32
1.32
100.00

AVG
AC
24.00
20.00
11.50
10.50
3.50
11.00
2.90
8.00
0.80
1.30
2.50
1.60
1.10
0.90
0.30
0.20
0.50
0.20
0.10
0.10
101.00

10
RC
23.76
19.80
11.39
10.40
3.47
10.89
2.87
7.92
0.79
1.29
2.48
1.58
1.09
0.89
0.30
0.20
0.50
0.20
0.10
0.10
100.00

IV
35.60
29.01
23.23
18.29
13.99
13.52
10.77
9.24
7.37
6.55
6.42
5.53
5.04
3.52
2.93
2.83
1.81
1.51
1.41
1.41
200.00

STD
17.13
22.36
15.04
13.83
4.62
31.43
3.57
25.30
1.03
1.83
6.24
3.24
2.51
1.91
0.67
0.42
1.58
0.63
0.32
0.32

1
10
75

7
10
0
1
0
18

38.89
55.56
0.00
5.56
0.00
100.00

14.00
84.00
0.00
2.00
0.00
100.00

14.00
84.00
0.00
2.00
0.00
100.00

52.89
139.56
0.00
7.56
0.00
200.00

16.30
20.52
0.00
6.32
0.00

5
95

463

2
30
1
10
8

3
20
25
4
40
3

1
1
2

1
5

4
60
4
5

5
40
20
20
2

10

100
4

1
10
2
10

8
30
15
10
15

9
20
30
15
30
1

80
1

2
3
3
4
8

10
20
25
50
2

3
3

20
10

5
1

6
10
10
10
10

4
2

2
1

10
90

5
95

1
5
2
1

40
40

40
60

30
70

10
90

100

100

100

20

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S18GM
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Susan Lehnhardt
Nt/Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
Vine
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Sedge
B-Forb
B-Forb
W-Vine

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

SPECIES
Schizachyrium scoparius
Andropogon gerardii
Sorghastrum nutans
Desmodium canadense
Lespedeza capitata
Oenothera biennis
Monarda fistulosa
Conyza canadensis
Solidago rugosa
Populus deltoides
Solidago juncea
Solidago graminifolia
Monarda punctata
Erigeron strigosus
Solidago gigantea
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Celastrus orbiculatus
Oxalis stricta
Anemone cylindrica
Hypericum boreale
Festuca rubra
Artemisia vulgaris
Aster lateriflorus
Cirsium arvense
Cyperus esculentus
Daucus carota
Rudbeckia hirta
Vitis aestivalis

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Rock
Bryophyte

S:090636:120115

AF
10
9
7
7
6
7
3
4
3
3
3
1
3
3
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
87

RF
11.49
10.34
8.05
8.05
6.90
8.05
3.45
4.60
3.45
3.45
3.45
1.15
3.45
3.45
2.30
2.30
2.30
2.30
1.15
1.15
1.15
1.15
1.15
1.15
1.15
1.15
1.15
1.15
100.00

AVG
AC
28.50
18.00
8.50
4.40
4.20
2.30
2.00
0.50
1.20
1.10
0.80
2.50
0.50
0.30
0.60
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
77.50

10
RC
36.77
23.23
10.97
5.68
5.42
2.97
2.58
0.65
1.55
1.42
1.03
3.23
0.65
0.39
0.77
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.39
0.39
0.26
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
100.00

IV
48.27
33.57
19.01
13.72
12.32
11.01
6.03
5.24
5.00
4.87
4.48
4.38
4.09
3.84
3.07
2.56
2.56
2.56
1.54
1.54
1.41
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
1.28
200.00

STD
16.51
12.74
8.51
7.65
7.54
2.16
4.74
0.71
3.12
2.02
1.62
7.91
0.97
0.48
1.35
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.95
0.95
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

9
10
0
0
1
20

45.00
50.00
0.00
0.00
5.00
100.00

17.60
82.30
0.00
0.00
0.10
100.00

17.60
82.30
0.00
0.00
0.10
100.00

62.60
132.30
0.00
0.00
5.10
200.00

17.25
17.46
0.00
0.00
0.32

464

1
40
15
5
4
5

2
25
15

3
50

4
60
10

25

3
3

25
4

1
3
5

1
10

5
15
40
5
2
1
4

6
30
30
20
2
3
2

7
10
25
25

8
15
10
10
8

2
15

5
1

9
20
30
10
1
4
3

10
20
5
10
1

1
2

25
3
1

1
1

1
2

1
1

1
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

100

20
80

5
95

3
97

4
96

5
95

20
80

30
70

40
60

49
50

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S18GU
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Susan Lehnhardt
Nt/Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
Cryptogam
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

SPECIES
Schizachyrium scoparius
Desmodium canadense
Andropogon gerardii
Sorghastrum nutans
Lespedeza capitata
Oenothera biennis
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda punctata
Populus deltoides
Solidago juncea
Solidago canadensis
Equisetum arvense
Lotus corniculatus
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Poa pratensis
Lupinus perennis
Galium triflorum
Conyza canadensis
Geum canadense
Rhus typhina
Rudbeckia hirta
Solidago gigantea
Solidago rugosa

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Rock
Bryophyte

S:090636:120115

AF
10
8
8
9
8
8
5
4
3
2
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
81

RF
12.35
9.88
9.88
11.11
9.88
9.88
6.17
4.94
3.70
2.47
1.23
2.47
2.47
2.47
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
1.23
100.00

AVG
AC
32.50
19.90
18.50
10.00
9.80
2.20
1.50
0.60
1.30
0.90
2.00
0.30
0.30
0.20
1.00
0.80
0.50
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
102.90

10
RC
31.58
19.34
17.98
9.72
9.52
2.14
1.46
0.58
1.26
0.87
1.94
0.29
0.29
0.19
0.97
0.78
0.49
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
100.00

IV
43.93
29.22
27.86
20.83
19.40
12.01
7.63
5.52
4.97
3.34
3.18
2.76
2.76
2.66
2.21
2.01
1.72
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
200.00

STD
24.64
23.93
19.59
6.73
7.84
2.97
2.59
0.84
2.67
1.91
6.32
0.67
0.67
0.42
3.16
2.53
1.58
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

6
10
0
0
0
16

37.50
62.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

9.20
90.80
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

9.20
90.80
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

46.70
153.30
0.00
0.00
0.00
200.00

11.09
11.09
0.00
0.00
0.00

465

1
10

2
20

60
5
20
2
4

30
25
10
4
8
2
1
4

3
10
50
40
10
2
1
1

4
10
30
10
10

5
20
70
5
8

6
20
25

20
1

7
50
10
15
10
15
1

8
45
5
20
15
12
10

9
60
8

12
4
1

1
1
4
20
1
1

10
80
1
5
5
15
1

8
5
2
2

1
10
8

5
1
1
1
1
1
1

100

100

100

20
80

30
70

15
85

5
95

100

20
80

2
98

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S24GL
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: John Larson
Nt/Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt

Physiog
P-Forb
Cryptogam
Tree
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
Vine
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
Shrub
A-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
P-Forb
P-Grass
B-Forb
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Grass
Shrub
P-Grass
Tree
B-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb

Seeded

X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X

SPECIES
Solidago canadensis
Equisetum arvense
Populus deltoides
Schizachyrium scoparius
Lespedeza capitata
Poa pratensis
Celastrus orbiculatus
Coronilla varia
Festuca rubra
Andropogon gerardii
Monarda punctata
Rubus occidentalis
Oxalis stricta
Erechtites hieracifolia
Desmodium canadense
Vitis riparia
Artemisia vulgaris
Monarda fistulosa
Oenothera biennis
Agrostis alba
Bidens vulgata
Juncus dudleyi
Solidago gigantea
Fragaria virginiana
Plantago lanceolata
Solidago rugosa
Anemone cylindrica
Aster ericoides
Aster novae-angliae
Erigeron strigosus
Juncus effusus
Rubus allegheniensis
Sorghastrum nutans
Acer rubrum
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Daucus carota
Epilobium coloratum

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
8
6
5
4
5
6
6
2
3
3
3
3
3
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
86

RF
9.30
6.98
5.81
4.65
5.81
6.98
6.98
2.33
3.49
3.49
3.49
3.49
3.49
1.16
2.33
2.33
2.33
2.33
2.33
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
1.16
100.00

AVG
AC
18.50
18.00
14.20
10.50
6.00
4.40
2.10
6.00
3.50
3.00
1.30
0.90
0.50
2.50
0.80
0.70
0.50
0.50
0.50
1.00
1.00
0.50
0.50
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
100.10

10
RC
18.48
17.98
14.19
10.49
5.99
4.40
2.10
5.99
3.50
3.00
1.30
0.90
0.50
2.50
0.80
0.70
0.50
0.50
0.50
1.00
1.00
0.50
0.50
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
100.00

IV
27.78
24.96
20.00
15.14
11.81
11.37
9.07
8.32
6.98
6.49
4.79
4.39
3.99
3.66
3.12
3.02
2.83
2.83
2.83
2.16
2.16
1.66
1.66
1.46
1.46
1.46
1.36
1.36
1.36
1.36
1.36
1.36
1.36
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26
200.00

STD
28.12
22.88
25.03
16.74
9.15
5.91
2.51
13.50
7.96
5.37
2.58
1.66
0.85
7.91
1.75
1.64
1.08
1.08
1.08
3.16
3.16
1.58
1.58
0.95
0.95
0.95
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

4
10
0
0
14

28.57
71.43
0.00
0.00
100.00

3.10
39.00
0.00
0.00
42.10

7.36
92.64
0.00
0.00
100.00

35.93
164.07
0.00
0.00
200.00

6.21
27.06
0.00
0.00

466

2
25
70

3
8
40

4
90
10

2
20
20
8

15
2

5
3

50
25
2
2

6
4
10
5
3
2

25
8
15
2

40
25
5

8
10

2
2

2
25

3
5

8
2

8
10
20
10
4

9
40
25
40

10
5
25
75

5
3

20
2
15
3

2
5

5
2
2

2
2

3
3
10

10
5
5
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1

3
75

10

20

5
25

75

20
5

3
40

70

50

20

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S24GM
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: John Larson
Nt/Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
Tree
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

SPECIES
Lesedeza capitata
Schizachyrium scoparius
Lupinus perennis
Desmodium canadense
Andropogon gerardii
Monarda punctata
Sorghastrum nutans
Populus deltoides
Oenothera biennis
Poa pratensis
Festuca rubra
Artemisia vulgaris
Trifolium hybridum
Verbascum thapsus
Lotus corniculatus
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Anemone cylindrica
Coronilla varia
Erigeron strigosus
Conyza canadensis

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
10
10
8
9
7
5
3
2
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
70

RF
14.29
14.29
11.43
12.86
10.00
7.14
4.29
2.86
4.29
2.86
2.86
1.43
1.43
1.43
1.43
1.43
1.43
1.43
1.43
1.43
100.00

AVG
AC
28.00
23.50
8.60
6.40
8.30
3.20
2.00
2.70
0.60
1.00
0.40
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
87.40

10
RC
32.04
26.89
9.84
7.32
9.50
3.66
2.29
3.09
0.69
1.14
0.46
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.34
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.11
100.00

IV
46.32
41.17
21.27
20.18
19.50
10.80
6.57
5.95
4.97
4.00
3.31
2.00
2.00
2.00
1.77
1.66
1.66
1.66
1.66
1.54
200.00

STD
18.16
13.95
8.55
6.55
9.13
4.34
3.50
7.86
0.97
2.11
0.84
1.58
1.58
1.58
0.95
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32

1
5
45
20
2

2
8
20
25
5

3
20
40
15

10
5

10

4
25
15
5
10
5
2

25
2

5
10
0
0
0
15

33.33
66.67
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

3.60
45.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
49.10

7.33
92.67
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

40.67
159.33
0.00
0.00
0.00
200.00

6.52
21.40
0.00
0.00
0.00

10
50

467

5
40
10
5
5
30

6
25
10
3
20
5

10

7
60
10
8
15
10

8
50
30

9
35
15

3
10

2
15
2

10
12
40
5
2
8

2
5
2

2
5
2

5
5
5
3
2
2
2
2
1

20
10

2
50

2
40

50

50

75

10

2
50

70

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill -Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S24GU
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: John Larson
Nt/Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad

Physiog
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
Vine
Vine
P-Forb
P-Sedge
P-Forb
P-Grass
Tree
P-Forb

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

SPECIES
Lespedeza capitata
Schizachyrium scoparius
Andropogon gerardii
Desmodium canadense
Lupinus perennis
Festuca rubra
Monarda punctata
Cassia fasciculata
Sorghastrum nutans
Lotus corniculatus
Monarda fistulosa
Oenothera biennis
Poa pratensis
Ambrosia psilostachya
Celastrus orbiculatus
Campsis radicans
Coronilla varia
Cyperus houghtonii
Centaurea maculosa
Festuca elatior
Populus deltoides
Artemisia vulgaris

Non-vegetative ground cover


Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
10
9
10
7
9
4
5
1
3
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
76

RF
13.16
11.84
13.16
9.21
11.84
5.26
6.58
1.32
3.95
1.32
2.63
2.63
2.63
2.63
2.63
1.32
1.32
1.32
1.32
1.32
1.32
1.32
100.00

AVG
AC
24.20
21.20
10.20
10.90
6.40
4.20
1.10
4.50
1.80
3.00
0.80
0.70
0.70
0.60
0.30
0.50
0.50
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
92.60

10
RC
26.13
22.89
11.02
11.77
6.91
4.54
1.19
4.86
1.94
3.24
0.86
0.76
0.76
0.65
0.32
0.54
0.54
0.32
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.11
100.00

IV
39.29
34.74
24.17
20.98
18.75
9.80
7.77
6.18
5.89
4.56
3.50
3.39
3.39
3.28
2.96
1.86
1.86
1.64
1.53
1.53
1.53
1.42
200.00

STD
9.35
15.58
6.99
15.97
3.84
6.89
1.29
14.23
3.01
9.49
1.75
1.64
1.64
1.35
0.67
1.58
1.58
0.95
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32

1
20

10
9
0
0
0
19

52.63
47.37
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

13.90
37.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
50.90

27.31
72.69
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

79.94
120.06
0.00
0.00
0.00
200.00

17.16
27.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

10
20

468

20

2
40
40
5

15

3
25
20
8

4
25
40
5
5
5

5
25
40
10
2
8
2
3

6
30
20
10
25
5

7
10
8
5
50
5
10
3

8
12
10
25
2
8
20
1

5
30
5

9
20
30
10
15
5
10
2

10
35
4
4
10
8

45
5

2
5

5
2
4
1

5
5
3
2
2
2
1

60

5
25

10
20

10
25

20
20

15
40

2
70

2
80

5
70

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S24BL
Date: August 4, 2015
Samplers: John Larson
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
Vine
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb

Seeded
X
X
X

X
X

SPECIES
Coronilla varia
Andropogon gerardii
Ambrosia psilostachya
Schizachyrium scoparius
Poa pratensis
Lespedeza capitata
Populus deltoides
Artemisia vulgaris
Monarda fistulosa
Lotus corniculatus
Monarda punctata
Agrostis alba
Celastrus orbiculatus
Festuca rubra
Solidago graminifolia
Euphorbia maculata
Oenothera biennis

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
10
8
3
7
5
6
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
55

RF
18.18
14.55
5.45
12.73
9.09
10.91
3.64
3.64
3.64
3.64
3.64
1.82
1.82
1.82
1.82
1.82
1.82
100.00

AVG
AC
30.50
10.90
16.00
8.00
9.60
2.40
6.50
3.20
1.30
1.00
0.40
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
90.80

10
RC
33.59
12.00
17.62
8.81
10.57
2.64
7.16
3.52
1.43
1.10
0.44
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.11
0.11
100.00

IV
51.77
26.55
23.08
21.54
19.66
13.55
10.79
7.16
5.07
4.74
4.08
2.04
2.04
2.04
2.04
1.93
1.93
200.00

STD
25.11
11.76
32.04
7.53
19.93
2.80
14.15
9.44
3.20
2.54
0.84
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32

4
10
0
0
0
14

28.57
71.43
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

1.80
41.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
43.30

4.16
95.84
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

32.73
167.27
0.00
0.00
0.00
200.00

2.90
22.61
0.00
0.00
0.00

469

1
5
2
10

2
10
10
60
5
3

3
60
20

4
55
10

5
20
30

6
10
5

7
50
30

10
10
3

25

10

10
65
1

10
3

8
10

9
15

10
70
2

90

10

40
30
10

3
8

10
8
25
2

2
2

2
2
2
2
1
1

20

2
50

2
70

8
15

6
50

80

50

40

20

20

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill -Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S24BM
Date: August 4, 2015
Samplers: John Larson
Nt/Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad

Physiog
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Sedge
A-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
B-Forb
Vine
A-Grass

Seeded
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

SPECIES
Coronilla varia
Monarda punctata
Andropogon gerardii
Lespedeza capitata
Desmodium canadense
Sorghastrum nutans
Ambrosia psilostachya
Poa pratensis
Lupinus perennis
Festuca rubra
Euphorbia maculata
Centaurea maculosa
Oenothera biennis
Monarda fistulosa
Cyperus houghtonii
Erigeron strigosus
Solidago juncea
Vitis riparia
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Celastrus orbiculatus
Setaria pumila

Non-vegetative ground cover


Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
10
10
7
8
5
5
4
5
4
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
75

RF
13.33
13.33
9.33
10.67
6.67
6.67
5.33
6.67
5.33
4.00
2.67
2.67
2.67
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
100.00

AVG
AC
27.30
24.80
5.60
3.80
6.40
5.50
6.30
2.70
2.00
1.70
1.60
1.40
0.30
1.00
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
91.50

10
RC
29.84
27.10
6.12
4.15
6.99
6.01
6.89
2.95
2.19
1.86
1.75
1.53
0.33
1.09
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.11
0.11
0.11
100.00

IV
43.17
40.44
15.45
14.82
13.66
12.68
12.22
9.62
7.52
5.86
4.42
4.20
2.99
2.43
1.55
1.55
1.55
1.55
1.44
1.44
1.44
200.00

STD
24.58
13.80
5.40
2.86
10.27
5.99
10.34
3.43
3.30
3.33
4.72
3.78
0.67
3.16
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32

1
15
25
5
5
2

2
5
25
10
4
15

25

10
1
3

9
10
0
0
0
19

47.37
52.63
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

7.40
37.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
44.40

16.67
83.33
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

64.04
135.96
0.00
0.00
0.00
200.00

5.56
26.48
0.00
0.00
0.00

10
25

470

3
30
30
15
5

10
1
2

4
5
20
10
5
2
10
25
5

5
15
15
5
3
30
10

6
80
8
1
10

7
40
5

8
8
50

9
20
40

3
15
10

8
2

2
15

10
3
8
10
5

10
55
30
10
3

15
5
5

12
1

2
10
2
2
2
2
1

1
1

2
75

15
10

8
10

2
20

70

10
75

15
40

10
20

2
25

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S24BU
Date: August 4, 2015
Samplers: John Price
Nt/Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt

Physiog
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
B-Forb
A-Grass
P-Grass

Seeded

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

SPECIES
Ambrosia psilostachya
Coronilla varia
Schizachyrium scoparius
Lespedeza capitata
Andropogon gerardii
Festuca rubra
Desmodium canadense
Monarda punctata
Sorghastrum nutans
Lotus corniculatus
Lupinus perennis
Festuca elatior
Monarda fistulosa
Oenothera biennis
Setaria pumila
Sporobolus vaginiflorus

Non-vegetative ground
cover
Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock

S:090636:120115

AF
9
8
7
8
7
6
5
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
63

RF
14.29
12.70
11.11
12.70
11.11
9.52
7.94
6.35
3.17
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
1.59
100.00

AVG
AC
42.20
26.80
9.00
4.30
2.40
3.50
4.50
1.00
0.70
1.20
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
96.70

10
RC
43.64
27.71
9.31
4.45
2.48
3.62
4.65
1.03
0.72
1.24
0.31
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.10
0.10
100.00

IV
57.93
40.41
20.42
17.15
13.59
13.14
12.59
7.38
3.90
2.83
1.90
1.79
1.79
1.79
1.69
1.69
200.00

STD
33.73
35.12
10.97
3.86
2.22
3.89
6.15
1.63
1.49
3.79
0.95
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32

1
4
90

8
10
1
0
1
20

40.00
50.00
5.00
0.00
5.00
100.00

7.60
29.00
0.20
0.00
0.10
36.90

20.60
78.59
0.54
0.00
0.27
100.00

60.60
128.59
5.54
0.00
5.27
200.00

9.63
22.95
0.63
0.00
0.32

2
10

471

3
1

2
70
4
1
1
3
2
5

3
40
3
20
10
5
5
15
2
3

4
90
10
2
3

5
50
25
8
4
4
8
2

6
75
10
8
10
5
10

7
90

8
20
35
10

9
70
5
8
5
10

10
3
5
35
5
3

15
1
4

12
3
2
2
2
1
1

25
5

10
25

20

5
15

2
45

25

5
80

2
50

25
15
2
1

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment 10. Species Search Data


Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data
Plot: TP N12 G
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Steven Apfelbaum
Scientific Name
Agropyron repens
Agrostis alba
Andropogon gerardii
Anemone cylindrica
Artemisia vulgaris
Asclepias syriaca
Celastrus orbiculatus
Cenchrus longispinus
Cirsium arvense
Conyza canadensis
Coronilla varia
Cyperus strigosus
Daucus carota
Equisetum arvense
Erigeron annuus
Lespedeza capitata
Lotus corniculatus
Malus floribunda
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda punctata
Oenothera biennis
Phleum pratense
Poa pratensis
Populus deltoides
Rudbeckia hirta
Schizachyrium scoparius
Setaria faberi
Solidago altissima
Solidago gigantea
Sorghastrum nutans
Tanacetum vulgare
Trifolium arvense

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Quack grass
Redtop
Big bluestem
Thimbleweed
Mugwort
Common milkweed
Oriental bittersweet
Field sandbur
Canada thistle
Horseweed
Crown vetch
Straw-colored flat sedge
Queen-Anne's-lace
Field horsetail
Annaul fleabane
Bush-clover
Bird's foot trefoil
Japanese flowering crab apple
Wild bergamot
Dotted horsemint
Common evening primrose
Timothy
Kentucky bluegrass
Cottonwood
Black-eyed Susan
Little bluestem
Japanese bristle grass
Tall goldenrod
Late goldenrod
Indian grass
Tansy
Rabbit foot clover

Family
Classification
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Ranunculaceae
Asteraceae
Asclepiadaceae
Celastraceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Cyperaceae
Apiaceae
Equisetaceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Rosaceae
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
Onagraceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Salicaceae
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae

Physiognomy
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
A-Grass
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Sedge
B-Forb
Cryptogam
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
Tree
B-Forb
P-Grass
A-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
A-Forb

472

Native/
Adventive
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad

Wetland
Classification
FACU
FACW
FACU
UPL
UPL
UPL
UPL
UPL
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACW
UPL
FAC
FAC
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACW
FACU
FACU
UPL

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species

X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

13
0
No. Species
32
18
14
0

Percent
100.0%
56.3%
43.8%
0.0%

8
9
4

25.0%
28.1%
12.5%

12
2
4
0
7
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1

37.5%
6.3%
12.5%
0.0%
21.9%
6.3%
0.0%
3.1%
0.0%
3.1%
6.3%
0.0%
3.1%

5
10

15.6%
31.3%
0.0%

10
16
3
3
0
0
6

31.3%
50.0%
9.4%
9.4%
0.0%
0.0%
18.8%

473

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP R12 G
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Steven Apfelbaum

Scientific Name
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Andropogon gerardii
Artemisia vulgaris
Centaurea maculosa
Cirsium arvense
Conyza canadensis
Coronilla varia
Desmodium canadense
Erigeron annuus
Lactuca serriola
Lespedeza capitata
Lonicera tatarica
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda punctata
Panicum virgatum
Populus deltoides
Schizachyrium scoparius
Setaria faberi
Solidago juncea
Verbascum thapsus
Vitis riparia

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Ragweed
Big bluestem
Mugwort
Spotted knapweed
Canada thistle
Horseweed
Crown vetch
Giant tick clover
Daisy flea-bane
Prickly lettuce
Bush-clover
Tartarian honeysuckle
Wild bergamot
Dotted horsemint
Switchgrass
Cottonwood
Little bluestem
Japanese bristle grass
Early goldenrod
Mullein
Riverbank grape

Family
Classification
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
Poaceae
Salicaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Scrophulariaceae
Vitaceae

Physiognomy
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
Tree
P-Grass
A-Grass
P-Forb
B-Forb
Vine

474

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FACU
FACU
UPL
UPL
FACU
FACU
UPL
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
UPL
FAC
FAC
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
FAC

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

8
0
No. Species
21
13
8
0

Percent
100.0%
61.9%
38.1%
0.0%

8
4
3

38.1%
19.0%
14.3%

9
3
2
0
3
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1

42.9%
14.3%
9.5%
0.0%
14.3%
4.8%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
4.8%
4.8%
4.8%

2
5
0

9.5%
23.8%
0.0%

5
12
4
0
0
0
4

23.8%
57.1%
19.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
19.0%

475

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S12 G
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Steven Apfelbaum
Scientific Name
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Andropogon gerardii
Anemone cylindrica
Artemisia vulgaris
Asclepias syriaca
Aster lanceolatus
Bidens frondosa
Celastrus orbiculatus
Centaurea maculosa
Cirsium arvense
Cirsium vulgare
Conyza canadensis
Coronilla varia
Dactylis glomerata
Daucus carota
Desmodium canadense
Elymus virginicus
Festuca ovina
Festuca rubra
Hypericum perforatum
Lonicera tatarica
Lupinus perennis
Melilotus alba
Melilotus officinalis
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda punctata
Oenothera biennis
Panicum virgatum
Phragmites australis
Poa pratensis
Polygonum pensylvanicum
Populus deltoides
Prunus serotina
Rhus typhina
Robinia pseudoacacia
Rudbeckia hirta
Rumex crispus
Schizachyrium scoparius
Setaria pumila
Solidago canadensis
Solidago gigantea
Solidago juncea
Solidago nemoralis
Solidago rugosa
Sorghastrum nutans
Taraxacum officinale
Verbascum thapsus

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Ragweed
Big bluestem
Thimbleweed
Mugwort
Common milkweed
Panicled aster
Beggar-ticks
Oriental bittersweet
Spotted knapweed
Canada thistle
Bull-thistle
Horseweed
Crown vetch
Orchard grass
Queen-Anne's-lace
Giant tick clover
Virginia wild rye
Sheep fescue
Red fescue
Common St. John's-wort
Tartarian honeysuckle
Wild lupine
White sweet clover
Yellow melilotus
Wild bergamot
Dotted horsemint
Common evening-primrose
Switchgrass
Common reed
Kentucky bluegrass
Pinkweed
Cottonwood
Black cherry
Staghorn sumac
Black locust
Black-eyed Susan
Curly dock
Little bluestem
Foxtail
Canadian goldenrod
Late goldenrod
Early goldenrod
Rough goldenrod
Tall-hairy goldenrod
Indian grass
Common dandelion
Mullein

Family
Classification
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Ranunculaceae
Asteraceae
Asclepiadaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Celastraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Apiaceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Clusiaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
Onagraceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Polygonaceae
Salicaceae
Rosaceae
Anacardiaceae
Fabaceae
Asteraceae
Polygonaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Scrophulariaceae

Physiognomy
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
Vine
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
Shrub
P-Forb
B-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
Tree
Tree
Tree
Tree
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
A-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
B-Forb

476

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad

Wetland
lassification
FACU
FACU
UPL
UPL
UPL
OBL
FACW
UPL
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
UPL
FAC
FACW
UPL
FACU
UPL
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
FAC
FACW
FACU
FACW
FAC
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACW
UPL
UPL
FAC
FACU
FACU
UPL

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species

X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Scientific Name
Vitis riparia

Common Name
Riverbank grape
Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

Family
Classification
Vitaceae

Physiognomy
Vine

17
0
No. Species
48
27
21
0

Percent
100.0%
56.3%
43.8%
0.0%

15
11
6

31.3%
22.9%
12.5%

20
4
7
0
9
1
0
0
0
4
1
2

41.7%
8.3%
14.6%
0.0%
18.8%
2.1%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
8.3%
2.1%
4.2%

6
13
0

12.5%
27.1%
0.0%

15
20
7
5
1
0
13

31.3%
41.7%
14.6%
10.4%
2.1%
0.0%
27.1%

477

Native/
Adventive
Nt

Wetland
lassification
FAC

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N18 G
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Steven Apfelbaum

Scientific Name
Agrostis alba
Andropogon gerardii
Cassia fasciculata
Coreopsis lanceolata
Desmodium canadense
Echinochloa crusgalli
Festuca ovina
Hypericum perforatum
Lespedeza capitata
Lupinus perennis
Monarda punctata
Pastinaca sativa
Pinus rigida
Populus deltoides
Quercus ilicifolia
Robinia pseudoacacia
Rudbeckia hirta
Schizachyrium scoparius
Solidago juncea

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Redtop
Big bluestem
Partridge pea
Coreopsis
Giant tick clover
Japanese millet
Sheep fescue
Common St. John's wort
Bush-clover
Wild lupine
Dotted horsemint
Wild parsnip
Pitch pine
Cottonwood
Scrub oak
Black locust
Black-eyed Susan
Little bluestem
Early goldenrod

Family
Classification
Poaceae
Poaceae
Fabaceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Clusiaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Lamiaceae
Apiaceae
Pinaceae
Salicaceae
Fagaceae
Fabaceae
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae

Physiognomy
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
Tree
Tree
Tree
Tree
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb

478

Native/
Adventive
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
lassification
FACW
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
FAC
UPL
UPL
FACU
UPL
UPL
UPL
FACU
FAC
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
UPL

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X

Review List: G5 S3S4


X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

9
0
No. Species
19
12
7
0

Percent
100.0%
63.2%
36.8%
0.0%

3
5
5

15.8%
26.3%
26.3%

8
1
2
0
3
1
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
19
4
9
1

42.1%
5.3%
10.5%
0.0%
15.8%
5.3%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
21.1%
0.0%
0.0%

7
8
3
1
0
0
4

36.8%
42.1%
15.8%
5.3%
0.0%
0.0%
21.1%

21.1%
47.4%
5.3%

479

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP R18G
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Steven Apfelbaum
Scientific Name
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Andropogon gerardii
Artemisia vulgaris
Asclepias syriaca
Berteroa incana
Centaurea maculosa
Cirsium arvense
Desmodium canadense
Festuca ovina
Lespedeza capitata
Melilotus officinalis
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda punctata
Morus alba
Oenothera biennis
Populus deltoides
Schizachyrium scoparius
Solidago juncea
Solidago rugosa
Sorghastrum nutans
Vitis riparia

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Ragweed
Big bluestem
Mugwort
Common milkweed
Hoary alysum
Spotted knapweed
Canada thistle
Giant tick clover
Sheep fescue
Bush-clover
Yellow melilotus
Wild bergamot
Dotted horsemint
White mulberry
Common evening primrose
Cottonwood
Little bluestem
Early goldenrod
Tall-hairy goldenrod
Indian grass
Riverbank grape

Family
Classification
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asclepiadaceae
Brassicaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
Moraceae
Onagraceae
Salicaceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Vitaceae

Physiognomy
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
B-Forb
Tree
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
W-Vine

480

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FACU
FACU
UPL
UPL
UPL
UPL
FACU
FAC
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACU
UPL
FAC
FACU
FAC

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

10
0
No. Species
21
14
7
0

Percent
100.0%
66.7%
33.3%
0.0%

6
4
3

28.6%
19.0%
14.3%

11
2
2
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
1

52.4%
9.5%
9.5%
0.0%
14.3%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
9.5%
0.0%
4.8%

