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MODULE 4: Training and Development

1. Explain in your own words the importance of training.

Training is a process of acquiring skills needed for the job. In an employees
view, it is his ticket for promotion because whatever he gathers in training, he
applies in his job and the result will always be positive for his employer. While for
his employer, it is a good step for future business success as training sharpens
employees work acumen and efficiency. Training not only hones skills, it also
builds character and confidence towards work, self and outlook in life.

2. Explain in detail each of the training methods for employees.

The least effective of all training methods for employees. Amount of retainability
for trainees is more or less 20%. In here, a lecturer stands in front of a big
number of people, communicates in a pace allotted by the program and not by
the ability of its trainees to absorb. Interaction between the lecturer and trainees
is not generally welcomed.
Role playing and simulation
Role playing can be an effective means to train employees because it connects
theory and practice. In here, the trainees act out the issues and solutions in their
workplace. It is an enjoyable method because it is highly interactive and
enlivening activity. Teamwork also comes to play as the simulators communicate
and agree with how their act should be presented.
One of the conservative and effective ways of training methods, the trainor uses
all kinds of visual aids in his disposal to help his audience cope up with the topic.
With todays standards, there is nothing better than a multimedia such as a
computer for audio and visual aids. With the help of a projector and a wide white
cloth, all aspects of visual techniques can be covered by a single unit.
Job rotation

Job rotation is one of the best techniques to hone employees skills. It is actual in
nature, and provides experience for employees who are new to the position he
was put in. Boredom can also be eliminated for employees who stayed for so
long in a single position. But it can also be bad for those who are accustomed to
his old post and do not want to be rotated for the sake of training. But in todays
standard, multi level skills are being required by companies to its employees to
compete and battle costs of production and recession.
It is commonly a requirement of schools for graduation. A company in tie-up with
the school, will get a number of apprentice students from that school and allows
them to work for a certain period of time to learn their trade. Most
apprenticeships in the Philippines come from manufacturing firms.
Internships and assistantships
Same as apprenticeship, is a requirement for graduation in colleges and
universities. On the job training (OJT) as commonly termed for most science
fields or technical and engineering courses and internship for medical related
Programmed learning
One of the most modern techniques in training employees. In here, the trainee is
allowed to learn at his own pace, choose what topic he would concentrate more
and train even without the presence of a trainer in a particular set of time. A
computer is the medium of instruction and the source of all information, audio
and visual aids.
Laboratory training
It is an interactive method where trainees are given situations to solve coming
from their own experiences at work. It is focused on changing employees
behavior and attitude towards work. It is known to be the most successful training
method in improving employees performance. Team building, Personality
development, etc are examples of this method.

3. Would you consider the requirement for training development for a prospective
hiree a form of harassment? Why? Elucidate your answer.

Why would it be harassment? Unless the expenses will be shouldered by the

hiree, I see nothing that violates his rights.
Everything is company prerogative when it comes to employment. When an
applicant gets hired, he automatically becomes a property, an asset, a resource.
In return, the hiree or employee gets compensated, insured and receives due
benefits accorded to his kind of work. So it is a give and take relationship. For
the company which goal is to succeed in business will do the best ways to make
it happen.

4. Prepare a case study on hiring procedure of your school that you are familiar with
or have read about. Comment on the practice on the training program of
employees and show the effects.
Case Study:
Weeding out DepEd from under-performing and undeserving teachers with the right
hiring process
We are all aware that there was a time in the Philippines where an under-board
applicant passes the hiring process by a particular school.

5. Interview a training officer on how to evaluate a training and development

program. Study their evaluation form and make your comments.