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# MatrikNo:

-1 Universit

Malaysia
FAHANG
Engineerin

rechiooy . CreHivy

## FACULTY OF MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING

FINAL EXAMINATION
COURSE

HEAT TRANSFER

COURSE CODE

BFF3203

LECTURER

DATE

18 JUNE 2014

DURATION

3 HOURS

SESSION/SEMESTER

## SESSION 2013/2014 SEMESTER II

PROGRAMME CODE

BFF/BFM

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATE:
(a) Answer ONLY FOUR (4) Questions
(b) Answers these questions in this Examination paper.

EXAMINATION REQUIREMENTS:
NIL

## DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

This examination paper consists of TWENTY (20) printed pages including front page.

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131411/BFF3203

## QUESTION 1 (25 MARKS)

A transparent film is to be bonded onto the top surface of a solid plate inside a heated chamber.
For the bond to cure properly, a temperature of 70C is to be maintained at the bond. The
transparent film has a thickness of 1 mm and thermal conductivity 0.05 W/mK, while the solid
plate is 13 mm thick and has thermal conductivity of 1.2 W/mK

Aft. It 70 \V/rn2K

Frer.preffl film
()j15 \WuiK

70(

I mm I

'1Itt plate
k 1.2 W/m'K

52C

List all the engineering assumption to solve the following heat transfer problem

(5 marks)

Sketch the engineering model for the following engineering problem (which include the

(5 marks)
coordinate system, heat transfer system)

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/1 31 411/BFF3203

If the bottom surface of the solid plate is maintained at 52 C and the convection heat transfer
coefficient on the transparent film is 70 W/m2 K, determine the inside temperature of the chamber
(15 marks)
and the surface temperatures of the film.

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131411/BFF3203

## QUESTION 2 (25 MARKS)

In a manufacturing process, a heated 6mm-thick Pyroceram plate is being cooled in a room with
air temperature of 25 C and convection heat transfer of 13.3 W1m2 T. The heated Pyroceram
plate had an initial temperature of 500 C, and is allowed to cool for 286 s.
List all the engineering assumption to solve the following heat transfer problem

(5 marks)

Sketch the engineering model for the following engineering problem (which include the
(5 marks)
coordinate system, heat transfer system).

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131411/BFF3203

The factory management is decided to replace the existing cooling process with an alternative
cooling equipment, estimate the minimum power requirement of this equipment if the mass of
(15 marks)
Pyroceram plate is 10kg.

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131 411/8FF3203

## QUESTION 3 (25 MARKS)

A 6 cm diameter shaft rotates at 3000 revolutions per minute in a 20 cm long bearing with a
uniform clearance of 0.2 mm. At steady operating conditions, both the bearing and the shaft in
the vicinity of the oil gap are at 50 C, and the viscosity and thermal conductivity of the
lubricating oil are 0.05 N.sIm2 and 0.17 W/m K.
List all the engineering assumption to solve the following heat transfer problem

(5 marks)

Sketch the engineering model for the following engineering problem (which include the
(5 marks)
coordinate system, heat transfer system).

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM!131 4IIIBFF32O3

Determine:
a) The maximum temperature of the lubricating oil and the rates of heat transfer to the bearing

(8 marks)
and the shaft

## b) The mechanical power wasted by viscous dissipation in the oil

(7 marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131 411/BFF3203

## QUESTION 4(25 MARKS)

An aluminum plate of 25 mm thickness is attached on a copper plate with thickness of 100 mm.
The copper plate is heated electrically to dissipate a uniform heat flux of 5300 W/m 2 . The upper
surface of the aluminum plate is exposed to convection heat transfer in a condition such that the
convection heat transfer coefficient is 67 W/m 2K and the surrounding room temperature is 20 T.
Other surfaces of the attached plates are insulated such that heat only dissipates through the upper
surface of the aluminum plate.
List all the engineering assumption to solve the following heat transfer problem

(5 marks)

Sketch the engineering model for the following engineering problem (which include the

(5 marks)
coordinate system, heat transfer system)

BFF/BFMI13I 411/BFF3203

Determine the thermal contact conductance of the aluminum/copper interface if the surface of the
copper plate that is attached to the aluminum plate has a temperature of 100 T.

