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SUMMER INTERNSHIP TRAINING REPORT ON

VASANTHAM CURLED COIR


CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
Introduction

The coir industry in India has a strong position in the export


orientation. India accounts for more than two thirds of the
world production of coir and coir products. It is an important
cottage contributing significantly to the economy.
The coir industry used to offer only seasonal employment
opportunities to the workers due to monsoon and demands
of the trade. Now, the factory set up provides regular
employment to the workers and the standard of living of
workers has been increasing steadily. Pollachi being a land of
coconut rank first in number of coir industry in Coimbatore
district.

1.2

OBJECTIVE OF THE TRAINING


To understand the production process and the
material used for coir manufacturing.
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To gain practical knowledge about business.


To learn the different functions of various
departments.

CHAPTER II
PROFILE OF THE COMPANY
2.1 COMPANY PROFILE

Name

Vasantham curled coir

Sf.No 124/25, Kovil palayam


road
Kaliyappam palayam,
Address

Negamam (po)
Pollachi (tk)
642120
opposite of govt. hospital,

Land mark

Negamam

Proprietor

Mrs.Vasantha

Year of establishment

2003

Raw material

Husk

End product

Curled Coir
20 Workers & 5 staff

No of workers

-Members

Name of the Auditor

Abdul Kadhar
Pollachi

2.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE ORGANISATION

To improve the standard of living of the rural


people.
To earning more profit.
To give more satisfaction to the customer.
To
develop
the
infrastructure
and
environment of the organization.
To increase the quality of Product.
To perform good customer relationship.

2.3 ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE

MANAGING
DIRECTOR
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GENERAL
MANAGER

MANAGER

SUPERVISOR

ADDITIONAL
SUPERVISOR

WORKERS

CHAPTER III
FUNCTIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT

This chapter deals with the function of various


departments such as purchase, finance, production, sales,
etc.
The following are the department functioning in Vasantham
curled coir.

Purchase Department
Production Department
Finance Department
Accounting Department
Personnel Department
Sales Department

3.1 PURCHASE DEPARTMENT

The main part of this business is purchase department. The


purchase

department

headed

by

Mr.A.Palani

samy

This

organization purchases its raw material from Kerala. The


purchase is made on the basis of credit. The Husk suppliers are
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providing some discount for bulk purchase. The credit period is


15 days.
Purchase Division

SUPERVISOR

WORKERS

Purchased goods are always kept in the store with proper


facilities like Ventilation. They are having own vehicles to carry
out the raw materials. So the expenses are reduced. This
department concentrates mainly to buy quality products with
low price.

3.2 PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT


Different types of fibre extraction processes are
followed in different parts of the world. Based on the fibre

quality and usage, the company manufacture fibre extraction


machinery units for the following processes:

1) Defibring unit.
2) Conveyor system for defibring unit.

Defibring unit:

The defibring unit produces the highest quality fibre.


Combing principle is used for fibre extraction. One of the main
advantages of Defibring process is that the bristle fibre and
mattress fibre can be obtained separately, whereas in other
processes, it is not possible.

Conveyor system for Defibring unit:

Conveyor systems are mainly used for minimization of


manual labour and uniform feeding of the machine for more
streamlined production requirements. The customer can choose
either a single Defibring unit or Double Defibring unit.

PRODUCTION PROCESS
PRODUCTION PROCESS CHART

SUPER CRUSHER

SCREENER
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TURBO CLEANER

HACKLING MACHINE

RE-WINDING MACHINE

DISINTEGRATOR

DECORTICATOR

BOBBIN WINDING
MACHINE
DEFIBRING

FIBRE TWITCHING
MACHINE

3.2.1 Super crusher

Crusher is used to crush and punch the husks for easy


soaking. The fibres in the husks get softened and straightened
to certain extent. Due to this process the hardness of the husks
gets reduced and will be easy for further processing. In some
areas, the husks are soaked for month in small ponds, lakes or
backwaters to soften them. These soaked husks are then fed
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directly into the defibring machine without crushing. In order to


reduce the soaking time, crusher is used.
POWER

10 H.P 960 RPM

HEIGHT

1420 mm

LENGTH

1840 mm

WIDTH

1100 mm

CAPACITY

25000 40000 Husks / 8 hrs

3.2.2 Screener

Screener is used to separate the medium and short


fibres from baby fibre and pith.
POWER

1 H.P - 1440 RPM

HEIGHT

3060 mm

LENGTH

3725 mm
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WIDTH

CAPACITY

2000 mm
:

