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IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol.

3, Issue 08, 2015 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613

A Review on Multi Spindle Drilling Special Purpose Machine with


Respect to Productivity
Mr. Sakate P.R.1 Mr. Jadhav A.S.2 Prof. Bamankar P.B.3 Miss. Jagadale A.A.4 Miss. Bhosale P.S.5
1,2,4,5
Student 3Assistant Professor
1,2,3,4,5
Arvind Gavali College of Engineering, Satara
AbstractThe growth of small scale industries are now
increases as large scale industries commercializes their
products for various operation and process hence main task
ahead the small scale industries is satisfy and meet the time
requirement of customers. Hence they uses special purpose
machine as the cost is low as compared CNC machines. The
use of SPM increase productivity and maintain the accuracy
of same operation for number of times. This paper gives
literature survey about multi-spindle drilling machine and
focuses on previous development in, Mult-spindle drilling
machines.
Key words: Multi Spindle Drilling SPM, Productivity
I. INTRODUCTION
Multiple-spindle drilling machines are used for mass
production as it save large time where many pieces of jobs
having many holes are to be drilled. Multi-spindle drill
machines are used in industries in order to increase the
productivity of machining systems. The multiple spindle
drilling machines are used to drill three or more holes in a
work piece simultaneously, in one setting. The holes are
drilled on number of work pieces with the same accuracy, so
as to achieve interchangeability.
The proposed work machine has three spindles
driven by a single motor and all the spindles are on one side
and fixed position. The motion of feeding work piece
obtained by using pneumatically operated cylinder moving
towards the drills head. The centre distance between the
spindles is fixed as job requirement.
In this proposed work we have to also design jig
for mounting the work piece. The overall work is to design
special purpose machine which reduce cycle time of
operation and main objective it to increase productivity in
large extent as compared to conventional drilling machine.
II. LITERATURE REVIEW
Prof. P. R. Sawant [1] et.al developed machine which has
main objective was to drilling and tapping of TATA
cylinder block which has 8 drills in which 7 holes of
6.75mm and one of 12mm also linear tapping operation of
12mm and angular tapping operation of 5.1mm. It saves
time for loading and unloading due to use of hydraulic
clamping and increases production rate, less rejection of
work due to automatic control.
Prof. Chukwumuanya [2] et.al investigated Design
and develop multiple spindle drilling head for mass
production of Peugeot 504 automobile brake drum. In this
design they developed multi-spindle drilling head for
drilling 6 holes at a time, in which 4 holes of 14.5mm and
2 holes of 8.5mm. They analysis the various gear forces
theoretically. It conclude that msdh increases production
rate as compare to individual drilling operation.
Prof. M.B. Bankar [3] et.al Studied Improvement in
design and manufacturing of multiple spindle drilling
attachment, in which they uses planetary gear system for

drilling operation. This case study they briefly gives


information about designing drilling attachment from motor
selection to its gear box. This study concluded that Multispindle drilling attachment increase productivity, reduces
cycle of operation and perform drilling operation more
accurately.
Prof. Bajirao H. NangarePatil [4] et.al Studied
Design and development of gear box for multi-spindle
drilling machine. This case study drilling of 26 holes of
various sizes, are carried out on cylinder block. The sizes of
drill are and nos. as 5 mm = 12 nos., 6 mm = 4 nos.,
14.4 mm = 10.They also use Auto-Cad software for design
of gear box, various parts and assembly of machine. This
study conclude that due to use of spur gear noise reduction,
reduction in cycle time, increases production rate and also
holes are drilled with required accuracy and tolerances are
maintained.
M. Narasimha [5] et.al. Studied Design of
adjustable multi-spindle attachment in this case study they
design attachment for machining T-slots in a bolster plate.
They studied milling of three T-slots in a single pass is
done. The range of T-slot spacing for the present design is
40 mm 160 mm. This study conclude that due use of this
attachment milling three T-slots in single pass is done as
compared to individual milling due to this production rate is
increased.
Pratik Parsania [6] et.al Studied on Design of
hydraulic power pack for Multi spindle drilling SPM. In this
case study it is shown that how effectively SPM work as
compare to conventional drilling machine. In conventional
drilling machine it takes 8 hours for drilling 2400 pieces per
day and by using it takes only 3.33hours for drilling 2400
pieces per day hence it is largely affects the production rate.
It also beneficial as compare to use of CNC machines
because of the cost of CNC machines so high. Hence this
case study concludes that use of SPM is most important in
small scale industries.
Prof. K.G.Sontakke [7] et.al Studied Design and
analysis of drilling cum riveting machine they develop
drilling machine cum with riveting machine to reduce
operation time and transportation time for riveting purpose.
This machine has orbital riveting machine for riveting
purpose. This study concludes that using drilling cum
riveting machine increases productivity.
Prof.Ms.A.A.Shingavi [8] et.al Studied on Design
of multiple spindle drilling machine. In this case study they
developed multi-spindle drilling head which has six spindle
assembly for drilling six holes at a time this assembly has
planetary gear train for transmitting motion of from main
arbor to sub spindles. This multi-spindle drilling head
reduces time of drilling as six holes at a time are drilled this
increases production rate and it has low weight and low cost.
Mr.K.K.Powar [9] et.al Studied on Optimization of
process parameter for multi-spindle drilling machine by
using taguchi method. In this case study they investigates

