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6 SUBJECT TITLE • • Year

: INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL SYSTEMS (1562) : Third Year

Teaching and Examination Scheme: TEACHING SCHEME THEORY HRS/WEEK 3 PRACTICAL HRS/WEEK 2 EXAM SCHEME & MAXIMUM MARKS PAPER HRS. 3 TH TH 100 PR OR 50 TW SW 50

RATIONALE :

This subject is classified under technology group & intended to teach the student facts, concepts, principles, & procedures of problems in the field of instrumentation & control systems in different processes/plants & industries. The students can use this knowledge in acquiring design skill, trouble-shooting skill which will be useful for solving the real industrial instrumentation & control system problems. He can use this knowledge as maintenance engineer, a supervisor & helps in caring out the investigation trouble shooting like work in R&D.

CONTEXT IN THE FORMOF LINK DIAGRAM SHOWING INTERRELATIONSHIP OF SUBJECT AREA

HUMAN SCIENCES

Communication skills Generic Skills Industrial organization & Supervisory Management
ENGINEERING SCIENCES

CORE TECHNOLOGY SUBJECTS

TECHNOLOGY SUBJECTS

Information Technology Workshop Practice
Electrical Engineering

Electronic Measurements & Instruments
Applied Electronics

Microprocessor & Microcontroller Communication Systems I

Industrial Electronics
Communication Systems II Instrumentation & Control Systems Digital Communication Systems

Engineering Drawings Engineering Mechanics
Basic Electronics Electronics materials & components

Digital Techniques & Applications
Linear Integrated Circuits Power Electronics

BASIC SCIENCE

JOB PROFILE

Applied Mathematics
Applied Physics

Applied Chemistry

Self Developer Membership of Family/Community /Nation Life long learning Technician in industry as Maintenance Engineer, investigator or Designer
R & D Technician

CURRICULUM OBJECTIVES

Attitude for personal Development Social skill for social Development Continued learning skill for life long learning Technical skill for industrial activity earning to live domain

Supervisory skill,
Investigation & Design skill

Entrepreneur

Testing skill
Decision making skill Planning & scheduling skill

GRAPHICAL STRUCTURE OF THE SUBJECT
Develop skill for measurement & control of various industrial / physical parameters.

Problem

Procedures

Operation & installation of instrumentation system for various parameters, measurement & control

Operation & installation in control system using various control components/ industrial controllers.

Principles

Principle of instrumentation system in engineering

Principle of control system & their stability analysis.

Concepts

Time Frequency Domain Domain Response Response Signal conditioning Recorders Data processors

Process controller types & controller actions

Transducer

Stability

Control system components, Servomechanisms, Transfer functions. Instrumentation system used in engineering measurements like pressure, flow, temperature, displacement, velocity etc.

Control systems used for controlling various processes in industry.

Facts

Instrumentation & Control System.

DETAILED CONTENTS : 3.6 CHAPTER 1 MAR HOK URS S 4 4

CONTENTS Introduction to instrumentation systems Block diagram of instrumentation system. Static & dynamic characteristics. Accuracy & precision Sensitivity & resolution Linearity & nonlinearity. Repeatability & reproducibility Hysteresis, Drift. Speed of response, lag, fidelity, dynamic error. Transducers Classification of transducers. Primary & secondary Electrical, mechanical, Analog, digital Active & passive Working principle of transducers. Resistive transducers : Thermistors, Potentiometric, Strain gauge, Load cell. Capacitive transducers : Linear & angular. Piezoelectric transducer Photoelectric transducers : Rotary encoder. Practicals Measurement of strain/ force measurement using strain gauge/load cell. Characteristic / temperature measurement using thermistor. Characteristic of potentiometer & loading effect on O/P of potentiometer. Signal Conditioning Introduction to signal conditioning. Block diagram of AC&DC signal conditioning. Signal conditioning circuits : Integrator, Differentiator, V to I converter, I to V converter, Instrumentation amplifier, V to F converter, Chopper stabilized amplifier. Working principle & function of above types. Use of signal conditioning circuit for instrumentation system for industrial applications. Practicals Instrumentation amplifier with linear gain control. V to F converter using IC 741

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Recorders Necessity of recorder in instrumentation. Classification of recorders. Block diagram and working principles of the following recorders. Graphic recorder : Strip chart recorder : Galvanometer type, null type. X – Y recorder. Magnetic tape recorder Digital recording techniques : RZ and NRZ techniques Comparison of analog & digital recording techniques. Practicals Study of graphic recorders. Data Processors Necessity of data processing in instrumentation. Signal conditioning in DAS. Ratiometric conversion Logarithmic compression Block diagram & explanation of DAS Singal channel. Multichannel Concept of Modular DAS Block diagram, explanation and characteristic of DATA LOGGER. Comparison of DAS and DATA LOGGER Practicals Visit to industry to observe function of DAS & DATA LOGGERs. Operation of Instrumentation System Diagram, explanation and working of instrumentation system for : Pressure measurement : Manometer Capacitive transducer Bourdon tube and LVDT Temperature measurement : Expansion thermometers. Flow : Variable head (differential pressure) : Orifice and Venturi Variable area : Rotameter, Ultrasonic flowmeter, Electromagnetic. Hot wire anemometer Velocity : angular (tacho) Thickness : Inductive & capacitive. Displacement : Linear (LVDT), Angular (RVDT) PH measurement Practicals Measurement of flow by orifice Measurement of flow by venturi tube