4
4
0

19.0%
19.0%
0.0%

7
10
4
0
0
0
4

33.3%
47.6%
19.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
19.0%

481

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S18 G
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Steven Apfelbaum
Scientific Name
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Anemone cylindrica
Centaurea maculosa
Coronilla varia
Desmodium canadense
Equisetum arvense
Erigeron annuus
Euphorbia maculata
Hypericum perforatum
Lespedeza capitata
Lonicera tatarica
Lotus corniculatus
Monarda fistulosa
Oenothera biennis
Phragmites australis
Poa pratensis
Populus deltoides
Robinia pseudoacacia
Schizachyrium scoparius
Setaria verticillata
Solidago altissima
Solidago gigantea
Solidago graminifolia
Solidago juncea
Solidago rugosa
Verbascum thapsus

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Ragweed
Thimbleweed
Spotted knapweed
Crown vetch
Giant tick clover
Field horsetail
Daisy fleabane
Eyebane
Common St. John's wort
Bush-clover
Tartarian honeysuckle
Bird's-foot trefoil
Wild bergamot
Common evening-primrose
Common reed
Kentucky bluegrass
Cottonwood
Black locust
Little bluestem
Bristly foxtail
Tall goldenrod
Late goldenrod
Common grass-leaved goldenrod
Early goldenrod
Tall-hairy goldenrod
Mullein

Family
Classification
Asteraceae
Ranunculaceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Equisetaceae
Asteraceae
Euphorbiaceae
Clusiaceae
Fabaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Fabaceae
Lamiaceae
Onagraceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Salicaceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Scrophulariaceae

Physiognomy
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Cryptogam
A-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
Tree
Tree
P-Grass
A-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb

482

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad

Wetland
lassification
FACU
UPL
UPL
UPL
FAC
FAC
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACW
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACW
FACW
UPL
FAC
UPL

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species

X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

12
0
No. Species
26
16
10
0

Percent
100.0%
61.5%
38.5%
0.0%

8
4
5

30.8%
15.4%
19.2%

13
3
2
0
3
1
0
0
0
1
2
1
0

50.0%
11.5%
7.7%
0.0%
11.5%
3.8%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
3.8%
7.7%
3.8%
0.0%

3
7
0

11.5%
26.9%
0.0%

6
13
4
3
0
0
7

23.1%
50.0%
15.4%
11.5%
0.0%
0.0%
26.9%

483

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N24G
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Steven Apfelbaum
Scientific Name
Agrostis alba
Andropogon gerardii
Aronia melanocarpa
Cassia fasciculata
Cenchrus longispinus
Cichorium intybus
Coreopsis lanceolata
Coronilla varia
Desmodium canadense
Festuca ovina
Hypericum perforatum
Lespedeza capitata
Lupinus perennis
Pinus rigida
Poa pratensis
Populus deltoides
Rudbeckia hirta
Salix humilis
Schizachyrium scoparius
Solidago juncea
Taraxacum officinale
Verbascum thapsus
Vitis riparia

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Redtop
Big bluestem
Black chokeberry
Partridge pea
Field sandbur
Chicory
Coreopsis
Crown vetch
Giant tick clover
Sheep fescue
Common St. John's wort
Bush-clover
Wild lupine
Pitch pine
Kentucky bluegrass
Cottonwood
Black-eyed Susan
Prairie willow
Little bluestem
Early goldenrod
Common dandelion
Mullein
Riverbank grape

Family
Classification
Poaceae
Poaceae
Rosaceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Clusiaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Pinaceae
Poaceae
Salicaceae
Asteraceae
Salicaceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Scrophulariaceae
Vitaceae

Physiognomy
P-Grass
P-Grass
Shrub
A-Forb
A-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
P-Grass
Tree
B-Forb
Shrub
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
W-Vine

484

Native/
Adventive
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FACW
FACU
FAC
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
UPL
FAC
UPL
UPL
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
UPL
FAC

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X
X

Review List: G5 S3S4


X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

9
0
No. Species
23
14
9
0

Percent
100.0%
60.9%
39.1%
0.0%

5
6
5

21.7%
26.1%
21.7%

10
1
2
0
4
1
0
0
0
0
2
2
1

43.5%
4.3%
8.7%
0.0%
17.4%
4.3%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
8.7%
8.7%
4.3%

2
9
1

8.7%
39.1%
4.3%

7
11
4
1
0
0
5

30.4%
47.8%
17.4%
4.3%
0.0%
0.0%
21.7%

485

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP R24 G
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Steven Apfelbaum
Scientific Name
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Ambrosia psilostachya
Andropogon gerardii
Centaurea maculosa
Convolvulus sepium
Desmodium canadense
Lespedeza capitata
Lotus corniculatus
Lupinus perennis
Medicago sativa
Monarda punctata
Panicum virgatum
Poa pratensis
Schizachyrium scoparius

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Ragweed
Western ragweed
Big bluestem
Spotted knapweed
Hedge bindweed
Giant tick clover
Bush-clover
Bird's-foot trefoil
Wild lupine
Alfalfa
Dotted horsemint
Switchgrass
Kentucky bluegrass
Little bluestem

Family
Classification
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Convolvulaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Lamiaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae

Physiognomy
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass

486

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FACU
FAC
FACU
UPL
FAC
FAC
FACU
FACU
UPL
UPL
UPL
FAC
FACU
FACU

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X

X
X

X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

5
0
No. Species
14
9
5
0

Percent
100.0%
64.3%
35.7%
0.0%

3
4
5

21.4%
28.6%
35.7%

9
1
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

64.3%
7.1%
0.0%
0.0%
28.6%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%

3
6
0

21.4%
42.9%
0.0%

4
6
4
0
0
0
4

28.6%
42.9%
28.6%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
28.6%

487

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S24 GU
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Steven Apfelbaum
Scientific Name
Andropogon gerardii
Artemisia vulgaris
Asclepias syriaca
Centaurea maculosa
Ceonothus americana
Coronilla varia
Desmodium canadense
Festuca ovina
Lespedeza capitata
Lotus corniculatus
Lupinus perennis
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda punctata
Oenothera biennis
Pinus rigida
Populus deltoides
Robinia pseudoacacia
Schizachyrium scoparius
Sorghastrum nutans

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Big bluestem
Mugwort
Common milkweed
Spotted knapweed
New Jersey tea
Crown vetch
Giant tick clover
Sheep fescue
Bush-clover
Bird's-foot trefoil
Wild lupine
Wild bergamot
Dotted horsemint
Common evening-primrose
Pitch pine
Cottonwood
Black locust
Little bluestem
Indian grass

Family
Classification
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asclepiadaceae
Asteraceae
Rhamnaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
Onagraceae
Pinaceae
Salicaceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae

Physiognomy
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
Tree
Tree
Tree
P-Grass
P-Grass

488

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FACU
UPL
UPL
UPL
UPL
UPL
FAC
UPL
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACU

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X

X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

9
0
No. Species
19
13
6
0

Percent
100.0%
68.4%
31.6%
0.0%

2
4
6

10.5%
21.1%
31.6%

11
0
1
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
3
1
0

57.9%
0.0%
5.3%
0.0%
15.8%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
15.8%
5.3%
0.0%

5
12
0

26.3%
63.2%
0.0%

8
9
2
0
0
0
2

42.1%
47.4%
10.5%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
10.5%

489

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N24 B
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Steven Apfelbaum
Scientific Name
Ambrosia psilostachya
Andropogon gerardii
Artemisia vulgaris
Cassia fasciculata
Coronilla varia
Desmodium canadense
Festuca ovina
Lespedeza capitata
Lupinus perennis
Panicum virgatum
Robinia pseudoacacia
Schizachyrium scoparius
Trifolium arvense
Trifolium hybridum
Trifolium pratense
Trifolium repens

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Western ragweed
Big bluestem
Mugwort
Partridge pea
Crown vetch
Giant tick clover
Sheep fescue
Bush-clover
Wild lupine
Switchgrass
Black locust
Little bluestem
Rabbit foot clover
Alsike clover
Red clover
White clover

Family
Classification
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae

Physiognomy
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
Tree
P-Grass
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb

490

Native/
Adventive
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad

Wetland
Classification
FAC
FACU
UPL
FACU
UPL
FAC
UPL
FACU
UPL
FAC
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X

Review List: G5 S3S4


X
X
X

X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

3
0
No. Species
16
7
9
0

Percent
100.0%
43.8%
56.3%
0.0%

2
4
10

12.5%
25.0%
62.5%

10
2
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

62.5%
12.5%
0.0%
0.0%
18.8%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
6.3%
0.0%
0.0%

2
5
1

12.5%
31.3%
6.3%

5
8
3
0
0
0
3

31.3%
50.0%
18.8%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
18.8%

491

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP N12GL
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Steven Apfelbaum
Scientific Name
Ambrosia psilostachya
Andropogon gerardii
Artemisia vulgaris
Desmodium canadense
Elymus villosus
Equisetum arvense
Festuca ovina
Lespedeza capitata
Lotus corniculatus
Lupinus perennis
Medicago lupulina
Monarda fistulosa
Oenothera biennis
Panicum virgatum
Poa pratensis
Schizachyrium scoparius
Solidago gigantea
Solidago juncea

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Western ragweed
Big bluestem
Mugwort
Giant tick clover
Silky wild rye
Field horsetail
Sheep fescue
Bush-clover
Bird's-foot trefoil
Wild lupine
Black medick
Wild bergamot
Common evening primrose
Switchgrass
Kentucky bluegrass
Little bluestem
Late goldenrod
Early goldenrod

Family
Classification
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Equisetaceae
Poaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Lamiaceae
Onagraceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae

Physiognomy
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
Cryptogam
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb

492

Native/
Adventive
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FAC
FACU
UPL
FAC
FACU
FAC
UPL
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACW
UPL

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X
X

X
X

X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

6
0
No. Species
18
12
6
0

Percent
100.0%
66.7%
33.3%
0.0%

4
6
5

22.2%
33.3%
27.8%

11
0
1
0
5
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

61.1%
0.0%
5.6%
0.0%
27.8%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
5.6%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%

3
7

16.7%
38.9%
0.0%

4
9
4
1
0
0
5

22.2%
50.0%
22.2%
5.6%
0.0%
0.0%
27.8%

493

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - Test Plot Data


Plot: TP S24 BL
Date: August 3, 2015
Samplers: Steven Apfelbaum
Scientific Name
Ambrosia psilostachya
Berteroa incana
Centaurea maculosa
Coronilla varia
Desmodium canadense
Equisetum arvense
Erigeron annuus
Festuca ovina
Lespedeza capitata
Lotus corniculatus
Lupinus perennis
Oenothera biennis
Panicum virgatum
Poa pratensis
Populus deltoides
Robinia pseudoacacia
Schizachyrium scoparius
Solidago gigantea
Solidago graminifolia
Vitis riparia

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Western ragweed
Hoary alyssum
Spotted knapweed
Crown vetch
Giant tick clover
Field horsetail
Daisy flea-bane
Sheep fescue
Bush-clover
Bird's-foot trefoil
Wild lupine
Common evening-primrose
Switchgrass
Kentucky bluegrass
Cottonwood
Black locust
Little bluestem
Late goldenrod
Common grass-leaved goldenrod
Riverbank grape

Family
Classification
Asteraceae
Brassicaceae
Asteraceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Equisetaceae
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Onagraceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Salicaceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Vitaceae

Physiognomy
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Cryptogam
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
Tree
Tree
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine

494

Native/
Adventive
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FAC
UPL
UPL
UPL
FAC
FAC
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
FAC
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACW
FACW
FAC

Rare Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species

X
X

X
X

X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

8
0
No. Species
20

Percent
100.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%

5
4
6

25.0%
20.0%
30.0%

10
2
1
0
3
0
0
0
0
1
2
0
1

50.0%
10.0%
5.0%
0.0%
15.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
5.0%
10.0%
0.0%
5.0%

2
5

10.0%
25.0%
0.0%

5
7
6
2
0
0
8

25.0%
35.0%
30.0%
10.0%
0.0%
0.0%
40.0%

495

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment 11. Test Plot Photos

Test Plot N12GL

Test Plot N12GM

Test Plot N12GU

Test Plot R12GN

Test Plot R12GS

Test Plot S12GL

Test Plot S12GM

Test Plot S12GU

S:090636:120115

496

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Test Plot N18GL

Test Plot N18GM

Test Plot N18GU

Test Plot R18GN

Test Plot R18GS

Test Plot S18GL

Test Plot S18GM

Test Plot S18GU

S:090636:120115

497

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Test Plot N24GL

Test Plot N24GM

Test Plot N24GU

Test Plot R24GN

Test Plot R24GS

Test Plot S24GU

Test Plot S24GM

Test Plot S24GL

S:090636:120115

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Test Plot N24BL

Test Plot N24BM

Test Plot N24BU

Test Plot R24BN

Test Plot R24BS

Test Plot S24BU

Test Plot S24BM

Test Plot S24BL

S:090636:120115

499

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment F. Phase II Wetland & Stream Enhancement


Compliance Report
Albany Rapp Road Landfill
Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
City of Albany, New York
Introduction
The 2015 Work Plan called for several wetland enhancement activities designed to hasten the
establishment of the created wetlands. These activities were to include a sand amendment to
improve hydrological performance in selected areas of the Phase II Forested Wetland Community,
regrading of the pump station wetland area to achieve more consistent wetland hydrology, and
removal of the construction access roads. The 2015 Work Plan also included the repair and
modification of the log vanes within the relocated stream in Phase II and the down-stream ditched
channel to raise the stream bed elevation and deactivate the tile drains.
Some of these tasks were on hold during 2015 as the Biological Opinion was being revised to more
accurately account for all the restoration activities. The Biological Opinion was issued on August 26,
2015, which allowed for some of the sand amendments and some of the road removal.
Vernal Pond Sphagnum Moss Establishment
During 2013, Sphagnum moss was introduced into the Vernal Pond. This planting activity was to
occur in two applications. Due to abnormally high levels of precipitation and prolonged high water
levels in the vernal pond, conditions were not favorable for the second application of sphagnum
propagules in 2013. These conditions persisted in 2014 until the fall when drier weather caused the
draw-down of the aquifer and portions of the vernal pond bed were exposed. The second
preparation and application of sphagnum moss occurred on October 10 and 15, 2014, following the
same specifications that were developed for the 2013 planting activity for the June/July collection
period. The activity for 2015 involved monitoring for Sphagnum growth with consideration of a
third application should ideal conditions occur, using methods detailed in the work plan. The
introduction of Sphagnum is a goal but not a requirement of the Restoration Plan. The application
effort for this activity is not significant but establishment can be difficult if the right conditions do
not persist.
Soil Amendment Using a Hydrophilic Polyacrylamide (PAM) for High-Infiltration Underperforming Sands in the
Forested Wetland Zone
Some areas within the Phase II forested wetland zone are not establishing wetland vegetation at the
densities found in other highly productive areas along the stream corridors. The slow establishment

S:090636:120115

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

is attributed to the absence of the final organic hydric soil top-dressing of the clean sand substrates
that was applied during construction to other successfully established and hydrologically performing
forested wetland settings in Phase II. It was determined that a cost effective, low-impact soil
amendment, which would function similarly to an organic soil layer would help to hold moisture in
the rooting zone and thus accelerate establishment of the hydrophytic vegetation. A plan was
developed using a specific formulation of PAM in combination with bentonite clay to enhance and
sustain the wetting-up of these otherwise well drained sand soils (see associated graphic in
Attachment 1. 2015 PAM & Bentonite Application Area, Sheet WD-2). Consultation during the
2014 growing season with the US Fish and Wildlife Service, and other members of the Interagency
Habitat Management Team determined the limits of PAM and bentonite application onsite where
lupine populations have begun to develop in transitional wetland areas.
This consultation led to a revision of the Biological Assessment to address wetland establishment
within areas now containing lupine but intended to be wetland, among other outstanding
management issues that were not completely addressed in the original Biological Opinion (BO). A
revised BO was received from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) on August 26, 2015.
Pump Station Grading
During 2013, the pump station area of the Phase II restoration was re-graded in accordance with the plans
provided in the 2013 Work Plan. This work was conducted to lower the elevation of this area to achieve
better hydrology in support of wetland vegetation. The elevations chosen for this area were also reflective of
the need to protect the structural integrity of the pump station. Upon completion of grading, the area was
planted and seeded with wetland species. This area continued to have a gentle slope from the pump station
to the relocated stream and as a result, runoff from the surrounding areas, including the road to the pump
station, caused minor erosion and gullying. In order to control this condition and to support the retention of
water in this area as a supplement to the PAM application, the incorporation of small depressions and swales
was proposed in the 2014 Work Plan. During initiation of this work, it was determined that the groundwater
table could not be intersected with the shallow excavations. Several deeper test pits were advanced to better
understand the depth to groundwater. It was finally determined that the effort to just capture surface water
and improve water holding capacity in the soil would not generate reliable results and more extensive grading
would be necessary to achieve the appropriate wetland elevations. As a result, the following plans
(Attachment 2. Phase II Pump Station Re-Grading Plan (Sheet C-105)) were developed to cut the site
down to grades that will be supported by groundwater.

Construction Access Road Removal


Due to the close proximity of the road to occupied KBB habitat, the road could not be removed
until the new BO was issued. As a result, road removal was initiated but could not be completed
this year according to plan (Attachment 3. Phase II Overall Roadway Removal Plan, Sheet C-101,
and Phase II Enlarged Roadway Removal & Details, Sheet C-102). It was decided that late season
removal of the stream culverts would not allow time for cover crop establishment and would
therefore increase the potential for erosion. Road removal will resume in 2016.

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Log Vane Repair/Modification


Log vanes occur in both the relocated stream in the Phase II Restoration area and in the ditched
stream located in the Phase III Restoration area. Within Phase II, the log vanes were installed to
prevent continued down-cutting of the erodible sand bed, which could lead to dewatering of the
adjacent, created wetland areas. Three of the five log vanes have failed and are either being
undermined or bypassed (around the ends). All three require repair (see plans in Attachment 4.
Revised Log Vane Details, Sheets C-103 and C-104). In Phase III, the log vanes are more elaborate
structures designed to create a damming effect that will create a backwater and eventually backfill
with sediment. The purpose of this structure is to raise the bed of the ditched stream to an
elevation that will deactivate the agricultural tile drains running all along this stream and dewatering
the wetland. The existing log vanes have performed as intended and have raised the stream bed.
However, another layer of logs is required to raise the bed higher to have an effect on the tile drains.
Work Activity
Vernal Pond Sphagnum Moss Establishment
A third application of sphagnum was not carried out in 2015 due to unsuitable conditions during the growing
season. Other attempts may be proposed in future years based on monitoring of conditions conducive to
sphagnum establishment. During 2015, a dense mat of coons tail (Ceratophyllum demersum), a submersed aquatic
macrophyte of nutrient rich ponds, lakes, and quiet streams, developed across the vernal pond. This is a
remarkable development as this species was not reported in this location in last seasons transect (DS-3) or
species search data, although it may have been present but not detectable at that time. Its accelerated growth
may be explained by the advanced decomposition of the coarse woody mulch that was applied to raise the
bottom elevation of the vernal pond in 2013. Coons tail, like other similar submersed macrophytes, has
demonstrated allelopathic properties (inhibitory plant extracts), which, along with its dense growth habit,
allows it to outcompete other types of aquatic vegetation (Gross et al. 2003). Its presence may represent an
early and even protracted phase in the development of the vernal pond substrates, while nutrient levels
remain high.

Soil Amendment Using a Hydrophilic Polyacrylamide (PAM) for High-Infiltration Underperforming Sands in the
Forested Wetland Zone
PAM and bentonite were applied to the specific wetland creation areas agreed to in the BO and as
shown on the attached figure (Attachment 1. 2015 PAM & Bentonite Application Area, Sheet WD2). PAM and bentonite were not applied to the pump station area wetland. The newly excavated
wetland, as described below in the Pump Station Grading section, has appropriate elevations and
topsoil cover to promote the establishment of hydrophytes.
Initial application of PAM occurred in early April, using a walk-behind rotary spreader, immediately
followed by hand-seeding of the Phase II Forested Wetland seed mix. Follow-up bentonite

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application took place in June, allowing the PAM adequate time to bind to the soil profile. After
approval of the revised BO in September, PAM was applied in the low-density lupine area
surrounding the eastern half of the dune, followed by seeding and bentonite application in late
October. Amendment to the former logging road will occur in 2016 after the crushed stone
removal is completed.
Regular monitoring of the PAM/bentonite areas took place throughout 2015, which included
surface inspections, visual soil profile inspections, and vegetative response observations. Addressing
initial concerns that macroinvertebrates would be caught in sticky traps of PAM or bentonite
following application, care was taken to search for such evidence and none was observed.
Post-application visual inspections revealed quick dissipation in the case of bentonite, with no
surface evidence of particles 72 hours after the first rain event. Larger PAM particles were observed
at various stages of dissolution over a 6-8 week period after initial application, while the majority of
smaller particles dissolved into the soil profile after the first few rain events. Both amendments were
applied in dry conditions and no evidence was found of the dissolving material either clinging to
vegetation or trapping macroinvertebrates.
The vegetative response of areas treated in the spring was visually evident. The vigor of commonly
established mesic plants, such as tall goldenrod (Solidago altissima) was increased in a manner
consistent with elevated moisture and nutrient availability, in what was a year of low precipitation.
An abundance of wetland germinants were also observed, indicating positive overall response to the
amendment and enhancement seeding activities. Further observation will be necessary in 2016 to
support initial conclusions.
Pump Station Grading
The area was excavated as designed in
the spring of 2015 (Attachment 2. Phase
II Pump Station Re-Grading Plan, Sheet
C-105). In addition, small vernal pools
were excavated throughout the
mitigation wetland to provide relief and
habitat. Trees and shrubs that were
previously planted in this area were
salvaged during early spring and
replanted in the current wetland area.
The area was seeded with native wetland
species collected locally for the
restoration effort. Based on initial

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observations of this area, the elevations appear to be suitable for the establishment of the desired
forested wetland community. The vernal pools remained ponded during the spring but dried up in
the summer, as anticipated.
Construction Access Road Removal
Approximately 920 feet of road was removed this year, following issuance of the BO. The
remaining portions of the road will be removed in 2016, which will include the removal of the two
stream culverts (see Attachment 3. Phase II Overall Roadway Removal Plan, Sheet C-101, and Phase
II Enlarged Roadway Removal & Details, Sheet C-102).
Log Vane Repair/Modification
The log vanes were not repaired or modified as planned this year (see Attachment 4. Revised Log
Vane Details, Sheets C-103 and C-104). The City spent a good deal of its construction labor
resources on slope stability issues in other parts of the City, including the Normanskill landslide.
Although there is current availability of City personnel, it was decided that late season repairs could
lead to bank erosion issues either this fall or in the spring due to insufficient time to establish
vegetative cover.
Deviations from Work Plan
Issuance of the BO on August 26, 2015 delayed the application of PAM and bentonite and the
removal of the construction access roads. Suitable weather conditions persisted through late
summer/early fall allowing for the application of PAM and bentonite in all soil amendment areas
identified in the 2015 Work Plan. It was not possible, however, to complete the road removal
activities this year and will therefore be continued in 2016.
The log vane repairs and modifications have also been delayed until 2016 due to unforeseen events
elsewhere in the City that required Department of General Services personnel.
References
Gross, Elisabeth M., Daniela Erhard, and Eniko Ivanyi. 2003. Allelopathic activity of Ceratophyllum
demersum L. and Najas marina ssp. intermedia (Wolfgang) Casper. Hydrobiologia 506 (2003), pp.
583 589.

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Attachment 1. Map showing sampling locations of the 2013 lupine census.

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EDGE OF WATER

EDGE OF WATER

{\Fromans|c0;BRIE FOXB ULEVARD}

2
SM-1
GND:301.0

3
4

TAL Y HO DRIVE

EDGE OF WATER

SM-2
GND:301.4

9
10

11
12

14
15

13

16
17

19
2

GRAVEL

EDGEOFWATER

EDGE OF WATER

18

20
6

SM-4
GND:301.1

10

SM-3
13
GND:300.5

21

12

38

22

11

37

15

36
35

14

33
34

16

32
17
29

31
30

28

18

SM-5
GND:301.2

26
File: V:\PROJECTS\ANY\K3\25013\CADD\FIGURES\25013-LUPINE-CENSUS-FIGURE.DWG
Saved: 10/28/2013 10:37:20 AM PLotted: 10/28/2013 10:39:23 AM User: Medina, Perry LastSavedBy: 976

27
25

23

GRAVEL

19

24

22

21

20

SM-6
GND:300.1

100

200

Scale in feet
Drawing Copyright 2013

LEGEND
AREA A

Applied Ecological Services, Inc.


17921 Smith Road, P. O. Box 256
Brodhead, WI 53520
Phone: 608.897.8641 Fax: 608.897.8486
www.appliedeco.com
Email: info@appliedeco.com

AREA B

TM

S:090636:120115

PROJECT NO.

{\W0.9;LUPINE CENSUS}

25013
DATE:

III Winners Circle. PO Box 5269 Albany, NY 12205-0269

ALBANY, NEW YORK

Main: (518) 453-4500

506

www.chacompanies.com

RAPP ROAD LANDFILL


RESTORATION PLAN

10/28/13

{\W0.9;FIGURE 02}

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment 2. Product analysis conducted on SoilNet TRIPAM formulation.


1. Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygienetoxicity test for aquatic species
2. NSF International Product and Service testing in drinking water
3. State of Wisconsin Department of Natural Resourcesdevelopment of technical standard
for water application of polymers
4. Wisconsin Unified Certification Programcertificate of analysis
5. Soil Net LLC brochure

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

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Soil Net
Soil and Water Engineering
Polymer Solutions
Dust Control
Erosion Control

1628 Waunona

Telephone
Telefax

Way Madison WI 53713


608-221-8129, E-mail soilnetllc@soilnetllc.com,
608-222-7658

October 15, 2013

CERTIFICATE OF ANALYSIS
O/L 183447L2
Customer
Customer Porduct Name
Lot Number

Test

Total soli Content


Residual Acrylamide
UL Viscosity
Insolubles
Solution Appearence

Applied Ecological
Soil Net TRIPAM
UA3885K2

UNITS
wt%
ppm

SPECIFICATION
87 min
499 max

RESULT
92.9
23

QCTES
100A
200A

cps
wt%

10 max
3.5 max
Slightly Hazy
solution

6.7
0.27

400A
151A

APROVED BY:

Aicardo Rao-Espinosa Ph.D

WISCONSIN UNIFIED CERTIFICATION PROGRAM


Soil Net LLC is Certified as:
Hispanic-Owned Disadvantaged Business Enterprise
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Soil Net LLC


Polymer Solutions

Soil Net LLC is a company developed by


Aicardo Roa PhD. It is dedicated to
engineering environmentally beneficial
polymer based products that are easy and
inexpensive to apply. These products
have been thoroughly tested for use in
erosion control, water clarification, and
dust abatement, resulting from
construction, agriculture, mining and both
military and civilian traffic.

FOR MORE INFORMATION PLEASE


FEEL FREE TO CONTACT US:

Erosion Control
Water Clarification
Industrial Solids Separation
Dust Control
Custom Applications

 30 years experience in Soil Science


Engineering and Solid Separation.
 Products exceed FDA and EPA standards
 Highest quality products available on the
market
 On site consulting and customized
manufacturing
 Product efficacy tested and verified
through University of Wisconsin Biological
Systems Engineering Department.
 Products currently being used in North
and South America, Asia and Europe.

Soil Net Polymer


Solutions

 All products manufactured in the USA


 Research and Development constantly
updating and improving existing line of
products

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1628 Waunona Way


Madison, WI 53713
(608) 221-8129 (608) 358-7588
(608) 222-7658 fax
Email: Soilnetllc@aol.com
www.soilnetllc.com
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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Soil Net LLC


is a company dedicated to engineering
environmentally beneficial polymer-based
products that are easy and inexpensive to
apply. These products have been thoroughly
tested for use in erosion control, water
clarification, and dust abatement, resulting
from construction, agriculture, mining and
both military and civilian traffic.

Erosion Control

Accumulated Sediment
Loss (kg/ha)

We have had resounding success in the


following industries:
 Sugar refining
 Industrial effluent clarification and solid
separation
 Water treatment clarification and filtration

Soil Net products reduce soil loss and


comply with environmental standards
in all construction areas. These
products have been engineered to
lower application costs.

Solid Separation and Industrial


Effluent Clarification

 Ethanol and biodiesel solid separation


and purification (total removal of DDGs).
 Starch industry effluent clarification (as
pictured below).
 Manure separation, allowing
environmentally friendly disposal of
wastewater

2000
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0

 Dredging projects, to meet DNR


standards by removing solids and pumping
filtered water back into waterways.

IN

10

15

20

25

30

Without Soil Net Dust Control

With Soil Net Dust Control

Protect your employees, machinery,


and neighbors from the proven
dangers of dust inhalation.
Use Soil Net LLC products to comply with air
quality regulations.
Pre-emptive dust control product: Will
leave sand loose, but increase dust particle
weight in order to keep dust from becoming
airborne.
Surface sealant: Creates a seal over any soil
or sand that can act as an alternative to paving
or manmade coverings (i.e. tarps, straw mat or
metal plating

Time after start of runoff


EM-1000-50

Control

Our products are not petroleum-based and are


environmentally safe. They are specially
engineered to combine with erosion control
products and prevent fertilizer leeching and
run-off while increasing nutrient retention.

Products:
Soil Net-35
Soil Net TRIPAM

Soil Net LLC

Soil Net EM 1000-50

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Attachment 3. 2015 PAM & Bentonite Application Area (Sheet WD-2).

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

WD-2

:RUN3ODQ$OEDQ\5DSS5RDG/DQGILOO

Issue Date: 12/22/14

Project No.: 21661

Scale: AS NOTED

2015 PAM & BENTONITE APPLICATION


AREA

ALBANY RAPP ROAD LANDFILL


RESTORATION

Designed: CRE

Drawn: TJB

Checked: CRE

No.

Submittal / Revision

App'd

By

Date

Attachment 4. Phase II Pump Station Re-Grading Plan (Sheet C-105).

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

C-105

:RUN3ODQ$OEDQ\5DSS5RDG/DQGILOO

Issue Date: 12/12/14

Project No.: 29587

Scale: AS NOTED

PHASE II PUMP STATION


RE-GRADING

ALBANY RAPP ROAD LANDFILL


RESTORATION

Designed: TR

Drawn: TR

Checked: NS

No.

Submittal / Revision

App'd

By

Date

Attachment 5. Phase II Overall Roadway Removal Plan (Sheet C-101), and Phase II
Enlarged Roadway Removal and Details (Sheet C-102).

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Date
By
App'd
Submittal / Revision

FENCE)
TOPSOIL STOCKPILE TO BE USED IN
WETLAND ROAD REMOVAL AREAS

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520


PARCEL

C-101

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

:RUN3ODQ$OEDQ\5DSS5RDG/DQGILOO

Scale: AS NOTED
Project No.: 29587

LUPINE AND WETLAND PROTECTION


FENCING (ORANGE CONSTRUCTION

Issue Date: 12/12/14

BOUNDARY OF WORK

PHASE II OVERALL ROADWAY


REMOVAL

Designed: TR

Drawn: TR

Checked: CE

No.

EXISTING ROADWAY REMOVAL

ALBANY RAPP ROAD LANDFILL


RESTORATION

LEGEND

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C-102

:RUN3ODQ$OEDQ\5DSS5RDG/DQGILOO

Issue Date: 12/12/14

Project No.: 29587

Scale: AS NOTED

PHASE II ENLARGED ROADWAY


REMOVAL AND DETAILS

ALBANY RAPP ROAD LANDFILL


RESTORATION

Designed: TR

Drawn: TR

Checked: CE

No.

Submittal / Revision

App'd

By

Date

Attachment 6. Revised Log Vane Details (Sheets C-103 and C-104).

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C-103

:RUN3ODQ$OEDQ\5DSS5RDG/DQGILOO

Issue Date: 12/12/14

Project No.: 29587

Scale: AS NOTED

REVISED LOG VANE DETAILS

ALBANY RAPP ROAD LANDFILL


RESTORATION

Designed: DF

Drawn: TR

Checked: CE

No.

Submittal / Revision

App'd

By

Date

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C-104

:RUN3ODQ$OEDQ\5DSS5RDG/DQGILOO

Issue Date: 12/12/14

Project No.: 29587

Scale: AS NOTED

REVISED LOG VANE DETAIL

ALBANY RAPP ROAD LANDFILL


RESTORATION

Designed: DF

Drawn: TR

Checked: CE

No.