(15 marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/13 1 411/BFF3203

## QUESTION 5 (25 MARKS)

A' large cast iron container with 4 cm thick walls is initially at a uniform temperature of 0 C and
is filled with ice at 0 T. The container is then exposed to hot water at 55 C and the ice starts
melting when its temperature rises to 0.1 C.

List all the engineering assumption to solve the following heat transfer problem

(5 marks)

Sketch the engineering model for the following engineering problem (which include the

(5 marks)
coordinate system, heat transfer system)

10

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF!BFM/131 411/BFF3203

Determine:
a) How long it will be before the ice inside the container starts melting if the heat transfer
coefficient on the outer surfaces of the container walls is very large.

11

(8 marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/1 31 411/BFF3203

b) The rate of heat transfer to the ice through 1.2 in wide and 2 m high section of the container
wall when steady operating conditions are reached if it is assumed that the heat transfer

(7 marks)
coefficient on the inner surface is 250 W/m2 C

12

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131 411/BFF3203

## QUESTION 6 (25 MARKS)

An electronic device dissipating 18 W has a mass of 20 g, a specific heat of 850 J/kgK, and a
surface area of 4 cm2 . The device is lightly used, and it is ON for 5 min and then OFF for several
hours, during which it cools to the ambient temperature of 25 C
List all the engineering assumptions to solve the following heat transfer problem

(5 marks)

Sketch the engineering model for the following engineering problem (which include the

(5 marks)
coordinate system, heat transfer system)

13

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/13 1 411/BFF3203

Determine:
a) The temperature of the device at the end of the 5 min operating period, if the heat transfer
(8 marks)
coefficient is taken to be 12 W/m 2 K.

14

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/1 31 411!BFF3203

b) The temperature of the device at the end of the 5 min operating period, if the device was
attached to an aluminum heat sink having a mass of 200 g and a surface area of 80 cm and

(7 marks)
the heat transfer coefficient is taken to be 12 W/m 2 K.

## END OF EXAMINATION PAPER

15

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131411/BFF3203

APPENDIX
Table 1 : Thermal oronerties of air

Air temperature

Thermal
conductivity
(W/m2K)

Density
(kg/rn3)

Specific
heat at
constant
pressure

Dynamic
viscosity
(x iO

Pa.\$)

(J/kgK)
40C

0.02735

3.261

1007

1.092

Substances

Thermal
conductivity
(W/m2K)

Densit1'
(kg/rn)

## Specific heat at constant

pressure
(J/kgK)

stainless steel
AISI 304

14.9

7900

477

silver

429

10500

235

aluminum

235

2770

875

copper

401

8933

385

Cast iron

80.2

7870

447

Pyroceram

3.98

2600

808

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BF'M/131 4111BFF3203

conditions

iIx.t)T,.
Tx Ti

CIIL

x
J anti q(r) =

## Spcc!ted Sui:fnee Heat Flux. = constant:

:j4at
( x2\
T( 1) J=-f-----L,c1i -------1 - terf(1
k:v iT
' 4aj/
Cnvectinn on th
Y(x.z)T1

q.t)
erki...
( x \
\2

\/t1

erfcV-.
(2 x at

## --- T(O, 1)1:

(kx h2ar
k
\ k
k

Sufaee, e = co,1an t:
T(x, t) -
kVji

Where all symbols take the same physical descriptions taught in the course

17

CONFIDENTIAL

13FF/13FM!1 31 4H1BFF3203

## Table 3 : Complementary Error Function Table

Complementary Error FuntIon Table
_Th_

erk()

0
Q.c?t
002

1000300
0.9B717
0.077435

o.c'i
0.05
0.06
0.07 .
0.05
0.00
0.1
011
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.16
0.19
0.2
0.21.
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.25
0.27
0.25
0.20
0.3
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.36
0.30
0.4
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.45
0.491

Yj

erfr(V)
0.1795OC

0.054880
O.MW528
0.0237.8
0.921142
0.902922
0.859719
0.887537
0.876377
0.885242
0.854133
0.843053
0.833004
0.820088
0.810308
0.799064
0.758160
0.777207
03564.78
0.755704
0.741077'
0.734300
0.723674