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A Review on Multi Spindle Drilling Special Purpose Machine with Respect to Productivity
(IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 08/2015/144)

effects of process parameter on various drill diameter by


input parameters speed, feed rate etc. and investigation is
done by use of taguchi method.
Mr.K.K.Powar [10] et.al Studied on Design &
development of multi orientation drilling special purpose
machine subsystem. In this case study they develop SPM for
drilling three holes on Side pillion of Bajaj Pulsar 220NS in
which they firstly drawing for getting exact location of drills
and then make assembly of drilling by selecting proper gear
drive, gear idlers etc. This SPM increases productivity and
reduces time of drilling as compare to that of conventional
drilling method.
Manish Kale [11] et.al Studied on Development of
SPM for drilling and riveting operation in this case they
develop SPM for drilling 8 holes in 7 of 6.75 and 1 of
12mm. By using this SPM cycle time of operation from
6min. it reduces to 0.68sec and as in conventional method
the 70 jobs per day are completed but by using SPM it is
350 jobs per day easily achievable. This case study shows
how effectively production rate increases by using SPM.
Shinde Nikhil [12] et.al studied on Design &
development of twin drill head machine and drilling depth
control. In this case study they develop SPM for drilling two
holes simultaneously and it has two spindles driven by
single power head. In this case study centre distance is
adjustable to accommodate different size of drill locations
easily. The assembly of head has two planet gears and one
sun gear for power transmission purpose. This study
conclude that the depth is controlled, accuracy and cycle
time reduced.
Manish Kale [13] Studied on Design, fabrication
and analysis of special purpose machine for drilling and
riveting operation. In this case study they develop SPM for
drilling riveting of the work-piece of different sizes and
thickness. The SPM uses pneumatically operated cylinder
for drilling riveting operation. They also use ANSYS for
checking stress analysis. The case study concludes that SPM
is beneficial as it reduces process time.
A.S.Udgave [14] Studied on Design &
development of multi spindle drilling head. In this case
study they develop SPM for drilling two holes
simultaneously. This case study shows all the design
parameters and its related calculation part. This SPM has
drilling position adjustable as per length variations. This
study concludes the use of SPM increase efficiency as
compared to older machine.
Sushil S. Vadnere [15] Studied on Design and
analysis of a multi spindle drill gearbox. This case study
carried out gear analysis using ANSYS 15 for determine
tooth stress, failure due to bending and calculation related
to bending stress are done. This analysis is done on five
gears which are in mesh with each other.
III. CONCLUSION
The above extensive study about literature survey gives the
idea about the various developments in, Multi-spindle
drilling special purpose machine in which various
parameters, design calculations and developments in drilling
head attachments are given. The overall use of drilling SPM
increases productivity rate largely as compared use of
conventional drilling machines.

