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Xixian Great City Master Plan

Xian, China

Xixian Great City Master Plan

Xian, China
AS+GGs winning master plan for Xixian Great City in Xian,
China has an overall project area for the city is 3,817,000 sm or 382
hectors. Approximately 47% of the land will be devoted to farmland
conservation, 5% to wetland conservation and restoration, 10%
to roads and infrastructure, with the remaining 38% dedicated to
urbanized areas.
s e rv i ces

Master Planning
Urban Design

Beijing Vantone Citylogic

Investment Co., Ltd
f u nc t io n

fac ts

3,817,000 sm project area

Within this urbanized area 56.3% of the land will be devoted to development parcels, 20.9% to public green areas
and 22.8% to infrastructure and roads and is comprised of 96 parcels averaging 8,450 square-meters. Four of these
parcels have been designated as District Parks and another four have been assigned to development currently
underway. The remaining 88 parcels are for development of the Xixian Great Citys buildings.
The plan proposes a perimeter building concept for the design of individual parcels, with above-grade parking
screened from view by innovative architecture. The concept not only creates strong urban streets but also allows
for multiple building configurations on each plot depending on the desired program. The perimeter concept can be
applied on both high-density parcels and lower-density parcels, except on Civic buildings, as it is desired that these
be special buildings with unique architecture.
In the City Center, a major Green Bridge is proposed over the existing train line. The cost of this significant
infrastructure investment will be offset by higher density development on adjacent parcels. Further, because this
structure is elevated above the ground, these higher-density parcels will use the space under the bridge for the
required additional parking.
Perhaps the most important aspect of the Xixian Great City master plan is the extensive sustainable framework that
is comprehensively integrated into the physical planning of the City. Eight sustainable themes are presented in the
plan, which cover all aspects of life in Xixian and include Sustainable Economics, Sustainable Transportation, Climate
and Energy, Sustainable Community, Ecology and Biodiversity, Waste and Water, Sustainable Agriculture, and
Sustainable Construction. Contained in these eight themes are 30 specific sustainable goals for achieving a worldclass level of environmental performance. AS+GGs plan suggests that if these 30 goals are realized, Xixian Great
City will be regarded as one of the greatest urban achievements of the 21st century.

X i x i an G reat C i t y

S i t e P la n

Buffer Area
Fa r m F i e lds

Eco Pa r k

Edg e
Pa r k
D e v e lopme n t
Pa rc e l
M a n u fac tu r i n g
D i s tr i c t
D i s tr i c t Pa r k
Sc hool
D i s tr i c t
Wate r
S tr e e t

C i ty C e n te r
C e n tr a l
Pa r k
S tati on
Tun n e l

Edg e
Pa r k
T e r r acotta
S tr e e t
D i s tr i c t Pa r k
Sp orts
C e n te r
S ton e S tr e e t
B ron z e S tr e e t
Edg e
Pa r k
Wate r
Educati on
C e n te r
W e tla n d
Pa r k

X i x i an G reat C i t y

X i x i an G reat C i t y


Orient buildings on an
east-west axis to maximize
solar exposure on the south
facades to help reduce
heating loads and maximize
daylight in interior spaces.

Design shading devices for this

latitude to help reduce cooling
loads in summer without
compromising solar heat gain
in winter.

Create single loaded,

courtyard or L-shaped
buildings to maximize
daylight in all residential

Consider natural ventilation as

a strategy to reduce the use
of air conditioning in summer;
this airflow should be incited
through cross ventilation and
stack effect.

Consider overshadowing
and prevailing winds when
massing tall landmark

Allow for direct sunlight on

public spaces to maintain
warmer microclimates. This
can be achieved by allowing
exposure to the south and west

Propose using high thermal

mass, well insulated
structures and airtight
envelopes to help maintain
comfortable interior

Protect outdoor spaces from

the cold winds to extend their
periods of use into the colder

Reduce the window to wall

ratio and block the wind
exposure of glazed facades
to help keep buildings more
airtight and warm.

X i x i an G reat C i t y

S t r eets an d In f r astr ucture Land Are a Plan

Road U se L an d A rea P l an

P ed es t ri an L an d A rea P l an

b i c ycle use diagr a m

De ve lopmen t L an d A rea P l an

Wat er P l an

S to r mwat er P lan

Waste Pl an

t ran s i t p l an

X i x i an G reat C i t y

O f f i ce a n d M a n ufact uring Core

C i vi c L an d U s e P l an

R e s i d e n tia l Lan d Use P lan

park s an d o p en s pac es p l an

X i x i an G reat C i t y

X i x i an G reat C i t y