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Physics 130 - a

Dr. Schmidt

Midterm 1

Write you name on the cover of the blue book. Put all your answers in the blue book. Start a new page for each

problem. Partial credit will be given for incomplete answers. At the conclusion of the exam fold this exam in half and

place in your blue book and turn in your blue book.

(15 points) A ball is thrown straight up with some initial vertical velocity vyo. Which of the following

a) The speed of the ball at the highest point in the trajectory is zero. Correct.

b) The acceleration of the ball as it rises is in the upward direction.

c) The acceleration of the ball at the highest point in the trajectory is zero.

d) The speed of the ball when it returns to the thrower will be the same as the

initial speed. Correct.

e) A lighter ball will go higher than a heavier ball given the same initial launch

speed

2. (15 points) For the figure shown of a spring scale weighing a mass with the free body

diagrams of each part shown in the adjacent figure identify which of the following pairs of

forces represent the principle of action-reaction. The system is at rest.

a) mg and T1

b) T1 and T1 action-reaction

c) T1 and T2

d) T2 and T2 action-reaction

e) T2 and F

F

F

T2

T2

T1 T1

m

mg

mg

3. A.(10 points) Briefly discuss the relation between the velocity and acceleration of an

object in one dimension. How would one, in principle if not in actuality, obtain the

instantaneous acceleration of an object given detailed information about the velocity as a function of time?

The velocity is the rate of change of displacement. And the acceleration is the rate of change of velocity. The

instantaneous acceleration is defined as the limit as the interval of time approaches zero of the rate of change

of velocity. This is also the definition of the slope of the velocity versus time curve. So if one had detailed

information as to the value of velocity as a function of time one would merely find the slope of this line.

B.(5 points) Can the velocity of an object be zero when its acceleration is not? Give an example.

Yes, the velocity can be zero when the acceleration is not zero. A example would be a ball in vertical

freefall at the top of its trajectory. At this point the velocity is zero while the accelration is 9.8 m/s2.

4. (15 points) An airport taxi driver knows that he can make it to the airport from Evanston in 30 minutes traveling at

a speed of 80.0 km/hr. Half way there he encounters a Columbus Day parade and has to wait 5.0 minutes for the

parade to pass. Once he is going again what minimum speed will get him to the airport at the same time he would

have arrived without having to pause for the parade?

x = vavg t = 80 km/r( 0.50 hr = 40 km

t1 = x1/v1 = 20 km/80 km/hr = 0.25 hr(60 min/h = 15 min

t2 = 30 min 15 min 5 min = 10 min (1 hr/60 min = 1/6 hr

v2 = x2/t2 = 20 km/(1/6 hr) = 120 km/hr

5. (15 points) Comedian Lou Costello claimed that the horse he bet on was so slow, they measured his speed in

furlongs per fortnight. A furlong is about 201.2 meters and a fortnight is 2 weeks. What was the speed in

meters per second of 1 furlong per fortnight? A week is 7 days, 1 day is 24 hrs, 1 hour is 3600 seconds

1 furlong /fortnight = 1 furlong/fortnight(1 fortnight/2 weeks)(1 week/7 days)(1 day/24 hr)(1hr /3600 s)(201.2

m/1 furlong) = 0.000166336 m/s 0.000166 m/s

6. (15 points) A speeder moving at 140 km/hr passes a patrol car moving at 80 km/hr. The officer instantly accelerates

at a uniform rate of 7.5 m/s2 until he overtakes the speeder (matches the position of the speeder but not necessarily

going at the same speed). 1km = 1000m, 1hr = 3600 s

a) (5 points How long does this take?

xcar = vcar t

x police = vopolice t + 1/2 a t2

xcar = x police

vcar t = vopolice t + 1/2 a t2

vcar - vopolice = 1/2 a t

t = 2(vcar - vopolice )/a = 2 (140 km/hr 80 km/hr)(1000 m/1 km)(1 hr/3600 s) / 7.5 m/s2

t = 4.44 s 4.4 s

b) (5 points) How much distance is needed as measured from the initial position of the patrol car?

xcar = vcar t

xcar = (140 km/hr)(1000 m/1 km)(1 hr/3600 s) (4.44 s) = 172.83 m 170 m

or

x police = vopolice t + 1/2 a t2

x police = 80 km/hr(1000 m/1 km)(1 hr/3600 s)(4.44 s) + 1/2 (7.5 m/s2)((4.44 s)2 = 172.59 m 170 m

c) (5 points) How fast in km/hr is the patrol car moving when it overtakes the speeder?

vpolice = vopolice + a t = 80 km/hr+7.5 m/s2 (4.44 s)(1 km/1000 m)(3600 s/1 hr) = 199.88 km/hr 200 km/hr

7. (15 points) In an accidental death investigation n where a flower vase dropped onto a pedestrian killing him, a 4.8

kg vase fell from the ledge of a balcony 56.2 m above the street. From the damage the pot made on it s victim,

who was 1.4 m tall, it was estimated that the speed with which it struck the man was 38 m/s. Does this support the

accident theory or was the vase thrown presumably with purpose. If so, with what velocity and direction up or

down?

v2 = vo2 2g(y-yo)

vo2 = v2 + 2g(-yo) = (38 m/s)2 - 2(9.8 m/s2)(56.2 m 1.4 m)

vo2 = 369.92 m2/s2

vo = 19.23 m/s

The vase was thrown. Whether up or down I cannot tell. But is was not merely bumped off the ledge.

Looks like no accident.

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