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MAR HOK URS S

Measurement of flow by rotameter 7 Introduction to control system Concept of open loop & closed loop control system with examples. Comparison of open loop and closed loop control system. Typical application of control system in temperature controller. Feed forward system Concept of transfer function with example based on RC, RL, RLC etc. Advantages and disadvantages of transfer function. Block diagram representation : Rules for block diagram reduction. Problems on block diagram reduction Signal flow graph representation and problems related to it. Comparison of block diagram representation and signal flow graph representation. Practicals Liquid level controller using IC 555 Servomechanism [Actuators] Principle of operation of different control system components such as Potentiometer (linear & angular) & their transfer function, potentiometer error detector. Synchro transmitter & synchro receiver, synchro error detector. A.C. & D.C. servomotor & their transfer functions. AC & DC tachometer & its transfer function Amplidyne & its transfer function Stepper motor. Block diagram of AC & DC Servomechanisms and their transfer functions. Practicals 1. Potentiometer as error detector. 2. Characteristics of synchro transmitter. 3. Synchro error detector 4. Speed-torque characteristic of A.C. servomotor. 5. A.C. position control system. 6. D.C. position control system. 7. Drive circuit & operation of stepper motor. Time Response & Frequency Response Analysis & Stability Introduction to time response analysis Definition : Time response, transient response, steady state error. Standard test inputs : step, ramp, parabolic and impulse. Effect of standard inputs on steady state error. Type of system : Type 0, 1 & 2 Analysis of type 0, 1 & 2 systems for standard test inputs Analysis of first and second order control systems. 10 8

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CONTENTS Time response specification definitions and formula (No derivation) Problems on steady state response. i.e. determination of type of system, error coefficients and steady state error. Introduction to frequency response analysis. Andvantages and disadvantages of frequency response analysis. Frequency response specifications. Introduction to stability of systems. Definitions : Stable systems, unstable systems, critically or marginally stable systems, conditionally stable system. Stability criterion : Hurwitz criterion Routh’s criterion (Routh’s Hurwitz criterion) Problems related to above criterion Bode plot, Polar plot, Problem related to above plots Practicals 1.Bode plots for 1st order R-C circuit. 2.Response of R-L-C (2nd order) & R-C (1st order) system for i/p. Determination of time response specifications.

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Process Controllers Introduction to controllers. Control actions : ON – OFF control action Proportional (P) control action Derivative (D) control action Integral (I) control action Composite control actions : PI, PD, PID. Pneumatic controller : Working principle of flapper nozzle relay Control actions of pneumatic controller ON – OFF control action Proportional (P) control action Derivative (D) control action Integral (I) control action Composite control actions : PI, PD, PID. Electronic controller Control actions of electronic controller ON – OFF control action Proportional (P) control action Derivative (D) control action Integral (I) control action Composite control actions : PI, PD, PID. Comparison of pneumatic and electronic controller. Basic principle of hydraulic controller (no control action) Practicals 1. Any control process using ON-OFF

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CONTENTS controller. 2. Any control process using composite controller

MAR HOK URS S

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES : One visit to any process plant should be arranged. Number of experiments to be performed Instrumentation : 10 Control Systems : 10 REFERNCES: Sr. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Author S.K.Singh Title Edition 1st 1st 4th 11th 1st 4th 6th 1st 1st 1st 4th 6th Year of Publication 1987 1995 1995 1999 1995 1996 1991 1987 1999 1993 1993 2000 Publisher & Address Tata McGraw-Hill. , New Delhi. Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi Dhanpat Rai & Co. (Pvt) Ltd., New Delhi Tata McGraw-Hill. , New Delhi. Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi New Age International Ltd., New Delhi Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi Technical publication, Pune

Industrial Instrumentation & Control Transducers & D.V.S. Murthy Instrumentation Rangari & Mani Instrumentation Sharma Devices & Systems Electrical & Electronics A.K. Sawhney Measurement & Instrumentation Electronic H.K. Kalsi Instrumentation Nagrath & Feed Back Control Gopal System Automatic Control Kuo System Modern Control Ogata Engineering M. Gopal R. Gaikwad Leonard Sokolott C.D. Johnson S. C. Goyal & U. A. Bakshi Modern Control System Theory Analog & Digital Control Systems Process Control Instrumentation Technology Principle of control systems