Submittal / Revision

App'd

By

Date

Attachment G. Invasive Plant Management


Compliance Report
Albany Rapp Road Landfill
Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
City of Albany, New York
Introduction
Phase II & Phase III restoration activities include the implementation of the Integrated Pest and
Invasive Species Management Plan for the Albany Rapp Road Landfill Ecosystem Mitigation,
Restoration & Enhancement Project (AES June 2009). Invasive species management efforts were
initiated onsite beginning in 2010 by the Ecological Consultant acting on behalf of the City of
Albany. Control efforts have focused on seven high priority species that pose the greatest risk to the
long term success of the restoration plan. These species are listed in the table below. Unwanted
woody growth and other invasive species and noxious weeds, as those listed in the IPM Plan and
found within the restoration area, have also been and continue to be controlled on a case by case
basis. Invasive species control activities in 2015 followed the schedule below. Maps showing the
distribution of each species where control efforts are focused (Attachment G-1, Sheets 1 8), as
well as a lupine population distribution map (Attachment G-2), a mowing plan (Attachment G-3),
and a tree removal plan (Attachment G-4) for selected areas of the site.
2015
Task 9. Invasive
Plant Management
Species Name
a. Common Reed
(Phragmites australis)
b. Oriental Bittersweet
(Celastrus orbiculatus)
c. Sweet Clover
(Melilotus spp.)
d Canada Thistle
(Cirsium arvense)
e. Purple Loosestrife
(Lythrum salicaria)
f. Garlic Mustard
(Alliaria petiolata)
g. Spotted Knapweed
(Centaurea maculosa)
h. Cattail
(Typha spp)
i. Woody control

IPM Plan

Construction
Specifications

Page #

Section #

All Phases

94

31 13 14

All Phases

77-80

31 13 14

Area Controlled

All Phases

95-96

31 13 13

All Phases

85-87

31 13 13

All Phases

88-89

31 13 13

All Phases

72-74

31 13 14

All Phases

80-83

31 13 14

x
x

x
x

x
x

x
x

All Phases
All Phases

105
112-115

31 13 14
31 13 13

Herbicide applications associated with invasive species control in 2015 were conducted by
commercial applicators John Price, Mathew Shawl, Jeb Stewart, Amalia Kenyon, Shabana Hoosein,
and Casey Gallagher, following all guidelines specified in DEC permit 4-0101-00171/00011,
specifically Special Conditions #45 and 48-51, and TRP issued by APBPC.
1. Proper PPE shall be worn at all times and consist of listed and approved PPE found on the
herbicide label.
2. Only NYS licensed Applicators and Technicians shall apply chemical on site.

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3. All product labels and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) shall be kept on site during
applications (see MSDS in Attachment G-5).
4. Appropriate spill kits shall be kept on site during applications. All spills shall be reported
immediately to the proper authorities.
5. No mixing of chemicals shall take place in or near wetlands or surface waters of the State.
Work Activity
Woody Invasives
Since the time control measures for key woody invasives were initiated in March 2011 in the Phase
II and III areas, management consisting of spot treatments has continued in order to maintain
desired control levels. Shrub and woody vine species targeted for control have included oriental
bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus), European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica), autumn olive (Elaeagnus
umbellata), and multiple species of honeysuckle (Lonicera spp.). Crabapple (Malus spp.) and aspen are
among woody species that are monitored and treated when encountered as emerging seedlings in
wetland and upland areas of the restoration.
With the completion of Phase III canopy thinning and clearing activities in 2013, additional woody
species control has been required in the understory to maintain the open pine barrens community
structure. For example, a substantial soil seedbank of cherries (Prunus spp.), red maple (Acer rubrum),
and poplars (Populus spp.) has responded to increased light levels resulting in a proliferation of
seedlings of these species. A foliar spray program consisting of 1-2% glyphosate was begun in 2013
and continued into 2015 to control woody seedlings and also to manage any woody regrowth from
previously cut stumps. This activity will continue as needed until a prescribed fire regime can largely
and effectively replace chemical control. Efforts to control woody invasives on the south side of the
landfill along the Thruway also began in 2013. Cottonwoods killed and left standing, as well as other
non-desirable trees in this area are targeted for removal in fall/winter 2015 2016.
Methods for woody invasives control treatments involve basal bark herbicide application, cut
stem/stump application, and in some instances hand-pulling. Both herbicide methods utilize the
formulation Triclopyr at rates of 20-30% based on targeted species, and mixed with bark oil to
facilitate penetration of the bark and to ensure sufficient uptake of the chemical. Glyphosate was
also used at a rate of 50% - 100% as a standard solution with water. Chemicals used in this manner
are mixed with a blue tracer dye to flag or mark treated stumps and to ensure proper coverage.
All methods of removal have utilized manual tools (i.e. pruners, loppers, handsaws).
1. Oriental Bittersweet
This strangling vine grows vigorously throughout forested areas, climbing over and
smothering other woody and herbaceous vegetation. The extent of the infestation within
many areas of the restoration has been severe, making bittersweet an important focus of
invasive woody control efforts beginning in 2012 when the vast majority of large vines (1
dia. or >) growing in Phase II and III areas were cut and stump treated. In 2013, large
populations along the southern perimeter of the GAL were similarly treated. While small
stems continue to persist and new seedlings emerge in nearly all portions of the project area,
the most significant populations at the beginning of the 2015 growing season remained in

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W-1, W-2, and in the south sector of the GAL. This resurgence of bittersweet is due largely
to the canopy clearing and thinning enhancement activities in Phase III settings which
intentionally increased understory light levels needed to achieve the pine barrens structure
and composition and predictably stimulated germination and vigorous growth of new
bittersweet seedlings. These areas have been the main focus of control efforts in 2015 and
will continue to be the focus into the 2016 season, while monitoring and continued control
of new seedling growth in PII and other sectors will be conducted as needed.
Control methods applied to bittersweet have been implemented as follows: twining vines
that extend onto surrounding vegetation are cut with hand pruners at the base and treated
with herbicide as part of dormant season woody control. Cut vines are pulled from the
canopy to discourage any regrowth from re-entering the canopy. Young vines that occupy
the herbaceous layer of vegetation are hand-pulled or foliar treated with herbicide as part of
herbaceous species control efforts during the growing season (May October).
2. Woody Saplings
Species such as black cherry (Prunus serotina), poplar species (Populus tremuloides, P. deltoides,
and P. grandidentata), oak species (Quercus rubra, Q. alba, Q. coccinea, etc.), and black locust
(Robinia pseudoacacia) have been observed sprouting in Phase II and Phase III enhancement
areas. During fall and winter 2015, these species were treated using basal bark and cut
stem/stump applications to prevent dense stand development and to facilitate establishment
of the open structure and correct shrub layer composition of the pine barrens community.
Additionally, cottonwoods on the U-8 sand stockpile were mowed in late summer, and resprouts sprayed to curb the heavy establishment of this species.
Woody Species Treatment Success and Recommendations for 2016
With a significant amount of the woody dormant treatment having occurred later in the 2015
season, treatment success will be better determined early in the 2016 growing season. As such, the
success of last years dormant season treatments was observed this year. The 2014 cut-stump and
foliar applications were determined to have been very effective, and as a result we anticipate similar
success from the 2015 treatments, including a late-season drill-and-fill application to several target
trees missed in the 2013 treatment. It is recommended that we continue to monitor and aggressively
treat any woody seedlings including bittersweet responding to the increased light penetration from
the PIII enhancement canopy thinning activities.
Herbaceous Invasives
Monitoring and control of non-native herbaceous invasives was conducted throughout the Phase II
and III restoration areas during 2015, according to the attached distribution maps in Attachment G1, for Canada thistle, garlic mustard, spotted knapweed, Phragmites, purple loosestrife, sweet clover,
and cattail).
Now in its third full growing season, native perennials in Phase II have advanced in above ground
stature and below ground root structure to achieve greater competitive dominance over many annual
species, including many of the less competitive agricultural weeds. Those species identified as

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

herbaceous species of greatest concern in Phase II due to their continued prevalence across the
project area and persistent competition with native perennials include garlic mustard (Alliaria
petiolata), Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense), spotted knapweed (Centaurea maculosa), common reed
(Phragmites australis), sweet clover (Melilotus albus, M. officianalis), and purple loosestrife (Lythrum
salicaria). Species of secondary concern include Japanese knotweed (Reynoutria japonica), Japanese stilt
grass (Microstegium vimineum), partridge pea (Chamaecrista fasciculata ), cheat grass (Bromus tectorum)
and smooth brome (Bromus inermis), among others. Black bindweed (Fallopia convulvulus) and Russian
thistle (Salsola kali) populations have faded considerably, partly due to control efforts, as well as
increased native perennial dominance.
Significant herbaceous control efforts occurred this season in the Phase III cleared and opened
enhancement areas. These areas will require intense monitoring and control of vegetative growth,
due to significant alterations in canopy structure, light penetration, and soil/litter dynamics.
Methods for invasive herbaceous species control involve hand-pulling, mowing, and foliar
application of herbicides with backpack applicators. Glyphosate is typically applied at a rate of 1-3%
for most foliar applications, although other herbicides may be used as outlined in the Integrated Pest
and Invasive Species Management Plan. All work is performed during the growing season (May
October) in the manner described in the plan, however special consideration is given to the
following species regarding methods to be used and timing of treatments:
1.

Garlic Mustard

While plants remain active year round, control of garlic mustard largely occurs in spring
(April/May) as second-year plants bolt and flower. This timing is generally used to reduce
impact to surrounding vegetation. Methods involve foliar application of 2-3% aquatic
glyphosate (AquaNeat) with backpack applicators. Hand-pulling is also utilized in sensitive
areas or once seed development is sufficient to warrant removal of the seed head, as the
chemical would not kill the plant in time to prevent the seed from maturing. Control efforts
for this species will be ongoing until the seed bank is sufficiently exhausted.
2.

Spotted Knapweed

Spotted knapweed emerged in high density in the Phase II restoration area in 2012, in both
uplands and wetlands. In the following years, this population has declined dramatically.
Significant effort was made to eliminate basal rosettes before flowering and seed maturation,
and the same strategy has carried over into 2015. Control has focused on upland and mesic
populations, as well as wetland populations. The Phase III areas did not experience a large
influx of knapweed in response to clearing activities, except in U-11 and U12, where an old
road facilitated the spread of the seed before forest establishment. The same proactive
approach as with garlic mustard is used to interrupt flowering and seed set in order to limit
the seed bank establishment in these areas. Herbicide application of 2% glyphosate was
used with backpack applicators for knapweed. Treatment occurred across the site from May
through September.

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3.

Phragmites

Phragmites populations previously treated in 2009-2012 included those located on the GAL,
in areas adjacent to Fox Run Estates mobile home park, and in the APBP vernal pond.
Reduction in stand area and density has been significant, but consistent management is still
required to prevent re-establishment. The Phragmites stands west of Fox Run Estates have
largely been eliminated as a result of construction activities in Phase II. However, small resprouts across Phase II have appeared, and were treated with a hand-wick application to
avoid large brown-out areas and to protect and maintain the establishing wetland vegetation.
Phragmites stands accessible by equipment on the north slope of the GAL were mowed
heavily (through July 15) to remove dead standing stems from the previous season and to
reduce vigor of the current seasons growth. This population has been reduced by 90% or
greater since the inception of treatment in 2010.
Phragmites treatments in 2015 occurred from mid September to mid October on the GAL
and within the PII and PIII project areas, using the herbicide formulations aquatic
glyphosate (AquaNeat) and imazamox (Clearcast). Treatment methods included the use of a
high pressure spray gun to achieve maximum coverage on thick vegetation, spot treatment
with backpack applicators, and hand-wicking in sensitive areas.
4. Canada Thistle
Populations of Canada thistle in the Phase II/III areas were targeted within two treatment
windows when herbicide applications are most effective for this species. The first treatment
window occurred in July, during the time of late bud development and early flowering of the
plants. This strategy aims to eliminate seed production and weaken the plants by forcing
them to exhaust root reserves. The second treatment window took place in October, while
plants are vigorously producing and transporting sugars to the roots for winter storage and
thus carrying the herbicide effectively to the roots. Monitoring in 2015 of Canada thistle
determined populations are holding steady, a result of treatment efforts over the past two
years which have held in-check the expanding distribution and invigorated growth of this
species in response to canopy thinning.
5. Purple Loosestrife
Purple loosestrife has been most effectively controlled when herbicide applications occur
after flower bud development begins in July. Accordingly, treatments were conducted in July
and August. Before spraying, inflorescences are removed from flowering plants, and these
are bagged and transported from the site if seeds are well developed and capable of
producing a ripened seed rain. Herbicide applications are made with a backpack applicator
at a rate of 1.5% triclopyr (trade name Garlon3A). Purple Loosestrife continues to appear in
all stream corridors, biofilters and wetlands across the site. Plants observed and treated this
season were mostly of short stature and slender indicating they were first year plants newly
emerging from the seed bank. Ongoing monitoring and treatment of this species will be
necessary to reduce the existing seedbank.

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6. Sweet Clover
Sweet Clover (Melilotus alba, M. officinalis) remains in moderate densities across much of the
wetland and upland portions of the Phase II and Phase III restoration. Control efforts have
been focused on preventing seed production by elimination of second year seed producing
plants. Effective control has been achieved with foliar backpack applications of 2%
glyphosate. Treatments were conducted in 2015 between mid June and early October.
Additional Species Identified and Treated in 2015
7. Partridge Pea
Partridge Pea (Chamaecrista fasciculata) is an annual plant that thrives in disturbed habitats.
Within the Pine Bush system it is considered an undesirable species capable of outcompeting
natives. For the second straight year, most of the dense stands of Partridge Pea were mowed
to interrupt seed production in order to reduce the potential for seed bank establishment.
Smaller patches were foliar sprayed with pelargonic acid (Scythe), a contact herbicide for
annuals. The populations of this species will be closely monitored and controlled with an
adaptive treatment strategy as best methods for control are determined.
8. Japanese Stilt Grass
A small Japanese stilt grass (Microstegium vimineum) population persisted in 2015 after
discovery and treatment last year. Two additional treatments occurred in August, using
sethoxydim (Poast), a grass-specific herbicide. Evaluation of the treatments revealed
effective results, but as a highly aggressive species, Microstegium will require continued
observation and treatment to eliminate.
9. Cattail
Cattail (Typha spp) is a perennial plant that forms dense stands spreading by rhizome and
seed. When not managed in early succession areas with open soil or shallow water, it will
out compete other native species creating a monoculture. Both native broad leaf cattail
(Typha latifolia) and non-native narrow leaf cattail (Typha angustifolia) are present on the site,
with the latter being non-native. Foliar treatments were conducted in the tree-mound
wetlands, and boom-wick applications of 30% glyphosate were made in the stream corridors
and P4 wetland. As total elimination of cattail is neither necessary nor desired, it is likely
that spot treatments will achieve sufficient control in the future, as other desirable species fill
in available gaps.
The following species were also spot treated throughout the project during 2015 with 1-3%
glyphosate (trade names Rodeo or Cornerstone Plus) or 1-3% triclopyr (Garlon 3A).

S:090636:120115

Reed canary grass


Cow vetch
Crown vetch
Birds foot trefoil

Phalaris arundinacea
Vicia cracca
Coronilla varia
Lotus corniculatus

530

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Soapwort
Rabbits foot clover
Deptford pink
Black bindweed
Switch grass
Japanese hops

Saponaria officinalis
Trifolium arvense
Dianthus armeria
Polygonum convolvulus
Panicum virgatum
Humulus japonicas

Herbaceous Species Treatment Success and Recommendations for 2016


As native vegetation has become established across the restored areas of the site and with the
consistent and ongoing implementation of the sites IPM plan, a notable decrease in density and
vigor of several target invasive plant species has been observed on the site by the end of the 2015
growing season. Some of these species have a substantial seed bank in the sites soils, and it will be
imperative to continue to closely monitor and aggressively control emerging populations while they
are most easily treated and cost-effectively controlled. Mowing activities according to the mowing
plan (Attachment G-3) occurred monthly around the landfill, targeting partridge pea, phragmites,
thistles, and other weedy species to minimize seed production and dispersal into the restoration site
from these locations. Mowing management in these areas will continue as needed in 2016.
Sensitive Area Procedures
Use of Herbicide in Areas of Established Lupine
The following procedures will be used to avoid herbicide contact with lupine and to minimize
disturbance to larvae and adults. We propose that these methods be re-evaluated at the end of the
growing season should management of invasive species be hampered and fail to achieve restoration
goals to establish functional pine barrens habitat as required in the plan.
1.

All target invasive plants within 6 8 of lupine populations, but no closer than 1 foot,
which are determined to be best treated with chemical herbicides to maximize control will be
treated with a backpack sprayer equipped with a cone to shield the nozzle to minimize
herbicide drift beyond the target plant leaf and stem surfaces.
2. Other best practices to avoid drift and herbicide contact with non-target species will be
employed, as is the practice in all areas of the project site. These practices include: directing
application away from non-target plants while being mindful of wind direction and wind
speed, adjusting backpack sprayer pressure to a lower setting thus producing a larger droplet
size to minimize drift, maximizing treatments to smaller stature growth during each target
species seasonal cycles to reduce herbicide volumes needed and to maximize treatment
effectiveness.
3. Hand-pulling or other mechanical removal techniques may be employed during rainy
conditions when chemical control cannot occur. Additionally, regardless of weather
conditions, only mechanical removal/control will be employed within 1 foot of lupine
plants. Caution will be used in close proximity to lupine plants to avoid damage to lupine
plants and root systems and to avoid risk of exacerbating invasive plant competition by
disturbing soils and exposing the weed seedbank. In some cases, heads may be removed
(such as for knapweed and thistle) to prevent seed dispersal if pulling poses damage to

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immediately adjacent lupine plants. De-headed plants will be treated later in the season if
appropriate (live tissue must be present), after lupine plants have senesced.
4. The strategy most likely to maximize establishment of lupine populations and PPSOB
habitat is to monitor and control each target invasive species according to its growth cycle
throughout the growing season and using the most effective treatment method as designed
in the approved plan. This requires that treatments occur throughout the growing season,
including during active growth of lupine plants.
30-Day Notice of Pesticide Application Plans
The 30-day notice was reduced to two weeks due to the variability of treatment conditions and need
for flexibility in adaptive management for certain target species. To facilitate this reporting protocol,
a site map showing the distribution of lupine populations onsite as of the end of the 2014 growing
season was created to serve as a treatment planning map (see map figure in Attachment G-2). This
map was circulated weekly to the USFWS and IHMT as part of weekly onsite work notification
reporting, to identify treatment activities two weeks in advance. This reporting protocol has been
successful and has allowed more effective control of invasive species on the site.
Deviations from Work Plan
The woody treatments involving larger targeted trees (Attachment G-4, and work plan narrative for
Large Tree Removal) are intended to be completed during the winter of 2015/2016. Some targeted
areas to be mowed according to the mowing plan (Attachment G-3), such as areas surrounding the
Mobile Home Park and the north side of the U-8 stockpile did not occur in 2015. Mowing in these
locations will again be part of next years work plan.

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Attachment G-1. Invasive Species Treatment Maps (Sheets 1 8)

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Invasive Plant Mangement


Sheet 1 [Canada Thistle]

Albany Rapp Road Landfill


Albany, NY
City of Albany
One Conners Blvd.
Albany, New York
Mow to remove
seed heads in
late June (no later
than July 1st)

Legend

Targeted Invasive Plant Species


Canada Thistle
Garlic Mustard
Knapweed
Oriental Bittersweet

77
77

77
77

77
77

77
77

77 Phragmites (no mow)


77 Phragmites (mow until July 15th only)
Purple Loosestrife
Sweet Clover
Cattail
Project Boundary
Wetland
Contours
Test Plot Location
Approximate Areas Containing Lupine

250

500

1,000
Feet

1 inch = 500 feet when printed on 11x17


Coordinate System:
NY State Plane East
AES Project #: 09-0636
Invasive_Species_Update_20150107dwa.mxd

Service Layer Credits: Source: Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, i-cubed, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AEX, Getmapping, Aerogrid, IGN, IGP, swisstopo, and the GIS User
S:090636:120115

534

120 W. Main St.


West Dundee, Illinois 60018
Phone: 847-844-9385
Email: info@appliedeco.com
www.appliedeco.com

Last modified:
Jan 07, 2015
Mapped by: dwa

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Invasive Plant Mangement


Sheet 2 [Garlic Mustard]

Albany Rapp Road Landfill


Albany, NY
City of Albany
One Conners Blvd.
Albany, New York
Legend

Targeted Invasive Plant Species


Canada Thistle
Garlic Mustard
Knapweed
Oriental Bittersweet

77
77

77
77

77
77

77
77

77 Phragmites (no mow)


77 Phragmites (mow until July 15th only)
Purple Loosestrife
Sweet Clover
Cattail
Project Boundary
Wetland
Contours
Test Plot Location
Approximate Areas Containing Lupine

250

500

1,000
Feet

1 inch = 500 feet when printed on 11x17


Coordinate System:
NY State Plane East
AES Project #: 09-0636
Invasive_Species_Update_20150107dwa.mxd

Service Layer Credits: Source: Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, i-cubed, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AEX, Getmapping, Aerogrid, IGN, IGP, swisstopo, and the GIS User
S:090636:120115

535

120 W. Main St.


West Dundee, Illinois 60018
Phone: 847-844-9385
Email: info@appliedeco.com
www.appliedeco.com

Last modified:
Jan 07, 2015
Mapped by: dwa

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Invasive Plant Mangement


Sheet 3 [Knapweed]

Albany Rapp Road Landfill


Albany, NY
City of Albany
One Conners Blvd.
Albany, New York
Legend

Targeted Invasive Plant Species


Canada Thistle
Garlic Mustard
Knapweed
Oriental Bittersweet

77
77

77
77

77
77

77
77

77 Phragmites (no mow)


77 Phragmites (mow until July 15th only)
Purple Loosestrife
Sweet Clover
Cattail
Project Boundary
Wetland
Contours
Test Plot Location
Approximate Areas Containing Lupine

250

500

1,000
Feet

1 inch = 500 feet when printed on 11x17


Coordinate System:
NY State Plane East
AES Project #: 09-0636
Invasive_Species_Update_20150107dwa.mxd

Service Layer Credits: Source: Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, i-cubed, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AEX, Getmapping, Aerogrid, IGN, IGP, swisstopo, and the GIS User
S:090636:120115

536

120 W. Main St.


West Dundee, Illinois 60018
Phone: 847-844-9385
Email: info@appliedeco.com
www.appliedeco.com

Last modified:
Jan 07, 2015
Mapped by: dwa

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Invasive Plant Mangement


Sheet 4 [Oriental Bittersweet]

Albany Rapp Road Landfill


Albany, NY
City of Albany
One Conners Blvd.
Albany, New York
Legend

Targeted Invasive Plant Species


Canada Thistle
Garlic Mustard
Knapweed
Oriental Bittersweet

77
77

77
77

77
77

77
77

77 Phragmites (no mow)


77 Phragmites (mow until July 15th only)
Purple Loosestrife
Sweet Clover
Cattail
Project Boundary
Wetland
Contours
Test Plot Location
Approximate Areas Containing Lupine

250

500

1,000
Feet

1 inch = 500 feet when printed on 11x17


Coordinate System:
NY State Plane East
AES Project #: 09-0636
Invasive_Species_Update_20150107dwa.mxd

Service Layer Credits: Source: Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, i-cubed, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AEX, Getmapping, Aerogrid, IGN, IGP, swisstopo, and the GIS User
S:090636:120115

537

120 W. Main St.


West Dundee, Illinois 60018
Phone: 847-844-9385
Email: info@appliedeco.com
www.appliedeco.com

Last modified:
Jan 07, 2015
Mapped by: dwa

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Invasive Plant Mangement


Sheet 5 [Phragmites]

Albany Rapp Road Landfill


Albany, NY
City of Albany
One Conners Blvd.
Albany, New York
Legend

Targeted Invasive Plant Species


Canada Thistle
Garlic Mustard
Knapweed
Oriental Bittersweet

77
77

77
77

77
77

77
77

77 Phragmites (no mow)


77 Phragmites (mow until July 15th only)
Purple Loosestrife
Sweet Clover
Cattail
Project Boundary
Wetland
Contours
Test Plot Location
Approximate Areas Containing Lupine

250

500

1,000
Feet

1 inch = 500 feet when printed on 11x17


Coordinate System:
NY State Plane East
AES Project #: 09-0636
Invasive_Species_Update_20150107dwa.mxd

Limited mower
access due to
steep slopes.

Service Layer Credits: Source: Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, i-cubed, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AEX, Getmapping, Aerogrid, IGN, IGP, swisstopo, and the GIS User
S:090636:120115

538

120 W. Main St.


West Dundee, Illinois 60018
Phone: 847-844-9385
Email: info@appliedeco.com
www.appliedeco.com

Last modified:
Jan 07, 2015
Mapped by: dwa

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Invasive Plant Mangement


Sheet 6 [Purple Loosestrife]

Albany Rapp Road Landfill


Albany, NY
City of Albany
One Conners Blvd.
Albany, New York
Legend

Targeted Invasive Plant Species


Canada Thistle
Garlic Mustard
Knapweed
Oriental Bittersweet

77
77

77
77

77
77

77
77

77 Phragmites (no mow)


77 Phragmites (mow until July 15th only)
Purple Loosestrife
Sweet Clover
Cattail
Project Boundary
Wetland
Contours
Test Plot Location
Approximate Areas Containing Lupine

250

500

1,000
Feet

1 inch = 500 feet when printed on 11x17


Coordinate System:
NY State Plane East
AES Project #: 09-0636
Invasive_Species_Update_20150107dwa.mxd

Service Layer Credits: Source: Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, i-cubed, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AEX, Getmapping, Aerogrid, IGN, IGP, swisstopo, and the GIS User
S:090636:120115

539

120 W. Main St.


West Dundee, Illinois 60018
Phone: 847-844-9385
Email: info@appliedeco.com
www.appliedeco.com

Last modified:
Jan 07, 2015
Mapped by: dwa

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Invasive Plant Mangement


Sheet 7 [Sweet Clover]

Albany Rapp Road Landfill


Albany, NY
City of Albany
One Conners Blvd.
Albany, New York
Legend

Targeted Invasive Plant Species


Canada Thistle
Garlic Mustard
Knapweed
Oriental Bittersweet

77
77

77
77

77
77

77
77

77 Phragmites (no mow)


77 Phragmites (mow until July 15th only)
Purple Loosestrife
Sweet Clover
Cattail
Project Boundary
Wetland
Contours
Test Plot Location
Approximate Areas Containing Lupine

250

500

1,000
Feet

1 inch = 500 feet when printed on 11x17


Coordinate System:
NY State Plane East
AES Project #: 09-0636
Invasive_Species_Update_20150107dwa.mxd

Service Layer Credits: Source: Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, i-cubed, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AEX, Getmapping, Aerogrid, IGN, IGP, swisstopo, and the GIS User
S:090636:120115

540

120 W. Main St.


West Dundee, Illinois 60018
Phone: 847-844-9385
Email: info@appliedeco.com
www.appliedeco.com

Last modified:
Jan 07, 2015
Mapped by: dwa

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Invasive Plant Mangement


Sheet 8 [Cattail]

Albany Rapp Road Landfill


Albany, NY
City of Albany
One Conners Blvd.
Albany, New York
Legend

Targeted Invasive Plant Species


Canada Thistle
Garlic Mustard
Knapweed
Oriental Bittersweet

77
77

77
77

77
77

77
77

77 Phragmites (no mow)


77 Phragmites (mow until July 15th only)
Purple Loosestrife
Sweet Clover
Cattail
Project Boundary
Wetland
Contours
Test Plot Location
Approximate Areas Containing Lupine

250

500

1,000
Feet

1 inch = 500 feet when printed on 11x17


Coordinate System:
NY State Plane East
AES Project #: 09-0636
Invasive_Species_Update_20150107dwa.mxd

Service Layer Credits: Source: Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, i-cubed, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AEX, Getmapping, Aerogrid, IGN, IGP, swisstopo, and the GIS User
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541

120 W. Main St.


West Dundee, Illinois 60018
Phone: 847-844-9385
Email: info@appliedeco.com
www.appliedeco.com

Last modified:
Jan 07, 2015
Mapped by: dwa

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment G-2. Lupine Population Areas and Invasives Treatment Planning Map

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Figure 2. Lupine Population


Rating Fall 2014

W-7
U-14
U-15

P
U-16

[See Habitat Quality Indicators and Ratings


in December Letter.]

W-5
D

Albany Rapp Road Landfill


Albany, NY

W-6

W-4

Project Boundary
Work Plan Units
Lupine Growth Locations Fall 2014

W-8

Lupine Population Rating Fall 2014

1 Very Good to Good (9.13 ac)


2 Fair to Poor (19.63 ac)

3 None (All Other) (230.25 ac)

B
A

U-10

W-3

W-2

Background: Sept 2013 Google


Earth Imagery

U-13

U-12

U-11
L

250

500

Feet
1,000

U-11

U-9
U-8

U-7
U-6
K

W-1

U-1

U-4

AES Project #: 09-0636


Lupine_Population_Status_2014.mxd

U-3

Mapped by: dwa


Last modified: Dec 10, 2014

120 W. Main St.


West Dundee, Illinois 60018
Phone: 847-844-9385
Email: info@appliedeco.com
www.appliedeco.com
S:090636:120115

W-2 Wetland J

U-5

Client:
City of Albany
One Conners Blvd.
Albany, New York

U-2

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Attachment G-3. Mowing Plan

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Mowing Plan 2015


Albany Rapp Road Landfill
Albany, NY
Project Boundary
Mowing_Areas

Background: Sept 2013 Google


Earth Imagery
0

250

500

Feet
1,000

Client:
City of Albany
One Conners Blvd.
Albany, New York
AES Project #: 09-0636
City_Mowing_Areas_2014.mxd
Mapped by: dwa
Last modified: Jan 05, 2015

120 W. Main St.


West Dundee, Illinois 60018
Phone: 847-844-9385
Email: info@appliedeco.com
www.appliedeco.com
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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment G-4. Tree Removal Plan

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Tree Removal Plan 2015


Albany Rapp Road Landfill
Albany, NY
Project Boundary
Tree Removal Plan
Cut By City
Cut By City/Contractor
Subject For Discussion

Background: Sept 2013 Google


Earth Imagery
0

250

500

Feet
1,000

Client:
City of Albany
One Conners Blvd.
Albany, New York
AES Project #: 09-0636
Tree_Removal_Areas.mxd
Mapped by: dwa
Last modified: Jan 05, 2015

120 W. Main St.


West Dundee, Illinois 60018
Phone: 847-844-9385
Email: info@appliedeco.com
www.appliedeco.com
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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment G-5. Herbicide Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)

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2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

594

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

595

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

596

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

597

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

598

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

599

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

S:090636:120115

600

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment H. Phase III Enhancement


Compliance Report
Albany Rapp Road Landfill
Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
City of Albany, New York
Introduction
The goal of the Phase III Enhancement Plan is to restore upland areas to Pitch Pine Scrub Oak
Barrens and Dry Prairie Sand Flat, to establish the early successional habitat critical for the
continued conservation of the federally listed Karner Blue Butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis), and to
restore ecological connectivity to Albany Pine Bush Preserve lands east and west of the project site.
Phase III Enhancement areas were divided into management units covering 58.7 acres of varying
upland community types and an additional 29.6 acres of forested wetland (see attached A.1 Phase
III Work Plan Context Map and A.2 Phase III Work Plan Clearing Map).
Phase III canopy clearing and thinning activities were initiated in the fall/winter season of 2012 and
were largely completed by the end of 2013 with the exception of scattered populations of large
cottonwood trees and aspen clones. All cleared and thinned areas were managed for invasive species
and woody regrowth, and were stabilized with an initial cover seeding by the end of the 2013 season.
During the 2013 growing season, understory seedbank response to removal of woody growth and
resulting increased light levels was monitored to assess and determine enhancement seeding needs to
be conducted in spring 2014. By the end of 2014, all upland and wetland enhancement areas were
seeded with native species enhancement mixes.
Work Activity
PIII enhancement is in the maintenance stage, and all work conducted in 2015 falls under invasive
plant management, as detailed in Attachment G. Enhancement seeding conducted in late 2014 was
evaluated for establishment of key matrix species and determined to be successful, although lupine
germination was not uniform across all management units. Performance of lupine and associated
Kbb nectar species will require continued monitoring in 2016, and certain areas (U1, U2) may need
supplementary seeding, if further germination is not evident. In part, this determination will be
made using data from the formal Kbb habitat monitoring effort (Attachment J).
Deviations from Work Plan
The Phase III enhancement activities did not significantly deviate from the work plan. Follow-up
woody re-growth treatments may continue into 2016, and remaining large cottonwoods scattered in
locations along the Rapp Road power line may need to be considered for removal in 2016 as that
can be negotiated by National Grid, the City, or the Highway Department.

