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Class: VIII

Social Science
CHAPTER WEAVERS , IRON SMELTERS AND FACTORY OWNERS
Q.1 FILL IN THE BLANKS:
1. __________ came to be known as the workshop of the world.
2. The first cotton mill in India was established in _____________.
3. ______________ was invented by John Kaye.
4. One of the most important Indian Ports of the 17th century was _________________.
5. Wootz steel was produced all over ______________.
6. ___________ set up the famous TISCO in Jamshedpur.
7._____________ was the ruler of Mysore till 1799.
8. The furnaces were built of ____________ and _____________ bricks.
.
Q.2. Give Reason
1. Handloom weaving did not completely die in India.
2. Craft of Iron smelting in India declined by the end of 19th century.
Q.3.

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING:


1. Which towns emerged as new centres of weaving in the late 19th Century?
2. Which transport helped Europeans to exploit Indian resources fully?
3. What made Britain the foremost nation in the 19th Century?
4. How was Wootz steel produced?

CHAPTER UNDERSTANDING OUR CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM


Q.1. FILL IN THE BLANKS:
1. The Right not to be ill treated or tortured during arrest or in custody is written under _________.
2. The Supreme Court has laid down guidelines that police must follow at the of ________,
___________ and interrogation.
3. The _______ decides whether the accused person is guilty or innocent on the basis of evidence.
4. Confession made in police custody cannot be used as __________ against the accused.
5. A fair trial ensures that ___________of the constitution is upheld.
6. A person who watched a crime being committed is known as a __________.
7. The head of the police administration of a district is called _______ of Police.
8. A complaint petition to the police is known by the abbreviation _______________.
Q.2 TRUE/FALSE:
1. An FIR can be filed only in the police station that belongs to the area where the crime took place.
2. The police have the authority to punish the offenders.
3. The police can torture the persons they detain for questioning.
4. A person accused of a crime is considered innocent until proven guilty in a court.
5. Every accused person has a right to have a lawyer to represent him in court.
Q.3 ANSWER THE FOLLOWING:
1. Who are the key players in the criminal justice system?
2. What is an open court?
3. What is the main function of the police?
4. What is the rule of law?

CHAPTER INDUSTRIES
Q.1

FILL IN THE BLANKS:


1. Organised production of goods or services is called __________.
2. ______________ often leads to development and growth of towns and cities.
3. Industries are classified on the basis of ___________, ___________ and ____________ .
4. The Output obtained from Iron and steel industry is __________ which is used by other industries as r
raw material.
5. _______________ was often referred to as the Manchester of India.
6. Amul is _______________ scale industry.
7. The money or property invested to start a business is __________.
8. ______________ is called the backbone of modern industry.

Q.2.

NAME THE FOLLOWING:


1. Industrial region in India and World. (Any two)
2. Example of Sunrise Industry.
3. Inputs in the industrial system.
4. Examples for cottage industries.

Q.3.

GIVE REASON:
1. Several industrial cities are located along the coast.
2. Sakchi was chosen to set up the TISCO plant.

Q.4

Q.5

Identity the industries as the Agro, Mineral, Marine and Forest based Industry:
1. Sea- Food processing industries ------2. Cotton industry ----3. Pulp and paper industry ----4. Cement industry ----5. Automobile industry -----6. Pharmaceuticals industry ----7. Jute industry -----8. Manufacturing of cod liver oil -----9. Iron and steel industry -----10. Aluminium industry ------

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING


1. How do the transport and power resources influence the location of industries?
2. Classify the industries on the basis of ownership and raw material.
3. What does the Information technology industry deal with?
4. What factors were responsible for the development of the textile industry in Ahmedabad?