REFERENCES
[1] Prof. P.R. Sawant and Mr. R. A.Barawade, Design
and development of SPM-a case study in multi drilling
and tapping machine, International Journal of
Advanced Engineering Research and Studies.Volume
1, Issue 2, January-March, 2012, 55-57.
[2] Chukwumuanya, Emmanuel O, Obuka, Nnaemeka
Sylvester P, Onyechi, Pius C, and Okpala Charles*,
Theoretical design and analysis of a semi-automatic
multiple-spindle drilling head (msdh) for mass
production processes in developing countries,
International journal of engineering and innovative
technology (IJEIT) Volume 2, Issue 5, November
2012, 260-266.
[3] Prof.M.B. Bankar, Prof. P.B. Kadam, Prof. M.R.
Todkar, Improvement in design & manufacturing
process of multiple spindle drilling attachment, IOSR
Journal of Engineering, Volume 3, Issue 1, Jan 2013,
38-43.
[4] Bajirao H. NangarePatil, and Prof. P. R. Sawant,
Design And Development Of Gearbox For MultiSpindle Drilling Machine (SPM), International
journal of engineering research & technology (IJERT)
Volume 2, Issue 5, ISSN: 2278-0181, May-2013.
[5] M. Narasimha, R. Reji Kumar, R. Srinivasa Moorthy,
Design of adjustable multi-spindle attachment,
International journal of engineering research and
development (IJERD), Volume 4, Issue 2, May
August 2013.
[6] Pratik Parsania, Prof. Jignesh Dave and Brijesh Garala,
Design of hydraulic power pack for SPM (Multi
Spindle Drilling), Indian journal of applied research,
Volume 3, Issue 6, ISSN - 2249-555X , June 2013.
[7] Prof. K.G.Sontakke, Prof. R. D. Vaidya and Prof. D.M.
Mate, Design and analysis of drilling cum riveting
Machine, Journal of emerging technologies and
innovative research (JETIR), Volume 1, Issue 6, ISSN2349-5162, Nov 2014.
[8] Prof. Ms.A.A.Shingavi, Dr.A.D. Dongare and Prof.
S.N.Nimbalkar, Design of multiple spindle drilling
machine, International journal of research in advent
technology (E-ISSN: 2321-9637) Special Issue 1st
International conference on advent trends in
engineering, science and technology (ICATEST 2015),
08 March 2015
[9] Mr.K.K.Powar,
Prof.
(Dr)
V.R.Naik
and
Prof.G.S.Joshi, Optimization of process parameter for
multispindle drilling machine by using taguchi
method, International journal of advanced technology
in engineering and science, Volume No.03, Issue No.
03, March 2015.
[10] Mr.K.K.Powar,
Prof.
(Dr)
V.R.Naik
and
Prof.G.S.Joshi, Design & development of multi
orientation drilling special purpose machine
subsystem, International journal of engineering
research and development, Volume 11, Issue 04, April
2015.
[11] Manish Kale, D. A. Mahajan and Dr.S. Y. Gajjal,
Development of SPM for drilling and riveting
operation, International Journal of Emerging
Technology and Advanced Engineering Volume 5,
Issue 4, April 2015.

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561

A Review on Multi Spindle Drilling Special Purpose Machine with Respect to Productivity
(IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 08/2015/144)

[12] Shinde Nikhil, Vishwakarma Prem , Sanjay Kumar,


Godse Rahul and Prof. P.A. Patil, Design &
development of twin drill head machine and drilling
depth control, Volume 4, Issue 5, May 2015.
[13] Manish Kale, Prof. D. A. Mahajan and Prof. (Dr.) S. Y.
Gajjal, Design, Fabrication and analysis of special
purpose machine for drilling and riveting operation,
International journal of research and scientific
innovation, Volume 2, Issue 6, June 2015.
[14] A.S.Udgave
and
Prof.V.J.Khot,
Design
&
development of multi spindle drilling head (msdh),
IOSR Journal of mechanical and civil engineering,
ISSN: 2278-1684, PP: 60-69.
[15] Sushil S. Vadnere, Ajinkya A. Deshmukh, Surjeetsingh
R. Chauhan and Asst. Prof. Ramesh V. Bhandare,
Design and analysis of a multi spindle drill gearbox,
International journal on recent technologies in
mechanical and electrical engineering (IJRMEE) ,
Volume 1, Issue 4, ISSN: 2349-7947.

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