S:090636:120115

601

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Table 1. PIII Enhancement Mixes

PPSOB (26.37 ac)

Ratio

Grasses, sedges, etc.

Grasses

Botanical Name
Andropogon gerardi
Carex foenea
Carex pennsylvanica
Carex swanii
Cyperus houghtonii
Cyperus schweinitzii
Danthonia spicata
Elymus hystrix
Leptoloma cognatum
Panicum acuminatum
Panicum capillare
Panicum linearifolium
Schizachyrium scoparium
Sorghastrum nutans

Common Name
Big bluestem grass
Dryspike sedge
Penn sedge
Swan's sedge
Houghton's sedge
Schweinitz's sedge
Poverty-grass
Bottlebrush grass
False witch grass
Western panic grass
Witch grass
Slender-leaved panic grass
Little bluestem grass

Matrix

Commer
cially
Available

Indian grass

Forbs

Forbs

Botanical Name
Ageratina altissima
Anaphalis margaritacea
Anemone virginiana
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Aquilegia canadensis
Arabis glabra
Asclepias syriaca

Common Name
White Snakeroot
Pearly everlasting
Thimbleweed
Spreading dogbane
Columbine
Tower mustard
Common milkweed

S:090636:120115

KBB
Nectar

x
x

oz
0
0.11
52.46061
105.2
26.3
19.36732
78.9
65.75
13.15
118.35
39.45
210.4
1052
105.2
1886.638

1
2

2
602

35:65

oz
92.05
0.63909
16.24551
0.63909
8.07936
13.15
131.5

Rate

12.1180

lbs/ac

Seeding

Rate
oz/ac
lbs/ac
0.0000
0.0000
0.0040
0.0003
1.9947
0.1247
4.0000
0.2500
1.0000
0.0625
0.7364
0.0460
3.0000
0.1875
2.5000
0.1563
0.5000
0.0313
4.5000
0.2813
1.5000
0.0938
8.0000
0.5000
40.0000
2.5000
4.0000
0.2500
71.7353
4.4834
37.00% ofMix

oz/ac
lbs/ac
3.5000
0.2188
0.0243
0.0015
0.6177
0.0386
0.0243
0.0015
0.3072
0.0192
0.5000
0.0313
5.0000
0.3125

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Asclepias tuberosa
Aster cordifolius
Aster ericoides
Aster laevis
Aster linearifolius
Aster patens
Aster pilosus
Aureolaria flava
Campanula rotundifolia
Ceanothus americanus
Clematis virginiana
Comandra umbellata
Desmodium canadense
Desmodium nudiflorum
Diodia teres seteria
Eupatorium sessilifolium
Helianthemum bicknellii
Helianthemum canadense
Helianthus divaricatus
Helianthus strumosus
Houstonia caerulea
Krigia virginica
Lespedeza capitata
Lespedeza hirta
Lupinus perennis
Melampyrum lineare
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda punctata
Oenothera biennis
Penstemon digitalis
Penstemon hirsutus
Potentilla arguta
Potentilla canadensis

S:090636:120115

Butterfly milkweed
Blue wood aster
Heath aster
Smooth blue aster
Flax-leaved aster
Late purple aster
Frost aster
Yellow false foxglove
Harebell
New Jersey tea
Virgin's bower
Bastard-toadflax
Showy tick trefoil
Naked flower tick trefoil
Poor joe
Upland boneset
Bicknell's frostweed
Longbranch frostweed
Woodland sunflower
Woodland sunflower
Azure bluets
Dwarf dandelion
Round-headed bush clover
Hairy bush clover
Wild lupine
Cow wheat
Wild bergamot
Dotted horsemint
Common evening primrose
Beardtongue
Hairy beardtongue
Prairie cinquefoil
Canadian cinquefoil

x
x

2
2
1,2

1,2
2
2
1
1
2

1,2

x
x

2
2
2

1
1
603

39.29483
39.45
65.75
39.45
78.9
8.93674
13.15
8.43704
0.02893
334.3808
11.19854
43.43971
6.575
29.76108
121.506
33.664
6.71965
35.5313
91.47403
90.98748
0.39976
0.31823
0
5.11798
1175.058
7.34822
92.05
13.76279
13.15
52.6
38.29806
15.91676
2.55899

1.4941
1.5000
2.5000
1.5000
3.0000
0.3398
0.5000
0.3208
0.0011
12.7141
0.4258
1.6517
0.2500
1.1316
4.6200
1.2800
0.2555
1.3510
3.4781
3.4596
0.0152
0.0121
0.0000
0.1946
44.6790
0.2794
3.5000
0.5233
0.5000
2.0000
1.4562
0.6052
0.0973

0.0934
0.0938
0.1563
0.0938
0.1875
0.0212
0.0313
0.0201
0.0001
0.7946
0.0266
0.1032
0.0156
0.0707
0.2888
0.0800
0.0160
0.0844
0.2174
0.2162
0.0010
0.0008
0.0000
0.0122
2.7924
0.0175
0.2188
0.0327
0.0313
0.1250
0.0910
0.0378
0.0061

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Pseudognaphalium
obtusifolium
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Rosa carolina
Rubus flagellaris
Rudbeckia hirta
Sisyrinchium montanum
Solidago bicolor
Solidago hispida
Solidago juncea
Solidago nemoralis
Solidago rugosa
Tephrosia virginiana
Thalictrum revolutum
Trichostemum dichotomum
Tuecrium canadense
Viola sagittata

Rabbit tobacco
Narrow-leaved mountain
mint
Carolina rose
Dewberry
Black-eyed Susan
Blue eyed grass
Silverrod
Hairy goldenrod
Early goldenrod
Old-field goldenrod
Rough-stemmed goldenrod
Goat's Rue
Skunk Meadow rue
Blue curls
Germander
Arrowleaf violet

Botanical Name
Carex swannii
Danthonia spicata
Panicum linearifolium

S:090636:120115

57.82581

92.05
3.5000
0.2188
11.4405
0.4350
0.0272
5.26
0.2000
0.0125
19.725
0.7500
0.0469
0.31823
0.0121
0.0008
6.39879
0.2433
0.0152
13.11581
0.4987
0.0312
65.75
2.5000
0.1563
105.2
4.0000
0.2500
19.61454
0.7458
0.0466
14.42555
0.5485
0.0343
4.07913
0.1551
0.0097
16.45591
0.6257
0.0391
78.9
3.0000
0.1875
16.5953
0.6310
0.0394
3212.621 122.1529
7.6346
63.00% ofMix

1
2

PPSOB Enhancement (4.62 ac)

Ratio

Matrix

Grasses, sedges, etc.

Commer
cially
Available

Common Name
Swan's sedge
Poverty grass
Slender leaved panic grass

604

KBB
Nectar

5:95

oz
9.24
3.465
9.24
21.945

2.1987

Rate

oz/ac
2
0.75
2
4.7500
5.33%

0.1374

5.5744

Seeding
Rate
lbs/ac
0.125
0.046875
0.125
0.2969
ofMix

lbs/ac

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Forbs
Botanical Name
Anemone virginiana
Asclepias amplexicaulis
Asclepias syriaca
Asclepias tuberosa
Aster linearifolius
Aureolaria flava
Ceanothus americanus
Commandra umbellata
Helianthemum canadense
Helianthus divaricatus
Helianthus strumosus
Lespedeza capitata
Lupinus perennis
Melampyrum lineare
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda punctata
Potentilla arguta
Pseudognaphalium
obtusifolium
Solidago hispida
Solidago nemoralis
Tephrosia virginiana
Trichostema dichotomum

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Thimbleweed
Blunt milkweed
Common milkweed
Butterfly weed
Stiff aster
Yellow false foxglove
New jersey tea
Bastard toadflax
Longbranch frostweed
Woodland sunflower
Woodland sunflower
Round-headed bush clover
Wild lupine
Cow wheat
Wild bergamot
Horse mint
Prairie cinquefoil

1
2
2

x
x
x
x

2
1,2
1
1,2
2
2
2
1,2
2
2
1

oz
2.853774
0.959574
4.62
4.678212
11.55
1.482096
60.6934
7.438662
6.251322
15.015
14.322
0
206.417
1.290828
12.705
5.544
2.319702

2 9.216438
2.303994
18.48
1 2.53407
3.252942
390.1146

Rabbit tobacco
Hairy goldenrod
Old field goldenrod
Goat's Rue
Blue curls

605

oz/ac
0.6177
0.2077
1.0000
1.0126
2.5000
0.3208
13.1371
1.6101
1.3531
3.2500
3.1000
0.0000
44.6790
0.2794
2.7500
1.2000
0.5021

lbs/ac
0.0386
0.0130
0.0625
0.0633
0.1563
0.0201
0.8211
0.1006
0.0846
0.2031
0.1938
0.0000
2.7924
0.0175
0.1719
0.0750
0.0314

1.9949
0.1247
0.4987
0.0312
4.0000
0.2500
0.5485
0.0343
0.7041
0.0440
84.4404
5.2775
94.67% ofMix

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Mesic (4.52 ac)

Ratio

Matrix

Grasses, sedges, etc.


Botanical Name
Andropogon gerardii
Bromus kalmii
Elymus hystrix
Panicum clandestinum
Schizachyrium scoparium
Sorghastrum nutans

Common Name
Big bluestem
Wild chess
Bottlebrush grass
Dear tongue
Little bluestem
Indian grass

S:090636:120115

KBB
Nectar

Forbs
Botanical Name
Actaea pachypoda
Actea rubra
Ageratina altissima
Agrimonia parviflora
Aster lateriflorus
Aster pilosus
Aster puniceus
Cimicifuga racemosa
Eupatorium maculatum
Geranium maculatum
Geranium robertianum
Lobelia inflata
Maianthemum racemosum
Osmorrhiza claytonii
Penstemon digitalis

Commer
cially
Available

Common Name
White baneberry
Red baneberry
White snakeroot
Agrimony
Calico aster
Frost aster
Swamp aster
Black snakeroot
Spotted Joe Pye weed
Wild geranium
Herb robert
Indian tobacco
False solomon seal
Sweet cicely
Beardtongue

606

30:70

oz
20.34
12.14976
67.8
41.91984
67.8
0
189.6696

oz
0.999824
0.949652
45.2
2.5199
5.759836
13.56
18.23956
6.699996
45.2
1.599628
0.640032
3.839966
5.57994
6.599652
54.24

Rate

8.3777

lbs/ac

Seeding

Rate
oz/ac
lbs/ac
4.5 0.28125
2.688
0.168
15
0.9375
9.2743 0.579644
15
0.9375
0
0
41.9623
2.6226
31.31% ofMix

oz/ac
lbs/ac
0.2212 0.013825
0.2101 0.013131
10.0000
0.625
0.5575
0.0348
1.2743
0.0796
3.0000
0.1875
4.0353 0.252206
1.4823 0.092644
10.0000
0.625
0.3539 0.022119
0.1416 0.00885
0.8496
0.0531
1.2345 0.077156
1.4601 0.091256
12.0000
0.75

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Rudbeckia hirta
Rudbeckia laciniata
Solidago gigantea
Solidago graminifolia
Solidago juncea
Solidago rugosa
Spiraea tomentosa
Teucrium canadense
Tradescantia ohiensis
Verbena hastata
Zizia aurea

2
2

Mountain mint
Black eyed susan
Cutleaf coneflower
Giant goldenrod
Old field goldenrod
Early goldenrod
Rough goldenrod
Steeplebush
Germander
Spiderwort
Swamp verbena
Golden alexander

Wet Meadow (3.36 ac)

Ratio

Matrix

Grasses, sedges, etc.


Botanical Name
Carex annectens
Carex comosa
Carex crinita
Carex flava
Carex hystericina
Carex lacustris
Carex lupulina
Carex scoparia
Carex vulpinoidea
Eleocharis obtusa
Elymus hystrix
Glyceria canadensis
S:090636:120115

Commer
cially
Available

Common Name
Yellow fruit sedge
Bottlebrush sedge
Fringed sedge
Yellow spike
Porcupine sedge
Lake sedge
Hop sedge
Broom sedge
Fox sedge
Spike rush
Bottlebrush grass
Rattlesnake grass

KBB
Nectar

15.06652
13.56
0.319564
22.6
47.46
22.6
3.371016
22.6
45.2
12.79974
30.284
2.879692
416.205

60:40

oz
15.99998
29.33347
11.83997
16.31986
67.2
11.19989
33.27979
67.2
67.2
0.0672
28.31472
25.81992

607

3.3333
3.0000
0.0707
5.0000
10.5000
5.0000
0.7458
5.0000
10.0000
2.8318
6.7000
0.6371
92.0808
68.69%
Rate

oz/ac
4.7619
8.7302
3.5238
4.8571
20.0000
3.3333
9.9047
20.0000
20.0000
0.0200
8.427
7.6845

0.208331
0.1875
0.004419
0.3125
0.65625
0.3125
0.046613
0.3125
0.625
0.176988
0.41875
0.039819
5.7550
ofMix
14.2329

Seeding
Rate
lbs/ac
0.2976
0.5456
0.2202
0.3036
1.2500
0.2083
0.6190
1.2500
1.2500
0.0013
0.5267
0.4803

lbs/ac

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Glyceria grandis
Juncus dudleyi
Juncus effusus

Juncustenuis
Leersia oryzoides
Scirpus atrovirens
Scirpus cyperinus
Scirpus pendulus
Sphenopholis intermedia

American mannagrass
Dudley's rush
Common rush
Path rush
Rice cut grass
Dark green bulrush
wool grass
Nodding bulrush
Slender wedge grass

33.6
0.533232
0.533232
0.533232
3.199728
14.66674
21.33331
21.33331
0.319872
469.8275

10.0000
0.1587
0.1587
0.1587
0.9523
4.3651
6.3492
6.3492
0.0952
139.8296
61.40%

Forbs
Botanical Name
Epilobium coloratum
Eupatorium maculatum
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Lobelia siphilitica
Lycopus americanus
Lysimachia ciliata
Penthorum sedoides
Solidago gigantea
Solidago graminifolia
Solidago juncea
Spirea alba
Spirea tomentosa
Thalictrum pubescens
Verbena hastata
Verbena urticifolia

oz

Common Name
Cinnamon willow-herb
Spotted Joe Pye weed
Boneset
Great blue lobelia
American horehound
Fringed loosestrife
Ditch stonecrop
Giant goldenrod
Old field goldenrod
Early goldenrod
White meadowsweet
Steeplebush
King of the meadow
Swamp verbena
White verbena

2.450784
50.4
60.48
0.02856
40.32
1.279824
14.71982
7.7868
2
13.44
7.7868
20.79974
2
20.16
8.639904
40.32
6.72
295.3322

0.6250
0.0099
0.0099
0.0099
0.0595
0.2728
0.3968
0.3968
0.0060
8.7394
of Mix

oz/ac
lbs/ac
0.7294
0.0456
15.0000
0.9375
18.0000
1.1250
0.0085
0.0005
12.0000
0.7500
0.3809
0.0238
4.3809
0.2738
2.3175
0.1448
4.0000
0.2500
2.3175
0.1448
6.1904
0.3869
6
0.375
2.5714 0.160713
12
0.75
2
0.125
87.8965

5.4935

38.60% ofMix

S:090636:120115

608

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Forested Wetland Enhancement (28.08 ac)

Grasses, sedges, etc.

Grasses = 8-12 lbs/acre

Botanical Name
Carex comosa
Carex hystericina
Carex scabrata
Carex scoparia
Carex squarrosa
Carex stipata
Carex utriculata
Carex vulpinoidea
Eleocharis obtusa
Glyceria grandis
Juncus dudleyi
Juncus effusus
Juncus tenuis
Scirpus atrovirens
Scirpus cyperinus
Scirpus pendulus

Common Name
Bottlebrush sedge
Porcupine sedge
Eastern rough sedge
Broom sedge
Squarossa sedge
Prickly sedge
Northeast territory sedge
Fox sedge
Spike rush
American mannagrass
Dudley's rush
Common rush
Path rush
Dark green bulrush
Wool grass
Nodding bulrush

Forbs

Forbs = 2-4 lbs/acre

Botanical Name
Ageratina altissima
Arisaema triphyllum
Boehmeria cylindrica
Epilobium coloratum
Eupatorium maculatum
Eupatorium perfoliatum

Common Name
White snakeroot
Jack-in-the-pulpit
False nettle
Cinnamon willow-herb
Spotted Joe Pye weed
Boneset

S:090636:120115

Ratio

Matrix

Commer
cially
Available

45:55

KBB
Nectar

Rate

oz
23.78946
144.9595
1.91923
140.5
4.1588
18.87758
4.73766
206.7177
8.43
237.119
11.24
14.05
2.02601
162.98
56.2
49.06541
1086.77

163.9691
7.49989
43.51847
28.1
281
281

609

oz/ac
0.8466
5.1587
0.0683
5.0000
0.1480
0.6718
0.1686
7.3565
0.3000
8.4384
0.4000
0.5000
0.0721
5.8000
2.0000
1.7461

Seeding
Rate
lbs/ac
0.0529
0.3224
0.0043
0.3125
0.0093
0.0420
0.0105
0.4598
0.0188
0.5274
0.0250
0.0313
0.0045
0.3625
0.1250
0.1091

38.6751

2.417194

43.41%

of Mix

oz

5.5683

oz/ac
5.8352
0.2669
1.5487
1.0000
10.0000
10.0000

lbs/ac

lbs/ac
0.3647
0.0167
0.0968
0.0625
0.6250
0.6250

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Galium palustris
Lycopus americanus
Polygonum virginianum
Solidago gigantea
Solidago graminifolia
Verbena hastata
Verbena urticifolia

Marsh bedstraw
American horehound
Jumpseed
Giant goldenrod
Old field goldenrod
Swamp verbena
White verbena

0.63787
16.63801
0.95821
140.5
2
140.5
265.7136
46.71906

0.0227
0.5921
0.0341
5.0000
5.0000
9.4560
1.6626

0.0014
0.0370
0.0021
0.3125
0.3125
0.5910
0.1039

1416.754

41.1049

3.1511

56.59% ofMix

S:090636:120115

610

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment I. Soil & Hydrologic Monitoring


Albany Rapp Road Landfill
Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
City of Albany, New York
Introduction
The hydrologic monitoring program for the Albany Rapp Road project follows the approved
Monitoring Plan and Performance Criteria included in Appendix 3 of the permitted restoration plan, to
annually measure and evaluate the performance of site hydrological conditions (shallow ground water
levels and soil moisture conditions) to successfully restore and maintain the sites designed wetland
habitats.
Hydrology monitoring was initiated in spring 2012, following completion of restoration grading and
initial cover seeding in Phases I and II in late 2011. Beginning in November 2011, preparations were
underway for installing and calibrating hydrology monitoring instruments to be operational by early
spring 2012. Deployed instruments included 16 Telog soil water level recorders fitted into shallow well
casings, and 12 Decagon EC-5 soil moisture sensors, installed in pairs at six locations at depths of six and
twelve inches below the ground surface (see Exhibit 1. Hydrology Monitoring Sites map for the location
of each unit or array). Prior to installation, a gravimetric analysis was completed of four soil core samples
to estimate how much saturated capillary rise above the water table occurs in the sand on the site. Soil
samples were taken at the time of installation to determine sand porosity at 6 and 12 for calibration of
the soil moisture sensors. Both the Telog recorders and the Decagon soil moisture sensors are
continuously-recording instruments, and data are downloaded monthly during the monitoring period.
Initial monitoring instrumentation also included the use of soil moisture probes to qualitatively measure
soil moisture content. These instruments were determined to be vulnerable to abrasion damage in the
sites sandy soils, and thus at risk of producing less than reliable data over time. As a result, the use of
the probes was discontinued at the end of the 2012 monitoring season. Six existing piezometers,
installed during the design and permitting phases of the project (2006 2009), have also been monitored
periodically since 2012, to provide additional ground water measurements just southeast of the stream
restoration.
Vegetation establishment in Phases I and II was largely completed by 2013. Grading in subsequent
seasons has occurred as needed to address localized erosion and in conjunction with modifications in
some areas of the restoration to accelerate and achieve target hydrological conditions, such as in the
forested wetlands in the western sector of Phase II, the Vernal Pond, and areas near the Pump Station.
Targeted transitional wetland areas in Phase II were treated this season with a granular polyachrilamide
(PAM) formulation to accelerate hydrophytic vegetation establishment (see further discussion in the
Phase II Wetland & Stream Enhancement section of this compliance report).
Work Activity and Deviation from the Work Plan
Hydrologic monitoring in 2015 commenced on April 17, with re-installation, calibration, and data
download of soil moisture meters and maintenance and download of the permanently installed Telog
devices. Data download from both sets of instruments occurred monthly until October 15. The delayed
start of the monitoring season (typically April 1) reduced the number of monitoring days for moisture
meters by 17 days. This did not reduce the number of days of the Telog devices, as they remain in place
and operational year-round.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 611


2.0 Hydrology Performance
2.1. Growing Season & Consecutive Days ............................................................................ 613
2.2. Primary Hydrology Indicators ....................................................................................... 613
2.3. Secondary Hydrology Indicators.................................................................................... 614
3.0 Methods
3.1 Hydrology Equipment ..................................................................................................... 615
3.1.1. Telogs ..................................................................................................................... 615
3.1.2. Soil Moisture Meters .............................................................................................. 615
3.1.3. Soil Moisture Probes .............................................................................................. 616
3.1.4. Existing Piezometers ............................................................................................. 616
4.0 Results
4.1. Precipitation .................................................................................................................... 616
4.2. Telog Data ...................................................................................................................... 617
4.3. Soil Moisture Meter Data ............................................................................................... 617
4.4. Existing Peizometer Data .............................................................................................. 618
5.0 Discussion & Conclusions .................................................................................................... 619
6.0 Planned Hydrological Activities for 2016 .............................................................................. 620
TABLES
1. Wetland Hydrology Indicators for the North Central & Northeast Region .................... 614
2. Consecutive Days of Saturation & Inundation for Achieving Hydrology Standards for 16
Telog Units ....................................................................................................................... 618
3. Consecutive Days of Saturation & Inundation for Achieving Hydrology Standards for
Six Soil Moisture Meter Units .......................................................................................... 619
EXHIBITS
1. Hydrology Monitoring Map ............................................................................................. 622
2. Albany New York Airport Rainfall 2015 ........................................................................ 623
3. Telog Groundwater Monitoring Data 2015 ...................................................................... 624
4. Soil Moisture Meter Monitoring Data 2015 ...................................................................... 641
5. Existing Piezometer Groundwater Monitoring Data 2015 .............................................. 648

1.0

Introduction

The Albany Pine Bush Phase II restoration consists of approximately 40 acres of land in Colonie, New
York. The following hydrology report provides hydrological results from April 1 through October 15,
2015. This is the fourth annual compliance report evaluating the hydrology in the Phase II wetland
restoration areas.
2.0

Hydrology Performance
2.1 Growing Season & Consecutive Days

Beginning and ending dates of the growing season are required to evaluate certain wetland indicators,
such as visual observations of flooding, ponding, and shallow water tables. Growing season dates are
needed when recorded hydrologic data, such as water table monitoring data, is analyzed to determine if
wetland hydrology is present. The determination of sufficient wetland hydrology is dependent on the
start and the end of the growing season and the length (number of days) of that growing season. For
purposes of this project, April 1 and October 15 are used as the beginning and end dates of the growing
season. Hydrology conditions within the growing season are used for determining whether sufficient
hydrology is present to support wetlands.
The Phase II restoration area grading was completed in late 2011, and planting of wetland species was
limited at that time. Planting of wetland species began in earnest in the spring of 2012. By the end of
2015 the planted wetland species will have completed four full growing seasons. Evaluation of the
establishing wetland vegetation has occurred mid-summer annually since 2012 following protocols laid
out in the approved restoration plan (see Appendix 3 Monitoring Plan & Performance Criteria in the
Albany Rapp Road Landfill Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan, 2009). In addition
to this vegetation monitoring effort, a separate report (appended to this document in Attachment L) was
prepared to specifically address the monitoring requirements outlined in Special Conditions I (1 7) of
the USACE permit (NAN-2005-01137-M3 dated July 15, 2011). The purpose of the USACE report is
to provide an evaluation of the success of the mitigation area in its fourth year and to determine if any
adjustments are required. Also, included in the report are the results of a wetland delineation
representing the wetland boundary location in year four of the restoration.
Based on the April 1 and October 15 dates, the regional wetland growing season extends over a period
of 198 days. The Regional Supplement to the Corps of Engineers Wetland Delineation Manual: North
central and Northeast Region, (2012) provides a technical standard for monitoring sites which requires
14 or more consecutive days [between 5% and 12.5% of the growing season] of flooding, ponding,
and/or a water table 12 inches or less below the soil surface during the growing season to indicate
sufficient hydrology is present for wetland establishment. Wetland hydrology, hydrophytic vegetation,
and hydric soils are the three conditions that must be present to determine the existence of a wetland.
Additional indicators listed in Table 1 are required to indicate sufficient hydrology is present for wetland
establishment, if the 14 consecutive day period is not met.
2.2 Primary Hydrology Indicators
Inundation and soil saturation within 12 inches from the surface for 14 consecutive days or greater
during the 2015 growing season are two of the primary hydrology indicators (Table 1) required by the

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U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (2012). Achieving one primary indicator in this Table provides a positive
wetland hydrology indicator.
If inundation or saturation is less than 14 consecutive days, one other primary or two secondary
hydrological indicators would be required to achieve wetland hydrology. Additional primary indicators
that provide evidence of extended periods of standing water and saturation are water marks, drift
deposits, drainage patterns, oxidized rhizospheres along living roots, hydrogen sulfide odor, presence of
reduced iron, recent iron reduction in tilled soils, thin mulch surface, sediment deposits, algal mat or
crust, iron deposits, inundation visible on aerial photography, sparsely vegetated concave surface, water
stained leaves, aquatic fauna, and marl deposits. Observation of any one of the primary criteria is a
positive indicator of wetland hydrology (Table 1).
2.3 Secondary Hydrology Indicators
Some wetland hydrological indicators are defined as secondary, as they do not always occur alone in
wetlands (Table 1). Thus, at least two secondary wetland hydrology indicators are required to provide a
positive indicator of wetland hydrology. Secondary hydrological indicators include water-stained leaves,
local soil survey data, FAC neutral test, surface soil cracks, drainage patterns, moss trim lines, dry season
water table, crayfish burrows, saturation visible on aerial photography, stunted or stressed plants,
geomorphic position, shallow aquitard, and micro-topographic relief. These observations are typically
used when no primary hydrology indicator has been readily observed and the vegetation is dominated by
hydrophytes.
Table 1. Wetland Hydrology Indicators for the North Central and Northeast Region (USACE
2008 and 2012)
Category
Indicator

Primary

Secondary

Observation of Surface Water or Saturated Soils


A. Surface water
B. High water table
C. Saturation

X
X
X
Evidence of Recent Inundation

D. Water marks
E. Sediment deposits
F. Algal mat or crust
G. Iron deposits
H. Inundation visible on aerial imagery
I. Sparsely vegetated concave surface
J. Water-stained leaves
K. Aquatic fauna
L. Marl deposits
M. Surface soil cracks
O. Drainage patterns
P. Moss trim lines

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Evidence of Current or Recent Soil Saturation

Q. Hydrogen sulfide odor


R. Oxidized rhizospheres along living roots
S. Presence of reduced iron
T. Recent iron reduction in tilled soils
U. Thin muck surface
V. Dry-season water table
W. Crayfish burrows
X. Saturation visible on aerial imagery

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Evidence from Other Site Conditions or Data

Y. Stunted or stressed plants


Z. Geomorphic position
AA. Shallow aquitard
BB. Micro-topographic relief
CC. FAC neutral test

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X
X
X
X
X

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3.0

Methods
3.1 Hydrology Equipment

The monitoring of the primary hydrological indicators of saturation and inundation are two effective
measurement means for determining sufficient hydrology to support wetlands. For the Albany Phase II
restoration, a number of instrumentation devices and methods to measure site hydrology have been
installed and are described below.
3.1.1 Telogs
In 2012, sixteen 2 diameter x 48 deep PVC wells were installed and each fitted with a Telog water
level recorder consisting of an electronic data logger and a pressure sensitive transducer to provide
constant water level monitoring. Each Telog was protected by a steel pipe and capped to prevent
rainfall entry and padlocked for security. Sixteen Telog locations were surveyed and mapped (Exhibit
1). During the first spring site visit (April 17 during the 2015 monitoring season), each shallow ground
water monitoring well housing a Telog unit is checked for damage or displacement by frost heave, and
each Telog unit is inspected and tested for proper functioning. Winter data is downloaded and units are
recalibrated as necessary. Telogs are thereafter downloaded monthly through mid-October, 2015.
Telog data was used to produce the hydrographs in Exhibit 3 depicting daily water levels, above or
below the ground surface, during the monitoring period from April 1 through mid-October, 2015.
In soil, capillary action causes water to raise in the soil pores to form the capillary fringe above the free
standing water table. The capillary zone is comprised of saturated soil. The height of capillary rise is
dependent on the soil texture. The soils at Albany are fine sand, and a study was initiated in 2012 to
collect core samples from four locations to estimate the average capillary rise (note: the capillary rise
analysis was presented in the 2012 Compliance Report in the Soil & Hydrologic Monitoring section; see
Attachment J-8 in that section entitled Capillary Rise Evaluation). The average capillary rise was
determined at that time to be 16 inches with a standard deviation of 5 inches. Since the Telog unit
measures the free standing water in the well, soil saturation within 12 inches of the soil would be
reflected by a water level reading of 28 inches below the surface.
3.1.2 Soil Moisture Meters
Unlike the Telog units which are left in place and operational through the winter months, the soil
moisture meters are removed for cleaning and storage at the close of the hydro monitoring season to
prevent freeze-thaw damage to the units. In 2015, re-installation of the moisture meters occurred on
April 17. Following installation protocols, two Decagon EC-5 soil moisture volumetric water content
sensors were re-installed at each of the six locations shown in Exhibit 1, generally in the transitional
zone between wetland and upland settings. Moisture sensors were placed at depths of 6 and 12 inches
to measure the soil moisture volumetric water content at those depths within the rooting zone. The
moisture sensors are placed at depths that exceed four inches to minimize or avoid temperature effects
on soil moisture results. The moisture meter data for each of the two soil depths was used to produce a
soil saturation graph for each unit. A reading of 0.300 is considered the point of saturation on the
graph. Either the 6 or 12 depth can be used as the indicator of soil saturation. In a previous report
(see Attachment J-9 in the 2012 Compliance Report), the results of the porosity analyses conducted
adjacent to each sensor at that time are discussed. These values are used to calibrate the sensors at the
beginning of each hydro monitoring season.