0.5
O.!iI
032
o.
0.1
0.55
0.5
0.57
0.58
056
0.6
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.55
0.56
0.67
0.68
0.60
0.7
0.71
0.72
0.73
0.71
07-5

0.713100
0.702582
02692120
0661717
0:671373
0.661002
0.650874
0.610721
0:630635
0.820618
0.610670
0.600704
0.540901
0.581261
0.571608
0.562031
0:552532
0.54311.3
0.533778
0.524518
0.515345
0.500255
0,497250
0.488332

0.76
0.77
0.78
0.70'
0.8
0.61
0.52
0.63
0.84
0.85
0.60
0.87
0.88
0.89
0.9
0.91
0.92
0.53
0.94
0.55
0.96
0.97
0.98
0.96

0.252463
0.276179
0.269900
0.203807
0.267804
0.251907
0.246184
0240476
0.23.4857
0.229332
0.223900
0.216500
0.213313
0.2081.57
0203092
0.146117
0.143232
0.188437
0183724.
0.179100
0.174076
0170120
0.165704
0.161 402

0.1707556
0..1E2101
0.445001.
0A3,6677
0.28,381
0.420184
0.412077
0404001
0.396141
0.358319
0.380589
0.372054
0.365411
0,357071;
0.350623
03.13372
0.338218
0.320160
0.322199
0.315335
0.308567
0.301896
0.295322
0.258845

erfr(1)

YJ

1.02 1
1.02
i.o
1.04
1.05
1.00
1.07
I.M .
1.02
1.1
1.11
1.12

1.13
1.14
1.15
1.16
1.1:7
1.1.8
1.19
1.2
1.21
1.22
1.2.3
1.24
1.2.5
126
1.27
1.28
110
1.3
1.31
'1.32
1.33
1.34
1.35
1.36
1.37
1.3.8
1.39
11.1
1.11
1.42
1.4.3
1.44
1.45
1.41,3
1.17
1.49
'1.19

erfc()

YJ

2
1,5 0.338
1 . 51 0.032723 201
Q357
1.53 0A30484 2.03
0.11 130 1.54 0.020414 .2.04
0.1.7G.1 155 0.028377 2.0
0.1338LC 1.S 0.027372 2.06
0.1 :30227 157 0.020307 2.07
0.120674 1.66 0.025463 2.08
0.123107 1.60 0.024035 2.09
0.1 19795
11 0.022052 2.1
0.116467 1.61 0.02270 2.11
0.113212 1.62 0.021062 2.12
0.110020 1.63 0.021157 2.13
0.106918 1.64 0.020376 214
0.103876 1.85 0.019624 2.15
0.100901 1.813 0.018805 116
0.098000 1.67 0.018153 2.17
0.045163 1.66 0.017507 2.18
0.022392 1.60 0.010847 2.19
0.080026
1.7 0.016210 .2.2
0.097045 1.71 0.01559.3 2.21
0.084468 1.72 0:014097 2.22
0.081050 1.73 0.014422 2.23
0.0704951.74 0.013865 2.24
0.077100 1.75 0.013328 2.25
0,074751 1143 0.01.2810 2.26
0.072426 '117 0.012302 2.27
0.070256 138 0.011826 2.2. 8
0.0138101 '1.70 0.011350 .2.20
0.065944
149 0.010002 2.3
0.003937 1.81 0.010475 221
04361035 1.82 0.010057 2.32
0.050985 1.83 0.039053 2.33
0.058086 '1.84 0.000264 224
0.056236 1.85 0.008881) 2:35
0.054434 1.86 0.008528 2.36
0.052688 1.87 0.008170 2.37
0.050051 1.66 0.0378441 2.38
0.040327 1.84 0.007521 2.30
01)47715
1.0 0.007210 .2.4
0.016148 1.91 0.036010 2.41
0.014624 1.92 0.006622 2.42
0.043143 1.43 0.000344 2.43
0.041703 1-94 &GOGG77 2.44
0.040306 1.95 0.005821 2.45
0.038046 1.46 0.035074 2.10
0.037627 1.97 0.030335 .2.47
0.536116 '1.98 0.005109 2.48
01)35102 1.40 0.004869 2.40

