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a.

b.

c.

d.

1 K = 1 F

1 F = 1 C

1 C = 1 K

None of the above.

2. A 5.0 cm diameter steel shaft has 0.10 mm clearance all around its bushing at

20C. If the bushing temperature remains constant, at what temperature will

the shaft begin to bind? Steel has a linear expansion coefficient of 11X10-6mm

/C.

a.

b.

c.

d.

383C

333C

53C

680C

L=LoT

.10mm=(11x10-6/C)(25mm)(T)

3. A bimetallic strip, consisting of metal G on the top and metal H on the bottom,

is rigidly attached to a wall at the left. The coefficient of linear thermal

expansion for metal G is greater than that of metal H. If the strip is uniformly

heated, it will

a.

b.

c.

d.

curve upward.

curve downward.

remain horizontal, but get longer.

bend in the middle.

4. 4. An aluminum rod 17.4 cm long at 20C is heated to 100C. What is its new

length? Aluminum

has a linear expansion coefficient of 25X10-6 mm /C.

a.

b.

c.

d.

17.435 cm L=LoT

17.365 cm

0.348 cm

0.0348 cm

L =(25x10-6 mm/C)(174mm)(C)

5. Consider a flat steel plate with a hole through its center. When the plate's

temperature is increased, the hole will

a.

b.

c.

d.

expand only if it takes up more than half the plate's surface area.

contract if it takes up less than half the plate's surface area.

always contract.

always expand.

volume is

a.

b.

c.

d.

reduced to one-third.

increased by a factor of three.

increased by a factor of two.

reduced to one-half.

7. An ideal gas occupies 400 cm3 at an absolute pressure of 250 kPa. If the

volume is changed to 100 cm3 at constant temperature, what will be the new

gauge pressure?

a.

b.

c.

d.

1000 kPa

899 kPa

164 kPa

62.5 kPa

100 cm3

A decrease in volume at constant temperature

causes an increase in presssure

8. An ideal gas occupies 600 cm3 at 20C. At what temperature will it occupy

1200 cm3 if the pressure remains constant?

a.

b.

c.

d.

10C

40C

100C

313C

293 K

b.

c.

d.

N m3 = N m = J

m2

9. The dimension of PV is

a.

[force]

[energy]

[energy/temperature]

[Force/Temperature]

10.

A container holds N molecules of an ideal gas at a given temperature. If

the number of molecules in the container is increased to 2N with no change in

temperature or volume, the pressure in the container

a.

b.

c.

d.

doubles.

volume

remains constant.

is cut in half.

None of the above.

PV=nRT

11.

According to the ideal gas Law, PV = constant for a given temperature.

As a result, an increase in volume corresponds to a decrease in pressure. This

happens because the molecules

a.

b.

c.

d.

move slower on the average.

strike the container wall less often.

transfer less energy to the walls of the container each time they strike

it.

12.

Oxygen molecules are 16 times more massive than hydrogen molecules.

At a given temperature, the average molecular kinetic energy of oxygen,

compared to hydrogen

a.

b.

c.

d.

is greater.

is less.

is the same. K.E. average = 3/2 KbT - therefore K.E. is only

temperature dependent

cannot be determined since pressure and volume are not given.

13.

If the temperature of a gas is increased from 20C to 40C, by what

factor does the speed of the molecules increase?

a.

b.

c.

d.

3%

3.4 %

30%

v=

3/2 RT

313 K

293 K *

) 100

M

293 K

70%

100%

14.

A sample of an ideal gas is heated and its Kelvin temperature doubles.

What happens to the average speed of the molecules in the sample?

a.

b.

c.

d.

It doubles.

It halves.

None of the above. The average speed increases by the square

root of 2.

15.

The absolute temperature of an ideal gas is directly proportional to

which of the following?

a.

b.

c.

d.

speed

momentum

kinetic energy

mass

K.E.=3/2 KBT

16.

In order to double the average speed of the molecules in a given sample

of gas, the temperature (measured in Kelvins) must

a.

b.

c.

d.