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3.1.3 Soil Moisture Probes


Additional monitoring conducted previously in 2012 included the use of soil moisture probes to
qualitatively measure soil moisture content. These instruments were determined to be vulnerable to
abrasion damage in the sites sandy soils, and thus at risk of producing less than reliable data over time.
As a result, the use of the probes was discontinued at the end of the 2012 monitoring season.
3.1.4 Existing Piezometers
Six existing piezometers located along the original baseline transects E-1 and E-2 east of the landfill
(shown in Exhibit 1) had ground water elevation measured once during the months of April, June,
August and October. This monitoring provided additional ground water measurements just southeast
of the stream restoration.
4.0 Results
4.1 Precipitation
The establishment of wetlands is contingent on annual precipitation events and ground water. Previous
experience found that initially, annual precipitation events will be more important for establishing the
necessary hydrology. The precipitation recorded for March through October 15, 2015 at the Albany
Airport is shown in Exhibit 2.
Extreme and atypical precipitation patterns have characterized the growing and non-growing season
conditions since the establishment of wetlands on the Albany site. The extremely droughty 2012
growing season started with a significant precipitation deficit due to low rainfall and snow accumulations
during the previous six months. This trend continued with almost no rainfall until the third week in
April, with below normal precipitation occurring in most months through the growing season with the
exception of May and September, which were wetter than normal. Again in 2013, the season started with
below normal precipitation, but picked up beginning in May and continued through July with record
rainfall amounts. In 2014, the season started with below normal rainfall followed by slightly higher than
normal precipitation in June and July. This resulted in 5.74 less precipitation than a normal growing
season and 12.43 less than the 2013 growing season.
In 2015, once again the season started with below normal rainfall accumulation, with a deficit of 5.59
inches within the first three months starting in March compared to normal precipitation amounts of 9.99
inches for that time perioda deficit of nearly half. None of the rainfall events during that period
exceeded one inch of accumulation, and protracted periods of drought of up to two weeks in length
occurred with no or only trace amounts of precipitation occurring. By June, a wetter pattern developed
through much of the remainder of the growing season, with below normal precipitation occurring only in
the month of July (-0.70 inches), along with a drier than normal first half of the month of October with
less than an inch of accumulation. In total, during the months of June through September, 21.34 inches
of measurable rainfall was recorded, compared to normal precipitation amounts for that period of 14.7
inches or an excess of 6.64 inches. During that period, five of the rainfall events exceeded one inch, one
of which measured 2.74 inches. In spite of atypical weather patterns, over the entire growing season,
total precipitation amounts approached normal.

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4.2 Telog Data


The Telog data are presented in graphic format in Exhibit 3. In 2015, 11 of the 16 Telogs had soil
saturation levels in excess of the 14 consecutive days of water levels within the required soil depth during
the growing season (Table 2). This is inconsistent with the previous years performance, when a total of
13 Telogs measured desired saturation levels. Furthermore, due to rainfall deficits during March and the
first two months of the growing season (April and May) 11 of the 16 Telogs (69%) showed a 13% 80%
reduction in the number of consecutive days with target saturation levels. Curiously, in spite of the
droughty conditions, three Telogs showed a slight to significant increase in the number of consecutive
days compared to last season (Telogs T-10, 22 more days; T-11, 1 more day; and T-16, 42 more days).
Telogs T-3, T-11, and T-14 continue to fail to meet the fourteen consecutive day standard as in previous
years, likely due to local drainage effects, as described below.

As reported previously, T-3 is located at the edge of an upland sand prairie peninsula which
transitions into the forested wetland community and sedge meadow. Vegetation in the vicinity of
T-3 is represented in part by transects DS-1 and the north end of P2-2. The Telog is located near
the top of the short slope where vegetation data (see transect DS-1 data for quadrats 5 and 6 in
the Ecological Monitoring section of the Compliance Report) suggests upland and wetland
vegetation transition rather abruptly from dry prairie to vegetation dominated by hydrophytic
species. The elevation of T-3 relative to the position of the vegetation quadrats indicates,
however, that the Telog is in a location that should be supporting hydrophytic species.
Differences between ground water and depth to saturated conditions between T-3 and nearby T2 suggest that local drainage conditions may continue to be contributing to the anomalous
readings at T-3. For example, the difference in ground elevation between T-3 (303.33) and T-2
(303.20) is only 1.6 inches, yet the difference of depth to saturated conditions is on average 1.5
feet (based on 2012 April data). T-1, on the other hand, which is aligned with T-2 and T-3 on the
hydrological gradient, is set at ground elevation 305.00. Between T-1 and T-2 is a drop in
ground elevation of 1.8 feet in conjunction with a 1.0 foot drop in depth to saturated soil
elevation, while between T-2 and T-3 is a drop in ground elevation of only 1.6 inches, but a drop
in depth to saturated soil elevation of 1.57 feet.
T-11 is located off of the west end of the large central dune and near the east end of transect P23. Vegetation in this forested wetland area appears to be slightly better drained and currently
dominated by facultative upland (FACU) and upland (UPL) species. The planned application of
PAM and bentonite clay in this location in 2015 is intended to improve water holding capacity of
the soil in order to accelerate establishment of hydrophytic vegetation as designed. The
observable positive effect of this application may be delayed until next growing season, due to the
droughty conditions of 2015. This season, although there was an overall reduction in the number
of species documented in this area, including a number of both FACU and FACW species, the
proportion of hydrophytic species remained just slightly over 50% and slightly higher than last
season.
Telog 14 is located on the narrow berm separating the southern stream from the eastern biofilter
pond. The edge of the berm, where the Telog is located, is likely being effectively drained by the
adjacent biofilter basin, or perhaps separated from the hydrology in that location by a clay lens.

4.3 Soil Moisture Meter Data


The Soil Moisture Meter data are shown in Exhibit 4. In 2015, three of the units (SM-1, 2, and 3) exceeded
the 14 consecutive day standard, SM-1 at both 6 inch and 12 inch depths, and SM-2 and SM-3 at either the
12 inch or 6 inch depths, respectively (Table 3). Due to the droughty conditions, particularly in the early
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part of the 2015 growing season, when these units typically begin to record consistent target moisture levels
and continue on through the end of the growing season as in 2013 and 2014, the number of consecutive
days in 2015 dropped from half to more than 80% of the previously recorded number of days.
Units SM-4, 5 and 6 failed to meet the 14 day standard, as in droughty 2014. Interestingly in 2013, a very
wet year, SM-4 had recorded moisture levels at or well above the target saturation levels (3.00 on the chart)
for 187 consecutive days, compared to only 11 days in 2014 and 7 days in 2015, either reflecting sensitivity
to the droughty conditions of the latter two years or possibly to other localized changes. Rainfall deficits
during the early growing season in both 2014 and 2015 make it unlikely that performance would have been
achieved but for the late start to the monitoring season.
Relative to SM-4 (positioned at a ground elevation of 301.1), SM-5 positioned at 301.2 and SM-6 at 300.1,
although down the hydrological gradient, have had, at least in the past, significantly different results, further
suggesting influence by local drainage effects as with the non-performing Telogs discussed previously. SM5 and SM-6 are in locations that did not receive the top dressing of organic hydric soils excavated from the
landfill expansion area, and as a result did not develop the denser ground cover vegetation that quickly
established in those areas that did receive this treatment, such as the area where SM-4 is located.
Applications of PAM and bentonite clay during late 2015 in the vicinity of SM-5 and SM-6 will be
monitored for their ability to enhance moisture retention in the soils in this transitional wetland area.
4.4 Existing Piezometer Data
Ground water level measurements in the six existing piezometers are shown in Exhibit 5. Of the six
wells (A1-3 and B1-3) monitored during the months of April, June, August, and October, only three
readings (B2 in May and August, and B3 in August) failed to show saturation within the rooting zone by
2.5 to 6 inches. Based on measurements taken in these six wells located along early baseline transects in
the Phase III area, saturated ground water elevations in this sector of Phase III range from 287.06 to
289.34 feet during the 2015 growing season. Compared to elevations measured in 2014, the saturation
zone dropped only slightly, reflecting the overall droughty conditions of the 2015 growing season.
Table 2. Consecutive Days of Saturation and Inundation for Achieving Hydrology Standards for
the 16 Telog Units (comparing 2014 and 2015)
2015 Dates Water Levels At
or Above 12 of Soil Surface

Consecutive days

Consecutive days

April 1-October
15, 2015

April 1-October
15, 2014

4/2- 4/14

13

41**

4/1 7/20

111**

147**

4/8-4/12

4/1-5/28

58**

139**

4/1-4/26

26**

40**

4/8-4/15

41**

4/1-7/21

112**

141**

4/1 10/15

198**

198**

Telog
Number

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4/1 8/1

123**

160**

10

4/1 9/8

161**

139**

11

4/8-4/10

12

4/1-4/29

29**

42**

13

4/1 9/20

173**

198**

14
15

4/1 5/28

58**

103**

16

4/1 8/1

123**

81**

** Indicates primary hydrology standard of inundation or saturation


for minimum 14 consecutive days has been achieved.

Table 3. Consecutive Days of Saturation and Inundation for Achieving Hydrology Standards for
the Six Soil Moisture Meter Units (comparing 2014 and 2015)
Soil Moisture
Meter
Number

2015 Dates Water Levels At


or Above 12 of Soil Surface
**

Consecutive
Days April 17October 15,
2015

1
2
3
4
5
6

4/17 7/12
4/17 5/4
6/1 7/8
6/12 6/18
9/30
9/13, 9/30

87***
18***
38***
7
1
1

Consecutive
days
April 24October 15,
2014
176***
104***
176***
11
1
2

** Saturation data based on either the 6 inch or 12 inch depth soil smart sensor.
*** Primary hydrology standard of 14 consecutive days or greater has been achieved.

5.0 Discussion and Conclusions


The 2015 monitoring of hydrological performance of the Phase II restoration represents the fourth full
growing season of the project following construction. Hydrological monitoring will continue to be
evaluated annually by the monitoring program. Long-term hydrology monitoring is required to evaluate
the overall project effectiveness in restoring wetland habitat.
As in 2014, rainfall patterns during 2015 demonstrated significantly lower precipitation levels compared
to the wet growing season of 2013, although periods of intense rainfall did occur during 2015,
particularly mid to late season. Periods of extended drought have reduced moisture availability and
negatively influenced growing conditions along wetland margins, as reflected in the soil moisture meter
results in those locations (SM-4, 5, and 6). Where topsoil dressing did not occur at the time of
construction, applications of PAM and bentonite clay, which have occurred during early and late 2015 in
approved locations in Phase II wetlands, will begin to improve the moisture holding capacity of the
sandy soil. These benefits will be amplified, as above and below ground vegetative biomass increases and
organic matter from senescing plants and roots is incorporated into the soils. Interactions by soil fauna
and other wildlife inhabiting the restoration will enhance these soil-building benefits.

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In 2015, eleven of the sixteen Telogs located within Phase II restored wetland zones, as well as the six
baseline piezometers located in the existing Phase III forested wetlands, met or exceeded the 14
consecutive days of saturation and/or inundation required to achieve the one primary indicator of
wetland conditions. Three of the six soil moisture meters located in the transitional boundary between
upland and wetland areas likewise met or exceeded the 14 consecutive day requirement.
Due to a persistent pattern of extended periods of drought that began in 2014 and extended into 2015, a
significant reduction in the number of consecutive days was measured at most monitoring locations in
2015. While the majority of the wetland areas have and continue to achieve the necessary hydrology to
sustain restored wetland vegetation, some hydrological transitional areas of the site (such as areas
represented by Telogs 11 and Moisture Meters 5 and 6) will require intervention to accelerate the
establishment of slowly developing hydrophytic vegetation. Such areas include forested wetland
communities that did not receive a top dressing of salvageable organic hydric soils from the landfill
expansion area, a material that was in limited supply. Areas that did receive this top dressing quickly
established hydrophytic vegetation due to the existing soil seedbank contained in the material, which
augmented the native seeding and enhancement planting that occurred throughout the restoration area,
as well as the added moisture holding capacity of the organic soil. Section F of this document discusses
the wetland modifications performed in 2015, such as application of PAM and bentonite clay, to address
these hydrological issues.
6.0 Planned Hydrological Activities for 2016

Continue hydrological monitoring of Telogs and soil moisture meters throughout 2016.

Monitor success of remedial actions taken during 2015, including applying granular PAM in
approved areas where hydrology is under-performing to accelerate hydrophytic vegetation
establishment, and adjusting elevations in the Pump House area to achieve target hydrology in
that location as designed.

Reference
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 2012. Regional Supplement to the Corps of Engineers Wetland
Delineation Manual: Northcentral and Northeast Region. Version 2.0. Environmental Laboratory
ERDC/EL TR-12-1.

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Exhibit 1. Phase II Hydrology Monitoring Sites

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Hydrology Monitoring Sites


(Installation - November 2011)
(Data Collection Begins March 2012)

C-1

T-2
T-1
T-3
SM-1
T-4
SM-3

SM-2
T-10

T-12

C-2

SM-5
C-3

C-4

SM-6

SM-4

T-8

T-15

T-13

Phase II 2011 Compliance Report

T-14

Hydrology Monitoring Sites

T-11

T-7

T-6

C-5

T-5

T-9

Albany, New York

Core Sample Location


(soil analyses to determine
height of capillary rise)

Albany, New York

C-1

Albany Rapp Road Landfill

SM-1 Soil Moisture Measurement

One Connors Blvd.

Telog Soil Water Level Measurement


City of Albany, Dept. of General Services

T-1

AES Proj. #:

09-0636

Designed By:

XXX

Drawn By:

WCC

Checked By:

EMK

File:

Phase II Compliance 2011.dwg

Date: DATE

T-16

Coordinate System: N/A

TM

Applied Ecological Services, Inc.

Feet
0
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100

200

400

17921 Smith Road, P.O. Box 256


Brodhead, WI 53520
Phone: (608) 897-8641 Fax: (608) 897-8486
www.appliedeco.com
Email: info@appliedeco.com

2011. All designs, concepts, details, etc. are the


property of Applied Ecological Services, Inc. (AES)

and may not be duplicated, photographed or


Scale: 1" = 200'
reproduced without the written consent of AES, Inc.
To Scale
When
PrintedRapp
at 11 xRoad
17 Landfill Compliance Report
Sheet Number
2015
Albany

E.1
SHEET_X_OF_Y

Exhibit 2. Albany New York Airport Rainfall 2015


Table 4. Albany, New York Airport - Rainfall 2015 (inches)
Source: National Weather Service http://www.weather.gov/aly/AlbanyLCD
Day

March

April

May

0.08
T
0.1
0
T
0
T
0.02
0
0.03
T
0
0
0.08
T
0
0.03
0
0
0.04
T
0
0
0
0.03
0.78
T
0.06
0
T
0

0
T
0.09
0.28
T
T
0.01
0.35
0.15
0.17
0
0
0
T
0
0
0.11
0
0
0.12
0.54
0.26
T
T
0
0
0.02
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
T
0
0.01
T
0
T
0.05
0
0
0.25
T
T
0
0
0
T
T
0.11
T
0
0.37
0.26

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

0.64
0.01
0
0
0.02
0.48
0
0.79
0.5
T
T
1.62
0.01
T
0.64
0.41
0
T
0.14
0.04
0.23
0
0.07
0
T
0.01
0.22
0.79
0.01
0.07

July

Aug

Sep

0.09
0
0
0.3
0
0
0.25
T
0.9
T
0
0
0
0
0
0
T
0
1.27
0
T
0
0
0.13
T
0.18
0
T
0
0.3
0

T
0
0.5
0.02
T
0
0
0
0
T
1.84
0
T
0.22
0.41
0
0
0
0
T
0.86
0
0
0
0.45
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0.65
0
0
0
0
0.0001
0.03
0.15
0.15
1.57
0.41
0.01 T
0
0
0
0
0.0001
0.07
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0001
1.11
2.74

1.25

2.10

1.05

6.70

3.42

4.30

6.89

2015
Departure
from
Norm al

-1.96

-1.07

-2.56

2.91

-0.70

0.84

3.59

Normal

3.21

3.17

3.61

3.79

4.12

3.46

3.3

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Oct

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.7
0
0
0
0.03
0

=data not used

*T = Trace

Sum =

June

0.73
Not
complete

623

3.68

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Exhibit 3. Telog Groundwater Monitoring Data 2015

S:090636:120115

624

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #1 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)


306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00

299.00
298.00

297.00
296.00
295.00
294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00
289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

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Soil Water Elevation

625

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #2 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)


306.00
305.00

304.00
303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00
299.00
298.00
297.00
296.00
295.00

294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00
289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

S:090636:120115

Soil Water Elevation

626

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #3 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)


306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00

302.00
301.00
300.00
299.00
298.00
297.00
296.00
295.00
294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00
289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

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Soil Water Elevation

627

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #4 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)


306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00
299.00
298.00
297.00
296.00
295.00

294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00
289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

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Soil Water Elevation

628

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #5 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)


306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00
299.00
298.00
297.00
296.00
295.00

294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00
289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

S:090636:120115

Soil Water Elevation

629

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #6 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)


306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00
302.00

301.00
300.00
299.00
298.00
297.00
296.00
295.00

294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00
289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

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Soil Water Elevation

630

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #7 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)


306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00
299.00
298.00
297.00
296.00
295.00

294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00
289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

S:090636:120115

Soil Water Elevation

631

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #8 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)


306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00
299.00
298.00
297.00
296.00
295.00
294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00
289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

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Soil Water Elevation

632

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #9 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)


306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00

299.00
298.00

297.00
296.00
295.00
294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00
289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

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Soil Water Elevation

633

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #10 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)
306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00

299.00
298.00

297.00
296.00
295.00
294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00
289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

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Soil Water Elevation

634

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #11 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)
306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00
299.00
298.00
297.00
296.00

295.00
294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00
289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

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Soil Water Elevation

635

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #12 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)
306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00
299.00
298.00
297.00
296.00
295.00
294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00

289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

S:090636:120115

Soil Water Elevation

636

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #13 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)
306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00
299.00
298.00
297.00
296.00
295.00
294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00

289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

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Soil Water Elevation

637

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #14 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)
306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00
299.00
298.00
297.00
296.00
295.00
294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00

289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

S:090636:120115

Soil Water Elevation

638

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #15 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)
306.00
305.00
304.00
303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00
299.00
298.00
297.00
296.00
295.00
294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00

289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

S:090636:120115

Soil Water Elevation

639

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

ALBANY TELOG #16 -- GROUND SURFACE AND SOIL WATER ELEVATIONS (FEET)
306.00
305.00
304.00

303.00
302.00
301.00
300.00
299.00
298.00
297.00
296.00
295.00
294.00
293.00
292.00
291.00
290.00
289.00
288.00
287.00
286.00

Saturated Soil Water Elevation

S:090636:120115

Soil Water Elevation

640

Ground Elevation

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Exhibit 4. Soil Moisture Meter Monitoring Data 2015

S:090636:120115

641

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Albany Soil Moisture (20304) Unit #1


0.500
0.450
0.400

Moisture (M3/M3)

0.350

0.300
0.250
0.200
0.150
0.100
0.050
0.000

6" Water Content

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12" Water Content

642

Min Saturated Soil Value

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Albany Soil Moisture Unit #2


0.500
0.450
0.400

Moisture (M3/M3)

0.350
0.300
0.250
0.200
0.150
0.100
0.050
0.000

6" Water Content

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12" Water Content

643

Min Soil Saturation Value

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Albany Soil Moisture (20323) Unit #3


0.500
0.450
0.400

Moisture (M3/M3)

0.350
0.300
0.250
0.200
0.150
0.100
0.050
0.000

6" Water Content

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12" Water Content

644

Min Saturated Soil Value

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Albany Soil Moisture (20303) Unit #4


0.500
0.450
0.400

Moisture (M3/M3)

0.350
0.300

0.250
0.200
0.150
0.100
0.050
0.000

6" Water Content

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12" Water Content

645

Min Saturated Soil Value

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Albany Soil Moisture (20305) Unit #5


0.500
0.450
0.400

Moisture (M3/M3)

0.350
0.300
0.250
0.200
0.150
0.100
0.050
0.000

6" Water Content

S:090636:120115

12" Water Content

646

Min Saturated Soil Value

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Albany Soil Moisture (20302) Unit #6


0.500
0.450
0.400

Moisture (M3/M3)

0.350

0.300
0.250
0.200
0.150
0.100
0.050
0.000

6" Water Content

S:090636:120115

12" Water Content

647

Min Saturated Soil Value

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Exhibit 5. Existing Piezometer Groundwater Monitoring Data 2015

S:090636:120115

648

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Albany Landfill
2015 Groundwater Monitoring Data
Date

Well #

5/27/2015 A1
A2
A3
B1
B2
B3
6/17/2015 A1
A2
A3
B1
B2
B3
8/14/2015 A1
A2
A3
B1
B2
B3
1019/2015 A1
A2
A3
B1
B2
B3

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Top of
Top of Monitoring
Surface to
Ground Elev at
Depth to
Monitoring Well
Well to
Groundwater (feet)
Piezometer
Groundwater
to Soil (feet)
Groundwater
(feet)
(feet below
(feet)
surface)
3.65
3.10
2.10
3.25
2.45
2.60
3.55
3.10
2.15
3.25
2.45
2.60
3.55
3.05
2.15
3.30
2.45
2.60
3.60
3.10
2.15
3.30
2.50
2.65

4.80
4.80
4.40
5.30
5.00
5.00
4.60
4.60
3.60
4.90
4.10
3.80
5.10
5.00
4.55
5.40
5.25
5.30
5.00
4.80
4.20
5.20
4.90
4.85

1.15 below surface


1.70 below surface
2.30 below surface
2.05 below surface
2.55 below surface
2.40 below surface
1.05 below surface
1.50 below surface
1.45 below surface
1.65 below surface
1.65 below surface
1.20 below surface
1.55 below surface
1.95 below surface
2.40 below surface
2.10 below surface
2.80 below surface
2.70 below surface
1.40 below surface
1.70 below surface
2.05 below surface
1.90 below surface
2.40 below surface
2.20 below surface

649

288.72
288.43
288.13
289.66
289.46
289.17
288.72
288.43
288.13
289.66
289.46
289.17
288.72
288.43
288.13
289.66
289.46
289.17
288.72
288.43
288.13
289.66
289.46
289.17

1.15
1.70
2.30
2.05
2.55
2.40
1.05
1.50
1.45
1.65
1.65
1.20
1.55
1.95
2.40
2.10
2.80
2.70
1.40
1.70
2.05
1.90
2.40
2.20

Est. Capillary
Rise to Sat'd
Groundwater
Elev (feet)
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33

Depth to Sat'd
Sat'd
Groundwater Groundwater
Elev (feet below
Elev (feet)
surface)
-0.18
0.37
0.97
0.72
1.22
1.07
-0.28
0.17
0.12
0.32
0.32
-0.13
0.22
0.62
1.07
0.77
1.47
1.37
0.07
0.37
0.72
0.57
1.07
0.87

288.90
288.06
287.16
288.94
288.24
288.10
289.00
288.26
288.01
289.34
289.14
289.30
288.50
287.81
287.06
288.89
287.99
287.80
288.65
288.06
287.41
289.09
288.39
288.30

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment J. Ecological Monitoring Compliance Report


Albany Rapp Road Landfill
Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
City of Albany, New York
Introduction
This section presents the results of the 2015 ecological monitoring program for vegetation and faunal
resources at the Albany Rapp Road Landfill restoration project. The results of this monitoring effort
are presented in the appended reports in Attachments J-1 PII & PIII Vegetation Monitoring prepared
by AES, with field and graphic assistance from CHA, and Attachment J-2 2015 Wildlife Surveys
Report prepared by CHA and AES.
Fourth-year, post-construction vegetation monitoring was scheduled and executed in the Phase II
restoration area in 2015. A single transect (P3-1) had been established and sampled in the Phase III
enhancement area in 2012 to measure pre-treatment conditions, in order to provide a baseline for
comparing enhancement treatment effects in subsequent years as part of the site vegetation
monitoring effort. Phase III enhancement clearing and thinning activities were initiated in late 2012
and were largely completed by the end of 2013, with some minor woody management conducted
along with native seeding conducted in 2014. Invasive species management continued throughout the
Phase III enhancement area during 2015. Monitoring of the Phase III transect P3-1 was conducted in
2013 and 2014, making 2015 the third-year monitoring season. Baseline transects E-1, E-2, and E-3
located in the southeastern sector of the site were also monitored during the 2015 monitoring period.
These transects had not been monitored since 2010, making 2015 the first year of monitoring in this
sector of the site following substantial enhancement activities were completed, largely focused on
invasive species management and canopy thinning in upland settings.
Monitoring protocols and methods for both vegetation and faunal surveys follow those contained in
Appendix 3 Monitoring Plan & Performance Criteria in the Albany Rapp Road Landfill Ecosystem
Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan. Existing conditions at the time of the monitoring
effort represent vegetation establishment in the Phase II areas following construction activities that
occurred in mid to late 2011, including dormant seeding of cover and native seed in late 2011,
followed in spring 2012 by installation of live plant plugs in Phase II areas, particularly to ensure
stable conditions in riparian areas and on banks within the stream corridor. Climatic conditions
following the 2012 plantings included extremely high temperatures and prolonged drought, which
may have had an impact on some newly establishing plants, particularly in upland and transitional
settings along the hydrological gradient. Dormant seeding and early installation of plugs in spring,
however, gave germinating seeds and young plant plugs a good start, resulting in overall success of the
first year of vegetation establishment in spite of the drought. Ongoing invasive species management
has been the principal management acitivity in Phase II areas, along with a number of wetland and
stream enhancement activities as described in annual work plans.
Pre-construction faunal surveys were initiated in fall 2009 to establish baseline conditions in the
project area. Construction began in 2010 and continued through 2011 to establish the designed and
wetlands and uplands. Surveys were continued during this time period. Phase III enhancement work
began in 2012 and continued through 2013, involving canopy and understory thinning and removal of

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650

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

exotic shrubs, and into 2014 with seeding of native species and continued maintenance within all areas
to control invasive species and to ensure establishment of the desired vegetation. As in 2013 and
2014, the faunal surveys conducted this year (2015), are considered post-construction surveys, asthe
bulk of the habitat creation was completed under Phases I and II in 2011 and 2012. In future phases
of the project, the landfill cap will be converted to Pitch Pine Scrub Oak Barrens habitat, but cannot
begin until the results of the vegetation test plots are analyzed and a plan for placing sand and
establishing vegetation is developed. As a result, changes will continue to occur across the restoration
areas over the next several years that may continue to effect wildlife use in some areas. The
restoration project is a long-term effort.
Work Activities
Vegetation monitoring investigations were conducted August 1 7, 2015 by the Citys ecological
team. This monitoring effort was conducted, as in 2012, 2013, and 2014, in Phase II constructed
upland, wetland, and stream corridors, and in the Phase III Enhancement area. A separate
monitoring report (Attachment E Test Plot Planting, Maintenance & Monitoring) presents the results
of vegetation monitoring in the test plots on the GAL portion of the landfill. Periodic inspections
occurred throughout the growing season to assess site stability and success of the PII and PIII
restoration and enhancement activities. These inspections occurred in conjunction with invasive
species management, assessment of tree browse damage, monitoring of lupine populations, and
regular SWPPP inspections.
Post-construction faunal surveys were conducted throughout the 2015 season as planned.
Deviations from Work Plan
There were no deviations in scheduling and applying the vegetation and faunal monitoring methods as
outlined in the 2015 Work Plan.

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651

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment J-1. PII & PIII Vegetation Monitoring


Albany Rapp Road Landfill
Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan
City of Albany, New York

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652

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................... 654
2. Monitoring Requirements & Performance Standards ................................................................................ 654
2.1 Restoration Milestones ............................................................................................................................. 654
2.2 Performance Standards ............................................................................................................................ 654
3. Monitoring Methods & Techniques ............................................................................................................. 656
3.1 Line Transects & Nested Meter Square Sample Quadrats ................................................................. 657
3.2 Floristic Inventory .................................................................................................................................... 657
3.3 Nested Belt TransectsWoody Canopy Intercept, Stem Density & Basal Area ........................... 658
3.4 Comparison of Permanent Transects with Annually Randomized Transects ................................. 658
3.5 Photo Documentation ............................................................................................................................. 658
4. Results ............................................................................................................................................................... 658
4.1 Data Summary Analysis ........................................................................................................................... 659
4.2 Performance .............................................................................................................................................. 659
5. Discussion ......................................................................................................................................................... 661
6. References ......................................................................................................................................................... 661
Tables
1. Phase II & III Vegetation Monitoring Summary .................................................................................... 664
2. Phase II & III Vegetation & Cover Monitoring Data Summary .......................................................... 667
3. Phase II & III Restored & Enhanced Communities Intercepted by Transects.................................. 674
4. Phase II & III Floristic Monitoring Data Summary ............................................................................... 675
Figures
1. PII/PIII Vegetation Monitoring Map (Sheet 01) .................................................................................... 676
2. PII/PIII Vegetation Monitoring Map Enlargement A (Sheet 01A) ..................................................... 677
3. PII/PIII Vegetatoin Monitoring Map Enlargement B (Sheet 01B) ..................................................... 678
Attachments
1. Phase II & III Master Species List & Floristic Analysis ......................................................................... 679
2. Phase II & III Quadrat DataTotal Species List & Floristic Analysis ............................................... 689
3. Phase II & III Quadrat Data ...................................................................................................................... 695
4. Phase II & III Floristic InventoryTotal Species List & Floristic Analysis ...................................... 735
5. Phase II & III Floristic InventoryTransects ........................................................................................ 743
6. Phase II & III Woody Transect DataCanopy Intercept .................................................................... 799
7. Phase II & III Woody Transect DataStem Density & Basal Area ................................................... 805
8. Phase II & III Transect Photos.................................................................................................................. 812

1.

Introduction

This report presents the results of the fourth-year (2015) vegetation monitoring efforts conducted in
the Phase II wetland and stream restoration area, the third-year vegetation monitoring in the Phase III
enhancement area (P3-1), and the first-year monitoring in Phase III (E1, E2, and E3). Monitoring
requirements, performance standards, and methods for monitoring vegetation success follow those
contained in Appendix 3 Monitoring Plan & Performance Criteria in the Albany Rapp Road Landfill
Ecosystem Mitigation, Restoration & Enhancement Plan.
2.

