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SEKOLAH SRI UTAMA

KUALA LUMPUR
PEPERIKSAAN PENGGAL KEDUA 2012
SCIENCE
FORM 1
Answer all questions.
1. Figure 1 shows the cross section of a human skin. (S1P4)
K

a) Label Figure 1, using the words given in the box below.


Epidermis
receptor

touch receptor

pressure
( 3 marks )

b) What is the function of K?


( 1 mark )
c) Why are finger tips more sensitive then legs?
( 1 mark )

2. Figure 3 shows two conical tasks, A and B each filled with 100 ml of hot water. The
initial temperature is taken. After 5 minutes, the final temperature is taken and recorded
as Table 1 below. (S1P8)
Conical Flask A

Conical Flask B

Thermometer

Conical Flask B
painted with a
shiny
aluminium
paint

Conical Flask A
painted with a
dull black paint
Asbestos
Sheet

Figure 3 : Two flask A and B painted differently


water temperature /oC
Conical Flask A
Conical Flask B
Initial
90
90
Final
70
78
Table 1
a) What is the method heat transfer that take place in Conical Flask A and B ?

( 1 mark )
b)i) Which flask shows the least declination of temperature?
( 1 mark )

ii) Base on your answer in (b)(i), why does this happen?


( 1 mark )

c) A thermo flask can keep the heat of the hot water for a longer period of time which part
of the thermo flask prevent the heat loss?
( 1 mark )

d) What is the function of asbestos ?


( 1 mark )

3. Figure 6 the set-up of an experiment. (S1P12)

Figure 6
a) How can the mixture of sulphur and iron fillings be separated?
_______________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
b) What is the colour of the substance produced after the mixture is heated strongly?
( 1 mark )
c) Can the mixture be separated with a bar magnet after strong heating? Explain why?
_______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
( 2 marks )
d) Name the new substance formed if iron is replaced by zinc.
______________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
e) Write the word equation for the reaction.
_______________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
f) State the difference between compound and mixture.
_______________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
g) State one method to separate a compound into their element.
_______________________________________ ___________________________________________
( 1 mark )

4. Figure below shows a reaction between solution X and sodium hydroxide solution .

Solutio
n
X
25 cm3 diluted
sodium hydroxide
solution + universal
conical
flask

(S1P14)

The result of the experiment is recorded in table below:


Volume of X solution /
cm3
pH

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

14

12

10

6 5

Table 2
a) Base of table2 state two characteristics of X solution.
i) __________________________________________________________________
ii) __________________________________________________________________
( 2marks )
b) State the volume of X solution needed to neutralised 25 cm 3 dilute solution of natrium
hydroxide.
____________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
c) What is the colour of universal indicator in the conical flask when 15 cm 3 of X solution
is added into it?
_______________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
d) Complete the equation below.
____________ + natrium hydroxide

natrium chloride + ______________

( 2 marks )
5.

Figure 5 shows a pyramid number.


(a)

Name the type of


consumers represented by
P and Q in Figure 1.
P

..

..

Figure 5

(b)

The estimated number of the organisms in the organisms in the community is shown
for some of the organisms. Estimate the number for
(i)

insects

..

(ii)

snakes

[choose your answers from the following numbers: 2000, 80, 3]

6.

Figure 6 shows two containers P and Q with the same amount of water in them.
(a)

The two containers, P and Q, containing


equal amounts of water were left outside
the laboratory for about two hours. The
amount of water in each container was
then measured. It was found that the
amount of water was less than the initial
amount and the two containers do not
have the same amount of water.
C54m154s3

Figure 6

(i)

What process has taken place to reduce the amount of water in the container?

(ii) Which container will have less water after two hours?

(b)

(i) What feature of the two containers accounts for the difference in the amount of
water them after two hours?
..
(ii) State the relationship between this feature and the rate of decrease of the
amount of water.

..
(c)

Name two other factors that can be affect the rate of decrease of the amount of
water in the containers.

7.

Figure 7 shows two types of plants.


(a)

The plant shown in which figure is.


(i) a monocotyledon?
..
(ii) a dicotyledon?
..

(a)

(b)
Figure 7

(b)

Give four characteristics which are different in the plants shown in Figure 3.
1.

2.

3.

4.

8.

Figure 8 shows an experiment carried out to determine the density of an irregular object.

Figure 8
(a)

State the formula used to calculate the density of the object.

(b)

Calculate the density of the stone.

9.

Figure 9 shows a water processing plant.

Figure 9
(a)

The parts labelled P, Q, R and S are


P

(b)

What two substances X and Y are added into the coagulation tank? Explain the reason for
adding them.
Substance

Reason

X
Y
(c)

What is being done in the filtration tank?


.

(d)

State two substances that are added into R to treat the water before it enters into S. Why
are these substances added?
(i)

(e)

(ii)

Identify the five stages of the flow chart which shows water treatment in a treatment plant.
Water at the
reservoir

Channel to
houses

10.

A student sets up the apparatus shown in Figure 10 to study the process of


photosynthesis. The plants in the bell-jars, P and Q are first destarched by keeping them
in the dark for two or three days. The student then leaves P and Q in the sun for 2-3 hours.
He then tests the leaves from both the bell-jars for starch.

Figure 10 c52m96s7
(a)

What is the student trying to find out in the experiment shown in Figure 6?
..

(b)

State the variables that are kept


Constant
Manipulated
Responding

(c)

The following table can be used to show the results of the experiment. Mark (/) in the
table below if carbon dioxide or starch is present and mark (X) if carbon dioxide or
starch is not present.
Plant
Plant in bell-jar P

Carbon dioxide

Starch

Plant in bell-jar Q
(d)

What can the student conclude from the experiment above?


.

(e)

Write in the box below a word equation to represent photosynthesis process?