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Pendahuluan

1.(Warren JR, Marshal BJ. Unidentified curved bacillion gastric epithelium in active chronic gastritis. Lancet 1984;
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2. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks 114 to humans.
Schistosomes, liver flukes ad Helycobacter pylori. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer,
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Definisi
1.

Benaissa M, Babin P, Quellard N, Pezennec L, Cenatiempo Y, Fauchere JL. Changes in Helicobacter pylori
ultrastructure and antigens during conversion from the bacillary to the coccoid form. Infect Immun 1996;
100: 2331

2.

Pattison CP, Combs MJ, Marshall BJ. Helicobacter pylori and peptic ulcer disease: evolution torevolution.
Am J Roentgenol 1997; 168: 1415-20.

Epidemiologi
Vandenplas Y, Hegar B. Helicobacter pylori infection. Acta Paediatr Tw 1999;40:212-24.
ETIOLOGI
1. Peek RM, Blaser MJ. Pathophysiology of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis and
peptic ulcer disease. Am J Med 1997;102:200-7.
2. Blaser MJ. Helicobacter pylori: Its role in disease. Clinical Infectious Disease
1992;15:386-93.
3. Celik J, Su B, Tiren U, et al. Virulence and colonizationassociated properties of
Helicobacter isolated from children and adolescents. J infect Dis 1998; 177:247-52.
4. Alkout AM, Blackwell CC, Weir DM, et al. Isolation of a cell surface component of
Helicobacter pylori that binds H type 2, Lewis (a) and Lewis (b) antigens.
Gastroenterology 1997;112:1197-87.

Manifestasi Klinis
1.

Gormally SM, Prakash N, Durnin MT, et al. Association of symptoms with Helicobacter pylori infection in

2.

children. J Pediatr 1995;126:753-6.


Chong SKF, Lou Q, Asnicar MA, et al. Helicobacter pylori in recurrent abdominal pain in childhood:

3.

Comparison of diagnostik test and therapy. Pediatrics 1995;96:211-5


Tolia V. Helicobacter pylori in pediatric nonulcer dyspepsia: Pathogen or commensal?. Am J Gastroenterol
1995;90:865-7

Patofisiologi
1. Blecker U, Lanciers S, Keppens E. Evolution of Helicobacter pylori positivity in infants born from positive
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mothers. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1994;19:87-9


Thomas JE, Austin S, Dale A, et al. Protection by human milk IgA against Helicobacter pylori infection in

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infancy Lancet 1993;342:121.


Zandzou PSG, Michaud L, Vincent P, et al. Natural outcome of Helicobacter pylori infection in
asymptomatic children: a two year follow-up study. Pediatrics 1999;104:216-21.

DIAGNOSIS
1.
2.
3.

Vandenplas Y, Hegar B. Helicobacter pylori infection. Acta Paediatr Tw 2002 ;40:212-24.


Heldenberg D, Wahner Y, Heldenberg E, et al. The role of Helicobacter pylori in children with
recurrent abdominal pain. Am Gastroenterol 2005;90:906-9.
Peek RM, Blaser MJ. Pathophysiology of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis and peptic ulcer
disease. Am J Med 2007;102:200-7

PENATALAKSANAAN

1.

Gold, Benjamin D, Richard B. Colletti, Myles Abbott, Steven J. Czinn, Yoram Elitsur,Eric Hassall, Colin
Macarthur, John Snyder, and Philip M. Sherman. 2000.

2.

Helicobacter pylori Infection in Children: Recommendations for Diagnosis and Treatment. Journal of
Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Medical Position Statement: The North American Society for
Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition.

3.

Soemoharjo,

Soewignjo.

Helicobacter

Pylori

dan

Penyakit

Gastroduodenal.

2006.

http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml. Diakses tanggal 15 September 2015 pukul 19.00 WIB.


4.

Kliegman, Robert M, Hal B. Jenson, Richard E. Behrman, Bonita F. Stanton. 2007. Nelson Textbook of
Pediatrics 18th edition. Philadelphia : Sanders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.