Monitoring Requirements & Performance Standards

2.1

Restoration Milestones

A proposed Management/Maintenance Timeline was presented in the permited monitoring plan to


define milestones in completing the restoration project. This timeline distinguishes the periods of
active restoration, short-term and long-term management, and long-term maintenance. Based on
these definitions, the Phase II restoration is currently transitioning from the active restoration period
to the short-term management period where the focus of management activities is on ensuring site
stability. The results of the 2015 vegetation monitoring effort represent the end of the fourth year
growing season following the fall dormant native seeding and the spring 2012 installation of live plant
plugs. Following this timeline, 2016 will represent year 5 of the Phase II restoration.
2.2

Performance Standards

A set of performance criteria were laid out in the permited monitoring plan to assess the success of
the restored plant communities, including wetlands. The results of annual quantitative vegetation
monitoring and hydrological data analysis will be used to measure performance and determine
compliance according to the following standards.
Hydrology
Wetland status
Jurisdictional Status: Wetlands created or restored for credit shall meet the criteria for wetlands
detailed in the 1987 Corps of Engineers Wetland Delineation Manual, or other such Federal manual
used by the Corps at the time the mitigation bank was established, as well as the New York State
Environmental Conservation Law, Article 24 (Wetlands) standards.
The 1987 US Army Corps Wetland Delineation Manual indicates that an area exhibits wetland
hydrology if it is inundated or saturated within 12 inches of the surface on consecutive days for at
least 12.5% of the growing season (Primary Hydrology Indicator). If an area is inundated or saturated
for between 5% and 12.5% of the growing season the area must meet at least one primary hydrology
indicator and/or two secondary hydrology indicators to exhibit wetland hydrology. Areas inundated
or saturated for less than 5% do not exhibit wetland hydrology and therefore, are not wetlands.
According to the local NRCS Office, the average growing season in Albany County is 147 days (May
15th October 25). Based on the 2012 USACE Northcentral and Northeast Regional Supplement to
the Wetland Delineation Manual, if inundation or saturation is within 12 inches of the surface for a

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minimum 14 consecutive days in Albany County the primary hydrology criteria has been achieved. If
not, additional data will be analyzed and the use of additional primary and secondary hydrology
criteria will be evaluated.
Telogs
Telogs will be used as the primary means to measure inundation and saturation (Primary Hydrology
Indicator). In addition to Telogs, soil moisture recorders, and a soil moisture probe will also used to
measure for soil saturation.
Sixteen automatic water level recorders (i.e. Telogs) and 6 soil moisture level recorders will be installed
at the site in areas designed to be wetlands to measure the water levels above and below ground and
the soil moisture. The automatic water level recorder will provide a constant record of water level
through electronic measurements via a pressure sensitive transducer.
Soil Moisture Recorders
The soil moisture recorders provide an electronic measurement of the level of moisture in the soil. The
data will be downloaded from the automatic water level recorders and soil moisture recorders and
graphically displayed. The soil moisture recorder measures the dielectric constant of soil in order to
determine its volumetric water content. Six soil moisture recorders will be installed on the site. There
will be two different probe depths in each unit. One will record data at 6 inches below the grounds
surface and the second will record data at 12 inches below the surface. During operation, values of 0.0
to 0.4 m3/m3 are possible. A value of 0.0 to 0.1 m3/m3 indicates oven dry to dry soil, respectively. A
value of 0.3 to 0.4 m3/m3 indicates wet to saturated soil. Thus, any value of 0.3 or greater will be
indicative of a saturated soil. These soil saturation levels, which will promote the growth of a
predominance of hydrophytic vegetation, will have a value 0f 0.3 or greater within 12 of the ground
surface for a minimum of 19 consecutive days in Albany County.
Soil Moisture Meter Probe
A Soil Moisture probe will also be used along several transects to measure the soil moisture content
within 12 inches of the soil surface in areas between the Telogs and soil moisture meters. Several
transects will start in an existing wetland and will extend upslope to an upland zone. Following
calibration of the moisture meter in 100% saturated soils, the probe will record soil moisture values
every 20 meters along each transects to a depth of 12 inches. Each point will be surveyed using a
hand-held GPS unit. A soil moisture meter probe value of 0 represents Dry (0% saturation) soil;
values of 2-4 represent Average to Dry soil; values of 4-6 represent Average soil moisture, and values
greater than 7 generally represent saturated soils. Data collected will be summarized and provide
supporting data for achievement of the hydrology performance standard. [Note: due to wear damage
caused by use of the instrument in abrasive sand, its use was discontinued out of concern that, as the
tip wear increased, the accuracy of the data became less reliable.]
Primary and Secondary Hydrology Indicators
The Corps 1987 Wetland Delineation manual states a site must exhibit one or more Primary
Hydrology Indicators and/or two or more Secondary Hydrology Indicators to meet wetland
hydrology requirement.
Primary and secondary hydrology indicators such as drainage patterns, soil survey data, and
hydrophytic vegetation dominance (Fac-Neutral Test) will also be evaluated for achievement of the
hydrology performance standard.

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Local Hydric Soil Map.


The historic Albany County Soil Survey maps showed nearly all lower ground soils in the [former]
Mobile Home Park to have been hydric soils that were filled during sand mining and subsequent land
leveling conducted to support the existing Mobile Home Park. The historic soil types in this location
are somewhat poorly drained and hydric soils in the County. These soil types were confirmed during
site visits. The presence of mapped hydric soils is another secondary indicator of hydrology.
A wetland delineation with a GPS boundary survey of wetlands and natural community mapping will
be conducted in the spring, beginning in year 2 and be conducted again in years 3, 4, 6, 8, and 10 of
the ten-year monitoring period that begins in 2012.
Vegetation
Species Composition
Species selected for the planting shall be native to the county where the mitigation site is located and
shall be appropriate for the hydrologic zone to be planted. A minimum number of native perennial
species proposed for establishment must be present within each plant community to meet
performance standards are as follows:
-Pine barrens vernal pond minimum of 12 native perennial species
-Sedge meadow/wet prairie minimum of 20 native perennial species
-Dry prairie (buffer) minimum of 20 native perennial species
-Forested wetland minimum of 12 native perennial species
In addition, at least 50% of the required minimum number of species must occur at a 10% frequency
or greater by year 5.
Species Dominance
Dominance shall be determined by calculating importance values (IV), with at least two parameters,
frequency and cover, used to calculate species importance. Cattails (Typha spp), reed canary grass
(Phalaris arundinacea), and non-native species shall cumulatively comprise not more than 20% of the
total dominance measure for each community for which credit is granted. The native perennial species
within each wetland plant community shall represent at least 70% of the total dominance measure.
3.

Monitoring Methods & Techniques

We used the following vegetation sampling methods and techniques to address the vegetation
performance standards, according to the permitted restoration plan.
Percent cover

Diversity

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Line transects and nested meter square sample quadrats


Permanent transects comparison with annually randomized transects
Line transects and nested meter square sample quadrats
Comparison between permanent and annually randomized transects
Nested belt transects to measure woody cover intercept and basal area using diameter
at breast height (dbh; measured at approximately 4.5 meters above ground level)

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3.1

Derived measures from cover data, including frequency of occurrence and importance
values
Richness from total species lists developed via floristic inventories and transect
sampling

Line Transects & Nested Meter Square Sample Quadrats

Permanent line transects, each 50 meters in length, were established in nine locations throughout the
Phase II restoration area, selected to represent the major restored wetland communities (see locations
in Figures 01, 01A, and 01B PII/PIII Vegetation Monitoring Map and Enlargements). Each of the
newly established transects were located to fall completely within the constructed planting zones.
Selected baseline transects, 100 meters in length, that lie within the Phase II restoration area were
resampled. The baseline trasects intercept multiple constructed planting zones. Transects were
initially delineated on a map of the as-built PII restoration site, then subsequently laid out in the field
and adjusted to represent as accurately as possible the designed restored plant communities. Transect
end points were staked and located using GPS, and used to prepare the final transect location map. A
summary and description of the sampled transects is presented in Table 1 Phase II & III Vegetation
Monitoring Summary.
Circular sample quadrats, 1m2 in area, were placed at 5-meter intervals along each 50-meter transect
and at 10-meter intervals along each 100-meter transect, centered over a meter tape pulled between
the transect end points. This resulted in sampling 10 quadrats in each transect. At each sample
quadrat the plant cover representing the herbaceous vegetation layer (all plant cover, both woody and
herbaceous, less than 1.0 meter in height) was measured as percent cover, a measure of the vertical
projection of photosynthetic leaf area. Ground surface (substrate) cover by non-plant types, including
bare soil, fine and coarse litter (1 hour combustible fuels and >1 hour combustible fuels, respectively),
bryophytes (mosses, lichens, liverworts), rock, and water were measured independently as percent
cover.
The following measures will be derived from the cover data collected from each quadrat:
Relative frequency of occurrence for each plant species (percent of the total number of sample
quadrats in which each species occurs)
Richness measured by the number of plant species recored in the study transects and by
surveying the transect vicinity in a separate floristic inventory
Absolute cover (AC) and relative cover (RC)
Importance Value (IV), the summation of relative cover and relative frequency of occurrence
for a given species
IV, percent cover, and frequency of occurrence data will be calculated for each plant species
for each transect, community type, and overall site performance level
Erosion control effectiveness (average +/- standard deviation for percent bare soil and
percent total plant and substrate cover per quadrat)
3.2

Floristic Inventory

Plant species richness was sampled in the vicinity of each study transect and surrounding area within
the represented plant community type. All native and non-native (adventive) species were documented
while systematically walking through the search area to optimize encountering new species. These plant

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lists typically locate in excess of 90% of the species within the search area. The data are used along with
data from the quadrat sampling effort to compile a total species list for the site, and to develop species
lists for each transect.
3.3

Nested Belt TransectsWoody Canopy Intercept, Stem Density & Basal Area

Woody vegetation equal to or greater than 1.0 meter in height was sampled along the identical 50-meter
and 100-meter linear study transects laid out for sampling the herbaceous layer. Canopy intercept was
measured by the vertical projection of photosynthetic leaf area over the lineal distance of transect tape.
Two parallel 1.0 meter wide belts were nested on each side of each transect to measure shrub stem
densities (counts of stems 2 inches dbh within the meter-wide belt on the right side of the transect)
and tree diameters (stems > 2 inches dbh within both meter-wide belts on either side of the transect).
The following measures were derived from the data collected from each belt transect:
Percent canopy intercept for each species
Number of stems per hectare for each woody plant species
Basal area per hectare for trees > 2 inches dbh
Survivorship (measured as alive or dead canopy intercept)
3.4

Comparison of Permanent Transects with Annually Randomized Transects In


Representative Community Types

Three randomized transects were established along with the permanent transects. In 2012, three
random transects were established (R-1, R-2, and R-3). These transects were extensions of the first
three permanent transects sampled on site, and were included in the same dominant forested wetland
plant communities as the permanent transects. In 2013, randomized transects were relocated using a
random numbers table to generate three separate numbers. Each number was used to equate with the
number of degrees that one of the original random transects would be pivoted away from its original
trajectory from its 0-meter point. Random transects were sampled using the same methods as the
permanent transects. Data were compared statistically with the analysis from the permanent transects.
The statistical comparison evaluates whether the paired samples are from significantly similar
populations, and if so, confirm the assumption of random sampling, which strengthens statistical
robustness.
3.5

Photo Documentation

Conditions in each transect were photo documented from the 0m and 50m end points of the 50meter long transects, and from the 0m, 50m, and 100m locations of the 100-meter long transects.
Photos taken from the last position of each transect were directed back over the transect. Photos
were archived with labels identifying the transect label and direction of view.
4.

Results

All transect and floristic inventory data and photo documentation have been summarized and
presented in a series of attachments (Attachments 1 8). This information is further summarized and
tabulated for documenting and assessing site performance (Tables 2 4). Table 1 provides a

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summary of the transect and sampling information to accompany the transect location maps in
Figures 01, 01A, and 01B.
4.1

Data Summary Analysis

All plant species recorded in transects and floristic inventories, were compiled to create a master
species list representing the site in 2015 (Attachment 1). This floristic data was analyzed by species to
provide taxonomic and functional criteria useful for assessing vegetation performance: scientific and
common names, family classification, physiognomy, native versus non-native (adventive) status,
wetland classification, rare species, nectar/larval food, and seeded/planted species. This floristic
analysis was completed for a composite of the species lists generated from the quadrat data
(Attachment 2), and for individual and composite floristic inventories conducted in the vicinity of
each transect (Attachments 4 and 5). Raw quadrat data was analyzed to generate frequency, cover,
and importance values for each transect in Attachment 3. Woody data is presented in Attachments 6
and 7. Transect photos are presented in Attachment 8.
4.2

Performance

The 2015 fourth-year data provide a measure of species composition and dominance to compare to
site performance criteria, which apply to year 5 of the restoration.
Species Composition
A minimum number of native perennial species proposed for establishment must be present within
each plant community to meet performance standards are as follows:

Pine barrens vernal pond minimum of 12 native perennial species: transect DS3 bisects the
created pine barrens vernal pond. In 2015, a total of 76 species representing 29 vascular palnt
families were recorded during the floristic inventory in this location, 69 (90.8%) species of
which are native pine barrens species, 60 (78.9%) are perennial forb, grasses, and sedges, 56
(73.7%) are hydrophytic species, and 33 (43.4%) were introduced as seed and plants. This is
compared to 2013, when a total of 86 species representing 27 vascular plant familes were
recorded during the floristic inventory in this location, 73 (84.9%) species of which were
native pine barrens species, 60 (69.8%) were perennial forb, grasses, and sedges, 62 (72.1%)
were hydrophytic species, and 36 (41.9%) were introduced as seed and plants.
Sedge meadow/wet prairie minimum of 20 native perennial species: segments of transects
DS1 and DS2 bisect the created sedge meadow. In DS2, which bisects the greater extent of
sedge meadow, a total of 71 species representing 27 vascular plant familes were recorded
during the 2015 floristic inventory in this location, 62 (87.3%) species of which are native pine
barrens species, 56 (78.9%) are perennial forbs, grasses, and sedges, 44 (70.0%) are
hydrophytic species, and 31 (43.7%) were introduced as seed and plants. This is compared to
2013, when a total of 107 species representing 31 vascular plant familes were recorded during
the floristic inventory in this location, 82 (76.6%) species of which were native pine barrens
species, 71 (66.3%) were perennial forbs, grasses, and sedges, 58 (54.2%) were hydrophytic
species, and 38 (35.5%) were introduced as seed and plants. And, in 2014 when a total of 99
species representing 30 vascular plant familes were recorded during the 2014 floristic
inventory in this location, 81 (81.8%) species of which are native pine barrens species, 67

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(67.7%) are perennial forbs, grasses, and sedges, 54 (54.5%) were hydrophytic species, and 44
(44.4%) were introduced as seed and plants.
Dry prairie (buffer) minimum of 20 native perennial species: transects DS1, DS2, and DS3 all
have minimal segments that bisect the Dry Prairie/Sand Flat and Pitch Pine-Scrub Oak
Barrens upland communities. In DS1, which intercepts a significant segment of created
upland barrens, a total of 79 species representing 29 vascular plant familes were recorded
during the 2015 floristic inventory in this location, 67 (84.8%) species of which are native pine
barrens species, 60 (79.9%) are perennial forbs, grasses, and sedges, 25 (31.6%) are nonhydrophytic species, and 28 (35.4%) were introduced as seed and plants. This is compared to
2013, when a total of 99 species representing 31 vascular plant familes were recorded during
the floristic inventory in this location, 83 (83.8%) species of which were native pine barrens
species, 68 (68.6%) were perennial forbs, grasses, and sedges, 37 (37.4%) were nonhydrophytic species, and 40 (40.4%) were introduced as seed and plants. And, in 2014, when
a total of 118 species representing 35 vascular plant familes were recorded during the 2014
floristic inventory in this location, 95 (80.5%) species of which are native pine barrens species,
81 (68.6%) are perennial forbs, grasses, and sedges, 40 (33.9%) are non-hydrophytic species,
and 37 (31.4%) were introduced as seed and plants.
Forested wetland minimum of 12 native perennial species: transects P2-1 through P2-9, E4
and E6, and three random transects (R-10, R-11, and R-12) intercept created forested wetland
and forest riparian wetland. In 2015, an average of 65 total species representing 26 vascular
families were recorded during the floristic inventory in these locations, 55 (84.6%) of which
are native Pine Barrens species, 43 (66.2%) of which are perennial forbs, grasses, and sedges,
39 (60.0%) are hydrophytic species, and 34 (52.3%) were introduced as seed and plants. This is
compared to 2013, when an average of 67 total species representing 28 vascular families were
recorded, 55 (82.1%) of which are native Pine Barrens species, 42 (62.7%) of which were
perennial forbs, grasses, and sedges, 42 (62.7%) were hydrophytic species, and 26 (38.8%)
were introduced as seed and plants. And, compared to 2014, when an average of 77 total
species representing 28 vascular families were recorded during the floristic inventory in these
locations, 65 (84.4%) of which were native Pine Barrens species, 54 (70.1%) of which are
perennial forbs, grasses, and sedges, 48 (62.3%) are hydrophytic species, and 35 (45.5%) were
introduced as seed and plants.
At least 50% of the required minimum number of species must occur at a 10% frequency or
greater by year 5 (occurring in 1 or more quadrats within each transect). In 2015, in the fourth
year of establishment, all of the communities have achieved this minimum (see table below).
Community

Pine Barrens Vernal Pond


Sedge Meadow
Dry Prairie
Forested Wetland

Representative
Transects

Minimum Native
Perennial Species
Present by Year 5

50% of Required
Minimum Native
Perennial Species

DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
E4, E6, P2-1
9, R10, R11, R12

12
20
20
12

6
10
10
6

Actual Number
Perennail Native
Species > 10%
Frequency
10
26
11
42

Species Dominance
Dominance shall be determined by calculating importance values (IV), with at least two parameters,
frequency and cover, used to calculate species importance. Cattails (Typha spp), reed canary grass

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(Phalaris arundinacea), and non-native species shall cumulatively comprise not more than 20% of the
total dominance measure for each community for which credit is granted. The native perennial species
within each wetland plant community shall represent at least 70% of the total dominance measure. At
the close of the 2015 year-four growing season, of the 17 transects sampled in the Phase II area,
including selected baseline transects E4 and E6, 15 or all but two, P2-3 and P2-4 (highlighted in the
table below), meet the not-more-than 20% adventive criterion, and 13 or all but four transects, P2-2,
P2-3, P2-4, and R-12, meet the 70% or more dominance by perennial native species criterion
(highlighted in the table below). This remains a significant improvement compared to 2013, when
only 10 of the 17 met the not-more-than 20% adventive (non-native) criterion, and only 5 met the
70% or more dominance by perennial native species criterion. Compared to 2014, when 14 or all but
three, P2-3, P2-4, and P2-5, met the not-more-than 20% adventive (non-native) criterion, and all 17
transects met the 70% or more dominance by perennial native species criterion. The actual
importance values of non-native species also show a significant decline in over half of the transects,
while four of the PII transects demonstrated a signicant decline in the importance of perennial native
species in four of the 17 transects.
Transect

DS-1
DS-2
DS-3
E-4
E-6
P2-1
P2-2
P2-3
P2-4
P2-5
P2-6

5.

% IV of
Adventive
Species <20%
13.22
6.01
4.55
8.98
9.19
2.05
15.17
22.03
37.07
19.65
5.95

% IV of Perennial
Native Species
>70%
80.86
89.09
89.69
87.43
90.23
94.29
69.11
69.66
54.01
77.55
88.99

Transect

P2-7
P2-8
P2-9
R-10
R-11
R-12
P3-1
E-1
E-2
E-3

% IV of
Adventive
Species <20%
8.80
2.46
0.86
3.03
17.46
18.70
7.40
18.89
20.19
16.99

% IV of Perennial
Native Species
>70%
90.55
84.92
98.66
71.97
78.95
62.62
84.12
59.08
54.12
82.11

Discussion

The fourth year monitoring results of the Phase II wetland restoration demonstrate that the
performance standard for species composition according to the permit has been met, and in fact
continues to be exceeded. Overall site stability has been on a positive trajectory with significant
increases by native cover in most areas of the site.
Based on a comparison of the summarized data documented during 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015 in all
of the PII transects (see Table 2 in each document, which lists and classifies the three most dominant
species and summarizes key cover categories of plant, bare soil, and fine litter), the 2015 growing
season has maintained a positive trend in all categories in achieving target performances. Of the 63
dominant species compared, 54 of the 63 (85.7%) are natives, representing a 3.2% decrease from
88.9% in 2014. Of the 63, 37 (58.7%) are hydrophytic species, representing a decrease of 6.1% from
64.8% in 2014. In the cover categories, there has been a modest increase in average overall vegetative
cover of 1.4% (from 98% to 99.4%), a decrease in bare soil of 1.6% (from 9.0% to 7.4%), and an
increase in average cover by fine litter (from 45% to 57.4%). This is compared to the analysis in 2014,

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when of the 54 dominant species compared, 48 of the 54 (88.9%) were natives, representing an 11%
increase from 78% in 2013. Of the 54, 35 (64.8%) were hydrophytic species, representing no change
from 65% in 2013. In the cover categories, there was an increase in overall vegetative cover of 7%
(from 91% to 98%), a decrease in bare soil of 9.5% (from 18.5% to 9.0%), and no change in cover by
fine litter (from 46% to 45%).
Of the 352 total species recorded onsite in 2015, 274 (77.8%) are native species, 143 (40.6%) of which
were seeded and planted, and 189 (53.7%) of which are hydrophytic species (see Attachment 1 Master
Species List, Summary Floristic Analysis at the bottom of the list). This is compared to the 438 total
species recorded onsite in 2013, 315 (71.9%) of which were native species, 111 (25.3%) of which were
seeded and planted, and 214 (48.9%) of which were hydrophytic species. And, in 2014, when the total
species recorded was 360, 278 (77.2%) which were native species, 85 (23.6%) of which were seeded
and planted, and 200 (55.6%) of which were hydrophytic species. These results show a slight decrease
in total number of species, but ratio of native to non-native has remained stable. The number of
recorded seeded and planted species has doubled, which is not uncommon given some species in the
seed mix are slow-to-germinate species. A 5% decline by totatl hydrophytes may reflect the droughty
conditions in the early part of the growing season, which has been a trend for the past two growing
seasons. Overall declines in species diversity in restoration projects are also not uncommon due to
increasing competition as perennial species become well established. Within the study transects and
associated species search results (see Table 4 Floristic Monitring Data Summary) the results are
variable, but generally show stable to increasing percentages of native species.
Species dominance in the fourth year, based on the three species with the highest importance values
in each transect indicates that dominance by perennial grasses, sedges, and forbs continues to develop.
As predicted in the 2012 and 2013 reports, the high numbers of native perennial forbs and graminoid
species documented in the transects during those times in the early establishment phase would ensure
a dominance by natives as these longer lived species establish roots and expand their cover. This
process continues to occur throughout the site. Some shifts in species importance have occurred,
most notably an increase in goldenrod and the annual composite daisy fleabane (Erigeron strigosus),
which was observed to proliferate in many regions of the country during the 2015 growing season.
Invasive species management has successfully reduced importance by partridge pea (Cassia fasciculata)
in many locations of the site, but this species continues to dominate some transect locations (P2-2,
P2-8, and R-12), where control efforts in 2016 should be focused. Other invasives dominating in
some transects include birds-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) along with other weedy natives in the
central sector of the site (P2-3, P2-4, R-10, and R-11), and Oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus) in
the eastern forested wetland sector of Phase III (E1, E2, and E3).
The results of hydrological monitoring for 2014 as reported in Attahment I Soil & Hydrological
Monitoring provide evidence that the majority of the wetland areas continue to demonstrate the
necessary hydrology to support the establishing wetland vegetation. Most sampled transects and
species search results support these findings, showing greater than 50% hydrophytic species present
based on the total number of species recorded. Some transitional areas within the forested wetland
community that did not receive a top dressing of salvageable hydric organic soils from the landfill
expansion construction activity continue to establish hydrophytic vegetation more slowly, following a
slow start during the hot and dry 2012 growing season and subsequent hot, droughty conditions
during critical periods of the 2014 and 2015 growing seasons. A wetland evaluation was conducted in
year 3 in Phase II and year 4 in Phase III, according to the permit, which assessed the presence of
other primary and secondary indicators to evaluate the overall project effectiveness in restoring

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wetland habitat. A wetland compliance report based on a delineation and wetland community
assessment was conducted in 2014, and a similar delineation and assessment were conducted for
Phase III in 2015.

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Table 1. Phase II & III Vegetation Monitoring Summary


Transect ID
DS1

Year
Established
2006

DS2

2006

DS3

2010

E1

2006

E2

2006

9/26/2006
7/26-27/2010
8/1-4/2015

200
200
180

20
20
14

E3
Extension

2006

9/26/2006
7/26-27/2010
8/1-4/2015

200
100

20
10

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Sampling Dates
9/26/2006
7/26-27/2010
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015
9/26/2006
7/26-27/2010
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015
7/26-27/2010
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015
9/26/2006
7/26-27/2010
8/1-4/2015

Transect
Length Meters
100

Number of
Quadrats
10

Orig. Photo
Locations
0m_NE
50m_NE
100m_SW

Restored Community
Intercepted
Sedge Meadow
Dry Prairie/Sand Flat
Forested Wetland Enhancement
(Red Maple Hardwood Swamp)
Forested Wetland (RMHS)

100

10

0m_NE
50m_NE
100m_SW

Sedge Meadow
Dry Prairie/Sand Flat
Pitch Pine-Scrub Oak Barrens
Forested Wetland Enhancement
(RMHS)

100

10

0m_ESE
70m_ESE
100m_WNW

Pine Barrens Vernal Pond


Dry Prairie/Sand Flat

270
270
270

28
28
26

0m_E/SE
50m_E/SE
100m_E/SE
150m_E/SE
200m_E/SE
250m_E/SE
270m_W/NW
0m_NE
100m_NE
150m_NE
300m_SW

Pine Oak Forest/Forested Wetland


Complex

No restoration enhancement
activity until 2013/2014 in
this location prior to
monitoring, so no data or
photos collected until 2015.

Pine Oak Forest/Forested Wetland


Complex

0m_E/NE
50m_E/NE
100m_W/SW

Pine Oak Forest/Forested Wetland


Complex

In 2010, started transect on


mowed new landfill slope for
60 m (7 quadrats), then
entered forested cover for
remainder of transect (13
quadrats). No restoration
enhancement activity until
2013/2014, delaying
subsequent monitoring until
2015.
A 100m segment of original
transect now intercepts active
landfill expansion. The
remaining 100m extension
was sampled in 2010. No
significant restoration
enhancement activity until
2013/2014, delaying
subsequent monitoring until
2015.

664

Comments

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Transect ID
E4
Extension

Year
Established
2006

E6
Extension

2006

P2-1

2012

P2-2

2012

P2-3

2012

P2-4

2012

P2-5

2012

P2-6

2012

P2-7

2012

P2-8

2012

S:090636:120115

Sampling Dates
9/26/2006
7/26-27/2010
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015
9/26/2006
7/26-27/2010
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015

Transect
Length Meters
150
100

Number of
Quadrats
22
10

100
70
100

11
8
10

0m_NE
50m_NE
100m_SW

Biofilter Wetland
Forested Wetland (RMHS)
Forested Riparian Wetland (RMHS)
Pine Oak Forest/Forested Wetland
Complex

50

10

0m_NE
50m_SW

Forested Wetland (RMHS)

50

10

0m_SW
50m_NE

Forested Wetland (RMHS)

50

10

0m_SE
50m_NW

Forested Riparian Wetland (RMHS)

50

10

0m_SE
50m_NW

Forested Wetland (RMHS)

50

10

0m_SE
50m_NW

Forested Wetland (RMHS)

50

10

0m_SE
50m_NW

Forested Riparian Wetland (RMHS)

50

10

0m_NW
50m_no photo

Forested Riparian Wetland (RMHS)

50

10

0m_SE
50m_NW

Forested Riparian Wetland (RMHS)

665

Orig. Photo
Locations
0m_NE
50m_NE
100m_SW

Restored Community Intercepted


Biofilter Wetland
Forested Wetland (RMHS)
Forested Riparian Wetland (RMHS)
Pine Oak Forest/Forested Wetland
Complex

Comments
A 50m segment of original
transect now intercepts active
landfill expansion. Since 2010,
the remaining 100m extension
has been sampled.

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Transect ID
P2-9

Year
Established
2012

R-1
R-4
R-7
R-10
R-2
R-5
R-8
R-3
R-6
R-9
R-11

2012
2013
2014
2015
2012
2013
2014
2012
2013
2014
2015

8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/1-4/2015
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015

R-12

2015

8/1-4/2015

50

10

P3-1

2012

8/20-22/2012
8/3-4/2013
8/9-15/2014
8/1-4/2015

50

10

1,550 m
600 m

220 quadrats
120 quadrats

18 permanent
12 random

S:090636:120115

Totals

Sampling Dates

Transect
Length Meters
50

Number of
Quadrats
10

50

10

0m_SE
50m_NW

Forested Wetland (RMHS)

Random Transects from 50m


point of P2-4.

50

10

0m_NW
50m_SE

Forested Wetland (RMHS)

Random Transects from 50m


point of P2-7.

50

10

0m_SW
50m_NE

Forested Wetland (RMHS)

Random Transects from 50m


point of P2-2.

50

10

0m_SE
25m_SE
50m_NW
0m_SE
25m_NW
50m_NW
0m_SE
50m_NW

Forested Wetland (RMHS)

Random Transect from 0m


point of P2-3.

Forested Wetland (RMHS)

Random Transect from 0m


point of P2-5.

666

Orig. Photo
Locations
0m_SE
50m_NW

Restored Community Intercepted

Comments

Forested Riparian Wetland (RMHS)

Intercepts PIII Enhancement Zones


U-9 (target PPSOB) and U-11 (target
DP/SF)

40 photos

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Table 2. Phase II & III Vegetation and Cover Monitoring Data Summary.

