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Unit

3 Quadratic Functions


3.1 Properties of Quadratic Functions

Date:

Homework: Page 138 Question #2{c,d}, 5{a, d}, 6{c,d}




Page 145-147 Questions #1{a,c}, 2{c,d}, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9{a,c,e,f}, 11, 12

Learning Objectives/Success Criteria: At the end of this lesson I will be able to:
o Describe the vertex, axis of symmetry, direction of opening, x-intercepts (roots), y-intercepts, domain
and range of quadratic functions from graphs, table of values and equations
o Express quadratic functions in:
o Standard form: f (x) = ax 2 + bx + c, a 0
o Factored form: f (x) = a(x r)(x s), a 0
o Vertex form: f (x) = a(x h)2 + k, a 0
Recall:


Range

-4

-2

-2



Factored Form
f (x) = a(x r)(x s), a 0


Vertex

Axis of symmetry

Domain

-4

f (x) = (x +1)(x 3)

Vertex Form
f (x) = a(x h)2 + k, a 0

f (x) = (x 1)2 + 4


Example 1: Given f (x) = 2x 2 +16x 24
a) Express in factored form and state the roots










b) Express in vertex form and state the vertex






Standard Form
f (x) = ax 2 + bx + c, a 0

f (x) = x 2 2x 3

"
1 % 245
Example 2: Given h(x) = 5$ x '

#
2&
4
a) Express in standard form and state the y-intercept











b) Express in factored form and state the roots











c) Can you determine the roots from vertex form?











How can you tell if an equation is a parabola from a table of values?
Example 3: Complete the table of values (including the first and second differences) for the following:
a) f (x) = 2(x 5)2 + 7




b) g(x) = 3(x + 7)2 4










Properties of Quadratic Functions:


Example 4: State the vertex, axis of symmetry, direction of opening, y-intercepts, domain and range
f (x) = 2(x 1)2 5













Example 5: A construction worker repairing a window tosses a tool to his partner across the street. The
height of the tool (m) above the ground is modeled by the function: h(t) = 5t 2 + 20t + 25 .
a) How high above the ground is the window?















b) If his partner misses the tool, when will it hit the ground?
















c) What is the maximum height of the tool?


Method 1: Partial Factoring or Using the Domain













Method 2: Completing the Square
















d) What is the domain and range of the function?