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Unit

4 Exponential Functions
4.6 Transformations I

Date:

Homework: Page 251-253 Questions # 1-4, 9, 11





Learning Objectives/Success Criteria: At the end of this lesson I will be able to:
Describe the transformations on the exponential function in the form of g(x)= abk( xd) +c

Properties of Exponential Functions of the form: f(x)= bx


Domain is {x }

Range is {f(x) f(x)> 0}

If b > 0 , then the function is growing exponentially


If b < 0 , then the function is decaying exponentially
The x-axis ( y = 0 ) is a horizontal asymptote
The function has a y-intercept of 1


Transformations of Exponential Functions:
Recall: g(x)= af "#k(x d)$% +c

a:









d:





Transformations of exponential functions: g(x)= abk( xd) +c
Parameter
Description
a

a > 1
0 < a < 1
a < 0

k > 1
0 < k < 1
k < 0


d < 0
d > 0


c < 0
c > 0

k:

c:

Changes from base function f(x)= bx























Transforming Exponential Functions:


1. Write the base function, f(x)= bx
2. Plot the base function for x = {2,1,0,1,2} and sketch the curve
3. Describe the transformations in order.
i.
Factor k from the exponent if possible (e.g. 32x4 becomes 32(x2) representing a k value of 2)
ii.
Apply a and k first
1
i. Multiple x-value by (including the negative)
k
ii. Multiple y-value by a (including the negative)
iii.
Apply d and c next
i. Add d to the x-value (opposite sign from the equation)
ii. Add c to the y-value (same sign from the equation)
4. On the same grid as the base function, plot each transformation for x = 1 , x = 0 and x = 1 and sketch
the curve, indicating the final function by highlighting it.
5. State the domain and range of the final function.
6. Draw and label the asymptote.

Changes in base:
x
y = 2x
y = 4x
y = 1

()
2

x
-2
-1
0
1
2

y
0.25
0.5
1
2
4

x
-2
-1
0
1
2

x
-2
-1
0
1
2

Reflections about the x- and y-axes:



y = 2x

y = (2x )

y = 2x

-2

-2

-2

-1

-1

-1


Domain:

Range:

Asymptote:

Intercept(s):

Vertical and Horizontal Transformations:



y = 2x

y = 2x4

y = 2x +1

-2

-2

-2

-1

-1

-1


Domain:

Range:

Asymptote:

Intercept(s):