17.

quadruple.

reduce to one-fourth its original value.

reduce to one-half its original value.

double.

A molecule has a speed of 500 m/s at 20C. What is its speed at 80C?

a.

b.

c.

d.

500 m/s

550 m/s

1000 m/s

2000 m/s

(80 oC + 273)

500m/s = 549 m/s

0

(20 C + 273)

18.

What temperature is the average kinetic energy of an atom in helium

gas equal to 6.21X10-21 J?

a.

b.

c.

d.

200 K

250 K

300 K

350 K

K.E.=3/2 KBT

2 6.21x10-21 J

3 1.38x10-23 J/K

= 300 k

19.

A container holds oxygen and helium gases at the same temperature.

Which one of the following statements is correct?

a.

b.

c.

d.

The helium molecules have the greater kinetic energy.

The oxygen molecules have the greater speed.

The helium molecules have the greater speed. V =

3RT

M

20.

The molecular kinetic energy of a gas can be determined by knowing

only

a.

b.

c.

d.

the volume of the gas.

the pressure of the gas.

the temperature of the gas.

K.E. = 3/2 kb T

21.

A container is filled with a mixture of helium and oxygen gases. A

thermometer in the container indicates that the temperature is 22C. Which

gas molecules have the greater average speed?

a.

b.

c.

d.

It is the same for both because the temperatures are the same.

The oxygen molecules do because they are more massive.

The helium molecules do because they are less massive.

22.

A cup of water is scooped up from a swimming pool of water. Compare

the temperature T and the internal energy U of the water, in both the cup and

the swimming pool.

a.

b.

c.

d.

TPool is less than TCup, and the U is the same.

TPool is equal to TCup, and UPool is greater than UCup.

TPool is equal to TCup, and UPool is less than UCup.

23.

Gasoline yields 4.8X107joules per kg when burned. The density of

gasoline is approximately the same as that of water, and 1 gal = 3.8 L. How

much energy does your car use on a trip of 100 mi if you get 25 mi per gallon?

a.

b.

c.

d.

24.

3.7X108 J

4.6X108 J

6.2X108 J

7.3X108 J

( 1 gal ) ( 1 L )

K

a.

b.

c.

d.

its volume.

its pressure.

its temperature.

all of the above.

25.

An ideal gas at STP is first compressed until its volume is half the initial

volume, and then it is allowed to expand until its pressure is half the initial

pressure. All of this is done while holding the temperature constant. If the

initial internal energy of the gas is U, the final internal energy of the gas will

be

a.

b.

c.

d.

U.

U/3.

U/2.

2U.

26.

Heat is added to an ideal gas at 20C. If the internal energy of the gas

increases by a factor of three during this process, what is the final

temperature?

a.

60C

b.

66C

c.

600C

U=3/2 NkT

or U = 3/2 nRT

d.

606C

27.

The water flowing over Niagara Falls drops a distance of 50 m.

Assuming that all the gravitational energy is converted to thermal energy, by

what temperature does the water rise?

a.

b.

c.

d.

0.10 C

0.12 C

0.37 C

0.42 C

G.P.E = Q

mgy = m c T

gy = c T

2

9.8 m/s (50m)= .12 oC

4180 J/Kg

28.

A person tries to heat up her bath water by adding 5.0 L of water at

80C to 60 L of water at 30C. What is the final temperature of the water?

a.

b.

c.

d.

34C

36C

38C

40C

29.

A 200-L electric water heater uses 2 kW. Assuming no heat loss, how

long would it take to heat water in this tank from 23C to 75C?

a.

b.

c.

d.

5 hours

6 hours

7 hours

8 hours

30.

In grinding a steel knife blade (specific heat = 0.11 cal/g-C), the metal

can get as hot as 400C. If the blade has a mass of 80 g, what is the

minimum amount of water needed at 20C if the water is not to rise above the

boiling point when the hot blade is quenched in it?

a.

b.

c.

d.

22 g

33 g

44 g

55 g

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