2000

kg

screened

fibre

hours

Turbo Cleaner

Cleaner is used to remove the remaining pith sticking to


the fibre. In this process, the fibre gets softened. This is the
final process of cleaning the fibre. The cleaned fibre is then
taken to the drying yard or dryer for drying.
POWER

15 H.P 1440 PRM


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HEIGHT

1500 mm

LENGTH

3000 mm including motor size

SWIDTH

1600 mm

CAPACITY

1000 kg cleaned fibre / 8hrs

3.2.4 Hackling machine


It is used for manufacturing the fertilizer. The fertilizer
manufactured is exported to various states UP, Haryana,
Delhi
3.2.5 Re-winding machine
It helps for rewinding all the curled coir produced.
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3.2.6 Fully Automatic Coir Pith squeezing Machine


It helps to reduce the water content in raw coir pith from
300% to 50% which enabled faster processing of coir pith
without mechanical during system. It needs a power of 20HP. Its
production capacity ranges from 300kg, 600kg, and 900kg/hr.
3.2.7 Disintegrator
Its production capacity is 4000 husks/Hr. it is need a power
of 20Hp.
3.2.8 Decorticator
It is need a power of 40Hp. Its production capacity is 2000
husks/hr.
3.2.9 Bobbin winding machine
It helps to wind all the coir yarns produced. It needs a
power of 0.5Hp

3.2.10 Defibring

The crushed and soaked husks are fed into the DF machine for
fibre extraction. Fibre is extracted from the husks using
combing principle. Bristle fibre is obtained at the main outlet
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and the medium, short and baby fibres mixed with pith are
obtained from the two combing drum outlets
POWER

7.5 H.P 1440 RPM INO.


5 H.P 1440 RPM INO

HEIGHT

2175 mm

LENGTH

2300 mm

WIDTH

1525 mm

CAPACITY

8000 Husks / 8hrs (800 kg fibre /

8hrs)
3.2.11 Fibre Twitching Machine
The fibre machine loosens up twisted coir fibres. 4 fibre
strains can be simultaneously process .

3.3 FINANCE DEPARTMENT


Finance is the life blood of every business. The
financial department is headed by Mr.A.Palani samy. This
department is responsible for all the financial transactions.
The books maintained by the company are:
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Daily stock register


Raw material stock register
Cash books
Personal ledger account
Invoice book
Stock ledger
Issue slips
Purchase bill

3.4 ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT


The Records maintained in the company is
Day book
Ledger
Subsidiary Records
Day Books
All purchase of raw materials and of finished goods is recorded
in the day book. However, the printing of books marked the
beginning of a revolution in communications that has and has
continued to develop into new types and sectors to this day
and maintain standards of industry workmanship and ethical
conduct
Ledger

All receipts and expenses of the company are recorded in the


ledger. Book in which all accounts of the business are kept. In
effect, the ledger is a classification and summarization of
financial transactions and the basis for the preparation of the
balance sheet and income statement. The ledger also allows
one to see the balance in a given account at a particular time.
For example, the cash balance at the end of the month can be
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seen to determine whether the business has a cash problem.


Also revealed in looking at the cash account are the cash
receipts and cash disbursements for the period.
Subsidiary Records

Purchase Records
Production Register
Waste Register
Packing Records
Sales Ledger
Cash Ledger
Wages Register
Attendance Register

3.5 PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT


Personnel department of an organisation is set up for the
management of manpower resources. The personnel
department headed by Mr.A.Palani samy. The concern runs is
two shifts. Number of workers in first shift: 20 workers & 5
staffs. The no of working day every week Tuesday is the holiday.
10 days per year are granted as holidays to the workers by the
company
3.6 SALES DEPARTMENT
SELLING PROCESS
SELLING NETWORK

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DEALERS
DIRECT SALES

CONSUMER
CONSUMER
The main function of the organization is selling the
products. The sales department headed by Mr.A.Palani samy.
The product is kept at the head office and also various
branches and with dealers. The products are also sold at the
production place and depots to the customers. The average
sale made by the company is rs.5 lakhs per year
Whole sale function

Assembling
Dispersion
Ware housing
Transportation
Financing
Grading & packing
Pricing
Risk assuming

CHAPTER IV
CONCLUSION
I have acquired more practical knowledge about the coir
industry during the training period. I have learned the problem
faced by the coir industry and steps taken by them to
overcome those problems. I have also acquired knowledge
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about accounting system followed by the company. The process


and functions of each department, the various steps to be
followed in the production process, the duties and
responsibilities of the factory manager, quality control and
other functions are being clearly understood.

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