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1.1 Relations and Functions

1.1 Relations and Functions

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1.1 Relations and Functions

Date:

Homework:
Study
for
the
Unit
1
Equivalent
Algebraic
Expressions
(2.1-2.7)
Test!

Learning
Objectives/Success
criteria:
At
the
end
of
this
lesion
I
will
be
able
to:

o Use
set
notation

o Differentiate
between
a
relation
and
a
function

o Identify
the
domain
and
range

o Identify
a
function
from:

o Words

o Sets
of
ordered
pairs

o Graphs

o Tables
of
values

o Mapping
diagrams

o Equations

o Use
the
vertical
line
test

Set
Notation:
A
set
is
a
collection
of
things
or
elements
listed
inside
braces
or
curly
brackets
{
}.

and
we
could
name
that
set
using
capital
letters.
We
can
also
use
a
special
character
to
say
something
is
an

element
of
a
set.

A
relation
is
a
set
of
ordered
pairs.
Values
of
the
independent
variable
are
paired
with
values
of
the
dependent

variable.
Ordered
pairs
are
written
in
parentheses
or
round
brackets
(
)
with
the
independent
(input)
variable

first
and
the
dependent
(output)
variable(s)
following.

The
parts
of
an
ordered
pair
can
be
broken
up
into
sets
of
its
independent
and
dependent
variable.

The
domain
is
a
set
of
the
independent
variable
of
a
relation.
For
example:
all
the
possible
x
values.

The
range
is
the
set
of
the
dependent
variable
of
a
relation.
For
example:
all
the
possible
y
values.

Both
sets
of
the
domain
and
range
are
ordered
meaning
they
are
written
in
ascending
order.

Example
1:
Consider
the
set
A={(0,1),
(-1,2),
(2,2),
(-3,
5)}:

Domain
=

Range
=

Example
2:
Write
a
set
of
ordered
pairs
describing
which
month
5
students
were
born
in:

What
is
the
domain
and
range
of
this
relation?

A
function
is
a
relation
where
one
value
of
the
independent
variable
corresponds
with
only
one
value
of
the

dependent
variable.

Identifying
functions:

1. Words:

a)
if
x=1,
y=3
or
4

b)
if
x=0,
y=6
and
2

c)
if
x=3,
y=8

d)
if
x=1,
y=9

if
x=5,
y=1

if
x=4,
y=8

2. Table
of
Values:

x

y

x

y

-2

4

-2

4

-1

1

-1

1

-1

0

0

0

1

1

1

1

-2

6

2

4

3. Sets
of
Ordered
Pairs:

A = {(3, 0 ), (1,1), (0,1), (4, 5), (0, 6)}

B = {(2,1), (1,1), (0, 0), (2, 2)}

4. Mapping
Diagrams:
The
elements
of
the
domain
are
mapped
onto
the
elements
in
the
range
using

arrows.
If
each
element
in
the
domain
has
only
one
corresponding
element
in
the
range,
the
relationship
is

a
function.

5. Graphs:
We
can
use
the
vertical
line
test
to
determine
graphically
if
a
relation
is
a
function.
If
any

vertical
line
intersects
the
graph
of
a
relation
more
than
once,
then
the
relation
is
not
a
function.
If
the

vertical
line
intersects
the
graph
at
more
than
one
point,
it
shows
that
there
are
x-values
in
the
domain
that

correspond
to
two
y-values
in
the
range.

a) Discrete
Data

b)
y = x 2

{(1,3)
,
(2,-2)
,
(1,4)
,
(6,3)
,
(0,5)}

25

20

15

10

5

-4

-2

2

4

c)
y = 2x +1

-4

-2

d) x 2 + y 2 = 9

10

3

5

2

-5

-3

-2

-1

-1

-2

-3

e)

f) x + 2

2

2

1

1

-4

-2

2

4

1

2

3

4

5

-1

- 1

-2

- 2

-3

g)

h)
sin(x)

1.0

10

0.5

8

6

-3

-2

-1

1

2

3

- 0.5

4

- 1.0

2

-4

-2

2

4

6. Equations:
We
can
substitute
values
for
our
independent
variable
and
solve
for
our
dependent
variable.

If
we
get
more
than
one
answer
for
our
dependent
variable,
then
the
relationship
is
not
a
function.

a)
y = 2x 5

b)
x 2 + y 2 = 9

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