PII
Transects

Communities
Intercepted1

DS-1

3, 4, 5, 8

% Total
Species
Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

Physiognomy

Native/Adventive
(Nt/AD)

Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

Relative
Frequency
(RF) %

Relative
Cover
(RC) %

Importance
Value (IV)
%

Desmodium canadense

P-Forb

Nt

FAC

3.73

22.87

26.59

Solidago juncea

P-Forb

Nt

UPL

4.35

8.13

12.48

Aster pilosus

P-Forb

Nt

FACU

4.35

5.18

9.53

Species (w/hightest
improtance values)

68.4

Plant Cover

98.40

Bare Soil

11.20

Fine Litter

28.90

Water
Equisetum arvense

DS-2

3, 5, 7, 8

Nt

FAC

4.46

15.84

20.30

Desmodium canadense

P-Forb

Nt

FAC

5.36

10.95

16.31

Solidago juncea

P-Forb

Nt

UPL

5.36

8.90

14.26

Plant Cover

126.90

Bare Soil

16.00

Fine Litter

82.00

Water

0.00

Ceratophyllum demersum
Equisetum arvense
Solidago juncea
DS-3

S:090636:120115

73.7

0.20
Cryptogam

62

Average
Cover
(AC) %

P-Forb

Nt

OBL

11.29

57.54

68.83

Cryptogam

Nt

FAC

6.45

8.86

15.31

P-Forb

Nt

UPL

6.45

4.49

10.94

Plant Cover

86.90

Bare Soil

4.20

Fine Litter

8.00

Water

0.00

667

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

PII
Transects

Communities
Intercepted1

E1

E2

E3

S:090636:120115

% Total
Species
Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

24.6

24.6

24.6

Physiognomy

Native/Adventive
(Nt/AD)

Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

Relative
Frequency
(RF) %

Relative
Cover
(RC) %

Importance
Value (IV)
%

Impatiens capensis

A-Forb

Nt

FACW

11.57

37.00

48.57

Symplocarpus foetidus

P-Forb

OBL

8.26

14.38

22.65

Celastrus orbiculatus

W-Vine

Ad

UPL

10.74

8.01

18.75

Species (w/hightest
improtance values)

Plant Cover

Average
Cover
(AC) %

221.10

Bare Soil

0.20

Fine Litter

56.00

Water

0.00

Impatiens capensis

A-Forb

Nt

FACW

18.52

33.07

51.59

Celastrus orbiculatus

W-Vine

Ad

UPL

18.52

19.78

38.30

Symplocarpus foetidus

P-Forb

OBL

12.96

25.14

38.10

Plant Cover

89.50

Bare Soil

7.20

Fine Litter

91.50

Water

0.00

Osmunda claytoniana

Cryptogam

Nt

FAC

5.48

18.91

24.39

Celastrus orbiculatus

W-Vine

Ad

UPL

10.96

10.46

21.41

Podophyllum peltatum

P-Forb

Nt

FACU

5.48

7.01

12.49

Plant Cover

89.90

Bare Soil

3.50

Fine Litter

62.00

Water

0.00

668

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

PII
Transects

Communities
Intercepted1

% Total
Species
Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

Physiognomy

Native/Adventive
(Nt/AD)

Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

Relative
Frequency
(RF) %

Relative
Cover
(RC) %

Importance
Value (IV)
%

Typha angustifolia

P-Forb

Nt

OBL

1.96

15.64

17.60

Onoclea sensibilis

Cryptogam

Nt

FACW

3.92

7.72

11.64

P-Forb

Nt

FACU

3.92

5.84

9.76

Species (w/hightest
improtance values)

Potentilla canadensis
E4

1, 4, 5, 6

39.5

Plant Cover

P2-1

S:090636:120115

1, 4, 5, 6

Bare Soil

3.40
61.70

Water

25.00
P-Grass

Nt

FAC

3.51

12.63

16.14

Onoclea sensibilis

Cryptogam

Nt

FACW

3.51

12.42

15.93

Solidago gigantea

P-Forb

Nt

FACW

6.14

9.01

15.15

54.2

62.5

95.90

Fine Litter

Panicum acuminatum

E6

Average
Cover
(AC) %

Plant Cover

146.50

Bare Soil

0.00

Fine Litter

68.00

Water

0.00

Scirpus microcarpus

P-Sedge

Nt

OBL

8.62

34.66

43.28

Juncus effusus

P-Forb

Nt

OBL

8.62

20.56

29.18

Eupatorium perfoliatum

P-Forb

Nt

FACW

5.17

4.52

9.69

Plant Cover

92.90

Bare Soil

1.50

Fine Litter

84.00

Water

0.00

669

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

PII
Transects

Communities
Intercepted1

% Total
Species
Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

Physiognomy

Native/Adventive
(Nt/AD)

Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

Relative
Frequency
(RF) %

Relative
Cover
(RC) %

Importance
Value (IV)
%

Cryptogam

Nt

FAC

4.31

20.31

24.62

Cassia fasciculata

A-Forb

Nt

FACU

2.59

9.21

11.80

Erigeron strigosus

B-Forb

Nt

UPL

4.31

7.20

11.51

Species (w/hightest
improtance values)
Equisetum arvense

P2-2

P2-3

P2-4

S:090636:120115

79.4

Plant Cover

52.2

84.70

Bare Soil

1.30

Fine Litter

48.70

Water

0.00

Equisetum arvense

Cryptogam

Nt

FAC

7.44

20.02

27.46

Lotus corniculatus

P-Forb

Ad

FAC

4.13

17.88

22.01

Solidago juncea

P-Forb

Nt

UPL

5.79

15.08

20.87

60.7

Average
Cover
(AC) %

Plant Cover

107.40

Bare Soil

12.30

Fine Litter

84.20

Water

0.00

Daucus carota

B-Forb

Ad

UPL

6.47

23.45

29.93

Solidago altissima

P-Forb

Nt

FACU

7.19

20.92

28.11

Lotus corniculatus

P-Forb

Ad

FAC

4.32

14.35

18.67

Plant Cover

106.60

Bare Soil

2.40

Fine Litter

92.60

Water

0.00

670

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

PII
Transects

Communities
Intercepted1

% Total
Species
Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

Physiognomy

Native/Adventive
(Nt/AD)

Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

Relative
Frequency
(RF) %

Relative
Cover
(RC) %

Importance
Value (IV)
%

Solidago juncea

P-Forb

Nt

UPL

6.34

21.16

27.50

Desmodium canadense

P-Forb

Nt

FAC

7.04

10.83

17.87

Tree

Nt

FAC

5.63

11.08

16.72

Species (w/hightest
improtance values)

Populus deltoides
P2-5

P2-6

P2-7

S:090636:120115

51.3

62.7

Plant Cover

39.70

Bare Soil

41.00

Fine Litter

4.70

Water

0.00

Eupatorium perfoliatum

P-Forb

Nt

FACW

3.93

11.62

15.55

Solidago canadensis

P-Forb

Nt

FACU

5.06

8.96

14.02

Solidago graminifolia

P-Forb

Nt

FACW

3.93

8.47

12.41

64.1

Average
Cover
(AC) %

Plant Cover

82.60

Bare Soil

3.00

Fine Litter

24.50

Water

0.20

Agalinis tenuifolia

A-Forb

Nt

FACW

4.91

19.44

24.35

Solidago canadensis

P-Forb

Nt

FACU

5.52

15.45

20.98

Eupatorium perfoliatum

P-Forb

Nt

FACW

6.13

9.27

15.41

Plant Cover

100.30

Bare Soil

3.50

Fine Litter

32.90

Water

0.00

671

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

PII
Transects

Communities
Intercepted1

P2-8

P2-9

P3-1

S:090636:120115

7, 8

% Total
Species
Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

Physiognomy

Native/Adventive
(Nt/AD)

Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

Relative
Frequency
(RF) %

Relative
Cover
(RC) %

Importance
Value (IV)
%

Cassia fasciculata

A-Forb

Nt

FACU

2.03

22.35

24.38

Agalinis tenuifolia

A-Forb

Nt

FACW

6.76

11.59

18.34

Carex hystericina

P-Sedge

Nt

OBL

4.73

12.77

17.50

Species (w/hightest
improtance values)

93

Plant Cover

36.4

109.60

Bare Soil

1.70

Fine Litter

20.00

Water

0.00

Potentilla simplex

P-Forb

Nt

FACU

5.73

25.70

22.41

Agalinis tenuifolia

A-Forb

Nt

FACW

5.10

20.70

18.53

Eupatorium perfoliatum

P-Forb

Nt

FACW

6.37

10.30

13.05

65.1

Average
Cover
(AC) %

Plant Cover

154.10

Bare Soil

0.00

Fine Litter

75.00

Water

0.00

Carex pensylvanica

P-Sedge

Nt

UPL

5.56

18.06

23.62

Danthonia spicata

P-Grass

Nt

UPL

6.94

11.09

18.03

Quercus ilicofolia

Tree

Nt

UPL

6.94

11.09

18.03

Plant Cover

157.80

Bare Soil

0.00

Fine Litter

94.50

Water

0.00

672

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

PII
Transects

Communities
Intercepted1

R10

R-11

R-12

S:090636:120115

% Total
Species
Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

Physiognomy

Native/Adventive
(Nt/AD)

Hydrophytic
(FAC,
FACW,
OBL)

Relative
Frequency
(RF) %

Relative
Cover
(RC) %

Importance
Value (IV)
%

Solidago altissima

P-Forb

Nt

FACU

7.21

29.14

36.34

Lotus corniculatus

P-Forb

Ad

FAC

5.41

8.99

14.40

Solidago juncea

P-Forb

Nt

UPL

4.50

9.71

14.22

Species (w/hightest
improtance values)

55.6

63

Plant Cover

83.40

Bare Soil

13.20

Fine Litter

84.80

Water

0.00

Lotus corniculatus

P-Forb

Ad

FAC

4.90

30.36

35.27

Desmodium canadense

P-Forb

Nt

FAC

5.88

27.77

33.65

Agalinis tenuifolia

A-Forb

Nt

FACW

4.90

9.00

13.90

65.4

Average
Cover
(AC) %

Plant Cover

115.60

Bare Soil

5.00

Fine Litter

95.00

Water

0.00

Cassia fasciculata

A-Forb

Nt

FACU

5.69

44.27

49.96

Solidago juncea

P-Forb

Nt

UPL

7.32

8.16

15.48

Solidago gigantea

P-Forb

Nt

FACW

7.32

4.55

11.87

Plant Cover

63.70

Bare Soil

23.90

Fine Litter

6.60

Water

0.00

673

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Table 3. Phase II & III Restored & Enhanced Communities


Intercepted by Monitoring Study Transects
Code1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

S:090636:120115

Communities1
Wetland Communities
Biofilter Wetland
Pine Barrens Vernal Pond
Sedge Meadow
Forested Wetland (Red Maple Hardwood Swamp)
Forested Wetland Enhancement (RMHS)
Forested Riparian Wetland (RMHS)
Upland Forested/Grassland Communities
Pitch Pine-Scrub Oak Barrens
Dry Prairie/Sand Flat
Dune/Dune Barrens

674

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Table 4. Phase II & III Floristic Monitoring Data Summary


Phase II/III
PII
Transects
DS1
DS2
DS3
E4
E6
P2-1
P2-2
P2-3
P2-4
P2-5
P2-6
P2-7
P2-8
P2-9
R-10
R-11
R-12
PIII
Transect
E1, 2, 3
P3-1

S:090636:120115

Total Species
352

Native Species
274 (77.8%)

Adventive Species
75 (21.3%)

Hydrophytic Species
189 (53.7%)

Vascular Plant Families


79

Seeded/Planted Species
143 (40.6%)

Total Species

Native Species

Adventive Species

Hydrophytic Species

Vascular Plant Families

Seeded/Planted Species

79
71
76
119
118
72
63
61
46
39
64
67
43
63
54
52
46

67 (84.8%)
62 (87.3%)
69 (90.8%)
97 (81.5%)
94 (79.7%)
58 (80.6%)
53 (84.1%)
51 (83.6%)
35 (76.1%)
33 (84.6%)
57 (89.1%)
57 (85.1%)
42 (97.7%)
61 (96.8%)
45 (83.3%)
45 (86.5%)
45 (97.8%)

12 (15.25%)
9 (12.7%)
7 (9.2%)
21 (17.6%)
24 (20.3%)
14 (19.4%)
10 (15.9%)
10 (16.4%)
11 (23.9%)
6 (15.4%)
7 (10.9%)
10 (14.9%)
1 (2.3%)
2 (3.2%)
9 (16.7%)
7 (13.5%)
1 (2.2%)

54 (68.4%)
44 (62.0%)
56 (73.7%)
47 (39.5%)
64 (54.2%)
45 (62.5%)
50 (79.4%)
37 (60.7%)
24 (52.2%)
20 (51.3%)
41 (64.1%)
42 (62.7%)
40 (93.0%)
41 (65.15%)
30 (55.6%)
34 (65.4%)
29 (63.0%)

29
27
29
40
39
26
24
28
18
19
26
29
20
24
20
26
18

28 (35.4%)
31 (43.7%)
33 (43.4%)
50 (42.0%)
47 (39.8%)
37 (51.4%)
32 (50.8%)
32 (52.5%)
14 (30.4%)
26 (66.7%)
36 (56.3%)
41 (61.2%)
30 (69.8%)
44 (69.8%)
29 (53.7%)
35 (67.3%)
26 (56.5%)

96
55

96 (81.4%)
47 (85.5%)

22 (18.6%)
8 (14.5%)

29 (24.6%)
20 (36.4%)

48
24

36 (30.5%)
27 (49.1%)

675

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

LEGEND

Upland Forest Communities


Pitch Pine-Scrub Oak Barrens
4.85 AC

Existing 2' Contours

Forested Wetland Enhancement


(Red Maple Hardwood Swamp)
3.05 AC

Nursery Area
3.77

Proposed 2' Contours

Wetland Communities
Restored Stream
Existing Stream

LANDFILL

Upland Grassland Communities

Biofilter Wetland
1.41 AC
Pine Barrens Vernal
Pond
1.12 AC
Sedge Meadow
0.63 AC

Dry Prairie/Sand Flat


3.66 AC

Forested Riparian Wetland


(Red Maple Hardwood Swamp)
6.50 AC
Permanent Transects
0M

50 M

2012-2014 Random Transects

0M

50 M

2015 Random Transects

Forested Wetland
(Red Maple Hardwood Swamp)
13.71 AC

Dune
1.30 AC

INSET
S:090636:120115

ALBANY, NEW YORK

676

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

LEGEND
0M
0M
0M
S:090636:120115

50M
50M
50M

PERMANENT TRANSECTS
2012-2014 RANDOM TRANSECTS
2015 RANDOM TRANSECTS

ALBANY, NEW YORK

677

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

LEGEND
0M
0M
0M
S:090636:120115

50M
50M
50M

PERMANENT TRANSECTS
2012-2014 RANDOM TRANSECTS
2015 RANDOM TRANSECTS

ALBANY, NEW YORK

678

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment 1. Phase II & III Master Species List & Floristic Analysis
Rapp Road Landfill - PII, PIII Species Search Total Species Search ( compiled from species searches in vicinity of each transect) Date: August 10, 2015
Family
Native/
Wetland
Rare
Scientific Name
Common Name
Classification
Physiognomy
Adventive
Classification
Plants
Acalypha rhomboidea
Three-seeded mercury
Euphorbiaceae
A-Forb
Nt
FACU
Acer negundo
Box elder
Aceraceae
Tree
Nt
FACW
Acer rubrum
Red maple
Aceraceae
Tree
Nt
FAC
Agalinis tenuifolia
Gerardia
Scrophulariaceae
P-Forb
Nt
FACW
Agrostis alba
Redtop
Poaceae
P-Grass
Ad
FACW
Agrostis perennans
Thin grass
Poaceae
P-Grass
Nt
FAC
Ailanthus altissima
Tree-of-Heaven
Simaroubaceae
Tree
Ad
UPL
Alisma subcordatum
Water-plantain
Alismataceae
P-Forb
Nt
OBL
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic mustard
Brassicaceae
B-Forb
Ad
FAC
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Common ragweed
Brassicaceae
B-Forb
Ad
FAC
Amelanchier sp.
Serviceberry
Rosaceae
Tree
Nt
Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem
Poaceae
P-Grass
Nt
FACU
Apocynum cannabinum
Indian hemp
Apocynaceae
P-Forb
Nt
FAC
Apocynum sibiricum
Prairie Indian hemp
Apocynaceae
P-Forb
Nt
FAC
Arabis glabra
Tower mustard
Brassicaceae
B-Forb
Nt
UPL
Arisaema triphyllum
Jack-in-the-pulpit
Araceae
P-Forb
Nt
FACW
Artemisia vulgaris
Mugwort
Asteraceae
P-Forb
Ad
UPL
Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed
Asclepiadaceae
P-Forb
Nt
OBL
Asclepias syriaca
Common milkweed
Asclepiadaceae
P-Forb
Nt
UPL
Asclepias tuberosa
Butterfly-weed
Asclepiadaceae
P-Forb
Nt
OBL
Asparagus officinalis
Asparagus
Liliaceae
P-Forb
Ad
FACU
Aster cordifolius
Heart-leafed ster
Asteraceae
P-Forb
Nt
UPL
Aster ericoides
White heath aster
Asteraceae
P-Forb
Nt
FACU
Aster laevis
Smooth blue aster
Asteraceae
P-Forb
Nt
FACU
Aster lanceolatus
Old-field aster
Asteraceae
P-Forb
Nt
FACW
Aster lateriflorus
Calico aster
Asteraceae
P-Forb
Nt
FAC
Aster linariifolius
Flax-leaved aster
Asteraceae
P-Forb
Nt
UPL
Aster novae-angliae
New England aster
Asteraceae
P-Forb
Nt
FACW
Aster pilosus
Heath aster
Asteraceae
P-Forb
Nt
FACU
Aster puniceus
Purple-stemmed aster
Asteraceae
P-Forb
Nt
OBL
Aster umbellatus
Flat-top white aster
Asteraceae
P-Forb
Nt
FACW
Athyrium filix-femina
Northern lady fern
Dryopteridaceae
Cryptogam
Nt
FAC
Barbarea vulgaris
Yellow rocket
Brassicaceae
B-Forb
Ad
FAC
Berteroa incana
Hoary alyssum
Brassicaceae
A-Forb
Ad
UPL
Betula populifolia
Gray birch
Betulaceae
Tree
Nt
FAC
Bidens cernua
Nodding bur marigold
Asteraceae
A-Forb
Nt
OBL
Bidens frondosa
Beggar-ticks
Asteraceae
A-Forb
Nt
FACW
Boehmeria cylindrica
Fasle nettle
Urticaceae
P-Forb
Nt
OBL
Bouteloua curtipendula
Side-oats grama
Poaceae
P-Grass
Nt
UPL
Bromus inermis
Hungarian brome
Poaceae
P-Grass
Ad
UPL
Bromus sp
Brome
Poaceae
P-Grass
Calamagrostis canadensis
Blue joint grass
Poaceae
P-Grass
Nt
OBL
Carex annectens
Yellow-fruit sedge
Cyperaceae
P-Sedge
Nt
FACW
Carex bebbii
Bebb's sedge
Cyperaceae
P-Sedge
Nt
OBL

S:090636:120115

679

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species

X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Scientific Name
Carex blanda
Carex brevior
Carex comosa
Carex crinita
Carex debilis rudgei
Carex gracillima
Carex hystericina
Carex intumescens
Carex lupulina
Carex lurida
Carex pedunculata
Carex pensylvanica
Carex rosea
Carex scoparia
Carex sp
Carex sparganioides
Carex stricta
Carex swanii
Carex tenera
Carex vulpinoidea
Cassia fasciculata
Ceanothus americana
Celastrus orbiculatus
Centaurea maculosa
Ceratophyllum demersum
Chelidonium majus
Chenopodium album
Cicuta maculata
Circaea lutetiana canadensis
Cirsium arvense
Cirsium vulgare
Clematis virginiana
Convolvulus arvensis
Convolvulus sepium
Conyza canadensis
Cornus amomum
Cornus racemosa
Coronilla varia
Crataegus sp.
Croton glandulosus
Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus houghtonii
Cyperus schweinitzii

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Common wood sedge
Plains oval sedge
Bearded sedge
Fringed sedge
Northern weak sedge
Purple-sheathed graceful sedge
Porcupine sedge
Shining bur sedge
Hop sedge
Bottlebrush sedge
Long-stalked hummock sedge
Common oak sedge
Curly-styled wood sedge
Pointed broom sedge
Sedge
Loose-headed bracted sedge
Tussock sedge
Downy green sedge
Narrow-leafed oval sedge
Common fox sedge
Partridge pea
New Jersey tea
Oriental bittersweet
Spotted knapweed
Coon's tail
Celandine
Lamb's-quarters
Water hemlock
Enchanter's nightshade
Canada thistle
Bull thistle
Virgin's bower
Field bindweed
Hedge bindweed
Horseweed
Silky dogwood
Gray dogwood
Crown vetch
Hawthorn
Sand croton
Yellow nut grass
Smooth sand sedge
Sand flat sedge

Family
Classification
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae

Fabaceae
Rhamnaceae
Celastraceae
Asteraceae
Ceratophyllaceae
Papaveraceae
Chenopodiaceae
Apiaceae
Onagraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Ranunculaceae
Convolvulaceae
Convolvulaceae
Asteraceae
Cornaceae
Cornaceae
Fabaceae
Rosaceae
Euphorbiaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae

Physiognomy
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
A-Forb
Shrub
Vine
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
Vine
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
Shrub
Shrub
P-Forb
Tree
A-Forb
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge

680

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FAC
FACU
OBL
OBL
FACW
FACU
OBL
FACW
OBL
OBL
UPL
UPL
UPL
FACW

Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

FAC
OBL
FACU
FAC
OBL

Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt

FACU
UPL
UPL
UPL
OBL
UPL
FACU
OBL
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
UPL
FAC
FACU
FACW
FAC
UPL
UPL
FACW
UPL
FACU

Rare
Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species

X
X

X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
RL: G5
S3S4
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

G3G4 S2R
G5 S2 R

X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Scientific Name
Cyperus strigosus
Cystopteris bulbifera
Dactylis glomerata
Danthonia spicata
Daucus carota
Dennstaedtia punctilobula
Desmodium canadense
Desmodium paniculatum
Dianthus armeria
Digitaria sanguinalis
Diodea teres
Dryopteris carthusiana
Echinochloa crusgalli
Echinocystis lobata
Eleocharis acicularis
Eleocharis obtusa
Eleocharis palustris
Eleocharis smallii
Elymus canadensis
Elymus virginicus
Epilobium coloratum
Equisetum arvense
Equisetum hyemale
Eragrostis mexicana
Eragrostis spectabilis
Erechtites hieracifolia
Erigeron annuus
Erigeron strigosus
Eupatorium maculatum
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Eupatorium rugosum
Eupatorium serotinum
Euphorbia maculata
Festuca elatior
Festuca rubra
Fragaria virginiana
Fraxinus americana
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Galium boreale
Galium odoratum
Galium triflorum
Geum aleppicum
Geum canadense
Glechoma hederacea
Glyceria grandis
Glyceria striata
Gnaphalium obtusifolium

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Straw-colored flat sedge
Bulblet fern
Orchard grass
Poverty grass
Queen-Anne's-lace
Eastern hayscent fern
Showy tick-trefoil
Panicled tick trefoil
Deptford pink
Tall crabgrass
Poorjoe
Spinulose fern
Japanese millet
Wild cucumber
Hairgrass
Blunt spike-rush
Great spike rush
Marsh spike rush
Canada wild rye
Virginia wild rye
Purple-leaf willowherb
Field horsetail
Tall souring rush
Mexican love grass
Purple love grass
Fireweed
Daisy-fleabane
Daisy-fleabane
Spotted Joy-pye weed
Common boneset
White snakeroot
Late boneset
Spotted spurge
Tall fescue
Red fescue
Field strawberry
White ash
Green ash
Northern bedstraw
Sweet woodruff
Sweet-scented bedstraw
Yellow avens
White avens
Creeping Charlie
Reed meadowgrass
Fowl mannagrass
Catfoot

Family
Classification
Cyperaceae
Dryopteridaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Apiaceae
Dennstaedtiaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Caryophyllaceae
Poaceae
Rubiaceae
Dryopteridaceae
Poaceae
Cucurbitaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Onagraceae
Equisetaceae
Equisetaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Euphorbiaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Rosaceae
Oleaceae
Oleaceae
Rubiaceae
Rubiaceae
Rubiaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Lamiaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Asteraceae

Physiognomy
P-Sedge
Cryptogam
P-Grass
P-Grass
B-Forb
Cryptogam
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
A-Grass
A-Forb
Cryptogam
A-Grass
Vine
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
Cryptogam
Cryptogam
A-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
Tree
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb

681

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FACW
FACW
FACU
UPL
UPL
UPL
FAC
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACW
FAC
FACW
OBL
OBL
OBL
OBL
FAC
FACW
OBL
FAC
FACW
FAC
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
OBL
FACW
UPL
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACW
FAC
UPL
FACU
FAC
FAC
FACU
OBL
OBL
FAC

Rare
Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Scientific Name
Hackelia virginiana
Helianthemum canadense
Hypericum canadense
Hypericum perforatum
Hypericum punctatum
Impatiens capensis
Iris versicolor
Juncus bufonius
Juncus canadensis
Juncus dudleyi
Juncus effusus
Juncus nodosus
Juncus roemerianus
Juncus tenuis
Juncus torreyi
Juniperus virginiana
Lathyrus venosus
Leersia oryzoides
Leersia virginica
Lemna minor
Lepidium virginicum
Leptoloma cognatum
Lespedeza capitata
Lilium canadense
Linaria vulgaris
Lindera benzoin
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia inflata
Lobelia siphilitica
Lolium perenne
Lonicera sp
Lonicera tatarica
Lotus corniculatus
Ludwigia polycarpa
Lupinus perennis
Lychnis alba
Lycopus americanus
Lysimachia ciliata
Lysimachia terrestris
Lythrum salicaria
Maianthemum canadense
Malus floribunda
Medicago lupulina
Melampyrum lineare
Melilotus alba
Melilotus officinalis
Mentha arvensis
Mimulus ringens

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Stickseed
Frostweed
Canadian St. John's-wort
Common St. John's-wort
St. John's-wort
Spotted touch-me-not
Harlequin blueflag
Toad rush
Canada rush
Dudley's rush
Common rush
Knotted rush
Needlerush
Slender yard-rush
Torrey's rush
Red cedar
Veiny pea
Rice cutgrass
White grass
Duckweed
Common peppercress
Fall witch grass
Round headed bush clover
Canada lily
Butter and eggs
Spicebush
Cardinal flower
Indian-tobacco
Great lobelia
Perennial rye grass
Honeysuckle
Tartarian honeysuckle
Bird's-foot trefoil
False loosestrife
Wild lupine
False loosestrife
Water-horehound
Fringed loosestrife
Swamp-candles
Purple loosestrife
False lily-of-the-valley
Japanese flowering crab apple
Black medick
Cow wheat
White sweet clover
Yellow melilotus
Field mint
Monkey flower

Family
Classification
Boraginaceae
Cistaceae
Clusiaceae
Clusiaceae
Clusiaceae
Balsaminaceae
Iridaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Cupressaceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Lemnaceae
Brassicaceae
Poaceae
Fabaceae
Liliaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Lauraceae
Campanulaceae
Campanulaceae
Campanulaceae
Poaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Fabaceae
Onagraceae
Fabaceae
Onagraceae
Lamiaceae
Primulaceae
Primulaceae
Lythraceae
Liliaceae
Rosaceae
Fabaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae

Physiognomy
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
Tree
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
Shrub
Shrub
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
A-Forb
B-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb

682

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FACU
UPL
FACW
UPL
FAC
FACW
OBL
FACW
OBL
FACW
OBL
OBL
OBL
FACW
FACW
FACU
UPL
OBL
FACW
OBL
UPL
UPL
FACU
FAC
UPL
FACW
OBL
FACU
FACW
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
OBL
UPL
OBL
OBL
FACW
OBL
OBL
FACU
UPL
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACW
OBL

Rare
Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species
X

Seeded/Planted
Species
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Scientific Name
Mollugo verticillata
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda punctata
Muhlenbergia mexicana
Muhlenbergia racemosa
Muhlenbergia sylvatica
Myosotis scorpioides
Nemopanthus mucronata
Oenothera biennis
Onoclea sensibilis
Osmunda cinnamomea
Osmunda claytoniana
Osmunda regalis spectabilis
Oxalis stricta
Oxypolis rigidior
Panicum acuminatum
Panicum clandestinum
Panicum depauperatum
Panicum flexile
Panicum verrucosum
Panicum villosissimum
Panicum virgatum
Parietaria pensylvanica
Parthenocissus inserta
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Penstemon digitalis
Penthorum sedoides
Phleum pratense
Phragmites australis
Physalis heterophylla
Physalis virginiana

Common Name
Carpet weed
Wild bergamot
Dotted horsemint
Leafy satin grass
Marsh muhly
Woodland satin grass
Common forget-me-not
Mountain holly
Common evening-primrose
Sensitive fern
Cinnamon fern
Interrupted fern
Royal fern
Common wood-sorrel
Cowbane
Old field panic grass
Deer-tongue
Starved panic grass
Wiry panic grass
Warty panic grass
Panic grass
Switchgrass
Pellitory
Virginia creeper
Virginia creeper
Foxglove beard tongue
Ditch-stonecrop
Timothy
Common reed
Clammy ground cherry
Lance-leaved ground cherry

Family
Classification
Molluginaceae
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Boraginaceae
Aquifoliaceae
Onagraceae
Dryopteridaceae
Osmundaceae
Osmundaceae
Osmundaceae
Oxalidaceae
Apiaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Urticiceae
Vitaceae
Vitaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Crassulaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Solanaceae
Solanaceae

Physocarpus opulifolius
Phytolacca americana
Picea sp
Pilea pumila
Pinus rigida
Pinus strobus
Plantago lanceolata
Plantago major
Plantago rugelii
Poa compressa
Poa palustris
Poa pratensis
Podophyllum peltatum
Polygonum arifolium
Polygonum convolvulus
Polygonum pensylvanicum

Ninebark
Pokeweed
Spruce
Richweed
Pitch pine
Eastern white pine
Buck horn plantain
Common plantain
Pale plantain
Canada blue grass
Marsh blue grass
Kentucky bluegrass
May apple
Halberd-leaved tear-thumb
Black bindweed
Pinkweed

Rosaceae
Phytolaccaceae
Pinaceae
Urticiceae
Pinaceae
Pinaceae
Plantaginaceae
Plantaginaceae
Plantaginaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Berberidaceae
Polygonaceae
Polygonaceae
Polygonaceae

S:090636:120115

Physiognomy
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
Shrub
B-Forb
Cryptogam
Cryptogam
Cryptogam
Cryptogam
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Forb
Vine
Vine
P-Forb
P-Forb
Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
P-Forb
Tree
A-Forb
Tree
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb

683

Native/
Adventive
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FAC
FACU
UPL
FACW
FACU
FACW
OBL
OBL
FACU
FACW
FACW
FAC
OBL
FACU
OBL
FAC
FACW
UPL
FACW
FACW
UPL
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
OBL
FACU
FACW
UPL
UPL

Nt
Nt

FACW
FACU

Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt

FACW
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACW
FACU
FACU
OBL
FAC
FACW

Rare
Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species

X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

G5T5 SH
E

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Scientific Name
Polygonum persicaria
Polygonum punctatum
Polygonum sagittatum
Polygonum virginianum
Polystichum acrostichoides
Populus deltoides
Populus grandidentata
Populus tremuloides
Potentilla arguta
Potentilla canadensis
Potentilla norvegica
Potentilla recta
Potentilla simplex
Prunella vulgaris
Prunus pensylvanica
Prunus serotina
Prunus virginiana
Pteridium aquilinum
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Quercus alba
Quercus bicolor
Quercus coccinea
Quercus ilicifolia
Quercus rubra
Quercus velutina
Ranunculus pensylvanicus
Ranunculus septentrionalis
Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus frangula
Rhus glabra
Rhus radicans
Rhus typhina
Ribes missouriense
Robinia pseudoacacia
Rosa multiflora
Rubus allegheniensis
Rubus flagellaris
Rubus hispidus
Rubus idaeus strigosus
Rubus occidentalis
Rudbeckia hirta
Rudbeckia laciniata
Rumex acetosella
Rumex crispus
Sagittaria latifolia
Salix bebbiana
Salix exigua

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Lady's thumb
Dotted smartweed
Arrow-leaved tearthumb
Jumpseed
Christmas fern
Cottonwood
Large-toothed aspen
Quaking aspen
Prairie cinquefoil
Dwarf cinquefoil
Rough cinquefoil
Sulfur cinquefoil
Common cinquefoil
Self-heal
Pin cherry
Black cherry
Choke cherry
Braken fern
Narrow-leaf mountain mint
Virginia mountain mint
White oak
Swamp white oak
Scarlet oak
Scrub oak
Red oak
Black oak
Bristly buttercup
Swamp buttercup
Common buckthorn
Glossy buckthorn
Smooth sumac
Poison ivy
Staghorn sumac
Wild gooseberry
Black locust
Multiflora rose
Northern blackberry
American dewberry
Swamp dewberry
Red raspberry
Black raspberry
Black-eyed Susan
Cut-leaf coneflower
Sheep sorrel
Curly dock
Common arrowhead
Beaked willow
Sandbar willow

Family
Classification
Polygonaceae
Polygonaceae
Polygonaceae
Polygonaceae
Dryopteridaceae
Salicaceae
Salicaceae
Salicaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Lamiaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Dennstaedtiaceae
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
Fagaceae
Fagaceae
Fagaceae
Fagaceae
Fagaceae
Fagaceae
Ranunculaceae
Ranunculaceae
Rhamnaceae
Rhamnaceae
Anacardiaceae
Anacardiaceae
Anacardiaceae
Grossulariaceae
Fabaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Polygonaceae
Polygonaceae
Alismataceae
Salicaceae
Salicaceae

Physiognomy
A-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
Cryptogam
Tree
Tree
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
Tree
Shrub
Cryptogam
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
Tree
Tree
Tree
Tree
Tree
A-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
Shrub
Shrub
Vine
Shrub
Shrub
Tree
Shrub
Shrub
Shrub
Shrub
Shrub
Shrub
B-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
Shrub

684

Native/
Adventive
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FAC
OBL
OBL
UPL
UPL
FAC
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACU
FAC
UPL
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACW
FACU
FACW
UPL
UPL
FACU
UPL
OBL
FACW
FAC
FAC
UPL
FAC
UPL
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACW
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACW
FACU
FAC
OBL
FACW
FACW

Rare
Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Scientific Name
Salix nigra
Salix sericea
Sambucus canadensis
Saponaria officinalis
Sassafras albidum
Schizachyrium scoparius
Scirpus atrovirens
Scirpus cyperinus
Scirpus microcarpus
Scirpus pendulus
Scirpus pungens
Scirpus tabernaemontani
Senecio pauperculus
Setaria faberi
Setaria pumila
Sisyrinchium campestre
Sium suave
Smilacina racemosa
Solanum carolinense
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum ptycanthum
Solidago altissima
Solidago canadensis
Solidago gigantea
Solidago graminifolia
Solidago juncea
Solidago nemoralis
Solidago patula
Solidago rugosa
Solidago uliginosa
Sorbus americana
Sorghastrum nutans
Sparganium eurycarpum
Sphenopholis obtusata
Spiraea alba
Spiraea tomentosa
Sporobolus vaginiflorus
Stachys palustris
Stellaria longifolia
Symplocarpus foetidus
Tanacetum vulgare
Taraxacum officinale
Teucrium canadense
Thalictrum dasycarpum
Thalictrum dioicum
Thalictrum revolutum
Thelypteris noveboracensis
Tilia americana

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Black willow
Silky willow
Black elderberry
Bouncing-bet
Sassafras
Little bluestem
Dark green bulrush
Cottongrass bulrush
Bulrush
Rufous bulrush
Chairmaker's rush
Softstem bulrush
Northern meadow-groundsel
Giant foxtail
Foxtail
Prairie blue-eyed grass
Tall water parsnip
Feathery false Solomon's seal
Horse nettle
Trailing nightshade
West Indian nightshade
Tall goldenrod
Canadian goldenrod
Late goldenrod
Common grass-leaved goldenrod
Early goldenrod
Rough goldenrod
Swamp goldenrod
Tall-hairy goldenrod
Bog goldenrod
American mountain ash
Indian grass
Bur-reed
Prairie wedge grass
Meadowsweet
Steeple bush
Sheath rush grass
Woundwort
Stitchwort
Skunk cabbage
Tansy
Common dandelion
Germander
Purple meadow rue
Early meadow rue
Waxy meadow rue
New York fern
American linden