015729)
0.15310
0101E2

18

cife(Yi
0.00467 B
0.004175
:000421
:UC0404
0O03914
0.00374,2
000377
0.003418
0.003202
0.003120
0.002479
:00045
0,002716
0.002653
0,002175
0.002361
0.002253
0.0021i9
0.002019
0.001454
0.001863
0.001776
0.001692
0.001612
'0.001536
0.001463
0.001303
0.001326
0-00 12.622
0.001201
'0.001113
0.001058
0.001 a-114
:0,000454
0.000435
0.000889
'0.000645
0.000603
0.000763
0.000725
0.000650
0.000654
0.000921
10.000589
'0.000559
'0.000531
0.000503
'0.000477
0.000153
'0.00042.0

YJ

erTh(I) J!

2.67
2.66
2159
2.6
.2.61
2.62
2.63
2.134
.2.65
2.136
2.67
2.138
.2150
2.7
231
2,72
2.73
2.74
2.75

0.000407
0003B6
OM0365
0.00346
0000328
01100211
QQ4
0.000278
0.000264
0.000249
0.000236
0.000223
0.000211
0.000200
0.000180
0.00017.8
0.000169
0.000159
0.0001.51
0.000i12
0.000134
0.000127
0.000120
0.000113
0.000107
0.000101

2.78
2.77
2.78
.239
2.8
.2.81
2.82
2.83
2.84
2.85
2.86
.2.87
2.88
2.89
2.0
.2.01
.2.92
2.93.
2.94
2.45
.2.98
2.9.7
2.98
.2.49

0.000096
0.000000
0.000384
0.000090
0.000075
0.000071
&000067
0.006003
0.000059
0.000056
0.000052
0.000019
0.000040
0.000014
0.000041
0.000039
0.000036
0.000034
0.000032
0.000030
0.000028
0.000027
0.000025
0.000024 1

23
251
2.152
.253

254
2.56

3
3.01
3.02
3.03
3.434
30S
306
3.07
3.03
3.09
3.1
3.11
3.12
313
3.14
3.15
116
3.17
118
3.19
3.2
3.2,1
3.22
3.23
3.24
3.25
3.26
3.27
3.28
3.29
3.3
3.31
3.32
3.33
3.34
3.35
136
3.37
338
3.34
3.4
341
342
3143
341
3.45
345
3.47
3.48
3149

erfr(ti)
0.000022thI
0.00002.074
0-0000117
0.00001827
0.00001714
10.00001&38
M0001 9,18
0.00001 .114.
'0.00001320
0.00001213
0.00001165
0,00001092
0.00001023
000003958
0.00000607
000000340
0.00000786
0.00000736
'0.000001390
0.00000614
0000006433
0.00000504
0.00000527
0.00000102
0.00060460
0.00000430
0.00000402
0.00000376
0.00000351
0.00000328
0:00000306
'0,00000280
0.00000202
0.00000245
'0:00000232
0.00000216
0:00000.202
0,0.0000188
0.00000170
0.00000163
0.000001.52
0,00000142
0,00000132
0.00000123
'0.00000110
'0.00000107
0.00000009
0.00000092
0.00000096
'0.00000080

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFM/131 411/BFF3203

Table 4: Convection Heat transfer Characteritics for a'Large Plate : Flow and
Thermal Properties during Transient Conditions

4. ii
;';1, I
One term approximation for
by A1

l[ILl 1t

I'

()

T- T

119
08
0.7
0,6
0.5

0.4
03
0.2
0.1.
0
0.01

0.1

Lii

10

100
BI

## Temperature Distribution in a plane wall

19

given

CONFIDENTIAL

BFF/BFMI1314II/BFF3203

T.1

0.04

c. (

0.01
0.0(17
0_ 005
Oi)I)3

I.,

zS Iii

14

] S

72

26

50

100 110

T (X1/i

Q
Qrhix

I 10
0.9
0.8
(1.7
0.6

0.5
0.4
03
(12
0.1

0
101

iO

10

1O

I.0'

Birh ar/k
2

20

10

1U

.lij

300 .OYJ