Family
Classification
Salicaceae
Salicaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Caryophyllaceae
Lauraceae
Poaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Iridaceae
Apiaceae
Liliaceae
Solanaceae
Solanaceae
Solanaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Rosaceae
Poaceae
Sparganiaceae
Poaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Poaceae
Lamiaceae
Caryophyllaceae
Araceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Lamiaceae
Ranunculaceae
Ranunculaceae
Ranunculaceae
Thelypteridaceae
Tileaceae

Physiognomy
Tree
Shrub
Shrub
P-Forb
Tree
P-Grass
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Forb
A-Grass
A-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
Shrub
Shrub
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Cryptogam
Tree

685

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
OBL
OBL
FACW
FACU
FACU
FACU
OBL
OBL
OBL
OBL
OBL
OBL
FAC
FACU
FAC
UPL
OBL
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACW
FACW
UPL
UPL
OBL
FAC
OBL
FAC
FACU
OBL
FAC
FACW
FACW
UPL
OBL
FACW
OBL
FACU
FACU
FACW
FACW
FACU
FAC
FAC
FACU

Rare
Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Scientific Name
Trifolium arvense
Trifolium hybridum
Trifolium pratense
Trifolium repens
Triosteum aurantiacum
Tussilago farfara
Typha angustifolia
Typha latifolia
Ulmus americana
Ulmus rubra
Vaccinium angustifolium
Verbascum thapsus
Verbena bracteata
Verbena hastata
Verbena urticifolia
Veronica chamaedrys
Veronica perigrina
Veronica serpyliifolia
Viburnum dentatum
Viburnum prunifolium
Vicia cracca
Vicia sativa
Viola sagittata
Viola sororia
Vitis aestivalis
Vitis riparia
Xanthium strumerium

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Rabbit foot clover
Alsike clover
Red clover
White clover
Early horse gentain
Coltsfoot
Narrow-leaf cattail
Common cattail
American elm
Slippery elm
Early low blueberry
Mullein
Creeping vervain
Blue vervain
White vervain
Germander speedwell
Purslane speedwell
Thyme-leaved speedwell
Southern arrowwood
Black haw
Cow vetch
Common vetch
Arrow-leaved violet
Common blue violet
Summer grape
Riverbank grape
Cocklebur

Family
Classification
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Asteraceae
Typhaceae
Typhaceae
Ulmaceae
Ulmaceae
Ericaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Verbenaceae
Verbenaceae
Verbenaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Violaceae
Violaceae
Vitaceae
Vitaceae
Asteraceae

Physiognomy
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
Tree
Shrub
B-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
Shrub
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
Vine
A-Forb

686

Native/
Adventive
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
UPL
FACU
OBL
OBL
FACW
FAC
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACW
FAC
UPL
UPL
FAC
FAC
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACW
FAC
FACU
FAC
FAC

Rare
Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species
X
X
X
X

Seeded/Planted
Species

X
X

X
X

X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families

Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Sedge Family (Cyperaceae)
Rose Family (Rosaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Alga
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

687

79
0
No. Species
352
274
75
3

Percent
100.0%
77.8%
21.3%
0.9%

44
41
36
24
17

12.5%
11.6%
10.2%
6.8%
4.8%

135
34
14
0
44
6
1
36
0
13
31
29
9

38.4%
9.7%
4.0%
0.0%
12.5%
1.7%
0.3%
10.2%
0.0%
3.7%
8.8%
8.2%
2.6%

62
143
4

17.6%
40.6%
1.1%

59
99
61
63
65
5
189

16.8%
28.1%
17.3%
17.9%
18.5%
1.4%
53.7%

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Taxonomic Synonyms
Monitoring Data
Alisma subcordatum
Alliaria petiolata
Andropogon scoparius
Aster azureus
Aster divaricatus
Aster ericoides
Aster laevis
Aster lanceolatus
Aster lateriflorus
Aster novae-angliae
Aster pilosus
Aster puniceus
Aster umbellatus
Cassia fasciculata
Conyza canadensis
Euphorbia maculata
Matricaria discoidea
Panicum acuminatum
Phragmites australis
Polygonum virginianum
Rorippa islandica
Scirpus pendulus
Scirpus tabernaemontani
Silene latifolia
Silene vulgaris
Solidago graminifolia

S:090636:120115

Synonyms
Alisma plantago-aquatica
Alliaria officinalis
Schizachyrium scoparium
Symphyotrichum oolentangiense
Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Symphyotrichum ericoides
Symphyotrichum laeve
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum
Symphyotrichum lateriflourm
Symphyotrichum
Symphyotrichum
Symphyotrichum puniceum
Symphyotrichum umbellatum
Chamaecrista fasciculata
Erigeron canadensis
Chamaesyce maculata
Matricaria matricarioides
Dicanthelium acuminatum, P. lanuginosum
Phragmites communis
Tovara virginiana
Rorippa palustris var. fernaldiana
Scirpus lineatus
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani, Scirpus validus
Lychnis alba
Silene cucubalus
Euthamia graminifolia

688

Common Name
Water plantain
Garlic mustard
Little bluestem
Sky-blue aster
White wood aster
White heath aster
Smooth blue aster
Old-field aster
Calico aster
New England aster
Heath aster
Purple-stemmed aster
Flat-top white aster
Partridge pea
Horseweed
Spotted spurge
Pineapple-weed
Old-field panic grass
Common reed
Jumpseed, woodland knotweed
Marsh watercress
Rufous bulrush
Soft-stem bulrush
White campion
Bladder campion
Grass-leaved goldenrod, bush g.r.

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment 2. Phase II & III Quadrat DataTotal Species List & Floristic Analysis
Scientific Name
Acalypha rhomboidea
Acer rubrum
Agalinis tenuifolia
Agrostis alba
Alisma subcordatum
Alliaria petiolata
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Amelanchier sp.
Andropogon gerardii
Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum sibiricum
Arisaema triphyllum
Artemisia vulgaris
Asclepias incarnata
Asclepias syriaca
Aster cordifolius
Aster ericoides
Aster lanceolatus
Aster lateriflorus
Aster linariifolius
Aster novae-angliae
Aster pilosus
Aster puniceus
Athyrium filix-femina
Barbarea vulgaris
Betula populifolia
Bidens frondosa
Boehmeria cylindrica
Bouteloua curtipendula
Bromus sp
Calamagrostis canadensis
Carex annectens
Carex bebbii
Carex brevior
Carex comosa
Carex crinita
Carex gracillima
Carex hystericina
Carex intumescens
Carex lupulina
Carex pensylvanica
Carex rosea
Carex scoparia
Carex sp
Carex sparganioides

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Three-seeded mercury
Red maple
Gerardia
Redtop
Water-plantain
Garlic mustard
Common ragweed
Serviceberry
Big bluestem
Indian hemp
Prairie Indian hemp
Jack-in-the-pulpit
Mugwort
Swamp milkweed
Common milkweed
Heart-leafed ster
White heath aster
Old-field aster
Calico aster
Flax-leaved aster
New England aster
Heath aster
Purple-stemmed aster
Northern lady fern
Yellow rocket
Gray birch
Beggar-ticks
Fasle nettle
Side-oats grama
Brome
Blue joint grass
Yellow-fruit sedge
Bebb's sedge
Plains oval sedge
Bearded sedge
Fringed sedge
Purple-sheathed graceful sedge
Porcupine sedge
Shining bur sedge
Hop sedge
Common oak sedge
Curly-styled wood sedge
Pointed broom sedge
Sedge
Loose-headed bracted sedge

Family
Classification
Euphorbiaceae
Aceraceae
Scrophulariaceae
Poaceae
Alismataceae
Brassicaceae
Brassicaceae
Rosaceae
Poaceae
Apocynaceae
Apocynaceae
Araceae
Asteraceae
Asclepiadaceae
Asclepiadaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Dryopteridaceae
Brassicaceae
Betulaceae
Asteraceae
Urticaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae

Physiognomy
A-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
B-Forb
B-Forb
Tree
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Cryptogam
B-Forb
Tree
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge

689

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FACU
FAC
FACW
FACW
OBL
FAC
FAC

Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

OBL
FACW
OBL
FACU
OBL
OBL
FACU
OBL
FACW
OBL
UPL
UPL
FACW

Nt

FAC

FACU
FAC
FAC
FACW
UPL
OBL
UPL
UPL
FACU
FACW
FAC
UPL
FACW
FACU
OBL
FAC
FAC
FAC
FACW
OBL
UPL

Rare
Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Scientific Name
Carex stricta
Carex swanii
Carex tenera
Carex vulpinoidea

Common Name
Tussock sedge
Downy green sedge
Narrow-leafed oval sedge
Common fox sedge

Family
Classification
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae

Physiognomy
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
OBL
FACU
FAC
OBL

Cassia fasciculata
Celastrus orbiculatus
Centaurea maculosa
Ceratophyllum demersum
Chenopodium album
Cicuta maculata
Circaea lutetiana canadensis
Cirsium arvense
Clematis virginiana
Convolvulus sepium
Conyza canadensis
Cornus racemosa
Coronilla varia
Crataegus sp.
Cyperus esculentus

Partridge pea
Oriental bittersweet
Spotted knapweed
Coon's tail
Lamb's-quarters
Water hemlock
Enchanter's nightshade
Canada thistle
Virgin's bower
Hedge bindweed
Horseweed
Gray dogwood
Crown vetch
Hawthorn
Yellow nut grass

Fabaceae
Celastraceae
Asteraceae
Ceratophyllaceae
Chenopodiaceae
Apiaceae
Onagraceae
Asteraceae
Ranunculaceae
Convolvulaceae
Asteraceae
Cornaceae
Fabaceae
Rosaceae
Cyperaceae

A-Forb
Vine
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
P-Forb
A-Forb
Shrub
P-Forb
Tree
P-Sedge

Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt

FACW

Cyperus houghtonii
Cystopteris bulbifera
Dactylis glomerata
Danthonia spicata
Daucus carota
Dennstaedtia punctilobula
Desmodium canadense
Dianthus armeria
Digitaria sanguinalis
Diodea teres
Dryopteris carthusiana
Echinochloa crusgalli
Elymus canadensis
Elymus virginicus
Epilobium coloratum
Equisetum arvense
Equisetum hyemale
Erechtites hieracifolia
Erigeron strigosus
Eupatorium maculatum
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Eupatorium rugosum
Euphorbia maculata
Festuca elatior
Fragaria virginiana
Fraxinus americana

Smooth sand sedge


Bulblet fern
Orchard grass
Poverty grass
Queen-Anne's-lace
Eastern hayscent fern
Showy tick-trefoil
Deptford pink
Tall crabgrass
Poorjoe
Spinulose fern
Japanese millet
Canada wild rye
Virginia wild rye
Purple-leaf willowherb
Field horsetail
Tall souring rush
Fireweed
Daisy-fleabane
Spotted Joy-pye weed
Common boneset
White snakeroot
Spotted spurge
Tall fescue
Field strawberry
White ash

Cyperaceae
Dryopteridaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Apiaceae
Dennstaedtiaceae
Fabaceae
Caryophyllaceae
Poaceae
Rubiaceae
Dryopteridaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Onagraceae
Equisetaceae
Equisetaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Euphorbiaceae
Poaceae
Rosaceae
Oleaceae

P-Sedge
Cryptogam
P-Grass
P-Grass
B-Forb
Cryptogam
P-Forb
A-Forb
A-Grass
A-Forb
Cryptogam
A-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
Cryptogam
Cryptogam
A-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
Tree

Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt

UPL
FACW
FACU
UPL
UPL
UPL
FAC
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACW
FAC
FAC
FACW
OBL
FAC
FACW
FACU
FACU
OBL
FACW
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU

S:090636:120115

690

FACU
UPL
UPL
OBL
FACU
OBL
FACU
FACU
FAC
FAC
FACU
FAC
UPL

Rare
Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X
X
X

Review
List: G5
S3S4

X
X
X

G3G4
S2R

X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Scientific Name
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Galium boreale
Galium triflorum
Geum canadense
Glechoma hederacea
Glyceria grandis
Glyceria striata
Helianthemum canadense
Hypericum canadense
Hypericum perforatum
Hypericum punctatum
Impatiens capensis
Juncus bufonius
Juncus canadensis
Juncus dudleyi
Juncus effusus
Juncus roemerianus
Juncus tenuis
Juncus torreyi
Leersia oryzoides
Leersia virginica
Lespedeza capitata
Lindera benzoin
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia inflata
Lobelia siphilitica
Lonicera sp
Lonicera tatarica
Lotus corniculatus
Lupinus perennis
Lychnis alba
Lycopus americanus
Lysimachia ciliata
Lythrum salicaria
Maianthemum canadense
Malus floribunda
Medicago lupulina
Melampyrum lineare
Mimulus ringens
Mollugo verticillata
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda punctata
Muhlenbergia mexicana
Oenothera biennis
Onoclea sensibilis
Osmunda cinnamomea
Osmunda claytoniana
Oxalis stricta

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Green ash
Northern bedstraw
Sweet-scented bedstraw
White avens
Creeping Charlie
Reed meadowgrass
Fowl mannagrass
Frostweed
Canadian St. John's-wort
Common St. John's-wort
St. John's-wort
Spotted touch-me-not
Toad rush
Canada rush
Dudley's rush
Common rush
Needlerush
Slender yard-rush
Torrey's rush
Rice cutgrass
White grass
Round headed bush clover
Spicebush
Cardinal flower
Indian-tobacco
Great lobelia
Honeysuckle
Tartarian honeysuckle
Bird's-foot trefoil
Wild lupine
False loosestrife
Water-horehound
Fringed loosestrife
Purple loosestrife
False lily-of-the-valley
Japanese flowering crab apple
Black medick
Cow wheat
Monkey flower
Carpet weed
Wild bergamot
Dotted horsemint
Leafy satin grass
Common evening-primrose
Sensitive fern
Cinnamon fern
Interrupted fern
Common wood-sorrel

Family
Classification
Oleaceae
Rubiaceae
Rubiaceae
Rosaceae
Lamiaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Cistaceae
Clusiaceae
Clusiaceae
Clusiaceae
Balsaminaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Juncaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Fabaceae
Lauraceae
Campanulaceae
Campanulaceae
Campanulaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Onagraceae
Lamiaceae
Primulaceae
Lythraceae
Liliaceae
Rosaceae
Fabaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Lamiaceae
Molluginaceae
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
Poaceae
Onagraceae
Dryopteridaceae
Osmundaceae
Osmundaceae
Oxalidaceae

Physiognomy
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
Shrub
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
Shrub
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
B-Forb
Cryptogam
Cryptogam
Cryptogam
A-Forb

691

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FACW
FAC
FACU
FAC
FACU
OBL
OBL
UPL
FACW
UPL
FAC
FACW
FACW
OBL
FACW
OBL
OBL
FACW
FACW
OBL
FACW
FACU
FACW
OBL
FACU
FACW
FACU
FACU
FACU
UPL
OBL
OBL
FACW
OBL
FACU
UPL
FACU
FAC
OBL
FAC
FACU
UPL
FACW
FACU
FACW
FACW
FAC
FACU

Rare
Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Scientific Name
Panicum acuminatum
Panicum clandestinum
Panicum flexile
Panicum villosissimum
Panicum virgatum
Parthenocissus inserta
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Penstemon digitalis
Phleum pratense
Physalis heterophylla
Phytolacca americana
Pilea pumila
Pinus rigida
Pinus strobus
Plantago lanceolata
Plantago major
Plantago rugelii
Poa compressa
Poa palustris
Poa pratensis
Podophyllum peltatum
Polygonum pensylvanicum
Polygonum persicaria
Polygonum sagittatum
Polygonum virginianum
Polystichum acrostichoides
Populus deltoides
Populus tremuloides
Potentilla canadensis
Potentilla norvegica
Potentilla recta
Potentilla simplex
Prunella vulgaris
Prunus pensylvanica
Prunus serotina
Prunus virginiana
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Quercus coccinea
Quercus ilicifolia
Quercus rubra
Quercus velutina
Ranunculus septentrionalis
Rhamnus frangula
Rhus radicans
Rhus typhina
Rosa multiflora
Rubus allegheniensis

S:090636:120115

Common Name
Old field panic grass
Deer-tongue
Wiry panic grass
Panic grass
Switchgrass
Virginia creeper
Virginia creeper
Foxglove beard tongue
Timothy
Clammy ground cherry
Pokeweed
Richweed
Pitch pine
Eastern white pine
Buck horn plantain
Common plantain
Pale plantain
Canada blue grass
Marsh blue grass
Kentucky bluegrass
May apple
Pinkweed
Lady's thumb
Arrow-leaved tearthumb
Jumpseed
Christmas fern
Cottonwood
Quaking aspen
Dwarf cinquefoil
Rough cinquefoil
Sulfur cinquefoil
Common cinquefoil
Self-heal
Pin cherry
Black cherry
Choke cherry
Narrow-leaf mountain mint
Virginia mountain mint
Scarlet oak
Scrub oak
Red oak
Black oak
Swamp buttercup
Glossy buckthorn
Poison ivy
Staghorn sumac
Multiflora rose
Northern blackberry

Family
Classification
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Vitaceae
Vitaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Poaceae
Solanaceae
Phytolaccaceae
Urticiceae
Pinaceae
Pinaceae
Plantaginaceae
Plantaginaceae
Plantaginaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Poaceae
Berberidaceae
Polygonaceae
Polygonaceae
Polygonaceae
Polygonaceae
Dryopteridaceae
Salicaceae
Salicaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Lamiaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
Fagaceae
Fagaceae
Fagaceae
Fagaceae
Ranunculaceae
Rhamnaceae
Anacardiaceae
Anacardiaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae

Physiognomy
P-Grass
P-Grass
A-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
Vine
Vine
P-Forb
Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
Tree
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
Cryptogam
Tree
Tree
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
Tree
Shrub
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
Tree
Tree
Tree
P-Forb
Shrub
Vine
Shrub
Shrub
Shrub

692

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FAC
FACW
FACW
UPL
FAC
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACW
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACW
FACU
FACU
FACW
FAC
OBL
UPL
UPL
FAC
FAC
FACU
FAC
UPL
FACU
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACW
UPL
UPL
FACU
UPL
FACW
FAC
FAC
UPL
FACU
FACU

Rare
Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Scientific Name
Rubus flagellaris
Rubus hispidus
Rubus idaeus strigosus
Rubus occidentalis
Rudbeckia hirta
Rumex crispus
Salix exigua
Salix nigra
Salix sericea
Schizachyrium scoparius
Scirpus atrovirens
Scirpus cyperinus
Scirpus microcarpus
Scirpus pendulus
Scirpus tabernaemontani
Senecio pauperculus
Setaria pumila
Smilacina racemosa
Solanum carolinense
Solidago altissima
Solidago canadensis
Solidago gigantea
Solidago graminifolia
Solidago juncea
Solidago nemoralis
Solidago patula
Solidago rugosa
Spiraea alba
Spiraea tomentosa
Sporobolus vaginiflorus
Stachys palustris
Symplocarpus foetidus
Taraxacum officinale
Thalictrum dasycarpum
Thalictrum revolutum
Thelypteris noveboracensis
Trifolium arvense
Trifolium hybridum
Trifolium pratense
Trifolium repens
Triosteum aurantiacum
Typha angustifolia
Typha latifolia
Ulmus americana
Vaccinium angustifolium
Verbascum thapsus
Verbena bracteata
Verbena hastata

S:090636:120115

Common Name
American dewberry
Swamp dewberry
Red raspberry
Black raspberry
Black-eyed Susan
Curly dock
Sandbar willow
Black willow
Silky willow
Little bluestem
Dark green bulrush
Cottongrass bulrush
Bulrush
Rufous bulrush
Softstem bulrush
Northern meadow-groundsel
Foxtail
Feathery false Solomon's seal
Horse nettle
Tall goldenrod
Canadian goldenrod
Late goldenrod
Common grass-leaved goldenrod
Early goldenrod
Rough goldenrod
Swamp goldenrod
Tall-hairy goldenrod
Meadowsweet
Steeple bush
Sheath rush grass
Woundwort
Skunk cabbage
Common dandelion
Purple meadow rue
Waxy meadow rue
New York fern
Rabbit foot clover
Alsike clover
Red clover
White clover
Early horse gentain
Narrow-leaf cattail
Common cattail
American elm
Early low blueberry
Mullein
Creeping vervain
Blue vervain

Family
Classification
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Asteraceae
Polygonaceae
Salicaceae
Salicaceae
Salicaceae
Poaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
Asteraceae
Poaceae
Liliaceae
Solanaceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Asteraceae
Rosaceae
Rosaceae
Poaceae
Lamiaceae
Araceae
Asteraceae
Ranunculaceae
Ranunculaceae
Thelypteridaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Fabaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Typhaceae
Typhaceae
Ulmaceae
Ericaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Verbenaceae
Verbenaceae

Physiognomy
Shrub
Shrub
Shrub
Shrub
B-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
Tree
Shrub
P-Grass
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Forb
A-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
Shrub
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Cryptogam
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
Shrub
B-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb

693

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FACU
FACW
FACU
FACU
FACU
FAC
FACW
OBL
OBL
FACU
OBL
OBL
OBL
OBL
OBL
FAC
FAC
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACU
FACW
FACW
UPL
UPL
OBL
FAC
FACW
FACW
UPL
OBL
OBL
FACU
FACW
FAC
FAC
UPL
FACU
FACU
FACU
UPL
OBL
OBL
FACW
FACU
UPL
FACU
FACW

Rare
Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species
X
X
X
X
X

Seeded/Planted
Species
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Scientific Name
Verbena urticifolia
Veronica chamaedrys
Veronica serpyliifolia
Viburnum dentatum
Vicia sativa
Viola sororia
Vitis aestivalis
Vitis riparia

Common Name
White vervain
Germander speedwell
Thyme-leaved speedwell
Southern arrowwood
Common vetch
Common blue violet
Summer grape
Riverbank grape
Categories
Vascular Plant Families
Non-Vascular Plant Families
Total Species
Native Species
Adventive Species
Unknown Species
Largest Families Represented
Grass Family (Poaceae)
Aster Family (Asteraceae)
Sedge Family (Cyperaceae)
Rose Family (Rosaceae)
Pea Family (Fabaceae)
Physiognomy
Perennial Forbs (P-Forb)
Annual Forbs (A-Forb)
Biennial Forbs (B-Forbs)
Forbs
Perennial Grass (P-Grass)
Annual Grass (A-Grass)
Grasses
Perennail Sedge (P-Sedge)
Cryptogams
Trees
Shrubs
Vines
Miscelaneous
Nectar/Larval Food Plants
Seeded/Planted Species
Rare Plants
Wetland Classification
Upland (UPL)
Facultative Upland (FACU)
Faculative (FAC)
Facultative Wetland (FACW)
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Unknown Species
Total Hydrophytic Species

S:090636:120115

Family
Classification
Verbenaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Scrophulariaceae
Caprifoliaceae
Fabaceae
Violaceae
Vitaceae
Vitaceae

Physiognomy
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
A-Forb
P-Forb
Vine
Vine

59
0
No. Species
242
194
46
2

Percent
100.0%
80.2%
19.0%
0.8%

29
29
25
20
12

12.0%
12.0%
10.3%
8.3%
5.0%

96
22
8
0
30
4
1
25
11
19
19
7
146
48
107
2

39.7%
9.1%
3.3%
0.0%
12.4%
1.7%
0.4%
10.3%
4.5%
7.9%
7.9%
2.9%

37
69
47
45
40
4
132

15.3%
28.5%
19.4%
18.6%
16.5%
1.7%
54.5%

Native/
Adventive
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt

Wetland
Classification
FAC
UPL
FAC
FAC
FACU
FAC
FACU
FAC

Rare
Plants

Nectar/Larval
Food Species

Seeded/Planted
Species
X

X
X

19.8%
44.2%
0.8%

694

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Attachment 3. Phase II & III Quadrat Data


Rapp Road Landfill - PII, PIII Quadrat Data
Transect: DS-1
Date: August 1, 2015
Samplers: John Larson
Nt/Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt

Physiog
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Sedge
P-Sedge
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
Tree
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
Cryptogam
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Sedge
P-Forb
P-Grass
Vine
B-Forb
A-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb

S:090636:120115

SPECIES
Desmodium canadense
Solidago juncea
Aster pilosus
Aster ericoides
Schizachyrium scoparium
Carex hystericina
Carex vulpinoidea
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Lespedeza capitata
Cassia fasciculata
Populus deltoides
Rudbeckia hirta
Monarda punctata
Galium boreale
Lotus corniculatus
Erigeron strigosus
Solidago graminifolia
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Plantago major
Solidago canadensis
Trifolium repens
Trifolium arvense
Equisetum arvense
Panicum clandestinum
Epilobium coloratum
Aster novae-angliae
Carex scoparia
Eupatorium maculatum
Juncus dudleyi
Celastrus orbiculatus
Daucus carota
Conyza canadensis
Glyceria striata
Medicago lupulina
Oenothera biennis
Juncus effusus
Leersia oryzoides
Lycopus americanus
Alisma subcordatum
Aster puniceus

AF
6
7
7
7
5
3
3
6
4
4
5
5
3
2
3
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
1
1

RF
3.73
4.35
4.35
4.35
3.11
1.86
1.86
3.73
2.48
2.48
3.11
3.11
1.86
1.24
1.86
2.48
2.48
2.48
2.48
1.86
1.86
1.86
1.24
1.24
0.62
1.24
1.24
1.24
1.24
1.24
1.24
1.24
1.24
1.24
1.24
0.62
1.24
1.24
0.62
0.62

AVG
AC
22.50
8.00
5.10
4.50
4.90
5.50
4.20
2.20
2.90
2.80
1.40
1.40
2.40
3.00
2.20
0.80
0.80
0.70
0.60
1.20
1.00
0.80
1.40
1.20
1.50
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.50
0.50
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
1.00
0.20
0.20
0.50
0.50

695

10
RC
22.87
8.13
5.18
4.57
4.98
5.59
4.27
2.24
2.95
2.85
1.42
1.42
2.44
3.05
2.24
0.81
0.81
0.71
0.61
1.22
1.02
0.81
1.42
1.22
1.52
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.51
0.51
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
1.02
0.20
0.20
0.51
0.51

IV
26.59
12.48
9.53
8.92
8.09
7.45
6.13
5.96
5.43
5.33
4.53
4.53
4.30
4.29
4.10
3.30
3.30
3.20
3.09
3.08
2.88
2.68
2.67
2.46
2.15
1.95
1.95
1.95
1.95
1.75
1.75
1.65
1.65
1.65
1.65
1.64
1.45
1.45
1.13
1.13

STD
22.39
10.26
6.52
5.04
9.39
12.57
9.59
3.05
6.23
5.29
1.84
1.84
6.24
7.89
4.78
1.03
1.03
0.95
0.84
2.53
1.76
1.62
3.27
3.16
4.74
1.64
1.49
1.64
1.64
1.08
1.08
0.84
0.84
0.84
0.84
3.16
0.42
0.42
1.58
1.58

1
60

10
5
2
10
2
3
2
2

2
25
2
5
10
30

3
25

1
2
10

4
25
5
4
15
2

5
40
5
20
3
5

6
50
30
10
8

20

10

15
1

2
40
30

2
20
5
2

1
5

4
20

2
2

15
2
1

1
1
4
2

10

2
5

5
2
2
2
2
1
2

5
2

3
5
4

25
15

1
1

5
10
10

2
1

5
2

2
2

2
2

10
10

15
5
4

2
5

2
2
3

2
2
2
2

2
2

2
10

1
1
5

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Nt/Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad

Physiog
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Sedge
P-Forb
P-Sedge
A-Forb
P-Forb
Shrub
P-Sedge
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
Tree
B-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb

SPECIES
Potentilla simplex
Aster lanceolatus
Festuca elatior
Lysimachia ciliata
Poa pratensis
Aster linariifolius
Lupinus perennis
Plantago lanceolata
Solidago nemoralis
Agrostis alba
Andropogon gerardii
Asclepias incarnata
Carex swanii
Centaurea maculosa
Cyperus esculentus
Erechtites hieracifolia
Potentilla recta
Rubus occidentalis
Scirpus pendulous
Solidago gigantea
Solidago rugosa
Thalictrum dasycarpum
Trifolium hybridum
Typha latifolia
Verbascum thapsus
Verbena urticifolia
Viola sororia
Acer rubrum
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Dianthus armeria
Monarda fistulosa
Penstemon digitalis
Ranunculus sceleratus
Taraxacum officinale

Non-vegetative ground cover


Soil
Fine litter
Coarse litter
Bryophyte
Rock
Water

S:090636:120115

AF
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
161

RF
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
0.62
100.00

AC
0.50
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
98.40

RC
0.51
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
100.00

IV
1.13
1.03
1.03
1.03
1.03
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
200.00

STD
1.58
1.26
1.26
1.26
1.26
0.95
0.95
0.95
0.95
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.63
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32

7
10
0
3
3
1
24

29.17
41.67
0.00
12.50
12.50
4.17
100.00

11.20
28.90
0.00
3.00
0.70
0.20
44.00

25.45
65.68
0.00
6.82
1.59
0.45
100.00

54.62
107.35
0.00
19.32
14.09
4.62
200.00

15.63
25.56
0.00
5.37
1.57
0.63

2
40

696

7
5
4
4
4

10

4
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

5
10

50
2

20
10

20
2

15

5
5
5

50

10
70

50

50

10

2015 Albany Rapp Road Landfill Compliance Report

Rapp Road Landfill - PII, PIII Quadrat Data


Transect: DS-2
Date: August 1, 2015
Samplers: Susan Lehnhardt
Nt/Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Ad
Nt
Nt
Nt
Ad
Nt
Nt

Physiog
Cryptogam
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Sedge
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
B-Forb
P-Sedge
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Sedge
P-Grass
Shrub
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Grass
P-Forb
Tree
P-Forb
P-Sedge
P-Forb
P-Forb
P-Forb
A-Forb
P-Forb
P-Sedge
P-Forb
B-F
P-Grass
P-Forb

S:090636:120115

SPECIES
Equisetum arvense
Desmodium canadense
Solidago juncea
Schizachyrium scoparium
Solidago altissima
Cassia fasciculata
Carex vulpinoidea
Aster lanceolatus
Solidago graminifolia
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Lespedeza capitata
Rudbeckia hirta
Carex stricta
Panicum clandestinum
Solidago gigantea
Muhlenbergia mexicana
Aster puniceus
Aster pilosus
Carex scoparia
Poa pratensis
Rubus allegheniensis
Galium triflorum
Lysimachia ciliata
Monarda punctata
Juncus effusus
Trifolium pratense
Aster ericoides
Juncus dudleyi
Lupinus perennis
Populus deltoides
Lycopus americanus
Carex comosa
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Solidago nemoralis
Coronilla varia
Trifolium arvense
Asclepias incarnata
Carex bebbii
Aster lateriflorus
Daucus carota
Juncus torreyi
Verbena hastata

AF
5
6
6
3
4
1
3
3
3
3
3
4
1
1
3
3
2
3
2
1
3
2
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

RF
4.46
5.36
5.36
2.68
3.57
0.89
2.68
2.68
2.68
2.68
2.68
3.57
0.89
0.89
2.68
2.68
1.79
2.68
1.79
0.89
2.68
1.79
1.79
1.79
0.89
1.79
1.79
1.79
1.79
1.79
1.79
0.89
0.89
1.79
0.89
0.89
0.89
0.89
0.89
0.89
0.89
0.89

AVG
AC
20.10
13.90
11.30
7.50
4.30
7.50
4.90
4.80
4.50
3.30
3.30
1.30
4.00
4.00
1.30
1.20
2.30
0.90
2.00
3.00
0.60
1.70
1.70
1.40
2.50
1.30
0.90
0.70
0.60
0.60
0.50
1.50
1.50
0.20
0.80
0.50
0.40
0.40
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30

10
RC
15.84
10.95
8.9